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Desert Magazine's Third Annual

Southwest Literature
We take pride in presenting this selected list of the outstanding books
reviewed in Desert Magazine's twelve 1961 issues. The eight volumes
below were judged to be the most excellent in their respective categories.
—The Editors
BY GORDON STUART. A different sort of rem- DOCKSTADER. Undoubtedly the finest thing
iniscence in which the author doesn't take ever done on this subject, this book represents
events or himself too seriously. All about the a six-year project for its author. Heavy with
early days of Imperial Valley when life was excellent color plates (70) and top-quality
full of hard work, fun, and big dreams. 204 halftones (180). A "must" for anyone who
pages, spiral binding, S3. is building a library on the American Indian.
22 1 pages,' $25.
BY RUTH MAHOOD. The best of Adam Clark KAS. Subtitle of this book is: "How and
Vroman, one of the Southwest's most versa- Where to Find Them." Practical informa-
tile photographers. This beautifully - done tion that the so-called "average collector''
book covers a decade of Vroman's work in needs in order to make an intelligent search
the turn-of-the-century years. Ninety photo- for gem-mineral treasures in the field. The
graphs, mostly exposed in California or Ari- author is unquestionably the top writer in
zona. 128 pages, 312.50. his field. 387 pages, $8.95.


A popular Southwest travel author's newest KRUTCH. Naturalist - philosopher Krutch
book, describing her personal exploration of writes about life in Raja California — the
the by-ways of Old Mexico. Miss Murbarger antithesis of "the American way of life." A
makes the Grand Tour in a pickup truck and book that will make the reader examine his
piggyback camper. In all, she and her mother own existence—even if he has never heard of
visited 28 Mexican stales. 300 pages, illustra- Baja California—with new discernment. 277
tions, $6. pages, illustrations, $5.
BY MARY EI.TING AND FRANKLIN FOI.SOM. A There's something in this fine book for any-
scientifically correct book dealing with the one who has lived through a desert summer,
Ancient Ones of the Americas. Happily, the or who intends to. Worthwhile suggestions
book also is well written. Sure to stimulate for solving the heat problem with insulation,
the questing mind of youth. Many splendid mechanical coolers, overheads, sunscreens and
illustrations increase interest. 160 pages, S2.95. plantings. Papercover, 95 pages, $1.95.

You may order these books by mail from:


Palm Desert, California
Please add 15c per book for postage and handling; California residents also add 4% sales tax.
or Magazine of the Outdoor Southwest
Horseback Trips
Plan to spend your vacation in one of
America's most rugged and fantastic
scenic areas. See San Juan County in
southeastern Utah with its ancient cliff
dwellings, Hovenweep Ruins, Monument
Valley, Salt Creek and Needles area, Nat-
ural Bridges and Grand Gulch.
Bayles Jeep Tours and Pack Trips
Scheduled an& chartered trips
Write for information and free brochure
SCOTT L. BAYLES Publisher Editor Circulation Manager
Blanding, Utah P.O. Box 584 OR 8-2377 DESERT, now in its 25th year, is published monthly by Desert Magazine, Inc., Palm Desert,
Calif. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the postoffice at Palm Desert, Calif.,
under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U.S.
Patent Office, and contents copyrighted 1962 by Desert Magazine, Inc.
SUBMITTING MANUSCRIPTS: unsolicited manuscripts and photographs
cannot be returned or acknowledged unless full return postage is en-
OPALS AND SAPPHIRES DIRECT FROM closed. DESERT assumes no responsibility for damage or loss of
materials submitted, although due care will be exercised. REPRODUC-
«L» ING CONTENTS: permission must be secured from the editor in
writing. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $4 per year (12 issues) in the U.S.;
$4.50 elsewhere. CHANGE OF ADDRESS: subscriber should send notice of new address by the
THIS MONTH'S BEST BUY first of the month preceding issue month. DISPLAY ADVERTISING: address all correspondence
to Aaron D. Viller, 8217 Beverly Blvd., Los Angeles 48, Calif. Phone- OL 1-2225 CLASSIFIED
ADVERTISING, EDITORIAL, CIRCULATION: address all correspondence to Desert Magazine,
Fine Qual ty Semi Black and Palm Desert, California.
Gray Rough Opal
Good cutting material for medium
and larger stones
2 ounces Free Airrnail $18.00

Send personal check, international money

25 Contents for January 1962 Number
order, bank draft. Free 16 page list of all
Australian gemstones.
Australian Gem Trading Co. COVER: Snow on the Santa Catalina Mountains near Tucson. Photo
294-A Little Collins Street by Esther Henderson.
6 TRAVEL: The Wilderness Islands in the Phoenix Area

8 TEST DRIVE: New for Desert Travel: The '61 Family Buses

Of United States, European Countries,
11 TRAVEL: Needles, Calif.: Marinaland on the Colorado
Turkey at BARGAIN PRICES — especi-
ally the gold coins of Turkey, which are 14 HERPETOLOGY: Do You Have an Emergency Plan for Snakebite?
very low priced in relation to gold con- JOE PALMISANO
tent. They are all bargains because
gold is the only commodity still selling
at the 1934 price—and due for a rise. 20 ARCHITECTURE: The Varied Faces of Arizona Homes
Inflation is real — protect yourself by LOUISE PRICE BELL
buying gold coins. Please let me give
you the full story—write:
22 RIVER MYSTERY: Who Was Riverrunner Elias B. Woolley?
BOX 88066, HOUSTON, TEXAS 43 GARDENING: The Hybrid Mesquite—After Three Years
BACK COVER: Daughters of the Navajo

DEPARTMENTS: 1961 Book Awards 2 Trading Post Classifieds 37

Desert Detours 4 New Products 40

TERRY'S Readers' Letters _

Poem of the Month
_. 19
January Calendar
Editorial __

Rocket Viewer ONLY $12.50 Desert Magazine

Magnifier Head Loupe ART GALLERY BARSTOW
Special Exhibits
with 3 plastic lens
Dec. 28-Jan. 18
(lVa, 21/4 and ZV2 power) MILFORD ZORNES

New Do-It-Yourseli Jan. 18-Feb. 8
Mineralight Kit ONLY $19.50 •
Long & Short Wave. Operates Feb. 8-28
off electricity or battery.

Easy to assemble. in Palm Desert
Please add postage and California (see map at right)
residents add 4% Sales Tax Gallery Hours: 9 to 5
every day of the week,
including Sundays, during
TERRY'S LAPIDARY the winter season.
3616 E. GAGE AVENUE BELL, CALIFORNIA New in Desert's Pueblo
Building: Harry Cubbage's
Send 50c for new 1962 Catalog Gem and Gift Shop.

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 3

challenged him, "your story varies. You don't give the same
report each time." Uncle Givvy patiently replied, "Certainly
not, sir. I never tell a man more than I think he will believe."

This is of course free America with a free economy, and
I am bitterly opposed to most government controls, especially
from Washington. But I'll make an exception if Washington
will rule out the billboards that besmirch our desert. They
are man-made sores on God-made scenery.

We loved that sign facing us on the narrow, dangerous

looking road across the California desert:

Up in sandy sun-drenched Twenty-Nine Palms, Alaska,
where I was born in a split-level igloo, we developed the
World's Most Delicious desert dessert. Try it:
Mix Vi cup of lemon juice with 1V4 cups of sugar and
chill. Into this syrup slowly pour 1 quart of whole milk (ice
cold, to prevent curdling) while whipping with an egg beater.
Freeze it at once—and by all means own a hand-turn or
electric freezer, for no "store-bought" ice cream can match it!
This is simple but deluxe Sun-Country Sherbet.

The teacher at Amboy, Calif., asked her fifth grade
what the important letters IT. N. stood for. One freckled
lad replied, more accurately than he realized—"Unsettled

Significantly for us, Christ the Savior was born in a desert
region much like ours. He was not "sophisticated" or citified.
He sat on desert rocks to teach, trod dusty roads and went
up barren hillsides to pray. He is now everywhere, yes, but
I seem to find Him best when I too go out on the desert, in
"One thing about Elwood. He's all rockhound. the soft twilight at eventide or at dawn.

My 12-year-old daughter and I bravely caught a harmless
old chuckawalla out near Pinnacle Peak and proudly brought
him the 40 miles in to show to her mother. "The poor thing,"
mother said, "you took away its freedom." So after supper
daughter and I drove 40 miles back to Pinnacle Peak.

Rattlesnakes? To be sure, our desert has them. Almost
every state has them (Hawaii has no snakes of any kind!).
Pennsylvania has most of all. Biggest ones are found down
South. None is as vicious as you penthoused Easterners im-
agine. In 35 years of tramping the Southwestern wilderness
I have found only six. Bad people are more dangerous than
bad snakes.

Best true snake story I know concerns my friend Ken
Palmer. He took a rich New York dude onto the desert. A
six-foot rattler challenged them. Elated, they opened the
Cadillac trunk, scooped the snake into it to take back and
Keep in mind, you strangers, that our word "desert" is show friends in sophisticated Scottsdale. Whs-s-st— just that
really a misnomer. America has very little true sand desert quickly Mr. Snake disappeared—into the seat upholstery of
where nothing grows, barely enough for movie sets. Most the Cad!
of ours is semi-desert only, which is close to ideal. Arid,
colorful, exhilarating, exciting. It is the most fascinating Now would you ride 50 miles back to town with a live six-
laboratory in existence, for here is Nature's own testing ground, foot rattler lost somewhere in your car? . . . . Makes a good
her region for research. Almost every plant and animal is a continued story. Next month, if I don't forget it, I'll tell you
gee-whiz exhibit. The "barren" desert? You have been what happened.
conditioned by the Sahara, not by ours.
• We do have dangerous desert birds. City folk are warned
My interferiority complex always causes me to drop in to beware of our Morning Grouse, our Duck-Billed Platitude,
uninvited whenever I discover an isolated desert cabin or and our Hairy-Chested Backslapper. But our worst specimen
home; just can't shake off an abiding curiosity as to why is the one readily identified by its call—"Kinsey-Kinsey-Kinsey!"
people live Away Out Here. And their hospitality compulsion It's the dangerous Extra-Marital Lark, and is invariably
invariably rewards me with free coffee, free conversation, free followed by a Ruffled Spouse.
meals. •
• "If flattery gives you a big headache instead of a big
Nothing irks me like seeing sun-bathed desert land head," said my philosopher friend Desert Steve Ragsdale,
which I refused to pay 50 cents an acre for in 1925, sell "you're a success."
for $5,000 to $50,000 an acre. •
It could be that ours is the Last Lucky Generation; we still
have the open wilderness for Escape. When we in the South-
Chief advantage of life in this Region of Room Enough west feel knotted up, we can go onto the clean desert for
is that you also have Time Enough. The desert is not a Restoration. There we find quietude. There we forget head-
clock-eyed world. line horrors. There abides Peace.
• •
Best fishing in America is not in Minnesota but between The desert was created exclusively for the strong of heart.
Salt Lake City and San Diego. You take Old Uncle Give-a- If you are a moral weakling, if you quiver about getting
damn Jones—he drags whoppers out of the Colorado. Some enough food and raiment, if you seek status rather than
of his specimens caught last summer are now six feet long. strength, if you nurse imaginary fears, if you lean heavily on
"In reporting the size of the fish you catch," a dern dude once anybody besides yourself and God—stay away. ///

4 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962


The Easy Way of Life . . .

To the Editor: The November article.
"Cooking Over an Open Fire—the Easy
Way" by Peggy Powell, meant well, but
appears to have been concocted by some-
one whose ideas of backcountry camping
include frequent jaunts to the store for
ice. Indeed, the idea of tea-towels and
placemats in any form will bring forth
howls of laughter from every well-trained
Girl Scout in the Western United States!
If one follows the precepts of Peggy
Powell, every desirable backcountry desert
area will be covered with the litter of
"throwaway coffee cans," and many of the
other accouterments of the "easy way."
The author's absolute ignoring of the water
situation indicates a lack of knowledge of
actual desert backcountry camping methods.
Any source of fluid is a bonus to desert
camp cookery and canned goods containing
it are the most desirable.
No animosity toward Author Powell is
intended, but over the years DESERT has
been accepted as an authority of the South-
western Way of Life.
Kingman, Ariz.

Mini-Bike Problem . . .
To the Editor: After reading your report
on mini-bikes in the November issue, one
big question entered my mind. Since the
mini-bikes don't have fenders, wouldn't
there be a great deal of pebbles and sand
picked-up by the tires and thrown back at
the rider? I am seriously thinking of get-
ting some sort of trail machine, but this
question is making me hesitate.
Corvallis, Oregon
(No appreciable problem here unless you
travel at high speed-—and you can't go
fast over loose footing.—Ed.)
Against the Birds . . . A proud new breed. Fun to drive because it goes on when other
To the Editor: Anent Dr. Edmund Jaeger's
"Desert Woodpeckers" (DESERT, Oct. '61)
I should like to add something: the Gila
4-wheel drive vehicles have quit. The Toyota Land Cruiser has
Woodpecker is without doubt the most de-
structive bird that flies! If any of you— the power-135 HP of it- and the stamina to scramble up steep
as I do—live on the desert and try to raise
a few citrus fruits and dates, you will be-
come fully aware of "Ladderback's" de-
rocky grades or plow through mud and sand, with 7 passengers.
structive skill. They peck one small hole
in grapefruit, orange, or tangerine and Looking for quartz or supervising a quarry, your most reliable,
soon the fruit falls off, completely ruined.
Dates they especially love; I have seen
them fly away bearing a large date in beak
hard-working companion Rush me the facts on the Land Cruiser
and name of my nearest dealer
many times.
is a Land Cruiser-the Mail to TOYOTA
(Dept. D-l)
6032 Hollywood Blvd.,
Now I have a very high regard for the Los Angeles 28, California
scientific eminence of Dr. Jaeger, but my
observation of Mr. Gila for 30 years con-
most powerful all purpose
strains me to say that Dr. Jaeger's state-
ments in his article are "not the whole 4-wheel drive vehicle in Address_
truth" about the Gila. If his sympathies
are "with the bird," mine are certainly not. the world. Prospect for it City_ .State-
JAMES A. DIFFIN Land Cruiser Dealer Franchises are available in
Florence, Ariz. at your Toyota dealer's. [
January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 5

Try A Phoenix Desert Park

ITH A metropolitan area of is doubtful if there is a larger and
W 700,000 people, Phoenix is one
of the nation's fastest growing
cities. Up - and - coming Phoenicians
more spectacular collection of living
desert plants anywhere in the coun-
try. Besides Arizona's 62 varieties of
like to quote Lloyds of London as cactus, there are hundreds of Mexi-
betting that Arizona's Capital City can and South American species
will someday be the world's largest growing in natural conditions, as well
Weekend quartz-hunter metropolis. At any rate, the meteoric as succulents from Africa and Asia.
or scientific gemologist? boom in tourists, agriculture and in- Added to these are rare, unusual and
dustry has given Phoenix the lush, weird plants from almost every arid
This is the first authoritative guide to
mineral collecting for the amateur hob-
affluent atmosphere of true cosmopoli- region in the world. The general
byist and the professional prospector. tanism, with gourmet restaurants, effect is unreal and startling—a sort of
What to look for. Where to look. How sophisticated entertainment, glamor- Alice in Desertland kind of place.
to stake a claim when you strike one. ous and exotic resort hotels, and The exhibit is open daily, including
The very latest on equipment (includ- Sundays and holidays, from 9 a.m. to
ing prospecting for radioactive ores).
luxurious homes and apartments.
How to start a collection. How to build 5 p.m., and admission is free.
a better one. Includes a fascinating his-
But the hordes of visitors and new
tory and sociology of prospecting,$5.95. residents pouring into Arizona's The Desert Botanical Garden of
famed "Valley of the Sun" haven't Arizona, as it is officially called, is a
SUCCESSFUL quite obliterated nature. Some of the private non-profit educational insti-
MINERAL COLLECTING finest and most scenic spots round- tution founded in 1937 by the Ari-
AND PROSPECTING about have been preserved as parks zona Cactus and Native Flora Society,
By RICHARD M. PEARL, Associate
by the City and Maricopa County. Inc. It is supported by endowments,
Professor of Geology, Colorado College In fact, the latter recently acquired contributions, sale of books, and
70,000 acres from the federal govern- memberships. On the grounds is the
Now at your bookstore IMcGRAW-HILL ment for future outdoor recreation attractive pueblo-style Webster Audi-
areas. These relic desert islands in a torium and Herbarium, in which free
sea of humanity are maintained illustrated lectures and classes on
largely in a natural state, and are "Know Your Desert Plants" are given
SILVER LACE well worth visiting.
To the east is Papago Park and its
each week on Wednesdays and Thurs-
days, November to April, at 3 p.m.
The Society also publishes the
and southern extension, Tempe Park.
Eight miles from downtown Phoenix,
HONEY TRAVERTINE this is a large tract of original desert
with a sparse growth of saguaro cac-
ONYX DEPOSITS tus and creosote bush among isolated
outcroppings of rounded red rocks,

