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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 1

II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-I

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. Determine the value of Young‘s modulus and Poisson‘s ratio of a metallic bar of

length 30 cm, breadth 4 cm and depth 4 cm when the bar is subjected to an axial

compressive load of 400 kN. The decrease in length is given as 0.075 cm and increase

in breadth is 0.003 cm. [16]

2. A load of 100 N falls through a height of 2 cm on to a collar rigidly attached to

the lower end of a vertical bar 1.5 m long and of 1.5 cm

2

cross-sectional area. The

upper end of the vertical bar is ﬁxed. Determine: maximum instantaneous stress

induced in the vertical bar, maximum instantaneous elongation, and Strain energy

stored in the vertical rod. Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

. [16]

3. A cantilever beam of length 2 m carries the point loads as Shown in Figure 3. Draw

the shear force and B.M. diagrams for the cantilever beam. [16]

Figure 3

4. A square beam 20 mm × 20 mm in section and 2 m long is supported at the ends.

The beam fails when a point load of 400 N is applied at the centre of the beam.

What uniformly distributed load per metre length will break a cantilever of the

same material 40 mm wide, 60 mm deep and 3 m long? [16]

5. A 12 cm by 5 cm I-section is subjected to a shearing force of 10 kN. Calculate the

shear stress at the neutral axis and at the top of the web. What percentage of

shearing force is carried by the web? Given I= 220 × 10

4

mm

4

, area = 9.4 × 10

2

mm

2

, web thickness = 3.5 mm and ﬂange thickness = 5.5 mm. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 1

6. A steel Cantilever of 2.5m eﬀective length carries a load of 25 kN at its free end.

If the deﬂection at the free end is not to exceed 0.5 cm, what must be the I value

of the section of the cantilever? Use Moment Area Method.

Take E = 210 GN/m

2

. [16]

7. A steam boiler, 3 m in diameter, is made of 25 mm thick mild steel plates. The

eﬃciency of longitudinal riveted joint is 88% and that of circumferential riveted

joint is 70%. Determine the permissible stream pressure if the maximum tensile

stress in the plate section through the rivets is not to exceed 120 N/mm

2

. Also

calculate

(a) Circumferential stress in the solid plate section, and

(b) Longitudinal stress in the plate section through the rivets. [16]

8. A compound cylinder is made by shrinking a cylinder of external diameter 300 mm

over another cylinder of external diameter 250 mm and internal diameter 150 mm.

After shrinking, the radial compression at the common junction was 28 N/mm

2

.

Find the original diﬀerence in the radii at the junction, if E = 200 GPa. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 2

II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-I

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. The extension in a rectangular steel bar of length 400 mm and thickness 10 mm, is

found to be 0.21 mm. The bar tapers uniformly in width from 100 mm to 50 mm.

If E for the bar is 2 ×10

5

N/mm

2

, determine the axial load on the bar. [16]

2. An unknown weight falls through a height of 10 mm on a collar rigidly attached

to the lower end of a vertical bar 500 cm long and 600 mm

2

in section. If the

maximum extension of the rod is to be 2 mm, ﬁnd the corresponding stress and

magnitude of the unknown weight? Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

. [16]

3. Draw the shear force and bending moment diagram for a simply supported beam

of length 9 m and carrying a uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m for a distance

of 6 m from the left end. Also calculate the maximum B.M. on the section. [16]

4. A beam is simply supported and carries a uniformly distributed load of 40 kN/m

run over the whole span. The section of the beam is rectangular having depth as

500 mm. If the maximum stress in the material of the beam is 120 N/mm

2

and

moment of inertia of the section is 7 × 10

8

mm

4

, ﬁnd the span of the beam. [16]

5. An I-section has the following dimensions:

Flanges: 150 mm × 20 mm

Web: 300 mm × 10 mm

The maximum shear stress developed in the beam is 16.8 N/mm

2

. Find the shear

force to which the beam is subjected. [16]

6. A cantilever 15 cm wide and 20 cm. deep projects 1.5 m out of a wall and is

carrying a point load of 20 kN at the free end. Find the slope and deﬂection of the

cantilever at the free end using Moment Area Method.

Take E = 210 GN/m

2

. [16]

7. A thin cylindrical shell with following dimensions is ﬁlled with a liquid at at-

mospheric pressure: Length = 1.2 m, external diameter = 20 cm, thickness of

metal = 8 mm. Find the value of the pressure exerted by the liquid on the walls of

the cylinder and the hoop stress induced if an additional volume of 25 cm

3

of liquid

is pumped into the cylinder Take E = 2.1 × 10

5

N/mm

2

and 1/m= 0.33. [16]

8. A compound cylinder is formed by shrinking a tube of 200 mm internal diameter

and 20 mm thick over another tube of 120 mm diameter and 40 mm thick. If radial

pressure at the common surface, after shrinking is 12 N/mm

2

, then determine the

ﬁnal stresses across the section when a ﬂuid under a pressure of 45 N/mm

2

is

admitted into the cylinder. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 2

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 3

II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-I

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. Determine the changes in length, breadth and thickness of a steel bar which is 4 m

long, 30 mm wide and 20 mm thick and is subjected to an axial pull of 30 kN in

the direction of its length. Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

and Poisson‘s ratio = 0.3.

