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You are on page 1of 47

1. If a matrix has 28 elements, what are the possible orders it can have? What if it

has 13 elements?

2. In the matrix

1

1

1

1

1

]

1

5

2

5 0

3 2

1

2

y x

x a

A , write

!i" #he order of the matrix A

!ii" #he n$mber of elements

!iii" Write elements

12 31 23

, , a a a

3. %onstr$ct 2 2

a

matrix where

!i"

( )

2

2

2

j i

a

ij

!ii"

j i a

ij

3 2 +

&. %onstr$ct a !3 2" matrix whose elements are 'iven b(

jx e a

x i

ij

sin

.

.

5. )ind the val$es of a and b if B A , where

1

]

1

* 8

3 & b a

A

,

1

1

]

1

+ +

b b

b a

B

5 8

2 2 2

2

2

*. If possible, find the s$m of the matrices A and B, where

1

]

1

3 2

1 3

A

, and

1

]

1

* b a

z y x

B

.

+. If

1

]

1

3 2 5

1 1 3

X

and

1

]

1

& 2 +

1 1 2

Y

, find

!i" Y X + !ii" Y X 3 2

!iii" , matrix Z s$ch that Z Y X + + is a -ero matrix.

8. )ind non.-ero val$es of x satisf(in' the matrix e/$ation

( )

( )

1

]

1

1

]

1

+

1

]

1

x

x

x

x

x

x

x

* 10

2& 8

2

& &

5 8

2

3

2 2

2

.

0. If

1

]

1

1 1

1 0

A

and

1

]

1

0 1

1 0

B

, show that ( ) ( )

2 2

B A B A B A + .

10. )ind the val$e of x if

[ ] O

x

x

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

2

1

2 3 15

1 5 2

2 3 1

1 1

.

11. 1how that

1

]

1

2 1

3 5

A

satisfies the e/$ation O I A A + 3

2

and hence find

1

A

.

12. )ind the matrix , satisf(in' the matrix e/$ation

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 0

0 1

3 5

2 3

2 3

1 2

A

.

13. )ind A, if

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

3 * 3

1 2 1

& 8 &

3

1

&

A

.

1&. If

1

1

1

]

1

0 2

1 1

& 3

A

and

1

]

1

& 2 1

2 1 2

B

, then verif( ( )

2 2 2

A B BA .

15. If possible, find BA and AB, where

1

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

2 1

3 2

1 &

,

& 2 1

2 1 2

B A

.

1*. 1how b( an example that for

O AB O B O A , ,

.

1+. 2iven

1

]

1

* 0 3

0 & 2

A

and

1

1

1

]

1

3 1

8 2

& 1

B

. Is ( ) A B AB

?

18. 1olve for x and y

0

11

8

5

3

1

2

1

]

1

+

1

]

1

+

1

]

1

y x

.

10. If X and Y are 22 matrices, then solve the followin' matrix e/$ations for X and Y

1

]

1

+

1

]

1

+

5 1

2 2

2 3 ,

0 &

3 2

3 2 Y X Y X

.

20. If

[ ] 5 3 A

,

[ ] 3 + B

, then find a non.-ero matrix C s$ch that BC AC .

21. 2ive an example of matrices A, B and C s$ch that AC AB , where A is non.-ero

matrix, b$t C B .

22. If

1

]

1

1

]

1

& 3

3 2

,

1 2

2 1

B A

and

1

]

1

0 1

0 1

C

, verif(

!i"

( ) ( ) BC A C AB

!ii"

( ) AC AB C B A + +

.

23. If

1

1

1

]

1

z

y

x

P

0 0

0 0

0 0

and

1

1

1

]

1

c

b

a

Q

0 0

0 0

0 0

, prove that

QP

zc

yb

ax

PQ

1

1

1

]

1

0 0

0 0

0 0

.

2&. If

[ ] 3 1 2

A

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

1

0

1

1 1 0

0 1 1

1 0 1

, find A.

25. If

[ ]

1

]

1

* + 8

& 3 5

, 1 2 B A

and

1

]

1

2 0 1

1 2 1

C

, verif( that

( ) ( ) AC AB C B A + +

.

2*. If

1

1

1

]

1

1 1 0

3 1 2

1 0 1

A

, then verif( that ( ) I A A A A + +

2

, where I is 3 3 $nit matrix.

