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A STM STA NDA RD

PVC, CPVCPIPES & FITTINGS


I NDEX
Foreward
3P Pipe Commitment
Technical Service
Material properties and performance
Fittingd properties
Pipes and fttings standards
3P Pipe recommendes good site practice
3P - UPVC pipes properties
3P - CPVC pipes properties
3P Fittings Schedule 40
3P Fittings Schedule 80
3P CPVC Fittings Schedule 80
3P CPVC Fittings Schedule 80 Brass
3P Guide of cutting and Glueing pipes
& Fittings
Table of Chemical Resistance
4
5
6-8
9
10 - 11
12
13
15
16 - 24
25 - 31
32 - 35
36 - 38
39 - 41
45
46 - 50
4
3P Gulf Group is one of the biggest plastics converting group in the kingdom of Saudi Arabia, man-
aged by a professional Team which has 45 years of successful history in setting up industrial ven-
tures especially in the feld of plastics. The Group, under its umbrella covers many familiar names
like Gulf Packaging System (GPS), Prime Plastic Products Co. (3P) stretch Films Co. 3P Sanitary
Solution (3P PIPE).
3P PIPE has decided to have total solutton for sanitary system from which it can provide true and
reliable products to meet the customer requirement from time to time.
3P PIPE was established in the year 2009 ass the most located at Phase 5 of the industrial city
Jeddah. We are the leading manufacturers of PVC, CPVC pipe and Fittings under the brand name
3P 3P Pipe has specialized in UPVC and CPVC products for over 17 years, priding itself in offering
quality products and service to its customer in Egypt Gulf Manufactures (GM), Dubai (RAKtherm),
When you need a company to ft your needs, 3P sanitary solution is there. It covers a facility area
of 35,000 sqm with annual production capacity of 50,000 MT. The corporate members enjoy the
awareness of latest technology and modern techniques of factory administration.
3P Pipe solution is basically an offshoot of 3P Gulf Group (previously known as Gulf Packaging
Group) has started with various advanced technological equipment / manchinery and have been
following the required international quality Standard like ASTM, DIN, BS, ISO, etc. 3P is model fac-
tory equipped with the most advanced latest technology injection molding machine and extrusion
machinery available. The facility also includes a fully equipped laboratory for the routine testing of
all pipes and fttings produced at our factory, This ensures that 3P Pipes comply with both Saudi
Arabian and International standards.
3P PIPE is the leading manufacturer of PVC & CPVC Pipes and Fitting rangs from 1/2 inch to 8
inch its aim to supply highest quality products consistent with customers satisfaction and applicable
standards. . 3P Pipe facilitate research and development technical service team with qualifed en-
gineers for continuous improvement in every fuctional area and gaining customer confdence in
its products through services offer before, during and after sales and participation in the national
economy development. 3P Pipe is committed to the welfare and development of Saudi Arabia and
gulf countries by introducing high quality products to the end user.
3P Pipe has also the technical ability to produce PVC compound in house from its initial raw ma-
terials with accurancy of mixing process as for the needs of its valued customers and to meet the
standards.
FOREWORD
5
To be an integrated supplier of value added products and services that are technologically appropri-
ate and capable of meeting the market needs in a most satisfed and professional manner.
3P pipe has all infrastructures under one roof where it is capable of meeting the requirements of the
local and export markets in a most professional way. It is committed to use only the highly recom-
mended / qualifed raw materials and additives to produce quality products.
Our Values:
1. Commitment excellence
2. Customer driven
3. Integrity
4. Team work and involvement
5. Safety
6. Mutual trust and respect
MANAGEMENT RESPONSIBILTYAND QUALITY POLICY:
At 3P PIPE, we are committed to:
Assess the quality of raw materials, semi fnished goods and the fnal products at different stages
of the production process.
Ensure that the whole production process operates according to the desired standards, and in
case of any deviation(s), necessary corrective action would be taken.
Suggest measures and plans to improve the standard of goods produced without much of cost
escalation.
Develop quality consciousness among the various sections for our industrial units.
Providing products of excellent quality that are consistent with the requirement and expectations
of our customers.
Implementing and maintaining an effective quality management system.
Starting for a right time approach to manufacture and commit on the delivery of products.
COMMITMENT
6
Flexibility
Mechanical Strength
Impact Strength
Fire Proofng
Easy To Install
Corrosion Resistance
Resistance To Biological Attack And Growth
Resistance To Abrasion
Sanitary
3P Pipe has well equipped technical service department having qualifed engineers to provide free
technical advice to civil engineers, contractors, etc, about its products - UPVC, CPVC and PE Pipes
and their application.
3P PIPE also conducts site demonstrations and training to help technicians in
handling and joining of PVC CPVC and PE pipes and fttings. Direct substitu-
tion of UPVC, CPVC and PE pipes in place of traditional pipes (steel) without
the knowledge of the most effcient methods of their use can never yield their
desired result. Overall advantages and economies are best achieved when
uPVC, CPVC, and PE pipes are used correctly.
TECHNICAL SERVICE
Advantages Of 3P Pipes
7
Flexibility:
3P UPVC pipes are regarded as very fexible when properly installed in a trench using suitable bed-
ding and backfll, to withstand reasonable displacement in the pipeline without fracture or great de-
formation. Also, they have a suffcient resistance to bending which may arise from the movement of
un-rigid soils. This property will cause ease in installation and neednt required of building concrete
foundations to prevent breakage.
Mechanical Strength:
3PUPVC pipes have great modulus of elasticity, tensile strength, compressive strength and relative
hardness compared with other polyolefm systems as they have more ability to withstand loads and
lower tendency to fatten under pressure.
3P UPVC pipes have a great ability to withstand external static loads yielded from soil layers and
mechanical loads.
Also for their higher mechanical strengths, 3P UPVC pipes can withstand the same working pres-
sure with lower wall thicknesses than the other polyolefns pipes for the same size, yielding in larger
inside diameter and hence lower pressure drop and lower energy loss especially for long system.
Impact Strength:
3P UPVC pipes have great impact strength over their corresponding cast iron or clay pipes, which
cut losses arising from the breakage due to mishandling during transportation, installation etc.
Fire Proofng:
3P UPVC pipes will not support combustion, and fames are unable to spread and travel through
them according to their high oxygen index value which is a great advantage and hence the pipes are
categorized as fre retardant.
TECHNICAL SERVICE
Non Toxic:
3P UPVC pipes are produced from non-toxic
materials, which guarantee its use in drinking
water without harm. Also, UPVC pipes will not
impair the taste, smell or cool of water or any
other liquid and dont permit the growth of
bacteria or parasites.
8
Easy to Install:
3P UPVC pipes reduce transportation, handling, and installation costs. They have smooth seamless
interior walls. They required no special tools or skilled personal, PVC pipes are easier to install than
the cast iron Pipes.
Corrosion Resistance:
3P UPVC pipes being a non-conductor are totally resistant to all types of galvanic and
electromechanical infuences which might corrode it. Being non-metallic, 3P UPVC pipes is re-
sistant to any type of corrosion caused by water as well as a large range of industrial liquids and
chemicals from high sulphate soils as well as low hardness water also does not threaten it. This in
turn translates into a longer installed life of the 3P UPVC pipes system.
Resistance to Biological Attack and Growth:
3P UPVC pipes are completely resistant to any microscopic life that it might be exposed to. It does
not offer a nourishing source to any bacterial life from and is completely guaranteed to withstand
any such growth.
