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HSDPA in BTS

DN05102597
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# Nokia Siemens Networks 1 (42)
RNC3202-3.0
Nokia WCDMA RAN, Rel. RAS05.1, System
Documentation, v.3
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HSDPA in BTS
Contents
Contents 3
1 Documentation changes in HSDPA in BTS 5
2 HSDPA functionality 7
2.1 Basic HSDPA functions 8
2.1.1 Frame protocol for the HS-DSCH transport bearer 10
2.1.2 HSDPA Flow Control 11
2.1.3 HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler 13
2.1.4 HSDPA Link Adaptation (LA) 18
2.1.5 HARQ manager for HSDPA 20
2.1.6 HSDPA Physical Layer processing 22
2.2 HSDPA resource allocations in the BTS 25
2.2.1 HSDPA capability indication 27
2.2.2 HSDPA UE physical layer capabilities 27
2.2.3 Creating the MAC-hs entity 29
2.2.4 Reconfiguring the MAC-hs entity 30
2.2.5 Deleting the MAC-hs entity 30
2.2.6 Configuring the MAC-d flows 31
2.2.7 Configuring the associated DCH 31
2.2.8 MultiRAB configuration with HSDPA 32
2.2.9 HSDPA mobility 33
2.3 High Speed Shared Control Channel (HS-SCCH) Power Control 33
2.3.1 HS-SCCH power control based on CQI report 34
2.3.2 HS-SCCH outer loop power control 35
2.4 Performance Management Data Collection for HSDPA 36
2.4.1 HSDPA PM counters 36
2.5 Common measurements for HSDPA 37
2.6 BTS test models for HSDPA channels 37
2.7 HSDPA Cell Recovery functions in BTS 38
3 Management 39
3.1 Management parameters 39
4 Capacity 41
4.1 HSDPA capacity in the WCDMA BTS 41
4.2 HSDPA capacity in FlexiBTS 42
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Contents
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HSDPA in BTS
1 Documentation changes in HSDPA in
BTS
Changes between issues 1-0 and 1-1
Table Changes in HSDPA in BTS describes the content changes in Issue
1-1.
Table 1. Changes in HSDPA in BTS
Changed chapter Description of the change See
Basic HSDPA functions Information related to HS-DSCH data
frame size updated.
Frame protocol for the HS-DSCH
transport bearer
Basic HSDPA functions Information related to static and dynamic
power allocation updated.
HS-DSCH Transmission power
control
Basic HSDPA functions Information related to LA updated. LA
tables removed.
CQI report based Link
Adaptation and CQI offset
compensation
HSDPA resource allocations in
the BTS
Figure updated. HSDPA resource allocations in
the BTS
Performance Management Data
Collection for HSDPA
Detailed descriptions of PM counters
removed.
HSDPA PM counters
Management Range and default value of parameter
HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation updated.
Management parameters
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Documentation changes in HSDPA in BTS
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2 HSDPA functionality
This document describes the generic HSDPA functionality implemented in
Nokia WCDMA BTS in release WBTS3.2.
The main functional aspects and restrictions related to the HSDPA feature
in the BTS are described in Table HSDPA basic characteristics in
WBTS3.2 BTS.
Table 2. HSDPA basic characteristics in WBTS3.2 BTS
HSDPA basic characteristics WBTS3.2
Number of HS-PDSCH codes per cell 5
Number of HS-SCCHs 1
Packet Scheduler algorithm Round Robin or Proportional Fair
Resource (if enabled)
QPSK Supported
16 QAM Supported (if enabled)
Incremental Redundancy Supported
Max. number of HSDPA users per cell * 16
Max. number of HSDPA cells per BTS * Not limited by software
Max. number of MAC-d flows per HSDPA
user
1
Max. number of priority queues per
HSDPA user
1
CQI repetition factor 1 or 2
ACK/NACK repetition factor 1 or 2
MAC-d PDU size Fixed (336 bits)
UE category 1-12
Allowed Active Set Size (# of SHOs) for
HSDPA user
3
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Table 2. HSDPA basic characteristics in WBTS3.2 BTS (cont.)
HSDPA basic characteristics WBTS3.2
Number of HSDPA users scheduled per
TTI
1 (in one cell) or 1 (in one BTS)
Compressed Mode for HSDPA user Not allowed
Note that depending on Baseband allocation setting in the BTS, there is
either 16 HSDPA users per BTS (limited in maximum to 3 cells) or 16
HSDPA users per cell (no software limitation for the number of HSDPA
cells).
2.1 Basic HSDPA functions
High Speed Downlink Packet Access (HSDPA) is an enhancement to
WCDMA that delivers high data rates with peak rates of up to 1.72 Mbit/s
or 3.584 Mbit/s (if 16 QAM enabled).
There are three new physical channels for the HSDPA:
.
High Speed-Physical Downlink Shared Channel (HS-PDSCH)
.
High Speed-Shared Control Channel (HS-SCCH)
.
High Speed-Dedicated Physical Control Channel (HS-DPCCH).
There is one new downlink transport channel:
.
High Speed-Downlink Shared Channel (HS-DSCH).
The HS-PDSCH is a downlink physical channel, which is shared by
several UEs in the same cell. A HS-PDSCH corresponds to one
channelisation code of fixed spreading factor SF=16 from the set of
channelisation codes reserved for HS-DSCH transmission. Multi-code
transmission, that is, UE being assigned multiple channelisation codes in
one HS-PDSCH sub-frame, on HS-PDSCH is allowed.
The HS-SCCH is a downlink physical channel, which is shared by several
UEs in the same cell. It is a fixed rate (60 kbps, SF=128) downlink physical
channel used to carry downlink signalling related to HS-DSCH
transmission. Without code multiplexing, that is, several UEs being
assigned on one HS-PDSCH sub-frame, only one HS-SCCH in a cell is
needed.
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The HS-DPCCH is a fixed rate (15 kbps, SF=256) uplink dedicated
physical channel, which carries uplink feedback signalling related to
downlink HS-DSCH transmission. The HS-DPCCH is always transmitted
on Q-channel (Uplink multi-code transmission is not supported).
All the HSDPA related channels are shown in Figure HSDPA related
channels (for one user).
