The Project Gutenberg Etext of The 1913 Webster Unabridged Dictionary Version 0.

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<p><! p. 723 !></p> <p><point26>I.</point26></p> <p><hw>I</hw> (&imacr;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>I, the ninth letter of the English alphabet, takes its form from the Ph&oelig;nician, through the Latin and the Greek. The Ph&oelig;nician letter was probably of Egyptian origin. Its original value was nearly the same as that of the Italian I, or long <i>e</i> as in <i>mete</i>. Etymologically I is most closely related to <i>e</i>, <i>y</i>, <i>j</i>, <i>g</i>; as in d<i>i</i>nt, d<i>e</i>nt, b<i>e</i>verage, L. b<i>i</i>bere; E. k<i>i</i>n, AS. c<i>y</i>nn; E. th<i>i</i>n, AS. &thorn;<i>y</i>nne; E. domin<i>i</i>on, don<i>j</i>on, dun<i>g</i>eon.</def> In English I has two principal vowel sounds: the long sound, as in <i>p&imacr;ne</i>, <i>&imacr;ce</i>; and the short sound, as in <i>p&ibreve;n</i>. It has also three other sounds: (<i>a</i>) That of <i>e</i> in <i>term</i>, as in <i>thirst</i>. (<i>b</i>) That of <i>e</i> in <i>mete</i> (in words of foreign origin), as in <i>machine</i>, <i>pique</i>, <i>regime</i>. (<i>c</i>) That of consonant <i>y</i> (in many words in which it precedes another vowel), as in <i>bunion</i>, <i>million</i>, <i>filial</i>, <i>Christian</i>, etc. It enters into several digraphs, as in <i>fail</i>, <i>field</i>, <i>seize</i>, <i>feign</i>. <i>friend</i>; and with <i>o</i> often forms a proper diphtong, as in <i>oil</i>, <i>join</i>, <i>coin</i>.</p> <p>See <i>Guide to Pronunciation</i>, &sect;&sect; 98-106.</p> <p>The dot which we place over the small or lower case <i>i</i> dates only from the 14th century. The sounds of I and J were originally represented by the same character, and even after the introduction of the form J into English dictionaries, words containing these letters were, till a comparatively recent time, classed together.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In our old authors, <i>I</i> was often used for <i>ay</i> (or <i>aye</i>), yes, which is pronounced nearly like it.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>As a numeral, I stands for 1, II for 2, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>I-</hw> (?), <pos><i>prefix.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Y</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I</hw> (&imacr;), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> [<pos><i>poss.</i></pos> <u>My</u> (m&imacr;) or <u>Mine</u> (m&imacr;n); <pos><i>object.</i></pos> <u>Me</u> (m&emacr;). <i>pl.</i> <pos><i>nom.</i></pos> <plw><b>We</b></plw> (w&emacr;); <pos><i>poss.</i></pos> <plw><b>Our</b></plw> (our) or <plw><b>Ours</b></plw> (ourz); <pos><i>object.</i></pos> <plw><b>Us</b></plw> (&ubreve;s).] [OE. <i>i</i>, <i>ich</i>, <i>ic</i>, AS. <i>ic</i>; akin to OS. & D. <i>ik</i>, OHG. <i>ih</i>, G. <i>ich</i>, Icel. <i>ek</i>, Dan. <i>jeg</i>, Sw. <i>jag</i>, Goth. <i>ik</i>, OSlav. <i>az'</i>, Russ. <i>ia</i>, W. <i>i</i>, L. <i>ego</i>, Gr. <grk>'egw`</grk>, <grk>'egw`n</grk>, Skr. <i>aham</i>. &radic;179. Cf. <u>Egoism</u>.] <def>The nominative case of the pronoun of the first person; the word with which a speaker or writer denotes himself.</def></p> <p><hw>I*am`a*tol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;, &?;, medicine + <i>-logy</i>.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Materia Medica; that branch of therapeutics which treats of remedies.</def></p> <p><hw>I"amb</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>iambe</i>. See <u>Lambus</u>.] <def>An iambus or iambic.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>I*am"bic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>iambicus</i>, Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>iambique</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Pros.)</i> <def>Consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented; as, an <i>iambic</i> foot.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or composed of, iambics; as, an <i>iambic</i> verse; <i>iambic</i> meter. See <u>Lambus</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I*am"bic</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Pros.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An iambic foot; an iambus.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A verse composed of iambic feet.</def></p> <p>&fist; The following couplet consists of iambic verses.</p> <p><blockquote>Thy gen- | ius calls | thee not | to pur- | chase fame<BR> In keen | <i>iam-</i> | <i>bics</i>, but | mild an- | agram.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A satirical poem (such poems having been anciently written in iambic verse); a satire; a lampoon.</def></p> <p><hw>I*am"bic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Iambic.</def> [Obs. or R.]</p> <p><hw>I*am"bic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a iambic

manner; after the manner of iambics.</def></p> <p><hw>I*am"bize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;.] <def>To satirize in iambics; to lampoon.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>I*am"bus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> L. <plw><b>Iambi</b></plw> (#), E. <plw><b>Iambuses</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>iambus</i>, Gr. &?;; prob. akin to &?; to throw, assail (the iambus being first used in satiric poetry), and to L. <i>jacere</i> to throw. Cf. <u>Jet</u> a shooting forth.] <i>(Pros.)</i> <def>A foot consisting of a short syllable followed by a long one, as in <i>&abreve;m&amacr;ns</i>, or of an unaccented syllable followed by an accented one, as <i>invent</i>; an iambic. See the Couplet under <u>Iambic</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>||I*an"thi*na</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> L. <plw><b>Ianthin&aelig;</b></plw> (#), E. <plw><b>Ianthinas</b></plw> (#). [NL., fr. L. <i>ianthinus</i> violet-blue, Gr. &?;; &?; violet + &?; flower.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any gastropod of the genus <i>Ianthina</i>, of which various species are found living in mid ocean; -- called also <i>purple shell</i>, and <i>violet snail</i>.</def> [Written also <i>janthina</i>.]</p> <p>&fist; It floats at the surface by means of a raft, which it constructs by forming and uniting together air bubbles of hardened mucus. The Tyrian purple of the ancients was obtained in part from mollusks of this genus.</p> <p><hw>I*a`tra*lip"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; &?; physician + &?; belonging to the &?; or anointer, fr. &?; to anoint: cf. F. <i>iatraliptique</i>.] <def>Treating diseases by anointing and friction; as, the <i>iatraliptic</i> method.</def> [Written also <i>iatroleptic</i>.]</p> <p>{ <hw>I*at"ric</hw> (?), <hw>I*at"ric*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; healing, fr. &?; physician, fr. &?; to heal.] <def>Of or pertaining to medicine, or to medical men.</def></p> <p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to iatrochemistry, or to the iatrochemists.</def></p> <p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"ist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; physician + E. <i>chemist</i>.] <def>A physician who explained or treated diseases upon chemical principles; one who practiced iatrochemistry.</def></p> <p><hw>I*a`tro*chem"is*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Chemistry applied to, or used in, medicine; -- used especially with reference to the doctrines in the school of physicians in Flanders, in the 17th century, who held that health depends upon the proper chemical relations of the fluids of the body, and who endeavored to explain the conditions of health or disease by chemical principles.</def></p> <p><hw>I*a`tro*math`e*mat"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to iatromathematicians or their doctrine.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*a`tro*math`e*ma*ti"cian</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; physician + E. <i>mathematician</i>.] <i>(Hist. Med.)</i> <def>One of a school of physicians in Italy, about the middle of the 17th century, who tried to apply the laws of mechanics and mathematics to the human body, and hence were eager student of anatomy; -- opposed to the <i>iatrochemists</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>I*be"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Iberia.</def></p> <p><hw>I"bex</hw> (&imacr;"b&ebreve;ks), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E. <plw><b>Ibexes</b></plw> (-&ebreve;z), L. <plw><b>Ibices</b></plw> (&imacr;b"&ibreve;*s&emacr;z). [L., a kind of goat, the chamois.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of several species of wild goats having very large, recurved horns, transversely ridged in front; -- called also <i>steinbok</i>.</def></p> <p>&fist; The Alpine ibex (<i>Capra ibex</i>) is the best known. The Spanish, or Pyrenean, ibex (<i>C. Hispanica</i>) has smoother and more spreading horns.</p> <p><hw>||I*bi"dem</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L.] <def>In the same place; -- abbreviated <i>ibid.</i> or <i>ib.</i></def></p> <p><hw>I"bis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ibis</i>, Gr. &?;; of Egyptian origin.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any bird of the genus <i>Ibis</i> and several allied genera, of the family <i>Ibid&aelig;</i>, inhabiting both the Old World and the New. Numerous species are known. They are large, wading birds, having a long, curved beak, and feed largely on reptiles.</def></p> <p>&fist; The sacred ibis of the ancient Egyptians (<i>Ibis &AElig;thiopica</i>) has the head and neck black, without feathers. The plumage of the body and wings is white, except the tertiaries, which are lengthened and form a dark purple plume. In ancient times this bird was extensively domesticated in Egypt, but it is now seldom seen so far north. The glossy ibis (<i>Plegadis autumnalis</i>), which is widely distributed both in the Old World and the New, has the head and neck feathered, except between the eyes and bill; the scarlet ibis (<i>Guara rubra</i>) and the white ibis (<i>G. alba</i>) inhabit the West Indies and South America, and are rarely found in the United States. The wood ibis (<i>Tantalus loculator</i>) of America belongs to the Stork family (<i>Ciconid&aelig;</i>). See <u>Wood ibis</u>.</p> <p><hw>-i*ble</hw> (?). <def>See <u>-able</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>-ic</hw> (?). [L. <i>-icus</i>, Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>-ique</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A suffix signifying, in general, <i>relating to</i>, or <i>characteristic of</i>; as, histor<i>ic</i>, hygien<i>ic</i>, telegraph<i>ic</i>, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A suffix, denoting that the element indicated enters into certain compounds with its <i>highest valence</i>, or with a valence relatively higher than in compounds where the name of the element ends in -<i>ous</i>; as, ferr<i>ic</i>, sulphur<i>ic</i>. It is also used in the general sense of

<i>pertaining to</i>; as, hydr<i>ic</i>, sod<i>ic</i>, calc<i>ic</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>I*ca"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Icarius</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?;, the mythic son of D&aelig;dalus, who, when flying from Crete on wings cemented with wax, mounted so high that the sun melted the wax, and he fell into the sea.] <def>Soaring too high for safety, like Icarus; adventurous in flight.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice</hw> (&imacr;s), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>is</i>, <i>iis</i>, AS. <i>&imacr;s</i>; aksin to D. <i>ijs</i>, G. <i>eis</i>, OHG. <i>&imacr;s</i>, Icel. <i>&imacr;ss</i>, Sw. <i>is</i>, Dan. <i>iis</i>, and perh. to E. <i>iron</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Water or other fluid frozen or reduced to the solid state by cold; frozen water. It is a white or transparent colorless substance, crystalline, brittle, and viscoidal. Its specific gravity (0.92, that of water at 4&deg; C. being 1.0) being less than that of water, ice floats.</def></p> <p>&fist; Water freezes at 32&deg; F. or 0&deg; Cent., and ice melts at the same temperature. Ice owes its cooling properties to the large amount of heat required to melt it.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Concreted sugar.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Water, cream, custard, etc., sweetened, flavored, and artificially frozen.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Any substance having the appearance of ice; as, camphor <i>ice</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Anchor ice</b></col>, <cd>ice which sometimes forms about stones and other objects at the bottom of running or other water, and is thus attached or <i>anchored</i> to the ground.</cd> -<col><b>Bay ice</b></col>, <cd>ice formed in bays, fiords, etc., often in extensive fields which drift out to sea.</cd> -<col><b>Ground ice</b></col>, <cd>anchor ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice age</b></col> <i>(Geol.)</i>, <cd>the glacial epoch or period. See under <u>Glacial</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice anchor</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>a grapnel for mooring a vessel to a field of ice.</cd> <i>Kane.</i> -- <col><b>Ice blink</b></col> [Dan. <i>iisblink</i>], <cd>a streak of whiteness of the horizon, caused by the reflection of light from ice not yet in sight.</cd> -<col><b>Ice boat</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A boat fitted with skates or runners, and propelled on ice by sails; an ice yacht.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A strong steamboat for breaking a channel through ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice box</b></col> or <col><b>chest</b></col>, <cd>a box for holding ice; a box in which things are kept cool by means of ice; a refrigerator.</cd> -<col><b>Ice brook</b></col>, <cd>a brook or stream as cold as ice.</cd> [Poetic] <i>Shak.</i> -- <col><b>Ice cream</b></col> [for <i>iced cream</i>], <cd>cream, milk, or custard, sweetened, flavored, and frozen.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice field</b></col>, <cd>an extensive sheet of ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice float</b></col>, <col><b>Ice floe</b></col>, <cd>a sheet of floating ice similar to an ice field, but smaller.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice foot</b></col>, <cd>shore ice in Arctic regions; an ice belt.</cd> <i>Kane.</i> -- <col><b>Ice

house</b></col>, <cd>a close-covered pit or building for storing ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice machine</b></col> <i>(Physics)</i>, <cd>a machine for making ice artificially, as by the production of a low temperature through the sudden expansion of a gas or vapor, or the rapid evaporation of a volatile liquid.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice master</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Ice pilot</i> (below).</cd> -<col><b>Ice pack</b></col>, <cd>an irregular mass of broken and drifting ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice paper</b></col>, <cd>a transparent film of gelatin for copying or reproducing; <i>papier glac&eacute;</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice petrel</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a shearwater (<i>Puffinus gelidus</i>) of the Antarctic seas, abundant among floating ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice pick</b></col>, <cd>a sharp instrument for breaking ice into small pieces.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice pilot</b></col>, <cd>a pilot who has charge of a vessel where the course is obstructed by ice, as in polar seas; -- called also <i>ice master</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice pitcher</b></col>, <cd>a pitcher adapted for ice water.</cd> -<col><b>Ice plow</b></col>, <cd>a large tool for grooving and cutting ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice sludge</b></col>, <cd>bay ice broken small by the wind or waves; sludge.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice spar</b></col> <i>(Min.)</i>, <cd>a variety of feldspar, the crystals of which are very clear like ice; rhyacolite.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice tongs</b></col>, <cd>large iron nippers for handling ice.</cd> -- <col><b>Ice water</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>Water cooled by ice.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>Water formed by the melting of ice.</cd> -<col><b>Ice yacht</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Ice boat</i> (above).</cd> -<col><b>To break the ice</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Break</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Water ice</b></col>, <cd>a confection consisting of water sweetened, flavored, and frozen.</cd></p> <p><hw>Ice</hw> (&imacr;s), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Iced</u> (&imacr;st); <pos><i>p. pr. &amp; vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Icing</u> (&imacr;"s&ibreve;ng).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cover with ice; to convert into ice, or into something resembling ice.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cover with icing, or frosting made of sugar and milk or white of egg; to frost, as cakes, tarts, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To chill or cool, as with ice; to freeze.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice"berg`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Prob. of Scand. origin; cf. Dan. <i>iisbierg</i>, Sw. <i>isberg</i>, properly, a mountain of ice. See <u>Ice</u>, and <u>Berg</u>.] <def>A large mass of ice, generally floating in the ocean.</def></p> <p>&fist; Icebergs are large detached portions of glaciers, which in cold regions often project into the sea.</p> <p><hw>Ice"bird`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An Arctic sea bird, as the Arctic fulmar.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice"bound`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Totally surrounded with ice, so as to be incapable of advancing; as, an <i>icebound</i> vessel; also, surrounded by or fringed with ice so as to hinder easy access; as, an <i>icebound</i> coast.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ice"-built`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Composed of ice.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Loaded with ice.</def> "<i>Ice-built</i> mountains." <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><hw>Iced</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Covered with ice; chilled with ice; as, <i>iced</i> water.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Covered with something resembling ice, as sugar icing; frosted; as, <i>iced</i> cake.</def></p> <p><col><b>Iced cream</b></col>. <cd>Same as <i>Ice cream</i>, under <u>Ice</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Ice"fall`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A frozen waterfall, or mass of ice resembling a frozen waterfall.</def> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Ice"land*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A native, or one of the Scandinavian people, of Iceland.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice*lan"dic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to Iceland; relating to, or resembling, the Icelanders.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice*lan"dic</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The language of the Icelanders. It is one of the Scandinavian group, and is more nearly allied to the Old Norse than any other language now spoken.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice"land moss`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A kind of lichen (<i>Cetraria Icelandica</i>) found from the Arctic regions to the North Temperate zone. It furnishes a nutritious jelly and other forms of food, and is used in pulmonary complaints as a demulcent.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice"land spar`</hw> (?). <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A transparent variety of calcite, the best of which is obtained in Iceland. It is used for the prisms of the polariscope, because of its strong double refraction. Cf. <u>Calcite</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice"man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Icemen</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A man who is skilled in traveling upon ice, as among glaciers.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who deals in ice; one who retails or delivers ice.</def></p> <p><hw>Ice" plant`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant (<i>Mesembryanthemum crystallinum</i>), sprinkled with pellucid, watery vesicles, which glisten like ice. It is native along the Mediterranean, in the Canaries, and in South Africa. Its juice is said to be demulcent and diuretic; its ashes are used in Spain in making glass.</def></p>

<p> Ice-skater = one who skates on ice wearing an ice skate; esp. an athlete who performs athletic or artistic movements on a sheet of ice, wearing ice skates; including speed skater and figure skater -></p> <p><! p. 724 !></p> <p><hw>Ice"quake`</hw> (&imacr;s"kw&amacr;k`), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The crash or concussion attending the breaking up of masses of ice, -- often due to contraction from extreme cold.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich</hw> (&ibreve;k), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> <def>I.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p>&fist; In the Southern dialect of Early English this is the regular form. Cf. <u>Ik</u>.</p> <p><hw>Ich*neu"mon</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. Gr. &?;, lit., the tracker; so called because it hunts out the eggs of the crocodile, fr. &?; to track or hunt after, fr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any carnivorous mammal of the genus <i>Herpestes</i>, and family <i>Viverrid&aelig;</i>. Numerous species are found in Asia and Africa. The Egyptian species (<i>H. ichneumon</i>), which ranges to Spain and Palestine, is noted for destroying the eggs and young of the crocodile as well as various snakes and lizards, and hence was considered sacred by the ancient Egyptians. The common species of India (<i>H. griseus</i>), known as the mongoose, has similar habits and is often domesticated. It is noted for killing the cobra.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any hymenopterous insect of the family <i>Ichneumonid&aelig;</i>, of which several thousand species are known, belonging to numerous genera.</def></p> <p>&fist; The female deposits her eggs upon, or in, the bodies of other insects, such as caterpillars, plant lice, etc. The larva lives upon the internal tissues of the insect in which it is parasitic, and finally kills it. Hence, many of the species are beneficial to agriculture by destroying noxious insects.</p> <p><col><b>Ichneumon fly</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Ichneumon</u>, 2.</cd></p> <p><hw>Ich`neu*mon"i*dan</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the <i>Ichneumonid&aelig;</i>, or ichneumon flies.</def> -<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the <i>Ichneumonid&aelig;</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`neu*mon"i*des</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Ichneumon</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The ichneumon flies.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"nite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep.] <def>A fossil footprint; as, the <i>ichnites</i> in the Triassic sandstone.</def>

<i>Page.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Ich`no*graph"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`no*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichonographique</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to ichonography; describing a ground plot.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich*nog"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; <grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep + &?; to describe: cf. F. <i>ichonographie</i>.] <i>(Drawing)</i> <def>A horizontal section of a building or other object, showing its true dimensions according to a geometric scale; a ground plan; a map; also, the art of making such plans.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"no*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> track, footstep + <i>-lite</i>.] <def>A fossil footprint; an ichnite.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`no*li*thol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> footstep + <i>-lith + -logy</i>.] <def>Same as <u>Ichnology</u>.</def> <i>Hitchcock.</i></p> <p><hw>Ich`no*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to ichnology.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich*nol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> a footstep + <i>-logy</i>.] <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>The branch of science which treats of fossil footprints.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich*nos"co*py</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'i`chnos</grk> footstep + <i>-scopy</i>.] <def>The search for the traces of anything.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>I"chor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>ichor</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Class. Myth.)</i> <def>An ethereal fluid that supplied the place of blood in the veins of the gods.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A thin, acrid, watery discharge from an ulcer, wound, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>||I`chor*h&aelig;"mi*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?; ichor + &?; blood.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Infection of the blood with ichorous or putrid substances.</def></p> <p><hw>I"chor*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichoreux</i>.] <def>Of or like ichor; thin; watery; serous; sanious.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thi*din</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>A substance from the egg yolk of osseous fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk> fish.] <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>A nitrogenous substance resembling vitellin, present in the egg yolk of cartilaginous fishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ich"thu*lin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol. Chem.)</i> <def>A substance from the yolk of salmon's eggs.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>.] <def>In early Christian and eccesiastical art, an emblematic fish, or the Greek word for <i>fish</i>, which combined the initials of the Greek words <grk>Ihsoy^s</grk>, <grk>Christo`s</grk>, <grk>Qeoy^ Gio`s</grk> <grk>Swth`r</grk>, Jesus, Christ, Son of God, Savior.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thy*ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Like, or pertaining to, fishes.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Ich"thy*o*col</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*col"la</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ichthyocolla</i>, Gr. &?;; <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; glue: cf. F. <i>ichthyocolle</i>.] <def>Fish glue; isinglass; a glue prepared from the sounds of certain fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*o*cop"ro*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + E. <i>coprolite</i>.] <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>Fossil dung of fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*o*dor"u*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a spear + <i>lite</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>One of the spiny plates found on the back and tail of certain skates.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*og"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk> + <i>graphy</i>: cf. F. <i>ichthyographie</i>.] <def>A treatise on fishes.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Ich"thy*oid</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*oid"al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;: <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; form.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Somewhat like a fish; having some of the characteristics of fishes; -- said of some amphibians.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; to worship.] <def>Worship of fishes, or of fish-shaped idols.</def> <i>Layard.</i></p> <p><hw>Ich"thy*o*lite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-lite</i>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>A fossil fish, or fragment of a fish.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Ich`thy*o*log"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*log"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichthyologique</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to ichthyology.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"o*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichthyologiste</i>.] <def>One versed in, or who studies, ichthyology.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*ol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-logy</i>: cf. F.

<i>ichthyologie</i>.] <def>The natural history of fishes; that branch of zo&ouml;logy which relates to fishes, including their structure, classification, and habits.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thy*o*man`cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <i>-mancy</i>: cf. F. <i>ichthyomancie</i>.] <def>Divination by the heads or the entrails of fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*mor"pha</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?; fish-shaped; <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; form.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The Urodela.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Ich`thy*o*mor"phic</hw> (?), <hw>Ich`thy*o*mor"phous</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ichthyomorpha</u>.] <def>Fishshaped; as, the <i>ichthyomorphic</i> idols of ancient Assyria.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Ichthyophagous</u>.] <def>One who eats, or subsists on, fish.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ichthyophagus</i>, Gr. &?;; <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; to eat.] <def>Eating, or subsisting on, fish.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*oph"a*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqyofagi`a</grk>: cf. F. <i>ichthyophagie</i>.] <def>The practice of eating, or living upon, fish.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*oph*thal"mite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; eye.] <def>See <u>Apophyllite</u>.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*oph*thi"ra</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a louse.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A division of copepod crustaceans, including numerous species parasitic on fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*op"si*da</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; appearance.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A grand division of the Vertebrata, including the Amphibia and Fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Ichthyopterygium</u>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>See <u>Ichthyosauria</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*op`te*ryg"i*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; a fin.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The typical limb, or lateral fin, of fishes.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*or"nis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; bird.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct genus of toothed birds found in the American Cretaceous formation. It is remarkable for having biconcave vertebr&aelig;, and sharp, conical teeth set in sockets. Its wings

were well developed. It is the type of the order Odontotorm&aelig;.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich"thy*o*saur</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ichthyosaure</i>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>One of the Ichthyosaura.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Ichthyosaurus</u>.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct order of marine reptiles, including Ichthyosaurus and allied forms; -- called also <i>Ichthyopterygia</i>. They have not been found later than the Cretaceous period.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*o*sau"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the Ichthyosauria.</def> -<pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the Ichthyosauria.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*o*sau"rus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Ichthyosauri</b></plw> (#). [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + <grk>say^ros</grk> a lizard.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>An extinct genus of marine reptiles; - so named from their short, biconcave vertebr&aelig;, resembling those of fishes. Several species, varying in length from ten to thirty feet, are known from the Liassic, O&ouml;litic, and Cretaceous formations.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ich`thy*o"sis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk> fish.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A disease in which the skin is thick, rough, and scaly; -- called also <i>fishskin</i>.</def> -- <wf>Ich`thy*ot"ic</wf> (#), <pos><i>a.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*ot"o*mist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One skilled in ichthyotomy.</def></p> <p><hw>Ich`thy*ot"o*my</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk>, <grk>-y`os</grk>, a fish + &?; to cut.] <def>The anatomy or dissection of fishes.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>||Ich"thys</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'ichqy`s</grk> a fish.] <def>Same as <u>Ichthus</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I"ci*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>isikel</i>, AS. <i>&imacr;sgicel</i>; <i>&imacr;s</i> ice + <i>gicel</i> icicle; akin to Icel. <i>j&ouml;kull</i>; cf. Gael. <i>eigh</i> ice, Ir. <i>aigh</i>.] <def>A pendent, and usually conical, mass of ice, formed by freezing of dripping water; as, the <i>icicles</i> on the eaves of a house.</def></p> <p><hw>I"ci*cled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having icicles attached.</def></p> <p><hw>I"ci*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an icy manner; coldly.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Faultily faultless, <i>icily</i> regular, splendidly null,<BR> Dead perfection, no more.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p>

<p><hw>I"ci*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being icy or very cold; frigidity.</def></p> <p><hw>I"cing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A coating or covering resembling ice, as of sugar and milk or white of egg; frosting.</def></p> <p><hw>Ic"kle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>ikil</i>. See <u>Icicle</u>.] <def>An icicle.</def> [Prov. Eng.]</p> <p><hw>I"con</hw> (&imacr;"k&obreve;n), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk>.] <def>An image or representation; a portrait or pretended portrait.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Netherlands whose names and <i>icons</i> are published.</blockquote> <i>Hakewill.</i></p> <p><hw>I*con"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or consisting of, images, pictures, or representations of any kind.</def></p> <p><hw>I"con*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>iconismus</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to mold, delineate, fr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image: cf. F. <i>iconisme</i>.] <def>The formation of a figure, representation, or semblance; a delineation or description.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Some kind of apish imitations, counterfeit <i>iconisms</i>.</blockquote> <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>I"con*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikoni`zein</grk>.] <def>To form an image or likeness of.</def> [R.] <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>I*con"o*clasm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>iconoclasme</i>. See <u>Iconoclast</u>.] <def>The doctrine or practice of the iconoclasts; image breaking.</def></p> <p><hw>I*con"o*clast</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> image + &?; to break: cf. F. <i>iconoclaste</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A breaker or destroyer of images or idols; a determined enemy of idol worship.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who exposes or destroys impositions or shams; one who attacks cherished beliefs; a radical.</def></p> <p><hw>I*con`o*clas"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the iconoclasts, or to image breaking.</def> <i>Milman.</i></p> <p>{<hw>I*con"o*dule</hw> (?), <hw>I*con"o*du`list</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; a slave.] <i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>One who serves images; -- opposed to an <i>iconoclast</i>.</def> <i>Schaff-Herzog Encyc.</i></p> <p><hw>I`co*nog"ra*pher</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A maker of images.</def> <i>Fairholt.</i></p>

<p><hw>I*con`o*graph"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to iconography.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Representing by means of pictures or diagrams; as, an <i>icongraphic</i> encyclop&aelig;dia.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*nog"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; a sketch or description; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to describe: cf. F. <i>iconographie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The art or representation by pictures or images; the description or study of portraiture or representation, as of persons; as, the <i>iconography</i> of the ancients.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The study of representative art in general.</def></p> <p><col><b>Christian iconography</b></col>, <cd>the study of the representations in art of the Deity, the persons of the Trinity, angels, saints, virtues, vices, etc.</cd></p> <p><hw>I`co*nol"a*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to worship: cf. F. <i>iconol&acirc;tre</i>.] <def>One who worships images.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*nol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Iconolater</u>.] <def>The worship of images as symbols; -distinguished from <i>idolatry</i>, the worship of images themselves.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*nol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; discourse: cf. F. <i>iconologie</i>.] <def>The discussion or description of portraiture or of representative images. Cf. <u>Iconography</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*nom"a*chy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; a war against images; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; fight.] <def>Hostility to images as objects of worship.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>I`co*nom"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> image + &?; fight.] <def>Opposed to pictures or images as objects of worship.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>I`co*noph"i*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'ikw`n</grk> an image + &?; to love.] <def>A student, or lover of the study, of iconography.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*sa*he"dral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Icosahedron</u>.] <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>Having twenty equal sides or faces.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*sa*he"dron</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?;; &?; twenty + &?; seat, base, fr. &?; to sit.] <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>A solid bounded by twenty sides or faces.</def></p> <p><col><b>Regular icosahedron</b></col>, <cd>one of the five regular polyhedrons, bounded by twenty equilateral triangules. Five triangles meet to form each solid angle of the polyhedron.</cd></p>

<p><hw>||I`co*san"dri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?; twenty +&?;, &?;, man, male: cf. F. <i>icosandrie</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A Linn&aelig;an class of plants, having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>I`co*san"dri*an</hw> (?), <hw>I`co*san"drous</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the class Icosandria; having twenty or more stamens inserted in the calyx.</def></p> <p><hw>I`co*si*tet`ra*he"dron</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; twenty + &?;, combining form of &?; four + &?; seat, base.] <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>A twenty-four-sided solid; a tetragonal trisoctahedron or trapezohedron.</def></p> <p><hw>-ics</hw> (?). <def>A suffix used in forming the names of certain sciences, systems, etc., as acoust<i>ics</i>, mathemat<i>ics</i>, dynam<i>ics</i>, statist<i>ics</i>, polit<i>ics</i>, athlet<i>ics</i>.</def></p> <p>&fist; The names sciences ending in <i>ics</i>, as <i>mathematics</i>, <i>mechanics</i>, <i>metaphysics</i>, <i>optics</i>, etc., are, with respect to their form, nouns in the plural number. The plural form was probably introduced to mark the complex nature of such sciences; and it may have been in imitation of the use of the Greek plurals &?;, &?;, &?;, &?;, etc., to designate parts of Aristotle's writings. Previously to the present century, nouns ending in <i>ics</i> were construed with a verb or a pronoun in the plural; but it is now generally considered preferable to treat them as singular. In Greman we have <i>die Mathematik</i>, <i>die Mechanik</i>, etc., and in French <i>la metaphysique</i>, <i>la optique</i>, etc., corresponding to our <i>mathematics</i>, <i>mechanics</i>, <i>metaphysics</i>, <i>optics</i>, etc.</p> <p><blockquote><i>Mathematics have</i> for their object the consideration of whatever is capable of being numbered or measured.</blockquote> <i>John Davidson.</i></p> <p>The citations subjoined will serve as examples of the best present usage.</p> <p><blockquote>Ethics is the sciences of the laws which govern our actions as moral agents.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>All parts of knowledge have their origin in <i>metaphysics</i>, and finally, perhaps, revolve into <i>it</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Mechanics</i>, like pure <i>mathematics</i>, may be geometrical, or may be analytical; that is, <i>it</i> may treat space either by a direct consideration of its properties, or by a symbolical representation.</blockquote> <i>Whewell.</i> </p> <p><! p. 725 !></p> <p><hw>Ic*ter"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A remedy for the jaundice.</def></p>

<p>{ <hw>Ic*ter"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Ic*ter"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ictericus</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; jaundice: cf. F. <i>ict&eacute;rique</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or affected with, jaundice.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Good against the jaundice.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Ic`ter*i"tious</hw> (?), <hw>Ic*ter"i*tous</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Yellow; of the color of the skin when it is affected by the jaundice.</def></p> <p><hw>Ic"ter*oid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; jaundice + <i>-oid</i>.] <def>Of a tint resembling that produced by jaundice; yellow; as, an <i>icteroid</i> tint or complexion.</def></p> <p><hw>||Ic"te*rus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Icteric</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The jaundice.</def></p> <p><hw>Ic"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ictus</i> blow.] <def>Pertaining to, or caused by, a blow; sudden; abrupt.</def> [R.] <i>H. Bushnell.</i></p> <p><hw>||Ic"tus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. <i>icere</i>, <i>ictum</i>, to strike.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Pros.)</i> <def>The stress of voice laid upon accented syllable of a word. Cf. <u>Arsis</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A stroke or blow, as in a sunstroke, the sting of an insect, pulsation of an artery, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>I"cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Icier</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Iciest</u>.] [AS. <i>&imacr;sig</i>. See <u>Ice</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, resembling, or abounding in, ice; cold; frosty.</def> "<i>Icy</i> chains." <i>Shak.</i> "<i>Icy</i> region." <i>Boyle.</i> "<i>Icy</i> seas." <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by coldness, as of manner, influence, etc.; chilling; frigid; cold.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Icy</i> was the deportment with which Philip received these demonstrations of affection.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p> <p><hw>I"cy-pearl`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Spangled with ice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Mounting up in <i>icy-pearled</i> car.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>I'd</hw> (?). <def>A contraction from <i>I would</i> or <i>I had</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Id</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A

small fresh-water cyprinoid fish (<i>Leuciscus idus</i> or <i>Idus idus</i>) of Europe. A domesticated variety, colored like the goldfish, is called <i>orfe</i> in Germany.</def></p> <p><hw>I*da"li*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to <i>Idalium</i>, a mountain city in Cyprus, or to Venus, to whom it was sacred.</def> "<i>Idalian</i> Aphrodit&eacute;." <i>Tennyson.</i></p> <p><hw>Ide</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Id</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>-ide</hw> (?). <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A suffix used to denote: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> The <i>nonmetallic</i>, or <i>negative</i>, element or radical in a binary compound; as, ox<i>ide</i>, sulph<i>ide</i>, chlor<i>ide</i>. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> A compound which is an <i>anhydride</i>; as, glycol<i>ide</i>, phthal<i>ide</i>. <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> Any one of a series of derivatives; as, indogen<i>ide</i>, glucos<i>ide</i>, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Ideas</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>idea</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to see; akin to E. <i>wit</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;e</i>. See <u>Wit</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The transcript, image, or picture of a visible object, that is formed by the mind; also, a similar image of any object whatever, whether sensible or spiritual.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Her sweet <i>idea</i> wandered through his thoughts.</blockquote> <i>Fairfax.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Being the right <i>idea</i> of your father<BR> Both in your form and nobleness of mind.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This representation or likeness of the object being transmitted from thence [the senses] to the imagination, and lodged there for the view and observation of the pure intellect, is aptly and properly called its <i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>P. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A general notion, or a conception formed by generalization.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Alice had not the slightest <i>idea</i> what latitude was.</blockquote> <i>L. Caroll.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence: Any object apprehended, conceived, or thought of, by the mind; a notion, conception, or thought; the real object that is conceived or thought of.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whatsoever the mind perceives in itself, or as the immediate object of perception, thought, or undersanding, that I call <i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A belief, option, or doctrine; a characteristic or controlling principle; as, an essential <i>idea</i>; the <i>idea</i> of development.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>That fellow seems to me to possess but one <i>idea</i>, and that is a wrong one.</blockquote> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><blockquote>What is now "<i>idea</i>" for us? How infinite the fall of this word, since the time where Milton sang of the Creator contemplating his newly-created world, -<BR> "how it showed . . . <BR> Answering his great <i>idea</i>," -<BR> to its present use, when this person "has an <i>idea</i> that the train has started," and the other "had no <i>idea</i> that the dinner would be so bad!"</blockquote> <i>Trench.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A plan or purpose of action; intention; design.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I shortly afterwards set off for that capital, with an <i>idea</i> of undertaking while there the translation of the work.</blockquote> <i>W. Irving.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A rational conception; the complete conception of an object when thought of in all its essential elements or constituents; the necessary metaphysical or constituent attributes and relations, when conceived in the abstract.</def></p> <p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>A fiction object or picture created by the imagination; the same when proposed as a pattern to be copied, or a standard to be reached; one of the archetypes or patterns of created things, conceived by the Platonists to have excited objectively from eternity in the mind of the Deity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thence to behold this new-created world,<BR> The addition of his empire, how it showed<BR> In prospect from his throne, how good, how fair,<BR> Answering his great <i>idea</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>&fist; "In England, Locke may be said to have been the first who naturalized the term in its Cartesian universality. When, in common language, employed by Milton and Dryden, after Descartes, as before him by Sidney, Spenser, Shakespeare, Hooker, etc., the meaning is Platonic." <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><col><b>Abstract idea</b></col>, <col><b>Association of ideas</b></col>, <cd>etc. See under <u>Abstract</u>, <u>Association</u>, etc.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Notion; conception; thought; sentiment; fancy; image; perception; impression; opinion; belief; observation; judgment; consideration; view; design; intention; purpose; plan; model; pattern. There is scarcely any other word which is subjected to such abusive treatment as is the word <i>idea</i>, in the very general and indiscriminative way in which it is employed, as it is used variously to signify almost any act, state, or content of thought.</p> <p><hw>I*de"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>idealis</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;al</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Existing in idea or

thought; conceptional; intellectual; mental; as, <i>ideal</i> knowledge.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Reaching an imaginary standard of excellence; fit for a model; faultless; as, <i>ideal</i> beauty.</def> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><blockquote>There will always be a wide interval between practical and <i>ideal</i> excellence.</blockquote> <i>Rambler.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Existing in fancy or imagination only; visionary; unreal.</def> "Planning <i>ideal</i> common wealth." <i>Southey.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Teaching the doctrine of idealism; as, the <i>ideal</i> theory or philosophy.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Imaginary.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Intellectual; mental; visionary; fanciful; imaginary; unreal; impracticable; utopian.</p> <p><hw>I*de"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A mental conception regarded as a standard of perfection; a model of excellence, beauty, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>ideal</i> is to be attained by selecting and assembling in one whole the beauties and perfections which are usually seen in different individuals, excluding everything defective or unseemly, so as to form a type or model of the species. Thus, the Apollo Belvedere is the <i>ideal</i> of the beauty and proportion of the human frame.</blockquote> <i>Fleming.</i></p> <p><col><b>Beau ideal</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Beau ideal</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>I*de"a*less</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of an idea.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;alisme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being ideal.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conception of the ideal; imagery.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>The system or theory that denies the existence of material bodies, and teaches that we have no rational grounds to believe in the reality of anything but ideas and their relations.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;aliste</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who idealizes; one who forms picturesque fancies; one given to romantic expectations.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who holds the doctrine of idealism.</def></p>

<p><hw>I*de`al*is"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to idealists or their theories.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Idealities</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being ideal.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The capacity to form ideals of beauty or perfection.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Phren.)</i> <def>The conceptive faculty.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de`al*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of idealizing.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>The representation of natural objects, scenes, etc., in such a way as to show their most important characteristics; the study of the ideal.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idealized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Idealizing</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make ideal; to give an ideal form or value to; to attribute ideal characteristics and excellences to; as, to <i>idealize</i> real life.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>To treat in an ideal manner. See <u>Idealization</u>, 2.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;aliser</i>.] <def>To form ideals.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*i`zer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An idealist.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an ideal manner; by means of ideals; mentally.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de`a*log"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to an idealogue, or to idealization.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"a*logue</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Idea</i> + <i>-logue</i>, as in theo<i>logue</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ologue</i>.] <def>One given to fanciful ideas or theories; a theorist; a spectator.</def> [R.] <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>I*de"at</hw> (?), <hw>I*de"ate</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>ideatum</i>. See <u>Idea</u>.] <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>The actual existence supposed to correspond with an idea; the correlate in real existence to the idea as a thought or existence.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form in idea; to fancy.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>The <i>ideated</i> man . . . as he stood in the

intellect of God.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To apprehend in thought so as to fix and hold in the mind; to memorize.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>I`de*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The faculty or capacity of the mind for forming ideas; the exercise of this capacity; the act of the mind by which objects of sense are apprehended and retained as objects of thought.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The whole mass of residua which have been accumulated . . . all enter now into the process of <i>ideation</i>.</blockquote> <i>J. D. Morell.</i></p> <p><hw>I`de*a"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or characterized by, ideation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Certain sensational or <i>ideational</i> stimuli.</blockquote> <i>Blackw. Mag.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dem</hw> (?), <pos><i>pron. or adj.</i></pos> [L.] <def>The same; the same as above; -- often abbreviated <i>id.</i></def></p> <p><hw>I*den"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Identical.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hudibras.</i></p> <p><hw>I*den"tic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>identique</i>. See <u>Identity</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The same; the selfsame; the very same; not different; as, the <i>identical</i> person or thing.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I can not remember a thing that happened a year ago, without a conviction . . . that I, the same <i>identical</i> person who now remember that event, did then exist.</blockquote> <i>Reid.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Uttering sameness or the same truth; expressing in the predicate what is given, or obviously implied, in the subject; tautological.</def></p> <p><blockquote>When you say body is solid, I say that you make an <i>identical</i> proposition, because it is impossible to have the idea of body without that of solidity.</blockquote> <i>Fleming.</i></p> <p><col><b>Identical equation</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an equation which is true for all values of the algebraic symbols which enter into it.</cd></p> <p><hw>I*den"tic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an identical manner; with respect to identity.</def> "<i>Identically</i> the same." <i>Bp. Warburton.</i> "<i>Identically</i> different." <i>Ross.</i></p> <p><hw>I*den"tic*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being identical; sameness.</def></p> <p><hw>I*den"ti*fi`a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable

of being identified.</def></p> <p><hw>I*den`ti*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>identification</i>.] <def>The act of identifying, or proving to be the same; also, the state of being identified.</def></p> <p><hw>I*den"ti*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Identified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Identifying</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>identifier</i>. See <u>Identity</u>, and <u>-fy</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make to be the same; to unite or combine in such a manner as to make one; to treat as being one or having the same purpose or effect; to consider as the same in any relation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Every precaution is taken to <i>identify</i> the interests of the people and of the rulers.</blockquote> <i>D. Ramsay.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Let us <i>identify</i>, let us incorporate ourselves with the people.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To establish the identity of; to prove to be the same with something described, claimed, or asserted; as, to <i>identify</i> stolen property.</def></p> <p><hw>I*den"ti*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become the same; to coalesce in interest, purpose, use, effect, etc.</def> [Obs. or R.]</p> <p><blockquote>An enlightened self-interest, which, when well understood, they tell us will <i>identify</i> with an interest more enlarged and public.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>I*den"tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Identity</u>.] <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>The doctrine taught by Schelling, that matter and mind, and subject and object, are identical in the Absolute; -- called also the <i>system or doctrine of identity</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>I*den"ti*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Identities</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>identit&eacute;</i>, LL. <i>identitas</i>, fr. L. <i>idem</i> the same, from the root of <i>is</i> he, that; cf. Skr. <i>idam</i> this. Cf. <u>Item</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being identical, or the same; sameness.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Identity</i> is a relation between our cognitions of a thing, not between things themselves.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being the same with something described or asserted, or of possessing a character claimed; as, to establish the <i>identity</i> of stolen goods.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>An identical equation.</def></p>

<p><hw>I"de*o-</hw> (?). <def>A combining form from the Gr. &?;, an <i>idea</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*o*gen"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or relating to ideology.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*og"e*ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>-geny</i>, from the same root as Gr. &?;, birth: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;og&eacute;nie</i>.] <def>The science which treats of the origin of ideas.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"o*gram</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>-gram</i>; cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ograme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An original, pictorial element of writing; a kind of hieroglyph expressing no sound, but only an idea.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ideograms</i> may be defined to be pictures intended to represent either things or thoughts.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor (The Alphabet).</i></p> <p><blockquote>You might even have a history without language written or spoken, by means of <i>ideograms</i> and gesture.</blockquote> <i>J. Peile.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A symbol used for convenience, or for abbreviation; as, 1, 2, 3, +, -, &?;, $, &?;, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A phonetic symbol; a letter.</def></p> <p><hw>I*de"o*graph</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as <u>Ideogram</u>.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>I`de*o*graph"ic</hw> (?), <hw>I`de*o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ographique</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to an ideogram; representing ideas by symbols, independently of sounds; as, 9 represents not the word "nine," but the <i>idea</i> of the number itself.</def> -<wf>I`de*o*graph"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>I`de*o*graph"ics</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The system of writing in ideographic characters; also, anything so written.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*og"ra*phy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The representation of ideas independently of sounds, or in an ideographic manner, as sometimes is done in shorthand writing, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*o*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ologique</i>.] <def>Of or pertaining to ideology.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*ol"o*gist</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who treats of ideas; one who theorizes or idealizes; one versed in the science of ideas, or who advocates the doctrines of ideology.</def></p> <p> </p>

<p><hw>I`de*ol"o*gy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>-logy</i>: cf. F. <i>id&eacute;ologie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The science of ideas.</def> <i>Stewart.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Metaph.)</i> <def>A theory of the origin of ideas which derives them exclusively from sensation.</def></p> <p>&fist; By a double blunder in philosophy and Greek, <i>id&eacute;ologie</i> . . . has in France become the name peculiarly distinctive of that philosophy of mind which exclusively derives our knowledge from sensation. <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><hw>I`de*o-mo"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>An ideo-motor movement.</def></p> <p><hw>I`de*o-mo"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>motor</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Applied to those actions, or muscular movements, which are automatic expressions of dominant ideas, rather than the result of distinct volitional efforts, as the act of expressing the thoughts in speech, or in writing, while the mind is occupied in the composition of the sentence.</def> <i>Carpenter.</i></p> <p><hw>Ides</hw> (&imacr;dz), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L. <i>idus</i>: cf. F. <i>ides</i>.] <i>(Anc. Rom. Calendar)</i> <def>The fifteenth day of March, May, July, and October, and the thirteenth day of the other months.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>ides</i> of March remember.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p>&fist; Eight days in each month often pass by this name, but only one strictly receives it, the others being called respectively the day before the <i>ides</i>, and so on, backward, to the eighth from the <i>ides</i>.</p> <p><hw>Id"i*o-</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;-). <def>A combining form from the Greek <grk>'i`dios</grk>, meaning private, personal, peculiar, distinct.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*o*blast</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*bl&abreve;st), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ideo-</i> + <i>-blast</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>An individual cell, differing greatly from its neighbours in regard to size, structure, or contents.</def></p> <p><hw>||Id`i*o*cra"sis</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.] <def>Idiocracy.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*oc"ra*sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Idiocrasies</b></plw> (#). [<i>Idio-</i> + Gr. <grk>kra^sis</grk> a mixture, fr. &?; to mix: cf. F. <i>idiocrasie</i>.] <def>Peculiarity of constitution; that temperament, or state of constitution, which is peculiar to a person; idiosyncrasy.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*crat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*crat"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Peculiar in constitution or temperament;

idiosyncratic.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*o*cy</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*s&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <i>idiot</i>; cf. Gr. &?; uncouthness, want of education, fr. &?;. See <u>Idiot</u>, and cf. <u>Idiotcy</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being an idiot; absence, or marked deficiency, of sense and intelligence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I will undertake to convict a man of <i>idiocy</i>, if he can not see the proof that three angles of a triangle are equal to two right angles.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*cy*cloph"a*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + Gr. &?; circle + &?; to appear.] <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Idiophanous</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*e*lec"tric</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + <i>electric</i>: cf. F. <i>idio&eacute;lectrique</i>.] <i>(Physics)</i> <def>Electric by virtue of its own peculiar properties; capable of becoming electrified by friction; -- opposed to <i>anelectric</i>.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An idioelectric substance.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*o*graph</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&osl;*gr&adot;f), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; autographic; <grk>'i`dios</grk> one's own + <grk>gra`fein</grk> to write.] <def>A mark or signature peculiar to an individual; a trade-mark.</def></p> <p><! p. 726 !></p> <p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*graph"ic</hw> (&ibreve;d`&ibreve;*&osl;*gr&abreve;f"&ibreve;k), <hw>Id`i*o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to an idiograph.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*ol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + Gr. &?; to worship.] <def>Self-worship; excessive selfesteem.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*om</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&ubreve;m), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idiome</i>, L. <i>idioma</i>, fr. Gr. <grk>'idi`wma</grk>, fr. <grk>'idioy^n</grk> to make a person's own, to make proper or peculiar; fr. <grk>'i`dios</grk> one's own, proper, peculiar; prob. akin to the reflexive pronoun <grk>o"y^</grk>, <grk>o'i^</grk>, <grk>'e`</grk>, and to <grk>"eo`s</grk>, <grk>'o`s</grk>, one's own, L. <i>suus</i>, and to E. <i>so</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The syntactical or structural form peculiar to any language; the genius or cast of a language.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Idiom</i> may be employed loosely and figuratively as a synonym of language or dialect, but in its proper sense it signifies the totality of the general rules of construction which characterize the syntax of a particular language and distinguish it from other tongues.</blockquote> <i>G. P. Marsh.</i></p> <p><blockquote>By <i>idiom</i> is meant the use of words which is peculiar to a particular language.</blockquote> <i>J. H. Newman.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>He followed their language [the Latin], but did not comply with the <i>idiom</i> of ours.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An expression conforming or appropriate to the peculiar structural form of a language; in extend use, an expression sanctioned by usage, having a sense peculiar to itself and not agreeing with the logical sense of its structural form; also, the phrase forms peculiar to a particular author.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Some that with care true eloquence shall teach,<BR> And to just <i>idioms</i> fix our doubtful speech.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Sometimes we identify the words with the object -though by courtesy of <i>idiom</i> rather than in strict propriety of language.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Every good writer has much <i>idiom</i>.</blockquote> <i>Landor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>It is not by means of rules that such <i>idioms</i> as the following are made current: "I can <i>make nothing</i> of it." "He <i>treats</i> his subject <i>home</i>." <i>Dryden</i>. "It is that within us that <i>makes for</i> righteousness." <i>M. Arnold</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gostwick (Eng. Gram.)</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Dialect; a variant form of a language.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Dialect. -- <u>Idiom</u>, <u>Dialect</u>. The <i>idioms</i> of a language belong to its very structure; its <i>dialects</i> are varieties of expression ingrafted upon it in different localities or by different professions. Each county of England has some peculiarities of <i>dialect</i>, and so have most of the professions, while the great <i>idioms</i> of the language are everywhere the same. See <u>Language</u>.</p> <p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*mat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*mat"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'idiwmatiko`s</grk>.] <def>Of or pertaining to, or conforming to, the mode of expression peculiar to a language; as, an <i>idiomatic</i> meaning; an <i>idiomatic</i> phrase.</def> -- <wf>Id`i*o*mat"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*morph"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idiomorphous.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*morph"ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>'idio`morfos</grk> of peculiar form; <grk>'i`dios</grk> peculiar + &?; form.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having a form of its own.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>Apperaing in distinct crystals; -- said of the mineral constituents of a rock.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*mus"cu*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + <i>muscular</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Applied to a semipermanent

contraction of a muscle, produced by a mechanical irritant.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*pa*thet"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idiopathic.</def> [R.]</p> <p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*path"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*path"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>idiopathique</i>.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Pertaining to idiopathy; characterizing a disease arising primarily, and not in consequence of some other disease or injury; -opposed to <i>symptomatic</i>, <i>sympathetic</i>, and <i>traumatic</i>.</def> -- <wf>Id`i*o*path"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Id`i*op"a*thy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Idiopathies</b></plw> (#). [Gr. &?;; <grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar + &?;, &?;, to suffer: cf. F. <i>idiopathie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A peculiar, or individual, characteristic or affection.</def></p> <p><blockquote>All men are so full of their own fancies and <i>idiopathies</i>, that they scarce have the civility to interchange any words with a stranger.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A morbid state or condition not preceded or occasioned by any other disease; a primary disease.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*oph"a*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + &?; to appear.] <i>(Crystallog.)</i> <def>Exhibiting interference figures without the aid of a polariscope, as certain crystals.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*o*plasm</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Idioplasma</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>||Id`i*o*plas"ma</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. <grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar + &?; a form, mold.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>That portion of the cell protoplasm which is the seat of all active changes, and which carries on the function of hereditary transmission; -- distinguished from the other portion, which is termed <i>nutritive plasma</i>. See <u>Hygroplasm</u>.</def> </p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*re*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio</i> + <i>repulsive</i>.] <def>Repulsive by itself; as, the <i>idiorepulsive</i> power of heat.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*syn"cra*sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Idiosyncrasies</b></plw> (#). [Gr. &?;; <grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar + &?; a mixing together, fr. &?; to mix together; &?; with + &?; to mix: cf. F. <i>idiosyncrasie</i>. See <u>Idiom</u>, and <u>Crasis</u>.] <def>A peculiarity of physical or mental constitution or temperament; a characteristic belonging to, and distinguishing, an individual; characteristic susceptibility; idiocrasy; eccentricity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The individual mind . . . takes its tone from the <i>idiosyncrasies</i> of the body.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p>

<p>{ <hw>Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*o*syn*crat"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of peculiar temper or disposition; belonging to one's peculiar and individual character.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot</hw> (&ibreve;d"&ibreve;*&obreve;t), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idiot</i>, L. <i>idiota</i> an uneducated, ignorant, ill-informed person, Gr. <grk>'idiw`ths</grk>, also and orig., a private person, not holding public office, fr. <grk>'i`dios</grk> proper, peculiar. See <u>Idiom</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A man in private station, as distinguished from one holding a public office.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>St. Austin affirmed that the plain places of Scripture are sufficient to all laics, and all <i>idiots</i> or private persons.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An unlearned, ignorant, or simple person, as distinguished from the educated; an ignoramus.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Christ was received of <i>idiots</i>, of the vulgar people, and of the simpler sort, while he was rejected, despised, and persecuted even to death by the high priests, lawyers, scribes, doctors, and rabbis.</blockquote> <i>C. Blount.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A human being destitute of the ordinary intellectual powers, whether congenital, developmental, or accidental; commonly, a person without understanding from birth; a natural fool; a natural; an innocent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Life . . . is a tale<BR> Told by an <i>idiot</i>, full of sound and fury,<BR> Signifying nothing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A fool; a simpleton; -- a term of reproach.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Weenest thou make an <i>idiot</i> of our dame?</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Idiocy</u>.] <def>Idiocy.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Rendered idiotic; befooled.</def> [R.] <i>Tennyson.</i></p> <p><hw>Id`i*o*ther"mic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idio-</i> + <i>thermic</i>.] <def>Self-heating; warmed, as the body of animal, by process going on within itself.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Id`i*ot"ic</hw> (?), <hw>Id`i*ot"ic*al</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>idioticus</i> ignorant, Gr. &?;: cf. F. <i>idiotique</i>. See <u>Idiot</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Common; simple.</def> [Obs.] <i>Blackwall.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, or like, an idiot; characterized by idiocy; foolish; fatuous; as, an <i>idiotic</i> person, speech, laugh, or action.</def></p>