Resistance to Abrasion:
3P UPVC pipes are highly resistant to abrasion due to stress from abrasion fuids of excessive
pressure. Tests have shown that 3P UPVC pipes are up to 2.5 times more resistant to abrasions
when compared to steel.
Sanitary:
3P UPVC pipes are entirely non-toxic. It will not affect the taste, smell or color of water or liquid nor
react with any liquid to cause a precipitant.
TECHNICAL SERVICE
9
MATERI AL PROPERTI ES AND PERFORMANCE
The following are the main physical and thermal properties of the uPVC and CPVC material.
Note:
UPVC and CPVC pipes are a non conductor of electricity and also non subject
galvanic of electrolytic attack.
Electrical equipments should not be earthen to UPVC and CPVC pipes.
UPVC and CPVC pipes should not be used for compressed air or gas.
UPVC and CPVC pipes are intended to use for water and approved chemicals
only.
General Properties
MATERIAL UPVC UNITS CPVC
Specifc Gravity 1.42 g/m
3
1.55
Water Absorption <4.0 mg/cm <4.0
Flammability Will not support combustion
Specifc Heat 0.25 Cal/gc 0.29
Softening Point >80c Centigrade >93c
Thermal Properties
MATERIAL UPVC UNITS CPVC
Thermal Conductivity 0.13 Kcal/mhc .14
Coeffcient of linear Expansion 2.9 x 10
-3
ln/in/F 3.4x10
-5
Tensile Strength 7000 Psi 8000
Compressive Strength 9600 Psi 10000
Ffexural Strength 950 Kgf/cm2 1020
Izod Impact 140 Ft.lbs/in 1.5
Electrical Properties
MATERIAL UPVC UNITS CPVC
Modulus of Elasticity in tension 400,000 Psi 360,000
Volume of Resistivity Power 10
14
Ohm/cm 10
15
Factor at 60 Cycle Max. 1.255 % 0.007
Service Temp. 140 F 210
10
FI TTI NGS PROPERTI ES
Colour:
Unplasticized polyvinyl chloride (UPVC) pipes are available in Grey and White colour (other colours
are available on customer request).
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) pipes are available in light Grey colour.
Fittings are Available in Following Colours:
Schedule 40 PVC fttings White
Schedule 80 PVC Fittings Dark Grey
Schedule 80 CPVC Fittings Light Grey
PVC non pressure pipe fttings Golden Brown.
Why PVC and CPVC used for 3P Pipes & Fittings?
The PVC and CPVC compound used for 3P pipe and fttings are selected for their non-toxic properties
which make them suitable for use with portable water systems.
PVC (Polyvinyl Chloride):
Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is one of the most widely used thermo-plastic material used for pipes and
fttings. PVC has been used successfully many years in such areas as chemical processing, portable
water line, industrial plating, drainage, and electrical insulation and irrigation systems. The maximum
service temperature of PVC is 140F it cat} be used for injection molding extrusion and blow molding
thermoforming.
PVC characterized by high physical policy and resistance to corrosion and chemical item by acids, al-
kalis salt solutions and many other chemicals. Grade used in plastic piping system, Type 1, Grade 1,
PVC ( cell classifcation 12454-B) conforming to ASTM D-1784 is superior with respect to the above
properties.PVC has the highest long term hydro static strength at 73F of any of the major thermo-
plastic being using for piping systems. PVC is joined by solvent cementing, threading and fanging.
PVC material is used for plumbing system to manufacture pipe and fttings by injection molding and
extrusion process. PVC pipes are used underground are above ground in buildings. PVC material is
resistant to many ordinary chemicals such as acids, bases, salts and oxidants.
11
PVC pipes and fttings are used for following advantages.
Easy to install and handle.
Provide long service life.
Cost effective.
Environmentally friendly.
Corrosion resistant.
CPVC (Chlorinated poly vinyl chloride):
Chlorinated polyvinyl chloride (CPVC) is a thermo plastic material used for pipes and fttings for
higher temperature applications It has good dimension stability, excellent chemical resistance, good
electrical properties. It is used for hot and cold water distributions the maximum service tempera-
ture of CPVC is 210F. Type 4, Grade 1 CPVC (cell classifcations 23477-B) conforming at 73F
similar to those of PVC and its chemicals resistance is similar to or generally better than that of PVC.
Over period of about 25 years proven to be an excellent material for hot corrosive liquids, hot and
cold water distribution.
CPVC material is used for plumbing system to manufacture pipe and fttings by injection molding and
extrusion process. CPVC piping which is suitable for hot and cold water distribution has a 400 PSI
pressure rating at room temperature and 100 PSI pressure rating at 180F.
Since CPVC material do not support combustion they cannot burn without an external fuel source
this properties makes CPVC pipe and fttings an attractive, alternative to steel and copper. CPVC fre
sprinkler piping system is approved for lights hazard applications.
CPVC pipes and fttings are used because of following advantages.
Easy to install and handle.
Provide long service life.
Cost effective.
Environmentally friendly.
Corrosion resistant.
FI TTI NGS PROPERTI ES
12
PI PES AND FI TTI NGS STANDARDS
3P UPVC and CPVC pipes and fttings are manufactured according to ASTM
standard (American society for testing and materials). 3P pipes and fttings
are available under the brand name 3P.
ASTM D- 1784:
This specifcation covers Rigid PVC and CPVC compounds used for pipe ex-
trusion and molded fttings.
ASTM D- 1785:
It covers the UPVC pipe requirements and test methods for schedule 40 and
schedule 80.
ASTM D- 2466:
It covers schedule 40 UPVC plain socket pressure fttings.
ASTM D- 2467:
It covers Schedule 80 UPVC plain socket pressure fttings.
ASTM D- 1784:
It covers Schedule 80 UPVC threaded socket pressure fttings.
ASTM F-441:
It covers Schedule 80 CPVC pressure pipes.
ASTM F-441:
It covers Schedule 80 CPVC socket pressure fttings.
ASTM D- 2665:
It covers Schedule 40 DWV-UPVC pipes.
NOTE:
3P CPVC pipes for hot water application is manufactured from 1/2 inch to 2
inch these pipes are available in standard length of 6 meters.
3P UPVC pipes are manufactured from !/2 inch to 8 inch these pipes are
available in standard length of 6 meters. Other lengths are considered on
customers request.
13
Recommended Good Si t e Pr act i ce
Handling:
Take all necessary care when handling PVC and CPVC fttings and pipes.
For lifting purpose do not use metal chain and hooks.
Used protective slings and padded supports.
Store 3P pipe solvent cement and cleaning fuid in a cool place out of direct sun light and away
from any heat source.
While transport pipe should be arranged safely on trucks avoiding crossing, bending and over-
stocking.
The pipe must be cut with a fne saw. Big saw teeth would damage the pipes. The cut has to be
vertical.
The pipe end should be smoothly chamfered to an angle of 15 to ensure better jointing and avoid
damaging the
rubber ring.
It is not recommended to shorten the fttings as it could result in defective joints.
Connected pipes and fttings need to be ftted straight. Otherwise it could result in leakage at seal-
ing points.
For threaded connections always used Tefon tape or approved paste thread sealant.
Future Products of 3P Pipe:
Flush Tank.
Outfow Wve.
Inlet Valve.
Electrical Conduits Fittings.
Toilet seat Cover.