Figure 1. HSDPA related channels (for one user)
The main functional entities of the HSDPA in the BTS consist of
1. Frame Protocol (FP) procedures
2. HSDPA Flow Control
3. Packet Scheduler
4. Link Adaptation (LA)
5. HARQ manager and
6. Physical layer processing
L2
Transport Channels
L1
Physical Channels
Associated DCH HS-DSCH
HS-DPCCH
(no pilot bits)
Associated
DPCCH+DPDCH
(Time Multiplexed)
HS-PDSCH
(1...5 chs)
HS-SCCH
The delay info from associated
DPCCH is used also for HS-DPCCH
impulse response calculation
...
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2.1.1 Frame protocol for the HS-DSCH transport bearer
There is one HS-DSCH Frame Protocol (FP) entity and one transport
bearer (AAL2 connection) for each MAC-d flow in the BTS. For more
information on the AAL2 transmission aspects reserved to the HS-DSCH
transport bearers, see HSDPA Transport with Best Effort AAL2 QoS in
RAN04 and RAS05 Transmission and Transport Features.
HS-DSCH Frame Protocol and its relations to the other functional objects
of the HSDPA in BTS are presented in Figure Frame Protocol entity in the
HSDPA feature.
Figure 2. Frame Protocol entity in the HSDPA feature
Note that there is one MAC-d flow per UE in the WBTS3.2 release.
The HS-DSCH related FP entity is created upon establishment of a MAC-d
flow. The initial FP parameters are transferred to the BTS via NBAP:
RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST or NBAP: RADIO LINK
RECONFIGURATION PREPARE messages.
IUB
Flow
Control
Flow
Control
FP
FP
AAL
2
AAL
2
MAC-d flow/UE2/Queue
MAC-d flow/UE1/Queue
Link
Adaptation
Packet
Scheduler
HARQ
Link
Adaptation
HARQ
A/N, CQI
L1/HS-
PDSCH DL
L1
HS-DPCCH
L1
HS-DPCCH
A/N, CQI
AIR
MAC-hs entity
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HS-DSCH Frame Protocol Control frames, HS-DSCH Capacity Request
(from RNC to the BTS) and HS-DSCH Capacity Allocation (from BTS to
the RNC), adjust the HS-DSCH Frame Protocol data frames transmission
from the RNC to the BTS.
HS-DSCH Frame Protocol Data frame, HS-DSCH Data frame, transfers
the HSDPA data (MAC-d PDUs) from the RNC to the BTS. In the
WBTS3.2 release, the only allowed length of the one MAC-d PDU is 336
bits.
The maximum HS-DSCH data frame size is 1472 bytes.
More information on the HS-DSCH Frame Protocol frames procedures is
available in 3GPP TS 25.435: UTRAN IUB Interface User Plane Protocols
for Common Transport Channel data streams.
2.1.2 HSDPA Flow Control
HSDPA Flow Control is needed to ensure that the BTS buffers have
enough data for the transmission needs. On the other hand, it minimises
the buffering time in the BTS and prevents the overflow in the BTS buffer to
avoid discarded and retransmitted data.
HSDPA Flow Control and its relations to the other functional objects of the
HSDPA are presented in Figure Flow Control in the HSDPA feature.
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Figure 3. Flow Control in the HSDPA feature
The HSDPA Flow Controller monitors the buffer status (amount of data in
the priority queue) and measures the throughput for each priority queue.
There is one priority queue per UE. Based on the buffer status monitoring
and the throughput measurements, the capacity allocation towards the
RNC is updated by using FP HS-DSCH Capacity Indication control
frames.
The HSDPA Flow Control also prevents packet loss and ensures that the
HSDPA capacity can be reached by having enough data to fill the reserved
power allocation.
Note that the BTS does not use Initial Capacity Allocation procedure (by
NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE message) for flow control start-
up.
The Flow control initialisation is determined so that when a new priority
queue (MAC-d flow) is established, the BTS waits for the first FP: HS-
DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST message from the RNC. If the BTS gets the
FP: HS-DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST message within a predefined
initialisation time period, it starts the flow control for the priority queue
(MAC-d flow) and sends in response the FP: HS-DSCH CAPACITY
ALLOCATION message to the RNC.
IUB
Flow
Control
Flow
Control
FP
FP
AAL
2
AAL
2
MAC-d flow/UE2/Queue
MAC-d flow/UE1/Queue
Link
Adaptation
Packet
Scheduler
HARQ
Link
Adaptation
HARQ
A/N, CQI
L1/HS-
PDSCH DL
L1
HS-DPCCH
L1
HS-DPCCH
A/N, CQI
AIR
MAC-hs entity
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If the BTS does not receive the FP: HS-DSCH CAPACITY REQUEST
message from the RNC after the pre-defined initialisation time period, BTS
starts the flow control for the priority queue by itself (MAC-d flow) and
sends the first FP: HS-DSCH CAPACITY ALLOCATION message to the
RNC.
2.1.3 HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler
HSDPA BTS packet scheduler controls the MAC-hs packet sending in the
BTS.
In the WBTS3.2 release there are two packet scheduler methods, Round
Robin scheduler and Proportional Fair Resource (PFR) scheduler. Round
Robin scheduler is part of the first generic HSDPA solution and PFR
scheduler is introduced in the WBTS3.2 release with licence.
In the WBTS3.2 release, the MAC-hs entity/Packet Scheduler is cell-
specific entity if the HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation parameter is set to
16 HSDPA users per cell while the MAC-hs packet scheduler is BTS
specific if parameter HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation is set to 16
HSDPA users per BTS.
In case there is one MAC-hs entity per BTS, the Packet Scheduler (PS)
selects one priority queue/UE per TTI to make the data transmission only
to one cell of the BTS.
If each HSDPA capable cell has its own MAC-hs entity, each MAC-hs
entity/Packet Scheduler works individually and the Packet Scheduler (PS)
selects one priority queue/UE per TTI to make the data transmission in the
cell.
The Packet Scheduler is responsible for determining which UE/Priority
Queue can transmit on HS-PDSCH in next TTI (in 2ms subframe).
The Packet Scheduler and its relations to the other functional objects of
the HSDPA are presented in Figure Packet Scheduler in the HSDPA
feature.
