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ISSN : 22489622, Vol. 4, Issue 7( Version 1), July 2014, pp.8090
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General Solution of Equations of Motion of Axisymmetric
Problem of MicroIsotropic, MicroElastic Solid
R. Srinivas
1,*
, M. N. Rajashekar
2
and K. Sambaiah
3
1
Department of Mathematics, BITS, Narsampet, Warangal506 331, Telangana, India.
2
Department of Mathematics, JNTUHCEJ, Karimnagar505 501, Telangana, India.
3
Department of Mathematics, Kakatiya University, Warangal506 009, Telangana, India.
ABSTRACT
In this paper, we obtain the general solution of equations of motion of axisymmetric problem of microisotropic,
microelastic solid in static case. The equations of motion of axisymmetric problem are converted into vector
matrix differential equations using the Hankel transform. Applying the technique of solving the eigen value
problem, the general solution of the said problem is obtained. The results of the corresponding problem in linear
micropolar elasticity are obtained as a particular case of this paper.
KEYWORDS: Microisotropic, microelastic solid, Eigen value, Hankel transform.
I. INTRODUCTION
The classical theory of elasticity describes well the behavior of construction materials provided the stresses
do not exceed the elastic limit and no stress concentration occurs. The discrepancy between the results of the
classical theory of elasticity and the experiments [1] appears in all the cases when the microstructure of the body
is significant. The materials having microstructure are metals, polymers, rocks and concrete. The influence of
microstructure is particularly evident in the case of elastic vibrations of high frequency and/or small wave
length. To remove the short comings of the classical theory of elasticity, Eringen [2] introduced the theory of
micromorphic materials which includes the micromotion. This theory was simplified by Koh [3] extending the
concept of coincidence of principal directions of stresses and strain of classical elasticity and named it as the
theory of microisotropic, microelastic materials. Nowacki [4] has shown that the equations of motion of
axisymmetric problem of micropolar solid can be decomposed into two mutually independent sets of three
equations. Das et al. [5, 6] have obtained general solution of equations of motion in thermoelasticity and
magnetothermoelasticity using eigen value approach to solve vector matrix differential equation.
In the present paper, we apply the technique of solving an eigen value problem to obtain the general
solution of the axisymmetric problem of microisotropic, microelastic solid. The results of the corresponding
problem in micropolar theory [7] are obtained as a particular case of it.
II. BASIC EQUATIONS
The equations of motion and the constitute equations of microisotropic, microelastic solid under the
absence of body forces and body couples are given by Parameshwaran and Koh [8]
The displacement equations of motion are
( ) ( ) u A u A A u A A A  = V + V + + V V +
3
2
3 2 3 2 1
2 ) ( . ) ( (1)
( ) ( )    
j A u A B B B = V V + V V +
3 3
2
3 5 4
4 2 2 . ) ( 2 (2)
) ( ) ( 5 4 ), ( 2 , 1
2
1
2 2
ij ij ij pp kk ij ij kk pp
j A A B B   o   o 
= + (3)
The stress, couplestress and stress moment are as follows.
km km pp km
e A e A t
2 1 ) (
2 + = o
(4)
) ( 2
3 ] [ ] [ p p pkm km km
r A t  c o + = =
(5)
) ( 5 4 ) (
2
km km pp km
A A  o  o =
(6)
k mn mn k pp mn k
B B t
), ( 2 , 1 ) (
2  o  + = (7)
) ( 2
, 5 , 4 , 3 kl p p l k k l kl
B B B m o    + + = (8)
RESEARCH ARTICLE OPEN ACCESS
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where
1 1
o + = A ,
3 1
t = B ,
2 2
o + = A
, , 2
10 7 2
t t + = B
,
5 3
o = A
, 2 2
10 7 9 4 3
t t t t + + = B
, 2
4 4
t = B
,
2 5
o = A
9 5
2t = B
. (9)
subject to the conditions
, 0 2 3
2 1
> + A A
, 0
2
> A
, 0
3
> A
, 0 2 3
5 4
> + A A
, 0
5
> A
, 0 2 3
2 1
> + B B
, 0
2
> B
, 0
3
> B ,
3 4 3
B B B < < . 0
5 4 3
> + + B B B (10)
where
is the average mass density, j is the microinertia. The macro displacement in the micro elastic
continuum is denoted by
k
u and the micro deformation by ,
) ( mn
 for the linear theory we have the macrostrain
) , ( m k km
e e = , the macro rotation vector
m n kmn k
u r
,
2
1
c = , the microstrain
) (mn
 and microrotation
km pkm p
 c 
2
1
= . The stress measures are the asymmetric stress (macrostress)
mn
t , the relative stress (micro
stress)
km
o and the stress moment
kmn
t and also the couple stress tensor
kmn pnm kp
t m c = . The symbol ( )
appeared in suffix of a quantity indicate that the quantity is symmetric and [ ] shows the quantity is skew
symmetric. ,, o
1
, o
2,
o
5,
t
3,
t
4,
t
7,
t
9
and t
10
are the ten elastic moduli. Further,
pkm
c is the permutation
symbol and
km
o is the Kronecker delta. The ( . ) denotes the derivatives with respect to time.
III. FORMULATION AND SOLUTION OF THE PROBLEM
The problem is to find the general solutions of axisymmetric equations of static microisotropic, micro
elastic material under the absence of body forces and body couples, we take 0 = =
u and the cylindrical
coordinates u , r and z are introduced.
The equations of motion (1) and (2) for the static case are as follows.
( ) ( ) 0
1
2
2
3 3 2 1
2 2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+
c
c
+ +
(
c
c
V +
z r
A
r
e
A A A
u
r r
u
u A A
z r
r
u u