<p><hw>Id`i*ot"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an idiotic manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`i*ot"i*con</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?; belonging to a private man, private. See <u>Idiot</u>.] <def>A dictionary of a peculiar dialect, or of the words and phrases peculiar to one part of a country; a glossary.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Like an idiot; foolish.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idiotisme</i>, L. <i>idiotismus</i> the way of fashion of a private person, the common or vulgar manner of speaking, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; to put into or use common language, fr. &?;. See <u>Idiot</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An idiom; a form, mode of expression, or signification, peculiar to a language.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Scholars sometimes give terminations and <i>idiotisms</i>, suitable to their native language, unto words newly invented.</blockquote> <i>M. Hale.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lack of knowledge or mental capacity; idiocy; foolishness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Worse than mere ignorance or <i>idiotism</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shaftesbury.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The running that adventure is the greatist <i>idiotism</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hammond.</i></p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become stupid.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Id"i*ot*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Idiocy.</def> [R.] <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dle</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<pos><i>Compar.</i></pos> <u>Idler</u> (?); <pos><i>superl.</i></pos> <u>Idlest</u>.] [OE. <i>idel</i>, AS. <i>&imacr;del</i> vain, empty, useless; akin to OS. <i>&imacr;dal</i>, D. <i>ijdel</i>, OHG. <i>&imacr;tal</i> vain, empty, mere, G. <i>eitel</i>, Dan. & Sw. <i>idel</i> mere, pure, and prob. to Gr. &?; clear, pure, &?; to burn. Cf. <u>Ether</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of no account; useless; vain; trifling; unprofitable; thoughtless; silly; barren.</def> "Deserts <i>idle</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Every <i>idle</i> word that men shall speak, they shall give account thereof in the day of judgment.</blockquote> <i>Matt. xii. 36.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Down their <i>idle</i> weapons dropped.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This <i>idle</i> story became important.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not called into active service; not turned to appropriate use; unemployed; as, <i>idle</i> hours.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>idle</i> spear and shield were high uphing.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not employed; unoccupied with business; inactive; doing nothing; as, <i>idle</i> workmen.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Why stand ye here all the day <i>idle</i>?</blockquote> <i>Matt. xx. 6.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Given rest and ease; averse to labor or employment; lazy; slothful; as, an <i>idle</i> fellow.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Light-headed; foolish.</def> [Obs.] <i>Ford.</i></p> <p><col><b>Idle pulley</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>a pulley that rests upon a belt to tighten it; a pulley that only guides a belt and is not used to transmit power.</cd> -- <col><b>Idle wheel</b></col> <i>(Mach.)</i>, <cd>a gear wheel placed between two others, to transfer motion from one to the other without changing the direction of revolution.</cd> -- <col><b>In idle</b></col>, <cd>in vain.</cd> [Obs.] "God saith, thou shalt not take the name of thy Lord God <i>in idle</i>." <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unoccupied; unemployed; vacant; inactive; indolent; sluggish; slothful; useless; ineffectual; futile; frivolous; vain; trifling; unprofitable; unimportant. -- <u>Idle</u>, <u>Indolent</u>, <u>Lazy</u>. A propensity to inaction is expressed by each of these words; they differ in the cause and degree of this characteristic. <i>Indolent</i> denotes an habitual love to ease, a settled dislike of movement or effort; <i>idle</i> is opposed to <i>busy</i>, and denotes a dislike of <i>continuous</i> exertion. <i>Lazy</i> is a stronger and more contemptuous term than <i>indolent</i>.</p> <p><hw>I"dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Idling</u> (?).] <def>To lose or spend time in inaction, or without being employed in business.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dle</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To spend in idleness; to waste; to consume; -- often followed by <i>away</i>; as, to <i>idle</i> away an hour a day.</def></p> <p><hw>I"dle-head`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Foolish; stupid.</def> [Obs.] "The superstitious <i>idle-headed</i> eld." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Delirious; infatuated.</def> [Obs.] <i>L'Estrange.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dle*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>&imacr;delnes</i>.] <def>The condition or quality of being idle (in the various senses of that word); uselessness; fruitlessness;

triviality; inactivity; laziness.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inaction; indolence; sluggishness; sloth.</p> <p><hw>I"dle-pat`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idle-headed; stupid.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>I"dler</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who idles; one who spends his time in inaction; a lazy person; a sluggard.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>One who has constant day duties on board ship, and keeps no regular watch.</def> <i>Totten.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mach.)</i> <def>An idle wheel or pulley. See under <u>Idle</u>.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>I"dless</hw>, <hw>I"dlesse</hw> } (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Idleness.</def> [Archaic] "In <i>ydlesse</i>." <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>And an <i>idlesse</i> all the day<BR> Beside a wandering stream.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a idle manner; ineffectually; vainly; lazily; carelessly; (Obs.) foolishly.</def></p> <p><hw>Id"o*crase</hw> (&ibreve;d"&osl;*kr&amacr;s; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. <grk>e'i^dos</grk> form + <grk>kra^sis</grk> mixture, fr. <grk>keranny`nai</grk> to mix; cf. F. <i>idocrase</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Vesuvianite</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I"dol</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>idole</i>, F. <i>idole</i>, L. <i>idolum</i>, fr. Gr. &?;, fr. &?; that which is seen, the form, shape, figure, fr. &?; to see. See <u>Wit</u>, and cf. <u>Eidolon</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An image or representation of anything.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Do her adore with sacred reverence,<BR> As th' <i>idol</i> of her maker's great magnificence.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An image of a divinity; a representation or symbol of a deity or any other being or thing, made or used as an object of worship; a similitude of a false god.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That they should not worship devils, and <i>idols</i> of gold.</blockquote> <i>Rev. ix. 20.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That on which the affections are strongly (often excessively) set; an object of passionate devotion; a person or thing greatly loved or adored.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The soldier's god and people's <i>idol</i>.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A false notion or conception; a fallacy.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>idols</i> of preconceived opinion.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>I`do*las"tre</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE., for <i>idolatre</i>.] <def>An idolater.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>idol&acirc;tre</i>: cf. L. <i>idololatres</i>, Gr. &?;. See <u>Idolatry</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A worshiper of idols; one who pays divine honors to images, statues, or representations of anything made by hands; one who worships as a deity that which is not God; a pagan.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An adorer; a great admirer.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Jonson was an <i>idolater</i> of the ancients.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A female worshiper of idols.</def></p> <p><hw>I`do*lat"ric*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>idol&acirc;trique</i>.] <def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*trize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idolatrized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Idolatrizing</u> (?).] <def>To worship idols; to pay idolatrous worship.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*trize</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make in idol of; to idolize.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to idolatry; partaking of the nature of idolatry; given to idolatry or the worship of false gods; as, <i>idolatrous</i> sacrifices.</def></p> <p><blockquote>[Josiah] put down the <i>idolatrous</i> priests.</blockquote> <i>2 Kings xxiii. 5.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Consisting in, or partaking of, an excessive attachment or reverence; as, an <i>idolatrous</i> veneration for antiquity.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*trous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a idolatrous manner.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol"a*try</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Idolatries</b></plw> (#). [F. <i>idol&acirc;trie</i>, LL. <i>idolatria</i>, L. <i>idololatria</i>, Fr. Gr. &?;; &?; idol + &?; service.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The worship of idols, images, or anything which is not God; the worship of false gods.</def></p> <p><blockquote>His eye surveyed the dark <i>idolatries</i><BR>

Of alienated Judah.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Excessive attachment or veneration for anything; respect or love which borders on adoration.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dol*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dol*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The worship of idols.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>I"dol*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A worshiper of idols.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dol*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Idolized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Idolizing</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make an idol of; to pay idolatrous worship to; as, to <i>idolize</i> the sacred bull in Egypt.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To love to excess; to love or reverence to adoration; as, to <i>idolize</i> gold, children, a hero.</def></p> <p><hw>I"dol*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To practice idolatry.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>To <i>idolize</i> after the manner of Egypt.</blockquote> <i>Fairbairn.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dol*i`zer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who idolizes or loves to the point of reverence; an idolater.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol"o*clast</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; idol + &?; to break.] <def>A breaker of idols; an iconoclast.</def></p> <p><hw>I*dol`o*graph"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Idol</i> + <i>-graph</i>.] <def>Descriptive of idols.</def> [R.] <i>Southey.</i></p> <p><hw>I"dol*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Idolatrous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bale.</i></p> <p><hw>I*do"ne*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>idoneus</i>.] <def>Appropriate; suitable; proper; fit; adequate.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>An ecclesiastical benefice . . . ought to be conferred on an <i>idoneous</i> person.</blockquote> <i>Ayliffe.</i></p> <p><hw>Id*or"gan</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gr. &?; form + E. <i>organ</i>.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>A morphological unit, consisting of two or more plastids, which does not possess the positive character of the person or stock, in distinction from the physiological organ or <i>biorgan</i>. See <u>Morphon</u>.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Id"ri*a*line</hw> (?), <hw>Id"ri*a*lite</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>idrialine</i>.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A

bituminous substance obtained from the mercury mines of <i>Idria</i>, where it occurs mixed with cinnabar.</def></p> <p><hw>Id`u*me"an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to ancient <i>Idumea</i>, or Edom, in Western Asia.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inhabitant of Idumea, an Edomite.</def></p> <p><hw>I"dyl</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>idyllium</i>, Gr. &?;, fr. &?; form; literally, a little form of image: cf. F. <i>idylle</i>. See <u>Idol</u>.] <def>A short poem; properly, a short pastoral poem; as, the <i>idyls</i> of Theocritus; also, any poem, especially a narrative or descriptive poem, written in an eleveted and highly finished style; also, by extension, any artless and easily flowing description, either in poetry or prose, of simple, rustic life, of pastoral scenes, and the like.</def> [Written also <i>idyll</i>.]</p> <p><blockquote>Wordsworth's solemn-thoughted <i>idyl</i>.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His [Goldsmith's] lovely <i>idyl</i> of the Vicar's home.</blockquote> <i>F. Harrison.</i></p> <p><hw>I*dyl"lic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or belonging to idyls.</def></p> <p><hw>I. e.</hw> <def>Abbreviation of Latin <i>id est</i>, that is.</def></p> <p><hw>If</hw> (?), <pos><i>conj.</i></pos> [OE. <i>if</i>, <i>gif</i>, AS. <i>gif</i>; akin to OFries. <i>ief</i>, <i>gef</i>, <i>ef</i>, OS. <i>ef</i>, <i>of</i>, D. <i>of</i>, or, whether, if, G. <i>ob</i> whether, if, OHG. <i>oba</i>, <i>ibu</i>, Icel. <i>ef</i>, Goth. <i>iba</i>, <i>ibai</i>, an interrogative particle; properly a case form of a noun meaning, doubt (cf. OHG. <i>iba</i> doubt, condition, Icel. <i>if</i>, <i>ef</i>, <i>ifi</i>, <i>efi</i>), and therefore orig. meaning, on condition that.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In case that; granting, allowing, or supposing that; -- introducing a condition or supposition.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Tisiphone, that oft hast heard my prayer,<BR> Assist, <i>if</i> &OElig;dipus deserve thy care.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>If</i> thou be the Son of God, command that these stones be made bread.</blockquote> <i>Matt. iv. 3.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Whether; -- in dependent questions.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Uncertain <i>if</i> by augury or chance.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>She doubts <i>if</i> two and two make four.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><col><b>As if</b></col>, <col><b>But if</b></col>. <cd>See under

<u>As</u>, <u>But</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>I' faith"</hw> (?). <def>In faith; indeed; truly.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><! p. 727 !></p> <p><hw>I*fere"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Corrupted fr. <i>in fere</i>.] <def>Together.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig`a*su"ric</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Igasurine</u>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or obtained from, nux vomica or St. Ignatius's bean; as, <i>igasuric</i> acid.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig`a*su"rine</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Malay <i>igasura</i> the nux vomica.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>An alkaloid found in nux vomica, and extracted as a white crystalline substance.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig"loo</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An Eskimo snow house.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A cavity, or excavation, made in the snow by a seal, over its breathing hole in the ice.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*na"tius bean`</hw> (?). <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>See <i>Saint Ignatius's bean</i>, under <u>Saint</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig"ne*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>igneus</i>, fr. <i>ignis</i> fire; allied to Skr. <i>agni</i>, Lith. <i>ugnis</i>, OSlav. <i>ogne</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Pertaining to, having the nature of, fire; containing fire; resembling fire; as, an <i>igneous</i> appearance.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Geol.)</i> <def>Resulting from, or produced by, the action of fire; as, lavas and basalt are <i>igneous</i> rocks.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*nes"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignescens</i>, p. pr. of <i>ignescere</i> to become inflamed, fr. <i>ignis</i> fire: cf. F. <i>ignescent</i>.] <def>Emitting sparks of fire when struck with steel; scintillating; as, <i>ignescent</i> stones.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*nic"o*list</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>colere</i> to worship.] <def>A worshiper of fire.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Ig*nif"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignifer</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>ferre</i> to bear.] <def>Producing fire.</def> [R.] <i>Blount.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nif"lu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignifluus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>fluere</i> to flow.] <def>Flowing with fire.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cockerman.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ig"ni*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Ignified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Ignifying</u> (?).] [L. <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>-fy</i>.] <def>To form into fire.</def> [R.] <i>Stukeley.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nig"e*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignigenus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>genere</i>, <i>ginere</i>, to beget, produce.] <def>Produced by the action of fire, as lava.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Ig*nip"o*tence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Power over fire.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Ig*nip"o*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignipotens</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>potens</i> powerful.] <def>Presiding over fire; also, fiery.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Vulcan is called the powerful <i>ignipotent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>||Ig"nis fat"u*us</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Ignes fatui</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>fatuus</i> foolish. So called in allusion to its tendency to mislead travelers.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A phosphorescent light that appears, in the night, over marshy ground, supposed to be occasioned by the decomposition of animal or vegetable substances, or by some inflammable gas; -- popularly called also <i>Will-with-the-wisp</i>, or <i>Will-o'-the-wisp</i>, and <i>Jack-with-a-lantern</i>, or <i>Jack-o'-lantern</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: A misleading influence; a decoy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Scared and guided by the <i>ignis fatuus</i> of popular superstition.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Ignited</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Igniting</u>.] [L. <i>ignitus</i>, p. p. of <i>ignire</i> to ignite, fr. <i>ignis</i> fire. See <u>Igneous</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To kindle or set on fire; as, to <i>ignite</i> paper or wood.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>To subject to the action of intense heat; to heat strongly; -- often said of incombustible or infusible substances; as, to <i>ignite</i> iron or platinum.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*nite"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To take fire; to begin to burn.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*nit"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being ignited.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ignition</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of igniting, kindling, or setting on fire.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being ignited or kindled.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nit"or</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, produces ignition; especially, a contrivance for igniting the powder in a torpedo or the like.</def> [Written also <i>igniter</i>.]</p> <p><hw>Ig*niv"o*mous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignivomus</i>; <i>ignis</i> fire + <i>vomere</i> 8vomit.] <def>Vomiting fire.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Ig`no*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignobilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>ignobilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Ignobleness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bale.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*no"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignobilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>nobilis</i> noble: cf. F. <i>ignoble</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Noble</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of low birth or family; not noble; not illustrious; plebeian; common; humble.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I was not <i>ignoble</i> of descent.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Her royal stock graft with <i>ignoble</i> plants.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not honorable, elevated, or generous; base.</def></p> <p><blockquote>'T is but a base, <i>ignoble</i> mind,<BR> That mounts no higher than a bird can soar.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Far from the madding crowd's <i>ignoble</i> strife.</blockquote> <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Not a true or noble falcon; -- said of certain hawks, as the goshawk.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Degenerate; degraded; mean; base; dishonorable; reproachful; disgraceful; shameful; scandalous; infamous.</p> <p><hw>Ig*no"ble</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make ignoble.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*no"ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State or quality of being ignoble.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig*no"bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an ignoble manner; basely.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig`no*min"i*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignominiosus</i>: cf. F. <i>ignominieux</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Marked with ignominy; incurring public disgrace; dishonorable; shameful.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Then first with fear surprised and sense of pain,<BR> Fled <i>ignominious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Deserving ignominy; despicable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>One single, obscure, <i>ignominious</i> projector.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Humiliating; degrading; as, an <i>ignominious</i> judgment or sentence.</def> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig`no*min"i*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an ignominious manner; disgracefully; shamefully; ingloriously.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*min*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Ignominies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>ignominia</i> ignominy (<i>i.e.</i>, a deprivation of one's good name); <i>in-</i> not + <i>nomen</i> name: cf. F. <i>ignominie</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Name</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Public disgrace or dishonor; reproach; infamy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Their generals have been received with honor after their defeat; yours with <i>ignominy</i> after conquest.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Vice begins in mistake, and ends in <i>ignominy</i>.</blockquote> <i>Rambler.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ignominy</i> is the infliction of such evil as is made dishonorable, or the deprivation of such good as is made honorable by the Commonwealth.</blockquote> <i>Hobbes.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An act deserving disgrace; an infamous act.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Opprobrium; reproach; dishonor.</p> <p><hw>Ig"no*my</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Ignominy.</def> [R. & Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>I blush to think upon this <i>ignomy</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig`no*ra"mus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., we are ignorant. See <u>Ignore</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>We are ignorant; we ignore; -- being the word formerly written on a bill of indictment by a grand jury when there was not sufficient evidence to warrant them in finding it a true bill. The phrase now used is, "No bill," "No true bill," or "Not found," though in some jurisdictions "Ignored" is still used.</def> <i>Wharton (Law Dict. ). Burn.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> (pl. <plw><b>Ignoramuses</b></plw> (&?;).) <def>A stupid, ignorant person; a vain pretender to knowledge; a dunce.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>ignoramus</i> in place and power.</blockquote>

<i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>ignorantia</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being ignorant; the want of knowledge in general, or in relation to a particular subject; the state of being uneducated or uninformed.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ignorance</i> is the curse of God,<BR> Knowledge the wing wherewith we fly to heaven.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>A willful neglect or refusal to acquire knowledge which one may acquire and it is his duty to have.</def> <i>Book of Common Prayer.</i></p> <p><col><b>Invincible ignorance</b></col> <i>(Theol.)</i>, <cd>ignorance beyond the individual's control and for which, therefore, he is not responsible before God.</cd></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>ignorans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>ignorare</i> to be ignorant. See <u>Ignore</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Destitute of knowledge; uninstructed or uninformed; untaught; unenlightened.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He that doth not know those things which are of use for him to know, is but an <i>ignorant</i> man, whatever he may know besides.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unacquainted with; unconscious or unaware; -- used with <i>of</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ignorant</i> of guilt, I fear not shame.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unknown; undiscovered.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote><i>Ignorant</i> concealment.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Alas, what <i>ignorant</i> sin have I committed?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Resulting from ignorance; foolish; silly.</def></p> <p><blockquote>His shipping,<BR> Poor <i>ignorant</i> baubles! -- on our terrible seas,<BR> Like eggshells moved.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Uninstructed; untaught; unenlightened; uninformed; unlearned; unlettered; illiterate. -- <u>Ignorant</u>, <u>Illiterate</u>. <i>Ignorant</i> denotes want of knowledge, either as to single subject or information in general; <i>illiterate</i> refers to an ignorance of letters, or of knowledge acquired by reading and study. In the Middle Ages, a great proportion of the higher classes were <i>illiterate</i>, and yet were far from being

<i>ignorant</i>, especially in regard to war and other active pursuits.</p> <p><blockquote>In such business<BR> Action is eloquence, and the eyes of the <i>ignorant</i><BR> More learned than the ears.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>In the first ages of Christianity, not only the learned and the wise, but the <i>ignorant</i> and <i>illiterate</i>, embraced torments and death.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rant</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person untaught or uninformed; one unlettered or unskilled; an ignoramous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Did I for this take pains to teach<BR> Our zealous <i>ignorants</i> to preach?</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The spirit of those who extol the advantage of ignorance; obscurantism.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One opposed to the diffusion of knowledge; an obscurantist.</def></p> <p><hw>Ig"no*rant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a ignorant manner; without knowledge; inadvertently.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whom therefoer ye <i>ignorantly</i> worship, him declare I unto you.</blockquote> <i>Acts xvii. 23.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nore"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Ignored</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Ignoring</u>.] [L. <i>ignorare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + the root of <i>gnarus</i> knowing, <i>noscere</i> to become acquainted with. See <u>Know</u>, and cf. <u>Narrate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To be ignorant of or not acquainted with.</def> [Archaic]</p> <p><blockquote>Philosophy would solidly be established, if men would more carefully distinguish those things that they know from those that they <i>ignore</i>.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To throw out or reject as false or ungrounded; -- said of a bill rejected by a grand jury for want of evidence. See <u>Ignoramus</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence: To refuse to take notice of; to shut the eyes to; not to recognize; to disregard willfully and causelessly; as, to <i>ignore</i> certain facts; to <i>ignore</i> the presence of an objectionable person.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ignoring</i> Italy under our feet,<BR> And seeing things before, behind.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*nos"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignoscibilis</i>, fr. <i>ignoscere</i> to pardon, lit., not to wish to know; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>gnoscere</i>, <i>noscere</i>,

to learn to know. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Know</u>.] <def>Pardonable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bailey.</i></p> <p><hw>Ig*note"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ignotus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>gnotus</i>, <i>notus</i>, known, p. p. of <i>gnocere</i>, <i>nocere</i>, to learn to know.] <def>Unknown.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir E. Sandys.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is unknown.</def> <i>Bp. Hacket.</i></p> <p><hw>I*gua"na</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Sp. <i>iguana</i>, from the native name in Hayti. Cf. <u>Guana</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Any species of the genus <i>Iguana</i>, a genus of large American lizards of the family <i>Iguanid&aelig;</i>. They are arboreal in their habits, usually green in color, and feed chiefly upon fruits.</def></p> <p>&fist; The common iguana (<i>Iguana iguana</i>, formerly <i>Iguana tuberculata</i>, and also called by <a href="more\iguana.htm">other synonyms@</a>) of the West Indies and South America is sometimes five feet long. Its flesh is highly prized as food. The <b>horned iguana</b> (<i>Iguana cornuta</i>) has a conical horn between the eyes.</p> <p><hw>I*gua"ni*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Resembling, or pertaining to, the iguana.</def></p> <p><hw>I*gua"nid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Iguanoid</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>I*gua"no*don</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Iguana</i> + Gr. &?;, &?;, a tooth.] <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>A genus of gigantic herbivorous dinosaurs having a birdlike pelvis and large hind legs with three-toed feet capable of supporting the entire body. Its teeth resemble those of the iguana, whence its name. Several species are known, mostly from the Wealden of England and Europe. See <i>Illustration</i> in Appendix.</def></p> <p><hw>I*gua"no*dont</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Paleon.)</i> <def>Like or pertaining to the genus Iguanodon.</def></p> <p><hw>I*gua"noid</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Iguana</i> + <i>-oid</i>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the <i>Iguanid&aelig;</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Ih*lang`-ih*lang"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Malayan, flower of flowers.] <def>A rich, powerful, perfume, obtained from the volatile oil of the flowers of <i>Canada odorata</i>, an East Indian tree.</def> [Also written <i>ylang-ylang</i>.]</p> <p><hw>||Ih*ram"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The peculiar dress worn by pilgrims to Mecca.</def></p> <p><hw>Ik</hw> (?), <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> [See <u>I</u>.] <def>I.</def> [Obs.] <i>Piers Plowman.</i></p> <p>&fist; The Northern dialectic form of <i>I</i>, in Early English, corresponding to <i>ich</i> of the Southern.</p>

<p><hw>Il-</hw> (?). <def>A form of the prefix <i>in</i>-, not, and <i>in</i>-, among. See <u>In-</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Ile</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [AS. <i>egl</i>.] <def>Ear of corn.</def> [Obs.] <i>Ainsworth.</i></p> <p><hw>Ile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Aisle</u>.] <def>An aisle.</def> [Obs.] <i>H. Swinburne.</i></p> <p><hw>Ile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Isle</u>.] <def>An isle.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Il"e*ac</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ileum</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ileum.</def> [Written also <i>iliac</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>See <u>Iliac</u>, 1.</def> [R.]</p> <p><col><b>Ileac passion</b></col>. <i>(Med.)</i> <cd>See <u>Ileus</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Il`e*o*c&aelig;"cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Ileum</i> + <i>c&aelig;cal</i>.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ileum and c&aelig;cum.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`e*o*col"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ileum and colon; as, the <i>ileocolic</i>, or ileoc&aelig;cal, valve, a valve where the ileum opens into the large intestine.</def></p> <p><hw>||Il"e*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>ile</i>, <i>ileum</i>, <i>ilium</i>, pl. <i>ilia</i>, groin, flank.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The last, and usually the longest, division of the small intestine; the part between the jejunum and large intestine.</def> [Written also <i>ileon</i>, and <i>ilium</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>See <u>Ilium</u>.</def> [R.]</p> <p>&fist; Most modern writers restrict <i>ileum</i> to the division of the intestine and <i>ilium</i> to the pelvic bone.</p> <p><hw>||Il"e*us</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL., fr. Gr. &?;, &?;, fr. &?; to roll up.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A morbid condition due to intestinal obstruction. It is characterized by complete constipation, with griping pains in the abdomen, which is greatly distended, and in the later stages by vomiting of fecal matter. Called also <i>ileac, or iliac, passion</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>||I"lex</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., holm oak.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The holm oak (<i>Quercus Ilex</i>).</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A genus of evergreen trees and shrubs, including the common holly.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"i*ac</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Iliacus</i>, Gr. &?;. See <u>Iliad</u>.] <def>Pertaining to ancient Ilium, or Troy.</def> <i>Gladstone.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il"i*ac</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>iliaque</i>. See <u>Ileum</u>, and cf. <u>Jade</u> a stone.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or in the region of, the ilium, or dorsal bone of the pelvis; as, the <i>iliac</i> artery.</def> [Written also <i>ileac</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>See <u>Ileac</u>, 1.</def> [R.]</p> <p><col><b>Iliac crest</b></col>, <cd>the upper margin of the ilium.</cd> -- <col><b>Iliac passion</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Ileus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Iliac region</b></col>, <cd>a region of the abdomen, on either side of the hypogastric regions, and below the lumbar regions.</cd></p> <p><hw>I*li"a*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Iliac.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Il"i*ad</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>Ilias</i>, <i>adis</i>, Gr. &?;, &?; (sc. &?;), fr. &?;, &?;, Ilium, the city of Ilus, a son of Tros, founder of Ilium, which is a poetical name of Troy.] <def>A celebrated Greek epic poem, in twenty-four books, on the destruction of Ilium, the ancient Troy. The Iliad is ascribed to Homer.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"i*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ilium; iliac.</def></p> <p><hw>I*liche"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [OE., fr. AS. <i>gel&imacr;c</i>. Cf. <u>Alike</u>.] <def>Alike.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>I*lic"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>ilex</i>, <i>ilicis</i>, holm oak.] <def>Pertaining to, or derived from, the holly (<i>Ilex</i>), and allied plants; as, <i>ilicic</i> acid.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"i*cin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>The bitter principle of the holly.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"i*o-</hw> (?). [From <u>Ilium</u>.] <def>A combining form used in anatomy to denote <i>connection with</i>, or <i>relation to</i>, <i>the ilium</i>; as, <i>ilio</i>-femoral, <i>ilio</i>lumbar, <i>ilio</i>-psoas, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`i*o*fem"o*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the ilium and femur; as, <i>iliofemoral</i> ligaments.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`i*o*lum"bar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Pertaining to the iliac and lumbar regions; as, the <i>iliolumbar</i> artery.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`i*o*pso"as</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The great flexor muscle of the hip joint, divisible into two parts, the iliac and great psoas, -- often regarded as distinct muscles.</def></p>

<p><hw>||Il"i*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Ileum</u>.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The dorsal one of the three principal bones comprising either lateral half of the pelvis; the dorsal or upper part of the hip bone. See <i>Innominate bone</i>, under <u>Innominate</u>.</def> [Written also <i>ilion</i>, and <i>ileum</i>.]</p> <p><hw>Il`ix*an"thin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ilex</i> the genus including the holly + Gr. &?; yellow.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A yellow dye obtained from the leaves of the holly.</def></p> <p><hw>Ilk</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Scot. <i>ilk</i>, OE. <i>ilke</i> the same, AS. <i>ilca</i>. Cf. <u>Each</u>.] <def>Same; each; every.</def> [Archaic] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><col><b>Of that ilk</b></col>, <cd>denoting that a person's surname and the title of his estate are the same; as, <i>Grant of that ilk</i>, i.e., <i>Grant of Grant</i>.</cd> <i>Jamieson.</i></p> <p><hw>Il"ke</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Ilk</u>.] <def>Same.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Il*kon"</hw>, <hw>Il*koon"</hw> (?) }, <pos><i>pron.</i></pos> [See <u>Ilk</u>, and <u>One</u>.] <def>Each one; every one.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [The regular comparative and superlative are wanting, their places being supplied by <i>worse</i> (&?;) and <i>worst</i> (&?;), from another root.] [OE. <i>ill</i>, <i>ille</i>, Icel. <i>illr</i>; akin to Sw. <i>illa</i>, adv., Dan. <i>ilde</i>, adv.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to good, in a physical sense; contrary or opposed to advantage, happiness, etc.; bad; evil; unfortunate; disagreeable; unfavorable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Neither is it <i>ill</i> air only that maketh an <i>ill</i> seat, but <i>ill</i> ways, <i>ill</i> markets, and <i>ill</i> neighbors.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>There 's some <i>ill</i> planet reigns.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to good, in a moral sense; evil; wicked; wrong; iniquitious; naughtly; bad; improper.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Of his own body he was ill, and gave<BR> The clergy <i>ill</i> example.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Sick; indisposed; unwell; diseased; disordered; as, <i>ill</i> of a fever.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I am in health, I breathe, and see thee <i>ill</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not according with rule, fitness, or propriety; incorrect; rude; unpolished; inelegant.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That 's an <i>ill</i> phrase.</blockquote>

<i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>Ill at ease</b></col>, <cd>uneasy; uncomfortable; anxious.</cd> "I am very <i>ill at ease</i>." <i>Shak.</i> -<col><b>Ill blood</b></col>, <cd>enmity; resentment.</cd> -<col><b>Ill breeding</b></col>, <cd>want of good breeding; rudeness.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill fame</b></col>, <cd>ill or bad repute; as, a house of <i>ill fame</i>, a house where lewd persons meet for illicit intercourse.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill humor</b></col>, <cd>a disagreeable mood; bad temper.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill nature</b></col>, <cd>bad disposition or temperament; sullenness; esp., a disposition to cause unhappiness to others.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill temper</b></col>, <cd>anger; moroseness; crossness.</cd> -- <col><b>Ill turn</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>An unkind act.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>A slight attack of illness.</cd> [Colloq. U.S.] -- <col><b>Ill will</b></col>, <cd>unkindness; enmity; malevolence.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Bad; evil; wrong; wicked; sick; unwell.</p> <p><! p. 728 !></p> <p><hw>Ill</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Whatever annoys or impairs happiness, or prevents success; evil of any kind; misfortune; calamity; disease; pain; as, the <i>ills</i> of humanity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Who can all sense of others' <i>ills</i> escape<BR> Is but a brute at best in human shape.</blockquote> <i>Tate.</i></p> <p><blockquote>That makes us rather bear those <i>ills</i> we have<BR> Than fly to others that we know not of.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Whatever is contrary to good, in a moral sense; wickedness; depravity; iniquity; wrong; evil.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Strong virtue, like strong nature, struggles still,<BR> Exerts itself, and then throws off the <i>ill</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a ill manner; badly; weakly.</def></p> <p><blockquote>How <i>ill</i> this taper burns!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ill</i> fares the land, to hastening ills a prey,<BR> Where wealth accumulates and men decay.</blockquote> <i>Goldsmith.</i></p> <p>&fist; <i>Ill</i>, like <i>above</i>, <i>well</i>, and <i>so</i>, is used before many participal adjectives, in its usual adverbal sense. When the two words are used as an epithet preceding the noun qualified they are commonly hyphened; in other cases they are written separatively; as, an <i>ill</i>-educated man; he was <i>ill</i> educated; an <i>ill</i>-formed plan; the plan, however <i>ill</i>

formed, was acceptable. Ao, also, the following: <i>ill</i>-affected or <i>ill</i> affected, <i>ill</i>-arranged or <i>ill</i> arranged, <i>ill</i>-assorted or <i>ill</i> assorted, <i>ill</i>-boding or <i>ill</i> boding, <i>ill</i>-bred or <i>ill</i> bred, <i>ill</i>conditioned, <i>ill</i>-conducted, <i>ill</i>-considered, <i>ill</i>devised, <i>ill</i>-disposed, <i>ill</i>-doing, <i>ill</i>-fairing, <i>ill</i>-fated, <i>ill</i>-favored, <i>ill</i>-featured, <i>ill</i>-formed, <i>ill</i>-gotten, <i>ill</i>-imagined, <i>ill</i>-judged, <i>ill</i>-looking, <i>ill</i>-mannered, <i>ill</i>-matched, <i>ill</i>-meaning, <i>ill</i>-minded, <i>ill</i>-natured, <i>ill</i>-omened, <i>ill</i>-proportioned, <i>ill</i>-provided, <i>ill</i>-required, <i>ill</i>-sorted, <i>ill</i>-starred, <i>ill</i>-tempered, <i>ill</i>-timed, <i>ill</i>-trained, <i>ill</i>-used, and the like.</p> <p><hw>I' ll</hw> (?). <def>Contraction for <i>I will</i> or <i>I shall</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>I'll</i> by a sign give notice to our friends.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lab"ile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of falling or erring; infalliable.</def> [Obs.] -<wf>Il`la*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lac"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illacerabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>illac&eacute;rable</i>. See <u>In</u> not, and <u>Lacerable</u>.] <def>Not lacerable; incapable of being torn or rent.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lac"ry*ma*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illacrimabilis</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>lacrimabilis</i> worthy of tears.] <def>Incapable of weeping.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bailey.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*laps"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>lapsable</i>.] <def>Incapable of slipping, or of error.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Morally immutable and <i>illapsable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lapse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illapsed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illapsing</u>.] [L. <i>illapsus</i>, p. p. of <i>illabi</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>labi</i> to fall, slide.] <def>To fall or glide; to pass; -- usually followed by <i>into</i>.</def> <i>Cheyne.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lapse"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illapsus</i>. See <u>Illapse</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>] <def>A gliding in; an immisson or entrance of one thing into another; also, a sudden descent or attack.</def> <i>Akenside.</i></p> <p><blockquote>They sit silent . . . waiting for an <i>illapse</i> of the spirit.</blockquote> <i>Jeffrey.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*la"que*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of

being insnared or entrapped.</def> [R.]

<i>Cudworth.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*la"que*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illaqueated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illaqueating</u>.] [L. <i>illaqueatus</i>, p. p. of <i>illaqueare</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>laqueare</i> to insnare, fr. <i>laqueus</i>, noose, snare.] <def>To insnare; to entrap; to entangle; to catch.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Let not the surpassing eloquence of Taylor dazzle you, nor his scholastic retiary versatility of logic <i>illaqueate</i> your good sense.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*la`que*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of catching or insnaring.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A snare; a trap.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illatio</i>, fr. <i>illatus</i>, used as p. p. of <i>inferre</i> to carry or bring in, but from a different root: cf. F. <i>illation</i>. See 1st <u>In</u>, and <u>Tolerate</u>, and cf. <u>Infer</u>.] <def>The act or process of inferring from premises or reasons; perception of the connection between ideas; that which is inferred; inference; deduction; conclusion.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Fraudulent deductions or inconsequent <i>illations</i> from a false conception of things.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Il"la*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illativus</i>: cf. F. <i>illatif</i>.] <def>Relating to, dependent on, or denoting, illation; inferential; conclusive; as, an <i>illative</i> consequence or proposition; an <i>illative</i> word, as <i>then</i>, <i>therefore</i>, etc.</def></p> <p><col><b>Illative conversion</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a converse or reverse statement of a proposition which in that form must be true because the original proposition is true.</cd> -<col><b>Illative sense</b></col> <i>(Metaph.)</i>, <cd>the faculty of the mind by which it apprehends the conditions and determines upon the correctness of inferences.</cd></p> <p><hw>Il"la*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An illative particle, as <i>for</i>, <i>because</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"la*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By inference; as an illative; in an illative manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*laud"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illaudabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Laudable</u>.] <def>Not laudable; not praise-worthy; worthy of censure or disapprobation.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Il*laud"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] <i>Broome.</i></p>

<p><hw>Ill`-bod"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Boding evil; inauspicious; ill-omened.</def> "<i>Ill-boding</i> stars." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill"-bred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Badly educated or brought up; impolite; incivil; rude. See Note under <u>Ill</u>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>Il*lec`e*bra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Illecebrous</u>.] <def>Allurement.</def> [R.] <i>T. Brown.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lec"e*brous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illecebrosus</i>, fr. <i>illecebra</i> allurement, fr. <i>illicere</i> to allure.] <def>Alluring; attractive; enticing.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Elyot.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*le"gal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>legal</i>: cf. F. <i>ill&eacute;gal</i>.] <def>Not according to, or authorized by, law; specif., contrary to, or in violation of, human law; unlawful; illicit; hence, immoral; as, an <i>illegal</i> act; <i>illegal</i> trade; <i>illegal</i> love.</def> <i>Bp. Burnet.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`le*gal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Illegalities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F. <i>ill&eacute;galit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or condition of being illegal; unlawfulness; as, the <i>illegality</i> of trespass or of false imprisonment; also, an illegal act.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*le"gal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illegalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illegalizing</u> (?).] <def>To make or declare illegal or unlawful.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*le"gal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illegal manner; unlawfully.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*le"gal*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Illegality, unlawfulness.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*leg`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being illegible.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*leg"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being read; not legible; as, <i>illegible</i> handwriting; an <i>illegible</i> inscription.</def> -- <wf>Il*leg"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>Il*leg"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git"i*ma*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being illegitimate.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not according to law; not regular or authorized; unlawful; improper.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unlawfully begotten; born out of wedlock; bastard; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> child.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not legitimately deduced or inferred; illogical; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> inference.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Not authorized by good usage; not genuine; spurious; as, an <i>illegitimate</i> word.</def></p> <p><col><b>Illegitimate fertilization</b></col>, or <col><b>Illegitimate union</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the fertilization of pistils by stamens not of their own length, in heterogonously dimorphic and trimorphic flowers.</cd> <i>Darwin.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illegitimated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illegitimating</u>.] <def>To render illegitimate; to declare or prove to be born out of wedlock; to bastardize; to illegitimatize.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The marriage should only be dissolved for the future, without <i>illegitimating</i> the issue.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Burnet.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git"i*mate*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illegitimate manner; unlawfully.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git`i*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of illegitimating; bastardizing.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being illegitimate; illegitimacy.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Gardiner had performed his promise to the queen of getting her <i>illegitimation</i> taken off.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Burnet.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`le*git"i*ma*tize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To render illegitimate; to bastardize.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*le"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> not + L. <i>laedere</i>, <i>laesum</i>, to injure.] <def>Not injurious; harmless.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lev"i*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not leviable; incapable of being imposed, or collected.</def> [R.] <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill`-fa"vored</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wanting beauty or attractiveness; deformed; ugly; ill-looking.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Ill-favored</i> and lean-fleshed.</blockquote> <i>Gen. xli. 3.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Ill`-fa"vored*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Ill`fa"vored*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>Il*lib"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illiberalis</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>liberalis</i> liberal: cf. F. <i>illib&eacute;ral</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not liberal; not free or generous; close; niggardly; mean; sordid.</def> "A thrifty and <i>illiberal</i> hand." <i>Mason.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indicating a lack of breeding, culture, and the like; ignoble; rude; narrow-minded; disingenuous.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not well authorized or elegant; as, <i>illiberal</i> words in Latin.</def> [R.] <i>Chesterfield.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Illiberality.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lib`er*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illiberalitas</i>: cf. F. <i>illib&eacute;ralit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being illiberal; narrowness of mind; meanness; niggardliness.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illiberalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illiberalizing</u> (?).] <def>To make illiberal.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illiberal manner, ungenerously; uncharitably; parsimoniously.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lib"er*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being illiberal; illiberality.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lic"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illicitus</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>licitus</i>, p. p. of <i>licere</i> to be allowed or permitted: cf. F. <i>illicite</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>License</u>.] <def>Not permitted or allowed; prohibited; unlawful; as, <i>illicit</i> trade; <i>illicit</i> intercourse; <i>illicit</i> pleasure.</def></p> <p><blockquote>One <i>illicit</i> . . . transaction always leads to another.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Il*lic"it*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Il*lic"it*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Il*lic"it*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Illicit.</def> [R.] <i>Cotgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>||Il*li"ci*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called, in allusion to its aroma, from L. <i>illicium</i> an allurement.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A genus of Asiatic and American magnoliaceous trees, having star-shaped fruit; star anise. The fruit of <i>Illicium anisatum</i> is used as a spice in India, and its oil is largely used in Europe for flavoring cordials, being almost identical with true oil of anise.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*light"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To

enlighten.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lim"it*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il</i> not + <i>limitable</i>: cf. F. <i>illimitable</i>.] <def>Incapable of being limited or bounded; immeasurable; limitless; boundless; as, <i>illimitable</i> space.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The wild, the irregular, the <i>illimitable</i>, and the luxuriant, have their appropriate force of beauty.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Boundless; limitless; unlimited; unbounded; immeasurable; infinite; immense; vast.</p> <p>-- <wf>Il*lim"it*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Il*lim"it*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Il*lim`it*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il</i> not + <i>limitation</i>: cf. F. <i>illimitation</i>.] <def>State of being illimitable; want of, or freedom from, limitation.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lim"it*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not limited; interminable.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i> -- <wf>Il*lim"it*ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>The absoluteness and <i>illimitedness</i> of his commission was generally much spoken of.</blockquote> <i>Clarendon.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`li*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illinire</i>, <i>illinere</i>, to besmear; pref. <i>il-</i> in, on + <i>linire</i>, <i>linere</i>, to smear.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A smearing or rubbing in or on; also, that which is smeared or rubbed on, as ointment or liniment.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A thin crust of some extraneous substance formed on minerals.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>A thin crust or <i>illinition</i> of black manganese.</blockquote> <i>Kirwan.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`li*nois"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.sing. & pl.</i></pos> <i>(Ethnol.)</i> <def>A tribe of North American Indians, which formerly occupied the region between the Wabash and Mississippi rivers.</def></p> <p><hw>Il`li*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il</i> in + L. <i>liquare</i> to melt.] <def>The melting or dissolving of one thing into another.</def></p> <p><hw>Ill"ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Somewhat ill.</def> [Obs.] <i>Howell.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*li"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illisio</i>, fr. <i>illidere</i>, <i>illisum</i>, to strike against; pref. <i>il</i> in + <i>laedere</i> to strike.] <def>The act of dashing or striking against.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lit"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Illiteracies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Illiterate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being illiterate, or uneducated; want of learning, or knowledge; ignorance; specifically, inability to read and write; as, the <i>illiteracy</i> shown by the last census.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An instance of ignorance; a literary blunder.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The many blunders and <i>illiteracies</i> of the first publishers of his [Shakespeare's] works.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lit"er*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not literal.</def> [R.] <i>B. Dawson.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lit"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illiteratus</i>: pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>literatus</i> learned. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Literal</u>.] <def>Ignorant of letters or books; unlettered; uninstructed; uneducated; as, an <i>illiterate</i> man, or people.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ignorant; untaught; unlearned; unlettered; unscholary. See <u>Ignorant</u>.</p> <p>-- <wf>Il*lit"er*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Il*lit"er*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Il*lit"er*a*ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of learning; illiteracy.</def> [R.] <i>Ayliffe. Southey.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill"-judged`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not well judged; unwise.</def></p> <p><hw>Ill"-lived`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Leading a wicked life.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Ill"-look`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having a bad look; threatening; ugly. See Note under <u>Ill</u>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>Ill`-man"nered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impolite; rude.</def></p> <p><hw>Ill"-mind`ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Illdisposed.</def> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill`-na"tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of habitual bad temper; peevish; fractious; cross; crabbed; surly; as, an <i>ill-natured</i> person.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Dictated by, or indicating, ill nature; spiteful.</def> "The <i>ill-natured</i> task refuse." <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Intractable; not yielding to

culture.</def> [R.] "<i>Ill-natured</i> land." Philips.</i></p>

<i>J.

<p>-- <wf>Ill`-na"tured*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Ill`na"tured*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Ill"ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Ill</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition of being ill, evil, or bad; badness; unfavorableness.</def> [Obs.] "The <i>illness</i> of the weather." <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Disease; indisposition; malady; disorder of health; sickness; as, a short or a severe <i>illness</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Wrong moral conduct; wickedness.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Malady; disease; indisposition; ailment. -<u>Illness</u>, <u>Sickness</u>. Within the present century, there has been a tendency in England to use <i>illness</i> in the sense of a continuous disease, disorder of health, or sickness, and to confine <i>sickness</i> more especially to a sense of nausea, or "sickness of the stomach."</p> <p><hw>Ill"-nur`tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Illbred.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`lo*cal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of locality or place.</def> [R.] <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*log"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Ignorant or negligent of the rules of logic or correct reasoning; as, an <i>illogical</i> disputant; contrary of the rules of logic or sound reasoning; as, an <i>illogical</i> inference.</def> -<wf>Il*log"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Il*log"ic*al*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Ill`-o"mened</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having unlucky omens; inauspicious. See Note under <u>Ill</u>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>Ill"-starred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Fated to be unfortunate; unlucky; as, an <i>ill-starred</i> man or day.</def></p> <p><hw>Ill`-tem"pered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of bad temper; morose; crabbed; sour; peevish; fretful; quarrelsome.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Unhealthy; ill-conditioned.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>So <i>ill-tempered</i> I am grown, that I am afraid I shall catch cold, while all the world is afraid to melt away.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill"-timed`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Done, attempted, or said, at an unsuitable or unpropitious time.</def></p>

<p><hw>Ill`treat"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To treat cruelly or improperly; to ill use; to maltreat.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lude"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illuded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illuding</u>.] [L. <i>illudere</i>, <i>illusum</i>; pref. <i>il</i> in + <i>ludere</i> to play: cf. OF. <i>illuder</i>. See <u>Ludicrous</u>.] <def>To play upon by artifice; to deceive; to mock; to excite and disappoint the hopes of.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lume"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illumed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illuming</u>.] [Cf. F. <i>illuminer</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>.] <def>To throw or spread light upon; to make light or bright; to illuminate; to illumine.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The mountain's brow,<BR> <i>Illumed</i> with fluid gold.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being illuminated.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illuminans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>illuminare</i>.] <def>That which illuminates or affords light; as, gas and petroleum are <i>illuminants</i>.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Illuminative.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illuminated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illuminating</u> (?).] [L. <i>illuminatus</i>, p. p. of <i>illuminare</i>; pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>luminare</i> to enlighten, fr. <i>lumen</i> light. See <u>Luminous</u>, and cf. <u>Illume</u>, <u>Illumine</u>, <u>Enlimn</u>, <u>Limn</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make light; to throw light on; to supply with light, literally or figuratively; to brighten.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To light up; to decorate with artificial lights, as a building or city, in token of rejoicing or respect.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To adorn, as a book or page with borders, initial letters, or miniature pictures in colors and gold, as was done in manuscripts of the Middle Ages.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To make plain or clear; to dispel the obscurity to by knowledge or reason; to explain; to elucidate; as, to <i>illuminate</i> a text, a problem, or a duty.</def></p> <p><! p. 729 !></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To light up in token or rejoicing.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.

<i>illuminatus</i>, p. p.] <def>Enlightened.</def> Hall.</i></p>

<i>Bp.

<p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nate</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is enlightened; esp., a pretender to extraordinary light and knowledge.</def></p> <p><hw>||Il*lu`mi*na"ti</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L. <i>illuminatus</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, and cf. <u>Illuminee</u>.] <def>Literally, those who are enlightened</def>; -- variously applied as follows: --</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Persons in the early church who had received baptism; in which ceremony a lighted taper was given them, as a symbol of the spiritual illumination they has received by that sacrament.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>Members of a sect which sprung up in Spain about the year 1575. Their principal doctrine was, that, by means of prayer, they had attained to so perfect a state as to have no need of ordinances, sacraments, good works, etc.; -- called also <i>Alumbrados</i>, <i>Perfectibilists</i>, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mod. Hist.)</i> <def>Members of certain associations in Modern Europe, who combined to promote social reforms, by which they expected to raise men and society to perfection, esp. of one originated in 1776 by Adam Weishaupt, professor of canon law at Ingolstadt, which spread rapidly for a time, but ceased after a few years.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> Also applied to: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An obscure sect of French Familists;</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The Hesychasts, Mystics, and Quietists;</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The Rosicrucians.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Any persons who profess special spiritual or intellectual enlightenment.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na`ting</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Giving or producing light; used for illumination.</def></p> <p><col><b>Illuminating gas</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Gas</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 2 <sd><i>(a)</i></sd>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Il*lu`mi*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illuminatio</i>: cf. F. <i>illumination</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of illuminating, or supplying with light; the state of being illuminated.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Festive decoration of houses or buildings with lights.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Adornment of books and manuscripts with colored illustrations. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>That which is illuminated, as a house;

also, an ornamented book or manuscript.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>That which illuminates or gives light; brightness; splendor; especially, intellectual light or knowledge.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>illumination</i> which a bright genius giveth to his work.</blockquote> <i>Felton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>The special communication of knowledge to the mind by God; inspiration.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Hymns and psalms . . . are framed by meditation beforehand, or by prophetical <i>illumination</i> are inspired.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Illuminism.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>illuminatif</i>.] <def>Tending to illuminate or illustrate; throwing light; illustrative.</def> "<i>Illuminative</i> reading." <i>Carlyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*na`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., an enlightener, LL. also, an illuminator of books.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One whose occupation is to adorn books, especially manuscripts, with miniatures, borders, etc. See <u>Illuminate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A condenser or reflector of light in optical apparatus; also, an illuminant.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mine</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>illuminer</i>. See <u>Illuminate</u>.] <def>To illuminate; to light up; to adorn.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu`mi*nee"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>illumin&eacute;</i>. Cf. <u>Illuminati</u>.] <def>One of the Illuminati.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*ner</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, illuminates.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>illuminisme</i>.] <def>The principles of the Illuminati.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu`mi*nis"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to illuminism, or the Illuminati.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illuminized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illuminizing</u> (?).] <def>To initiate the doctrines or principles of the Illuminati.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"mi*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Bright; clear.</def> [R.] <i>H. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> in + <i>lure</i>.] <def>To deceive; to entice; to lure.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The devil insnareth the souls of many men, by <i>illuring</i> them with the muck and dung of this world.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill`-used"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Misapplied; treated badly.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>illusion</i>, L. <i>illusio</i>, fr. <i>illu</i>dere, <i>illusum</i>, to illude. See <u>Illude</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An unreal image presented to the bodily or mental vision; a deceptive appearance; a false show; mockery; hallucination.</def></p> <p><blockquote>To cheat the eye with blear <i>illusions</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hence: Anything agreeably fascinating and charming; enchantment; witchery; glamour.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Ye soft <i>illusions</i>, dear deceits, arise!</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>A sensation originated by some external object, but so modified as in any way to lead to an erroneous perception; as when the rolling of a wagon is mistaken for thunder.</def></p> <p>&fist; Some modern writers distinguish between an <i>illusion</i> and <i>hallucination</i>, regarding the former as originating with some external object, and the latter as having no objective occasion whatever.</p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A plain, delicate lace, usually of silk, used for veils, scarfs, dresses, etc.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Delusion; mockery; deception; chimera; fallacy. See <u>Delusion</u>. <u>Illusion</u>, <u>Delusion</u>. <i>Illusion</i> refers particularly to errors of the sense; <i>delusion</i> to false hopes or deceptions of the mind. An optical deception is an <i>illusion</i>; a false opinion is a <i>delusion</i>. <i>E. Edwards.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Liable to illusion.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One given to illusion; a visionary dreamer.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Illude</u>.] <def>Deceiving by false show; deceitful; deceptive; false; illusory; unreal.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Truth from <i>illusive</i> falsehood to command.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Il*lu"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illusive manner; falsely.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being illusive; deceptiveness; false show.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lu"so*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>illusore</i>.] <def>Deceiving, or tending of deceive; fallacious; illusive; as, <i>illusory</i> promises or hopes.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of illustration.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Illustrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Illustrating</u> (?).] [L. <i>illustratus</i>, p. p. of <i>illustrare</i> to illustrate, fr. <i>illustris</i> bright. See <u>Illustrious</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make clear, bright, or luminous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Here, when the moon <i>illustrates</i> all the sky.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To set in a clear light; to exhibit distinctly or conspicuously.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To prove him, and <i>illustrate</i> his high worth.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To make clear, intelligible, or apprehensible; to elucidate, explain, or exemplify, as by means of figures, comparisons, and examples.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To adorn with pictures, as a book or a subject; to elucidate with pictures, as a history or a romance.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To give renown or honor to; to make illustrious; to glorify.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Matter to me of glory, whom their hate<BR> <i>Illustrates</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illustratus</i>, p. p.] <def>Illustrated; distinguished; illustrious.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>This most gallant, <i>illustrate</i>, and learned gentleman.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Il`lus*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>illustratio</i>: cf. F. <i>illustration</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of illustrating; the act of making clear and distinct; education; also, the state of being illustrated, or of being made clear and distinct.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which illustrates; a comparison or

example intended to make clear or apprehensible, or to remove obscurity.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A picture designed to decorate a volume or elucidate a literary work.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Tending or designed to illustrate, exemplify, or elucidate.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Making illustrious.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By way of illustration or elucidation.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tra*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who illustrates.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Serving to illustrate.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>illustris</i>, prob. for <i>illuxtris</i>; fr. <i>il-</i> in + the root of <i>lucidus</i> bright: cf. F. <i>illustre</i>. See <u>Lucid</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Possessing luster or brightness; brilliant; luminous; splendid.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Quench the light; thine eyes are guides <i>illustrious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by greatness, nobleness, etc.; eminent; conspicuous; distinguished.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Illustrious</i> earls, renowened everywhere.</blockquote> <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Conferring luster or honor; renowned; as, <i>illustrious</i> deeds or titles.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Distinguished; famous; remarkable; brilliant; conspicuous; noted; celebrated; signal; renowened; eminent; exalted; noble; glorious. See <u>Distinguished</u>, <u>Famous</u>.</p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a illustrious manner; conspicuously; eminently; famously.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"tri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being eminent; greatness; grandeur; glory; fame.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*lus"trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> not + <i>lustrous</i>.] <def>Without luster.</def> [Obs. & R.]</p> <p><hw>Il`lu*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>il-</i> in + L. <i>lutum</i> mud: cf. F. <i>illutation</i>.] <def>The act or operation of smearing the body with mud, especially with the sediment from mineral springs; a mud bath.</def></p>

<p><hw>Il`lux*u"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not luxurious.</def> [R.] <i>Orrery.</i></p> <p><hw>Ill`-will"</hw> (?). <def>See under <u>Ill</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>Ill`-wish"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who wishes ill to another; an enemy.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [A word not fully approved, but sometimes used for the adverb <i>ill</i>.]</p> <p><hw>Il"men*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [So called from <i>Ilmen</i>, a branch of the Ural Mountains.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>Titanic iron. See <u>Menaccanite</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Il*me"ni*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Ilmenite</u>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A supposed element claimed to have been discovered by R.Harmann.</def></p> <p><hw>Il"va*ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>Ilva</i>, the island now called Elba.] <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A silicate of iron and lime occurring in black prismatic crystals and columnar masses.</def></p> <p><hw>I'm</hw> (?). <def>A contraction of <i>I am</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im-</hw> (?). <def>A form of the prefix <i>in-</i> not, and <i>in-</i> in. See <u>In-</u>. <i>Im-</i> also occurs in composition with some words not of Latin origin; as, <i>im</i>bank, <i>im</i>bitter.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>imago</i>, <i>imaginis</i>, from the root of <i>imitari</i> to imitate. See <u>Imitate</u>, and cf. <u>Imagine</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An imitation, representation, or similitude of any person, thing, or act, sculptured, drawn, painted, or otherwise made perceptible to the sight; a visible presentation; a copy; a likeness; an effigy; a picture; a semblance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Even like a stony <i>image</i>, cold and numb.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Whose is this <i>image</i> and superscription?</blockquote> <i>Matt. xxii. 20.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This play is the <i>image</i> of a murder done in Vienna.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>And God created man in his own <i>image</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gen. i. 27.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hence: The likeness of anything to which worship is paid; an idol.</def> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven <i>image</i>, . . . thou shalt not bow down thyself to them.</blockquote> <i>Ex.

xx. 4, 5.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Show; appearance; cast.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The face of things a frightful <i>image</i> bears.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A representation of anything to the mind; a picture drawn by the fancy; a conception; an idea.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Can we conceive<BR> <i>Image</i> of aught delightful, soft, or great?</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Rhet.)</i> <def>A picture, example, or illustration, often taken from sensible objects, and used to illustrate a subject; usually, an extended metaphor.</def> <i>Brande & C.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Opt.)</i> <def>The figure or picture of any object formed at the focus of a lens or mirror, by rays of light from the several points of the object symmetrically refracted or reflected to corresponding points in such focus; this may be received on a screen, a photographic plate, or the retina of the eye, and viewed directly by the eye, or with an eyeglass, as in the telescope and microscope; the likeness of an object formed by reflection; as, to see one's <i>image</i> in a mirror.</def></p> <p><col><b>Electrical image</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Electrical</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Image breaker</b></col>, <cd>one who destroys images; an iconoclast.</cd> -- <col><b>Image graver</b></col>, <col><b>Image maker</b></col>, <cd>a sculptor.</cd> -- <col><b>Image worship</b></col>, <cd>the worship of images as symbols; iconolatry distinguished from idolatry; the worship of images themselves.</cd> -- <col><b>Image Purkinje</b></col> <i>(Physics)</i>, <cd>the image of the retinal blood vessels projected in, not merely on, that membrane.</cd> -- <col><b>Virtual image</b></col> <i>(Optics)</i>, <cd>a point or system of points, on one side of a mirror or lens, which, if it existed, would emit the system of rays which actually exists on the other side of the mirror or lens.</cd> <i>Clerk Maxwell.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"age</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imaged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imaging</u> (?).] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To represent or form an image of; as, the still lake <i>imaged</i> the shore; the mirror <i>imaged</i> her figure.</def> "Shrines of <i>imaged</i> saints." <i>J. Warton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To represent to the mental vision; to form a likeness of by the fancy or recollection; to imagine.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Condemn'd whole years in absence to deplore,<BR> And <i>image</i> charms he must behold no more.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"age*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That may be imaged.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im"age*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no image.</def> <i>Shelley.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"a*ger</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who images or forms likenesses; a sculptor.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Praxiteles was ennobled for a rare <i>imager</i>.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"age*ry</hw> (&ibreve;m"&asl;j*r&ybreve;; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>imagerie</i>, F. <i>imagerie</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The work of one who makes images or visible representation of objects; imitation work; images in general, or in mass.</def> "Painted <i>imagery</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>In those oratories might you see<BR> Rich carvings, portraitures, and <i>imagery</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: Unreal show; imitation; appearance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>What can thy <i>imagery</i> of sorrow mean?</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The work of the imagination or fancy; false ideas; imaginary phantasms.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>imagery</i> of a melancholic fancy.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Rhetorical decoration in writing or speaking; vivid descriptions presenting or suggesting images of sensible objects; figures in discourse.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I wish there may be in this poem any instance of good <i>imagery</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag`i*na*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Capacity for imagination.</def> [R.] <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imaginabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imaginable</i>.] <def>Capable of being imagined; conceivable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Men sunk into the greatest darkness <i>imaginable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*ag"i*na*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*ag"i*na*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*nal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imaginalis</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Characterized by imagination; imaginative; also, given to the use or rhetorical figures or imagins.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to an

imago.</def></p> <p><col><b>Imaginal disks</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>masses of hypodermic cells, carried by the larv&aelig; of some insects after leaving the egg, from which masses the wings and legs of the adult are subsequently formed.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imaginans</i>, p. pr. of <i>imaginari</i>: cf. F. <i>imaginant</i>.] <def>Imagining; conceiving.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An imaginer.</def> [Obs.] <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ri*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>In a imaginary manner; in imagination.</def> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ri*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imaginary; unreality.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imaginarius</i>: cf. F. <i>imaginaire</i>.] <def>Existing only in imagination or fancy; not real; fancied; visionary; ideal.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Wilt thou add to all the griefs I suffer<BR> <i>Imaginary</i> ills and fancied tortures?</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><col><b>Imaginary calculus</b></col> <cd>See under <u>Calculus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imaginary expression</b></col> or <col><b>quantity</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an algebraic expression which involves the impossible operation of taking the square root of a negative quantity; as, <i>&radic;-9</i>, <i>a + b &radic;1</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imaginary points</b></col>, <col><b>lines</b></col>, <col><b>surfaces</b></col>, etc. <i>(Geom.)</i>, <cd>points, lines, surfaces, etc., imagined to exist, although by reason of certain changes of a figure they have in fact ceased to have a real existence.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ideal; fanciful; chimerical; visionary; fancied; unreal; illusive.</p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*ry</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Alg.)</i> <def>An imaginary expression or quantity.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imaginative.</def> [Obs.] <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>imaginacionum</i>, F. <i>imagination</i>, fr. L. <i>imaginatio</i>. See <u>Imagine</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The imagine-making power of the mind; the power to create or reproduce ideally an object of sense previously perceived; the power to call up mental imagines.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Our simple apprehension of corporeal objects, if present, is sense; if absent, is <i>imagination</i>.</blockquote> <i>Glanvill.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Imagination</i> is of three kinds: joined with belief of that which is to come; joined with memory of that which is past; and of things present, or as if they were present.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The representative power; the power to reconstruct or recombine the materials furnished by direct apprehension; the complex faculty usually termed the <i>plastic</i> or <i>creative</i> power; the fancy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>imagination</i> of common language -- the productive <i>imagination</i> of philosophers -- is nothing but the representative process plus the process to which I would give the name of the "comparative."</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The power of the mind to decompose its conceptions, and to recombine the elements of them at its pleasure, is called its faculty of <i>imagination</i>.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The business of conception is to present us with an exact transcript of what we have felt or perceived. But we have moreover a power of modifying our conceptions, by combining the parts of different ones together, so as to form new wholes of our creation. I shall employ the word <i>imagination</i> to express this power.</blockquote> <i>Stewart.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The power to recombine the materials furnished by experience or memory, for the accomplishment of an elevated purpose; the power of conceiving and expressing the ideal.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The lunatic, the lover, and the poet<BR> Are of <i>imagination</i> all compact . . . <BR> The poet's eye, in a fine frenzy rolling,<BR> Doth glance from heaven to earth, from earth to heaven,<BR> And as <i>imagination</i> bodies forth<BR> The forms of things unknown, the poet's pen<BR> Turns them to shapes, and gives to airy nothing<BR> A local habitation and a name.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A mental image formed by the action of the imagination as a faculty; a conception; a notion.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Conception; idea; conceit; fancy; device; origination; invention; scheme; design; purpose; contrivance. -<u>Imagination</u>, <u>Fancy</u>. These words have, to a great extent, been interchanged by our best writers, and considered as strictly synonymous. A distinction, however, is now made between them which more fully exhibits their nature. Properly speaking, they are different exercises of the same general power -- the plastic or creative faculty. <i>Imagination</i> consists in taking parts of our conceptions and combining them into new forms and images more select, more striking, more delightful, more terrible, etc., than those of ordinary nature. It is the higher exercise of the two. It creates by laws more closely connected with the reason; it has <i>strong emotion</i> as its actuating and formative cause; it aims at results of a definite and weighty character. Milton's fiery lake, the debates

of his Pandemonium, the exquisite scenes of his Paradise, are all products of the imagination. <i>Fancy</i> moves on a lighter wing; it is governed by laws of association which are more remote, and sometimes arbitrary or capricious. Hence the term <i>fanciful</i>, which exhibits fancy in its wilder flights. It has for its actuating spirit feelings of a lively, gay, and versatile character; it seeks to please by unexpected combinations of thought, startling contrasts, flashes of brilliant imagery, etc. Pope's Rape of the Lock is an exhibition of fancy which has scarcely its equal in the literature of any country. -- "This, for instance, Wordsworth did in respect of the words &lsquo;imagination' and &lsquo;fancy.' Before he wrote, it was, I suppose, obscurely felt by most that in &lsquo;imagination' there was more of the earnest, in &lsquo;fancy' of the play of the spirit; that the first was a loftier faculty and gift than the second; yet for all this words were continually, and not without loss, confounded. He first, in the preface to his Lyrical Ballads, rendered it henceforth impossible that any one, who had read and mastered what he has written on the two words, should remain unconscious any longer of the important difference between them." <i>Trench.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The same power, which we should call <i>fancy</i> if employed on a production of a light nature, would be dignified with the title of <i>imagination</i> if shown on a grander scale.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p> <p><! p. 730 !></p> <p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, involving, or caused by, imagination.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ag`i*na"tion*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Idealism.</def> <i>J. Grote.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"i*na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>imaginatif</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Proceeding from, and characterized by, the imagination, generally in the highest sense of the word.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In all the higher departments of <i>imaginative</i> art, nature still constitutes an important element.</blockquote> <i>Mure.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Given to imagining; full of images, fancies, etc.; having a quick imagination; conceptive; creative.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Milton had a highly <i>imaginative</i>, Cowley a very fanciful mind.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unreasonably suspicious; jealous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*ag"i*na*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*ag"i*na*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"ine</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imagined</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imagining</u>.] [F. <i>imaginer</i>, L. <i>imaginari</i>, p. p.

