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Chapter I

Introduction
WI-FI is a branded standard for wirelessly connecting electronic devices. A WI-FI device,
such as a personal computer, video game console, Smartphone, or digital audio player can
connect to the internet via a wireless network access point. An access point (or hotspot) has a
range of about 20 meters (65 feet) indoors and a greater range outdoors. Multiple overlapping
access points can cover large areas.
WI-FI is a trademark of the WI-FI alliance and the brand name for products using the
IEEE 802.11 family of standards. WI-FI is used by over 700 million people, there are over 4
million hotspot (places with WI-FI Internet connectivity) around the world, and about 800
million new WI-FI devices every year. WI-FI products that complete the WI-FI alliance
interoperability certification testing successfully can use the WI-FI CERTIFIED designation and
trademark.
Carnegie Mellon University built the first wireless Internet network using similar
technology at their Pittsburgh campus in 1994, before WI-FI branding originated. Many
traditional college campuses provide at least partial wireless WI-FI Internet coverage.

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Statement of the Problem
This research generally aimed to improve and analyze where the boundaries of WI-FI
signal at college of Engineering in the first semester of the school year 2013-2014. Specially, it
sought to answer the following question:
1. What is the profile of the 3
rd
year students in terms of?
1.1 Age
1.2 Gender
1.3 Type of colleges/courses at Engineering building where the respondents is enrolled
2. Which area of the Engineering building where the signal of WI-FI is limited?
3. What devices are needed to develop and enhance the WI-FI connection to the college of
Engineering building?
4. Is there any significant difference between performance of the students and the
accessibility of Wi-Fi connection at the College of Engineering Building?
Hypothesis
It includes that Wi-Fi connectivity has no significant effect on the academic performance
of engineering students.


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Scope and Delimitation of the Study
This study did not include all 3
rd
year students enrolled at college of Engineering during the
1
st
semester of school year 2012-2013. It is limited only to 100 (50 male & 50 female) students
who are enrolled at the college of Engineering who uses the WI-FI connection.


Significance of the Study
School Administrators- Who after reading this study will be enlightened of the importance of
internet/WI-FI connectivity on the students who studied at University of the East Caloocan
Campus.
Students - that dont have internet connection in their house. Who needs internet connection
for reports and also for students that using Wi-Fi for getting better marks.
Parents so that they would know what they are paying for on miscellaneous fee (internet fee)
and they will also have information about University of the East Wi-Fi.

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Background of the Study
Every semester/year the Information Technology and Computer Engineering faculty
members of University of the East gathering information for the best connection of WI-FI. The
preparation on how they network all the computers was among the planned activities geared
toward the improvement of the quality of the WI-FI connection, particularly at the college of
Engineering Building. University of the East also making WI-FI inside the campus more reliable,
by taking feedback to the students and reviewing it to have a better WI-FI connections.









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Definition of terms
The following terms used in this study are defined operationally.
-Wi-Fi - is the name of a popular wireless networking technology that uses radio waves to
provide wireless high-speed Internet and network connections.
-IEEE (Institute of Electrical and Electronic Engineers) an organization of Electrical and
Electronic Engineers.








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Thesis Conceptual Framework
This section presents the theoretical framework of this thesis work. As it is depicted in
the figure. Our overall assumption is that we can gather and increase the Wi-Fi networks. As it
will be presented latter in this report. Interworking with any access technology which creates a
common way of treating access to connectivity regardless of the access technology used. This
clearly means that, for example, terminals IP address


Figure 1.0 - Conceptual Framework of the thesis
We can think that the scenario as a use case. We used a mobile device which can access
the UE Wi-Fi. We are connected at the Wi-Fi and we are going connect and see how the
connection works and see its efficiency.


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Chapter II
Review of related Literature and Studies
To determine Wi-Fi connection accessibility at the college of Engineering building of UE
Caloocan campus
International Literature and studies
Qualcomms Steve Mollenkopf (2011)Recent surveys have proven the fact that Wi-Fi
facility in school and college campuses can help the students get better marks or grades in
exams. Therefore, the importance of Wi-Fi for students in the present scenario, when so much
information is available on the internet, cannot be ignored.
According to a recent most poll conducted in the US, approximately 75 percent students
accepted the fact that it was because of the Wi-Fi access provided to them in their colleges that
they were able to get good grades in assignments and exams.
A research conducted by the researchers of the Wakefield Research Team for Wi-Fi Alliance
suggested that nearly 48 percent students claimed to be so dependent on Wi-Fi for their daily
activities, assignments, studying, leisure activities, and socializing with friends on social media
sites that they would rather give up parties and beer than giving up the college Wi-Fi facility!
Yet another survey conducted in Canada and U.S. corroborated the same fact, suggesting that

