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United Arab Emirates University

Name______________________
College of Engineering
Dept. Civil & Env. Eng. Student ID#________________
CIVL375: Water and Wastewater Technolog
!
nd
Semester "5#"$
Sect%on &
'%d#Term ()am 'a)* +rade !" T%me &:&5
1. (3.0 pts) This problem is related to the schematic below which shows a flow
diagram of a domestic wastewater treatment plant. Select the correct answer
a. The type of particle settling encountered in the grit chamber is (are)
(i) Type I settling (ii) Type II settling
(iii) Type III settling (iv) Type III and IV settling
b. The type of particle settling encountered in the primary settling tank is (are)
(i) Type I settling (ii) Type II settling
(iii) Type III settling (iv) Type III and IV settling
c. The type of particle settling encountered in the secondary settling tank is (are)
(i) Type I settling (ii) Type II settling
(iii) Type III settling (iv) Type III and IV settling
d. The objective of aeration in the aeration tank is to
(i) increase dissolved oygen (ii) reduce the p!
(iii) remove undesirable gases (iv) increase the p!
e. The activated carbon reactor shown is designed as a
(i) batch reactor (ii) plug flow reactor
(iii) continuous"stirred tank reactor (iv) packed bed reactor
f. If the primary settling tank of this treatment plant is #$"ft deep and the tank receives
a flow rate of $ million gallon per day. The minimum weir length that should be
provided for this tank is%
(i) #&&&& ft (ii) #&& ft (iii) #$ ft (iv) &.&# ft
'S(bar screen TS( traveling screen )*( grit chamber +S(primary settling tank
,T(aeration tank SS( secondary settling tank -( filtration ,*( activated carbon
*T( contact tank
)*
.astewater
'S
*T
*hlorine
TS
+S
,T
SS
Treated
wastewater
,*
-
2. (1.5 pts.) In the design of a wastewater treatment plant/ the 0uality of the effluent
and the capacity of the plant are basic re0uirements for the design. 1n what basis each
of these two re0uirements is determined2
3. (2.0 pts.) The 3S 4+, states that 5bacterial 0uality criteria for drinking water from
public supplies re0uire not more than # total coliform6#&& ml as the arithmetic mean
of all water samples eamined per month/ with no more than 7 coliforms6#&& ml in
any sample if the number of samples is $&6month or no more than 7 coliforms6#&&
ml in 89 of the samples if the number of samples eceeds $&6month:.
The effluent of a water treatment plant that serves #8/&&& people was sampled at
regular intervals over a month period for coliform testing and the results are shown in
the table below%
Sample number # $ ; 7 8 < = > ? #& ## #$ #; #7 #8 #<
*oliforms6#&& ml # & ; & & & 8 & $ # & # # & & &
'ased on the above results/ are the number of samples tested and the effluent bacterial
0uality acceptable2 4plain.

4. (3.0 pts) The cumulative volume of water consumption of a residential town that
has ?&/&&& is presented below. ,n elevated water tank is to be built so that water is
pumped from a water treatment plant at a constant rate to the tank and is then
transferred by gravity to the residents.
0
2
4
6
8
0 4 8 12 16 20 24
Time/ hr
*
u
m
m
u
l
a
t
i
v
e

f
l
o
w
/

m
i
l
l
i
o
n

g
a
l
l
o
n
a. (2.0 pts) .hat is the design capacity of the storage tank2
b. (0.5 pts) .hat is the pumping rate from the water treatment plant into the tank2
c. (0.5 pts) 'ased on the given data/ what is the average daily per capita water
consumption in the town2
5. (2.5 pts) .hat detention time is needed to remove ??9 of a contaminant in a plug
flow reactor with a reaction rate constant of #.8 per day2
6. (3 pts) , sedimentation tank ;.8"m deep has a flow"through velocity of 7 m6hr and
an over"flow rate of &.?$ m
;
6(hr.m
$
). .hat is the length of the tank2
7. (2.0 pts) , secondary settling tank is 7"m deep and receives a flow rate of =7&&
m
;
6day with suspended solids concentration of $/$&& mg6l.
a. (1 pts) .hat would be the sludge depth in the tank for a settled sludge with a
suspended solids concentration of #$/&&& mg6l2

b. ( 1 pts) If the detention time re0uired to reach the solids concentration in part a is #
hr/ what is the surface area needed to achieve this2
8. (3.0 pts). 3sing settling trajectories determined by the settling column analysis
shown in the figure below/ find the overall percent removal for a settling basin ;.&"m
deep with a settling time of ;& minutes. @ote that solid lines indicate percent removal
of suspended solids.
#&
$.8
$&
;& 7&
8&
<&
Depth (m)
$.&
#.8
#.&
&.8
&
15% 30% 45%
60%
75%
;.&
Time (min)
POT!T"#$$% &'(&$ "!(O)*#T"O!
+$&*), )ec-mmendati-ns
Aapid miing% Betention timeC ;& sec
Slow miing (flocculation)% Betention time D ;& min
Velocity through tank( &.8"#.8 ft6min
+addle velocity( &.8"; ft6sec
Sedimentation% Betention time 7 hrs
Velocity through tank C &.8 ft6min
.eir loadingC $&/&&& gpd6ft
1ver"flow rate( 8&&">&& gpd6ft
$

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