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Music

Music
therapy
therapy

is an interpersonal process
is an interpersonal process
in which the therapist uses
in which the therapist uses
music and all of its facets-
music and all of its facets-
physical, emotional, mental,
physical, emotional, mental,
social, aesthetic, and
social, aesthetic, and
spiritual-to help clients to
spiritual-to help clients to
improve or maintain their
improve or maintain their
health
health

History
History

The idea of music as a healing


The idea of music as a healing
influence which could affect
influence which could affect
health and behavior is as least
health and behavior is as least
as old as the writings of Aristotle
as old as the writings of Aristotle
and Plato.
and Plato.

The 20th century both amateur


The 20th century both amateur
and professional, went to
and professional, went to
eterans hospitals around the
eterans hospitals around the
country to play for the
country to play for the
thousands of veterans suffering
thousands of veterans suffering
both physical and emotional
both physical and emotional
trauma from the wars.
trauma from the wars.

The patients! notable physical and


The patients! notable physical and
emotional responses to music led
emotional responses to music led
the doctors and nurses to re"uest
the doctors and nurses to re"uest
the hiring of musicians by the
the hiring of musicians by the
hospitals.
hospitals.

#oon, the hospital musicians needed


#oon, the hospital musicians needed
some prior training before entering
some prior training before entering
the facility and so the demand grew
the facility and so the demand grew
for a college curriculum.
for a college curriculum.

The first music therapy degree


The first music therapy degree
program in the world was founded at
program in the world was founded at
$ichigan #tate %niversity in &'((
$ichigan #tate %niversity in &'((

The American $usic Therapy


The American $usic Therapy
Association was founded in
Association was founded in
&'') as a union of the *ational
&'') as a union of the *ational
Association for $usic Therapy
Association for $usic Therapy
and the American Association
and the American Association
for $usic therapy.
for $usic therapy.



Purposes
Purposes

+t is also used to,


+t is also used to,

promote wellness
promote wellness

manage stress
manage stress

alleviate pain
alleviate pain

e-press feelings
e-press feelings

enhance memory
enhance memory

improve communication
improve communication

promote physical rehabilitation.


promote physical rehabilitation.

Kinds
Of
Music Therapy

Improvising
Improvising
- the client ma.es up his or her
- the client ma.es up his or her
own music e-temporaneously,
own music e-temporaneously,
singing or playing whatever
singing or playing whatever
arises in the moment
arises in the moment
-the client may improvise freely,
-the client may improvise freely,
responding spontaneously to
responding spontaneously to
the sounds as they emerge, or
the sounds as they emerge, or
the client may improvise
the client may improvise
according to the specific musical
according to the specific musical
directions given by the therapist
directions given by the therapist

Re-creating Re-creating music music


- -the client sings or plays precomposed music the client sings or plays precomposed music
-This .ind of music e-perience may include, -This .ind of music e-perience may include,

learning how to produce vocal or instrumental learning how to produce vocal or instrumental
sounds sounds

imitating musical phrases, imitating musical phrases,

learning to sing by rote learning to sing by rote

using musical notation using musical notation

articipating in sing-alongs articipating in sing-alongs

practicing practicing

ta.ing music lessons ta.ing music lessons

performing a piece from memory performing a piece from memory

wor.ing out the musical interpretation of a wor.ing out the musical interpretation of a
composition composition

participating in a musical show or drama participating in a musical show or drama


Composing
Composing
- the therapist helps the client to
- the therapist helps the client to
write songs, lyrics, or instrumental
write songs, lyrics, or instrumental
pieces, or to create any .ind of
pieces, or to create any .ind of
musical product, such as music
musical product, such as music
videos or audiotape programs
videos or audiotape programs

Listening Listening
- the client ta.es in and reacts to live or - the client ta.es in and reacts to live or
recorded music recorded music
-listening e-perience may focus on -listening e-perience may focus on
physical, emotional, intellectual, physical, emotional, intellectual,
aesthetic, or spiritual aspects of the aesthetic, or spiritual aspects of the
music, and the client may respond music, and the client may respond
through activities such as, through activities such as,
/
rela-ation or meditation rela-ation or meditation
/
structured or free movement structured or free movement
/
perceptual tas.s perceptual tas.s
/
free-association free-association
/
story-telling story-telling
/
imaging imaging
/
reminiscing reminiscing
/
drawing drawing

Mechanics
Mechanics

0ollects necessary bac.ground information by 0ollects necessary bac.ground information by


reviewing any written records or referrals that reviewing any written records or referrals that
may be available. may be available.

0onducts an assessment to determine the 0onducts an assessment to determine the


client1s strength and therapeutic needs. client1s strength and therapeutic needs.

2ormulates goals sometimes with input from 2ormulates goals sometimes with input from
the client, client1s family, other professionals or the client, client1s family, other professionals or
an interdisciplinary team of clinicians. an interdisciplinary team of clinicians.

$a.es a treatment plan outlining possible $a.es a treatment plan outlining possible
strategies and music e-periences that might be strategies and music e-periences that might be
helpful in meeting client1s needs. helpful in meeting client1s needs.

0onducts periodic evaluations to determine 0onducts periodic evaluations to determine


whether the methods of treatment are effective whether the methods of treatment are effective
and whether the client is ma.ing any progress and whether the client is ma.ing any progress
in reaching the prescribed goals in reaching the prescribed goals

Prepares the client for leaving and helps to Prepares the client for leaving and helps to
bring some .ind of closure to the process bring some .ind of closure to the process

Nursing
Nursing
Responsibilities
Responsibilities

+n hospital setting, music therapist


+n hospital setting, music therapist
develop listening programs to meet
develop listening programs to meet
various patient needs, produce
various patient needs, produce
shows or various .inds of musical
shows or various .inds of musical
events involving patients, arrange for
events involving patients, arrange for
patients to attend concerts in the
patients to attend concerts in the
community or direct various .inds of
community or direct various .inds of
recreational or therapeutic activities.
recreational or therapeutic activities.

+n schools, music therapist may


+n schools, music therapist may
consult with classroom teachers or
consult with classroom teachers or
develop group music programs for
develop group music programs for
special students.
special students.

+n the community, music therapist


+n the community, music therapist
may consult with psychologists or
may consult with psychologists or
psychiatrists or provide musical
psychiatrists or provide musical
instruction to special children.
instruction to special children.