Until now these deposits have been which rise abruptly a hundred feet
almost inaccessible, since they are lo-
cated on top of a rugged mountain. In
or more. Pockmarked with wind- and
order to make this beautiful material water-worn caves, like holes in a Swiss
available to all, we have bulldozed a cheese, these bright colored monoliths
road over really rough terrain up to the give the area a rather theatrical ap-
Onyx deposit. We furnish transportation
by four-wheel-drive vehicle from Calico pearance, which is a delight to color
Ghost Town to the Onyx Mine and re- photographers.
turn. The Onyx itself, has been made
more easily obtainable by using the bull- There are several miles of unpaved
dozer. roads winding among the great rocks,
These tours leave Calico Ghost Town at and one climbs to an eminence cap-
9 & 11 a.m., 1, 3 arid 5 p.m.; returning ped by a white pyramid. Here is an
every hour.
extensive view of the park, and the
Open Saturday, Sunday and Holidays
or when a party of 6 or more desires
surrounding populous valley to its
this trip. Closed on Friday. distant rim of tawny desert moun-
FEE: $4 per person per day tains. The pyramid marks the graves
Fee includes 30 pounds of onyx of George W. P. Hunt and his wife.
(Additional onyx 25c per pound) He was Arizona's first state governor
Tickets available at Assay Office and served seven two-year terms be-
in Calico Ghost Town fore his death in 1934.
for additional information write to: But the big show in Papago Park
is the Desert Botanical Garden.
Calico Silver Onyx Co. Whether you are an incurable cacto-
P.O. BOX 685 - YERMO, CALIFORNIA maniac or can't tell a cholla from
a senita, you shouldn't miss this. It
6 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962
Saguaroland Bulleti7i 10 times a year. But development is restricted and Mountain Park is a scenic desert area
Annual dues are $5 which includes a major portion of the reservation is of 275 acres, with picnic facilities,
the magazine, and there are 650 mem- maintained in a natural state, with nature trail and small reptile exhibit.
bers in 26 countries. The address is several sections designated as "wilder- Estrella Mountain Park, 1850 acres,
P.O. Box 5-17, Tempe, Arizona. ness areas." These are traversed by is maintained by Maricopa County,
delightful trails which thread the as is Lake Pleasant Regional Park,
At the entrance is a modern Visit- canyons and wind along the ridges. 37 miles northwest. Boating, swim-
or's Building, with book store, gift They climb to numerous wide-sweep- ming and camping may be enjoyed
and souvenir shop, and information ing viewpoints over the valleys be- in the latter.
center. For 10c you purchase a book- low, pass through rugged rock forma-
let for a self-conducted Nature Walk By all means sample the metropoli-
tions, and lead to ancient heiroglyph-
through this desert wilderness of un- tan diversions of Arizona's Capital
ics made by the prehistoric Hohokam
reality. There are 62 marked stations City. But if human entertainment
which the booklet describes and ex- finally palls on you, try a Phoenix
plains. Along the way you will see Most of Arizona's varieties of cac- Desert Park. ///
the showy golden barrel cactus from tus grown in the park, including the
Mexico, and Baja California's writh- giant saguaro, and a total of 340
ing caterpillar cactus, octopus cactus, species of native desert plants have
the amazing knobby totem pole, and been listed. Wildlife, too, is pro-
fantastic boojum or "upside-down" tected, and both animals and birds
tree. There are also palms, mesquites, are surprisingly abundant. Saddle
acacias, ironwoods, yuccas, palo verdes horses are available at stables located
and ocotillos. Entwined among the just outside the park's north boun-
branches of some of the trees are the dary.
long, snakelike stems of "moon cer-
The Main Entrance is eight miles
eus," one of the climbing cactuses
directly south of the Phoenix busi-
of the tropical rain forests.
ness district, and you pay a lee of 25c
per car there. The principal Park
Then there is the Fisher Collection
Road ascends the Salt River Moun-
of about 950 North and South Ameri-
tains by easy grades to Dobbins Look-
can species of cactus., and an interest-
out, five miles. The elevation is 2330
ing experimental area for the intro- CALIFORNIA
feet and you look down across broad,
duction of trees and shrubs native to
flat Salt River Valley, 1000 feet below.
other arid lands for horticultural and
landscaping purposes. In the alumi-
num Lath House are sensitive plants
from the two Americas, Africa and
The panorama includes the whole
of Phoenix and its clustered satellite
cities to heaped-up mountains on the
Asia. Here are many tropical species
that couldn't survive in the open.
With spiny geraniums, succulent lil-
ies, and the transitional Pereskia—
horizon, north and east. A directional
viewfinder helps you to identify
half rose, half cactus—the Lath House
perhaps contains the most remarkable
exhibit of all. From April to June
The ridge road continues to Buena
Vista, takeoff point for several wilder-
ness trails, and a branch leads to
Mount Suppoa, 2660 feet, highest in from
there is a magnificent display of blos-
the Park. Its summit is a communi-
soms throughout the Garden, but be-
cause of the wide distribution of the
thousands of plants from both Hem-
ispheres, some blooms may be seen
cations center, occupied by tall tele-
vision transmitting towers and receiv-
ing stations. Nearby, Gila Valley
every month of the year.
Lookout gives a view southward over
the irrigated fields of the Gila River
Quite different is Phoenix South Indian Reservation, home of the Pi- Box 68 Indio, Calif.
Mountain Park. Called the largest mas, and in the southeast looms the
Owned and operated by the
municipal park in the world, it cov- 9000-foot Santa Catalina Mountains,
Sniffs for 37 years
ers an area of 14,817 acres and pre- near Tucson, 100 miles distant.
serves the entire range of the Salt The far western section of the Park
Featuring the world's finest selec-
River Mountains, just outside the is reached from the Main Entrance tion of prize-winning soft dates
city limits. Within the reservation by a seven-mile road to San Juan in beautiful gift packages.
are 10 miles of paved roads and 40 Lookout Point, and a separate road ORDER BY MAIL TODAY
miles of well-kept hiking and riding enters the eastern part from Guada-
trails. There are also three planned lupe. There is no direct connection You are invited to visit our famous
picnic areas. These have ramadas, between the latter and the Main En- show garden and unique gift shop
tables, grills and piped drinking trance except by trail. However, on Palm Springs' scenic Hwy 111.
water, as well as cement floors for rugged Pima Canyon and the Indian
dancing and roller skating, and some picture writings are well worth visit- Please send me Sniff's
lighted areas for after-dark gather- ing as a special trip. brochure of gifts in full color.
ings. In fact, you can have a quiet There are four other desert recre- Name
steak fry lor two or attend a lively ation areas in the vicinity of Phoenix. Address _
barbecue with several hundred peo- City-owned Thunderbird Park, 10
ple. However, the Park is closed from miles north of Glendale in the Hedg- City State
12:30 a.m. to 5 a.m., and there is no peth Hills, contains 1000 acres and Dates make excellent holiday gifts
overnight camping. has developed picnic grounds. North

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 7

tfrt wi.r,?»*,&,*> unit J

FTER THREE days of road- into the bus-wagon domain is stylish, do well to follow this example.)
A testing Ford's Falcon Club
Wagon, Chevrolet's Corvair
Sport Wagon, and Volkswagen's De-
low-slung and clean. No excess
chrome clutters the body lines. Green-
briar is, in fact, 7 inches lower in
The wheelbase of Greenbriar is
95 inches, or 5 inches longer than the
Falcon Club Wagon, and half-inch
luxe Station Wagon (all of them overall height than the Falcon Club longer than the VW. The rear-door
buses), I went home convinced that Wagon, and 6 inches lower than the opening is necessarily choked down,
nowhere else are new-car models so Volkswagen. It is the heaviest of the due to the placement of the air-
individually designed. Despite a gen- three buses at 3032 pounds curb cooled six-cylinder Corvair engine in
eral similarity in outward appearance, weight. Base price of the Corvair the rear. Actual dimensions for this
the three competitive family buses Greenbriar Sport Wagon is about cargo door are 44.5x35.4-inches. Cargo
are as different as an orange, a peach §2655 on the West Coast. From there, space in Greenbriar is advertised at
and an apple. This seems strange in the price goes up rapidly with such just over 175 cubic feet.
view of the fact that most competitive extras as a four-speed transmission
sedans are about as different as door- ($64.60) , a third seat ($37.70), cus- The cockpit is comfortable, and
knobs, give or take a little chrome tom interior ($215), and the usual the steering wheel lies almost flat.
stripping! extras such as radio and heater. Final Three transmissions are available:
price of this model delivered will ap- the standard three-speed manual, the
I've been a car buff all my life, and four-speed manual, and Powerglide.
I have definite feelings about new proach $3300. The model I tested was equipped
vehicles. Comfort, power, handling Let me point out here that all three with the four-speed box. When you
ease, and economy have always in- of the buses tested had base prices start the Corvair engine you immedi-
trigued me. On the other hand, I'm and final prices within a hundred ately notice that engine noises come
not far enough into the "expert" dollars or so of each other. The im- from behind and are barely audible.
category for my thinking to become pression that these new vehicles are Acceleration is fair, about on a par
waterlogged with routine criticisms. "economy" versions of older types of with other six-cylinder cars.
I face a new breed of car with a cer- transportation is false. Prices of the
tain naive enthusiasm. I like cars. First gear is a creeper, second gear
fully equipped bus will run very close a real shot in the arm — and then
I'd like to see more truly useful en- to the regular deluxe station wagon
gineering improvements each season. third gear seems to fall flat. Shifting
bodies. For the record, this little into high gear seems almost pointless,
Since that seems beyond hope, at detail should be noted.
present, I test cars by comparing them since there is so little difference from
to the current market crop. A quick walk around the body of third. I was disappointed in the
the Greenbriar reveals a large double- four-speed box. Zipping around town,
All three of the vehicles — Green- door in the middle of the curb side, across railroad tracks, and down a
briar, Club Wagon and VW — were double-doors in the rear, and the stretch of freeway proved that Green-
tested before I made final notes. usual left and right front doors. briar -responds fairly good. It tracks
Thus, direct comparison between Double doors on the driver (left) straight with no wander. Ride is
models was possible. side of Greenbriar are optional. The firm but comfortable. Cornering is
something to get used to—because
Desert devotees will find these buses three seats are roomy, firm, but not you ride far forward. The turning
very appealing—a good compromise extra comfortable. Leg room for circle is 42.6 feet.
between conventional car and four- passengers is very good in the rear,
wheel-drive vehicle. The bus gives fair in the center seat, and good in I liked the solid feel of the body.
you plenty of room for camping gear the front. My wife complained that Few squeaks or rattles annoyed me.
—and it can double as a family car the Greenbriar was hard to climb But the low windshield-height forced
for town use. These vehicles will be into. It's a high step. (Volkswagen me to stoop over to see overhead
seen with more frequency on desert has an assist handle on the dash near traffic lights. Out on the high road,
area roads. the front passenger door, which is a Greenbriar rolled right along at the
GREENBRIAR: Chevrolet's entry real aid. Ford and Chevrolet would legal limits without strain. Hilly
8 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962
country forced me to downshift sev- The first impression of the Club fool you! It's really another bus. You
eral times, since horsepower is limited. Wagon body is one of spaciousness, can't help but notice the care and
which is born out by statistics. As quality that goes into the Volkswagen
Turning and maneuvering in traf- with Greenbriar, it has large double machine. Body lines are dull, but
fic, in parking, and off on side-roads doors on the curb side and in the finish is clean and professional. The
spoke well for Greenbriar. It is light rear, plus the usual front doors. Rear interior is almost flawless, and points
on its feet, quiet running, and tight- cargo doors measured 49.4x47.3 inches up a marked superiority over both
turning. Doors were difficult to shut —considerably larger than either of Greenbriar and the Club Wagon.
tightly, however. the other buses. Seats are firm, and leg room in the
All things considered, I'd say the rear, adequate. However, front cock-
Greenbriar is a dandy little bus, While not as stylish as the Green- pit space seemed restricted and
though a little short on performance briar, and not as tastefully appointed cramped, compared to the two Ameri-
and power, like most sixes. Some in the interior as the VW, the Club can models.
statistics: Fuel tank capacity is 18.5 Wagon was the best-riding of the
gallons, overall length is 179.7 inches, three — though slightly on the soft I tested the model that would com-
width is 70 inches. Ground clear- side. The seats are plush buckets in pete with American buses, the Deluxe
ance is 8.1 inches, and tread is 58 the front, making the cockpit unusu- Station Wagon. Base price is about
inches front and rear. A vast array ally comfortable. Tracking was $2775 for this four-cylinder air-cooled
of extra camping equipment, both straight and firm, though not as good bus. Rated horsepower is 40, with
built-ins and accessory items, is avail- as the Greenbriar, in my opinion. engine in the rear. It is equipped
able from Greenbriar dealers. Shifting was effortless. Acceleration with a four-speed transmission, which
was good—and felt better than the is the only one available, so far as I
FALCON CLUB WAGON: If Greenbriar. Ford's engineers placed could tell. Tread is 53.9 inches in
Ford's entry into the bus field is the Club Wagon's Falcon engine up front, 53.5 inches in rear. Overall
larger and bulkier than the Green- front, smack between the two passen- length is 169.3 inches, with a body
briar, it is also roomier and more gers. This placement robs the cock- width of 70.9 inches. There are
comfortable. I liked the large wind- pit of an extra seat space and of double doors on the curb side, and
shield, excellent visibility, peppy en- course, is a potential source of both a lift-up rear cargo door. Rear door
gine, and ease of gear-shifting. The heat and noise. I would like to opening is the smallest of the three
Club Wagon is plain-looking and hastily add that this noise is only buses, with measurements of 35.4x
could certainly stand a face-lift. But relative. Compared to most sedans, 28.7 inches.
under that prosaic skin everything it is noisy. Compared to the VW, it
functions satisfactorily. Engine op- is quiet. Compared to Greenbriar, it The first thing I noticed when I
is boisterous. climbed into the driver's seat was
tions based on the six-cylinder water the limited leg room. Windows did
cooled Falcon are 85 and 101 horse- I did not like the large false door not roll down, but slid back about
power, with two transmissions: Ford- on the glove-box. It covers twice the half-way in each door, horizontally.
omatic and three-speed manual. My space actually necessary. The steer- This seemed like a clumsy arrange-
test model had the latter. Base price ing wheel seemed a little oversized, ment to me, a guy with long bony
of the Falcon Club Wagon is about but there was plenty of leg room. elbows. I couldn't find a comfortable
$2600, climbing rapidly with extra- Head room, too, was good—the best place to rest my arm while driving.
cost options to about $3000. Of of the three. I could not find the
course, less expensive models are figures for ground clearance, but it Visibility was restricted by the low
available in Ford's Econoline bus. appeared to be better than Green- windshield. I found myself leaning
briar's. Fuel-tank capacity is about forward to get a good look at the
Height of the Club Wagon is 77.4 road. Gear shifting was more difficult
inches, width 75.8 inches, curb weight 15 gallons. than in the Ford, but about on a par
about 2750 pounds. Tread is 60 VOLKSWAGEN DELUXE STA- with Greenbriar. Acceleration was
inches in front and 60.2 inches in rear. TION WAGON: Don't let the name totally and singularly disappointing

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 9

CHEWY where at 35 miles an hour! It's just FORD
impossible to whip 40 lone horses into
to one who is used to American cars. upholstery, and carefully finished in-
anything like the Greenbriar or Club
In Europe, the VW may be a hot teriors make this foreign bus a real
Wagon acceleration.
machine—but over here, it is strictly stand-out. Volkswagen's Westfalia
an economy version of a family car. In conclusion, I can't help wonder- model with the built-in camper is
Drive-train noises in the Volkswagen ing why Volkswagen doesn't wake up even more of a quality item, at about
were annoying, particularly the trans- to the fact that driving in America, $3400.
mission which clattered and roared on our super-fast roads, is far differ-
at me every time I went through the ent than the plodding back-street Whether you want ultimate econ-
gears. maneuvers ol the European cities. II omy, roominess, or style, the Green-
they doubled the power of the Volks- briar, Volkswagen, and Club Wagon
While the ride is firm and well-
wagen, they would begin to meet our among them offer a wide selection.
controlled, thanks mainly to torsion-
requirements, and 1 seriously doubt For the big-family clan, or for the
liar suspension, tracking was poor. It
required supreme concentration and that economy would suffer too much. person who just likes lots of seating
constant vigilance to keep the VW As of now, you appreciate the VW space, the new station buses will
from wandering into other traffic most when you pull into a service please you.
lanes. Perhaps at high speeds this station. Gasoline savings are impres-
sive. My thanks to the following dealers
tendency would impove—but at legal for providing the vehicles tested in
speeds, it was a real problem. Conversely, both Chevrolet and the story: GREENBRIAR: Davies
Frankly, 1 was amazed that a car Ford should take a long hard look Chevrolet, Glendora, Calif. FAL-
of such apparent popularity was such at the quality and workmanship that CON CLUB WAGON: Bisantz Ford,
an unexciting performer. Claims lor sticks out all over on the Volkswagen Glendora, Calif. VOLKSWAGEN
fuel economy on the VW bus are Deluxe Station Wagon. Such eye-ap- DELUXE S T A T I O N WAGON:
often extravagant, though they may pealing and handy items as chromed Harry Hill Volkswagen, West Covina,
be true — providing you drive every- hand-rails throughout, excellent seat Calif. ///


10 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962


I* Two Speed Sprocket

U Contour Saddle.
1*3% hp 4 Cycle
V Sprung Forks
I* 83 lbs.

Trail Scout

Marinaland on the Colorado

LENGTH 50" • WHEEL BASE 3 6 " •

$249.00 HE COLORADO RIVER, that If she was not a native daughter by

Send 100 for literature
T great artery of the Southwest, is birth, she has earned the title by her
still fought over by Southwest efforts on behalf of her long time
States as the vital source of irrigation home. During her terms in office as
330 SO. 1RWINDALE A V I . , DM-I , AZUSA, CALIF. and power. T h e river as a boundary San Bernardino County Supervisor
between Arizona and California is
still unsettled. Squatters face ruin
if back-rent collections are enforced. HIDDEN TREASURES
But in the meantime, the river is GOLD, SILVER, PRECIOUS METALS with I h . Fomoui Model
AMERICA'S MOST enjoyed by thousands who do not27<o<t.Metal Detector. Lightweight, ultro-ien»it!ve, low
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opment is progressing almost as if
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CALIFORNIA focused on a triple development in jects. Depth range 7 feet—comes complete,
FEBRUARY ready to use.
the Needles area, just north of the MODEL 27—instructions included $119.95
16 THRU 2 5 mid-point between Davis Dam and MODEL 711—with 21 ft. depth range $149.00
Parker Dam. When Park Moabi,
WORLD Needles City Marina Park and Park
FAMOUS Lorado are completed, Needles will
be the Marinaland of the Colorado.
ARABIAN The first is scheduled to be open in
the spring of 1962; work is well along
NIGHTS on the second; and preliminary plans
PAGEANT on the third are finished. Even more
FREE NIGHTLY tremendous development in the
UNDER THE northern part of this area is in the
DESERT STARS offing if leases on Indian lands can
CAMEL AND OSTRICH RACES The Lakewood Chemical Kit can be used in
Needles thus is destined to become connection with all the principal texts on
DATE AND CITRUS DISPLAYS minerals such as Dana, Pough, O. C. Smith,
a converging point for recreation Pennfield, Duke's Course, and many others.
seekers, rather than serving merely as The Lakewood Chemical Kit, because of
the acids it contains, is not recommended
a river crossing which has been its for persons under 18 years old. Priced
OF GEMS & MINERALS $36.00 Express only.
role since the West was young. As
future generations enjoy swimming,
boating, fishing, water-skiing and re- (-om.ta.kon <if\och.
laxing here, they may not know it,
1405 S. Long Beach Blvd., Compton, Calif.
but they will owe much to a woman NEwmark 2-9096
—Miss Magda Lawson of Needles. South of Compton Blvd.