<i>imaginatus</i>, fr. <i>imago</i> image. See <u>Image</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form in the mind a notion or idea of; to form a mental image of; to conceive; to produce by the imagination.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In the night, <i>imagining</i> some fear,<BR> How easy is a bush supposed a bear!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To contrive in purpose; to scheme; to devise; to compass; to purpose. See <u>Compass</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 5.</def></p> <p><blockquote>How long will ye <i>imagine</i> mischief against a man?</blockquote> <i>Ps. lxii. 3.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To represent to one's self; to think; to believe.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To fancy; conceive; apprehend; think; believe; suppose; opine; deem; plan; scheme; devise.</p> <p><hw>Im*ag"ine</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form images or conceptions; to conceive; to devise.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To think; to suppose.</def></p> <p><blockquote>My sister is not so defenseless left<BR> As you <i>imagine</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"in*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who forms ideas or conceptions; one who contrives.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ag"in*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imaginative.</def> [R.] <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>||I*ma"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Imagoes</b></plw> (#). [L. See <u>Image</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An image.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The final adult, and usually winged, state of an insect. See <i>Illust.</i> of <u>Antlion</u>, and <u>Army worm</u>.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>||I*mam"</hw> (?), <hw>||I*man"</hw> (?), <hw>||I*maum"</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Ar. <i>im&amacr;m</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Among the Mohammedans, a minister or priest who performs the regular service of the mosque.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A Mohammedan prince who, as a successor of Mohammed, unites in his person supreme spiritual and temporal power.</def></p> <p><hw>I*ma"ret</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Turk., fr. Ar. <i>'im&amacr;ra</i>.] <def>A lodging house for Mohammedan pilgrims.</def> <i>Moore.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*balm"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embalm</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*ban"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put under a ban.</def> [R.] <i>Barlow.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*band"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To form into a band or bands.</def> "<i>Imbanded</i> nations." <i>J. Barlow.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bank"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbanked</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbanking</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bank</i>. Cf. <u>Embank</u>.] <def>To inclose or defend with a bank or banks. See <u>Embank</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bank"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of surrounding with a bank; a bank or mound raised for defense, a roadway, etc.; an embankment. See <u>Embankment</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ban"nered</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having banners.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bar"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To bar in; to secure.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>To <i>imbar</i> their crooked titles.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bar"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embargo</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bark"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i. & t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embark</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*barn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To store in a barn.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*base"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embase</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*base"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To diminish in value.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hales.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bas"tard*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To bastardize; to debase.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bathe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bathe</i>. Cf. <u>Embathe</u>.] <def>To bathe; to wash freely; to immerse.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And gave her to his daughters to <i>imbathe</i><BR> In nectared lavers strewed with asphodel.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bay"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embay</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imbecillis</i>, and <i>imbecillus</i>; of unknown origin: cf. F.

<i>imb&eacute;cile</i>.] <def>Destitute of strength, whether of body or mind; feeble; impotent; esp., mentally wea; feeble-minded; as, hospitals for the <i>imbecile</i> and insane.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Weak; feeble; feeble-minded; idiotic.</p> <p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One destitute of strength; esp., one of feeble mind.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"be*cile</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To weaken; to make imbecile; as, to <i>imbecile</i> men's courage.</def> [Obs.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`be*cil"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To weaken, as to the body or the mind; to enfeeble.</def> [R.] <i>A. Wilson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`be*cil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Imbecilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>imbecillitas</i>: cf. F. <i>imb&eacute;cillit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being imbecile; weakness; feebleness, esp. of mind.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Cruelty . . . argues not only a depravedness of nature, but also a meanness of courage and <i>imbecility</i> of mind.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p>&fist; This term is used specifically to denote natural weakness of the mental faculties, affecting one's power to act reasonably or intelligently.</p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Debility; infirmity; weakness; feebleness; impotence. See <u>Debility</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*bed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbedded</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbedding</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bed</i>. Cf. <u>Embed</u>.] <def>To sink or lay, as in a bed; to deposit in a partly inclosing mass, as of clay or mortar; to cover, as with earth, sand, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bel"lic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imbellis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> = <i>in-</i> not + <i>bellum</i> war; cf. <i>bellicus</i> warlike.] <def>Not warlike or martial.</def> [Obs.] <i>R. Junius.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bench"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bench</i>.] <def>A raised work like a bench.</def> [Obs.] <i>Parkhurst.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"ber-goose`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The loon. See <u>Ember-goose</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bez"zle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See <u>Embezzle</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bibe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbibed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbibing</u>.] [L. <i>imbibere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in +

<i>bibere</i> to drink: cf. F. <i>imbiber</i>. Cf. <u>Bib</u>, <u>Imbue</u>, <u>Potable</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To drink in; to absorb; to suck or take in; to receive as by drinking; as, a person <i>imbibes</i> drink, or a sponge <i>imbibes</i> moisture.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To receive or absorb into the mind and retain; as, to <i>imbibe</i> principles; to <i>imbibe</i> errors.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To saturate; to imbue.</def> [Obs.] "Earth, <i>imbibed</i> with . . . acid." <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bib"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, imbibes.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`bi*bi"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imbibition</i>.] <def>The act or process of imbibing, or absorbing; as, the post-mortem <i>imbibition</i> of poisons.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bit"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbittered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbittering</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bitter</i>. Cf. <u>Embitter</u>.] [Written also <i>embitter</i>.] <def>To make bitter; hence, to make distressing or more distressing; to make sad, morose, sour, or malignant.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Is there anything that more <i>imbitters</i> the enjoyment of this life than shame?</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Imbittered</i> against each other by former contests.</blockquote> <i>Bancroft.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bit"ter*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, imbitters.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bit"ter*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imbittering; bitter feeling; embitterment.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*blaze"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Emblaze</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bla"zon</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Emblazon</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bod"y</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [See <u>Embody</u>.] <def>To become corporeal; to assume the qualities of a material body. See <u>Embody</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The soul grows clotted by contagion,<BR> <i>Imbodies</i>, and imbrutes.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*boil"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See <u>Emboil</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bold"en</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embolden</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*bon"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + L. <i>bonitas</i> goodness.] <def>Want of goodness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bor"der</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbordered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbordering</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>border</i>. Cf. <u>Emborder</u>.] <def>To furnish or inclose with a border; to form a border of.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bosk"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbosked</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbosking</u>.] [CF. It. <i>imboscare</i> to imbosk, <i>imboscarsi</i> to retire into a wood; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bosco</i> wood. See <u>Boscage</u>, and cf. <u>Ambush</u>.] <def>To conceal, as in bushes; to hide.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shelton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bosk"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be concealed.</def> [R.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bos"om</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbosomed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbosoming</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bosom</i>. Cf. <u>Embosom</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hold in the bosom; to cherish in the heart or affection; to embosom.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose or place in the midst of; to surround or shelter; as, a house <i>imbosomed</i> in a grove.</def> "Villages <i>imbosomed</i> soft in trees." <i>Thomson.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The Father infinite,<BR> By whom in bliss <i>imbosomed</i> sat the Son.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*boss"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Emboss</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bos"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Emboss</u>.] <def>Embossed or raised work.</def> [Obs.] & Fl.</i></p> <i>Beau.

<p><hw>Im*bound"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose in limits; to shut in.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bow"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>bow</i>. Cf. <u>Embow</u>.] <def>To make like a bow; to curve; to arch; to vault; to embow.</def> "<i>Imbowed</i> windows." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bow"el</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embowel</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bow"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Embower</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bow"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>act of

imbowing; an arch; a vault.</def>

<i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*box"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose in a box.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bra"cer*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Embracery.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*braid"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See <u>Embraid</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*bran"gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To entangle as in a cobweb; to mix confusedly.</def> [R.] <i>Hudibras.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Physiology <i>imbrangled</i> with an inapplicable logic.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*breed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Inbreed</u>.] <def>To generate within; to inbreed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hakewill.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im"bri*cate</hw> (?), <hw>Im"bri*ca`ted</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imbricatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imbricare</i> to cover with tiles, to form like a gutter tile, fr. <i>imbrex</i>, <i>-icis</i>, a hollow tile, gutter tile, fr. <i>imber</i> rain.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Bent and hollowed like a roof or gutter tile.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lying over each other in regular order, so as to "break joints," like tiles or shingles on a roof, the scales on the leaf buds of plants and the cups of some acorns, or the scales of fishes; overlapping each other at the margins, as leaves in &aelig;stivation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>In decorative art: Having scales lapping one over the other, or a representation of such scales; as, an <i>imbricated</i> surface; an <i>imbricated</i> pattern.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"bri*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To lay in order, one lapping over another, so as to form an imbricated surface.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`bri*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imbrication</i>.] <def>An overlapping of the edges, like that of tiles or shingles; hence, intricacy of structure; also, a pattern or decoration representing such a structure.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"bri*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Imbricate.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`bro*ca"do</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Imbrocadoes</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Brocade</u>.] <def>Cloth of silver or of gold.</def> [R.]</p> <p>{ <hw>||Im`bro*ca"ta</hw> (?), <hw>Im`broc*ca"ta</hw> }, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>imbroccata</i>.] <def>A hit or thrust.</def> [Obs.] <i>B. Jonson.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*brogl"io</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Imbroglios</b></plw> (#). [Written also <i>embroglio</i>.] [It. See 1st <u>Broil</u>, and cf. <u>Embroil</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An intricate, complicated plot, as of a drama or work of fiction.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A complicated and embarrassing state of things; a serious misunderstanding.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Wrestling to free itself from the baleful <i>imbroglio</i>.</blockquote> <i>Carlyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*brown"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>brown</i>. Cf. <u>Embrown</u>.] <def>To make brown; to obscure; to darken; to tan; as, features <i>imbrowned</i> by exposure.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The mountain mass by scorching skies <i>imbrowned</i>.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*brue"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbureed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbureing</u>.] [Cf. OF. <i>embruer</i>, also <i>embruver</i>, <i>embreuver</i>, <i>embrever</i>, to give to drink, soak (see pref. <u>En-</u>, 1, 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Breverage</u>), but also OE. <i>enbrewen</i>, <i>enbrowen</i>, to stain, soil (cf. <u>Brewis</u>).] <def>To wet or moisten; to soak; to drench, especially in blood.</def></p> <p><blockquote>While Darwen stream, will blood of Scots <i>imbrued</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*brue"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imbruing or state of being imbrued.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*brute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imbruted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbruting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>brute</i>: cf. F. <i>abrutir</i>. Cf. <u>Embrute</u>.] <def>To degrade to the state of a brute; to make brutal.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And mixed with bestial slime,<BR> THis essence to incarnate and <i>imbrute</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*brute"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To sink to the state of a brute.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The soul grows clotted by contagion,<BR> Imbodies, and <i>imbrutes</i>, till she quite lose<BR> The divine property of her first being.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*brute"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imbruting, or the state of being imbruted.</def> [R.] <i>Brydges.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bue"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p.

p.</i></pos> <u>Imbued</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imbuing</u>.] [L. <i>imbuere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + perh. a disused simple word akin to L. <i>bibere</i> to drink. Cf. <u>Imbibe</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To tinge deeply; to dye; to cause to absorb; as, clothes thoroughly <i>imbued</i> with black.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To tincture deply; to cause to become impressed or penetrated; as, to <i>imbue</i> the minds of youth with good principles.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thy words with grace divine<BR> <i>Imbued</i>, bring to their sweetness no satiety.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*bue"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imbuing; the state of being imbued; hence, a deep tincture.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*burse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>burse</i>: cf. F. <i>embourser</i> to put into one's purse. See <u>Burse</u>, and <u>Purse</u>.] <def>To supply or stock with money.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*burse"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imbursing, or the state of being imbursed.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Money laid up in stock.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*bu"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An imbuing.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>I*mes"a*tin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Im</i>id<i>e</i> + i<i>satin</i>.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A dark yellow, crystalline substance, obtained by the action of ammonia on isatin.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"ide</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A compound with, or derivative of, the imido group; specif., a compound of one or more acid radicals with the imido group, or with a monamine; hence, also, a derivative of ammonia, in which two atoms of hydrogen have been replaced by divalent basic or acid radicals; -frequently used as a combining form; as, succin<i>imide</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*do</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, containing, or combined with, the radical NH, which is called the <i>imido group</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Imido acid</b></col>, <cd>an organic acid, consisting of one or more acid radicals so united with the imido group that it contains replaceable acid hydrogen, and plays the part of an acid; as, uric acid, succinimide, etc., are <i>imido acids</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im`it*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Imitable</u>.] <def>The quality of being imitable.</def> <i>Norris.</i></p>

<p><! p. 731 !></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imitabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imitable</i>. See <u>Imitate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being imitated or copied.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The characters of man placed in lower stations of life are more usefull, as being <i>imitable</i> by great numbers.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Worthy of imitation; as, <i>imitable</i> character or qualities.</def> <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imitable; worthness of imitation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*tan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>imitans</i>, p. pr. of <i>imitare</i>.] <def>Tendency to imitation.</def> [R.] <i>Carlyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imitating</u> (?).] [L. <i>imitatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imitari</i> to imitate; of unknown origin. Cf. <u>Image</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To follow as a pattern, model, or example; to copy or strive to copy, in acts, manners etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Despise wealth and <i>imitate</i> a dog.</blockquote> <i>Cowlay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To produce a semblance or likeness of, in form, character, color, qualities, conduct, manners, and the like; to counterfeit; to copy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A place picked out by choice of best alive<BR> The Nature's work by art can <i>imitate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This hand appeared a shining sword to weild,<BR> And that sustained an <i>imitated</i> shield.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>To resemble (another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object) in form, color, ornamentation, or instinctive habits, so as to derive an advantage thereby; sa, when a harmless snake <i>imitates</i> a venomous one in color and manner, or when an odorless insect <i>imitates</i>, in color, one having secretion offensive to birds.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imitatio</i>: cf. F. <i>imitation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imitating.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Poesy is an art of <i>imitation</i>, . . . that is to say, a representing, counterfeiting, or figuring forth.</blockquote> <i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is made or produced as a copy; that which is made to resemble something else, whether for laudable or for fraudulent purposes; likeness; resemblance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Both these arts are not only true <i>imitations</i> of nature, but of the best nature.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>One of the principal means of securing unity and consistency in polyphonic composition; the repetition of essentially the same melodic theme, phrase, or motive, on different degrees of pitch, by one or more of the other parts of voises. Cf. <u>Canon</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The act of condition of imitating another species of animal, or a plant, or unanimate object. See <u>Imitate</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 3.</def></p> <p>&fist; <i>Imitation</i> is often used adjectively to characterize things which have a deceptive appearance, simulating the qualities of a superior article; -- opposed to <i>real</i> or <i>genuine</i>; as, <i>imitation</i> lace; <i>imitation</i> bronze; <i>imitation</i> modesty, etc.</p> <p><hw>Im`i*ta"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or employed in, imitation; as, <i>imitational</i> propensities.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imitavitus</i>: cf. F. <i>imitatif</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inclined to imitate, copy, or follow; imitating; exhibiting some of the qualities or characteristics of a pattern or model; dependent on example; not original; as, man is an <i>imitative</i> being; painting is an <i>imitative</i> art.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Formed after a model, pattern, or original.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This temple, less in form, with equal grace,<BR> Was <i>imitative</i> of the first in Thrace.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Nat. Hist.)</i> <def>Designed to imitate another species of animal, or a plant, or inanimate object, for some useful purpose, such as protection from enemies; having resemblance to something else; as, <i>imitative</i> colors; <i>imitative</i> habits; dendritic and mammillary forms of minerals are <i>imitative</i>.</def></p> <p>-- <wf>Im"i*ta*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im"i*ta*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>A verb expressive of imitation or resemblance.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who imitates.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta`tor*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or

office of an imitator.</def> "Servile <i>imitatorship</i>." <i>Marston.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta`tress</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A woman who is an imitator.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"i*ta`trix</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An imitatress.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mac"u*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immaculatus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>maculatus</i>, p. p. of <i>maculare</i> to spot, stane, fr. <i>macula</i> spot. See <u>Mail</u> armor.] <def>Without stain or blemish; spotless; undefiled; clear; pure.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Were but my soul as pure<BR> From other guilt as that, Heaven did not hold<BR> One more <i>immaculate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Thou sheer, <i>immaculate</i> and silver fountain.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>Immaculate conception</b></col> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i>, <cd>the doctrine that the Virgin Mary was conceived without original sin.</cd></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*mac"u*late*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*mac"u*late*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*mailed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wearing mail or armor; clad of armor.</def> <i>W. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mal"le*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not maleable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*man"a*cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immanacled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immanacling</u> (?).] <def>To manacle; to fetter; hence; to confine; to restrain from free action.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Although this corporal rind<BR> Thou hast <i>immanacled</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"ma*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + L. <i>manare</i> to flow; cf. <i>mantio</i> a flowing.] <def>A flowing or entering in; -- opposed to emanation.</def> [R.] <i>Good.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mane"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immanis</i>.] <def>Very great; huge; vast; also, monstrous in character; inhuman; atrocious; fierce.</def> [Obs.] "So <i>immane</i> a man." <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*mane"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p>{ <hw>Im"ma*nence</hw> (?), <hw>Im"ma*nen*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The condition or quality of being immanent; inherence; an indwelling.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>[Clement] is mainly concerned in enforcing the <i>immanence</i> of God. Christ is everywhere presented by him as Deity indwelling in the world.</blockquote> <i>A. V. G. Allen.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"ma*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immanens</i>, p. pr. of <i>immanere</i> to remain in or near; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>manere</i> to remain: cf. F. <i>immanent</i>.] <def>Remaining within; inherent; indwelling; abiding; intrinsic; internal or subjective; hence, limited in activity, agency, or effect, to the subject or associated acts; -- opposed to <i>emanant</i>, <i>transitory</i>, <i>transitive</i>, or <i>objective</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A cognition is an <i>immanent</i> act of mind.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>immanent</i> power in the life of the world.</blockquote> <i>Hare.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*man"i*fest</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not manifest.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*man"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immanitas</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immane; barbarity.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*man"tle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Emmantle</u>.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*man"u*el</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Heb. <i>'imm&amacr;n&?;&emacr;l</i>, fr. <i>'im</i> with + <i>&amacr;n&?;</i> us + <i>&emacr;l</i> God.] <def>God with us; -- an appellation of the Christ.</def> <i>Is. vii. 14. Matt. i. 23.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mar*ces"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immarcescibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>marcescere</i> to fade: cf. F. <i>immarcescible</i>.] <def>Unfading; lasting.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mar*ces"ci*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Unfadingly.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mar"gin*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Not having a distinctive margin or border.</def> <i>Grey.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mar"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not martial; unwarlike.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*mask"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover, as with a mask; to disguise or conceal.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*match"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Matchless; peerless.</def> [Obs.] <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al</hw>

(&ibreve;m`m&adot;*t&emacr;"r&ibreve;*<i>a</i>l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>material</i>: cf. F. <i>immat&eacute;riel</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consisting of matter; incorporeal; spiritual; disembodied.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Angels are spirits <i>immaterial</i> and intellectual.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of no substantial consequence; without weight or significance; unimportant; as, it is wholly <i>immaterial</i> whether he does so or not.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unimportant; inconsequential; insignificant; inconsiderable; trifling.</p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immat&eacute;rialisme</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The doctrine that immaterial substances or spiritual being exist, or are possible.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>The doctrine that external bodies may be reduced to mind and ideas in a mind; any doctrine opposed to materialism or phenomenalism, esp. a system that maintains the immateriality of the soul; idealism; esp., Bishop Berkeley's theory of idealism.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immat&eacute;rialiste</i>.] <i>(Philos.)</i> <def>One who believes in or professes, immaterialism.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te`ri*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immaterialities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F. <i>immat&eacute;rialit</i>&eacute;.] <def>The state or quality of being immaterial or incorporeal; as, the <i>immateriality</i> of the soul.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immat&eacute;rialiser</i>.] <def>To render immaterial or incorporeal.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Immateralized</i> spirits.</blockquote> <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an immaterial manner; without matter or corporeal substance.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>In an unimportant manner or degree.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being immaterial; immateriality.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*te"ri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Immaterial.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*ture"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immaturus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>maturus</i> mature, ripe.

See <u>Mature</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not mature; unripe; not arrived at perfection of full development; crude; unfinished; as, <i>immature</i> fruit; <i>immature</i> character; <i>immature</i> plans.</def> "An ill-measured and <i>immature</i> counsel." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Premature; untimely; too early; as, an immature death.</def> [R.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*tured"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Immature.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*ture"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immature manner.</def> <i>Warburion.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*ture"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being immature; immaturity.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`ma*tu"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immaturitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immaturit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immature or not fully developed; unripeness; incompleteness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>When the world has outgrown its intellectual <i>immaturity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Caird.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`me*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + L. <i>meabilis</i> passable, fr. <i>meare</i> to pass.] <def>Want of power to pass, or to permit passage; impassableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Immeability</i> of the juices.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*meas`ur*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being immeasurable; immensurability.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>measurable</i>: cf. F. <i>measurable</i>. Cf. <u>Immensurable</u>, <u>Unmeasurable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being measured; indefinitely extensive; illimitable; immensurable; vast.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Of depth <i>immeasurable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being immeasurable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Eternity and <i>immeasurableness</i> belong to thought alone.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*meas"ur*a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immeasurable manner or degree.</def> "<i>Immeasurably</i> distant." <i>Wordsworth.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*meas"ured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Immeasurable.</def> [R.] <i>Spenser.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`me*chan"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not mechanical.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cheyne.</i> -<wf>Im"me*chan"ic*al*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*me"di*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The relation of freedom from the interventionof a medium; immediateness.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*me"di*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>imm&eacute;diat</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Mediate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not separated in respect to place by anything intervening; proximate; close; as, <i>immediate</i> contact.</def></p> <p><blockquote>You are the most <i>immediate</i> to our throne.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not deferred by an interval of time; present; instant.</def> "Assemble we <i>immediate</i> council." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Death . . . not yet inflicted, as he feared,<BR> By some <i>immediate</i> stroke.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Acting with nothing interposed or between, or without the intervention of another object as a cause, means, or agency; acting, perceived, or produced, directly; as, an <i>immediate</i> cause.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>immediate</i> knowledge of the past is therefore impossible.</blockquote> <i>Sir. W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><col><b>Immediate amputation</b></col> <i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>an amputation performed within the first few hours after an injury, and before the the effects of the shock have passed away.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Proximate; close; direct; next.</p> <p><hw>Im*me"di*ate*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an immediate manner; without intervention of any other person or thing; proximately; directly; -- opposed to <i>mediately</i>; as, <i>immediately</i> contiguous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>God's acceptance of it either <i>immediately</i> by himself, or mediately by the hands of the bishop.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Without interval of time; without delay; promptly; instantly; at once.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And Jesus . . . touched him, saying, I will; be thou clean. And <i>immediately</i> his leprosy was cleansed.</blockquote> <i>Matt. viii. 3.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>As soon as. Note.</def></p> Cf. <u>Directly</u>, 8,

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Directly; instantly; quickly; forthwith; straightway; presently. See <u>Directly</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*me"di*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or relations of being immediate in manner, place, or time; exemption from second or interventing causes.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*me"di*a*tism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Immediateness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*med"i*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>Immedicabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Medicable</u>.] <def>Not to be healed; incurable.</def> "Wounds <i>immedicable</i>." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`me*lo"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not melodious.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mem"o*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immemorabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>memorabilis</i> memorable: cf. F. <i>imm&eacute;morable</i>. See <u>Memorable</u>.] <def>Not memorable; not worth remembering.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`me*mo"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>memorial</i>: cf. F. <i>imm&eacute;morial</i>.] <def>Extending beyond the reach of memory, record, or tradition; indefinitely ancient; as, existing from time <i>immemorial</i>.</def> "<i>Immemorial</i> elms." <i>Tennyson.</i> "<i>Immemorial</i> usage or custom." <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><col><b>Time immemorial</b></col> <i>(Eng. Law.)</i>, <cd>a time antedating (legal) history, and beyond "legal memory" so called; formerly an indefinite time, but in 1276 this time was fixed by statute as the begining of the reign of Richard I. (1189). Proof of unbroken possession or use of any right since that date made it unnecessary to establish the original grant. In 1832 the plan of dating legal memory from a fixed time was abandoned and the principle substituted that rights which had been enjoyed for full twenty years (or as against the crown thirty years) should not be liable to impeachment merely by proving that they had not been enjoyed before.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im`me*mo"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Beyond memory.</def> <i>Bentley.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immensus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mensus</i>, p. p. of <i>metiri</i> to measure: cf. F. <i>immense</i>. See <u>Measure</u>.] <def>Immeasurable; unlimited. In commonest use: Very great; vast; huge.</def> "<i>Immense</i> the power" <i>Pope.</i> "<i>Immense</i> and boundless ocean." <i>Daniel.</i></p> <p><blockquote>O Goodness infinite! Goodness <i>immense</i>!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Infinite; immeasurable; illimitable; unbounded; unlimited; interminable; vast; prodigious; enormous; monstrous. See <u>Enormous</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*mense"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In immense manner or degree.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mense"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being immense.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*men"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [<i>Immense</i> + <i>-ible</i>.] <def>Immeasurable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Davies.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*men"si*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immensities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immensitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immensit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immense; inlimited or immeasurable extension; infinity; vastness in extent or bulk; greatness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Lost in the wilds of vast <i>immensity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Blackmore.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>immensity</i> of the material system.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*men"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Huge.</def> [Obs.] <i>Herrick.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being immensurable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + L. <i>mensurabilis</i> measurable: cf. F. <i>immensurable</i>. Cf. <u>Immeasurable</u>.] <def>Immeasurable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>What an <i>immensurable</i> space is the firmament.</blockquote> <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*men"su*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>mensurate</i>.] <def>Unmeasured; unlimited.</def> [R.] <i>W. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*merge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immerged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immerging</u> (?).] [L. <i>immergere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mergere</i> to dip, plunge: cf. F. <i>immerger</i>. See <u>Merge</u>, and cf. <u>Immerse</u>.] <def>To plungel into, under, or within anything especially a fuid; to dip; to immerse. See <u>Immerse</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>We took . . . lukewarm water, and in it <i>immerged</i> a quantity of the leaves of senna.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Their souls are <i>immerged</i> in matter.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*merge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To dissapear by entering into any medium, as a star into the light of the sun.</def> [R.]</p>

<p><hw>Im*mer"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of worth; demerit.</def> [R.] <i>Suckling.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mer"it*ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unmerited.</def> [Obs.] <i>Charles I.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mer"it*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immeritus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>meritus</i>, p. p. of <i>merere</i>, <i>mereri</i>, to deserve.] <def>Undeserving.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mers"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Immersible</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*merse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immersus</i>, p. p. of <i>immergere</i>. See <u>Immerge</u>.] <def>Immersed; buried; hid; sunk.</def> [Obs.] "Things <i>immerse</i> in matter." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*merse"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immersed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immersing</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To plunge into anything that surrounds or covers, especially into a fluid; to dip; to sink; to bury; to immerge.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Deep <i>immersed</i> beneath its whirling wave.</blockquote> <i>J Warton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>More than a mile <i>immersed</i> within the wood.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To baptize by immersion.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To engage deeply; to engross the attention of; to involve; to overhelm.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The queen <i>immersed</i> in such a trance.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p> <p><blockquote>It is impossible to have a lively hope in another life, and yet be deeply <i>immersed</i> inn the enjoyments of this.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><! p. 732 !></p> <p><hw>Im*mersed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Deeply plunged into anything, especially a fluid.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Deeply occupied; engrossed; entangled.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Growing wholly under water.</def> <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mers"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Immerse</u>.] <def>Capable of being immersed.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*mers"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + L. <i>mersus</i>, p. p. of <i>mergere</i> to plunge.] <def>Not capable of being immersed.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mer"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immersio</i>; cf. F. <i>immersion</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of immersing, or the state of being immersed; a sinking within a fluid; a dipping; as, the <i>immersion</i> of Achilles in the Styx.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Submersion in water for the purpose of Christian baptism, as, practiced by the Baptists.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The state of being overhelmed or deeply absorbed; deep engagedness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Too deep an <i>immersion</i> in the affairs of life.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>The dissapearance of a celestail body, by passing either behind another, as in the occultation of a star, or into its shadow, as in the eclipse of a satellite; -- opposed to <i>emersion</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Immersion lens</b></col>, <cd>a microscopic objective of short focal distance designed to work with a drop of liquid, as oil, between the front lens and the slide, so that this lens is practically <i>immersed</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*mer"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>One who holds the doctrine that immersion is essential to Christian baptism.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mesh"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immeshed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immeshing</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mesh</i>. Cf. <u>Inmesh</u>.] <def>To catch or entangle in, or as in, the meshes of a net. or in a web; to insnare.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not methodical; without method or systematic arrangement; without order or regularity; confused.</def> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Irregular; confused; disoderly; unsystematic; desultory.</p> <p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without method; confusedly; unsystematically.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`me*thod"ic*al*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of method.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*meth"od*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To render immethodical; to destroy the method of; to confuse.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*met"ric*al</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not

metrical or rhythmical.</def> [R.] <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mew"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Emmew</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"mi*grant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immigrans</i>, p. pr. of <i>immigrare</i> to go into: cf. F. <i>immigrant</i>. See <u>Immigrate</u>.] <def>One who immigrates; one who comes to a country for the purpose of permanent residence; -correlative of <i>emigrant</i>.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Emigrant</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im"mi*grate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immigrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immigrating</u> (?).] [L. <i>immigrare</i>, <i>immigratum</i>, to immigrate; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>migrare</i> to migrate. See <u>Migrate</u>.] <def>To come into a country of which one is not a native, for the purpose of permanent residence. See <u>Emigrate</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"mi*gra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immigration</i>.] <def>The act of immigrating; the passing or coming into a country for the purpose of permanent residence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>immigrations</i> of the Arabians into Europe.</blockquote> <i>T. Warton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"mi*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imminence</i>, L. <i>imminentia</i>, See <u>Imminent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being imminent; a threatening, as of something about to happen. The imminence of any danger or distress.</def> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is imminent; impending evil or danger.</def> "But dare all <i>imminence</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"mi*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imminens</i>, p. pr. of <i>imminere</i> to project; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>minere</i> (in comp.) to jut, project. See <u>Eminent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Threatening to occur immediately; near at hand; impending; -- said especially of misfortune or peril.</def> "In danger <i>imminent</i>." <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Full of danger; threatening; menacing; perilous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Hairbreadth scapes i' the <i>imminent</i> deadly breach.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>(With <i>upon</i>) Bent upon; attentive to.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Their eyes ever <i>imminent</i> upon worldly matters.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impending; threatening; near; at hand. --

<u>Imminent</u>, <u>Impending</u>, <u>Threatening</u>. <i>Imminent</i> is the strongest: it denotes that something is ready to fall or happen on the instant; as, in <i>imminent</i> danger of one's life. <i>Impending</i> denotes that something hangs suspended over us, and may so remain indefinitely; as, the <i>impending</i> evils of war. <i>Threatening</i> supposes some danger in prospect, but more remote; as, <i>threatening</i> indications for the future.</p> <p><blockquote>Three times to-day<BR> You have defended me from <i>imminent</i> death.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>No story I unfold of public woes,<BR> Nor bear advices of <i>impending</i> foes.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Fierce faces <i>threatening</i> war.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"mi*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imminent manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*min"gle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To mingle; to mix; to unite; to blend.</def> [R.] <i>Thomson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mi*nu"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imminutio</i>, fr. <i>imminuere</i>, <i>imminutum</i>, to lessen; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>minuere</i>.] <def>A lessening; diminution; decrease.</def> [R.] <i>Ray.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mis"ci*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immiscibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Incapability of being mixed, or mingled.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mis"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>miscible</i>: cf. F. <i>immiscible</i>.] <def>Not capable of being mixed or mingled.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A chaos of <i>immiscible</i> and conflicting particles.</blockquote> <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mis"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immissio</i>: cf. F. <i>immission</i>. See <u>Immit</u>.] <def>The act of immitting, or of sending or thrusting in; injection; -- the correlative of <i>emission</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mit"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immitted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immiting</u>.] [L. <i>immittere</i>, <i>immissum</i>; pref. <i>im</i> in + <i>mittere</i> to send.] <def>To send in; to inject; to infuse; -- the correlative of <i>emit</i>.</def> [R.] <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mit"i*ga*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immitigabilis</i>; fr. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mitigare</i> to mitigate.] <def>Not capable of being mitigated, softened, or appeased.</def> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*mit"i*ga*bly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immitigable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mix"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>mix</i>.] <def>To mix; to mingle.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Amongst her tears <i>immixing</i> prayers meek.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mix"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not mixable.</def> <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mixed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>mixed</i>, p. p. of <i>mix</i>.] <def>Unmixed.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>How pure and <i>immixed</i> the design is.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mix"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Freedom from mixture; purity.</def> [R.] <i>W. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mo"bile</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immobilis</i>: cf. F. <i>immobile</i>. See <u>Immobility</u>.] <def>Incapable of being moved; immovable; fixed; stable.</def> <i>Prof. Shedd.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mo*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immobilitas</i>, fr. <i>immobilis</i> immovable; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mobilis</i> movable: cf. F. <i>immobilit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Mobile</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being immobile; fixedness in place or state.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mob"i*lize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> in + <i>mobilize</i>; cf. f. <i>immobiliser</i>.] <def>To make immovable; in surgery, to make immovable (a naturally mobile part, as a joint) by the use of splints, or stiffened bandages.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mo"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Obs.] <def>See <u>Immobile</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mod"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Immoderate</u>.] <def>Immoderateness.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mod"er*an*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immoderantia</i>.] <def>Immoderateness; excess.</def> [R.] T. Browne.</i></p> <i>Sir

<p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immoderatus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>moderatus</i> moderate. See <u>Moderate</u>.] <def>Not moderate; exceeding just or usual and suitable bounds; excessive; extravagant; unreasonable; as, <i>immoderate</i> demands; <i>immoderate</i> grief; <i>immoderate</i> laughter.</def></p> <p><blockquote>So every scope by the <i>immoderate</i> use<BR> Turns to restraint.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Excessive; exorbitant; unreasonable; extravagant; intemperate; inordinate.</p> <p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immoderate manner; excessively.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mod"er*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being immoderate; excess; extravagance.</def> <i>Puller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mod`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immoderatio</i>: cf. F. <i>imod&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>Want of moderation.</def> <i>Hallywell.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mod"est</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>immodeste</i>, L. <i>immodestus</i> immoderate; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>modestus</i> modest. See <u>Modest</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not limited to due bounds; immoderate.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not modest; wanting in the reserve or restraint which decorum and decency require; indecent; indelicate; obscene; lewd; as, <i>immodest</i> persons, behavior, words, pictures, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Immodest</i> deeds you hinder to be wrought,<BR> But we proscribe the least <i>immodest</i> thought.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indecorous; indelicate; shameless; shameful; impudent; indecent; impure; unchaste; lewd; obscene.</p> <p><hw>Im*mod"est*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immodest manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mod"es*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immodestia</i>: cf. F. <i>immodestie</i>.] <def>Want of modesty, delicacy, or decent reserve; indecency.</def> "A piece of <i>immodesty</i>." <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"mo*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immolated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immolating</u>.] [L. <i>immolatus</i>, p. p. of <i>immolare</i> to sacrifice, orig., to sprinkle a victim with sacrifical meal; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mola</i> grits or grains of spelt coarsely ground and mixed with salt; also, mill. See <u>Molar</u>, <u>Meal</u> ground grain.] <def>To sacrifice; to offer in sacrifice; to kill, as a sacrificial victim.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Worshipers, who not only <i>immolate</i> to them [the deities] the lives of men, but . . . the virtue and honor of women.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mo*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immolatio</i>: cf. F. <i>immolation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of immolating, or the state of being immolated, or sacrificed.</def> <i>Sir. T. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is immolated; a

sacrifice.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"mo*la`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who offers in sacrifice; specifically, one of a sect of Russian fanatics who practice self-mutilation and sacrifice.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*mold"</hw>, <hw>Im*mould"</hw> } (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To mold into shape, or form.</def> [Obs.] <i>G. Fletcher.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mo"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Immomentous</u>.] <def>Trifling.</def> [R.] "<i>Immoment</i> toys." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mo*men"tous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>momentous</i>.] <def>Not momentous; unimportant; insignificant.</def> [R.] <i>A. Seward.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>moral</i>: cf. F. <i>immoral</i>.] <def>Not moral; inconsistent with rectitude, purity, or good morals; contrary to conscience or the divine law; wicked; unjust; dishonest; vicious; licentious; as, an <i>immoral</i> man; an <i>immoral</i> deed.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Wicked; sinful; criminal; vicious; unjust; dishonest; depraved; impure; unchaste; profligate; dissolute; abandoned; licentious; lewd; obscene.</p> <p><hw>Im`mo*ral"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immoralities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F. <i>immoralit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being immoral; vice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The root of all <i>immorality</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An immoral act or practice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Luxury and sloth and then a great drove of heresies and <i>immoralities</i> broke loose among them.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immoral manner; wickedly.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`mo*rig"er*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>morigerous</i>.] <def>Rude; uncivil; disobedient.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im`mo*rig"er*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immortalis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mortalis</i> mortal: cf. F. <i>immortel</i>. See <u>Mortal</u>, and cf. <u>Immortelle</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not mortal; exempt from liability to die; undying; imperishable; lasting forever; having unlimited, or eternal, existance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Unto the King eternal, <i>immortal</i>,

invisible.</blockquote> <i>1 Tim. i. 17.</i></p> <p><blockquote>For my soul, what can it do to that,<BR> Being a thing <i>immortal</i> as itself?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Connected with, or pertaining to immortality.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I have <i>immortal</i> longings in me.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Destined to live in all ages of this world; abiding; exempt from oblivion; imperishable; as, <i>immortal</i> fame.</def></p> <p><blockquote>One of the few, <i>immortal</i> names,<BR> That were not born to die.</blockquote> <i>Halleck.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Great; excessive; grievous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hayward.</i></p> <p><col><b>Immortal flowers</b></col>, <cd>immortelles; everlastings.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Eternal; everlasting; never-ending; ceaseless; perpetual; continual; enduring; endless; imperishable; incorruptible; deathless; undying.</p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who will never cease to be; one exempt from death, decay, or annihilation.</def> <i>Bunyan.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who holds the doctrine of the immortality of the soul.</def> [R.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mor*tal"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immortalities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immortalitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immortalit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being immortal; exemption from death and annihilation; unending existance; as, the <i>immortality</i> of the soul.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This mortal must put on <i>immortality</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. xv. 53.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Exemption from oblivion; perpetuity; as, the <i>immortality</i> of fame.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mor`tal*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of immortalizing, or state of being immortalized.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immortalized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immortalizing</u> (?).] [Cf. F. <i>immortaliser</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To render immortal; to cause to live or exist forever.</def> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To exempt from oblivion; to perpetuate in fame.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Alexander had no Homer to <i>immortalize</i> his guilty name.</blockquote> <i>T. Dawes.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ize</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become immortal.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*mor"tal*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immortal manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`mor*telle"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immortelles</b></plw> (#). [F. See <u>Immortal</u>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A plant with a conspicuous, dry, unwithering involucre, as the species of <i>Antennaria</i>, <i>Helichrysum</i>, <i>Gomphrena</i>, etc. See <u>Everlasting</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mor`ti*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Failure to mortify the passions.</def> [R.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mov"a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being immovable; fixedness; steadfastness; as, <i>immovability</i> of a heavy body; <i>immovability</i> of purpose.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being moved; firmly fixed; fast; -- used of material things; as, an <i>immovable</i> foundation.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Immovable</i>, infixed, and frozen round.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Steadfast; fixed; unalterable; unchangeable; -- used of the mind or will; as, an <i>immovable</i> purpose, or a man who remains <i>immovable</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being affected or moved in feeling or by sympathy; unimpressible; impassive.</def> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law.)</i> <def>Not liable to be removed; permanent in place or tenure; fixed; as, an <i>immovable</i> estate. See <u>Immovable</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><col><b>Immovable apparatus</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>an appliance, like the plaster of paris bandage, which keeps fractured parts firmly in place.</cd> -- <col><b>Immovable feasts</b></col> <i>(Eccl.)</i>, <cd>feasts which occur on a certain day of the year and do not depend on the date of Easter; as, Christmas, the Epiphany, etc.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which can not be moved.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <i>(Civil Law)</i> <def>Lands and

things adherent thereto by nature, as trees; by the hand of man, as buildings and their accessories; by their destination, as seeds, plants, manure, etc.; or by the objects to which they are applied, as servitudes.</def> <i>Ayliffe.</i> <i>Bouvier.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mov"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of being immovable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mov"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an immovable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mund"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immundus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mundus</i> clean.] <def>Unclean.</def> [R.] <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`mun*dic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>immondicit&eacute;</i>, L. <i>immunditia</i>, <i>immundities</i>.] <def>Uncleanness; filthiness.</def> [R.] <i>W. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immunis</i>. See <u>Immunity</u>.] <def>Exempt; protected by inoculation.</def> -<wf>Im*mu"nize</wf> (#), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*mu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Immunities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>immunitas</i>, fr. <i>immunis</i> free from a public service; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>munis</i> complaisant, obliging, cf. <i>munus</i> service, duty: cf. F. <i>immunit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Common</u>, and cf. <u>Mean</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Freedom or exemption from any charge, duty, obligation, office, tax, imposition, penalty, or service; a particular privilege; as, the <i>immunities</i> of the free cities of Germany; the <i>immunities</i> of the clergy.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Freedom; exemption; as, <i>immunity</i> from error.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Immured</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Immuring</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mure</i>: cf. F. <i>emmurer</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To wall around; to surround with walls.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sandys.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose whithin walls, or as within walls; hence, to shut up; to imprison; to incarcerate.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Those tender babes<BR> Whom envy hath <i>immured</i> within your walls.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This huge convex of fire,<BR> Outrageous to devour, <i>immures</i> us round.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mure"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A wall; an inclosure.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mure"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of

immuring, or the state of being immured; imprisonment.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*mu"sic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inharmonious; unmusical; discordant.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mu`ta*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>immutabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being immutable; immutableness.</def> <i>Heb. vi. 17.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mu"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>mutabilis</i> mutable. See <u>Mutable</u>.] <def>Not mutable; not capable or susceptible of change; unchangeable; unalterable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That by two <i>immutable</i> things, in which it was impossible for God to lie, we might have a strong consolation.</blockquote> <i>Heb. vi. 18.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Immutable</i>, immortal, infinite,<BR> Eternal King.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*mu"ta*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*mu"ta*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><! p. 733 !></p> <p><hw>Im*mu"tate</hw> (&ibreve;m*m&umacr;"t&asl;t), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutatus</i>, p. p. of <i>immature</i>.] <def>Unchanged.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im"mu*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutatio</i>, from <i>immutare</i>, <i>immutatum</i>, to change. See <u>Immute</u>.] <def>Change; alteration; mutation.</def> [R.] <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*mute"</hw> (&ibreve;m*m&umacr;t"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>immutare</i>, <i>immutatum</i>; perf. <i>im-</i> in + <i>mutare</i> to change : cf. OF. <i>immuter</i>.] <def>To change or alter.</def> [Obs.] <i>J. Salkeld.</i></p> <p><hw>Imp</hw> (&ibreve;mp), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>imp</i> a graft, AS. <i>impa</i>; akin to Dan. <i>ympe</i>, Sw. <i>ymp</i>, prob. fr. LL. <i>impotus</i>, Gr. &?; engrafted, innate, fr. &?; to implant; &?; in + &?; to produce; akin to E. <i>be</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u>, <u>Be</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A shoot; a scion; a bud; a slip; a graft.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An offspring; progeny; child; scion.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The tender <i>imp</i> was weaned.</blockquote> <i>Fairfax.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A young or inferior devil; a little, malignant spirit; a puny demon; a contemptible evil worker.</def></p> <p><blockquote>To mingle in the clamorous fray<BR>

Of squabbling <i>imps</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beattie.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Something added to, or united with, another, to lengthen it out or repair it, -- as, an addition to a beehive; a feather inserted in a broken wing of a bird; a length of twisted hair in a fishing line.</def> [Obs. or Prov. Eng.]</p> <p><hw>Imp</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imped</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imping</u>.] [AS. <i>impian</i> to imp, ingraft, plant; akin to Dan. <i>ympe</i>, Sw. <i>ympa</i>, OHG. <i>impf&omacr;n</i>, <i>impit&omacr;n</i>, G. <i>impfen</i>. See <u>Imp</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To graft; to insert as a scion.</def> [Obs.] <i>Rom. of R.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Falconry)</i> <def>To graft with new feathers, as a wing; to splice a broken feather. Hence, Fig.: To repair; to extend; to increase; to strengthen; to equip.</def> [Archaic]</p> <p><blockquote><i>Imp</i> out our drooping country's broken wing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Who lazily <i>imp</i> their wings with other men's plumes.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Here no frail Muse shall <i>imp</i> her crippled wing.</blockquote> <i>Holmes.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Help, ye tart satirists, to <i>imp</i> my rage<BR> With all the scorpions that should whip this age.</blockquote> <i>Cleveland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>pacare</i> to quiet. See <u>Pacate</u>.] <def>Not to be appeased or quieted.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i> -<wf>Im*pa"ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pack"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pack</i>.] <def>The state of being closely surrounded, crowded, or pressed, as by ice.</def> [R.] <i>Kane.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pact"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impacted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impacting</u>.] [L. <i>impactus</i>, p. p. of <i>impingere</i> to push, strike against. See <u>Impinge</u>.] <def>To drive close; to press firmly together: to wedge into a place.</def> <i>Woodward.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pact</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Contact or impression by touch; collision; forcible contact; force communicated.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The quarrel, by that <i>impact</i> driven.</blockquote> <i>Southey.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The single instantaneous stroke of a body in motion against another either in motion or at

rest.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pact"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Driven together or close.</def></p> <p><col><b>Impacted fracture</b></col> <i>(Surg.)</i>, <cd>a fracture in which the fragments are driven into each other so as to be immovable.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*pac"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impactio</i> a striking : cf. F. <i>impaction</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Surg.)</i> <def>The driving of one fragment of bone into another so that the fragments are not movable upon each other; as, <i>impaction</i> of the skull or of the hip.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An immovable packing; <i>(Med.)</i>, a lodgment of something in a strait or passage of the body; as, <i>impaction</i> of the fetal head in the strait of the pelvis; <i>impaction</i> of food or feces in the intestines of man or beast.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*paint"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To paint; to adorn with colors.</def> [R.] "To <i>impaint</i> his cause." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pair"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impaired</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impairing</u>.] [Written also <i>empair</i>.] [OE. <i>empeiren</i>, <i>enpeiren</i>, OF. <i>empeirier</i>, <i>empirier</i>, F. <i>empirer</i>, LL. <i>impejorare</i>; L. pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pejorare</i> to make worse, fr. <i>pejor</i> worse. Cf. <u>Appair</u>.] <def>To make worse; to diminish in quantity, value, excellence, or strength; to deteriorate; as, to <i>impair</i> health, character, the mind, value.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Time sensibly all things <i>impairs</i>.</blockquote> <i>Roscommon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>In years he seemed, but not <i>impaired</i> by years.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To diminish; decrease; injure; weaken; enfeeble; debilitate; reduce; debase; deteriorate.</p> <p><hw>Im*pair"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To grow worse; to deteriorate.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pair</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impair</i> uneven, L. <i>impar</i>; <i>im-</i> not + <i>par</i> equal.] <def>Not fit or appropriate.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pair"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Diminution; injury.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pair"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, impairs.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pair"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.

<i>enpeirement</i>, OF. <i>empirement</i>.] <def>The state of being impaired; injury.</def> "The <i>impairment</i> of my health." <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"a*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unpalatable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pale"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impaled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impaling</u>.] [See 2d <u>Empale</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To pierce with a pale; to put to death by fixing on a sharp stake. See <u>Empale</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Then with what life remains, <i>impaled</i>, and left<BR> To writhe at leisure round the bloody stake.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inclose, as with pales or stakes; to surround.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impale</i> him with your weapons round about.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Impenetrable, <i>impaled</i> with circling fire.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>To join, as two coats of arms on one shield, palewise; hence, to join in honorable mention.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Ordered the admission of St. Patrick to the same to be matched and <i>impaled</i> with the blessed Virgin in the honor thereof.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pale"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impaling, or the state of being impaled.</def> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An inclosing by stakes or pales, or the space so inclosed.</def> <i>H. Brooke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which hedges in; inclosure.</def> [R.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>The division of a shield palewise, or by a vertical line, esp. for the purpose of putting side by side the arms of husband and wife. See <u>Impale</u>, 3.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"la</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The pallah deer of South Africa.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"lid</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make pallid; to blanch.</def> [Obs.] <i>Feltham.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*palm"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To grasp with or hold in the hand.</def> [R.] <i>J. Barlow.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pal`pa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impalpabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impalpable.</def> <i>Jortin.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>palpable</i>: cf. F. <i>impalpable</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not palpable; that cannot be felt; extremely fine, so that no grit can be perceived by touch.</def> "<i>Impalpable</i> powder." <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not material; intangible; incorporeal.</def> "<i>Impalpable</i>, void, and bodiless." <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not apprehensible, or readily apprehensible, by the mind; unreal; as, <i>impalpable</i> distinctions.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impalpable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pal"sy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To palsy; to paralyze; to deaden.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pa"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impanatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impanare</i> to impanate; L. pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>panis</i> bread.] <def>Embodied in bread, esp. in the bread of the eucharist.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cranmer.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impanated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impanating</u>.] <def>To embody in bread, esp. in the bread of the eucharist.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im"pa*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impanation</i>. See <u>Impanate</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Embodiment in bread; the supposed real presence and union of Christ's material body and blood with the substance of the elements of the eucharist without a change in their nature; -distinguished from <i>transubstantiation</i>, which supposes a miraculous change of the substance of the elements. It is akin to <i>consubstantiation</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"na*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL.] <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>One who holds the doctrine of impanation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pan"el</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impaneled</u> (?) or <u>Impanelled</u>; p. pr. & vb. n. <u>Impaneling</u> or <u>Impanelling</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>panel</i>. Cf. <u>Empanel</u>.] [Written also <i>empanel</i>.] <def>To enter in a list, or on a piece of parchment, called a <i>panel</i>; to form or enroll, as a list of jurors in a court of justice.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pan"el*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act or process of impaneling, or the state of being impaneled.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*par"a*dise</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imparadised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imparadising</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>paradise</i>: cf. F. <i>emparadiser</i>.] <def>To put in a state like paradise; to make supremely happy.</def> "<i>Imparadised</i> in one another's arms." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par"al*leled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unparalleled.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*par"don*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impardonnable</i>.] <def>Unpardonable.</def> [Obs.] <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par`i*dig"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impar</i> unequal + <i>digitus</i> finger.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Having an odd number of fingers or toes, either one, three, or five, as in the horse, tapir, rhinoceros, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*par"i*pin"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impar</i> unequal + E. <i>pinnate</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Pinnate with a single terminal leaflet.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*par"i*syl*lab"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impar</i> unequal + E. <i>syllabic</i>: cf. F. <i>imparisyllabique</i>.] <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Not consisting of an equal number of syllables; as, an <i>imparisyllabic</i> noun, one which has not the same number of syllables in all the cases; as, <i>lapis</i>, <i>lapidis</i>; <i>mens</i>, <i>mentis</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*par"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>parity</i>: cf. F. <i>imparit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inequality; disparity; disproportion; difference of degree, rank, excellence, number, etc.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lack of comparison, correspondence, or suitableness; incongruity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In this region of merely intellectual notion we are at once encountered by the <i>imparity</i> of the object and the faculty employed upon it.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Indivisibility into equal parts; oddness.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*park"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imparked</u> (?), <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imparking</u>.] [Cf. <u>Empark</u>.] <def>To inclose for a park; to sever from a common; hence, to inclose or shut up.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They . . . <i>impark</i> them [the sheep] within hurdles.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*parl"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [OF. <i>emparler</i>; pref. <i>em-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + <i>parler</i> to speak. See <u>In</u>, prep., and <u>Parley</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hold discourse; to parley.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir. T. North.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To have time before pleading; to have delay for mutual adjustment.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par"lance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Emparlance</u>, <u>Parlance</u>.] [Written also <i>inparliance</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Mutual discourse; conference.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Time given to a party to talk or converse with his opponent, originally with the object of effecting, if possible, an amicable adjustment of the suit. The actual object, however, has long been merely to obtain further time to plead, or answer to the allegations of the opposite party.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Hence, the delay or continuance of a suit.</def></p> <p>&fist; <i>Imparlance</i> and <i>continuance by imparlance</i> have been abolished in England. <i>Wharton (Law Dict. ).</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par`son*ee"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OF. <i>empersone</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Parson</u>.] <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <def>Presented, instituted, and inducted into a rectory, and in full possession.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A clergyman so inducted.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*part"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imparted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imparting</u>.] [OF. <i>impartir</i>, <i>empartir</i>, L. <i>impartire</i>, <i>impertire</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>partire</i> to part, divide, fr. <i>pars</i>, <i>partis</i>, part, share. See <u>Part</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> ] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To bestow a share or portion of; to give, grant, or communicate; to allow another to partake in; as, to <i>impart</i> food to the poor; the sun <i>imparts</i> warmth.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Well may he then to you his cares <i>impart</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To obtain a share of; to partake of.</def> [R.] <i>Munday.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To communicate the knowledge of; to make known; to show by words or tokens; to tell; to disclose.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Gentle lady,<BR> When I did first <i>impart</i> my love to you.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To share; yield; confer; convey; grant; give; reveal; disclose; discover; divulge. See <u>Communicate</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*part"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To give a part or share.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He that hath two coats, let him <i>impart</i> to him that hath none.</blockquote> <i>Luke iii. 11.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To hold a conference or consultation.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impartation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`par*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imparting, or the thing imparted.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The necessity of this <i>impartation</i>.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who imparts.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*par"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>partial</i>: cf. F. <i>impartial</i>.] <def>Not partial; not favoring one more than another; treating all alike; unprejudiced; unbiased; disinterested; equitable; fair; just.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Jove is <i>impartial</i>, and to both the same.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A comprehensive and <i>impartial</i> view.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par"tial*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is impartial.</def> [R.] <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par`ti*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impartialit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impartial; freedom from bias or favoritism; disinterestedness; equitableness; fairness; as, <i>impartiality</i> of judgment, of treatment, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impartiality</i> strips the mind of prejudice and passion.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*par"tial*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>In an impartial manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*par"tial*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impartiality.</def> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impartible; communicability.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part`i*bil"i*ty</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impartibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incapable of division into parts; indivisibility.</def> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Impart</u>.] <def>Capable of being imparted or communicated.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*part"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not

+ <i>partible</i>: cf. F. <i>impartible</i>.] <def>Not partible; not subject to partition; indivisible; as, an <i>impartible</i> estate.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*part"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imparting, or that which is imparted, communicated, or disclosed.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>It beckons you to go away with it,<BR> As if it some <i>impartment</i> did desire<BR> To you alone.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pass"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Unpassable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being passed; not admitting a passage; as, an <i>impassable</i> road, mountain, or gulf.</def> <i>Milton.</i> -- <wf>Im*pass"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> - <wf>Im*pass"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pas`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impassibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>impassibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or condition of being impassible; insusceptibility of injury from external things.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impassibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>passibilis</i> passable: cf. F. <i>impassible</i>. See <u>Passible</u>.] <def>Incapable of suffering; inaccessible to harm or pain; not to be touched or moved to passion or sympathy; unfeeling, or not showing feeling; without sensation.</def> "<i>Impassible</i> to the critic." <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Secure of death, I should contemn thy dart<BR> Though naked, and <i>impassible</i> depart.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"si*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impassibility.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> in + <i>passion</i>. Cf. <u>Empassion</u>, <u>Impassionate</u>, <pos><i>v.</i></pos>] <def>To move or affect strongly with passion.</def> [Archaic] <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Excitable; susceptible of strong emotion.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Strongly affected.</def> <i>Smart.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To affect powerfully; to arouse the passions of.</def> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>passionate</i>.] <def>Without passion or feeling.</def> <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sioned</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos>

<def>Actuated or characterized by passion or zeal; showing warmth of feeling; ardent; animated; excited; as, an <i>impassioned</i> orator or discourse.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not susceptible of pain or suffering; apathetic; impassible; unmoved.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impassive</i> as the marble in the quarry.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p> <p><blockquote>On the <i>impassive</i> ice the lightings play.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*pas"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*pas"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im`pas*siv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being insusceptible of feeling, pain, or suffering; impassiveness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pas*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See <u>Impaste</u>.] <def>The act of making into paste; that which is formed into a paste or mixture; specifically, a combination of different substances by means of cements.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*paste"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impasted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impasting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>paste</i>: cf. It. <i>impastare</i>, OF. <i>empaster</i>, F. <i>emp&acirc;ter</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u> and <u>Paste</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To knead; to make into paste; to concrete.</def> "Blood . . . baked and <i>impasted</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>To lay color on canvas by uniting them skillfully together. [R.] Cf. <u>Impasto</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*past"ing</hw>, <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>The laying on of colors to produce impasto.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See <u>Impaste</u>.] <i>(Paint.)</i> <def>The thickness of the layer or body of pigment applied by the painter to his canvas with especial reference to the juxtaposition of different colors and tints in forming a harmonious whole.</def> <i>Fairholt.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pas"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To place in a pasture; to foster.</def> [R.] <i>T. Adams.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impatibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>patibilis</i> supportable. See <u>Patible</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being borne; impassible.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A spirit, and so <i>impatible</i> of material fire.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"tience</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE.

