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TM TT CC TH TRONG TING ANH

1. Th Hin Ti n (Simple Present):


S + Vs/es + O (i vi ng t Tobe)
S + do/does + V + O (i vi ng t thng)
T nhn bit: always, every, usually, often, generally, frequently.
Cch dng:
+ Th hin ti n din t mt chn l , mt s tht hin nhin.
Ex: The sun ries in the East.
Tom comes from England.
+ Th hin ti n din t 1 thi quen , mt hnh ng xy ra thng xuyn hin ti.
Ex: Mary often goes to school by bicycle.
I get up early every morning.
Lu : ta thm "es" sau cc ng t tn cng l : O, S, X, CH, SH.
+ Th hin ti n din t nng lc ca con ngi :
Ex : He plays badminton very well

2. Th Hin Ti Tip Din (Present Continuous):
S + be (am/ is/ are) + V_ing + O
T nhn bit: now, right now, at present, at the moment,..........
Cch dng:
+ Th hin ti tip din t mt hnh ng ang din ra v ko di di mt thi gian hin ti.
Ex: The children are playing football now.
+ Th ny cng thng tip theo sau cu ngh, mnh lnh.
Ex: Look! the child is crying.
Be quiet! The baby is sleeping in the next room.
+ Th ny cn din t 1 hnh ng xy ra lp i lp li dng vi ph t ALWAYS :
Ex : He is always borrowing our books and then he doesn't remember -
+ Th ny cn c dng din t mt hnh ng sp xy ra ( tng lai gn)
Ex: He is coming tomrow
Lu : Khng dng th ny vi cc ng t ch nhn thc chi gic nh : to be, see, hear, understand, know,
like , want , glance, feel, think, smell, love. hate, realize, seem, remmber, forget,..........
Ex: I am tired now.
She wants to go for a walk at the moment.
Do you understand your lesson?

3. Th Qu Kh n (Simple Past):
S + was/were + V_ed + O
T nhn bit: yesterday, yesterday morning, last week, las month, last year, last night.
Cch dng: Th qu kh n din t hnh ng xy ra v kt thc trong qu kh vi thi gian xc nh.
CH T + NG T QU KH
When + th qu kh n (simple past)
When + hnh ng th nht

4. Th Qu Kh Tip Din (Past Continuous):
S + was/were + V_ing + O
T nhn bit: While, at that very moment, at 10 last night, and this morning (afternoon).
Cch dng: Dng din t hnh ng xy ra cng lc. Nhng hnh ng th nht xy ra sm hn v
ang tip tc xy ra th hnh ng th hai xy ra.
While + th qu kh tip din (past progressive)

5. Th Hin Ti Hon Thnh (Present Perfect):
S + have/ has + Past participle + O
T nhn bit: already, not...yet, just, ever, never, since, for, recenthy, before...
Cch dng:
+ Th hin ti hon thnh din t hnh ng xy ra hoc cha bao gi xy ra 1 thi gian khng xc nh
trong qu kh.
+ Th hin ti hon thnh cng din t s lp i lp li ca 1 hnh ng trong qu kh.
+ Th hin ti hon thnh cng c dng vi since v for.
Since + thi gian bt u (1995, I was young, this morning etc.) Khi ngi ni dng since, ngi nghe phi
tnh thi gian l bao lu.
For + khong thi gian (t lc u ti by gi) Khi ngi ni dng for, ngi ni phi tnh thi gian l bao
lu.

6. Th Hin Ti Hon Thnh Tip Din (Present Perfect Continuous):
S + have/ has + been + V_ing + O
T nhn bit: all day, all week, since, for, for a long time, almost every day this week, recently, lately, in
the past week, in recent years, up until now, and so far.
Cch dng: Th hin ti hon thnh tip din nhn mnh khong thi gian ca 1 hnh ng xy ra trong
qu kh v tip tc ti hin ti (c th ti tng lai).

7. Qu Kh Hon Thnh (Past Perfect):
S + had + Past Participle + O
T nhn bit: after, before, as soon as, by the time, when, already, just, since, for....
Cch dng: Th qu kh hon thnh din t 1 hnh ng xy ra v kt thc trong qu kh trc 1 hnh
ng khc cng xy ra v kt thc trong qu kh.

8. Qu Kh Hon Thnh Tip Din (Pas Perfect Continuous):
S + had + been + V_ing + O
T nhn bit: until then, by the time, prior to that time, before, after.
Cch dng: Th qu kh hon thnh tip din nhn mnh khong thi gian ca 1 hnh ng ang xy ra
trong qu kh v kt thc trc 1 hnh ng khc xy ra v cng kt thc trong qu kh

9. Tng Lai n (Simple Future):
S + shall/will + V(infinitive) + O
Cch dng:
+ Khi on (predict, guess), dng will hoc be going to.
+ Khi ch d nh trc, dng be going to khng c dng will.
CH T + AM (IS/ARE) GOING TO + NG T ( hin ti: simple form)

10. Tng Lai Tip Din (Future Continuous):
S + shall/will + be + V_ing+ O
T nhn bit: in the future, next year, next week, next time, and soon.
Cch dng: Th tng lai tip din din t hnh ng s xy ra 1 thi im no trong tng lai.
CH T + WILL + BE + NG T THM -ING hoc
CH T + BE GOING TO + BE + NG T THM -ING

11. Tng Lai Hon Thnh (Future Perfect):
S + shall/will + have + Past Participle
T nhn bit: by the time and prior to the time (c ngha l before)
Cch dng: Th tng lai hon thnh din t 1 hnh ng trong tng lai s kt thc trc 1 hnh ng
khc trong tng lai.
CH T + WILL + HAVE + QU KH PHN T (PAST PARTICIPLE)

12. Tng Lai Hon Thnh Tip Din (Future Perfect Continuous):
S + shall/will + have been + V_ing + O
Cch dng: Th tng lai hon thnh tip din nhn mnh khong thi gian ca 1 hnh ng s ang xy ra
trong tng lai v s kt thc trc 1 hnh ng khc trong tng lai.

CH :
+ QU KH PHN T (PAST PARTICIPLE) => chnh l V3 hoc V-ed