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MAY, 1958 . .

35 Cents

M r^.

Henry P. Chapman's close-up of
a Zuni Indian woman carrying an
olla on her head is this month's first
prize photo contest entry. Chapman
is a resident of Santa Fe. These
ollas are made by the Zuni women
without the aid of a potter's wheel,
and are handpainted without pre-
liminary sketching of the designs.
The Zuni Pueblo is in New Mexico
a few miles south of Gallup. Camera
data: Rolleiflex 2.8c camera; f. 16 at
1/50 sec; Pan-X film; yellow filter.

Pkium of
the Month
Time and the elements have re-
duced these wagon wheels to pic-
turesque ruins — weathered remind-
ers of an age when transportation
depended on horseflesh and wood.
Second prize photo by L. D. Schooler
of Blythe, California, was taken just
across the Colorado River in Ehren-
berg, Arizona. Camera data: Rollei-
cord camera; f. 11 at 1/50 sec; Plus-
X film; red filter.

= • • • ' : •
April 26-May 18—24th annual Jun-
ior Indian Art Show, Museum of
Northern Arizona, Flagstaff.
April 30-May 3—Las Damas Trek,
Wickenburg, Arizona.
May 1 — Fiesta and Spring Corn
Dance, San Felipe Pueblo, N. M.
May 3—Santa Cruz Corn Dance and
Ceremonial Races, Taos Pueblo,
New Mexico.
May 3-4—31st Presentation of the
Ramona Pageant, Hemet, Califor-
May 3-4 — Newhall-Saugus Rodeo,
Newhall, California. Volume 21 MAY. 1958 Number 5
May 3-5—Cinco de Mayo (Mexican
Independence Day) Festivities at
Nogales and Gilbert, Arizona, and COVER Mosquito Rock in the Valley of Fire State Park,
most border towns.
May 4 — Colorado River Regatta, Nevada, by JOSEF MUENCH
Parker, Arizona. Western barbecue
on preceding evening. PHOTOGRAPHY Pictures of the Month 2
May 4-5—Desert Panorama Displays, CALENDAR May events on the desert 3
China Lake, California.
May 9—FFA and 4-H Stock Show, HISTORY Stokes Castle, by JOSEF and JOYCE MUENCH . 4
Kaysville, Utah.
May 9-10 — Humboldt County Auc- GHOST TOWN When the Brass Band Played at Taylor
tion and Fair, Winnemucca, Nev.
May 9-10—Western Division Rodeo, By NELL MURBARGER 5
Brigham Young University, Provo, WILDFLOWERS Flowering predictions for May 8
May 10—Re-enactment of the Golden POETRY Tuzigoot Pueblo Ruins and other poems . . . 10
Spike Ceremony, Promontory, U. FIELD TRIP
May 10-11—17th annual Lone Pine, Apache Tears in the Chuckawallas
California, Stampede. By EUGENE L CONROTTO 11
May 10-11—Desert Rat Days, Twen- CONSERVATION We Would Protect Desert Plant Life
tynine Palms, California.
May 10-11—9th annual Racquet Club By HARRY C. JAMES 15
Tennis Tournament, Palm Springs, FICTION
California. Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 18
May 10-15—Equestrian Trails Ride HOME MAKING
from Calico, California, to Las Desert Living in the City
Vegas, Nevada.
May 10-25—Wildflower Show, Julian, LETTERS By WELDON and PHYLLIS HEALD . . . . 19
California. Comment from Desert's readers 20
May 11—Sacramento Peak Observa- MEMORIAL
tory east of Alamogordo, New NATURE In Memory 22
Mexico, open to public every Sun- Night Life on the Desert
day throughout summer.
May 14-15—San Ysidro Procession DESERT QUIZ By EDMUND C. JAEGER 24
and Blessing of Fields, near Los A test of your desert knowledge 26
Cordovas, New Mexico. EXPERIENCE
May 15-16—Dairy Days, Plain City, Night in Gateway Canyon
May 15-18—Helldorado, Las Vegas, CONTEST By BARBARA HAMMEN 27
Nevada. FORECAST Picture-of-the-Month contest announcement . . 28
May 16-18—Grubstake Days, Yucca
Valley, California. CLOSE-UPS Southwest river runoff predictions 29
May 18—2nd annual 90-mile Out-
board Marathon, Blythe, California. NEWS About those who write for Desert 29
Barbecue on preceding evening. MINING From here and there on the desert 30
May 18—Horse Show, Sonoita, Ariz.
May 18 — Beaver County Livestock LAPIDARY Current news of desert mines 34
Show, Milford, Utah.
May 23-25 — New Mexico Mobile HOBBY Amateur Gem Cutter, b y DR. H. C. DAKE . . . 36
Home Show, Albuquerque. COMMENT Gems and Minerals 37
May 24-25—Sanpete Rambouillet and
Junior Livestock Show and Parade, BOOKS Just Between You and Me, b y the Editor . . . 42
Ephraim, Utah. Reviews of Southwestern literature 43
May 24-25—American Legion '49ers
Day, Milford, Utah. The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
May 26-27 — Uranium Convention, California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the postoffice at Palm Desert,
California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
Albuquerque. and contents copyrighted 1958 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
May 30—Davis County Sheriff's Ro- must be secured from the editor in writing.
deo and Posse Review, Kaysville, RANDALL, HENDERSON, Editor EUGENE L. CONROTTO, Associate Editor
Utah. BESS STACY, Business Manager EVONNE RIDDELL, Circulation Manager
May 30 — Memorial Day Rodeo, Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
American Fork, Utah. unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
May 30 — Memorial Day Regatta, damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
May 31 — Homecoming Day, Cali- One Year $4.00 Two Years $7.00
ente, Nevada. Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra. Foreign 50c Extra
May 31-June 1—Fiesta de San Felipe
de Neri, Albuquerque. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

