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Pune
From top: Fergusson College, Mahatma Gandhi Road (left),
Shaniwarwada (right), the HSBC Global Technology India
Headquarters, and the National War Memorial Southern
Command
Nickname(s): Pensioners' paradise.
Pune
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Pune (Marathi:

) (formerly known as Poona in


British era, Punyanagari in old time
English pronunciation: /pun/;
[5][6][7][8]
Marathi: [pue] ( )) is the seventh largest metropolis
in India and the second largest in the state of
Maharashtra.
It is situated 560 metres (1,837 feet) above sea level
on the Deccan plateau at the right bank of the Mutha
river.
[9]
Pune city is the administrative headquarters
of Pune district and was once the centre of power of
the Maratha Empire.
Pune existed as a town since 847 AD. It was the first
capital of the Maratha Empire under Chhatrapati
Shivaji Raje Bhosale. In the 18th century, Pune
became the political centre of Indian subcontinent, as
the seat of Peshwas who were the prime ministers of
the Maratha Empire.
[10]
Pune is sometimes considered the cultural capital of
Maharashtra.
[11]
Since the 1950s and 1960s, Pune has
had traditional old-economy industries which
continue to grow. The city is now also known for
manufacturing and automobiles, as well as
government and private sector research institutes for
information technology (IT) education, management
and training, that attract migrants, students and
professionals from India, South East Asia, Middle
East and Africa.
Contents
1 Toponomy
2 History
2.1 Early and medieval
2.2 Maratha rule
2.3 Peshwa rule
2.4 British rule
2.5 Independence
Coordinates: 183113N 735124E
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Pune

Coordinates: 183113N 735124E
Country India
State Maharashtra
District Pune
Government
Type MayorCouncil
Mayor Chanchala Kodre
Municipal
Commissioner
Mahesh Pathak
Member of
Parliament
Anil Shirole
(
Lok Sabha
)[1]
Area[2]
Metropolis 710 km2 (270 sq mi)
Area rank 7th
Elevation 560 m (1,840 ft)
Population
(2014)
[3]

Metro
[4] 5,049,968
Metro rank 7th
Demonym Punekar
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Postal Index
Number
411 0xx
Area code(s) +91-20
Vehicle
registration
MH 12(Pune), MH 14(PCMC),
(MH 53'Pune South'and MH 54
'Pune North')Upcoming.
Official
language
Marathi
Website www.punecorporation.org
(http://www.punecorporation.org)
3 Geography
3.1 Seismology
3.2 Neighbourhoods
4 Climate
5 Demographics
6 Religion
7 Culture
8 Cuisine
9 Major tourist attractions
10 Economy
11 Industry
12 New and established industry majors in
Pune region
13 Administration
13.1 Civic administration
13.2 Military establishments
14 Architecture
14.1 Museums, parks and zoos
15 Education and research
15.1 Basic and special education
15.2 University education
15.3 Research institutes
16 Transport
16.1 Air
16.2 Rail
16.3 Roads
16.4 Metro
17 Sports and recreation
17.1 Sport institutions
18 Notable people
19 See also
20 References
21 External links
Toponomy
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The circular Nandi mandapa at the
Pataleshwar cave temple, built during
the Rashtrakuta dynasty.
The name Pune is derived from Modi Puyanagari (

|)
(City of Virtue). The oldest reference to this name was found on a
Rashtrakuta Dynasty copper plate dated 937 C.E., which refers to
the town as Punya-Vishaya or Poonak-Vishaya (

*).
[12]
By the 13th century, it had come to be known as Punawadi
(

).
[13]
History
Early and medieval
Copper plates dated 858 AD and 868 AD show that by the 8th
century an agricultural settlement known as Punnaka existed where
Pune is today. The plates indicate that this region was ruled by the Rashtrakuta dynasty. The Pataleshwar
rock-cut temple complex was built during this era.
Pune was part of the Seuna Yadavas of Devagiri from the 9th century to 1327. In 1595, Maloji Raje
Bhosale was appointed the jagirdar of Pune by the Mughal Empire.
[12]
It was ruled by the Ahmadnagar
Sultanate until being annexed by the Mughals in the 17th century.
Maratha rule
In 1626, Shahaji Raje Bhosale (father of Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj) appointed Rango Bapuji Dhadphale
as the administrator of Pune. He was one of the first and the main developer of the town, overseeing many
construction of some markets and residential areas like the Kasba Peth, Somwar Peth, Raviwar Peth and
Shaniwar Peth. After the destruction of the town in raids by the Adil Shahi dynasty in 1630 and again in
1636 to 1647, Dadu Kondadev Kulkarni, an administrative servant of Shahaji, oversaw redevelopment and
construction of the area. He stabilized the revenue and administration system of Pune and the neighboring
towns of Maval . In addition, he developed effective methods to manage disputes and to enforce law and
order. Construction began in 1631 on the Lal Mahal. The Lal Mahal was completed in 1640.
[12]
Jijabai is
said to have commissioned the building of the Kasba Ganapati temple. The Ganesha idol consecrated at this
temple was and is regarded as the presiding deity (gramadevata) of the city.
[14]
After bitter opposition from Brahmins of Pune and from Some Jahagirdar Maratha Families, Shivaji was
crowned Chhatrapati in 1674 thus founding the Maratha Empire. He oversaw further development in Pune,
including the construction of the Guruwar Peth, Somwar Peth, Ganesh Peth and Ghorpade Peth. Shivaji
encouraged development of dams in Parvati and Kondhwa regions of Pune for agriculture purposes. Pune
and surrounding villages later provided manpower for Shivaji's efforts to build an army during the period
from 1645 to 1680. Between 1660 and 1670 the town was captured by Mughal General Shahista Khan, but
was recaptured by the Marathas in 1670 after the Battle of Sinhagad. Chatrapati Shivaji often used Pune as
his Transit Base while his major campaigns such as Varhad-Karanja(1673), AhemadaNagar District(1675),
Karanataka(1677) and Jalna(1679). During the 27-year long conflict between the Marathas and the
Mughals, the town was occupied by Aurangzeb from 1703 to 1705; during this time the name of the town
was changed to "Muhiyabad". Two years later, the Marathas recaptured Sinhagad fort and later Pune city
from the Mughals as had been done in 1670.
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An equestrian statue of The Great
Peshwa Bajirao I outside the
Shaniwar Wada, who is credited with
successful expansion of Maratha
power in North India (circa 1730
CE)
[15][16]
A memorial commemorating The
Great Peshwa Shrimant
Madhavrao I, who (with assistance
from Maharaja Mahadaji Scindia)
resurrected Maratha power in North
India (circa 1770 CE)
[17]
Peshwa rule
Grandson of Shivaji- Shahu realized importance of Pune and asked
most of his army to stationed in Pune as it is central place and
various regions such as Konkan, Khandesh, Marathwada, South
Maharashtra, North Karnataka can be reached from Pune in just 3 to
4 days.He also asked his army to report Peshwas at Pune location
for Fast expedition, Finances than relying on Satara- the seat of
Chatrapati. In 1720, Baji Rao I was appointed Peshwa (Prime
Minister) of the Maratha Empire, ruled by Chhatrapati Shahu of
Satara.
[18]
He selected Pune as his base and started construction of
Shaniwar Wada on the right bank of the Mutha river. The
construction was completed in 1730, ushering in the era of Peshwa
control of the city. The patronage of the Maratha Peshwas resulted
in the construction of many temples and bridges in the city,
including the Lakdi Pul and the temples on Parvati Hill. Bajirao
Peshwa also constructed an underground aqueduct to bring water
from Katraj Lake to Shaniwar Wada. The aqueduct is still
operational. Pune prospered as a city during the reign of Nanasaheb
Peshwa. He developed Saras Baug, Heera Baug, Parvati Hill and
new commercial, trading and residential localilties. Sadashiv Peth,
Narayan Peth, Rasta Peth and Nana Peth were developed in this era.
