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INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY KHARAGPUR

Mathematics - I/Assignment/August, 2014


1. (a) Show that f(x, y) = (|x + y| + x + y)
n
is everywhere dierentiable for all n > 0.
(b) Consider the following function
f(x, y) =

sin
n
y
12xcos y+x
2
, if (x, y) = (1, 0),
0, if (x, y) = (1, 0).
Examine the continuity of f at (1, 0).
2. Let f(x, y) = |xy|
s
, (x, y) R
2
. For what values of s, the function f is dierentiable at
the origin (0, 0).
3. Examine whether the following function f(x, y) is dierentiable at (0, 0).
f(x, y) =

x, when |y| < |x|,


y, when |y| |x|.
4. (a) If f(x, y) =

|xy|, show that Taylors expansion about the point (x, x) is not valid
in any domain which includes the origin.
(b) Find the expansion of sin(xy) in powers of (x1) and (y/2) up to and including
third degree terms.
5. If z is given as a function of two independent variables x and y, change the variables so
that x becomes the function, and z and y the independent variables, and express the
rst and second order partial derivatives of x with respect to z and y in terms of the
derivatives of z with respect to x and y.
6. (a) Let F(x, y) be a homogeneous function of x and y of degree n having continuous
partial derivatives and u(x, y) = (x
2
+ y
2
)
n/2
. Show that

F
u
x

+

y

F
u
y

= 0.
(b) If x
2
= v, y
2
= u, z
2
= uv and f(x, y, z) = G(u, v, ), then show that
xf
x
+ yf
y
+ zf
z
= uG
u
+ vG
v
+ G

.
(c) If u = csc
1

x
1/2
+y
1/2
x
1/3
+y
1/3

, then show that


x
2

2
u

2
x
+ 2xy

2
u
xy
+ y
2

2
u

2
y
=
tan u
12

13
12
+
tan
2
u
12

.
7. (a) For the function
f(x, y) =

x
2
tan
1
(
y
x
) y
2
tan
1
(
x
y
), when x = 0, y = 0,
0, elsewhere,
show that f
xy
(0, 0) = f
yx
(0, 0) and neither f
xy
nor f
yx
is continuous at (0, 0).
(b) Consider the following function:
f(x, y) =

(x
2
+ y
2
) log(x
2
+ y
2
), when x
2
+ y
2
= 0,
0, when x
2
+ y
2
= 0.
Show that f
xy
(0, 0) = f
yx
(0, 0) although neither f
xy
nor f
yx
is continuous at (0, 0).
8. (a) Show that the function f(x, y) = x
2
3xy
2
+ 2y
4
has neither a maximum nor a
minimum value at the origin.
(b) A rectangular box, open at the top, is to have a volume of 32 cu ft. What must be
the dimensions so that the total surface is a minimum.
(c) In a plane triangle ABC, nd the maximum value of cos Acos Bcos C.
9. Let a, b, c > 0, ax
2
+ by
2
+ cz
2
= 1 and u =
a
2
x
2
+b
2
y
2
+c
2
z
2
x
2
y
2
z
2
. Show that a stationary value
of u is given by
x
2
=

2a(a + )
, y
2
=

2b(b + )
, z
2
=

2c(c + )
,
where is the positive root of the cubic

3
(bc + ca + ab) 2abc = 0.
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