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 11

(she did not enter the last contest), power. Bringing Park Moabi to its miles north of Needles, will be on a
her constant persistence, her appear- present status possibly involved even 40 acre site. It too will be operated
ance before civic and political bodies, more agencies than such a treaty for the county by private enterprise.
were largely responsible for the shap- would require. Considering the of- Park Lorado will include a motel,
ing of Park Moabi, and she expended fices, bureaus and departments in- general store, service station, boat
much effort on plans for Park Lorado volved (probably many of them never handling facilities and about 200
and appeals for opening Indian lands heard of by the ordinary citizen) it is camping and trailer spaces. It will
for development which would bene- remarkable that the opening is so be accessible, says Planner Jay Ho-
fit Indians—many of whom are needy near at hand, when the site was de-
—as well as the general public and termined only in 1957.
business interests.
Getting a Colorado River park site
This site, which has expanded as
planning has developed and as need
pick up and go
set aside and a development com-
pleted is little less complicated than
executing a treaty with a foreign
for recreational areas for boaters has
boomed, is approximately nine miles VagaBondia!
south of Needles, and just north of
the Topock bridge. It is beside U.S.
Highway 66, and north-south High-
CUT AND POLISH way 95 merges with 66 in this area.
In her enthusiasm for the future of
YOUR OWN GEMSTONES! the Needles river area, Miss Lawson
has pointed out that it is closer to
the Los Angeles Basin than is Lake Get away from it all and carry the comforts of
Mead. This is a strategic advantage home with you! Fishing, hunting, camping, travel-
ing, relaxing . . . life's more fun with a Vaga-
as she sees it, since almost three- Bondia!
quarters of Mead's 3Vi-million an- • Sleeps 4 to 6! • Beautiful interior!
• Fits any pickup! • Completely outfitted!
nual visitors are drawn from the Los • 6'1" headroom! • 25% more quality!
Angeles section. • VagaBondia Explorers Club—organized trips,
group activities!
• Cab-over models from $1199.50
Another natural advantage has FREE BROCHURE! Write Dept. D
been cited by Jay Homan, chief of 21203 S. FIGUEROA ST.
Get into the fascinating gem hobby to-
day with Covington's compact, complete the county's advance planning divi- TORRANCE, CALIF.
lapidary unit. Here is all you need from
rock to gemstone at an unbelievably low
sion, under Neil B. Pfulb, county
price. The Tattle Genii Shop saws, grinds, planning director. Its location be-
sands and polishes . . . nothing extra
to buy, all supplies furnished. tween Davis and Parker dams is on
a stretch of river unobstructed for 85 "Specialists in
Don't delay, see your Covington dealer
today or send for further details and miles. "That's nearly 500 miles of Southwestern Presswork"
free catalog. shoreline enclosing more than 30,-
You'd expect to pay much 000 acres of water," he exclaims. This
more than $54.90 fact has led to the popularity of
Shiping weight 12 lbs.
Needles' big annual event in Septem-
ber, the 14-year old Colorado River
ENGINEERING Marathon, usually a three-day event.
First and Highway 99 Park Moabi will be an area of
KcdlaiKls II, Calif.
intensive commercial recreation use.
With some 350 acres leased from the
government and with loans from the — Printers of Desert Magazine —
HICKORY FARMS OF OHIO state, the county has invested in the
basic work, and the concessionaire is
"BEEF STICK" to finish the development. The coun- Books
"No Pepper"
"No Garlic" ty will be reimbursed and in turn the
"No Vinegar"
"No Pork"
lease payments and state loans paid, Pamphlets
out of a percentage of the conces-
A MUST for Fishing, Hunting,
Camping, F'icnics, Boating, Pack-
sionaire's gross. Resort Folders
ing Trips — Because of its long By November, 1961, the county had
lasting freshness—will keep with-
out refrigeration. completed the dredging, filling, util- Color Production
Guarantee of Satisfaction ity systems, streets, parking, launch- *We offer these important extras to
and Safe Delivery ing ramps, piers and slips, and sani- authors who are considering the per-
No Charge for Mailing tary structures. Next, private enter- sonal publishing of their
100% Pure Beef prise will add a motel, general store, work: critical pre-pub-
lication analysis, print-
Hickory Farms of Ohio boat service and storage, auto service ing craftsmanship,
Western Division
P. O. Box 3306, Van Nuys, Cal.
station, and a 120 unit trailer park. retail - wholesale
Ultimately the marina will accommo- outlets, publicity,
Approx. 4 Ib, beef sticks are $5.98 ea. includ- and business in-
ing all packing and mailing. Send check or
money order.
date 750 small boats and an average tegrity.
Please ship me Beef Sticks at $5.98 ea. daily attendance of more than 2000
New Customer Old Customer persons. Some have visualized a For free
"dreamboat" for river excursions, fish- estimates write:
ing and moonlight parties.
Send a gift that is "Deliciously Different"
The other county park, to be de- Sfer? Palm Desert, Calif.
veloped on the riverfront about three

12 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

man, by a short road to be constructed by moderns. The whole family can
from the existing River Road to the follow diverse pursuits, however rug- Indian Country Adventures!
bank of the Colorado. ged, yet spend nights in comfort at
The city of Needles is moving fast a riveredge motel or in their campers
and trailers, with modern facilities
in creating its own marina, which it . . . invites you this vacation time. Write
hopes to have open by May, 1962. It provided. for free information about this cen-
has a long term lease on government And as they relax on the beach, ter of scenic and historic attractions
in the exciting San Juan Country.
land and was given other land by at a cabana, or pause in their fishing
the Santa Fe railroad. Site clearing or skiing at this modern Marinaland, • Cafes • Motels • Trading Posts •
started in September, 1961. Private they will still see the wonderful sun- Wilderness Trips • San Juan River Trips
capital is to develop a marina, swim sets which thrilled others in an earlier BLUFF CITY
area with cabanas, clubhouse with day, as unnamed colors glow on
dining room, cocktail lounge, coffee CHAMBER OF COMMERCE
cloudbanks over the Black Mountains BLUFF, UTAH
shop, a pro shop for a golf course, or Arizona. ///
general store, a permanent trailer
park, camp area and playgrounds for
visitors of all ages. Only the trailer

park is scheduled for later completion
than next May. Location is on about
30 acres in the city, between the dike
road and the Indian Village, and
fronting on the river. Experts say:
Needles people had to cut through
some extra red tape, for originally
their recreation department was un-
der the school district. When it came
to applying for a loan from the State
Small Craft Harbors Commission, to
hire a consultant for formal planning,
TRAIL "50"
a ruling made it necessary for the city
to take over the recreation depart- OUTPERFORMS • ;W
ment. That same summer, 1959, the
• -'to ,
city levied a tax for recreation pur-
poses, and planned to finance their 'EM ALL!" ('••'

golf course by four percent of a gross
revenue tax on motels, hotels and
trailer parks in the city. A private
corporation was working on plans in Veteran hunters and fishermen who have tried EASE OF OPERATION: 3-speed transmission,
1961 for an elaborate development every trail machine on the market say you automatic wet multi plate clutch. Dual cam-type
can't beat Honda's amazing TRAIL "50" for surestop brakes, front and rear.
east and south of Needles, in addi-
performance and features. The fabulous "50" VERSATILITY: Backwoods gearing (low gear
tion to the city project. takes you where others can't go...does it 82 to 1) takes you anywhere at up to 30 m.p.h.
Besides the marinas, development faster, easier, more comfortably! How? Quick-change rear sprocket for speeds up to
More power, for one thing: the rugged, pre- 45 m.p.h. Haul logs, water, game, equipment.
of almost 13,000 acres in Fort Mo- cision-built engine develops 5 full horse-
have Indian Reservation north of power., .gives you up to 200 m.p.g. of gasoline RUGGEDNESS: Climbs steep 45° grades with
Needles, where Nevada, Arizona and (no mixture necessary). It goes at speeds from full load, rides over rocks, logs, through under-
California converge, is a tremendous zero to 30 m.p.h gives you safer dual brak- brush. Knobby-traction tires.
potential. Four bids from develop- ing and shock absorber comfort... easily COMFORT: Easy handling over roughest ter-
ment corporations were opened in carries 250 lbs. of payload plus rider! And rain. Hydraulic shocks on both wheels.
May, 1961, and these were sent to you can make a quick change of rear sprocket
government and Indian officials for for highway speeds up to 45 m.p.h.
evaluation. Visit your Honda dealer for a demonstration
ride... compare the Trail "50" point-by-point
Oldtimers who remember drifting with others...then, compare the price. For
down the "silvery" Colorado, camp- nearest dealer, call Western Union by number
ing on river islands, landing on tule- and ask for Operator 25. Or use coupon for
bordered shores or cutting their way free literature.
through mesquite jungle, may miss MAKE THIS POINT-BY-POINT COMPARISON!
the wild beauty and stillness they POWER: 5 H. P. from dependable 50 cc, 4-cycle
HONDA TRAIL " 5 0 " Mark 100-T

once knew . . . when the water was Luggage rack, tilR

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disturbed only by the river current, MILEAGE: Up to 200 m.p.g.
or a leaping fish, plunge of kingfisher, AMERICAN HONDA MOTOR CO., INC., Dept. " '

or swimming beaver . . . or they may 4077 West Pico Blvd., Los Angeles 19, California

find partial substitutes in wildlife Please send free literature on Honda Trail " 5 0 " to:

refuges left at some places along the

river and in mountainous areas back Street .
from the river front. World's Largest Motorcycle Manufacturer
City. -Zone. -State.
But in line with current trends, AMERICAN HONDA MOTOR CO., INC. n Include information on the complete Honda " 5 0 " line.
4077 WEST PICO BLVD.. LOS ANGELES 19, CALIF. D Include information on Honda motorcycle line (9 mod-
more or less forced by population els, 125 to 305 cc) and new 125 cc Honda Scooter.
growth, river development will con- SPORTING GOODS DEALERS NOTE: If you are interested in • I am interested in dealer franchise information.
handling Honda " 5 0 " line, write on your letterhead, or wire.
tinue toward the comforts demanded

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 13

an emergency plan
for snakebite?
as 1 assume most readers of this will watch your step, to carry the snake-
be, chances are you have had ex- bite kit instead of leaving it in camp.
periences similar to the one I de- But soon the sense of alarm passed
scribed. I have had many. It is im- away, and with it the well-meant
possible to tramp the desert for very resolutions.
long without having some "near Can one afford this complacency?
misses" with the buzztails. If you are
like me, however, you probably react Let us examine the possibilities.
to the encounter much the way a Most First Aid advice on snakebite
motorist reacts to the sight of a bad is just that—"first aid." It assumes
auto accident. He is somewhat shaken that the victim can be rushed to a
by the grim reminder of what could physician or a hospital within an
happen to him. He resolves to slow hour or two. It implies a world of
down and keep his eyes on the road, rapid radio and telephone communi-
and indeed he does—for the next five cation, a race along paved highways
miles. By then he has pushed the with sirens wailing, or even a spectac-
experience to the back of his mind, ular rescue by helicopter.
PALMISANO HOLDS A VISITOR TO HIS CAMP where it will cause him no uneasiness, But suppose your rattlesnake is not
and he returns to his usual careless
so considerate as to bite you within
hilltop. We had chosen our campsite habits.
easy access of professional medical
for its cool breezes and fine view- Perhaps when you came within aid? The first 48 hours are critical.
but quite obviously it had its disad- inches of stepping on that sidewinder Suppose he bites you or a member
vantages, too. you, too, resolved to be more careful of your party while you are stranded
Now, if you are a desert devotee, hereafter — to buy better boots, to Text continues on next page

A SNAKE'S LIFE HISTORY: Snakes may either be temperatures reached freezing, it would have been
born alive (viviparously) or as eggs (oviparously). safely below ground, hibernating the winter away.
More North American snakes produce living young Like all other hibernating things, the snake would
than eggs. Among the egg-laying species are the need no sustenance until spring. Then the sun would
bull, gopher, whip, racers, king, milk, rat and coral warm the ground and lure the snake out to hunt
snakes. Live-bearing species include the rattle, cop- small rodents. All summer it would hunt and sun,
perhead, mocccsin, garter and water snakes. and change its skin every few months.
The probable life history of the 12-inch baby Green By the time the rattler was two years old, it would
Rock Rattler coiled so neatly in the photograph is have measured about 16 inches; by full maturity it
typical of the sequence of events in the existence of
viviparous species. I say "probable" because the
snake in the picture now resides in a bottle of alcohol
at the American Museum of Natural History.
The little rattler was born probably late in Septem-
ber along with three other eight-inch babies. It was
born alive, though encased in a thin transparent
membrane. It broke this envelope almost immediately
and wriggled away from its disinterested mother and
brothers. It was well equipped to do this since its
tiny fangs held more than enough poison to kill the
small mice it would hunt, and even enough to make
a man seriously ill.
When born it had no rattle on its little tail—merely
a delicate "pre-button." But within two weeks it would
have shed for the first time, and acquired the begin-
ning of a true rattle. This beginning—the button—is would have reached about two feet—average length
visible in the photograph. Hereafter each shedding for this species. After its third winter's sleep, it would
would produce a new rattle segment. But rattle or no, have sought a mate.
the baby snake would vibrate its tail when nervous or If the little rattler had been fortunate enough to
angry. evade man, it might have lived a dozen years. But,
The snakeling was found sunning itself on a warm even had I not found this little fellow, it is quite
rock late in the fall. Had it not been discovered it probable that before dying of old age, it would have
would have missed both immortalization in DESERT had occasion to rattle in man's presence — thereby
and preservation in a museum. It would have sunned saving the man's life and assuring the end of its own.
less and less as winter approached. Before night —GEORGE BRADT
serve the useful purpose of stimulat- are "not unusual." The discomfort
Snakebite Plan ing you to plan, in detail, what you
would do should one of those close
for the victim, not to mention the
chance for infection when this is done
in the field, seems quite obvious.
(continued) calls become an actual snakebite.
Once a rattlesnake has injected Despite these drawbacks, incision-
with car trouble in some isolated suction does have some advantages.
desert canyon? Or in Baja California venom into his victim's body tissues,
there are three ways of attempting to For one thing, it can be applied im-
or other remote parts of Mexico mediately, even if there is no emerg-
where, even with the best of luck, cope with it:
ency equipment except a knife. If it
you could not hope to reach a hos- 1. Remove it. is applied immediately, some of the
pital for several days, perhaps a week? 2. Slow down its action and venom can be removed while it is
Can you afford complacency then? spread. still concentrated in a small area; this
1 think not. The desert traveler 3. Neutralize it. may mean the difference between life
who goes into remote areas owes it Familiar to everyone—at least in and death for the victim.
to himself and his companions to principle — is the "cut - and - suck"
carefully think out exactly what Suction - type snakebite kits are
method of treatment. From time to small, inexpensive, and easy to carry.
course of action he will take should time we see the hero of some tele-
snakebite occur under the conditions The rockhound or desert hiker is
vision Western bitten by a rattlesnake. much more likely to have one of these
I have described. He should rehearse His trusty sidekick takes out his
in his mind every detail of how he in his pocket than the more elabor-
bowie knife (with which he has just ate types of equipment. My wife and
would cope with the emergency. finished skinning a buffalo), slashes I own two of the Cutter kits. These
One does not think clearly under the uncomplaining hero, and sucks are only three inches long and an
stress; only forethought and planning out the poison. In the next scene the inch in diameter; yet they each in-
will assure wise action. This fact is hero gets up, nods his thanks, dusts clude a small lance, antiseptic, a cord
the basis for centuries of military oft his buckskins, and goes about his for constriction, three suction cups,
drill, for school fire drills, for aban- business as if nothing had happened. and a set of instructions. On desert
don-ship drills at sea. Why not for Unfortunately it is not that simple. trips we carry these kits with us at
rattlesnake drills? The prevailing medical opinion seems all times.
Any realistic plan of action for such to be that suction, especially mouth During recent years, cryotherapy,
an emergency must assume only an suction, is not very effective treatment. or treatment by cold, has gained much
average layman's knowledge—that is, Suction cups or other devices which favor in cases of snakebite or scorpion
no special medical skill or training— can exert a strong steady pull are sting. Dr. Herbert L. Stahnke of
and equipment which the ordinary somewhat better. Suction should be Tempe, Arizona, has been a leading
desert camper might be expected to continued at the site of the fang figure in the development and pop-
take with him. Within these limits, marks for a half hour or more. And ularization of this method. Simply
what effective methods of snakebite if this is to be the only method of stated, cryotherapy is based upon the
treatment are available? treatment, further incisions and more principle that lowering the tempera-
suction must be applied as the venom ture of the bitten area will slow down
Here are the conclusions reached travels up through the bitten leg or
by one layman, myself, after question- the effects and spread of the venom
arm. and bacteria injected, so that the
ing physicians and pharmacists and
doing fairly extensive reading on the The instructions with one snake- body's natural defenses can deal with
subject. Perhaps my remarks will bite kit state that 50 to 120 incisions them. Writing in The American

given rise to so many false beliefs. Its possible use

to the snake has been the concern of herpetologists
for years. While it has been held that the rattle is
used as a conscious warning on the part of the snake
as to the danger of approaching its venom-laden fangs,
and even that it is used to attract a mate, it is now
believed that it is simply a warning to anything which
might unknowingly harm the snake by stepping on it.
When the rattlesnake rattles it is merely reacting to
fear or annoyance in the way many other snakes do
—by vibrating its tail. That it does not make its
buzzing sound—so unnerving to humans—to lure a
mate to its scaly side is obvious when we learn that
a rattlesnake is totally deaf!
The principal misconception about the rattle is the
claim that a rattlesnake's age can be determined by
counting the number of rattle segments. This is quite
untrue. A rattlesnake not only gets a new segment
BY ITS TAIL SHALL YOU KNOW IT: The rattler's each time it sheds its skin—which occurs three or four
rattle is its most distinctive feature. Other snakes have or more times a year—but in addition loses segments
poison fangs, but none a rattle. This remarkable ap- by wear and accidents.
pendage identifies the rattlesnake—whether it is a The snake depicted on this page, a 3V2-foot Mojave
seven-foot Diamondback or a 24-inch Willard's Rattler. Rattlesnake ("Crotalus scutulatus scutulatus"), actually
The uniqueness of the rattle makes it understand- has an exceptionally long rattle—14 segments.
able why it has attracted so much interest—and has —GEORGE BRADT

