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1.

Consider the following equilibrium: H2O(g) + CO(g) H2(g) + CO2(g)


A closed container is initially filled with H2O and CO. As the reaction proceeds
towards equilibrium the

A. [CO] and [CO2] both increase
B. [ CO] and [CO2] both decrease
C. [CO] increases and [CO2] decreases
D. [CO] decreases and [CO2] increases

2. Consider the following equilibrium: 2SO3(g) 2SO2(g) + O2(g)
At equilibrium, the rate of decomposition of SO3

A. Equals the rate of formation of O2
B. Equals the rate of formation of SO3
C. Is less than the rate of formation of O2
D. Is less than the rate of formation of SO3

3. Which of the following is true for all equilibrium systems?

A. The mass of reactants is equal to the mass of products
B. Addition of a catalyst changes the equilibrium concentrations
C. The concentration of reactants is equal to the concentration of products
D. The rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction

4. Consider the following: 2NH3(g) N2(g) + 3H2(g)
A flask is initially filled with NH3. As the system approaches equilibrium, the rate
of the forward reaction

A. Increases as the rate of the reverse reaction decreases
B. Decreases as the rate of the reverse reaction increases
C. Increases as the rate of the reverse reaction increases
D. Decreases as the rate of the reverse reaction decreases

5. A system at equilibrium is said to be dynamic because at equilibrium the

A. Temperature does not change
B. Macroscopic properties are constant
C. Forward and reverse reactions continue to occur
D. Concentrations of reactants and products are constant



6. In all systems at equilibrium, the

A. Concentration of reactants is less than the concentration of products
B. Concentration of reactants and the concentration of products are equal
C. Concentration of reactants is greater than the concentration of products
D. Concentration of reactants and the concentration of products are constant

7. Consider the following equilibrium: H2O(g) + CO(g) H2(g) + CO2(g)
At high temperature, H2O and CO are placed in a closed container. As the system
approaches equilibrium, the

A. Rate of the forward and reverse reaction both increase
B. Rate of the forward and reverse reaction both decrease
C. Rate of the forward reaction decreases and the rate of the reverse reaction
increases
D. Rate of the forward reaction increases and the rate of the reverse reaction
decreases

8. Which of the following statements are true for all equilibrium systems?
I. Macroscopic Properties are constant
II. Mass of the reactants equals mass of the products
III Equilibrium can be achieved from either products or reactants

A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. II and III only
D. I, II, and III

9. Consider the following equilibrium: N2O4(g) + heat 2NO2(g)
Initially, a 1.0 L container is filled with 2.0 mol of NO2. As the system approaches
equilibrium, the rate of reaction of NO2

A. Increases and [ N2O4 ] increases
B. Increases and [ N2O4 ] decreases
C. Decreases and [ N2O4 ] increases
D. Decreases and [ N2O4 ] decreases

10. Consider the following equilibrium: N2(g) + O2(g) 2NO(g)
Nitrogen gas and oxygen react when placed in a closed container. As the reaction
proceeds towards equilibrium,
the rate of the reverse reaction

A. Increases as the concentration of products decreases
B. Decreases as the concentration of products decreases
C. Increases as the concentration of products increases
D. Decreases as the concentration of products increases

11. Consider the following

I Constant Temperature
II Equal concentrations of reactants and
products
III Equal rates of forward and reverse
reactions

A system at equilibrium must have

A. I and II only
B. I and III only
C. II and III only
D. I, II , and III

12. Consider the following: N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)
Colourless Brown

NO2 is placed in a flask at a constant temperature. Which of the following is true as
the system approaches equilibrium?
A. The colour gets darker as [NO2] increases.
B. The colour gets lighter as [NO2] decreases.
C. The colour gets darker as [N2O4] increases.
D. The colour gets lighter as [N2O4] decreases.

13. Consider the following: N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)
Colourless Brown

N2O4 is placed in a flask at a constant temperature. Which of the following is true as
the system approaches equilibrium?
A. The colour gets darker as [NO2] increases.
B. The colour gets lighter as [NO2] decreases.
C. The colour gets darker as [N2O4] increases.
D. The colour gets lighter as [N2O4] decreases.


