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Section A (24marks)

1. Diagram 2 shows the apparatus set-up to sfudy the composition of the water

Diagram 1
(a)(i) At the end of the experiment name the gases collected in the boiling tube
P and Q.

P : .
Q : .
[ 2 Marks]

(ii) State the test to identified the gas collected in the boiling tube P and Q

Gas in the boiling tube P :.

Gas in the boiling tube Q :.
[ 2 Marks]

(b) Name the process in Diagram 1

[1 Mark]

(c) Based on the experiment why is water classified as a compound?

[1 Mark]

2. Diagram 2.1 shows the apparatus set-up and the initial temperature reading of distilled
water in an experiment. The distilled water is heated.

Diagram 2.1
(a) Record the initial temperature of the distilled water.

[1 Mark]
Table 3.1 shows the results of this experiment.

Time / min 2 4 6 8 10
Temperature /
C 50 70 90 100 100
Table 2.1

State the variables involved in this experiment.

(i) Manipulated variable : .........

(ii) Responding variable : ..

(iii) Constant variable : .
[3 Marks]
(b) State a hypothesis based on the result in Table 3.1.

[1 Mark]

(c) For this part of the question, use the graph paper provided.
Based on Table 2.1, draw a graph of temperature against time.
( 3 marks)

(d) Based on the graph drawn in 3(d),
(i) predict the temperature of the distilled water at the 12
[1 Mark]

Temperature /
2 4 6 8 10
Time /min

(ii) state the relationship between temperature and time.

[1 Mark]

(e) This experiment is repeated by replacing distilled water containing salt (impure
water). This salt solution is heated.
Table 3.2 shows the result of the experiment.

Table 2.2
Based on Table 2.1 and Table 2.2.
(i) What is your inference about the boiling point of salt solution?

[1 Mark]
ii) What can you conclude about the meaning of impure water?

[1 Mark]
3. Diagram 1.1 shows an activity to study the factors that affect the stability of table P and
table Q.

Time / min








Temperature /







Diagram 1.1
(a) State two factors that affect the stability of the tables.

1. .
2. ..
[ 2 Marks]
(b) Based on Diagram 1.1, which table will topple first when the wooden plank is tilted?
Explain why.
Table :
Reason : .
[ 2 Marks]
(c) Diagram 3.2 shows a giraffe and a crocodile.

Diagram 3.2
(i) How does a giraffe achieve stability when it drinks from a river?
[1 Mark]
(ii) Why is a crocodile more stable than a giraffe?
[1 Mark]

Section B
(20 marks)
1. Diagram 1 shows three regular objects

Which statement is correct about the point of equilibrium?

A The point of equilibrium of a regular object lies at the side of the object
B The point of equilibrium of a regular object is at the centre of the object
C A regular object have more than one point of equilibrium
D The number of equilibrium point depends on the object

2. Diagram 2 show front view of two buses.

Bus Q is more stable compared to bus P because
A the centre of gravity of Q is higher
B the centre of gravity of Q is lower
C bus Q is higher than bus P
D bus Q has bigger base area

3. Diagram 3 shows two pails of water on top of a wooden plank supported by two bricks.
Which of the following is correct to increase the stability of the pails?
A Move brick P and brick Q closer to each other
B Move brick P and brick Q further away from each other
C Move pail X and pail Y further away from each other
D Remove brick P

4. Which action will increase the stability of a person?
A A cyclist bends his body slightly while cycling
B A golfer places legs close together while playing golf
C A skater tightens up his body while skating
D A passenger stands up while the boat is moving

5. Diagram 4 shows the collection of liquid X

Which of the following is the property of liquid X?
A Tastes sweet
B Black in colour
C pH value more than &
D No effect on red or blue litmus paper

6. A student prepares three salt solutions as shown in Diagram 5
Which of the following show the types of solution in W,X and Y?

7. Table 7 shows some information on processes J and K

J Water molecules change into steam when boil

K Water molecules on the surface of liquid turns into

Which of the following are correct about processes J and K

A Water molecules gain heat Water molecules lost heat
B Slow process Fast process
C Occurs only at boiling point Occurs at any temperature
D Water volume increases Water volume decrease

8. Diagram 8 shows the preparation of iodine solution
What are represented by solute and solvent?
solute Solvent
A iodine Alcohol
B iodine Iodine solution
C alcohol Iodine
D Iodine solution alcohol

9. The following shows 10 g of sugar in different shapes. Which shape of sugar will
dissolve the fastest in 100 cm
of water?

10. Diagram 10 shows three pieces of similar wet handkerchiefs folded differently.

The handkerchiefs are then placed under different conditions as shown in Table 10

Handkerchief Conditions
P Under the sun and dry air
Q Under shady place and dry air
R Under shady place and moist air

Which of the following shows the time taken for the handkerchiefs to dry in descending
11. Diagram 11 shows steps taken in an experiment. Salt powder is added to a beaker of
water until all the salt are dissolved. Another spoonful of salt powder is added. The
solution is then heated and finally cooled.

What can be observed when the solution is cooled?
A Salt powder appears in the cooled solution
B Solid crystals form in the beaker
C The colour of the solution becomes darker
D A layer of salt is formed on the surface of the solution

12. Which human support structure is correctly matched with its function?

structure Function
A skull To support body weight
B Pectoral girdle To ease movement of the body
C Backbone To support the upper part of the
D Pelvic girdle To support the arms and head

13. Diagram 13 shows two similar plants in two containers
Which of the following explains the above observation?
A Plant X is heavier than plant Y
B Plant X has more air sacs which make it wilt
C Plant Y stands upright due to water buoyancy
D The leaves of plant Y absorb water and become turgid

14. Diagram 14 shows a wilted balsam plant
One hour after water is added to the beaker, the balsam plant becomes fresh and firm.
Which of the following is correct about the above observation?

A The stem of balsam plant has large air space to make it fresh and firm
B Water buoyancy supports the balsam plant
C Clasping roots of balsam plant stick onto the beaker to make it firm
D Water turgidity in the stem makes it fresh and firm

15. Diagram 15 shows a cross-section of the stem of a type of plant

What is the function of X?
A Enables the plant to absorb water
B To make the plant light and float on water
C To transport food from leaves to roots
D To carry out photosynthesis

16. Diagram 16 shows the classification of support system in land plants.

What are X, Y and Z?

A Rose Morning glory plant Money plant
B Casuarina Sawi Bitter-gourd
C Rubber tree Water lettuce Bougainvillea
D Mangrove Balsam plant Cucumber

17. Diagram 17 shows three types of substances
Which of the following correctly shows the pH values of substances J, K and L?

18. Diagram 18 shows a glass of cold lemon juice
Which of the following are the correct observation for P, Q and R when tested with a
blue litmus paper?
A Turns red Turns red No change
B Turns red No change Turns red
C No change No change Turns red
D No change Turns red No change

19. Diagram 19 shows the human skeleton

Which of the following is labelled correctly?
A P-pelvic girdle C R-pectoral girdle
B Q- rib bone D S-back bone

20. Diagram 20 shows an experiment to study the stability of three objects
What is the manipulated variable in the experiment?
A mass of the object
B weight of the object
C height of the object
D base area of the object