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CouncilMemberGolbyintroducedthefollowing:

OrdinanceNumber45.92.14

ANORDINANCEAMENDINGCHAPTER359(VEHICLESANDTRAFFIC)OFTHECODEOF
THECITYOFALBANYBYADDINGANEWARTICLEXIVREGARDINGATRAFFICCONTROL
SIGNALPHOTOVIOLATIONMONITORINGSYSTEM
TheCityofAlbany,inCommonCouncilconvened,doesherebyordainandenact:

Section1.Chapter359oftheCodeoftheCityofAlbanyisherebyamendedbyaddinganew
ArticleXIVtobeentitledTrafficControlSignalPhotoViolationMonitoringSystem
ARTICLEXIV
TrafficControlSignalPhotoViolationMonitoringSystem
359138Ownerliabilityforfailureofoperatortocomplywithtrafficcontrolindications.
A.Notwithstandinganyotherprovisionoflaw,theParkingViolationsBureauisherebyauthorized
andempoweredtoestablishademonstrationprogramimposingmonetaryliabilityontheowner
ofavehicleforfailureofanoperatorthereoftocomplywithtrafficcontrolindicationsin
accordancewiththeprovisionsofthissection.ThePoliceDepartmentandtheDivisionofTraffic
Engineering,forpurposesofimplementationofsuchprogram,shallbeauthorizedtoinstalland
operatetrafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringdevicesatnomorethan20intersections
atanyonetime.
B.Suchdemonstrationprogramshallutilizenecessarytechnologiestoensure,totheextent
practicable,thatphotographsproducedbysuchtrafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoring
systemsshallnotincludeimagesthatidentifythedriver,thepassengersorthecontentsofthe
vehicleprovided,however,thatnonoticeofliabilityissuedpursuanttothissectionshallbe
dismissedsolelybecauseaphotographorphotographsallowfortheidentificationofthe
contentsofavehicle,providedthattheCityofAlbanyhasmadeareasonableefforttocomply
withtheprovisionsofthissubsection.
C.Theownerofavehicleshallbeliableforapenaltyimposedpursuanttothissectionifsuch
vehiclewasusedoroperatedwiththepermissionoftheowner,expressorimplied,inviolationof
Subdivision(d)of1111oftheNewYorkStateVehicleandTrafficLaw,(hereinafterVehicleand
TrafficLaw)andsuchviolationisevidencedbyinformationobtainedfromatrafficcontrolsignal
photoviolationmonitoringsystemprovided,however,thatnoownerofavehicleshallbeliable
forapenaltyimposedpursuanttothissectionwheretheoperatorofsuchvehiclehasbeen
convictedoftheunderlyingviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLaw.
D.Notwithstandinganyotherprovisionofthissection,noownerofavehicleshallbesubjecttoa
monetaryfineimposedpursuanttothissectioniftheoperatorofsuchvehiclewasoperating
suchvehiclewithouttheconsentoftheowneratthetimesuchoperatorfailedtoobeya
trafficcontrolindication.Forpurposesofthissubsection,thereshallbeapresumptionthatthe
operatorofsuchvehiclewasoperatingsuchvehiclewiththeconsentoftheowneratthetime
suchoperatorfailedtoobeyatrafficcontrolindication.
E.Forpurposesofthissection,"owner"shallmeananyperson,corporation,partnership,firm,
agency,association,lessorororganizationwhoatthetimeoftheissuanceofanoticeof
violationinwhichavehicleisoperated:
(1)Isthebeneficialorequitableownerofsuchvehicleor
(2)Hastitletosuchvehicleor
(3)IstheregistrantorcoregistrantofsuchvehiclewhichisregisteredwiththeDepartmentof
MotorVehiclesoftheStateofNewYorkoranyotherstate,territory,district,province,nationor
otherjurisdictionor
(4)Usessuchvehicleinitsvehiclerentingand/orleasingbusinessor
(5)Isanownerofsuchvehicleasdefinedby128orSubdivision(a)of2101oftheVehicle
andTrafficLaw.
