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MATRIX AND DETERMINANTS

1. If a matrix has 28 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What if it
has 13 elements?
2. In the matrix
1
1
1
1
1
]
1


5
2
5 0
3 2
1
2
y x
x a
A , write
!i" #he order of the matrix A
!ii" #he n$mber of elements
!iii" Write elements
12 31 23
, , a a a
3. %onstr$ct 2 2
a
matrix where
!i"
( )
2
2
2
j i
a
ij

!ii"
j i a
ij
3 2 +
&. %onstr$ct a !3 2" matrix whose elements are 'iven b(
jx e a
x i
ij
sin
.

.
5. )ind the val$es of a and b if B A , where
1
]
1

* 8
3 & b a
A
,
1
1
]
1

+ +

b b
b a
B
5 8
2 2 2
2
2
*. If possible, find the s$m of the matrices A and B, where
1
]
1

3 2
1 3
A
, and
1
]
1

* b a
z y x
B
.
+. If
1
]
1

3 2 5
1 1 3
X
and
1
]
1

& 2 +
1 1 2
Y
, find
!i" Y X + !ii" Y X 3 2
!iii" , matrix Z s$ch that Z Y X + + is a -ero matrix.
8. )ind non.-ero val$es of x satisf(in' the matrix e/$ation
( )
( )
1
]
1

1
]
1

+
1
]
1

x
x
x
x
x
x
x
* 10
2& 8
2
& &
5 8
2
3
2 2
2
.
0. If
1
]
1

1 1
1 0
A
and
1
]
1

0 1
1 0
B
, show that ( ) ( )
2 2
B A B A B A + .
10. )ind the val$e of x if
[ ] O
x
x
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1

2
1
2 3 15
1 5 2
2 3 1
1 1
.
11. 1how that
1
]
1

2 1
3 5
A
satisfies the e/$ation O I A A + 3
2
and hence find
1
A
.
12. )ind the matrix , satisf(in' the matrix e/$ation
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

1 0
0 1
3 5
2 3
2 3
1 2
A
.
13. )ind A, if
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1

3 * 3
1 2 1
& 8 &
3
1
&
A
.
1&. If
1
1
1
]
1

0 2
1 1
& 3
A
and
1
]
1

& 2 1
2 1 2
B
, then verif( ( )
2 2 2
A B BA .
15. If possible, find BA and AB, where
1
1
1
]
1

1
]
1

2 1
3 2
1 &
,
& 2 1
2 1 2
B A
.
1*. 1how b( an example that for
O AB O B O A , ,
.
1+. 2iven
1
]
1

* 0 3
0 & 2
A
and
1
1
1
]
1

3 1
8 2
& 1
B
. Is ( ) A B AB

?
18. 1olve for x and y
0
11
8
5
3
1
2

1
]
1

+
1
]
1

+
1
]
1

y x
.
10. If X and Y are 22 matrices, then solve the followin' matrix e/$ations for X and Y
1
]
1

+
1
]
1

+
5 1
2 2
2 3 ,
0 &
3 2
3 2 Y X Y X
.
20. If
[ ] 5 3 A
,
[ ] 3 + B
, then find a non.-ero matrix C s$ch that BC AC .
21. 2ive an example of matrices A, B and C s$ch that AC AB , where A is non.-ero
matrix, b$t C B .
22. If
1
]
1

1
]
1

& 3
3 2
,
1 2
2 1
B A
and
1
]
1

0 1
0 1
C
, verif(
!i"
( ) ( ) BC A C AB
!ii"
( ) AC AB C B A + +
.
23. If
1
1
1
]
1

z
y
x
P
0 0
0 0
0 0
and
1
1
1
]
1

c
b
a
Q
0 0
0 0
0 0
, prove that
QP
zc
yb
ax
PQ
1
1
1
]
1

0 0
0 0
0 0
.
2&. If
[ ] 3 1 2

A
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1


1
0
1
1 1 0
0 1 1
1 0 1
, find A.
25. If
[ ]
1
]
1


* + 8
& 3 5
, 1 2 B A
and
1
]
1

2 0 1
1 2 1
C
, verif( that
( ) ( ) AC AB C B A + +
.
2*. If
1
1
1
]
1

1 1 0
3 1 2
1 0 1
A
, then verif( that ( ) I A A A A + +
2
, where I is 3 3 $nit matrix.
2+. If
1
]
1