14. Consider the following equilibrium: PCl3(g) + Cl2(g) PCl5(g)
If PCl5 is put in a container, how will the reaction rates change as the system
approaches equilibrium?
Forward Rate Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases decreases
D. decreases increases

15. Consider the following equilibrium system: H2O(g) + CO(g) CO2(g) + H2(g)
2.00 mole of CO2 and 2.00 mole of H2 are placed in a container and the system
approached equilibrium.
The following changes occur:

[CO2] [H2] [CO]
A. increases decreases decreases
B. increases increases decreases
C. decreases increases increases
D. decreases decreases increases

16. For the equilibrium system below:
Zn(s) + CuSO4(aq) Cu(s) + ZnSO4(aq)

We would know the system is at equilibrium because:
A. [Cu
2+
] = [Zn
2+
]
B. Cu(s) = Zn(s)
C. the mass of Cu(s) remains constant.
D. the mass of the entire system remains constant.

17. Which of the factors below is not a condition necessary for equilibrium?
A. a closed system
B. a constant temperature
C. equal forward and reverse reaction rates
D. equal concentrations of reactants and products

18. Products are placed in a beaker. How do the rates of the forward and reverse
reactions changes
the system proceeds to equilibrium?
Forward Rate Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases increases
D. decreases decreases

19. Which of the factors below is not a condition necessary for equilibrium?
A. constant macroscopic properties
B. constant concentrations of reactant and product
C. equal forward and reverse reaction rates
D. a high activation energy


1. Consider the following reaction: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) H = -197
kJ/mol
Which of the following will not shift the equilibrium to the right?

A. Adding more O2
B. Adding a catalyst
C. Increasing the pressure
D. Lowing the temperature

2. Consider the following equilibrium system: CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
Which one of the following changes would cause the above system to shift
left?

A. Add more CaO
B. Remove CaCO3
C. Decrease volume
D. Increase surface area of CaO

3. Consider the following equilibrium: SO2Cl2(g) + energy SO2(g) + Cl2(g)
When the temperature is decreased, the equilibrium shifts

A. Left and [ SO2Cl2 ] increases
B. Left and [ SO2Cl2 ] decreases
C. Right and [ SO2Cl2 ] increases
D. Right and [ SO2Cl2 ] increases

4. Consider the following equilibrium: 2SO3(g) 2SO2(g) + O2(g)
The volume of the system is decreased at a constant temperature. A new
state of equilibrium is established
by a shift of the original equilibrium to the

A. Left and [SO3] increases
B. Right and [SO3] decreases
C. Left and [SO3] remains unchanged
D. Right and [SO3] remains unchanged

5. Consider the following equilibrium system: CO2(g) + H2(g) CO(g) +
H2O(g)
Which of the following, when added to the system above, would result in a
net decrease in [H2O]?

A. CO2
B. H2
C. CO
D. H2

6. Consider the following equilibrium: C(s) + 2H2(g) CH4(g) + 74 kJ
When a small amount of solid C is added to the system

A. [H2] decreases
B. [CH4] increases
C. The temperature increases
D. All concentrations remain constant

7. Consider the following equilibrium: 2NO(g) + Cl2(g) 2NOCl(g)
At constant temperature and volume, Cl2 is added to the above equilibrium
system.
As equilibrium re-establishes, the

A. [NOCl] will decrease
B. The temperature increases
C. [NO] will increase
D. [NOCl] will increase

8. Consider the following equilibrium: Cl2O7(g) +8H2(g) 2HCl(g) +
7H2O(g)
Which of the following would increase the number of moles of HCl?

A. Increase [H2O]
B. Increase [Cl2O7]
C. Increase total pressure
D. Increase volume of the system

9. Consider the following equilibrium: 2HI(g) H2(g) + I2(g) H = -68kJ
Which of the following would cause the equilibrium to shift right?

A. Increasing the volume
B. Decreasing the volume
C. Increasing the temperature
D. Decreasing the temperature

10. A 1.00 L flask contains a gaseous equilibrium system. The addition of
reactants to this flask results in a

A. Shift to the left and decrease in the concentration of products
B. Shift to the left and increase in the concentration of products
C. Shift to the right and decrease in the concentration of products
D. Shift to the right and increase in the concentration of products