F.Forpurposesofthissection,"trafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringsystem"shall
meanadeviceinstalledtoworkinconjunctionwithatrafficcontrolsignalwhich,during
operation,automaticallyproducestwoormorephotographs,twoormoremicrophotographs,a
videotapeorotherrecordedimagesofeachvehicleatthetimeitisusedoroperatedinviolation
ofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLaw.
G.Acertificate,sworntooraffirmedbyatechnicianemployed,hiredorcontractedbytheAlbany
PoliceDepartment,orafacsimilethereof,baseduponinspectionofphotographs,
microphotographs,videotapeorotherrecordedimagesproducedbyatrafficcontrolsignalphoto
violationmonitoringsystem,shallbeprimafacieevidenceofthefactscontainedtherein.Any
photographs,microphotographs,videotapeorotherrecordedimagesevidencingsuchaviolation
shallbeavailableforinspectioninanyproceedingtoadjudicatetheliabilityforsuchviolation
imposedpursuanttothissection.
H.AnownerliableforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLaw
pursuanttothissectionshallbeliableforapenaltyof$50.TheParkingViolationsBureaumay
provideforanadditionalpenaltynotinexcessof$25foreachviolationforthefailuretorespond
toanoticeofliabilitywithintheprescribedtimeperiod.TheParkingViolationsBureaushall
adjudicateliabilityimposedbythissection.
I.Animpositionofliabilityunderthissectionshallnotbedeemedaconvictionasanoperatorand
shallnotbemadepartoftheoperatingrecordofthepersonuponwhomsuchliabilityisimposed
norshallitbeusedforinsurancepurposesintheprovisionofmotorvehicleinsurancecoverage.
J.Anoticeofliabilityshallbesentbyfirstclassmailtoeachpersonallegedtobeliableasan
ownerforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLawpursuanttothis
section.Personalserviceontheownershallnotberequired.Amanualorautomaticrecordof
mailingpreparedintheordinarycourseofbusinessshallbeprimafacieevidenceofthefacts
containedtherein.
K.Anoticeofliabilityshallcontainthenameandaddressofthepersonallegedtobeliableasan
ownerforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLawpursuanttothis
section,theregistrationnumberofthevehicleinvolvedinsuchviolation,thelocationwheresuch
violationtookplace,thedateandtimeofsuchviolationandtheidentificationnumberofthe
camerawhichrecordedtheviolationorotherdocumentlocatornumber.
L.Thenoticeofliabilityshallcontaininformationadvisingthepersonchargedofthemannerand
thetimeinwhichheorshemaycontesttheliabilityallegedinthenotice.Suchnoticeofliability
shallalsocontainawarningtoadvisethepersonschargedthatfailuretocontestinthemanner
andtimeprovidedshallbedeemedanadmissionofliabilityandthatadefaultjudgmentmaybe
enteredthereon.
M.ThenoticeofliabilityshallbepreparedandmailedbytheParkingViolationsBureauorits
designee.
N.Ifanownerreceivesanoticeofliabilitypursuanttothissectionforanytimeperiodduring
whichthevehiclewasreportedtothePoliceDepartmentashavingbeenstolen,itshallbeavalid
defensetoanallegationofliabilityforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleand
TrafficLawpursuanttothissectionthatthevehiclehadbeenreportedtothepoliceasstolen
priortothetimetheviolationoccurredandhadnotbeenrecoveredbysuchtime.Forpurposes
ofassertingthedefenseprovidedbythissubsection,itshallbesufficientthatacertifiedcopyof
thepolicereportonthestolenvehiclebesentbyfirstclassmail,returnreceiptrequested,tothe
ParkingViolationsBureau.
O.IftheownerliableforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLaw
pursuanttothissectionwasnottheoperatorofthevehicleatthetimeoftheviolation,theowner
maymaintainanactionforindemnificationagainsttheoperator.
P.Anappealofanadjudicationofliabilitypursuanttothissectionmaybetakeninaccordance
withChapter90ofthisCode.
