You are on page 1of 15

Allegro Hall-Effect

Sensors
Allegro Hall-Effect
Sensors
Innovative
Sensing Solutions
Innovative
Sensing Solutions
Technology Overview
Wafer Fabrication & IC Packaging 2
Speed Sensors
ATS625LSG
High-Repeatability, Adaptive Gear Speed Sensor 3
A3065LK
Dual Zero-Crossing Ring Magnet Speed Sensor 4
ATS671/ATS672LSE
True Power-On State High-Accuracy Single-Element Position Sensors 5
ATS643LSH
Two-Wire, Adaptive Speed Sensor with High Wobble Immunity 6
ATS650LSH
Two-Wire Speed and Direction Sensor with Diagnostics 7
Position Sensors
A1140/A1141/A1142/A1143/A1144
Programmable Two-Wire Unipolar Proximity Sensors 8
A1321/A1322/A1323
Miniature Linear Hall-Effect Sensors 9
A3245/A3246
Omnipolar Digital Switches with On-Chip Regulator 10
A3425
Dual Output Ring Magnet Position and Speed Sensor 11
A3212/A3213/A3214
Micropower Omnipolar Digital Switches 12
Current Sensors
ACS750
Linear Output Hall-Effect Current Sensors 13
Contents
The products featured here represent only a small portion of Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
extensive Hall-effect sensor product portfolio. To obtain additional information on the
complete Allegro portfolio please visit our website at www.allegromicro.com.
2
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
SE SH SG CA
MLP SOT23W SOIC-8
UA K
Wafer Fabrication
Allegro BiCMOS wafer fabrication technology
is a merging of analog and digital signal
conditioning that is unique in the industry.
This merging of complimentary technologies
allows the design of semiconductor integrated
circuits that have self-calibration, high EMC
performance and low jitter features. The
resulting integrated circuits can be
customized to address specific
applications related problems.
IC Packaging
The integration of custom Hall-effect
sensor integrated circuits and the latest
innovations in IC package technology bring
custom sensor solutions to solve applications
challenges. Allegro leads the industry in
integrated magnetic sensor package
technology, surface mount sensor
packages, ultra-low profile MLP packages
as well as traditional SIP configurations.
Key Features and Benefits:
High sustained voltages of 30 V
Fast logic speed
Low drop regulator blocks
Programming structures
Robust EMC & ESD structures
Low Hall plate offset
Chopper stabilized and
continuous time sensing circuits
Allegro Microsystems
Technology Driven
Integrated Packages
Surface Mount Packages
Through-Hole Packages
3
Speed Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Functional Block Diagram
Reference
Generator
Automatic
Gain
Control
PDAC
NDAC
THRESHN
THRESHP
PPEAK
PPEAK
Internal
Regulator
Threshold
Comparator
Threshold
Logic
Output
Transistor
Current
Limit
Ground
Output
Vcc
Hall
AMP
Allegros improved ATS625LSG zero-speed
gear tooth sensor, for use in crankshaft
applications, incorporates improved EMC
and tighter repeatability across the entire
automotive temperature range. The dual-
element Hall IC with integrated magnet,
switches in response to differential magnetic
signals created by a ferrous target. Adaptive
thresholds, automatic gain control (AGC)
and high-resolution DACs are used to achieve
accurate and repeatable switch points,
independent of airgap.
Also available:
A3065LK, Ring Magnet Sensing
ATS625LSG
High-Repeatability,
Adaptive Gear Speed Sensor
Key Features and Benefits:
Highly repeatable over temperature
Tight timing accuracy
True zero speed operation
Air gap independent switch points
Large operating air gaps
(>2.5 mm on typical crankshaft targets)
Innovative package for easy integration (SG)
Wide operating temperature
range (>150
o
C max)
High reliability
Crankshaft Applications
SG Package
4
Hall
AMP
Gain
Stage
Band-Pass
Filter
Comparator
Block
Output
Output
Ground
Internal
Regulator
Vcc
Brp Brp Bop
Output
Signal
Differential Magnetic Signal
Speed Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
The A3065LK is ideal for crankshaft speed
sensing applications using ring magnets.
This AC-coupled differential sensor with
on-chip capacitor, is a true zero crossing
detector and accurately detects both the
rising and falling mechanical edges.
Excellent repeatability is achieved over
the entire automotive temperature range
by these accurate switch points and an
on-chip temperature compensation circuit.