11. When the temperature of an equilibrium system is increased, the equilibrium
always shifts to favor the

A. Exothermic reaction
B. Endothermic reaction
C. Formation of products
D. Formation of reactants

12. An equilibrium system shifts left when the

A. Rate of the forward reaction is equal to the rate of the reverse reaction
B. Rate of the forward reaction is less than the rate of the reverse reaction
C. Rate of the forward reaction is greater than the rate of the reverse
reaction
A. Rate of the forward reaction and the rate of the reverse reaction are
constant


13. Consider the following equilibrium: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) H = -
198 kJ
There will be no shift in the equilibrium when

A. More O2 is added
B. Catalyst is added
C. The volume is increased
D. The temperature is increased


14. Consider the following equilibrium: 2NOCl(g) 2NO(g) + Cl2(g)
In a 1.0 L container at equilibrium there are 1.0 mol NOCl, 0.70 mol NO
and 0.40 mol Cl2.
At constant temperature and volume, 0.10 mol NOCl is added. The
concentrations in the
new equilibrium in comparison to the concentrations in the old
equilibrium are

A.
B.
C.
D.

[NOCl] [NO] [Cl2]
new = old new = old new = old
new > old new > old new > old
new < old new < old new > old
new < old new > old new > old


15. Consider the following equilibrium: N2O4(g) + 58 kJ 2NO2(g)
The equilibrium shifts right when

A. NO2 is added
B. N2O4 is removed
C. The temperature is decreased
D. The volume of the system is increased

16. Consider the following equilibrium: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO 3(g)
Which of the following will shift the equilibrium to the right?

I. Adding more O2
II. Adding more SO3
III. Adding a catalyst

A. I only
B. III only
C. I and II only
D. II and III only



17. Consider the following equilibrium:
energy + 2NaClO3(s) 2NaCl(s) + 3O2(g)
Which of the following will cause a shift to the left?
A. adding more O2
B. adding more NaCl
C. removing some NaClO3
D. increasing the temperature


18. Consider the following equilibrium:
CO(g) + 2H2(g) CH3OH(g) + energy
Which of the factors below would decrease the concentration of
CH3OH at equilibrium?
A. an addition of CO
B. an increase in H2
C. a decrease in the temperature
D. an increase in the temperature

19. Consider the following equilibrium:
energy + 2NaClO3(s) 2NaCl(s) + 3O2(g)
Which of the following will cause a shift to the right?
A. adding more O2
B. adding more NaCl
C. removing some NaCl(s)
D. increasing the temperature

20. Consider the following equilibrium: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO 3(g)
Which of the following will shift the equilibrium to the left?

I. Removing O2
II. Adding more SO3
III. Adding a catalyst

A. I only
B. III only
C. I and II only
D. II and III only

21. Consider the following equilibrium: N2O4(g) + energy
2NO2(g)
How are N2O4 and NO2 affected by the addition of He into the container
at constant volume.
N2O4 NO2
A. no change no change
B. no change increases
C. increases decreases
D. decreases increases


22. Which of the following stresses will cause a shift to the reactants?
H2(g) + Br2(g) 2HBr(g) + energy
A. increase [Br2]
B. increase [H2]
C. decrease temperature
D. increase temperature

23. Which of the following stresses will cause a shift to the products?
H2(g) + Br2(g) 2HBr(g) + energy
A. decrease [Br2]
B. decrease [H2]
C. decrease temperature
D. increase temperature

24. Which of the following two stresses will each cause the system to shift
to the left?
2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO 3(g) + energy

A. decrease temperature and decrease [O2]
B. increase temperature and increase [SO3]
C. increase temperature and decrease [SO3]
D. decrease temperature and increase [SO2]

25. SrCO3(s) + 215 kJ SrO(s) + CO2(g)
Which of the following conditions would produce the greatest
yield of SrO(s)?
Temperature Pressure
A. low low
B. low high
C. high low
D. high high

26. The Haber Process is used to produce ammonia commercially according to
the following equilibrium:
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + energy
Which of the following conditions will produce the highest yield of
ammonia?
A. increase temperature and increase pressure
B. increase temperature and decrease pressure
C. decrease temperature and increase pressure
D. decrease temperature and decrease pressure

27. Consider the following reaction: 2SO2(g) + O2(g) 2SO3(g) H = -197
kJ/mol
If the volume is increased what happens to position of the equilibrium?
A. shifts to the right
B. shifts to the left
C. no shift
D. shifts in the exothermic direction