Q.Anownerwhoisalessorofavehicletowhichanoticeofliabilitywasissuedpursuantto
SubdivisionHofthissectionshallnotbeliablefortheviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111ofthe
VehicleandTrafficLaw,providedthat:
(1)Priortotheviolation,thelessorhasfiledwiththeParkingViolationsBureauandpaidthe
requiredfilingfeeinaccordancewiththeprovisionsof239oftheVehicleandTrafficLawand
(2)Within37daysafterreceivingnoticefromtheParkingViolationsBureauofthedateandtime
ofaliability,togetherwiththeotherinformationcontainedintheoriginalnoticeofliability,the
lessorsubmitstotheBureauthecorrectnameandaddressofthelesseeofthevehicleidentified
inthenoticeofliabilityatthetimeofsuchviolation,togetherwithsuchotheradditional
informationcontainedintherentalleaseorothercontractdocument,asmaybereasonably
requiredbytheBureaupursuanttoregulationsthatmaybepromulgatedforsuchpurpose.
(3)FailuretocomplywithSubsectionQ(1)or(2)ofthissectionshallrendertheownerliablefor
thepenaltyprescribedinthissection.
(4)Wherethelessorcomplieswiththeprovisionsofthissubsection,thelesseeofsuchvehicle
onthedateofsuchviolationshallbedeemedtobetheownerofsuchvehicleforpurposesof
thissection,shallbesubjecttoliabilityforsuchviolationpursuanttothissectionandshallbe
sentanoticeofliabilitypursuanttoSubsectionHofthissection.
R.Nothinginthissectionshallbeconstruedtolimittheliabilityofanoperatorofavehicleforany
violationofSubdivision(d)of1111oftheVehicleandTrafficLaw.
S.OnorbeforeOctober1,2014,andeveryfourmonthsthereafter,untilsuchtimeasthe
demonstrationprogramauthorizedinSubsectionAhereofshallbefullyoperational,theChiefof
PoliceorhisorherdesigneeshallsubmitawrittenreporttotheCityCouncilonthestatusof
saiddemonstrationprogram.Suchreportshallinclude,butnotbelimitedto,thelocations
selectedforinclusioninthedemonstrationprogramandthecosttotheCity,bothindividuallyand
collectively,ofeachlocationincludedinsuchdemonstrationproject.
T.TheChiefofPoliceorhisorherdesigneeshallsubmittotheGovernor,thetemporary
PresidentoftheSenate,theSpeakeroftheAssemblyandtheCommonCouncil,anannual
reportontheresultsoftheuseofatrafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringsystemonor
beforeJuly1,2015,andonthesamedateineachsucceedingyear,inwhichthedemonstration
programisoperable.Suchreportshallinclude,butnotbelimitedto:
(1)Adescriptionofthelocationswheretrafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringsystems
wereused
(2)Theaggregatenumber,typeandseverityofaccidentsreportedatintersectionswherea
trafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringsystemisusedfortheyearprecedingthe
installationofsuchsystem,totheextenttheinformationismaintainedbytheNewYorkState
DepartmentofMotorVehicles
(3)Theaggregatenumber,typeandseverityofaccidentsreportedatintersectionswherea
trafficcontrolsignalphotoviolationmonitoringsystemisused,totheextenttheinformationis
maintainedbytheNewYorkStateDepartmentofMotorVehicles
(4)Thenumberofviolationsrecordedateachintersectionwhereatrafficcontrolsignalphoto
violationmonitoringsystemisusedandintheaggregateonadaily,weeklyandmonthlybasis
(5)Thetotalnumberofnoticesofliabilityissuedforviolationsrecordedbysuchsystems
(6)Thenumberoffinesandtotalamountoffinespaidafterfirstnoticeofliabilityissuedfor
violationsrecordedbysuchsystems
(7)Thenumberofviolationsadjudicatedandresultsofsuchadjudicationsincludingbreakdowns
ofdispositionsmadeforviolationsrecordedbysuchsystems
(8)ThetotalamountofrevenuerealizedbytheCityfromsuchadjudications
(9)ExpensesincurredbytheCityinconnectionwiththeprogramand
(10)Qualityoftheadjudicationprocessanditsresults.
U.ItshallbeadefensetoanyprosecutionforaviolationofSubdivision(d)of1111ofthe
VehicleandTrafficLawpursuanttothissectionthatsuchtrafficcontrolindicationswere
malfunctioningatthetimeoftheallegedviolation.
Section2.Thisordinanceshalltakeeffectimmediately