2+. If

1

]

1

& 3 &

2 1 0

A

and

1

1

1

]

1

* 2

3 1

0 &

B

, then verif( that

!i" ( ) A A

!ii" ( ) A B AB

!iii" ( ) ( ) A k kA

.

28. If

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

3 +

& *

2 1

,

* 5

1 &

2 1

B A

, then verif( that

!i" ( ) B A B A +

+ 2 2

!ii" ( ) B A B A

.

20. 1how that A A and A A are both s(mmetric matrices for an( matrix A.

30. 3et A and B be s/$are matrices of the order 3 3. Is ( )

2 2 2

B A AB ? 2iven

reasons.

31. 1how that if A and B are s/$are matrices s$ch that BA AB , then

( )

2 2 2

2 B AB A B A + + + .

32. 3et

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

2 1

0 2

,

5 1

0 &

,

3 1

2 1

C B A

and

2 , & b a

. 1how that

!i"

( ) ( ) C B A C B A + + + +

!ii"

( ) C AB BC A " !

!iii"

( ) bB aB B b a + +

!iv"

( ) aA aC A C a

!v" ( ) A A

T

T

!vi" ( )

T T T

A B AB

!vii"

( ) BC AC C B A

!viii" ( )

T T T

B A B A

33. If

1

]

1

cos sin

sin cos

A

, then show that

1

]

1

2 cos 2 sin

2 sin 2 cos

2

A

.

3&. If

1

]

1

1

]

1

0 1

1 0

,

0

0

B

x

x

A

and 1

2

x , then show that ( )

2 2 2

B A B A + + .

35. 4erif( that

I A

2

when

1

1

1

]

1

& 3 3

& 3 &

1 1 0

A

.

3*. 5rove b( 6athematical Ind$ction that ( ) ( )

n n

A A , where

N n

for an( s/$are

matrix A.

3+. )ind inverse, b( elementar( row operations !if possible", of the followin'

matrices

!i"

1

]

1

+ 5

3 1

!ii"

1

]

1

* 2

3 1

.

38. If

1

]

1

1

]

1

+ + * 0

8

*

& w

y x z

xy

, then find val$es of x, y, z and w.

30. If

1

]

1

12 +

5 1

A

and

1

]

1

8 +

1 0

B

, find a matrix C s$ch that C B A 2 5 3 + + is a n$ll matrix.

&0. If

1

]

1

2 &

5 3

A

, then find I A A 1& 5

2

. 7ence, obtain

3

A

.

&1. )ind the val$es of a, b, c and d, if,

1

]

1

+

+

+

1

]

1

1

]

1

3

&

2 1

*

3

d c

b a

d

a

d c

b a

.

&2. )ind the matrix A s$ch that

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

15 22 0

5 2 1

10 8 1

& 3

0 1

1 2

A

.

&3. If

1

]

1

1 &

2 1

A

, find I A A + 2

2

+ + .

&&. If

1

]

1

cos sin

sin cos

A

, and

A A

1

, find val$e of

.

&5. If the matrix

1

1

1

]

1

0 1

1 2

3 0

c

b

a

is a s8ew s(mmetric matrix, find the val$es of a, b and

c.

&*. If

( )

1

]

1

x x

x x

x P

cos sin

sin cos

, then show that

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) x P y P y x P y P x P . . +

.

&+. If A is s/$are matrix s$ch that

A A

2

, show that ( ) I A A I + + +

3

.

&8. If A, B are s/$are matrices of same order and B is a s8ew.s(mmetric matrix, show

that BA A is s8ew s(mmetric.

&0. If BA AB for an( two s/$are matrices, prove b( mathematical ind$ction that

( )

n n n

B A AB .

50. )ind

z y x , ,

if

1

1

1

]

1

z y x

z y x

z y

A

2 0

satisfies

1

A A

.

51. If possible, $sin' elementar( row transformations, find the inverse of the

followin' matrices

!i"

1

1

1

]

1

3 2 3

1 3 5

3 1 2

!ii"

1

1

1

]

1

1 1 1

2 2 1

3 3 2

!iii"

1

1

1

]

1

3 1 0

0 1 5

1 0 2

52. 9xpress the matrix

1

1

1

]

1

2 1 &

2 1 1

1 3 2

as the s$m of a s(mmetric and a s8ew s(mmetric

matrix.

53. %onstr$ct a matrix

[ ]

2 2

ij

a A

whose elements ij

a

are 'iven b(

jx e a

ix

ij

sin

2

.

