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World Cultures Name:___________________________

Unit Introduction to Globalization Block:_______


The United Nations
Complete this assignment to gain background knowledge on the United Nations. To begin, open an Internet browser and
navigate to the United Nations home page at http://www.un.org/en/index.shtml. Then, scroll down to the section
called The U.N. and, and click on CyberSchoolbus. Read the article there and respond to the items below:
1. Explain the meaning of the U.N. emblem.
Olive branches are a symbol for peace, the world map represents all the people in the world. White and blue are the
official colors of the United Nations.

2. How many countries are members of the U.N. today? 192______________
3. How might you describe the U.N. General Assembly? What happens when it convenes?
The General Assembly is similar to a world parliament. Each country has 1 vote, no matter its size. None of the
decisions taken by the Assembly are binding. The Assemblys decisions become resolutions that carry the weight of
the world governmental opinion.
4. Does the General Assemblys vote matter? Why or why not?
Yes, the votes do count. The five permanent members have the power to veto any action taken by the Security
Council.

5. What is unique about the U.N.s headquarters?
6. The headquarters are in New York City, but the land and building is international territory.
7. What are the main goals of the U.N.?

To keep the peace throughout the world
Develop friendly relations between nations.
To work together to help people live better lives, to eliminate poverty, disease and illiteracy in the world, to
stop environmental destruction and to encourage respect for each other's rights and freedoms.
To be a center for helping nations achieve these aims.

8. Identify at least two challenges that exist in following the U.N. principles.

All member states must obey the charter
The UN may not interfere with domestic affairs of any country.

9. What was the League of Nations, and how does it relate to the U.N.?

At its largest, 57 countries were members of the League. The League was created because a number of people in
France, South Africa, the UK and the US believed that a world organization of nations could keep the peace and
prevent horrors like the 1914-18 war in Europe.

10. In what ways was the League of Nations an example of early globalization? Identify at least two.

Communications between the nations were much better, allowing more globalization to occur.
There was increasing experience of working together in international organizations.

11. Why did the League of Nations fail? Identify at least two reasons.

The United States never joined.
The league depended on France and Britain who were afraid to act forcefully.

12. In what year was the U.N. created? 1920_ What was happening at that time? End of WWI

13. How many countries originally joined the U.N.? ________42_________
14. Why might the League of Nations be considered the forerunner of the United Nations?
Essentially, it is just like the United Nations, only with less countries. They believed in the same principles as the
United Nations.
15. What is the U.N.s Security Council, and what countries are involved in it?
The Leagues council was transformed into the Security council. It involved 5 permanent members: The U.S, China,
France, UK & the USSR
16. Why might the structure and operation of the Security Council be problematic? In other words, what principle does
it appear to violate? Identify two issues.

All members have sovereign equality
All member states must obey the charter.
Go to the BBCs profile on the U.N. at http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/europe/country_profiles/3159028.stm and scroll down
to the Members section.
17. Who is the newest U.N. member, and what noteworthy nations are not members of the U.N.? Why has U.N.
membership grown?

South Sudan is the newest member. Membership grew as the Soviet Union disintegrated and the colonies became
independent. The Vatican and Taiwan are not members.
18. How is the U.N. funded?
Member nations contribute to the running costs of the U.N. A countries contribution is assessed on its ability to pay.

19. The chart below lists the six organizational bodies of the U.N. Complete the chart with information about their
purpose as well as details you find interesting or important. NOTE: Youve already read a bit about the G.A. and S.C.
Organizational Bodies Purpose Interesting & Important Facts
General Assembly

Members discuss topics in the U.N charter,
and debate with each other. Each state has 1
vote.
It is the only body to include
representatives from all countries
Security Council

Ensures global peace and security. Has 5 permanent members: China, France,
UK, Russia, Britain and the U.S.
Economic and Social
Council
It oversees the work of commissions that deal
with human rights, population growth,
technology and drugs
Its 54 members are elected by the General
Assembly.
International Court of
Justice (World Court)
Main judicial body in the U.N. Its 15 judges are chosen by the General
Assembly and Security Council
Secretariat

Undertakes the day-to-day work of the U.N. 9,000 secretary staff are drawn from 170
countries.
Trusteeship Council

Administered the trust territories. Made up of the 5 permanent states.

20. The U.N. also has separate organizations that work to meet its goals. List four different groups or goals these
organizations work to help or promote (NOT the names of the organizations).

World Health Organization
The World Bank
International Monetary fund
World Food Program

21. What is the title of the U.N.s leader, and who currently holds this position? How is this position used to
counterbalance the strength of some U.N. members?

Secretary-General: Ban Ki-Moon. The position is usually filled by smaller, neutral nations.
22. What do you feel is the future of the U.N.? Does it have a place in todays world? Why or why not? What can it do
to improve its position? Write a 5-6 sentence paragraph explaining your views.
I believe that the United Nations will succeed but not for much longer. I feel that the power of the permanent states
will get to them and eventually they will end up running the U.N. I think that the 5 permanent states shouldnt have
the power to veto, because then everything will truly be equal. I think that with everything going on in todays world,
the United Nations wont be able to keep everything under control like it says it will. I hope that the United Nations
will stay together, but as of right now, I dont think that will happen.