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“Brand awareness of Spencer’s & its comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other
retail organizations in Lucknow city”

LOVELY PROFESSIONAL UNIVERSITY

Submitted to: Submitted By:

Miss Chanjyot Kaur Mohd Fahad

Roll No. B57


Section- 1802

Reg. no. 10809577

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

First of all I would like to thank the Management at Spencer’s Retail Ltd. for giving me the
opportunity to do my 45 days project training in their esteemed organization. I am highly
obliged to my project guide Mr. Shekhar Sharma (HR manager, Spencer’s Retail Ltd.)
for granting me to undertake my training at Lucknow.

I express my thanks to all Staff of the branch under whose able guidance and direction, I was
able to give shape to my training. Their constant review and excellent suggestions
throughout the project are highly commendable.

My heartfelt thanks go to all the executives who helped me gain knowledge about the actual
working and the processes involved in various departments. I have no words to express my
feeling of deep gratitude, which I owe to SWATI OBEROI DHAM who extended me
assistance, support and council without, which this project would not have been
materialized.

PROJECT GUIDE:

Mr. SHEKHAR SHARMA MOHD FAHAD


PREFACE

I am lucky that, I got an opportunity for making the project report on “Spencer Retail”. I
visited the various concerns for 45 days and I prepare my project report on the topic “Brand
awareness of Spencer’s & its comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other retail
organizations in Lucknow city.” and the study is divided into various chapters to get
knowledge. I also considered some published material on the particular topic as well as
about the concern. This helps me in boosting up my confidence and determination which
will help me to face the situation in coming years. This report is written account of what I
learnt and experienced during my survey. I wish, those going through it will not only find it
readable but also get as useful Information. The main limitation of my experience was that I
did not get the full and correct Information from the market, as many of the respondents did
not answer to my questionnaire correctly and completely.
INTRODUCTION

Date of Establishment 1996


Revenue Rs. 10,913 crores (FY 2007) – RPG Group
Market Cap Rs. 8,314 crores (2007) – RPG Group

Address RPG Enterprises, CEAT Mahal, 463, Dr. Annie Besant


Road, Worli, Mumbai 400 030, Maharashtra, India
Branches Mumbai, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, Calicut,
Hyderabad, Vizag, Vijayawada, Aurangabad Durgapur
and Kolkata
Management Team R.P Goenka – Chairman Emeritus
Harsh Goenka – Chairman
Sanjiv Goenka – Vice Chairman
S Bannerjee – President/Chief Executive Power Sector
P.K Chowdhary – President/Chief Executive Tyre
Sector
Subroto Chattopadhayay – President/Chief Executive
Entertainment Sector
P.K Mohapatra – President/CEO, Technology Sector
Arvind Agrawal – President/Chief Executive Corporate
Development and HR
Ramesh Chandak - President/Chief Executive
Transmission Sector
P. Sampath Group CFO
Overview Spencer’s Retail is a part of the RPG Companies that
deals with food, apparel, fashion, electronics, lifestyle
products, music and books. It operates through over
350 stores. It also offers services such as gift vouchers
and easy loans in association with CitiFinancial
Consumer
Finance India Ltd. It consists of Spencer’s
Hypermarkets, Spencer’s Super, Spencer’s Daily and
Spencer’s Express.

Company History
YEAR EVENTS
1987 - The company was established in the year. The main objects of the company are
marketing and distribution manufacture of Pharmaceuticals-Aerated waters and other food
products- Marketing of consumer durables- Trawlers and marine products processing- Travel
and shipping- Imports and Exports - Hotels and Catering- Tea estater-Chain departmental
stores-computer and computer services- Real Estates.

- M/s Kellner Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Vulcan Electricals Ltd., Spencer International Hotels
Ltd., Spencer, Furnitures & Furnishing, Spencer Estates Ltd., Spencer Consumer Products
and Services Ltd., Spencer Pharmaceticals Ltd., G.F.Kellner & Co. Ltd., Fiesta Restaurant
Ltd., Kartik Pharmaceuticals Ltd., and Spencer Information Services are the subsidiaries.
1995 - Spencer Industrial Fund Ltd has become a Subsidiary of Spencer International Hotels
Ltd under provision of Section 4(1) (a) of the Companies Act, 1956 and accordingly a
Subsidiary of this Company also from 24th January.
1996 - The Company has entered into a Technical Assistance cum Joint venture options
Agreement with M/s. Dairy Farm International Holdings Ltd., a major International retailing
force operating in several countries.
1997 - During the year the company has entered into a Joint Venture agreement with DFI
Mauritius Limited to enter yet another Retail Format. A chain of retail drugstores, dealing in
Medicines, Cosmetics, Toiletries and allied Health and Beauty products, is proposed to be
set up on a nation-wide basis.
- A new company has been named as RPG Guardian Private Limited and is on a mission to
lop a highly regarded retail business in India by offering excellent service and value to
customers. The company has been set up on a 50 : 50 equity partnership basis. The total paid
up capital of the company will be Rs. 450 lakhs consisting of 45,00,000 of equity shares of
Rs. 10/- each.
1998 - Mr P.K. Mohapatra appointed as Managing Director w.e.f. 1st April.
- The Company's expansion into Food Retailing through the chain of Food World
Supermarket started during 1996 made significant progress during the year. - Foodworld has
became a household name in three cities enjoying high patronage from its customers and
suppliers.
2000 - Spencer & Company, an RPG group outfit, has signed a joint venture agreement with
Dairy Farm International Mauritius (DFI) to launch a chain of large distribution
infrastrucutre, essentially meant to serve the small retailer.
- The Company will form a joint venture company, as a subsidiary of Spencer’s.

Spencer's Retail
Based in Kolkata, India, Spencer's Retail is one of the country's fastest growing retail
companies with approximately 2 million square feet of retail space and more than 400 stores
in 65 cities. Products include food, apparel, electronics, lifestyle products, music, and books.
Spencer's Retail is a division of RPG Enterprise, a business group with more than 20
companies in industries such as power, technology, retail, and entertainment. Established in
1979, RPG Enterprises has annual revenue of $3.25 billion.
Customer Challenges
1. Enable rapid business expansion
2. Improve performance
3. Add room for growth
4. Ensure IT systems' availability
Solution
Spencer's Retail based its production environment on Sun SPARC Enterprise servers that run
SAP ERP software. The infrastructure includes Sun storage solutions and a remote disaster
recovery site with Sun SPARC Enterprise and Sun Fire servers. When implementation is
complete, more than 350 stores will connect to the new system.