MAY, 1958
... Stohes Castle... By JOSEF and JOYCE MUENCH

Just out of Austin, Nevada—at the junction of U.S. time and locale. Intended as a residence, it was never
50 and State 8A—this crumbling ruin overlooks shafts finished.
which once yielded rich silver ore. When it was built in Legends, rather than clinging vines which a more
1879 by brothers J. G. and Anson Phelps Stokes of moist climate might have produced, have grown up
Philadelphia, it almost justified the title which now clings around these stone walls. None of these stories seem
to its denuded walls. Balconies on the second and third based on fact, but include such lurid tales as foremen
floors, a sun-deck on the roof, deep narrow windows, and high-grading rich ore, and the brothers spying from the
its lofty position on a hill all marked it as unusual for its upper windows.

I • i"s"jC$\"i^Sfe

Ma/w Street, Taylor, Nevada, in the 1880s. Old timers say this photograph was
taken on the day President Garfield died (September 19, 1881), which would
account for the flag flying at half-mast. Photo courtesy Irwin Fehr, Ely, Nevada.

When the Brass Band With two of Nevada's most

productive silver mines in op-
eration, the community of Tay-
lor came to life and prospered
during the 1880s. Then silver

Played at Taylor... was demonetized and Taylor's

boom ended without fanfare or
apparent remorse. Fifteen hun-
dred people left their sunny
canyon homes on the west
By NELL MURBARGER slope of the Schell Creek
Map by Norton Allen Range, and headed for new
bonanzas. Claude Gardner,
who still lives in Taylor, is the
GARDNER'S first job good books. He is a hearty eater, only one who came back.
at Taylor, Nevada, was helping sleeps well, laughs a lot, has struck a
his dad demolish the opera truce with the world—and at 70 years
house. Claude was 12 years old, Mc- of age looks much younger than many
Kinley was president of the United men of 50. piece of wall down in the ravine is all
States, and Taylor, even then, was a "This was main street," said Claude that is left of George Metzger's Phila-
ghost mining camp. Gardner, indicating the narrow desert delphia Brewery. Even now, folks
Today Claude Gardner is the last road up which I had driven from the prowling through the sagebrush occa-
remaining resident of Taylor. He lives mouth of the canyon. "When Dad sionally find one of its old quart
in an old rock store building with and I came here in 1899 there were bottles. Below the brewery was China-
three-feet thick walls and a porch held houses and store buildings along both town. Those dumps on the hill be-
together with square-cut iron nails. He sides of this street, but only two or longed to the Argus Mine, and the
still owns 26 mining claims and sev- three of the cabins were occupied. The the north.laid
. ."
over that little rise to
eral leases; and now and then makes opera house set down yonder, aways.
a shipment of ore. Claude enjoys good This rock building I live in was Dave As I roamed over the hillside where
friends and flowers and sunsets and Felsenthal's general store, and that Taylor had stood, with Claude as my

MAY, 1958 5
To ELY, 5Miles

ToPIOCHE, 79Miles.