The Peshwas fell into decline after their defeat in the 1761 Battle of
Panipat. In 1802, Pune was captured by Yashwantrao Holkar in the
Battle of Pune, directly precipitating the Second Anglo-Maratha
War of 18031805. During this period Sardar Apajiram
Sahasrebudhe was the Kotwal of city (further adopted Kotwal as
surname)
[19]
British rule
The Third Anglo-Maratha War broke out between the Marathas and
the British in 1817. The Peshwas were defeated at the Battle of
Khadki (then spelt Kirkee) on 5 November near Pune and the city
was seized by the British. It was placed under the administration of
the Bombay Presidency and the British built a large military
cantonment to the east of the city (now used by the Indian Army). The Pune Municipality was established
in 1858. Navi Peth, Ganj Peth and Mahatma Phule Peth were developed during the British Raj.
Pune was an important centre in the social and religious reform movements of the late 19th century.
Prominent social reformers and freedom fighters lived here, including Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Vitthal Ramji
Shinde, Dhondo Keshav Karve and Mahatma Jyotirao Phule and Dr. Raghunath Karve. Vinayak Damodar
Savarkar resided in Pune when he enrolled in Fergusson College in 1902.
In late 1896, Pune was hit by bubonic plague. By the end of February 1897, the epidemic was raging with a
mortality rate twice the norm and half the city's population fled. A Special Plague Committee was formed
under the chairmanship of W.C. Rand, an Indian Civil Services officer. He brought troops to deal with the
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Fergusson College, founded in 1885
during the British Raj, it was the first
privately governed college in
India.
[20]
emergency. Although these measures were unpopular, the epidemic
was under control by May. On 22 June 1897, during the Diamond
Jubilee celebration of the coronation of Queen Victoria, Rand and
his military escort were killed by the Chapekar brothers. A
memorial to the Chapekar brothers exists at the spot on
Ganeshkhind Road (University Road) between the Reserve Bank
and the Agricultural College.
Pune was prominently associated with the struggle for Indian
independence. In the period 1875 and 1910, the city was a major
centre of agitation and social reforms led by Mahatma Jyotirao
Phule, Gopal Krishna Gokhale and Bal Gangadhar Tilak, as well as
feminist Tarabai Shinde. They demanded the abolition of caste
prejudice, equal rights for women, harmony between the Hindu and
Muslim communities, better schools for the poor and complete
independence from Britain.
[21]
Mohandas Gandhi was imprisoned at Yerwada Central Jail several times
and placed under house arrest at the Aga Khan Palace in 194244, where both his wife and aide Mahadev
Desai died.
Independence
After Indian independence in 1947 from Britain Pune saw a lot of development, such as the establishment
of the National Defence Academy at Khadakwasla and the National Chemical Laboratory at Pashan. Pune
serves as the headquarters of the Southern Command of the Indian Army.
[22]
Industrial development started
in the 1950s and '60s in Hadapsar, Bhosari, Pimpri, and Parvati.
[23]
Telco (now Tata Motors) started
operations in 1961, which gave a huge boost to the automobile sector.
In July 1961, the Panshet and Khadakwasla dams broke and their waters flooded the city, destroying most
of the older sections of town, facilitating the introduction of modern town planning concepts and the
development of parts of Pune. The economy of the city witnessed a boom in the construction and
manufacturing sectors. By 1966, the city had expanded in all directions.
[23]
In 1990 Pune began to attract foreign capital, particularly in the information technology and engineering
industries; new businesses like floriculture and food processing, Wineries started to take root in and around
the city. In 1998, work on the six-lane Mumbai-Pune expressway began, the expressway being completed
in 2001.
[24]
IT Parks were established in Aundh, Hinjawadi and on Nagar Road. In 2008 the
Commonwealth Youth Games took place in Pune, which encouraged additional development in the
northwest region of the city.
[25]
In July 2009, India's first death due to H1 N1 occurred in Pune. Later the city became an epicentre of swine
flu due to the large number of H1 N1 cases.
[26]
On 13 February 2010, a bomb exploded at the German Bakery in the upmarket Koregaon Park
neighbourhood on the east side of Pune, killing 17 and injuring 60.
[27]
The explosion is now suspected to be
an improvised explosive device using an ammonium nitrate fuel oil mix.
[28]
The blast was a first in what
was until then the relatively safe environment of Pune.
[29]
During June first week of 2013, heavy rainfall
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Pashan Lake
Aerial view of Pune near its airport
Bridge over Mulla-Mutha river to
Kalyani Nagar
caused casualties, landslide near Katraj Ghat very near to city limit believed to be "Modern South Gate" of
the city. This unfortunate incident highlighted need of preservation of hills and prevention of encroachment
on natural water resources .
Geography
Pune is located 560 m (1,840 ft) above sea level on the western
margin of the Deccan plateau. It is situated on the leeward side of
the Sahyadri mountain range, which forms a barrier from the
Arabian sea. It is a hilly city, with its tallest hill, Vetal Hill, rising to
800 m (2,600 ft) above sea level. Just outside the city, the Sinhagad
fort is located at an altitude of 1300 m. It lies between 18 32"North
latitude and 73 51"East longitude.
Central Pune is located at the confluence of the Mula and Mutha
rivers. The Pavana and Indrayani rivers, tributaries of the Bhima
river, traverse the northwestern outskirts of metropolitan Pune.
Seismology
Pune lies very close to the seismically active zone around Koyna
Dam, about 100 km (62 mi) south of the city, and has been rated in
Zone 3 (on a scale of 2 to 5, with 5 being the most prone to
earthquakes) by the India Meteorological Department. Pune has
experienced some moderate-intensity and many low-intensity
earthquakes in its history.
Earthquakes felt in Pune with a magnitude of more than 3.0 are
listed below.
Date Magnitude Epicenter
17 May
2004
3.2 Katraj Region, Pune, Maharashtra
[30]
30 July 2008 4.2
Koyna Dam, Koynanagar,
Maharashtra
[31]
14 April
2012
4.9 Satara district, Maharashtra
[32]
Neighbourhoods
The city of Pune can be divided into the following zones:
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Pune Neighborhood
Zone Neighbourhood Description
Old City The seventeen Peths (markets) of Pune
These were
established and
developed during
the Maratha and
Peshwa rule, and
are referred to as the
old city.
New
City
Inner
District
Deccan Gymkhana, Erandwane and Shivajinagar in the west; Camp,
Bund Garden and Koregaon Park in the east; Swargate, Parvati Hill,
Sahakarnagar, Mukund Nagar, Maharshi Nagar, Gultekdi and Salisbury
Park to the south.
Bounded on the
north by the Mula-
Mutha river.
New
City
Outer
District
Khadki, Aundh and Ganeshkhind in the northwest; Kothrud and Paud
Road in the west; Dattawadi, Anandnagar, Sahakarnagar and
Dhankawadi in the southwest; Bibwewadi and Lullanagar in the
southeast; Yerwada, Chandan Nagar, Wadgaon Sheri(including Kalyani
Nagar, Viman Nagar and Shastri Nagar), Kharadi in the northeast;
Vishrantwadi in the north; Ghorpadi, Fatimanagar, Wanowrie and
Hadapsar South to the east.
Several educational
institutes are located
in the Kothrud,
Nagar Road, Bund
Garden Road and
Dhankawadi
neighbourhoods
Suburbs
Baner, Balewadi and Pashan in the northwest; Bavdhan and Warje in the
west; Wadgaon Budrukh in the southwest; Katraj, Wanawadi, NIBM,
Lullanagar, Kondhwa, Undri and Mohammedwadi in the southeast;
Wagholi, Mundhwa and Manjri in the east; Dhanori and Kalas to the
north..
Kharadi and
Hadapsar are home
to large IT parks.
Proposed
Expansion
Mahalunge, Sus, Bavdhan Budrukh, Kirkatwadi, Pisoli, Lohegaon,
Kondhwe Dhavde, Kopare, Nande, Uttam Nagar, Khadakwasla,
Sadesatra Nali, Manjri, Narhe, Shivane, Ambegaon Khurd, Undri,
Dhayari, Ambegaon Budruk, Urali Devachi, Mantarwadi, Holkarwadi,
Authade (Handewadi), Wadachiwadi, Shiwalewadi, Phursungi and
Yeolewadi
28 new villages are
to be merged in
PMC limits
[33]
The Pune Metropolitan Area also includes the following areas, located roughly to the northwest of Pune
city. These are administered by the Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation.
