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Digital systems testing and testable design
Miron Abramovici, Melvin A. Breuer, Arthur D. Friedman

This updated printing of the leading text and reference in digital systems testing
and testable design provides comprehensive, state-of-the-art coverage of the field.
Included are extensive discussions of test generation, fault modeling for classic and
new technologies, simulation, fault simulation, design for testability, built-in self-
test, and diagnosis. Complete with numerous problems, this book is a must-have
for test engineers, ASIC and system designers, and CAD developers, and advanced
engineering students will find this book an invaluable tool to keep current with
recent changes in the field.
This course examines in depth the theory and practice of fault analysis, test
generation, and design for testability for digital ICs and systems. The topics to be
covered include circuit and system modeling; fault sources and types; the single
stuck-line (SSL), delay, and functional fault models; fault simulation methods;
automatic test pattern generation (ATPG) algorithms for combinational and
sequential circuits, including the D-algorithm, PODEM, FAN, and the genetic
algorithm; testability measures; design-for-testability; scan design; test
compression methods; logic-level diagnosis; built-in self-testing (BIST); VLSI
testing issues; and processor and memory testing. Advance research issues,
including topics on MEMS and mixed-signal testing are also discussed.
This course teaches fundamentals of testing theory and practice for complex VLSI
designs. The objectives are to give the student the ability to solve a wide range of
non-trivial testing problems using practical and cost effective techniques. Students
will also learn to create test automation tools on their own. Topics covered
include, Fault Modeling, Fault Simulation, Automatic Test Generation in
Combinational and Sequential Circuits, Functional Testing of Microprocessors,
ALUs and Memories, Design for Testability, Synthesis for Testability, Built-In
Self-Test and Diagnosis.
This course is designed to introduce students to testing of digital circuits. The
course will familiarize students with existing techniques in VLSI design. After a
gentle introduction to how design errors or manufacturing errors happen in the
VLSI flow, the course teaches how to test a chip for its expected functionality. The
course will gently straddle into both EE and CSE domains. Manufacturing defects
and faults will be abstracted as CS problems and students will learn algorithms to
test a chip systematically. The course also teaches how designs can be made
testable and various methods by which a circuit can be made more testable.
Exposure to VLSI design is not assumed. Students are expected to have a good
understanding of digital circuits. Exposure to data structures and algorithms is
desired.

Circuit Modeling: Basic Concepts, Functional Modeling at Logic and
Register levels, Structural Models.

Logic Simulation: Simulation based Design Verification, Delay Models,
Gate-level Event Driven Simulation.

Fault Modeling: Logical Fault Models, Fault Detection, Equivalence and
Dominance, Single and Multiple Stuck-Fault Model.

Fault Simulation: General Fault Simulation Techniques, Fault Simulation for
Combinational Circuits, Fault Sampling.

Testing: Algorithms tor Testing Single Stuck Fault and Bridge Faults,
Automatic Test Generation Concepts, Functional Testing, Random Test
Generators. Encoding techniques.

Design tor Testability: Scan Based Design. Boundary Scan Techniques,
Compression Techniques, LFSFs, Built-in Self Test (BIST), BIST
Architectures and Advanced BIST Concepts.
--references
Digital Systems Testing and Testable Design Miron Abramovici, Melvin
Breuer and Arthur Friedman
Jaico Books (in India), Fifth Impression,


Essentials of Electronic Testing for Digital, Memory, and Mixed-Signal VLSI
Circuits
Michael Bushnell and Vishwani Agrawal
Springer,

Scientific
Introduction to Algorithms
Thomas H. Cormen, Charles E. Leiserson, Ronald L. Rivest and Cliff Stein
MIT Press and McGraw-Hill, nd Edition, .
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