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present day students are not ready to join colleges that do not provide Wi-Fi facility in their
campuses. (Based on Google.com)
Thus, nowadays, Wi-Fi is something that is expected universally by students of all colleges
across different countries around the globe. Wi-Fi has become important for students not only
because they use it to gather information for their academic assignments, but also because
they use it every time in classroom, college canteen, campus, and in their hostel rooms to
interact with each other via instant messengers and mails. Moreover, nowadays, socializing is
more or less done on social media websites, like Twitter, Facebook and Orkut, which are also
accessed by students on their laptops. Wi- Fi is also vital for effective classroom teaching and
makes it easy for teachers to send and collect assignments and notices. But, on the other hand,
if suitable proxies are not used, excessive use of Wi-Fi for purposes other than academic
information collection can lead to wastage of time, distraction from studies, and indulgence in
inappropriate activities by students.
David Garrett Chipmaker Intel also ranks the nations schools in terms of wireless coverage, and
it found that in 2005, nearly three-quarters of the top 50 schools had 100 percent coverage on
campus. Less than a sixth of the top 50 had full coverage in 2004, so things are ramping up.
Why? Because Wi-Fi makes sense. Whether its a college, a university or even a technical
school, the average campus is old, and running cable through buildings that date to the Civil

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War can be a mammoth task. Wi-Fi solves those problems, bringing the convenience of
untethered computing to students who already enjoy it in their homes and even their high
schools. In fact, Wi-Fi is so common in todays suburbs you cant find a Starbucks without it and
some students have come to expect it everywhere.
Recent surveys have proven the fact Wi-Fi facility in school and college campuses can
help the students get better marks or grades in exams. Therefore, the importance of Wi-Fi for
students in the present scenario, when so much information is available on the internet, cannot
be ignored
According to a recent most poll conducted in the US, approximately 75 percent students
accepted the fact that it was because of the Wi-Fi access provided to them in their colleges that
they were able to get good grades in assignments and exams.
Wi-Fi also fosters new ways of learning. Take Dartmouth College, for instance, which
always has ranked among the nations most networked schools. Based in Hanover, N.H., this
small, highly selective campus used wireless PDAs in a neurology class to help students submit
anonymous answers to lecture questions. And at Dartmouths Thayer School of Engineering,
students can receive different lecture outlines based on their location on campus, all through
the wireless
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network. The college has also offered soft phones to students for years. The phones plug
directly into students laptops, meaning theres no reason not to phone home (and ask mom
and dad for cash).

Wi-Fi has been greatly appreciated by its users. Some benefits of accessing such free Internet
are the ability to answer your e-mail and other correspondences while you are in other places.
This is also important for businessmen who are attending out-of-town conferences or for
students to socialize and participate in group study. Some people who do not have the Internet
access at home can use the Web if they go to coffee shops. This is also one way to make
community connections or virtual connections through multiplayer games and so on.
21st Century belongs to Era of Web Information as internet become backbone for every
aspect of life. Most of the students really have advantages in using Wi-Fi especially when they
are inside the campus and catching the time to finish their needed projects or report.
Understanding the need and importance of Internet in the field of education, the campus is
supported be round the clock High Speed Internet Connectivity of 3 Mbps. The students can
surf the Web and can enhance their knowledge as well as extract unlimited e-information. In
addition to this, the students are also provide Wireless connectivity (Wi-Fi) using which the
students can access online information anywhere in and around the campus using their
Laptops. Spacious e-classrooms with excellent ambience and equipped with all the modern

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teaching aids like LCD,NPTEL video courses, multimedia projectors, etc. are available to the
students. No need to stand in line for a library PC. Students doing research can record their
notes, interact with the Internet, and even access the library printer on their own wirelessly
enabled laptops. Computers and computer networks are commonplace in education.
College students have become more sophisticated and technologically savvy and are
today far more mobile in their use of technology. Laptop computers and PDAs are quickly
becoming standard, everyday tools for students, faculty and staff. To be of most use, these
devices need to be connected to the Internet, hence the importance of broad wireless access.
The wireless infrastructure does not replace the wired one. Rather, it is an expansion of
infrastructure to facilitate more mobile forms of interface. Students, faculty and staff who have
laptops or PDAs with 802.1x wireless cards are able to send and receive email, register for
classes, download and upload assignments, check grades and surf the Web without need for a
data jack connection.
Community wireless networks will often allow for wireless internet connection, free of
charge to schools, colleges and libraries opening up the worlds largest resource - the internet
to classroom and students. This will allow younger students to experience activities and get
knowledge that may not have been available to them for years to come, all while keeping the



