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MARY JOY FABRIA ROSALEM 1rst 2014

WESTERN MINDANAO STATE UNIVERSITY


K12 (education)
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
For other uses, see K12 (disambiguation).
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K12 (spoken as "k twelve", "k through twelve", or "k to twelve") is a term for the sum
of primary and secondary education. It is used in the United tates, !anada, "urkey,
the #hilippines, and $ustralia. P12 is also occasionally used in $ustralia.
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"he e(pression is
a shortening of kindergarten ()) for *+ to ,+year+olds through twelfth grade (&-) for &.+ to &/+
year+olds, the first and last grades of free education in these countries, respectively.
Contents
%hide'
& Usage
- #0&-
1 )0&*, )0&,, )0&2 and )0-3
* ee also
4 5eferences
Usage[edit]
"he term is often used in school we6site U57s, generally appearing 6efore the country code
top+level domain (or in the United tates, the state top+level domain). "he term "#)0&-" is
sometimes used to add pre+kindergarten.
It is also used 6y $merican multinationals selling into the educational sector, such
as 8ell where U) customers are presented with this as a market segment choice.
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P12[edit]
In $ustralia #0&- is sometimes used in place of )0&-, particularly in 9ueensland, where it is
used as an official term in the curriculum framework.
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#0&- schools serve children for the
thirteen years from prep until :ear &-,
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without including the separate kindergarten
component. In !anada (;ova cotia) #0&- is used commonly in place of )0&- and serves
students from grade #rimary through &-.
K14, K16, K18 and K20[edit]
)0&* education also includes community colleges (the first two years of university). )0&,
education adds a four+year undergraduate university degree. For simplicity purposes
education shorthand was created to denote specific education levels of achievement. "his
shorthand is commonly used in articles, pu6lications, and educational legislations. "he
following list contains the most commonly found shorthand descriptors<
#0&*< #re+chool to "wo+:ear 8egree
#0&,< #re+chool to Four+:ear 8egree
#0&2< #re+chool to =asters 8egree
#0-3< #re+chool to >raduate 8egree
)0&*< )indergarten to "wo+:ear 8egree
)0&,< )indergarten to Four+:ear 8egree
)0&2< )indergarten to =asters 8egree
)0-3< )indergarten to >raduate 8egree
"he !areer "echnical ?ducation (!"?) Unit of the !alifornia !ommunity !ollege ?conomic
8evelopment and Workforce #reparation 8ivision focuses on program coordination and
advocacy, policy development and coordination with )0&2 workforce preparation and career
and technical education systems.
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"he $!!! !hancellor@s Affice !areer "echnical ?ducation (!"?) Unit of the ?conomic
8evelopment and Workforce #reparation 8ivision focuses on program coordination and
advocacy, policy development and coordination with )0&2 workforce preparation and career
and technical education systems. 5esponsi6le for the implementation of the Bocational and
"echnical ?ducation $ct (B"?$), managing and coordinating activities that impact other
interagency and intra+agency o6Cectives. In addition, the !"? Unit is also responsi6le for the
development, dissemination, and implementation of the !alifornia tate #lan and the annual
performance reports.
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"he following link is a ta6le that defines the education system in the United tates. "he ta6le
shows the progression of the education system starting with the 6asic )0&- system then
progressing through post+secondary education. )0&* refers to )0&- plus two years of post+
secondary where training was received from vocational technical institutions or community or
Cunior colleges. "he ) num6ers refer to the years of educational attainment and continues to
progress upward accordingly depending on the degree 6eing sought.
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Further reference to )0&2 education can 6e found in this pu6lication 6y $nn 8iver+tamnes
and 7inda !atelli
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in chapter * "!ollegeDUniversity #artnership #roCects for Instituting
!hange and Improvement in )0&2 ?ducation".