Business Results
1. Improved performance
2. Increased scalability
3. Ensured IT systems' availability
4. Reduced space and power requirements

Products and Services Related Customer Success Stories


1. Sun SPARC Enterprise M5000 1. Out spark Increases System Uptime
Server and Performance, Cuts Power Consumption
2. Sun SPARC Enterprise M4000 and Costs with Sun Server Solution
Server 2. Sun Unified Storage Helps Elanders
3. Sun SPARC Enterprise T5120 Reduce Costs and Increase Performance
Server 3. Ivan Smith Furniture Deploys a
4. Sun Fire V490 Server Java-Based Reporting System from MCM
5. Sun Storage Tek 6540 Array Software
6. Sun Storage Tek 6140 Array 4. View all Customer Success Stories
7. Sun Storage Tek SL500 Modular
Library System
8. Solaris 10 Operating System
9. Solaris Cluster 3.2
10. Sun Storage Tek Data Replicator
Software

Story Details
Spencer's Retail in India is in an enviable but challenging position instead of trying to
generate new business, it is struggling to keep up with explosive growth. Approximately two
years ago, the company had approximately 60 stores and 4,000 employees; today, it has
more than 350 stores and 15,000 employees.
By 2004 the retail industry was growing rapidly in India, and Spencer's Retail decided to
pursue an aggressive expansion strategy. The company had the customers, the products, and
the employees to make it happen. It just needed an IT infrastructure that could support rapid
growth. Current servers were at capacity, and the company needed to upgrade before adding
new stores. Amit Mukerjee, Group CIO of the RPG Group, describes the challenge as part of
the learning curve for retail development in India. “Retailing is a new business in this
country. As the business matures, the process matures, and IT systems must evolve
accordingly.”
" One benefit for us with Sun Microsystems is its understanding of retail and its ability to
architect a solution for this type of business. The second benefit is that Sun has the
technology to support a transaction-intensive environment, and it can provide us a
solution that can handle large amounts of data so that business runs smoothly. "
— Amit Mukherjee, Group CIO, RPG Group
The company also needed an enterprise resource planning (ERP) solution to handle critical
processes such as supply-chain management. It decided to implement mySAP ERP, now
called SAP ERP, and realized the solution needed to run on high-performance servers.
Spencer's Retail evaluated several possibilities, including servers from HP, IBM, and Sun
Microsystems. It decided to build its IT infrastructure on Sun systems for several reasons.
Sun SPARC Enterprise Servers had the performance and scalability needed to sustain its
business, and they delivered higher performance at less cost. Sun's knowledge of the retail
space in India, as well as its long history with RGP Enterprises, were also deciding factors.
Spencer's Retail chose Sun SPARC Enterprise M5000 servers with four dual-core 2.1 GHz
SPARC 64 VI processors as the center of its production environment. Designed for
consolidation and virtualization, Sun SPARC Enterprise Servers bring mainframe-class
utilization and efficiency levels to the open systems market. Supporting hardware partitions
and Solaris Containers, these systems deliver deliver 24/7 mission-critical services while
reducing power, cooling, and space requirements.
After an eight-month testing period beginning in early 2005, the company installed the SAP
ERP database software on two Sun SPARC Enterprise M5000 servers in a high-availability
cluster with Sun Cluster 3.2 software. The disaster recovery solution ensures business
continuity with advanced failover protection.The cluster is connected to a Sun StorageTek
6540 array through a Dell Brocade SW200E Switch. ASun StorageTek SL500 Modular
Library System is used for data backup as well. The solution also includes Sun SPARC
Enterprise T5120, Sun SPARC Enterprise M4000, and Sun Fire V490 servers used to
support both production and quality assurance functions.

Spencer's Retail has rolled out its SAP solution to approximately 160 stores and expects to
complete deployment to more than 350 stores by October 2008. The company purchased the
SunSpectrum Enterprise Service Plan to help support the ambitious project. Indranil Guha,
head of the ERP data center at Spencer & Co. says, “We are always in touch with Sun; we
work with it as a partner. Good customer service is very important to us, because we run our
entire business on Sun servers.”
The company is meeting its initial goals for a high-performance solution with room for
growth. It has already observed that data transactions run as much as five times faster on the
new systems. And it estimates that its current solution can easily handle up to 1,000 stores.
The company also appreciates that the more energy-efficient and compact design will reduce
space and power requirements.
Spencer's Retail plans to enhance its IT environment further with a new disaster recovery
site, which will include Sun Fire V890 servers and Sun SPARC Enterprise T5120 servers
running Solaris Cluster software connected to a StorageTek 6140 array. It will also use Sun
StorageTek Data Replicator Software software to mirror data between the production
environment and the remote location. Together with its new server infrastructure, the disaster
recover installation will provide the high-performance, high-availability solution the
company envisioned. With its business processes running on Sun infrastructure, Spencer's
Retail can meet business growth with confidence.
SPENCERS RETAIL LIMITED
Company Profile
Company Profile Spencer's retail is the largest* supermarket chain in India. We offer a
complete range of products & durables, from bread to bed cover; from toothpaste to even
television sets. Today Spencer's has 100 stores spread across 25 cities with a retail trading
area of more than half a million square feet, and we're growing rapidly. Spencer's is the
shopping choice for millions across the country, 2.8 million to be exact, who frequent our
stores every month.

Today Spencer's offers its customers a customized and convenient shopping experience in 5
different formats. Each format, namely the Spencer's Express, Spencer's Fresh, Spencer's
Daily, Spencer's Super and Spencer's Hyper is differently sized and caters to the various
needs of our consumers. We at Spencer's offer a pleasant and delightful shopping experience
by ensuring convenient store locations, trusted quality, great value for money and a wide
array of products. And these qualities characterize all of our 100 stores, across the country.

Technology in Retail: The ERP Initiative at Spencer's Retail Ltd.


Over the years, during the turn of twentieth century as the consumer demand increased and
the retailers geared up to meet this increase world over, technology evolved rapidly to
support this growth. The hardware and software tools that have now become almost essential
for retailing can be classified into 3 broad categories:
Customer Interfacing Systems
• Bar Coding and Scanners
Point of Sale (POS) systems use scanners and bar coding to identify an item, use pre-
stored data to calculate the cost and generate the total bill for a client.
• Payment
Payment through credit cards has become quite widespread and this enables a fast
and easy payment process. Electronic cheque conversion, a recent development in
this area, processes a cheque electronically by transmitting transaction information to
the retailer and consumer's bank.
• Internet
Internet is also rapidly evolving as a customer interface, removing the need of a
customer physically visiting the store.

Operation Support Systems


• ERP System
Various Enterprise Resource Planning (ERP) vendors have developed retail-specific
systems which help in integrating all the functions from warehousing to distribution,
front and back office store systems and merchandising. An integrated supply chain
helps the retailer in maintaining his stocks, getting his supplies on time, preventing
stock-outs and thus reducing his costs, while servicing the customer better.
• CRM Systems
The rise of loyalty programs, mail order and the Internet has provided retailers with
real access to consumer data. Data warehousing and mining technologies offers
retailers the tools they need to make sense of their consumer data and apply it to
business.
• Advanced Planning and Scheduling Systems
APS systems can provide improved control across the supply chain, all the way from
raw material suppliers, right through to the retail shelf. They enable consolidation of
activities such as long term budgeting, monthly forecasting, weekly factory
scheduling and daily distribution scheduling into one overall planning process using
a single set of data.
Strategic Decision Support Systems
• Store Site Location
Demographics and buying patterns of residents of an area can be used to compare
various possible sites for opening new stores. Today, software packages are helping
retailers not only in their locational decisions but in decisions regarding store sizing
and floor-spaces as well.
• Visual Merchandising
The decision on how to place and stack items in a store is no more taken on the gut
feel of the store manager. A larger number of visual merchandising tools are
available to him to evaluate the impact of his stacking options