16 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

DON'T TREAD ON ME: The venom
of the Green Rock Rattlesnake ("Cro-
talus lepidus klauberi"), pictured
above, is one of the most potent of
all the dangerous rattlesnake poi-
sons. But because of this snake's
relative small size, and its prefer-
ence for rocky unfrequented situa-
tions in the arid mountains of south-
eastern Arizona, western New Mex-
ico, and the area around El Paso, it
has as far as I know no fatalities
to its credit—yet.
Although harmless if swallowed,
rattlesnake venom can cause speedy
CUTTER INCISION-SUCTION SNAKEBITE KIT death if injected into the flesh or
upon the size of the victim and the blood stream in lethal doses. It at-
rattlesnake, a bitten area would have tacks the nerve centers controlling
Journal of Tropical Medicine and to be kept at low temperature for
Hygiene, Dr. Stahnke explains: breathing and heart action, destroys
a period of from six to 20 hours. red blood cells, and causes alarm-
Venom action is chemical action. However, the problem is not an im- ing swelling and discoloration of
For every 10° C. rise in temperature, possible one. If you consider the the afflicted parts. To employ its
chemical activity is doubled; the equipment you do have—or can ac- venom effectively, the rattlesnake
converse is likewise true. A hand quire—for your trips, you may find is equipped with a highly efficient
kept in iced-water will have its that there is a surprising number of system of hypodermic needles and
temperature dropped from normal ways to produce cold. syringes. Two glands, located on
body temperature of 37° C. to either side of the head behind the
If you have been out only a short
about 4-7° C. Consequently, the eyes, manufacture and store the
time when the bite occurs, you may
chemical activity at the site of in- poison, two hollow needle - sharp
still have plenty of ice and cold water
jection is practically nil. fangs puncture the luckless victim's
in your camp icebox. There are a
Another advantage of the method is few desert areas, such as those below flesh, and special muscles force the
that cold will act as an anesthetic and the east slope of California's Sierra venom through the fangs and into
reduce the victim's pain. Nevada, where snow-fed streams flow the victim at the precise moment of
ice-cold even in summer. Ethyl chlo- the strike.
For the camper in an isolated des-
ert area, of course, the means of pro- ride can be purchased at your drug- In some of the largest specimens,
ducing cold is a problem. Depending Text continues on next page the fangs may be an inch long, the
amount of poison in the glands
enough to kill nine men, and the
strike itself too fast for the eye to
Primary use of snake venom is in
securing food, and only secondarily
as a defensive measure. The venom
assures the death of the victim be-
fore it gets too far away.
While a snake's potential danger
increases proportionally with its i ize
— because of increased striking
range, aggressiveness, and amount
of poison — the venom of smaller
species may be of higher toxicity.
The bite of a two-foot coral snake
may kill as quickly as that of a
rattlesnake three times its length
and 10 times its weight. So: know
your snakes, watch where you place
hands and feet, stay six feet from
the p o i s o n o u s ones (American
snakes do not chase people), and
there will be slight danger of ever
January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 17
gas. Some other compressed gases it represents at least five years of
Snakebite Plan might have an irritating or otherwise
undesirable effect if the skin is ex-
posed to them repeatedly over a long
rattlesnake insurance. The kit, de-
signed for emergency treatment, in-
cludes only 10 cc. of serum; in a
(continued) period of time. However, in such a hospital five times that amount, or
dire emergency that would be a more, might be administered. There-
store in compact 40-gram metal cylin- chance well worth taking. fore the back-country explorer may
ders which can be carried in the want to take along extra units of the
Any decrease in temperature will dried serum and distilled water. The
pocket. One of these cylinders, used help somewhat. For lack of anything pharmaceutical name of the serum
carefully as directed, will keep the better, you might use the refrigera- is Antivenin (Crotalidae) Polyvalent.
bitten area cold for about a half tion-type air conditioner in your car
hour. (Metal cylinders of ethyl chlo- to keep the bitten area cold. Expose If you have your pharmacist get
ride are also available in 100-gram the bite to the stream of cold air at one of these antivenom kits for you,
size.) close range. A thin cloth wrapped study the instructions carefully and
And remember that any other lightly over the affected area and kept make sure you understand them thor-
liquefied gas absorbs heat, and thus constantly damp would probably in- oughly. If you are in doubt about
produces cold, when it is allowed to crease the effectiveness of the cold any of the details—for example the
escape into a gaseous form again. air stream. matter of allergy to horse serums-
Thus a carbon dioxide fire extin- Whatever means of cryotherapy is consult your physician. He and your
guisher or the butane tank on your used, remember that the victim him- pharmacist can help you prepare
trailer or camper can be used. Dis- self must be kept warm. Only the yourself to use the kit in an emerg-
connecting the butane tank will take area around the bite must be kept as ency. Re-read the instructions peri-
some time, so it would be well to cold as possible, short of freezing. odically and drill yourself in carry-
have at least one of the ethyl chloride ing them out. Don't wait until the
cylinders in your First Aid kit to use Most campers assume that anti- advent of a snakebite, when time is
in the meantime. venom, or serum to neutralize the short and clear thinking is difficult.
effects of a snakebite, must be admin-
If you use a liquefied gas to spray istered in a hospital. However, this If you set about trying to learn
the area around a bite, certain pre- is no longer true. Antivenom is now what you can about snakebite treat-
cautions are necessary. Do not freeze available in a powdered form which ment, you will find, as I did, that
the area; this may do serious damage. is very stable under field conditions. the literature is frequently contra-
Spray the gas in short bursts, and stop Its effectiveness is assured for at least dictory. Some will say to apply a
as soon as frosting occurs on the five years; and in laboratory tests it ligature or tight tourniquet above
surface. During World War II many was found not to lose its potency the bite; others will say only light
sailors discovered—much to the con- even after storage for ten years at constriction should be applied. One
sternation of their officers — that a temperatures up to 104° F. The pow- source will imply that incision-suc-
carbon dioxide fire extinguisher dered serum is reconstituted, i.e., re- tion alone is adequate treatment; an-
would chill bottled or canned bever- mixed, with distilled water at the other will state that it is practically
ages almost instantly, and would time of treatment; it must be used worthless. Dr. Stahnke's cryotherapy
freeze them in a matter of seconds. within a short time after reconstitu- treatment is questioned by some med-
So be careful. tion, or it will deteriorate. ical men. And there are many other
disagreements in detail—all of which
Also, if you use butane, propane, A field kit is now available which tend to cause confusion and doubt in
or any other inflammable gas, it is includes the powdered serum, iodine, the layman's mind.
obvious that you must provide plenty a hypodermic syringe containing the
of ventilation and be extremely cau- necessary distilled water, and detailed However, some disagreement—even
tious about fire. An exploding bu- instructions for its use in both Eng- among authorities—is understandable.
tane tank would end your snakebite lish and Spanish. The kit I own As a physician pointed out to me,
worries forever. was manufactured by Wyeth Labo- no single researcher has the opportun-
Carbon dioxide has the advantage ratories, Inc., and costs about $12. ity to deal with enough actual cases
of being an inert non-inflammable That is very cheap considering that of snakebite to constitute what sci-


Coachwhip Snake pictured on this page, along with
their close relatives the Racers, are large, active,
courageous and quite harmless to man. Some grow
to be six or more feet long, and they can travel with
astonishing alacrity over sand, rocks and even bushes.
I tried to pick up a cornered one, and it lunged at
me with far more ferocity than displayed by even the
larger rattlers.
Man's hand has been raised against all snakes,
good and bad alike, since it was commanded of the
first one, "upon thy belly shalt thou go . . ." Few
animals have had so much hatred vent on them.
Remember: every time a harmless snake is killed
by man, a food competitor of a rattlesnake is removed.

18 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

entists call a "controlled experiment,"
and to arrive at statistical conclusions. * P O E M * O F * T H E * M O N T H *
No one is likely ever to assemble 10-
000 willing human subjects in a labo-
ratory to be bitten by rattlesnakes,
even for the sake of scientific advance-
Even so, I think the average desert
camper can come up with a practical,
effective plan for extended treatment
in the field.
Here is my plan. Yours may vary,
depending upon your equipment,
habits, and other details.
Assuming a member of my party
was bitten on the ankle, let us say,
a mile from camp, I would take the
following steps:
1. Apply constriction above the bite im-
mediately. Keep the victim quiet and
in the shade if possible.
2. Make small incisions through the fang
marks, being careful not to cut blood
vessels or tendons. Apply suction cups.
Loosen the constricting cord for one
minute out of every 10 or 15.
3. While the victim continues self-appli-
cation of the suction cups, make a
quick round trip to camp for ethyl
chloride cylinders and the help of any
other persons there.
4. Upon return to the victim, discontinue
suction and chill the area around the
bite. Remove the constrictor.
5. Continuing cryotherapy with the ethyl
chloride, return the victim to camp
with as little exertion on his part as
possible. (Exertion speeds the spread
of the venom and bacteria.)
6. Make the victim as comfortable as
possible. Give no alcoholic stimulants.
Remove the butane tank from camper
and continue cryotherapy with this
after the ethyl chloride is exhausted.
(Remember, iced-water is best if you
have ice available.)
7. Use the antivenom kit as directed. Give
additional injections at one-hour inter-
vals if more antivenom is available.
8. When civilization is reached, take the
victim to a hospital for further treat-
Recently I was discussing the prob- On the canyon's
lem of snakebite with Senora Anita Gangling, slim
Espinoza, a resident of El Rosario Ocotillo wands
who is well-known to American trav- Lift spidery fronds,
elers in Baja California. She told me Each scraggly bough
sadly of a small boy who, a short time Tipped somehow
before, had been bitten on the foot With one small absurd
while playing in the arroyo and had Vermilion bird.
died within a few hours. By ETHEL JACOBSOh
Fullertan, Calif
"But a man who was bitten recent-
ly was much luckier," she said. "He
was cutting firewood when a rattle-
snake bit him on the finger. Right
away he took his machete and cut
off the finger."
Effective treatment, but a bit dras-
tic. Let us hope that you and I,
with some planning and forethought, You are invited to submit your poetry to entries should be accompanied by a stamped,
can provide wilderness snakebite Desert's monthly contests. Only one theme addressed return envelope. Mail your poems
subject is considered: the desert; and all Poetry Contest, Desert Magazine, Palm
treatment which is somewhat less Desert, Calif.
primitive. ///

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 19





A homes in Arizona were made of adobe,

they weren't all made of mud! Pioneers
built with the materials close at hand,
and in the timbered northern part of the state
you can still see some bona fide log cabins.
Stone as a building material has been used in
all ages. The most common varieties that go into
man-made structures are granite, limestone,
sandstone, slate and flagstone. Arizona has con-
siderable amounts of these raw materials, and a
bit of scouting around the countryside will re-
veal quite a few stone houses. Yet, we rarely
think of stone houses as being typical of the
Sometimes these Arizona stone houses have
tarpaper roofs; even sod has been used. I've
seen stone houses with half a roof of paper, and
half of sod, as if the builder either ran out of
material or wanted to test which type of roof
would prove most practical in the unique condi-
tions imposed by the desert clime.
Frame houses were relatively rare in pioneer
Arizona. (The lumber supply was low, the fire
hazard high.) In some cases, these crude little
structures were given no foundation—in fact,
there are some still standing that were built with
air space between ground and floor.
Occasionally one finds a frame house with a
slate roof; quite a novelty in this country. Slate
is strong, tough and impervious to water—but
roofs that leak are not too much of a problem
20 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962
relative position of places and thus river history with long-time resident,
WOOLLEV influence the reconstruction of his
Jerry Johnson.
Jerry was one of the sons of War-
(continued) My next step was to contact Otis ren M. Johnson who took over
"Dock" Marston of Berkeley. For operation of the ferry for the Mor-
years Dock had been amassing records mon Church from the widow of John
even when he could not give com- of the Colorado River and of those D. Lee in 1877. Jerry had spent most
plete answers. Forty-eight years is a who had appeared in its environment. of his life at the mouth of the Paria
long time. If this trip had been a matter of and was eye-witness to the traffic on
Yes, he had kept a journal of the record, Dock would know about it. the river. Lee's Ferry was more than
voyage and thought he could find it. an historic river crossing; from the
I drew a blank. The personnel of time of Powell, it was starting or fin-
Pictures? Yes, he had taken some the trip was unknown to Marston, but ishing point, supply and lay - over
pictures on the trip, although most he expressed great interest and con- point for river parties.
of the glass plates had been ruined tributed important confirmation of
in the rapids. He thought he might be the traverse itself. In 1949 Dock was Marston related how Jerry John-
able to find prints from the surviving a member of the crew of the ESMER- son told him that sometime after
plates. ALDA II which was soon to write Stanton (1890), three miners came
river history by making the first to Lee's Ferry, built a boat and set
Place-names between Lee's Ferry power run of Marble and Grand off downstream. He didn't remember
and Needles meant nothing to him. canyons. Several days were spent at the exact year, the names of the men
Sanger said ruefully, "They didn't Lee's Ferry in June of that year and or whether they got through.
have names in those days." Obviously during this period, Dock discussed
he had read nothing on the subject The important point was that
and wasn't even sure of the geo- Johnson had volunteered this infor-
graphy. mation to Marston long before I had
While his story had some gaps, it stumbled across the 1903 traverse.
also made sense, and the sincerity of Sanger met with Marston and me
Arthur Sanger was very evident. He in January, 1952. Many years had
could be mistaken but was not con- passed and Sanger could provide only
cocting. The job at hand was to a general verbal fill-in to augment
ascertain if he had been where he his journal. He was, however, able to
thought he had been. relate incidents which made sense to
A few days later, Arthur Sanger experienced river men. T h e r e
found his diary and the only two pic- remained a couple of geographical
tures that remained from the trip. errors, and there were mysterious
We discussed the journey in detail ramifications concerning the trip it-
under conditions more favorable than self that Arthur had never solved.
at the bustling club. After having Sanger departed for home at a late
told people of his river experience hour, and Dock and I concurred that
for nearly 50 years, he was mildly a missing chapter of Colorado River
surprised to encounter someone who history had been uncovered.
expressed more than polite interest. I
took great care not to put words in Dock returned to Berkeley, and
his mouth or to inform him of the both he and I plunged into research-
J O H N K I N G I N 1895 ing the unknown phases of the story.
Repeated visits to Arthur's home
resulted in the gathering of detail
not considered important by the old
man, but very important to the story.

HEN THE 1903 trip was con-

W ceived, Arthur Sanger was a
young man of 23 years. He
lived with his family in a boarding
house located at 460 S. Grand Ave.
in Los Angeles. His father was retired
on a good income, and the family did
considerable traveling. The Sangers
occupied the entire main floor of the
large house which was owned by an
eccentric woman known to them as
Madam Shell. She was the owner of
the Maraquitta Lode, a gold mine a
short distance north of Quartzsite,
In the summer of 1903 an associate
of Madam Shell, Elias B. "Hum"
Woolley, began construction of an
ARTHUR SANGER . . . IN 1904 AND IN 1961 odd-looking rowboat in the backyard
24 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962
Arthur's memory is hazy on some of beside each other on another plank
WOOLLEY its detail, but he remembers that the
calking took a long time. This would
indicate many joints and the use of
abutting the forward bulkhead of the
stern compartment.
(continued) River mileage on the Colorado is
narrow planks. measured both upstream and down-
Departure from Lee's Ferry took stream from Lee's Ferry, which is
ness was waiting on the opposite place on September 1, 1903. Woolley Mile Zero. I will use this system of
shore. handled the boat from a semi-stand- designation by mile point to give the
The boat was re-assembled on the ing position in which he leaned reader a better understanding of the
right bank during the last days of against a plank that served as a seat. area covered, and the relation of one
August. Arthur remembers that they This plank abutted the bow compart- place to another. On the trip itself,
obtained fresh vegetables from the ment and was level with the gunnels. the men could only guess at the dis-
families who lived in the mouth of At first King and Arthur tried to tances they covered.
Paria Canyon. Occasionally, members row from a second pair of oarlocks
of these families wandered down to located aft of center, but neither The Sanger journal includes the
the river to observe the work on the was able to synchronize with Woolley events of the first two days under the
boat. When the planks were all so the effort to use two oarsmen was date of September 1. Arthur notes
screwed in place, the boat was calked abandoned. Thus, the normal posi- that the first day was wonderful and
by stuffing small cotton rope into the tion of the trio saw Woolley at the he was impressed with "the towering
cracks, and paint was applied. No oars near the forward end of the open cliffs and straters and colored rocks."
pictures of the boat are available and cockpit, while King and Arthur sat Woolley evidently navigated Paria


'"< «i

» X ..