5&. If

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

0 + 5

8 * &

,

2

1

,

1 3 &

2 3 1

,

2 1

3 2

D C B A

, then which of the s$ms

D C C B B A + + + , ,

and D B + is defined?

55. 1how that a matrix which is both s(mmetric and s8ew s(mmetric is a -ero matrix.

5*. If

[ ] O

x

x

1

]

1

1

]

1

8 0 3

2 1

3 2

, find the val$e of x.

5+. If A is 3 3 invertible matrix, then show that for an( scalar k !non.-ero", kA is

invertible and

( )

1 1

1

A

k

kA

.

58. 9xpress the matrix A as the s$m of a s(mmetric and a s8ew s(mmetric matrix,

where

1

1

1

]

1

& 2 1

5 3 +

* & 2

A

.

50. If

1

1

1

]

1

3 2 1

1 0 2

2 3 1

A

, then show that A satisfies the e/$ation 0 11 3 &

2 3

+ I A A A .

*0. 3et

1

]

1

2 1

3 2

A

. #hen show that 0 + &

2

+ I A A . :sin' this res$lt calc$late

5

A

also.

9val$ate, $sin' the properties of determinants

*1.

1 1

1 1

2

+ +

+

x x

x x x

*2.

z a y x

z y a x

z y x a

+

+

+

*3.

0

0

0

2 2

2 2

2 2

zy z x

yz y x

xz xy

*&.

z z y z x

y z y y x

z x y x x

3

3

3

+ +

*5.

&

&

&

+

+

+

x x x

x x x

x x x

**.

b a c c c

b a c b b

a a c b a

2 2

2 2

2 2

:sin' the properties of determinants, prove that

*+.

0

2 2

2 2

2 2

+

+

+

y x xy y x

x z zx x z

z y yz z y

*8.

xyz

y x x y

x x z z

y z z y

&

+

+

+

*0.

( )

3

2

1

1 3 3

1 2 1 2

1 1 2 2

+ +

+ +

a a a

a a a

+0. If 0 + + C B A , then prove that

0

1 cos cos

cos 1 cos

cos cos 1

A B

A C

B C

.

+1. If the co.ordinates of the vertices of an e/$ilateral trian'le with sides of len'th ;a<

are

( ) ( ) ( )

3 3 2 2 1 1

, , , , , y x y x y x

, then

&

3

1

1

1

&

2

3 3

2 2

1 1

a

y x

y x

y x

.

+2. )ind the val$e of satisf(in'

0

2 + +

2 cos 3 &

3 sin 1 1

1

1

1

]

1

.

+3. If

0

& & &

& & &

& & &

1

1

1

]

1

+ +

+ +

+ +

x x x

x x x

x x x

, then find val$es of x.

+&. If

r

a a a a ..., , , ,

3 2 1

are in 2.5., then prove that the determinant

21 1+ 11

15 11 +

0 5 1

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

r r r

r r r

r r r

a a a

a a a

a a a

is independent of r.

+5. 1how that the points

( ) ( ) 3 , 2 , & , 5 + + a a a a

and

( ) a a,

do not lie on a

strai'ht line for an( val$e of a.

+*. 1how that the ABC is an isosceles trian'le if the determinant

0

cos cos cos cos cos cos

cos 1 cos 1 cos 1

1 1 1

2 2 2

1

1

1

]

1

+ + +

+ + +

C C B B A A

C B A

.

++. )ind

1

A

if

1

1

1

]

1

0 1 1

1 0 1

1 1 0

A

and show that

2

3

2

1

I A

A

.

+8. If

1

1

1

]

1

1 1 0

2 1 2

0 2 1

A

, find

1

A

. :sin'

1

A

, solve the s(stem of linear e/$ations

10 2 y x

,

8 2 z y x

,

+ 2 + z y

.

+0. :sin' matrix method, solve the s(stem of e/$ations

3 2 2 3 + z y x

,

* 3 2 + + z y x

,

2 2 + z y x

.

80. 2iven

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

2 1 0

& 3 2

0 1 1

,

5 1 2

& 2 &

& 2 2

B A

, find BA and $se this to solve the s(stem of e/$ations

+ 2 + z y

,

3 y x

,

1+ & 3 2 + + z y x

.

81. If 0 + + c b a and

0

b a c

a c b

c b a

, then prove that c b a .