To manage this kind of growth, it was necessary to move out of legacy systems, as they
didn't provide the scalability that was needed. Plus, some of its stores are currently working
on as many as four different legacy systems, managing which was very difficult. It needed a
solution to manage everything under one umbrella. So it engaged a team of experts to
evaluate various solutions in the market. Spencer's found that SAP came closest to fulfilling
its needs. Project Shakti has been operating for the last two years out of Chennai and it has
already gone live in seven States – Andhra Pradesh (Vizag since 17 November 2006),
Haryana (Gurgaon, since March 08, 2007), Maharashtra, Gujarat, West Bengal, Jharkhand,
and Karnataka (Bangalore, since 1 July 2008). Spencer's Retail has rolled out its SAP
solution to approximately 207 stores and expects to complete deployment to more than 350
stores by October 2008. While 53% stores run on SAP, 28% stores run on Oracle and 18%
stores run on FoxPro.They are using the latest MySAP ERP IS Retail ECC 6.0 for their
operations in Books & Beyond, and are gradually migrating the rest to SAP.
At RPG, the businesses are divided into three entities (Spencer's, Music World and Books &
Beyond). Spencer's business is basically procurement of articles from respective distribution
centres (DC) and selling to customers. The DCs in turn would be procuring articles based on
the site's need from different vendors. The business processes covered under this are
purchase, sales, inventory controlling along with financial accounting. The challenges faced
during the implementation are managing the different pricing procedures which change very
rapidly, managing the promotions; automation of the POS information, high volume of
information to be processed, GMROI (Gross Margin Return on Investment) etc.
They have followed SAP Methodology during the course of this implementation. The
Project leader from SAP India gathered the necessary KPI's, Dimensions and reports from
the functional consultants. Based on these inputs he prepared a Data Model and the Blue
Print. Taking this Blue print as input the team at RPG was responsible in preparing the
technical specs and also realize/develop the objects.
With ERP, high-availability is a challenge as the network over which the data travels from,
say, a datacenter to the store is not within its control and belongs to an external agency.
Spencer's ERP datacenter is based out of Kolkata along with the business warehousing
servers. For data processing, they have 'staging servers'. These are intermediary servers to
store data temporarily before moving it to the SAP Production server. Eventually, all stores
and warehouses across all locations will be integrated with its datacenter and shall be
working on a real-time basis, except for the PoS billing system. At the end of each working
day, the data is sent to the parent datacenter for processing and analytics.
In its legacy systems, they have deployed solutions like SAS and SAPZone. They use them
to do bill-value and time analysis. They are also using MySAP Business Warehousing BW
7.0 for analytics. While their aggregated sales data goes to the SAP production server, the
non-aggregated data goes to the business warehousing server for analytics at Kolkata. The
latter helps them analyze customer buying patterns. The former data helps them manage
inventory, stock

keeping, etc. While some basic infrastructure is in place already, they are gradually
implementing business intelligence into their system in due course.
An important pillar of retail business is ERP, which has three elements – People, Process and
Technology. The People part is most difficult to manage as it needs to recruit, train and
motivate people constantly, generate awareness and do change management. This makes the
task more challenging, as it needs to manage deployments in such a dynamic environment
keeping pace with the company's exponential growth plans.

Operations
Spencer's has retail footage of over 1 million square feet and over 275 Spencer's stores in 50
cities. The company operates through the following formats:
• The Spencer's Hyper stores are destination stores, of more than 15,000 sq. ft
in size. They offer everything under one roof. The merchandise ranges from
fruits & vegetables, processed foods (Ready to Eat, Ready to Cook, FMCG
products),specialty foods including international, sugar free, organic foods,
etc...groceries, meat, chicken, fish, bakery, chilled and frozen foods,
garments, consumer electronics & electrical products, home care, home décor
& home needs, office stationeries, soft toys. Besides, the stores also comprise
book & music retailing, electronic gadgets and IT accessories. On an average,
a Spencer's hyper stocks 70,000 SKUs across 35,000 items.

• The Spencer's stores are neighborhood stores ranging from 1500 less than
15000 sq. ft. These stores stock the necessary range and assortment in fruit
and vegetables, fmcg food and non-food, staples and frozen foods and cater to
the daily and weekly top-up shopping needs of the consumer. Some of these
stores which have floor area of more than 10,000 sq ft sometimes offer home
care products; personal care products, bakery, chilled and frozen food; baby
care, basics in garments and limited range of electronics and electrical.

New Ventures

➢ Spencer’s Retail has announced a tie-up with British retailer Woolworths Plc for
exclusively selling its famous toy brand Chad Valley through its outlets.
➢ Besides the Chad Valley range of toys (available at prices Rs.49
upwards).Woolworths is also planning to introduce the Ladybird range of Kids wear.

Vision
To “build Spencer’s as the most professionally managed retail business in the country
through:
➢ Excellence in all operating process;
➢ Nurturing and facilitating a learning and growth culture;
➢ Building a unique retail experience for the customers”.

Mission
Strives to exceed the aspirations of its customers for a healthy and fulfilling lifestyle by
providing:
 The most innovative customer goods and delectable taste experience.
 The ultimate shopping experience.
 Unbeatable value.
 The “next” place away from home or office to relax and indulge themselves.

Major Investment plan


1. It will be going in for a public issue within the next 12 months to raise capital for
expansion.
2. The company will be investing Rs.10 billion over the next three years using both
internal sources and an IPO.
3. The company has already reserved 1 million sq ft of space all over the country
and will be creating close to 10,000 jobs in its different formats.
4. Spencer’s Retail currently employs 4,500 people and has 6 million sq ft of space.

Formats of Spencer’s outlets


Spencer’s has retail footage over 2 million square feet and over 400 Spencer’s stores in
65 cities.

The Company operates through the following formats:

1. Spencer’s Hypermarkets: A fast growing retail network of hypermarkets with


large format stores in Mumbai, Gurgaon, Ghaziabad, Lucknow, Calicut, Hyderabad,
Vizag, Vijaywada, Aurangabad, Durgapur and Kolkata.

2. Spencer’s super: One of the largest supermarket chains in the food and grocery
segment in India.

3. Spencer’s Daily: Small format stores conveniently located with a range of products
to meet daily household needs.

4. Spencer’s express: Food and grocery store next door.


Spencer’s Daily

Fresh Fruit Stall Market stall Manton Market

➢ The Spencer’s Daily store is a friendly neighborhood store, which caters to the entire
daily shopping needs- from regular groceries to fresh food and also weekly top-up
shopping.
➢ It is about 4000-7000 sq ft in size and with a bright and friendly atmosphere;
Spencer’s Daily saves the hassle of bargaining with the local kirana shop owners
(because it offers the lowest possible prices).
Spencer’s Express
➢ Spencer’s Express is a store next door for the fresh needs at arm’s length.
➢ These stores are around 1000 sq ft in size. They are open from 7 am to 9 pm and also
provides with home delivery.
➢ The Express stores stock dairy, fruit and vegetables, bread and bread products, cut
vegetables/ready to cook, fruit juice, fresh batter, fresh coffee/tea, fresh masalas,
fresh pickles, fresh Ghee, fresh Fish and meat.

Spencer’s Fresh
➢ Spencer’s fresh stores provide with an enjoyable and convenient
shopping environment in very own neighborhood. These 2000 sq ft.
air conditioned stores are well stocked with Fresh food of very best
quality, such as fresh farm produce, vegetables, fruit, milk, eggs,
breads and much more. With an impressive range and a clean, bright
and hygienic ambience, Spencer’s Fresh is far better the regular sabzi
mandis or local vegetables markets and at Spencer’s.
➢ Fresh consumers not only do get fresh, clean and tasty farm produce
but also the lowest possible prices in the locality, yes even lower than
sabziwala!