& 3 &
2 1 0
A
and
1
1
1
]
1

* 2
3 1
0 &
B
, then verif( that
!i" ( ) A A

!ii" ( ) A B AB

!iii" ( ) ( ) A k kA

.
28. If
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1

3 +
& *
2 1
,
* 5
1 &
2 1
B A
, then verif( that
!i" ( ) B A B A +

+ 2 2
!ii" ( ) B A B A

.
20. 1how that A A and A A are both s(mmetric matrices for an( matrix A.
30. 3et A and B be s/$are matrices of the order 3 3. Is ( )
2 2 2
B A AB ? 2iven
reasons.
31. 1how that if A and B are s/$are matrices s$ch that BA AB , then
( )
2 2 2
2 B AB A B A + + + .
32. 3et
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

2 1
0 2
,
5 1
0 &
,
3 1
2 1
C B A
and
2 , & b a
. 1how that
!i"
( ) ( ) C B A C B A + + + +
!ii"
( ) C AB BC A " !
!iii"
( ) bB aB B b a + +
!iv"
( ) aA aC A C a
!v" ( ) A A
T
T

!vi" ( )
T T T
A B AB
!vii"
( ) BC AC C B A
!viii" ( )
T T T
B A B A
33. If
1
]
1



cos sin
sin cos
A
, then show that
1
]
1



2 cos 2 sin
2 sin 2 cos
2
A
.
3&. If
1
]
1

1
]
1

0 1
1 0
,
0
0
B
x
x
A
and 1
2
x , then show that ( )
2 2 2
B A B A + + .
35. 4erif( that
I A
2
when
1
1
1
]
1

& 3 3
& 3 &
1 1 0
A
.
3*. 5rove b( 6athematical Ind$ction that ( ) ( )


n n
A A , where
N n
for an( s/$are
matrix A.
3+. )ind inverse, b( elementar( row operations !if possible", of the followin'
matrices
!i"
1
]
1

+ 5
3 1
!ii"
1
]
1

* 2
3 1
.
38. If
1
]
1

1
]
1

+ + * 0
8
*
& w
y x z
xy
, then find val$es of x, y, z and w.
30. If
1
]
1

12 +
5 1
A
and
1
]
1

8 +
1 0
B
, find a matrix C s$ch that C B A 2 5 3 + + is a n$ll matrix.
&0. If
1
]
1

2 &
5 3
A
, then find I A A 1& 5
2
. 7ence, obtain
3
A
.
&1. )ind the val$es of a, b, c and d, if,
1
]
1

+
+
+
1
]
1

1
]
1

3
&
2 1
*
3
d c
b a
d
a
d c
b a
.
&2. )ind the matrix A s$ch that
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1

15 22 0
5 2 1
10 8 1
& 3
0 1
1 2
A
.
&3. If
1
]
1

1 &
2 1
A
, find I A A + 2
2
+ + .
&&. If
1
]
1



cos sin
sin cos
A
, and
A A
1
, find val$e of

.
&5. If the matrix
1
1
1
]
1

0 1
1 2
3 0
c
b
a
is a s8ew s(mmetric matrix, find the val$es of a, b and
c.
&*. If
( )
1
]
1

x x
x x
x P
cos sin
sin cos
, then show that
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x P y P y x P y P x P . . +
.
&+. If A is s/$are matrix s$ch that
A A
2
, show that ( ) I A A I + + +
3
.
&8. If A, B are s/$are matrices of same order and B is a s8ew.s(mmetric matrix, show
that BA A is s8ew s(mmetric.
&0. If BA AB for an( two s/$are matrices, prove b( mathematical ind$ction that
( )
n n n
B A AB .
50. )ind
z y x , ,
if
1
1
1
]
1


z y x
z y x
z y
A
2 0
satisfies
1
A A
.
51. If possible, $sin' elementar( row transformations, find the inverse of the
followin' matrices
!i"
1
1
1
]
1