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Pimpri-Chinchwad Area
Zone Neighbourhood Description
Pimpri and
its
surroundings
Pimpri industrial area,
Pimprigaon, Chikhli,
Kalewadi, Kasarwadi,
Phugewadi and Pimple
Saudagar
Pimpri industrial area and other residential areas are included
in this zone. Pimple Saudagar has become new hub of
residential area within the limits of Pimpri-Chinchwad
because its proximity to Hinjewadi IT Park
Chinchwad
and its
surroundings
Chinchwadgaon, Thergaon,
Tathawade
Industrial cum residential area
Dapodi and
its
surroundings
Old Sangvi, Wakad,
Hinjawadi, Pimple Nilakh,
Pimple Gurav and New
Sangvi
Industrial area in Hinjawadi and other area are residential
area. Information Technology (IT) parks at Hinjawadi area
Bhosari and
its
surroundings
Bhosari, Moshi, Dighi,
Dudulgaon and Charholi
Budruk
Industrial areas are at Moshi and Dighi others are residential
areas
Nigdi,
Akurdi and
its
surroundings
Akurdi, Nigdi, Ravet,
Talawade
Residential area. Information Technology (IT) parks at
Talawade area
Climate
Pune has a hot semi-arid climate (BSh) bordering with tropical wet and dry (Aw) with average temperatures
ranging between 20 to 28 C (68 to 82 F).
Pune experiences three seasons: summer, monsoon and a winter.
Typical summer months are from March to May, with maximum temperatures ranging from 30 to 38 C (86
to 100 F). The warmest month in Pune is April; although summer doesn't end until May, the city often
receives heavy thundershowers in May (and humidity remains high). Even during the hottest months, the
nights are usually cool due to Pune's high altitude. The highest temperature ever recorded was 42.3 C
(108.1 F) on 30 April 1897.
[34]
The monsoon lasts from June to October, with moderate rainfall and temperatures ranging from 22 to 28 C
(72 to 82 F). Most of the 722 mm (28.43 in) of annual rainfall in the city fall between June and September,
and July is the wettest month of the year. Hailstorms are also common in this region.
Winter begins in November; November in particular is referred to as the Rosy Cold (literal translation)
(Marathi:

). The daytime temperature hovers around 28 C (82 F) while night temperature is


below 10 C (50 F) for most of December and January, often dropping to 5 to 6 C (41 to 43 F). The
lowest temperature ever recorded was 1.7 C (35 F) on 17 January 1935.
[35]
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Pune growth
Census Pop. %
1851 73,209
1881 129,751
1891 161,390 24.4%
1901 153,320 -5.0%
1921 133,227
1951 488,419
1961 606,777 24.2%
1971 856,105 41.1%
1981 1,203,351 40.6%
1991 1,566,651 30.2%
2001 2,540,069 62.1%
2011 6,226,959 145.1%
Source:
Census of India
,[39]
Imperial Gazetteer of India
[40]
Climate data for Pune
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high
C (F)
35.3
(95.5)
38.9
(102)
42.8
(109)
43.3
(109.9)
43.3
(109.9)
41.7
(107.1)
36.0
(96.8)
35.0
(95)
36.1
(97)
37.8
(100)
36.1
(97)
35.0
(95)
43.3
(109.9)
Average high
C (F)
30.3
(86.5)
32.8
(91)
36.0
(96.8)
38.1
(100.6)
37.2
(99)
32.1
(89.8)
28.3
(82.9)
27.5
(81.5)
29.3
(84.7)
31.8
(89.2)
30.5
(86.9)
29.6
(85.3)
32.0
(89.6)
Daily mean C
(F)
20.5
(68.9)
22.0
(71.6)
25.6
(78.1)
28.8
(83.8)
29.7
(85.5)
27.4
(81.3)
25.3
(77.5)
24.5
(76.1)
25.1
(77.2)
25.0
(77)
22.3
(72.1)
20.2
(68.4)
24.7
(76.46)
Average low
C (F)
11.4
(52.5)
12.7
(54.9)
16.5
(61.7)
20.7
(69.3)
22.5
(72.5)
22.9
(73.2)
22.0
(71.6)
21.4
(70.5)
20.7
(69.3)
18.8
(65.8)
14.7
(58.5)
12.0
(53.6)
18.0
(64.4)
Record low C
(F)
1.7
(35.1)
3.9
(39)
7.2
(45)
10.6
(51.1)
13.8
(56.8)
17.0
(62.6)
18.9
(66)
17.2
(63)
13.2
(55.8)
9.4
(48.9)
4.6
(40.3)
3.3
(37.9)
1.7
(35.1)
Precipitation
mm (inches)
0
(0)
0.5
(0.02)
5.3
(0.209)
16.6
(0.654)
40.6
(1.598)
116.1
(4.571)
187.2
(7.37)
122.3
(4.815)
120.1
(4.728)
77.9
(3.067)
30.2
(1.189)
4.8
(0.189)
721.7
(28.413)
Avg.
precipitation
days
0.0 0.1 0.6 1.1 2.8 7.5 12.8 10.6 7.4 4.6 2.0 0.4 49.9
% humidity 56 46 36 36 48 70 79 82 78 64 58 58 59.3
Mean monthly
sunshine hours
291.4 282.8 300.7 303.0 316.2 186.0 120.9 111.6 177.0 248.0 270.0 288.3 2,895.9
Source #1: Temperature and Precipitation: IMD (1951-1980)
[36][37]
Source #2: Sun hours and Humidity: NOAA (19711990)
[38]
Demographics
As per the 2011 Census of India the population of the Pune
urban agglomeration is 3,304,888, while the population of
Pune District is 9,429,408.
[41][42]
According to recent
estimates, the population growth in Pune is 12% every year.
This includes the towns of Khadki, Pimpri-Chinchwad and
Dehu. Growth in the software and education sectors has led
to an influx of skilled labour from across India. The
population of the urban agglomeration was estimated to be
around 4,485,000 in 2005.
[43]
The migrating population
rose from 43,900 in 2001 to 88,200 in 2005.
[44]
According
to the Pune Municipal Corporation, 40% of the population
lived in slums in 2001.
[45]
The sharp increase in censorial
decade of 19912001 can be attributed to the absorption of
38 fringe villages into the city.
[39]
Average literacy rate of
Pune in 2011 were 86.15 compared to 80.45 of 2001.
[46][47]
Marathi is the official and most widely spoken language,
while English, Hindi and Kannada are understood and
spoken. Pune has a great Marathi influence as it was the
bastion of the Maratha Empire. Like most of the cities, Pune is also one of the cities in India having
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Chaturshringi Temple
Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati temple
majority of Hindu population with 70% Hindus. Central Pune has Brahmin majority. Pune also has a good
Muslim and Christian population. The city has proportionately large no. of students and young professional
populations than Metros or any other city in India.
52.3% of Pune's population is in the 1559 years age category. Around 11% of the population is under
6 years of age.
Religion
Hinduism is the dominant religion in Pune. Many Churches,
Masjids, Gurudwaras, Buddhist Viharas, Jain temples and other
religious buildings are found throughout the city.
[48]
The most
prominent communities include Marathas, Mahars, Mali, Brahmin,
Marwaris, Marwari Jains, Punjabi and Sindhi people, along with the
local communities. The most prominent Hindu temple in Pune is the
Parvati Temple, located on Parvati hill and visible from most of the
inner suburbs. The most visited temple is likely the Chaturshringi
Temple, located on the slopes of a hill in the northwest of the city.
During Navratri, there is a large procession to this temple and
worshippers gather from around the country to pray here. The
presiding god of Pune city is the Kasba Ganpati, whose temple is
found in Kasba Peth in central Pune. Sarasbaug Ganpati is also a
prominent landmark in Pune.
The Pataleshwar Temple is believed to be one of the oldest temples
in the city.