Spencer’s Super
➢ The Spencer’s Super is the place to go for the monthly shopping.
➢ About 8000-15000 sq ft. in size, the Spencer’s Super not only caters to the
daily needs but also stocks home care products; personal care products,
Bakery, Chilled and frozen food; Baby care besides groceries & staples, Fresh
fruits and vegetables.
Spencer’s Hyper

➢ The Spencer’s Hypermarkets are huge destination stores, more than 25,000
sq ft. in trading area. Shoppers come here looking for fantastic deals across
all categories.
➢ Hypermarkets ensure a comfortable, clean, bright and functional ambience
to shop along with the convenience of finding everything under one roof at
the best value for money.

India’s first modern format hypermarket was opened by Spencer’s in


Hyderabad in January 2001. Located over an area of 1,20,000 sq.ft., the store
has a trading area of 36,000 sq.ft. The Spencer’s hypermarkets, located across
the country, are open throughout the day, seven days a week, 365 days a year.

Spencer’s already employ over 9000 employees across 60 cities. Roughly 1/3rd
of the team are women.

Spencer’s began its operations in India way back in 1863 and since then has
remained a part of the lives of Indian consumers. 145 years later, the
Spencer’s name still evokes special memory of authentic quality at affordable
prices.

Currently, RPG’s Retail activity comprises Spencer’s Retail, RPG Cellucom, Books
& Beyond and MusicWorld. RPG’s total retail outlets are more than …… The
total area of all Spencer’s stores across the country is over ….. sq.ft. Spencer’s
currently has a national consumer base of over 48 million people, who walk into
the store every year.

Snapshot

Different Formats of Spencer’s


Format Stocks Minimum Trading

Area (sq. ft.)


Spencer’s Express dairy, fruit and vegetables, bread and bread
products, fruit juice, fresh batter, fresh
coffee/tea, masalas, pickles, Ghee, Fish and 1000
meat.
Spencer’s Fresh vegetables, fruit, milk, eggs, breads 2000

Spencer’s daily regular groceries 4000-7000

Spencer’s Super home care products; personal care 8000-15000


products, Bakery, Chilled and frozen food;
Baby care products
Spencer’s Hyper Miscellaneous More than 25000
Big Bazaar
Big Bazaar is not just another hypermarket. It caters to every need of your family. Where
Big Bazaar scores over other stores is its value for money proposition for the Indian
customers.
At Big Bazaar, you will definitely get the best products at the best prices - that’s what we
guarantee. With the ever increasing array of private labels, it has opened the doors into the
world of fashion and general merchandise including home furnishings, utensils, crockery,
cutlery, sports goods and much more at prices that will surprise you. And this is just the
beginning. Big Bazaar plans to add much more to complete your shopping experience.
The Big Bazaar is the discount store which offers a wide range of products under one roof.
The products include apparels and non-apparels such as utensils, sports goods and footwear.
The Food Bazaar provides a range of food and grocery products ranging from fresh fruits
and vegetables, staples, FMCG products and ready-to-cook products. The Central offers a
chain of stores including books and music stores, global brands in fashion, sports and
lifestyle accessories, grocery store and restaurants. The Group's other formats include,
Depot, Shoe Factory, Brand Factory, Blue Sky, Fashion Station, aLL, Top 10, mBazaar and
Star and Sitara. It also operates an online portal, futurebazaar.com.
Other Retail Stores

What started as a humble one store enterprise in 1986 in Kolkata (erstwhile, Calcutta) is
today a conglomerate encompassing 180 showrooms in 100 cities / 24 states. India’s first
hyper-market has also been opened for the Indian consumer by Vishal. Situated in the
national capital Delhi this store boasts of the singe largest collection of goods and
commodities sold under one roof in India.

The group had a turnover of Rs. 1463.12 million for fiscal 2005, under the dynamic
leadership of Mr.Ram Chandra Agarwal . The group had a turnover of Rs 2884.43 million
for fiscal 2006 and Rs. 6026.53 million for fiscal 2007.

The group’s prime focus is on retailing. The Vishal stores offer affordable family fashion at
prices to suit every pocket.

The group’s philosophy is integration and towards this end has initiated backward
integration in the field of high fashion by setting up a state of the art manufacturing facility
to support its retail endeavors.

Vishal is one of fastest growing retailing groups in India. Its outlets cater to almost all price
ranges. The showrooms have over 70,000 products range which fulfills all your household
needs, and can be catered to under one roof. It is covering about 29, 90, 146 sq. ft. in 24
states across India. Each store gives you international quality goods and prices hard to
match. The cost benefits that is derived from the large central purchase of goods and services
is passed on to the consumer.
Reliance Retail, Ltd. operates retail outlets in India. Its retail outlets offer foods, groceries,
apparel and footwear, lifestyle and home improvement products, electronic goods, and farm
implements and inputs. The company’s outlets also provide vegetables, fruits, and flowers. It
focuses on consumer goods, consumer durables, travel services, energy, entertainment and
leisure, and health and well-being products, as well as on educational products and services.
The company was founded in 2006 and is based in Mumbai, India. Reliance Retail, Ltd.
operates as a subsidiary of Reliance Industries, Ltd.

Subhiksha was an Indian retail chain with 1600 outlets selling groceries, fruits, vegetables,
medicines and mobile phones. It was started and is managed by R Subramaniam, an IIM
Ahmedabad alumnus. Subhiksha plans to open 1000 outlets by December 2008.[1] He also
plans to invest Rs.500 crore to increase the number of outlets to 2000 across the country by
2009.its turn over was 2305 crore in financial year 2008.

The name Subhiksha means prosperity in Sanskrit. It opened its first store in Thiruvanmiyur
in Chennai in March, 1997 with an investment of about Rs. 5 lakhs. The retail chain has seen
a considerable growth by offering goods at cheaper rates and there by increasing its customer
base. It is also dubbed as India's largest retail chain.vision to deliver consistently better value
to Indian consumers, has guided Subhiksha to deliver savings to all consumers on each and
every item that they need in their daily lives, 365 days a year, without any compromise on
quality of goods purchased.

Subhiksha now has the pan Indian presence with stores across Delhi, UP, Punjab, Haryana,
Gujarat, Maharashtra, AP, Karnataka and TN. It has recently commenced operation in
Kerala also. Today, it is a multi-locational, professionally managed and vibrant organization.
Subhiksha now has even opened Specialised Mobile shops called Subhiksha Mobile where
mobiles are sold at a discounted price.

As of January 2009, Subhiksha has been facing severe financial crises pertaining to liquidity.
This has led to the shutting down of a large number of stores across the Nation.

OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY

This project is based on the comparative study of consumer behavior towards Brand
awareness of Spencer’s and its comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other retail
organizations in Lucknow city. Objectives of the study are:

 To study about the Brand awareness of Spencer’s.


 To analyze the organized retailer’s profitability drivers on the basis of Garments,
Gifts, Cards & Music Department.