guide, I learned more about my host. First ore discoveries in this part of on the inside are communicative only
He was born in the old Mormon lum- the Schell Creek Range were made in to the favored few . . ."
bering town of Pine Valley in the 1872 by Prospectors Taylor and Pratt, Before year's end, almost everyone
Southwestern part of Utah. His pa- but their strikes failed to attract much in Nevada knew about the Taylor dis-
ternal grandfather and granduncle, attention, and most of the original trict. The bonanza brought an influx
Robert and Archibald Gardner, had claims were permitted to lapse. Several of boomers, and the town of Taylor
established the first sawmill in Utah, of these were relocated about eight began to collect in the trough of the
near Salt Lake City; and after moving year later by W. G. Lyons, Robert canyon below the main mines. Soon
to Pine Valley, had cut trees and sawed Briggs and W. N. Billy McGill, who the population soared to 1500. Va-
lumber for construction of the Mor- developed their holdings into the Mon- cant houses in the declining town of
mon Temple at St. George. itor—one of the district's two greatest Ward were moved to Taylor.
Claude developed an early interest mines,
and producer of some of the
silver ore ever found in Nevada.
in mining, and when he grew older By June, 1883, a seven-foot ore
staked several claims in the Taylor The other big mine was the Argus, body, assaying as high as $4000 a ton,
district. As time went on he strayed discovered by Jim Ragsdale, an Indian, was being worked at the Monitor
periodically to other sections of the who assertedly sold it for $500 in cash which now was paying more bullion
West, but always returned to the old and a good team of horses. The Argus tax than any other mine in the state.
camp in the Schell Creek Mountains. was developed by Joseph S. Carothers, H. A. Cumins was importing windows,
About a dozen years ago he realized prominent Nevada mining man of that doors and finishing lumber from
that Nevada's dry canyons, sagebrush, day, with the financial backing of the Cherry Creek, 60 miles to the north.
Before the end of that summer, Taylor
nut-pines and junipers meant more to wealthy Aultman family of Canton, boasted three general stores, two
him than all the chimerical green pas- Ohio. During their few productive butcher shops, seven saloons, four res-
tures of the world—and he came home years, the Monitor and Argus each taurants, three boarding houses, a
to stay. yielded $5,000,000 in free-milling sil-
drugstore, dentist and doctor. The
After gaining what information I ver—most of it mined within 50 feet Reflex noted that even a Chinese
could at the long deserted campsite, I of the surface. opium den was flourishing.
returned to Ely and spent the next two The silver camp of Ward had been
days in the recorder's office scanning flourishing about a half-dozen years The summer of 1883 also witnessed
the files of the White Pine Reflex and when on May 16, 1880, its newspaper, the organization of Taylor's White
White Pine News, Taylor's two news- The Reflex, issued the first provoca- Pine Brass Band, an event hailed as
papers, and the Ward Reflex, pub- tive mention of the new mining district a great step forward since Taylor, like
lished in the 1870s and 1880s at the across Steptoe Valley to the east: most country towns of that era, did
mining camp of Ward, a dozen miles "Visions of untold wealth agitate not possess an abundance of ready-
west of Taylor. In the news columns the venturesome portion of this com- made entertainment. Second and third
of these priceless old journals is faith- munity. It is concentrated in Taylor rate traveling show troupes occasion-
fully recorded week-by-week the story District, and mum is the word for the ally drifted into town for one-night
of Taylor. present. The assays are stiff, and those performances at the opera house, also

he said. In the World War I days, had been worked as a "gophering op- tional tunneling, and very little timber-
Claude explained, a mining and mill- eration." In the rocky sloping walls ing. Following the contours of the rich
ing company from Cody, Wyoming, of a shallow ravine a few rods north kidneys of ore, the miners had hol-
acquired 16 claims here and erected of the shaft were several dark openings lowed out huge chambers, some of
a 100-ton cyanide plant. After a few resembling the mouths of volcanic them 40 feet in diameter and 15 feet
runs the mill closed down and the caves. It was from these excavations high. Unmined pillars had been left
company pulled stakes. that the major portion of the Monitor's scattered throughout the workings to
Halting the Jeep beside an un- wealth was taken. help support the rock ceiling, and in
guarded open shaft on the crest of a Claude lighted the carbide lamps and some places there were massive stulls
low rise, Claude explained that this we crossed the threshold into one of wedged into place—usually lengths of
had been the original shaft of the the strangest mines I have ever visited. nut-pine or juniper trunks. Passage-
Monitor. The great mine principally There was no semblance of conven- ways the size of ordinary mine tunnels

DmH Wildflomts BeckonMay Visiton...

