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TOPIC UNDER STUDY/MAIN THEME E.G.

:
CHALLENGES IN IMPLEMENTING VISION 2030 IN KENYA

CANDIDATES NAME
REGISTRATION NUMBER

A THESIS/PROPOSAL SUBMITTED IN PARTIAL FULFILMENT FOR THE AWARD


OF DEGREE OF DOCTOR OF PHILOSOPHY IN (Whatever Field) OF (Whatever
University)

Month, Year

TABLE OF CONTENTS
DECLARATION AND APPROVAL ............................................................................ i
DEDICATION .............................................................................................................. ii
ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS ......................................................................................... iii
ABSTRACT.................................................................................................................. iv
TABLE OF CONTENTS .............................................................................................. v
LIST OF TABLES ........................................................................................................ x
LIST OF FIGURES ................................................................................................... xiv
ABBREVIATIONS ..................................................................................................... xv

CHAPTER ONE: INTRODUCTION .......................................................................... 1


1.1 Overview................................................................................................................... 1
1.2 Background to the Study (Introduce your Concept here) ........................................... 1
1.3 Statement of the Problem .......................................................................................... 5
1.4 Purpose of the Study.................................................................................................. 7
1.5 Objectives of the Study (Very Significant as it Will Affect the Whole Document) ....... 7
1.6 Research Questions (Based on the Number of Objectives) ......................................... 8
1.7 Significance of the Study........................................................................................... 8
1.8 Justification of the Study ........................................................................................... 9
1.9 Scope of the Study..................................................................................................... 9
1.10 Limitations of the Study ........................................................................................ 10
1.11 Assumptions of the Study ...................................................................................... 10
1.12 Theoretical Framework.......................................................................................... 11
1.13 Conceptual Framework.......................................................................................... 16

1.14 Operational Definitions of Significant Terms......................................................... 19


1.15 Organization of the Study ...................................................................................... 21

CHAPTER TWO: LITERATURE REVIEW ............................................................ 22


2.1 Overview................................................................................................................. 22
2.2 The Concept of (Whatever your theme is) ................................................................ 22
2.3 Sub-Theme One ...................................................................................................... 27
2.4 Sub-Theme Two ...................................................................................................... 38
2.5 Sub-Theme Three .................................................................................................... 45
2.5.1 1st Sub-Theme of Sub-Theme Three ..................................................................... 48
2.3.1 2nd Sub-Theme of Sub-Theme Three .................................................................... 51
2.3.2 4th Sub-Theme of Sub-Theme Three ..................................................................... 53
2.6 Sub-Theme Four...................................................................................................... 54
2.7 Sub-Theme Five ...................................................................................................... 59
2.8 Summary ................................................................................................................. 61
2.9 Research or Knowledge Gap ................................................................................... 62
NB: You can have as many sub-themes as you wish. However, these are determined by the
number of objectives in your study

CHAPTER THREE: RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODOLOGY ................... 64


3.1 Overview................................................................................................................. 64
3.2 Research Design ...................................................................................................... 64
3.3 Location of the Study .............................................................................................. 66
3.4 Target Population .................................................................................................... 66

3.5 Sample and Sampling Procedure ............................................................................. 66


3.5.1 Sample Size .......................................................................................................... 67
3.5.2 Sampling Procedure.............................................................................................. 68
3.6 Research Instruments .............................................................................................. 68
3.6.1 Pilot Testing ......................................................................................................... 69
3.6.2 Validity ................................................................................................................ 70
3.6.3 Reliability of Research Instruments ...................................................................... 71
3.7 Data Collection Procedure ....................................................................................... 72
3.8 Data Analysis Plan .................................................................................................. 73
3.9 Operationalization of Variables ............................................................................... 74
3.10 Ethical Considerations ........................................................................................... 77

CHAPTER FOUR: DATA ANALYSIS, PRESENTATION AND INTERPRETATION


..................................................................................................................................... 78
4.1 Overview................................................................................................................. 78
4.2 Results .................................................................................................................... 78
4.2.1 Analysis of Demographic Data ............................................................................. 78
4.2.2 Presentation and Analysis of General Work Data.................................................. 91
4.2.4 Sub-Theme One - (Objective One) ..................................................................... 105
4.2.5 Sub-Theme Two - (Objective Two) .................................................................... 109
4.2.6 Sub-Theme Three - (Objective Three) ................................................................ 113
4.2.7 Sub-Theme Four - (Objective Four).................................................................... 116
4.2.8 Sub-Theme Five - (Objective Five)..................................................................... 120

4.3 Discussion of Findings .......................................................................................... 124


4.3.1 Sub-Theme One - (Objective One) ..................................................................... 125
4.3.2 Sub-Theme Two - (Objective Two) .................................................................... 126
4.3.3 Sub-Theme Three - (Objective Three) ................................................................ 127
4.3.4 Sub-Theme Four - (Objective Four).................................................................... 128
4.3.5 Sub-Theme Five - (Objective Five)..................................................................... 129

CHAPTER FIVE: SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSIONS AND


RECOMMENDATIONS .......................................................................................... 132
5.1 Overview............................................................................................................... 132
5.2 Summary ............................................................................................................... 132
5.2.1 Sub-Theme One - (Objective One) ..................................................................... 132
5.2.2 Sub-Theme Two - (Objective Two) .................................................................... 134
5.2.3 Sub-Theme Three - (Objective Three) ................................................................ 134
5.2.4 Sub-Theme Four - (Objective Four).................................................................... 136
5.2.5 Sub-Theme Five - (Objective Five)..................................................................... 138
5.3 Conclusions ........................................................................................................... 140
5.3.1 Sub-Theme One - (Objective One) ..................................................................... 132
5.3.2 Sub-Theme Two - (Objective Two) .................................................................... 134
5.3.3 Sub-Theme Three - (Objective Three) ................................................................ 134
5.3.4 Sub-Theme Four - (Objective Four).................................................................... 136
5.3.5 Sub-Theme Five - (Objective Five)..................................................................... 138
5.4 Recommendations ................................................................................................. 143

5.4.1 Suggestions for Further Studies .......................................................................... 144

REFERENCES .......................................................................................................... 150


APPENDICES ........................................................................................................... 162
Appendix i: Introduction Letter .................................................................................. 162
Appendix ii: Questionnaire for Lower Level Staff ...................................................... 163
Appendix vi: Research Budget ................................................................................... 171
Appendix vii: Work Plan ............................................................................................ 172
Appendix viii: Universitys Request for Research Permit ........................................... 173
Appendix ix: National Council for Science and Technology Research Authorization ........
................................................................................................................................... 175
Appendix x: National Council for Science and Technology Research Permit............... 176
Appendix xi: Mumias Sugar Company Research Confirmation Letter ......................... 177

NB:

A complete thesis would have all these components. However, a proposal has only
Chapters 1-3, always written in future tense.