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This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity

AMME2700: Instrumentation Lab report
Lab 1. Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws and
Low Pass Pass Filters

SID: Name:
Time/Data: This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity.

1. Kirchhoff’s voltage and current laws
Objective:
1. Learn the basic operation of ELVIS experiment device.
2. Measure basic electronic components ELVIS environment
3. To verify the Kirchhoff’s voltage laws for a closed circuit.
4. To verify the Kirchhoff’s current laws for a parallel circuit.
5. Be able to use the Multisim simulation environment.
Equipment:
1. Digital voltage meter:DMM [V], digital current meter:DMM [A].
2. Resistors (ohm): Variable
Procedure:
1. Measure the resistors that you want to use. Build the following circuit using the chosen
resistors and mark the resistor value in Figure 1. Turn on the power supply and using the
DMM, adjust the source voltage to 5V.

Figure 1
This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity
Measure the voltage across each resistor. Record these values in Table. Calculate the sum of
these voltages and record in following table. Use a few words to discuss what result you can
find in the report. (Hint: Kirchhoff’s Voltage Law)
Measured value
V1 (V)
V2 (V)
V3 (V)
V4 (V)
V5 (V)
V1+V2+V3+V4+V5: (V)
Power Supply: (V)
Table1




2. Measure the resistors that you want to use. Build the following circuit using the chosen
resistors and mark the resistor value in Figure 2. Turn on the power supply and using the DMM,
adjust the source voltage to 5V.

Figure 2
Measure all the currents shown in the circuit. Record the values in the tables. Calculate the sum
of I1, I2, and sum of I4, I5, I6. Use a few words to discuss what result you can find in the report.
(Hint: Kirchhoff’s Current Law)


Measured value
I1 (A)
I2 (A)
I4 (A)
I5 (A)
This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity
I6 (A)
I1+I2: (A)
I4+I5+I6: (A)
I: (A)
Table2



2.Low Pass and High Pass Filters
Objective:
Learn the concept of a filter. Study the characteristics of passive filters by obtaining
the frequency response of High Pass RC filter.

Equipment:
Resistors
Capacitor
741 Operational amplifier (Op Amp)

741Op Amp
Theory
The impedance of a capacitor is inversely proportional to frequency. This
characteristic can be used to select certain frequencies of an input signal. This
selection of frequencies is called filtering, and a circuit which does this is called a
filter.

Low-pass filter High pass filter

If a filter passes high frequencies and rejects low frequencies, then it is a high-pass
filter. Conversely, if it passes low frequencies and rejects high ones, it is a low-pass
filter. Filters, like most things, aren’t perfect. They don’t absolutely pass some
frequencies and absolutely reject others. A frequency is considered passed if its
magnitude (voltage amplitude) is within 70% (or 1/√2) of the maximum amplitude
passed and rejected otherwise. The 70% frequency is called corner frequency, roll-off
frequency or half-power frequency.
The corner frequency for RC filter is as follows:
This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity
For RC filter:

Frequency Response: It is a graph of magnitude of the output voltage of the filter as a
function of the frequency. It is generally used to characterize the range of frequencies
in which the filter is designed to operate within.

High pass filter
Procedure:
1. Setup the first-order high pass filter circuit shown in Figure 1 with C1(pick one
around 20nF) and R (pick one around 10K). Rf should be the same value with Rf.
Record those numbers for further calculation. Select the Function Generator and
apply a 4 V Peak-Peak Sinusoidal wave as input voltage to the circuit.
2. Select the Select the Oscilloscope. Start with a low frequency i.e. 100 Hz and
measure output voltage peak to peak from the scope screen. It should be same as
the signal generator output. Vary the frequency of the FGEN panel until you see
the output is the same with the input. Keep increase the frequency a few more
times to make sure the output is stabile. Recode the process of change in Table 3.

Figure 3

No. f(Hz) Vin Vout A(Vout/Vin) 20log(A)
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
This report is due Friday 5pm two weeks after the lab activity
9
10
Table 3

3. Compute the

and obtain the frequency at which this occurs on the Oscilloscope.
Compare the error between observed

and calculated

.






4. Select the Bode analyser and record Q (gain) the from Bode diagram.







5. Establish the transfer function of designed filter based on the information from
Bode diagram.