26 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

Riffle and the minor rapid at 3 Mile to average three miles per hour. walls which he called "marble cliffs".
Wash with no difficulty. Examination of the discharge of the This is an excellent interpretation
Colorado as measured at Yuma in of the Redwall section of Marble
They possibly camped in the vici- Canyon.
nity of 6 Mile Wash as there are September, 1903, shows an easy fluc-
several, low water sandbars in this tuation between 5501 and 8331 cubic The Redwall limestone rises at
area. The short distance traveled on feet per second for that month. This about Mile 24.5 and forms the banks
the first day indicates a late start, as is low water and slow travel can be of the river until the Muav formation
modern canyoneers running in oar- expected. As a whole, 1903 was nearly rises at Mile 35. From this point to
powered craft generally reach Badger an average year for runoff. the Little Colorado, the Redwall
Rapid in about 45 minutes from Lee's Arthur's log relates that they "sud- forms a great sheer cliff and creates
Ferry when the river is flowing denly came to a number of terrible a spectacular red gorge that would
between 30,000 and 40,000 cubic feet rapids and falls." Woolley piled the be considered outstanding in any
per second. boat into the turbulent water and part of the world. There is small won-
while they came out right side up, der that river travelers are awed by
September river volumes are among they w e r e wet and considerably the sight.
the lowest of the year, and travel is shaken. Running what was probably
very slow on low water. I have aver- Badger Rapid, Mile 7.9, taught them Beneath the appreciation of the
aged eight miles per hour on volumes to respect the Colorado. This respect scenic grandeur runs Arthur's evalu-
exceeding 80,000 cubic feet per sec- was evident at Soap Creek, Mile 11.2, ation of the intensity of the rapids,
ond. However, in very low volumes as they landed and lined the boat and awareness of his dependence for
there is little current between rapids, down the right side. life upon the courage and skill of
and a boatman must read the water Woolley. He is attracted by the
to avoid the dead areas. He must row Woolley had supplied the party b e a u t y of the environment and
with three coils of three-quarter inch repelled by its primal fury. ". . . It
manila rope, each from 80 to 100 feet is lucky we have Woolley as a pilot.
long. On a lining operation, one of He is our only hope of getting out of
these ropes was attached to the bow this wonderful, terrifying place."
and one to the stern. The boat was
unloaded and lined empty. Woolley Arthur's total entry for September 4
and King each handled a line while reads: "Thank God we are still alive,
Arthur waded among the rocks to it is impossible to describe what we
clear the boat from the sharp edges went through today. Only the wonder-
as best he could. This system, while ful river knowledge and oarsmanship
not the best technique, proved ade- of Hum Woolley saved us from the
quate for the small crew. Vortex we went through, but we
camped on a sandy bar with the river
as meek as a lamb murmuring beside
T IS NOT IN Arthur's journal, us. We are all wet and cold. It is
I but he volunteered the informa-
tion to me that on the second or
third day they passed a great rock in
impossible to describe the terrifying
grandness of this canyon. Only God
could do this. Will pray for tomor-
the middle of the River. They ran on row."
the right side and had no trouble. On September 5 the journal states
This would be Boulder Narrows at that in the late afternoon they came
Mile .18.5. He also said that they to a large river coming in from the
lined only one rapid (Soap) above left. This could only be the Little
this large rock, so we can assume that Colorado. They camped in a "nice
Woolley ran Sheerwall and Houserock spot" a few miles below. This camp
rapids. At low water the latter is could easily have been one of the
the more formidable of the two, but sandy beaches in the vicinity of Mile
neither approaches Soap Creek Rapid 65.4.
for intensity.
Arthur told how they could smell
It is not definite whether they ran the disagreeable odor of the water
or lined North Canyon Rapid at Mile from the upstream tributary all that
20.6, but this is a mean one in low evening in their camp. In the morn-
water. Perhaps the confidence gener- ing the odor was gone. This incident
ated from running Sheerwall and tells us that a rain in the basin of
Houserock sustained them for many the Little Colorado had sent a flood
miles, and they ran the rapids as they down this tributary. Sulphurlike
came to them. odors accompanying sporadic dis-
Arthur related that some distance charges down the Little Colorado
below the large midstream rock they have been recorded on other occa-
saw some clear springs gushing from sions. Dock Marston furnished the
holes high on the right wall — the information that in 1897 when Gallo-
spring outlets at Vasey's Paradise, way and Richmond reached the Little
Mile 31.9. Downriver from these Colorado, they found a stinking flood
springs, he recalled a large cave on disgorging. This so depressed Gallo-
the left-Redwall Cavern, Mile 33. way that he pulled his boat upstream
to escape the smell.
Arthur's journal for this section
records that he was impressed with The combination of low water in
the height, sheerness and color of the the Colorado and a flood coming
January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 27
The upper Granite Gorge rises at the they roped and fought rapids and
WOOLLEV foot of Hance and in places the inner
gorge is quite narrow. Hance Rapid
is a rather violent stretch of water at
rocks all day on September 8. How-
ever, he still has time to ". . . admire
the marvelous stratters of colored
(continued) rocks piled a mile high in all direc-
any volume. The 1923 Geological Sur-
vey party measured this rapid as tions." Formidable rapids such as
down the Little Colorado accounts falling 27.5 feet in its length of Sockdologer, Grapevine, 83 Mile and
for the "whirlpool" Arthur noted at approximately 1000 feet. Arthur's de- Clear Creek were passed without com-
the confluence. The Little Colorado scription follows: ment as their names and locations
moves detritus to its mouth faster were not known to Arthur.
than the larger river can disperse the "This morning we came to a place
load downstream. This results in a in the river where the great granite Likewise, the events of September
large spit that remains above water walls came almost together. We could 9, 10, 11 and 12 are compressed into
in all but the highest stages. At 30,000 look down and see the most fearful one brief paragraph that includes the
second feet, this island occupies an and terrifying falls with no way to following: "Have been fighting many
area three-fourths the width of the stop. Woolley was standing and back- rapids and rocks but—beside sprained
river. At lower volumes, it is even ing the boat into this. John and my- anchols, hands, backs and cuts are all
wider. At volumes under 8000 second self were laying in the bottom of the O.K."
feet, the spit is connected to the left boat. 1 thought this was the end as It is difficult to ascertain how far
shore, and a normal tributary volume we were rushed up a great wave, then they traveled during these five days.
flows around the upstream edge and another until I was almost sick and They passed Bright Angel Creek
down the west side. When the main dizzy with fear. Woolley would yank without noticing the clear stream.
stream is very low and a flood is dis- the boat this way and that until one There were no tourist installations
gorging from the Little Colorado, the of the great waves or whirlpools sud- and the Mormon-owned Grand Can-
channel east of the spit has a lively denly swung us broadside to a great yon Transportation Company was
flow and creates an eddy as part of wave coming up the river and tower- just getting the trail below the rim.
the flood attempts to escape by pass- ing at least 20 feet high, the top curl- The cable car that was the forerunner
ing to the right. This sets up a cur- ing right over us. It came down and of the suspension bridge accross the
rent conflict, and results in an eddy. almost filled the boat again. The next Colorado, was not built for several
one did fill it. Woolley . . . paddled years.
Arthur says he made every effort to the boat over to the shore—he lost
make a daily entry in his journal, but one oar." The violent low water rapids at
that on some days he was too wet Horn, Monument and Hermit creeks
and tired and could barely crawl into Arthur gave verbal augmentation were surmounted. Boucher, Crystal
his bed. Such a day must have come to his journal by saying that this was and Serpentine went down in turn.
along on September 6 because the the scene of the first of two capsizes on W.W. Bass did not install the Bass
entry for that day is combined with the trip. The entry infers that the Cable until 1908. Neither had the
that for September 7. cork life jackets nearly floated them Hakatai Cable been installed, so the
out of the boat. He completed this hard working trio saw the Canyon
The experienced canyoneer recog- entry in the journal by describing
nizes the distance between the camp the bedding, clothes and camera nearly as unmarked by man as had
on the evening of September 5 and spread out to dry, as John King made Major Powell in 1869. Arthur made
the setting described at the start of hot coffee in the dutch oven. no record of having seen Crystal or
the entry for September 6 and 7. The Shinumo creeks. He mentions camp-
omitted description must represent ing near a side-stream that came in
the mileage between Lava Canyon, on the left. This would almost have
ING DID the cooking, and
Mile 65.5, and Seventy Five Mile
Rapid. These miles are much more
formidable at high water than they
K meals were prepared in the all-
purpose dutch oven. At one
to be Hermit Creek.
The entry for September 14 reads:
"We went through another terrible,
are at low water, and I see nothing time or another this utensil was used
that should have given them undue for coffee, soup, stew, fried chops, rocky rapid this morning. We are all
trouble. Unkar Rapid is toughest in fish and flapjacks. It is interesting to wet, as usual. Hit a bad rock and
the 30,000 to 40,000 second feet range note that they carried no canteens. sprung a seam in the boat but we
but falls off considerably in the They did have cups, plates and a stuffed some corking into it. Am
lower volumes. At low water there bucket. They drank from cups dip- O.K." This rapid could be Duben-
are many rocks showing and the same ped in the river, and used silt to scour dorff, Mile 131.6, as the description
is true of other rapids in the vicinity, their plates. fits at low water.
notably Tanner Rapid. It is possible The difficulty at Hance renewed No mention is made of clear, cold
that the rock barriers resulted in a their caution, as Arthur's log reports Tapeats Creek, at mile 133.7, so it
number of linings. The journal
doesn't say and Arthur can't remem-
ber. The fact remains that the scribe
was tired. ABOUT THE AUTHOR:
Near the end of the war, P. T. Reilly's mother gave him a subscription to
If Arthur Sanger knows granite Desert for his birthday. In the first magazine delivered was an advertisement by
when he see it, we are forced to apply Norm Nevills, the famed riverrunner. Reilly wrote to Nevills and arranged for a
his description in the entry for Sep- trip down the San Juan, which took place in May, 1947. That was the start of an
tember 6 and 7 to Hance Rapid, Mile avocation that has seen Reilly rise from river passenger to a leader in that exclusive
circle of Western adventurers who qualify as expert Whitewater boatmen.
76.7. He pinpointed this location ver-
bally by saying that the place was Reilly, who makes his living supervising the making of tools used to fabricate
airplanes, missiles, satellites and aerospace ground equipment for Lockheed, is not
about 20 miles below the river that engaged in the commercial aspects of riverrunning. Thus, he shuns publicity—"the
discharged the ill-srnelling flood. The river people know me by my actions," he writes, "and the others don't care about
exact distance from the Little Color- authors."
ado to Hance Rapid is 15.3 miles.

28 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

must be assumed that their attention Mile 179.4, one of the world's great length. They could have been catfish
was directed to the medium sized rapids. or split-tail that had entered the
rapid at that point. creek from the river.
The few lines in his entry for the
Arthur did not notice Deer Creek three days must pertain to September In any event, we have a minor mys-
Falls at Mile 136.3. There is no way 17. He writes: "We are in a different tery that is not likely to be solved. It
of knowing if Woolley and King saw formation and the river is much easier is not probable that Diamond Creek
this spectacular sight. King inadvert- to travel. We saw some Indians on was ever a trout stream, so we must
ently might have obstructed the boy's the left bank. When they saw us, assume that Arthur was mistaken as
view, or they might have been pre- they ran and hid. We came to a to the identity of the fish.
occupied with the river. creek at noon and John took the 45- In the entry for September 19,
Somewhere in the middle of the 70 and shot a young doe deer. Boy it Arthur gives such good description
Canyon they lost Woolley's gold pan certainly tastes good. Fried chops in that it is possible to pinpoint his loca-
to the river. Since the start of the
trip, Woolley had worked the beaches
in the evenings, but had found no
colors. At first Arthur had watched
the light placering, but his interest
waned as gold failed to appear. John
King displayed energy and agility by
climbing among the rocks and cliffs
at each camp. While Woolley panned
for gold, King searched for veins of
Although it was not mentioned in
the log, Arthur states that some-
where near the midde of the Canyon
they experienced a sudden rise in
the river. They were forced to move
their beds to higher ground and to re-
tie the boat. Next morning the river
had dropped. Brief rises of this nat-
ure are common in Grand Canyon
and are due to spot storms which con-
centrate rain in comparatively small
areas. With little undergrowth to
impede its descent, the rain pours
down the bare rock and forms multi-
tudinous channels into the larger tri-
butaries. These floods are violent but
than an hour or so. The discharge is
enough to raise the level of the river
the dutch oven fried in bacon. We tion with a high degree of certainty.
several feet. Such floods tend to also saw some beavers." The entry follows.
abrade the bed of the river at the
mouths of the side canyons, and the Possibly the deer was shot at Spring "September 19. We entered the
suddenly increased pitch creates a Canyon, Mile 204.4. There is peren- terrible rapids and granite moun-
nial water in this tributary, and tains. Later we came to a place where
r a p i d . The attendant boulders burros have found means of reach-
washed into the river give character two streams came in. There was a
ing the river in this area. Probably steep cliff on the right and a higher
to the rapid. deer made the first trails. Beaver are one on the left. As we came to this,
The entries for September 15, 16 found throughout the Canyon, but the awful current swept us to the one
and 17 are lumped together, and it they are especially numerous in the on the left then we just missed this.
can be assumed that the first two of ver on several miles.
last hundred I have seen bea-
occasions in the imme-
We were swept in a mass of spray into
these days were rough ones. The men diate area of Spring Canyon. another falls directly into the cliff at
should have passed 138 Mile and Up- the right. Again we rowed and
set rapids—both of which are mean On September 18 the journal car- pushed and were hurled into another
at low water. ried a short entry, but a real puzzler. rapid and fall around a point, just
"We camped near a small brook and missing a rock at the edge. We were
Arthur did not see the mouth of John and myself caught seven trout. in great waves and tossed about like
Havasu Creek. This is not surprising We also saw some mountain sheep on a cork. We slid over a rock at the bot-
as modern river parties have been a steep cliff." tom and came out right side up but
known to miss this feature. The half full of water. Am drying the
mouth is very narrow and there is a This stream should be Diamond 45. rifle."
minor rapid below. Creek, at Mile 225.6, but I have
never heard of trout being found These few words tell the experi-
Arthur augmented his journal here. Arthur is positive the fish were enced riverman that Woolley had
with the verbal statement that they trout as he had caught many of them piled the boat into the fast water
"lined a bad rapid at the volcanic in Colorado before he moved to Cali- below Diamond Creek and had suc-
rocks." This is certainly an under- fornia. He remembers these seven cessfully taken on 231 Mile, 232 Mile,
stated description of Lava Falls at fish as being eight to 12 inches in —Text continued page 31
January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 29
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30 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

of the compartments. Besides drying Dam was built it was probably the
WOOLLEY the rifle, as noted in the log, Arthur
says they found their bedrolls were
wet. Thus they probably camped
most violent stretch of bad water on
the river. It was located at the mouth
of Spencer Canyon, Mile 246. Julius
(continued from page 29) Stone quotes Galloway as saying that
where they bailed the boat and dried
their belongings. this was the worst rapid in all the
234 Mile, Bridge Canyon at Mile canyons, and later states that Gallo-
235.0, and Separation Rapids. The Arthur told me that they experi- way shaved and carefully washed him-
last named is at Mile 239.5 and was enced the second of their two cap- self before having anything to do
the most violent of this group. It has sizes in the last 50 miles of the Can- with it. Most of the earlier parties
since been silted-in by the backed-up yon. Woolley had allowed the boat lined Lava Cliff on the right, and Ar-
waters of Lake Mead, and no longer to get crosswise in a minor rapid, thur says that Woolley followed this
exists in its former character. and over they went. No mention of procedure. The journal disposes of
Woolley probably landed on the this incident appears in the journal, September 20 by stating. "We passed
first low water beach that he was able so we can assume the men took the another bad rapid today and several
to reach with a boat half full of misfortune in stride. not so bad."
water. After the craft was bailed dry, Lava Cliff Rapid has been silted in The next entry of the journal pre-
they discovered water in at least one for many years, but before Hoover sents another mystery. It reads as
"Sept. 21. We came out of the can-
yons later this afternoon. What a
feeling of releaf to look around and
see the Horizon and the sun. We are
camped with some prospectors on the
river bank. They think Charlie Bol-
ster is working about ten miles north
of here at edge of mountains."

HE TRAVELERS e m e r g e d
T from the west end of Grand Can-
yon. They had traversed 280
miles of the Colorado River and the
boat had been full of water on about
a dozen occasions. John King
departed on foot from this camp to
find Charlie Bolster. It is not known
that he had ever been in this locality
previously, but the interval must
have amounted to several weeks. King
did not have a canteen in an area
when the temperatures are usually
over 100 degrees. Anyway, he set off
and traveled northerly along the foot
of the Grand Wash Cliffs.
While King was gone, Woolley
and Arthur unloaded the boat and
dried the wet contents. The hatch
covers had been designed to seal the
openings by mating on four beveled
edges. When the covers had been wet
repeatedly, the wood had swelled.
The last capsize had not helped this
condition, and one compartment had
considerable water. The other com-
partment was in better shape. Unfor-
tunately, the 4x5 camera and the 10
glass plates, which had been exposed
at various points on the voyage, were
in the wet compartment. The emul-
sion on the plates had caused them to
stick together and they were ruined.
Arthur threw them away. The two
remaining unexposed plates were in
the dry compartment and still in good
The camera was dried and cleaned
and appeared to be in working order.
They made minor repairs to the boat,
BOULDER NARROWS and noted that the supply of food

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 31

day's travel below the mouth of the the Mohave mentioned in the conver-
WOOLLEV Virgin River. He exposed one of his
two remaining plates for a photo of
the boats. The quartet went aboard
sation and concluded she was one of
the boats at the river bank.
(continued) The entry for September 28 con-
the steamers and talked with about tains only the following eight words:
15 men, mostly prospectors. They "Went past deep canyon but water
was low. Some of the food had been were given something to eat and was calm." The "deep canyon" could
in the wet compartment and was Arthur remembers that the steamers mean the passage through either
spoiled beyond use. were having interference from the Boulder or Black Canyon.
On September 26, John King trees and brush which had repeatedly
knocked down the stacks. The notations for September 29
returned wih Charlie Bolster and the and 30 only record that they are
four resumed the boat trip. Arthur Dock Marston has pointed out that floating along on a smooth river,
noted that they were "crowded but the Mohave could not have been one inferring that it is refreshingly differ-
expect no more bad rapids." of the boats in the photo since both ent from the rapids.
The following day, September 27, ships shown are basic single stackers. They began to see ducks and geese,
the journal records that they landed The Mohave was much larger and and tried to augment their supplies
upstream when they saw the steamers was the only two stacker on the river. by shooting at the fowl with the 45-
Mohave and Searchlight tied up at One boat might have been the St. 70. Arthur related that on one occa-
the left bank. This was about a half- Valier. Young Sanger probably heard sion they had remained motionless

— magazine of the Outdoor Southwest

g e m - m i n e r a l collecting areas . . . . g h o s t t o w n s . . . . lost m i n e locales . . . .
S o u t h w e s t travel-exploration . . . . n a t u r e lore . . . . (and just plain g o o d reading!)
ISSUE Mapped Gem-Mineral Mapped Mapped Mapped Desert Southwest
DATE Field Trip Ghost Town Lost Mine Treasure Travel Exploration Nature
Mar WEIGHT: "Gems of the MURBARGER: "Campers' JAEGER: "Four Days in
55 Monte Cristo Mts." (Nev.) Tour of Mexico" Darwin" (Cal.)
May WEIGHT: "Bell Rocks of JAEGER: "Desert-
Big Sandy Valley" (Ariz.) Tortoise" (Southwest)
Jun WEIGHT: "Hidden Gold of JAEGER: "Strange Plants
55 Mission Bicuner" (Cal.) of Desert Lands"
Jul WEIGHT: "Dark Gold on MURBARGER: "Pioneer JAEGER:
55 the Tabaseca T r a i l " (Cal.) Trails in the Trinities" "Pack Rats"
Aua MURBARGER: "Opal Miner HENDERSON: "Three Days JAEGER: "Strange Hatch-
of Rainbow Ridge" (Nev.) in Devil's Canyon" eries for Desert Insects"
(Baja Calif.)
WEIGHT: "Trilobires in RUSSELL: "We Lost a Ledge JAEGER:
Marble Mts." (Calif.) of Gold" (Death Valley) "Land Snails"

Feb WEIGHT: "Red Rock LEADABRAND: "Treasure MURBARGER: "Living Silver JAEGER: "Desert
56 Canyon Gem Trails" (Cal.) Canyon in the Argus Mts." in the White Mts." (Nev.) Termites"
BRINKMAN: Jerome, ASHLEY: "The Gold I Lost MURBARGER: " I n the Land JAEGER: "The Rarest
1.' Ariz, (no map) in Morgan City Wash."
(no map)
of the Pronghorn" (Nev.) Pinyon"
May WEIGHT: "Agate in the MURBARGER: JAEGER: "Palm
56 Chuckawalla Mts." (Cal.) Lida, Nev. Beetle"
Jun MURBARGER: "Charcoal HENDERSON: "Petrified JAEGER: "Poisonous
56 —the West's Forgotten Forests in the Circle Desert Plants"
Industry" (Frisco, Utah; Cliffs" (Utah)
Ward, Nev.—no map)
Jul WEIGHT: "Petrified Palm HENDERSON: "Boat Trip in JAEGER: "Last Stand
56 in Chocolate Mts." (Cal.) Lodore Canyon" (Utah) of the Pronghorn"
WEIGHT: "Opalite in the WING: "Exploring the JAEGER: "Desert
Ship Mts." (Cal.) Little Colorado" (Ariz.) Owls"
WEIGHT: "Agate in Silver KENYON: Sandstone Can- JAEGER: "Agave
Peak Mts." (Nev.) yon in Anza Desert State and Ocotillo"
Park" (Cal.)
Oct WEIGHT: "Treasure Trails PAGE: "Mine With the JAEGER: "Canyon Bat,
56 in Superstition M t . " (Cal.) Iron Door" (Ariz, no map) Mice and Shrew"
Nov WEIGHT: "Gemstones of CARROLL: "Jeep Trails in JAEGER: "Elephant Trees
56 Palo Verde Pass" (Cal.) the Needles" (Utah) in Baja Calif."
Dec TAYLOR: "Chalcedony in TINKER: "Stone Walls in JAEGER: "Cordon Cacti"
56 the Gila Mts." (Ariz.) Baboquivari Volley" (Ariz.) (Baja Calif.)
Jan LEADABRAND: WEIGHT: "Lost Apache HENDERSON: "Old Trail to JAEGER: "Where Birds
57 Leadfield, Nev. Gold" (Ariz.) Chuckawalla Spring" (Cal.) Come for Water"
May WEIGHT: "Lost Silver JAEGER: Plants that
the Trigos" (Ariz.) Thrive in Saline Soil"

