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OWF000101 HLR9820
SYSTEM OVERVIEW
ISSUE 2.2
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Introduction
HLR (Home Location Register)
HLR9820 of HUAWEI consists of some elements
This course gives a general introduction to HLR9820
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Upon completion of this course, you will be
able to:
Master the structure of HUAWEI
HLR9820
Know the functions of each part
Know the elements of HLR9820 and the
relationship of them
Know the basic performance parameter
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Documentation
HUAWEI HLR9820V600R001 Technical Manual
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Chapter 1 System Structure Chapter 1 System Structure
Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 2 Components and Functions
Chapter 3 System Performance Chapter 3 System Performance
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Position of HLR in WCDMA system
MSC/
VLR
MSC/
VLR
SGSN
GGSN GMSC
GMLC
HLR/
AuC
BSC
BTS
BTS
RNC
RNC
UTRAN BSS
MS
UE
CG
CN
SCP
E Gs
Ga
Gn
J
Gr
C,D
C
CAP
Gp
Gi
Lh
Gc
A
Gb IuPs
IuCs
Ir
Abis Iubis
TUP/ISUP
Um
Uu
Le
TUP/ISUP
TUP/ISUP
NodeB
MSC/
VLR
MSC/
VLR
SGSN
GGSN GMSC
GMLC
HLR/
AuC
BSC
BTS
BTS
RNC
RNC
UTRAN BSS
MS
UE
CG
CN
SCP
E Gs
Ga
Gn
J
Gr
C,D
C
CAP
Gp
Gi
Lh
Gc
A
Gb IuPs
IuCs
Ir
Abis Iubis
TUP/ISUP
Um
Uu
Le
TUP/ISUP
TUP/ISUP
NodeB
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Interfaces of HLR
E1/IP/ATM Process of MAP messages SCP J
E1/IP/ATM Process of MAP messages MLC Lh
E1/IP/ATM CM of PS GGSN Gc
E1/IP/ATM MM of PS SGSN Gr
E1/IP/ATM MM of CS and AUC process VLR D
E1/IP/ATM Provide Routing information during
the call
MSC/GMSC/S
MC
C
Type Usage Relative Part NAME
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MAP Protocol Stack
TCAP
SCCP
SCTP
IP
MAC
HLR
M3UA
MAP
TCAP
SCCP
SCTP
IP
MAC
M3UA
MAP
C/D/lu
Gs/Gr
(b) IP
HLR
C/D/lu
Gs/Gr
(a) TDM
TCAP
SCCP
MTP-1
MAP
TCAP
SCCP
MTP-1
MAP
MTP-2 MTP-2
MTP-3 MTP-3
TCAP
SCCP
SAAL
PVC
UNI/IMA
HLR
MTP3B
MAP
TCAP
SCCP
MAP
C/D/lu
Gs/Gr
(C) ATM
SAAL
PVC
UNI/IMA
MTP3B
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Function of HLR/AuC
Home location register(HLR)
Maintenance of Database for Mobile Subscriber
The information in DB consists of some services parameter,
location information of subscribers
Authentication Center (AuC)
Generates and stores authentication information for Mobile
Subscriber
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Networking of HLR9820
TDM Networking
2G Local VMSC
3G Local SGSN
3G Local MSC
Server
2G GMSC/VMSC
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
HLR
STP
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
No.7
TDM
TDM
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IP Networking
Networking of HLR9820
Networking of HLR9820
2G Local VMSC
3G Local SGSN
3G Local MSC
Server
2G GMSC/VMSC
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
HLR
STP
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
No.
7
TDM
TDM
SG
SG
Rout
er
IP
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
IP IP IP
IP
IP
IP
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Hybrid Networking
2G Local VMSC
3G Local SGSN
3G Local MSC
Server
2G GMSC/VMSC
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
HLR
STP
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
No.
7
TDM
Rout
er
IP
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
IP IP
IP
IP
IP
TDM
Networking of HLR9820
Networking of HLR9820
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Networking of HLR9820
Networking of HLR9820
ATM Networking
2G Local VMSC
3G Local SGSN
3G Local MSC
Server
2G GMSC/VMSC
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
HLR
STP
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
TDM
No.
7
TDM
ATM
GGSN
3G MSC Server
SCP
ATM
ATM
TDM
ATM
ATM
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Questions
What’s name of interface between HLR and MSC、VLR、
SCP、SGSN、GGSN?
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Answer
C、D、J 、Gr、Gc
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Chapter 1 System Structure Chapter 1 System Structure
Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 2 Components and Functions
Chapter 3 System Performance Chapter 3 System Performance
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Structure of HLR9820
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
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HLR9820 consists of SAU,HDU,SMU and BAM:
SAU (Signaling Access Unit)
HDU (HLR Database Unit)
SMU (Subscriber Management Unit)
BAM (Back Administration Module)
HLR9820 hardware only consist of SAU,HDU,BAM. Function of SMU
are implement in BAM.