Also available:
ATS625LSG, Zero-Speed Applications
A3065LK
Dual Zero-Crossing
Ring Magnet Speed Sensor
Key Features and Benefits:
Excellent repeatability up to 150

C
Resistant to EMI
On-chip capacitor
Dual zero-crossing detector
Reverse battery protection
Large operating air gaps (20 G p-p)
High reliability
Functional Block Diagram
Crankshaft Applications
K Package
5
Speed Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
LPF
LPF
DIFF
6-Bit
Offset
Adjust
3-Bit TC
Adjust
6B Offset
3B TC
Hall
AMP
VREF
Automatic Gain Control
TPOS
TPOS
Output
4-Bit
TPOS
Trim
Power On
Initialize
Aggresive
Update
Logic
Internal
Regulator
(Analog)
Internal
Regulator
(Digital)
Output
State
8-bit
Counter
CLK
COMP_P
9-Bit PDAC
PDAC
NDAC
LPF
Aggresive
Update
Logic
Output
State
8-bit
Counter
CLK
COMP_P
9-Bit NDAC
Threshold
Output
Threshold
Output
Threshold
Comparator
VTHRESH
DIFF
Output
Driver
Output
State
Pin 2
Vcc
Pin 1
POR
DIFF
The ATS671/2LSE zero-speed gear
tooth sensors are ideal solutions for use
in camshaft speed sensing applications and
are especially tolerant of gear eccentricity
(wobble). The true power-on state feature,
achieved through the use of a single-element
Hall IC and a patented magnet, gives an
accurate position indication of the gear at
the moment the sensor is enabled. Adaptive
thresholds, automatic gain control (AGC) and
high-resolution DACs are used to achieve
accurate and repeatable switch points,
independent of airgap. The ATS671 and
ATS672 versions provide optional threshold
choices to meet a wide range of application
requirements.
Also available:
ATS612LSG, Analog Peak Detector
ATS671/2LSE
True Power-On State High-Accuracy
Cam Position Sensor
Key Features and Benefits:
Tight timing accuracy (better than 1
o
C)
Quick start-up
(calibration completed within three edges)
Innovative package design
High immunity to gear eccentricity
Operating air gaps >2.5 mm
(on typical cam targets)
True power-on state
High reliability
Functional Block Diagram
SE Package
Camshaft Applications
6
Speed Sensors
SH Package
Hall
AMP
VNeg
Internal
Regulator
Vcc
PDAC
THRESHN
THRESHP
Reference
Generator
&
Updates
Offset
Adjust
AGC
Thresh
Logic
NDAC
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
The ATS643LSH is an innovative member
of Allegros cutting edge speed sensing
solutions. This two-wire sensor is optimized
to tolerate the difficulties of transmission
speed sensing, including withstanding
dynamic changes in airgap while maintaining
good duty cycle. The unique packaging
concept integrates the magnet and a
monolithic, silicon IC, which are carefully
designed to provide optimal performance.
Allegros advanced quick calibration routine
and signal processing make speed sensing
easier and more reliable then ever before.
Also available:
ATS665LSG, Three-Wire Solution
ATS643LSH
Two-Wire, Adaptive Speed Sensor
with High-Wobble Immunity
Key Features and Benefits:
>2.75 mm airgap
Two-wire operation
High immunity to running mode vibration
Immune to airgap variation greater
than 0.75 mm (wobble, bounce)
Tight accuracy over airgap range
Innovative package for easy integration (SH)
High reliability
Functional Block Diagram
Transmission Applications
7
Speed Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Functional Block Diagram
DIFF
Left
Channel
AGC
Right Channel
Output
Right Channel
DIFF
Right Channel
Track and Hold

Right Channel
Offset Adjust
AMP
Hall
Channel
Right
AGC DAC
Common
Left Channel
Track and Hold
AGC DAC
Common
Output
Protocol
Circuitry
Airgap and
Temperature
Diagnostic
Circuitry
Direction
Detection
Logic
GND/Output
Vcc/Output
Left Channel
Output
Left Channel
Left Channel
Offset Adjust
Left
Channel
AMP
Hall
AGC
Channel
Right
Internal
Regulator
The ATS650LSH is designed with an
integrated magnet and IC for use in ABS
wheel speed applications. The single-chip IC
contains three highly sensitive Hall elements
and a sophisticated digital circuit to provide
both accurate speed and direction
information. The regulated current output
is configured for two-wire operation
integrating the direction and diagnostic
information into the speed signal using
a PWM protocol.
Also available:
ATS645LSH, Simplified Speed Sensor
ATS650LSH
Two-Wire Speed and
Direction Sensor with Diagnostics
Key Features and Benefits:
2.5 mm airgap (on typical ABS targets)
Quick calibration within three target edges
Direction change detection on first edge
Diagnostics include airgap and temperature
True zero-speed operation
Greater than 8 kHz operation
High reliability
SH Package
ABS Applications
8
Position Sensors
ABS Applications
Clock/Logic
AMP
Program/Lock
S/H LPF
Offset
Adjust
Reg
To All
Subcircuits
Programming
Logic
Optional
GND
("UA" Only)
Gnd
Supply
Pin 1
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
SOT23W
Package
UA Package
The A114x represent Allegros new family
of field programmable, two-wire, uni-polar
switches. These two-wire devices allow
customers to externally trim the operate
point, after final assembly, to dial out
mechanical stack-ups resulting from man-
ufacturing process tolerances. In addition to
reducing manufacturing costs and liability
by eliminating one wire in the application,
there is also the benefit of inherent diagnostic
capabilities. As there are two distinct current
levels, a control unit can interpret open/short
and indeterminate states based on the output
of the device.