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Figure 4. Packet Scheduler in the HSDPA feature
The Packet Scheduler is also responsible for determining the transmission
power on the HS-PDSCH channels and assembling the MAC-hs PDU for a
new transmission.
Round Robin Packet Scheduler
In round robin scheduling, users are served in sequential order, that is, UE
in front of scheduling queue is scheduled, then moved to back of the
queue. The HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler with round robin principle is a
robust scheduler for achieving fair HSDPA cell throughput as each UE
gets the same amount of resources. The achieved throughput depends on
the UE's instantaneous link conditions.
.
UEs close to the BTS get on average clearly higher bit rates than cell
edge users.
IUB
Flow
Control
Flow
Control
FP
FP
AAL
2
AAL
2
MAC-d flow/UE2/Queue
MAC-d flow/UE1/Queue
Link
Adaptation
Packet
Scheduler
HARQ
Link
Adaptation
HARQ
A/N, CQI
L1/HS-
PDSCH DL
L1
HS-DPCCH
L1
HS-DPCCH
A/N, CQI
AIR
MAC-hs entity
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Proportional Fair Resource Packet Scheduler
The Proportional Fair Resource (PFR) algorithm utilises the radio channel
state information from the UEs in its scheduling decisions. The PFR
principle is to maximise the relative instantaneous channel quality (ratio of
instantaneous throughput to average throughput) for scheduling in the
following 2ms TTI. The relative instantaneous channel quality is calculated
in every 2 ms TTI utilising the CQI information as well as the information
from the previous transmissions.
Scheduling metric for each UE is calculated every TTI as follows:
Scheduling metric = TP
inst
/ TP
mean
,
where TP
inst
is the predicted throughput of UE for the TTI being scheduled
and TP
mean
is the mean throughput of the UE in the past. TPmean is
calculated over TTIs when user can be scheduled. When UE is not
scheduled, throughput is zero and TP
mean
will go down.
With the Proportional Fair Resource method a user is prioritised either if
user has good instantaneous conditions compared to the average level or
has been served with little throughput in the past. At each scheduling
interval (2ms), Packet Scheduler selects the user which has the best
scheduling metric among those users that can be scheduled in next TTI,
that is, active users that have data in their buffers and are not limited by
their capabilities for selection.
The Packet Scheduler operation in MAC-hs is synchronised with the
timing of HS-SCCH and HS-PDSCH.
MAC-hs Transport Block Size selection
The Packet Scheduler is responsible for assembling the MAC-hs PDU for
each new transmission. In co-operation with Link Adaptation, the final
MAC-hs PDU transport block size is determined.
The example of the structure for the MAC-hs PDU is shown in Figure
Example of MAC-hs PDU.
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Figure 5. Example of MAC-hs PDU
In the WBTS3.2 release, the MAC-hs header is fixed to the 21 bits
because the fixed MAC-d PDU size (=336 bits). This means there is no
need to separate different MAC-hs SDU sub-sets in the MAC-hs header,
as only one MAC-hs SDU sub-set always exists (N*336bits MAC-d PDU)
in the MAC-hs PDU.
The number of MAC-d PDUs in the MAC-hs PDU can vary, N = 1,2,3,10
(with QPSK) and N = 1,2,321 (if 16 QAM enabled) in WBTS3.2.
The MAC-hs header (21 bits) consists of the following fields shown in
Figure Structure of MAC-hs PDU.
Figure 6. Structure of MAC-hs PDU
The fixed 21 bits of the MAC-hs header comes from:
.
Version Flag (VF): 1 bit
.
Queue Identifier (Queue ID): 3 bits
.
Transmission Sequence Number: 6 bits
MAC-hs PDU (TB size = 1036)
MAC-hs
header
Padding
(10+1*11) bits 336 bits 336 bits 336 bits 7 bits
MAC-hs SDU
sub-set
MAC-hs
header
MAC-hs SDU
Padd.
(opt)
MAC-hs payload
VF Queue ID TSN SID N F
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.
Size Index identifier (SID): 3 bits
.
Number of MAC-d PDUs (N): 7 bits
.
Flag (F): 1 bit
The size of the MAC-hs PDU (that is, HS-DSCH Transport Block Size)
varies in the HS-DSCH 2ms TTI basis.
The maximum HS-DSCH Transport Block Size is 7168 bits in the
WBTS3.2 release (if 16 QAM is enabled), otherwise 3440 bits.
Note that in the retransmission of the HS-DSCH transport block, the
Transport Block Size is the same as that of the initial transmission. Also
the modulation scheme and the channelisation code set remains the
same. Therefore only transmission code power and RV (Redundancy
Version in the HS-SCCH channel) parameters can be altered.
HS-DSCH Transmission power control
The Packet Scheduler is also responsible for determining the transmission
power on the HS-PDSCH channels. In the WBTS3.2 release, the power
allocation can be either static or dynamic.
Static power allocation
In static HSDPA power allocation, the operator can set the HS-PDSCH
and HS-SCCH transmission power in the cell to a certain level (with
management parameter PtxMaxHSDPA).
Table 3. PtxMaxHSDPA parameter for static power allocation
Parameter Source Description
PtxMaxHSDPA Operator adjustable,
received from the RNC in
IE HS-PDSCH and HS-
SCCH Total Power via the
NBAP: PHYSICAL
SHARED CHANNEL
RECONFIGURATION
REQUEST
Maximum total
transmission power to be
allowed for HS-PDSCH
and HS-SCCH codes.
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HSDPA dynamic power allocation
In the dynamic power allocation, the Packet Scheduler measures the
unused transmission power in the cell and allocates it for the HSDPA
transmission. As a result, the cell throughput increases as the cell
resources are divided more efficiently between varying mix of Rel-99 and
HSDPA traffic than if there was a static power reserved for the HSDPA
transmission.
The maximum limit for the HSDPA power allocation is produced with the
following equation:
P
HSDPA
= P
txMax
- P
txnonHSDPA
- P
margin
where
.
P
txMax
is the maximum transmission power of the cell (hardware
capability)
.
P
txnonHSDPA
is the measured transmission power of all codes not
used for HS-PDSCH or HS-SCCH transmission.
.
P
margin
is a safety margin set by the system.
2.1.4 HSDPA Link Adaptation (LA)
Link Adaptation selects an appropriate Transport Format and Resource
Combination (TFRC) for the data to be transmitted on the HS-DSCH.