3 2 3
1 3 5
3 1 2
!ii"
1
1
1
]
1

1 1 1
2 2 1
3 3 2
!iii"
1
1
1
]
1


3 1 0
0 1 5
1 0 2
52. 9xpress the matrix
1
1
1
]
1

2 1 &
2 1 1
1 3 2
as the s$m of a s(mmetric and a s8ew s(mmetric
matrix.
53. %onstr$ct a matrix
[ ]
2 2

ij
a A
whose elements ij
a
are 'iven b(
jx e a
ix
ij
sin
2

.
5&. If
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

0 + 5
8 * &
,
2
1
,
1 3 &
2 3 1
,
2 1
3 2
D C B A
, then which of the s$ms
D C C B B A + + + , ,
and D B + is defined?
55. 1how that a matrix which is both s(mmetric and s8ew s(mmetric is a -ero matrix.
5*. If
[ ] O
x
x
1
]
1

1
]
1

8 0 3
2 1
3 2
, find the val$e of x.
5+. If A is 3 3 invertible matrix, then show that for an( scalar k !non.-ero", kA is
invertible and
( )
1 1
1

A
k
kA
.
58. 9xpress the matrix A as the s$m of a s(mmetric and a s8ew s(mmetric matrix,
where
1
1
1
]
1

& 2 1
5 3 +
* & 2
A
.
50. If
1
1
1
]
1


3 2 1
1 0 2
2 3 1
A
, then show that A satisfies the e/$ation 0 11 3 &
2 3
+ I A A A .
*0. 3et
1
]
1

2 1
3 2
A
. #hen show that 0 + &
2
+ I A A . :sin' this res$lt calc$late
5
A
also.
9val$ate, $sin' the properties of determinants
*1.
1 1
1 1
2
+ +
+
x x
x x x
*2.
z a y x
z y a x
z y x a
+
+
+
*3.
0
0
0
2 2
2 2
2 2
zy z x
yz y x
xz xy
*&.
z z y z x
y z y y x
z x y x x
3
3
3


+ +
*5.
&
&
&
+
+
+
x x x
x x x
x x x
**.
b a c c c
b a c b b
a a c b a



2 2
2 2
2 2
:sin' the properties of determinants, prove that
*+.
0
2 2
2 2
2 2

+
+
+
y x xy y x
x z zx x z
z y yz z y
*8.
xyz
y x x y
x x z z
y z z y
&
+
+
+
*0.
( )
3
2
1
1 3 3
1 2 1 2
1 1 2 2
+ +
+ +
a a a
a a a
+0. If 0 + + C B A , then prove that
0
1 cos cos
cos 1 cos
cos cos 1

A B
A C
B C
.
+1. If the co.ordinates of the vertices of an e/$ilateral trian'le with sides of len'th ;a<
are
( ) ( ) ( )
3 3 2 2 1 1
, , , , , y x y x y x
, then
&
3
1
1
1
&
2
3 3
2 2
1 1
a
y x
y x
y x