82. 5rove that

2 2 2

2 2 2

2 2 2

b ca a bc c ab

a bc c ab b ca

c ab b ca a bc

is divisible b( c b a + + and find the

/$otient.

83. If

0 + + z y x

, prove that

a c b

b a c

c b a

xyz

ya xc zb

xb za yc

zc yb xa

.

8&. If

3 8

5 *

8

5 2

x

x

, then find x.

85. If

,

1 1 1

,

1

1

1

1

2

2

2

z y x

xy zx yz

z z

y y

x x

then prove that 0

1

+ .

8*. Witho$t expandin', show that

0

2 &0 &2

1 cos cot

1 cot cos

2 2

2 2

ec

ec

.

8+. 1how that

( ) ( )

2 2

2q px x p x

x q q

q x p

q p x

+

.

88. If

0

0

0

c b c a

b c b a

a c a b

, then show that is e/$al to -ero.

80. 5rove that ( ) ( )

1 1

00. If & x is a root of

0

2 3

1 1

3 2

x

x

x

, then find the other two roots.

01. In a trian'le ABC, if

C C B B A A

C B A

2 2 2

sin sin sin sin sin sin

sin 1 sin 1 sin 1

1 1 1

+ + +

+ + +

, then prove

that

ABC

is an isosceles trian'le.

02. 1how that if the determinant

0

2 1& 11

2 cos 8 +

3 sin 2 3

, then

0 sin

or

2

1

.

Objective Type Questions

03. #he matrix

1

1

1

]

1

0 0 &

0 & 0

& 0 0

P

is a

!a" s/$are matrix !b" dia'onal matrix

!c" $nit matrix !d" none

0&. #otal n$mber of possible matrices of order 3 3 with each entr( 2 or 0 is

!a" 0 !b" 2+ !c" 81 !d" 512

05. If

1

]

1

1

]

1

+

*

13 + +

& + 5

& 2

x y

y

x x

x y x

, then the val$e of

y x +

is

!a"

1 , 3 y x

!b"

3 , 2 y x

!c"

& , 2 y x

!d"

3 , 3 y x

0*. If

( )

( )

( )

( )

1

1

1

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

1

1

1

1

]

1

,

_

,

_

x

x

x

x

B

x

x

x

x

A

1 1

1 1

1 1

1 1

tan sin

tan cos

1

,

cot sin

tan sin

1

, then B A is e/$al to

!a" I !b" = !c" 2I !d"

I

2

1

0+. If A and B are two matrices of the order 3 and n 3 , respectivel(, and

n

, then the order of matrix

( ) B A 2 5

is

!a" 3 !b" 3 3 !c"

n

!d" 3 n

08. If

1

]

1

0 1

1 0

A

, then

2

A

is e/$al to

!a"

1

]

1

0 1

1 0

!b"

1

]

1

0 1

0 1

!c"

1

]

1

1 0

1 0

!d"

1

]

1

1 0

0 1

00. If matrix

[ ]

2 2

ij

a A

, where

1

ij

a

if

j i

0 if

j i

then

2

A

is e/$al to

!a" I !b" , !c" 0 !d" >one of these

100. #he matrix

1

1

1

]

1

& 0 0

0 2 0

0 0 1

is a

!a" identit( matrix !b" s(mmetric matrix

!c" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !d" none of these

101. #he matrix

1

1

1

]

1

0 12 8

12 0 5

8 5 0

is a

!a" dia'onal matrix !b" s(mmetric matrix

!c" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !d" scalar matrix

102. If A is matrix of order

n

and B is a matrix s$ch that B A and A B are both

defined, then order of matrix B is

!a"

!b"

n

!c"

n

!d"

n

103. If A and B are matrices of same order, then ( ) A B B A

is a

!a" s8ew s(mmetric matrix !b" n$ll matrix

!c" s(mmetric matrix !d" $nit matrix

10&. If A is a s/$are matrix s$ch that

I A

2

, then ( ) ( ) A I A I A +

3 3

+ + is e/$al to

!a" , !b" I ? , !c" I @ , !d" 3,

105. )or an( two matrices A and B, we have

!a" BA AB !b" BA AB

!c" O AB !d" >one of the above

10*. =n $sin' elementar( col$mn operations

1 2 2

2C C C in the followin' matrix

e/$ation

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

& 2

1 3

1 0

1 1

& 2

3 1

, we have

!a"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

0 2

5 3

2 2

1 1

& 0

5 1

!b"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

2 0

5 3

1 0

1 1

& 0

5 1

!c"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

& 2

1 3

1 0

3 1

0 2

5 1

!d"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

0 2

5 3

1 0

1 1

0 2

5 1

10+. =n $sin' elementar( row operation

2 1 1

3! ! ! in the followin' matrix

e/$ation

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 1

0 2

3 0

2 1

3 3

2 &

, we have

!a"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 1

0 2

3 0

+ 1

3 3

+ 5

!b"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 1

3 1

3 0

2 1

3 3

+ 5

!c"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 1

0 2

+ 1

2 1

3 3

+ 5

!d"

