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Holiday Homework

Sekolah Tuanku Abdul Rahman, Ipoh



Chemistry
Form 5+

22 March 2014 30 March 2014


1. Diagram 1 shows part of the Periodic Table of Elements.V,W,X,Y and Z do not represent the
actual symbol of the elements.

1 18
2 13 14 15 16 17
W
X V Z
Y



DIAGRAM 1
(a) Write the electron arrangement of V ion.

........... [1 mark ]
(b) (i) Which of the element is not chemically reactive.

.
.........................................................................................................................................[1 mark ]
(ii) Explain your answer in (b)(i).


........................................................................................................................................... [1 mark ]
(c) V and Y are located in the same group in the Periodic Table of Elements.
(i) Which of the element is more reactive?


....................................................................................................................................... [1 mark ]
(ii) Explain your answer in (c)(i).


......................................


......................................


..................................... [3 marks]
(d) Y reacts with iron to form a compound.

(i) State one property of the compound formed.

............... .[1 mark]



(ii) Draw a labeled the set up of apparatus of the reaction between Y and iron, Fe










[ 2 marks]


2. In an experiment to determine the empirical formula of an oxide of copper , the combustion tube
with the porcelain dish are weighed. Oxide of copper is added into the porcelain dish and the tube
is weighed again. The oxide of copper is heated strongly. After the set of apparatus cools down to
room temperature the combustion tube with its content is weighed again.

The following data is obtained.


Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish = 19.60 g
Mass of combustion tube + porcelain dish + oxide of copper = 25.68 g
Mass of combustion tube +porcelain dish + copper = 24.46 g


(a) What is meant by empirical formula?

[1 mark]
(b) Draw a labeled diagram of the set-up of the apparatus for the experiment.







[2 marks]
(c) Calculate the empirical formula of the oxide of copper.
[Given that the relative atomic mass of O=16 , Cu=64]








[3mark]
(d) Write the chemical equation for the reaction in the experiment.

............. [1 mark]

(e) Before oxide of copper is heated, hydrogen gas is allowed to pass through the apparatus
until all the air in the combustion tube is completely removed.
Describe the steps that should be taken to ensure that all air in the combustion tube has
been removed.





[3 marks]

(f) (i) Can the empirical formula of magnesium oxide be determined using the same method as
above? Explain your answer.

..............................

.............. [2 marks]

(ii) Draw a labeled diagram of the set-up of the apparatus for the experiment









[2 marks]

3. The table 1 below shows the description and observation for two experiments involving tw0
solutions:
Hydrogen chloride in solvent X
Hydrogen chloride in solvent Y

Experiment Description
Observation
HCl in solvent X HCl in solvent Y
I
Reaction of hydrogen chloride in
solvent X and solvent Y with
calcium carbonate lumps.
Effervescence occurs. A
colourless gas is
liberated.
No change occur
II
Electrolysis of hydrogen chloride in
solvent X and solvent Y
Reading of the ammeter
is 1 A
Reading of the
ammeter is 0 A.
Table 1
(a) Name a suitable compound for

Solvent X :
....................................................................................................................................
Solvent Y: ............................................................................................................ [2 marks]
(b) (i) Which of the solution shows acidic properties?

...............................................................................................................................
(ii) What is the role of solvent in (b) (i) that enables the solution to show acidic
properties?

..................................................................................................................[2 marks]
(c) (i) Effervescence occurs when hydrogen chloride in solvent X react with calcium
carbonate. Name the gas liberated.

....................................................................................................................[1 mark]



(ii) Describe a chemical test to identify the gas liberated in (c) (i)

.................................................................................................................................
.................................................................................................................................
[ 2 marks]

(iii) Write ionic equation for the reaction in (c) (i).

................................................................................................................. [4 marks]
(d) Hydrogen chloride in solvent X can conduct electricity but hydrogen chloride in solvent Y
cannot conduct electricity. Explain why.

.................................................................................................................................
....................................................................................................................[2 marks]
(e) Calculate the mass of hydrogen chloride gas, HCl to prepare 100 cm
3
of 0.5 mol dm
-3
HCl
acid.
[Given that the relative atomic mass of H = 1, Cl = 35.5 , C = 12, O = 16 , Ca = 40 ]












Essay Questions:
1. Table 11 shows the proton number of atoms P, Q and R.
Element P Q R
Proton number 8 12 17
TABLE 11
(a) Based on electron arrangement, explain the formation of chemical bond between
(i) element P and element P
[5 marks ]
(ii) element Q and element R
[7 marks ]
(b) Gas P reacts with element Q to produce a white solid.
(iii) Write a chemical equation for the reaction between gas P and element Q.
(ii) State three physical properties of the white solid. [ 4 marks]
(c) What is the position of element Q in the Periodic Table of the elements?
Explain how do you obtain your answer. [ 4 marks ]



2. (a) What is effective collisions? [1 mark]
(b) An experiment is carried out to study the rate of reaction between magnesium strip and
different type of acids.
The time taken by magnesium strip to dissolve in acids in each experiment is recorded in Table 2.

Experiment Reactant

Temperature
(
0
C)
Time
(s)
I 20 cm
3
of 1.0 moldm
-3
ethanoic acid +
15 cm of magnesium strip
30 150
II 20 cm
3
of 1.0 moldm
-3
hydrochloric acid +
15 cm of magnesium strip
30 60
III 20 cm
3
of 1.0 moldm
-3
sulphuric acid +
15 cm of magnesium strip
30 30
TABLE 2
(i) Write an ionic equation for the reaction between magnesium strip and acid. [2 marks]

(ii) Compare the rate of reaction between
experiment I and experiment II,
experiment II and experiment III

Explain your answer based on the collision theory. [6 marks]

(iii) If experiment II is repeated at 40
0
C, predict the time taken for the 15 cm magnesium strip
to dissolve completely. Explain your answer.
[3 marks]
(c) Explain why

(i) food stored in the refrigerator lasts longer than food stored in the kitchen cabinet.
[3 marks]
(ii) meat cut into small pieces can be cooked faster compare with meat in big chunks.
[3 marks]
(iii) food cook in a pressure cooker can save energy and time compared to the normal cooker.
[2 marks]