May is normally the month of most combs, Pintos and Little San Bernar- try drive to Pierce Ferry for reward-
abundant wildflower bloom on the high dinos. During May there should be ing views of the Joshua tree forest in
desert, and this year's show promises much bloom near the tops of these bloom. Another May trip which should
to be even more spectacular because ranges. be excellent for both wildflowers and
of the unusually heavy and well-dis- Joshua Tree National Monument scenery is the Crystal to Valley of Fire
tributed precipitation of past months. visitors can expect to find the following State Park drive (see cover).
In the areas where winter and spring plant species in bloom during May Abundant rainfall assures good May
rains have penetrated deepest, many and June: nolina, creosote, senna, wildflower blossoms in the Globe, Ari-
of the annuals which came into flower blazing star, woolly marigold, lupine, zona, area, reports Naturalist Earl
earlier than usual still should be bloom- sand verbena, large white desert prim- Jackson of the Southwest Archeological
ing in May, especially in the higher rose, forget-me-not, phacelia, gilia, Center. Among the species expected
elevations such as Yucca Valley, along mariposa, desert willow, tidy-tips, to be in flower are covena, lupine,
the Old Woman Springs Road, in poppy and many others. Monument deer-weed, marigold, wallflower, globe
Joshua Tree National Monument and Superintendent Elmer N. Fladmark mallow, mariposa, poppy and especi-
in foothill areas of the Antelope Val- especially recommends the drive from ally phacelia. Saguaro and other cacti
ley. Highway 60-70 through Pinto Basin species, owl clover and brittle-bush
In addition, May will see many per- in May, and visits to Lost Horse Val- blooms also are anticipated.
ennials in bloom, including apricot ley and Salton View in June. These blossoms are forecast for the
mallow, indigo bush, salazaria, cassia, The Antelope Valley in the south- Casa Grande National Monument: lu-
cheese-bush, sandpaper-plant, Mojave western corner of the Mojave Desert pine, desert marigold, ironwood, gold-
aster and possibly cat's-claw, mesquite should see a continuing of blooms fields, fiddleneck, crown-beard, brittle-
and chilopsis. The tiny yellow flowers into May of species that came into bush, apricot mallow, palo verde, and
of widespread blackbrush should be flower especially early this year. Mrs. prickly pear, saguaro, cholla and stag-
showing, as well as blossoms of deer- Jane S. Pinheiro suggests a drive east horn cacti.
weed and pepper-grass. along Highway 138 for mariposa, lu- Saguaro cacti should be starting
Lucile Weight of Twentynine Palms pine and perhaps poppy. West on to flower in Saguaro National Monu-
predicts one of the best May flower 138 from Lancaster to Gorman, there ment near Tucson, writes Supervisory
areas will be along the O!d Woman should be wonderful displays of ment- Park Ranger Robert J. Heying. In
Springs Road which connects Yucca zelia, mallow, gilia and cassia. High- addition, over 50 wildflower species
Valley with Lucerne Valley and Vic- way 6 from Mojave north to the Wal- which came up in April are expected
torville. Here one can expect to see ker Pass also promises a good May to be in blossom during May.
the blooms of desert mariposa, lark- flower show. Organ Pipe Cactus National Monu-
spur, desert rock-pea, white tidy-tips, Naturalist Roland Wauer of Death ment in southern Arizona is covered
phacelia, lupine, blazing star, viguiera, Valley National Monument writes that with lush green vegetation, and Chief
apricot mallow, Mojave aster, prickly there is a good chance wildflowers on Ranger John T. Mullady predicts April
peppy, and possibly earlier blooming the lower valley elevations will last to blossoms will continue into May. Sen-
chia, gilia, penstemon, lupine, verbena, mid-May, and on the higher portions ita and organ pipe cacti blossoms are
malocothrix and pincushion. Cassia, throughout the summer. In early April expected during the latter part of the
pepper-grass and the elegant desert the high gullies and slopes were green month.
plume also should be in flower along with new plants, and cacti were just Clyde E. Strickler, supervisor of
this road. starting to bloom in the low warm Anza-Borrego Desert State Park, looks
Yucca Valley should be a very good valley areas. for cacti to be blooming there during
May flower area, with nearly all the Additional rainfall probably will May. It is unlikely wildflowers will be
above mentioned species plus others prolong the Lake Mead National Rec- found in the low desert areas of Coa-
showing, Mrs. Weight added. reation Area's outstanding wildflower chella and Imperial valleys. However,
Even in the remarkable flower years season, according to Naturalist James the past winter and early spring wea-
of 1938 and 1949, observers do not W. Schaack. The desert is a mass of ther has been very unusual, and the
recall seeing the green of plants climb- yellow, sprinkled with purples and possibility exists that more April show-
ing to the very tops of high desert white, and an occasional spot of orange ers, the continuing absence of desic-
mountains as it has this year. By and red. Joshua tree, yucca, sunray, cating sandstorms, and warm May days
the first of April, blooming flowers creosote and barrel and hedgehog may bring out a second wildflower
had moved one-third of the way up cacti blooms appeared in late March. blooming, especially of verbena, hairy-
the slopes of the Sheepholes, Cox- Schaack recommends the back coun- leaved sunflowers and primroses.