Since 1894, Pune has celebrated Ganesh Chaturthi as a ten-day long
festival, in which most neighbourhoods put up a pandal (tent) with
an idol of Ganesha, often amidst a religious setting, complete with
decorative lights and festive music. This festival culminates with a
parade of Ganesh idols from across the city carried to the local
rivers to be immersed (Ganesh visarjan). The Kasba Ganapati, as
the presiding deity of the city, is the first in this parade. The idea of a public celebration was initiated by Bal
Gangadhar Tilak in Pune, and has since spread to many other cities, particularly Mumbai, which now has a
parade every year.
Religious persons, like Dnyaneshwar and the revolutionary spiritual poet Sant Tukaram Maharaj, were born
near Pune. Their link to the city is commemorated with an annual pilgrimage to Pandharpur, 300 kilometres
away, consisting of a litter of both figures being carried to the main temple of the Hindu god Vithoba. The
pilgrimage is timed to end on the auspicious day of Aashadhi Ekadashi
Islam is the second largest religion in Pune. Pune has a large number of Mosques, the most prominent of
which are Chand Tara Masjid, Jaama Masjid and Azam Campus Masjid. Chand Tara Masjid, located in
Nana Peth, is one of the biggest and most important mosques in Pune as it is the city headquarters (markaz)
for the Tablighi Jamaat. The Eid-gah Maidan located near Golibar Maidan on Shankar Sheth Road
witnesses a large gathering of people for Eid namaz on Eid al-Fitr and Eid al-Adha.
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With 200,000 visitors annually, the
Osho International Meditation Resort
in Pune is one of the largest spiritual
centres in the world
There are a significant number of Christians residing in Pune. The Roman Catholic Diocese of Pune (Latin:
Poonen (sis)) is located here. It is a part of the Ecclesiastical province of Mumbai established in 1854 as the
Apostolic Vicariate of Pune from the Apostolic Vicariate of Bombay. On 1 September 1886 it was
promoted to the Diocese of Pune.
Protestantism arrived in the 18th century when the British took over from the Maratha Empire. American
missionaries were the first to start evangelising local people, building many churches and schools in Pune.
Pune's Christians are also called Marathi Christians because of their use of the Marathi language. The
Vineyard Workers' Church is a popular place of Christian worship in Dapodi, a village near Pune.
Pune is known for its Marathi-speaking Jews. The Ohel David Synagogue (popularly known as Lal Deval
in Marathi or Red Temple) built by David Sassoon is renowned. David Sassoon died in the city in 1864.
The Shrutisagar Ashram, located at Phulgaon off the Nagar road, houses the Vedanta Research Centre and a
unique temple of Dakshinamurthy, located near the confluence of the Bhima, Bhama and Indrayani rivers.
It was established in 1989 by Swami Swaroopanand Saraswati. Here one can find detailed explanations of
ruti and smriti (including the Vedas, Bhagavad Gita, Upanishads and Puranas) in Marathi and English.
Pune has been associated with several significant spiritual teachers.
Osho lived and taught in Pune for much of the 1970s and 1980s.
The Osho International Meditation Resort, one of the world's largest
spiritual centres, is located in the Koregaon Park area. It has visitors
from over a hundred countries.
[49]
Pune is also the birthplace of
Meher Baba, although his followers usually travel to Meherabad to
visit his tomb. Hazrat Babajan, identified by Meher Baba as one of
the five Perfect Masters, lived the final 25 years of her life in Pune.
She was an Afghan Muslim noted for her great age and outdoor
existence. She established her final residence first under an
'Azadirachta indica tree near Bukhari Shah's mosque in Rasta Peth
and later another A. indica tree in the then-dilapidated section of
Pune called Char Bawdi where she remained the rest of her life.
There is a shrine erected in her honour in Pune, around the tree
under which she made her final home.
[50]
The ISKCON movement has a presence in the city at the Sri Radha Kunjbihari Mandir.
Though Punjabi population is less in Pune but still significant numbers are living in Pune. There are places
of worship (called Gurudwaras) for Sikhs at Camp, Kharki, Aundh, Pimpri, Akrudi, Budhwar Peth are few
to mention. Camp Gurudwara being one of the main, almost 300+ people visits every day. It is named as
"Guru Nanak Darbar" and some people also call it as "Hollywood Gurudwara". This complex includes
charitable hospital, community kitchen for Langar and Sarai for refugees.
[51]
B. K. S. Iyengar, an internationally known yoga master, established the Ramamani Iyengar Memorial Yoga
Institute in Pune in 1975, to train students in Iyengar Yoga.
Culture
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Pune is said to be the cultural capital of the state of Maharashtra. It epitomises Marathi culture, which lays
emphasis on education, arts and crafts, music, and theatre. Pune has emerged as a centre of modern
architecture in India, with prize-winning buildings. Pune culture reflects a blend of traditions with
modernity, along with hosting classical shows.
[52]
Cuisine
Sorghum and Pearl millet are the main ingredients of traditional Pune food. Specialties include Misal Pav,
Puran Poli (a dessert bread), Pithla bhakri, Bhelpuri and Pav Bhaji.
[53]
Mastani, a thick milkshake
containing dried fruit, is a speciality of the city.
[54]
Another speciality is Bakarvadi, a crispy snack item.
Vada Pav, Misal Pav, Poha, Dabeli and Bhelpuri are common and famous street foods. Being a
Metropolitan city, Pune also boasts a wide variety of restaurants, serving cuisines from all over the world.
Major tourist attractions
PMC Proximities
Shaniwar Wada: Shaniwar Wada was the palace of Peshwa (Prime Minister of Chhatrapati) in Pune.
Shaniwar Wada is the original Lal Mahal built by Shivaji Raje Bhosale, it has been cunningly and
deceptively attributed to be built by the Peshwa Baji Rao in 1730. The Palace was destroyed in a big fire in
1827; the mammoth structure of the walls survived the fire. Shaniwar Wada stands testimony to the
Maratha culture and its architectural design shows influences of Mughal style and features of Maratha
artistic styles too. The 21 feet tall massive door of the palace known as Delhi Darwaza is one of the remains
of the grand old Palace.
Dagadusheth Halwai Ganapati Temple: The temple was founded in 1893 by Dagadusheth Halwai, a
sweetmart seller who became a wealthy businessman. Halwai had lost his son the previous year, and at the
request of his guru created murtis (image of a deity) of Ganesha and Dattatreya. He later established the
Halwai Ganapati Trust. Bal Gangadhar Tilak, during the British Raj, gave a public form to the Ganesh
festival celebrations as a way of getting around an order that barred public meetings.
Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum: Raja Dinkar Kelkar Museum is located at the busy Bajirao Road in the heart
of the Pune city. This museum displays a variety of artefacts which showcases the vastness and diversity of
culture of the country and people. The Museum houses many items collected by Dr. D. G. Kelkar. The
spectacular museum offers unique exhibits like the foot scrubber in the form an elephant-shape, images of
Lord Ganesha, and a brass scorpion having a secret lock system. 'Mastani Mahal' which was reconstructed
in the museum is a major attraction here. It also exhibits 20th century pottery, paintings of 17th century and
carved doors of temples and palaces. It is a museum which is worth a visit.
Saras Baug: Saras Baug constructed by Nanasaheb Peshwa is located against the scenic background of
Parvati Hills. The imposing garden is a popular relaxation spot and is exquisite with elegant fountains and
lush green lawns. The garden houses a renowned temple constructed in 1774 by Madhav Rao Peshwa. The
temple is dedicated to Lord Ganesha and there is a Ganesh Murthi Museum, enclosing large number of
Ganesh statues. Saras Garden has been used by citizens of Pune as a walking and jogging track and it also
serves as a beautiful hangout for the populace during the weekends and evenings.
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Parvati Hill: Parvati hill is a picturesque spot perched atop Pune city. Parvati Hill Temple, believed to be
built during the 17th century, is an important Hindu religious destination here. It enshrines the idols of
Goddess Parvati, Lord Ganesha, Lord Vishnu, Devateshwar and Lord Karthikeya. This temple was solely
used for the prayers by the Peshwa rulers in bygone era & was only later opened to the public. Steps with
artistic stone work of the Maratha's lead to this hill temple. The Parvati Hill is an ideal location for trekkers.