Link Adaptation and its relations to the other functional objects of the
HSDPA are presented in Figure Link Adaptation in the HSDPA feature.
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Figure 7. Link Adaptation in the HSDPA feature
The physical layer provides the CQI report from the UE and power
measurements to the Link Adaptation unit of the MAC-hs.
CQI report based Link Adaptation and CQI offset compensation
Link Adaptation (LA) uses the latest CQI report from the scheduled UE to
make the TFRC selection.
The UE informs the CQI values to the BTS. The LA contains a table, which
maps the CQI values reported by the UE to the TB size, number of HS-
PDSCHs and modulation scheme.
In addition, to take into account the actual transmit power that will be used,
the LA compensates the reported CQI by:
X=P
HS-PDSCH
-(P
CPICH
+)-A0
IUB
Flow
Control
Flow
Control
FP
FP
AAL
2
AAL
2
MAC-d flow/UE2/Queue
MAC-d flow/UE1/Queue
Link
Adaptation
Packet
Scheduler
HARQ
Link
Adaptation
HARQ
A/N, CQI
L1/HS-
PDSCH DL
L1
HS-DPCCH
L1
HS-DPCCH
A/N, CQI
AIR
MAC-hs entity
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where P
HS-PDSCH
is the calculated HS-PDSCH transmitting power (see
HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler), P
CPICH
is the transmitting power of
CPICH channel in dBm, A is the scaling factor (see Outer Loop LA) and is
measurement power offset indicated by the RNC through the dedicated
NBAP message. For the calculation of the measurement power offset ,
see Radio Resource Management of HSDPA.
The CQI offset compensation is used because the actual transmit power of
the HS-PDSCH may be different.
Outer Loop LA
The outer loop LA algorithm is used to compensate for a possible bias
introduced in the inner loop LA algorithm. The output from the outer loop
algorithm is the scaling factor A, which is used in the final definition for CQI
offset compensation.
For each UE, the scaling factor A is set as the initial value 2dB when the
UE is assigned to use HS-DSCH for packet data transmission. After each
transmission, the scaling factor A shall be adjusted based on the ACK/
NACK feedback by the following rules:
If ACK is received on the first transmission, A is decreased as: A = max (A
0.005dB, -2dB)
If NACK is received on a first transmission, A is increased as:
A = min (A + 0.05dB, 1dB)
Therefore, HARQ manager informs LA the received ACK/NACK for the
first transmission when HARQ manager gets the ACK/NACK feedback
from the UE.
2.1.5 HARQ manager for HSDPA
HARQ manager controls the packet retransmission on layer 1 level to
reduce the retransmission delay.
There is one HARQ entity per UE in the BTS side.
Each HARQ entity consists of several HARQ process each implementing
a stop-and-wait (SAW) HARQ processes.
HARQ entity and its relations to the other functional objects of the HSDPA
are presented in Figure HARQ entity in the HSDPA feature.
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Figure 8. HARQ entity in the HSDPA feature
HARQ-entity configuration and parametrisation
The HARQ entity is UE-specific and includes a number of parallel stop-
and-wait (SAW) HARQ processes.
The number of HARQ processes per UE depends on the UE category as
defined in TableNumber of HARQ processes. The table also lists the size
of the virtual buffer of each HARQ process. This NIR number is a
parameter to the rate matching function.
The "implicit" HARQ memory partitioning method is used in the WBTS3.2,
that is, the UE applies memory partitioning with equal size across all
HARQ processes. The BTS sends the information of HARQ memory
partitioning and number of HARQ processes to the RNC in the NBAP:
RADIO LINK SETUP RESPONSE or the NBAP: RADIO LINK
RECONFIGURATION READY message.
IUB
Flow
Control
Flow
Control
FP
FP
AAL
2
AAL
2
MAC-d flow/UE2/Queue
MAC-d flow/UE1/Queue
Link
Adaptation
Packet
Scheduler
HARQ
Link
Adaptation
HARQ
A/N, CQI
L1/HS-
PDSCH DL
L1
HS-DPCCH
L1
HS-DPCCH
A/N, CQI
AIR
MAC-hs entity
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Table 4. Number of HARQ processes
UE category # HARQ processes NIR
1 2 9600
2 2 14400
3 3 9600
4 3 12800
5 6 9600
6 6 11200
7 6 19200
8 6 22400
9 6 28800
10 6 28800
11 3 4800
12 6 4800
HARQ manager orders the packet retransmissions
After the Packet Scheduler selects a certain priority queue of one UE for
the transmission on HS-DSCH in next TTI, the HARQ manager checks the
UEs HARQ entity and if needed, the HARQ manager informs PS to
retransmit the saved TB in the HARQ process with the saved TFRC,
modulation scheme, multicode, and NDI information.
2.1.6 HSDPA Physical Layer processing
HSDPA with QPSK and 5 codes
HSDPA with QPSK and 5 codes allows 1.72Mbps air interface peak rate.
In Basic HSDPA (16 users per BTS), HS-DSCH is transmitted only to one
cell at a time from the BTS, that is, it is time multiplexed between different
cells of the BTS.
When 16 HSDPA users per cell feature is selected, there could be 1-n
Packet Scheduler/MAC-hs entities per BTS, giving possibility that in
maximum 1-n HS-DSCHs are transmitting in the same time from the BTS.
The basic characteristics of the feature are:
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.
Maximum HS-PDSCH codes per cell is 5.
.
Maximum HS-SCCH codes per cell is 1.
.
Maximum HS-PDSCH codes per UE is 5.
Even if the maximum number of the HS-PDSCH codes is 5 per UE, all the
UE categories (1-12) are still supported. The other categories will be
treated in the same way as categories 11-12.
HSDPA with 16 QAM and 5 codes
HSDPA with 16 QAM and 5 codes allows 3.584Mbps air interface peak
rate.
In Basic HSDPA (16 users per BTS), HS-DSCH is transmitted only to one
cell at a time from the BTS, that is, it is time multiplexed between different
cells of the BTS.
When 16 HSDPA users per cell feature is selected, there could be 1-n
Packet Scheduler/ MAC-hs entities per BTS, giving the possibility that a
maximum of 1-n HS-DSCHs are transmitting in the same time from the
BTS.