.
+2. )ind the val$e of satisf(in'
0
2 + +
2 cos 3 &
3 sin 1 1

1
1
1
]
1

.
+3. If
0
& & &
& & &
& & &

1
1
1
]
1

+ +
+ +
+ +
x x x
x x x
x x x
, then find val$es of x.
+&. If
r
a a a a ..., , , ,
3 2 1
are in 2.5., then prove that the determinant
21 1+ 11
15 11 +
0 5 1
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
r r r
r r r
r r r
a a a
a a a
a a a
is independent of r.
+5. 1how that the points
( ) ( ) 3 , 2 , & , 5 + + a a a a
and
( ) a a,
do not lie on a
strai'ht line for an( val$e of a.
+*. 1how that the ABC is an isosceles trian'le if the determinant
0
cos cos cos cos cos cos
cos 1 cos 1 cos 1
1 1 1
2 2 2

1
1
1
]
1

+ + +
+ + +
C C B B A A
C B A
.
++. )ind
1
A
if
1
1
1
]
1

0 1 1
1 0 1
1 1 0
A
and show that
2
3
2
1
I A
A

.
+8. If
1
1
1
]
1


1 1 0
2 1 2
0 2 1
A
, find
1
A
. :sin'
1
A
, solve the s(stem of linear e/$ations
10 2 y x
,
8 2 z y x
,
+ 2 + z y
.
+0. :sin' matrix method, solve the s(stem of e/$ations
3 2 2 3 + z y x
,
* 3 2 + + z y x
,
2 2 + z y x
.
80. 2iven
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1

2 1 0
& 3 2
0 1 1
,
5 1 2
& 2 &
& 2 2
B A
, find BA and $se this to solve the s(stem of e/$ations
+ 2 + z y
,
3 y x
,
1+ & 3 2 + + z y x
.
81. If 0 + + c b a and
0
b a c
a c b
c b a
, then prove that c b a .
82. 5rove that
2 2 2
2 2 2
2 2 2
b ca a bc c ab
a bc c ab b ca
c ab b ca a bc



is divisible b( c b a + + and find the
/$otient.
83. If
0 + + z y x
, prove that
a c b
b a c
c b a
xyz
ya xc zb
xb za yc
zc yb xa

.
8&. If
3 8
5 *
8
5 2

x
x
, then find x.
85. If
,
1 1 1
,
1
1
1
1
2
2
2
z y x
xy zx yz
z z
y y
x x

then prove that 0
1
+ .
8*. Witho$t expandin', show that
0
2 &0 &2
1 cos cot
1 cot cos
2 2
2 2


ec
ec
.
8+. 1how that
( ) ( )
2 2
2q px x p x
x q q
q x p
q p x
+
.
88. If
0
0
0
c b c a
b c b a
a c a b




, then show that is e/$al to -ero.
80. 5rove that ( ) ( )
1 1

A A , where A is an invertible matrix.


00. If & x is a root of
0
2 3
1 1
3 2

x
x
x
, then find the other two roots.
01. In a trian'le ABC, if
C C B B A A
C B A
2 2 2
sin sin sin sin sin sin
sin 1 sin 1 sin 1
1 1 1
+ + +
+ + +
, then prove
that
ABC
is an isosceles trian'le.
02. 1how that if the determinant
0
2 1& 11
2 cos 8 +
3 sin 2 3

, then
0 sin
or
2
1
.
Objective Type Questions
03. #he matrix
1
1
1
]
1

0 0 &
0 & 0
& 0 0
P
is a
!a" s/$are matrix !b" dia'onal matrix
!c" $nit matrix !d" none
0&. #otal n$mber of possible matrices of order 3 3 with each entr( 2 or 0 is
!a" 0 !b" 2+ !c" 81 !d" 512
05. If
1
]
1

1
]
1

+
*
13 + +
& + 5
& 2
x y
y
x x
x y x
, then the val$e of
y x +
is
!a"
1 , 3 y x
!b"
3 , 2 y x
!c"
& , 2 y x
!d"
3 , 3 y x
0*. If
( )
( )
( )
( )
1
1
1
1
]
1