u

u
(11)
( ) ( ) 0 2
1 2
3 3 2 1
2 2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+
c
c
+ +
(
c
c
+ V +
r z
A
e
r
A A A
u
r r
u
u A A
z r r
 
u u
u
u
(12)
( )  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2
3 3 2 1
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+
c
c
+ + V +
u


u
r
z
r
r r
A
z
e
A A A u A A (13)
( ) 0
1
2 2 2 4
2
2
3 5 4 3
2 2
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
c
c
' c
+ +
(
c
c
V
z
u u
r
A
r
e
B B A
r r
B
z
r
r
r
u u
u

u
 
 (14)
( ) 0 2
1
2 2 4
2
2
3 5 4 3
2 2
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
c
c
' c
+ +
(
c
c
+ V
r
u
z
u
A
e
r
B B A
r r
B
z r r
u

u
 

u
u
u
(15)
  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2 2 2 4 2
3 5 4 3
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
c
c
' c
+ + V
u
 
u
r
z z
u
ru
r r
A
z
e
B B A B (16)
,
1 4
o = A
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where
( )
z
u u
r
ru
r r
e
z
r
c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
=
u
u
1 1
( )
z r
r
r r
e
z
r
c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
= '

u


u
1 1
2
2
2
2
2 2
2
2
1 1
z r r r r c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
= V
u
In case of the vectors of macrodisplacement u
and microrotation  depend only on the coordinates r and z ,
the equations (11) to (16) reduce to
( ) ( ) 0 2
3 3 2 1
2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+ +
(
V +
z
A
r
e
A A A
r
u
u A A
r
r
u

(17)
( ) 0 2
3
2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+ +
(
V +
r z
A
r
u
u A A
z r
 
u
u
(18)
( )  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2
3 3 2 1
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
+
c
c
+ + V +
u
 r
r r
A
z
e
A A A u A A
z
(19)
( ) 0 2 2 2 4 2
3 5 4 3
2
2
3
=
(
c
c
+
c
' c
+ +
(
V
z
u
A
r
e
B B A
r
B
r
r
r
u


 (20)
0 2 4 2
3 3
2
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
c
(
V
r
u
z
u
A A
r
B
z r
u
u
u


 (21)
  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2 2 2 4 2
3 5 4 3
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
' c
+ + V
u
  ru
r r
A
z
e
B B A B
z z
(22)
where
( )
z
u
ru
r r
e
z
r
c
c
+
c
c
=
1
( )
z
r
r r
e
z
r
c
c
+
c
c
= '


1
2
2
2
2
2
1
z r r r c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
= V
Equations given by (17) to (22) can be split into two sets of equations. One of these is coupled in
u
 , ,
z r
u u
and other set is coupled in . , ,
u u
  u
r
These two sets are given by the equations (23) to (25) and
(26) to (28).
( ) ( ) 0 2
3 3 2 1
2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+ +
(
V +
z
A
r
e
A A A
r
u
u A A
r
r
u