SCOPE OF THE STUDY


As learning is a human activity and is as natural, as breathing. Despite of the fact that
learning is all pervasive in our lives, psychologists do not agree on how learning takes place.
How individuals learn is a matter of interest to marketers. They want to teach retailers in
their roles as their roles as consumers. They want retailers to learn about their products,
product attributes, potential consumers benefit, how to use, maintain or even dispose of the
product and new ways of behaving that will satisfy not only the consumer’s needs, but the
marketer’s objectives.
The scope of my study restricts itself to the Brand awareness of Spencer’s and its
comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other retail organizations in Lucknow city. The
scope of my study is also restricts itself to Lucknow city only. The scope of my study
restricts itself to analyze the organized retailer’s profitability drivers on the basis of
Garments, Gifts, Cards & Music Department where as in the recent trend it's seen that the
key players in retail industry are more emphasizing on the Garments, Personal grooming,
Home furnishings, Life style and footwear Department in their Stores.

Research Methodology

This chapter describes the methodology of the study. This project is based on information
collected from primary sources. After the detailed study, an attempt has been made to
present Brand awareness of Spencer’s and its comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other
retail organizations towards the people. The data had been used to cover various aspects like
price of various commodities available at Spencer’s and Big bazaar. In collecting requisite
data and information regarding the topic selected, I went to the outlets of Spencer’s, Big
Bazaar & Vishal Mega Mart of Lucknow city and collected the data.

Survey design:
The study is a cross sectional study because the data were collected at a single point of time.
For the purpose of present study a related sample of population was selected on the basis of
convenience.

Sample Size and Design:


A sample of 100 peoples & 3 stores was taken on the basis of convenience. The actual
customers were contacted on the basis of random sampling.
Research Period:

Research work is only carried for 3 weeks.

Research Instrument:
This work is carried out through face to face survey &self-administered questionnaires. The
questions included were open ended, dichotomous and offered multiple choices.

Data Collection:
The data, which is collected for the purpose of study, is divided into 2 bases:
 Primary Source: The primary data comprises information survey of “Brand
awareness of Spencer’s and its comparative analysis with Big Bazaar & other retail
organizations ”. The data has been collected directly from respondent & with the
help of structured questionnaires.
 Secondary Source: The secondary data was collected from Company’s website and
price list of the companies.

Data Analysis:
 The data is analyzed on the basis of suitable tables by using mathematical
techniques. The technique that I have used is pie graphs, Bar graphs, with MS Excel
& SPSS.

LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY


In attempt to make this project authentic and reliable, every possible aspect of the topic was
kept in mind. Nevertheless, despite of fact constraints were at play during the formulation of
this project. The main limitations are as follows:

 Due to limitation of time only 100 people & 3 stores were selected for the study. So
the sample of people & stores was not enough to generalize the findings of the study.

 The main source of data for the study was primary data with the help of self-
administered questionnaires. Hence, the chances of unbiased information are less.

 Retailers were hesitant to disclose the true facts.

Survey on Spencer’s retail


What is the thought of people about Spencer’s retail?

1. Have you heard of Spencer’s?

Yes 93
No 7
2. Have you visited Lucknow city Spencer’s earlier?

Yes 90
No 10

3. Visited Lucknow Spencer’s once, twice or more?

Once 12

Twice 19

More than Twice 69

4. Peoples not visited to local retail stores?

Local shops 10.0


Big Bazaar 20.0
Any other stores 70.0
5. Spencer’s products range available to customers?

Spencer’s 3%
Big Bazaar 5%
Vishal Mega Mart 15%
Others 77%

6. Spencer’s in FMCG?

Spencer’s 67%
Big Bazaar 25%
Vishal Mega Mart 8%

7. Spencer’s in garments?

Yes 8

No 92
8. Spencer’s in F & V?

Yes 22

No 78

Findings

 Spencer’s have good brand awareness among the consumers.

 Big Bazaar has better product range than Spencer’s.

 Big Bazaar have greater acceptance among the consumers in comparison to


Spencer’s.

 FMCG products have major acceptance of all offerings of Spencer’s among


consumers.

 The consumers are not much satisfied of the offers introduced by Spencer’s.

 Big Bazaar has better promotional schemes than Spencer’s.


Data Analysis and Interpretation
ANALYSIS OF THE STUDY ON SPENCER RETAIL
Types of Customer:

Spencer is a major player in the Indian organized retail industry. They have a good customer
base in the high class level income group. Mainly they are focusing on the Men-Women-
Kids Apparel, gifts and also in the home furnishing products. They have huge music, cards
or cookery departments.

TYPES OF TARGET CUTOMER


HIGH GRADE INCOME LEVEL 75%
MEDIUM GRADE INCOME LEVEL 20%

AVEREGE GRADE INCOME LEVEL 5%

From the above the analysis it’s revealed that though a very few numbers of low grade
income level customers are visiting the garment section but in the gifts section we have
found that the products are unreachable for the average level income groups.

Flow of customer in different departments:

Here we have analyzed the flow of customer’s per day basis. For this reason we have studied
customer flows on an average of high customer flow days.

Inter-Department Customer Flow

DEPARTMENT NUMBER OF CUSTOMER

GARMENTS DEPARTMENT 350

GIFTS DEPARTMENT 700

MUSIC DEPARTMENT 900

In Spencer we have found that the average customer flow lies between 650-700 on average
high customer flow day.

The main products categories in Spencer basically the Music and home furnishing products
related to gifts items. We have found that in the case of garments department customer flow
is 350 per day bases and in the case of gifts departments its 600 to 700 per day basis. It’s
noted that the gifts department consists of exclusive products.

Value of Stock in the different department:


VALUE OF THE STOCK
DEPARTMENT (Rs)

GARMENTS DEPARTMENT 760000

GIFTS DEPARTMENT 5050000 The garment


section is divided
MUSIC DEPARTMENT 8060000 into Men, women
and kids section
as well as lifestyle accessories and shoe wears. They have all the major brands like
Blackberry, Louis Phillips, Lee Coopers, Van Hausen, Parx, Lee for in the men category,
Melanga, Code, Ginger in the women category and for the kids section they have brands like
Bossini, Benetton, Orchestra, Juniors, Teeny Tiny, Artex etc.

The garments section includes:

1. Watch section for the brands like Fast track, Zodiac, Hugo-boss, Nautica, Marie
Claire, Casio, Guess, GC, Kenneth Cole, Aspen, Skagen, Levi’s, Adidas etc.
2. Sunglass section for the brands like Ferrari, Mojo, Mont blanc, Scott, Guess etc.
3. Fashion accessories for the brands like Tribal Zone, Sarah, Fire Fly, Adrika,
Earrings, Necklace, Bracelet, Anklet, Bangles, Hair Clips, Bra Straps, Scrunges,
Men’s Jewelry, Kids Fashion.

All these product range are exclusively for the High grade income level customers.

The gifts section is consisting of high class home furnishings and personal grooming
products. They are introducing it by the name of “Home Centre”. It’s a one-stop destination
for furniture, home ware and home furnishings that enterprises elegance, luxury and
individuality. Home Centre houses a wide range of contemporary and classic furniture, linen
as well as other home accessories, thus providing customers a high range product.

Revenue generated by the different department:

REVENUE PER
In 2007-08 (Rs)
DEPARTMENT
GARMENTS DEPARTMENT 2000000
GIFTS DEPARTMENT 4000000
MUSIC DEPARTMENT 6500000
TOTAL 12500000

The average revenue earned per customer basis is more Rs.15000. Comparison of revenue
generated by the each department is taken into consideration on an average of high customer
flow days.

