You are on page 1of 4

Pronunciation Level Descriptors for ESL Levels (ONLINE)

ESL Starter ESL Beginner 1


and 2
ESL Beginner 3 ESL Interediate !aster Entr" !aster #unior$
Senior
Cannot decode
English text.
No knowledge of
English
Speech is generally
unintelligible. It is
overpowered by
sounds of the frst
language.
>>ail tones are
very pro!inent.
>>Intonation is
wooden and "at.
>>#ost words are
stressed
incorrectly.
>>Speech is
strongly in"uenced
by $%. $% accent is
very distinct.
>>Struggles to
distinguished
beginnings and
endings of words.
So!e pronunciation
features are already
present.
>>#ispronounced
words are fre&uent and
cause di'culty for
listeners to
co!prehend.
>>(as di'culty
enunciating $ and )
consonants.
>>$inking sounds are
present at ti!es but
accidental.
>>Speech is still
!onotonous and sti*.
+ wide range of
pronunciation
features are already
present but not
consistent,
>>+ccent is
!ini!ally in"uenced
by student-s $%.
>>.owel sounds are
neutral.
>>#ay still have
di'culty with
enunciating $ and ).
>>(as awareness of
>>proper phrasing
and thought group
for!ation.
>>ail tones are still
present but
!ini!i/ed.
>>Speech has
distinct diphthongs
and o*0glides1 as well
as sounds which
!akes a gra!!atical
di*erence.
+pproaching native0like.
2istinct stress
di*erence between
content and function
words. )educed sounds
and Intonation are near
consistent.
>>Intonation1 in
general1 sounds
natural. +ppropriate
rise and fall of pitch at
the end of sentences
are distinct.
>>+ble to highlight
i!portant words using
in"ection with
occasional lapses.
>>3irst language has
slight e*ect on
co!prehensibility.
+ble to apply the full
range of pronunciation
features.
>>Stresses syllables
correctly as well as
words in sentences at
various contexts.
>>.owel and
consonant sounds are
pronounced clearly all
throughout the speech.
>>4ords are linked
s!oothly and naturally.
>> )educes structure
words naturally.
S5EEC( C6))IC6$6#
P%ON&N'I()ION B&ILDE% LE*EL (E+ BE,INNE%)
'O%E S-ILLS .O% BE,INNIN, S)&DEN)S O. (!E%I'(N EN,LIS/ SO&NDS (#&D0 B1 ,ILBE%))
DE'ODIN,
P%IN)2
((LP/(BE)$*O3
ELS (ND
'ONSON(N)S)
$earners should be able to recogni/ed
print as soon as possible to reinforce their
pronunciation.
BOO-S$!()E%I(LS D&%()ION
,%(!!(%
SO&NDS
Sounds which create a gra!!atical
di*erence are the !ost vital.
5)7N76NCI+I7N 5+I)S
5)7N76CE2 I 5E)3EC$8
#+E)I+$S 3)7# (E 4E9
45 Sessions (2 ont6s)
LIN-IN, $earners are usually strained when
listening to authentic !aterials in class.
hey have di'culty distinguishing the
initial and fnal sounds of words. his
will help learners to process :running
speech; and also indentify di'cult
sounds.
%/0)/! Clarity of speech depends on the
syste!atic variation of the length of
syllables.
E!P/(SIS English speakers use ti!ing and !elody
in order to convey !essages to listeners.
hey give e!phasis to i!portant words
which is specifc to English.
'O&%SE O&)LINE
I. 5+)S 73 (E #76(
II. .74E$ S76N2S
III. C7NS7N+N S76N2S
I.. S8$$+9$ES
.. 47)2 S)ESS
.I. SENENCE S)ESS
P%ON&N'I()ION (PP%EN)I'E LE*EL (E+ IN)E%!EDI()E)
'O%E S-ILLS .O% IN)E%!EDI()E S)&DEN)S O. (!E%I'(N EN,LIS/ SO&NDS
*O3EL (ND
'ONSON(N)
)einforce!ent of vowels and consonant
sounds <continuants1 sibilants and stops= .
Including vowel rules1 length and clarity.
BOO-S$!()E%I(LS D&%()ION
)/O&,/)
,%O&PS
5roper phrasing
C$E+) S5EEC( <>uly ?ilbert=
S5EEC( C$INIC % and @
#+E)I+$S 3)7# (E 4E9
45 Sessions (2ont6s)
%/0)/!
(%EIN.O%'E!EN
))
$earners are usually strained when
listening to authentic !aterials in class.
hey have di'culty distinguishing the
initial and fnal sounds of words. his
will help learners to process :running
speech; and also indentify di'cult
sounds.
IN.LE')ION Identifying content and function words.
E!phasi/ing key words
'O&%SE O&)LINE
I. .74E$S +N2 .74E$ )6$ES
II. C7NS7N+N S76N2S

III. 47)2 S)ESS
I.. SENENCE S)ESS <E#5(+SIAIN? S)6C6)EBC7NEN 47)2S=
.. IN3$ECI7N
P%ON&N'I()ION !(S)E% LE*EL (E+ IN)E%!EDI()E 7$ (D*(N'E)
'O%E S-ILLS .O% IN)E%!EDI()E )O (D*(N'E S)&DEN)S O. NO%)/ (!E%I'(N (''EN)
%E*IE3 *O3ELS
(ND
'ONSON(N)S
)einforce!ent of vowels and consonant
sounds <continuants1 sibilants and stops= .
Including vowel rules1 length and clarity.
BOO-S$!()E%I(LS D&%()ION
P%OSOD0 6se of proper rhyth!1 !elody and ti!ing
+!erican +ccent raining <+nne Cook=
#astering +!erican +ccent
E+C(IN? 5)7N6NCI+I7N, 6sing the
prosody pyra!id <>udy 9. ?ilbert=.
+uthentic speech !aterials
45 Sessions (2ont6s)
!OD&L()ION
5ertains to the adCust!ent of pace1
volu!e1 power1 pitch of speech.