<i>impacience</i>, F. <i>impatience</i>, fr. L. <i>impatientia</i>.] <def>The quality of being impatient; want of endurance of pain, suffering, opposition, or delay; eagerness for change, or for something expected; restlessness; chafing of spirit; fretfulness; passion; as, the <i>impatience</i> of a child or an invalid.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I then, . . . <BR> Out of my grief and my <i>impatience</i>,<BR> Answered neglectingly.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>With huge <i>impatience</i> he inly swelt<BR> More for great sorrow that he could not pass,<BR> Than for the burning torment which he felt.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><! p. 734 !></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"tien*cy</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&amc;"sh<i>e</i>n*s&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impatience.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>||Im*pa"ti*ens</hw> (-sh&ibreve;*&ebreve;nz), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., impatient.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>A genus of plants, several species of which have very beautiful flowers; -- so called because the elastic capsules burst when touched, and scatter the seeds with considerable force. Called also <i>touch-me-not</i>, <i>jewelweed</i>, and <i>snapweed</i>. <i>I. Balsamina</i> (sometimes called <i>lady's slipper</i>) is the common garden balsam.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pa"tient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>impacient</i>, F. <i>impatient</i>, fr. L. <i>impatiens</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>patiens</i> patient. See <u>Patient</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not patient; not bearing with composure; intolerant; uneasy; fretful; restless, because of pain, delay, or opposition; eager for change, or for something expected; hasty; passionate; -- often followed by <i>at</i>, <i>for</i>, <i>of</i>, and <i>under</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A violent, sudden, and <i>impatient</i> necessity.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Fame, <i>impatient</i> of extremes, decays<BR> Not more by envy than excess of praise.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>impatient</i> man will not give himself time to be informed of the matter that lies before him.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Dryden was poor and <i>impatient</i> of poverty.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be borne; unendurable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Prompted by, or exhibiting, impatience; as, <i>impatient</i> speeches or replies.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Restless; uneasy; changeable; hot; eager; fretful; intolerant; passionate.</p> <p><hw>Im*pa"tient</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is impatient.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pa"tient*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impatient manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pat`ron*i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Absolute seignory or possession; the act of investing with such possession.</def> [R.] <i>Cotgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pat"ron*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impatronized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impatronizing</u> (?).] <def>To make lord or master; as, to <i>impatronize</i> one's self of a seigniory.</def> [R.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pave"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pave.</def> [Poetic]</p> <p><blockquote><i>Impaved</i> with rude fidelity<BR> Of art mosaic.</blockquote> <i>Wordsworth.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pav"id</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impavidus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Pavid</u>.] <def>Fearless.</def> -<wf>Im*pav"id*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pawn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impawned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impawning</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>pawn</i>: cf. <u>Empawn</u>.] <def>To put in pawn; to pledge.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*peach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impeached</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impeaching</u>.] [OE. <i>empeechier</i> to prevent, hinder, bar, F. <i>emp&ecirc;cher</i>, L. <i>impedicare</i> to entangle; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pedica</i> fetter, fr. <i>pes</i>, <i>pedis</i>, foot. See <u>Foot</u>, and <u>Appeach</u>, <u>Dispatch</u>, <u>Impede</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To hinder; to impede; to prevent.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>These ungracious practices of his sons did <i>impeach</i> his journey to the Holy Land.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A defluxion on my throat <i>impeached</i> my utterance.</blockquote> <i>Howell.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To charge with a crime or misdemeanor; to accuse; especially to charge (a public officer), before a competent tribunal, with misbehavior in office; to cite before a tribunal for judgment of official misconduct; to arraign; as, to <i>impeach</i> a judge. See <u>Impeachment</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Hence, to charge with impropriety; to

dishonor; to bring discredit on; to call in question; as, to <i>impeach</i> one's motives or conduct.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And doth <i>impeach</i> the freedom of the state.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To challenge or discredit the credibility of, as of a witness, or the validity of, as of commercial paper.</def></p> <p>&fist; When used in law with reference to a witness, the term signifies, to discredit, to show or prove unreliable or unworthy of belief; when used in reference to the <i>credit</i> of witness, the term denotes, to impair, to lessen, to disparage, to destroy. The credit of a witness may be <i>impeached</i> by showing that he has made statements out of court contradictory to what he swears at the trial, or by showing that his reputation for veracity is bad, etc.</p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To accuse; arraign; censure; criminate; indict; impair; disparage; discredit. See <u>Accuse</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*peach"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Hindrance; impeachment.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*peach"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That may be impeached; liable to impeachment; chargeable with a crime.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Owners of lands in fee simple are not <i>impeachable</i> for waste.</blockquote> <i>Z. Swift.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*peach"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who impeaches.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*peach"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>emp&ecirc;chement</i>.] <def>The act of impeaching, or the state of being impeached</def>; as: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Hindrance; impediment; obstruction.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Willing to march on to Calais,<BR> Without <i>impeachment</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A calling to account; arraignment; especially, of a public officer for maladministration.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The consequence of Coriolanus' <i>impeachment</i> had like to have been fatal to their state.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>A calling in question as to purity of motives, rectitude of conduct, credibility, etc.; accusation; reproach; as, an <i>impeachment</i> of motives.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p>&fist; In England, it is the privilege or right of the House of Commons to impeach, and the right of the House of Lords to try and determine impeachments. In the United States, it is the right of the House of Representatives to impeach, and of the Senate to try and

determine impeachments.</p> <p><col><b>Articles of impeachment</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Article</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Impeachment of waste</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>restraint from, or accountability for, injury; also, a suit for damages for injury.</cd> <i>Abbott.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pearl"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impearled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impearling</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pearl</i>: cf. F. <i>emperler</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form into pearls, or into that which resembles pearls.</def> [Poetic]</p> <p><blockquote>Dewdrops which the sun<BR> <i>Impearls</i> on every leaf and every flower.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To decorate as with pearls or with anything resembling pearls.</def> [Poetic]</p> <p><blockquote>With morning dews <i>impearled</i>.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The dews of the morning <i>impearl</i> every thorn.</blockquote> <i>R. Digby.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pec`ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impeccabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impeccable; exemption from sin, error, or offense.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Infallibility and <i>impeccability</i> are two of his attributes.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pec"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impeccabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>peccare</i> to err, to sin: cf. F. <i>impeccable</i>.] <def>Not liable to sin; exempt from the possibility of doing wrong.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is impeccable; esp., one of a sect of Gnostic heretics who asserted their sinlessness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>God is infallible, <i>impeccable</i>, and absolutely perfect.</blockquote> <i>P. Skelton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pec"can*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Sinlessness.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pec"cant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Sinless; impeccable.</def> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pe*cu`ni*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being impecunious.</def> <i>Thackeray. Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*cu"ni*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pecunia</i> money: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;cunieux</i>.] <def>Not having money; habitually without money; poor.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>impecunious</i> creature.</blockquote> <i>B.

Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pede"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impeded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impeding</u>.] [L. <i>impedire</i>, lit., to entangle the feet; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pes</i>, <i>pedis</i>, foot. See <u>Foot</u>, and cf. <u>Impeach</u>.] <def>To hinder; to stop in progress; to obstruct; as, to <i>impede</i> the advance of troops.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whatever hinders or <i>impedes</i><BR> The action of the nobler will.</blockquote> <i>Logfellow.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ped"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being impeded or hindered.</def> [R.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ped"i*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impedimentum</i>: cf. F. <i>impediment</i>.] <def>That which impedes or hinders progress, motion, activity, or effect.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thus far into the bowels of the land<BR> Have we marched on without <i>impediment</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>Impediment in speech</b></col>, <cd>a defect which prevents distinct utterance.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Hindrance; obstruction; obstacle; difficulty; incumbrance. -- <u>Impediment</u>, <u>Obstacle</u>, <u>Difficulty</u>, <u>Hindrance</u>. An <i>impediment</i> literally strikes against our feet, checking our progress, and we remove it. An <i>obstacle</i> rises before us in our path, and we surmount or remove it. A <i>difficulty</i> sets before us something hard to be done, and we encounter it and overcome it. A <i>hindrance</i> holds us back for a time, but we break away from it.</p> <p><blockquote>The eloquence of Demosthenes was to Philip of Macedon, a <i>difficulty</i> to be met with his best resources, an <i>obstacle</i> to his own ambition, and an <i>impediment</i> in his political career.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ped"i*ment</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To impede.</def> [R.] <i>Bp. Reynolds.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ped`i*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the nature of an impediment; hindering; obstructing; impeditive.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Things so <i>impedimental</i> to success.</blockquote> <i>G. H. Lewes.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*dite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impeditus</i>, p. p. See <u>Impede</u>.] <def>Hindered; obstructed.</def> [R.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*dite</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To impede.</def> [Obs.] <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pe*di"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impeditio</i>.] <def>A hindering; a hindrance.</def> [Obs.] <i>Baxier.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*ped"i*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;ditif</i>.] <def>Causing hindrance; impeding.</def> "Cumbersome, and <i>impeditive</i> of motion." <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pel"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impelled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impelling</u>.] [L. <i>impellere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pellere</i>, <i>pulsum</i>, to drive. See <u>Pulse</u> a beat, and cf. <u>Impulse</u>.] <def>To drive or urge forward or on; to press on; to incite to action or motion in any way.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The surge <i>impelled</i> me on a craggy coast.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To instigate; incite; induce; influence; force; drive; urge; actuate; move.</p> <p><hw>Im*pel"lent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impellens</i>, p. pr. of <i>impellere</i>.] <def>Having the quality of impelling.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pel"lent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An impelling power or force.</def> <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pel"ler</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, impels.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impenned</u> (?) and <u>Impent</u> (&?;); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impenning</u>.] <def>To shut up or inclose, as in a pen.</def> <i>Feltham.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pend"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>impend&ebreve;re</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pend&ebreve;re</i> to weigh out, pay.] <def>To pay.</def> [Obs.] <i>Fabyan.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pend"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impended</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impending</u>.] [L. <i>impend&emacr;re</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pend&emacr;re</i> to hang. See <u>Pendant</u>.] <def>To hang over; to be suspended above; to threaten from near at hand; to menace; to be imminent. See <u>Imminent</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Destruction sure o'er all your heads <i>impends</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*pend"ence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*pend"en*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of impending; also, that which impends.</def> "<i>Impendence</i> of volcanic cloud." <i>Ruskin.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impendens</i>, p. pr. of <i>impend&emacr;re</i>.] <def>Impending; threatening.</def></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Impendent</i> horrors, threatening hideous fall.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pend"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Hanging over; overhanging; suspended so as to menace; imminet; threatening.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>impending</i> brow.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p> <p><blockquote>And nodding Ilion waits th' <i>impending</i> fall.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Imminent; threatening. See <u>Imminent</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*pen`e*tra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;n&eacute;trabilit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Quality of being impenetrable.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>That property in virtue of which two portions of matter can not at the same time occupy the same portion of space.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Insusceptibility of intellectual or emotional impression; obtuseness; stupidity; coldness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impenetrabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>penetrabilis</i> penetrable: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;n&eacute;trable</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being penetrated or pierced; not admitting the passage of other bodies; not to be entered; impervious; as, an <i>impenetrable</i> shield.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Highest woods <i>impenetrable</i><BR> To star or sunlight.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>Having the property of preventing any other substance from occupying the same space at the same time.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Inaccessible, as to knowledge, reason, sympathy, etc.; unimpressible; not to be moved by arguments or motives; as, an <i>impenetrable</i> mind, or heart.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They will be credulous in all affairs of life, but <i>impenetrable</i> by a sermon of the gospel.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impenetrable; impenetrability.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"e*tra*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impenetrable manner or state; imperviously.</def> "<i>Impenetrably</i> armed." <i>Milton.</i> "<i>Impenetrably</i> dull." <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"i*tence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.

<i>impenitentia</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;nitence</i>.] <def>The condition of being impenitent; failure or refusal to repent; hardness of heart.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He will advance from one degree of wickedness and <i>impenitence</i> to another.</blockquote> <i>Rogers.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"i*ten*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impenitence.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impaenitens</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>paenitens</i> penitens: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;nitent</i>. See <u>Penitent</u>.] <def>Not penitent; not repenting of sin; not contrite; of a hard heart.</def> "They . . . died <i>impenitent</i>." <i>Milton.</i> "A careless and <i>impenitent</i> heart." <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is not penitent.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pen"i*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without repentance.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Characterized by short wings covered with feathers resembling scales, as the penguins.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of the Impennes.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im*pen"nes</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. L. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>penna</i> feather.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An order of birds, including only the penguins, in which the wings are without quills, and not suited for flight.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pen"nous</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>penna</i> wing.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Having no wings, as some insects.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*peo"ple</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impeopled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impeopling</u> (?).] [See <u>Empeople</u>.] <def>To people; to give a population to.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Thou hast helped to <i>impeople</i> hell.</blockquote> <i>Beaumont.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*rant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperans</i>, p. pr. of <i>imperare</i> to command.] <def>Commanding.</def> [R.] <i>Baxter.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imperare</i> to command.] <def>Done by express direction; not involuntary; communded.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Those <i>imperate</i> acts, wherein we see the empire of the soul.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`a*ti"val</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the imperative mood.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*per"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperativus</i>, fr. <i>imperare</i> to command; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>parare</i> to make ready, prepare: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;ratif</i>. See <u>Perade</u>, and cf. <u>Empire</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Expressive of command; containing positive command; authoritatively or absolutely directive; commanding; authoritative; as, <i>imperative</i> orders.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The suit of kings are <i>imperative</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be avoided or evaded; obligatory; binding; compulsory; as, an <i>imperative</i> duty or order.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Expressive of commund, entreaty, advice, or exhortation; as, the imperative mood.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"a*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>The imperative mood; also, a verb in the imperative mood.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"a*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imperative manner.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pe*ra"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. See <u>Emperor</u>.] <i>(Rom. Antiq.)</i> <def>A commander; a leader; an emperor; -- originally an appellation of honor by which Roman soldiers saluted their general after an important victory. Subsequently the title was conferred as a recognition of great military achievements by the senate, whence it carried wiht it some special privileges. After the downfall of the Republic it was assumed by Augustus and his successors, and came to have the meaning now attached to the word <i>emperor</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per`a*to"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperatorius</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Commanding; imperative; authoritative.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the title or office of imperator.</def> "<i>Imperatorial</i> laurels." <i>C. Merivale.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`a*to"ri*an</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imperial.</def> [R.] <i>Gauden.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imperative.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*ceiv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imperceptible.</def> [R.] <i>South.</i> -<wf>Im`per*ceiv"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>Sharp.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`per*ceived"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not perceived.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>Im`per*cep`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imperceptible.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*cep"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>perceptible</i>: cf. F. <i>imperceptible</i>.] <def>Not perceptible; not to be apprehended or cognized by the senses; not discernible by the mind; not easily apprehended.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Almost <i>imperceptible</i> to the touch.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Its operation is slow, and in some cases almost <i>imperceptible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im`per*cep"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im`per*cep"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Their . . . subtilty and <i>imperceptibleness</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`per*cep"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of perception.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*cep"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unable to perceive.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>imperceptive</i> part of the soul.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`per*cip"i*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not perceiving, or not able to perceive.</def> <i>A. Baxter.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`di*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imperdible.</def> [Obs.] <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"di*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + L. <i>perdere</i> to destroy.] <def>Not destructible.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im*per"di*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperfectus</i>: pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perfectus</i> perfect: cf. F <i>imparfait</i>, whence OE. <i>imparfit</i>. See <u>Perfect</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not perfect; not complete in all its parts; wanting a part; deective; deficient.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Something he left <i>imperfect</i> in the state.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Why, then, your other senses grow <i>imperfect</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting in some elementary organ that is essential to successful or normal activity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He . . . stammered like a child, or an amazed, <i>imperfect</i> person.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not fulfilling its design; not realizing an ideal; not conformed to a standard or rule; not satisfying the taste or conscience; esthetically or morally defective.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Nothing <i>imperfect</i> or deficient left<BR> Of all that he created.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Then say not man's <i>imperfect</i>, Heaven in fault;<BR> Say rather, man's as perfect as he ought.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><col><b>Imperfect arch</b></col>, <cd>an arch of less than a semicircle; a skew arch.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect cadence</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>one not ending with the tonic, but with the dominant or some other chord; one not giving complete rest; a half close.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect consonances</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>chords like the third and sixth, whose ratios are less simple than those of the fifth and forth.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect flower</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a flower wanting either stamens or pistils.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Imperfect interval</b></col> <i>(Mus.)</i>, <cd>one a semitone less than perfect; as, an <i>imperfect</i> fifth.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect number</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a number either greater or less than the sum of its several divisors; in the former case, it is called also a <i>defective number</i>; in the latter, an <i>abundant number</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect obligations</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>obligations as of charity or gratitude, which cannot be enforced by law.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect power</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a number which can not be produced by taking any whole number or vulgar fraction, as a factor, the number of times indicated by the power; thus, 9 is a perfect square, but an <i>imperfect</i> cube.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperfect tense</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>a tense expressing past time and incomplete action.</cd></p> <p><! p. 735 !></p> <p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>The imperfect tense; or the form of a verb denoting the imperfect tense.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"fect</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To make imperfect.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*fec`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imperfectible.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*fec"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being made perfect.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*fec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperfectio</i>: cf. F. <i>imperfection</i>. See <u>Imperfect</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>] <def>The quality or condition of being imperfect; want of perfection; incompleteness; deficiency; fault or blemish.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Sent to my account<BR>

With all my <i>imperfections</i> on my head.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Defect; deficiency; incompleteness; fault; failing; weakness; frailty; foible; blemish; vice.</p> <p><hw>Im*per"fect*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being imperfect.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"fo*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Imperforate</u>.] <def>Incapable of being perforated, or bored through.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im*per"fo*ra"ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>Imperforate</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A division of Foraminifera, including those in which the shell is not porous.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*per"fo*rate</hw> (?), <hw>Im*per"fo*ra"ted</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perforatus</i>, p. p. of <i>perforate</i> to perforate. See <u>Perforate</u>.] <def>Not perforated; having no opening or aperture.</def> <i>Sir J. Banks.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`fo*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imperforation</i>.] <def>The state of being without perforation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [OE. <i>emperial</i>, OF. <i>emperial</i>, F. <i>imp&eacute;rial</i>, fr. L. <i>imperialis</i>, fr. <i>imperium</i> command, sovereignty, empire. See <u>Empire</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to an empire, or to an emperor; as, an <i>imperial</i> government; <i>imperial</i> authority or edict.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The last<BR> That wore the <i>imperial</i> diadem of Rome.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Belonging to, or suitable to, supreme authority, or one who wields it; royal; sovereign; supreme.</def> "The <i>imperial</i> democracy of Athens." <i>Mitford.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Who, as Ulysses says, opinion crowns<BR> With an <i>imperial</i> voice.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To tame the proud, the fetter'd slave to free,<BR> These are <i>imperial</i> arts, and worthy thee.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>He sounds his <i>imperial</i> clarion along the whole line of battle.</blockquote> <i>E. Everett.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Of superior or unusual size or excellence; as, <i>imperial</i> paper; <i>imperial</i> tea, etc.</def></p> <p><col><b>Imperial bushel</b></col>, <col><b>gallon</b></col>, <cd>etc. See <u>Bushel</u>, <u>Gallon</u>, etc.</cd> --

<col><b>Imperial chamber</b></col>, <cd>the, the sovereign court of the old German empire.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial city</b></col>, <cd>under the first German empire, a city having no head but the emperor.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial diet</b></col>, <cd>an assembly of all the states of the German empire.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial drill</b></col>. <i>(Manuf.)</i> <cd>See under 8th <u>Drill</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial eagle</b></col>. <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <cd>See <u>Eagle</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial green</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Paris green</i>, under <u>Green</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Imperial guard</b></col>, <cd>the royal guard instituted by Napoleon I.</cd> - <col><b>Imperial weights and measures</b></col>, <cd>the standards legalized by the British Parliament.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>imp&eacute;riale</i>: cf. Sp. <i>imperial</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The tuft of hair on a man's lower lip and chin; -- so called from the style of beard of Napoleon III.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An outside seat on a diligence.</def> <i>T. Hughes.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A luggage case on the top of a coach.</def> <i>Simmonds.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Anything of unusual size or excellence, as a large decanter, a kind of large photograph, a large sheet of drawing, printing, or writing paper, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A gold coin of Russia worth ten rubles, or about eight dollars.</def> <i>McElrath.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A kind of fine cloth brought into England from Greece. or other Eastern countries, in the Middle Ages.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The power or character of an emperor; imperial authority; the spirit of empire.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Roman <i>imperialism</i> had divided the world.</blockquote> <i>C. H. Pearson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;rialiste</i>.] <def>One who serves an emperor; one who favors imperialism.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pe`ri*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Imperialities</b></plw> (&?;).</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Imperial power.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An imperial right or privilegs. See <u>Royalty</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The late empress having, by ukases of grace, relinquished her <i>imperialities</i> on the private mines, viz., the tenths of the copper, iron, silver and gold.</blockquote> <i>W.

Tooke.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imperialized</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imperializing</u> (?).] <def>To invest with imperial authority, character, or style; to bring to the form of an empire.</def> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imperial manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imperial power.</def> [R.] <i>Sheldon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"il</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imperiled</u> (?) or <u>Imperilled</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imperiling</u> or <u>Imperilling</u>.] <def>To bring into peril; to endanger.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"il*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of imperiling, or the state of being imperiled.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperiosus</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;rieux</i>. See <u>Imperial</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Commanding; ascendant; imperial; lordly; majestic.</def> [Obs.] "A vast and <i>imperious</i> mind." <i>Tilloison.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Therefore, great lords, be, as your titles witness,<BR> <i>Imperious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Haughly; arrogant; overbearing; as, an <i>imperious</i> tyrant; an <i>imperious</i> manner.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This <i>imperious</i> man will work us all<BR> From princes into pages.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His bold, contemptuous, and <i>imperious</i> spirit soon made him conspicuous.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Imperative; urgent; compelling.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Imperious</i> need, which can not be withstood.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Dictatorial; haughty; domineering; overbearing; lordly; tyrannical; despotic; arrogant; imperative; authoritative; commanding; pressing. -- <u>Imperious</u>, <u>Lordly</u>, <u>Domineering</u>. One who is <i>imperious</i> exercises his authority in a manner highly offensive for its spirit and tone; one who is <i>lordly</i> assumes a lofty air in order to display his importance; one who is <i>domineering</i> gives orders in a way to make others feel their inferiority.</p> <p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imperious manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pe"ri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being imperious; arrogance; haughtiness.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Imperiousness</i> and severity is but an ill way of treating men who have reason of their own to guide them.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`ish*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being imperishable: indstructibility.</def> "The <i>imperishability</i> of the universe." <i>Milman.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"ish*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>perishable</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;rissable</i>.] <def>Not perishable; not subject to decay; indestructible; enduring permanently; as, an <i>imperishable</i> monument; <i>imperishable</i> renown.</def> -- <wf>Im*per"ish*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>Im*per"ish*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*per"i"wigged</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Wearing a periwig.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*per"ma*nence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*per"ma*nen*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>lack of permanence.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"ma*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not permanent.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per`me*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>permeability</i>: cf. F. <i>imperm&eacute;abilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being impermeable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"me*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>permeable</i>: cf. F. <i>imperm&eacute;able</i>, L. <i>impermeabilis</i>.] <def>Not permeable; not permitting passage, as of a fluid. through its substance; impervious; impenetrable; as, India rubber is <i>impermeable</i> to water and to air.</def> -<wf>Im*per"me*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*per"me*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im`per*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not permissible.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*scru"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperscrutabilis</i>.] <def>Not capable of being searched out; inscrutable.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im`per*scru"ta*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*sev"er*ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not persevering; fickle; thoughtless.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*per"son*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impersonalis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>personalis</i> personal: cf. F. <i>impersonnel</i>. See <u>Personal</u>.] <def>Not personal; not representing a person; not having personality.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An almighty but <i>impersonal</i> power, called

Fate.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Stephen.</i></p> <p><col><b>Impersonal verb</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>a verb used with an indeterminate subject, commonly, in English, with the impersonal pronoun <i>it</i>; as, <i>it rains</i>; <i>it snows</i>; <i>methinks</i> (it seems to me). Many verbs which are not strictly impersonal are often used impersonally; as, <i>it goes</i> well with him.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*per"son*al</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which wants personality; specifically <i>(Gram.)</i>, an impersonal verb.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per`son*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impersonal; want or absence of personality.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"son*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impersonal manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"son*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impersonated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impersonating</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To invest with personality; to endow with the form of a living being.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To ascribe the qualities of a person to; to personify.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To assume, or to represent, the person or character of; to personate; as, he <i>impersonated</i> Macbeth.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Benedict <i>impersonated</i> his age.</blockquote> <i>Milman.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*per`son*a"tion</hw> (?), <hw>Im`per*son`i*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of impersonating; personification; investment with personality; representation in a personal form.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"son*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who impersonates; an actor; a mimic.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per`spi*cu"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of perspicuity or clearness; vagueness; ambiguity.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*spic"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not perspicuous; not clear; obscure; vague; ambiguous.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*suad"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Impersuasible</u>.] <def>Not to be persuaded; obstinate; unyielding; impersuasible.</def> -- <wf>Im`per*suad"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im`per*sua"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>persuasible</i>: cf. OF. <i>impersuasible</i>.] <def>Not persuasible; not to be moved by persuasion; inflexible; impersuadable.</def> <i>Dr. H. More.</i> --

<wf>Im`per*sua`si*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*per"ti*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impertinence</i>. See <u>Impertinent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being impertinent; absence of pertinence, or of adaptedness; irrelevance; unfitness.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Conduct or language unbecoming the person, the society, or the circumstances; rudeness; incivility.</def></p> <p><blockquote>We should avoid the vexation and <i>impertinence</i> of pedants who affect to talk in a language not to be understood.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is impertinent; a thing out of place, or of no value.</def></p> <p><blockquote>There are many subtile <i>impertinences</i> learned in schools.</blockquote> <i>Watts.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"ti*nen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impertinence.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>O, matter and <i>impertinency</i> mixed!<BR> Reason in madness!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>impertinens</i>, <i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pertinens</i>. See <u>Pertinent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not pertinent; not pertaining to the matter in hand; having no bearing on the subject; not to the point; irrelevant; inapplicable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Things that are <i>impertinent</i> to us.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><blockquote>How <i>impertinent</i> that grief was which served no end!</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Contrary to, or offending against, the rules of propriety or good breeding; guilty of, or prone to, rude, unbecoming, or uncivil words or actions; as, an <i>impertient</i> coxcomb; an <i>impertient</i> remark.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Trifing; inattentive; frivolous.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Rude; officious; intrusive; saucy; unmannerly; meddlesome; disrespectful; impudent; insolent. -<u>Impertinent</u>, <u>Officious</u>, <u>Rude</u>. A person is <i>officious</i> who obtrudes his <i>offices</i> or assistance where they are not needed; he is <i>impertinent</i> when he intermeddles in things with which he has no concern. The former shows a want of tact, the latter a want of breeding, or, more commonly, a spirit of sheer impudence. A person is <i>rude</i> when he violates the proprieties of social life either from ignorance or wantonness. "An <i>impertinent</i> man will ask questions for the mere gratification of curiosity; a <i>rude</i> man will burst into the room of another, or push against his person, inviolant of all decorum; one who is <i>officious</i> is quite as unfortunate as he is troublesome; when

he strives to serve, he has the misfortune to annoy." <i>Crabb.</i> See <u>Impudence</u>, and <u>Insolent</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An impertinent person.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*per"ti*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impertinent manner.</def> "Not to betray myself <i>impertinently</i>." <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`per*tran`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being impertransible.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*tran"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pertransire</i> to go through. See <u>Per-</u> and <u>Transient</u>.] <def>Incapable of being passed through.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*turb`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being imperturbable.</def><BR> [1913 Webster]</p> <p><hw>Im`per*turb"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperturbabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>perturbare</i> to disturb: cf. F. <i>imperturbable</i>. See <u>Perture</u>.] <def>Incapable of being disturbed or disconcerted; as, <i>imperturbable</i> gravity.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`per*turb"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imperturbable manner; calmly.</def> <i>C. Bront&eacute;.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*per`tur*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imperturbatio</i>.] <def>Freedom from agitation of mind; calmness; quietude.</def> <i>W. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`per*turbed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not perturbed.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per`vi*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being imperviable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*per"vi*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not pervious; impervious.</def> [R.] -- <wf>Im*per"vi*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*per"vi*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impervius</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>per</i> through + <i>via</i> way. See <u>Voyage</u>.] <def>Not pervious; not admitting of entrance or passage through; as, a substance <i>impervious</i> to water or air.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This gulf impassable, <i>impervious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The minds of these zealots were absolutely <i>impervious</i>.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impassable; pathless; impenetrable; imperviable;

impermeable.</p> <p>-- <wf>Im*per"vi*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*per"vi*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im"per*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Empery.</def> [Archaic] <i>Joye.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To affict with pestilence; to infect, as with plague.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pes"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Pester</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pe*tig"i*nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impetiginous</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;tigineux</i>.] <def>Of the nature of, or pertaining to, impetigo.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pe*ti"go</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. <i>impetere</i> to attack.] <i>(Med.)</i> <def>A cutaneous, pustular eruption, not attended with fever; usually, a kind of eczema with pustulation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*tra*ble</hw> (?) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impetrabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;trable</i>. See <u>Impetrate</u>.] <def>Capable of being obtained or moved by petition.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bailey.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impetratus</i>, p. p. of <i>impetrare</i> to obtain; pref. <i>im</i> in + <i>patrare</i> to bring to pass.] <def>Obtained by entreaty.</def> [Obs.] <i>Ld. Herbert.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*trate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impetrated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impetrating</u> (?).] <def>To obtain by request or entreaty.</def> <i>Usher.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pe*tra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impetratio</i>: cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;tration</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impetrating, or obtaining by petition or entreaty.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>In way of <i>impertation</i> procuring the removal or allevation of our crosses.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Old Eng. Law)</i> <def>The obtaining of benefice from Rome by solicitation, which benefice belonged to the disposal of the king or other lay patron of the realm.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*tra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impetrativus</i> obtained by entreaty.] <def>Of the nature of impetration; getting, or tending to get, by entreaty.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*tra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Containing or expressing entreaty.</def> [Obs.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pet`u*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imp&eacute;tuosit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being impetuous; fury; violence.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehemence, or furiousnes of temper.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pet"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impetueux</i>, L. <i>impetuosus</i>. See <u>Impetus</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Rushing with force and violence; moving with impetus; furious; forcible; violent; as, an <i>impetuous</i> wind; an <i>impetuous</i> torrent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Went pouring forward with <i>impetuous</i> speed.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Vehement in feeling; hasty; passionate; violent; as, a man of <i>impetuous</i> temper.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The people, on their holidays,<BR> <i>Impetuous</i>, insolent, unquenchable.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Forcible; rapid; hasty; precipitate; furious; boisterous; violent; raging; fierce; passionate.</p> <p>-- <wf>Im*pet"u*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*pet"u*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im"pe*tus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. <i>impetere</i> to rush upon, attack; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>petere</i> to fall upon, seek. See <u>Petition</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A property possessed by a moving body in virtue of its weight and its motion; the force with which any body is driven or impelled; momentum.</def></p> <p>&fist; <i>Momentum</i> is the technical term, <i>impetus</i> its popular equivalent, yet differing from it as applied commonly to bodies moving or moved suddenly or violently, and indicating the origin and intensity of the motion, rather than its quantity or effectiveness.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: Impulse; incentive; vigor; force.</def> <i>Buckle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Gun.)</i> <def>The altitude through which a heavy body must fall to acquire a velocity equal to that with which a ball is discharged from a piece.</def></p> <p><! p. 736 !></p> <p><hw>Im"pey*an pheas"ant</hw> (&ibreve;m"p&ibreve;*<i>a</i>n f&ebreve;z"<i>a</i>nt). [From Lady <i>Impey</i>, who attempted to naturalize the bird in England.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>An Indian crested pheasant of the genus <i>Lophophorus</i>. Several species are known. Called also <i>monaul</i>, <i>monal</i>.</def></p> <p>&fist; They are remarkable for the bright color and brilliant

matallic hues of their plumage. The best known species (<i>L. Impeyanus</i>) has the neck of a brilliant metallic red, changing to golden yellow in certain lights.</p> <p><hw>Im"phee</hw> (&ibreve;m"f&emacr;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The African sugar cane (<i>Holcus saccharatus</i>), -- resembling the sorghum, or Chinese sugar cane.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pic"tured</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&ibreve;k"t&usl;rd; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pictured; impressed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pierce"</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&emacr;rs"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pierce</i>. Cf. <u>Empierce</u>.] <def>To pierce; to penetrate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pierce"a*ble</hw> (-&adot;*b'l) <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not capable of being pierced; impenetrable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pi"e*ty</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&imacr;"&esl;*t&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impieties</b></plw> (t&ibreve;z). [L. <i>impietas</i>, fr. <i>impius</i> impious; cf. F. <i>impi&eacute;t&eacute;</i>. See <u>Impious</u>, <u>Piety</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being impious; want of piety; irreverence toward the Supreme Being; ungodliness; wickedness.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impious act; an act of wickedness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Those <i>impieties</i> for the which they are now visited.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Ungodliness; irreligion; unrighteousness; sinfulness; profaneness; wickedness; godlessness.</p> <p><hw>Im*pig"no*rate</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&ibreve;g"n&osl;*r&amacr;t), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impignoratus</i>, p. pl of <i>impignorare</i> to pawn. See <u>Pignoration</u>.] <def>To pledge or pawn.</def> [Obs.] <i>Laing.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pig`no*ra"tion</hw> (-r&amacr;"sh&ubreve;n), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impignoratio</i>: cf. F. <i>impignoration</i>.] <def>The act of pawning or pledging; the state of being pawned.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bailey.</i></p> <p><hw>Imp"ing</hw> (&ibreve;mp"&ibreve;ng), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Imp</u> to graft.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of grafting or mending.</def> [Archaic]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Falconry)</i> <def>The process of repairing broken feathers or a deficient wing.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pinge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impinged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos>

<u>Impinging</u> (?).] [L. <i>impingere</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pangere</i> to fix, strike; prob. akin to <i>pacisci</i> to agree, contract. See <u>Pact</u>, and cf. <u>Impact</u>.] <def>To fall or dash against; to touch upon; to strike; to hit; to clash with; -with on or <i>upon</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The cause of reflection is not the <i>impinging</i> of light on the solid or impervious parts of bodies.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>But, in the present order of things, not to be employed without <i>impinging</i> on God's justice.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pinge"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of impinging.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pin"gent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impingens</i>, p. pr.] <def>Striking against or upon.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pin"guate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>impinguatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impinguare</i> to fatten; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pinguis</i> fat.] <def>To fatten; to make fat.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pin*gua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of making fat, or the state of being fat or fattened.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im"pi*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impius</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pius</i> piou. See <u>Pious</u>.] <def>Not pious; wanting piety; irreligious; irreverent; ungodly; profane; wanting in reverence for the Supreme Being; as, an <i>impious</i> deed; <i>impious</i> language.</def></p> <p><blockquote>When vice prevails, and <i>impious</i> men bear away,<BR> The post of honor is a private station.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- <u>Impious</u>, <u>Irreligious</u>, <u>Profane</u>. <i>Irreligious</i> is negative, <i>impious</i> and <i>profane</i> are positive. An indifferent man may be <i>irreligious</i>; a <i>profane</i> man is irreverent in speech and conduct; an <i>impious</i> man is wickedly and boldly defiant in the strongest sense. <i>Profane</i> also has the milder sense of <i>secular</i>. <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im"pi*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im"pi*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im"pire</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Umpire</u>.</def> [Obs.] <i>Huloet.</i></p> <p><hw>Imp"ish</hw> (&ibreve;mp"&ibreve;sh), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the qualities, or showing the characteristics, of an imp.</def></p> <p><hw>Imp"ish*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the manner of

an imp.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pit"e*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pitiless; cruel.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pla`ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>implacabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>implacabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being implacable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pla"ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>implacabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>placabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>implacable</i>. See <u>Placable</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not placable; not to be appeased; incapable of being pacified; inexorable; as, an implacable prince.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I see thou art <i>implacable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>An object of <i>implacable</i> enmity.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being relieved or assuaged; inextinguishable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>O! how I burn with <i>implacable</i> fire.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Which wrought them pain<BR> <i>Implacable</i>, and many a dolorous groan.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unappeasable; inexorable; irreconcilable; unrelenting; relentless; unyielding.</p> <p><hw>Im*pla"ca*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being implacable; implacability.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pla"ca*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an implacable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pla*cen"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Without a placenta, as marsupials and monotremes.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A mammal having no placenta.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pla*cen*ta"li*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Placental</u>.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A primary division of the Mammalia, including the monotremes and marsupials, in which no placenta is formed.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plant"</hw> (?) <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implanted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Implanting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plant</i>: cf. F. <i>implanter</i>.] <def>To plant, or infix, for the purpose of growth; to fix deeply; to instill; to inculate; to introduce; as, to <i>implant</i> the seeds of virtue, or the principles of knowledge, in the minds of youth.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Minds well <i>implanted</i> with solid . . . breeding.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`plan*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>implantation</i>.] <def>The act or process of implanting.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plate"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implated</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Implating</u>.] <def>To cover with plates; to sheathe; as, to <i>implate</i> a ship with iron.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plau`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of plausibility; the quality of being implausible.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plau"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>plausible</i>: cf. F. <i>implausible</i>.] <def>Not plausible; not wearing the appearance of truth or credibility, and not likely to be believed.</def> "<i>Implausible</i> harangues." <i>Swift.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*plau"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*plau"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pleach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pleach; to interweave.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plead"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impleaded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impleading</u>.] [Cf. <u>Emplead</u>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>To institute and prosecute a suit against, in court; to sue or prosecute at law; hence, to accuse; to impeach.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plead"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To sue at law.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plead"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not admitting excuse, evasion, or plea; rigorous.</def> [R.] <i>T. Adams.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plead"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i> <def>One who prosecutes or sues another.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pleas"ing</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unpleasing; displeasing.</def> [Obs.] <i>Overbury.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pledge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pledge.</def> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"ple*ment</hw> (&ibreve;m"pl&esl;*m<i>e</i>nt), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>implementum</i> accomplishment, fr. L. <i>implere</i>, <i>impletum</i>, to fill up, finish, complete; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plere</i> to fill. The word was perh. confused with OF. <i>empleier</i>, <i>emploier</i>, to employ, F. <i>employer</i>, whence E. <i>employ</i>. See <u>Plenty</u>.] <def>That which fulfills or supplies a want or use; esp., an instrument, tool, or utensil, as supplying a requisite to an end; as, the <i>implements</i> of trade, of husbandry, or of war.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Genius must have talent as its complement and <i>implement</i>.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"ple*ment</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To accomplish; to fulfill.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Revenge . . . executed and <i>implemented</i> by the hand of Vanbeest Brown.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To provide with an implement or implements; to cause to be fulfilled, satisfied, or carried out, by means of an implement or implements.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The chief mechanical requisites of the barometer are <i>implemented</i> in such an instrument as the following.</blockquote> <i>Nichol.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>To fulfill or perform, as a contract or an engagement.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`ple*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or characterized by, implements or their use; mechanical.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ple"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impletio</i>. See <u>Implement</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of filling, or the state of being full.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which fills up; filling.</def> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"plex</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>implexus</i>, p. p. of <i>implectere</i> to infold; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plectere</i> to plait: cf. F <i>implexe</i>.] <def>Intricate; entangled; complicated; complex.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The fable of every poem is . . . simple or <i>implex</i>. it is called simple when there is no change of fortune in it; <i>implex</i>, when the fortune of the chief actor changes from bad to good, or from good to bad.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plex"ion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>implexio</i>.] <def>Act of involving, or state of being involved; involution.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pli"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not pliable; inflexible; unyielding.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pli*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implicated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Implicating</u>.] [L. <i>implicatus</i>, p. p. of <i>implicare</i> to involve; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plicare</i> to fold. See <u>Employ</u>, <u>Ply</u>, and cf. <u>Imply</u>, <u>Implicit</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To infold; to fold together; to interweave.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The meeting boughs and <i>implicated</i> leaves.</blockquote> <i>Shelley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bring into connection with; to involve; to connect; -- applied to persons, in an unfavorable sense; as, the evidence <i>implicates</i> many in this conspiracy; to be <i>implicated</i> in a crime, a discreditable transaction, a fault, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pli*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>implicatio</i>: cf. F. <i>implication</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of implicating, or the state of being implicated.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Three principal causes of firmness are. the grossness, the quiet contact, and the <i>implication</i> of component parts.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An implying, or that which is implied, but not expressed; an inference, or something which may fairly be understood, though not expressed in words.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whatever things, therefore, it was asserted that the king might do, it was a necessary <i>implication</i> that there were other things which he could not do.</blockquote> <i>Hallam.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"pli*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to implicate.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pli*ca*tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By implication.</def> <i>Sir G. Buck.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plic"it</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>implicitus</i>, p. p. of <i>implicare</i> to entwine, entangle, attach closely: cf. F. <i>implicite</i>. See <u>Implicate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Infolded; entangled; complicated; involved.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>In his woolly fleece<BR> I cling <i>implicit</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Tacitly comprised; fairly to be understood, though not expressed in words; implied; as, an implicit contract or agreement.</def> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Resting on another; trusting in the word or authority of another, without doubt or reserve; unquestioning; complete; as, <i>implicit</i> confidence; <i>implicit</i> obedience.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Back again to <i>implicit</i> faith I fall.</blockquote> <i>Donne.</i></p> <p><col><b>Implicit function</b></col>. <i>(Math.)</i> <cd>See under <u>Function</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*plic"it*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos>

<sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an implicit manner; without reserve; with unreserved confidence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Not to dispute the methods of his providence, but humbly and <i>implicitly</i> to acquiesce in and adore them.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>By implication; impliedly; as, to deny the providence of God is <i>implicitly</i> to deny his existence.</def> <i>Bentley.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plic"it*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>State or quality of being implicit.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Implicitness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cotgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plied"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Virtually involved or included; involved in substance; inferential; tacitly conceded; -- the correlative of express, or expressed. See <u>Imply</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pli"ed*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By implication or inference.</def> <i>Bp. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plod"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>Formed by implosion.</def> <i>Ellis.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plod"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>An implosive sound.</def> <i>Ellis.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`plo*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imploratio</i>: cf. OF. <i>imploration</i>. See <u>Implore</u>.] <def>The act of imploring; earnest supplication.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"plo*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who implores.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Mere <i>implorators</i> of unholy suits.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plor"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Supplicatory; entreating.</def> [R.] <i>Carlyle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plore"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implored</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imploring</u>.] [L. <i>implorare</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>plorare</i> to cry aloud. See <u>Deplore</u>.] <def>To call upon, or for, in supplication; to beseech; to pray to, or for, earnestly; to petition with urgency; to entreat; to beg; -- followed directly by the word expressing the thing sought, or the person from whom it is sought.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Imploring</i> all the gods that reign above.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I kneel, and then <i>implore</i> her

blessing.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To beseech; supplicate; crave; entreat; beg; solicit; petition; prey; request; adjure. See <u>Beseech</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*plore"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To entreat; to beg; to prey.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plore"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imploration.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spencer.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plor"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who implores.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*plor"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>That implores; beseeching; entreating.</def> -- <wf>Im*plor"ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*plo"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Formed by substitution of pref. <i>im-</i> in for pref. <i>ex-</i> in <i>explosion</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A bursting inwards, as of a vessel from which the air has been exhausted; -- contrasted with <i>explosion</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>A sudden compression of the air in the mouth, simultaneously with and affecting the sound made by the closure of the organs in uttering <i>p</i>, <i>t</i>, or <i>k</i>, at the end of a syllable (see <i>Guide to Pronunciation</i>, &sect;&sect;159, 189); also, a similar compression made by an upward thrust of the larynx without any accompanying explosive action, as in the peculiar sound of <i>b</i>, <i>d</i>, and <i>g</i>, heard in Southern Germany.</def> <i>H. Sweet.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plo"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Phon.)</i> <def>Formed by implosion.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An implosive sound, an implodent.</def> -- <wf>Im*plo"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <i>H. Sweet.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plumed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not plumed; without plumes or feathers; featherless.</def> [R.] <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*plunge"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To plunge.</def> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im*plu"vi*um</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., fr. <i>impluere</i> to rain into; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>pluere</i> to rain.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>In Roman dwellings, a cistern or tank, set in the atrium or peristyle to recieve the water from the roof, by means of the <i>compluvium</i>; generally made ornamental with flowers and works of art around its birm.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*ply"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Implied</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Implying</u>.] [From the same source as employ. See <u>Employ</u>, <u>Ply</u>, and cf. <u>Implicate</u>, <u>Apply</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To infold or involve; to wrap up.</def> [Obs.] "His head in curls <i>implied</i>." <i>Chapman.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To involve in substance or essence, or by fair inference, or by construction of law, when not include virtually; as, war <i>implies</i> fighting.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Where a malicious act is proved, a malicious intention is <i>implied</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Sherlock.</i></p> <p><blockquote>When a man employs a laborer to work for him, . . . the act of hiring <i>implies</i> an obligation and a promise that he shall pay him a reasonable reward for his services.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To refer, ascribe, or attribute.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Whence might this distaste arise?</blockquote></p> <p><blockquote>If [from] neither your perverse and peevish will.<BR> To which I most <i>imply</i> it.</blockquote> <i>J. Webster.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To involve; include; comprise; import; mean; denote; signify; betoken. See <u>Involve</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*poi"son</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Empoison</u>.] <def>To poison; to imbitter; to impair.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*poi"son*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A poisoner.</def> [Obs.] <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*poi"son*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Empoisonment</u>.] <def>The act of poisoning or impoisoning.</def> [Obs.] <i>Pope.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*po"lar*i*ly</hw> (?), <hw>Im*po"lar*ly</hw> (?), } <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not according to or in, the direction of the poles.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pol"i*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impolitic; inexpedience; unsuitableness to the end proposed; bads policy; as, the <i>impolicy</i> of fraud.</def> <i>Bp. Horsley.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`po*lite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impolitus</i> unpolishied, pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>politus</i>, p. p. of <i>polire</i> to polish, refine. See <u>Polite</u>.] <def>Not polite; not of polished manners; wanting in good manners; discourteous; uncivil; rude.</def> -- <wf>Im`po*lite"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>Im`po*lite"ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>politic</i>; cf. F. <i>impolitique</i>.] <def>Not politic; contrary to, or wanting in, policy; unwise; imprudent; indiscreet; inexpedient; as, an <i>impolitic</i> ruler, law, or measure.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The most unjust and <i>impolitic</i> of all things,

unequal taxation.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indiscreet; inexpedient; undiplomatic.</p> <p><! p. 737 !></p> <p><hw>Im`po*lit"i*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impolitic.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>Im`po*lit"i*cal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impolitic manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pol"i*tic*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impolitic.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pon`der*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impond&eacute;rabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being imponderable; imponderableness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>ponderable</i>: cf. F. <i>impond&eacute;rable</i>.] <def>Not ponderable; without sensible or appreciable weight; incapable of being weighed.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>An imponderable substance or body; specifically, in the plural, a name formerly applied to heat, light, electricity, and magnetism, regarded as subtile fluids destitute of weight but in modern science little used.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pon"der*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being imponderable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pon"der*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imponderable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i> -<wf>Im*pon"der*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pone"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>imponere</i>, <i>impositum</i>, to place upon; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>ponere</i> to place. See <u>Position</u>.] <def>To stake; to wager; to pledge.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Against the which he has <i>imponed</i>, as I take it, six French rapiers and poniards.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im*poo"fo</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The eland.</def> [Written also <i>impoofoo</i>.]</p> <p><hw>||Im*poon"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The duykerbok.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*poor"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To impoverish.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`po*ros"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Perf. <i>im</i> not + <i>porosity</i>: cf. F. <i>imporosit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being imporous; want of porosity;

compactness.</def> "The . . . <i>imporosity</i> betwixt the tangible parts." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of pores; very close or compact in texture; solid.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*port"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imported</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Importing</u>.] [L. <i>importare</i> to bring in, to occasion, to cause; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>portare</i> to bear. Sense 3 comes through F. <i>importer</i>, from the Latin. See <u>Port</u> demeanor.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To bring in from abroad; to introduce from without; especially, to bring (wares or merchandise) into a place or country from a foreign country, in the transactions of commerce; -- opposed to <i>export</i>. We <i>import</i> teas from China, coffee from Brasil, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To carry or include, as meaning or intention; to imply; to signify.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Every petition . . . doth . . . always <i>import</i> a multitude of speakers together.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To be of importance or consequence to; to have a bearing on; to concern.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I have a motion much <i>imports</i> your good.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>If I endure it, what <i>imports</i> it you?</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To denote; mean; signify; imply; indicate; betoken; interest; concern.</p> <p><hw>Im*port"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To signify; to purport; to be of moment.</def> "For that . . . <i>importeth</i> to the work." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"port</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Merchandise imported, or brought into a country from without its boundaries; -- generally in the plural, opposed to <i>exports</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I take the <i>imports</i> from, and not the exports to, these conquests, as the measure of these advantages which we derived from them.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which a word, phrase, or document contains as its signification or intention or interpretation of a word, action, event, and the like.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Importance; weight; consequence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Most serious design, and the great <i>import</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*port"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>importable</i>. See <u>Import</u>.] <def>Capable of being imported.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*port"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>importabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>portabilis</i> bearable: cf. OF. <i>importable</i>. See <u>Portable</u>.] <def>Not to be endured; insupportable; intolerable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i> -- <wf>Im*port"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*por"tance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>importance</i>. See <u>Important</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being important; consequence; weight; moment; significance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thy own <i>importance</i> know,<BR> Nor bound thy narrow views to things below.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Subject; matter.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Upon <i>importance</i> of so slight and trivial a nature.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Import; meaning; significance.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The wisest beholder could not say if the <i>importance</i> were joy or sorrow.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Importunity; solicitation.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>At our <i>importance</i> hither is he come.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Importance; significance; consequence; that which is important.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i> "Careful to conceal <i>importancies</i>." <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>important</i>. See <u>Import</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Full of, or burdened by, import; charged with great interests; restless; anxious.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Thou hast strength as much<BR> As serves to execute a mind very <i>important</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Carrying or possessing weight or consequence; of valuable content or bearing; significant; weighty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Things small as nothing . . . <BR> He makes <i>important</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Bearing on; forcible; driving.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>He fiercely at him flew,<BR> And with <i>important</i> outrage him assailed.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Importunate; pressing; urgent.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Weighty; momentous; significant; essential; necessary; considerable; influential; serious.</p> <p><hw>Im*por"tant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an important manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`por*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>importation</i>. See <u>Import</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of carrying, conveying, or delivering.</def> [R.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act or practice of importing, or bringing into a country or state; -- opposed to <i>exportation</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is imported; commodities or wares introduced into a country from abroad.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*port"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who imports; the merchant who brings goods into a country or state; -opposed to <i>exporter</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*port"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of meaning.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*port"less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Void of meaning.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tu*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Heavy; insupportable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. More.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tu*na*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Importunate</u>.] <def>The quality of being importunate; importunateness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tu*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Importune</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Troublesomely urgent; unreasonably solicitous; overpressing in request or demand; urgent; teasing; as, an <i>impotunate</i> petitioner, curiosity.</def> <i>Whewell.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Hard to be borne; unendurable.</def> [R.] <i>Donne.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*por"tu*nate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*por"tu*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tu*na`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who

importunes; an importuner.</def> [Obs.]

<i>Sir E. Sandys.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>importun</i>, L. <i>importunus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + a derivative from the root of <i>portus</i> harbor, <i>importunus</i> therefore orig. meaning, hard of access. See <u>Port</u> harbor, and cf. <u>Importunate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inopportune; unseasonable.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Troublesome; vexatious; persistent; urgent; hence, vexatious on account of untimely urgency or pertinacious solicitation.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>And their <i>importune</i> fates all satisfied.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Of all other affections it [envy] is the most <i>importune</i> and continual.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Importuned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Importuning</u>.] [From <u>Importune</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>: cf. F. <i>importuner</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To request or solicit, with urgency; to press with frequent, unreasonable, or troublesome application or pertinacity; hence, to tease; to irritate; to worry.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Their ministers and residents here have perpetually <i>importuned</i> the court with unreasonable demands.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To import; to signify.</def> [Obs.] "It <i>importunes</i> death." <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`por*tune"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To require; to demand.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>We shall write to you,<BR> As time and our concernings shall <i>importune</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`por*tune"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an importune manner.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`por*tun"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who importunes.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`por*tu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Importunities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>importunitas</i> unsuitableness, rudeness: cf. F. <i>importunit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being importunate; pressing or pertinacious solicitation; urgent request; incessant or frequent application; troublesome pertinacity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>O'ercome with <i>importunity</i> and tears.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*por"tu*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L.

<i>importuosus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>portuosus</i> abounding in harbors, fr. <i>portus</i> harbor.] <def>Without a port or harbor.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imposable</i>.] <def>Capable of being imposed or laid on.</def> <i>Hammond.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of being imposable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pose"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imposed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imposing</u>.] [F. <i>imposer</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>poser</i> to place. See <u>Pose</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To lay on; to set or place; to put; to deposit.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Cakes of salt and barley [she] did <i>impose</i><BR> Within a wicker basket.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To lay as a charge, burden, tax, duty, obligation, command, penalty, etc.; to enjoin; to levy; to inflict; as, to <i>impose</i> a toll or tribute.</def></p> <p><blockquote>What fates <i>impose</i>, that men must needs abide.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Death is the penalty <i>imposed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Thou on the deep <i>imposest</i> nobler laws.</blockquote> <i>Waller.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>To lay on, as the hands, in the religious rites of confirmation and ordination.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>To arrange in proper order on a table of stone or metal and lock up in a chase for printing; -said of columns or pages of type, forms, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pose"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To practice tricks or deception.</def></p> <p><col><b>To impose on</b></col> or <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to pass or put a trick on; to delude.</cd> "He <i>imposes on</i> himself, and mistakes words for things." <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pose"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A command; injunction.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pose"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imposition.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who imposes.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>imposers</i> of these oaths might

repent.</blockquote> <i>Walton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Laying as a duty; enjoining.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Adapted to impress forcibly; impressive; commanding; as, an <i>imposing</i> air; an <i>imposing</i> spectacle.</def> "Large and <i>imposing</i> edifices." <i>Bp. Hobart.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Deceiving; deluding; misleading.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The act of imposing the columns of a page, or the pages of a sheet. See <u>Impose</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 4.</def></p> <p><col><b>Imposing stone</b></col> <i>(Print.)</i>, <cd>the stone on which the pages or columns of types are imposed or made into forms; - called also <i>imposing table</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imposing manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"ing*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being imposing.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`po*si"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>impositio</i> the application of a name to a thing. See <u>Impone</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imposing, laying on, affixing, enjoining, inflicting, obtruding, and the like.</def> "From <i>imposition</i> of strict laws." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Made more solemn by the <i>imposition</i> of hands.</blockquote> <i>Hammond.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is imposed, levied, or enjoined; charge; burden; injunction; tax.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Univ.)</i> <def>An extra exercise enjoined on students as a punishment.</def> <i>T. Warton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>An excessive, arbitrary, or unlawful exaction; hence, a trick or deception put on laid on others; cheating; fraud; delusion; imposture.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Reputation is an idle and most false <i>imposition</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>The act of laying on the hands as a religious ceremoy, in ordination, confirmation, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The act or process of imosing pages or columns of type. See <u>Impose</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, 4.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Deceit; fraud; imposture. See <u>Deception</u>.</p>

<p><hw>Im*pos`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impossibilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>impossibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>impossibilit&eacute;</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being impossible; impracticability.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They confound difficulty with <i>impossibility</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impossible thing; that which can not be thought, done, or endured.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impossibilities</i>! O, no, there's none.</blockquote> <i>Cowley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Inability; helplessness.</def> [R.] <i>Latimer.</i></p> <p><col><b>Logical impossibility</b></col>, <cd>a condition or statement involving contradiction or absurdity; as, that a thing can be and not be at the same time. See <i>Principle of Contradiction</i>, under <u>Contradiction</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. L. <i>impossibilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>possibilis</i> possible. See <u>Possible</u>.] <def>Not possible; incapable of being done, of existing, etc.; unattainable in the nature of things, or by means at command; insuperably difficult under the circumstances; absurd or impracticable; not feasible.</def></p> <p><blockquote>With men this is <i>impossible</i>; but with God all things are possible.</blockquote> <i>Matt. xix. 26.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Without faith it is <i>impossible</i> to please him.</blockquote> <i>Heb. xi. 6.</i></p> <p><col><b>Impossible quantity</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an imaginary quantity. See <u>Imaginary</u>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- See <u>Impracticable</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"si*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An impossibility.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>"Madam," quoth he, "this were an <i>impossible</i>!"</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"si*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not possibly.</def> <i>Sir. T. North.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"post</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OF. <i>impost</i>, F. <i>impot</i>, LL. <i>impostus</i>, fr. L. <i>impostus</i>, p. p. of <i>imponere</i> to impose. See <u>Impone</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which is imposed or levied; a tax, tribute, or duty; especially, a duty or tax laid by goverment on goods imported into a country.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Even the ship money . . . Johnson could not pronounce to have been an unconstitutional <i>impost</i>.</blockquote>

<i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>The top member of a pillar, pier, wall, etc., upon which the weight of an arch rests.</def></p> <p>&fist; The impost is called <i>continuous</i>, if the moldings of the arch or architrave run down the jamb or pier without a break.</p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Tribute; excise; custom; duty; tax.</p> <p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See <u>Imposthume</u>.] <def>To apostemate; to form an imposthume or abscess.</def> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imposthumated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imposthumating</u> (?).] <def>To affect with an imposthume or abscess.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*post"hu*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imposthumated.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*post`hu*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of forming an abscess; state of being inflamed; suppuration.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An abscess; an imposthume.</def> <i>Coxe.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*post"hume</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [A corruption of <i>aposteme</i>. See <u>Aposteme</u>.] <def>A collection of pus or purulent matter in any part of an animal body; an abscess.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*post"hume</hw>, <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>Same as <u>Imposthumate</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impostor</i> a deceiver, fr. <i>imponere</i> to impose upon, deceive. See <u>Impone</u>.] <def>One who imposes upon others; a person who assumes a character or title not his own, for the purpose of deception; a pretender.</def> "The fraudulent <i>impostor</i> foul." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Deceiver; cheat; rogue. See <u>Deceiver</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tor*ship</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The condition, character, or practice of an impostor.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*pos"tress</hw> (?), <hw>Im*pos"trix</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impostrix</i>. See <u>Impostor</u>.] <def>A woman who imposes upon or deceives others.</def> [R.] <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"trous</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Characterized by imposture; deceitful.</def> "<i>Impostrous</i> pretense of knowledge." <i>Grote.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tur*age</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imposture;

cheating.</def> [R.]