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expense for hard copy resources down. Books, streaming videos, educational games and
activities all become available to the teachers and students with little more than the click of a
few buttons. What would have taken hundreds of dollars worth of books to teach can now be
imparted to young students on a few cents worth of copy paper. High school and college
students also get big benefits from the ability log onto the internet. Research papers and
doctoral thesis can now be researched in much less time with direct access to literature that
would have only been available through a University library otherwise. Students wont have to
worry about hunting down volume that may be needed by other students and competing for
time with the materials that they need, regardless of day or time, even if every single student
needs the same resource it will be available via the internet. Some municipal wireless networks
are even offering a wireless internet connection for students to access at home after school
hours. This means that the education can be continued beyond the school walls. Students
wont be limited to learn from this tremendous resource just during school hours even if their
family couldnt otherwise afford a wireless connection these students would be able to
continue their education at home after school hours.



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Carnegie Mellon University built the first wireless Internet network at
its Pittsburgh campus in 1994 before Wi-Fi branding originated. Many traditional college
campuses provide at least partial wireless Wi-Fi Internet coverage. In 2000, Drexel University in
Philadelphia became the United States first major university to offer completely wireless
Internet access across its entire campus. The advantage is that Wi-Fi allows cheaper
deployment of local area networks (LANs). Also spaces where cables cannot be run, such as
outdoor areas and historical buildings, can host wireless LANs. Manufacturers are building
wireless network adapters into most laptops. The price of chipsets for Wi-Fi continues to drop,
making it an economical networking option included in even more devices. Different
competitive brands of access points and client network-interfaces can inter-operate at a basic
level of service. Products designated as "Wi-Fi Certified" by the Wi-Fi Alliance are backwards
compatible. Unlike mobile phones, any standard Wi-Fi device will work anywhere in the world.
Wi-Fi operates in more than 220,000 public hotspots and in tens of millions of homes
and corporate and university campuses worldwide.
]
The current version of Wi-Fi Protected
Access encryption (WPA2) as of 2010 is widely considered secure, provided users employ a
strong passphrase. New protocols for quality (WMM) make Wi-Fi more suitable for latency-
sensitive applications (such as voice and video); and power saving mechanisms (WMM Power
Save) improve battery operation.
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The advantages of Wi-Fi do not stop at 'wirelesses'. Imagine the case of a salesman who
visits his offices at Cities X and Y, every day. His Notebook would have to be re-configured to
access the Internet at each of the city offices, for, the Server (and therefore, its IP Number) is
different at each city location. This means he would need to call in the IT guy each time to get
his Notebook re-configured! He will also have to carry a Network Cable (commonly called the RJ
45 Cable) with him at all time, so as to connect at each office. However with Wi-Fi at both
offices, he would not need to re-configure his Notebook, nor would he needs to carry a spare RJ
45 cable!

Wi-Fi transmits radio signals in the same general frequency range as microwave ovens.
Yet compared to ovens and even cell phones, wireless network cards and points transmit at
much lower power. WLANs also send radio signals only intermittently, during data
transmission, whereas cell phones transmit continuously while powered on. Overall, the
average person's cumulative exposure to microwave radiation from Wi-Fi is much, much less
than exposure from other radio frequency devices. Schools have nonetheless remained
concerned about the health risks of wireless networks on children.


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Chapter III

Research Methodology
This chapter presents the method of research used, respondents of the study,
construction and validation of the test questionnaire, evaluation of the test questionnaire, data
gathering procedures, and statistical treatment for this study

Method of research used
This study made use of the descriptive research method. It is a descriptive analysis of
the accessibility of Wi-Fi connection at the College of Engineering building in the first semester
of the SY 2013-2014. The survey questionnaire was used as the main data-gathering instrument
for this study.


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Respondents of the study
This study includes 100 selected respondents from the College of Engineering of the
University of the East SY 2013-2014, who commonly uses wireless fidelity.

Data Gathering
This study made by choosing a specific topic. Making a survey questionnaire for
gathering data. Must submit the questionnaire to the respondents and let them answer it. After
submitting questionnaires, collect them and tally the data gathered. Lastly, make a conclusion
or closing words.






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Chapter IV
Presentation, Analysis, and Interpretation of Data
This chapter presents the tables containing the data in the investigation and the analysis
and interpretation of said data.