(23)
( )  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2
3 3 2 1
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
+
c
c
+ + V +
u
 r
r r
A
z
e
A A A u A A
z
(24)
0 2 4 2
3 3
2
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
c
(
V
r
u
z
u
A A
r
B
z r
u
u
u


 (25)
and
( ) 0 2 2 2 4 2
3 5 4 3
2
2
3
=
(
c
c
+
c
' c
+ +
(
V
z
u
A
r
e
B B A
r
B
r
r
r
u


 (26)
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  ( ) ( ) 0
1
2 2 2 4 2
3 5 4 3
2
3
=
(
c
c
c
' c
+ + V
u
  ru
r r
A
z
e
B B A B
z z
(27)
( ) 0 2
3
2
2
3 2
=
(
c
c
c
c
+ +
(
V +
r z
A
r
u
u A A
z r
 
u
u
(28)
The equations (23), (24) and (25) are three mutually independent functions
z r
u u , and
u
 involved. Multiplying
(24) by ( ) r rJ
0
and (23), (25) by ( ) r rJ
1
and integrating between the limits 0 to we find that the system of
partial differential equations (23) to (25) reduces to the following system of ordinary differential equations.
( ) { } ( ) { }   ( ) 0 2 2
3 3 2 1
2
2 1
2
3 2
= + + +
u
 D A u D A A A u A A D A A
z r
(29)
( ) ( ) { } ( ) { }   0 2 2
3
2
3 2
2
2 1 3 2 1
= + + + + +
u
 A u A A D A A u D A A A
z r
(30)
( )   0 4 2 2 2
3
2 2
3 3 3
= + +
u
 A D B u A u D A
z r
(31)
where
z r
u u , and
u
 are the Hankel transforms of the functions
z r
u u ,
and
u

respectively and are given
by
( )
}
=
0
1
, dr r J ru u
r r
( )
}
=
0
0
, dr r J ru u
z z
( )
}
=
0
1
dr r J r  
u u
.
Further,
dz
d
D = and
2
2
2
dz
d
D = .
We represent the equations (29) to (31) as a matrix differential equation
  0
2
= X R QD PD (32)
where
( )
( )
(
(
(
+
+
=
3
2 1
3 2
2 0 0
0 2 0
0 0
B
A A
A A
P ,
( )
( )
(
(
(
+
+
=
0 0 2
0 0
2 0
3
3 2 1
3 3 2 1
A
A A A
A A A A
Q
( )
( )
(
(
(
+
+
+
=
3
2
3 3
3
2
3 2
2
2 1
4 2 2 0
2 0
0 0 2
A B A
A A A
A A
R
and
(
(
(
=
u

z
r
u
u
X .
We suppose
(
(
(
= = '
u

z
r
u
u
D DX X ,
(
(
(
= = ' '
u

z
r
u
u
D X D X
2 2
(33)
Now the equation (32) can be expressed as
0 = ' ' ' RX X Q X P (34)
Multiplying the equation (34) by
1
P we have
X L X L X
2 1
+ ' = ' ' (35)
where
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( )
( )
( )
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
+
+
+
+
+
= =
0 0
0 0
2
) (
2
) (
0
3
3
2 1
3 2 1
3 2
3
3 2
3 2 1
1
1
B
A
A A
A A A
A A
A
A A
A A A
Q P L
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
+
+ +
+
+
+
= =
3
3
2
3
3
3
2 1
3
2 1
2
3 2
3 2
2
2 1
1
2
2
0
2
2
2
0
0 0
2
B
A B
B
A
A A
A
A A
A A
A A
A A
R P L
We express equations (33) and (35) as a single matrix differential equation
(
'
(
=
(
'
X
X
O I
L L
X
X
dz
d
2 1
(36)
where I and O
are unit and zero matrices of order 3 respectively.
Suppose
(
=
O I
L L
E
2 1
and
(
'
=
X
X
Y (37)
In view of equation (37) the equation (36) can be written as
EY Y
dz
d
= (38)
where
 
