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DEVELOPMENT OF MASTER PROGRAM (S2) IN INFORMATIC
ENGINEERING EDUCATION AT STATE UNIVERSITY OF MALANG

Wahyu Sakti G. I.
State University of Malang

Abstract
With the issue of teacher certification and linearity of education, many graduates are confused
in deciding a study program or department that is right for their choice, after they graduated S1.
Likewise with the graduate of study program of S1 in Informatic Engineering Education. Until
now there is no university in Indonesia which has a study program at Master of Education level
(S2) in Informatic Engineering. Study program at the existing level of S2, is considered 'less
relevant'. Answer to these problems, UM took the initiative to develop the study program of S2
in Informatic Engineering Education, which focus on the competence of the field of
Information and educational at the same time. With the support of existing resources,
implementating of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education conducted independently (by online
system) or apply the B1 model alliance between the Graduate Program interfaith universities.

Keywords: Master Program, Informatic Engineering Education

Preliminary
State University of Malang (UM) since 2007, has had study program of S1 in Informatic
Engineering Educationthat administered by theDepartment of Electrical Engineering. Beside study
program of S1inInformation Engineering Education,Electrical Engineering Departmenthas 3
(three) otherstudy programs, namely: S1 inElectrical Engineering Education, D3 in Electronics
Engineering, andD3 in Electrical Engineering. Of 4 (four) program which is owned, S1 in
Informatic Engineering Educationis one of the competition ofthe high estentryin the university
(about 1: 25-30).
Each year, the Department of Electrical Engineering FT-UM (Faculty of Engineering – State
University of Malang)is only able to accommodate about 160 new students. Up to this time majors
has graduated approximately 166 students. Approximately 50% of graduates workas teachers
(educators), both at the elementary, middle, andupper. About 30% are workingin non-education
sector, either as enterpreneurshipor workin businesses and industries, and about 20% of them
continue their education to master's level (S2).
With the issue of teacher certification and linearity of education, many graduat
eseitherworking as an educatoras well as the directcontinuing studies to pursue master's level, a
loss to determine what study program or department is right forthem select and wrestled. It is easy
to understand, because it concerns theirf at eafter graduating with respect tosuch issues. As known,
untilnow there is nouniversity inIndonesia which has study program in Informatic Engineering at
the level of Master of Education (S2). Master's level educationis considered 'linear' that exist today
are the Vocational Education (PKj) and Informatic Engineering (Computer). Both have clear
direction and development of different educational objectives. UM currently only has a Master's
Degree Programme (S2) in Vocational Education (PKj), while the Master Program(S2) are
generally organized by the Informatic Engineering collegen on LPTK.
In general, the Faculty of Technology and Vocational Education (FPTK) in the first IKIP
era, has been transformed into the Faculty of Engineering (FT) in the era of the university. If
viewed from the development of education, the Vocational Education (PKj) is more prominent than
the Engineering Education. Organizers of S2 Program in Vocational Education (PKj) are relatively
more, compared with S2 Program in Engineering Education, which did not exist in Indonesia. If S1
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graduate in Informatic Engineering Education (PTI) continuing educationon S2 Program in
Vocational Education, then the question follows the pattern of developmentas an inverted pyramid.
The consequence, areas of expertise/competencies are practiced to become less focused. This
would bequite right, if it is associated with the development of the field of Informatic Engineering
(Computer). Character fields of Informatic Engineering the most prominent is the very rapid
technological development, making the knowledge and skills that graduates have quickly become
obsolete. Therefore need a morefocused education model, which is more oriented to the field of
expertise.
On the other hand, if the S1 graduate in Informatic Engineering Education geared for
education S2 Program in Informatic Engineering, it will be consequential: (a) The graduation
competence in education would not have developed, and (b) Based on experience, generally those
who graduated from the S2 Program in Informatic Engineering, many are turning to professionals
outside the field of education, because the field of Informatic Engineering is still in great demand
in other sectors. It means, that the preparation of educators (teachers), in the field of Informatic
Engineering to be missing the target.
Based on these arguments, Department of Electrical Engineering FT-UM initiative todevelop
astudy program (S2) in Informatic Engineering Education. The development of educational model
follows the pyramid pattern, which focuseson the competence of the field of Information and
educationalat the same time. This is in line with the concept of scientific development linearity, ie,
starting from the In formatic Engineering Education S1, S2 followed by Informatic Engineering
Education, and end with the S3 in Informatic Engineering Education.