Structure of HLR9820
Structure of HLR9820
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Introduction to SAU
SAU (Signaling Access Unit) response for access of IP and No.7 signaling
network
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
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Components of SAU
SAU:Switch for access and transfer of signaling
Provides physical interfaces for IP/No.7 signaling
Processes signaling under MAP layer
Transfers MAP signaling to HDU
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Introduction to HDU
HDU(HLR database
unit)
Storage of
subscriber’s data
Process O&M
operation come from
SMU for sub.’s data
Process MAP
operation come from
SAU
Implement AuC
function
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
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Introduction to HDU
HDU is a dual system
Based on SUN/IBM server
Oracle Database
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Introduction to SMU
SMU: Subscriber Management Unit;
The function of SMU is implemented by software in BAM
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
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Introduction to SMU
Server provides interface to SMU client. SMU client operates
Subscriber’s data through UI interface;
Server provides opened interface to BOSS. To meet the
requirements of different operation modes on the subscriber data
from clients.
SMU Server/client mode
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Introduction to BAM
BAM; Back Administration Module
Communication bridge between switch and NMS
To store data and program for SAU
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
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Introduction to BAM
Management for the SAU, HDU and SMU:
Alarm processing
Performance management
Equipment status management
Interfaces to network management system (NMS)
SMU software and BAM software are usually installed on one
Window 2000 server.
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Introduction to O&M
O&M of HLR9820 is implement by LMT which is installed in BAM or WS.
It also can be implemented through M2000 server.
HLR9820
HDU
NMS
Business
Hall
Other Switches
SAU
BAM SMU
LMT
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Introduction to O&M
FM: Fault Management
PM: Performance Management
CM: Configuration Management
LMT: O&M of HLR
O&M Server/client mode
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Chapter 2 Component and Function Chapter 2 Component and Function
2.1 Structure 2.1 Structure
2.2 SAU 2.2 SAU
2.3 HDU 2.3 HDU
2.4 SMU 2.4 SMU
2.5 BAM 2.5 BAM
2.6 Introduction of O&M 2.6 Introduction of O&M
2.7 Configuration Principle 2.7 Configuration Principle
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Configuration of HLR9820
SUN solution for HDU
IBM solution for HDU
Two solutions for HLR9820
Have different in HDU
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SUN Solution
Only need one cabinet for whole HLR
Supports 100,000~600,000 subscribers
Extend Smoothly
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IBM Solution
Two cabinets are
needed for IBM solution.
One for HDU, another
for other equipments
Support
100,000~2,000,000
subscribers
Extend Smoothly
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Question
Which part processes SCCP signaling?
Which part processes MAP signaling?
Which part provides interface to BOSS?
Where is subscriber’s data?
What will happen if SMU failed?
What will happen if BAM failed?
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Answer
SAU
HDU
SMU
HDU
Services are OK, but subscriber’s data
can’t be maintained.
Services are OK, but SAU can’t be
maintained.
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Chapter 1 System Structure Chapter 1 System Structure
Chapter 2 Components and Functions Chapter 2 Components and Functions
Chapter 3 System Performance Chapter 3 System Performance
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Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820 Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820
3.1 Functions of HLR9820 3.1 Functions of HLR9820
3.2 Performance Parameters 3.2 Performance Parameters
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Functions of HLR9820
Supports 2G/3G network
Supports 3GPP R99/R4
Supports IP/TDM/ATM network
Provides AuC function in HDU
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Abundant Services
Traditional services
Telecom service
Bearer Service
Supplementary
Service (SS)
GPRS
CAMEL Service
USSD
3G services by 3GPP R99、R4
Pre-paging
LCS (Location services)
Support CAMEL3
Support UMTS subscriber
Explicit Call Transfer (ECT)
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Operation and Maintenance
Data configuration management
Subscriber data management
Traffic statistics (performance management) function
Automatic backup of the database
Alarming function
Network element maintenance function
Tracing function
Log
Flow Control Function
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Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820 Chapter 3 Technical Parameters of HLR9820
3.1 Functions of HLR9820 3.1 Functions of HLR9820
3.2 Performance Parameters 3.2 Performance Parameters
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Integrated Equipment Performance Indices
10
Number of subscribers defined per second with the
template
<1 sec.
Time for defining a single subscriber
20
2 Mbps signaling link number supported
640
64 Kbps signaling link number supported
TDM/IP/ATM Bearer networking mode supported
2 million Maximum capacity
Index Parameter
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Reliability Indices
≤1 minutes When the system has powered on, the
interval from starting the application till
providing the service
≤10 minutes Startup time from powering on the system
till providing service
≤15 minutes Mean Time To Repair (MTTR) (not
including the time of transportation)
≥25000hours Mean Time Between Failures (MTBF)
99.999% Availability
0.3 Integrated reparation ratio
Index Parameter
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Question
What’s LCS
What’s Maximum capacity of HLR9820
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Answer
1. Location Services
2. 2 million
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Summary
On completion of this course, the trainees should
master the whole structure of HLR9820
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