<i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pos"ture</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impostura</i>: cf. F. <i>imposture</i>. See <u>Impone</u>.] <def>The act or conduct of an impostor; deception practiced under a false or assumed character; fraud or imposition; cheating.</def></p> <p><blockquote>From new legends<BR> And fill the world with follies and <i>impostures</i>.</blockquote> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Cheat; fraud; trick; imposition; delusion.</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tured</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Done by imposture.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tur*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impostrous; deceitful.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Strictness fales and <i>impostrous</i>.</blockquote> <i>Beau. & Fl.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pos"tur*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Imposture.</def> [Obs.] <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im"po*tence</hw> (?), <hw>Im"po*ten*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impotenia</i> inability, poverty, want of moderation. See <u>Impotent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or condition of being impotent; want of strength or power, animal, intellectual, or moral; weakness; feebleness; inability; imbecility.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Some were poor by <i>impotency</i> of nature; as young fatherless children, old decrepit persons, idiots, and cripples.</blockquote> <i>Hayward.</i></p> <p><blockquote>O, <i>impotence</i> of mind in body strong!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of self-restraint or selfcontrol.</def> [R.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law & Med.)</i> <def>Want of procreative power; inability to copulate, or beget children; also, sometimes, sterility; barrenness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"po*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impotent</i>, L. <i>impotens</i>, <i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>potens</i> potent, powerful. See <u>Potent</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not potent; wanting power, strength. or vigor. whether physical, intellectual, or moral; deficient in capacity; destitute of force; weak; feeble; infirm.</def></p> <p><blockquote>There sat a certain man at Lystra, <i>impotent</i> inhis feet.</blockquote> <i>Acts xiv. 8.</i></p> <p><blockquote>O most lame and <i>impotent</i> conclusion!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Not slow to hear,<BR> Nor <i>impotent</i> to save.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting the power of self-restraint; incontrolled; ungovernable; violent.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impotent</i> of tongue, her silence broke.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Wanting the power of procreation; unable to copulate; also, sometimes, sterile; barren.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"po*tent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is impotent.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"po*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impotent manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pound"</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impounded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impounding</u>.] <def>To shut up or place in an inclosure called a <i>pound</i>; hence, to hold in the custody of a court; as, to <i>impound</i> stray cattle; to <i>impound</i> a document for safe keeping.</def></p> <p><blockquote>But taken and <i>impounded</i> as a stray,<BR> The king of Scots.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><! p. 738 !></p> <p><hw>Im*pound"age</hw> (&ibreve;m*pound"&asl;j), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impounding, or the state of being impounded.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The fee or fine for impounding.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pound"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who impounds.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impoverished</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impoverishing</u>.] [OF. <i>empovrir</i>; pref. <i>em-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + <i>povre</i> poor, F. <i>pauvre</i>; cf. OF. <i>apovrir</i>, F. <i>appauvrir</i>, where the prefix is <i>a</i>, L. <i>ad</i>. Cf. <u>Empoverish</u>, and see <u>Poor</u>, and <u>-ish</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make poor; to reduce to poverty or indigence; as, misfortune and disease <i>impoverish</i> families.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To exhaust the strength, richness, or fertility of; to make sterile; as, to <i>impoverish</i> land.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, impoverishes.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im*pov"er*ish*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OF. <i>empoverissement</i>, and F. <i>appauvrissement</i>.] <def>The act of impoverishing, or the state of being impoverished; reduction to poverty.</def> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pow"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Empower</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Imp"-pole`</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Building)</i> <def>A pole for supporting a scaffold.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prac`ti*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impracticabilities</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being impracticable; infeasibility.</def> <i>Goldsmith.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An impracticable thing.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Intractableness; stubbornness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not practicable; incapable of being performed, or accomplished by the means employed, or at command; impossible; as, an <i>impracticable</i> undertaking.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not to be overcome, persuaded, or controlled by any reasonable method; unmanageable; intractable; not capable of being easily dealt with; -- used in a general sense, as applied to a person or thing that is difficult to control or get along with.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This though, <i>impracticable</i> heart<BR> Is governed by a dainty-fingered girl.</blockquote> <i>Rowe.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Patriotic but loyal men went away disgusted afresh with the <i>impracticable</i> arrogance of a sovereign.</blockquote> <i>Palfrey.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being used or availed of; as, an <i>impracticable</i> road; an <i>impracticable</i> method.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impossible; infeasible. -- <u>Impracticable</u>, <u>Impossible</u>. A thing is <i>impracticable</i> when it can not be accomplished by any human means at present possessed; a thing is <i>impossible</i> when the laws of nature forbid it. The navigation of a river may now be <i>impracticable</i>, but not <i>impossible</i>, because the existing obstructions may yet be removed. "The barons exercised the most despotic authority over their vassals, and every scheme of public utility was rendered <i>impracticable</i> by their continued petty wars with each other." <i>Mickle.</i> "With men this is <i>impossible</i>, but with God all things are possible." <i>Matt. xix. 26.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being impracticable; impracticability.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prac"ti*ca*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an

impracticable manner.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Morality not <i>impracticably</i> rigid.</blockquote> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prac"ti*cal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not practical.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pre*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprecated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imprecating</u> (?).] [L. <i>imprecatus</i>, p. p. of <i>imprecari</i> to imprecate; pref. <i>im-</i> in, on + <i>precari</i> to pray. See <u>Pray</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To call down by prayer, as something hurtful or calamitous.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Imprecate</i> the vengeance of Heaven on the guilty empire.</blockquote> <i>Mickle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To invoke evil upon; to curse; to swear at.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In vain we blast the ministers of Fate,<BR> And the forlorn physicians <i>imprecate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Rochester.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pre*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imprecatio</i>: cf. F. <i>impr&eacute;cation</i>.] <def>The act of imprecating, or invoking evil upon any one; a prayer that a curse or calamity may fall on any one; a curse.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Men cowered like slaves before such horrid <i>imprecations</i>.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Malediction; curse; execration; anathema. See <u>Malediction</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im"pre*ca*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of the nature of, or containing, imprecation; invoking evil; as, the <i>imprecatory</i> psalms.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pre*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of precision.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pregn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impregner</i>. See <u>Impregnate</u>.] <def>To impregnate; to make fruitful.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>His pernicious words, <i>impregned</i><BR> With reason.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Semele doth Bacchus bear<BR> <i>Impregned</i> of Jove.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*preg`na*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being impregnable; invincibility.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>imprenable</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prenable</i> pregnable,

fr. <i>prendre</i> to take, L. <i>prehendere</i>. See <u>Comprehend</u>, <u>Get</u> to obtain.] <def>Not to be stormed, or taken by assault; incapable of being subdued; able to resist attack; unconquerable; as, an <i>impregnable</i> fortress; <i>impregnable</i> virtue.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The man's affection remains wholly unconcerned and <i>impregnable</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*preg"na*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*preg"na*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See Impregnate.] <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Capable of being impregnated, as the egg of an animal, or the ovule of a plant.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Impregnate</u>.] <def>That which impregnates.</def> [R.] <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"nant</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pregnant</i>.] <def>Not pregnant; unfertilized or infertile.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (&ibreve;m*pr&ebreve;g"n&amacr;t), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impregnated</u> (-n&asl;*t&ebreve;d); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impregnating</u> (-n&asl;*t&ibreve;ng).] [LL. <i>impraegnatus</i>, p. p. of <i>impraegnare</i> to impregnate, fr. L. pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>praegnans</i> pregnant. See <u>Pregnant</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make pregnant; to cause to conceive; to render prolific; to get with child or young.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>To come into contact with (an ovum or egg) so as to cause impregnation; to fertilize; to fecundate.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To infuse an active principle into; to render fruitful or fertile in any way; to fertilize; to imbue.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To infuse particles of another substance into; to communicate the quality of another to; to cause to be filled, imbued, mixed, or furnished (with something); as, to <i>impregnate</i> India rubber with sulphur; clothing <i>impregnated</i> with contagion; rock <i>impregnated</i> with ore.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (&ibreve;m*pr&ebreve;g"n&amacr;t), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become pregnant.</def> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*preg"nate</hw> (-n&asl;t), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL. <i>impraegnatus</i>, p. p.] <def>Impregnated; made prolific.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The scorching ray<BR>

Here pierceth not, <i>impregnate</i> with disease.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`preg*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impr&eacute;gnation</i>, LL. <i>impraegnatio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impregnating or the state of being impregnated; fecundation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>The fusion of a female germ cell (ovum) with a male germ cell (in animals, a spermatozo&ouml;n) to form a single new cell endowed with the power of developing into a new individual; fertilization; fecundation.</def></p> <p>&fist; In the broadest biological sense, impregnation, or sexual generation, consists simply in the coalescence of two similar masses of protoplasmic matter, either derived from different parts of the same organism or from two distinct organisms. From the single mass, which results from the fusion, or coalescence, of these two masses, a new organism develops.</p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That with which anything is impregnated.</def> <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Intimate mixture; infusion; saturation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mining)</i> <def>An ore deposit, with indefinite boundaries, consisting of rock impregnated with ore.</def> <i>Raymond.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pre*ju"di*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not prejudged; unprejudiced; impartial.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pre"na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Impregnable.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*prep`a*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of preparation.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im*pre"sa</hw> (&esl;m*pr&amacr;"s&adot;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. See <u>Emprise</u>, and cf. <u>Impress</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 4.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>A device on a shield or seal, or used as a bookplate or the like.</def> [Written also <i>imprese</i> and <i>impress</i>.]</p> <p><blockquote>My <i>impresa</i> to your lordship; a swain<BR> Flying to a laurel for shelter.</blockquote> <i>J. Webster.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im`pre*sa"ri*o</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impresarios</b></plw> (#). [It., from <i>impresa</i> enterprise.] <def>The projector, manager, or conductor, of an opera or concert company.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pre*scrip`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imprescriptibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being imprescriptible.</def></p>

<p><hw>Im`pre*scrip"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prescriptible</i>: cf. F. <i>imprescriptible</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being lost or impaired by neglect, by disuse, or by the claims of another founded on prescription.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The right of navigation, fishing, and others that may be exercised on the sea, belonging to the right of mere ability, are <i>imprescriptible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Vattel (Trans. )</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not derived from, or dependent on, external authority; self-evidencing; obvious.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>imprescriptible</i> laws of the pure reason.</blockquote> <i>Colerridge.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pre*scrip"ti*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an imprescriptible manner; obviously.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prese"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A device. See <u>Impresa</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>imprese</i>, as the Italians call it, is a device in picture with his motto or word, borne by noble or learned personages.</blockquote> <i>Camden.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*press"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impressed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impressing</u>.] [L. <i>impressus</i>, p. p. of <i>imprimere</i> to impress; pref. <i>im-</i> in, on + <i>premere</i> to press. See <u>Press</u> to squeeze, and cf. <u>Imprint</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To press, stamp, or print something in or upon; to mark by pressure, or as by pressure; to imprint (that which bears the impression).</def></p> <p><blockquote>His heart, like an agate, with your print <i>impressed</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To produce by pressure, as a mark, stamp, image, etc.; to imprint (a mark or figure upon something).</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: To fix deeply in the mind; to present forcibly to the attention, etc.; to imprint; to inculcate.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impress</i> the motives of persuasion upon our own hearts till we feel the force of them.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> [See <u>Imprest</u>, <u>Impress</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>, 5.] <def>To take by force for public service; as, to <i>impress</i> sailors or money.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The second five thousand pounds <i>impressed</i> for the service of the sick and wounded prisoners.</blockquote> <i>Evelyn.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*press"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be impressed;

to rest.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Such fiendly thoughts in his heart <i>impress</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"press</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Impresses</b></plw> (&?;). <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impressing or making.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A mark made by pressure; an indentation; imprint; the image or figure of anything, formed by pressure or as if by pressure; result produced by pressure or influence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>impresses</i> of the insides of these shells.</blockquote> <i>Woodward.</i></p> <p><blockquote>This weak <i>impress</i> of love is as a figure<BR> Trenched in ice.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Characteristic; mark of distinction; stamp.</def> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A device. See <u>Impresa</u>.</def> <i>Cussans.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To describe . . . emblazoned shields,<BR> <i>Impresses</i> quaint.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> [See <u>Imprest</u>, <u>Press</u> to force into service.] <def>The act of impressing, or taking by force for the public service; compulsion to serve; also, that which is impressed.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Why such <i>impress</i> of shipwrights?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>Impress gang</b></col>, <cd>a party of men, with an officer, employed to impress seamen for ships of war; a press gang.</cd> -- <col><b>Impress money</b></col>, <cd>a sum of money paid, immediately upon their entering service, to men who have been impressed.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*press`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impressible; susceptibility.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*press"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impressible</i>.] <def>Capable of being impressed; susceptible; sensitive.</def> -- <wf>Im*press"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>Im*press"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>impression</i>, L. <i>impressio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impressing, or the state of being impressed; the communication of a stamp, mold, style, or character, by external force or by influence.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is impressed; stamp; mark;

indentation; sensible result of an influence exerted from without.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The stamp and clear <i>impression</i> of good sense.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To shelter us from <i>impressions</i> of weather, we must spin, we must weave, we must build.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which impresses, or exercises an effect, action, or agency; appearance; phenomenon.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Portentous blaze of comets and <i>impressions</i> in the air.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A fiery <i>impression</i> falling from out of Heaven.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Influence or effect on the senses or the intellect hence, interest, concern.</def> <i>Reid.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His words <i>impression</i> left.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Such terrible <i>impression</i> made the dream.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I have a father's dear <i>impression</i>,<BR> And wish, before I fall into my grave,<BR> That I might see her married.</blockquote> <i>Ford.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>An indistinct notion, remembrance, or belief.</def></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>Impressiveness; emphasis of delivery.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Which must be read with an <i>impression</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>The pressure of the type on the paper, or the result of such pressure, as regards its appearance; as, a heavy <i>impression</i>; a clear, or a poor, <i>impression</i>; also, a single copy as the result of printing, or the whole edition printed at a given time.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Ten <i>impressions</i> which his books have had.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <def>In painting, the first coat of color, as the priming in house painting and the like.</def> [R.]</p> <p><sn><b>9.</b></sn> <i>(Engraving)</i> <def>A print on paper from a wood block, metal plate, or the like.</def></p> <p><col><b>Proof impression</b></col>, <cd>one of the early impressions taken from an engraving, before the plate or block is

worn.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*pres`sion*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impressionable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impressionnable</i>.] <def>Liable or subject to impression; capable of being molded; susceptible; impressible.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He was too <i>impressionable</i>; he had too much of the temperament of genius.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A pretty face and an <i>impressionable</i> disposition.</blockquote> <i>T. Hook.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impressionable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>impressionnisme</i>.] <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>The theory or method of suggesting an effect or impression without elaboration of the details; -- a disignation of a recent fashion in painting and etching.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>impressionniste</i>.] <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>One who adheres to the theory or method of impressionism, so called.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pres`sion*is"tic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Pertaining to, or characterized by, impressionism.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pres"sion*less</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the quality of not being impressed or affected; not susceptible.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*press"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. impressif.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Making, or tending to make, an impression; having power to impress; adapted to excite attention and feeling, to touch the sensibilities, or affect the conscience; as, an <i>impressive</i> discourse; an <i>impressive</i> scene.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being impressed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p>- <wf>Im*press"ive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*press"ive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*press"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of seizing for public use, or of impressing into public service; compulsion to serve; as, the <i>impressment</i> of provisions or of sailors.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The great scandal of our naval service -<i>impressment</i> -- died a protracted death.</blockquote> <i>J. H. Burton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*press"or</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL., a printer.] <def>One who, or that which, impresses.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pres"sure</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. OF. <i>impressure</i>, LL. <i>impressura</i>.] <def>Dent; impression.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prest"</hw> (&?;), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [ <pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprested</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impresting</u>.] [Pref. <i>im-</i> + <i>prest</i>: cf. It. <i>imprestare</i>. See <u>Prest</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>] <def>To advance on loan.</def> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>Im"prest</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. It. <i>impresto</i>, <i>imprestito</i>, LL. <i>impraestitum</i>. See <u>Imprest</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>, and <u>Impress</u> compulsion to serve.] <def>A kind of earnest money; loan; -specifically, money advanced for some public service, as in enlistment.</def> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The clearing of their <i>imprests</i> for what little of their debts they have received.</blockquote> <i>Pepys.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*prev"a*lence</hw> (?), <hw>Im*prev"a*len*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of prevalence.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pre*vent`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being impreventable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pre*vent"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not preventable; inevitable.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pri*ma"tur</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., let it be printed.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>A license to print or publish a book, paper, etc.; also, in countries subjected to the censorship of the press, approval of that which is published.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prim"er*y</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>imprimerie</i>, fr. <i>imprimer</i> to imprint.] [Obs.] <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>A print; impression.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A printing establishment.</def> <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> <def>The art of printing.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prim"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A beginning.</def> [Obs.] "Their springings and <i>imprimings</i>." <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im*pri"mis</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L., for <i>in primis</i> among the first, chiefly; <i>in</i> in + <i>primus</i> first.] <def>In the first place; first in order.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*print"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imptrinted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imprinting</u>.] [OE. <i>emprenten</i>, F. <i>empreint</i>, p. p. of <i>empreindre</i> to imprint, fr. L. <i>imprimere</i> to impres, imprint. See 1st <u>In-</u>, <u>Print</u>, and cf. <u>Impress</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To impress; to mark by pressure; to indent; to stamp.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And sees his num'rous herds <i>imprint</i> her

sands.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To stamp or mark, as letters on paper, by means of type, plates, stamps, or the like; to print the mark (figures, letters, etc., upon something).</def></p> <p><blockquote>Nature <i>imprints</i> upon whate'er we see,<BR> That has a heart and life in it, "Be free."</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To fix indelibly or permanently, as in the mind or memory; to impress.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Ideas of those two different things distinctly <i>imprinted</i> on his mind.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><! p. 739 !></p> <p><hw>Im"print</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>empreinte</i> impress, stamp. See <u>Imprint</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <def>Whatever is impressed or imprinted; the impress or mark left by something; specifically, the name of the printer or publisher (usually) with the time and place of issue, in the titlepage of a book, or on any printed sheet.</def> "That <i>imprint</i> of their hands." <i>Buckle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pris"on</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imprisoned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imprisoning</u>.] [OE. <i>enprisonen</i>, OF. <i>enprisoner</i>, F. <i>emprisonner</i>; pref. <i>en-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + F. & OF. <i>prison</i>. See <u>Prison</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To put in prison or jail; To arrest and detain in custody; to confine.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He <i>imprisoned</i> was in chains remediless.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To limit, restrain, or confine in any way.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Try to <i>imprison</i> the resistless wind.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To incarcerate; confine; immure.</p> <p><hw>Im*pris"on*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who imprisons.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pris"on ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>enprisonment</i>; F. <i>emprisonnement</i>.] <def>The act of imprisoning, or the state of being imprisoned; confinement; restraint.</def></p> <p><blockquote>His sinews waxen weak and raw<BR> Through long <i>imprisonment</i> and hard constraint.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Every confinement of the person is an

<i>imprisonment</i>, whether it be in a common prison, or in a private house, or even by foreibly detaining one in the public streets.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><col><b>False imprisonment</b></col>. <i>(Law)</i> <cd>See under <u>False</u>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incarceration; custody; confinement; durance; restraint.</p> <p><hw>Im*prob`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improbabilities</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F. <i>improbabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being improbable; unlikelihood; also, that which is improbable; an improbable event or result.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prob"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>improbabilis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>probabilis</i> probable: cf. F. <i>improbable</i>. See <u>Probable</u>.] <def>Not probable; unlikely to be true; not to be expected under the circumstances or in the usual course of events; as, an <i>improbable</i> story or event.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He . . . sent to Elutherius, then bishop of Rome, an <i>improbable</i> letter, as some of the contents discover.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*prob"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*prob"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im"pro*bate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>improbatus</i>, p. p. of <i>improbare</i> to disapprove; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>probare</i> to approve.] <def>To disapprove of; to disallow.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pro*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>improbatio</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of disapproving; disapprobation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Scots Law)</i> <def>The act by which falsehood and forgery are proved; an action brought for the purpose of having some instrument declared false or forged.</def> <i>Bell.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im"pro*ba*tive</hw> (?), <hw>Im"pro*ba`to*ry</hw> (?) }, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Implying, or tending to, improbation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prob"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>improbitas</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>probitas</i> probity: cf. F. <i>improbit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Lack of probity; want of integrity or rectitude; dishonesty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Persons . . . cast out for notorious <i>improbity</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>Im`pro*fi"cience</hw> (?), <hw>Im`pro*fi"cien*cy</hw>, } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of proficiency.</def> [R.]

<i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prof"it*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>profitable</i>: cf. F. <i>improfitable</i>.] <def>Unprofitable.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pro*gress"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not progressive.</def> <i>De Quincey.</i> -<wf>Im"pro*gress"ive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*lif"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prolific</i>: cf. F. <i>improlifique</i>.] <def>Not prolific.</def> [Obs.] <i>E. Waterhouse.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*lif"ic*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>prolificate</i>.] <def>To impregnate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prompt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not ready.</def> [R.] <i>Sterne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*promp"tu</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv. or a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impromptu</i>, fr. L. <i>in promptu</i> in readiness, at hand; <i>in</i> in + <i>promptus</i> visibility, readiness, from <i>promptus</i> visible, ready. See <u>Prompt</u>.] <def>Offhand; without previous study; extemporaneous; extempore; as, an <i>impromptu</i> verse.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*promp"tu</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Something made or done offhand, at the moment, or without previous study; an extemporaneous composition, address, or remark.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A piece composed or played at first thought; a composition in the style of an extempore piece.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prop"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>impropre</i>, L. <i>improprius</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>proprius</i> proper. See <u>Proper</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not proper; not suitable; not fitted to the circumstances, design, or end; unfit; not becoming; incongruous; inappropriate; indecent; as, an <i>improper</i> medicine; <i>improper</i> thought, behavior, language, dress.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Follow'd his enemy king, and did him service,<BR> <i>Improper</i> for a slave.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>And to their proper operation still,<BR> Ascribe all Good; to their <i>improper</i>, Ill.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not peculiar or appropriate to individuals; general; common.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Not to be adorned with any art but such <i>improper</i> ones as nature is said to bestow, as singing and poetry.</blockquote> <i>J. Fletcher.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not according to facts; inaccurate; erroneous.</def></p> <p><col><b>Improper diphthong</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Diphthong</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Improper feud</b></col>, <cd>an original feud, not earned by military service.</cd> <i>Mozley & W.</i> -- <col><b>Improper fraction</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Fraction</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*prop"er</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To appropriate; to limit.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>He would in like manner <i>improper</i> and inclose the sunbeams to comfort the rich and not the poor.</blockquote> <i>Jewel.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prop`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>improperare</i>, <i>improperatum</i>, to taunt.] <def>The act of upbraiding or taunting; a reproach; a taunt.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote><i>Improperatios</i> and terms of scurrility.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne</i></p> <p><hw>||Im`pro*pe"ri*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [L., reproaches.] <i>(Mus.)</i> <def>A series of antiphons and responses, expressing the sorrowful remonstrance of our Lord with his people; -sung on the morning of the Good Friday in place of the usual daily Mass of the Roman ritual.</def> <i>Grove.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prop"er*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an improper manner; not properly; unsuitably; unbecomingly.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prop"er*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impropriety.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im`pro*pi"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unpropitious; unfavorable.</def> [Obs.] "Dreams were <i>impropitious</i>." <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*por"tion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not proportionable.</def> [Obs.] <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*por"tion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not proportionate.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impropriated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impropriating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + L. <i>propriatus</i>, p. p. of <i>propriare</i> to appropriate. See <u>Appropriate</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To appropriate to one's self; to assume.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>To <i>impropriate</i> the thanks to himself.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <def>To place the profits of (ecclesiastical property) in the hands of a layman for

care and disbursement.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become an impropriator.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <def>Put into the hands of a layman; impropriated.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pro`pri*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impropriating; as, the <i>impropriation</i> of property or tithes; also, that which is impropriated.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eng. Eccl. Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The act of putting an ecclesiastical benefice in the hands of a layman, or lay corporation.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A benefice in the hands of a layman, or of a lay corporation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pro"pri*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who impropriates; specifically, a layman in possession of church property.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pro`pri*a"trix</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E. <plw><b>-trixes</b></plw>, L. <plw><b>-trices</b></plw> (&?;). <def>A female impropriator.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*pri"e*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improprieties</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>improprietas</i>; cf. F. <i>impropri&eacute;t&eacute;</i>. See <u>Improper</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being improper; unfitness or unsuitableness to character, time place, or circumstances; as, <i>impropriety</i> of behavior or manners.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is improper; an unsuitable or improper act, or an inaccurate use of language.</def></p> <p><blockquote>But every language has likewise its <i>improprieties</i> and absurdities.</blockquote> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Many gross <i>improprieties</i>, however authorized by practice, ought to be discarded.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pros*per"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>improsp&eacute;rit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of prosperity.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pros"per*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>prosperous</i>: cf. F. <i>improsp&egrave;re</i>, L. <i>improsper</i>.] <def>Not prosperous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Dryden.</i> - <wf>Im*pros"per*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] -<wf>Im*pros"per*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>Im*prov`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being improvable; improvableness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <u>Improve</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being improved;

susceptible of improvement; admitting of being made better; capable of cultivation, or of being advanced in good qualities.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Man is accommodated with moral principles, <i>improvable</i> by the exercise of his faculties.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I have a fine spread of <i>improvable</i> lands.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Capable of being used to advantage; profitable; serviceable; advantageous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The essays of weaker heads afford <i>improvable</i> hints to better.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>Im*pro"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>Im*prov"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Im*prove"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prove</i>: cf. L. <i>improbare</i>, F. <i>improuver</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To disprove or make void; to refute.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Neither can any of them make so strong a reason which another can not <i>improve</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tyndale.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To disapprove; to find fault with; to reprove; to censure; as, to <i>improve</i> negligence.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><blockquote>When he rehearsed his preachings and his doing unto the high apostles, they could <i>improve</i> nothing.</blockquote> <i>Tyndale.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prove"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Improved</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Improving</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>prove</i>, in <i>approve.</i> See <u>Approve</u>, <u>Prove.</u>] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To make better; to increase the value or good qualities of; to ameliorate by care or cultivation; as, to <i>improve</i> land.</def> <i>Donne.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I love not to <i>improve</i> the honor of the living by impairing that of the dead.</blockquote> <i>Denham.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To use or employ to good purpose; to make productive; to turn to profitable account; to utilize; as, to <i>improve</i> one's time; to <i>improve</i> his means.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>We shall especially honor God by <i>improving</i> diligently the talents which God hath committed to us.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A hint that I do not remember to have seen opened and <i>improved</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>The court seldom fails to <i>improve</i> the opportunity.</blockquote> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><blockquote>How doth the little busy bee<BR> <i>Improve</i> each shining hour.</blockquote> <i>I. Watts.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Those moments were diligently <i>improved</i>.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>True policy, as well as good faith, in my opinion, binds us to <i>improve</i> the occasion.</blockquote> <i>Washington.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To advance or increase by use; to augment or add to; -- said with reference to what is bad.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>We all have, I fear, . . . not a little <i>improved</i> the wretched inheritance of our ancestors.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Porteus.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To better; meliorate; ameliorate; advance; heighten; mend; correct; rectify; amend; reform.</p> <p><hw>Im*prove"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To grow better; to advance or make progress in what is desirable; to make or show improvement; as, to <i>improve</i> in health.</def></p> <p><blockquote>We take care to <i>improve</i> in our frugality and diligence.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To advance or progress in bad qualities; to grow worse.</def> "Domitian <i>improved</i> in cruelty." <i>Milner.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To increase; to be enhanced; to rise in value; as, the price of cotton <i>improves</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>To improve on</b></col> or <col><b>upon</b></col>, <cd>to make useful additions or amendments to, or changes in; to bring nearer to perfection; as, <i>to improve on</i> the mode of tillage.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*prove"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of improving; advancement or growth; promotion in desirable qualities; progress toward what is better; melioration; as, the <i>improvement</i> of the mind, of land, roads, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I look upon your city as the best place of <i>improvement</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Exercise is the chief source of <i>improvement</i> in all our faculties.</blockquote> <i>Blair.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The act of making profitable use or applicaton of anything, or the state of being profitably employed; a turning to good account; practical application, as of a doctrine,

principle, or theory, stated in a discourse.</def> "A good <i>improvement</i> of his reason." <i>S. Clarke.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I shall make some <i>improvement</i> of this doctrine.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The state of being improved; betterment; advance; also, that which is improved; as, the new edition is an <i>improvement</i> on the old.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The parts of Sinon, Camilla, and some few others, are <i>improvements</i> on the Greek poet.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Increase; growth; progress; advance.</def></p> <p><blockquote>There is a design of publishing the history of architecture, with its several <i>improvements</i> and decays.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Those vices which more particularly receive <i>improvement</i> by prosperity.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>pl.</i> <def>Valuable additions or betterments, as buildings, clearings, drains, fences, etc., on premises.</def></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Patent Laws)</i> <def>A useful addition to, or modification of, a machine, manufacture, or composition.</def> <i>Kent.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, improves.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vid"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unforeseen; unexpected; not provided against; unprepared.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>All <i>improvided</i> for dread of death.</blockquote> <i>E. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>improvidentia</i>; OF. <i>improvidence</i>. Cf. <u>Imprudence</u>.] <def>The quality of being improvident; want of foresight or thrift.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>improvidence</i> of my neighbor must not make me inhuman.</blockquote> <i>L'Estrange.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>provident</i>: cf. L. <i>improvidus</i>. See <u>Provident</u>, and cf. <u>Imprudent</u>.] <def>Not provident; wanting foresight or forethought; not foreseeing or providing for the future; negligent; thoughtless; as, an <i>improvident</i> man.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Improvident</i> soldiers! had your watch been good,<BR>

This sudden mischief never could have fallen.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsiderable; negligent; careless; shiftless; prodigal; wasteful.</p> <p><hw>Im*prov`i*den"tial*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Improvidently.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*dent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a improvident manner.</def> "<i>Improvidently</i> rash." <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to improve, beneficial; growing better.</def> -<wf>Im*prov"ing*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><col><b>Improving lease</b></col> <i>(Scots Law)</i>, <cd>an extended lease to induce the tenant to make improvements on the premises.</cd></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Improvise</u>.] <def>Unpremeditated; impromptu; extempore.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Improvisated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Improvisating</u> (?).] <def>To improvise; to extemporize.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prov`i*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>improvisation</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or art of composing and rendering music, poetry, and the like, extemporaneously; as, <i>improvisation</i> on the organ.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is improvised; an impromptu.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vis"a*tize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>Same as <u>Improvisate</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*prov"i*sa`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An improviser, or improvvisatore.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pro*vi`sa*to"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Improvvisatore</u>.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>Im*prov`i*sa*to"ri*al</hw> (?), <hw>Im*prov"i*sa*to*ry</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to improvisation or extemporaneous composition.</def></p> <p><hw>||Im`pro*vi`sa*tri"ce</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Improvvisatrice</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vise"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Improvised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Improvising</u>.] [F. <i>improviser</i>, it. <i>improvvisare</i>, fr. <i>improvviso</i> unprovided, sudden,

extempore, L. <i>improvisus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>provisus</i> foreseen, provided. See <u>Proviso</u>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To compose, recite, or sing extemporaneously, especially in verse; to extemporize; also, to play upon an instrument, or to act, extemporaneously.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bring about, arrange, or make, on a sudden, or without previous preparation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Charles attempted to <i>improvise</i> a peace.</blockquote> <i>Motley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To invent, or provide, offhand, or on the spur of the moment; as, he <i>improvised</i> a hammer out of a stone.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vise"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To produce or render extemporaneous compositions, especially in verse or in music, without previous preparation; hence, to do anything offhand.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vis"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who improvises.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vi"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>provision</i>.] <def>Improvidence.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pro*vi"so</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>improvisus</i> unforeseen; cf. It. <i>improvviso</i>.] <def>Not prepared or mediated beforehand; extemporaneous.</def> [Obs.] <i>Jonhson.</i></p> <p><hw>||Im`prov*vi`sa*to"re</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improvvisatori</b></plw> (#). [It. See <u>Improvise</u>.] <def>One who composes and sings or recites rhymes and short poems extemporaneously.</def> [Written also <i>improvisatore</i>.]</p> <p><hw>||Im`prov*vi`sa*tri"ce</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Improvvisatrici</b></plw> (#). [It. See <u>Improvise</u>.] <def>A female improvvisatore.</def> [Written also <i>improvisatrice</i>.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pru"dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>imprudentia</i>: cf. F. <i>imprudence</i>. Cf. <u>Improvidence</u>.] <def>The quality or state of being imprudent; want to caution, circumspection, or a due regard to consequences; indiscretion; inconsideration; rashness; also, an imprudent act; as, he was guilty of an <i>imprudence</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>His serenity was interrupted, perhaps, by his own <i>imprudence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Mickle.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pru"dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imprudens</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>prudens</i> prudent: cf. F. <i>imprudent</i>. See <u>Prudent</u>, and cf. <u>Improvident</u>.] <def>Not prudent; wanting in prudence or discretion; indiscreet;

injudicious; not attentive to consequence; improper.</def> -<wf>Im*pru"dent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Her majesty took a great dislike at the <i>imprudent</i> behavior of many of the ministers and readers.</blockquote> <i>Strype.</i></p> <p><! p. 740 !></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indiscreet; injudicious; incautious; ill-advised; unwise; heedless; careless; rash; negligent.</p> <p><hw>Im*pu"ber*al</hw> (&ibreve;m*p&umacr;"b&etilde;r*<i>a</i>l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not having arrived at puberty; immature.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In <i>impuberal</i> animals the cerebellum is, in proportion to the brain proper, greatly less than in adults.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pu"ber*ty</hw> (-t&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The condition of not having reached puberty, or the age of ability to reproduce one's species; want of age at which the marriage contract can be legally entered into.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pu*dence</hw> (&ibreve;m"p&usl;*d<i>e</i>ns), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impudentia</i>: cf. F. <i>impudence</i>. See <u>Impudent</u>.] <def>The quality of being impudent; assurance, accompanied with a disregard of the presence or opinions of others; shamelessness; forwardness; want of modesty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Clear truths that their own evidence forces us to admit, or common experience makes it <i>impudence</i> to deny.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Where pride and <i>impudence</i> (in fashion knit)<BR> Usurp the chair of wit.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Shamelessness; audacity; insolence; effrontery; sauciness; impertinence; pertness; rudeness. -- <u>Impudence</u>, <u>Effrontery</u>, <u>Sauciness</u>. <i>Impudence</i> refers more especially to the feelings as manifested in action. <i>Effrontery</i> applies to some gross and public exhibition of shamelessness. <i>Sauciness</i> refers to a sudden pert outbreak of impudence, especially from an inferior. <i>Impudence</i> is an unblushing kind of impertinence, and may be manifested in words, tones, gestures, looks, etc. <i>Effrontery</i> rises still higher, and shows a total or shameless disregard of duty or decorum under the circumstances of the case. <i>Sauciness</i> discovers itself toward particular individuals, in certain relations; as in the case of servants who are saucy to their masters, or children who are saucy to their teachers. See <u>Impertinent</u>, and <u>Insolent</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im"pu*den*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Impudence.</def> [Obs.] <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Audacious without <i>impudency</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im"pu*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impudens</i>, <i>-entis</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>pudens</i> ashamed, modest, p. pr. of <i>pudere</i> to feel shame: cf. F. <i>impudent</i>.] <def>Bold, with contempt or disregard; unblushingly forward; impertinent; wanting modesty; shameless; saucy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>More than <i>impudent</i> sauciness.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>When we behold an angel, not to fear<BR> Is to be <i>impudent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Shameless; audacious; brazen; bold-faced; pert; immodest; rude; saucy; impertinent; insolent.</p> <p><hw>Im"pu*dent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impudent manner; with unbecoming assurance; shamelessly.</def></p> <p><blockquote>At once assail<BR> With open mouths, and <i>impudently</i> rail.</blockquote> <i>Sandys.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pu*dic"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impudicus</i> immodest; <i>im-</i> not + <i>pudicus</i> shamefaced, modest: cf. F. <i>impudicit&eacute;</i>, L. <i>impudicitia</i>.] <def>Immodesty.</def> <i>Sheldon.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pugn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impugned</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impugning</u>.] [OE. <i>impugnen</i>, F. <i>impugner</i>, fr. L. <i>impugnare</i>; <i>in</i> on, against + <i>pugnare</i> to flight. See <u>Pugnacious</u>.] <def>To attack by words or arguments; to contradict; to assail; to call in question; to make insinuations against; to gainsay; to oppose.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The truth hereof I will not rashly <i>impugn</i>, or overboldly affirm.</blockquote> <i>Peacham.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pugn"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being impugned; that may be gainsaid.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pug*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impugnatio</i>: cf. OF. <i>impugnation</i>.] <def>Act of impugning; opposition; attack.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>A perpetual <i>impugnation</i> and selfconflict.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pugn"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who impugns.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pugn"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of impugning, or the state of being impugned.</def> <i>Ed. Rev.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pu"is*sance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impuissance</i>.] <def>Lack of power; inability.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Their own <i>impuissance</i> and weakness.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pu"is*sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F., fr. pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>puissant</i>. See <u>Puissant</u>.] <def>Weak; impotent; feeble.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"pulse</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impulsus</i>, fr. <i>impellere</i>. See <u>Impel</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impelling, or driving onward with sudden force; impulsion; especially, force so communicated as to produced motion suddenly, or immediately.</def></p> <p><blockquote>All spontaneous animal motion is performed by mechanical <i>impulse</i>.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The effect of an impelling force; motion produced by a sudden or momentary force.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>The action of a force during a very small interval of time; the effect of such action; as, the <i>impulse</i> of a sudden blow upon a hard elastic body.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A mental force which simply and directly urges to action; hasty inclination; sudden motive; momentary or transient influence of appetite or passion; propension; incitement; as, a man of good <i>impulses</i>; passion often gives a violent <i>impulse</i> to the will.</def></p> <p><blockquote>These were my natural <i>impulses</i> for the undertaking.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Force; incentive; influence; motive; feeling; incitement; instigation.</p> <p><hw>Im*pulse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See <u>Impel</u>.] <def>To impel; to incite.</def> [Obs.] <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impulsio</i>: cf. F. <i>impulsion</i>. See <u>Impel</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of impelling or driving onward, or the state of being impelled; the sudden or momentary agency of a body in motion on another body; also, the impelling force, or impulse.</def> "The <i>impulsion</i> of the air." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Influence acting unexpectedly or temporarily on the mind; sudden motive or influence; impulse.</def> "The <i>impulsion</i> of conscience." <i>Clarendon.</i> "Divine <i>impulsion</i> prompting." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>impulsif</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having the power of driving or impelling; giving an impulse; moving; impellent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Poor men! poor papers! We and they<BR> Do some <i>impulsive</i> force obey.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Actuated by impulse or by transient feelings.</def></p> <p><blockquote>My heart, <i>impulsive</i> and wayward.</blockquote> <i>Longfellow.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>Acting momentarily, or by impulse; not continuous; -- said of forces.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which impels or gives an impulse; an impelling agent.</def> <i>Sir W. Wotton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impulsive manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being impulsive.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pul"sor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who, or that which, impels; an inciter.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*punc"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not punctate or dotted.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*punc"tu*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>punctual</i>: cf. F. <i>imponctuel</i>.] <def>Not punctual.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*punc`tu*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Neglect of, or failure in, punctuality.</def> [R.] <i>A. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pune"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impunis</i>.] <def>Unpunished.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Im*pu"ni*bly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without punishment; with impunity.</def> [Obs.] <i>J. Ellis.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pu"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>impunitas</i>, fr. <i>impunis</i> without punishment; pref. <i>im</i> not + <i>poena</i> punishment: cf. F. <i>impunit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Pain</u>.] <def>Exemption or freedom from punishment, harm, or loss.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Heaven, though slow to wrath,<BR> Is never with <i>impunity</i> defied.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>impunity</i> and also the recompense.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>Im`pu*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Defilement;

obscuration.</def> [Obs.]

<i>Bp. Hall.</i></p>

<p><hw>Im*pure"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>impurus</i>; pref. <i>im-</i> not + <i>purus</i> pure: cf. F. <i>impur</i>. See <u>Pure</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not pure; not clean; dirty; foul; filthy; containing something which is unclean or unwholesome; mixed or impregnated extraneous substances; adulterated; as, <i>impure</i> water or air; <i>impure</i> drugs, food, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Defiled by sin or guilt; unholy; unhallowed; -- said of persons or things.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Unchaste; lewd; unclean; obscene; as, <i>impure</i> language or ideas.</def> "<i>Impure</i> desires." <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Script.)</i> <def>Not purified according to the ceremonial law of Moses; unclean.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Language)</i> <def>Not accurate; not idiomatic; as, <i>impure</i> Latin; an <i>impure</i> style.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pure"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To defile; to pollute.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pure"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an impure manner.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pure"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or condition of being impure; impurity.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pu"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> Impurities (#). [L. <i>impuritas</i>: cf. F. <i>impuret&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The condition or quality of being impure in any sense; defilement; foulness; adulteration.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Profaneness, <i>impurity</i>, or scandal, is not wit.</blockquote> <i>Buckminster.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is, or which renders anything, impure; foul matter, action, language, etc.; a foreign ingredient.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Foul <i>impurities</i> reigned among the monkish clergy.</blockquote> <i>Atterbury.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Script.)</i> <def>Want of ceremonial purity; defilement.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*pur"ple</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Impurpled</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Impurpling</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>purple</i>. Cf. <u>Empurple</u>.] <def>To color or tinge with purple; to make red or reddish; to purple; as, a field

<i>impurpled</i> with blood.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Impurpled</i> with celestial roses, smiled.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The silken fleece <i>impurpled</i> for the loom.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*put`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being imputable; imputableness.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*put"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>imputable</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That may be imputed; capable of being imputed; chargeable; ascribable; attributable; referable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A prince whose political vices, at least, were <i>imputable</i> to mental incapacity.</blockquote> <i>Prescott.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Accusable; culpable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>The fault lies at his door, and she is no wise <i>imputable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Ayliffe.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*put"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Quality of being imputable.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*put"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>By imputation.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pu*ta"tion</hw> (?), [L. <i>imputatio</i> an account, a charge: cf. F. <i>imputation</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of imputing or charging; attribution; ascription; also, anything imputed or charged.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Shylock</i>. Antonio is a good man.<BR> <i>Bassanio</i>. Have you heard any <i>imputation</i> to the contrary?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>If I had a suit to Master Shallow, I would humor his men with the <i>imputation</i> of being near their master.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Charge or attribution of evil; censure; reproach; insinuation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Let us be careful to guard ourselves against these groundless <i>imputation</i> of our enemies.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>A setting of something to the account of; the attribution of personal guilt or personal righteousness of another; as, the <i>imputation</i> of the sin of Adam, or the righteousness of Christ.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Opinion; intimation; hint.</def></p> <p><hw>Im*put"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>imputativus</i>: cf. F. <i>imputatif</i>.] <def>Transferred by imputation; that may be imputed.</def> -- <wf>Im*put"a*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Actual righteousness as well as <i>imputative</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p><hw>Im*pute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Imputed</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Imputing</u>.] [F. <i>imputer</i>, L. <i>imputare</i> to bring into the reckoning, charge, impute; pref. <i>im-</i> in + <i>putare</i> to reckon, think. See <u>Putative</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To charge; to ascribe; to attribute; to set to the account of; to charge to one as the author, responsible originator, or possessor; -- generally in a bad sense.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Nor you, ye proud, <i>impute</i> to these the fault,<BR> If memory o'er their tomb no trophies raise.</blockquote> <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><blockquote>One vice of a darker shade was <i>imputed</i> to him - envy.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>To adjudge as one's own (the sin or righteousness) of another; as, the righteousness of Christ is <i>imputed</i> to us.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It was <i>imputed</i> to him for <i>righteousness</i>.</blockquote> <i>Rom. iv. 22.</i></p> <p><blockquote>They merit<BR> <i>Imputed</i> shall absolve them who renounce<BR> Their own, both righteous and unrighteous deeds.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To take account of; to consider; to regard.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>If we <i>impute</i> this last humiliation as the cause of his death.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To ascribe; attribute; charge; reckon; consider; imply; insinuate; refer. See <u>Ascribe</u>.</p> <p><hw>Im*put"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who imputes.</def></p> <p><hw>Im`pu*tres"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>im</i> + <i>putrescible</i>: cf. F. <i>imputrescible</i>.] <def>Not putrescible.</def></p> <p><hw>Im"righ</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Scot.; Gael. <i>eunbhrigh</i> chicken soup.] <def>A peculiar strong soup or broth, made

in Scotland.</def> [Written also <i>imrich</i>.]</p> <p><hw>In-</hw> (?). [See <u>In</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos> Cf. <u>Em-</u>, <u>En-</u>.] <def>A prefix from Eng. prep. <i>in</i>, also from Lat. prep. <i>in</i>, meaning <i>in</i>, <i>into</i>, <i>on</i>, <i>among</i>; as, <i>in</i>bred, <i>in</i>born, <i>in</i>road; <i>in</i>cline, <i>in</i>ject, <i>in</i>trude. In words from the Latin, <i>in-</i> regularly becomes <i>il-</i> before <i>l</i>, <i>ir-</i> before <i>r</i>, and <i>im-</i> before a labial; as, <i>il</i>lusion, <i>ir</i>ruption, <i>im</i>blue, <i>im</i>migrate, <i>im</i>part. <i>In-</i> is sometimes used with an simple intensive force.</def></p> <p><hw>In-</hw> (?). [L. <i>in</i>-; akin to E. <i>un</i>-. See <u>Un-</u>.] <def>An inseparable prefix, or particle, meaning <i>not</i>, <i>non</i>-, <i>un-</i> as, <i>in</i>active, <i>in</i>capable, <i>in</i>apt. <i>In-</i> regularly becomes <i>il</i> before <i>l</i>, <i>ir-</i> before <i>r</i>, and <i>im-</i> before a labial.</def></p> <p><hw>-in</hw>. <def>A suffix. See the Note under <u>ine</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos> [AS. <i>in</i>; akin to D. & G. <i>in</i>, Icel. <i>&imacr;</i>, Sw. & Dan. <i>i</i>, OIr. & L. <i>in</i>, Gr. <grk>'en</grk>. &radic;197. Cf. 1st <u>In-</u>, <u>Inn</u>.] <def>The specific signification of <i>in</i> is situation or place with respect to surrounding, environment, encompassment, etc. It is used with verbs signifying being, resting, or moving within limits, or within circumstances or conditions of any kind conceived of as limiting, confining, or investing, either wholly or in part. In its different applications, it approaches some of the meanings of, and sometimes is interchangeable with, <i>within</i>, <i>into</i>, <i>on</i>, <i>at</i>, <i>of</i>, and <i>among</i>.</def> It is used: --</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>With reference to space or place; as, he lives <i>in</i> Boston; he traveled <i>in</i> Italy; castles <i>in</i> the air.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The babe lying <i>in</i> a manger.</blockquote> <i>Luke ii. 16.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Thy sun sets weeping <i>in</i> the lowly west.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Situated <i>in</i> the forty-first degree of latitude.</blockquote> <i>Gibbon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Matter for censure <i>in</i> every page.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>With reference to circumstances or conditions; as, he is <i>in</i> difficulties; she stood <i>in</i> a blaze of light.</def> "Fettered <i>in</i> amorous chains." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Wrapt <i>in</i> sweet sounds, as <i>in</i> bright

veils.</blockquote> <i>Shelley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>With reference to a whole which includes or comprises the part spoken of; as, the first <i>in</i> his family; the first regiment <i>in</i> the army.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Nine <i>in</i> ten of those who enter the ministry.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>With reference to physical surrounding, personal states, etc., abstractly denoted; as, I am <i>in</i> doubt; the room is <i>in</i> darkness; to live <i>in</i> fear.</def></p> <p><blockquote>When shall we three meet again,<BR> <i>In</i> thunder, lightning, or <i>in</i> rain?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>With reference to character, reach, scope, or influence considered as establishing a limitation; as, to be <i>in</i> one's favor.</def> "<i>In</i> sight of God's high throne." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Sounds inharmonious <i>in</i> themselves, and harsh.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>With reference to movement or tendency toward a certain limit or environment; -- sometimes equivalent to <i>into</i>; as, to put seed <i>in</i> the ground; to fall <i>in</i> love; to end <i>in</i> death; to put our trust <i>in</i> God.</def></p> <p><blockquote>He would not plunge his brother <i>in</i> despair.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><blockquote>She had no jewels to deposit <i>in</i> their caskets.</blockquote> <i>Fielding.</i></p> <p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <def>With reference to a limit of time; as, <i>in</i> an hour; it happened <i>in</i> the last century; <i>in</i> all my life.</def></p> <p><col><b>In as much as</b></col>, or <col><b>Inasmuch as</b></col>, <cd>in the degree that; in like manner as; in consideration that; because that; since. See <u>Synonym</u> of <u>Because</u>, and cf. <i>For as much as</i>, under <u>For</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos></cd> -- <col><b>In that</b></col>, <cd>because; for the reason that.</cd> "Some things they do <i>in that</i> they are men . . . ; some things <i>in that</i> they are men misled and blinded with error." <i>Hooker.</i> -- <col><b>In the name of</b></col>, <cd>in behalf of; on the part of; by authority; as, it was done <i>in the name of</i> the people; -- often used in invocation, swearing, praying, and the like.</cd> -- <col><b>To be in for it</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To be in favor of a thing; to be committed to a course.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To be unable to escape from a danger, penalty, etc.</cd> [Colloq.] -- <col><b>To be</b></col> (or <col><b>keep</b></col>) <col><b>in with</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>To be close or near; as, to <i>keep</i> a ship <i>in with</i> the land.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>To be on

terms of friendship, familiarity, or intimacy with; to secure and retain the favor of.</cd> [Colloq.]</p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Into; within; on; at. See <u>At</u>.</p> <p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not out; within; inside. <i>In</i>, the preposition, becomes an adverb by omission of its object, leaving it as the representative of an adverbial phrase, the context indicating what the omitted object is; as, he takes <i>in</i> the situation (<i>i. e.</i>, he comprehends it <i>in</i> his mind); the Republicans were <i>in</i> (<i>i. e.</i>, <i>in</i> office); <i>in</i> at one ear and out at the other (<i>i. e.</i>, <i>in</i> or <i>into</i> the head); his side was <i>in</i> (<i>i. e.</i>, <i>in</i> the turn at the bat); he came <i>in</i> (<i>i. e.</i>, into the house).</def></p> <p><blockquote>Their vacation . . . falls <i>in</i> so pat with ours.</blockquote> <i>Lamb.</i></p> <p>&fist; The sails of a vessel are said, in nautical language, to be <i>in</i> when they are furled, or when stowed.</p> <p> In certain cases <i>in</i> has an adjectival sense; as, the <i>in</i> train (<i>i. e.</i>, the incoming train); compare <i>up</i> grade, <i>down</i> grade, <i>under</i>tow, <i>after</i>thought, etc.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>With privilege or possession; -- used to denote a holding, possession, or seisin; as, <i>in</i> by descent; <i>in</i> by purchase; <i>in</i> of the seisin of her husband.</def> <i>Burrill.</i></p> <p><col><b>In and in breeding</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Breeding</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>In and out</b></col> <i>(Naut.)</i>, <cd>through and through; -- said of a through bolt in a ship's side.</cd> <i>Knight.</i> -- <col><b>To be in</b></col>, <cd>to be at home; as, Mrs. A. <i>is in</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>To come in</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Come</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Usually in the plural.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who is in office; -- the opposite of <i>out</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A re&euml;ntrant angle; a nook or corner.</def></p> <p><col><b>Ins and outs</b></col>, <cd>nooks and corners; twists and turns.</cd></p> <p><blockquote>All the <i>ins and outs</i> of this neighborhood.</blockquote> <i>D. Jerrold.</i></p> <p><! p. 741 !></p> <p><hw>In</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose; to take in; to harvest.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>He that ears my land spares my team and gives me leave

to <i>in</i> the crop.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>ability</i>: cf. F. <i>inhabilet&eacute;</i>. See <u>Able</u>, and cf. <u>Unable</u>.] <def>The quality or state of being unable; lack of ability; want of sufficient power, strength, resources, or capacity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It is not from an <i>inability</i> to discover what they ought to do, that men err in practice.</blockquote> <i>Blair.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impotence; incapacity; incompetence; weakness; powerlessness; incapability. See <u>Disability</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*a"ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Enable</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*a"ble*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Enablement</u>.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*ab"sti*nence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>abstinence</i>: cf. F. <i>inabstinence</i>.] <def>Want of abstinence; indulgence.</def> [Obs.] "The <i>inabstinence</i> of Eve." <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ab*stract"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not abstracted.</def></p> <p><hw>In`a*bu"sive*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without abuse.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ac*cess`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inaccessibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being inaccessible; inaccessibleness.</def> "The <i>inaccessibility</i> of the precipice." <i>Bp. Butler.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ac*cess"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inaccessibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inaccessible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Accessible</u>.] <def>Not accessible; not to be reached, obtained, or approached; as, an <i>inaccessible</i> rock, fortress, document, prince, etc.</def> -- <wf>In`ac*cess"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`ac*cess"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`ac*cord"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not accordant; discordant.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ac"cu*ra*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Inaccuracies</b></plw> (&?;).</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being inaccurate; want of accuracy or exactness.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is inaccurate or incorrect; mistake; fault; defect; error; as, in <i>inaccuracy</i> in speech, copying, calculation, etc.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*ac"cu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not accurate; not according to truth; inexact; incorrect; erroneous; as, in <i>inaccurate</i> man, narration, copy, judgment, calculation, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The expression is plainly <i>inaccurate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inexact; incorrect; erroneous; faulty; imperfect; incomplete; defective.</p> <p><hw>In*ac"cu*rate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inaccurate manner; incorrectly; inexactly.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ac*quaint"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Want of acquaintance.</def> <i>Good.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ac`qui*es"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not acquiescent or acquiescing.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ac"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i>. not + <i>action</i>: cf. <i>inaction</i>.] <def>Want of action or activity; forbearance from labor; idleness; rest; inertness.</def> <i>Berkeley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ac"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>active</i>: cf. F. <i>inactif</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not active; having no power to move; that does not or can not produce results; inert; as, matter is, of itself, <i>inactive</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not disposed to action or effort; not diligent or industrious; not busy; idle; as, an <i>inactive</i> officer.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Chem. & Opt.)</i> <def>Not active; inert; esp., not exhibiting any action or activity on polarized light; optically neutral; -- said of isomeric forms of certain substances, in distinction from other forms which are optically active; as, racemic acid is an <i>inactive</i> tartaric acid.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inert; dull; sluggish; idle; indolent; slothful; lazy. See <u>Inert</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*ac"tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inactive manner.</def> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ac*tiv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inactivit&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being inactive; inertness; as, the <i>inactivity</i> of matter.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Idleness; habitual indisposition to action or exertion; want of energy; sluggishness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The gloomy <i>inactivity</i> of despair.</blockquote>