28. Consider the following reaction: 2NH3(g) + energy N2(g) + 3H2(g)
If the volume is increased what happens to position of the
equilibrium?
A. shifts to the right
B. shifts to the left
C. no shift
D. shifts in the exothermic direction

29. Consider the following reaction: SrCO3(s) + 215 kJ SrO(s) +
CO2(g)
If the volume is decreased what happens to position of the
equilibrium?
A. shifts to the right
B. shifts to the left
C. no shift
D. shifts in the exothermic direction

30. Consider the following reaction: H2(g) + Br2(g) 2HBr(g) + energy
If the volume is increased what happens to position of the
equilibrium?
A. shifts to the right
B. shifts to the left
C. no shift
D. shifts in the exothermic direction



31. Consider the following reaction: N2O4(g) + energy 2NO2(g)
If the volume is decreased what happens to position of the
equilibrium?
A. shifts to the right
B. shifts to the left
C. no shift
D. shifts in the exothermic direction

Quiz # 3 Yield/Graphing/LeChateliers Principle Answers


1. When a catalyst is added to an equilibrium system, the forward
reaction
A. Increases and the reverse decreases
B. Decreases and the reverse decreases
C. Decreases and the reverse increases
D. Increases and the reverse increases

2. Consider the following concentration versus time graph for the
equilibrium

N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)











t TIME(S)
At time= t, which one of the following stresses occurred
A. Catalyst was added
B. Pressure was changed
C. Temperature was changed
D. Concentration of NO2 was changed

3. Which of the following reactions will shift left when pressure is
increased and when temperature is decreased?
A. N2(g) + 2O2(g) + heat 2NO2(g)
B. N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + heat
C. CH4(g) + H2O(g) + heat CO(g) + 3H2(g)
D. CS2(g) + 4H2(g) CH4(g) + 2H2S(g) + heat








4. Consider the following graph, which relates to this equilibrium
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) H = -92kJ













Which of the following caused the changes in the concentrations at time t
?
A. Addition of N2
B. Removal of H2
C. Decrease in temperature
D. Decrease in reaction volume

5. Consider the following equilibrium: CH4(g) + H2O(g) + heat CO(g)
+ 3H2(g)
In which of the following will both stresses shift the equilibrium right
A. A decrease in temperature and a decrease in volume
B. An increase in temperature and a decrease in volume
C. A decrease in temperature and an increase in volume
D. An increase in temperature and an increase in volume

6. Consider the following equilibrium system: N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g)
+ 92 kJ
In order to maximize the yield for this reaction, the best
conditions are:
A. Low pressure and low temperature
B. Low pressure and high temperature
C. High temperature and low pressure
D. High pressure and low temperature


7. Consider the following equilibrium system: NH3(aq) + H2O(l) NH
+
4(aq)
+ OH
--
(aq)
Which of the following when added to the above equilibrium system
would cause an increase in [ OH-]
A. NH3
B. H2O
C. NH4
+

D. HCl

8. Consider the following reversible reaction: Fe
3+
(aq) + SCN
-
(aq)
FeSCN
2+
(aq)
A solution of Fe(NO3)3 is added to a solution of KSCN. Which one of
the following statements
describes the changes in forward and reverse reaction rates as the
reaction moves towards equilibrium?
A. Forward and reverse rates increase
B. Forward and reverse rates decrease
C. Forward rate increases and reverse rate decrease
D. Forward rate decreases and reverse rate increase

9. Consider the following equilibrium: N2(g) + O2(g) 2NO(g) H= +
181 kJ
When the temperature is decreased, the equilibrium
A. Shifts left and [NO] decreases
B. Shifts left and [NO] increases
C. Shifts right and [NO] increases
D. Shifts right and [NO] decreases
10. Consider the following equilibrium: N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 92
kJ

In which of the following will both changes shift the equilibrium
right?
A. An increase in volume and a decrease in temperature
B. An increase in volume and a increase in temperature
C. A decrease in volume and a decrease in temperature
D. A decrease in volume and an increase in temperature

11. Consider the following equilibrium: CaCO3(s) + 556 kJ CaCO(s) +
CO2(g)
The equilibrium will shift to the right
A. CO2 is added
B. CaCO3(s) is added
C. The temperature is increased
D. The temperature is decreased
12. Consider the following equilibrium: SO2(g) + NO2(g) SO3(g) + NO(g) +
energy
The equilibrium does not shift with a change in the
A. Volume
B. Temperature
C. Concentration of products
D. Concentration of reactants