Nearby attractions include Parvati Museum enclosing old manuscripts, rare coins, weapons, the Sati
Monument and Vetal Chabutra.
Osho International Meditation Resort: Ashram of Bhagwan Rajneesh (Osho Ashram), in a 32 acre beautiful
campus, is in Koregaon Park area of Pune. The ashram is a prime attraction for tourists who are followers
of Bhagwan Rajneesh ideologies & preaching. It is a resort for Meditation and Yoga.
Vishrambaug Wada: Vishrambaag Wada is a fine mansion situated at central Pune's Thorale Bajirao Road,
was the luxurious residence of Peshwa Bajirao II, the last Peshwa of Maratha confederacy, in early
nineteenth century. The 20,000 sq. ft. wada presently houses a post office on its ground floor, a few other
offices of the municipal corporation and a small museum of Maratha artefacts put together by noted
Maratha historian, Babasaheb Purandare. This structure is famous for its fine entrance and the balcony with
carved woodwork.
Bund Garden, Pune: Bund garden in Pune is a place filled with natures beauty in abundance & scenically
located on the banks of the rivers of Mula and Mutha. The Bund Garden was constructed by Sir Janshedji
with an aim to provide water to the poor for farming. Bund Garden, also known as Mahatma Gandhi Udyan
is an ideal place for visitors looking for some calm & peace away from busy city life.
PCMC Proximities
Science Park at Chinchwad (in PCMC area) A first of its kind science park (in India) that includes various
educational galleries providing information about all the topics related to science that provide great learning
experience for all age groups and especially it will help students to know various basic concepts in science
and workings of various scientific gadgets in daily life through simple language and demonstrations. It is
located at Chinchwad on Old PuneMumbai Highway stretch, open from 10 am to 5.30 pm daily and will
be closed on Mondays.
[55]
Shirgaon Sai Temple is popularly known as Prati-Shirdi among Sai devotees. There are lot of similarities
in Shirgaon and Shirdi. The name itself resembles to Shirdi to great extent. The temple layout, Gabhara,
Samadhi, Sai moorti makes one feel as if he is in Shirdi. Dwarkamai at Shirgaon holds Sai Dhuni which is
enlightened 24 hours, 7 days a week. It is situated off old Old PuneMumbai Highway and is around 30 km
(19 mi) from Pune railway station.
[56]
Economy
As one of the largest cities in India, and as a result of its many colleges and universities, Pune is emerging
as a prominent location for IT and manufacturing companies to expand. Pune has the seventh largest
metropolitan economy and the sixth highest per capita income in the country.
[57]
The automotive sector is prominent in Pune. It is home to the Automotive Research Association of India,
which is responsible for the homologation of all vehicles available in India. All sectors of the automotive
industry are represented, from two-wheelers and autorickshaws to cars, tractors, tempos, excavators and
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Infosys Pune Campus
Volkswagen India Plant and offices
in Pune
trucks. Automotive companies like Tata Motors, Mahindra & Mahindra, Mercedes Benz, Force Motors
(Firodia-Group), Kinetic Motors have set ups in Pune. Automotive companies including General Motors,
Land Rover, Jaguar, Renault, Volkswagen, and Fiat have set up greenfield facilities near Pune, leading The
Independent to cite Pune as India's "Motor City".
[58]
Several automotive component manufacturers like
Saint-Gobain Sekurit, TATA Autocomp Systems Limited, Robert Bosch GmbH, ZF Friedrichshafen AG,
Visteon, and Continental AG are located here.
India's largest engineering conglomerate, the Kirloskar Group, was
the first to bring industry to Pune by setting up Kirloskar Oil
Engines Ltd. in 1945 at Kirkee in Pune. The Group was originally
set up in Kirloskarwadi.
[59]
Kirloskar Brothers Limited (India's
largest manufacturer and exporter of pumps and the largest
infrastructure pumping project contractor in Asia
[60]
), Kirloskar Oil
Engines (India's largest diesel engine company
[61]
), Kirloskar
Pneumatics Co. Ltd. and other Kirloskar companies are based in
Pune.
The Hinjawadi IT Park (officially called the Rajeev Gandhi IT Park)
is a project being started by MIDC to house the IT sector in Pune.
When completed, the Hinjawadi IT Park is expected to have an area
of about 2,800 acres (11 km
2
). The estimated investment in the
project is 600 billion (US$10 billion).
[62]
To facilitate economic
growth, the government made liberal incentives in its IT and ITES
Policy, 2003 and leased properties on MIDC land.
[63]
The IT sector
employs more than 70,000 people. Software giant Microsoft intends
to set up a 7 billion (US$120 million) project in Hinjewadi.
[63]
Pune Food Cluster development project is an initiative funded by
the World Bank. It is being implemented with the help of SIDBI,
Cluster Craft to facilitate the development of the fruit and vegetable
processing industries in and around Pune.
[64][65]
The Meetings, Incentives, Conferencing, Exhibitions trade is expected to get a boost once the Pune
International Exhibition and Convention Centre (PIECC) completes in 2017. The 97-hectare PIECC will
boast a seating capacity of 20,000, with a floor area of 13,000m2. It will have seven exhibition centres, a
convention centre, a golf course, a five-star hotel, a business complex, shopping malls and residences. The
US$115 million project is developed by the Pimpri-Chinchwad New Town Development Authority.
[66]
Nowadays a growing number of automotive dealerships are springing up all over the city. They include
luxury car makers like Jaguar Land Rover, Mercedes Benz, BMW, Audi and bike manufacturers like
Kawasaki, KTM and Harley Davidson
Industry
The emergence of industrial Pune began in the early 1960s, with mechanical engineering industries
arriving. Pune's proximity to Mumbai, good climate and availability of talent made it a destination for large
firms like Tata Motors (TELCO then), Thermax, Buckau Wolf (ThyssenKrupp now), Kirloskar Group,
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KSB Pumps, Hindustan Antibiotics and several others.
Today, Pune has a diverse industrial population. It is one of India's most important automotive hubs, with
some domestic and international auto giants manufacturing here, including Daimler Benz, MTU FN and
Volkswagen. Pune also has hundreds of large IT companies such as GATITAA,
[67]
Infosys, KPIT, Patni
Computers, Opus Software Solutions of and thousands of small IT companies and start-ups which thrive in
the highly skilled resource pool from this city's engineers.
Pune is the largest hub in India
[68]
for German companies. According to the Indo-German Chamber of
Commerce, Pune has been the single largest hub for German companies for the last 60 years. Over 225
German companies have set up their businesses here.
[69]
New and established industry majors in Pune region
Pune is one of the premier industrial centres of India.
[70]
It is home to one of the world's three largest two-
wheeler manufacturers, Bajaj Auto. Other global automobile names like Telco, Mercedes Benz and Bajaj
Tempo also have huge manufacturing facilities here. Apart from the auto giants, a large number of
engineering, electronic and electrical industries have set up base in the large, medium and small scale
sectors. The industrial township of Pimpri Chinchwad, adjacent to the main city, is dotted with over 4,000
manufacturing units.
Administration
Civic administration
The city of Pune is managed by the Pune Municipal Corporation (PMC). The Corporation consists of 149
directly elected councillors,
[71]
who are led by the Mayor of Pune, a titular position mainly acting as an
ambassador and representative of the city. Actual executive power is vested in the Municipal
Commissioner, an officer of the Indian Administrative Service who is appointed by the Government of
Maharashtra.
Apart from the PMC, four other administrative bodies are active within the Pune Metropolitan Area:
Pimpri-Chinchwad Municipal Corporation (PCMC),
[72]
responsible for Pimpri-Chinchwad and its
surroundings
Khadki Cantonment Board (KCB),
[73]
responsible for Khadki
Pune Cantonment Board (PCB),
[74]
responsible for Pune Cantonment
Dehu Road Cantonment Board, responsible for the Dehu Road area
A plan to establish a single Pune Metropolitan Regional Development Authority (PMRDA), consisting of
the combined municipal councils, corporations, and other local governments of Pune, Pimpri-Chinchwad,
Lonavala, Talegaon, Bhor, Shirur, Saswad, the three cantonments and hundred villages near the city, has
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Statue of Aryabhata on the grounds of
IUCAA, Pune. As there is no known
information regarding his appearance,
any image of Aryabhata is an artist's
conception.