1

]

1

1

]

1

1

]

1

1 1

0 2

3 3

2 1

+ 5

2 &

108. If A and B are s/$are matrices of the same order, then

( ) ( ) B A B A +

is e/$al to

!a"

2 2

B A

!b"

2 2

B AB BA A

!c"

AB BA B A +

2 2

!d"

AB B BA A + +

2 2

100. If

1

]

1

1 5 &

3 1 2

A

and

1

1

1

]

1

5 1

2 &

3 2

B

, then

!a" onl( AB is defined !b" onl( BA is defined

!c" AB and BA both are defined !d" AB and BA both are not defined

110. #he matrix

1

1

1

]

1

0 0 5

0 5 0

5 0 0

A

is a

!a" scalar matrix !b" dia'onal matrix

!c" $nit matrix !d" s/$are matrix

111. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices of the same order, then ( ) A B B A

is a

!a" 18ew s(mmetric matrix !b" >$ll matrix

!c" 1(mmetric matrix !d" >one of these

112. If

3 +

2 *

8

5 2

x

x

, then val$e of x is

!a" 3 !b"

3 t

!c"

* t

!d" *

113. #he val$e of determinant

c b a a c

b a c c b

a c b b a

+

+

+

!a"

3 3 3

c b a + + !b" 3 abc

!c" abc c b a 3

3 3 3

+ + !d" none of these

11&. #he area of a trian'le with vertices

( ) ( ) 0 , 3 , 0 , 3

and

( ) k , 0

is 0 s/. $nits. #he

val$e of k will be

!a" 0 !b" 3 !c" ?0 !d" *

115. #he determinant

2

2 2

2

a ab a c ac bc

ab b c a a ab

ac bc c b ab b

e/$als

!a"

( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b abc

!b"

( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b

!c"

( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) b a a c c b c b a + +

!d" >one of these

11*. #he n$mber of distinct real roots of

0

sin cos cos

cos sin cos

cos cos sin

x x x

x x x

x x x

in the

interval

& &

x

is

!a" 0 !b" 2 !c" 1 !d" 3

11+. If A, B and C are an'les of a trian'le, then the determinant

1 cos cos

cos 1 cos

cos cos 1

A B

A C

B C

is e/$al to

!a" 0 !b" ?1

!c" 1 !d" >one of these

118. 3et

( )

" " "

" " "

" "

" #

sin

2 sin 2

1 cot

, then

( )

2

0

lim

"

" #

"

is e/$al to

!a" 0 !b" ?1 !c" 2 !d" 3

110. #he maxim$m val$e of

1 1 cos 1

1 sin 1 1

1 1 1

+

+

is ! is real n$mber"

!a"

2

1

!b"

2

3

!c" 2 !d"

&

3 2

120. If

( )

0

0

0

c x b x

c x a x

b x a x

x #

+ +

+

, then

!a"

( ) 0 a #

!b"

( ) 0 b #

!c"

( ) 0 0 #

!d"

( ) 0 1 #

121. If

1

1

1

]

1

3 1 1

5 2 0

3 2

A

, then

1

A

exists if

!a" 2 !b" 2 !c" 2 !d" >one of these

122. If A and B are invertible matrices, then which of the followin' is not correct?

!a"

1

.