13. Consider the following equilibrium: 2Hl(g) H2(g) + I2(g)
At constant temperature and volume, more I2 is added to the above
equilibrium.
A new state of equilibrium results from a shift to the
A. Left with a net decrease in [H2]
B. Left with a net increase in [H2]
C. Right with a net increase in [H2]
D. Right with a net decrease in [H2]


14. Consider the following diagram for the equilibrium system:
Energy + N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)










A. [NO2] was increased.
B. [N2O4] was decreased.
C. Temperature was increased.
D. Temperature was decreased.

15. Consider the following diagram for the equilibrium system:
Energy + N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)










A. [NO2] was increased.
B. [N2O4] was decreased.
C. Temperature was increased.
D. Temperature was decreased.





16. Consider the following diagram for the equilibrium system:
Energy + N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)










A. [NO2] was increased.
B. [N2O4] was decreased.
C. Temperature was increased.
D. The Volume was decreased.

17. Which of the following describes the temperature and pressure needed for
the maximum yield of NO2?
Energy + N2O4(g) 2NO2(g)
Temperature Pressure
A. low low
B. low high
C. high low
D. high high

18. Which of the following describes the temperature and pressure needed for
the maximum yield of NH3?
N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 92 kJ
Temperature Pressure
A. low low
B. low high
C. high low
D. high high

19. Which of the following describes the temperature and pressure needed for
the maximum yield of CO2?
CaCO3(s) CaCO(s) + CO2(g) H = +215 kJ
Temperature Pressure
A. low low
B. low high
C. high low
D. high high


20. Consider the following equilibrium: CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g) H = +160 kJ
Which starting materials could establish an equilibrium?
1 CaCO3(s) 2 CaO(s)
3 CaO(s) and CO2(g) 4 CaCO3(s) and CO2(g)
A. 1, 2, 3 only
B. 1, 2, 4 only
C. 1, 3, 4 only
D. 3, 4 only

Consider the following reaction for the next five questions 21 to 25.

4NH3(g) + 3O2(g) 2N2(g) + 6H2O(l) + 1250 kJ

21. Which of the following would cause the concentration of NH3 at equilibrium
to increase?
A. an increase in [O2]
B. a increase in volume
C. a decrease in temperature
D. an increase in temperature

22. What happens when NH3 is added to the above system?
Equilibrium [N2]
A. no shift unchanged
B. shifts right decreases
C. shifts right increases
D. shifts left increases

23. If some O2 is removed from the system, what happens to the forward and
reverse reaction rates after equilibrium is re-established?
Forward Reaction Rate Reverse Reaction Rate
A. increases decreases
B. decreases decreases
C. increases increases
D. decreases increases

24. If some O2 is injected into the system, what happens to the forward
and
reverse reaction rates during the shift to re-establish equilibrium?
Forward Reaction Rate Reverse Reaction Rate
A. increases decreases
B. decreases decreases
C. increases increases
D. decreases increases




25. Consider the equilibrium: N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 92 kJ
The following diagram represents the rate of the reverse reaction.

t1









Which of the following stresses explains what happened at t1 ?
A. [H2] increased.
B. [N2] decreased.
C. [NH3] increased.
D. [NH3] decreased.

26. Consider the equilibrium: N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 92 kJ
The following diagram represents the rate of the forward reaction.

t1









Which of the following stresses explains what happened at t1 ?
A. [H2] increased.
B. temperature was lowered
C. [NH3] increased.
D. [NH3] decreased.

27. Consider the equilibrium: N2(g) + 3H2(g) 2NH3(g) + 92 kJ
The following diagram represents the rate of the reverse reaction.

t1









Which of the following stresses explains what happened at t1 ?
A. [H2] increased.
B. [N2] decreased.
C. [NH3] increased.
D. [NH3] decreased.