Strainer.
Mirror Frames
14
THE LA RGEST P IP E
MA NUFACTURER
IN THE MIDDEL EA ST
15
Unpl ast i ci zed Pol yvi nyl Chl ori de ( UPVC)
GENERAL PROPERTI ES
a. Speci f i c Gravi t y 1.42gm/cm
3
b. Wat er Absorpt i on 4 gm/cm
2
c. Fl ammabi l i t y wi l l not support combust i on
THERMAL PROPERTI ES
a. Sof t eni ng Poi nt 80C
b. Speci f i c Heat 0.25cal /C
c. Thermal Conduct i vi t y 0.13cal /cm- h- C
d. Coef f i ci ent of Li near Expansi on 6.7x10-
5
C
e. El ongat i on at Break 10- 50%
MECHANI CAL PROPERTI ES
a. Ul t i mat e Tensi l e St rengt h 475 - 525 kgf /cm
2
b. Compressi ve St rengt h 670kgf /cm
2
c. Fl exural St rengt h 950 kgf /cm
2
d. I mpact St rengt h 4- 4.5 j oul es
e. Modul us of El ast i ci t y 3.2x10 kgf /cm
ELECTRI CAL PROPERTI ES
a. Vol ume Resi st i vi t y 10
14
ohm/cm
b. Surf ace Resi st i vi t y 10
l 2
ohm/cm
c. Power Fact or ( at 10 cycl es; 3.0
UPVC i s a non- conduct or of el ect ri ci t y and al so non- subj ect t o gal vani c
or el ect rol yt i c at t ack. El ect ri cal equi pment s shoul d not be eart hened t o
( UPVC) pi pes.
COLOUR
White, Iron Grey, Cement Grey, Orange Brown.
MATERI AL
UPVC PIPES PROPERTIES
16
Chl ori nat ed Pol yvi nyl Chl ori de ( CPVC)
GENERAL PROPERTI ES
a. Speci f i c Gravi t y 1.56 gm/cm3
b. Wat er Absorpt i on 7 gm/cm
2
c. Fl ammabi l i t y wi l l not support combust i on
THERMAL PROPERTI ES
a. Sof t eni ng Poi nt 93C
b. Coef f i ci ent of Li near Expansi on 5.3 x10-
5
C
MECHANI CAL PROPERTI ES
a. Ul t i mat e Tensi l e St rengt h 575 kgf /cm
2
c. Fl exural St rengt h 1018 kgf /cm
2
d. I mpact St rengt h 11 j oul es
ELECTRI CAL PROPERTI ES
a. Vol ume Resi st i vi t y 10
14
ohm/cm
b. Surf ace Resi st i vi t y 10
l 2
ohm/cm
c. Power Fact or ( at 10 cycl es; 3.0
UPVC i s a non- conduct or of el ect ri ci t y and al so non- subj ect t o gal vani c
or el ect rol yt i c at t ack. El ect ri cal equi pment s shoul d not be eart hened t o
( UPVC) pi pes.
COLOUR
Dusty Grey and light Ivory
MATERI AL
CPVC PIPES PROPERTIES
17
Normal
Size
(inch)
Outside Diameter
(mm)
SCHEDUL E 40
Pressure
Rating
S CHE D U L E 8 0
Pressure
Rating
Wall Thickness (mm) Wall Thickness (mm)
MIN MAX MIN MAX PSI MIN MAX PSI
1/2 21.24 21.44 2.77 3.28 600 3.73 4.24 850
3/4 26.57 26.77 2.87 3.38 480 3.91 4.42 690
1 33.27 33.53 3.38 3.89 450 4.55 5.08 630
1 - 1/4
42.03 42.29 3.56 4.07 370 4.85 5.43 520
1 - 1/2
48.11 48.41 3.86 4.19 330 5.08 5.68 470
2 60.17 60.47 3.91 4.42 280 5.54 6.20 400
2 - 1/2
72.84 73.20 5.16 5.77 300 7.01 7.85 420
3 88.70 89.10 5.49 6.15 260 6.62 8.53 370
4 114.07 114.53 6.02 6.73 220 8.56 9.58 320
6 168.00 168.56 7.11 7.97 180 10.97 12.29 280
8 218.70 219.46 8.18 9.17 160 12.70 14.22 250
10 272.67 273.43 9.27 10.39 140 15.06 16.86 230
ASTM D - 1785
SCHEDULE 40 & 80
Pressure application
Standard Leghth : 4,5.8 & 6 meters
Color : Schedule 40 - White
Schedule 80 - Grey
Socket Type : Solvent weld & Plain End
Pressure Rating @ 23
o
C
Note: Will be manufactured as PVC-1 120
18
ASTM D - 2241 - SDR SERIES
Pressure application
Standard Leghth : 5,8.& 6 meters
Color : White
Socket Type : Solvent Weld & Plain End
Pressure Rating @ 23
o
C
Note: Will be manufactured as PVC-1 120
Normal
Size
(inch)
Outside
Diameter (mm)
SDR 41 SDR 32.5 SDR 26 SDR 21 SDR17 SDR 13.5
100 PSI 125 PSI 160 PSI 200 PSI 250 PSI 315 PSI
Wall Thickness (mm)
Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max Min Max
1/2 21.24 21.44 1.57 2.08
3/4 26.57 26.77 1.52 2.03 1.57 2.08 1.98 2.49
1 33.27 33.53 1.52 2.03 1.60 2.11 1.96 2.46 2.46 2.97
1 - 1/4 42.03 42.29 1.52 2.03 1.63 2.13 2.01 2.52 2.49 3.00 3.12 3.63
1 - 1/2 48.11 48.41 1.52 2.03 1.85 2.36 2.29 2.80 2.84 3.35 3.58 4.09
2 60.17 60.47 1.85 2.36 2.31 2.82 2.87 3.38 3.56 4.06 4.47 4.96
3 88.70 89.10 2.16 2.67 2.74 3.25 3.43 3.94 4.24 4.75 5.23 5.87 6.58 7.37
4 114.07 114.53 2.80 3.30 3.51 4.01 4.39 4.90 5.44 6.10 6.73 7.54 8.46 9.47
6 168.00 168.56 4.11 4.62 5.18 5.79 6.48 7.26 8.03 9.00 9.91 11.10 12.47 13.97
8 218.70 219.46 5.33 5.97 6.73 7.54 8.43 9.45 10.41 11.66 12.90 14.45
19
ASTM PIPES WITH SMOOTH COUPLING
D1
NORMAL
Inch
D1
S1
D2 Lb
Class O Class B Class C Class D Class E
3/8 17.0
+0.3
1.5
+0.4
17.1
+0.2
20
1/2 21.2
+0.3
1.7
+0.4
21.3
+0.2
25
3/4 26.6
+0.3
1.9
+0.5
26.7
+0.2
30
1 33.4
+0.3
2.2
+0.5
33.5
+0.2
33
1
1/4
42.1
+0.3
2.2
+0.5
2.7
+0.5
42.2
+0.2
42
1
1/2
48.1
+0.3
1.8
+0.4
2.5
+0.5
3.1
+0.6
48.2
+0.2
48
2 60.2
+0.3
1.8
+0.4
2.5
+0.5
3.1
+0.6
3.9
+0.6
60.3
+0.2
60
2
1/2
75.0
+0.6
1.8
+0.4
3.0
+0.5
3.9
+0.6
4.8
+0.7
75.1
+0.2
70
3 88.7
+0.4
1.8
+0.4
2.9
+0.5
3.5
+0.6
4.6
+0.7
5.7
+0.9
88.8
+0.3
78
4 114.1
+0.4
2.3
+0.5
3.4
+0.6
4.5
+0.7
6.0
+0.9
7.3
+0.11
114.2
+0.3
92
5 140.0
+0.4