<i>Cook.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ac"tose</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A variety of sugar, found in certain plants. It is optically <i>inactive</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ac"tu*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put in action.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*ac`tu*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Operation.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*ad`ap*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of adaptation; unsuitableness.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ad"e*qua*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Inadequate</u>.] <def>The quality or state of being inadequate or insufficient; defectiveness; insufficiency; inadequateness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inadequacy</i> and consequent inefficacy of the alleged causes.</blockquote> <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ad"e*quate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>adequate</i>: cf. F. <i>inad&eacute;quat</i>.] <def>Not adequate; unequal to the purpose; insufficient; deficient; as, <i>inadequate</i> resources, power, conceptions, representations, etc.</def> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In*ad"e*quate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In*ad"e*quate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*ad`e*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of exact correspondence.</def> [Obs.] <i>Puller.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ad*her"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not adhering.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Free; not connected with the other organs.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ad*he"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of adhesion.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ad*mis`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inadmissibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being inadmissible, or not to be received.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ad*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>admissible</i>: cf. F. <i>inadmissible</i>.] <def>Not admissible; not proper to be admitted, allowed, or received; as, <i>inadmissible</i> testimony; an <i>inadmissible</i> proposition, or explanation.</def> -- <wf>In`ad*mis"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p>{ <hw>In`ad*vert"ence</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>-ces</b></plw> (&?;), <hw>In`ad*vert"en*cy</hw> (?); <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>cies</b></plw> (&?;), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inadvertance</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being inadvertent; lack of heedfulness or attentiveness; inattention; negligence; as, many mistakes proceed from <i>inadvertence</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Inadvertency</i>, or want of attendance to the sense and intention of our prayers.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An effect of inattention; a result of carelessness; an oversight, mistake, or fault from negligence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The productions of a great genius, with many lapses an <i>inadvertencies</i>, are infinitely preferable to works of an inferior kind of author which are scrupulously exact.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inattention; heedlessness; carelessness; negligence; thoughtlessness. See <u>Inattention</u>.</p> <p><hw>In`ad*vert"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inadvertant</i>. See 2d <u>In-</u>, and <u>Advert</u>.] <def>Not turning the mind to a matter; heedless; careless; negligent; inattentive.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>inadvertent</i> step may crush the snail<BR> That crawls at evening in the public path.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`ad*vert"ent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`ad*vis"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not advisable.</def> -- <wf>In`ad*vis"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*af`fa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inaffabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of affability or sociability; reticence.</def></p> <p><hw>In*af"fa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>affable</i>.] <def>Not affable; reserved in social intercourse.</def></p> <p><hw>In*af`fec*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>affectation</i>: cf. F. <i>inaffectation</i>.] <def>Freedom from affectation; naturalness.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`af*fect"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unaffected.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>In`af*fect"ed*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*aid"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being assisted; helpless.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*al`ien*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being inalienable.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*al"ien*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>alienable</i>: cf. F. <i>inali&eacute;nable</i>.] <def>Incapable of being alienated, surrendered, or transferred to another; not alienable; as, in <i>inalienable</i> birthright.</def></p> <p><hw>In*al"ien*a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being inalienable; inalienability.</def></p> <p><hw>In*al"ien*a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a manner that forbids alienation; as, rights <i>inalienably</i> vested.</def></p> <p><hw>In*al`i*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Affording no aliment or nourishment.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*al`ter*a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inalt&eacute;rabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being unalterable or unchangeable; permanence.</def></p> <p><hw>In*al"ter*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>alterable</i>: cf. F. <i>inalt&eacute;rable</i>.] <def>Not alterable; incapable of being altered or changed; unalterable.</def> -- <wf>In*al"ter*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*al"ter*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*a"mi*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unamiable.</def> [Obs.] -- <wf>In*a"mi*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`a*mis"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inamissibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inamissible</i>.] <def>Incapable of being lost.</def> [R.] <i>Hammond.</i> -<wf>In`a*mis"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*a`mo*ra"ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [It. <i>innamorata</i>, fem., <i>innamorato</i>, masc., p. p. of <i>innamorare</i> to inspire with love. See <u>Enamor</u>.] <def>A woman in love; a mistress.</def> "The fair <i>inamorata</i>." <i>Sherburne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*am"o*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Enamored.</def> <i>Chapman.</i> -- <wf>In*am"o*rate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [R.]</p> <p><hw>||In*a`mo*ra"to</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Inamoratos</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Inamorata</u>.] <def>A male lover.</def></p> <p><hw>In`a*mov"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not amovable or removable.</def> [R.] <i>Palgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>In"-and-in"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An old game played with four dice. <i>In</i> signified a doublet, or two dice alike; <i>in-and-in</i>, either two doubles, or the four dice alike.</def></p>

<p><hw>In and in</hw>, <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos> <def>Applied to breeding from a male and female of the same parentage. See under <u>Breeding</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ane"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inanis</i>.] <def>Without contents; empty; void of sense or intelligence; purposeless; pointless; characterless; useless.</def> "Vague and <i>inane</i> instincts." <i>I. Taylor.</i> -- <wf>In*ane"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*ane"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which is void or empty.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>The undistinguishable <i>inane</i> of infinite space.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*an"gu*lar</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not angular.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p>{ <hw>In`a*nil"o*quent</hw> (?), <hw>In`a*nil"o*quous</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inanis</i> empty + <i>loqui</i> to speak.] <def>Given to talking inanely; loquacious; garrulous.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*an"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> in (or intensively) + <i>animate</i>.] <def>To animate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Donne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*an"i*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inanimatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>animatus</i> animate.] <def>Not animate; destitute of life or spirit; lifeless; dead; inactive; dull; as, stones and earth are <i>inanimate</i> substances.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Grieving, if aught <i>inanimate</i> e'er grieves.</blockquote> <i>Byron.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Lifeless; dead; inert; inactive; dull; soulless; spiritless. See <u>Lifeless</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*an"i*ma`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Destitute of life; lacking animation; unanimated.</def> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>In*an"i*mate*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being inanimate.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The deadness and <i>inanimateness</i> of the subject.</blockquote> <i>W. Montagu.</i></p> <p><hw>In*an`i*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See 2d <u>Inanimate</u>.] <def>Want of animation; lifeless; dullness.</def></p> <p><hw>In*an`i*ma"tion</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See 1st <u>Inanimate</u>.] <def>Infusion of life or vigor; animation; inspiration.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inanimation</i> of Christ living and breathing

within us.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In`a*ni"ti*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To produce inanition in; to exhaust for want of nourishment.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`a*ni`ti*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inanition.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`a*ni"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>inanition</i>, L. <i>inanitio</i> emptiness, fr. <i>inanire</i> to empty, fr. <i>inanis</i> empty. Cf. <u>Inane</u>.] <def>The condition of being inane; emptiness; want of fullness, as in the vessels of the body; hence, specifically, exhaustion from want of food, either from partial or complete starvation, or from a disorder of the digestive apparatus, producing the same result.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Feeble from <i>inanition</i>, inert from weariness.</blockquote> <i>Landor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Repletion and <i>inanition</i> may both do harm in two contrary extremes.</blockquote> <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*an"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Inanities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>inanitas</i>, fr. <i>inanis</i> empty: cf. F. <i>inanit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Inane</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inanition; void space; vacuity; emptiness.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of seriousness; aimlessness; frivolity.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An inane, useless thing or pursuit; a vanity; a silly object; -- chiefly in <i>pl.</i>; as, the <i>inanities</i> of the world.</def></p> <p><hw>In*an"ther*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Not bearing anthers; -- said of sterile stamens.</def></p> <p><hw>||In an"tis</hw> (?). [L.] <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>Between ant&aelig;; -- said of a portico in classical style, where columns are set between two ant&aelig;, forming the angles of the building. See <u>Anta</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap"a*thy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Sensibility; feeling; -- opposed to <i>apathy</i>.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`ap*peal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not admitting of appeal; not appealable.</def> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ap*peas"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being appeased or satisfied; unappeasable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ap*pel`la*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being inappellable; finality.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>The <i>inappellability</i> of the councils.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ap*pel"la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inappealable; final.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In*ap"pe*tence</hw> (?), <hw>In*ap"pe*ten*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>appetence</i>: cf. F. <i>inapp&eacute;tence</i>.] <def>Want of appetency; want of desire.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap`pli*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inapplicabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being inapplicable; unfitness; inapplicableness.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap"pli*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>applicable</i>.] <def>Not applicable; incapable of being applied; not adapted; not suitable; as, the argument is <i>inapplicable</i> to the case.</def> <i>J. S. Mill.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unsuitable; unsuited; unadapted; inappropriate; inapposite; irrelevant.</p> <p>-- <wf>In*ap"pli*ca*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*ap"pli*ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*ap`pli*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>application</i>: cf. F. <i>inapplication</i>.] <def>Want of application, attention, or diligence; negligence; indolence.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap"po*site</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not apposite; not fit or suitable; not pertinent.</def> -<wf>In*ap"po*site*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`ap*pre"ci*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>appreciable</i>: cf. F. <i>inappr&eacute;ciable</i>.] <def>Not appreciable; too small to be perceived; incapable of being duly valued or estimated.</def> <i>Hallam.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ap*pre"ci*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of appreciation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inapprehensibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inappr&eacute;hensible</i>.] <def>Not apprehensible; unintelligible; inconceivable.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of apprehension.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ap`pre*hen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not apprehensive; regardless; unconcerned.</def> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ap*proach"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not approachable; unapproachable; inaccessible; unequaled.</def> -<wf>In`ap*proach"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In`ap*pro"pri*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not instrument (<i>to</i>); not appropriate; unbecoming; unsuitable; not specially fitted; -- followed by <i>to</i> or <i>for</i>.</def> -<wf>In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`ap*pro"pri*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*apt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>apt</i>: cf. F. <i>inapte</i>. Cf. <u>Inept</u>.] <def>Unapt; not apt; unsuitable; inept.</def> -- <wf>In*apt"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*apt"ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*apt"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>In-</i> + <i>aptitude</i>: cf. F. inaptitude. Cf. <u>Ineptitude</u>.] <def>Want of aptitude.</def></p> <p><hw>In*a"quate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inaquatus</i>, p. p. of <i>inaquare</i> to make into water; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>aqua</i> water.] <def>Embodied in, or changed into, water.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cranmer.</i></p> <p><hw>In`a*qua"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being inaquate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Gardiner.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ar"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not arable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*arch"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inarched</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inarching</u>.] <def>To graft by uniting, as a scion, to a stock, without separating either from its root before the union is complete; -- also called to <i>graft by approach</i>.</def> <i>P. Miler.</i></p> <p><hw>In*arch"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A method of ingrafting. See <u>Inarch</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inarticulatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>articulatus</i> articulate.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not uttered with articulation or intelligible distinctness, as speech or words.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Music which is <i>inarticulate</i> poesy.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Not jointed or articulated; having no distinct body segments; as, an <i>inarticulate</i> worm.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>Without a hinge; -- said of an order (<i>Inarticulata</i> or <i>Ecardines</i>) of brachiopods.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of articulating.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>The poor earl, who is <i>inarticulate</i> with palsy.</blockquote> <i>Walpole.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*la`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not articulated; not jointed or connected by a joint.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inarticulate manner.</def> <i>Hammond.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ar*tic"u*late*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being inarticulate.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ar*tic`u*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inarticulation</i>.] <def>Inarticulateness.</def> <i>Chesterfield.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ar`ti*fi"cial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>artificial</i>: cf. F. <i>inartificiel</i>.] <def>Not artificial; not made or elaborated by art; natural; simple; artless; as, an <i>inartificial</i> argument; an <i>inartificial</i> character.</def> -- <wf>In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -- <wf>In*ar`ti*fi"cial*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`as*much"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [<i>In</i> + <i>as</i> + <i>much</i>.] <def>In like degree; in like manner; seeing that; considering that; since; -- followed by <i>as</i>. See <i>In as much as</i>, under <u>In</u>, <pos><i>prep.</i></pos></def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Inasmuch</i> as ye did it not to one of the least of these, ye did it not to me.</blockquote> <i>Matt. xxv. 45.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Because; since; for; as. See <u>Because</u>.</p> <p><hw>In`at*ten"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>attention</i>: cf. F. <i>inattention</i>.] <def>Want of attention, or failure to pay attention; disregard; heedlessness; neglect.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Novel lays attract our ravished ears;<BR> But old, the mind <i>inattention</i> hears.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inadvertence; heedlessness; negligence; carelessness; disregard; remissness; thoughtlessness; neglect. -<u>Inattention</u>, <u>Inadvertence</u>. We miss seeing a thing through <i>inadvertence</i> when <i>do not happen to look at</i> it; through <i>inattention</i> when we <i>give no heed to</i> it, though directly before us. The latter is therefore the worse. <i>Inadvertence</i> may be an involuntary accident; <i>inattention</i> is culpable neglect. A versatile mind is often <i>inadvertent</i>; a careless or stupid one is <i>inattentive</i>.</p> <p><! p. 742 !></p> <p><hw>In`at*ten"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inattentif</i>.] <def>Not attentive; not fixing the mind on an object; heedless; careless; negligent; regardless; as, an <i>inattentive</i> spectator or hearer; an <i>inattentive</i>

habit.</def>

<i>I. Watts.</i></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Careless; heedless; regardless; thoughtless; negligent; remiss; inadvertent.</p> <p>-- <wf>In`at*ten"tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`at*ten"tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*au`di*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being inaudible; inaudibleness.</def></p> <p><hw>In*au"di*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inaudibilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>audire</i> to hear: cf. F. <i>unaudible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Audible</u>.] <def>Not audible; incapable of being heard; silent.</def> -<wf>In*au"di*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*au"di*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*au"gur</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inaugurer</i>. See <u>Inaugurate</u>.] <def>To inaugurate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Latimer.</i></p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inaugural</i>.] <def>Pertaining to, or performed or pronounced at, an inauguration; as, an <i>inaugural</i> address; the <i>inaugural</i> exercises.</def></p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*ral</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inaugural address.</def> [U.S.]</p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inauguratus</i>, p. p. of <i>inaugurare</i> to take omens from the flight of birds (before entering upon any important undertaking); hence, to consecrate, inaugurate, or install, with such divination; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>augurare</i>, <i>augurari</i>, to augur. See <u>Augur</u>.] <def>Invested with office; inaugurated.</def> <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inaugurated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inaugurating</u> (?).]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To introduce or induct into an office with suitable ceremonies or solemnities; to invest with power or authority in a formal manner; to install; as, to <i>inaugurate</i> a president; to <i>inaugurate</i> a king.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cause to begin, esp. with formality or solemn ceremony; hence, to set in motion, action, or progress; to initiate; -- used especially of something of dignity or worth or public concern; as, to <i>inaugurate</i> a new era of things, new methods, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>As if kings did choose remarkable days to <i>inaugurate</i> their favors.</blockquote> <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To celebrate the completion of, or the

first public use of; to dedicate, as a statue.</def> [Colloq.]</p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To begin with good omens.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*au`gu*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inauguratio</i> a beginning: cf. F. <i>inauguration</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inuagurating, or inducting into office with solemnity; investiture by appropriate ceremonies.</def></p> <p><blockquote>At his regal <i>inauguration</i>, his old father resigned the kingdom to him.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The formal beginning or initiation of any movement, course of action, etc.; as, the <i>inauguration</i> of a new system, a new condition, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who inaugurates.</def></p> <p><hw>In*au"gu*ra*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Suitable for, or pertaining to, inauguration.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*au"rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inauratus</i>, p. p. <i>inaurare</i> to gild; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>aurum</i> gold.] <def>Covered with gold; gilded.</def></p> <p><hw>In*au"rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover with gold; to gild.</def></p> <p><hw>In`au*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inauration</i>.] <def>The act or process of gilding or covering with gold.</def></p> <p><hw>In*aus"pi*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inauspicatus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>auspicatus</i>, p. p. <i>auspicari</i>. See <u>Auspicate</u>.] <def>Inauspicious.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir G. Buck.</i></p> <p><hw>In`aus*pi"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not auspicious; ill-omened; unfortunate; unlucky; unfavorable.</def> "<i>Inauspicious</i> stars." <i>Shak.</i> "<i>Inauspicious</i> love." <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`aus*pi"cious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`aus*pi"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`au*thor"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Without authority; not authoritative.</def></p> <p><hw>In"barge</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t. & i.</i></pos> <def>To embark; to go or put into a barge.</def> [Obs.] <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>In"beam`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Shining in.</def> <i>South.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"be`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inherence; inherent existence.</def> <i>I. Watts.</i></p> <p><hw>In*bind"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To inclose.</def> [Obs.] <i>Fairfax.</i></p> <p><hw>In"blown`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Blown in or into.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In"board`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. & adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>Inside the line of a vessel's bulwarks or hull; the opposite of <i>outboard</i>; as, an <i>inboard</i> cargo; haul the boom <i>inboard</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Mech.)</i> <def>From without inward; toward the inside; as, the <i>inboard</i> stroke of a steam engine piston, the inward or return stroke.</def></p> <p><hw>In"born`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Born in or with; implanted by nature; innate; as, <i>inborn</i> passions.</def> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Innate; inherent; natural.</p> <p>{ <hw>In"break`</hw> (?), <hw>In"break`ing</hw>, } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A breaking in; inroad; invasion.</def></p> <p><hw>In*breathe"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inbreathed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inbreathing</u>.] <def>To infuse by breathing; to inspire.</def> <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>In"bred`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Bred within; innate; as, <i>inbred</i> worth.</def> "<i>Inbred</i> sentiments." <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*breed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inbred</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inbreeding</u>.] [Cf. <u>Imbreed</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To produce or generate within.</def> <i>Bp. Reynolds.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To <i>inbreed</i> and cherish . . . the seeds of virtue.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To breed in and in. See under <u>Breed</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos></def></p> <p><hw>In"burn`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Burning within.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Her <i>inburning</i> wrath she gan abate.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>In"burnt`</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Burnt in; ineffaceable.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Her <i>inburnt</i>, shamefaced thoughts.</blockquote> <i>P. Fletcher.</i></p> <p><hw>In"burst`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A bursting in or into.</def></p> <p><hw>Inc</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A Japanese measure of length equal to about two and one twelfth yards.</def> [Written also <i>ink</i>.]</p> <p><hw>In"ca</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>An emperor or monarch of Peru before, or at the time of, the Spanish conquest; any member of this royal dynasty, reputed to have been descendants of the sun.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>pl.</i> <def>The people governed by the Incas, now represented by the Quichua tribe.</def></p> <p><col><b>Inca dove</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>a small dove (<i>Scardafella inca</i>), native of Arizona, Lower California, and Mexico.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*cage"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incaged</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incaging</u> (?).] [Cf. <u>Encage</u>.] <def>To confine in, or as in, a cage; to coop up.</def> [Written also <i>encage</i>.] "<i>Incaged</i> birds." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cage"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Confinement in, or as in, cage.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shelton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cal`cu*la*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incalculable.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cal"cu*la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>calculable</i>: cf. F. <i>incalculable</i>.] <def>Not capable of being calculated; beyond calculation; very great.</def> -<wf>In*cal"cu*la*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*cal"cu*la*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`ca*les"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being incalescent, or of growing warm.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ca*les"cen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incalescence.</def> <i>Ray.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ca*les"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incalescens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incalescere</i> to grow hot. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Calescence</u>.] <def>Growing warm; increasing in heat.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cam`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> in + L. <i>camera</i> chamber, LL., also, jurisdiction: cf. F. <i>incam&eacute;ration</i>, It. <i>incamerazione</i>.] <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i> <def>The act or process of uniting lands, rights, or revenues, to the ecclesiastical chamber, <i>i. e.</i>, to the pope's domain.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"can</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to the Incas.</def></p> <p><hw>In`can*des"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incandescence</i>.] <def>A white heat, or the glowing or luminous whiteness of a body caused by intense heat.</def></p> <p><hw>In`can*des"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incandecens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incandescere</i> to become warm or hot; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>candescere</i> to become of a glittering whiteness, to become red hot, incho. fr. <i>candere</i> to be of a glittering whiteness: cf. F. <i>incandescent</i>. See <u>Candle</u>.] <def>White, glowing, or luminous, with intense heat; as, <i>incandescent</i> carbon or platinum; hence, clear; shining; brilliant.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Holy Scripture become resplendent; or, as one might say, <i>incandescent</i> throughout.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><col><b>Incandescent lamp</b></col> or <col><b>light</b></col> <i>(Elec.)</i>, <cd>a kind of lamp in which the light is produced by a thin filament of conducting material, usually carbon, contained in a vacuum, and heated to incandescence by an electric current, as in the Edison lamp; -- called also <i>incandescence lamp</i>, and <i>glowlamp</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`ca*nes"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incanescens</i>, p. pr. <i>incanescere</i> to become gray.] <def>Becoming hoary or gray; canescent.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ca"nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incanus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>canus</i> hoary.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Hoary with white pubescence.</def></p> <p><hw>In`can*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incantatio</i>, fr. <i>incantare</i> to chant a magic formula over one: cf. F. <i>incantation</i>. See <u>Enchant</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of using formulas sung or spoken, with occult ceremonies, for the purpose of raising spirits, producing enchantment, or affecting other magical results; enchantment.</def> "Mysterious ceremony and <i>incantation</i>." <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A formula of words used as above.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cant"a*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Dealing by enchantment; magical.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cant"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Enchanting.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p> <p><hw>In*can"ton</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To unite to, or form into, a canton or separate community.</def> <i>Addison.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*ca`pa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality of being incapable; incapacity.</def> <i>Suckling.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of legal qualifications, or of legal power; as, <i>incapability</i> of holding an office.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>capable</i>: cf. F. <i>incapable</i>, L. <i>incapabilis</i> incomprehensible.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Wanting in ability or qualification for the purpose or end in view; not large enough to contain or hold; deficient in physical strength, mental or moral power, etc.; not capable; as, <i>incapable</i> of holding a certain quantity of liquid; <i>incapable</i> of endurance, of comprehension, of perseverance, of reform, etc.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being brought to do or perform, because morally strong or well disposed; -- used with reference to some evil; as, <i>incapable</i> of wrong, dishonesty, or falsehood.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not in a state to receive; not receptive; not susceptible; not able to admit; as, <i>incapable</i> of pain, or pleasure; <i>incapable</i> of stain or injury.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Unqualified or disqualified, in a legal sense; as, a man under thirty-five years of age is <i>incapable</i> of holding the office of president of the United States; a person convicted on impeachment is thereby made <i>incapable</i> of holding an office of profit or honor under the government.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>As a term of disgrace, sometimes annexed to a sentence when an officer has been cashiered and rendered <i>incapable</i> of serving his country.</def></p> <p>&fist; <i>Incapable</i> is often used elliptically.</p> <p><blockquote>Is not your father grown <i>incapable</i> of reasonable affairs?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incompetent; unfit; unable; insufficient; inadequate; deficient; disqualified. See <u>Incompetent</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is morally or mentally weak or inefficient; an imbecile; a simpleton.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ca"pa*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incapable; incapability.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ca"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incapable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ca*pa"cious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-

</i> not + <i>capacious</i>: cf. L. <i>incapax</i> incapable.] <def>Not capacious; narrow; small; weak or foolish; as, an <i>incapacious</i> soul.</def> <i>Bp. Burnet.</i> -<wf>In`ca*pa"cious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`ca*pac"i*tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incapacitated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incapacitating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>capacitate</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To deprive of capacity or natural power; to disable; to render incapable or unfit; to disqualify; as, his age <i>incapacitated</i> him for war.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>To deprive of legal or constitutional requisites, or of ability or competency for the performance of certain civil acts; to disqualify.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It absolutely <i>incapacitated</i> them from holding rank, office, function, or property.</blockquote> <i>Milman.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ca*pac`i*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of incapacitating or state of being incapacitated; incapacity; disqualification.</def> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ca*pac"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incapacities</b></plw> (&?;). [Cf. F. <i>incapacit&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of capacity; lack of physical or intellectual power; inability.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of legal ability or competency to do, give, transmit, or receive something; inability; disqualification; as, the <i>inacapacity</i> of minors to make binding contracts, etc.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inability; incapability; incompetency; unfitness; disqualification; disability.</p> <p><hw>In*cap"su*late</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>To inclose completely, as in a membrane.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cap`su*la"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>The process of becoming, or the state or condition of being, incapsulated; as, <i>incapsulation</i> of the ovum in the uterus.</def></p> <p><hw>In*car"cer*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incarcerated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incarcerating</u> (?).] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + L. <i>carceratus</i>, p. p. of <i>carcerare</i> to imprison, fr. <i>carcer</i> prison.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To imprison; to confine in a jail or prison.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To confine; to shut up or inclose; to hem in.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incarcerated hernia</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>hernia in which the constriction can not be easily reduced.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*car"cer*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imprisoned.</def> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car`cer*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incarc&eacute;ration</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of confining, or the state of being confined; imprisonment.</def> <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>Formerly, strangulation, as in hernia.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A constriction of the hernial sac, rendering it irreducible, but not great enough to cause strangulation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*car"cer*a`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who incarcerates.</def></p> <p><hw>In*carn"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incarner</i>. See <u>Incarnate</u>.] <def>To cover or invest with flesh.</def> [R.] <i>Wiseman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*carn"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To develop flesh.</def> [R.] <i>Wiseman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"na*dine</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>incarnadin</i>, It. <i>incarnatino</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>caro</i>, <i>carnis</i>, flesh. Cf. <u>Carnation</u>, <u>Incarnate</u>.] <def>Flesh-colored; of a carnation or pale red color.</def> [Obs.] <i>Lovelace.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"na*dine</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To dye red or crimson.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Will all great Neptune's ocean wash this blood<BR> Clean from my hand? No; this my hand will rather<BR> The multitudinous seas <i>incarnadine</i>,<BR> Making the green one red.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>carnate</i>.] <def>Not in the flesh; spiritual.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>I fear nothing . . . that devil carnate or <i>incarnate</i> can fairly do.</blockquote> <i>Richardson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"nate</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incarnatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incarnare</i> to incarnate, pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>caro</i>, <i>carnis</i>, flesh. See <u>Carnal</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Invested with flesh; embodied in a human nature and form; united with, or having, a human body.</def></p>

<p><blockquote>Here shalt thou sit <i>incarnate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>He represents the emperor and his wife as two devils <i>incarnate</i>, sent into the world for the destruction of mankind.</blockquote> <i>Jortin.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Flesh-colored; rosy; red.</def> [Obs.] <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incarnated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incarnating</u> (?).] <def>To clothe with flesh; to embody in flesh; to invest, as spirits, ideals, etc., with a human from or nature.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This essence to <i>incarnate</i> and imbrute,<BR> That to the height of deity aspired.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*car"nate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To form flesh; to granulate, as a wound.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>My uncle Toby's wound was nearly well -- 't was just beginning to <i>incarnate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sterne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`car*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>incarnation</i>, LL. <i>incarnatio</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of clothing with flesh, or the state of being so clothed; the act of taking, or being manifested in, a human body and nature.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Theol.)</i> <def>The union of the second person of the Godhead with manhood in Christ.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>An incarnate form; a personification; a manifestation; a reduction to apparent from; a striking exemplification in person or act.</def></p> <p><blockquote>She is a new <i>incarnation</i> of some of the illustrious dead.</blockquote> <i>Jeffrey.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The very <i>incarnation</i> of selfishness.</blockquote> <i>F. W. Robertson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A rosy or red color; flesh color; carnation.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The process of healing wounds and filling the part with new flesh; granulation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*car"na*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incarnatif</i>.] <def>Causing new flesh to grow; healing; regenerative.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An incarnative medicine.</def></p> <p><hw>In*car`ni*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Incarnation</u>, and <u>-fy</u>.] <def>The act of assuming, or

state of being clothed with, flesh; incarnation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*case"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incased</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incasing</u>.] [F. <i>encaisser</i>; pref. <i>en-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + <i>caisse</i> case. See <u>Case</u> a box, and cf. <u>Encase</u>, <u>Enchase</u>.] <def>To inclose in a case; to inclose; to cover or surround with something solid.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Rich plates of gold the folding doors <i>incase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>In*case"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Casement</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of inclosing with a case, or the state of being incased.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which forms a case, covering, or inclosure.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cask"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To cover with a casque or as with a casque.</def> <i>Sherwood.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cas"tel*la`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Confined or inclosed in a castle.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cas"telled</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Far.)</i> <def>Hoofbound.</def> <i>Crabb.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cat`e*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>incatenatio</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>catena</i> chain. See <u>Enchain</u>.] <def>The act of linking together; enchaining.</def> [R.] <i>Goldsmith.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cau"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of caution.</def> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cau"tious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cautious</i>: cf. L. <i>incautus</i>.] <def>Not cautious; not circumspect; not attending to the circumstances on which safety and interest depend; heedless; careless; as, an <i>incautious</i> step; an <i>incautious</i> remark.</def></p> <p><! p. 743 !></p> <p><blockquote>You . . . <i>incautious</i> tread<BR> On fire with faithless embers overspread.</blockquote> <i>Francis.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His rhetorical expressions may easily captivate any <i>incautious</i> reader.</blockquote> <i>Keill.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unwary; indiscreet; inconsiderate; imprudent; impolitic; careless; heedless; thoughtless.</p> <p>-- <wf>In*cau"tious*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In*cau"tious*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In"ca*va`ted</hw> (&ibreve;n"k&adot;*v&amacr;`t&ebreve;d), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incavatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incavare</i> to make hollow: pref <i>in-</i> in + <i>cavare</i> to hollow out, fr. <i>cavus</i> hollow.] <def>Made hollow; bent round or in.</def></p> <p><hw>In`ca*va"tion</hw> (&ibreve;n`k&adot;*v&amacr;"sh&ubreve;n), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Act of making hollow; also, a hollow; an excavation; a depression.</def></p> <p><hw>In*caved"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&amacr;vd), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>cave</i>. Cf. <u>Encave</u>, <u>Incavated</u>.] <def>Inclosed in a cave.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cav"erned</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&abreve;v"&etilde;rnd), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inclosed or shut up as in a cavern.</def> <i>Drayton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ced"ing*ly</hw> (&ibreve;n*s&emacr;d"&ibreve;ng*l&ybreve;), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [L. <i>incedere</i> to walk majestically.] <def>Majestically.</def> [R.] <i>C. Bront&eacute;.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ce*leb"ri*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of celebrity or distinction; obscurity.</def> [R.] <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cend"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>incendere</i>, <i>incensum</i>, to kindle, burn. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.] <def>To inflame; to excite.</def> [Obs.] <i>Marston.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"di*a*rism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Incendiary</u>.] <def>The act or practice of maliciously setting fires; arson.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cen"di*a*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incendiaries</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incendiarius</i>: cf. F. <i>incendiaire</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Any person who maliciously sets fire to a building or other valuable or other valuable property.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A person who excites or inflames factions, and promotes quarrels or sedition; an agitator; an exciter.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Several cities . . . drove them out as <i>incendiaries</i>.</blockquote> <i>Bentley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"di*a*ry</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incendiarius</i>, fr. <i>incendium</i> a fire, conflagration: cf. F. <i>incendiaire</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to incendiarism, or the malicious burning of valuable property; as, <i>incendiary</i> material; as <i>incendiary</i> crime.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Tending to excite or inflame factions, sedition, or quarrel; inflammatory; seditious.</def>

<i>Paley.</i></p> <p><col><b>Incendiary shell</b></col>, <cd>a bombshell. See <u>Carcass</u>, 4.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*cen"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incendiosus</i> burning, hot.] <def>Promoting faction or contention; seditious; inflammatory.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i> -<wf>In*cen"di*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*cen"sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Incense</u> to anger.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>A modern term applied to animals (as a boar) when borne as raging, or with furious aspect.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cen*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i> <def>The offering of incense.</def> [R.] <i>Encyc. Brit.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incensed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incensing</u>.] [L. <i>incensus</i>, p. p. of <i>incendere</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + root of <i>candere</i> to glow. See <u>Candle</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To set on fire; to inflame; to kindle; to burn.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Twelve Trojan princes wait on thee, and labor to <i>incense</i><BR> Thy glorious heap of funeral.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To inflame with anger; to endkindle; to fire; to incite; to provoke; to heat; to madden.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The people are <i>incensed</i> him.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To enrage; exasperate; provoke; anger; irritate; heat; fire; instigate.</p> <p><hw>In"cense</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incensed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incensing</u>.] [LL. <i>incensare</i>: cf. F. <i>encenser</i>. See <u>Incense</u>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To offer incense to. See <u>Incense</u>.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To perfume with, or as with, incense.</def> "<i>Incensed</i> with wanton sweets." <i>Marston.</i></p> <p><hw>In"cense</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>encens</i>, F. <i>encens</i>, L. <i>incensum</i>, fr. <i>incensus</i>, p. p. of <i>incendere</i> to burn. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The perfume or odors exhaled from spices and gums when burned in celebrating religious rites or as an offering

to some deity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A thick cloud of <i>incense</i> went up.</blockquote> <i>Ezek. viii. 11.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The materials used for the purpose of producing a perfume when burned, as fragrant gums, spices, frankincense, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took either of them his censer, and put fire therein, and put <i>incense</i> thereon.</blockquote> <i>Lev. x. 1.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Also used figuratively.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Or heap the shrine of luxury and pride,<BR> With <i>incense</i> kindled at the Muse's flame.</blockquote> <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><col><b>Incense tree</b></col>, <cd>the name of several balsamic trees of the genus <i>Bursera</i> (or <i>Icica</i>) mostly tropical American. The gum resin is used for incense. In Jamaica the <i>Chrysobalanus Icaco</i>, a tree related to the plums, is called <i>incense tree</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Incense wood</b></col>, <cd>the fragrant wood of the tropical American tree <i>Bursera heptaphylla</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In"cense-breath`ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Breathing or exhaling incense.</def> "<i>Incense-breathing</i> morn." <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><hw>In*censed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Angered; enraged.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Represented as enraged, as any wild creature depicted with fire issuing from mouth and eyes.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cense"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Fury; rage; heat; exasperation; as, implacable <i>incensement</i>.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"ser</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who instigates or incites.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incensio</i>. See <u>Incense</u> to inflame.] <def>The act of kindling, or the state of being kindled or on fire.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Tending to excite or provoke; inflammatory.</def> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"sor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>A kindler of anger or enmity; an inciter.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cen"so*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incensories</b></plw> (#). [LL. <i>incensorium</i>: cf. F.

<i>encensoir</i>. See 2d <u>Incense</u>, and cf. <u>Censer</u>.] <def>The vessel in which incense is burned and offered; a censer; a thurible.</def> [R.] <i>Evelyn.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"sur*a*ble</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>censurable</i>: cf. F. <i>incensurable</i>.] <def>Not censurable.</def> <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i> -<wf>In*cen"sur*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*cen"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>The center of the circle inscribed in a triangle.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cen"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incentivus</i>, from <i>incinere</i> to strike up or set the tune; pref. <i>in-</i> + <i>canere</i> to sing. See <u>Enchant</u>, <u>Chant</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inciting; encouraging or moving; rousing to action; stimulative.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Competency is the most <i>incentive</i> to industry.</blockquote> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Serving to kindle or set on fire.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Part <i>incentive</i> reed<BR> Provide, pernicious with one touch of fire.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cen"tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incentivum</i>.] <def>That which moves or influences the mind, or operates on the passions; that which incites, or has a tendency to incite, to determination or action; that which prompts to good or ill; motive; spur; as, the love of money, and the desire of promotion, are two powerful <i>incentives</i> to action.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The greatest obstacles, the greatest terrors that come in their way, are so far from making them quit the work they had begun, that they rather prove <i>incentives</i> to them to go on in it.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Motive; spur; stimulus; incitement; encouragement; inducement; influence.</p> <p><hw>In*cen"tive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incitingly; encouragingly.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cep"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inceptio</i>, fr. <i>incipere</i> to begin; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>capere</i> to take. See <u>Capable</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Beginning; commencement; initiation.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Marked with vivacity of <i>inception</i>, apathy of progress, and prematureness of decay.</blockquote> <i>Rawle.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Reception; a taking in.</def> [R.] <i>Poe.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cep"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Beginning; expressing or indicating beginning; as, an <i>inceptive</i> proposition; an <i>inceptive</i> verb, which expresses the beginning of action; -- called also <i>inchoative</i>.</def> -<wf>In*cep"tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*cep"tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inceptive word, phrase, or clause.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cep"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A beginner; one in the rudiments.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who is on the point of taking the degree of master of arts at an English university.</def> <i>Walton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cer*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incerare</i> to smear with wax; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>cerare</i> to wax, fr. <i>cera</i> wax: cf. F. <i>inc&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>The act of smearing or covering with wax.</def> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cer"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Cleaving or sticking like wax.</def> <i>Cotgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cer"tain</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>certain</i>: cf. F. <i>incertain</i>, L. <i>incertus</i>. See <u>Certain</u>.] <def>Uncertain; doubtful; unsteady.</def> -<wf>In*cer"tain*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Very questionable and of <i>uncertain</i> truth.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cer"tain*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Uncertainty.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cer"ti*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incertitude</i>, LL. <i>incertitudo</i>, fr. L. <i>incertus</i>. See <u>Incertain</u>.] <def>Uncertainty; doubtfulness; doubt.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incertitude</i> and instability of this life.</blockquote> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><blockquote>He fails . . . from mere <i>incertitude</i> or irresolution.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>||In*cer"tum</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Doubtful; not of definite form.</def></p> <p><col><b>Opus incertum</b></col> <i>(Anc. Arch.)</i>, <cd>a kind of masonry employed in building walls, in which the stones were not squared nor laid in courses; rubblework.</cd></p>

<p><hw>In*ces"sa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incessabilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cessare</i> to cease.] <def>Unceasing; continual.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shelton.</i> -<wf>In*ces"sa*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*ces"san*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From <u>Incessant</u>.] <def>The quality of being incessant; unintermitted continuance; unceasingness.</def> <i>Dr. T. Dwight.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ces"sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incessans</i>, <i>-antis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cessare</i> to cease: cf. F. <i>incessant</i>. See <u>Cease</u>.] <def>Continuing or following without interruption; unceasing; unitermitted; uninterrupted; continual; as, <i>incessant</i> clamors; <i>incessant</i> pain, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Against the castle gate,<BR> . . . Which with <i>incessant</i> force and endless hate,<BR> They batter'd day and night and entrance did await.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unceasing; uninterrupted; unintermitted; unremitting; ceaseless; continual; constant; perpetual.</p> <p><hw>In*ces"sant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Unceasingly; continually.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*ces"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incedere</i>, <i>incessum</i>, to walk.] <def>Motion on foot; progress in walking.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incession</i> or local motion of animals.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In"cest</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. <i>inceste</i>, L. <i>incestum</i> unchastity, incest, fr. <i>incestus</i> unchaste; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>castus</i> chaste. See <u>Chaste</u>.] <def>The crime of cohabitation or sexual commerce between persons related within the degrees wherein marriage is prohibited by law.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>Spiritual incest</b></col>. <i>(Eccl. Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The crime of cohabitation committed between persons who have a spiritual alliance by means of baptism or confirmation.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The act of a vicar, or other beneficiary, who holds two benefices, the one depending on the collation of the other.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*cest"tu*ous</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incestuosus</i>: cf. F. <i>incestueux</i>.] <def>Guilty of incest; involving, or pertaining to, the crime of incest; as, an <i>incestuous</i> person or connection.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Ere you reach to this <i>incestuous</i> love,<BR> You must divine and human rights remove.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In*cest"tu*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --

<wf>In*cest"tu*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>Inch</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Gael. <i>inis</i>.] <def>An island; -- often used in the names of small islands off the coast of Scotland, as in <i>Inch</i>colm, <i>Inch</i>keith, etc.</def> [Scot.]</p> <p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>inche</i>, <i>unche</i>, AS. <i>ynce</i>, L. <i>uncia</i> the twelfth part, inch, ounce. See <u>Ounce</u> a weight.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A measure of length, the twelfth part of a foot, commonly subdivided into halves, quarters, eights, sixteenths, etc., as among mechanics. It was also formerly divided into twelve parts, called <i>lines</i>, and originally into three parts, called <i>barleycorns</i>, its length supposed to have been determined from three grains of barley placed end to end lengthwise. It is also sometimes called a <i>prime</i> (&prime;), composed of twelve seconds (&prime;&prime;), as in the duodecimal system of arithmetic.</def> </p> <p><blockquote>12 seconds (&prime;&prime;) make 1 <i>inch</i> or prime. 12 <i>inches</i> or primes (&prime;) make 1 foot.</blockquote> <i>B. Greenleaf.</i></p> <p>&fist; The meter, the accepted scientific standard of length, equals 39.37 inches; the inch is equal to 2.54 centimeters. See <u>Metric system</u>, and <u>Meter</u>.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A small distance or degree, whether of time or space; hence, a critical moment.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Beldame, I think we watched you at an <i>inch</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><col><b>By inches</b></col>, <cd>by slow degrees, gradually.</cd> -- <col><b>Inch of candle</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Candle</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Inches of pressure</b></col>, <cd>usually, the pressure indicated by so many inches of a mercury column, as on a steam gauge.</cd> -- <col><b>Inch of water</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Water</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Miner's inch</b></col>, <i>(Hydraulic Mining)</i>, <cd>a unit for the measurement of water. See <i>Inch of water</i>, under <u>Water</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>Inch</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inched</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inching</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To drive by inches, or small degrees.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>He gets too far into the soldier's grace<BR> And <i>inches</i> out my master.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To deal out by inches; to give sparingly.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To advance or retire

by inches or small degrees; to move slowly.</def></p> <p><blockquote>With slow paces measures back the field,<BR> And <i>inches</i> to the walls.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>Inch</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Measuring an inch in any dimension, whether length, breadth, or thickness; -- used in composition; as, a two-<i>inch</i> cable; a four-<i>inch</i> plank.</def></p> <p><col><b>Inch stuff</b></col>, <cd>boards, etc., sawed one inch thick.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*cham"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inchambered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inchambering</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>chamber</i>: cf. OF. <i>enchambrer</i>.] <def>To lodge in a chamber.</def> [R.] <i>Sherwood.</i></p> <p><hw>In*change`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Unchangeableness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Kenrick.</i></p> <p><hw>In*chant"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Enchant</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*char"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incharitable</i>.] <def>Uncharitable; unfeeling.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*char"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incharit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of charity.</def> [Obs.] <i>Evelyn.</i></p> <p><hw>In*chase"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Enchase</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*chas"ti*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>chastity</i>: cf. F. <i>inchastet&eacute;</i>.] <def>Unchastity.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>Inched</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having or measuring (so many) inches; as, a four-<i>inched</i> bridge.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*chest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put into a chest.</def></p> <p><hw>Inch"i*pin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Inchpin</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Inch"meal`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Meal</u> a part, and cf. <u>Piecemeal</u>.] <def>A piece an inch long.</def></p> <p><col><b>By inchmeal</b></col>, <cd>by small degrees; by inches.</cd> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>Inch"meal`</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Little by little; gradually.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cho*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inchoatus</i>, better <i>incohatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incohare</i> to begin.] <def>Recently, or just, begun; beginning; partially but not fully in existence or operation; existing in its elements; incomplete.</def> -- <wf>In"cho*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Neither a substance perfect, nor a substance <i>inchoate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Raleigh.</i></p> <p><hw>In"cho*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To begin.</def> [Obs.] <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cho*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inchoatio</i>, <i>incohatio</i>.] <def>Act of beginning; commencement; inception.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The setting on foot some of those arts, in those parts, would be looked on as the first <i>inchoation</i> of them.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><blockquote>It is now in actual progress, from the rudest <i>inchoation</i> to the most elaborate finishing.</blockquote> <i>I. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cho"a*tive</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inchoativus</i>, <i>incohativus</i>: cf. F. <i>inchoatif</i>.] <def>Expressing or pertaining to a beginning; inceptive; as, an <i>inchoative</i> verb.</def> "Some <i>inchoative</i> or imperfect rays." <i>W. Montagu.</i> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inchoative verb. See <u>Inceptive</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Inch"pin</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Written also <i>inchipin</i>, <i>inche-pinne</i>, <i>inne-pinne</i>.] [Cf. Gael. <i>inne</i>, <i>innidh</i>, bowel, entrail.] <def>The sweetbread of a deer.</def> <i>Cotgrave.</i></p> <p><hw>Inch"worm`</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The larva of any geometrid moth. See <u>Geometrid</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cic"u*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incicur</i> not tame; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cicur</i> name.] <def>Untamable.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*cide"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>incidere</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>caedere</i> to cut. See <u>Concise</u>, and cf. <u>Incise</u>.] <def>To cut; to separate and remove; to resolve or break up, as by medicines.</def> [Obs.] <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><hw>In"ci*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incidence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A falling on or upon; an incident; an event.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>The direction in which a

body, or a ray of light or heat, falls on any surface.</def></p> <p><blockquote>In equal <i>incidences</i> there is a considerable inequality of refractions.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p> <p><col><b>Angle of incidence</b></col>, <cd>the angle which a ray of light, or the line of incidence of a body, falling on any surface, makes with a perpendicular to that surface; also formerly, the complement of this angle.</cd> -- <col><b>Line of incidence</b></col>, <cd>the line in the direction of which a surface is struck by a body, ray of light, and the like.</cd></p> <p><hw>In"ci*den*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incidence.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In"ci*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incidens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. & of <i>incidere</i> to fall into or upon; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cadere</i> to fall: cf. F. <i>incident</i>. See <u>Cadence</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Falling or striking upon, as a ray of light upon a reflecting surface.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Coming or happening accidentally; not in the usual course of things; not in connection with the main design; not according to expectation; casual; fortuitous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>As the ordinary course of common affairs is disposed of by general laws, so likewise men's rarer <i>incident</i> necessities and utilities should be with special equity considered.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Liable to happen; apt to occur; befalling; hence, naturally happening or appertaining.</def></p> <p><blockquote>All chances <i>incident</i> to man's frail life.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The studies <i>incident</i> to his profession.</blockquote> <i>Milward.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Dependent upon, or appertaining to, another thing, called the <i>principal</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incident proposition</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a proposition subordinate to another, and introduced by <i>who</i>, <i>which</i>, <i>whose</i>, <i>whom</i>, etc.; as, Julius, <i>whose surname was C&aelig;sar</i>, overcame Pompey.</cd> <i>I. Watts.</i></p> <p><hw>In"ci*dent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incident</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which falls out or takes place; an event; casualty; occurrence.</def></p> <p><! p. 744 !></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which happens aside from the main

design; an accidental or subordinate action or event.</def></p> <p><blockquote>No person, no <i>incident</i>, in a play but must be of use to carry on the main design.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Something appertaining to, passing with, or depending on, another, called the <i>principal</i>.</def> <i>Tomlins.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Circumstance; event; fact; adventure; contingency; chance; accident; casualty. See <u>Event</u>.</p> <p><hw>In`ci*den"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Happening, as an occasional event, without regularity; coming without design; casual; accidental; hence, not of prime concern; subordinate; collateral; as, an <i>incidental</i> conversation; an <i>incidental</i> occurrence; <i>incidental</i> expenses.</def></p> <p><blockquote>By some, religious duties . . . appear to be regarded . . . as an <i>incidental</i> business.</blockquote> <i>Rogers.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Accidental; casual; fortuitous; contingent; chance; collateral. See <u>Accidental</u>.</p> <p>-- <wf>In`ci*den"tal*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`ci*den"tal*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>I treat either or <i>incidentally</i> of colors.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ci*den"tal</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An incident; that which is incidental; esp., in the plural, an aggregate of subordinate or incidental items not particularized; as, the expense of tuition and <i>incidentals</i>.</def> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><hw>In"ci*dent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incidentally.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*cin"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being incinerated or reduced to ashes.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cin"er*ate</hw> (?), [LL. <i>incineratus</i>, p. p. of <i>incinerare</i> to incinerate; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>cinis</i>, <i>cineris</i>, ashes.] <def>Reduced to ashes by burning; thoroughly consumed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cin"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incinerated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incinerating</u> (?).] <def>To burn to ashes; to consume; to burn.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>It is the fire only that <i>incinerates</i> bodies.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cin`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [LL. <i>incineratio</i>: cf. F. <i>incin&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>The act

of incinerating, or the state of being incinerated; cremation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The phenix kind,<BR> Of whose <i>incineration</i>,<BR> There riseth a new creation.</blockquote> <i>Skelton.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>In*cip"i*ence</hw> (?), <hw>In*cip"i*en*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incipientia</i>.] <def>Beginning; commencement; incipient state.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cip"i*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incipiens</i>, p. pr. of <i>incipere</i> to begin. See <u>Inception</u>.] <def>Beginning to be, or to show itself; commencing; initial; as, the <i>incipient</i> stage of a fever; <i>incipient</i> light of day.</def> -- <wf>In*cip"i*ent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*cir"cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Encircle</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cir"clet</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Encirclet</u>.] <def>A small circle.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir P. Sidney.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cir`cum*scrip"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>circumscriptible</i>: cf. LL. <i>incircumscriptibilis</i>.] <def>Incapable of being circumscribed or limited.</def> <i>Cranmer.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cir`cum*scrip"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Condition or quality of being incircumscriptible or limitless.</def> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cir"cum*spect</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>circumspect</i>.] <def>Not circumspect; heedless; careless; reckless; impolitic.</def> <i>Tyndale.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cir`cum*spec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incirconspection</i>.] <def>Want of circumspection.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cise"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incised</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incising</u>.] [L. <i>incisus</i>, p. p. of <i>incidere</i> to incise: cf. F. <i>inciser</i>. See <u>Incide</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cut in or into with a sharp instrument; to carve; to engrave.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I on thy grave this epitaph <i>incise</i>.</blockquote> <i>T. Carew.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To cut, gash, or wound with a sharp instrument; to cut off.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cised"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Cut in; carved; engraved.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having deep and sharp notches, as a leaf or a petal.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cise"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incised manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incisio</i>: cf. F. <i>incision</i>. See <u>Incise</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incising, or cutting into a substance.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is produced by incising; the separation of the parts of any substance made by a cutting or pointed instrument; a cut; a gash.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Separation or solution of viscid matter by medicines.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*ci"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incisif</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having the quality of incising, cutting, or penetrating, as with a sharp instrument; cutting; hence, sharp; acute; sarcastic; biting.</def> "An <i>incisive</i>, high voice." <i>G. Eliot.</i></p> <p><blockquote>And her <i>incisive</i> smile accrediting<BR> That treason of false witness in my blush.</blockquote> <i>Mrs. Browning.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Of or pertaining to the incisors; incisor; as, the <i>incisive</i> bones, the premaxillaries.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci"sor</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [NL.] <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>One of the teeth in front of the canines in either jaw; an incisive tooth. See <u>Tooth</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci"sor</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Adapted for cutting; of or pertaining to the incisors; incisive; as, the <i>incisor</i> nerve; an <i>incisor</i> foramen; an <i>incisor</i> tooth.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci"so*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the quality of cutting; incisor; incisive.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cis"ure</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incisura</i>: cf. F. <i>incisure</i>.] <def>A cut; an incision; a gash.</def> <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cit"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incitans</i>, <i>-antis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incitare</i>. See <u>Incite</u>.] <def>Inciting; stimulating.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cit"ant</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which incites; an inciting agent or cause; a stimulant.</def> <i>E. Darwin.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`ci*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incitatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incitation</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inciting or moving to action.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which incites to action; that which rouses or prompts; incitement; motive; incentive.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The noblest <i>incitation</i> to honest attempts.</blockquote> <i>Tatler.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cit"a*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A provocative; an incitant; a stimulant.</def> [R.] <i>Jervas.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cite"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incited</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inciting</u>.] [L. <i>incitare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>citare</i> to rouse, stir up: cf. F. <i>inciter</i>. See <u>Cite</u>.] <def>To move to action; to stir up; to rouse; to spur or urge on.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Anthiochus, when he <i>incited</i> Prusias to join in war, set before him the greatness of the Romans.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>No blown ambition doth our arms <i>incite</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Excite; stimulate; instigate; spur; goad; arouse; move; urge; rouse; provoke; encourage; prompt; animate. See <u>Excite</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*cite"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incitement</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inciting.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which incites the mind, or moves to action; motive; incentive; impulse.</def> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><blockquote>From the long records of a distant age,<BR> Derive <i>incitements</i> to renew thy rage.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Motive; incentive; spur; stimulus; impulse; encouragement.</p> <p><hw>In*cit"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, incites.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cit"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>So as to incite or stimulate.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci`to-mo"tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incitus</i> incited + E. <i>motor</i>.] <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Inciting to motion; -- applied to that action which, in the case of muscular motion, commences in the nerve centers, and excites the

muscles to contraction. Opposed to <i>excito-motor</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*ci`to-mo"to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>Incitomotor.</def></p> <p><hw>In*civ"il</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incivilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>civilis</i> civil: cf. F. <i>incivil</i>.] <def>Uncivil; rude.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In`ci*vil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incivilities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incivilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incivilit&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being uncivil; want of courtesy; rudeness of manner; impoliteness.</def> <i>Shak. Tillotson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Any act of rudeness or ill breeding.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Uncomely jests, loud talking and jeering, which, in civil account, are called indecencies and <i>incivilities</i>.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Want of civilization; a state of rudeness or barbarism.</def> [R.] <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Impoliteness; uncourteousness; unmannerliness; disrespect; rudeness; discourtesy.</p> <p><hw>In*civ`i*li*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>civilization</i>.] <def>The state of being uncivilized; want of civilization; barbarism.</def></p> <p><hw>In*civ"il*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Uncivilly.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*civ"ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>civism</i>: cf. F. <i>incivisme</i>.] <def>Want of civism; want of patriotism or love to one's country; unfriendliness to one's state or government.</def> [R.] <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cla*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inclamatio</i>. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Claim</u>.] <def>Exclamation.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clasp"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>clasp</i>. Cf. <u>Enclasp</u>.] <def>To clasp within; to hold fast to; to embrace or encircle.</def> [Written also <i>enclasp</i>.]</p> <p><blockquote>The flattering ivy who did ever see<BR> <i>Inclasp</i> the huge trunk of an aged tree.</blockquote> <i>F. Beaumont.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clau"dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not closing or shutting.</def></p>

<p><hw>In"cla*va`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [LL. <i>inclavatus</i>; L. pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>clavare</i> to fasten with nails, fr. <i>clavus</i> nail.] <def>Set; fast; fixed.</def> <i>Dr. John Smith.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clave"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Inclavated</u>.] <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Resembling a series of dovetails; -- said of a line of division, such as the border of an ordinary.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cle</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Same as <u>Inkle</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clem"en*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Inclemencies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>inclementia</i>: cf. F. <i>incl&eacute;mence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being inclement; want of clemency; want of mildness of temper; unmercifulness; severity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inclemency</i> of the late pope.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Physical severity or harshness (commonly in respect to the elements or weather); roughness; storminess; rigor; severe cold, wind, rain, or snow.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inclemencies</i> of morning air.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The rude <i>inclemency</i> of wintry skies.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Harshness; severity; cruelty; rigor; roughness; storminess; boisterousness.</p> <p><hw>In*clem"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inclemens</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>clemens</i> mild: cf. F. <i>incl&eacute;ment</i>. See <u>Clement</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not clement; destitute of a mild and kind temper; void of tenderness; unmerciful; severe; harsh.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Physically severe or harsh (generally restricted to the elements or weather); rough; boisterous; stormy; rigorously cold, etc.; as, <i>inclement</i> weather.</def> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The guard the wretched from the <i>inclement</i> sky.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Teach us further by what means to shun<BR> The <i>inclement</i> seasons, rain, ice, hail, and snow!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clem"ent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inclement manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*clin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inclinabilis</i>. See <u>Incline</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Leaning; tending.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Likely and <i>inclinable</i> to fall.</blockquote> <i>Bentley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having a propensity of will or feeling; leaning in disposition; disposed; propense; as, a mind <i>inclinable</i> to truth.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whatsoever other sins he may be <i>inclinable</i> to.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The very constitution of a multitude is not so <i>inclinable</i> to save as to destroy.</blockquote> <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clin"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being inclinable; inclination.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cli*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inclinatio</i>: cf. F. <i>inclination</i>.] <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inclining, or state of being inclined; a leaning; as, an <i>inclination</i> of the head.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A direction or tendency from the true vertical or horizontal direction; as, the <i>inclination</i> of a column, or of a road bed.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A tendency towards another body or point.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Geom.)</i> <def>The angle made by two lines or planes; as, the <i>inclination</i> of the plane of the earth's equator to the plane of the ecliptic is about 23&deg; 28&prime;; the <i>inclination</i> of two rays of light.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>A leaning or tendency of the mind, feelings, preferences, or will; propensity; a disposition more favorable to one thing than to another; favor; desire; love.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A mere <i>inclination</i> to a thing is not properly a willing of that thing.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote>How dost thou find the <i>inclination</i> of the people?</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <def>A person or thing loved or admired.</def> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Pharm.)</i> <def>Decantation, or tipping for pouring.</def></p> <p><col><b>Inclination compass</b></col>, <cd>an inclinometer.</cd> -

- <col><b>Inclination of an orbit</b></col> <i>(Astron.)</i>, <cd>the angle which the orbit makes with the ecliptic.</cd> -<col><b>Inclination of the needle</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Dip of the needle</i>, under <u>Dip</u>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Bent; tendency; proneness; bias; proclivity; propensity; prepossession; predilection; attachment; desire; affection; love. See <u>Bent</u>, and cf. <u>Disposition</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*clin"a*to*ry</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the quality of leaning or inclining; as, the <i>inclinatory</i> needle.</def> -- <wf>In*clin"a*to*ri*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cline"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inclined</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inclining</u>.] [OE. <i>inclinen</i>, <i>enclinen</i>, OF. <i>encliner</i>, <i>incliner</i>, F. <i>incliner</i>, L. <i>inclinare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>clinare</i> to bend, incline; akin to E. <i>lean</i>. See <u>Lean</u> to incline.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To deviate from a line, direction, or course, toward an object; to lean; to tend; as, converging lines <i>incline</i> toward each other; a road <i>inclines</i> to the north or south.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Fig.: To lean or tend, in an intellectual or moral sense; to favor an opinion, a course of conduct, or a person; to have a propensity or inclination; to be disposed.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Their hearts <i>inclined</i> to follow Abimelech.</blockquote> <i>Judges ix. 3.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Power finds its balance, giddy motions cease<BR> In both the scales, and each <i>inclines</i> to peace.</blockquote> <i>Parnell.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To bow; to incline the head.</def> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To lean; slope; slant; tend; bend.</p> <p><hw>In*cline"</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cause to deviate from a line, position, or direction; to give a leaning, bend, or slope to; as, <i>incline</i> the column or post to the east; <i>incline</i> your head to the right.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> thine ear, O Lord, and hear.</blockquote> <i>Is. xxxvii. 17.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To impart a tendency or propensity to, as to the will or affections; to turn; to dispose; to influence.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> my heart unto thy testimonies.</blockquote> <i>Ps. cxix. 36.</i></p>