28. A small amount of NaOH is added to the following equilibrium system:
2CrO4
2-
+ 2H
+
Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + H2O(l)
How do the [CrO4
2-
] and the reverse reaction rate change as
equilibrium is re-established?
[CrO4
2-
] Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases decreases
D. decreases increases

29. A small amount of H2SO4 is added to the following equilibrium
system:
2CrO4
2-
+ 2H
+
Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + H2O(l)
How do the [CrO4
2-
] and the reverse reaction rate change as
equilibrium is re-established?
[CrO4
2-
] Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases decreases
D. decreases increases

30. A small amount of NaOH is added to the following equilibrium system:
2CrO42- + 2H+ Cr2O72-(aq) + H2O(l)
How do the [Cr2O72-] and the reverse reaction rate change as equilibrium is
re-established?
[Cr2O72-] Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases decreases
D. decreases increases

31. A small amount of H2SO4 is added to the following equilibrium system:
2CrO42- + 2H+ Cr2O72-(aq) + H2O(l)
How do the [Cr2O72-] and the reverse reaction rate change as equilibrium is
re-established?
[Cr2O72-] Reverse Rate
A. increases increases
B. increases decreases
C. decreases decreases
D. decreases increases





1. The equilibrium constant expression for the following reaction is:
2Hg(l) + O2(g) 2HgO(s)
A. Keq = 1/[O2]
B. Keq = [O2]
C. Keq = [2HgO] / [O2] [2Hg]
D. Keq = [HgO]
2
/ [Hg]
2
[O2]

2. Identify the equilibrium system that least favors the formation of
products
A. 2HgO 2Hg + O2 Keq = 1.2 x 10
-
22

B. CH3COOH + H2O H3O
+
+ CH3COO
-
Keq = 1.8 x 10
-5

C. 2NO + O2 2NO2 Keq = 6.5 x 10
5

D. H2 + Cl2 2HCl Keq = 1.8 x 10
33


3. Consider the following equilibrium system: 3O2(g) 2O3(g) Keq =
1
Which equation compares the concentration of oxygen and ozone?
A. [O2] = [O3]
2/3

B. [O2] = [O3]
C. [O2] = [O3]
3/2

D. [O2]
2/5
= [O3]

4. For which of the following equilibrium does Keq = [O2]
A. O2(l) O2(g)
B. 2O3(g) 3O2(g)
C. 2H2O(l) 2H2(g) + O2(g)
D. 2Hg(s) + O2(g) 2HgO(s)

5. Consider the following equilibrium system at 25
O
C : 2SO2(g) + O2(g)
2SO3(g)
At equilibrium, [SO2] is 4.00 x 10
-3
mol/L, [O2] = 4.00 x 10
-3
mol/L and
[SO3] is 2.33 x 10
-3
mol/L. From this data, the Keq value for the above
system is

A. 6.85 x 10
-3

B. 1.18 x 10
-2

C. 84.8
D. 146

6. Consider the following equilibrium system: PCl5(g) PCl3(g) + Cl2(g)
At equilibrium, [PCl5] is a 0.400 M. [PCl3] is 1.50 M and [Cl2] is 0.600 M.
The Keq for the reaction is
A. 0.360
B. 0.444
C. 0.900
D. 2.25

7. Consider the following equilibrium: 2H2S(g) 2H2(g) + S2(g)
At equilibrium, [H2S] = 0.50 mol/L. [H2] = 0.10 mol/L and [S2] = 0.40
mol/L.
The value of Keq is calculated using the ratio
A (0.10)(0.40)
(0.50)
B. (0.10)
2
(0.40)
(0.50)
2

C. (0.50)
(0.10)(0.50)
D. (0.50)
2

(0.10)
2
(0.40)

8. Consider the following equilibrium: 2NO(g) + Cl2(g) 2NOCl(g)
Keq = 12
At equilibrium, [NOCl] = 1.60 mol/L and [NO] = 0.80 mol/L. The [Cl2]
is
A. 0.17 mol/L
B. 0.27 mol/L
C. 0.33 mol/L
D. 3.0 mol/L

9. Consider the following equilibrium: I2(s) + H2O(l) H
+
(aq) + I
-
(aq) +
HOI(aq)
The equilibrium constant expression for the above system is

A. Keq = [H
+
][I
-
]

B. Keq = [H
+
][I
-
][HOI]

C. Keq = [H
+
][I
-
][HOI]
[I2][H2O]

D. Keq = [H
+
][I
-
][HOI]
[H2O]

10. Consider the following equilibrium: 2CO(g) + O2(g) 2CO2(g)
The ratio used to calculate the equilibrium constant is

A. [2CO]
2
[O2]
[2CO2]
2



B. [2CO2]
2

[2CO]
2
[O2]