6 6x
ij
e E =
Assume
sz
We Y = be a solution of equation (38) then we have sW EW = (39)
( )
( )
3 2
3 2 1
12
A A
A A A
e
+
+
=
,
( )
3 2
3
13
2
A A
A
e
+
= ,
( )
( )
3 2
2
2 1
14
2
A A
A A
e
+
+
=
( )
( )
2 1
3 2 1
21
2A A
A A A
e
+
+
=
,
( )
( )
2 1
2
3 2
25
2A A
A A
e
+
+
=
,
( )
2 1
3
26
2
2
A A
A
e
+
=
3
3
31
B
A
e
= , ,
3
3
35
B
A
e
=
3
3
2
3
36
2
B
A B
e
+
=
.
Hence, s
is an eigen value of the matrix E
and W
is the corresponding eigen vector.
The eigen values of the matrix E
are the roots of the equation
( ) 0 det = sI E (40)
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0
0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
., .
36 35 31
26 25 21
14 13 12
=
s
s
s
e e s e
e e s e
e e e s
e i (41)
Expanding the determinant of equation (41) we get the characteristic equation as
( ) ( ) 0 2 2
2 4 2 2 2 4 4 2 2 6
= + + + , , , s s s (42)
where
2 2 2
l + = , and
( )
( )
3 2 3
3 2 3 2
2 2
A A B
A A A
l
+
+
=
The eigen values of the matrix E
are the roots of the equation (42) and they are , , ,
.
Let , = = =
3 2 1
, , s s s and , =
4
s
The four eigen vectors corresponding to four distinct eigen values
4 3 2 1
, , , s s s s of the matrix E are obtained by
solving the following homogeneous equations.
0
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
6
5
4
3
2
1
36 35 31
26 25 21
14 13 12
=
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
s W
s W
s W
s W
s W
s W
s
s
s
e e s e
e e s e
e e e s
(43)
for
. 4 3 2 1
, , , s s s s s =
If we denote the cofactors of the elements of the first row of the coefficient matrix of the equation (43) by
) (s E
i
, for 6 , 5 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 = i
then
 
T
s E s E s E s E s E s E s W ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
6 5 4 3 2 1
= (44)
are the solutions of the equation (43) and hence they are eigen vectors corresponding to the eigen values
4 3 2 1
, , , s s s s of the matrix E . The elements of equation (44) are given by
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
(
+
+
+
+
+
+
(
+
+
+ +
+ =
2
2 1 3
3 2 3 4
2 1
3 2
3
3 2
2 1
3 2 1 3 5
1
2
2 2
2
2
2
3
) (
A A B
A A A
A A
A A
s
B
A
A A
A A A
s s s E
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
(
+
+
+
+
=
2 1 3
3 2 1 3 2 2
2 1
3 2 1 2
2
2
2 2
2
) (
A A B
A A A A
s
A A
A A A
s s E
(
=
3
2 2
2
3 3
) (
B
s
s A s E
( )
( )
( )
( )
2 1
3 2 2 2
3
3 2
2 1
3 2 1 2 4
4
2
2
2
3
) (
A A
A A
s
B
A
A A
A A A
s s s E
+
+
+
+
+ +
+ =
( )
( )
( )
( )
( )
s
A A B
A A A A
s
A A
A A A
s E
(
+
+
+
+
=
2 1 3
3 2 1 3 2 2
2 1
3 2 1
5
2
3 2
2
) (
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(
=
3
2 2
3 6
) (
B
s
s A s E
Thus, the solution of the differential equation (38) is given by Das et al. [5]
   
2 1
) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
4 2 2 3 2 1 1 1 s s s s
sz s W
dz
d
c z s z s W c sz s W
dz
d
c z s s W c Y
= =
+ + + =
) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
4 4 6 3 3 5
z s s W c z s s W c + + (45)
where
6 5 4 3 2 1
, , , , , c c c c c c are arbitrary constants which are to be determined from the boundary conditions.
The equation (45) can be expressed as
( ) ( ) ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
2 2 4 2 2 4 3 1 1 2 1 1 2 1
z s s W c z s s W z c c z s s W c z s s W z c c Y ' + + + ' + + =
) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
4 4 6 3 3 5
z s s W c z s s W c + + (46)
where ( ) represents the differentiation with respect to z .
For the half space , 0 > z the equation (46) reduces to the form
( ) ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
4 4 6 2 2 4 2 2 4 3
z s s W c z s s W c z s s W z c c Y + ' + + = (47)
where the constants
6 4 3
, , c c c
are to be determined from the boundary conditions.
Equating the corresponding elements of matrices of equation (47), we obtain
( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 1 6 2 2 1 4 2 1 4 3
'
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z u
r
+ + + =
( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 21 6 2 2 2 4 2 2 4 3
'
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z u
z
+ + + =
( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 3 6 2 2 3 4 2 3 4 3
'
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z + + + =
u

( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 4 6 2 2 4 4 2 4 4 3
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z u
r
+ + + = (48)
( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 5 6 2 2 5 4 2 5 4 3
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z u
z
+ + + = (49)
( ) ( )   ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) (
4 4 6 6 2 2 6 4 2 6 4 3
z s s E c z s s E c s E z c c z + + + =
u
 (50)
The equations (26), (27) and (28) three mutually independent functions
z r
u u ,
and
u

are involved.
Multiplying (27) by ( ) r rJ
0
and (26), (28) by ( ) r rJ
1
and integrating between the limits 0
to . We find
that the system of partial differential equations (26) to (28) reduces to the following system of ordinary
differential equations.
( )   ( ) 0 2 2 4 2 2
3 5 4 3
2
5 4 3
2
3
= + + +
u
  u D A D B B A B B B D B
z r
(51)
( ) ( )   0 2 4 2 2 2
3 3
2
3
2
5 4 3 5 4
= + + + + +
u
  u A A B D B B B D B B
z r
(52)
( )( ) 0 2 2
2 2
3 2 3 3
= + +
u
  u D A A A D A
z r
(53)
where
z r
  , and
u
u are the Hankel transforms of the functions
z r
  ,
and
u
u
respectively and are given
by
( )
}
=
0
1
, dr r J r
r r
  ( )
}
=
0
0
, dr r J r
z z
  ( )
}
=
0
1
dr r J ru u
u u
.
We repeat the method adopted for solving the first set of equations. The equations (51) to (53) can be expressed
as vector matrix differential equation.
FY Y
dz
d
= (54)
where
T
z r z r
u u Y
(
=
.
0
34 33 32
= = = f f f ,
( )
3 2
3
31
2
A A
A
f
+
= ,
( )
3 2
3
35
2
A A
A
f
+
=
,
2
36
= f .
1
41
= f , . 0
46 45 44 43 42
= = = = = f f f f f
1
52
= f , . 0
56 55 54 53 51
= = = = = f f f f f
1
63
= f , . 0
66 65 64 62 61
= = = = = f f f f f (56)
Again, if g is an eigen value of the matrix F
then ) exp(gz U Y =
is a solution of equation (54). Hence, U
is the corresponding eigen vector.
The eigen values of F are the roots of the characteristic equation
0 = gI F (57)
0
0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
36 35 31
26 25 21
14 13 12
=
g
g
g
f f g f
f f g f
f f f g
(58)
Now simplifying equation (58) and using equation (56) therein we obtain the characteristic equation as
( ) ( ) 0
2
2
2
1
2 2
2
2
1
2
2
2 2
1
2 2 2
2
2
1
2 4 6
= + + + + + g g g (59)
where
2
1
2 2
1
k + = ,
2
2
2 2
2
k + = ,
( )
5 4 3
3 2
1
B B B
A
k
+ +
= ,
( )
( )
.
2 2
3 3 2
3 2 3 2
2
B A A
A A A
k
+
+
=
The roots are
2 1
, ,
which are the distinct eigen values of the matrix F .
The corresponding eigen vectors are obtained by solving the following homogeneous equation.
0
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
) (
0 0 1 0 0
0 0 0 1 0
0 0 0 0 1
0 0
0 0
0 0
6
5
4
3
2
1
36 35 31
26 25 21
14 13 12
=
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
(
g U
g U
g U
g U
g U
g U
g
g
g
f f g f
f f g f
f f f g
(60)
for . 6 , 5 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 , = = i g g
i
here . , , , , ,
2 6 2 5 1 4 1 3 2 1
= = = = = = g g g g g g
We denote the cofactors of the elements of the first row of the coefficient matrix in equation (60) by
. 6 , 5 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 ), ( = i g F
i
then
 