The National War Memorial
Southern Command in Pune
Cantonment
been considered since 1997, but has still not been put into place.
[75]
This body would be the executing
authority which would acquire and develop reserve land to improve the infrastructure of the Pune
metropolitan area.
The Pune Police is headed by the Police Commissioner of Pune, an officer of the Indian Police Service. The
Pune Police report to the state ministry.
Military establishments
Pune was the largest military camp for the British forces during the Raj and the architecture in the
cantonment area is very evocative of the era. The majority of the old Cantonment land in the city is now
occupied by the Indian Army for the housing of its garrisons and officers.
[76]
The Southern Command, a
World War II Indian Army formation, has its headquarters in Pune cantonment. The city is home to
Lohegaon Aerodrome (previously RAF Station Pune), the city's airport and Indian Air Force airfield for the
Sukhoi-30MKI multi-role strike
fighters.
The National Defence Academy
(NDA) is an integrated military
training centre that provides
education up to the graduation level
and joint training for cadets of the
Army, the Navy and the Air
Force.
[77]
The NDA estate is spread
over 8,028 acres (3,249 ha) of land
in Khadakwasla near Pune and
contains apart from NDA facilities, a
mini sanctuary and Peacock Bay,
one of the lakes that provide water to
Pune city.
[78]
Pune also hosts
College of Military Engineering,
also commonly referred to as CME,
which trains students in Engineering subjects related to the military.
It also has the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC), Pune for
Medical Study along with Nursing Courses for the Indian army.
Pune and Khadki Area have centres of Bombay Sappers (Bombay
Engineer Group), a regiment of the Indian Army Corps of
Engineers.
Architecture
In addition to its temples, historical attractions in and around Pune include the rock-cut Pataleshwar cave
temple, Aga Khan Palace, Shaniwarwada, Lal Mahal, Shinde Chhatri and Sinhagad fort.
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Shinde Chhatri, located at Wanowrie,
is a memorial dedicated to The Great
Maratha Sardar, Maharaja
Mahadaji Shinde (Scindia)
Bahadur, the Maharaja of Gwalior,
who was instrumental in establishing
the Maratha supremacy over North
India
[79]
Pu. La. Deshpande Garden
The city is known for its British Raj and the Garden city movement layout of the Cantonment in the early
twentieth century. Notable architects who have worked in Pune include B.V.Doshi, Charles Correa, Achyut
Kanvinde and Christopher Charles Benninger. Modern master
pieces in Pune include the IUCAA by Correa and a number of
campuses by Benninger, including his studio complex called India
House. His award winning campuses include the Mahindra United
World College of India, the YMCA Campsite at Mulshi, the
Samundra Institute of Maritime Studies, and Suzlon One Earth.
Museums, parks and zoos
Prominent museums in Pune include the Raja Dinkar Kelkar
Museum, Mahatma Phule Museum, Dr. Babasaheb Ambedkar
Museum and the Pune Tribal Museum. The College of Military
Engineering has an archive and an equipment museum which has a
rail exhibit with a metre-gauge train. A large railway museum is
also coming up in Lonavala about 60 km (37 mi) away from the city
on the Mumbai railway line.
Celebrity WAX Museum consist famous faces of India such as
freedom fighters, Bollywood stars, social activists and many more.
It is situated about 40 km (25 mi) from Pune on old old Pune-
Mumbai highway approaching toward Lonawala which already
beckon tourist attraction. Adlabs Imagica is another attraction near
Khopoli.
[80]
Pune has public gardens, such as the Kamala Nehru Park, Sambhaji
Park Shahu Udyan, Peshwe Park, Saras Baug, Empress Garden,
Taljai Hills and Bund Garden. 'Pu La Deshpande Udyan(The Pune-
Okayama Friendship Garden) is a replica of the Korakuen Garden in
Okayama, Japan.
[81]
The Aga Khan Palace was built by Sultan
Muhammed Shah Aga Khan III in Pune, India. Built in 1892, it is
one of the biggest landmarks in Indian history. The palace was an
act of charity by the Sultan who wanted to help the poor in the neighbouring areas of Pune, who were
drastically hit by famine.[1]
Aga Khan Palace is a majestic building and is considered to be one of the greatest marvels of India.[2] The
palace is closely linked to the Indian freedom movement as it served as a prison for Mahatma Gandhi, his
wife Kasturba Gandhi, his secretary Mahadev Desai and Sarojini Naidu. It is also the place where Kasturba
Gandhi and Mahadev Desai died.[2] In 2003, Archeological Survey of India (ASI) declared the place as a
monument of national importance.[
The Rajiv Gandhi Zoological Park is located at Katraj, close to the city.
[82]
The zoo, earlier located at
Peshwe Park, was merged with the reptile park at Katraj in 1999. Besides this, certain spots in Pune such as
Hanuman Tekdi, Vetaal Tekdi and Taljai forest are popular haunts for nature lovers.
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The University of Pune
As the agro-pharmaceutical business has dwindled in recent decades, immigration from erstwhile tribal
peoples now accounts for seventy percent of population growth and education syllabi have not adjusted in
accordance with other industrialised regions.
[83][84]
This has created what has become an exclusive
environment in the government's expansion of education infrastructure, and Marathi literati have received a
number of grants in areas that were previously ignored. Both experimental (9

) and
professional theatre receive extensive patronage from the Marathi community. The Tilak Smarak Mandir,
Bala Gandharva Rangmandir, Bharat Natya Mandir, Yashwantrao Chavan Natyagriha and Sudarshan
Rangmanch are prominent theatres in the city. Ganesh Kala Krida Rangamanch is the largest closed theatre
in the city, with a seating capacity of 45,000.
[85]
The Sawai Gandharva Sangeet Mahotsav, one of the most prominent and sought-after Indian classical
music festivals in India is held in Pune every year in December. It commemorates the life and achievements
of Pt. Sawai Gandharva.
[86]
The concept of Diw Pah originated in Pune as a music festival on the
morning of the festival of Diwali.
[87]
Education and research
Pune has more than a hundred educational institutes and nine universities,
[88]
students from all over the
world studying at the colleges of the University of Pune. Pune has a large student population, and a large
number of quality academic and research institutes.
Basic and special education
Public schools (known locally as "municipality schools") are run by the Pune Municipal Corporation, and
are affiliated with the Maharashtra State Board of Secondary and Higher Secondary Education. Private
schools are run by educational trusts or individuals. The five schools are older than any other schools of
Pune; those are Bhave school, Nutan Marathi Vidyalay, Camp Education Society School, The Bishop's
School and New English School. They are usually affiliated to either the state board or to national
education boards, such as the Indian Certificate of Secondary Education, CBSE or NIOS boards.
Pune is the largest centre for Japanese learning in India.
[89]
Other
languages including German (taught at the Max Muller Bhavan) and
French (at the Alliance Franaise de Pune) are popular in the city.
University education
Most colleges in Pune are affiliated to the University of Pune,
established in 1948. Seven other universities have also been
established in the city.
[90]
The College of Engineering Pune, now autonomous institute of
government of Maharashtra, founded in 1854, is the third oldest engineering college in Asia. The Deccan
Education Society was founded by several local citizens in 1884, including social and political activist Bal
Gangadhar Tilak,
[91]
and was responsible for founding Fergusson College in 1885. This society maintains
and operates 32 institutes in Pune.