2.6
+0.5
3.8
+0.6
5.5
+0.9
7.3
+1.1
9.0
+1.4
140.1
+0.3
109
6 168.0
+0.5
3.1
+0.6
4.5
+0.7
6.6
+1.0
8.8
+1.4
10.8
+1.7
168.2
+0.3
123
8 218.8
+0.5
3.1
+0.6
5.3
+0.8
7.8
+1.2
10.3
+1.6
12.6
+1.9
219.0
+0.4
158
10 272.6
+0.8
3.1
+0.6
6.6
+1.0
9.7
+1.5
12.8
+2.0
15.7
+2.4
272.8
+0.6
190
12 323.4
+0.9
3.1
+0.6
7.8
+1.2
11.5
+1.8
15.2
+2.3
18.7
+2.9
323.7
+0.6
210
14 355.0
+1.0
3.6
+0.6
5.8
+1.3
12.6
+1.9
16.7
+2.5
20.5
+3.1
355.4
+0.6
238
16 405.9
+1.0
4.1
+0.7
9.7
+1.5
14.5
+2.2
19.0
+2.9
23.4
+3.8
406.3
+0.7
265
18 456.7
+1.0
4.6
+0.7
11.0
+1.7
16.3
+2.5
21.4
+3.3
457.1
+0.7
295
20 507.5
+1.0
5.1
+0.8
12.2
+1.9
18.1
+2.8
507.9
+0.7
325
24 609.1
+1.0
6.1
+1.0
14.6
+2.2
21.7
+3.3
609.5
+0.8
400
20
ASTM F 441 / F 441M
SCHEDULE 40 & 80
Chlorinated UPVC pressure pipesfor Hot water application
Normal
Size
(inch)
Outside Diameter
(mm)
SCHEDUL E 40 SCHEDUL E 40
Wall Thickness (mm) Pressure Rating (psi) Wall Thickness (mm)
Pressure Rating
(psi)
MIN MAX MIN MAX 23
o
C 82
o
C MIN MAX 23
o
C 82
o
C
1/2 21.20 21.40 2.77 3.28 600 150 3.73 4.24 850 210
3/4 26.60 26.80 2.87 3.38 480 120 3.91 4.42 690 170
1 33.27 33.53 3.38 3.89 450 110 4.55 5.58 630 155
1 - 1/4
42.03 42.29 3.56 4.06 370 90 4.85 5.44 520 130
1 - 1/2
48.15 48.45 3.68 4.19 330 80 5.08 5.69 470 115
2 60.15 60.45 3.91 4.42 280 70 5.54 6.20 400 100
2 - 1/2
72.84 73.18 5.16 5.77 300 75 7.01 7.85 420 105
3 88.70 89.10 5.49 6.15 260 65 7.62 8.53 370 90
4 114.07 114.53 6.02 6.73 220 55 8.56 9.58 320 80
6 168.02 168.58 7.11 7.97 180 45 10.97 12.29 280 70
8 218.72 219.48 8.18 9.17 160 40 12.70 14.22 250 60
Standard Leghth : 4,8 & 6 meters
Color : Schedule 40 - Light Grey or White
Schedule 80 - Light Grey
Socket Type : Nill
Pressure Rating @ 23
o
C
Note: Will be manufactured as PVC-1 120
CHLORINATED POLY VYNll CHLORibl (CPVC) this is thermo plastic piping material which can be used for higher
temperature applications. This is a special polymer with a higher class transition point extending the advantages over
regular UPVC pipes.
21
3 P F I T T I NGS
BSEN 1401 / 1329
ASTM D- 2466
ASTM D- 2467
ASTM F 439
BSEN 1401 / 1329
ASTM D- 2466
ASTM D- 2467
ASTM F 439
22
SCHEDUL E 4 0 & 8 0
PROPERTY VALUE REFERANCE
Specific Gravity 0.02 1.44 ASTM D - 792
Tensil Strength psi @ 73F. 7100 ASTM D - 638
Modulus of Elasticity in tension, psi @ 73F. 4.000.000 ASTM D - 638
Flexular Strength (psi) 12000 - 14000 ASTM D - 790
Izod Impact, Ft. Ibs/in, Notch @ 73 F. 0.65 ASTM D - 256
Heat Deflection F @ 264 psi 160 ASTM D - 648
Heat Resistance Deg. F. 140
Thermal Conductivity, BTU/hr/sq.ft/Deg. F/in 1.2 ASTM D -177
Co-efficient of Expansion, in/in, Deg. Fx 10
-5
3 ASTM D - 696
Water Absorption, % 24hrs @ 73 F 0.05 ASTM D - 570
Cell Classification 12454B ASTM D - 1784
Colour Code White (Sch.40)
Dark Grey (Sch.80)
Jointing
Socket type jointing. For solvent cement use.
operating Temperature
Maximum service temperature for UPVC schedule 40 and UPVC schedule 80 fittings is
140 Deg. F b
Maximutn service temperature for CPVC schedule 80 fittings is 210 Deg. F.
Chemical Properties
CPVC and CPVC fittings are resistant to corrosiori by ground water, weathering
and many chemlicals.Further information on chemical resistance is available on request.
23
PROPERTY
TEST
CONDITION
VALUE REFERANCE
Specific Gravity 73 F 1.55 ASTM D -792
Rockwell Hardness 73 F 117 ASTM D -785
Heat Deflection @ 264 psi 73 F 214 ASTM D -748
Tensile Strenght (psi) 73 F 8200 ASTM D -738
Tensile Modulus (psi) 73 F 430.000 ASTM D -738
Flexural Strenght (psi) 73 F 15.000 ASTM D -790
Flexural Modulus (psi) 73 F 438.000 ASTM D -790
Izod Impact, Ft. Ibs/ln. Notch 73 F 1.6 ASTM D -756
Water Absorption (24 hrs) 73 F 0.07+ ASTM D -570
Coefficient of Expansion ( F ), in./in. x 10
-s
3.7 ASTM D -792
Flammability .062 V - 0 UL - 94
Cell Designation 23557B ASTM D-1784
SCHEDUL E 8 0
Jointing
Socket type jointing. For solvent cement use.
Operating Temperature
Maximum service temperature for UPVC schedule 40 and UPVC schedule 80 fittings is
140 Deg. F Maximum service temperature for CPVC schedule 80 fittings is 21 0 Deg. F.
Chemical Properties
UPVC and CPVC fittings are resistant to corrosion by ground water, weathering and
chemicals.Further information on chemical resistance Is available on request
24
PIPE SIZE
(inch)
SOCKET FITTINGS
(psi)
1/2 600
3/4 480
1 450
1 3/4 370
1 1/2 330
2 280
3 260
4 220
6 180
PIPE SIZE
(inch)
SOCKET FITTINGS
(psi)
1/2 850
3/4 690
1 630
1 1/4 520
1 1/2 470
2 400
PIPE SIZE
(inch)
SOCKET FITTINGS
(psi)
THREATED FITTINGS
(psi)
1/2 850 420
3/4 690 340
1 630 320
1 1/4 520 260
1 1/2 470 240
2 400 200
Water pressure rating (max) for UPVC schedule 40 fitting at 73 Deg. F.