T
g F g F g F g F g F g F g U ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) ( ) (
6 5 4 3 2 1
= are the solutions of the equation (60) and
hence they are eigen vectors corresponding to the eigen values 6 , 5 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 , = i g
i
of the matrix . F
R. Srinivas et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com
ISSN : 22489622, Vol. 4, Issue 7( Version 1), July 2014, pp.8090
www.ijera.com 88  P a g e
The expressions of 6 , 5 , 4 , 3 , 2 , 1 ), ( = i g F
i
are
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
(
+ + +
+ + +
+ +
+ + +
+ =
3 2 3 5 4
3 2 3
2
3 3 2 2
3 5 4
3 3 5 4
2
3 5
1
2 2 2 2
) (
A A B B B
A A A B A A
g
B B B
A B B B
g g g F
( )
( )
( )( )
( )( )
(
+ + +
+ +
+ +
+
=
3 2 3 5 4
2
3
2
3 2 5 4 2
3 5 4
5 4 4
2
2
) (
A A B B B
A A A B B
g
B B B
B B
g g F
( )
( )
( )( )
(
+ + +
+ +
+
+
=
3 2 3 5 4
2
3 4 3 5
2
3 2
3 2
3 4
3
2 2 2
) (
A A B B B
A B B B A
g
A A
A
g g F
( )
( )
( ) ( )
( )( )
(
+ + +
+ + +
+ +
+ + +
+ =
3 2 3 5 4
3 2 3
2
3 2 3 2
3 5 4
3
2
4 3 5 2 4
4
2 2 2 2
) (
A A B B B
A A A A A B
B B B
A B B B
g g g F
( )
( )
( )
( ) ( )( )
(
+ + +
+ +
+
+ +
+
=
3 2 3 5 4
2
3
3 5 4
3
5 4
3 5 4
5 4 3
5
2
) (
A A B B B
A
B B B
B B
g
B B B
B B
g g F
( )
( )
( )
( )( )
(
+ + +
+
+
+
=
3 2 3 5 4
2
3 4 3 5
2
3
3 2
3 3
6
2 2 2
) (
A A B B B
A B B B A
g
A A
A
g g F
Since g
1
, g
2
, g
3
, g
4
, g
5
, g
6
are the distinct roots of characteristic equation (59).
The general solution of the differential equation (55) is given by
+ + + + = ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
4 4 4 3 3 3 2 2 2 1 1 1
z g g U C z g g U C z g g U C z g g U C Y
) exp( ) ( ) exp( ) (
6 6 6 5 5 5
z g g U C z g g U C + (61)
where C
i
, i=1,2,3,4,5,6 are arbitrary constants.
From equation (61), we have
( )
=
=
6
1
1
'
) exp( ) (
i
i i i r
z g g F C z 
( )
=
=
6
1
2
'
) exp( ) (
i
i i i z
z g g F C z 
( )
=
=
6
1
3
'
) exp( ) (
i
i i i
z g g F C z u
u
( )
=
=
6
1
4
) exp( ) (
i
i i i r
z g g F C z  (62)
( )
=
=
6
1
5
) exp( ) (
i
i i i z
z g g F C z  (63)
( )
=
=
6
1
6
) exp( ) (
i
i i i
z g g F C z u
u
(64)
Now, we consider the equations of motion corresponding to microstrains.
The equations of motion under the absence of body forces and couples the equation (3) involving microstrains
can be expressed as
0 2 2
5 4
2
2
2
1
= V + V
rr pp rr pp
A A B B     (65)
0 2 2
5 4
2
2
2
1
= V + V
uu uu
    A A B B
pp pp
(66)
0 2 2
5 4
2
2
2
1
= V + V
zz pp zz pp
A A B B     (67)
R. Srinivas et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com
ISSN : 22489622, Vol. 4, Issue 7( Version 1), July 2014, pp.8090
www.ijera.com 89  P a g e
( ) ( )
0 2 2
5
2
2
= V
u u
 
r r
A B (68)
( ) ( )
0 2 2
5
2
2
= V
rz rz
A B   (69)
( ) ( )
0 2 2
5
2
2
= V
z z
A B
u u
  (70)
where
2
2
2
2
2
1
z r r r c
c
+
c
c
+
c
c
= V and
zz rr pp
   
uu
+ + =
Adding equations (65), (66) and (67) we have
( ) ( ) 0 2 3 2 3
5 4
2
2 1
= + V +
pp pp
A A B B   (71)
Subtract equation (66) from equation (65) and subtract equation (67) from equation (66) we get
( ) ( ) 0 2 2
5
2
2
= V
uu uu
   
rr rr
A B (72)
( ) ( ) 0 2 2
5
2
2
= V
zz zz
A B    
uu uu
(73)
From equation (68) we have
( ) ( )
0
2
1
2
= V
u u
 