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College of Engineering Pune
National Chemical Laboratory
Symbiosis International University, which operates 33 colleges and institutions in the city, includes colleges
such as
[92]
Symbiosis Institute of Business Management (http://www.sibm.edu/)(SiBM, Pune), Symbiosis
Centre for Management and Human Resource Development (http://www.scmhrd.edu) (SCMHRD) and
Symbiosis Institute of International Business (http://www.siib.ac.in) (SIIB) which are ranked amongst the
top management institutes in the country
[93]
and Symbiosis Institute of Computer Studies and Research
(SICSR) (http://sicsr.ac.in/) which is one of the few colleges in India
that promotes open source technology. Pune is also home to
Symbiosis Institute of Technology of the Symbiosis family.
[94]
ILS Law College, established by the Indian Law Society, is one of
the top ten law schools in India. Established medical schools such as
the Armed Forces Medical College (AFMC) and Byramjee
Jeejeebhoy Medical College train students from all over
Maharashtra and India and are amongst the top medical colleges in
India. The AFMC consistently ranks among the top five medical
colleges in India.
[95]
Film and Television Institute of India at law
college road.
The Lalit Kala Kendra is an undergraduate department of Music,
Dance and Drama on the University of Pune campus that has been
operational since 1987. This department features a combination of
Gurukul and formal education systems.
[96]
Another important institution for students who are working part-
time during the day is the St. Vincent College of Commerce as it
gives them an opportunity to study in the evening hours. This
college was founded by the Society of Jesuits and is located in Pune
Camp.
Research institutes
Pune is home to some of India's important research institutes. Some of the major research centres are:
National Chemical Laboratory (NCL): one of the leading chemical research establishments in India
Lupin Limited Research Park, Situated at Nande Village is leading Pharma Research Institute,
Spread in 19 acre of land.
Indian Institute of Science Education and Research, Pune (IISER, Pune)
Inter-university Centre for Astronomy & Astrophysics (IUCCA)
National Centre for Radio Astrophysics (NCRA)
Centre for Development of Advanced Computing (C-DAC)
[97]
Electronics Test and Development Centre (ETDC): under the STQC directorate, it is a leading testing
and certification centre.
[98]
National Institute of Virology (NIV)
National Research Centre for Grapes (NRCG)
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Departure Lounge at Pune Airport
Gokhale Institute of Politics and Economics
Central Water & Power Research Station (CWPRS)
National Centre for Cell Science (NCCS)
Automotive Research Association of India (ARAI)
Indian Institute of Tropical Meteorology (IITM): scientists at IITM has made significant
achievements in tropical weather
[99]
National Informatics Centre (NIC)
Armament Research Development Establishment (ARDE)
High Energy Materials Research Laboratory (HEMRL)
Centre for Materials for Electronics Technology (CMET)
Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute (BORI)
National AIDS Research Centre (NARI)
Agharkar Research Institute (ARI)
National Institute of Bank Management (NIBM)
Army Institute of Technology (AIT)
National Institute of Construction Management and Research (NICMAR)
Several military and armament research organisations are located in Pune (see the Military establishments
section in this article).
Transport
Air
Pune International Airport is an international airport at Lohegaon,
operated by the Airports Authority of India. It shares its runways
with the neighbouring Indian Air Force base.
[100]
In addition to
domestic flights to all major Indian cities, this airport serves
international direct flights to Dubai (operated by Air India
Express)
[101]
and to Frankfurt (operated by Lufthansa).
[102]
The Maharashtra Industrial Development Corporation is responsible
for the design and construction of a New Pune International Airport.
The area between Chakan and Rajgurunagar, around the villages of
Chandus and Shiroli, is being considered as a construction site. If
constructed here, it will be at a distance of 40 km (25 mi) from
central Pune.
[103]
They have passed tendor for Pune International Airport at Chakan Pune. This project it
will be complete till December 2017.
Rail
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A highway leading into Pune
The Mumbai-Pune Expressway
India's first Expressway as seen from
Khandala
Local trains (EMUs) connect Pune to the industrial town of Pimpri-Chinchwad and the hill station of
Lonavala, while daily express trains connect Pune to Mumbai, Hyderabad, Delhi, Nagpur,
Thiruvananthapuram, Kochi, Coimbatore, Chennai, Bangalore, Kanpur, Howrah, Jammu Tawi, Darbhanga,
Goa, Varanasi, Patna, and Jamshedpur. At Pune, there is diesel locomotive shed and electric trip shed.
[104]
A rapid transit system has been proposed in Pune and is scheduled to begin operations in 2013.
[105]
Pune
Metro Rail is being planned in consultation with Delhi Metro Rail Corporation Limited, the corporation
which built and operates the Delhi Metro. It will be a combination of elevated and underground sections,
with initial routes being planned between Pimpri-Swargate and Vanaz-Ramwadi.
The city has a railway station, Pune Railway Station. The station is administrated by the Pune Railway
Division of the Central Railways.
[106]
All the railway lines to Pune are broad gauge.
Roads
Both public and private transport are popular in Pune. Public buses
within the city and its suburbs are operated by the Pune Mahanagar
Parivahan Mahamandal Limited (PMPML). The PMPML operates
the Pune Bus Rapid Transit system, the first of its kind in India, in
which dedicated bus lanes were supposed to allow buses to travel
quickly through the city. In reality the project has turned out to be a
failure receiving little to no patronage from the local citizenry.
[107]
Maharashtra State Road Transport Corporation runs buses from its
main stations in Shivajinagar, Pune station and Swargate to all
major cities and towns in Maharashtra and neighbouring states.
Private companies too run buses to major cities throughout
India.
[108]
Pune is well-connected to other cities by Indian highways and state
highways. National Highway 4 (NH 4) connects it to Mumbai,
Bangalore and Kolhapur. NH 9 to Hyderabad, and NH 50 to Nashik.
State highways connect it to Ahmednagar, Aurangabad, and Alandi.
The Mumbai-Pune Expressway, India's first six-lane high-speed
expressway, was built in 2002, and has reduced travel time between
Pune and Mumbai to almost two hours. A ring road is being planned
for the convenience of heavy traffic.
[109]
Pune is served by two intra-city highways: Old Pune-Mumbai
Highway and Katraj-Dehu Road Bypass, a part of National
Highway 4. The Nashik City-Pune Highway NH 50 will be part of
the golden triangle (Nashik-Pune-Mumbai). One can easily move
around Pune by Road by hiring cars on rent from Ezeecabs,
[110]
Ali
Cabs, and Hudson Cabs.
Metro
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Pune BRTS is the first Bus Rapid
Transit System in India. The project
consists of 16.5 kilometres (10.3 mi)
of bus lanes along the Pune Satara
Road using more than 500
airconditioned, low-floor Volvo
B7RLE buses.
Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium
Metro Rail Project has been proposed in Pune Metropolitan Area.
The project is expected to be operational by 2021 and will be
operated by Pune Metro Rail Corporation (PMRC). It will have 4
lines with a total planned length of 82 km, which will be built in 2
phases.
Sports and recreation
Popular games and sports in Pune include Athletics, Cricket,
Basketball, Badminton, Field Hockey, Football, Tennis, Kabaddi,
Paragliding, Kho-Kho, Rowing and Chess. The Pune International
Marathon is an annual Marathon conducted in Pune. The 2008
Commonwealth Youth Games were held in Pune.
Today's popular badminton game that is played worldwide was
incepted in Pune. It was created by British military officers stationed
in Poona (now Pune) can be traced in mid-1800s. Initially, balls of
wool referred as ball badminton were preferred by the upper classes
in windy or wet conditions, but ultimately the shuttlecock stuck.
This game was further developed in England and rules were set out,
and what we see today is international badminton rules.
[111]
Cricket is played between clubs affiliated with the Maharashtra
Cricket Association, which maintains a domestic cricket team (the
Maharashtra cricket team). This team, one of three based in the state
of Maharashtra, competes in interstate matches and leagues, such as
the Ranji Trophy. Jawaharlal Nehru Stadium, is where National and
One Day International matches take place. It has been named after
the First Prime Minister of Independent India, Pandit Jawaharlal
Nehru.
An Indian Premier League cricket team based in Pune began play in 2011. The team is named as Pune
Warriors India and was brought for Rs. 17.02 billion or $370 million. It is the most expensive team in the
Indian Premier League, and it is owned by Sahara Group. This team was later drowned before the IPL-7
started.