The basic characteristics of the feature are:
.
Maximum HS-PDSCH codes per cell is 5.
.
Maximum HS-SCCH codes per cell is 1.
.
Maximum HS-PDSCH codes per UE is 5.
Even if the maximum number of the HS-PDSCH codes is 5 per UE, all the
UE categories (1-12) are still supported. For more information see HS-
SCCH outer loop power control.
HS-PDSCH channel
The HS-PDSCH is used to carry the downlink transport channel HS-
DSCH. An HS-PDSCH corresponds to one channelisation code with
SF=16. Multi-code transmission is possible, that is, one UE can be
assigned multiple channelisation codes in the same HS-PDSCH
subframe.
In the WBTS3.2 release, a maximum of 5 channelisation codes with
SF=16 can be allocated to one user in one HS-PDSCH sub-frame with
either QPSK modulation or 16 QAM modulation.
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The static parameters and the dynamic parameters of the HS-PDSCH are
summarised in Table Transport and physical channel parameters of HS-
DSCH.
The dynamic parameters are determined in the MAC-hs in the BTS.
Table 5. Transport and physical channel parameters of HS-DSCH
Layer 1 static parameters
Coding type Turbo coding
Code rate 1/3
TTI 2 ms
Number of TB 1
Spreading factor 16
CRC 24 bits
Layer 1 dynamic
parameters
TB size LA and PS in MAC-hs
N
IR
in the 1
st
RM HARQ unit in the MAC-hs
RV parameters in the 2
nd
RM (Rate Matching)
HARQ unit in the MAC-hs
Number of codes LA in the MAC-hs
For the HS-PDSCH, data arrives to the coding unit in form of a maximum
of one transport block once every HS-DSCH TTI (2ms). The following
coding steps are included: adding CRC, bit scrambling, code block
segmentation, channel coding, hybrid ARQ, physical channel
segmentation, interleaving for HS-DSCH, 16 QAM constellation
rearrangement (if 16 QAM enabled) and physical channel mapping. For
more technical information see 3GPP TS 25.212: Multiplexing and channel
coding (FDD).
HS-SCCH channel
The HS-SCCH is a fixed rate (60 kbps, SF=128) downlink physical
channel to carry the downlink signalling related to the HS-DSCH
transmission. The relative timing between the HS-SCCH and HS-PDSCH
is 2 slots, that is, the HS-PDSCH starts 2 slots after the start of the HS-
SCCH, which is aligned with the start of the P-CCPCH.
Each UE can receive up to 4 HS-SCCH. In the WBTS3.2 release only one
user per TTI is scheduled, thus only one HS-SCCH is transmitted and
received within a HSDPA supported cell. A 10 ms radio frame contains 5
HS-SCCH subframes.
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HS-DPCCH channel
The HS-DPCCH carries uplink feedback signalling related to downlink HS-
DSCH transmission with fixed rate (15 kbps and SF=256).
The HS-DSCH related feedback signalling consists of:
.
HARQ Acknowledgement
.
Channel Quality Indication (CQI)
Each sub-frame of length 2 ms (3*2560 chips) consists of 3 slots, each of
length 2560 chips.
The HARQ Acknowledgement is carried in the first slot of the HS-DPCCH
sub-frame.
The CQI is carried in the second and third slots of the HS-DPCCH sub-
frame.
There is at most one HS-DPCCH on each radio link.
The RNC configures to the BTS following values related to the HS-DPCCH
channel use:
.
CQI Feedback cycle k: 4ms
.
CQI Repetition Factor: Non-SHO: 1, SHO: 2
.
ACK-NACK Repetition Factor: Non-SHO: 1, SHO: 2
2.2 HSDPA resource allocations in the BTS
WCDMA BTS
HSDPA capable BTS supports at maximum n HSDPA cells (n depends on
Nokia BTS HW configuration), limiting only the maximum HSDPA users
inside one cell to be 16.
1-n WSPC units (n depends on Nokia BTS configuration) in the BTS can
be allocated for the HSDPA use.
Depending on the commissioning parameter HSDPA.BB.Resource.
Allocation, either 16 HSDPA users per BTS or 16 HSDPA users per cell
is allowed.
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If 16 HSDPA users per BTS is selected, there is one WSPC unit reserved
for the HSDPA and inside the WSPC unit a maximum of three cells can be
set for HSDPA use. See Figure Example of three- cell HSDPA
configuration in the BTS (16 HSDPA users per BTS).
FlexiBTS
For the FlexiBTS the same resource rules are valid as for WCDMA BTS,
although there are no WSPC units as such configured to the hardware.
Figure 9. Example of three -cell HSDPA configuration in the BTS (16 HSDPA
users per BTS)
If 16 HSDPA users per cell is selected, there is one WSPC unit reserved
for one HSDPA cell and each WSPC unit handles one cell's HSDPA
usage. See Figure Example of three-cell HSDPA configuration in the BTS
(16 HSDPA users per cell).
8
users
4
users
4
users
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Figure 10. Example of three- cell HSDPA configuration in the BTS (16 HSDPA
users per cell)
2.2.1 HSDPA capability indication
The RNC uses 3GPP NBAP procedure NBAP: AUDIT REQUEST
message to perform an audit of the configuration and status of the logical
resources in the BTS. The BTS responses by NBAP: AUDIT RESPONSE
message, which contains HSDPA capability information (HS-DSCH
Resource Operational State and Availability Status) in the cell object
level).
2.2.2 HSDPA UE physical layer capabilities
The BTS supports all the UE categories with limitations for the maximum
number of the HS-PDSCH codes to be 5 and modulation scheme to be
QPSK or 16 QAM (if enabled). The minimum inter-TTI can vary from one to
three depending on the UE category.
The maximum bitrates per UE physical layer category are defined in the
following tables QPSK only and 16 QAM enabled.