A A A adj

!b" ( ) ( ) [ ]

1 1

det det

A A

!c" ( )

1 1 1

A B AB !d" ( )

1 1 1

+ + A B B A

123. If

z y x , ,

are all different from -ero and

0

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

+

+

+

z

y

x

, then val$e of

1 1 1

+ + z y x is

!a"

z y x

!b"

1 1 1

z y x

!c"

z y x

!d" 1

12&. #he val$e of the determinant

x y x y x

y x x y x

y x y x x

2

2

2

+ +

+ +

+ +

is

!a" ( ) y x x +

2

0 !b" ( ) y x y +

2

0

!c" ( ) y x y +

2

3 !d" ( ) y x x +

2

+

125. #here are two val$es of a which ma8es determinant,

8*

2 & 0

1 2

5 2 1

a

a

, then s$m of

these n$mber is

!a" & !b" 5 !c" ? & !d" 0

12*. 3et

1

1

1

2

2

2

z Cz

y By

x Ax

and

xy zx zy

z y x

C B A

1

, then

!a"

1

!b"

1

!c" 0

1

!d" >one of these

12+. If

! y x ,

, then the determinant

( ) ( ) 1 sin cos

1 cos sin

1 sin cos

y x y x

x x

x x

+ +

lies in the interval

!a" [ ] 2 , 2 !b" [ ] 1 , 1

!c" [ ] 1 , 2 !d" [ ] 2 , 1

Fill in the blanks

128. AAAAAAAAAAA matrix is both s(mmetric and s8ew s(mmetric matrix.

120. 1$m of two s8ew s(mmetric matrices is alwa(s AAAAAAAAAAA matrix.

130. #he ne'ative of a matrix is obtained b( m$ltipl(in' it b( AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

131. #he prod$ct of an( matrix b( the scalar AAAAAAAA is the n$ll matrix.

132. , matrix which is not a s/$are matrix is called a AAAAAAAAAAA matrix.

133. 6atrix m$ltiplication is AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA over addition.

13&. If A is a s(mmetric matrix, then

3

A

is a AAAAAAAAAAAA matrix.

135. If A is a s8ew s(mmetric matrix, then

2

A

is a AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

13*. If A and B are s/$are matrices of the same order, then

!i" ( )

AB B AAAAAAAAAAAAA.

!ii" ( )

!iii" ( ) [ ]

B A k B AAAAAAAAAAA.

13+. If A is s8ew s(mmetric, then kA is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA. !k is scalar"

138. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices, then

!i" BA AB is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA.

!ii" AB BA 2 is a AAAAAAAAAAAAA.

130. If A is s(mmetric matrix, then AB B is AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&0. If A and B are s(mmetric matrices of same order, then AB is s(mmetric if and

onl( if AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&1. In appl(in' one or more row operations while findin'

1

A

b( elementar( row

operations, we obtain all -eros in one or more, then

1

A

AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&2. If A and B are two s8ew s(mmetric matrices of same order, then AB is s(mmetric

matrix is AAAAAAAAAAA.

1&3. If A and B are matrices of same order, then ( )

B A 2 3 is e/$al to AAAAAAAAAA.

1&&. ,ddition of matrices is defined if order of the matrices is AAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&5. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then

A 3

B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&*. If A is invertible matrix of order 3 3, then

1

A

AAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&+. If

! z y x , ,

, then the val$e of determinant

( ) ( )

( ) ( )

( ) ( ) 1 & & & &

1 3 3 3 3

1 2 2 2 2

2 2

2 2

2 2

x x x x

x x x x

x x x x

+

+

+

is

e/$al to AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&8. If

0 2 cos

, then

2

cos 0 sin

0 sin cos

sin cos 0

B AAAAAAAAAAAAA.

1&0. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then ( )

1

2

A B AAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

150. If A is a matrix of order 3 3, then n$mber of minors in determinant of A are

AAAAAAAAAAAA.

151. #he s$m of the prod$cts of elements of an( row with the co.factors of

correspondin' elements is e/$al to AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

152. If 0 x is a root of

0

* +

2 2

+ 3

x

x

x

, then other two roots are AAAAAAAAAAAA.

153.

0

0

0

y z x z

z y x y

z x xyz

B AAAAAAAAAAAAAAA.

15&. If

( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( )

( ) ( ) ( )

...,

1 1 1

1 1 1

1 1 1

2

&+ &3 &1

3& 20 23

23 10 1+

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

x C x B A

x x x

x x x

x x x

x #

then A B AAAAAA.

155. If A, B, C are the an'les of a trian'le, then

1 cot sin

1 cot sin

1 cot sin

2

2

2

C C

B B

A A

CCCC

15*. #he determinant

5 15 115 3

10 5 &* 15

5 5 3 23

+

+

+

is e/$al to CCCCC..