Figure 1. Education Levelsof
ExistingModel (S1-PTI, S2-PKj, and
S3-PKj)
Figure 2. Education Levels of S1, S2, and
S3 Model in IEE (PTI)

EducationFacilities and Infrastructure
Classrooms
Organizinglectures of S2 program in Informatic Engineering Education, will be donein
theory and practice. Classroom theory can be used for learning activities of S2 program in
Informatic Engineering Education, respectively located in H1, H2, H3 Building and the Faculty of
Engineering Building (H5). Overall,the theory of space available for learning activities amounted
to13 (thirteen). Each classroomis equipped with white boards, LCD projectors, and hot spots,
which allowss tudents to access the internet from the lecture hall. Thirteenth classrooms thatare
usedtogether (sharing) with the students of Diploma (D3 Electrical and Electronic Engineering),
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Bachelor (S1 Informatic Engineering Education and S1 Electrical Engineering Edeucation), and
Graduate Program(S2 and S3 Vocational Education).

Laboratory
To study carried out in laboratory practice, each of which is located in H1 and H2 Graduate
Program Bulding, H5 Building of FT-UM, and G4 Building Department of Electrical Engineering
FT-UM. Provideda laboratory for practical learning activities, including laboratory: (a)
Microteaching (2 pieces); (b) Computers (general); (c) Programming; (d) Data base and
Information Systems; (e) Artificial Intelligence (AI); (f) Graphical and Digital Image Processing;
(g) Data Communications and Networking; (h) Maintenance and Repair; and (i) Multimedia.

Library
There are 3 (three) libraries that can be accessed by the students of S2 in Informatic
Engineering Education, namely: (1) Central Library with a collection of about 46 988 titles of
books, (2) Graduate Library with a collection of about 3,500-book's title, and Libraries Department
of Electrical Engineering FT-UM with a collection of about 850-book's title. In addition, the
Central Library, State University of Malang (UM) also formed a partnership with 24 other
university libraries in Indonesia. This partnership, enabling students of S2 in Informatic
Engineering Education accessing library materials at the university's 24 libraries.

Facilities of Information and Communications Technology (ICT)
Some of the Information and Communications Technology (ICT) which is owned by the
Department of Electrical Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, Graduate Program, and Center for
Information and Communication Technology (PTIK) which can be used to support learning
activities of S2 Program in Informatic Engineering Education, such as: server (21pieces), network
devices (switches, firewalls, routers, hubs, and access point), teleconference equipment, and a
wide range of licensed software. In addition, all units with in the UM has been connected through:
LAN (Local Area Network), intranet, and internet. LAN and intranet networks, supported by afiber
optic backbone, while the Internet network supported bandwidth of 114 MBps. Management of
ICT devices, centrally managed by the Center for Information and Communication Technology
(PTIK) UM.

Human Resources (HR)
S2 in Informatic Engineering Education supported by 21 (twenty one) of lecturers, 8 (eight)
of the laboratory assistants, and about 23 (twentythree) person of administrative staffs, who are
scattered in the Graduate Program, Faculty of Engineering, and Department of Electrical
Engineering FT-UM. Composition of lecturers, laboratory assistants, and administrative staffs
whodeal with S2 in Informatic Engineering Education presented inTables 1, 2, and3.

Profile of Graduates
Referring to the Computing Curricula 2005 (ACM and IEEE, 2006) and APTI-COM (2012),
the scientific specialization in the field of informatics at the level of Bachelor (S1), grouped into
five categories, namely: (1) Computer Engineering, (2) Computer Science, (3) Software
Engineering, (4) Information System; and (5) Information Technology. Domain of each category,
are presented in Figure 3.