32 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

while the current guided the boat little town of Needles. Went ashore.
silently toward a number of geese Obtained eggs, meat, spuds." They
resting on a low mid-river bar. The had now traveled 456 miles from Lee's
ensuing shot missed the birds but Ferry.
had a profound effect on an Indian
who was working on the roof of his On October 5 the men worked on
small dwelling. The Indian rolled to the boat, installing a new bottom,
the ground and scampered into the and Arthur gave the Indians some
brush, probably cursing whitemen merriment when he put Indian clay
who thought redmen made good tar- on his hair. His laconic comment at
gets. the venture took only three words:
"Was fooled. Lice."
The men cut brush and camou-
flaged the boat in an effort to get The Indians of the region had
closer shots at the geese, but their practiced the custom of immobilizing
targets proved too elusive. their infectious pests by saturating
The journal has no entry for the the hair in a mud pack. This was
first three days of October, but on the allowed to harden and later the dead
fourth, Arthur records that they ". . . lice were washed away with the mud.
passed Fort Mohave and came to the The Indians were amused by the CHARLIE BOLSTER I N 1895

ISSUE Mapped Gem-Mineral Mapped Mapped Mapped Desert Southwest
DATE Field Trip Ghost Town Lost Mine Treasure Travel Exploration Nature
Jun TILSHER: "Garnets in the APPLEBY: "Baja JAEGER: "The Upside
57 Inkopah Gorge" (Calif.) California Vacation" Down Mojave River" (Cal.)
Jul SPERRY: "Gizzard Stones MURBARGER: "Camper's JAEGER:
57 in Yellow Cat Area" (Utah) Tour of New Mex." "Skunks"
Aug MUENCH: "Cliff Dwellings JAEGER: "Parasites of
57 on Black Mesa" (Ariz.) the Desert"
Sep CONROTTO: "Banded Rhy- MURBARGER: "Dripping JAEGER:
olite and Petrified Wood" Springs in Organ Pipe "Shrike"
(Baja Calif.) Nat. Mon." (Ariz.)
58 Tears in the Chuckawalla Taylor, Nev. and Moths"
Mts." (Cal.)
Jun CONROTTO: "Chalcedony MURBARGER: "The Seven JAEGER: "Dry Lake Filled
58 in Whipple Mts." (Cal.) Troughs Bonanza" (Nev.) with Water" (Baja Calif.)
Jul WARD: "Back Road on JAEGER: "River of Bitter
58 the Mojave" (Col.) Water" (Amargosa—•
CONROTTO: "Marble from HEALD: "Lost Bells of JAEGER: "Edible Plants
A U 9
5 8 Verde Antique Quarry" Tumacacori" (Ariz, no map) of the Desert"
Dec MURBARGER: WEIGHT: "Old Dutchman's HENDERSON: "Canyon JAEGER: "Birds Lost in
58 Jarbidge, Nev. Lost Mine" (Cal.) Boat Ride" (Utah) the Desert"
Jan WERNER: "Salt Spring" BECKWITH: "Use of
59 (Baja Calif.) Native Desert Plants"
59 Rhyolite, Nev. Salton" (Cal.) "Burro"
Mar CONROTTO: "Gem Banks MURBARGER: "Exploring JAEGER: "Names of Desert
59 at Lake Mead" (Nev.) Fable Valley" (Utah) Places and Things"
Apr SHAUB: "Touring Mexico ABARR: "Fort Ojo WEIGHT: "Lost Silver in JAEGER:
59 for Minerals" Caliente" (New Mex.) the Trigos" (Ariz.) "Palm Trees"
May WEIGHT: "Cornelian and MURBARGER: WORTLEY: "Alec Ramy's JAEGER:
59 Roses at Ash Hill" (Cal.) Cortez, Nev. Lost Bonanza (Death Val.) "Mesquite"
Jun STOVALL: Randsburg-Jo- ABARR: "Seven Cities that JAEGER:
59 hannesburg, Cal. (no map) Died of Fear" (New Mex.) "Sage Grouse"
Jul RANSOM: "Red Jasper on WERNER: "Wheeler Peak" JAEGER:
59 the Mogollon Rim" (Ariz.) (Nev.) "Desert Vines"
Aug NAPIER: "Five Trips in DOYLE: Randsburg, MURBARGER: "Recreation JAEGER: "To Baja Cali-
59 Hoover Dam Area" (Nev.) Cal. (no map) on the Lower Colorado fornia with a Naturalist"
River" (Ariz.)
Sep JAEGER: "Desert Ground
59 Squirrel"
Oct HEALD: "Winter at Grand JAEGER:
59 Canyon" (no map) "Sand"
Nov RANSOM: "Tourmaline, DOYLE: Needles, Cal. HILTON: "Bahia de los JAEGER:
59 Crystals, Quartz in (no map) Angeles" (Baja Calif.) "Creosote Bush"
Bradshaw Mts." (Ariz.)
Dec HILTON: "Whispering JAEGER: "Kangaroo
59 Canyon" (Baja Calif, Rat, Small Birds"
no map)
May WEIGHT: "The Lost OERTLE: "Boating on the PETERSON:
60 Wilson Bonanza" (Cal.) Desert" (no map) "Desert Quail"
Jun JENSEN: " A Visit to Lee's JAEGER:
60 Ferry" (Ariz.) "Agave"


Single Issue: 25c Any Six Issues: $1
This offer expires March 15, 1962


January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 33

camp and a bad whirlpool. He prob- forced to recalk the boat, and this
WOOLLEY (continued)
ably applied the name whirlpool to
what would commonly be called an
eddy. This could have placed the
evidently took several days. During
this time Arthur bought an old single-
barrel shotgun and two boxes of
party near the mouth of the Bill Wil- shells at the store.
liams River.
knowledge that lice did not differen- The journal states that Arthur got
tiate between white and red scalps. Arthur relates that the following ten quail in two shots, and the crew
October 6 saw the boat headed incident occurred at one of their dined on the fried birds. He also
downstream once again. A r t h u r camps below Needles. The boat had records seeing thousands of geese.
records that they had a bad time been tied below a sharp silt bank. Sometimes the points and islands
below the railroad bridge, but does Woolley approached to wash the were black with the waterfowl. Once
not elaborate. This could be the place plates in the river. The bank col- the gun was fired into a heavy mass
now known as the Devil's Elbow. lapsed and he fell into the water. The of geese without loosening a feather.
Curiously, he does not wonder why utensils were lost, and it was some
they did not float down to Ehren- The journal is not definite on the
seconds before the boatman emerged. date the men left Ehrenberg, but it
berg from Needles in the first place, He had come up under the boat and
and still accepted the statement that does record floating on a smooth
had to work his way to the far side. river on October 29 and 30. On the
the only way to reach Ehrenberg was These collapsing silt banks are com-
to enter the river at Lee's Ferry! 31st they passed Yuma and went some
mon during a rising river, however miles beyond. They began to doubt
The following day, October 7, slight, and the only sound is a light the wisdom of this action when the
Arthur records passing an Indian swish. low river began to peter out in multi-
HE ENTRY under October 8, 9 tudinous small channels.

EVERY MONDAY T and 10 heads the statement that

they landed at Ehrenberg and
are making arrangements to go inland
They finally decided to row back
upstream, and had made about two
DURING THE 1962 SEASON to the Maraquitta Mine. We can miles when they came to an Indian
assume that they covered 106 miles hut on the bank. Here they landed
A four day Jetboat Tour of slow river between Needles and and traded the boat to the Indian for
a pack job into Yuma. Arthur says
of Glen Canyon to Ehrenberg in something under five
the going was slow and rough. It was
days, which is good time under the
Rainbow Natural Bridge conditions. Arthur thought that Ehr- almost as easy to walk at it was to
(Start at and Return to Hite, Utah) enberg was a nice little town and was ride the Indian burros. The journey
BROCHURE AND SCHEDULE ON REQUEST impressed by the big store. They took two days so it is probable that
finally hired a Mohave Indian to Arthur's estimate of having drifted
GLEN CANYON BOATING 10 miles past Yuma was a little short.
WHITE CANYON, UTAH drive them to the Maraquitta in a
wagon. They got to the mine October The log does not state (and Arthur
11, and started on the assessment cannot remember) how long they
work. remained in Yuma, but all four men
UNDISCOVERED WEALTH! returned to Los Angeles on the train.
Arthur thinks they worked three
Buried loot, coins, silver, gold,
claims and records the job being Arthur concludes his journal with
jewelry, battle relics! Transistor
M-SCOPE detects them all. Used accomplished between October 12 these words: "John, Hum and Charley
world-wide by experienced explor-
and 21, saying it was very hard work. are going to Nevada."
ers since 1932. Exciting! Reward-
ing! Lightweight and supersensi-
tive.the powerful M-SCOPE offers The men returned to Ehrenberg on Many days of research h a v e
greater depth penetration, over
October 22, and while the journal r e v e a l e d additional information
200 treasure-hunting days of
battery life. From $59.50. Easy records that the "boat is OK", Arthur regarding this trip, but a published
terms. Guaranteed. Write for the states that the river had fallen in account has yet to be found.
FREE illustrated booklet of fas-
cinating customer experiences. their absence and the boat was found Otis Marston ascertained that the
high and dry on a mud flat, with the
Maraquitta Lode was patented on
FISHER RESEARCH LAB., INC. planks badly warped. They were
August 9, 1883, by Jacques Traves.
Dept. 2C, Palo Alto, Calif.
Traves had died, leaving the mine to
his widow. Since the mine was pat-
ented, it would not require assess-
ment work.
Dock also unearthed a proof of
labor recorded at Yuma that quali-
fied the claims adjoining the Mara-
quitta for 1903. These were known
as the Buck and San Bernardino. The
The Alaskan Camper is quickly transformed from its compact low silhouette on the road to
roomy walk-in Hying quarters. Drive safely at any speed with minimum drag and sway. work was subscribed to by A. R.
Moments later, enjoy the comfort and convenience of a weather tight, high ceiling home away Sanger and E. B. Woolley on Decem-
from home complete with three burner stove, sink, cabinets, ice box, beds, and manv other
luxury features. ber 19, 1903. J. W. Brown and W. G.
The unique hydraulic mechanism which raises the tWrite lon today for more informa-
camper top can be safely operated even by a small °" t l l e most advanced Keiser (the latter still lives at Quartz-
child. Locks prevent accidental lowering. The top camper on the road.
is lowered quickly by the simple turn of a valve. Patent No. 2879103 site) were the witnesses. It is on
"IN NORTHWEST" "IN CANADA" record that Mrs. Jacques Traves was
R. D. Hall Mfg. Inc. the owner of the mine and the claims
9847 Gienoaks Blvd. Campers Inc. Canadian Campers
Sun Valley, Calif.
8819 Renton Ave. 77. Pelham at that time. Thus the woman known
Seattle, Wash. Toronto, Ontario
to Arthur Sanger as Madam Shell was

34 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962


in reality the widow, Mrs. Jacques but I found him listed in the Los
Traves. Angeles City Directory in 1913. Com- Wooley, and one deed had the name
paratively little is known about Elias spelled both ways. So far, no surviv-
When asked about the discrepancy B. Woolley. My wife found his name ing members of his family have been
between the time the men were in spelled Woolley more often than found, although it is known that he
Yuma and the date the assessment
work was recorded, Arthur stated
that Madam Shell was very upset
about the negligence and had them The New
return to Yuma and attend to the
legal end of the matter.
Bill Keiser remembered Woolley,
Reese Hybrid Mesqtiite
and in succeeding years he performed
the assessment work for Mrs. Traves The greatest tree of all time for early, effective,
on the two claims adjoining the mine. economical shade and windbreak. Most beautiful,
symmetrical, artistic, evergreen leaves—common to
Arthur Sanger thought that Wool- no other. Loves hot sun and drouth; controls the
ley had died in Tonopah about 1908, wind; stops blowing sand.
Deepest tap-root system ever known. Flowers and
lawns love it! No insects nor diseases; no droppage
From the Hi Country of leaves or sap. Ideal for yard and patio, shading
to the Desert J<g»*Sf**" of pool; never molests fence, sidewalk, septic tank,
Floor— Jj SAVAGE cess-pool, water or sewage lines. Clean, majestic,
SAVAGE 7 1 1 MINI-BIKE attractive. Effective shade in one year; windbreak
has IT! in two!
Write for W S K Every tree fully guaranteed. We ship anywhere in the
catalog. iJP58 world, safe delivery assured.
Prices B \ For detailed information, prices, write—
from $179 JH1 Sft<
2'/2 to 7V2 Y - H TUPELO GARDENS
Oildale, Calif. Desert Hot Springs, Calif.
Phone Ex 9-1461 Phone 329-5473
BERKELEY ENG. CO. Six-month-old hybrid
11650 Me Bean El Monte, Calif. Height: 9 ft.; spread: 8V2 ft.; Members California Nurserymen's Association
Gl 46381 trunk diameter: 1 % in. Honesty, Integrity, Fair-Dealing

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 35

Goldfield, opened a produce store yon during the 1890s and there meet
WOOLLEY (continued)
and dabbled in mining stocks. Arthur
purchased a seat on the Goldfield
Stock Exchange, and joined the Mon-
Nathan Galloway? Did he talk to the
trapper at Needles when Galloway
and Richmond completed their run
tezuma Club. Later he bought seats in 1897? Was there an underlying
on the Los Angeles and San Fran- motive for the trip other than simply
was a married man and had a daugh- cisco exchanges. prospecting in Grand Canyon, com-
ter, Lena, who became Mrs. Claude In 1909 Arthur bought the seventy bined with the need to do the assess-
E. Hill. foot yacht, Aloha, and renamed her ment work near Quartzsite? How
Woolley also had a son named Bert Dreamer. He owned this boat until could they descend an unknown river,
Houston Woolley, who had a son, 1946. He cruised among the islands stop at a certain place and have one
Edwin Benjamin Woolley, born Jan- off the California coast and investi- of the men strike out into the desert
uary 21, 1917. The grandson of Elias gated aboriginal sites. He joined the without a canteen to return in five
was traced to San Gabriel, California, Los Angeles Yacht Club which later days with the sought-for companion?
as lately as 1959, but here the trail merged with the California Yacht
Club. In 1920 he started the Catalina It is possible that no one will ever
was lost. know the answers to these questions,
Island Yacht Club, and is now the
John A. King participated in the Honorary Staff Commodore. He fre- and it is ironic that the man who
rushes to Tonopah and Goldfield, quently told the story of his Colorado knew the least about the trip should
and it is thought he spent several River adventure during these days, be the one to preserve its record. / / /
y e a r s in Mexico. Otis Marston but until 1951 none of his listeners
obtained the record that King died realized its significance. Arthur never
July 14, 1916, at Waterford, Con- married and lives with his sister in
necticut. Los Angeles. In the summer of 1961
Charlie Bolster called on Sanger in this 81-year-old youngster pulled a
Goldfield about 1906, then dis- house trailer to the Sierras, Yellow-
appeared as the boom d e c l i n e d . stone, Klamath River and back to
Arthur has not seen him since. Los Angeles.
Sanger returned to Los Angeles and Some mystery centers around Wool-
spent a lew months with his family. ley. Where did he learn the peculiar
In September, 1904, he joined John technique of running the rapids of
King in Tonopah. He stayed there the Colorado River? Did he partici-
one year, then the pair moved to pate in the gold rush to Glen Can-

Bill Hoy photo

• Congenial parties of six.
• 3-day boat runs, weekly.
• Fare: $85. No tax.
• 125 miles via TURBOCRAFT.
• Join in our 24th year.
• Visit more points of interest than pos-
sible on most full week trips—this due
to many years of experience, and faster
boat travel.
• Hike to see RAINBOW BRIDGE.
• Visit Spanish inscription of 133 (?) years
• Visited only by our guests.
• Inscription will be inundated by rising
waters of coming Lake Powell—Fall of
• Drive or fly to HUE, Utah.
• $25 check reserves a place.
• 100% refundable if cancelled.
• $5 fare credit for identifying the above
photo locale.


Richfield, Utah

36 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

How to Place an Ad:
NEW MEXICO Gem Trails: Another fine field DIAMOND COMPOUND kit—economical, makes
• Mail your copy and first-insertion remit-
guide by Bessie W. Simpson, the author of sapphire, ruby, jade easy to polish. Two 3"
tance to: Trading Post, Desert Magazine,
Gem Trails of Texas. Tells you all about the maple laps, hypo-gun each 1200-8000 grits,
Palm Desert, Calif.
new locations for collecting, rocks, gems, min- instructions, $10 postpaid. Free list. Jack
• Classified rates are 20c per word, $4
erals, fossils and Indian artifacts. Over 60 Schuller, Box 28, Park Ridge 9, Illinois.
minimum per insertion.
maps and pictures, more than 65 well described
locations. It's new, just out in April. Get FLUORESCENT DISPLAYS, gold panning, black
your copy from your favorite dealer or hobby lights, rocks and minerals, jewelry and sup-
magazine, or order direct, $2.50 postpaid. plies. Pollard's Rock Shop, 12719 Laurel Street,
• AUTO-TRUCK-CAMPER Dealers write for discount. Gem Trails Publish- Lakeside, California.
ing Co., Granbury, Texas.
GENERAL MOTORS diesel engines and generator LAKE SUPERIOR agates, from bottom of Missis-
sets, 20 to 1650 horsepower, 10 kilowatts to GEM HUNTERS Atlas. Three map books that sippi River, five polished, postpaid, $1. New
800 kilowatts, new or completely rebuilt units. really show where to find gemstone. Each type tumbler, rough tumble and polish same
Write, wire or phone: General Diesel Engine book has 32 full-page maps with gem areas time, no changing belts or pulleys, $35.50 with
Co., 2430 West Coast Highway, Newport spotted in color. Type of material, mileages your motor, belt and pulleys. For super polish
Beach, California. Phone: Liberty 8-9361. and all highways are shown. Many new fea- on your stones try the new Cob Grit, five
tures and locations have been added to these pound trial bag $1.50. Rubber-lined gallon
'42 DODGE, 3/4-ton, four-wheel-drive truck, ex- cans with super-seal lids $3.75. Include suf-
later editions. Northwest $1. California-Ne-
cellent condition. $700. Jay Davis, 529 East ficient postage. Free literature. Reid's Lapidary
vada $1. Southwest $1. Postpaid. Scenic
Maple, Orange, California. KEIIogg 8-6150. Supplies, Box 131, Stockton, Illinois.
Guides, Box 288, Susanville, California.