15+. #he val$e of the determinant

0 2 0 2 0

0 2 0 2 0 2

0 0 2 0 2

*+ sin 23 sin 180 cos

180 cos 23 sin *+ sin

180 cos *+ sin 23 sin

B CCC.

1tate which of the followin' statements are T!ue or False

158. , matrix denotes a n$mber.

150. 6atrices of an( order can be added.

1*0. #wo matrices are e/$al if the( have same n$mber of rows and same n$mber of

col$mns.

1*1. 6atrices of different order can not be s$btracted.

1*2. 6atrix addition is associative as well as comm$tative.

1*3. 6atrix m$ltiplication is comm$tative.

1*&. , s/$are matrix where ever( element is $nit( is called and identit( matrix.

1*5. If A and B are two s/$are matrices of the same order, then A B B A + + .

1**. If A and B are two matrices of the same order, then A B B A .

1*+. If matrix O AB , then O A or O B or both A and B are n$ll matrices.

1*8. #ranspose of a col$mn matrix is a col$mn matrix.

1*0. If A and B are two s/$are matrices of the same order, then BA AB .

1+0. If each of the three matrices of the same order are s(mmetric, then their s$m is a

s(mmetric matrix.

1+1. If A and B are an( two matrices of the same order, then ( ) B A AB

.

1+2. If ( ) A B AB

is e/$al to n$mber of col$mns in B and n$mber of col$mns in A is e/$al to

n$mber of rows in B.

1+3. If A, B and C are s/$are matrices of same order, then AC AB alwa(s implies

that C B .

1+&. A A is alwa(s a s(mmetric matrix for an( matrix A.

1+5. If

1

]

1

2 & 1

1 3 2

A

and

1

1

1

]

1

1 2

5 &

3 2

B

, then AB and BA are defined and e/$al.

1+*. If A is s8ew s(mmetric matrix, then

2

A

is a s(mmetric matrix.

1++. ( )

1 1 1

.

B A AB , where A and B are invertible matrices satisf(in'

comm$tative propert( with respect to m$ltiplication.

1+8. If two matrices A and B are of the same order, then A B B A 2 2 + + .

1+0. 6atrix s$btraction is associative.

180. )or the non sin'$lar matrix ( ) ( )

1 1

, A A A .

181.

C B AC AB

for an( three matrices of same order.

182. ( ) ( )

3

1

1

3

0 A

.

183.

( )

1 1

1

A

a

aA

, where a is an( real n$mber and A is a s/$are matrix.

18&.

1

1

A A

, where A is non.sin'$lar matrix.

185. If A and B are matrices of order 3 and

3 , 5 B A

, then

&05 3 5 2+ 3 AB

.

18*. If the val$e of a third order determinant is 12, then the val$e of the determinant

formed b( replacin' each element b( its co.factor will be 1&&.

18+.

0

& 3

3 2

2 1

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

c x x x

b x x x

a x x x

, then where

c b a , ,

are in ,.5.

188.

2

. A A adj

, where A is s/$are matrix of order two.

180. #he determinant

B C A C

B B A B

B A A A

cos sin cos sin

cos sin cos sin

cos sin cos sin

+

+

+

is e/$al to -ero.

100. If the determinant

$ n w r c z

% & q b y

# ' ( p a x

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

splits into exactl( ) determinants of

order 3, each element of which contains onl( one term, then the val$e of ) is 8.

101. 3et

1*

z r c

y q b

x p a

, then

32

1

+ + +

+ + +

+ + +

r c z c z r

q b y b y q

p a x a x p

.

102. #he maxim$m val$e of

cos 1 1 1

1 " sin 1 ! 1

1 1 1

+

+

is

2

1

.

103. #he determinant

( ) ( )

y x x

y x x

y y x y x

cos sin cos

sin cos sin

2 cos sin cos

+ +

is dependent of x onl(.

10&. #he val$e of

2

&

2

2

2

1

&

1

2

1

1 1 1

C C C

C C C

n n n

n n n

+ +

+ +

is 8.

105. If

1

1

1

]

1

z

y

x

A

1 1

3 2

2 5

,

20 10 2 3 , 80 + + z y x xyz

, then

1

1

1

]

1

81 0 0

0 81 0

0 0 81

. A adj A

.

10*. If

1

1

1

1

1

1

1

]

1

1

1

1

]

1

2

1

2

1

2

3

3

2

1

2

5

&

2

1

,

1 3 2

2 1

3 1 0

1

y

A x A

then x B 1, y B ? 1.

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