Water pressure rating (max) for UPVC schedule 80 fitting at 73 Deg. F.
Water pressure rating (max) for CPVC schedule 80 fitting at 73 Deg. F.
25
3P FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
ASTM STANDARD
AMIRICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
& MATERIALS
ASTM D - 2466
3P SCHEDULE 40
26
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
3/4 33.3 40.1 3.2 25.2
1 41.45 45.5 3.9 28.4
1 1/2 56.8 59.5 4.1 34
2 69 66.5 4.2 34.5
4 114.76 109.5 5.5 51
6 168.9 168.2 6.2 79
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
3/4 33.3 32.7 32.2 25.2
1 41.45 36.5 3.9 28.4
1 1/2 56.76 43 4.1 30
2 69 46 4.2 32
4 114.76 77.5 5.5 51
6 168.9 120 6.2 79
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
E L B OW 4 5
O
E L B OW 9 0
O
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
27
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
COU P L I NG
WY E e q 4 5
O
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
3/4 32.9 53.9 3 3
1 40.85 59.8 3.6 3
1 1/2 56.8 71 4.1 3
2 69 80.2 4.2 3
4 114.76 107.4 6.2 4
6 168.9 157.4 6.2 6
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
2 60.47 157.75 4.37
4 114.76 310 5.5
6 168.9 409.5 6.2
28
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
ELBOW Door 90
O
With Access Cap
T E E 9 0
O
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
3/4 33.3 80.2 3.2 25.2
1 41.45 93.5 3.9 28.4
1 1/2 56.76 121 4.1 32
2 69 134 4.2 34.5
4 114.76 219 5.5 51
6 168.9 336.5 6.2 79
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
4 114.76 109.5 5.5 51
29
P - T r a p
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
T E E wi t h a c c e s s c a p
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
4 114.76 222 5.5 51
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
4 114.76 187.2 5.5 51
30
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
T E E CR OS S
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
4 114.76 246 5.5 123
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
4 114.76 234 5.3 117
T E E S a i n a t r y
31
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 40
F l o o r
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 40
Size
cm
D
cm
H
cm
T
cm
15 x 15 15 15 3.2
20 x 20 20 20 3.65
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
4 114.76 77.76 5.68
Ca p
R e d u c e r B u s h i n g
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
4 x 2 114.76 58.7 7.02
6 x 4 168.2 81.34 5.64
ASTM STANDARD
AMIRICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
& MATERIALS
ASTM D - 2466
3P SCHEDULE 80
3P FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
33
E L B OW 9 0
O
T E E 9 0
O
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 80
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
3/4 35.54 52.5 4.41 26.19
1 43.56 61.5 5.01 29.77
1/2 29.85 47 4.23 23.02
1 1/4 53.64 80.99 5.47 54.88
1 1/2 59.32 90.74 5.41 66
2 73.45 106.49 6.48 74
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 36.52 4.23 23.02
3/4 35.54 41.27 4.41 26.19
1 43.56 48.42 5.05 29.77
1 1/4 52.93 56.36 5.35 32.94
1 1/2 59.87 91.95 5.87 63
2 73.36 106.73 6.36 72
34
Co u p l i n g
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 80
R e d u c e r B u s h i n g
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
1 x 3/4 33.39 34.66 3.5
1 x 1 1/4 42.38 40.7 4.5
1 x 1 1/5 48.26 41.59 7.55
2 x 1/5 60.11 48.94 6.12
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 45.21 4.23 3.18
3/4 35.54 55.56 4.41 3.18
1 43.56 62.71 5.08 3.18
1 1/4 52.93 69.06 5.53 3.18
1 1/2 59.7 76.25 5.77 3.18
2 72.9 84.35 6.37 3.18
35
E L B OW 4 5
O
ASTM D - 2466 SCHEDULE 80
FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 36.52 4.23 23.02
3/4 35.54 41.27 4.41 26.19
1 43.56 48.42 5.05 29.77
1 1/4 52.93 56.36 5.35 32.94
1 1/2 59.87 91.95 5.87 63
2 73.36 106.73 6.36 72
ASTM STANDARD
AMIRICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
& MATERIALS
ASTM F - 439
3P CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
3P CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
37
ASTM F - 439 SCHEDULE 80 (CPVC)
E L B OW 9 0
O
T E E 9 0
O
CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 47 4.23 23.02
3/4 35.54 52.5 4.41 26.19
1 43.56 61.5 5.01 29.77
1 1/4 53.64 80.99 5.47 54.88
1 1/2 59.32 90.74 5.41 66
2 73.45 106.49 6.48 74
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 36.52 4.23 23.02
3/4 35.54 41.27 4.41 26.19
1 43.56 48.42 5.05 29.77
1 1/4 52.93 56.36 5.35 32.94
1 1/2 59.87 91.95 5.87 63
2 73.36 106.73 6.36 72
38
R e d u c e r B u s h i n g
Co u p l i n g
ASTM F - 439 SCHEDULE 80 (CPVC)
CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
R
mm
1/2 29.85 45.21 4.23 3.18
3/4 35.54 55.56 4.41 3.18
1 43.56 62.71 5.08 3.18
1 1/4 52.93 69.06 5.53 3.18
1 1/2 59.7 76.25 5.77 3.18
2 72.9 84.35 6.37 3.18
Size
inch
D
mm
H
mm
T
mm
1 x 3/4 33.39 34.66 3.5
1 x 1 1/4 42.38 40.7 4.5
1 x 1 1/5 48.26 41.59 7.55
2 x 1/5 60.11 48.94 6.12
ASTM STANDARD
AMIRICAN SOCIETY FOR TESTING
& MATERIALS
ASTM F - 439
3P CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80
Wi th Brass
3P CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80 Wi th Brass
40
CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80 With Brass3P
T E E B r a s s D 9 0
E l b o w B r a s s D 9 0
ASTM F - 439 SCHEDULE 80 with Brass (CPVC)
Size
inch
C
mm
M1
inch
M2
mm
1/2 x 1/2 x1/2 29.85 1/2 37.80
3/4 x 3/4 x3/4 35.54 3/4 45.0
3/4 x 1/2 x 3/4 35.54 1/2 37.80
Size
inch
C
mm
M1
inch
M2
mm
1/2 x 1/2 29.85 1/2 37.80
3/4 x 3/4 35.54 3/4 45.0
3/4 x 1/2 35.54 1/2 37.80
41
Size
inch
C
mm
M
inch
C1
mm
1/2 x 1/2 44.22 1/2 29.74
3/4 x 3/4 48.40 3/4 35.47
1 x 1 54.78 1 43.24
Size
inch
C
mm
M1
inch
M2
mm
1/2 x 1/2 29.85 1/2 37.80
3/4 x 1/2 35.54 1/2 37.80
CPVC FITTINGS SCHEDULE 80 With Brass
ma l e Ad a p t e r
f e ma l e Ad a p t e r
ASTM F - 439 SCHEDULE 80 with Brass (CPVC)
42
Pipes & Fittings are made out of termoplastic materials. Thtis safe
storage practice is very important to avoid deformations.
Pipes & Fittings should never be stored closer to heat source or
without proper ventilation causing raise in ambient temperature
greater than its limits of use.