The A114x devices are available in both SOT23W
(LH) and TO-92 SIP (UA) packages.
Also available:
A118x Factory Programmed Two-Wire
Unipolar Switches, A324x Switch Family,
A3212 Micropower, Omnipolar Switches,
A328x Latch Family
A1140/1/2/3/4
Programmable Two-Wire
Unipolar Proximity Sensors
Key Features and Benefits:
Chopper stabilization for
Extremely low switch point drift
Stress insensitivity
Reverse output polarity protection
3.8 V to 24 V operation
On-board voltage regulator
Solid state reliability
Wide operating temperature range
(-40C to +150C)
Field programmable switch points
Robust ESD and EMC capabilities
Functional Block Diagram
9
Position Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
ABS Applications
Reg
To All
Subcircuits
AMP
Gain
Filter Out
Offset
Dynamic
Offset
Cancellation
Trim
Control
Output
Pin 3
GND
Pin 2
Supply
Pin 1
0 2 4 6 8 10
Position [mm]
V
o
l
t
a
g
e

O
u
t
p
u
t
4
3
2
1
SOT23W Package
The A1321/A1322/A1323 devices are the
first linear Hall-effect sensors available in the
miniature SOT23W package. They will be
offered in three sensitivity ranges; 2.5 mV/G,
3.125 mV/G, and 5 mV/G. The features of this
linear family are ideal for use in linear and
rotary position sensing systems in harsh
environments of automotive and industrial
applications over extended temperatures to
40C and 150C. End-of-line programmability
allows for tight specifications. This new
family of DABIC 5 factory programmable
linear sensors replaces Allegros existing
family of chopper-stabilized standard linear
devices (A3515 and A3516).
Coming soon:
A3525, Programmable Linear (limited)
A1321/A1322/A1323
Miniature Linear
Hall-Effect Sensors
Key Features and Benefits:
Temperature-stable quiescent
output voltage
Precise recoverability after
temperature cycling
Output voltage proportional
to magnetic flux
Density
Ratiometric rail-to-rail output
Improved sensitivity
4.5 V to 5.5 V operation
Immune to mechanical stress
Solid-state reliability
Robust EMC protection
Functional Block Diagram
10
ABS Applications
Position Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Clock/Logic
AMP S/H LPF
To All
Subcircuits
Output
Ground
Supply
Reg
Output Off
Output
On
6V Max
O
u
t
p
u
t

V
o
l
t
a
g
e
Magnetic Flux
0
-8 0 +8
RPN
RPN
RPS
RPS
The A3245/46 integrated circuits are
omnipolar, ultra-sensitive Hall-effect switches
with digital outputs. These sensors are espe-
cially suited for operation over extended
temperature ranges to +150C. Superior
high-temperature performance is made
possible through Allegro patented dynamic
offset cancellation, which reduces the residual
offset voltage normally caused by device over
molding, temperature dependencies, and
thermal stress. The patented omnipolar feature
allows operation with either a north or a south
pole of sufficient strength turning the output
on; in the absence of a magnetic field, the
output is off. The magnet polarity indepen-
dence allows this device family to easily
replace reed switches for superior reliability
and ease of manufacturing, while eliminating
the requirement for signal conditioning.
Also available:
Micropower A3212, Ultra-Slim MLP
A3245/A3246
Omnipolar Digital Switches
with On-Chip Regulator
Key Features and Benefits:
Less sensitive to physical stress
(chopper stabilization)
Superior temperature stability
North and south pole operation
for simplified manufacturing
Wide voltage operation (3.6 V 24 V)
SOT23W package available
Robust ESD capability
Reverse battery protection
Output short circuit protection
Single-pole or ring magnet applications
Functional Block Diagram
UA Package
11 For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Position Sensors
ABS Applications
Dynamic
Offset
Cancellation
Programmable
Trim
Regulator
Output
Drive
AMP
Sample
& Hold/LPF
Supply
Output A
Dynamic
Offset
Cancellation
Output
Drive
AMP
Sample
& Hold/LPF
Output B
4-Bits
8-Bits
4-BIts
Ground
Magnetic
Field
Sensor A
Magnetic
Field
Sensor B
Output
Sensor A
Output
Sensor B
Quadrature Output
The A3425 dual-output Hall-effect sensor
is specifically designed for high-resolution
ring magnet encoder applications. The sensor
consists of two sensitive Hall-effect switches,
with elements 1 mm apart to provide
accurate detection of the magnet zero-
crossings. When used with an appropriately-
dimensioned magnet, quadrature signals
are generated which can be used for
decoding absolute position. Photolitho-
graphic alignment of the elements
eliminates the mechanical stack-up
tolerances experienced with two discrete
elements. Factory programming allows for
precise matching of the two comparator
outputs over a wide temperature range.