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Table 1. Composition of Lecturers, Laboratory Assistants, and Administrative Staffs
No. Areas of Expertise Professor Doktor Magister Number
1. General Education 1 3 - 4
2. Vocational Education 3 2 - 5
3.
Informatic Engineering
(Non Education)
- 4 8 12
Total 4 9 8 21

Table 2. Comp. of Laboratory Assistant Tabel 3. Comp. of Administration Staff



Figure 3. Specialization in The Field of Informatics
(Source: ACM and IEEE, 2006; and APTIKOM, 2012)

In concept, the development of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education is also a con-
tinuation of similar S1studies program. If the curriculum of S1 in Informatic Engineering
Education that administered by the Department of Electrical Engineering Faculty of Engineering
– State University of Malang (Faculty fo Engineering-UM, 2011) mapped in Figure 3, it will
produce adis has shown in Table4.

No. Educational Attainment
Jum-
lah

No. Educational Attainment
Jum-
lah
1. SMA/SMK/equal 1 1. SMA/SMK/equal 9
2. Bachelor Degree/D3 3 2. Bachelor Degree/D3 2
3. Bachelor(S1) /D4 4 3. Bachelor(S1) /D4 10
4. Graduate(S2) - 4. Graduate(S2) 2
Total 8 Total 23
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Table 4. Profiles of S1 in Informatic Engineering Education, Dept. of EE, FT-UM

No. Occupation
Weight(percentage -%)
CE CS SE IT IS
1.
Computer Hardware and
Architecture
18.75 % 18.75 % 13.19 % 0 % 0 %
2. Systems Infrastructure 11.81 % 11.81 % 11.81% 9.03 % 9.03 %
3.
Software Methods and
Technologies
13.19 % 18.75 % 18.75 % 18.75 % 18.75 %
4. Application Technologies 0 % 9.03 % 9.03 % 9.03 % 9.03 %
5.
Organizational Issues &
Information Systems
0 % 4.17 % 4.17 % 4.17 % 4.17 %
Total 43.75 % 62.50 % 56.95 % 40.97 % 40.97 %

Note:
- CE : Computer Engineering - IT : Information Technology
- CS : Computer Science - IS : Information System
- SE : Software Engineering

Seen from Table 4, the profiles of S1 in Informatic Engineering Education that administered
by the Department of Electrical Engineering FT-UM, will produce graduates who have core
competencies in the areas of Computer Science(CS) and Software Engineering(SE), in addition to
supporting competence in the field of Computer Engineering (CE), Information Technology (IT)
and Information System (IS). It also has implications for the development of S2 Education
Programin Computer Science, State University of Malang (UM).

Curriculum
Load credits Master Program (S2) at the State University of Malang (UM), range from 36 up
to 40 credits. Load credits are applied to the S2 Program in Informatic Engineering Education for
40 credits, which is distributed to: (1) General Course (MKU) = 4 credits (10%), (2) Basic Skills
Course (MKDK) = 6 credits (10%), (3) Expertise Course (MKK) = 24 credits (60%), and (4)
Thesis (part of MKK) = 6 credits (10%). Some subjects are presented in theory, and some others
are presented in an integrated way, both theory and practice. Especially for the Expertise Course
(MKK), 4 credits coursegiven the option (marked *). To prepare students to take part in education
S2, given 8 credits of noncredit course through the Pre-S2, which must be taken by all applicants.
Exposure to all subjects S2 in Informatic Engineering Education that must be taken, are presented
in Table5.
Of course of ferings in Table5, shows that the competency of S2 Program in Informatic
Engineering Education is designed, is a blend of competence in education and informatic fields. In
particular, courses such as: Web Development and Programming, Mobile Computing, E-Learning
System Development, Computer Games, and Special Projects, is designed so that students can
implement in the field of education through the end of each course assignment that they follow.