Gardner at the workings of the Monitor Mine. Photo by the author.

led from these huge rooms deeper into district—where I live now—was in "Taylor, though now under a cloud
the mountain, there to rewiden into the middle." through no fault of its mines or its
more rooms. Occasionally the walls of "Do you think the Monitor will ever people, but through a chain of causes
a chamber had been worked so thin re-open?" I asked as we drove back familiar to all and not necessary to
they had broken through to the out- to the old rock store building. repeat, is not a dead mining camp. It
doors, and the entire canyonside was "That's hard to say," .Claude re- is only resting awhile until the cloud
honeycombed like a Swiss cheese. that hangs over it like a nightmare
plied. "After Briggs, Lyon and Mc- rolls away. The mines are here and
As we wandered through the chill Gill took out several million dollars
corridors of this strange man-made they look better than they did three
worth of ore—probably a million dol- years ago, and it will be strange if a
grotto, shining the beams of our car- lars net—they sold to an English com-
bide lamps on streaks of rich ore still property so valuable as the Argus will
pany in 1888 for $185,000. Soon be permitted to remain idle long."
visible in the walls, I remembered after, the high grade ore pinched out
snatches of stories from the old Taylor and before there was time to do any The frontier editor was a better
newspapers—a 30-pound specimen of more development or exploration work, writer than he was prophet; and al-
Monitor ore worth $2.50 a pound— the bottom fell out of the silver market. though nearly 70 years have passed
specimens of horn silver and chloride since those hopeful words were pub-
worth $5 a pound . . . "There's still plenty of ore in the lished, the nightmare cloud has not
Monitor—you saw that for yourself rolled away.
From the old Monitor we drove to this morning. But, in view of today's The great Argus and the Monitor,
North Taylor where a few nearly ob- high operating and milling costs, and the June, the Hixon—all the rich mines
literated foundations and walls mark the relatively low price of silver, it that nurtured Taylor three-quarters of
the sites of former homes. seems doubtful whether anyone could a century ago, still are standing idle;
"Most of the Monitor employees mine it at a profit . . ." and the little mining town in the can-
lived in North Taylor," said Claude. In the last issue of the White Pine yon—the place that once had three
"Those who worked for the Argus News published at Taylor on Septem- times as many registered voters as Ely
lived in South Taylor, and the business ber 8, 1888, the editor wrote: —today is the home of only one man.

MAY, 1958

Photograph by Beth Swanson


Thousand Palms, California By JEANETTE SWANSON Citrus Heights, California
These men lived lives so still Phoenix, Arizona I'm desert bred but I'm city bound,
To you, unknowing, die; On a silent brooding hillside Tied hand and foot, as it were.
At rest beneath this hill In the honeycomb of room on room, And mem'ry must serve as eyes for the soul
My sands to dignify. The Old Ones lived, well fortified Though it sees but a distant blur.
From enemies who sought their doom. A love and a duty holds me here
These men met death sublime; And in the valley stretched below, In the heart of Gotham's might.
Now let their quiet sing. Where the Verde River carves its way, But the city lights are a far, far cry
In this, their silent time, They dug canals for water flow, From the desert stars at night.
Cool winds are murmuring. Much like our own this modern day.
They grew small crops and stored them well, I'm city bound by a trust that's old,
From strong lives lived unsaid, Refrained from war and crippling strife; As old as the desert sands,
These desolations die; This hillside was their citadel, And it ties me here by a bond too strong
There lifts a green homestead, This valley source of strength and life. To be broken by human hands.
Silence must signify. The Old Ones, gone from this gaunt hill, • • •
Pervade it with their presence still.
For you, the golden day THE DESERT'S SECRET
Since they the terrors faced; By AMY VIAU
They broke the old trail way, Santa Ana, California
The endless desert waste. To the bruised old cactus, I paused to say
"Did you happen to notice one long past
CLARET-CUP CACTUS By TANYA SOUTH Great covered wagons that came this way?"
By JEAN HOGAN DUDLEY All that is needed to advance And I knelt close by the cactus-base
Inglewood, California Lies deeply in your source, While I searched the sands from place to
And every height of eminence place,
Now I have learned to look beyond the From deep within must course.
name Thus are you master of your fate, But could find no wagon wheel print nor
Or the appearances of any man, Whatever be your worldly state. trace.
Since I have learned a thorny cactus can And yet, I knew that none would be there
Become a claret-cup of petalled flame. For deserts seldom their secrets share.

