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Conducting

science
investigatory
project
Marist school
Science department

How do I go about with
my sip RESEARCH?
OUTLINE OF THE SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY
PROJECT PAPER:
Cover Page / Title Page
Acknowledgement
Dedication
Table of Contents
List of Tables
Abstract

Chapter I INTRODUCTION
A. Background of the Study
B. Statement of the Problem
C. Hypothesis
D. Significance of the Study
E. Scope and Limitations
F. Definition of Terms

Chapter II REVIEW OF RELATED LITERATURE

Chapter III METHODOLOGY
A. Method of Research
B. Method of Collecting Data
Materials
Prccedure
C. Sampling Design (pictures)

Chapter IV PRESENTATION, ANALYSIS and
INTERPRETATION OF DATA

Presentation of Data (tabular, graphical,
Textual)
Analysis & Interpretation of Data

Chapter V GENERALIZATION
Conclusion/Generalization

Chapter VI RECOMMENDATION
What do you recommend based on the
study? Give ways to improve your
research study.

BIBLIOGRAPHY (Follow the IEEE format)
A Science Investigatory
Project (some call it in-
vestigative project or IP)
is like any other research
work. It is a research
undertaking that applies
certain scientific princi-
ples or ideas with the
purpose of determining
possible solutions to a
problem or possible ex-
planations to existing
phenomena.



Two types of research one may undertake:

a) Pure Research is conducted with no im-
mediate objective in mind although the
results may lead to solutions of problems
in other fields. Problems in pure science
may require more time. Projects under
pure research can be accomplished by
using data-gathering methods such as:
survey, observations, case studies, statisti-
cal studies or experiment.

Examples: Structure of nucleus, mass-energy
relationship, DNA, structure of the atom, Phos-
phate content of Urine in Human Teenager

b) Applied Research is conducted with an
immediate purpose in mind. It is a project
that makes use of scientific principles and
the results would have immediate applica-
tion or finished product. It requires less
time and focuses on specific problem.

Examples: Developing a new packaging mate-
rial; studying the effect of temperature on a
certain process, developing biodegradable
plastic bag, Surgical Thread from Papaya Fi-
ber, Dental floss from Pineapple Fiber
SPECIFIC TYPES OF SCIENCE
INVESTIGATORY PROJECTS:

1) Collection Project
2) Designing & Building an apparatus, equipment
or model
3) Developing a process for testing products
4) Improving/Developing a New product or new
use for an existing product
5) Finding new ways/improved ways of doing
things
6) Demonstrating a Scientific Principle in ac-
tion or demonstrating an abstract principle
in concrete terms
7) Science in everyday life
8) Survey Studies

CRITERIA for grading PURE RESEARCH:

a) Originality
b) Degree of Difficulty
c) Significance/Contribution to Science
d) Scientific Treatment
e) Clarity of Presentation

CRITERIA for grading APPLIED RESEARCH:

a) Originality
b) Utilitarian Value (how useful is the study)
c) Degree of Difficulty
d) Scientific Treatment
e) Clarity of Presentation
TIPS in doing SIP research

1) In selecting a research problem, consider the
following:

Degree of difficulty: Examine this carefully in
relation to your skills, knowledge, and experience
level.
Time available: Estimate the time you need for
planning, literature research, setting up the pro-
ject, executing it, assembling results, and draw-
ing conclusions. Allow for a margin of safety for
possible errors.
Necessary resources & expenses: These include
manpower, equipment, and materials needed. List
them down and find out if these are all available.
Collateral readings and availability of advice: This
may be necessary on critical points in the experi-
ments. You may consult knowledgeable people in
your community, including your own parents if you
are working on a local problem.

2) Keep a notebook for recording data

Meticulously record all your observation, data,
procedures, set-ups & questions. Even mistakes
or failed experiments are important.

Record your data using proper number of sig-
nificant figures depending on the accuracy of
the measuring instrument or
device that you used.
What is a SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY
PROJECT?
WHAT KIND OF
RESEARCH
WILL I MAKE IN
SIP?
What is a SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY
PROJECT?
What is a SCIENCE INVESTIGATORY
PROJECT?