Respondents Profile



FREQUENCY OF GENDER OF RESPONDENTS
Gender Frequency Percentage
Male 75 75%
Female 25 25%

Total

100

100%

Table 1.1 presents the frequencies of Gender of the respondents. Majority or 75% of the
respondents are male, whereas 25% of them are female.

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FREQUENCY OF COURSES OF RESPONDENTS
Course Frequency Percentage
BSIT 43 43%
COE 38 38%
ME 7% 7%
ECE 12% 12%

Total

100

100%

Table 1.2 presents the frequencies of courses at the College of Engineering. It shows
that 43% of the respondents are enrolled at the program BSIT, 38% are COE, 7% are ME and
12% are ECE.

Table 1.3
FREQUENCY OF YEAR LEVEL OF RESPONDENTS
Year Level Frequency Percentage
4
th
year 52 52%
3
rd
year 45 45%
2
nd
year 3 3%
Total 100 100%

Table 1.3 presents the frequencies of Year level of the respondents. it shows that 52% of
the respondents are 4
th
year,45% are 3
rd
year and only 3% are 2
nd
year.

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Gathered Information Table

Table 2.1
FREQUENCY OF STUDENTS USING WI-FI
STUDENTS FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
Male 69 69%
Female 31 31%

Table 2.1 presents the frequencies of students using Wi-Fi. It shows that 69% of males are using
Wi-Fi and 31% are females.


Table 2.2
FREQUENCY OF STUDENTS THAT ARE SATISFIED AND NOT SATISFIED BY USING UE WI-FI
STUDENTS FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
Satisfied 40 40%
Not Satisfied 60 60%

Table 2.2 presents the satisfaction of students by using Wi-Fi. It shows that 40% of students are
satisfied and 60% of students are not satisfied by using Wi-Fi.




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Table 2.3
FREQUENCY OF WI-FI EFFICIENCY DURING CLASS HOURS
EFFICIENCY FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
Usable 35 35%
Not Usable 65 65%

Table 2.3 presents the Wi-Fi efficiency during class hours. It shows that 35% of the responds
that it is usable during class hours and 65% said that its not usable.


Table 2.4
FREQUENCY OF STUDENTS SAYING WI-FI HELPS GETTING GOOD ACADEMIC PERFORMANCE
RESPONSE FREQUENCY PERCENTAGE
YES 52 52%
NO 48 48%

Table 2.4 presents the table of response base on getting good academic performance. It shows
that 50% said that it is helpful for students by getting good grades & 50% said that its not.





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Chapter V


Summary of Findings, Conclusions, and Recommendations

This research study aimed to analyze the results of the students who are using the Wi-Fi
connection at the College of Engineering. It proved that there were differences in the test
results of the respondents classified according to gender, courses and year level where the
respondents came from. The questionnaire was limited only to 100 students from College of
Engineering. The questionnaire Constructed by the researcher and it was approved by the
professor. The result of the test based on the validated questionnaire were recorded, tallied
and categorized. The data gathered were analyzed, interpreted, and summarized in this section.




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Summary of Findings
Based on the data gathered, analyzed and interpreted, the findings are summarized as
follows:
1. The profile of the 100 students from College of Engineering respondents is as follows:
1.1 According to gender, majority of them (75%) are male and (25%) are female.
1.2 According to Courses, about (43%) of the respondents are BSIT, (38%) are COE, (7%)
are ME and (12%) are ECE
1.3 According to Year Level, (52%) are 4
th
year , (45%) are 3
rd
year and (3%) are 2
nd
year
2. The areas of learning included in the said topic were network topology, boundaries of
Wi-Fi signals, and Wi-Fi devices.
3. Based on the test results
3.1 The students are not satisfied with the Wi-Fi connection at the College of
Engineering
3.2 The students have experienced a Wi-Fi connection failure at the College of
Engineering, specified 4
th
floor.
3.3 The students of College of Engineering especially BSIT and COE want to share their
knowledge to upgrade and improve the Wi-Fi connection.

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Conclusions
Based on the summarized findings, the following, conclusions are drawn:
1. The profile of the respondents at the College of Engineering students.
1.1 Gender- there were more male Respondents than female ones:
1.2 Courses- the largest group of respondents was composed of those BSIT students,
followed by COE and then ECE, while the smallest group of respondents according to
course is ME.
1.3 Year Level- the largest group of respondents was composed of 4
th
year students,
followed by 3
rd
year, while the smallest group of respondents according to year level
is 2
nd
year.
2. The areas of learning included in the said topic are network topology, boundaries of Wi-
Fi signals, and Wi-Fi devices.
3. Differences in courses and year level brought about differences in the test results of the
respondents as follows:
3.1 The COE and BSIT respondents cares about the improvement of Wi-Fi connection
while the other courses are not.
3.2 The higher year/ seniors are willing to share their knowledge to improved and
upgrade the connection of Wi-Fi.


