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Latent Fingerprint Matching Using

Descriptor-Based Hough Transform


Abstract:
Fingerprint matching is challenging, as the matcher has to
minimize two competing error rates: the False Accept Rate and the False Reject
Rate. A fingerprint is the impression made by the papillary ridges on the ends of
the fingers and thumbs. Fingerprints afford an infallible means of personal
identification, because the ridge arrangement on every finger of every human
being is unique and does not alter with growth or age. Fingerprints serve to reveal
an individuals true identity despite personal denial, assumed names, or changes in
personal appearance resulting from age, disease, plastic surgery, or accident.
!e propose a novel, efficient, accurate and distortion"tolerant fingerprint
authentication technique based on curved #abor filters $#F%s& are applied. First,
we combine two orientation"field estimation methods in order to obtain a more
robust estimation for very noisy images. 'sing the fingerprint minutiae features, a
labeled and weighted graph of minutiae is constructed for both the query
fingerprint and the reference fingerprint. (n the first phase, we obtain a minimum
set of matched node pairs by matching their neighborhood structures. (n the second
phase, we include more pairs in the match by comparing distances with respect to
matched pairs obtained in first phase. An optional third phase, e)tending the
neighborhood around each feature, is entered if we cannot arrive at a decision
based on the analysis in first two phases. *he proposed algorithm has been tested
with e)cellent results on a large private live scan database obtained with optical
scanners.
Existing System:
*he +)isting ,ystem only used an image based approach.
*his system does not support the minutia approach
*his system also ta-es long time identification.
*his system result should not accurate.
Proposed System:
(n our method the ridge features and conventional minutiae features
.inutiae type, orientation, and position&.
*he types of proposed fingerprints recognition are an image enhancement
method should have three important properties.
o Reconnect bro-en ridges, e.g., caused by dryness of the finger /r
scars.
o ,eparate falsely conglutinated ridges, e.g., caused by wetness /f
the finger or smudges.
o 0reserve ridge endings and bifurcations.
1urved #abor filters $#Fs& are applied to the curved ridge and valley
structures of low"quality fingerprint images.
Ridge features are composed of four elements: ridge count, ridge length,
ridge curvature direction, and ridge type.
2readth"first search $2F,& is performed to detect the matched ridge" based
coordinate pairs.
Software Requirements:
0latform : 345 6.7
0rogram 8anguage : 3A9A
(4+ : :et 2eans ;.<
4ata 2ase : .y sql
/perating ,ystem : .icrosoft !indows =0
Hardware Requirements:
0rocessor : 0entium (9 0rocessor
RA. : 76> .2
?ard 4rive : 6@#2
.onitor : 6AB 9#A 1/8/R ./:(*/R
',2 Finger 0rint Reader : ,ecu#en ?amster 0lus