To ensure that weight/ load of the fittings packing boxes or
pallets should never be transferred on any fittings inside the
packing box.
Pipes should be stacked on level and flat ground which is free
from stones -ftlp sharp projections.They can also be stacked
within appropriate wooden frames.
Heavy weight pipes should be at the bottom & light weight
pipes should be at the top.
43
JOINTING PROCEDURE [ j oi nt i ng sol vent cement ]
1. Cut the pipe perpendicularly. Use fne pitch handsaw.
2. Remove burrs using medium fle. Chamfer the end of the pipe at 2mm x45 average.
3. Mark the pipe and ftting to determine correct preparation of the pipe socket
4. Clean contacting surfaces thoroughly with a clean rag and cleaning fuid.
5. Using a clean brush, apply suffcient amount of solvent to pipe and ftting. The numbers of coat
vary depending on the diameter of the pipe and ftting. One or two coats are usually needed.
6. Assemble joint immediately. Hold pipe and ftting together for 15 seconds for 1/2diameter pipe
and 60 seconds for an 8diameter pipe. Avoid twisting the assembly. For joining a pipe size of 6
diameter or more, use a joining device to ensure full entry of spigot.
7. Remove excess cement.

Table indicating approximate number of joints which can be made with standard size lubricant,
clearjito
Nominal Size ( inch )
Lubricant 50 g.
Cleaning Fluid 500 ml.
Solvent Cement 500 ml.
NOTES:
All solvent cement must be carefully used in accordance with the instructions on the can. Never
dilute with other fuids. done properly in wet, oily and dirty conditions. Drying time will vary accord-
ing to amount of solvent cement applied, ambient temperature and testing pressure. Temperature
of more than 25 degree C { 76 degree F) will reduce joining time from 3 minutes to approximately
1 minute. Full rated
WARNING: Smoke testing of PVC-U is recommended but extra care must be observed.
1/2 - 1 11/4 - 2 3 4 6 8
100 60 40 30 20 10
300 180 72 45 21 12
100 60 25 15 7 4
44
Exact application
Pipe outside and /or inside diameter
Required pressure rating or wall thickness
Pipe length
Required pipe socket type (non-solvent / rubber ring)

Colour

Particular standard, if required or known
Expected soil condition and enviroment
Specifc installation method, e.g. open or buried
Delivery requirement
When placing an order or a request for quotation, please specify the following information so as to
provide you the right product accurate for your specifc needs :
A STM STA NDA RD
PVC, CPVCPIPES & FITTINGS
45
You can cut a PVC pipe straight and easy with some basic tools and a little know-how. If you dont
have a power miter saw, dont sweat it. With an inexpensive hacksaw (about $5) and a bit of duct
tape, cutting a PVC pipe couldnt be simpler. 3P Pipe Experts recommends long, slow strokes when
making your PVC cuts, adding that moving the saw too fast can cause the saw blade to overheat,
gumming it up and leaving hard-to-remove burrs in the pipe.
Use a ruler or measument tape to measure the length of PVC pipe you want to cut; denote the
length by marking a spot with the pencil on the pipe.
Wrap a piece of duct tape around the pipe so that the outside edge of the tape aligns with the pencil
mark you made.
Draw a line with the pencil, using the edge of the tape now as a guide, all the way around the pipe.
This will be your guide for cutting the pipe straight through.
Peel and remove the duct tape from the pipe.
Place the PVC pipe in a bench vise, and tighten the vise around the pipe.
Put on your safety goggles and dust mask, remember safety frst.
Line up the blade (or guide) on your miter saw with the inside edge of the pencil mark, then turn on
the saw and carefully cut into the pipe. Stop and rotate the pipe as needed, until the pipe separates
into two pieces. Turn off the saw.
Make the cut using a hacksaw if you do not have a miter saw. We recommends long, slow strokes
when making your PVC cuts, adding that moving the saw too fast can cause the saw blade to over-
heat, gumming it up and leaving hard-to-remove burrs in the pipe.
For the fnal work pile down any burrs on the cutting edges of the pipe by using amedium fat Pile.
Make sure your PVC pipe is clean and dry before you begin to glue it.
Put a PVC primer on the pipe immediately before applying the PVC cement. What this does is
melt the plastic a bit, so when you apply the cement, you have more of a weld. It is easy to fnd
both PVC primer and PVC cement at your local home improvement store.
Add the PVC cement, attach the piece of PVC you want to glue, and twist. Make sure that it remains
in the position that you want it to be in. You will fnd that the PVC cement sets pretty fast.
Guide of Cutting and Glueing Pipes and Fittings
46
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Chlorine, gas 10 % dry D
100 % dry D U
10 % moist U U
Chlorine sat, aq, soln. D U*
Chlorine trifluoride U* U*
Chloroacetic acid S D
Chlorobenzene U U
Chloroethane (ethyl chloride) U U
2-Chloroethanol (ethylene chlorohydrin) U U
Chloroform U U
Chloromethane (methyl chloride) U U
Chlorosulphonic acid D U
Chromic acid plating S S
Chromic potassium sulphate
(chrome alum) S S
Cider + S*
Citric acid+ S S
Copper** chloride S* S*
Copper** cyanide S* S*
Copper** fluoride S S
Copper** nitrat S* S*
Copper** sulphat S S
Creosote U U
Cresols U U
Cresylic acid U U*
Crotonaldehyde U U
Cyclohexanol U U
Cyclohexanone U U
Detergents (synthetic) diluted for
use S S*
Developers (photographic) S S
Dextrin S S
Dextross+ sat, soln. S S
Diamyl ether U* U*
Diazo saits S S
Dibromoethane (ethylene dibromide) U* U*
Dibutyl phthalate U* U*
Dichlorobenzene U* U*
Dichlorodifluoromethane S
Dichloethane (rthylene dichloride) U U
Dichloroethelene U* U*
1,20Dichloropropane (propylene dichloride) U U
Diethl ether U U
Diethyl ketone U* U*
Diethyl sulphate (ethyl sulphate) U U
Digol (diethylene glycol) S* S*
Dimethyl sulphate (methyl sulphate) S U
Dimethylamine S S
Dimethylcarbinol, see isopropyl alcohol
Dioctyl phthalate U* U*
Dioxan U* U*
Diphenyl ether U U
Disodium phosphate,
see disodium hydrogen orthophosphate
Dodecanoic acid (lauric) S S
Dodecanol (lauryl alcohol) S* S*
Emulsifiers all S* S*
Emulsions (photographic) S S
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Ethane S*
Ethanediol (ethylene glycol) S S
Ethanol (ethyl alcohol)+ 95-100% S D
40% (v/v) aq. slon. S D
Ethers (see also diethyl ether) U U
Ethyl acetale U U
Ethyl acrylate U U
Ethyl alcohol, see ethanol
Ethyl butyrate Ethyl acetate U* U*
Ethyl chloride, see Chloroethane
Ethyl formate U* U*
Ethyl lactate U* U*
Ethyl methyl ketone (methyl ethyl ketone) U U
Ethyl sulphate,see diethyl sulphate
Ethylene chlorohydrin, see 2-chloroethanol
Ethylene dibromide, see dichloroethane
Ethylene dichloride, see dichloroethane
Ethylene glycol, see ethanediol
Ethylene oxide (oxiran) U U
Fatty acids, higher S S
Ferric chloride S S
Ferric nitrate S S
Ferric sulphate S S
Ferrous ammonium citrate,
see ammonium ferrous citrate
Ferrous chloride S* S*
Ferrous sulphate S* S*
Fixing soln. (photographic) S S
Fluorine U U
Fluorosilic acid 40% aq. saoln. S S
conc. S S
Formaldehyde 40% (w/w) aq. soln. S S
Formic acid 3% aq. soln. S S
10% aq. soln. S S
25% aq. soln. S D
50% aq. solin. S U
98 - 100% U U
Fructose+ S S
Fruit juices+ S S
Fuel oil S S
Furfuraldehyde (furfural) 100% U U
Furturyl alcohol U* U
Gallic acid,
see 3,4,5-trihydroxybenzoic acid
Gasoline, see petrol
Glucose+ S S
Glycerol S S
Glycerol monobenzy ether U* U*
Glycol, see ethanediol
Glycolic acid 30% alc. soln. S S
Grape suger + S S
Heptane S U
Hexadecanol (cetyl alcohol) S* S*
Hexanol (hexyl alcohol) S S
Hydrobromic acid 50% (w/v) aq. soln. S S
100% (w/v) aq.