[16]

2. A vertical bar 4 metre long and of 2000 mm

2

cross-sectional area is ﬁxed at the

upper ends and has a collar at the lower end. Determine the maximum stress

induced when as weight of:

(a) 3000 N falls through a height of 20 cm on the collar,

(b) 30 kN falls through a height of 2 cm on the collar. Take E = 2.0 × 10

5

N/mm

2

.

[8+8]

3. Draw the shear force and B.M. diagrams for a simply supported beam of length

8m and carrying a uniformly distributed load of 10 kN/m for a distance of 4 m as

shown in Figure 3. [16]

Figure 3

4. A timber beam of rectangular section is to support a load of 20 kN/4 uniformly

distributed over a span of 3.6m when beam is simply supported. If the depth of

section is to be twice the breadth, and the stress in the timber is not to exceed 7

N/mm

2

, ﬁnd the dimensions of the cross-section. [16]

5. A beam of square section, side “a”, is used as beam with one diagonal horizontal.

The beam is subjected to a shear force F, at a section. Find the maximum shear

in the cross-section of the beam and draw the shear distribution diagram for the

section. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 3

6. A steel girder of uniform section, 14 meters long, is simply supported at its ends.

It carries concentrated loads of 120 kN and 80 kN at two points 3 meters and 4.5

meters from the two ends respectively.

(a) Calculate the deﬂection of the girder at the two points under the two loads:

(b) The maximum deﬂection. Use Macaulay’s Method.

Take: I = 16 × 10

4

m

4

, and E = 210 × 10

6

kN/m

2

. [8+8]

7. A cylindrical thin drum 80 cm in diameter and 3 m long has a shell thickness of 1

cm. If the drum is subjected to an internal pressure of 2.5 N/mm

2

, determine

(a) Change in diameter

(b) Change in length and

(c) Change in volume.

Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

, Poisson’s ratio = 0.25. [16]

8. A steel tube 240 mm external diameter is to be shrunk on another steel tube of

80 mm internal diameter. After shrinking, the diameter at the junction is 160

mm. Before shrinking on, the diﬀerence of diameter at the junction was 0.08 mm.

Calculate the radial pressure at the junction and hoop stress developed in the two

tubes after shrinking on Take E = 2×10

5

N/mm

2

. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 4

II B.Tech I Semester Regular Examinations, November 2008

STRENGTH OF MATERIALS-I

(Civil Engineering)

Time: 3 hours Max Marks: 80

Answer any FIVE Questions

All Questions carry equal marks

⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆ ⋆

1. A member ABCD is subjected to point loads P

1

, P

2

P

3

and P

4

as shown in Figure

1. Calculate the force P

2

necessary for equilibrium if P

1

= 45kN, P

3

= 450 kN and

P

4

= 130kN. Determine the total elongation of the member, assuming the modulus

of elasticity to be E= 2.1 × 10

5

N/mm

2

. [16]

Figure 1

2. A load of 120 N falls through a height of 2.5 cm on to a collar rigidly attached to

the lower end of a vertical bar 1.5 m long and of 2.0 cm

2

cross-sectional area. The

upper end of the vertical bar is ﬁxed. Determine: maximum instantaneous stress

induced in the vertical bar, maximum instantaneous elongation, and Strain energy

stored in the vertical rod. Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

. [16]

3. Draw the shear force and B.M. diagrams for a simply supported beam of length

9m and carrying a uniformly distributed load of 15 kN/m for a distance of 4m as

shown in Figure 3. [16]

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Code No: 07A30101 Set No. 4

Figure 3

4. A timber beam of rectangular section is to support a load of 20 kN over a span

of 4m. If the depth of the section is to be twice the breadth, and the stress in

the timber is not to exceed 60 N/mm

2

, ﬁnd the dimensions of the cross-section.

How would you modify the cross-section of the beam if it were a concentrated load

placed at the centre with the same ratio of breadth to depth? [16]

5. An I-section beam has the following dimensions:

(a) Flanges: 35 cm × 2 cm

(b) Web: 31 cm × 1 cm

If the shear force acting on the beam is 40 kN, sketch the shear stress distribution

across the I-section, ﬁnd maximum shear stress, and also calculate the total shear

force carried by the web. [16]

6. A simply supported beam 5 m long carries concentrated loads of 10 kN each at a

pdistance 1m from the ends. Calculate:

(a) Maximum slope and deﬂection for the beam, and

(b) Slope and deﬂection under each load.

Take: EI = 1.2 × 10

4

kN.m

2

. [8+8]

7. A cylindrical vessel, whose ends are closed by means of rigid ﬂange plates, is made

of steel plate 4 mm thick. The length and the internal diameter of the vessel are

100 cm and 30 cm respectively. Determine the longitudinal and hoop stresses in

the cylindrical shell due to an internal ﬂuid pressure of 2 N/mm

2

. Also calculate

the increase in length, diameter and volume of the vessel.

Take E = 2 × 10

5

N/mm

2

and µ = 0.3. [16]

8. A compound cylinder is formed by shrinking a tube of external diameter 300mm

over another tube of internal diameter 150 mm. After shrinking, the diameter at the

junction of the tubes is found to be 250 mm and radial compression as 28 N/mm

2

.

Find the original diﬀerence in radii at the junction. Take E for the cylinder metal

as 200 GPa. [16]

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