16
users
16
users
16
users
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Table 6. QPSK only
HS-DSCH
category
Max.
number
of HS-
DSCH
codes
Min.
inter-TTI
interval
Max.
number
of bits
within an
HS-
DSCH
TTI
Modulation Max.
bitrate in
Mbps
Category 1 5 3 3440 QPSK 0.57
Category 2 5 3 3440 QPSK 0.57
Category 3 5 2 3440 QPSK 0.86
Category 4 5 2 3440 QPSK 0.86
Category 5 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category 6 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category 7 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category81 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category 9 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category 10 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Category 11 5 2 3440 QPSK 0.86
Category 12 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Table 7. 16 QAM enabled
HS-DSCH
category
Max. number of
HS-DSCH
codes
Min.
inter-
TTI
interval
Max.
number
of bits
within
an HS-
DSCH
TTI
Modulat
ion
Max. bitrate
in Mbps
Category 1 5 3 7168 16QAM 1.20
Category 2 5 3 7168 16QAM 1.20
Category 3 5 2 7168 16QAM 1.79
Category 4 5 2 7168 16QAM 1.79
Category 5 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
Category 6 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
Category 7 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
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Table 7. 16 QAM enabled (cont.)
HS-DSCH
category
Max. number of
HS-DSCH
codes
Min.
inter-
TTI
interval
Max.
number
of bits
within
an HS-
DSCH
TTI
Modulat
ion
Max. bitrate
in Mbps
Category 8 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
Category 9 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
Category 10 5 1 7168 16QAM 3.58
Category 11 5 2 3440 QPSK 0.86
Category12 5 1 3440 QPSK 1.72
Note that the maximum bitrate in Mbps in the tables takes into account the
Minimum inter-TTI interval limitation.
For more information of the UE physical layer categories defined in the
3GPP, see 3GPP TS 25.306: UE Radio Access Capabilities.
2.2.3 Creating the MAC-hs entity
HSDPA resource reservations in the BTS are controlled by the RNC,
which creates cell-specific MAC-hs entity to the BTS by using NBAP:
PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST
message.
The following parameters, defined in Table MAC-hs parameters from RNC
during the creation of MAC-hs entity, are received from the RNC for the
MAC-hs entity.
Table 8. MAC-hs parameters from RNC during the creation of MAC-hs entity
Parameter Source Description
HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH
Total Power
Operator adjustable,
received from the RNC.
Maximum transmission
power to be allowed for HS-
PDSCH and HS-SCCH
code.
Number Of HS-PDSCH
Codes
Fixed parameter (value 5),
received from the RNC.
Indicates the maximum
number of spreading codes
that can be used by HS-
PDSCHs.
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The scrambling code of the HS-PDSCH is not transmitted from the RNC to
the BTS in the HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH Scrambling Code IE of the
NBAP: PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION
REQUEST message, because the BTS uses the primary scrambling code
for all HS-PDSCH channels.
The created MAC-hs entity can be either a three-cell shared entity
(parameter HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation is set to 16 HSDPA users
per BTS) or a one-cell-specific MAC-hs entity (parameter HSDPA.BB.
Resource.Allocation is set to 16 HSDPA users per cell).
2.2.4 Reconfiguring the MAC-hs entity
The MAC-hs entity is reconfigured when the BTS gets the new NBAP:
PHYSICAL SHARED CHANNEL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST or
NBAP: CELL RECONFIGURATION REQUEST message from the RNC
(in which the Primary CPICH Information IE is included) and MAC-hs entity
already exists in the cell. The parameters needed during the
reconfiguration of the MAC-hs entity are presented in Table MAC-hs
parameters reconfigured during MAC-hs reconfiguration.
Table 9. MAC-hs parameters reconfigured during MAC-hs reconfiguration
Parameter Source Description
HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH
Total Power
Operator adjustable,
received from the RNC.
Maximum transmission
power to be allowed for
HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH
code.
P
CPICH
Operator adjustable,
received from the RNC.
Indicates the power used
for transmitting the P-
CPICH in the cell. The unit
of the parameter is dBm.
2.2.5 Deleting the MAC-hs entity
The MAC-hs entity is deleted from the BTS when the BTS gets the NBAP:
CELL DELETION REQUEST message from the RNC and the MAC-hs
entity already exists in that cell to be deleted.
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2.2.6 Configuring the MAC-d flows
MAC-d flow is a flow of MAC-d PDUs, which belong to one UE's logical
channels.
The BTS in the WBTS3.2 release supports one MAC-d flow per UE,
meaning that in the IUB-interface there is at maximum one HS-DSCH FP
transport bearer per UE.
Adding the MAC-d flow
The RNC configures the MAC-d flow entities to the BTS by the NBAP:
RADIO LINK SETUP REQUEST message, which includes HS-DSCH
Information IE, or the NBAP: RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION
PREPARE message, which includes HS-DSCH Information IE.
The parameters, which are required and sent from the RNC to the BTS are
defined in Radio Resource Management of HSDPA.
Modifying of the MAC-d flow
The RNC reconfigures the MAC-d flow entities to the BTS by the NBAP:
RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE message, which includes
HS-DSCH Information To Modify IE.
The modifiable MAC-d flow parameters are CQI Power Offset, ACK Power
Offset and NACK Power Offset in the WBTS3.2 release.
For the HS-DSCH serving cell change, Measurement Power Offset could
be changed.
In case of the SHO state change also ACK-NACK Repetition Factor, CQI
Repetition Factor and CQI Feedback cycle are modifiable.
Deleting the MAC-d flow
The RNC deletes the MAC-d flow entities from the BTS by the NBAP:
RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE message, which includes
HS-DSCH MAC-d Flows To Delete IE. Also when the BTS gets the NBAP:
RADIO LINK DELETION REQUEST message and there is MAC-d flow on
the radio link, the MAC- d flow on the radio link is deleted.
2.2.7 Configuring the associated DCH
For the UEs using HSDPA feature, there is always a need to have an
additional DCH, called associated DCH.
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The associated DCH is created at the same time when the UE's first MAC-
d flow is created by RNC sending the NBAP: RADIO LINK SETUP
REQUEST or NBAP: RADIO LINK RECONFIGURATION PREPARE
message to the BTS.
The associated DCH is used in the uplink to deliver Layer 2
acknowledgements and the UE's user data (for example, application layer
TCP acknowledgements) related to the use of the DL HSDPA channel.
The softer handover (Intra-BTS intra-RNC) and Soft handover (Inter-BTS
intra-RNC) for the associated DCH are supported. For more information of
handover handling, see Radio Resource Management of HSDPA.
In the WBTS3.2 release, the BTS supports the initial maximum bitrates
defined in Table Bitrate parameter for HSDPA associated DCH.