<p><blockquote><i>Incline</i> our hearts to keep this law.</blockquote> <i>Book of Com. Prayer.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To bend; to cause to stoop or bow; as, to <i>incline</i> the head or the body in acts of reverence or civility.</def></p> <p><blockquote>With due respect my body I <i>inclined</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cline"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inclined plane; an ascent or descent; a grade or gradient; a slope.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clined"</hw> (?), <pos><i>p. p. & a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Having a leaning or tendency towards, or away from, a thing; disposed or moved by wish, desire, or judgment; as, a man <i>inclined</i> to virtue.</def> "Each pensively <i>inclined</i>." <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Making an angle with some line or plane; -- said of a line or plane.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Bent out of a perpendicular position, or into a curve with the convex side uppermost.</def></p> <p><col><b>Inclined plane</b></col>. <i>(Mech.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A plane that makes an oblique angle with the plane of the horizon; a sloping plane. When used to produce pressure, or as a means of moving bodies, it is one of the mechanical powers, so called.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <i>(Railroad & Canal)</i> <cd>An inclined portion of track, on which trains or boats are raised or lowered from one level to another.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*clin"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, inclines; specifically, an inclined dial.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clin"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Inclined</u>, 3.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clin"ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inclination; disposition.</def></p> <p><blockquote>On the first <i>inclining</i> towards sleep.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Party or side chosen; a following.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Both you of my <i>inclining</i>, and the rest.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In`clin*nom"e*ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Incline</i> + <i>-meter</i>.] <i>(Magnetism)</i> <def>An apparatus to determine the inclination of the earth's magnetic force to the plane of the horizon; -- called also <i>inclination compass</i>, and <i>dip circle</i>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clip"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To clasp; to

inclose.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Whate'er the ocean pales, or sky <i>inclips</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clois"ter</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> in + <i>cloister</i>: cf. F. <i>enclo&icirc;trer</i>. Cf. <u>Encloister</u>.] <def>To confine as in a cloister; to cloister.</def> <i>Lovelace.</i></p> <p><hw>In*close"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inclosed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inclosing</u>.] [See <u>Enclose</u>, and cf. <u>Include</u>.] [Written also <i>enclose</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To surround; to shut in; to confine on all sides; to include; to shut up; to encompass; as, to <i>inclose</i> a fort or an army with troops; to <i>inclose</i> a town with walls.</def></p> <p><blockquote>How many evils have <i>inclosed</i> me round!</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To put within a case, envelope, or the like; to fold (a thing) within another or into the same parcel; as, to <i>inclose</i> a letter or a bank note.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inclosed</i> copies of the treaty.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To separate from common grounds by a fence; as, to <i>inclose</i> lands.</def> <i>Blackstone.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To put into harness; to harness.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>They went to coach and their horse <i>inclose</i>.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*clos"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that which, incloses; one who fences off land from common grounds.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clo"sure</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Inclose</u>, <u>Enclosure</u>.] [Written also <i>enclosure</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of inclosing; the state of being inclosed, shut up, or encompassed; the separation of land from common ground by a fence.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is inclosed or placed within something; a thing contained; a space inclosed or fenced up.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Within the <i>inclosure</i> there was a great store of houses.</blockquote> <i>Hakluyt.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which incloses; a barrier or fence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Breaking our <i>inclosures</i> every morn.</blockquote> <i>W. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cloud"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To envelop as in clouds; to darken; to obscure.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><! p. 745 !></p> <p><hw>In*clude"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Included</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Including</u>.] [L. <i>includere</i>, <i>inclusum</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>claudere</i> to shut. See <u>Close</u>, and cf. <u>Enclose</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To confine within; to hold; to contain; to shut up; to inclose; as, the shell of a nut <i>includes</i> the kernel; a pearl is <i>included</i> in a shell.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To comprehend or comprise, as a genus the species, the whole a part, an argument or reason the inference; to contain; to embrace; as, this volume of Shakespeare <i>includes</i> his sonnets; he was <i>included</i> in the invitation to the family; to and <i>including</i> page twenty-five.</def> </p> <p><blockquote>The whole <i>included</i> race, his purposed prey.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The loss of such a lord <i>includes</i> all harm.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To conclude; to end; to terminate.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Come, let us go; we will <i>include</i> all jars<BR> With triumphs, mirth, and rare solemnity.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To contain; inclose; comprise; comprehend; embrace; involve.</p> <p><hw>In*clud"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inclosed; confined.</def></p> <p><col><b>Included stamens</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>such as are shorter than the floral envelopes, or are concealed within them.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*clud"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being included.</def></p> <p><hw>||In*clu"sa</hw> (?), <pos><i>n. pl.</i></pos> [NL., fr. L. <i>inclusus</i>, p. p. of <i>includere</i> to shut in.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>A tribe of bivalve mollusks, characterized by the closed state of the mantle which envelops the body. The ship

borer (<i>Teredo navalis</i>) is an example.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clu"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inclusio</i>: cf. F. <i>inclusion</i>. See <u>Include</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of including, or the state of being included; limitation; restriction; as, the lines of <i>inclusion</i> of his policy.</def> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Min.)</i> <def>A foreign substance, either liquid or solid, usually of minute size, inclosed in the mass of a mineral.</def></p> <p><hw>In*clu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inclusif</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Inclosing; encircling; surrounding.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inclusive</i> verge<BR> Of golden metal that must round my brow.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Comprehending the stated limit or extremes; as, from Monday to Saturday <i>inclusive</i>, that is, taking in both Monday and Saturday; -- opposed to <i>exclusive</i>.</def> </p> <p><hw>In*clu"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inclusive manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In*coach"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put a coach.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In`co*act"</hw> (?), <hw>In`co*act"ed</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incoactus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>coactus</i> forced. See <u>Coact</u>.] <def>Not compelled; unconstrained.</def> [Obs.] <i>Coles.</i></p> <p><hw>In`co*ag"u*la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not coagulable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*a*les"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of not coalescing.</def></p> <p><hw>In*coct"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Concoct</u>.] <def>Raw; indigestible.</def> [Obs.] Hall.</i></p> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`co*er"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>coercible</i>: cf. F. <i>incoercible</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not to be coerced; incapable of being compelled or forced.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>Not capable of being reduced to the form of a liquid by pressure; -- said of any gas above

its <i>critical</i> point; -- also particularly of oxygen, hydrogen, nitrogen, and carbon monoxide, formerly regarded as incapable of liquefaction at any temperature or pressure.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Physics)</i> <def>That can note be confined in, or excluded from, vessels, like ordinary fluids, gases, etc.; -said of the imponderable fluids, heat, light, electricity, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*ex*ist"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of not coexisting.</def> [Obs.] <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incognito.</def> [Colloq.]</p> <p><blockquote>Depend upon it -- he'll remain <i>incog</i>.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"i*ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incogitabilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cogitabilis</i> cogitable.] <def>Not cogitable; inconceivable.</def> <i>Sir T. More.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>In*cog"i*tance</hw> (?), <hw>In*cog"i*tan*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incogitantia</i>.] <def>Want of thought, or of the power of thinking; thoughtlessness; unreasonableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>'T is folly and <i>incogitancy</i> to argue anything, one way or the other, from the designs of a sort of beings with whom we so little communicate.</blockquote> <i>Glanvill.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"i*tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incogitans</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cogitans</i>, p. pr. of <i>cogitare</i> to think. See <u>Cogitate</u>.] <def>Thoughtless; inconsiderate.</def> [R.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Men are careless and <i>incogitant</i>.</blockquote> <i>J. Goodman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"i*tant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incogitant manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cog"i*ta*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not cogitative; not thinking; wanting the power of thought; as, a vegetable is an <i>incogitative</i> being.</def> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog`i*ta*tiv"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being incogitative; want of thought or of the power of thinking.</def> <i>Wollaston.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*ta</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Incognito</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A woman who is unknown or in disguise.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being in disguise; -- said of

a woman.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*tant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Ignorant.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*to</hw> (?), <pos><i>a. or adv.</i></pos> [It. <i>incognito</i>, masc., <i>incognita</i>, fem., L. <i>incognitus</i> unknown; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cognitus</i> known, p. p. of <i>cognoscere</i>: cf. F. <i>incognito</i>, fr. <u>It</u>. See <u>Cognition</u>.] <def>Without being known; in disguise; in an assumed character, or under an assumed title; -- said esp. of great personages who sometimes adopt a disguise or an assumed character in order to avoid notice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>'T was long ago<BR> Since gods come down <i>incognito</i>.</blockquote> <i>Prior.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The prince royal of Persia came thither <i>incognito</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tatler.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*to</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incognitos</b></plw> (#). [See <u>Incognito</u>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos>]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One unknown or in disguise, or under an assumed character or name.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The assumption of disguise or of a feigned character; the state of being in disguise or not recognized.</def></p> <p><blockquote>His <i>incognito</i> was endangered.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*za*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not cognizable; incapable of being recognized, known, or distinguished.</def> <i>H. Spenser.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The Lettish race, not a primitive stock of the Slavi, but a distinct branch, now become <i>incognizable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tooke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*zance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Failure to cognize, apprehended, or notice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>This <i>incognizance</i> may be explained.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cog"ni*zant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not cognizant; failing to apprehended or notice.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Of the several operations themselves, as acts of volition, we are wholly <i>incognizant</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cog*nos"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incognizable.</def> -- <wf>In`cog*nos"ci*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p>{ <hw>In`co*her"ence</hw> (?), <hw>In`co*her"en*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incoh&eacute;rence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incoherent; want of coherence; want of cohesion or adherence.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of connection; incongruity; inconsistency; want of agreement or dependence of one part on another; as, the <i>incoherence</i> of arguments, facts, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Incoherences</i> in matter, and suppositions without proofs, put handsomely together, are apt to pass for strong reason.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is incoherent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Crude <i>incoherencies</i> . . . and nauseous tautologies.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In`co*her"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>coherent</i>: cf. F. <i>incoh&eacute;rent</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not coherent; wanting cohesion; loose; unconnected; physically disconnected; not fixed to each; -- said of material substances.</def> <i>Woodward.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Wanting coherence or agreement; incongruous; inconsistent; having no dependence of one part on another; logically disconnected.</def> "The same rambling, <i>incoherent</i> manner." <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`co*her`en*tif"ic</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [E. <i>incoherent</i> + L. <i>facere</i> to make.] <def>Causing incoherence.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`co*her"ent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incoherent manner; without due connection of parts.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*her"ent*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incoherence.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*in"ci*dence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being incoincident; want of coincidence.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`co*in"ci*dent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not coincident; not agreeing in time, in place, or principle.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*lu"mi*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incolumitas</i>, fr. <i>incolumis</i> uninjured, safe; perh. fr. <i>in</i> intens. + (doubtful) <i>columis</i> safe.] <def>Safety; security.</def> [Obs.] <i>Howell.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Encumber</u>.</def></p>

<p><hw>In`com*bine"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To be incapable of combining; to disagree; to differ.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*bus`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incombustilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incombustible.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*bus"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>combustible</i>: cf. F. <i>incombustible</i>.] <def>Not combustible; not capable of being burned, decomposed, or consumed by fire; uninflammable; as, asbestus is an <i>incombustible</i> substance; carbon dioxide is an <i>incombustible</i> gas.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incombustible cloth</b></col>, <cd>a tissue of amianthus or asbestus; also, a fabric imbued with an incombustible substance.</cd></p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*bus"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*bus"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In"come</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A coming in; entrance; admittance; ingress; infusion.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>More abundant <i>incomes</i> of light and strength from God.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Rust.</i></p> <p><blockquote>At mine <i>income</i> I louted low.</blockquote> <i>Drant.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is caused to enter; inspiration; influence; hence, courage or zeal imparted.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>I would then make in and steep<BR> My <i>income</i> in their blood.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That gain which proceeds from labor, business, property, or capital of any kind, as the produce of a farm, the rent of houses, the proceeds of professional business, the profits of commerce or of occupation, or the interest of money or stock in funds, etc.; revenue; receipts; salary; especially, the annual receipts of a private person, or a corporation, from property; as, a large <i>income</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>No fields afford<BR> So large an <i>income</i> to the village lord.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Physiol.)</i> <def>That which is taken into the body as food; the ingesta; -- sometimes restricted to the nutritive, or digestible, portion of the food. See <u>Food</u>. Opposed to <i>output</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Income bond</b></col>, <cd>a bond issued on the income of the corporation or company issuing it, and the interest of which is to be paid from the earnings of the company before any dividends are

made to stockholders; -- issued chiefly or exclusively by railroad companies.</cd> -- <col><b>Income tax</b></col>, <cd>a tax upon a person's incomes, emoluments, profits, etc., or upon the excess beyond a certain amount.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Gain; profit; proceeds; salary; revenue; receipts; interest; emolument; produce.</p> <p><hw>In"com`er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>One who comes in.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Outgoers and <i>incomers</i>.</blockquote> <i>Lew Wallace.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One who succeeds another, as a tenant of land, houses, etc.</def> [Eng.]</p> <p><hw>In"com`ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Coming in; accruing.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A full <i>incoming</i> profit on the product of his labor.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Coming in, succeeding, or following, as occupant or possessor; as, in <i>incoming</i> tenant.</def></p> <p><hw>In"com`ing</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of coming in; arrival.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incomings</i> and outgoings of the trains.</blockquote> <i>Dickens.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Income; gain.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Many <i>incomings</i> are subject to great fluctuations.</blockquote> <i>Tooke.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of comity; incivility; rudeness.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>||In com*men"dam</hw> (?). [See <u>Commendam</u>.] <i>(Law)</i> <def>See <u>Commendam</u>, and <i>Partnership in Commendam</i>, under <u>Partnership</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*men`su*ra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incommensurabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being incommensurable.</def> <i>Reid.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>commensurable</i>: cf. F. <i>incommensurable</i>.] <def>Not commensurable; having no common measure or standard of comparison; as, quantities are <i>incommensurable</i> when no third quantity can be found that is an aliquot part of both; the side and diagonal of a square are <i>incommensurable</i> with each other; the diameter and circumference of a circle are <i>incommensurable</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They are quantities

<i>incommensurable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*men"su*ra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*men"su*ra*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*men"su*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of two or more quantities which have no common measure.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*men"su*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not commensurate; not admitting of a common measure; incommensurable.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not of equal of sufficient measure or extent; not adequate; as, our means are <i>incommensurate</i> to our wants.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inadequate; insufficient; disproportionate.</p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*men"su*rate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*men"su*rate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*mis"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incommiscibilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>commiscibilis</i> that can be mingled.] <def>Not commiscible; not mixable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*mix"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A state of being unmixed; separateness.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com"mo*date</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incommodated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incommodating</u> (?).] [L. <i>incommodare</i>. See <u>Incommode</u>.] <def>To incommode.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com`mo*da"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being incommoded; inconvenience.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`com*mode"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incommoded</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incommoding</u>.] [F. <i>incommoder</i>, L. <i>incommodare</i> inconvenient; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>commodus</i> convenient. See <u>Commodious</u>.] <def>To give inconvenience or trouble to; to disturb or molest; to discommode; to worry; to put out; as, we are <i>incommoded</i> by want of room.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To annoy; disturb; trouble; molest; disaccomodate; inconvenience; disquiet; vex; plague.</p> <p><hw>In`com*mode"</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An inconvenience.</def> [R.] <i>Strype.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*mode"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of incommoded.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cheyne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*mo"di*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>commodious</i>: cf. LL. <i>incommodious</i>, L. <i>incommodus</i>, F. <i>incommode</i>.] <def>Tending to incommode;

not commodious; not affording ease or advantage; unsuitable; giving trouble; inconvenient; annoying; as, an <i>incommodious</i> seat; an <i>incommodious</i> arrangement.</def> -<wf>In`com*mo"di*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*mo"di*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*mo"di*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incommodities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incommoditas</i>: cf. F. <i>incommodit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Incommodious</u>.] <def>Inconvenience; trouble; annoyance; disadvantage; encumbrance.</def> [Archaic] <i>Bunyan.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A great <i>incommodity</i> to the body.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Buried him under a bulk of <i>incommodities</i>.</blockquote> <i>Hawthorne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*mu`ni*ca*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incommunicabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being incommunicable, or incapable of being imparted.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incommunicabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incommunicable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Communicable</u>.] <def>Not communicable; incapable of being communicated, shared, told, or imparted, to others.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Health and understanding are <i>incommunicable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Southey.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Those <i>incommunicable</i> relations of the divine love.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not communicated or imparted.</def> [Obs.] <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca`ting</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having no communion or intercourse with each other.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not communicative; not free or apt to impart to others in conversation; reserved; silent; as, the messenger was <i>incommunicative</i>; hence, not disposed to hold fellowship or intercourse with others; exclusive.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The Chinese . . . an <i>incommunicative</i> nation.</blockquote> <i>C. Buchanan.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*mu"ni*ca*tive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>Lamb.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His usual <i>incommunicativeness</i>.</blockquote> <i>G. Eliot.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`com*mu`ta*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incommutabilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incommutabilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being incommutable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*mut"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incommutabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incommutable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Commutable</u>.] <def>Not commutable; not capable of being exchanged with, or substituted for, another.</def> <i>Cudworth.</i> -- <wf>In`com*mut"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`com*mut"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p>{ <hw>In`com*pact"</hw> (?), <hw>In`com*pact"ed</hw>, } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not compact; not having the parts firmly united; not solid; incoherent; loose; discrete.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com"pa*ra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incomparabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incomparable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Comparable</u>.] <def>Not comparable; admitting of no comparison with others; unapproachably eminent; without a peer or equal; matchless; peerless; transcendent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A merchant of <i>incomparable</i> wealth.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A new hypothesis . . . which hath the <i>incomparable</i> Sir Isaac Newton for a patron.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In*com"pa*ra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*com"pa*ra*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>Delights <i>incomparably</i> all those corporeal things.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*pared"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Peerless; incomparable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com"pass</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Encompass</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pas"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>compassion</i>: cf. F. <i>incompassion</i>.] <def>Want of compassion or pity.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bp. Sanderson.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*pas"sion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not compassionate; void of pity or of tenderness; remorseless.</def> -<wf>In`com*pas"sion*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`com*pas"sion*ate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*pat`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>-ties</b></plw> (&?;). [Cf. F. <i>incompatibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being incompatible; inconsistency; irreconcilableness.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-

</i> not + <i>compatible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompatible</i>.] [It was formerly sometimes written <i>incompetible</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not compatible; so differing as to be incapable of harmonious combination or coexistence; inconsistent in thought or being; irreconcilably disagreeing; as, persons of <i>incompatible</i> tempers; <i>incompatible</i> colors, desires, ambition.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A strength and obduracy of character <i>incompatible</i> with his meek and innocent nature.</blockquote> <i>Southey.</i></p> <p><! p. 746 !></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>Incapable of being together without mutual reaction or decomposition, as certain medicines.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incompatible terms</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>terms which can not be combined in thought.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsistent; incongruous; dissimilar; irreconcilable; unsuitable; disagreeing; inharmonious; discordant; repugnant; contradictory. See <u>Inconsistent</u>.</p> <p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Med. & Chem.)</i> <def>An incompatible substance; esp., in <i>pl.</i>, things which can not be placed or used together because of a change of chemical composition or of opposing medicinal qualities; as, the <i>incompatibles</i> of iron.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pat"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incompatible; incompatibility.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pat"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incompatible manner; inconsistently; incongruously.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In*com"pe*tence</hw> (?), <hw>In*com"pe*tency</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incomp&eacute;tence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incompetent; want of physical, intellectual, or moral ability; insufficiency; inadequacy; as, the <i>incompetency</i> of a child for hard labor, or of an idiot for intellectual efforts.</def> "Some inherent <i>incompetency</i>." <i>Gladstone.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Want of competency or legal fitness; incapacity; disqualification, as of a person to be heard as a witness, or to act as a juror, or of a judge to try a cause.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inability; insufficiency; inadequacy; disqualification; incapability; unfitness.</p> <p><hw>In*com"pe*tent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incompetens</i>: cf. F. <i>incomp&eacute;tent</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Competent</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not competent; wanting in adequate strength, power, capacity, means, qualifications, or the like; incapable; unable; inadequate; unfit.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Incompetent</i> to perform the duties of the place.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Wanting the legal or constitutional qualifications; inadmissible; as, a person professedly wanting in religious belief is an <i>incompetent</i> witness in a court of law or equity; <i>incompetent</i> evidence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Richard III. had a resolution, out of hatred to his brethren, to disable their issues, upon false and <i>incompetent</i> pretexts, the one of attainder, the other of illegitimation.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not lying within one's competency, capacity, or authorized power; not permissible.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incapable; unable; inadequate; insufficient; inefficient; disqualified; unfit; improper. -- <u>Incompetent</u>, <u>Incapable</u>. <i>Incompetent</i> is a relative term, denoting a want of the requisite qualifications for performing a given act, service, etc.; <i>incapable</i> is absolute in its meaning, denoting want of power, either natural or moral. We speak of a man as <i>incompetent</i> to a certain task, of an <i>incompetent</i> judge, etc. We say of an idiot that he is <i>incapable</i> of learning to read; and of a man distinguished for his honor, that he is <i>incapable</i> of a mean action.</p> <p><hw>In*com"pe*tent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an competent manner; inadequately; unsuitably.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pet`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Incompatibility</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pet"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Incompatible</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*plete"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incompletus</i>: cf. F. <i>incomplet</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Complete</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not complete; not filled up; not finished; not having all its parts, or not having them all adjusted; imperfect; defective.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A most imperfect and <i>incomplete</i> divine.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Wanting any of the usual floral organs; -- said of a flower.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incomplete equation</b></col> <i>(Alg.)</i>, <cd>an equation some of whose terms are wanting; or one in which the coefficient of some one or more of the powers of the unknown quantity

is equal to 0.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`com*plete"ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incomplete manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*plete"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being incomplete; imperfectness; defectiveness.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*ple"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of completion; incompleteness.</def> <i>Smart.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*plex"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>complex</i>: cf. F. <i>incomplexe</i>.] <def>Not complex; uncompounded; simple.</def> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*pli"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not compliable; not conformable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`com*pli"ance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incompliant; unyielding temper; obstinacy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Self-conceit produces peevishness and <i>incompliance</i> of humor in things lawful and indifferent.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Refusal or failure to comply.</def> <i>Strype.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*pli"ant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not compliant; unyielding to request, solicitation, or command; stubborn.</def> -- <wf>In`com*pli"ant*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*posed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Disordered; disturbed.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i> -- <wf>In`com*po"sed*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] -- <wf>In`com*pos"ed*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`com*pos"ite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incompositus</i>. See <u>Composite</u>.] <def>Not composite; uncompounded; simple.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incomposite numbers</b></col>. <cd>See <i>Prime numbers</i>, under <u>Prime</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`com*pos"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>compossible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompossible</i>.] <def>Not capable of joint existence; incompatible; inconsistent.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Ambition and faith . . . are . . . <i>incompossible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`com*pos`si*bil"i*ty</wf> (#), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In*com`pre*hense"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incomprehensus</i>.] <def>Incomprehensible.</def> [Obs.] "<i>Incomprehense</i> in virtue." <i>Marston.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com`pre*hen`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incompr&eacute;hensibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incomprehensible, or beyond the reach of human intellect; incomprehensibleness; inconceivability; inexplicability.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The constant, universal sense of all antiquity unanimously confessing an <i>incomprehensibility</i> in many of the articles of the Christian faith.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incomprehensibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incompr&eacute;hensible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Comprehensible</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being contained within limits.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An infinite and <i>incomprehensible</i> substance.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being comprehended or understood; beyond the reach of the human intellect; inconceivable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And all her numbered stars that seem to roll<BR> Spaces <i>incomprehensible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In*com`pre*hen"si*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*com`pre*hen"si*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of comprehension or understanding.</def> "These mazes and <i>incomprehensions</i>." <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*com`pre*hen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not comprehensive; not capable of including or of understanding; not extensive; limited.</def> -- <wf>In*com`pre*hen"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>Sir W. Hamilton.</i> -<wf>In*com`pre*hen"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>T. Warton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*press`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incompressibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incompressible, or incapable of reduction in volume by pressure; -formerly supposed to be a property of liquids.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incompressibility</i> of water is not absolute.</blockquote> <i>Rees.</i></p> <p><hw>In`com*press"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>compressible</i>: cf. F. <i>incompressible</i>.] <def>Not compressible; incapable of being reduced by force or pressure into a smaller compass or volume; resisting compression; as, many liquids and solids appear to be almost <i>incompressible</i>.</def> -- <wf>In`com*press"i*ble*ness</wf>,

<pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`com*put"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not computable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*ceal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not concealable.</def> "<i>Inconcealable</i> imperfections." <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*ceiv`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being inconceivable; inconceivableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inconceivability</i> of the Infinite.</blockquote> <i>Mansel.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*ceiv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>conceivable</i>: cf. F. <i>inconcevable</i>.] <def>Not conceivable; incapable of being conceived by the mind; not explicable by the human intellect, or by any known principles or agencies; incomprehensible; as, it is <i>inconceivable</i> to us how the will acts in producing muscular motion.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It is <i>inconceivable</i> to me that a spiritual substance should represent an extended figure.</blockquote> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`con*ceiv"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*ceiv"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>inconceivableness</i> of a quality existing without any subject to possess it.</blockquote> <i>A. Tucker.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cep"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inconceivable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cern"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unimportant; trifling.</def> [Obs.] "Trifling and <i>inconcerning</i> matters." <i>Fuller.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cinne"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Inconcinnous</u>.] <def>Dissimilar; incongruous; unsuitable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cin"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconcinnitas</i>.] <def>Want of concinnity or congruousness; unsuitableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>There is an <i>inconcinnity</i> in admitting these words.</blockquote> <i>Trench.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cin"nous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconcinnus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Concinnity</u>.] <def>Not concinnous; unsuitable; discordant.</def> [Obs.] <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*clud"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not inferring a conclusion or consequence; not conclusive.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`con*clud"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inferring no consequence.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*clu"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not conclusive; leading to no conclusion; not closing or settling a point in debate, or a doubtful question; as, evidence is <i>inconclusive</i> when it does not exhibit the truth of a disputed case in such a manner as to satisfy the mind, and put an end to debate or doubt.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Arguments . . . <i>inconclusive</i> and impertinent.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`con*clu"sive*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*clu"sive*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*coct"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>concoctus</i>, p. p. of <i>concoquere</i>. See <u>Concoct</u>.] <def>Inconcocted.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*coct"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>concocted</i>.] <def>Imperfectly digested, matured, or ripened.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*coc"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being undigested; unripeness; immaturity.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"crete</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconcretus</i> incorporeal.] <def>Not concrete.</def> [R.] Andrews.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cur"ring</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not concurring; disagreeing.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*cus"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + L. <i>concussibilis</i> that can be shaken. See <u>Concussion</u>.] <def>Not concussible; that cannot be shaken.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In`con*den`sa*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <hw>In`con*den`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incondensable.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In`con*den"sa*ble</hw> (?), <hw>In`con*den"si*ble</hw>, } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not condensable; incapable of being made more dense or compact, or reduced to liquid form.</def></p> <p><hw>In"con*dite</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconditus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>conditus</i>, p. p. of <i>condere</i> to put or join together. See <u>Condition</u>.] <def>Badly put together; inartificial; rude; unpolished; irregular.</def> "Carol <i>incondite</i> rhymes." <i>J. Philips.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*di"tion*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>conditional</i>: cf. F. <i>inconditionnel</i>.] <i>L.

<def>Unconditional.</def> [Obs.]

<i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p>

<p><hw>In`con*di"tion*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>conditionate</i>: cf. F. <i>inconditionn&eacute;</i>.] <def>Not conditioned; not limited; absolute.</def> [Obs.] <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*form"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>conform</i>.] <def>Unconformable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Gauden.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*form"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unconformable.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*form"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inconformit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of conformity; nonconformity.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*fused"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not confused; distinct.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*fu"sion</hw> (?) <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Freedom from confusion; distinctness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*fut"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not confutable.</def> -- <wf>In`con*fut"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*geal"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incongelabilis</i>. See <u>Congeal</u>.] <def>Not congealable; incapable of being congealed.</def> -<wf>In`con*geal"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*gen"ial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not congenial; uncongenial.</def> [R.] -- <wf>In`con*ge`ni*al"i*ty</wf> (#). [R.] </p> <p><hw>In*con"gru*ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incongruentia</i>.] <def>Want of congruence; incongruity.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"gru*ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incongruens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Congruent</u>.] <def>Incongruous.</def> <i>Sir T. Elyot.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*gru"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incongruities</b></plw> (#). [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>congruity</i>: cf. F. <i>incongruit&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incongruous; want of congruity; unsuitableness; inconsistency; impropriety.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The fathers make use of this acknowledgment of the <i>incongruity</i> of images to the Deity, from thence to prove the <i>incongruity</i> of the worship of them.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Disagreement of parts; want of symmetry or of harmony.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is incongruous; want of congruity.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con"gru*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incongruus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Congruous</u>.] <def>Not congruous; reciprocally disagreeing; not capable of harmonizing or readily assimilating; inharmonious; inappropriate; unsuitable; not fitting; inconsistent; improper; as, an <i>incongruous</i> remark; <i>incongruous</i> behavior, action, dress, etc.</def> "<i>Incongruous</i> mixtures of opinions." <i>I. Taylor.</i> "Made up of <i>incongruous</i> parts." <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Incongruous</i> denotes that kind of absence of harmony or suitableness of which the taste and experience of men takes cognizance.</blockquote> <i>C. J. Smith.</i></p> <p><col><b>Incongruous numbers</b></col> <i>(Arith.)</i>, <cd>two numbers, which, with respect to a third, are such that their difference can not be divided by it without a remainder, the two numbers being said to be <i>incongruous</i> with respect to the third; as, twenty and twenty-five are <i>incongruous</i> with respect to four.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inconsistent; unsuitable; inharmonious; disagreeing; absurd; inappropriate; unfit; improper. See <u>Inconsistent</u>.</p> <p>-- <wf>In*con"gru*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In*con"gru*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*nect"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not connected; disconnected.</def> [R.] <i>Bp. Warburton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*nec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Disconnection.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*nex"ed*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>connexed</i> (p. p. of <i>connex</i>) + <i>ly</i>.] <def>Not connectedly; without connection.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"scion*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unconscionable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"scious</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Unconscious.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*sec"u*tive*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of not being consecutive.</def> <i>J. H. Newman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"se*quence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsequentia</i>: cf. F. <i>incons&eacute;quence</i>.] <def>The

quality or state of being inconsequent; want of just or logical inference or argument; inconclusiveness.</def> <i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Strange, that you should not see the <i>inconsequence</i> of your own reasoning!</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"se*quent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsequens</i>: cf. F. <i>incons&eacute;quent</i>. See <u>In</u> not, and <u>Consequent</u>.] <def>Not following from the premises; not regularly inferred; invalid; not characterized by logical method; illogical; arbitrary; inconsistent; of no consequence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Loose and <i>inconsequent</i> conjectures.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con`se*quen"tial</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not regularly following from the premises; hence, irrelevant; unimportant; of no consequence.</def> <i>Chesterfield.</i> -<wf>In*con`se*quen"tial*ly</wf> (#), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*con`se*quen`ti*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being inconsequential.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con"se*quent*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconsequence.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*sid"er*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not considerable; unworthy of consideration or notice; unimportant; small; trivial; as, an <i>inconsiderable</i> distance; an <i>inconsiderable</i> quantity, degree, value, or sum.</def> "The baser scum and <i>inconsiderable</i> dregs of Rome." <i>Stepney.</i> -- <wf>In`con*sid"er*a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*sid"er*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*sid"er*a*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconsiderateness; thoughtlessness.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chesterfield.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsideratus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Considerate</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not considerate; not attentive to safety or to propriety; not regarding the rights or feelings of others; hasty; careless; thoughtless; heedless; as, the young are generally <i>inconsiderate</i>; <i>inconsiderate</i> conduct.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It is a very unhappy token of our corruption, that there should be any so <i>inconsiderate</i> among us as to sacrifice morality to politics.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Inconsiderable.</def> [Obs.] Terry.</i></p> <i>E.

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Thoughtless; inattentive; inadvertent; heedless;

negligent; improvident; careless; imprudent; indiscreet; incautious; injudicious; rash; hasty.</p> <p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inconsiderate manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*sid"er*ate*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being inconsiderate.</def> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*sid`er*a"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsideratio</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsid&eacute;ration</i>.] <def>Want of due consideration; inattention to consequences; inconsiderateness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Blindness of mind, <i>inconsideration</i>, precipitation.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Not gross, willful, deliberate, crimes; but rather the effects of <i>inconsideration</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sharp.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconsistency.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"en*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Inconsistencies</b></plw> (#). [Cf. F. <i>inconsistance</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being inconsistent; discordance in respect to sentiment or action; such contrariety between two things that both can not exist or be true together; disagreement; incompatibility.</def></p> <p><blockquote>There is a perfect <i>inconsistency</i> between that which is of debt and that which is of free gift.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Absurdity in argument ore narration; incoherence or irreconcilability in the parts of a statement, argument, or narration; that which is inconsistent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>If a man would register all his opinions upon love, politics, religion, and learning, what a bundle of <i>inconsistencies</i> and contradictions would appear at last!</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Want of stability or uniformity; unsteadiness; changeableness; variableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Mutability of temper, and <i>inconsistency</i> with ourselves, is the greatest weakness of human nature.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>consistent</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsistant</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consistent; showing inconsistency; irreconcilable; discordant; at variance, esp. as regards character, sentiment, or action; incompatible; incongruous;

contradictory.</def></p> <p><! p. 747 !></p> <p><blockquote>Compositions of this nature . . . show that wisdom and virtue are far from being <i>inconsistent</i> with politeness and good humor.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not exhibiting uniformity of sentiment, steadiness to principle, etc.; unequal; fickle; changeable.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Ah, how unjust to nature, and himself,<BR> Is thoughtless, thankless, <i>inconsistent</i> man.</blockquote> <i>Young.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incompatible; incongruous; irreconcilable; discordant; repugnant; contradictory. -- <u>Inconsistent</u>, <u>Incongruous</u>, <u>Incompatible</u>. Things are <i>incongruous</i> when they are not suited to each other, so that their union is unbecoming; <i>inconsistent</i> when they are opposed to each other, so as render it improper or wrong; <i>incompatible</i> when they <i>can not</i> coexist, and it is therefore impossible to unite them. Habitual levity of mind is <i>incongruous</i> with the profession of a clergyman; it is <i>inconsistent</i> with his ordination vows; it is <i>incompatible</i> with his permanent usefulness. <i>Incongruity</i> attaches to the modes and qualities of things; <i>incompatibility</i> attaches to their essential attributes; <i>inconsistency</i> attaches to the actions, sentiments, etc., of men.</p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"ent*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inconsistent manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"ent*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconsistency.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*sist"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Inconsistent.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`con*sol"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsolabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inconsolable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Console</u>.] <def>Not consolable; incapable of being consoled; grieved beyond susceptibility of comfort; disconsolate.</def> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>With <i>inconsolable</i> distress she griev'd,<BR> And from her cheek the rose of beauty fled.</blockquote> <i>Falconer.</i></p> <p>-- <wf>In`con*sol"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*sol"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p>{ <hw>In*con"so*nance</hw> (?), <hw>In*con"so*nan*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of consonance or harmony of sound, action, or thought; disagreement.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con"so*nant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsonans</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Consonant</u>.]

<def>Not consonant or agreeing; inconsistent; discordant.</def> -<wf>In*con"so*nant*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*spic"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconspicuus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Conspicuous</u>.] <def>Not conspicuous or noticeable; hardly discernible.</def> -<wf>In`con*spic"u*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*spic"u*ous*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"stance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [F. See <u>Inconstancy</u>.] <def>Inconstancy.</def> <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"stan*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconstantia</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being inconstant; want of constancy; mutability; fickleness; variableness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>For unto knight there was no greater shame,<BR> Than lightness and <i>inconstancie</i> in love.</blockquote> <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"stant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconstans</i>: cf. F. <i>inconstant</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Constant</u>.] <def>Not constant; not stable or uniform; subject to change of character, appearance, opinion, inclination, or purpose, etc.; not firm; unsteady; fickle; changeable; variable; -- said of persons or things; as, <i>inconstant</i> in love or friendship.</def> "The <i>inconstant</i> moon." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>While we, inquiring phantoms of a day,<BR> <i>Inconstant</i> as the shadows we survey!</blockquote> <i>Boyse.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Mutable; fickle; volatile; unsteady; unstable; changeable; variable; wavering; fluctuating.</p> <p><hw>In*con"stant*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inconstant manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*sum"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not consumable; incapable of being consumed, wasted, or spent.</def> <i>Paley.</i> -- <wf>In`con*sum"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*sum"mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsummatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Consummate</u>.] <def>Not consummated; not finished; incomplete.</def> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i> -- <wf>In`con*sum"mate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*sump"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconsumptibilis</i>.] <def>Inconsumable.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir K. Digby.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*tam"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incontaminatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and not, and <u>Contaminate</u>.] <def>Not contaminated; pure.</def> <i>Moore.</i> -- <wf>In`con*tam"i*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p>

<p><hw>In*con`ten*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>In</u> not, and <u>Content</u>.] <def>Discontent.</def> [Obs.] <i>Goodwin.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*test`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incontestable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*test"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>contestable</i>: cf. F. <i>incontestable</i>.] <def>Not contestable; not to be disputed; that cannot be called in question or controverted; incontrovertible; indisputable; as, <i>incontestable</i> evidence, truth, or facts.</def> <i>Locke.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incontrovertible; indisputable; irrefragable; undeniable; unquestionable; intuitable; certain.</p> <p>-- <wf>In`con*test"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In`con*test"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*test"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not contested.</def> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*tig"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incontiguus</i> that can not be touched. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Contiguous</u>.] <def>Not contiguous; not adjoining or in contact; separate.</def> <i>Boyle.</i> -- <wf>In`con*tig"u*ous*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p>{ <hw>In*con"ti*nence</hw> (?), <hw>In*con"ti*nen*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incontinentia</i>: cf. F. <i>incontinence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Incapacity to hold; hence, incapacity to hold back or restrain; the quality or state of being incontinent; want of continence; failure to restrain the passions or appetites; indulgence of lust; lewdness.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That Satan tempt you not for your <i>incontinency</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. vii. 5.</i></p> <p><blockquote>From the rash hand of bold <i>incontinence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The inability of any of the animal organs to restrain the natural evacuations, so that the discharges are involuntary; as, <i>incontinence</i> of urine.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incontinens</i>: cf. F. <i>incontinent</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Continent</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not continent; uncontrolled; not restraining the passions or appetites, particularly the sexual appetite; indulging unlawful lust; unchaste; lewd.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>Unable to restrain natural

evacuations.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is unchaste.</def> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"ti*nent</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incontinent</i>.] <def>Incontinently; instantly; immediately.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>He says he will return <i>incontinent</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con"ti*nent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>In an incontinent manner; without restraint, or without due restraint; -- used esp. of the passions or appetites.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Immediately; at once; forthwith.</def> [Archaic]</p> <p><blockquote>Immediately he sent word to Athens that he would <i>incontinently</i> come hither with a host of men.</blockquote> <i>Golding.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*tract"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Uncontracted.</def> [Obs.] <i>Blackwall.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*trol"la*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>controllable</i>: cf. F. <i>incontr&ocirc;lable</i>.] <def>Not controllable; uncontrollable.</def> -- <wf>In`con*trol"la*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In*con`tro*ver`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or condition of being incontrovertible.</def></p> <p><hw>In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not controvertible; too clear or certain to admit of dispute; indisputable.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i> -<wf>In*con`tro*ver"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*con`tro*ver"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`con*ven"ience</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconvenientia</i> inconsistency: cf. OF. <i>inconvenience</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or condition of being inconvenient; want of convenience; unfitness; unsuitableness; inexpediency; awkwardness; as, the <i>inconvenience</i> of the arrangement.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They plead against the <i>inconvenience</i>, not the unlawfulness, . . . of ceremonies in burial.</blockquote> <i>Hooker.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which gives trouble, embarrassment, or uneasiness; disadvantage; anything that disturbs quiet, impedes prosperity, or increases the difficulty of action or success; as, one

<i>inconvenience</i> of life is poverty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A place upon the top of Mount Athos above all clouds of rain, or other <i>inconvenience</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Man is liable to a great many <i>inconveniences</i>.</blockquote> <i>Tillotson.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Incommodiousness; awkwardness; disadvantage; disquiet; uneasiness; disturbance; annoyance.</p> <p><hw>In`con*ven"ience</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To put to inconvenience; to incommode; as, to <i>inconvenience</i> a neighbor.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*ven"ien*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconvenience.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*ven"ient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconveniens</i> unbefitting: cf. F. <i>inconv&eacute;nient</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Convenient</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not becoming or suitable; unfit; inexpedient.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not convenient; giving trouble, uneasiness, or annoyance; hindering progress or success; uncomfortable; disadvantageous; incommodious; inopportune; as, an <i>inconvenient</i> house, garment, arrangement, or time.</def></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unsuitable; uncomfortable; disaccommodating; awkward; unseasonable; inopportune; incommodious; disadvantageous; troublesome; cumbersome; embarrassing; objectionable.</p> <p><hw>In`con*ven"ient*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inconvenient manner; incommodiously; unsuitably; unseasonably.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*vers"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incommunicative; unsocial; reserved.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*con"ver*sant</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not conversant; not acquainted; not versed; unfamiliar.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*vert"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not turned or changed about.</def> [R.] <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*vert`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconvertibilitas</i>.] <def>The quality or state of being inconvertible; not capable of being exchanged for, or converted into, something else; as, the <i>inconvertibility</i> of an irredeemable currency, or of lead, into gold.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*vert"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconvertibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>inconvertible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Convertible</u>.] <def>Not convertible; not capable of being transmuted, changed into, or exchanged for, something else; as,

one metal is <i>inconvertible</i> into another; bank notes are sometimes <i>inconvertible</i> into specie.</def> <i>Walsh.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*vert"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Inconvertibility.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*vert"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an inconvertible manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`con*vin"ci*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inconvincibilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Convince</u>.] <def>Not convincible; incapable of being convinced.</def></p> <p><blockquote>None are so <i>inconvincible</i> as your half-witted people.</blockquote> <i>Gov. of the Tongue.</i></p> <p><hw>In`con*vin"ci*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a manner not admitting of being convinced.</def></p> <p><hw>In*co"ny</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. <u>Conny</u>, <u>Canny</u>.] <def>Unlearned; artless; pretty; delicate.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Most sweet jests! most <i>incony</i> vulgar wit!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In`co*&ouml;r"di*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not co&ouml;rdinate.</def></p> <p><hw>In`co*&ouml;r`di*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of co&ouml;rdination; lack of harmonious adjustment or action.</def></p> <p><col><b>Inco&ouml;rdination of muscular movement</b></col> <i>(Physiol.)</i>, <cd>irregularity in movements resulting from inharmonious action of the muscles in consequence of loss of voluntary control over them.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*cor"o*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>coronate</i>.] <def>Crowned.</def> [R.] <i>Longfellow.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*ral</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorporalis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corporal</u>, and cf. <u>Incorporeal</u>.] <def>Immaterial; incorporeal; spiritual.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor`po*ral"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorporalitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incorporalit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Incorporeality.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bailey.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*ral*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Incorporeally.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorporatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corporate</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not consisting of matter; not having a

material body; incorporeal; spiritual.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Moses forbore to speak of angles, and things invisible, and <i>incorporate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Raleigh.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not incorporated; not existing as a corporation; as, an <i>incorporate</i> banking association.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorporatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incorporare</i> to incorporate; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>corporare</i> to make into a body. See <u>Corporate</u>.] <def>Corporate; incorporated; made one body, or united in one body; associated; mixed together; combined; embodied.</def></p> <p><blockquote>As if our hands, our sides, voices, and minds<BR> Had been <i>incorporate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A fifteenth part of silver <i>incorporate</i> with gold.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incorporated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incorporating</u> (?).]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To form into a body; to combine, as different ingredients, into one consistent mass.</def></p> <p><blockquote>By your leaves, you shall not stay alone,<BR> Till holy church <i>incorporate</i> two in one.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To unite with a material body; to give a material form to; to embody.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The idolaters, who worshiped their images as gods, supposed some spirit to be <i>incorporated</i> therein.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To unite with, or introduce into, a mass already formed; as, to <i>incorporate</i> copper with silver; -- used with <i>with</i> and <i>into</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>To unite intimately; to blend; to assimilate; to combine into a structure or organization, whether material or mental; as, to <i>incorporate</i> provinces into the realm; to <i>incorporate</i> another's ideas into one's work.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The Romans did not subdue a country to put the inhabitants to fire and sword, but to <i>incorporate</i> them into their own community.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>To form into a legal body, or body politic; to constitute into a corporation recognized by law, with special functions, rights, duties and liabilities; as, to <i>incorporate</i> a bank, a railroad company, a city or town,

etc.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*rate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To unite in one body so as to make a part of it; to be mixed or blended; -usually followed by <i>with</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Painters' colors and ashes do better <i>incorporate</i> will oil.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>He never suffers wrong so long to grow,<BR> And to <i>incorporate</i> with right so far<BR> As it might come to seem the same in show.</blockquote> <i>Daniel.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*ra`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>United in one body; formed into a corporation; made a legal entity.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cor`po*ra"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorporatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incorporation</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incorporating, or the state of being incorporated.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The union of different ingredients in one mass; mixture; combination; synthesis.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The union of something with a body already existing; association; intimate union; assimilation; as, the <i>incorporation</i> of conquered countries into the Roman republic.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The act of creating a corporation.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>A body incorporated; a corporation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*ra*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incorporating or tending to incorporate; as, the <i>incorporative</i> languages (as of the Basques, North American Indians, etc. ) which run a whole phrase into one word.</def></p> <p><blockquote>History demonstrates that <i>incorporative</i> unions are solid and permanent; but that a federal union is weak.</blockquote> <i>W. Belsham.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"po*ra`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One of a number of persons who gets a company incorporated; one of the original members of a corporation.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>corporeal</i>: cf. L. <i>incorporeus</i>. Cf. <u>Incorporal</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not corporeal; not having a material body or form; not consisting of matter; immaterial.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thus <i>incorporeal</i> spirits to smaller forms<BR> Reduced their shapes immense.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p>

<p><blockquote>Sense and perception must necessarily proceed from some <i>incorporeal</i> substance within us.</blockquote> <i>Bentley.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>Existing only in contemplation of law; not capable of actual visible seizin or possession; not being an object of sense; intangible; -- opposed to <i>corporeal</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Incorporeal hereditament</b></col>. <cd>See under <u>Hereditament</u>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Immaterial; unsubstantial; bodiless; spiritual.</p> <p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Existence without a body or material form; immateriality.</def> <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ist</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who believes in incorporealism.</def> <i>Cudworth.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*po`re*al"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of being incorporeal or bodiless; immateriality; incorporealism.</def> <i>G. Eliot.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*po"re*al*ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incorporeal manner.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor`po*re"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>corporeity</i>: cf. F. <i>incorpor&eacute;ite</i>.] <def>The quality of being incorporeal; immateriality.</def> <i>Berkeley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*corpse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To incorporate.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rect"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorrectus</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrect</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Correct</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not correct; not according to a copy or model, or to established rules; inaccurate; faulty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The piece, you think, is <i>incorrect</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not in accordance with the truth; inaccurate; not exact; as, an <i>incorrect</i> statement or calculation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not accordant with duty or morality; not duly regulated or subordinated; unbecoming; improper; as, <i>incorrect</i> conduct.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It shows a will most <i>incorrect</i> to heaven.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The wit of the last age was yet more <i>incorrect</i>

than their language.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inaccurate; erroneous; wrong; faulty.</p> <p><hw>In`cor*rec"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>correction</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrection</i>.] <def>Want of correction, restraint, or discipline.</def> [Obs.] <i>Arnway.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rect"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Not correctly; inaccurately; not exactly; as, a writing <i>incorrectly</i> copied; testimony <i>incorrectly</i> stated.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rect"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being incorrect; want of conformity to truth or to a standard; inaccuracy; inexactness; as, <i>incorrectness</i> may consist in defect or in redundance.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In*cor`re*spond"ence</hw> (?), <hw>In*cor`re*spond"en*cy</hw> (?), } <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of correspondence; disagreement; disproportion.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*cor`re*spond"ing</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not corresponding; disagreeing.</def> [R.] <i>Coleridge.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor`ri*gi*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incorrigibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being incorrigible.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The ingratitude, the <i>incorrigibility</i>, the strange perverseness . . . of mankind.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorrigibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incorrigible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corrigible</u>.] <def>Not corrigible; incapable of being corrected or amended; bad beyond correction; irreclaimable; as, <i>incorrigible</i> error.</def> "<i>Incorrigible</i> fools." <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who is incorrigible; especially, a hardened criminal; as, the perpetual imprisonment of <i>incorrigibles</i>.</def></p> <p><! p. 748 !></p> <p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*ble*ness</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incorrigibility.</def> <i>Dr. H. More.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cor"ri*gi*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incorrigible manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rod"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being corroded, consumed, or eaten away.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorruptus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corrupt</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not affected with corruption or decay; unimpaired; not marred or spoiled.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not defiled or depraved; pure; sound; untainted; above the influence of bribes; upright; honest.</def> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Your Christian principles . . . which will preserve you <i>incorrupt</i> as individuals.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hurd.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Uncorrupted.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Breathed into their <i>incorrupted</i> breasts.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Davies.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorruptibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruptibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being incorruptible; incapability of corruption.</def> <i>Holland.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorruptibilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruptible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corrupt</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not corruptible; incapable of corruption, decay, or dissolution; as, gold is <i>incorruptible</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Our bodies shall be changed into <i>incorruptible</i> and immortal substances.</blockquote> <i>Wake.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Incapable of being bribed or morally corrupted; inflexibly just and upright.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Eccl. Hist.)</i> <def>One of a religious sect which arose in Alexandria, in the reign of the Emperor Justinian, and which believed that the body of Christ was incorruptible, and that he suffered hunger, thirst, pain, only in appearance.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of being incorruptible.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incorruptible manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rup"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorruptio</i>: cf. F. <i>incorruption</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Corruption</u>.] <def>The condition or quality of being incorrupt or incorruptible; absence of, or exemption from, corruption.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It is sown in corruption; it is raised in <i>incorruption</i>.</blockquote> <i>1 Cor. xv. 42.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The same preservation, or, rather,

<i>incorruption</i>, we have observed in the flesh of turkeys, capons, etc.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incorruptivus</i>.] <def>Incorruptible; not liable to decay.</def> <i>Akenside.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ly</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without corruption.</def></p> <p><blockquote>To demean themselves <i>incorruptly</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cor*rupt"ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Freedom or exemption from decay or corruption.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Probity; integrity; honesty.</def> <i>Woodward.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cras"sate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incrassated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incrassating</u>.] [L. <i>incrassatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incrassare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>crassus</i> thick.] <def>To make thick or thicker; to thicken; especially, in pharmacy, to thicken (a liquid) by the mixture of another substance, or by evaporating the thinner parts.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Acids dissolve or attenuate; alkalies precipitate or <i>incrassate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Sir I. Newton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Liquors which time hath <i>incrassated</i> into jellies.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cras"sate</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To become thick or thicker.</def></p> <p>{ <hw>In*cras"sate</hw> (?), <hw>In*cras"sa*ted</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incrassatus</i>, p. p.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Made thick or thicker; thickened; inspissated.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Thickened; becoming thicker.</def> <i>Martyn.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Swelled out on some particular part, as the antenn&aelig; of certain insects.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cras*sa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incrassation</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of thickening or making thick; the process of becoming thick or thicker.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being incrassated or made thick; inspissation.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cras"sa*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Having the

quality of thickening; tending to thicken.</def>

<i>Harvey.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*cras"sa*tive</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A substance which has the power to thicken; formerly, a medicine supposed to thicken the humors.</def> <i>Harvey.</i></p> <p><hw>In*creas"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Capable of being increased.</def> <i>Sherwood.</i> -<wf>In*creas"a*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote>An indefinite <i>increasableness</i> of some of our ideas.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Law.</i></p> <p><hw>In*crease"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Increased</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Increasing</u>.] [OE. <i>incresen</i>, <i>encresen</i>, <i>enrescen</i>, OF. <i>encreistre</i>, fr. L. <i>increscere</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>crescere</i> to grow. See <u>Crescent</u>, and cf. <u>Decrease</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To become greater or more in size, quantity, number, degree, value, intensity, power, authority, reputation, wealth; to grow; to augment; to advance; -- opposed to <i>decrease</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The waters <i>increased</i> and bare up the ark.</blockquote> <i>Gen. vii. 17.</i></p> <p><blockquote>He must <i>increase</i>, but I must decrease.</blockquote> <i>John iii. 30.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The heavens forbid<BR> But that our loves and comforts should <i>increase</i>,<BR> Even as our days do grow!</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To multiply by the production of young; to be fertile, fruitful, or prolific.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Fishes are more numerous or <i>increasing</i> than beasts or birds, as appears by their numerous spawn.</blockquote> <i>Sir M. Hale.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>To become more nearly full; to show more of the surface; to wax; as, the moon <i>increases</i>.</def></p> <p><col><b>Increasing function</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a function whose value increases when that of the variable increases, and decreases when the latter is diminished.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To enlarge; extend; multiply; expand; develop; heighten; amplify; raise; enhance; spread; aggravate; magnify; augment; advance. -- To <u>Increase</u>, <u>Enlarge</u>, <u>Extend</u>. <i>Enlarge</i> implies to make larger or broader in size. <i>Extend</i> marks the progress of enlargement so as to have wider boundaries. <i>Increase</i> denotes enlargement by growth and internal vitality, as in the case of plants. A kingdom is <i>enlarged</i> by the addition of new territories; the mind is

<i>enlarged</i> by knowledge. A kingdom is <i>extended</i> when its boundaries are carried to a greater distance from the center. A man's riches, honors, knowledge, etc., are <i>increased</i> by accessions which are made from time to time.</p> <p><hw>In*crease"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To augment or make greater in bulk, quantity, extent, value, or amount, etc.; to add to; to extend; to lengthen; to enhance; to aggravate; as, to <i>increase</i> one's possessions, influence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I will <i>increase</i> the famine.</blockquote> <i>Ezek. v. 16.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Make denials<BR> <i>Increase</i> your services.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In"crease</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>encres</i>, <i>encresse</i>. See <u>Increase</u>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos>]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Addition or enlargement in size, extent, quantity, number, intensity, value, substance, etc.; augmentation; growth.</def></p> <p><blockquote>As if <i>increase</i> of appetite had grown<BR> By what it fed on.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>For things of tender kind for pleasure made<BR> Shoot up with swift <i>increase</i>, and sudden are decay'd.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is added to the original stock by augmentation or growth; produce; profit; interest.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Take thou no usury of him, or <i>increase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Lev. xxv. 36.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Let them not live to taste this land's <i>increase</i>.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Progeny; issue; offspring.</def></p> <p><blockquote>All the <i>increase</i> of thy house shall die in the flower of their age.</blockquote> <i>1 Sam. ii. 33.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Generation.</def> [Obs.] "Organs of <i>increase</i>." <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Astron.)</i> <def>The period of increasing light, or luminous phase; the waxing; -- said of the moon.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Seeds, hair, nails, hedges, and herbs will grow soonest if set or cut in the <i>increase</i> of the moon.</blockquote> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><col><b>Increase twist</b></col>, <cd>the twixt of a rifle groove in which the angle of twist increases from the breech to the muzzle.</cd></p>

<p><b>Syn.</b> -- Enlargement; extension; growth; development; increment; addition; accession; production.</p> <p><hw>In*crease"ful</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Full of increase; abundant in produce.</def> "<i>Increaseful</i> crops." [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*crease"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Increase.</def> [R.] <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*creas"er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who, or that, increases.</def></p> <p><hw>In*creas"ing*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>More and more.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cre*ate"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Increated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Increating</u>.] [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>create</i>.] <def>To create within.</def> [R.]</p> <p>{ <hw>In"cre*ate</hw> (?), <hw>In"cre*a`ted</hw> (?), } <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>increatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Create</u>.] <def>Uncreated; self-existent.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Bright effluence of bright essence <i>increate</i>.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cred`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incredibilitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incr&eacute;dibilit&eacute;</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being incredible; incredibleness.</def> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is incredible.</def> <i>Johnson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cred"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incredibilis</i>: cf. OF. <i>incredible</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Credible</u>.] <def>Not credible; surpassing belief; too extraordinary and improbable to admit of belief; unlikely; marvelous; fabulous.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Why should it be thought a thing <i>incredible</i> with you, that God should raise the dead?</blockquote> <i>Acts xxvi. 8.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cred"i*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incredibility.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cred"i*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incredible manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cred"it*ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Uncredited.</def> [Obs.]</p>

<p><hw>In`cre*du"li*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incredulitas</i>: cf. F. <i>incr&eacute;dulit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The state or quality of being incredulous; a withholding or refusal of belief; skepticism; unbelief; disbelief.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Of every species of <i>incredulity</i>, religious unbelief is the most irrational.</blockquote> <i>Buckminster.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cred"u*lous</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incredulus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Credulous</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not credulous; indisposed to admit or accept that which is related as true, skeptical; unbelieving.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A fantastical <i>incredulous</i> fool.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Wilkins.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indicating, or caused by, disbelief or incredulity.</def> "An <i>incredulous</i> smile." <i>Longfellow.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Incredible; not easy to be believed.</def> [R.] <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cred"u*lous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incredulous manner; with incredulity.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cred"u*lous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incredulity.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crem"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + L. <i>cremabilis</i> combustible, fr. <i>cremare</i> to burn.] <def>Incapable of being burnt; incombustibe.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In"cre*mate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> in + <i>cremate</i>.] <def>To consume or reduce to ashes by burning, as a dead body; to cremate.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cre*ma"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Burning; esp., the act of burning a dead body; cremation.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cre*ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incrementum</i>: cf. F. <i>incr&eacute;ment</i>. See <u>Increase</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of increasing; growth in bulk, guantity, number, value, or amount; augmentation; enlargement.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The seminary that furnisheth matter for the formation and <i>increment</i> of animal and vegetable bodies.</blockquote> <i>Woodward.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A nation, to be great, ought to be compressed in its <i>increment</i> by nations more civilized than itself.</blockquote> <i>Coleridge.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Matter added; increase; produce; production; -- opposed to <i>decrement</i>.</def> "Large <i>increment</i>." <i>J. Philips.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>The increase of a variable quantity or fraction from its present value to its next ascending value; the finite quantity, generally variable, by which a variable quantity is increased.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Rhet.)</i> <def>An amplification without strict climax,</def> as in the following passage:</p> <p><blockquote>Finally, brethren, whatsoever things are true, whatsoever things are honest, whatsoever things are just, whatsoever things are pure, whatsoever things are lovely, whatsoever things are of good report, . . . think on these things.</blockquote> <i>Phil. iv. 8.</i></p> <p><col><b>Infinitesimal increment</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an infinitesimally small variation considered in Differential Calculus. See <u>Calculus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Method of increments</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a calculus founded on the properties of the successive values of variable quantities and their differences or increments. It differs from the <i>method of fluxions</i> in treating these differences as finite, instead of infinitely small, and is equivalent to the calculus of <i>finite differences</i>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`cre*men"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <i>(Biol.)</i> <def>Pertaining to, or resulting from, the process of growth; as, the <i>incremental</i> lines in the dentine of teeth.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cre*pate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>increpatus</i>, p. p. of <i>increpare</i> to upbraid; pref. <i>in</i> in, against + <i>crepare</i> to talk noisily.] <def>To chide; to rebuke; to reprove.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`cre*pa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>increpatio</i>.] <def>A chiding; rebuke; reproof.</def> [Obs.] <i>Hammond.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cres"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>increscens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>increscere</i>. See <u>Increase</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Increasing; growing; augmenting; swelling; enlarging.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Between the <i>incresent</i> and decrescent moon.</blockquote> <i>Tennyson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Increasing; on the increase; -- said of the moon represented as the new moon, with the points turned toward the dexter side.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crest"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To adorn with a crest.</def> [R.] <i>Drummond.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*crim"i*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incriminated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incriminating</u>.] [LL. <i>incriminatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incriminare</i>; <i>in-</i> in + <i>criminare</i>, <i>criminari</i>, to accuse one of a crime. See <u>Criminate</u>.] <def>To accuse; to charge with a crime or fault; to criminate.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crim`i*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of incriminating; crimination.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crim"i*na*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to crimination; tending to incriminate; criminatory.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cru*en"tal</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incruentus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Cruentous</u>.] <def>Unbloody; not attended with blood; as, an <i>incruental</i> sacrifice.</def> [Obs.] <i>Brevint.</i></p> <p><hw>In*crust"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incrusted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incrusting</u>.] [L. <i>incrustare</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>crustare</i> to cover with a crust: cf. F. <i>incruster</i>. See <u>Crust</u>.] [Written also <i>encrust</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To cover or line with a crust, or hard coat; to form a crust on the surface of; as, iron <i>incrusted</i> with rust; a vessel <i>incrusted</i> with salt; a sweetmeat <i>incrusted</i> with sugar.</def></p> <p><blockquote>And by the frost refin'd the whiter snow,<BR> <i>Incrusted</i> hard.</blockquote> <i>Thomson.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>To inlay into, as a piece of carving or other ornamental object.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crus"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incrustatus</i>, p. p. See <u>Incrust</u>.] <def>Incrusted.</def> <i>Bacon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*crus"tate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To incrust.</def> [R.] <i>Cheyne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`crus*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incrustatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incrustation</i>. See <u>Incrust</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of incrusting, or the state of being incrusted.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A crust or hard coating of anything upon or within a body, as a deposit of lime, sediment, etc., from water on the inner surface of a steam boiler.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Arch.)</i> <def>A covering or inlaying of marble, mosaic, etc., attached to the masonry by cramp irons or cement.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Fine Arts)</i> <def>Anything inlaid or imbedded.</def></p> <p><hw>In*crust"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incrustation.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*crys"tal*li`za*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not crystallizable; incapable of being formed into crystals.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cu*bate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. i. & t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incubated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incubating</u> (?).] [L. <i>incubatus</i>, p. p. <i>incubare</i> to lie on; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cubare</i> to lie down. Cf. <u>Cubit</u>, <u>Incumbent</u>.] <def>To sit, as on eggs for hatching; to brood; to brood upon, or keep warm, as eggs, for the purpose of hatching.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cu*ba"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incubatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incubation</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A sitting on eggs for the purpose of hatching young; a brooding on, or keeping warm, (eggs) to develop the life within, by any process.</def> <i>Ray.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The development of a disease from its causes, or its period of incubation. (See below.)</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A sleeping in a consecrated place for the purpose of dreaming oracular dreams.</def> <i>Tylor.</i></p> <p><col><b>Period of incubation</b></col>, or <col><b>Stage of incubation</b></col> <i>(Med.)</i>, <cd>the period which elapses between exposure to the causes of a disease and the attack resulting from it; the time of development of the supposed germs or spores.</cd></p> <p><hw>In"cu*ba*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of or pertaining to incubation, or to the period of incubation.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cu*ba`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>That which incubates, especially, an apparatus by means of which eggs are hatched by artificial heat.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cu"ba*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Serving for incubation.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cube"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To fix firmly, as in cube; to secure or place firmly.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cu"bi*ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. L. <i>incubitus</i>.] <def>Incubation.</def> [Obs.] <i>J. Ellis.</i></p> <p><hw>In"cu*bous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From L. <i>incubare</i> to lie on.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Having the leaves so placed that the upper part of each one covers the base of the leaf

next above it, as in hepatic mosses of the genus <i>Frullania</i>. See <u>Succubous</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In"cu*bus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E. <plw><b>Incubuses</b></plw> (#), L. <plw><b>Incubi</b></plw> (#). [L., the nightmare. Cf. <u>Incubate</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A demon; a fiend; a lascivious spirit, supposed to have sexual intercourse with women by night.</def> <i>Tylor.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The devils who appeared in the female form were generally called succubi; those who appeared like men <i>incubi</i>, though this distinction was not always preserved.</blockquote> <i>Lecky.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Med.)</i> <def>The nightmare. See <u>Nightmare</u>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Such as are troubled with <i>incubus</i>, or witchridden, as we call it.</blockquote> <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Any oppressive encumbrance or burden; anything that prevents the free use of the faculties.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Debt and usury is the <i>incubus</i> which weighs most heavily on the agricultural resources of Turkey.</blockquote> <i>J. L. Farley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inculcated</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inculcating</u> (?).] [L. <i>inculcatus</i>, p. p. of <i>inculcare</i> to tread on; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>calcare</i> to tread, fr. <i>calx</i> the heel; perh. akin to E. <i>heel</i>. Cf. 2d <u>Calk</u>, <u>Heel</u>.] <def>To teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions; to urge on the mind; as, Christ <i>inculcates</i> on his followers humility.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The most obvious and necessary duties of life they have not yet had authority enough to enforce and <i>inculcate</i> upon men's minds.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- To instill; infuse; implant; engraft; impress.</p> <p><hw>In`cul*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>inculcatio</i>: cf. F. <i>inculcation</i>.] <def>A teaching and impressing by frequent repetitions.</def> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><! p. 749 !></p> <p><hw>In*cul"ca*tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>One who inculcates.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*culk"</hw> (?). <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inculquer</i>. See <u>Inculcate</u>.] <def>To inculcate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. More.</i></p> <p><hw>In*culp"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [Cf.