what it's for." And I did. Today it
^ ( 3 2 Mi. to Wiley Well rests on my bookcase to commemorate
Turnoff from Desert Center)
the praiseworthy event I witnessed
that morning.
We made a fast 13-mile trip over
the bladed and nearly straight dirt road
which parallels the pole line along the
southern flank of the Little Chucka-
wallas. From a creosote and ironwood
flatland in the Wiley's Well area it car-
ried us westward across one wash after
another to a region dominated by the
green-boughed palo verde.
The Apache Tear area lies along
the malpai flanks of the Little Chucka-
wallas about a mile and a half north
and slightly east of the bladed road.
The turnoff is on the near side of a
long reddish malpai - covered ridge
dotted with a few whip-armed ocotillos.
An experienced desert driver should
have no difficulty bringing a standard
car to this junction from Highway 60-
70 via Wiley's Well. The numerous
washes which the road crosses are
sandy and could present some diffi-
culty if a driver allows his vehicle to
lose momentum while crossing them.
From the pole line road we made
our own trail to the collecting field—
in four-wheel drive all the way—over
a trackless wash area in which the
palo verde jungle often hid the land-
marks we were steering toward. For
this reason it is best to take your bear-
ings at the pole line road. The col-
lecting field is on the malpai flanks
that rise out of the wash and climb to
the dark eroded range beyond. These
background hills lie between two prom-
inent points in the horizon—the Big
Chuckawallas on the west and the
Little Chuckawallas on the east —
towering like two giant bookends above
the center hills.
Apache Tears, on cloth, are difficult to distinguish from the dark malpai Once beyond the wash, Loran rec-
stones they are found on. Photo by Loran Perry. ognized the malpai slopes that con-
tained the Tears from the several
shattered white plasterboard artillery
targets on the higher ground that were
used in wartime maneuvers.
Hunting for Tears was fun because
they were sparse enough to afford a
thrill every time I found one, and as
my eyes became accustomed to spot-
ting the dark obsidian nodules lying
on the surface of the equally dark
malpai, I became more expert at the
game. While the somber rocks which
make up the desert pavement here are
highly varnished and in the right light
glisten like polished shoe leather, the
Apache Tears are dull black in color.
Thus, the traditional prospecting pro-
cedure is reversed—instead of look-
ing for a bright object on a somber
background, you look for a subdued
object on a shiny background.
The Tear collecting area extends
over a mile along the rolling malpai

Jeep leaves the main bladed road (foreground) and heads toward Apache Tear
area at base of Little Chuckawallas (arrow). Nearly entire mile-and-a-half distance
from this junction to the collecting field is through sand-filled arroyo.

hillocks. How far back into the moun- doubtedly a bright piece was used now ing fields in the Southwest are in east-
tains it went, we were not equipped and again to adorn his body. central California in the Mono Crater
to determine. The possibility exists, The obsidian we collected that day region (Desert, Dec. '41) where steel
however, that more and bigger ob- was uniformly jet black and almost blue, black and banded specimens are
sidian nodules lie on the higher ground. opaque—only the very edges of tiny found; the deposits near Superior, Ari-
We had more luck finding the Tears chips being translucent. zona (Desert, Aug. '39) at last report
on the flats, especially where the des- Obsidian is not a plentiful gem closed to collectors by the mining com-
ert pavement stones tended to be small, stone. The most famous Tear collect- panies which hold the land; the ancient
than on the slope sides. Although by
no means plentiful, we also found bits
of chalcedony and jasper in this region. When Lou DeWolfe found he had more cutting material than he could use,
he started hauling it back to the desert and dumping it.
Beneath the Apache Tear's dull
weathered surface are solid interiors
of glossy black volcanic glass. The
vitreous luster of cut and polished or
tumbled obsidian jewelry is very at- •fifa^ TilHIT imllfT
The smaller specimens were some- f •••••,- • * ' ' • ^ - y .A:

what oblong, measuring from a half-

inch in width to an inch in length. The
larger Tears were more rounded and
up to two inches in diameter.
All obsidian fractures in a con-
choidal (curved) pattern, and there-
fore the nodule surfaces have a gouged
or scooped-out appearance. The stones
have no crystalline structure, for the
magma from which they were formed
was cooled so quickly—supercooled,
the scientists call it—that the molten
silicates had no chance to group them-
selves into crystal form. Instead, the
magma was frozen into small razor
sharp masses, and after having brushed
the pieces of a shattered Apache Tear
into my hand only to have the tiny
glass fragments draw blood in a dozen
different places, I can vouch for the
material's razor-sharpness.
KbiK. ,A -• :^%
It was this quality, of course, which
made the stone so useful to the In-
dian. From it he fashioned spear and
arrow points, and knives — and un-