Table 10. Bitrate parameter for HSDPA associated DCH.
Parameter Source Description
HSDPA UL initial Bitrate Operator adjustable,
received from the RNC
Determines the bitrate,
which is allowed to be
allocated as maximum
bitrate for the HSDPA
related UL return channel.
Allowed values: 64kbps,
128 and 384 kbps.
Note that the parameters for the associated DCH bitrates are in the RNC
(object class RNC) and are modifiable by the operator.
2.2.8 MultiRAB configuration with HSDPA
When a UE has MultiRAB configuration, HSDPA is also supported for the
UE.
The supported MultiRAB configurations that the UE can have
simultaneously are:
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.
NB AMR 12.2kbps DL/UL + DL HS-DSCH / UL associated DCH with
DL/UL signalling DCH
.
NB AMR multimode (12.2, 7.95, 5.90, 4.75) kbps DL/UL + DL HS-
DSCH / UL associated DCH with DL/UL signalling DCH
.
NB AMR multimode (5.90, 4.75) kbps DL/UL + DL HS-DSCH / UL
associated DCH with DL/UL signalling DCH
The Uplink (UL) associated DCH initial bitrate is always set to 64 kbps for
the MultiRAB cases (NB AMR included).
For more information of MultiRAB configuration seeRadio Resource
Management of HSDPA.
2.2.9 HSDPA mobility
In the WBTS3.2 release, HS-DSCH Serving Cell Change is supported.
HS-DSCH Serving Cell Change can be either Intra BTS (between cells
inside the same BTS) or Inter BTS (between different BTSs).
There is also HSDPA Soft/Softer handover for associated DPCH
supported.
For more information of HS-DSCH Serving cell change, see Radio
Resource Management of HSDPA.
2.3 High Speed Shared Control Channel (HS-SCCH)
Power Control
High Speed Shared Control Channel power control adjusts the High
Speed Shared Control Channel (HS-SCCH) transmit power according to
the required power level at the UE and reduces the average power
overhead required for the HS-SCCH (compared to using a fixed transmit
power level).
The HS-SCCH transmit power is adjusted every TTI (2ms) based on the
CQIs and Ack/Nack/DTXs received from the UEs.
It is estimated that the HSDPA cell throughput gain of this feature is 5% -
20% (compared to using fixed HS-SCCH power) depending on the
environment and the total power allocated to the HSDPA.
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2.3.1 HS-SCCH power control based on CQI report
The CQI report based HS-SCCH power control is used based on the
following equation:
P
HS-SCCH
=min(P
HS-PDSCH
,(P
CPICH
++
CQI
+P
0
where
.
P
CPICH
is the transmitting power of CPICH channel in dBm
.
P
HS-PDSCH
is the HS-PDSCH power allocated for the specific UE in
the same TTI
.
is the measurement power offset indicated by the RNC via the
dedicated NBAP message
.

CQI
is the CQI dependent power offset
.
P
0
is the output of the HS-SCCH outer loop power control (see HS-
SCCH outer loop power control).
The value of
CQI
depends on the latest received CQI value as shown in
Table Value of
CQI
for different CQI values.
Table 11. Value of
CQI
for different CQI values
CQI Value
CQI
1 -5.05
2 -5.68
3 -6.67
4 -7.73
5 -8.62
6 -9.66
7 -10.5
8 -11.56
9 -12.5
10 -13.57
11 -14.54
12 -15.62
13 -16.64
14 -17.65
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Table 11. Value of
CQI
for different CQI values (cont.)
CQI Value
CQI
15 -18.79
16 -19.66
17 -20.72
18 -21.55
19 -22.83
20 -23.79
21 -24.72
22 -25.65
23 -26.65
24 -27.65
25 -28.65
26 -29.65
27 -30.65
28 -31.65
29 -32.65
30 -33.65
2.3.2 HS-SCCH outer loop power control
The HS-SCCH outer loop power control is used to fine-tune the power
offset between the HS-PDSCH and HS-SCCH for a given UE.
When a Transport Block has been transmitted on HS-PDSCH to a UE, the
HARQ manager checks ACK/NACK feedback from the UE.
After the HARQ manager gets the ACK/NACK feedback or detects the
DTX in uplink HS-DPCCH, it informs LA for the received ACK/NACK or
DTX with the UE ID. Based on the ACK/NACK or DTX information, the
output of the outer loop power control P0 is updated using the following
rule:
If ACK/NACK feedback is received from the UE,P
0
is decreased as:
P
0
= max( P0 0.005dB, -2dB)
If DTX is detected,P
0
is increased as:
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P
0
= min(P
0
+ 0.5dB, 2dB)
The DTX on the HS-DPCCH is assumed to be an indication of the poor
HS-SCCH quality in the downlink.
2.4 Performance Management Data Collection for
HSDPA
Performance Management Data Collection for HSDPA enables the
operator to monitor the practical performance achieved with HSDPA
solution.
The HSDPA Performance Management (PM) counters are available to the
operator for monitoring HSDPA performance. The counters are available
both in the BTS Element Manager and NMS NetAct interface.
The operator uses BTS Element Manager in the BTS site for requesting
PM counters. As a result, all HSDPA PM counters of the BTS are
displayed.
2.4.1 HSDPA PM counters
There are ten counter items in HSDPA feature, which can be measured in
the BTS. The object class for these parameters are WCELL and the
reporting time period is fixed to one hour. The counter items are:
.
CQI distribution (HSDPA Shared Control Channel Power Control)
.
Distribution of MAC-hs retransmissions (HSDPA BTS Packet
Scheduler)
.
Original MAC-hs PDU transmissions categorised by modulation and
HS-PDSCH codes (HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler)
.
Retransmissions of MAC-hs PDUs categorised by modulation and
HS-PDSCH codes (HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler)
.
Transfer delay of the MAC-d PDU (HSDPA BTS Packet Scheduler)
.
MAC-hs TTI efficiency measurements (HSDPA BTS Packet
Scheduler)
.
Discarded MAC-hs PDUs (HSDPA Flow Control)
.
Dropped MAC-d PDUs due to buffer overflow (HSDPA Flow Control)
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.
Number of received MAC-d PDUs (HSDPA Flow Control)
.