<i>inculper</i>. See <u>Inculpate</u>.] <def>To inculpate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Shelton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"pa*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>inculpabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>incupable</i>.] <def>Faultless; blameless; innocent.</def> <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote>An innocent and <i>incupable</i> piece of ignorance.</blockquote> <i>Killingbeck.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"pa*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Blamelessness; faultlessness.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cul"pa*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Blamelessly.</def> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"pate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Inculpated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Inculpating</u> (?).] [LL. <i>inculpatus</i>, p. p. of <i>inculpare</i> to blame; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>culpa</i> fault. See <u>Culpable</u>.] [A word of recent introduction.] <def>To blame; to impute guilt to; to accuse; to involve or implicate in guilt.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That risk could only exculpate her and not <i>inculpate</i> them -- the probabilities protected them so perfectly.</blockquote> <i>H. James.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cul*pa"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>inculpation</i>.] <def>Blame; censure; crimination.</def> <i>Jefferson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"pa*to*ry</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Imputing blame; criminatory; compromising; implicating.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cult"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incultus</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>cultus</i>, p. p. of <i>colere</i> to cultivate: cf. F. <i>inculte</i>.] <def>Untilled; uncultivated; crude; rude; uncivilized.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Germany then, says Tacitus, was <i>incult</i> and horrid, now full of magnificent cities.</blockquote> <i>Burton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>His style is diffuse and <i>incult</i>.</blockquote> <i>M. W. Shelley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"ti*va`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Uncultivated.</def> [Obs.] <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul`ti*va"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Want of cultivation.</def> [Obs.] <i>Berington.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cul"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>culture</i>: cf. F. <i>inculture</i>.] <def>Want or neglect of cultivation or culture.</def> [Obs.] <i>Feltham.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cum"ben*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i>

<plw><b>Incumbencies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Incumbent</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being incumbent; a lying or resting on something.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is physically incumbent; that which lies as a burden; a weight.</def> <i>Evelyn.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>That which is morally incumbent, or is imposed, as a rule, a duty, obligation, or responsibility.</def> "The <i>incumbencies</i> of a family." <i>Donne.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>The state of holding a benefice; the full possession and exercise of any office.</def></p> <p><blockquote>These fines are only to be paid to the bishop during his <i>incumbency</i>.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cum"bent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incumbens</i>, <i>-entis</i>, p. pr. of <i>incumbere</i> to lie down upon, press upon; pref. <i>in-</i> in, on + <i>cumbere</i> (in comp.); akin to <i>cubare</i> to lie down. See <u>Incubate</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Lying; resting; reclining; recumbent; superimposed; superincumbent.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Two <i>incumbent</i> figures, gracefully leaning upon it.</blockquote> <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To move the <i>incumbent</i> load they try.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Lying, resting, or imposed, as a duty or obligation; obligatory; always with <i>on</i> or <i>upon</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>All men, truly zealous, will perform those good works that are <i>incumbent</i> on all Christians.</blockquote> <i>Sprat.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Leaning or resting; -- said of anthers when lying on the inner side of the filament, or of cotyledons when the radicle lies against the back of one of them.</def> <i>Gray.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Bent downwards so that the ends touch, or rest on, something else; as, the <i>incumbent</i> toe of a bird.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cum"bent</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person who is in present possession of a benefice or of any office.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incumbent</i> lieth at the mercy of his patron.</blockquote> <i>Swift.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cum"bent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an incumbent manner; so as to be incumbent.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cum"ber</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incumbered</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incumbering</u>.] <def>See <u>Encumber</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In`cum*bi"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incubation.</def> [R.] <i>Sterne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cum"brance</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Encumbrance</u>.] [Written also <i>encumbrance</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A burdensome and troublesome load; anything that impedes motion or action, or renders it difficult or laborious; clog; impediment; hindrance; check.</def> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A burden or charge upon property; a claim or lien upon an estate, which may diminish its value.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cum"bran*cer</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Law)</i> <def>One who holds an incumbrance, or some legal claim, lien, or charge on an estate.</def> <i>Kent.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cum"brous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. OF. <i>encombros</i>.] <def>Cumbersome; troublesome.</def> [Written also <i>encombrous</i>.] [Obs.] <i>Chaucer.</i></p> <p><hw>||In`cu*nab"u*lum</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Incunabula</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>incunabula</i> cradle, birthplace, origin. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Cunabula</u>.] <def>A work of art or of human industry, of an early epoch; especially, a book printed before <u>a. d.</u> 1500.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incurred</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incurring</u> (?).] [L. <i>incurrere</i> to run into or toward; pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>currere</i> to run. See <u>Current</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To meet or fall in with, as something inconvenient, harmful, or onerous; to put one's self in the way of; to expose one's self to; to become liable or subject to; to bring down upon one's self; to encounter; to contract; as, to <i>incur</i> debt, danger, displeasure, penalty, responsibility, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>I know not what I shall <i>incur</i> to pass it,<BR> Having no warrant.</blockquote> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To render liable or subject to; to occasion.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Lest you <i>incur</i> me much more damage in my fame than you have done me pleasure in preserving my life.</blockquote> <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To pass; to enter.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Light is discerned by itself because by itself it

<i>incurs</i> into the eye.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur`a*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>incurabilit&eacute;</i> incurability, LL. <i>incurabilitas</i> negligence.] <def>The state of being incurable; irremediableness.</def> <i>Harvey.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [F. <i>incurable</i>, L. <i>incurabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Curable</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not capable of being cured; beyond the power of skill or medicine to remedy; as, an <i>incurable</i> disease.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A scirrhus is not absolutely <i>incurable</i>.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Not admitting or capable of remedy or correction; irremediable; remediless; as, <i>incurable</i> evils.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Rancorous and <i>incurable</i> hostility.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><blockquote>They were laboring under a profound, and, as it might have seemed, an almost <i>incurable</i> ignorance.</blockquote> <i>Sir J. Stephen.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Irremediable; remediless; irrecoverable; irretrievable; irreparable; hopeless.</p> <p><hw>In*cur"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>A person diseased beyond cure.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being incurable; incurability.</def> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In a manner that renders cure impracticable or impossible; irremediably.</def> "<i>Incurably</i> diseased." <i>Bp. Hall.</i> "<i>Incurably</i> wicked." <i>Blair.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cu`ri*os"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incuriositas</i>: cf. F. <i>incurosit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of curiosity or interest; inattentiveness; indifference.</def> <i>Sir H. Wotton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incuriosus</i>: cf. F. <i>incurieux</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Curious</u>.] <def>Not curious or inquisitive; without care for or interest in; inattentive; careless; negligent; heedless.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Carelessnesses and <i>incurious</i> deportments toward their children.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an curious manner.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*cu"ri*ous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Unconcernedness; incuriosity.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Sordid <i>incuriousness</i> and slovenly neglect.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur"rence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Incur</u>.] <def>The act of incurring, bringing on, or subjecting one's self to (something troublesome or burdensome); as, the <i>incurrence</i> of guilt, debt, responsibility, etc.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"rent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incurrens</i>, p. pr. <i>incurere</i>, <i>incursum</i>, to run in; <i>in-</i> + <i>currere</i> to run.] <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Characterized by a current which flows inward; as, the <i>incurrent</i> orifice of lamellibranch Mollusca.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incursio</i>: cf. F. <i>incursion</i>. See <u>Incur</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A running into; hence, an entering into a territory with hostile intention; a temporary invasion; a predatory or harassing inroad; a raid.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The Scythian, whose <i>incursions</i> wild<BR> Have wasted Sogdiana.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>incursions</i> of the Goths disordered the affairs of the Roman Empire.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Attack; occurrence.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Sins of daily <i>incursion</i>.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Invasion; inroad; raid; foray; sally; attack; onset; irruption. See <u>Invasion</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*cur"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Making an incursion; invasive; aggressive; hostile.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"tain</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To curtain.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*cur"vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>incurvatus</i>, p. p. of <i>incurvare</i> to crook; pref. <i>in</i> in + <i>curvus</i> bent. See <u>Curve</u>, and cf. <u>Incurve</u>.] <def>Curved; bent; crooked.</def> <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cur"vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incurvated</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incurvating</u>.] <def>To turn from a straight line or course; to bend; to crook.</def> <i>Cheyne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`cur*va"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>incurvatio</i>: cf. F. <i>incurvation</i>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of bending, or curving.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The state of being bent or curved; curvature.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>incurvation</i> of the rays.</blockquote> <i>Derham.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>The act of bowing, or bending the body, in respect or reverence.</def> "The <i>incurvations</i> of the knee." <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In*curve"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;v"), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Incurved</u> (-k&ucirc;vd"); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Incurving</u>.] [See <u>Incurvate</u>.] <def>To bend; to curve; to make crooked.</def></p> <p><hw>In*curved"</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;vd"), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> in + <i>curved</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Bending gradually toward the axis or center, as branches or petals.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cur"vi*ty</hw> (&ibreve;n*k&ucirc;"v&ibreve;*t&ybreve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [From L. <i>incurvus</i> bent. See <u>Incurvate</u>.] <def>A state of being bent or curved; incurvation; a bending inwards.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>||In"cus</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L., anvil.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>An anvil.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>One of the small bones in the tympanum of the ear; the anvil bone. See <u>Ear</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>The central portion of the armature of the pharynx in the Rotifera.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cuse"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>Incuse</u>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos>] <i>(Numismatics)</i> <def>Cut or stamped in, or hollowed out by engraving.</def> "Irregular <i>incuse</i> square." <i>Dr. W. Smith.</i></p> <p>{ <hw>In*cuse"</hw> (?), <hw>In*cuss"</hw> (?), } <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>incussus</i>, p. p. of <i>incutere</i> to strike. See 1st <u>In-</u>, and <u>Concuss</u>.] <def>To form, or mold, by striking or stamping, as a coin or medal.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cute"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [See <u>Incuse</u>.] <def>To strike or stamp in.</def> [Obs.] <i>Becon.</i></p> <p><hw>In*cyst"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Encyst</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*cyst"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Encysted</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>Ind</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>India.</def>

[Poetical]

<i>Shak. Milton.</i></p>

<p><hw>In"da*gate</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [L. <i>indagatus</i>, p. p. of <i>indagare</i> to seek.] <def>To seek or search out.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`da*ga"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>indagatio</i>: cf. F. <i>indagation</i>.] <def>Search; inquiry; investigation.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In"da*ga*tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Searching; exploring; investigating.</def> [Obs.] <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In"da*ga`tor</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L.] <def>A searcher; an explorer; an investigator.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Searched into by such skillful <i>indagators</i> of nature.</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dam"age</hw> (?; 48), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Endamage</u>.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*dam"aged</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not damaged.</def> [Obs.] <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dart"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To pierce, as with a dart.</def></p> <p><hw>In"da*zol</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [<i>Ind</i>ol + <i>az</i>ote.] <i>(Chem.)</i> <def>A nitrogenous compound, C<sub>7</sub>H<sub>6</sub>N<sub>2</sub>, analogous to indol, and produced from a diazo derivative of cinnamic acid.</def></p> <p><hw>Inde</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Azure-colored; of a bright blue color.</def> [Obs.] <i>Rom. of R.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dear"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Endear</u>.</def></p> <p><hw>In*debt"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indebted</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indebting</u>.] [OE. <i>endetten</i>, F. <i>endetter</i>; pref. <i>en-</i> (L. <i>in</i>) + F. <i>dette</i> debt. See <u>Debt</u>.] <def>To bring into debt; to place under obligation; -- chiefly used in the participle <i>indebted</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Thy fortune hath <i>indebted</i> thee to none.</blockquote> <i>Daniel.</i></p> <p><hw>In*debt"ed</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Brought into debt; being under obligation; held to payment or requital; beholden.</def></p> <p><blockquote>By owing, owes not, but still pays, at once<BR> <i>Indebted</i> and discharged.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Placed under obligation for something received, for which restitution or gratitude is due; as, we are

<i>indebted</i> to our parents for their care of us in infancy; <i>indebted</i> to friends for help and encouragement.</def> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><hw>In*debt"ed*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state of being indebted.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>The sum owed; debts, collectively.</def></p> <p><hw>In*debt"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>endettement</i>.] <def>Indebtedness.</def> [R.] <i>Bp. Hall.</i></p> <p><hw>In*de"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>See <u>Indecency</u>.</def> [Obs.] "An <i>indecence</i> of barbarity." <i>Bp. Burnet.</i></p> <p><hw>In*de"cen*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Indecencies</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>indecentia</i> unseemliness: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cence</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The quality or state of being indecent; want of decency, modesty, or good manners; obscenity.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which is indecent; an indecent word or act; an offense against delicacy.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They who, by speech or writing, present to the ear or the eye of modesty any of the <i>indecencies</i> I allude to, are pests of society.</blockquote> <i>Beattie.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indelicacy; indecorum; immodesty; impurity; obscenity. See <u>Indecorum</u>.</p> <p><hw>In*de"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indecens</i> unseemly, unbecoming: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cent</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Decent</u>.] <def>Not decent; unfit to be seen or heard; offensive to modesty and delicacy; as, <i>indecent</i> language.</def> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unbecoming; indecorous; indelicate; unseemly; immodest; gross; shameful; impure; improper; obscene; filthy.</p> <p><hw>In*de"cent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indecent manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*cid"u*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Indeciduous.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>Having no decidua; nondeciduate.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*cid"u*ous</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not deciduous or falling, as the leaves of trees in autumn; lasting; evergreen; persistent; permanent; perennial.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>indeciduous</i> and unshaven locks of

Apollo.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dec"i*ma*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + LL. <i>decimare</i> to tithe: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cimable</i>. See <u>Decimate</u>.] <def>Not decimable, or liable to be decimated; not liable to the payment of tithes.</def> <i>Cowell.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*ci"pher*a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not decipherable; incapable of being deciphered, explained, or solved.</def> -- <wf>In`de*ci"pher*a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`de*ci"sion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>decision</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cision</i>.] <def>Want of decision; want of settled purpose, or of firmness; indetermination; wavering of mind; irresolution; vacillation; hesitation.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The term <i>indecision</i> . . . implies an idea very nicely different from irresolution; yet it has a tendency to produce it.</blockquote> <i>Shenstone.</i></p> <p><blockquote><i>Indecision</i> . . . is the natural accomplice of violence.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*ci"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;cisif</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not decisive; not bringing to a final or ultimate issue; as, an <i>indecisive</i> battle, argument, answer.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The campaign had everywhere been <i>indecisive</i>.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Undetermined; prone to indecision; irresolute; unsettled; wavering; vacillating; hesitating; as, an <i>indecisive</i> state of mind; an <i>indecisive</i> character.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*ci"sive*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without decision.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*ci"sive*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being indecisive; unsettled state.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*clin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeclinabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;clinable</i>. See <u>In</u> not, and <u>Decline</u>.] <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Not declinable; not varied by inflective terminations; as, <i>nihil</i> (nothing), in Latin, is an <i>indeclinable</i> noun.</def> -- <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An indeclinable word.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*clin"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Without variation.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Gram.)</i> <def>Without variation of termination.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*de`com*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>decomposable</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;composable</i>.] <def>Not decomposable; incapable or difficult of decomposition; not resolvable into its constituents or elements.</def></p> <p><hw>In*de`com*pos"a*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Incapableness of decomposition; stability; permanence; durability.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*co"rous</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indecorous</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Decorous</u>.] <def>Not decorous; violating good manners; contrary to good breeding or etiquette; unbecoming; improper; out of place; as, <i>indecorous</i> conduct.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It was useless and <i>indecorous</i> to attempt anything more by mere struggle.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unbecoming; unseemly; unbefitting; rude; coarse; impolite; uncivil; ill-bred.</p> <p><hw>In`de*co"rous*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indecorous manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*co"rous*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being indecorous; want of decorum.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*co"rum</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>decorum</i>: cf. L. <i>indecorous</i> unbecoming.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of decorum; impropriety of behavior; that in behavior or manners which violates the established rules of civility, custom, or etiquette; indecorousness.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>An indecorous or unbecoming action.</def> <i>Young.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- <i>Indecorum</i> is sometimes synonymous with <i>indecency</i>; but <i>indecency</i>, more frequently than <i>indecorum</i>, is applied to words or actions which refer to what nature and propriety require to be concealed or suppressed. <i>Indecency</i> is the stronger word; <i>indecorum</i> refers to any transgression of etiquette or civility, especially in public.</p> <p><hw>In*deed"</hw> (?), <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Prep. <i>in + deed</i>.] <def>In reality; in truth; in fact; verily; truly; -- used in a variety of senses. Esp.: <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> Denoting emphasis; as, <i>indeed</i> it is so. <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> Denoting concession or admission; as, <i>indeed</i>, you are right. <sd><i>(c)</i></sd> Denoting surprise; as, <i>indeed</i>, is it you? Its meaning is not intrinsic or fixed, but depends largely on the form of expression which it accompanies.</def></p> <p><! p. 750 !></p> <p><blockquote>The carnal mind is enmity against God; for it is not

subject to the law of God, neither <i>indeed</i> can be.</blockquote> <i>Rom. viii. 7.</i></p> <p><blockquote>I were a beast <i>indeed</i> to do you wrong.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><blockquote>There is, <i>indeed</i>, no great pleasure in visiting these magazines of war.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fat`i*ga*bil"i*ty</hw> (&ibreve;n`d&esl;*f&abreve;t`&ibreve;*g&adot;*b&ibreve;l"&ibreve;*t&y breve;), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state of being indefatigable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*fat"i*ga*ble</hw> (&ibreve;n`d&esl;*f&abreve;t"&ibreve;*g&adot;*b'l), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indefatigabilis</i>: cf. OF. <i>indefatigable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Defatigable</u>, and cf. <u>Infatigable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being fatigued; not readily exhausted; unremitting in labor or effort; untiring; unwearying; not yielding to fatigue; as, <i>indefatigable</i> exertions, perseverance, application.</def> "A constant, <i>indefatigable</i> attendance." <i>South.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Upborne with <i>indefatigable</i> wings.</blockquote> <i>Milton.</i></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Unwearied; untiring; persevering; persistent.</p> <p><hw>In`de*fat"i*ga*ble*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indefatigable quality; unweariedness; persistency.</def> <i>Parnell.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fat"i*ga*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>Without weariness; without yielding to fatigue; persistently.</def> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fat`i*ga"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indefatigableness; unweariedness.</def> [Obs.] <i>J. Gregory.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fea`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being indefeasible.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*fea`si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>defeasible</i>: cf. OF. <i>indefaisable</i>.] <def>Not to be defeated; not defeasible; incapable of being annulled or made void; as, an <i>indefeasible</i> or title.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That the king had a divine and an <i>indefeasible</i> right to the regal power.</blockquote> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fect`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;fectibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being indefectible.</def> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fect"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>defectible</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;fectible</i>.]

<def>Not defectible; unfailing; not liable to defect, failure, or decay.</def></p> <p><blockquote>An <i>indefectible</i> treasure in the heavens.</blockquote> <i>Barrow.</i></p> <p><blockquote>A state of <i>indefectible</i> virtue and happiness.</blockquote> <i>S. Clarke.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fect"ive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not defective; perfect; complete.</def> "Absolute, <i>indefective</i> obedience." <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fei"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Indefeasible.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`de*fen`si*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality or state of not being defensible.</def> <i>Walsh.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fen"si*ble</hw> (?), [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>defensible</i>: cf. OF. <i>indefensible</i>, <i>indefensable</i>.] <def>Not defensible; not capable of being defended, maintained, vindicated, or justified; unjustifiable; untenable; as, an <i>indefensible</i> fortress, position, cause, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Men find that something can be said in favor of what, on the very proposal, they thought utterly <i>indefensible</i>.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fen"si*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indefensible manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*fen"sive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Defenseless.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>The sword awes the <i>indefensive</i> villager.</blockquote> <i>Sir T. Herbert.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fi"cien*cy</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The state or quality of not being deficient.</def> [Obs.] <i>Strype.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fi"cient</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeficiens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deficient</u>.] <def>Not deficient; full.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><blockquote>Brighter than the sun, and <i>indeficient</i> as the light of heaven.</blockquote> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fin"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being defined or described; inexplicable.</def> <i>Bp. Reynolds.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*fin"a*bly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indefinable manner.</def></p> <p><hw>In*def"i*nite</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indefinitus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Definite</u>.]</p>

<p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not definite; not limited, defined, or specified; not explicit; not determined or fixed upon; not precise; uncertain; vague; confused; obscure; as, an <i>indefinite</i> time, plan, etc.</def></p> <p><blockquote>It were to be wished that . . . men would leave off that <i>indefinite</i> way of vouching, "the chymists say this," or "the chymists affirm that."</blockquote> <i>Boyle.</i></p> <p><blockquote>The time of this last is left <i>indefinite</i>.</blockquote> <i>Dryden.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having no determined or certain limits; large and unmeasured, though not infinite; unlimited; as, <i>indefinite</i> space; the <i>indefinite</i> extension of a straight line.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Though it is not infinite, it may be <i>indefinite</i>; though it is not boundless in itself, it may be so to human comprehension.</blockquote> <i>Spectator.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Boundless; infinite.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote><i>Indefinite</i> and omnipresent God,<BR> Inhabiting eternity.</blockquote> <i>W. Thompson (1745).</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Too numerous or variable to make a particular enumeration important; -- said of the parts of a flower, and the like. Also, indeterminate.</def></p> <p><col><b>Indefinite article</b></col> <i>(Gram.)</i>, <cd>the word <i>a</i> or <i>an</i>, used with nouns to denote any one of a common or general class.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite inflorescence</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <cd>See <i>Indeterminate inflorescence</i>, under <u>Indeterminate</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite proposition</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a statement whose subject is a common term, with nothing to indicate distribution or nondistribution; as, <i>Man is mortal</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indefinite term</b></col> <i>(Logic)</i>, <cd>a negative term; as, <i>the notgood</i>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Inexplicit; vague; uncertain; unsettled; indeterminate; loose; equivocal; inexact; approximate.</p> <p><hw>In*def"i*nite*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an indefinite manner or degree; without any settled limitation; vaguely; not with certainty or exactness; as, to use a word <i>indefinitely</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>If the world be <i>indefinitely</i> extended, that is, so far as no human intellect can fancy any bound of it.</blockquote> <i>Ray.</i></p> <p><hw>In*def"i*nite*ness</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being indefinite.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*fin"i*tude</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indefiniteness; vagueness; also, number or quantity not limited

by our understanding, though yet finite.</def> [Obs.] Hale.</i></p>

<i>Sir M.

<p><hw>In`de*his"cence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;hiscence</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>The property or state of being indehiscent.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*his"cent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>dehiscent</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;hiscent</i>.] <i>(Bot.)</i> <def>Remaining closed at maturity, or not opening along regular lines, as the acorn, or a cocoanut.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*lec"ta*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not delectable; unpleasant; disagreeable.</def> [R.] <i>Richardson.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*lib"er*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeliberatus</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deliberate</u>.] <def>Done without deliberation; unpremeditated.</def> [Obs.] -<wf>In`de*lib"er*ate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In`de*lib"er*a`ted</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Indeliberate.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*del`i*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;l&eacute;bilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being indelible.</def> <i>Bp. Horsley.</i></p> <p><hw>In*del"i*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indelebilis</i>; pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>delebilis</i> capable of being destroyed: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;l&eacute;bile</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deleble</u>.] [Formerly written also <i>indeleble</i>, which accords with the etymology of the word.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That can not be removed, washed away, blotted out, or effaced; incapable of being canceled, lost, or forgotten; as, <i>indelible</i> characters; an <i>indelible</i> stain; an <i>indelible</i> impression on the memory.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That can not be annulled; indestructible.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>They are endued with <i>indelible</i> power from above.</blockquote> <i>Sprat.</i></p> <p><col><b>Indelible colors</b></col>, <cd>fast colors which do not fade or tarnish by exposure.</cd> -- <col><b>Indelible ink</b></col>, <cd>an ink not obliterated by washing; esp., a solution of silver nitrate.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Fixed; fast; permanent; ineffaceable.</p> <p>-- <wf>In*del"i*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -<wf>In*del"i*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><blockquote><i>Indelibly</i> stamped and impressed.</blockquote> <i>J. Ellis.</i></p>

<p><hw>In*del"i*ca*cy</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Indelicacies</b></plw> (#). [From <u>Indelicate</u>.] <def>The quality of being indelicate; want of delicacy, or of a nice sense of, or regard for, purity, propriety, or refinement in manners, language, etc.; rudeness; coarseness; also, that which is offensive to refined taste or purity of mind.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The <i>indelicacy</i> of English comedy.</blockquote> <i>Blair.</i></p> <p><blockquote>Your papers would be chargeable with worse than <i>indelicacy</i>; they would be immoral.</blockquote> <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In*del"i*cate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>delicate</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;licat</i>.] <def>Not delicate; wanting delicacy; offensive to good manners, or to purity of mind; coarse; rude; as, an <i>indelicate</i> word or suggestion; <i>indelicate</i> behavior.</def> <i>Macaulay.</i> -<wf>In*del"i*cate*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Indecorous; unbecoming; unseemly; rude; coarse; broad; impolite; gross; indecent; offensive; improper; unchaste; impure; unrefined.</p> <p><hw>In*dem`ni*fi*ca"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act or process of indemnifying, preserving, or securing against loss, damage, or penalty; reimbursement of loss, damage, or penalty; the state of being indemnified.</def></p> <p><blockquote><i>Indemnification</i> is capable of some estimate; dignity has no standard.</blockquote> <i>Burke.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which indemnifies.</def></p> <p><blockquote>No reward with the name of an <i>indemnification</i>.</blockquote> <i>De Quincey.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dem"ni*fy</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indemnified</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indemnifying</u> (?).] [L. <i>indemnis</i> unhurt (<i>in-</i> not + <i>damnum</i> hurt, damage) + <i>-fy</i>. Cf. <u>Damn</u>, <u>Damnify</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To save harmless; to secure against loss or damage; to insure.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The states must at last engage to the merchants here that they will <i>indemnify</i> them from all that shall fall out.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Temple.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To make restitution or compensation for, as for that which is lost; to make whole; to reimburse; to compensate.</def> <i>Beattie.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dem"ni*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Indemnities</b></plw> (#). [L. <i>indemnitas</i>, fr.

<i>indemnis</i> uninjured: cf. F. <i>indemnit&eacute;</i>. See <u>Indemnify</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Security; insurance; exemption from loss or damage, past or to come; immunity from penalty, or the punishment of past offenses; amnesty.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Having first obtained a promise of <i>indemnity</i> for the riot they had committed.</blockquote> <i>Sir W. Scott.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Indemnification, compensation, or remuneration for loss, damage, or injury sustained.</def></p> <p><blockquote>They were told to expect, upon the fall of Walpole, a large and lucrative <i>indemnity</i> for their pretended wrongs.</blockquote> <i>Ld. Mahon.</i></p> <p>&fist; Insurance is a contract of <i>indemnity</i>. <i>Arnould.</i> The owner of private property taken for public use is entitled to compensation or <i>indemnity</i>. <i>Kent.</i></p> <p><col><b>Act of indemnity</b></col> <i>(Law)</i>, <cd>an act or law passed in order to relieve persons, especially in an official station, from some penalty to which they are liable in consequence of acting illegally, or, in case of ministers, in consequence of exceeding the limits of their strict constitutional powers. These acts also sometimes provide compensation for losses or damage, either incurred in the service of the government, or resulting from some public measure.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`de*mon`stra*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The quality of being indemonstrable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*mon"stra*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indemonstrabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Demonstrable</u>.] <def>Incapable of being demonstrated.</def> -<wf>In`de*mon"stra*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*den`i*za"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>The act of naturalizing; endenization.</def> [R.] <i>Evelyn.</i></p> <p><hw>In*den"ize</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To naturalize.</def> [R.]</p> <p><hw>In*den"i*zen</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indenizened</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indenizening</u>.] <def>To invest with the privileges of a denizen; to naturalize.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Words <i>indenizened</i>, and commonly used as English.</blockquote> <i>B. Jonson.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dent"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indented</u>; <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indenting</u>.] [OE. <i>endenten</i> to notch, fit in, OF. <i>endenter</i>, LL. <i>indentare</i>, fr. L. <i>in + dens</i>, <i>dentis</i>, tooth. See <u>Tooth</u>, and cf.

<u>Indenture</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To notch; to jag; to cut into points like a row of teeth; as, to <i>indent</i> the edge of paper.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To dent; to stamp or to press in; to impress; as, <i>indent</i> a smooth surface with a hammer; to <i>indent</i> wax with a stamp.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> [Cf. <u>Indenture</u>.] <def>To bind out by indenture or contract; to indenture; to apprentice; as, to <i>indent</i> a young man to a shoemaker; to <i>indent</i> a servant.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>To begin (a line or lines) at a greater or less distance from the margin; as, to <i>indent</i> the first line of a paragraph one em; to <i>indent</i> the second paragraph two ems more than the first. See <u>Indentation</u>, and <u>Indention</u>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>To make an order upon; to draw upon, as for military stores.</def> [India] <i>Wilhelm.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dent"</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To be cut, notched, or dented.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To crook or turn; to wind in and out; to zigzag.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>To contract; to bargain or covenant.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><blockquote>To <i>indent</i> and drive bargains with the Almighty.</blockquote> <i>South.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dent"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A cut or notch in the margin of anything, or a recess like a notch.</def> <i>Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A stamp; an impression.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A certificate, or intended certificate, issued by the government of the United States at the close of the Revolution, for the principal or interest of the public debt.</def> <i>D. Ramsay. A. Hamilton.</i></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Mil.)</i> <def>A requisition or order for supplies, sent to the commissariat of an army.</def> [India] <i>Wilhelm.</i></p> <p><hw>In`den*ta"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of indenting or state of being indented.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>A notch or recess, in the margin or border of anything; as, the <i>indentations</i> of a leaf, of the coast, etc.</def></p>

<p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A recess or sharp depression in any surface.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <i>(Print.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <def>The act of beginning a line or series of lines at a little distance within the flush line of the column or page, as in the common way of beginning the first line of a paragraph.</def> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <def>The measure of the distance; as, an <i>indentation</i> of one em, or of two ems.</def></p> <p><col><b>Hanging</b></col>, or <col><b>Reverse</b></col>, <col><b>indentation</b></col>, <cd>indentation of all the lines of a paragraph except the first, which is a full line.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*dent"ed</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Cut in the edge into points or inequalities, like teeth; jagged; notched; stamped in; dented on the surface.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Having an uneven, irregular border; sinuous; undulating.</def> <i>Milton. Shak.</i></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <i>(Her.)</i> <def>Notched like the part of a saw consisting of the teeth; serrated; as, an <i>indented</i> border or ordinary.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Bound out by an indenture; apprenticed; indentured; as, an <i>indented</i> servant.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i> <def>Notched along the margin with a different color, as the feathers of some birds.</def></p> <p><col><b>Indented line</b></col> <i>(Fort.)</i>, <cd>a line with alternate long and short faces, with salient and receding angles, each face giving a flanking fire along the front of the next.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*dent"ed*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>With indentations.</def></p> <p><hw>In*dent"ing</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indentation; an impression like that made by a tooth.</def></p> <p><hw>In*den"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Print.)</i> <def>Same as <u>Indentation</u>, 4.</def></p> <p><hw>In*dent"ment</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Indenture.</def> [Obs.]</p> <p><hw>In*den"ture</hw> (?; 135), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [OE. <i>endenture</i>, OF. <i>endenture</i>, LL. <i>indentura</i> a deed in duplicate, with indented edges. See the Note below. See <u>Indent</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The act of indenting, or state of being indented.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Law)</i> <def>A mutual agreement in writing

between two or more parties, whereof each party has usually a counterpart or duplicate; sometimes in the <i>pl.</i>, a short form for <i>indentures of apprenticeship</i>, the contract by which a youth is bound apprentice to a master.</def></p> <p><blockquote>The law is the best expositor of the gospel; they are like a pair of <i>indentures</i>: they answer in every part.</blockquote> <i>C. Leslie.</i></p> <p>&fist; Indentures were originally duplicates, laid together and indented by a notched cut or line, or else written on the same piece of parchment and separated by a notched line so that the two papers or parchments corresponded to each other. But indenting has gradually become a mere form, and is often neglected, while the writings or counterparts retain the name of <i>indentures</i>.</p> <p><hw>In*den"ture</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indentured</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indenturing</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>To indent; to make hollows, notches, or wrinkles in; to furrow.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Though age may creep on, and <i>indenture</i> the brow.</blockquote> <i>Woty.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>To bind by indentures or written contract; as, to <i>indenture</i> an apprentice.</def></p> <p><hw>In*den"ture</hw>, <pos><i>v. i.</i></pos> <def>To run or wind in and out; to be cut or notched; to indent.</def> <i>Heywood.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*pend"ence</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;pendance</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>The state or quality of being independent; freedom from dependence; exemption from reliance on, or control by, others; self-subsistence or maintenance; direction of one's own affairs without interference.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Let fortune do her worst, . . . as long as she never makes us lose our honesty and our <i>independence</i>.</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Sufficient means for a comfortable livelihood.</def></p> <p><col><b>Declaration of Independence</b></col> <i>(Amer. Hist.)</i>, <cd>the declaration of the Congress of the Thirteen United States of America, on the 4th of July, 1776, by which they formally declared that these colonies were free and independent States, not subject to the government of Great Britain.</cd></p> <p><hw>In`de*pend"en*cy</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Independence.</def></p> <p><blockquote>"Give me," I cried (enough for me),<BR>

"My bread, and <i>independency</i>!"</blockquote> <i>Pope.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Doctrine and polity of the Independents.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>dependent</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;pendant</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Not dependent; free; not subject to control by others; not relying on others; not subordinate; as, few men are wholly <i>independent</i>.</def></p> <p><blockquote>A dry, but <i>independent</i> crust.</blockquote> <i>Cowper.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Affording a comfortable livelihood; as, an <i>independent</i> property.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Not subject to bias or influence; not obsequious; self-directing; as, a man of an <i>independent</i> mind.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>Expressing or indicating the feeling of independence; free; easy; bold; unconstrained; as, an <i>independent</i> air or manner.</def></p> <p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <def>Separate from; exclusive; irrespective.</def></p> <p><blockquote>That obligation in general, under which we conceive ourselves bound to obey a law, <i>independent</i> of those resources which the law provides for its own enforcement.</blockquote> <i>R. P. Ward.</i></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>Belonging or pertaining to, or holding to the doctrines or methods of, the Independents.</def></p> <p><sn><b>7.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>Not dependent upon another quantity in respect to value or rate of variation; -- said of quantities or functions.</def></p> <p><sn><b>8.</b></sn> <i>(U. S. Politics)</i> <def>Not bound by party; exercising a free choice in voting with either or any party.</def></p> <p><col><b>Independent company</b></col> <i>(Mil.)</i>, <cd>one not incorporated in any regiment.</cd> -- <col><b>Independent seconds watch</b></col>, <cd>a stop watch having a second hand driven by a separate set of wheels, springs, etc., for timing to a fraction of a second.</cd> -- <col><b>Independent variable</b></col>. <i>(Math.)</i> <cd>See <i>Dependent variable</i>, under <u>Dependent</u>.</cd></p> <p><b>Syn.</b> -- Free; uncontrolled; separate; uncoerced; selfreliant; bold; unconstrained; unrestricted.</p> <p><! p. 751 !></p>

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <i>(Eccl.)</i> <def>One who believes that an organized Christian church is complete in itself, competent to selfgovernment, and independent of all ecclesiastical authority.</def></p> <p>&fist; In England the name is often applied (commonly in the <i>pl.</i>) to the Congregationalists.</p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <i>(Politics)</i> <def>One who does not acknowledge an obligation to support a party's candidate under all circumstances; one who exercises liberty in voting.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*pend"ent*ism</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Independency; the church system of Independents.</def> Gauden.</i></p> <i>Bp.

<p><hw>In`de*pend"ent*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In an independent manner; without control.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*pos"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being deposed.</def> [R.]</p> <p><blockquote>Princes <i>indeposable</i> by the pope.</blockquote> <i>Bp. Stillingfleet.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dep"ra*vate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indepravatus</i>.] <def>Undepraved.</def> [R.] <i>Davies (Holy Roode).</i></p> <p><hw>In*dep"re*ca*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeprecabilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deprecate</u>.] <def>Incapable or undeserving of being deprecated.</def> <i>Cockeram.</i></p> <p><hw>In*dep`re*hen"si*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeprehensibilis</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Deprehensible</u>.] <def>Incapable of being found out.</def> <i>Bp. Morton.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*priv"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being deprived, or of being taken away.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*scrib"a*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Incapable of being described.</def> -- <wf>In`de*scrib"a*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`de*scrip"tive</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Not descriptive.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*sert"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>Ill desert.</def> [R.] <i>Addison.</i></p> <p><hw>In*des"i*nent</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indesinens</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and <u>Desinent</u>.] <def>Not ceasing; perpetual.</def> [Obs.] <i>Baxter.</i> -<wf>In*des"i*nent*ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> [Obs.]

<i>Ray.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*sir"a*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Undesirable.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*struc`ti*bil"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Cf. F. <i>indestructibilit&eacute;</i>.] <def>The quality of being indestructible.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*struc"ti*ble</hw>, <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>destructible</i>: cf. F. <i>indestructible</i>.] <def>Not destructible; incapable of decomposition or of being destroyed.</def> -- <wf>In`de*struc"ti*ble*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> -- <wf>In`de*struc"ti*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*na*ble</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeterminabilis</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;terminable</i>. See <u>In-</u> not, and Determine.] <def>Not determinable; impossible to be determined; not to be definitely known, ascertained, defined, or limited.</def> -- <wf>In`de*ter"mi*na*bly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*na*ble</hw>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>An indeterminable thing or quantity.</def> <i>Sir T. Browne.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*ter"mi*nate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indeterminatus</i>.] <def>Not determinate; not certain or fixed; indefinite; not precise; as, an <i>indeterminate</i> number of years.</def> <i>Paley.</i></p> <p><col><b>Indeterminate analysis</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>that branch of analysis which has for its object the solution of indeterminate problems.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate coefficients</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>coefficients arbitrarily assumed for convenience of calculation, or to facilitate some artifice of analysis. Their values are subsequently determined.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate equation</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>an equation in which the unknown quantities admit of an infinite number of values, or sets of values. A group of equations is <i>indeterminate</i> when it contains more unknown quantities than there are equations.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate inflorescence</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a mode of inflorescence in which the flowers all arise from axillary buds, the terminal bud going on to grow and sometimes continuing the stem indefinitely; -called also <i>acropetal, botryose, centripetal, &and; indefinite inflorescence</i>.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indeterminate problem</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a problem which admits of an infinite number of solutions, or one in which there are fewer imposed conditions than there are unknown or required results.</cd> -<col><b>Indeterminate quantity</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a quantity which has no fixed value, but which may be varied in accordance with any proposed condition.</cd> -- <col><b>Indeterminate series</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>a series whose terms proceed by the powers of an indeterminate quantity, sometimes also with indeterminate exponents, or indeterminate coefficients.</cd></p> <p>-- <wf>In`de*ter"mi*nate*ly</wf> <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> --

<wf>In`de*ter"mi*nate*ness</wf>, <pos><i>n.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In`de*ter`mi*na"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>determination</i>: cf. <i>ind&eacute;termination</i>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Want of determination; an unsettled or wavering state, as of the mind.</def> <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Want of fixed or stated direction.</def> <i>Abp. Bramhall.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*ter"mined</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Undetermined.</def></p> <p><hw>In`de*vir"gin*ate</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [See <u>In</u> not, <u>Devirginate</u>.] <def>Not devirginate.</def> [Obs.] <i>Chapman.</i></p> <p><hw>In*de*vote"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [L. <i>indevotus</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;vot</i>. Cf. <u>Indevout</u>.] <def>Not devoted.</def> [Obs.] <i>Bentley. Clarendon.</i></p> <p><hw>In`de*vo"tion</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [L. <i>indevotio</i>: cf. F. <i>ind&eacute;votion</i>.] <def>Want of devotion; impiety; irreligion.</def> "An age of <i>indevotion</i>." <i>Jer. Taylor.</i></p> <p><hw>In*de*vout"</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in-</i> not + <i>devout</i>. Cf. <u>Indevote</u>.] <def>Not devout.</def> -<wf>In*de*vout"ly</wf>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos></p> <p><hw>In*dew"</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To indue.</def> [Obs.] <i>Spenser.</i></p> <p><hw>In"dex</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> E. <plw><b>Indexes</b></plw> (#), L. <plw><b>Indices</b></plw> (#)(&?;). [L.: cf. F. <i>index</i>. See <u>Indicate</u>, <u>Diction</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>That which points out; that which shows, indicates, manifests, or discloses.</def></p> <p><blockquote>Tastes are the <i>indexes</i> of the different qualities of plants.</blockquote> <i>Arbuthnot.</i></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>That which guides, points out, informs, or directs; a pointer or a hand that directs to anything, as the hand of a watch, a movable finger on a gauge, scale, or other graduated instrument. In printing, a sign [&fist;] used to direct particular attention to a note or paragraph; -- called also <i>fist</i>.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>A table for facilitating reference to topics, names, and the like, in a book; -- usually alphabetical in arrangement, and printed at the end of the volume.</def></p> <p><sn><b>4.</b></sn> <def>A prologue indicating what follows.</def>

[Obs.]

<i>Shak.</i></p>

<p><sn><b>5.</b></sn> <i>(Anat.)</i> <def>The second digit, that next to the pollex, in the manus, or hand; the forefinger; index finger.</def></p> <p><sn><b>6.</b></sn> <i>(Math.)</i> <def>The figure or letter which shows the power or root of a quantity; the exponent.</def> [In this sense the plural is always <plw><b>indices</b></plw>.]</p> <p><col><b>Index error</b></col>, <cd>the error in the reading of a mathematical instrument arising from the zero of the index not being in complete adjustment with that of the limb, or with its theoretically perfect position in the instrument; a correction to be applied to the instrument readings equal to the error of the zero adjustment.</cd> -- <col><b>Index expurgatorius</b></col>. [L.] <cd>See <i>Index prohibitorius</i> (below).</cd> -- <col><b>Index finger</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Index</u>, 5.</cd> -- <col><b>Index glass</b></col>, <cd>the mirror on the index of a quadrant, sextant, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Index hand</b></col>, <cd>the pointer or hand of a clock, watch, or other registering machine; a hand that points to something.</cd> -- <col><b>Index of a logarithm</b></col> <i>(Math.)</i>, <cd>the integral part of the logarithm, and always one less than the number of integral figures in the given number. It is also called the <i>characteristic</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>Index of refraction</b></col>, or <col><b>Refractive index</b></col> <i>(Opt.)</i>, <cd>the number which expresses the ratio of the sine of the angle of incidence to the sine of the angle of refraction. Thus the <i>index of refraction</i> for sulphur is 2, because, when light passes out of air into sulphur, the sine of the angle of incidence is double the sine of the angle of refraction.</cd> -<col><b>Index plate</b></col>, <cd>a graduated circular plate, or one with circular rows of holes differently spaced; used in machines for graduating circles, cutting gear teeth, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>Index prohibitorius</b></col> [L.], or <col><b>Prohibitory index</b></col> <i>(R. C. Ch.)</i>, <cd>a catalogue of books which are forbidden by the church to be read; the <i>index expurgatorius</i> [L.], or <i>expurgatory index</i>, is a catalogue of books from which passages marked as against faith or morals must be removed before Catholics can read them. These catalogues are published with additions, from time to time, by the Congregation of the Index, composed of cardinals, theologians, etc., under the sanction of the pope.</cd> <i>Hook.</i> -- <col><b>Index rerum</b></col> [L.], <cd>a tabulated and alphabetized notebook, for systematic preservation of items, quotations, etc.</cd></p> <p><hw>In"dex</hw> (?), <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> [<pos><i>imp. & p. p.</i></pos> <u>Indexed</u> (?); <pos><i>p. pr. & vb. n.</i></pos> <u>Indexing</u>.] <def>To provide with an index or table of references; to put into an index; as, to <i>index</i> a book, or its contents.</def></p> <p><hw>In"dex*er</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <def>One who makes an index.</def></p> <p><hw>In*dex"ic*al</hw> (?), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> <def>Of, pertaining to, or like, an index; having the form of an index.</def></p>

<p><hw>In*dex"ic*al*ly</hw>, <pos><i>adv.</i></pos> <def>In the manner of an index.</def></p> <p><hw>In`dex*ter"i*ty</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [Pref. <i>in</i> not + <i>dexterity</i>: cf. F. <i>indext&eacute;rit&eacute;</i>.] <def>Want of dexterity or readiness, especially in the use of the hands; clumsiness; awkwardness.</def> <i>Harvey.</i></p> <p><hw>In"di*a</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> [See <u>Indian</u>.] <def>A country in Southern Asia; the two peninsulas of Hither and Farther India; in a restricted sense, Hither India, or Hindostan.</def></p> <p><col><b>India ink</b></col>, <cd>a nearly black pigment brought chiefly from China, used for water colors. It is in rolls, or in square, and consists of lampblack or ivory black and animal glue. Called also <i>China ink</i>. The true India ink is sepia. See <u>Sepia</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>India matting</b></col>, <cd>floor matting made in China, India, etc., from grass and reeds; -- also called <i>Canton, or China, matting</i>.</cd> -- <col><b>India paper</b></col>, <cd>a variety of Chinese paper, of smooth but not glossy surface, used for printing from engravings, woodcuts, etc.</cd> -- <col><b>India proof</b></col> <i>(Engraving)</i>, <cd>a proof impression from an engraved plate, taken on India paper.</cd> - <col><b>India rubber</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Caoutchouc</u>.</cd> -<col><b>India-rubber tree</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>any tree yielding caoutchouc, but especially the East Indian <i>Ficus elastica</i>, often cultivated for its large, shining, elliptical leaves.</cd></p> <p><hw>In*di"a*dem</hw>, <pos><i>v. t.</i></pos> <def>To place or set in a diadem, as a gem or gems.</def></p> <p><hw>In"di*a*man</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos>; <i>pl.</i> <plw><b>Indiamen</b></plw> (&?;). <def>A large vessel in the India trade.</def> <i>Macaulay.</i></p> <p><hw>In"di*an</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>a.</i></pos> [From <i>India</i>, and this fr. <i>Indus</i>, the name of a river in Asia, L. <i>Indus</i>, Gr. &?;, OPers. <i>Hindu</i>, name of the land on the Indus, Skr. <i>sindhu</i> river, the Indus. Cf. <u>Hindoo</u>.]</p> <p><sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to India proper; also to the East Indies, or, sometimes, to the West Indies.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>Of or pertaining to the aborigines, or Indians, of America; as, <i>Indian</i> wars; the <i>Indian</i> tomahawk.</def></p> <p><sn><b>3.</b></sn> <def>Made of maize or Indian corn; as, <i>Indian</i> corn, <i>Indian</i> meal, <i>Indian</i> bread, and the like.</def> [U.S.]</p> <p><col><b>Indian</b></col> bay <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a lauraceous tree (<i>Persea Indica</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Indian bean</b></col>

<i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a name of the catalpa.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian berry</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <cd>Same as <u>Cocculus indicus</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian bread</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <cd>Same as <u>Cassava</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian club</b></col>, <cd>a wooden club, which is swung by the hand for gymnastic exercise.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian cordage</b></col>, <cd>cordage made of the fibers of cocoanut husk.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian corn</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Zea</i> (<i>Z. Mays</i>); the maize, a native of America. See <u>Corn</u>, and <u>Maize</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian cress</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>nasturtium. See <u>Nasturtium</u>, 2.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian cucumber</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Medeola</i> (<i>M. Virginica</i>), a common in woods in the United States. The white rootstock has a taste like cucumbers.</cd> -<col><b>Indian currant</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Symphoricarpus</i> (<i>S. vulgaris</i>), bearing small red berries.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian dye</b></col>, <cd>the puccoon.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian fig</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The banyan. See <u>Banyan</u>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The prickly pear.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian file</b></col>, <cd>single file; arrangement of persons in a row following one after another, the usual way among Indians of traversing woods, especially when on the war path.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian fire</b></col>, <cd>a pyrotechnic composition of sulphur, niter, and realgar, burning with a brilliant white light.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian grass</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a coarse, high grass (<i>Chrysopogon nutans</i>), common in the southern portions of the United States; wood grass.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indian hemp</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A plant of the genus <i>Apocynum</i> (<i>A. cannabinum</i>), having a milky juice, and a tough, fibrous bark, whence the name. The root it used in medicine and is both emetic and cathartic in properties.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The variety of common hemp (<i>Cannabis Indica</i>), from which hasheesh is obtained.</cd> -<col><b>Indian mallow</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>the velvet leaf (<i>Abutilon Avicenn&aelig;</i>). See <u>Abutilon</u>.</cd> -<col><b>Indian meal</b></col>, <cd>ground corn or maize.</cd> [U.S.] -- <col><b>Indian millet</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a tall annual grass (<i>Sorghum vulgare</i>), having many varieties, among which are broom corn, Guinea corn, durra, and the Chinese sugar cane. It is called also <i>Guinea corn</i>. See <u>Durra</u>.</cd> -<col><b>Indian ox</b></col> <i>(Zo&ouml;l.)</i>, <cd>the zebu.</cd> - <col><b>Indian paint</b></col>. <cd>See <u>Bloodroot</u>.</cd> -<col><b>Indian paper</b></col>. <cd>See <i>India paper</i>, under <u>India</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian physic</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of two species of the genus <i>Gillenia</i> (<i>G. trifoliata</i>, and <i>G. stipulacea</i>), common in the United States, the roots of which are used in medicine as a mild emetic; -called also <i>American ipecac</i>, and <i>bowman's root</i>.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indian pink</b></col>. <i>(Bot.)</i> <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>The Cypress vine (<i>Ipom&oelig;a Quamoclit</i>); -- so called in the West Indies.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See <i>China pink</i>, under <u>China</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian pipe</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a low, fleshy herb (<i>Monotropa uniflora</i>), growing in clusters in dark woods, and having scalelike leaves, and a solitary nodding flower. The whole plant is waxy white, but turns black in drying.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian plantain</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a name given to several species of the genus <i>Cacalia</i>, tall

herbs with composite white flowers, common through the United States in rich woods.</cd> <i>Gray.</i> -- <col><b>Indian poke</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant usually known as the <i>white hellebore</i> (<i>Veratrum viride</i>).</cd> -- <col><b>Indian pudding</b></col>, <cd>a pudding of which the chief ingredients are Indian meal, milk, and molasses.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian purple</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A dull purple color.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>The pigment of the same name, intensely blue and black.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian red</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>A purplish red earth or pigment composed of a silicate of iron and alumina, with magnesia. It comes from the Persian Gulf. Called also <i>Persian red</i>.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See <u>Almagra</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian rice</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a reedlike water grass. See <u>Rice</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian shot</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a plant of the genus <i>Canna</i> (<i>C. Indica</i>). The hard black seeds are as large as swan shot. See <u>Canna</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian summer</b></col>, <cd>in the United States, a period of warm and pleasant weather occurring late in autumn. See under <u>Summer</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian tobacco</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>a species of <i>Lobelia</i>. See <u>Lobelia</u>.</cd> -- <col><b>Indian turnip</b></col> <i>(Bot.)</i>, <cd>an American plant of the genus <i>Aris&aelig;ma</i>. <i>A. triphyllum</i> has a wrinkled farinaceous root resembling a small turnip, but with a very acrid juice. See <u>Jack in the Pulpit</u>, and <u>Wake-robin</u>.</cd> -<col><b>Indian wheat</b></col>, <cd>maize or Indian corn.</cd> -<col><b>Indian yellow</b></col>. <sd><i>(a)</i></sd> <cd>An intense rich yellow color, deeper than gamboge but less pure than cadmium.</cd> <sd><i>(b)</i></sd> <cd>See <u>Euxanthin</u>.</cd></p> <p><hw>In"di*an</hw> (?; 277), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <sn><b>1.</b></sn> <def>A native or inhabitant of India.</def></p> <p><sn><b>2.</b></sn> <def>One of the aboriginal inhabitants of America; -- so called originally from the supposed identity of America with India.</def></p> <p><hw>In`di*an*eer"</hw> (?), <pos><i>n.</i></pos> <i>(Naut.)</i> <def>An