MAY, 1958 13
Salt Lake City television station a few
years ago.
"Hunting for rocks is more fun than
hunting deer," he explained. "You
meet more interesting and sociable
people—and it's a sport you can share
with your wife."
The temptation to "bang around
with rocks" apparently outweighs any
desire on the part of Mrs. DeWolfe
to protect her hands, unlike so many
other talented people who play a musi-
cal instrument.
"When I come out here," she told
me, "I divorce myself from the life I
lead in the city. The desert gives me
an opportunity to critically examine
After lunch we drove back to the
bladed road, crossed it, and made our
way to Taylor Well, a dangerous gap-
ing four-foot wide and 40-foot deep
dry hole on the opposite bank of a
sand-filled wash. The rotting palo
verde supports appeared ready to give
way with the slightest pressure. By
crawling as close to the edge of the
hole as I dared, I caught a glimpse of
a short crudely-fashioned ladder on
the bottom of the pit.
This is one of many now abandoned
and forgotten wells along the old
Bradshaw Road which the main bladed
road in this area closely follows. The
Bradshaw Road was built in 1862 as
a direct overland route from San Ber-
nardino to the La Paz, Arizona, placer
gold fields. It entered the Colorado
Desert through San Gorgonio Pass,
skirted Mt. San Jacinto, followed the
flank of the Santa Rosas to the Indian
villages of Toros and Martinez below
present-day Indio, and then headed
almost due east across the northern
end of the Salton Sink to a line of
precious wells—Dos Palmas, Canyon
Spring, Tabaseca Tank, Chuckawalla
Louise DeWolfe, right, holds Apache Tear nodules. With her in the col- Well, Mule Spring, Willow Spring—
lecting field is Rose Perry. Photo by Lou DeWolfe. and finally northward to the Colorado,
Bradshaw's Ferry and La Paz.

Indian quarry 50 miles south of Delta, direction. In the clean sands were The Bradshaw Road heyday lasted
Utah, where mottled obsidian is found; numerous tracks of small animals, and only two years, for the La Paz bust
and the several Nevada fields near the larger prints of deer and possibly followed close on the heels of the
Beatty (Desert> June ' 4 2 ) , Fish Lake burros. boom. In 1877 the Southern Pacific
railroad completed its San Bernardino
Valley near Coaldale (Desert, Sept. We spread a potluck lunch on the to Yuma line, and the Bradshaw Road
'50), and in the Monte Cristos north- hood of a Jeep, and while we ate in was relegated to only occasional use.
east of Coaldale (Desert, May ' 5 1 ) . the warm sunshine, I had an oppor- Wiley's Well was dug in 1908, many
There also is a Tear area on the Mo- tunity to become better acquainted years after the Bradshaw Road's per-
jave Desert about five miles north of with the DeWolfes. iod of prominence.
Bagdad in the shadow of the Amboy
Crater (Desert, Nov. ' 4 9 ) . Lou, an aircraft engineer by trade, From Taylor Well the jeep trail con-
and Louise, an organist and music tinues south and east past the Black
When everyone in the party had a teacher, explore the desert in what is Hills and their famed Hauser and Po-
half dozen or so Tears—"enough for now their fourth Jeep. He is one of tato Patch geode beds (Desert, May
a necklace," as Rose Perry put it— several men I have met in recent years '47), to the Ogilby road at a point
we circled back to the parked Jeeps who has switched from hunting and four miles south of Wiley's Well. Near
through a portion of the wash. Here fishing to gem stone collecting as an this juncture is the Double Butte agate
the palo verdes were dense and the outdoor sport. In fact Lou had a area (Desert, Nov. ' 5 0 ) , and the fire
song of quail came to us from every hunting and fishing program on a local agate fields of Coon Hollow.

TVe Would Pnotect
Down through the centuries the flowers and shrubs and trees which
grow on the desert have developed their own special devices for sur-
vival. Some have thorns, others bitter juices, a few unpleasant odors,
and all of them have adapted to meager and erratic rainfall. But in
modern times a new enemy has appeared against whom they have no
defense—and that is the hand and tool of thoughtless or unscrupulous
human beings. And so, since plant life is essential to the welfare of
mankind, it has been necessary to pass laws for the protection of the
native shrubs of the desert. Here is a brief summary of those laws.