HS-SCCH power measurement (HSDPA Shared Control Channel
Power Control)
For more information on counters, see WBTS Counters in Nokia BTS
documentation.
2.5 Common measurements for HSDPA
The common measurement used for HSDPA is Transmitted carrier power
of all codes not used for HS-PDSCH or HS-SCCH, which is measured in
the HSDPA-enabled cells.
The BTS measures the mean power of the transmitted carrier power of all
codes not used for HS-PDSCH or HS-SCCH transmission in WATTas long
as the HS-DSCH resource exists in the cell. The reference point is the Tx
antenna connector. The measurement period is 100ms.
Note that the BTS only supports measurement Transmitted carrier power
of all codes not used for HS-PDSCH or HS-SCCH with report
characteristics type being Periodic reporting.
2.6 BTS test models for HSDPA channels
There is one Air Interface Transmitter Test Model, Test Model 5 defined for
the HSDPA channels.
To activate this test, the BTS has to enter the Test Dedicated State.
Test Model 5 is for HSDPA, and this test model performs a test on Error
Vector Magnitude (EVM) of the HS-PDSCH channels transmitting 16
QAM. The following test model channel variants are supported:
.
Test model containing 4 HS-PDSCH + 14 DPCH
.
Test model containing 2 HS-PDSCH + 6 DPCH
These test models are defined in 3GPP specification TS25.141.
The operator can activate Test Model 5 using the BTS Site Element
Manager. For more information and instructions, see BTS Site Element
manager, User's manual / Online Help in Nokia BTS documentation.
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2.7 HSDPA Cell Recovery functions in BTS
HSDPA recovery in the WCDMA BTS
The BTS has a capability to maintain the HSDPA reserved resources and
move them to another WSPC unit if the original WSPC unit fails (HW/SW
malfunction).
Also in case of slave WAM unit failure, the reserved HSDPA resources can
be moved under the other slave WAM unit's WSPC unit.
When a failure occurs in the WSPC unit (controlling the HSDPA channels),
the BTS sends a NBAP: RADIO LINK FAILURE INDICATION message to
the RNC for all the radio links that were using the failed resource. All MAC-
d flows are deleted and HSDPA shared channels resources and MAC-hs
entity are allocated to the other WSPC unit.
If there is no WSPC unit resource available, the BTS informs the RNC
about the situation by a NBAP: RESOURCE STATUS INDICATION
message (HS-DSCH operational state disabled). The BTS continues
searching for HSDPA resources for the cell until they can be reserved
(sends NBAP: RESOURCE STATUS INDICATION message, HS-DSCH
operational state enabled).
HSDPA recovery in the FlexiBTS
For the FlexiBTS, the same recovery rules are valid as for the WCDMA
BTS related to the WSPC units, although there are no WSPC units as such
configured to the hardware.
FlexiBTS has one system module, therefore WCDMA BTS based WAM
unit failure functionality is needless in the FlexiBTS.
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3 Management
3.1 Management parameters
This chapter lists the essential commissioning parameters in the WBTS3.2
release for operating HSDPA in WCDMA BTS.
Commisioning Parameter name: Defines if HSDPA users are allocated /BTS or
/CELL.
Abbreviated name: HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation
Range: 16 HSDPA users per BTS
or
16 HSDPA users per cell
Default: 16 HSDPA users per BTS
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4 Capacity
4.1 HSDPA capacity in the WCDMA BTS
In this release, HSDPA resources are reserved from 1-n WSPC-units (n
depends on Nokia BTS HW configuration).
If the commissioning parameter HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation is set
to "16 users_BTS", the WAM unit and the WSPC units selection for
HSDPA is performed when the first HSDPA resources (codes and channel
element capacities) are needed from the BTS, that is, during the NBAP:
Physical Shared Channel Reconfiguration procedure.
If the commissioning parameter HSDPA.BB.Resource.Allocation is set
to "16 users_cell", The WAM unit and the WSPC units selection for
HSDPA is performed each time new HSDPA resources (codes and
channel element capacities) are needed from the BTS, that is, during each
NBAP: Physical Shared Channel Reconfiguration Procedure that
configures a new HSDPA cell.
The WAM unit with the most available capacity is selected, taking into
account:
.
Free AAL2 capacity on the user plane VCCs of each WAM
.
WAM processing capacity
.
WSPC processing capacity
On the selected WAM, the least loaded WSPC unit is then chosen. If the
commissioning parameter is set to "16 users_BTS", it is possible to set 1-3
HSDPA cells, each of them situated in the same WSPC unit. The total
amount of the HSDPA users cannot exceed 16.
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If the commissioning parameter is set to "16 users_cell", it is possible to
set 1-n HSDPA cells and each HSDPA cell is situated in a different WSPC
unit. The total amount of the HSDPA users is not limited, but the maximum
amount of HSDPA users in one cell ( = one WSPC unit) is 16.
One WSPC unit supports one to three HSDPA cells, but the maximum
number of the HS-DPCCH channels (~=UE number) supported in one
WSPC unit is 16.
The maximum number of the dedicated channels (DCH) allowed in the
WSPC unit with/without HSDPA activation is given in Table WSPC
capacity for DCHs/HS-PDSCH.
Table 12. WSPC capacity for DCHs/HS-PDSCH
# HS-
PDSCH
codes / cell
#HS-SCCH
channels /
cell
# HS-
DPCCH
channels /
WSPC
# 16 kbit/s
DCHs when
no common
channels on
this WSPC
# 16 kbit/s
DCHs when
common
channels on
this WSPC
N/A N/A N/A 64 48
5 1 0-16 32 16
4.2 HSDPA capacity in FlexiBTS
FlexiBTS has one centralised system module, covering WCDMA BTS
WAM units' processing capacity, so there is no need for WAM unit capacity
selection in the FlexiBTS.
HSDPA capacity requirement for FlexiBTS is 32CEs when the
commissioning parameter has value "16 users_BTS". When the
commissioning parameter has value "16 users_cell", the capacity
requirement is 32CEs per cell. For example, a three HSDPA cell
configuration takes 96CEs (3*32CE = 96CE).
Note that in the WBTS3.2 release, the number of reserved HS-PDSCH
codes is always 5.
For more information, see Nokia WCDMA RAN HSDPA dimensioning with
RAS05.
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