,
_

,
_

1
1
1
1
]
1

,
_

,
_





x
x
x
x
B
x
x
x
x
A

1 1
1 1
1 1
1 1
tan sin
tan cos
1
,
cot sin
tan sin
1
, then B A is e/$al to
!a" I !b" = !c" 2I !d"
I
2
1
0+. If A and B are two matrices of the order 3 and n 3 , respectivel(, and
n
, then the order of matrix
( ) B A 2 5
is
!a" 3 !b" 3 3 !c"
n
!d" 3 n
08. If
1
]
1

0 1
1 0
A
, then
2
A
is e/$al to
!a"
1
]
1

0 1
1 0
!b"
1
]
1

0 1
0 1
!c"
1
]
1

1 0
1 0
!d"
1
]
1

1 0
0 1
00. If matrix
[ ]
2 2

ij
a A
, where
1
ij
a
if
j i
0 if
j i
then
2
A
is e/$al to
!a" I !b" , !c" 0 !d" >one of these
100. #he matrix
1
1
1
]
1

& 0 0
0 2 0
0 0 1
is a
!a" identit( matrix !b" s(mmetric matrix
!c" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !d" none of these
101. #he matrix
1
1
1
]
1

0 12 8
12 0 5
8 5 0
is a
!a" dia'onal matrix !b" s(mmetric matrix
!c" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !d" scalar matrix
102. If A is matrix of order
n
and B is a matrix s$ch that B A and A B are both
defined, then order of matrix B is
!a"

!b"
n
!c"
n
!d"
n
103. If A and B are matrices of same order, then ( ) A B B A
is a
!a" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !b" n$ll matrix
!c" s(mmetric matrix !d" $nit matrix
10&. If A is a s/$are matrix s$ch that
I A
2
, then ( ) ( ) A I A I A +
3 3
+ + is e/$al to
!a" , !b" I ? , !c" I @ , !d" 3,
105. )or an( two matrices A and B, we have
!a" BA AB !b" BA AB
!c" O AB !d" >one of the above
10*. =n $sin' elementar( col$mn operations
1 2 2
2C C C in the followin' matrix
e/$ation
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1


& 2
1 3
1 0
1 1
& 2
3 1
, we have
!a"
1
]
1


1
]
1

1
]
1


0 2
5 3
2 2
1 1
& 0
5 1
!b"
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1


2 0
5 3
1 0
1 1
& 0
5 1
!c"
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1


& 2
1 3
1 0
3 1
0 2
5 1
!d"
1
]
1


1
]
1

1
]
1


0 2
5 3
1 0
1 1
0 2
5 1
10+. =n $sin' elementar( row operation
2 1 1
3! ! ! in the followin' matrix
e/$ation
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

1 1
0 2
3 0
2 1
3 3
2 &
, we have
!a"
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1


1 1
0 2
3 0
+ 1
3 3
+ 5
!b"
1
]
1


1
]
1

1
]
1


1 1
3 1
3 0
2 1
3 3
+ 5
!c"
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1


1 1
0 2
+ 1
2 1
3 3
+ 5
!d"
1
]
1

1
]
1

1
]
1

1 1
0 2
3 3
2 1
+ 5
2 &
108. If A and B are s/$are matrices of the same order, then
( ) ( ) B A B A +
is e/$al to
!a"
2 2
B A
!b"
2 2
B AB BA A
!c"
AB BA B A +
2 2
!d"
AB B BA A + +
2 2
100. If
1
]
1

1 5 &
3 1 2
A
and
1
1
1
]
1


5 1
2 &
3 2
B
, then
!a" onl( AB is defined !b" onl( BA is defined
!c" AB and BA both are defined !d" AB and BA both are not defined
110. #he matrix
1
1
1
]
1