soln. S* S*
TABLE OF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
47
** Cuprous or cupric.
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Hydrochloric acid 10 % (w/v) aq. sol. S S
22% (w/v) aq. soln. S S
concentrated (36 %) S S
Hydrocyanic acid 10 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
Hydrocyanic acid 4 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
40 % (w/v) aq. soln. S U
60 % (w/v) aq. soln. D U
concentrade U* U*
Hydrogen S S
Hydrogen bromide anhydrous S* S*
Hydrogen chloride anhydrous S* S*
Hydrogen fluoride anhydrous S* S*
Hydrogen peroxide 3 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
12 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
30 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
90 % (w/v) or greater U U
Hydrogen sulphide S S
Hydroquinone, see quinol
Hydroxylammonium sulphate S S
Hypochlorous acid D U
Iodine soln. in potassium
iodide U U
Iso-octane (2, 2, 4- trimethylbentance) S U
Isophorone U U
Isopropanol, see isopropyl alcohol
Lactic acid 10 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
100 % (w/v) aq. U U
Lanolin S* S*
Latex S S
Lauric acid, see dodecanoic
Lauryl alcohol, see dodecanol
Lead acetate S S
Lead arsenate S* S*
Lead nitrate S* S*
Lead tetraethyl lead
Linoleic acid S S
Linseed oil S S
S S
Magnesium carbonate S S
Magnesium chloride S S
Magnesium hydroxide S S
Magnesium nitrate S S
Maleic acid 25 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
50 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
concentrade S S
Malic acid S S
Manganese suphlate S* S*
Margarine+ S S
Mercuric chloride S S
Mercuric cyanide S S
Mercurous nitrate S S
Mercury S S
Mesityl oxide U U
Metallic soaps (water soluble) S* S*
Methanol (methyl alcohol) 100 % S D
6 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S*
Methyl acetate U* U*
Methyl bromide, see bromomethane
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Methyl isobutyl ketone,
see isobutyl methyl ketone
Methyl chloride, see chloromethane
Methyl ethyl ketone
see ethyl methyl ketone
Methyl glycol S S
Methyl hydrogen sulphate 50 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
(methyl sulphuric acid) 50 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
75 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
90 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
Methyl methacrylate U U
Methyl sulphate, see dimethyl sulphate
Mrthylated spirits S S
Methylcyclohexanone U U
Methylsulphonic acid S S
Milk+ S* S*
Mineral oils S S
Mixed acids **
Molasses+ U* U*
Monochlorobenzene
S S
Naphtha U U
Naphthalene S S
Nickel chloride S S
Nickel nitrate S S
Nickle sulphate S S
Nicotine S* S*
Nicotinic acid S* S*
Nitric acid 5 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S
10 % (w/v) aq. soln. S D
25 % (w/v) aq. soln. S D
50 % (w/v) aq. soln. S U
70 % (w/v) aq. soln. D U
98 % (w/v) aq. soln. U U
Nitrobenzene U U
Nitropropane U U
Nitrous fumes moist D U
Nonanol (nonyl alcohol) S* S*
Ocatane S* U*
Ocatanol (octyl alcohol) S*
Oil and fats + S S
Oleic acid S S
Orthphosphoric acid 20 % aq. soln. S S
30 % aq. soln. S S
50 % aq. soln. S S
95 % aq. soln. S S
Oxalic acid S S
Oxygen S S
Ozone S S
S S
Palmitic acid 10 % S S
70 % S S
Paraffin S S
Paraffin wax S S
Penatane S*
Perchloric acid 10 % S D
Petrol S D
Petrol/benzene mixture 80: 20 ratio U U
Petroleum spirit (petroleum ether) U U
TABLE OF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
48
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Phnol S U
Phenylcarbinol, see benzyl alcohol
Phenylhydrazine U U
Phenylhydrazine hydrohliroide U U
Phosgene gas S U
Liquid U U
Phosphates (see also under ammonium,
Potassium, sodium, etc) S* S*
Phospharic acid, see orthophosphoric acid
Phospharus S U
Phosphorus pentoxide S S*
Phosphorus trichloride U U
Phosohoryl chloride
(phosphorus oxychloride) U U
Phthalic anhydride S* S*
Picrtic acid 1 % (w/v) aq. soln. S S*
10 % (w/v) aq. soln. U U
Plating solutions:
brass S S
cadmium S S
chromium S S
copper S S
gold S S
indium S S
Lead S S
nickel S S
rhodium S S
Silver S S
tin S S
zinc S S
Polyglycol ethers U* U*
Potassium acid sulphate,
see potassium hydrogen sulphate
Potassium antimonate S* S*
Potassium bicarbonate
see potassium hydrogen carbinate
Potassium bichromate,
see potassium dichromate
Potassium bisulphate
see potassium hydrogen sulphate
Potassium borate S S
Potasium bromate S S
Potassium bromide S S
Potassium carbonate S S
Potasium chlorate S S
Potassium chloride S S
Potassium chromate S S
Potassium cuprocyanide S* S*
Potassium cyanide S S
Potassium dichromate
(potassium bichormate) S S
Potassium ferricyanide S S
Potassium ferrocyanide S S
Potassium fluoride S S
Potassium hydrogen carbonate
(Potassium bicarbonate) S S
Potassium hydrogen sulphate
(Potassium acid sulphate) S* S*
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Potassium hydrogen sulphate S* S*
(potassium bisulphite)
Potassium hydroxide 1 % (w/v) aq.soln.
1o % (w/v) aq.soln S S
conc. soln. S S
Potassium hypochloride S S
Potassium nitrate S S
Potassium perborate S S
Potassium perchlorate 10 % soln. S S
Potassium permanganate 20 % soln. S S
Potassium persulphate 5 % soln. S S
Potassium sulphate S S
Potassium sulphate S* S*
Potassium thiosulphate S* S*
Propane S S
Propane -1, 2-diol (propylene glycol) S* S*
Propargyl alcohol (prop-2yn-l-ol) S S
Propionic acid 50 % aq. soln.
