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The CARBONTRACKER Gas-Flow Meter

Reservoir characterization for tight-gas,


underbalanced-drilling operations
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Reservoir characterization
during tight-gas, underbalanced
drilling just became reliable,
cost-effective and real-time

A P P L I C A T I O N S
Offshore and onshore operations
where there is a need to detect and
quantify any gas produced as the
well is being drilled.

P R O B L E M S
Until now, gas meters designed
for drilling operations did not have
the accuracy or reliability to detect
the small quantities of gas that
are produced when drilling tight
gas formations.

S O L U T I O N S
The CARBONTRACKER
*
gas meter
fromM-I SWACO
*
is accurate at
flowvelocities ranging from 0.1
to 275 ft/sec (.03 to 83.8 m/sec). It
installs in the flare line between the
MUD/GAS SEPARATOR
*
and the flare
stack, measuring gas-flow velocity,
temperature and pressure to deter-
mine actual and standard volumetric
flow as well as mass flow rates.

E C O N O M I C S
The CARBONTRACKER
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gas meter can be
used effectively to quantify the true
production potential of formations
while drilling underbalanced. This
real-time reservoir data improves the
decision-making process and poten-
tially reduces overall exploration
and development costs.

E N V I R O N M E N T A L
The CARBONTRACKER meter allows
operators to precisely measure the
amount of gas being flared or vented
while drilling. This, coupled with the
potential to increase the efficiency of
well delivery, allows operators to bet-
ter quantify and reduce the overall
environmental impact of a project.
Underbalanced Drilling (UBD) offers
a unique opportunity to determine
reser voir characteristics while dril -
ling. Rather than relying solely on
log data to pre dict production, the
CARBONTRACKER meter provides
real-time and conclusive information
on the location of productive gas
zones and the production rates while
drilling underbalanced. As the indus-
try seeks cost-reduction technologies,
UBD with the CARBONTRACKER gas
meter provides operators with
improved information to assist in
making better-informed decisions.
Always watching
for tight gas
When gas passes through the
CARBONTRACKER meter, its presence
is detected, even at trace levels. The
information is captured by the
units computer and transmitted
to the data-acquisition system.
The ultrasonic CARBONTRACKER
meter is so sensitive, it can detect
hydrocarbon gas at velocities as
lowas 0.1 ft/sec (.03 m/sec), but can
measure flows as high as 275 ft/sec
(83.8 m/sec). With the built-in pres-
sure and temperature sensors, the flow
computer can accurately determine
molecular weight and mass flow.
Made for any rig, anywhere
The CARBONTRACKER meter is com-
prised of the flow cell installed in the
flare line, an explosion-proof flow
computer and an office interface unit.
Once M-I SWACO has installed and
tested the CARBONTRACKER meter,
the unit requires no onsite operator.
It requires little or no maintenance,
because it has no moving parts.
Your M-I SWACO representative can
provide the information you need to
make the CARBONTRACKER gas-flow
meter part of your tight-gas strategy.
The CARBONTRACKER meters
ultrasonic sensor can detect
hydrocarbon gas at velocities
as low as 0.1 ft/sec (.03 m/sec),
but can measure flows as high
as 275 ft/sec (83.8 m/sec).
Specifications
Flow Computer
Enclosure: Aluminum, explosion-proof
NEMA 7 Class I Division 1, Groups B, C and D
Operating temperature: 4 to 130 F (20 to 54.4 C)
Flow accuracy (assuming fully developed flow profile): 2 to 5% of reading at 0.1 to 275 ft/sec
(.03 to 83.8 m/sec)
Molecular weight accuracy (hydrocarbon mixtures): 1.8%, MW 2 to 120 g/mol
Mass flow accuracy (hydrocarbon mixtures): 3 to 7%
Turn down ratio: 2,750:1
Power: 12 to 28 volts DC, 5%
Ultrasonic Transducer
Type: Titanium housing/titanium tube
Temperature range: 94 to 300 F (70 to 170 C)
Maximum pressure: 1,500 psi (103.4 bar)
Housing: NEMA 7 Class I Division 1, Groups C and D
Flow Cell
Flow cell connection: ASME B16.5 Class 150 Flange
Flow cell size: 8-, 10- and 12-in. (203.2-, 254- and 304.7-mm) NB
Flow cell length: 54 in. (1,371.6 mm)
Office Interface Unit
95 to 240 volts AC @ 50/60 Hz input
Battery backup for meter, 24 volts DC
Fiber-optic communications with the meter
Embedded industrial computer
Data storage
WITS 0 output: serial RS-232
Calibration and diagnostics for meter via Ethernet interface
Features
Measures hydrocarbon-gas
velocity from 0.1 to 275 ft/sec
(.03 to 83.8 m/sec)
Ultrasonic flow-
measurement technology
Integrated data acquisition
and storage
No moving parts; tolerates
dirty or wet conditions
Works in the presence of CO
2
No onsite technician required
for operation
Measures velocity, volumetric
flow and mass flow
Built-in power supply
for pressure and
temperature transmitters
Digital interface: Wellsite
Information Transfer
Specification (WITS) Level 0
No obstruction
of the flare line
Benefits
Adds another degree
of certainty to tight-gas
explor ation and development
Potential to increase efficiency
of well delivery through
accurate data and more
informed decisions
Accurate in flow rates as
lowas 0.1 ft/sec (.03 m/sec)
Reliable in noisy and/or highly
contaminated environments
Self-operating: no drain
on personnel time
Accurate flow rates
independent of
gas composition
Minimal maintenance
Readily communicates
with rig instrumentation
Non-intrusive
Self diagnostics
maintain accuracy
Office Interface Unit
P.O. Box 42842
Houston, Texas 77242-2842
Tel: 2815611300
Fax: 2815611441
www.miswaco.com
E-mail: questions@miswaco.com
Technology Centers:
HOUSTON, TEXAS
Tel: 2815611300 Fax: 2815611441
ABERDEEN, SCOTLAND
Tel: 441224334634 Fax: 441224334650
STAVANGER, NORWAY
Tel: 4751577300 Fax: 4751576503
2010 M-I L.L.C. All rights reserved. *Mark of M-I L.L.C.
1
Patent pending.
DBR.0701.1006.R3 (E) 2.5MLitho in U.S.A.
This information is supplied solely for informational purposes and M-I SWACO makes no
guarantees or warranties, either expressed or implied, with respect to the accuracy and use
of this data. All product warranties and guarantees shall be governed by the Standard Terms
of Sale. Nothing in this document is legal advice or is a substitute for competent legal advice.