From the above analysis it’s found that the average customers in the all departments are
basically high grade income level customers.

Garment Department:

Overview:

In Garment department the products are mainly the major international readymade brands
and price ranges lies between Rs.800 to Rs.2000 averagely which is meant for a few Indians
customers.

Findings:

The products exclusively for a certain income level customers. Maximum products are
unreachable for the medium and average income level customers.

Suggestions:

They are focusing a very few Indian customers and the most of the Indian consumers can’t
afford this price range. So if they want to increase their market share in the Indian retail
Industry they should introduce such product range also which can be affordable for the
medium level income groups and the main customer in the retail industry lies within it.
Gifts Department

Overview:

Gifts department is consisting of various product categories from home furnishing products
to personal grooming products.

Findings:

In the Spencer we have found a wider range of glass made and metal products which are
exclusive and also the quality isn’t up to the price levels. Whatever, the stock is sufficient to
satisfy its customers but the price range is found very high as a gift product in this
department.

Suggestions:

Again the Indian retail industry is targeting the medium level income group people as its
increasing day by day but the products in the Spencer store is meant only for the high class
consumers which is very low in population in India. Also an important point is noted that
though the volume is sufficient but the variety in product categories as a gift isn’t sufficient.

Music Department
Overview:
Music section consist of Music CD;s, Game CD & DVD’s and also Movie DVD’s.
Findings:
Spencer has introduced very low range cd & dvd’s like “Moserbear” music and movie cd-
dvd’s and price range lies in between Rs 30 to 100. Basically they are gaining a competitive
business at the age of piracy products in this industry. Also they have a very good collection
in games cd-dvd categories at a low price range of Rs 100 to 200 whereas if anyone go to the
open market the average price range is Rs 300 to 400 for the copyright product.
Suggestions:
Spencer is earning more revenue by its music section. In the music it’s found that the
collection of cd’s and educational cd’s low than the music games cds. They are emphasizing
on the low price mp3 and game cds where as there is also a demand for educational and
movies cd-dvd’s.

Analysis of the study on Big Bazaar


In the Indian Retail Scenario Big Bazaar has a great success to create a revolution. Basically
they have differentiated their customers on the basis of customers rather than their income
level. Later on we will analyze these aspects. Here we are analyzing which income level of
customers are generally tended to purchase the products in Big Bazaar department wise:
Percentage of customers flows department wise
Type of customer Garment Gifts Section Music Cards
section section section
High grade income level 10% 15% 50% 7%
Medium grade income level 50% 55% 40% 53%
High grade income level 40% 30% 10% 40%

From the above details it is found that the garment section they are targeting the middle and
average level of customers. They are not promoting any major brands and they have their
own brand towards the major brands in garments industry. Flow of high level of customers I
music section is better than the other department. Generally upper middle and medium class
and also a good percentage of average income level customers visits their old departments.

Flow of customers in different departments:


Here we have analyzed the flow of customers per day basis. For this reason studied customer
flows on an average of high customer flow days.

Inter-Department Customer Flow


Department Number of customer
Garments Department 1600
Gifts Department 600
Cards Department 250
Music Department 800

With the study of customer flow in Big Bazaar on an average of high customer flow day we
came to know that it’s basically lies between 2000-2500 customers per day. Here we talking
the customers who are generating revenues for these departments.
From the above figures its executed that flow of customers in garment department is
relatively higher than the other departments. One significant difference is noted than the
others retail is that they have placed their music department at the front of cash counters and
introduced low range of music cds’ and game dvd’s for the all category customers which
increased customers the flow in the music department.

Value of stock in the different departments:


We have chosen 4 departments from Spencer’s store and estimated the valuation of average
stock with the assumption details provided by the branch operation stuffs.
Value of the
stock
Department (Rs)
Garments Department 163000000
Gifts Department 7500000
Cards Department 150000
Music Department 580000 The garment
section is
divided into men, women and kids section. They have also a discount section only for the
garments. In this section they are selling the old or rejected stocks of major brands at 40-50
% discount rate. The value of stock in garment is being overflowed at the time of winter
season and tends to double the value of stock. Normally they are maintain a stock value of
16.3 to 17 crore value of stock bus it increase at the time of winter to more than 40 crore.
Value of stock of the others departments:

In some big retails its seen that they are including some cookery, home furnishings and life
style products in their gifts section. Big Bazaar is maintaining a low stock but more product
categories in their gifts section and generating remarkable revenue from this.
Stock of music department is overflowed with low products. Their stock have a potential to
earn revenue from all categories as prices of products in this department lies between Rs 30,
to Rs 400 approximately.

Revenue generated by the different departments:


To find out the profitability drivers we have compared the revenue generated by different
departments on the basis of 2004-2005 to 2008-2009.For this study we have considered
average revenue of a high customer flow day by the income level customers.
Revenue per 2004-2005 2007-2008
department
Garment department 90000 300000
Gifts department 42000 180000
Cards department 2000 1800
Music department 19000 40000
Total 153000 521800
From the above study its revealed that at the time of inception of the organized retail in India
in the year of 2004-2005, only the high grade and upper medium grade income level
customers were tends to go the retails. So the maximum portion of revenues generates from
these two groups only in the year of 2004-2005.
The change in revenue of garment department and in the gifts department from the year
2004-2005 to 2007-2008 is significant because Big Bazaar is shifted products towards the
own manufactured brands and they became successful to establish their own brands in the
garment retail industry.
A measurable changes found in the cards department is the revenues as well as the stock is
decreasing day by day because of changing customer preferences towards information
technology enabled services like SMS, MMS & E-mails.

Facts and findings


From the above analysis it’s found that the average customers in the all departments are the
all income level people in Big Bazaar. Meanwhile their main customer base is upper, middle
and average level income customers.
Garment Department
Overview:
In Garment department the products are mainly their own brands an price range lies between
Rs 99 to Rs 800 averagely which is very reasonable for the middle class, average and also
low level income group peoples. The stock in this section is fair to satisfy its customer needs
and attracts window shoppers to become a potential customer.
Findings:
The main facts that we have found in the garment section is that Big Bazaar mainly focusing
on the low range products with their own brands. All the times they are giving special
discounts on all the garments products. They have adopted tricks like “Buy 2 get 3”, Buy 3
get 5” which looks like as if you buy 2 will get more 3 but the actual fact is that if you buy 2
products will get 1 free as total you will get 3. It’s a very strategic and attractive offer
specially adopted by Big Bazaar. They have also a section they are selling the branded high
class garments at a high discount rate of 50 to 60 percent.
Suggestions:
After discussing all the profit factors it can be suggest that as they have a good high income
level customer level flow in the others departments like in the furniture and grocery
department they can introduce a wider range of branded products in the garment section as
this income is conscious about the brand that they are using.