The A3425 is available in a four lead K
package and eight lead SOIC-8.
Also available:
A3422, Speed and Direction Sensor,
A328x, Latch Family, A324x, Switch Family
A3425
Dual Output Ring Magnet
Position and Speed Sensor
Key Features and Benefits:
Two matched bipolar switches
on one substrate
1 mm Hall element spacing
Output short-circuit protection
Operation from unregulated supply
Reverse battery protection
Solid-state reliability
Integrated ESD protection on
outputs and supply
Wide operating temperature range
(-40C to +150C)
Functional Block Diagram
SOIC-8
Package
K Package
12
Position Sensors
For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Dynamic
Offset
Cancellation
Sample
& Hold
Latch
Switch
Timing
Logic
Output
Ground
Supply
LPF
AMP
Allegros micro-power family of omnipolar
digital switches consist of ultra-sensitive, pole
independent Hall-effect switches with a
latched digital output. These devices are
especially suited for the detection of
open-closed positions in battery-operated,
hand-held equipment such as cellular and
cordless telephones, pagers, and laptop
computers. All three devices incorporate a
unique clocking scheme, which reduces the
average operating power requirements.
The patented omnipolar feature simplifies
application assembly by allowing the device
to detect the presence or absence of a
magnetic field, irrespective of the magnets
polarity. These devices are offered in a single
inline (UA) package, a SOT23W surface
mount package, and an ultra-slim micro
leadframe package (MLP). The A3213
and A3214 devices feature 2.4 V to 5.5 V
operation. These sensors are suited for
operation over extended temperature
ranges to +150C.
Also available:
A3245/A3246, 3.6 V to 24 V Omnipolar Switches
A3212/A3213/A3214
Micropower Omnipolar
Digital Switches
Key Features and Benefits:
5 uA nominal current consumption
Operate with north or south pole
2.4 V to 5.5 V battery operation available
Chopper stabilized,
high sensitivity thresholds
Superior temperature stability
Extremely low switch-point drift
Insensitive to physical stress
ESD protected to 5 kV
Solid-state reliability
Available in MLP package
Easily manufacturable with
magnet pole independence
Functional Block Diagram
MLP
Package
13 For more information visit www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
Current Sensors
Dynamic
Offset
Cancellation
Out AMP Filter
Ground
Pin 2
Output
Pin 3
Supply
& Trim
Pin 1
Pin 5
Pin 4
The Allegro ACS750 family of current
sensors provides economical and precise
solutions for current sensing in industrial,
commercial, automotive, and communications
systems, packaged for easy implementation.
The sensor consists of a precision linear Hall IC
optimized to an internal magnetic circuit to
increase device sensitivity. The power lead
frame used for current sensing is designed
for extremely low power loss. The power
terminals are also electrically isolated from
the sensor leads. This allows the ACS750
family of sensors to be used in applications
requiring electrical isolation without the
use of opto-isolators or other costly
isolation techniques.
Versions available:
ACS750(S/L)CA-050, 50 A Sensor
ACS750(S/L)CA-075, 75 A Sensor
ACS750(S/E)CA-100, 100 A Sensor
ACS750XCA
Family of Linear Output
Hall-Effect Current Sensors
Applications:
Industrial systems
Automotive systems
Motor control
Servo systems
Power distribution
Battery monitors
Connector protection
Key Features and Benefits:
Monolithic Hall IC for high reliability
Single +5 V supply
Isolation voltage 2500 V
Full automotive temperature range
available (-40C 150C)
No trimming required in the application
Ultra-low power loss: resistance = 120
Ratiometric output from supply voltage
Very low thermal drift of offset voltage
Functional Block Diagram
CA
Package
HES/br-503-5M
Visit us at www.allegromicro.com/hall/catalog
North America / Far East / Japan
Allegro MicroSystems, Inc.
115 Northeast Cutoff
Worcester, MA 01606 USA
email: sensorapps@allegromicro.com
Europe
Allegro MicroSystems Europe, Ltd.
Balfour House, Churchfield Road
Walton on Thames, GB KT12 2TD
email: allegroeurope@wanadoo.fr
C O N C E P T D R I V E N