• BOOKS-MAGAZINES LOAFING ALONG Death Valley Trails-by Wil- NEW—FLUORESCENT mineral detector that de-
liam Caruthers. Announcing third edition of tects boron, fluorine, lithium, molybdenum,
READ THE Prospector's Guide. Tells how and a perennial favorite for those who enjoy the strontium, tungsten, uranium, zinc, zirconium
where to prospect for minerals, etc. Send authentic personal narrative of people and and other minerals. Cigarette pack size, day-
for application to United Prospectors, 701V2 places in Death Valley, $4.25. Death Valley light operation, requires no batteries. Price
East Edgeware, Los Angeles 26, California. Publishing Company, Shoshone, California. $12.50. Free brochure. Essington Products &
Engineering, Box 4174, Coronado Station, Santa
BOOKS: "PANNING Gold for Beginners," 50c. BOOKHUNTERS: SCARCE, miscellaneous, out-of- Fe, New Mexico.
"Gold in Placer," $3. Frank J. Harnagy, 701V2 print books quickly supplied. Send wants, no
E. Edgeware, Los Angeles 26, California. obligation. Atlantic Book Service, 102 Cedar, WORLD'S SMALLEST power generator, 200 watts,
Charlestown 29, Massachusetts. 110 volts, AC, or switch to battery charger.
FREE BOOK Catalog of the Southwest—history, Factory to you $100. Includes engine, gen-
people, legends, lost treasure, Indians, nature, GOLDEN TREASURES of the San Juan, in south- erator, frame, belt, etc. Shipping weight 28
gems, minerals. World's largest all-desert book west Colorado; 235 pages information lost pounds. Larger models available. Krestronics
selection. Write for your catalog today: Desert mines, hidden treasures of bullion, maps, pic- Corporation, 140 Sheldon Street, El Segundo,
Magazine Book Shop, Palm Desert, California. tures. Price $4.50. Sage Books, 2679 South California.
York St., Denver 10, Colorado.
OUT-OF-print books at lowest prices! You name WILL SELL rock tumbler and approximately one-
it—we find it! Western Americana, desert and "OVERLOOKED FORTUNES"-in the Rarer Min- half-ton rough gemstone for $150. Write for
Indian books a specialty. Send us your wants. erals. Here are a few of the 300 or more appointment: Harry Scheihing, 55642 Santa
No obligation. International Bookfinders, Box you may be overlooking while hunting, fish- Fe Trail, Yucca Valley, California.
3003-D, Beverly Hills, California. ing, mining, prospecting or rockhunting: Ur-
anium, Vanadium, Columbium, Tantalum, Tung-
"GEMS & Minerals Magazine," largest rock hobby sten, Nickel, Cobalt, Titanium, Bismuth, Mo- • FOR WOMEN
monthly. Field trips, " h o w " articles, pictures, lybdenum, Selenium, Germanium, Mercury,
ads. $3 year. Sample 25c. Box 687J, Mentone, Chromium, Tin, Beryllium, Gold, Silver, Plati- LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier."
California. num, Iridium, etc. Some worth $1 to $3 a Your whole beauty treatment in one jar.
pound, others $25 to $200 an ounce. Learn Write: Lola Barnes, 963 North Oakland, Pasa-
HOW AND Where to Pan Gold, 72 pages, many how to find, identify and cash in on them. dena 6, California.
illustrations, 19 maps and placer areas. Every- New simple system. Send for free copy
thing you need to know on the subject. $2 "Overlooked Fortunes in Minerals," it may SWEDISH MASSAGE by Hildegard (for ladies or
from Nugget, Dept. DM, Box 462, Tucson, Ariz. lead to knowledge which may make you rich! gentlemen) in your home or hotel. Telephone
Duke's Research Laboratory, Box 666, Dept-B, 324-4017. If no answer, call: 324-1557.
NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC Magazines, 1888-1961, Truth or Consequences, New Mexico.
any issue, maps, bound volumes. Free litera-
ture, "Geographic Hobby," price lists, circulars
on books about collecting geographies. Peri- booklet describes prospecting information,
odical Service, Box 465-DE, Wilmington, Del. uses, prices, etc. Beryl Prospector, Swift River, NEW FIND lavender star sapphires from Mon-
"DEATH VALLEY Scotty Told Me" by Eleanor Mile 722, Alaska Highway, Yukon. tana, $2.50 ounce. Blue covellite, Montana
Jordan Houston. A ranger's wife recalls her minerals, crystals. Postage please. Brant's
NEW BOOK: "Guardians of the Yosemite," Rock Shop, Box 65, Silver Star, Montana.
friendship with the famous desert rat and
story of the first Rangers, $2.50. John Bing-
some of his fabulous stories. $1.50. A. F. aman, Box 95, Palm Desert, California.
Houston, Box 305, Coolidge, Arizona. HINEGARDNERS' HAVE a large selection of fine
minerals including fluorescents, cutting, facet-
THOUSANDS OF out-of-print books in stock, ing; supplies for gem grinding, tumbling; gifts,
especially fiction. Murray's Bookfinding Serv-
• EQUIPMENT-SUPPLIES jewelry that are beautiful and different; hand
ice, 115 State Street, Springfield 3, Mass. spinning supplies. Nine miles east of Mesa,
10X SELF illuminating pocket magnifier. Examine
Arizona, Highways 60, 70.
specimens anywhere anytime. A magnifying
HUNTING FOR treasure? Treasure hunter, Frank
glass with its own built-in light. $3 postpaid.
L. Fish, tells you how and where to find it in TEN POUNDS of beautiful Colorado specimens,
Emerald Distributors, Box 275, Oceanlake, Ore.
his new book—"Buried Treasure and Lost $8 postpaid. Jack the Round Hound, Carbon-
Mines," just off the press. 93 bonafide treas- LIGHTWEIGHT CAMPING and mountaineering dale, Colorado.
ure locations, 20 photos and illustrations, 68 equipment. The World's finest; used on Ever-
pages including vicinity maps, ghost towns and est, Himalayas, Andes, etc. For free catalog, FOR SALE: Superior agates from Minnesota, 1/2
old mines. A must for the treasure hunter. write: Gerry, Dept. 107, Box 910. Boulder, to 1 inch, $1 pound, % to 2'/2 inch banded
$1.50 per copy postpaid. Large treasure map, Colorado. $2.50 pound, blue chalcedony $2 pound,
19x24, beautiful four color, pinpoints treasure tumble polished Superior $3.50 pound, plus
locations described in above book. $1.50 each METAL DETECTORS bought, sold, traded. Com- postage. Frank Engstrom, Grey Eagle, Minn.
postpaid. Send check or money order to: plete repair service. Free estimates appraisal.
Amador Trading Post Publishing Co., L. Erie Bill's Service Center, 15502 South Paramount
Schaefer, 14728 Peyton Drive, Chino, Calif. Blvd., Paramount, California. MORE CLASSIFIEDS
January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 37
INDIAN PHONOGRAPH records, authentic songs
and dances, all speeds. Write for latest list:
Canyon Records, 834 No. 7th Avenue, Phoenix,
1, Arizona.

CLASSIFIEDS WE APPRAISE, buy, sell finest reservation-made

Continued from preceding page Indian goods. Send $1 for genuine turquoise
nugget, fine quality key chain, 16-page catalog
ILLINOIS: KQUWitschuerbelleraichen. We've got GEORGIA MINERALS—drusy quartz on quartz of Indian handicrafts, history of Southwestern
it. Just about everything for the rock hounds. crystals, $1 to $2., foliated talc $1 pound, Indian jewelry, story of Navajo rugs, other
Rocks and makings, findings, jewelry, and the pink or black marble 50c pound, asteriated information. The Indian Room, 1440 South
extras. You are invited! Come early, stay rose quartz specimen $1 pound, cutting $2.50 Coast Highway, Laguna Beach, California.
late! Come see first, what you buy, avoid pound. List for stamp. George Brown, Box
disappointment. We'll show you how it's 535-D, Gainesville, Georgia. AUTHENTIC INDIAN jewelry, Nava|o lugs, Chi-
done, made. For example, 10 pounds optical mayo blankets, squaw boots. Collector's items.
Closed Tuesdays. Pow-Wow Indian Trading
• GEMS, ROUGH MATERIAL Post, 19967 Ventura Blvd., East Woodland
amethyst 3 pounds $6.65. Cabochon quality Hills, Calif. Open Sundays.
(some for faceting) 3 pounds $11.90. List not COLORFUL AUSTRALIAN fire opal; rough or cut.
issued, always open. See what you buy. No deposit. Approvals sent on request. See FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo, Zuni, Hopi
Heike's Lapidary, Wenona, Illinois. before you buy. Free list. Write: Walker jewelry. Old pawn. Many fine old baskets,
"Opals Exclusively", 20385 Stanton Ave., moderately priced, in excellent condition.
JADE SUPER-SAMPLER! 22 jades, 22 square Castro Valley, California. Navajo rugs, Yei blankets, Chimayo homespuns,
inches of jewels, each gem differing in luxur-
pottery. A collector's paradise! Open daily
ious jade hues—all for $10. Jade sampler of REDS, MOTTLED, lace. A new find. Jasp-agate. 10 to 5:30, closed Mondays. Buffalo Trading
of 10 varieties, $5. Excise tax 10%; Califor- 100 pounds prepaid, $22.50. Morton Minerals Post, Highway 18, Apple Valley, California.
nians, additional 4 % . Locations given. Bro- & Mining, 21423 (old) Hwy. 66, RFD I, Bar-
chure included. Wilderness Originals, Canyon, stow, California.
California. THREE FINE prehistoric Indian war arrowheads
$1. Flint scalping knife $1. Rare flint thunder-
OPALIZED WOOD, small limb and root sections, bird $3. All $4. Catalog free. Arrowhead,
• GEMS, DEALERS colorful, unique specimens, cut off ends on Glenwood, Arkansas.
trim saw and polish, $1.50 per pound, plus
DESERT ROCKS, woods, jewelry. Residence rear postage please. Joseph S. Gentzler, Box 1292,
ARROWHEAD COLLECTION: 15 mounted frames
of shop. Rockhounds welcome. Mile west on Santa Ana, Calif. 21x31" containing over 2500 authentic, out-
U.S. 66. McShan's Gem Shop and Desert standing artifacts, comprising blades, spears,
Museum. P.O. Box 22, Needles, California. DOWSE'S AGATE Shop offers fine black jade $3.50 knives and arrowheads. 90% obsidian. Sur-
pound, pink thulite jade $3.50 pound, turri- face finds from northwestern states. Museum
RIVERSIDE CALIFORNIA. We have everything tella agate highly agatized, cuts fine cabochons material. $5000. Will deliver 1000 miles. If
for the rock hound, pebble pups, interesting 50c pound, Utah green mountain aventurine interested write for complete information. H.
gifts for those who are not rock hounds. quartz, cuts solid green-blue cabochons, fine M. Worcester, 1229 B University Avenue,
Minerals, slabs, rough materials, lapidary sup- material, 60c pound, pidgeon blood agate, Berkeley 2, California.
plies, mountings, equipment, black lights. Why Utah, very fine material for outstanding cabo-
not stop and browse? Shamrock Rock Shop, chons $1 pound, crystal lined geodes 75c
593 West La Cadena Drive, Riverside, Calif. pound, Utah thundereggs, small to large $1 THREE JASPER arrowheads $2. Six gem material
OVerland 6-3956. pound. 754 North 2nd West, Salt Lake City, arrowheads $5. Bone awl, birdpoint, drill, $2.
Utah. Include postage. Cherokee, 1513 Ohio, McKeesport, Pa.
CHOICE MINERAL specimens, gems, cutting ma-
terial, machinery, lapidary and jeweler's sup- ANCIENT ARROWHEADS from Mexico. Picked
GEODES, CRYSTAL lined, 3" to 5", broken and up around old ruins. Rarely obtainable. Many
plies, mountings, fluorescent lamps, books.
proved, or whole, unbroken, (not guaranteed) white birdpoints. $3 dozen, $6 dozen, $9
Sumner's, 21108 Devonshire, Chatsworth, Cal.
$1.75 each postpaid. Free list gems and min- dozen, as to quality, antiquity. Satisfaction
erals. The Vellor Co., P.O. Box 2344, St. Louis guaranteed. Blackhawk, Umatilla 3, Oregon.

ROUGH JADE for identification and recognition, • JEWELRY

FINE DOMESTIC and foreign crystals and mas-
sive minerals. Please ask for free list. Con- 10 distinctive varieties for $5. Locations
GENUINE TURQUOISE bolo ties $1.50, 11 stone
given, brochure included. Find your own
tinental Minerals, P.O. Box 1206, Anaconda, turquoise bracelet $2. Gem quality golden
jade treasures. Wilderness Originals, Canyon,
Montana. tiger-eye $1.75 pound, beautiful mixed agate
baroques $3 pound. Postage and tax extra.
FOSSILS. 12 different for $2. Other prices on Tubby's Rock Shop, 2420V2 Honolulu Ave.,
request. Will buy, sell or trade. Museum of PARTIES, LARGE or small groups, interested in
Montrose, California.
Fossils. Clifford H. Earl, P. O. Box 188, field trips for outstanding picture wood, con-
Sedona, Arizona. tact: Gemwood Mines, Box 522, Kanab, Utah. DEALERS! Write for wholesale prices on our
fabulous line of non-tarnishing aluminum
FOUR NATURAL staurolites, cross on both sides,
• INDIAN GOODS chains and baroque mountings. Include $1
for $1 postpaid. "Animals" assembled from
for samples. Use letterhead or send tax num-
uncut quartz crystals — "Rockhound," $1.25
SELLING 20,000 Indian relics. 100 nice ancient ber. R. B. Berry & Company, 5040B Corby
each. Five assorted animals, $5.50 postpaid.
arrowheads $25. Indian skull $25. List free. Street, Omaha 4, Nebraska.
Reasoner Rock Originals, Crown King Highway,
Bumble Bee, Arizona. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas.

ALASKA GOLD nuggets, selected for beauty, 14c PINE VALLEY Indian Trading Post offers for sale • LODGES, MOTELS
per troy grain. 10 to 200 grains. Definite its large collection of old Indian baskets.
sources given. Full refund if customer not Highway 80, Pine Valley, California. CHINOOK, ROCKHOUND, fisherman and hunter's
pleased. Frank H. Waskey, Olney, Maryland. paradise, cabins with kitchenettes and wood-
6 ARROWHEADS, 10 warpoints, 4 birdpoints, 2 burning fireplaces. Groceries, fishing tackle,
ROCK COLLECTORS—attention! (Kids only), for spearheads — $5. Have beads, beadwork, Texaco gas, rock-cutting material, guide serv-
$1.50, $3.50, $5., $7.50, I will send prepaid: masks, fetishes, prehistoric pottery. Paul ice, Continental bus depot, etc. Marge and
rock, mineral, fossil surprise packages, labels Summers, Canyon, Texas. George DuBois, Highway 160, South Fork,
and localities. Big assortment, small sizes. Colorado. Phone Olive 7-3771.
IF YOU are looking for prehistoric or historic
The Rockologist, Box 181, Cathedral City, Calif.
Southwest material; for a certain Indian ROCKHOUND HEADQUARTERS: Calico Motel,
CRYSTALIZED GOLD, rare lode pocket specimens. painter, a good rug, jewelry—anything unus- Highway 91-446 & Calico Road. Phone Clinton
Many intrinsic patterns, attractively displayed, ual, why don't you write? House of Six Di- 6-3467. P.O. Box 6105, Yermo, California.
$2 postpaid, guaranteed. Lester Lea, Box 942- rections, Fifth Avenue, Scottsdale, Arizona. Brochure on request.
D, Mount Shasta, California.
INDIAN ARTIFACTS Catalog No. 12; 28 pages, FOR RENT: modern cottages completely furnished,
CALIFORNIA GEM materials, crystals, fossils, 857 illustrations, B.C. to early A.D. with his- secluded in superb scenery of Chiricahua
minerals. Good selection to choose from. tories. Arrowheads, wampum, charmstones, Mountains near Douglas, Arizona. Ideal for
Custom sawing by the inch. Award Orna- etc. Send $1 for catalog, will credit on first artists, birders, rockhounds, nature - lovers.
mental Iron and Welding, 971 E. Barbour, $5 order. H. W. Worcester, 1229-B University Open all year. Write: Cave Creek Ranch,
Banning, California. Avenue, Berkeley 2, California. Portal, Arizona.

38 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

USE OUR mail service for fine custom black and • WESTERN MERCHANDISE
MAPS white and color film processing and printing.
We sell, buy and trade cameras. Write for FREE "DO-lt-Yourself" Leathercraft catalog.
SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps - San Bernardino
our free bargain sheet. (Since 1932.) Morgan Tandy Leather Company, Box 791—Z42, Fort
$3; Riverside $1; Imperial, small $1, large $2;
Camera Shop. 6262 Sunset Blvd., Hollywood Worth, Texas.
San Diego $1.25; Inyo $2.50; Kern $1.25;
28, California.
other California counties $1.25 each. Nevada
GHOST TOWN items: Sun- olored glass, amethyst
counties $1 each. Include 4 percent sales tax.
35 mm. COLOR slides of Western artist Clyde to royal purple; ghost railroads materials,
Topographic maps of all mapped western
Forsythe's great "Gold Strike" paintings. Four tickets; limited odd items from camps of the
areas. Westwide Maps Co., 114 West Third
exciting slides: "Gold Rush," "Mining Camp," '60s. Write your interest—Box 64-D, Smith,
Street, Los Angeles 13. California.
"Mining Town," "Ghost Town." Rise and fall Nevada.
TRAILS TO Treasures locates and tells stories of of a typical boom town. Set of four slides
lost mines and treasure spots of Southwest in mailed to you for $1. Order from Desert SUN COLORED glass for sale. Mrs. A. E. Wyc-
gorgeous full color 23"x34" authentic guide, Magazine Book Store, Palm Desert, Calif. koff, 11501 Davenport Road, Agua Dulce, Cal.
decor item, conversation piece. $2, tax in-
cluded. Treasurama, Dept. D, 3969 Goodland COLOR CACTUS slides, 35 mm. Kodachrome. • MISCELLANEOUS
Avenue, North Hollywood, California. Money List 10c, sample and list 25c. Roy Vail,
back if not pleased. Botany Dept., University of Oklahoma, Nor- LEARN OIL painting. New correspondence
man, Oklahoma. courses for amateur and advanced students.
• MINING Personal forty point critique of each painting.
Walker School of Art, Box 486, Montrose, Colo.
ASSAYS: ALL types, $5. Spectographs $12.
Classes: Assaying, prospecting and mineralogy, SOUR DOUGH biscuit recipe and full directions
WILDFLOWER SEEDS: New 1962 expanded Wild- $1. Dutchoven or modern baking. Revive the
12 hours, $15. Kilian Bensusan (Mining En-,
flower Catalog is being printed. Same quality, lost art. Franks Murdock, Dalhart, Texas.
gineer), 8615 Columbus Avenue, Sepulveda,
same price, 50c. Clyde Robin, P.O. Box 2091,
California. EMpire 2-1942.
Castro Valley, California. EXQUISITE FURS direct from my mountain trap-
ASSAYS. COMPLETE, accurate, guaranteed. High- line; fashioned by expert New York furrier.
est quality spectrographic. Only $8 per sam- Beaver, muskrat stoles, $185. Mink scarves,
ple. Reed Engineering, 620-R So. Inglewood • REAL ESTATE $60 up. Beaver rugs, $29.50. 50% down,
Ave., Inglewood, California. balance on delivery. You won't be disap-
FOR SALE: bare land, 160 view acres located in pointed with quality. Taking orders now.
NATURAL PLACER gold, cleaned mine run, 960 Martinez Canyon overlooking Coachella Valley Dick Sherman, Umatilla 3, Oregon.
fine, $42 froy ounce. Satisfaction guaranteed. and the Salton Sea. Booming area, excellent
Cashier's check or money order, Marcum Biel- location for exclusive dude ranch or canyon PLASTIC EMBEDDING for fun and profit, no
enberg, Avon, Montana. housing project. Reasonable. Write Cotton, oven. Make beautiful jewelry, decorative
361 North Fifth Street, Coalinga, California. panels, science specimen castings. Catalog
$1 FOR gold areas, 25 California counties. 25c, Nafcol Plastics, Box 444, Yucaipa, Calif.
Geology, elevations. Pans $3, $2.50. Poke $1.
FORTY ACRE Coachella Valley ranch for sale, 18
Fred Mark, Box 801, Ojai, California. FOR SALE: 100 wagon and buggy wheels in
acres seven-year-old Thompson grapes, 20
good average condition, various sizes, asking
LOST GEMS, gold, pieces of eight waiting to be acres four-year-old grapefruit. Three bedroom
$10 each. George Smith, Stanford, Montana.
found. A bigger than king-size buy. Gigantic ranch house, one duplex two bedrooms each.
30x60 inch treasure map showing 450 varied Asking price $112,000. Other ranch and com-
mercial investments, also homes, available. WANTED: BELL suitable for church tower. Con-
locations throughout every state. Only $3 plus tact: Jeannie Cook, LaVerne College, LaVerne,
Jorgensen Realty Branch Office, P.O. Box 965,
25c handling. Treasure, Box 4002, Compton, California. Can make only modest payment.
Fireside 6-8389, Palm Desert, California.
FOR INFORMATION on desert acreage and par- FROM YOUR favorite color slide or print, let
MINING TOURS — Visit historic Tropico Gold
cels for sale in or near Twentynine Palms, me do a beautiful oil painting for your home.
Mine, Mill and Gold Camp Museum. Five
please write or visit: Silas S. Stanley, Realtor, Desert, mountains, canyons, or lakes. Any
miles west of Rosamond, California, in Ante-
73644 Twentynine Palms Highway, Twenty- size. Guaranteed to please. Reasonable. Write:
lope Valley. Go underground, see gold ore
nine Palms, California. Box 325, Clearfield, Utah.
in place. Complete tour of cyanide gold mill
where millions in gold have been recovered.
Relive the old West in Gold Camp and Museum. BEAUTIFUL WEST Phoenix residential desert; gas, WAMPLER WILDERNESS trips—hiking and riding.
electricity available, hot well, Highway 80 California, Arizona, Mexico. Year around
adjacent. Five to 40 acres at $500 per acre. activities at moderate prices. Details: Box 45,
• OLD COINS, STAMPS Terms: R. O. Baird, 2124 Mill, Tempe, Ariz. Berkeley 1, Calif.