Gifts Department
Overview:
Gift department is consisting of various product categories from home furnishing products
personal using products. According to Big Bazaar now a days no one can define which
section should be referred as a gifts section. Customer preference is changing day by day
with the increased product categories.
Findings:
In Big Bazaar we have found that they are also referring home furnishing products, personal
care and low range electronic products as gift products and basically it depends on the
customers need and choice. The whole gift section is able to satisfy the all level of income
groups as they have a large collection of product categories but with a limited stock of same
products. A noted strategy is taken in gifts department is that they are selling a large varieties
of products with a limited stock which helps them to implement a good stock turn over ratio
and generating good revenue from this department.
Suggestions:
Big Bazaar can focus on stocks of gifts though the stock varieties is remarkable but within
the same category the stock is not appreciable.
Music Department
Overview:
Music section consist of Music CD;s, Game CD & DVD’s and also Movie DVD’s.
Findings:
Big Bazaar has introduced very low range cd & dvd’s like “Moserbear” music and movie cd-
dvd’s and price range lies in between Rs 30 to 100. Basically they are gaining a competitive
business at the age of piracy products in this industry. Also they have a very good collection
in games cd-dvd categories at a low price range of Rs 100 to 200 whereas if anyone go to the
open market the average price range is Rs 300 to 400 for the copyright product.
Suggestions:
In the music its found that the collection of cd’s and educational cd’s low than the music
games cds. They are emphasizing on the low price mp3 and game cds where as there is also
a demand for educational and movies cd-dvd’s.
Analysis of the study on Vishal Mega Mart
Types of customer:
There are three types of consumer in the Indian retail market. Vishal mega mart is a firm
believer of that the middle class and upper middle class are the potential customer in their
product categories.
Here we are analyzing which income level of customers are generally tend to purchase the
products department wise:

Percentage of types of customer department wise


Type of customer Garment Gifts Music Cards
section section section section
High grade income level 10 40 60 0
Medium grade income level 60 50 30 50
Average grade income level 30 10 10 50
Type of customer

From the above details it’s found that the customer flows in the garment section is relatively
high rather the other sections. The focus customer group is basically medium level income
group of customers.

Flow of customers in different departments:

Here we have analyzed the flow of customer per day basis. For this reason we have studied
customer flows on an average of high customer flow days.

Inter- Department customer flow

Department Number of customer


Garments Department 900
Gifts Department 250
Cards Department 100
Music Department 300
From the above figures its executed that flow of customer in garment departments is
relatively higher than the others departments. To determine the above study we have
considered who are spending their money on purchase of products of above said
departments. Its revealed at the time of study that they have 10 cash counters and they are
making bills of more than 280 bills per day per counter on the above said days.

Value of stock in different department:

We have chosen departments from Vishal Mega Mart and establish the valuation of average
stock with the assumption details provided by the branch operation stuffs.

Value of the stock

Department (Rs)
Garments Department 10340000
Gifts Department 250000
Cards Department 75000
Music Department 200000
Value of the stock in the Garment Departments:

The garment section is divided into men, women and kids section. The value of the stock in
the garment department is relatively much higher than the others departments is relatively
much higher than the other departments. The value of stock in winter season jumps to 18 to
20 crore and its 3 times higher than others season as normally they are maintaining a stock
of 6 crore in the others time.
The value of the stock of the other department are relatively lower than garment department.

The stock maintained in the gifts section, basically maintained for the high and medium level
income customers.

In the cards department the stock increases at the time of Christmas an New Year eve as it’s
seasonal business according to the Vishal Mega Mart.

Music department is consisting of Music, movie and game cd & dvd’s. Its found that the
stock of game cd & dvd’s is higher than the others.

Revenue generated by different departments:

To find out the profitability drivers we have composed the revenue generated by different
department on the basis of 2004-2005 to 2008-2009.

For this study we have considered average revenue of a high customer flow day by the all
income level customers.

Department 2004-2005 2007-2008


Garments 50000 180000
Gifts 5000 10000
Cards 2000 1800
Music 1800 5000
Total 58800 196800
From the above study its revealed that at the time of inception of the organized retail in India
in the year of 2005-2005, only the high grade and upper medium grade income level
customers wear tends to go to the retails only.

In the case of garments, gifts and music departments as the stock is increased, the revenue is
also increased with the market demand study of the year of 2004-05 to 2007-2008 and also
its seen that product category in the gifts and music department is relatively changing with
the increasing demand of new innovated products.

A measurable changes found in the cards department is that the revenues as well as the stock
is decreasing day by day because of changing customer preferences towards information
technology enabled services like SMS, MMS & E-mails.

FACTS AND FINDINGS


From the above analysis its found that the average customers in the all departments are the
middle grade income level customers as Vishal is mainly focusing in this segment of
customers.

Garments Department

Overview:

Product lines and the quality of the products in the Garment Section are basically for the
medium and average grade income level people and price range in this section is averagely
lies between Rs.250 to 600.

Findings :
In the garment section we have found that products categories are not focusing the high
grade income level customers as the brand consciousness not presents in the floors. The high
grade income level people are very conscious about the brand that they are using. Basically
they are very conscious about the brand rather than the quality which isn’t present in this
department.

Suggestions:

Vishal is strategically targeting the middle class customer but there is also a rash of high
grade income level customers in their stores. They should focus on this aspect that they can
turn mob into potential customer by introducing a various range of high class products in the
garment department.

Gifts Department

Overview:

Product lines and the quality of the products in the Gifts Section are basically for the high
and medium grade income level people and price range in this section is averagely lies
between Rs.500 to 800.

Findings:

In the gifts we have found that stock of gifts items is very low and also products categories
are not focusing to low grade income level customers and the gifts department is referred to
high class products.

Suggestions:

They should focus on this aspect by introducing more stocks and also a lower price range
products in the gifts section that they can also generate revenue from lower grade income
customers.

Music Department

Overview:

Music section consist of music cd’s, game cd & dvd’s and also movie dvd’s. Product lines
and the quality of products in the music section are basically for the high and medium grade
income level people and price range in this section is averagely lies between Rs.150 to 500.

Findings:
In the music section we have found that they are mainly focusing on the game cd’s and dvd’s
and also the price range is also high. Again the collection of game cd and dvd’s is
considerable but in the case of Indian music cd’s the stock level is not also upto the
customer’s satisfactory level.

Suggestions:

Vishal should concentrate on that the music industry is passing through a high competitive
market with piracy world so the range should be such as the customer feel free to buy
original cd’s. Another point is that there should be a balance between the stock of their
product lines in the music department.

COMPARITIVE ANALYSIS OF THE STORES


On the basis of customer flows:
We have considered the average of the high customer flow days.

Flow of Customer per Day


Store Name No. of Customer
Vishal Mega Mart 1600
Spencer Retail 1200
Big Bazaar 2300

Vishal Mega Mart: From the study its revealed that the average customer flow is
medium grade income level customers and average grade income level customers.

Spencer Retail: The customer flows in this store is basically refers to the high and upper
medium income level customers.

Big Bazaar: They are focusing on the all income level customers but it depends on the
departments wise also.

On the basis of stock value:

Comparison of stock value


Store Name Garments Gifts Dept Cards Dept Music Dept
dept
Vishal Mega 65000000 250000 77500 175000
Mart
Spencer Retail 760000 5500000 175000 8060000
Big Bazaar 163000000 75000000 150000 575000
Garments Department:

The value of stock depends on the season. At the time of winter season it increases upto 2 to
3 times than the other seasons as the price of winter garments is relatively higher than
springs-summer collection.
Vishal Mega Mart: The product in the garment section isn’t exclusive and meant for the
medium to average grade income level customers. Also they aren’t focusing on major brands
in the garment industry. All the products are unbranded and semi branded and don’t attracts
the high grade level income groups. However brand consciousness not present but the stock
volume is able to met customer satisfaction.