C. [CO]
2
[O2]
[CO2]
2



D. [CO2]
2

[CO]
2
[O2]

11. Consider the following equilibrium: 2Fe(s) + 3H2O(g) Fe2O3(s) +
3H2(g)
The equilibrium constant expression is

A. Keq = [Fe2O3][H2]
3

[Fe]
2
[H2O]
3


B. Keq = [Fe2O3][3H2]
[2Fe] [3H2O]

C. Keq = [H2]
3

[H2O]
3



D. Keq = [H2]
3



12. Consider the following equilibrium: N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) Keq =
0.133
At equilibrium, the [N2O4] is equal to

A. 0.133
[NO2]

B. [NO2]

0.133

C. 0.133
[NO2]
2



D. [NO2]
2

0.133


13. Consider the following equilibrium: 4KO2(s) + 2H2O(g) 4KOH(s) +
3O2(g)
The equilibrium constant expression is

A. Keq = [KOH]
4
[O2]
3

[KO2]
4
[H2O]
2


B. Keq = [O2]
3

[H2O]
2



C. Keq = [KO2]
4
[H2O]
2

[KOH]
4
[O2]
3


D. Keq = [H2O]
2

[O2]
3



14. Consider the following equilibrium: C(s) + H2O(g) CO(g) + H2(g)
The contents of a 1.00 L container at equilibrium were analyzed and
found to
contain 0.20 mol C, 0.20 mol H2O, 0.60 mol CO and 0.60 mol H2. The
equilibrium constant is
A. 0.11
B. 0.56
C. 1.8
D. 9.0

15. Consider the following equilibrium: N2O4(g) 2NO2(g) Keq =
4.61 x 10
-3

A 1.00 L container at equilibrium was analyzed and found to contain
0.0200 moles NO2.
At equilibrium, the concentration of N2O4 is
A. 0.0868 mol/L
B. 0.230 mol/L
C. 4.34 mol/L
D. 11.5 mol/L

16. Consider the following equilibrium: CH4(g) + H2O(g) CO(g) + 3H2(g)
Keq= 5.7
At equilibrium, the [CH4] = 0.40 mol/L [CO] = 0.30 mol/L and [H2] =
0.80 mol/L.
The [H2O] is
A. 0.067 mol/L
B. 0.11 mol/L
C. 2.2 mol/L
D. 5.3 mol/L

17. Consider the following equilibrium: H2(g) + I2(g)

2HI(g)
At equilibrium, the [H2] = 0.020 mol/L. [I2] = 0.020 mol/L and [HI] =
0.160 mol/L.
The value of the equilibrium constant is
A. 2.5 x 10
-3

B. 1.6 x 10
-2

C. 6.4 x 10
1

D. 4.0 x 10
2


18. Consider the following constant expression: Keq = [CO2]. Which one of
the following
equilibrium systems does the above expression represent?
A. CO2(g) CO2(s)
B. PbO(s) + CO2(g) PbCO3(s)
C. CaCO3(s) CaO(s) + CO2(g)
D. H2CO3(aq) H2O(l) + CO2(aq)


19. Given the following equilibrium system: Br2(g) Br2(l)
The equilibrium constant expression for the above system is

A. Keq = [Br2(l)]
[Br2(g)]

B. Keq = [Br2(g)]

C. Keq = 1 __
[Br2(g)]

D. Keq = [Br2(g)] [Br2(g)]

20. Consider the following equilibrium: CO(g) + 2H2(g) CH3OH(g) +
91 kJ
A change in temperature of the above system increases the value of the
equilibrium constant.
The new state of equilibrium was established by a shift
A. Left as a result of a decrease in temperature
B. Right as a result of a decrease in temperature
C. Left as a result of an increase in temperature
D. Right as a result of an increase in temperature

21. Consider the equilibrium: SrCO3(s) SrO(s) + CO2(g) In a 2.5 L
container
at equilibrium there are 2.42 g CO2, 1.00 g SrCO3 and 1.00 SrO.
Which of the following is the value of Keq?
A. 0.022
B. 0.011
C. 0.020
D. 91

22. Consider the following equilibrium: CCl4(g) C(s) + 2Cl2(g)
Initially, 0.62 mol CCl4 was placed in a 2.0L container. At equilibrium,
[Cl2] = 0.060 M.
Which of the following is the value of Keq?
A. 0.00039
B. 0.013
C. 0.014
D. 0.78