ABSTRACT
Wi-Fi, which stands for Wireless Fidelity, is a radio technology that networks
computers so they connect to each other and to the internet without wires. It refers to wireless
LAN products based on the IEEE 802.11b specification. Users can share documents and projects,
as well as an internet connection among various computer stations.
A Wi-Fi network operates just like a wired network, without restrictions imposed by
wires .Not only does it enable users to move around and be mobile at home and at work, it also
provides easy connections to the internet and business networks while travelling.
The technologies used in this field are one of the best in the wireless space. When
compared with other fast improving technologies like Bluetooth and 3G, Wi-Fi is seen to have
many advantages. We can setup networks at home and office using Wi-Fi . It is fairly easy to
setup a Wi-Fi enabled network at home or a small office. Wi- Fi is several times faster than
Bluetooth and operates like a high speed modem.





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RATIONALE OF THE THESIS

WI-FI is a branded standard for wirelessly connecting electronic devices. A WI-FI device,
such as a personal computer, video game console, Smartphone, or digital audio player can
connect to the internet via a wireless network access point. An access point (or hotspot) has a
range of about 20 meters (65 feet) indoors and a greater range outdoors. Multiple overlapping
access points can cover large areas.
In recent years the Wi-Fi is efficient on schools & colleges for them to get a better mark.
It also said that the Wi-Fi is very effective during school hours. (Chapter2)
In order to discuss this topic in more details we used descriptive research method and
by getting response from UE students. (Chapter3)
The effects of Wi-Fi on UE students based on our data gathering and research it is
efficient in class hours and most students using this are the students of college of engineering
(Chapter 4)



Wi-Fi Dependency:
Bases for Academic Performance of Engineering Students


Bachelor of Science in Computer of Engineering (BSCOE)
ZEN 113- SY: 2013-2014
Wireless Fidelity




Table of Contents
Abstract .I
List of tables. II
List of Figures . III

Chapter 1: Thesis Introduction and Summary ..1
1.1 Title Page ..2
1.2 Introduction 3
1.3 Statement of the problem 4
1.4 Scope and Delimitation of Study .....4
1.5 Hypothesis....5
1.6 Significant of Study..5
1.7 Background of Study .6
1.8 Definition of Terms 7
1.9 Thesis Conceptual Framework ..8
Chapter 2: Review of related Literature ...9
2.1 Local Literature and studies ...9
2.2 International Literature and studies ..9
Chapter 3: Research Methodology .17
Chapter 4: Presentation, Analysis and Interpretation of Data ...19
Chapter 5: Summary of findings, Conclusion and Recommendation ..23



Curriculum Vitae

Researchers:
Mark Lester P. Borja
Personal Details:
Full name: Mark Lester P. Borja
Nationality: Filipino
Marital Status: Single
Course: Bachelor of Science in Computer of Engineering
Address: #60 Alley Langka, General Malvar Extension Bagong Barrio Caloocan City
Mobile No.: 09062170777
E-mail: rev_kheyth14@yahoo.com/mark_hybrid17@yahoo.com

Al Anthony R. Hernandez
Personal Details:
Full name: Al Anthony R. Hernandez
Nationality: Filipino
Marital Status: Single
Course: Bachelor of Science in Computer of Engineering
Address: Blk. 9 Lot 30, Natividad Town Homes Punturin, Valenzuala City
Mobile No.: 09263143802
E-mail: kirahernandez1531@yahoo.com

Lorenzo A. Agramon
Personal Details:
Full name: Lorenzo A. Agramon
Nationality: Filipino
Marital Status: Single
Course: Bachelor of Science in Computer of Engineering
Address: TandangSora, Quezon City
Mobile No.: 09067776799
E-mail:king_enzo@yahoo.com

















List of Tables


Table 1.1: Frequency of gender respondents 4.1
Table 1.2: Frequency of courses respondents ..4.2
Table 1.3 Frequency of year level respondents 4.3
Table 2.1 Frequency of student using Wi-Fi 4.4
Table 2.2 Frequency of students satisfaction on Wi-Fi 4.5
Table 2.3 Frequency of Wi-Fi Efficiency .4.6
Table 2.4 Frequency of students saying Wi-Fi helps getting better mark ..4.7


List of Figures

Figure 1.0 Title Page 1.1
Figure 2.0 Conceptual Framework 1.2