Spencer Retail: Product ranges are very high and meant for the high class consumers. In
Spencer there is very low stock turnover ratio.

Big Bazaar: They have their own brands in the garments department with a reasonable price
for the upper medium, medium and average class income groups. Though brand conscious
people will think at the time purchasing but customer are satisfied with the stock and as well
as quality related to price. They have high stock turnover ratio.

Gift Department:

Vishal Mega Mart: They are not focusing on the gifts stock for the result customer flow and
revenue from this section is very low and no point is gaining for the customer satisfactory
level.

Spencer: A wider range of products is found in gifts section for the all income level people.
Though the variety in the product categories is high but the volume of stock in the same
product is low. However customers are happy with the large number of collection of gifts
items.

Big Bazaar: A very large investment in the gifts section is found at the time of study. They
are basically emphasizing on introduction of personal grooming products and home
furnishing products in the gifts section. This department is solely for the upper class
consumers and customer’s satisfactory level is remarkable.

Cards Department:
Vishal Mega Mart: Stock in the department is taken care as relatively low and it’s
considered as a seasonal business.

Big Bazaar: Stock in this department is taken care as relatively low and it’s considered as a
seasonal business.

Spencer: It is having highest value in gift department.

Music Department:

Vishal Mega Mart: Music department is consisting of music, movies amd games cd-dvd’s.
the stock of game cd-dvd’s is higher than the others and price range is relatively not for the
medium and average income groups though they are focusing on this income group only and
a result they failed to satisfy their customer needs.

Big Bazaar: Their music department is also consisting of music, movies and games cd-dvd’s
and they have maintained a good balance between the stock level in all the categories. And
also a remarkable change is noted that they selling very low range products within this
copyright product categories. They customer satisfaction level is high with the fulfillment of
their needs.

Spencer: Spencer is earning more revenue in this department than Big Bazaar & Vishal
Mega Mart in music because it is of RPG group.
SUGGESTIONS AND RECOMMENDATIONS

 In order to improve its business, Spencer’s should introduce more


competitive promotional schemes such as those in Big Bazaar.

 The product range of Spencer’s should be improved in order to match


that existing in Big Bazaar.

 For promotional offers, company should go for free gifts rather than
going for other ways.
SWOT Analysis
SWOT analysis is a tool for auditing an organization and its environment. It is the first stage
of planning and helps marketers to focus on key issues. SWOT Stands for strengths,
weaknesses, opportunities, and threats. Strengths & weaknesses are internal factors.
opportunities, and threats are external factors.

 Strengths

• Spencer’s have good brand awareness among the consumers.


• Spencer’s in FMCG sector.
• Spencer’s retail specialist marketing expertise.

 Weaknesses

• The consumers are not much satisfied of the offers introduced by Spencer’s.
• Big Bazaar has better product range than Spencer’s.
• Big Bazaar has better promotional schemes than Spencer’s.

 Opportunities

• To become better in the business of garments.


• To be accepted by the consumers in comparison to other retail stores.
• To develop better marketing strategy than retail outlets.

 Threats

• Big Bazaar & Vishal Mega Mart are huge threats to Spencer’s.
• Big Bazaar have greater acceptance among the consumers in comparison to
Spencer’s.

Bibliography

Author’s Name Book Name Place of Publication Year


Kothari, C.R. Research Methodology- Wiley Eastern Ltd., New Delhi
Methods and Techniques
Brown, F.E. Marketing Research, a Addison-Wesley Eastern Ltd.
structure for decision
making
Dunn Online Jean and Applied Statistics John Wiley and Sons
Virginai A Clarck
Hooda, R.P. Statistics for Business and Macmillan India, New Delhi
Economics
Green Pant E and Donald S. Research for Marketing Wiley Eastern, New Delhi
Tull Decisions
Philip Kotler. Marketing Management Prentice Publishing Co., New
Delhi.
Shenoy, GVS et al. Quantitative Techniques Wiles Eastern New Delhi
for Managerial Decision
Making
.

Websites
www.Spencersretail.com

www.rpggroup.com

www.scribt.com
Magazines

India today.

Business world.

Business india.

Material profile of company.

Surey.

Search engines.

www.google.com

www.search.com

www.yahoo.com

www.alvista.com

QUESTIONNAIRE

PERSONAL DETAILS
NAME:

Address:

Gender:

Phone Number:

Marital status:

Education:

Profession:

Questionnaire (General)

1. Store name:

2. Location of the Store:

(a) Mall

(b) General

(c) Densely populated area

1. Which kind of customers generally visit at your store?

(a) High grade income level

(b) Medium grade income level


(c) Average grade income level

1. Flow of customer per day in your store:

(a) Below 500

(b) 500 to 1000

(c) 1000 to 1500

1. In which department stock is being taken care comparatively in a lightly way?

(a) Garments

(b) Gift items

(c) Cards

(d) Music

1. Does the brand consciousness of customers divert them to the different departments?
Yes

No

2. Does the brand consciousness of customers divert them to the different departments?

Yes

No
If yes which type of customer?

Young

Old

Child

Beauty conscious people

3. Is the Information Technology helping in ROI of the store?

Yes
No
If yes then which features is/are motivating?

ERP

Online Adv

SAP/Tally

Informational Security

4. Does the good atmosphere in the store pick the sale up?

Yes

No

Questionnaire (Garment Department)

1. Which kind of customers generally visit at your garment section and their
flow?

(a) High grade income level

(b) Medium grade income level

(c) Average grade income level


1. Revenue generated by Garment section in your store?

(a) High grade income level: Revenue in 2004-2005

Revenue in 2008-2009

(b) Medium grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

(c) Average grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

1. Is your stock efficient to revamp the customer satisfaction in your store?

Yes

No

Questionnaire (Gifts Department)

1. Which kind of customers generally visit at your gifts section and their flow?

(a) High grade income level

(b) Medium grade income level

(c) Average grade income level


1. Revenue generated by Gifts section in your store?

(a) High grade income level: Revenue in 2004-2005

Revenue in 2008-2009

(b) Medium grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

(c) Average grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

1. Is your stock efficient to revamp the customer satisfaction in your store?

Yes

No

Questionnaire (Music Department)


1. Which kind of customers generally visit at your Music section and their
flow?

(a) High grade income level

(b) Medium grade income level

(c) Average grade income level

1. Revenue generated by Music section in your store?

(a) High grade income level: Revenue in 2004-2005

Revenue in 2008-2009

(b) Medium grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

(c) Average grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09
1. Is your stock efficient to revamp the customer satisfaction in your
store?

Yes
No

Questionnaire (Cards Department)

1. Which kind of customers generally visit at your Cards section and their
flow?

(a) High grade income level

(b) Medium grade income level

(c) Average grade income level

1. Revenue generated by Cards section in your store?

(a) High grade income level: Revenue in 2004-2005

Revenue in 2008-2009

(b) Medium grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05

Revenue in 2008-09

(c) Average grade income level: Revenue in 2004-05


Revenue in 2008-09

1. Is your stock efficient to revamp the customer satisfaction in your store?

Yes

No