r r
m (74)
where
2
5 2
1
B
A
m =
The general solution of equation (74) is given by
( )
( )    ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ,
2 1 1 0 2 1 0 1
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
r
+ + =
u
 (75)
As the equations (69) and (70) are similar to equation (68). Hence the solutions of
( ) rz
 and
( ) z u
 are given by
( )
( )    ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ,
4 3 1 0 4 1 0 3
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
rz
+ + =  (76)
( )
( )    ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ,
6 5 1 0 6 1 0 5
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
z
+ + =
u
 (77)
where ( ) r m I
1 0
and ( ) r m K
1 0
are modified Bessel function of the first and second kinds respectively.
From equation (72) we have
( ) ( ) 0
2
1
2
= V
uu uu
   
rr rr
m (78)
The general solution of equation (78) is given by
( )    ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
8 7 1 0 8 1 0 7
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
rr
+ + =
uu
  (79)
Similarly, the general solution of equation (73) is given by
( )    ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
10 9 1 0 10 1 0 9
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
zz
+ + =  
uu
(80)
From equation (71) we have
0
2
2
2
= V
pp pp
m   (81)
where
( )
( )
2 1
5 4 2
2
2 3
2 3
B B
A A
m
+
+
=
The general solution of equation (81) is given by
   ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
12 11 2 0 12 2 0 11
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
pp
+ + =  (82)
Now, solving equations (79), (80) and (82) we get
     ) ( ) ( ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
1 0 10 1 0 9 8 7 1 0 8 1 0 7
r m K a r m I a nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
rr
+ + + + = 
   ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( )] sin( ) cos( [
12 11 2 0 12 2 0 11 10 9
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a nz b nz b + + + + (83)
   ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
8 7 1 0 8 1 0 7
nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r + + =
uu
 (84)
R. Srinivas et al Int. Journal of Engineering Research and Applications www.ijera.com
ISSN : 22489622, Vol. 4, Issue 7( Version 1), July 2014, pp.8090
www.ijera.com 90  P a g e
     ) ( ) ( ) sin( ) cos( ) ( ) ( ) , (
1 0 10 1 0 9 8 7 1 0 8 1 0 7
r m K a r m I a nz b nz b r m K a r m I a z r
zz
+ + + + = 
  ) sin( ) cos(
10 9
nz b nz b + (85)
here
0
a to
12
a and
0
b to
12
b are arbitrary constants.
The arbitrary constants involved in equations (48), (49), (50), (62), (63), (64), (83), (84), (85), (75), (76)
and (77) can be determined using specified boundary conditions of a particular problem. Once, these constants
are found, it is possible to find displacements, microrotation, stress and mircostreses. The results of micropolar
theory Mahalanabis and Manna [7] are obtained as particular case of this paper when
, 2 , 2 , 2
3 5 4
 o = = = B B B k =
3
2A , , 2
3 1
= + A A =
3 2
A A and . 0 , , ,
5 4 2 1
A A B B
REFERENCES
[1] Eringen, A.C.: Theory of micropolar elasticity in fractureII, Academic Press, New York, pp.621729
(1968).
[2] Eringen, A.C.: Mechanics of micromorphic materials, In Proceedings of the 11
th
International
Congress of Applied Mechanics, Munich, Berlin, pp.131138 (1964b).
[3] Koh, S.L.: A special theory of microelasticity, International Journal of Engineering Science, 8, pp.583
593 (1970).
[4] Nowacki, W.: The axisymmetric Lambs problem in a semiinfinite micropolar elastic solid, Proc.
Vibr. Probl. Warsaw, 10 (2), p.97 (1969).
[5] Das, N.C., Das, S.N. and Das, B.: Eigen value approach to thermoelasticity, Journal of Thermal
Stresses, 6 (1), pp.3543 (1983).
[6] Das, N.C., Mitra, A.K. and Mahalanabis, R.K.: Eigen value approach to magnetothermoelasticity,
Journal of Thermal Stresses, 6 (1), pp.7392 (1983).
[7] Mahalanabis, R.K. and Manna, J.: Eigen value approach to linear micropolar elasticity, Indian Journal
of Pure and Applied Mathematics, 20 (12), pp.12371250 (1989).
[8] Parameshwaran, S. and Koh, S.L.: Wave propagation in a microisotropic, microelastic solid,
International Journal of Engineering and Science, 11, pp.95107 (1973).
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