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Table 5. CourseOfferingsof Informatic Engineering Education (S2)
No
.
Subjects
Credits/h
s
Theor
y
Practic
e
Note
General Courses (MKU)
1. Quantitative Research Methodology 2/2


Compulsory
2. Inferential Statistics 2/2


Compulsory
BasicSkillsCourses (MKDK)
3. Platform forEducationandLearning 3/3


Compulsory
4.
Problemsof
EducationSectorStudies(Informatic
Engineering Education)
3/3


Compulsory
Expertise Courses (MKK)
5. Advanced Programming 2/4

Compulsory
6. Artificial Intelligence 2/2


Compulsory
7. Data Warehousing 2/2


Compulsory
8. Wireless Networking Security 2/4

Compulsory
9.
Web Development and
Programming
2/4

Compulsory
10. Image Processing 2/4

Compulsory
11. Mobile Computing 2/4

Compulsory
12. Multimedia System 2/2


Compulsory
13. Distributed System 2/2*


Optional
14.
Decision Support System and
Intelligence Systems
2/2*


Optional
15. E-Learning System Development 2/4

Compulsory
16. Teaching-Learning Practice 2/4

Compulsory
17. Seminar 0/2


Compulsory
18. Thesis 6/6

Compulsory
Expertise Courses (MKK) (Optional)
19. System Analisis and Design * 2/2


Optional
20. Computer Vision * 2/2


Optional
21. Human Computer Interaction * 2/2


Optional
22. Mobile Operating Systems * 2/2


Optional
23. Computer Games * 2/2


Optional
24. Special Projects * 2/4

Optional
Pre-S2
25. English 0/4

Compulsory
26. Scientific Writing 0/2


Compulsory
27. Descriptive Statistics 0/2


Compulsory
28. Basic Programming 0/4

Compulsory

Learning Model and Implementation
Learning strategies in Informatic Engineering Education (S2),conducted through a variety of
ways, including: (a) Courses are conducted through regular face to face in the classroom (16 times
in 1 (one) semester,both theoretical and practical lectures, (b) field experience program(PPL) in the
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field of education, (c) Guidance and tutorial; (d) Guest Lecture (at least done one time in each
semester, both in the field of education and Informatic Engineering), (e) in dependent study
(special projects), (f) E-learning (web base learning, teleconference, and blended learning) (Arai,
2011; Negash, 2008), and (g) Seminar.
Based on the status and capacity of existing resources, then the model of education of S2 in
Informatic Engineering Education is done through:
1. Organized independently, theprogramis opened/started after obtain ingpermission from the
Directorate General of High eroperational administration (Directorate General of Higher
Education, 2012).
2. Applying the model B1, In ter faith Alliance of Graduate Program of Higher Education
(Directorate General of Higher Education, 2009). Scheme is: university partner have the
potential to organizespecific study program but do not have permission. College/university
coaches providegui dance to higher education partners and getready to implement the permit
(maximum within 1 year). Program carried out after college/university partners to obtain
permission and remain guided by college/university coaches minimum 3 (three) years.
Diplomas issued by higher education partners. General or specific requirementse stablished by
the Directorate General of Higher Education for the implementation of this alliance patterns, can
be met fully by the State University of Malang (UM).
Conclusion
Of exposure in advance, we can conclude the following:
1. Program of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education, is one alternative to address the issue of
teacher certification and linearity of Graduate Education (S2) the field of Informatic
Engineering Education.
2. Facilities and infrastructure owned by the Departmentof Electrical Engineering Faculty of
Engineering and the UM Graduate Program, have been adequate for the convening of S2 in
Informatic Engineering Education.
3. Composition of existing human resources, a dequate to support the development of S2 in
Informatic Engineering Educationat State University of Malang (UM).
4. Program graduates profile of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education that developed has
similarities with the profiles of S1 in Informatic Engineering Education, which has a core
competence in the field of Computer Science (CS) and Software Engineering (SE), in addition
to supporting competence in the field of Computer Engineering (CE), Information Technology
(IT) and Information System (IS).
5. Competency of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education has a specific, ie, the
application/implementation expertise field of study (Informatic Engineering) in the field of
practical education.
6. Learning model of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education by applying the learning strategies
that already existin the UM, among others, in the form: regular lectures (face to face), Field
Experience Program (PPL), guidance and tutorials, guest lectures, and e-learning.
7. Implementation model of S2 in Informatic Engineering Education, can be done in two ways,
namely: independent (by online system) or apply the B1 model alliance, between the Graduate
Program interfaith universities.
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