0 0 5
0 5 0
5 0 0
A
is a
!a" scalar matrix !b" dia'onal matrix
!c" $nit matrix !d" s/$are matrix
111. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices of the same order, then ( ) A B B A
is a
!a" 18ew s(mmetric matrix !b" >$ll matrix
!c" 1(mmetric matrix !d" >one of these
112. If
3 +
2 *
8
5 2

x
x
, then val$e of x is
!a" 3 !b"
3 t
!c"
* t
!d" *
113. #he val$e of determinant
c b a a c
b a c c b
a c b b a
+
+
+
!a"
3 3 3
c b a + + !b" 3 abc
!c" abc c b a 3
3 3 3
+ + !d" none of these
11&. #he area of a trian'le with vertices
( ) ( ) 0 , 3 , 0 , 3
and
( ) k , 0
is 0 s/. $nits. #he
val$e of k will be
!a" 0 !b" 3 !c" ?0 !d" *
115. #he determinant
2
2 2
2
a ab a c ac bc
ab b c a a ab
ac bc c b ab b



e/$als
!a"
( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b abc
!b"
( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b
!c"
( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b c b a + +
!d" >one of these
11*. #he n$mber of distinct real roots of
0
sin cos cos
cos sin cos
cos cos sin

x x x
x x x
x x x
in the
interval
& &

x
is
!a" 0 !b" 2 !c" 1 !d" 3
11+. If A, B and C are an'les of a trian'le, then the determinant
1 cos cos
cos 1 cos
cos cos 1

A B
A C
B C
is e/$al to
!a" 0 !b" ?1
!c" 1 !d" >one of these
118. 3et
( )
" " "
" " "
" "
" #
sin
2 sin 2
1 cot

, then
( )
2
0
lim
"
" #
"
is e/$al to
!a" 0 !b" ?1 !c" 2 !d" 3
110. #he maxim$m val$e of
1 1 cos 1
1 sin 1 1
1 1 1

+
+
is ! is real n$mber"
!a"
2
1
!b"
2
3
!c" 2 !d"
&
3 2
120. If
( )
0
0
0
c x b x
c x a x
b x a x
x #
+ +
+

, then
!a"
( ) 0 a #
!b"
( ) 0 b #
!c"
( ) 0 0 #
!d"
( ) 0 1 #
121. If
1
1
1
]
1

3 1 1
5 2 0
3 2
A
, then
1
A
exists if
!a" 2 !b" 2 !c" 2 !d" >one of these
122. If A and B are invertible matrices, then which of the followin' is not correct?
!a"
1
.

A A A adj
!b" ( ) ( ) [ ]
1 1
det det

A A
!c" ( )
1 1 1
A B AB !d" ( )
1 1 1
+ + A B B A
123. If
z y x , ,
are all different from -ero and
0
1 1 1
1 1 1
1 1 1

+
+
+
z
y
x
, then val$e of
1 1 1
+ + z y x is
!a"
z y x
!b"
1 1 1
z y x
!c"
z y x
!d" 1
12&. #he val$e of the determinant
x y x y x
y x x y x
y x y x x
2
2
2
+ +
+ +
+ +
is
!a" ( ) y x x +
2
0 !b" ( ) y x y +
2
0
!c" ( ) y x y +
2
3 !d" ( ) y x x +
2
+
125. #here are two val$es of a which ma8es determinant,
8*
2 & 0
1 2
5 2 1


a
a
, then s$m of
these n$mber is
!a" & !b" 5 !c" ? & !d" 0
12*. 3et
1
1
1
2
2
2
z Cz
y By
x Ax

and
xy zx zy
z y x
C B A

1
, then
!a"
1
!b"
1

!c" 0
1
!d" >one of these
12+. If
! y x ,
, then the determinant
( ) ( ) 1 sin cos
1 cos sin
1 sin cos
y x y x
x x
x x
+ +