23. Consider the following equilibrium: CH4(g) + H2O(g) CO(g) +
3H2(g)
At equilibrium, 1.20 mol CH4, 1.20 mol H2O, 0.080 mol CO and 0.040
mol H2
are present in a 2.0 L container. What is the value of Keq ?
A. 4.3 x 10
-6

B. 2.2 x 10
-2

C. 2.2 x 10
-4

D. 8.9 x 10
-7


24. Consider the following equilibrium: Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + 2OH
-
(aq)
2CrO4
2-
(aq) + H2O(l)
The concentration of ions at equilibrium was measured at a specific
temperature and found to be
[CrO4
2-
] = 0.100 M, [Cr2O7
2-
] = 0.20 M, and [OH
-
] = 0.11 M. What is the
Keq?
A. 41
B. 4.13
C. 0.83
D. 0.11

25. Consider the following equilibrium: Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + 2OH
-
(aq)
2CrO4
2-
(aq) + H2O(l) Keq = 4.14
The concentration of ions at equilibrium was measured at a specific
temperature and found to be
[Cr2O7
2-
] = 0.100 M and [OH
-
] = 0.20 M. What is the equilibrium
[CrO4
2-
] ?
A. 0.017 M
B. 0.083 M
C. 0.13 M
D. 0.32 M

26. Consider the following equilibrium: 2COF2(g) CO2(g) + CF4(g)
Initially, 0.32 M CO2 and 0.40 M CF4
are placed in a container. At equilibrium, it is found that the [COF2] is
0.16 M. What is the value of Keq?
A. 0.026
B. 1.5
C. 9.3
D. 3.0

27. Consider the following equilibrium: Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + 2OH
-
(aq)
2CrO4
2-
(aq) + H2O(l) Keq = 4.14
The concentration of ions at equilibrium was measured at a specific
temperature and found to be
[CrO4
2-
] = 0.100 M and [OH
-
] = 0.20 M. What is the equilibrium
[Cr2O7
2-
] ?
A. 0.060 M
B. 0.083 M
C. 0.13 M
D. 0.32 M

28. Consider the following equilibrium: Cr2O7
2-
(aq) + 2OH
-
(aq)
2CrO4
2-
(aq) + H2O(l) Keq = 4.14
The concentration of ions at equilibrium was measured at a specific
temperature and found to be
[CrO4
2-
] = 0.100 M and [Cr2O7
2-
] = 0.20 M. What is the equilibrium [OH
-
]?
A. 0.012 M
B. 0.083 M
C. 0.13 M
D. 0.11 M

29. Consider the following equilibrium: 2COF2(g) CO2(g) + CF4(g)
Initially, 0.16 M CO2 and 0.20 M CF4
are placed in a container. At equilibrium, it is found that the [COF2] is
0.080 M. What is the value of Keq?
A. 0.12
B. 1.5
C. 8.0
D. 3.0

30. Consider the following equilibrium: CH4(g) + H2O(g) CO2(g)
+ 3H2(g) Keq = 5.67
An equilibrium mixture of this system was found to contain the
following concentrations:
[CH4] = 0.59 M , [H2O] = 0.63 M, [CO2] = 0.25 M.
What was the equilibrium [H2] ?
A. 0.26 M
B. 0.64 M
C. 2.0 M
D. 8.4 M



31. Consider the following equilibrium: 2COF2(g) CO2(g) + CF4(g)
Initially, 0.32 M CO2 and 0.40 M CF4 are placed in a container. At
equilibrium, it is found that the [COF2] is 0.16 M.
What is the value of Keq?
A. 0.026
B. 1.5
C. 9.3
D. 3.0

32. Consider the following equilibrium: CCl4(g) C(s) + Cl2(g)
Initially, 0.62 mol CCl4 was placed in a 2.0L container.
At equilibrium, [Cl2] = 0.060 M. Which of the following is the value of
Keq?
A. 0.00039
B. 0.24
C. 0.014
D. 0.78

33. Consider the following equilibrium: 2COF2(g) CO2(g) + CF4(g)
Initially, 0.16 M CO2 and 0.20 M CF4 are placed in a container.
At equilibrium, it is found that the [COF2] is 0.080 M.
What is the value of Keq?
A. 0.12
B. 1.5
C. 8.0
D. 3.0