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Major Project
Report
On
Energy Hardware Station
Submitted in the partial fulfillment of the requirement for the award of degree of
Bachelors of Technology
in
Electrical Engineering





Under The Guidance of: Submitted by:
Prof. Neeraj Sharma Jaskirat Singh 100060520577
Nikhil Kumar 100060520590
Rahul Raja 100060520599
Saksham Aggarwal 100060520603
Sonu Kumar 100060520607

Department of Electrical Engineering
Baba Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College
Fatehgarh Sahib – 140 407, Punjab (India)
Ph. (01763) - 233713, 233813(0), 232213(R), Fax: 232113



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BABA BANDA SINGH BAHADUR ENGG.COLLEGE
Fatehgarh Sahib-140407
PTU’S FIRST COLLEGE WITH NBA & IEI ACCREDITED PROGRAMS
(Approved by AI CTE, Govt. of Punjab & affiliated to PTU, J alandhar)
Website: www.bbsbec.org Email: query@bbsbec.org

Ref:__________ Dated: 06-11-2013



Certificate

Certified that this project entitled “ENERGY HARDWARE STATION” submitted by
JASKIRAT SINGH, NIKHIL KUMAR, RAHUL RAJA, SAKSHAM
AGGARWAL, SONU KUMAR, students of Electrical Engineering Department, Baba
Banda Singh Bahadur Engineering College, Fatehgarh Sahib in the partial fulfillment of
the requirement for the award of Bachelors of Technology (Electrical Engineering)
Degree of PTU, Jalandhar, is a record of students own study carried under my
supervision & guidance.

This report has not been submitted to any other university or institution for the award of
any degree.




Name of Project Guide Name of Project Co-ordinator
Er. Neeraj Sharma Er. Rajni Bala
(Asst. Prof.) (Asst. Prof.)






Dr. Gursewak Singh Brar
Head, Electrical Engineering Department
An ISO 9001:2000 Certified Institute

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CONTENTS



1. Certificate…………………………………………………………….2
2. Acknowledgement……………………………………………………4
3. Why the “ Energy Hardware station” as a project…………..……….5
4. Energy Hardware Station……………………………………………..6
5. Major components……………………………………………….…...7
6. Steps of Construction………………………………………………...8
7. Block diagram…………………………………………………….….9
8. Principle of Operations…………………………………………..…10
9. Pictures of the Apparatus………………………………………..….11
10. Rectification of errors and its improvement………………………15
11. Special Features of our Project……………………………………..22
12. Remarks…………………………………………………………….23
























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Acknowledgement

This Project is a result of sheer hard work by our guide Prof. Neeraj
Sharma. He has been very supportive no matter the conditions were. We
also want to thank Charanjit Sir for always sparing time for us from his
busy schedule. And last but not the least our friends for giving their support
and sharing their ideas with us.































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Why “Energy hardware Station” as Project?

Initially we started our Project with an aim to build a wireless energy
transmission device but after a lot of discussions and arguments the outcome
was that we needed to find a new idea for the project. Then our guide Prof.
Neeraj Sharma gave us an idea of building something which would help us
out caste us from the other students who were making electronics oriented
projects. Also this concept in spite of being easy seemed very amusing to us,
Hence we decided to proceed with this as our project.


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ENERGY HARWARE STATION

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MAJOR COMPONENTS






S.NO NAME QUANTITY RATING PHOTOGRAPHS
1 MAGNETS 20 3”dia

2 DC Motor 1 12V
3000rpm

3 Shaft 1 18”L

4 Wooden Case 1 10Kgs
(approx)

5 Threads - -

6 Copper Wire 2mX2 1mm

7 Copper Coil 1100 turns 1mm

8 Multi meter 1
9 Pipe 10 2cm dia
10 Bearing 2 1”dia
11 L-key Screw 2 2 “soot”
12 Battery 1 12v

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STEPS OF CONSRTUCTION:


 Wooden planks were bought and crafted to perfection with the help of
a carpenter.
 Then they were nailed together to make the required frame.
 Motor was placed at its correct position along with the shaft coupled
to the wheel, as shown in pictures.
 20 magnets were tied with the help of ties and threads.
 Reinforcement for the strength was provided with the help of pieces
of pipes.
 The shaft was tightened with the help of a Nut.
 Connections from both the sides were connected to the capacitors.
 The device was hence ready to be tested.
 The Motor was powered by a 12V DC Source (battery).
 Output was obtained through the multi meter.















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BLOCK DIAGRAM:-



A 12V DC Supply is given to a 12V DC motor. The motor is connected to a
wooden wheel having magnets tied to it through a shaft. The Conductor
“copper coil” is placed between the two wheels. As we know that whenever
a conductor cuts through a magnetic field EMF is induced in the conductor.

We have provided 1100 turns to the coil so that it may produce
approximately a 110V.

The output is measured by the help of a multi meter .















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PRINCIPLE OF OPERATIONS:-

1.) 1
st
Law of Faraday:- Whenever the flux the linked to a coil
a changes ,current gets induced.
Techinally:- The EMF generated by Faraday's law of
induction due to relative movement of a circuit and a
magnetic field is the phenomenon underlying electrical
generators. When a permanent magnet is moved relative to a
conductor, or vice versa, an electromotive force is created. If
the wire is connected through an electrical load, current will
flow, and thus electrical energy is generated, converting the
mechanical energy of motion to electrical energy.

2.)Lenz’s law :-
When an emf is generated by a change in magnetic flux
according to Faraday's Law, the polarity of the induced emf is
such that it produces a current whose magnetic field opposes the
change which produces it. The induced magnetic field inside
any loop of wire always acts to keep the magnetic flux in the
loop constant. In the examples below, if the B field is
increasing, the induced field acts in opposition to it. If it is
decreasing, the induced field acts in the direction of the applied
field to try to keep it constant.







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PICTURES OF
CIRCUIT
AND
APPARATUS






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PIC1.) THE WOODEN BASE WAS PREPARED

PIC2.) THE MAGNETS WERE MOUNTED ON THE BASE







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PIC3.) THE MAGNETS WERE TIED WITH THREAD AND TIES


PIC4.)THE COLLEGE PROVIDED INSTRUMENTS FOR WINDING





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PIC5.) PROCESS OF WINDING WAS STARTED.













PIC6.) ALMOST THE COMPLETION OF WINDING

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Rectification of errors and its improvement

1. Initially when we started our work with windings, we were unable to
do it correctly as the width of the wire wasn’t apt so what we did
ended in failures and hence we had to bring new wires and with
correct diameter ie 1mm and do the winding again.The following
picture demonstrates.


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2.



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2.) While performing the first test run, we had a catastrophical result as
the wooden chip wasn’t screwed properly hence the strong magnetic
field produced by the magnets attracted it causing it to break and then
rotate with the wheel destroying two magnets. The following pictures
shows it.


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This wooden piece was joined again with fevicol and was given strength
with the help of cotton thread which is specially used to give strength to
motor winding.

Even the copper wire used was again coiled in a proper manner with the help
of a 23SWG wire. It is also shown in figure.













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The pictures above also showed how the repair was done and the project was
reconstructed in a short period of time.


















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SPECIAL FEATURES OF OUR PROJECT.

1.) The energy hardware station eco friendly.
2.) The battery used can be charged again from itself.
3.) The operation is cheap and less repair is required.
4.) If in case the output is to be increased the station can be dismantled
very easily and the number of turns can be increased,hence increasing
the output.
5.) The design looks very appealing and hence it could have its
application as a teaching aid.

































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S.No.
REMARKS
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