lies in the interval
!a" [ ] 2 , 2 !b" [ ] 1 , 1
!c" [ ] 1 , 2 !d" [ ] 2 , 1
Fill in the blanks
128. AAAAAAAAAAA matrix is both s(mmetric and s8ew s(mmetric matrix.
120. 1$m of two s8ew s(mmetric matrices is alwa(s AAAAAAAAAAA matrix.
130. #he ne'ative of a matrix is obtained b( m$ltipl(in' it b( AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
131. #he prod$ct of an( matrix b( the scalar AAAAAAAA is the n$ll matrix.
132. , matrix which is not a s/$are matrix is called a AAAAAAAAAAA matrix.
133. 6atrix m$ltiplication is AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA over addition.
13&. If A is a s(mmetric matrix, then
3
A
is a AAAAAAAAAAAA matrix.
135. If A is a s8ew s(mmetric matrix, then
2
A
is a AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
13*. If A and B are s/$are matrices of the same order, then
!i" ( )

AB B AAAAAAAAAAAAA.
!ii" ( )

kA B AAAAAAAAAAAAA. !k is an( scalar"


!iii" ( ) [ ]

B A k B AAAAAAAAAAA.
13+. If A is s8ew s(mmetric, then kA is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA. !k is scalar"
138. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices, then
!i" BA AB is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA.
!ii" AB BA 2 is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA.
130. If A is s(mmetric matrix, then AB B is AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&0. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices of same order, then AB is s(mmetric if and
onl( if AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&1. In appl(in' one or more row operations while findin'
1
A
b( elementar( row
operations, we obtain all -eros in one or more, then
1
A
AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&2. If A and B are two s8ew s(mmetric matrices of same order, then AB is s(mmetric
matrix is AAAAAAAAAAA.
1&3. If A and B are matrices of same order, then ( )

B A 2 3 is e/$al to AAAAAAAAAA.
1&&. ,ddition of matrices is defined if order of the matrices is AAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&5. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then
A 3
B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&*. If A is invertible matrix of order 3 3, then
1
A
AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&+. If
! z y x , ,
, then the val$e of determinant
( ) ( )
( ) ( )
( ) ( ) 1 & & & &
1 3 3 3 3
1 2 2 2 2
2 2
2 2
2 2
x x x x
x x x x
x x x x



+
+
+
is
e/$al to AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&8. If
0 2 cos
, then
2
cos 0 sin
0 sin cos
sin cos 0



B AAAAAAAAAAAAA.
1&0. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then ( )
1
2

A B AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
150. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then n$mber of minors in determinant of A are
AAAAAAAAAAAA.
151. #he s$m of the prod$cts of elements of an( row with the co.factors of
correspondin' elements is e/$al to AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
152. If 0 x is a root of
0
* +
2 2
+ 3

x
x
x
, then other two roots are AAAAAAAAAAAA.
153.
0
0
0
y z x z
z y x y
z x xyz

B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.
15&. If
( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
( ) ( ) ( )
...,
1 1 1
1 1 1
1 1 1
2
&+ &3 &1
3& 20 23
23 10 1+
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
x C x B A
x x x
x x x
x x x
x #
then A B AAAAAA.
155. If A, B, C are the an'les of a trian'le, then

1 cot sin
1 cot sin
1 cot sin
2
2
2
C C
B B
A A
CCCC
15*. #he determinant
5 15 115 3
10 5 &* 15
5 5 3 23
+
+
+

is e/$al to CCCCC..
15+. #he val$e of the determinant
0 2 0 2 0
0 2 0 2 0 2
0 0 2 0 2
*+ sin 23 sin 180 cos
180 cos 23 sin *+ sin
180 cos *+ sin 23 sin