100 % aq. soln. S* U*
isoPropyl alcohol (isopropanol) S S
Propylene dichloride
see 1, 2-dichloropropane
Propylene oxide U* U*
Pyridine U U
Quiniol (hydroquinone) S* S*
Rayon coagulating bath S* S*
Sulphur trixide S* S
Salicylic acid S S
See water S S
Selenic U U
Shortening S* S*
Silicic acid S S
Silver acetate S* S*
Silver cyanide S S
Silver nitrate S S
Soap solution (aqueous) S S
Sodium acetate S S
Soudium acid sulphate,
see hydrogen sulphate
Soudium aluminate S* S*
Sodium antimonate S* S*
Sodium benzoate S D
Sodium bicarbonate
see sodium hydrogen carbonate
Sodium bisulphate,
see sodium hydrogen sulphate
Sodium bisulphite,
see sodium hydrogen sulphite
Sodium borate, see disodium tetraborate
Sodium bromide S S
Sodium carbonate S S
Sodium chlorate S S
Sodium chloride S S
Sodium cyanide S* S*
Sodium ferricyanide S S
Sodium ferrocyanide S S
TABLE OF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
49
** Cuprous or cupric.
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Sodium fluoride S S
Sodium hydrogen carbonate
(sodium bicarbonate) S S
diSodium hydrogen orthophosphate S* S*
Sodium hydrogen sulphate
(sodium bisulphate) S S
Sodium hydrogen sulphite
(sodium bisulphaite) S S
Sodium hydroxide 1 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
10 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
40 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
conc. S S
Sodium hypochlorite 15 % available
chlorine S S
Sodium hyposulphite
see sodium thiosulphate
Sodium metaphosphate S* S*
Sodium nitrate S S
Sodium nitrate S S
triSodium orthophosphate S* S*
Sodium perborate S* S*
Sodium peroxide S* S*
Sodium silicate S* S*
Sodium sulphate S S
Sodium sulphide aq. soln. S S
diSodium tetraborate (borax) S S
Sodium thiosulphate (sodium hyposulphite) S* S*
Soft soap S* S*
Stannic chloride S S
Stannous chloride S S
Starch S S
Stearic acid S S
Sucrose+ S* S*
Sulphur colloidal S S
Sulphur dioxide dry S S
moist S U
liquid D U
Sulphur trioxido S S
Sulphuric acid 10 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
20 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
20 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
40 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
50 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
55 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
60 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
70 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
80 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
90 % (w/v) alc. soln. D D
95 % (w/v) alc. soln. D U
98 % (w/v) alc. soln. U U
fluming U* U*
Sulphurous acid 10 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
30 % (w/v) alc. soln. S S
Surface active agents all S* S*
Tallow S* S*
Tannic acid S S
Tanniing extracts S S*
Tartaric acid+ S S
Tetraethyl lead (lead tetraethyl) S S
Chemical Conecentration
Temperature
20
o
C 60
o
C
Tetrahydrofuran U U
Tetrhydronaphthalene (tetralin) U U
Thionyl chloride U U
Titanium tetrachloride U U
Toluene U U
Transformer oil S* S*
Tributyl phosphate U U
Trichloroacetic acid S* S*
Trichlorobenzene U* U*
Trichloroethane U* U*
Trichloroethylene U U
Tricresyl phosphate, see tritoly phosphate
Triethanolamine S U
Trigol (triethylene glycol) S* S*
3, 4. 5+ Tritrydroxybenzoic acid (gallic acid) S* S*
Trimethylamine S U*
Trimethylil propane
(2-ethyl-2-hydroxymethylpropanediol) S U
Trisodium phosphate,
see sodium orthophosphate
Tritolyl phosphate (tricresylphosphate) U* U*
Turpentine S S
Urea S S
Urine S S
Vanilla extract+ S* S*
Vegetable oils+ S S
Vinegar+ S S
Vinyl acetate U U
Water S S
Wetting agents S* S*
Whey+ S* S*
Wines and spirits+ S S
Xylene U* U*
Xylenol U* U*
Yeast S S
Zinc ammonium chloride.
see ammonium zinc chloride
Zinc carbonate S* S*
Zinc chloride S S
zinc oxide S S
Zinc silphate S S
TABLE OF CHEMICAL RESISTANCE
50
Length
Meters Kilometers Miles Yards Feets Inches Cape feet
1 0.001 0.621372x10
-3
1.09361 3.28284 39,3701 3,176034
100 1 0.621372 1093,61 3280,84 39370,1 3176,034
1609,3489 1,609343 1 1760 5280 63360 5111,3304
0,9144 0.0009144 0.0005682 1 3 36 2,904165
0,3048 0,0003048 0.0001894 0.333333 1 12 0,968055
0,0254 0.0000254 0,00001578 0,0277778 0,083333 1 0,080671
0,314852 0,000314852 0,00019564 0,344333 1,0329999 12,395888 1
Volume (Liters, cubic feet, gallons)
Meters Kilometers Miles Yards
1 0,0353147 0,264171 0,219969
28,3168 1 7,480456 6,2288
3,78542 0,13382 1 0,83268
4,54609 0,160544 1,20094 1
Volume (m
3
, acre feet, morgen feet, gallons)
Meters Kilometers Miles Yards
1 0,0081071 0,000383038 219,969
1233,48 1 0,47247 271328
2610,71 2,11654 1 574275
0,00454609 0,000003686 0,0000017413 1
Volume (m
3
, cubic yards, gallons)
Meters Kilometers Miles Yards
1 1,30795 264,171 219,969
0,76455 1 201,974 168,178
0,003785 0,004995115 1 0,83268
0,00454609 0,0059461 1,20094 1
Flow
Meters Kilometers Miles Yards
1 0,001 0,0353147 13,19814
1000 1 35,3147 13198,14
28,3168 0.0283168 1 373,73
0,0757682 75,7682x106 0.00267
6
1
Pressure
Pascal
(Newton/m
2
)
Bar
Kilogram
force/cm
2
Pound force
per inch
2
Meter head
of water
Foot head
of water
Ton (2000lb)
force/in
2
Ton (2240lb)
force/in
2
1 10
2
0,101972x10
4
0,145038x10
-3
0,101972x10
-3
0,33455x10
-5
0,072519x10
-6
0,064749x10
-5
10
2
1 1,01972 14,5038 10,1972 33,455 0,0072519 0,0064749
98,0665x10
3
0,0980665 1 14,2233 10 32,8084 7,11167x10
-3
6,34971x10
-3
8894,76 0,0689476 0,070307 1 0,70307 2,306727 0,0005 0,446429x10
-3
9,80665x10
3
0,0980665 0,1 1,42233 1 3,28084 0,711167x10
-3
0,634971x10
-3
2,98898x10
3
0,0298898 0,03048 0,433515 0,3048 1 0,21676x10
-3
0,193533x10
-3
13,7895x10
6
137,895 140,614 2000 1,40614x10
3
4,61332x10
3
1 0,892858
15,4443x10
6
154,443 157,488 2240 1.57488x10
3
5,16692x10
3
1,120 1
Force
Newton Kilogram-Force Metric ton - Force Pound ton - Force Ton (2000lb) - Force Ton (2240lb) - Force
1 0,101972
0,101972x10
3
0,274809 0,112405x10
5
0,100361x10
3
9,80665 1 10
3
2,20462 1,10231x10
3
0,984206x10
3
9806,65 1000 1 2204,62 1,10231 0,984206
4,44822 0,453592 0,453592x10
3
1 0,0005 0,446429x10
3
8896,44 906,184 0,907184 200 1 0,892858
9964,02 1016,05 1,01605 2240 1,120 1
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