[112]
A new stadium Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium built in Gahunje on Mumbai Pune express way,
inaugurated on 1 April 2012, is the Home Ground of Pune Warriors. The Subrata Roy Sahara Stadium has a
seating capacity of 55,000 and is built on the Mumbai Pune Expressway.
Blades of Glory, India's first cricket museum, is based out of Pune. Run by Rohan Pate, a former
Maharashtra Under-19 cricketer, inaugurated during IPL V by Sachin Tendulkar and located in the quaint
Sahakar Nagar.
[113]
Bal Gandharva Ranga Mandir is a theatre auditorium and exhibition hall located in Pune which hosts
Marathi dramas. The theatre is named after the great Marathi singer and stage actor Bal Gandharva.
Pune is also famous for The Bhandarkar Oriental Research Institute. It was founded on 6 July 1917 to
honour the life and work of Dr. Ramakrishna Gopal Bhandarkar (18371925), long regarded as the founder
of Indology (Orientalism) in India. The institute is well known for its collection of old Sanskrit and Prakrit
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Pune FC
manuscripts.
The Pune Football Club, also known as Pune FC, is a recently
founded football club that plays in the Indian Football League. It
was established on August 2007.
FC Pune City is an Indian Super League football franchise in Pune,
Maharashtra that will begin play in September 2014 during the
inaugural season of the Indian Super League.The team will be
owned and operated by Bollywood actor Salman Khan and the
Wadhawan Group.
Pune has basketball at the Deccan Gymkhana club and at Fergusson
College.
[114]
American football coach J. D. Walsh held his first
JDBasktball India camp in Pune.
[115]
The Elite Football League of India (ELFI) an American gridiron football competition slated for a Fall
2012 kickoff has announced that the Pune Marathas will be a member-franchise.
The National Education Foundation organises Enduro3, a cross country adventure race in Pune. It is
normally a two or three-day event with activities like cycling, trekking, river-crossing and rifle
shooting.
[116]
The city has been host to the 2009 FIVB Men's Junior World Championship.
The Pune Race course, located in Pune Cantonment, was built in 1830 over 118.5 acres (0.480 km
2
) of
land. The land is controlled by the Indian Army. The racing season is from July to October every year. The
Royal Western India Turf Club manages the race course. The course has two training tracks and two racing
surfaces. Major racing events include The Pune Derby, RWITC Invitational, Independence Cup and the
Southern Command Cup.
[117]
The beginnings of badminton can be traced to mid-19th century Pune . During a party, a few guests
fastened feathers onto champagne corks and used the bottles as bats. They called this game Poonai.
[118]
The first rules of the game were written in Pune in 1873, by the British.
[119]
Garware Balbhavan- It is a well known playground and a recreational centre located in the heart of the Pune
city. It is known for its interesting and meaningful work in the field of child development since 1985.
The Gliding Centre, is an undertaking of the Directorate General of Civil Aviation, Civil Aviation
Department, Government of India. This uses two seater Sailplanes, LET L-23 Super Blank and other LET
Gliding Planes. The flying season starts from October and continues up to May or early June. Then club is
closed during the monsoons.
Club Sport League Venue Duration
Pune Warriors India Cricket Indian Premier League
Subrata Roy
Sahara Stadium
20102013
Maharashtra cricket
team
Cricket
Ranji Trophy and Vijay Hazare
Trophy
Subrata Roy
Sahara Stadium
1934
Shree Shiv
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Pune F.C. Football I-League Chhatrapati
Sports Complex
2007
Pune Pistons Badminton Indian Badminton League
Shree Shiv
Chhatrapati
Sports Complex
2013
Pune Strykers Field Hockey World Series Hockey
PCMC Hockey
Stadium
2012
Pune Marathas
American
Football
Elite Football League of India
Shree Shiv
Chhatrapati
Sports Complex
2011
FC Pune City Football Indian Super League
Shree Shiv
Chhatrapati
Sports Complex
2014
Sport institutions
Prominent sporting institutions in Pune include the Nehru Stadium, the Deccan Gymkhana, the PYC Hindu
Gymkhana, The Poona Golf Club, The Poona Cricket Club and the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex
at Balewadi. The Nehru Stadium is the home ground of the Maharashtra cricket team, and has hosted many
prominent cricket events, including one of the matches in the 1996 Cricket World Cup. The Deccan
Gymkhana has hosted Davis Cup matches on several occasions. The facility at Balewadi hosted the
National Games in 1994 as well as the 2008 Commonwealth Youth Games. The Royal Connaught Boat
Club is one of several boating clubs on the Mula-Mutha river. A new cricket stadium, Pune International
Cricket Centre renamed as Subroto Roy Cricket Stadium, is under construction in Gahunje on the Mumbai-
Pune Expressway near Pune. This stadium will be the headquarters for the Maharashtra Cricket Association
and home for the Maharashtra cricket team. It will be a state-of-the-art stadium, and will host the home
matches of Sahara Pune Warriors, IPL team of Pune.
[120]
Prominent sportspersons hailing from Pune include cricketer D. B. Deodhar, Chandu Borde, father-son
cricketing duo Hemant and Hrishikesh Kanitkar, tennis players Radhika Tulpule, Gaurav Natekar and Nitin
Kirtane, and table-tennis player Sujay Ghorpade. Abhijit Kunte and Pravin Thipsay are chess grandmasters
and national champions. Dhanraj Pillay is ex-captain of the Indian national field hockey team.
Pune has a rugby team, men's and women's, registered with the IRFU as Rugby Football Sports Pune (RFS
Pune). As of November 2010, RFS Pune has qualified for First Division Rugby, while placing second in the
Callaghan Cup Held in Chennai in the same month. Pune offers much promise in this sport. The women's
team has been the national cup holder for 2 consecutive years and thrice since the all India women's 7s
2009. Till date, the Pune Women's team has 13 and counting India international players
When the Elite Football League of India was introduced in August 2011, Pune was noted as one of eight
cities to be awarded a team for the inaugural season, although the team's games will be played in Balewadi.
All 56 games of EFLI's opening season will be played at the Shree Shiv Chhatrapati Sports Complex, which
will be retrofitted to host the sport. Named the Pune Marathas, it will be Pune's first professional American
football franchise.
[121][122]
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Historical
List of Maratha dynasties and states
Geographical
List of tallest buildings in Pune
Martial Arts. Japan Karate-Do Nobukawa-Ha Shito-Ryu Kai India JKNSKI (Shito-Ryu Karate-Do
Academy of India) is a direct branch of Japan Karate-Do Nobukawaha Shito-Ryu Kai recognised by Japan
Karate-Do Federation. In India the academy of also approved by Indian national federation of Karate. The
JKNSKI is headed by Naresh Sharma who is an international martial arts title holder and advanced dan
grade in the Japanese martial arts. An authentic institution in Pune to practice and train in Japanese martial
arts Karate-Do.
Notable people
See also
Sant Tukaram, Saint
Bal Gangadhar Tilak, Freedom fighter
Bhimsen Joshi, Hindustani classical vocalist
Pu La Deshpande, Hindustani classical vocalist
B. K. S. Iyengar, Yoga guru.
Anu Aga, industrialist
Pankaj Advani, leading billiards and snooker player
Rahul Bajaj, industrialist
P. A. Inamdar, educationalist, visionary*
Savitribai Phule, great social reformer
Mahatma Jyotiba Phule, great social reformer
Baba Kalyani, industrialist
Shantanurao Laxmanrao Kirloskar, industrialist
Raghunath Mashelkar, scientist
Nilu Phule, actor
Dhanraj Pillay, hockey player
Cyrus Poonawala, businessman
Shanta Shelke, writer
Sharad Talwalkar, actor
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List of twin towns and sister cities in India
Law
2010 Pune bombing
Joshi-Abhyankar serial murders
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External links
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District
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9/14/2014 Pune - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pune 33/33
Wikivoyage has a travel
guide for Pune.
for Pune Corporate City (http://www.mebuddie.com/)
Pune Master Plan Maps
(http://www.masterplansindia.com/maharashtra/pune)
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