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PC1431 Physics IE: Tutorial 2

Question 1
Kathy and Tommy stand on a platform of negligible weight as shown in Figure 1. Tommy
weighs 500 N and Kathy weighs 400 N. Kathy is supporting some of her weight on the
end of the rope she is holding. What downward force is she exerting on the platform?
[Ans: n = 100 N]

Tommy, 500 N
Kathy, 400 N

Figure 1: “Whatever you do, don’t let go!”

Question 2
In Figure 2, a cable pulls a skier up a hill inclined at 10◦ above the horizontal. The skier
starts from rest and the cable exerts a tension T at an angle 30◦ above the surface of
the hill. The mass of the skier is 60 kg and the effective coefficient of friction between
the skier and the snow is 0.10. What is the maximum tension in the cable if the starting
acceleration (along the slope) does not exceed 0.40g? [Ans: T = 431 N]


Figure 2: That’s no skier! He’s clearly standing on a skateboard. . .


Figure 3: What could possibly go wrong? (a) Show that the optimal period of revolution necessary to keep the person from falling is s 4π 2 Rµs T = . (1) g (b) How many revolutions per minute does the cylinder make if R = 4.00 m and µs = 0. the coefficient of static friction is 0. What are the resulting accelerations of blocks m1 and m2 if (a) F = 100 N? (b) F = 60 N? [Ans: (a) a1 = 0. The block is pulled by a horizontal force F . and the radius of the cylinder is R.98 m s−2 .Question 3 An amusement park ride consists of a large vertical cylinder that spins about its axis fast enough that any person inside is held up against the wall when the floor drops away as shown in Figure 3.6 rpm] Question 4 A slab of mass m1 = 40.600.20 m s−2 ] F m 2 111111111 000000000 000000000 111111111 000000000 111111111 m 1 Figure 4: What a drag 2 .08 m s−2 (b) a1 = a2 = 1. Between the block and the slab. and a block of mass m2 = 10.0 kg rests on top of the slab as in Figure 4.0 kg rests o a frictionless floor.400? [Ans: 23.400. a2 = 6. The coefficient of static friction between the person and the wall is µs . and the coefficient of kinetic friction is 0.

Question 7: For practice An elevator ascends from the ground with uniform speed at time t = 0. Take α = 40.1 m. and θ = 25◦ . [Ans: 3. The marble falls freely and hits the ground T2 seconds after it was released.600. [Ans: h = g(T1 T22 )/2(T1 + T2 )] 3 .90 N < F < 71.Question 5 In Figure 5. a block of mass m = 0. The wedge is subjected to a horizontal force F and slides on a frictionless surface.0◦ . what is the time it takes to arrive at B? [Ans: 0. the highest point on the circle. straight wire stretched between points A and B on a vertical circle of radius R = 2.0 N] m F M α Figure 5: “I dont like to move it. a boy releases a marble through a hole in the elevator floor.00 kg. Find the range of values of F for which the block does not slide on the incline. At time t = T1 . The coefficient of static friction between the block and wedge is 0. move it” Question 6: For practice A bead in Figure 6 is free to slide down a smooth. Fine the height h of the elevator at time t = T1 . If the bead starts from rest at A.925 s] A θ R B Figure 6: The world’s worst abacus.500 kg is on a wedge of mass M = 2.