RARE UNCIRCULATED Carson City mint dollars,

1878, $5. 1882-83-84-90-91, $10 each. 100-
page catalog 50c. Shultz, P.O. Box 746, Salt
Lake City 10, Utah.
envelopes with stamps. Before 1880, Indian
head pennies. Jack Leese, 1520-D, Grand Cen- ORDER NOW . . . AND BRING THE
tral Station, New York City.
BOOKS, COINS, stamps wanted. Cash paid. Send
quarter for marvelous lists. Books found. No
obligation. Williams, Box 673, Hoboken, New
$15 PER 100 Indian head cents, $9 for 1931-S
cent. Complete buying list 25c. Billy Matherly,
Box 3311, El Paso 3, Texas.
WANTED TO buy: Indianhead cents, 10c each. Send to_ • 2 years $7
Send insured to J. Morris, P.O. Box 1011, (24 issues)
Holloman AFB, New Mexico.
JEFFERSON NICKELS, 1938, 1940-S, 1941-S, Street _ • 1 year $4
1942-D, 1946-S, 1947-S, 1948-S, 1949-S, 1950-P, (12 issues)
1951-S, 1952-D, 1952-S, 1953-S, 1954-S, 1955-P.
Any eight: $2; 19: $4. Fine. Postpaid. List City State.
included. Stroud's Coins, Kinston, North Car-
olina. This subscription is New • Renewal • Gift
• PHOTO SUPPLIES (Sign gift card: .__ _ ~)
VACATION COLOR slides, movies. 3000 travel,
• Remittance Enclosed • Please Bill Me
nature slides. Free catalog. Sample slide 25c. Mail to DESERT MAGAZINE, Palm Desert, California
Kelly D. Choda, Box 15, Palmer Lake, Colo.

January, 1962 / Desert Magazine / 39

in soft sand, on a beach, or on hard-

NEW IDEASforDESERT LIVING pan with equal ease. It has a full

floor, of course. In short, it is the
easiest, fastest tent to erect I ever
By DAN LEE tried.
What astonished us was the Pop-
Tent's ability to withstand high
winds without blowing away. Early
on the morning of November 5, at
Salton Sea, we had wind-gusts of u p
to 45-miles-an-hour and the Pop-Tent
stayed up! It leaned over so far that
it was almost flat, but never for a
moment did it whip, pop, or look as
though it might blow away. Canvas
loops are provided at the base, if you
want to stake it down as a precaution
—but I don't believe it would ever
collapse so long as someone remained
Price is $79.50 from Dept. D,
American Thermos Products Co.,
Norwich, Conn. Or contact any
Thermos dealer, such as the follow-
POP-TENT ing: Phoenix Hardware, 2202-D N.
22nd Ave., Phoenix; or Dept. D,
up easily in any terrain—in the dark American Thermos Products Co.,
NEW POP-TENT AMAZING: if necessary — is a great advantage, Anaheim, Calif.
Fast weekend expeditions into and just such a tent has come our
the desert are a lot more com- way. They call it a Pop-Tent, and RUBBER ROPE: Wind-storms
after trying the thing over a windy can wreak havoc on tents,
fortable if we can travel light, weekend at Salton Sea, I'm enthusi-
get set-up quickly. A tent that goes astic. The most amazing feature of awnings, and fabric of all
the Pop-Tent is the fact that no kinds. For this reason, when
stakes or ropes are required. It the samples of rubber rope arrived
weighs only 15 pounds and packs I immediately saw many useful ap-
into a small bundle (with a carrying plications. For example, tie - down
strap) just 24-inches long by 8-inches ropes have a bad habit of stretching
diameter. It packs anywhere in your in a stiff wind—which means fabric
car with no trouble.
To erect the tent, pull it out of
the carrying bag and unfold into a
ENJOY A DESERT VACATION long, slender bundle. Six Fiberglass KENT FROST
IN FAMOUS bows are then connected by means of
Every vacation facility at two Fred Harvey
metal ferrules, much as you would
assemble a fishing pole. Stand the
bundle upright and press down on
the flat metal disc atop the tent.
This mechanism locks the Fiberglass
Into the famous Utah Needles Area, his-
torical Mormon Trail of 1880, and all
other scenic points of interest in south-
eastern Utah.
$25.00 daily per person. Including sleep-
resorts. Golf, swim, ride, bask in the warm ing bags, transportation, guide service,
sun, explore this mineral-rich land. Ex- bows in the proper position. Now meals.
ceptional cuisine. step back and pull outward on the Special hiking backpack trips into remote,
bows and the tent literally "pops" almost inaccessible areas can be arranged.

FURNA<E CRTEK into shape to resemble an igloo, or

dome-shaped hut.
Write Kent Frost, Monticcllo, Utah
Phone JU 7-2787

LUXURIOUS There is a zippered door and

AMERICAN PLAN RATES an inside zippered mosquito net for
a screen. A small zippered window
panel provides ventilation. Six-sided,
the Pop-Tent is about seven feet
across at the base. While advertised
as a "two-man" tent, it is actually far
more roomy than appears possible
from the outside. Just for fun, I laid
For reservations or colorful brochure
contact your Travel Agent or write direct
out my family's four sleeping bags-
two adults, two kids—and found they JEMLRY PARTS
FURNACE CREEK INN fit snugly inside the tent! Larger tent FREE 2 0 0 i t e m s :
P.O. BOX 5 5 , DEATH VALLEY, CALIF. models are available from the maker. Y o u o w e i t t o •> * *•" . '
In Los Angeles, phone MAdison 7-8O48 y o u r s e l f t o g e t i t . Post Box 4 2 4 D I 3
In San Francisco, EXbrook 7-2717 Because no stakes or ropes are nec-
essary, the Pop-Tent can be erected Save $ $ $ ! Temple City, Calif.

40 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

operating my shaver. It's small sues of Desert or a cluster of lost
enough to pack in the glove box of mine maps. From Fraternal Sup-
your car. Larger models of up to pliers, 1514-D Sweetbriar, Palmdale,
300-watts capacity are available from Calif. ///
the same company: Teredo, 1068-D
Raymond Ave., Saint Paul 8, Minn.

FOLDS: The day of the credit Jan. 2-6: Arizona National
Livestock Show, Phoenix.
card is upon us, and it is some- Jan. 14: Saguaro Lake Trek,
times difficult to fit them all Mesa, Ariz.
into a conventional wallet. Some of Jan. 20 - 21: Junior Rodeo,
my friends carry a dozen credit cards! Phoenix.
Fraternal Suppliers have solved the
problem with a 17-view passcase-bill- Jan. 21: Desert Sun Ranchers'
fold, which should satisfy anyone! Rodeo, Wickenburg, Ariz.
Made of top-quality vinyl, this new Jan. 27-28: Death Valley Open
billfold will probably resist desert- Horse Show at F u r n a c e
RUBBER ROPE induced perspiration better than or- Creek Ranch.
dinary leather. Surprisingly, the item Jan. 27 - 28: Annual Rodeo
then has room to whip and pop. sells for one lonely dollar. The man- sponsored by Palm Springs
Using rubber rope for a tie-down ufacturer also makes sturdy vinyl Mounted P o l i c e a t Polo
makes sense. It will stretch to four flight briefers for a low $2, which Grounds, Palm Springs.
times its original length without are large enough to hold several is-
breaking, and exerts a continuous
strong, firm pull.
I used rubber rope to tie-down Now Open and Anxious to Welcome You
camping gear in the back of my pick-
up truck, and found it real handy. - o n the highway
Best of all, rubber rope is smooth to Joshua Tree National Monument in the High Desert
with no splinters. As an added at-
traction, this new rope can be knotted ARTISTS
or spliced like ordinary rope. Eye- Now Showing
splices or splices of rubber rope into
manila are possible, for use as a PACKSADDLE GALLERY Bill Bender
Bill Hampton
shock-snubber. The price is $3.25 for John W. Hilton
a package of four 22-inch pieces of William P. Krehm
%-inch diameter rubber rope. Di- Featuring Exclusively Paul Lauritz
ameters up to one inch are obtain- Kirk Martin
able, in any length, on special order.
From: Griffith Rubber Mills, 2439-D
Western American Art Emil Morhardt
Gallery Hours: 10 a.m. to 6:30 p.m. daily except Tuesdays. Juanita Reed
N.W. 22nd Ave., Portland 10, Ore. Mail Address: Box 236, Yucca Valley, Calif. Phone: 365-5925.
(Indian Ceramist)


YOUR CAR: Campers who
like the convenience of 110-
volt electricity on field trips
can get it with a DC to AC converter.
Plug it into the cigarette receptacle PHOTO ALBUM OF
of your car or truck and instantly YESTERDAY'S
convert six-volt or 12-volt current to SOUTHWEST
110-volt. You can draw up to 50- . . . a richly-printed book
watts of power with Teredo Sports- containing 197 pictures
man, for $29.95. This means that (1863-1910) of early-day
you can operate your electric shaver, Southwest cowboys, Indi-
record player, or other small electrical ans, freighters, prospect-
ors, old mining towns,
appliance when away from a power and paddlewheelers on
source. I tried the Sportsman on a the Colorado River.
recent trip and found it handy for
plus 25c shipping charges, Order from:
PHOTO and ART credits (California addresses add 60c Desert Magazine Book Store
(Unless otherwise specified below or in text, Stale Sales Tax) Palm Desert, California
photographs and art work are by authors of
features in which they appear.)
Page 4: Cartoon by B. F. Norberg. 8-9:
Al Merryman. 11: San Rerrardiro Courty.
17: (top) Moss Photogrophy. 20-21: Chuck
Abbott and Esther Henderson. 25: Map
by Norton Allen. 43: Henry Mockel.

January, 196? / Deseit Magazine / 41

' ,/ - —-•= -—-

jSetween Ifou and Ate

NE OF T H E legislative proposals on the agenda payers, is evidenced by a recent experience in my home
O of the 87th Congress which convenes for its second
session this month involves complete revision of
the public land laws. This will be the first major
community. Here in California's Coachella Valley, des-
ert real estate is booming. Land once regarded as quite
worthless is bringing fabulous prices. Three years ago
plan for the disposal of public lands since 1938 when our newly formed Junior College district paid $4000
the Small Tract Act, known as the Jackrabbit Home- an acre for a 160-acre campus site—$640,000! This par-
stead law, was passed. cel of land was given to the Southern Pacific railroad
Uncle Sam still owns 439 mil- originally as part of its subsidy for building the south-
lion acres of vacant land in addi- ern transcontinental railway line. The Espee has long
tion to the National Forests and since disposed of it, and there was a time when land
Parks, and in recent years there in this area could be bought for less than $5 an acre.
has been increasing pressure from As recently as 1946 some of it was sold for $10 an acre.
private individuals and corpora- Spokesman for the Desert Protective Council pointed
tions who wanted to acquire these out that vacant public land now belongs to all the
lands for development or specu- people of the United States. "Why then," he asked,
lative purposes. To this end, "should we sell it today to private owners for appraisals
lour bills are now pending—H.R. of perhaps $25 or $50 an acre, and make it necessary
7788 by Congressman Aspinall of for another generation of Americans to buy it back
Colorado and H.R. 5277 by Con- for schools, parks and other public purposes at prices
gressman Saund of California be- which may range from $1000 to $5000 an acre?"
ing the most favored. If there are readers who share this view, letters to the
Good homestead land in a temperate zone where a Sub-Committee on Public Lands, House of Representa-
family could stake its claim, build a home and start tives, Washington, D.C., would be influential in secur-
growing crops with the assurance of ample rainfall has ing the necessary amendment to the legislation now
practically all been taken up. Most of the remaining under consideration.
land is in Alaska and the desert Southwest.
My personal view is that a minimum of 40 acres in
We desert dwellers have a special interest both in the each 640-acre section should be reserved for these public
manner of disposing of this land, and the use to be purposes, the land to be selected by the county adminis-
made of it. For the new owners will be our not-far- tration wherein the land is located, at the time of the
distant neighbors. We do not want it to become the sale.
pawn of speculators. Nor do we want the scenic can- * * *
yons fenced off with No Trespass signs, or the timbered Not far from my home are the Cahuilla Hills where
slopes of the higher elevations which are the source of an entire section is now occupied by Jackrabbit Home-
our water supply denuded of their vegetation. steaders. In one of the neastest little cabins in the tract
Recently a Congressional Sub-Committee which is lives Mora Brown who in past years has contributed
studying the proposed legislation held a hearing in some beautiful prose to the pages of Desert.
Palm Springs. One of the most constructive proposals I think of Mora sometimes when I hear a newcomer
at the hearing was the petition of the Desert Protective complaining about the summer heat, the sandstorms, and
Council. The key paragraph of the Council's resolu- the seemingly drab landscape of the arid horizon. Those
tion was this: were Mora's impressions when she first came to this
"That in the sale of public lands to private or corpo- desert frontier.
rate purchasees, there be reserved in perpetuity for But the desert eventually won her over. The time
public use for schools, parks, playgrounds, libraries, came when she wrote: "In every visit to the desert I
civic centers, nature reserves or other public non-profit find new lessons waiting. From the twisted Joshua tree
use, a parcel amounting to 10% more or less of the I am learning more of fortitude. From the Yucca-
total acreage so disposed, and that the county wherein expectancy. From the Saguaro—dignity. From the rug-
such land is located be given title in trusteeship for ged hills—steadfastness. From the small green strugglers
such reservation pending the time when the citizens of on the desert floor—courage and persistence. And from
the immediate area shall have need for such sites for the desert's vastness, as in the mountain's song, I am
the purposes specified herein." learning to discard the clutter of my man-made world,
This is a long-range proposal, and the great tax sav- and sense more clearly the presence of the Source of
ing which would accrue to a later generation of tax- Peace."

42 / Desert Magazine / January, 1962

The Hybrid Me$<jaite--Aftet Jhtee Vem
In 1933, a Texas nurseryman named Tex Reese crossed The testimonials keep coming in, and it would appear
a beautiful—and thornless—Peruvian mesquite tree with a that the new tree is a success as predicted in the first
grizzled all-male mesquite from our Mojave Desert. DESERT story: "Reese's mesquite . . . may blossom into
Happily, the offspring took the best from both parents: the one of the most significant Southwestern landscape ad-
Peruvian tree's fine shape and thornless quality; the vances in years."
American tree's toughness and amazing ability to grow in
the worst possible tree environments. In May, 1960, Riverside County in California planted
600 hybrid mesquites near Palm Springs^in "soil" classi-
In the years that followed, Reese grew and tested his fied as blow sand. Every tree is still standing and growing
new tree, now formally named Prosopis glandulosea hy- rapidly. Also in May, 1960, 100 3Vi-foot hybrid mesquite
bridis reeseanes. Once established, the handsome trees "whips" were stuck in the ground at Blythe, Calif. Today,
needed no watering—even in the hottest desert areas. But, these are 12 feet high; trunk diameter is 3V4 inches.
despite this significant find, Reese's new creation remained
just another of a busy nurseryman's many minor projects The Nevada Highway Department planted 100 hybrids
until DESERT carried an article on the Reese hybrid at desert roadside parks. These two-year-old shade trees
mesquite in the issue of October, 1958. are now 10-feet high, and in some areas are the only green
vegetation in sight.
"The reaction to this story in DESERT, the first publicity
ever given to my tree, was truly fantastic," reported Reese. Reese carries around with him a bulging packet of letters
"It was the turning point in the hybrid mesquite's life— from grateful customers—jackrabbit homesteaders who had
and of my life, too. We got requests for trees from people about given up on finding a tree that would grow so far
throughout the Southwest. More than 40 newspapers and away from a city water supply; motel operators in remote
magazines picked-up the DESERT story and rehashed it. desert towns who had their landscaping problems solved;
The floodgates were opened!" ranchers whose new mesquite windbreaks are rapidly grow-
What has happened to Reese and his tree since the '58 ing to useful size; happy homemakers who had longed for
DESERT article appeared? a touch of greenery in their yards.
Twenty-thousand hybrid mesquites have been sold! They Reese, with headquarters at Desert Hot Springs, Calif.,
are taking root in every desert area of Arizona, New estimates that he will find desert homes for 60,000 hybrid
Mexico, Nevada, California and Texas. mesquites in 1962; and 250,000 in 1963. ///

Chuck Abbott