B CCC.
1tate which of the followin' statements are T!ue or False
158. , matrix denotes a n$mber.
150. 6atrices of an( order can be added.
1*0. #wo matrices are e/$al if the( have same n$mber of rows and same n$mber of
col$mns.
1*1. 6atrices of different order can not be s$btracted.
1*2. 6atrix addition is associative as well as comm$tative.
1*3. 6atrix m$ltiplication is comm$tative.
1*&. , s/$are matrix where ever( element is $nit( is called and identit( matrix.
1*5. If A and B are two s/$are matrices of the same order, then A B B A + + .
1**. If A and B are two matrices of the same order, then A B B A .
1*+. If matrix O AB , then O A or O B or both A and B are n$ll matrices.
1*8. #ranspose of a col$mn matrix is a col$mn matrix.
1*0. If A and B are two s/$are matrices of the same order, then BA AB .
1+0. If each of the three matrices of the same order are s(mmetric, then their s$m is a
s(mmetric matrix.
1+1. If A and B are an( two matrices of the same order, then ( ) B A AB

.
1+2. If ( ) A B AB

, where A and B are not s/$are matrices, then n$mber of rows in A


is e/$al to n$mber of col$mns in B and n$mber of col$mns in A is e/$al to
n$mber of rows in B.
1+3. If A, B and C are s/$are matrices of same order, then AC AB alwa(s implies
that C B .
1+&. A A is alwa(s a s(mmetric matrix for an( matrix A.
1+5. If
1
]
1

2 & 1
1 3 2
A
and
1
1
1
]
1

1 2
5 &
3 2
B
, then AB and BA are defined and e/$al.
1+*. If A is s8ew s(mmetric matrix, then
2
A
is a s(mmetric matrix.
1++. ( )
1 1 1
.

B A AB , where A and B are invertible matrices satisf(in'
comm$tative propert( with respect to m$ltiplication.
1+8. If two matrices A and B are of the same order, then A B B A 2 2 + + .
1+0. 6atrix s$btraction is associative.
180. )or the non sin'$lar matrix ( ) ( )


1 1
, A A A .
181.
C B AC AB
for an( three matrices of same order.
182. ( ) ( )
3
1
1
3

A A , where A is a s/$are matrix and


0 A
.
183.
( )
1 1
1

A
a
aA
, where a is an( real n$mber and A is a s/$are matrix.
18&.
1
1

A A
, where A is non.sin'$lar matrix.
185. If A and B are matrices of order 3 and
3 , 5 B A
, then
&05 3 5 2+ 3 AB
.
18*. If the val$e of a third order determinant is 12, then the val$e of the determinant
formed b( replacin' each element b( its co.factor will be 1&&.
18+.
0
& 3
3 2
2 1

+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
c x x x
b x x x
a x x x
, then where
c b a , ,
are in ,.5.
188.
2
. A A adj
, where A is s/$are matrix of order two.
180. #he determinant
B C A C
B B A B
B A A A
cos sin cos sin
cos sin cos sin
cos sin cos sin
+
+
+
is e/$al to -ero.
100. If the determinant
$ n w r c z
% & q b y
# ' ( p a x
+ + +
+ + +
+ + +
splits into exactl( ) determinants of
order 3, each element of which contains onl( one term, then the val$e of ) is 8.
101. 3et
1*
z r c
y q b
x p a
, then
32
1

+ + +
+ + +
+ + +

r c z c z r
q b y b y q
p a x a x p
.
102. #he maxim$m val$e of

cos 1 1 1
1 " sin 1 ! 1
1 1 1
+
+
is
2
1
.
103. #he determinant
( ) ( )
y x x
y x x
y y x y x
cos sin cos
sin cos sin
2 cos sin cos

+ +

is dependent of x onl(.
10&. #he val$e of
2
&
2
2
2
1
&
1
2
1
1 1 1
C C C
C C C
n n n
n n n
+ +
+ +
is 8.
105. If
1
1
1
]
1

z
y
x
A
1 1
3 2
2 5
,
20 10 2 3 , 80 + + z y x xyz
, then
1
1
1
]
1

81 0 0
0 81 0
0 0 81
. A adj A
.
10*. If
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
]
1

1
1
1
]
1


2
1
2
1
2
3
3
2
1
2
5
&
2
1
,
1 3 2
2 1
3 1 0
1
y
A x A
then x B 1, y B ? 1.