Executive Director, Desert Protective Council

WONDER if you I learned that he was taking the plants
know it i s against the law to a Los Angeles company that sold
to pick those flowers!" them as "Ming trees." Desert lily is fighting a losing battle
The well-dressed woman straight- Later I described the species to a against thoughtless persons — who
ened up and glared at the old-timer Yosemite ranger-naturalist who said find that it wilts soon after it is
whose desert-scarred jalopy had pulled that it was a rare one and that the plucked—and the seed that might
up behind her big shiny automobile, commercial outfit in question had just have been broadcasted by the wind
parked along the roadside. about obliterated it in that area. The for future flowering is lost forever.
"And what law am I violating, may desert region being so despoiled was
I ask?" she retorted in a haughty tone outside the boundaries of Yosemite Utah, Dr. Walter P. Cottam, Profes-
of voice. National Park, so I wondered — was sor of Botany at the University of
this within the law? Utah, has this to say:
The old-timer scratched his head.
"Darned if I know, lady," he said. What is the law with regard to the "Utah appears to have no laws on
"All I know is it's against the law." taking of desert plants? Is the desert its statutes protecting certain species of
flora protected by state or county laws flowering plants or preventing their re-
Unabashed the woman went on —or by both? Here is what I found moval. A year ago a group of us met
picking wildflowers. The old-timer out. and considered these matters, but
shrugged his shoulders and drove off. nothing yet has specifically been for-
With the exception of Utah all the
Many of us desert lovers have doubt- states of the Southwest have laws pro- mulated to present to our legislature.
less often been in the same predica- tecting native plants. With regard to Seventy-two percent of our area be-
ment as the old-timer! We wanted to longs to Uncle Sam and as you know,
protect the wildflowers, but we lacked removal or picking flowers is prohib-
the authority to do it. Evening Primrose is more decorative ited by the Forest Service. Our moun-
Recently a group of Sierra Club after it is dead than when alive — tain areas not regulated by the Forest
members were hiking up a rather iso- and lasts many times longer. Service are privately owned and it
lated arroyo in Anza-Borrego State seemed to us that any laws framed to
Park. Close to a trickle of water they cover these matters would be ineffec-
came upon a party of boys. tive and would certainly be vigorously
"We're on a primitive desert camp- opposed . . . We do have a serious
ing trip," their leader explained. problem along Highway 91 near the
corners of Utah, Arizona, and Nevada,
"Primitive" indeed! Here in a State where there has been reported serious
Park the boys had a good-sized barrel
cactus slowly broiling over a bed of removal of own warm desert cac-
coals. They had stripped innumerable tus flora. Your laws in California seem
small palm trees and were using the to direct some of your people there
fronds to line a channel to bring the for cactus garden specimens . . . Over-
trickle of water closer to camp. They grazing constitutes such a serious prob-
were using more green fronds to make lem in this state that to worry the
beds. public with laws prohibiting the pick-
ing or removal of flowers would be
One time as I was skirting a low like attacking fleas rather than ele-
desert hill near Mono Lake I saw a phants. Maybe I am wrong."
large stake-bodied truck pull out of a
short dirt road. It was filled to capac- Following is a summary of the state
ity with a species of some small squat laws; designed to protect the floral
twisted desert shrub. From the driver landscape inf Arizona, California, Ney-

MAY, 1958 15
ada and New Mexico, and of county for processing to obtain fiber, provided orpine, saxifrage, evening primrose,
ordinances in Southern California: the processing plant is within the state. dogwood, ivy, butterfly weed, figwort
No person or common carrier within and cactus.
ARIZONA the state may receive plants in the It is unlawful to destroy, mutilate or
State laws in Arizona prohibit the protected group or transport unless the remove these or any other native plant,
destruction or removal from public person offering them exhibits a written except noxious weeds, growing within
lands of any plants growing within permit showing legal right for the re- 400 yards of any public highway on
200 yards of any highway, and beyond moval of the plants. public land, or on private land without
that zone the following are protected: Violation of the law is a misde- the written consent of the owner.
All species of the following families meanor punishable by a fine of not Penalty for violation of the New
—Fera, lily, iris, amaryllis, orchid, or- more than $300 for each separate of- Mexico law is a fine of not less than
pine, saxifrage and cactus. fense. $50 and not more than $300 for each
All species of the following genera CALIFORNIA offense.
— Columbine, lobelia, shooting star, County Ordinances Protecting Plants
primrose, ocotillo and native palm. The California penal code provides
Nearly all the counties of Southern
All the following species — Scarlet that every person who willfully or neg- California have regulations pertaining
gilia, desert holly, western red bud, ligently cuts, destroys, mutilates or re- to the protection of native plants.
smoke tree, crucifixion thorn and flan- moves any native tree or shrub, or fern Some of these county laws are simple
nel bush. or herb or bulb or cactus or flower
growing on public land, or on private and direct and would seem to give
The above species may be removed land without a written permit from the very adequate legal protection to the
from private lands only on written owner or his authorized agent, or who desert flora within their boundaries.
permission from the owner. offers or exhibits for sale any native Other county laws seem decidedly in-
The Arizona Commission of Agri- tree or shrub, fern, herb, bulb, cactus adequate in the plants they list for
culture and Horticulture may issue or flower taken from public lands or protection.
permits for a specific number of plants from private lands without the written So far as I have been able to deter-
in the protected group for scientific or. consent of the owner, shall be guilty mine, the counties of Inyo and Mono
educational purposes. No permit, how- of a misdemeanor and upon convic- have no laws for plant protection.
ever, may be issued for more than one tion shall be punishable by a fine of Riverside County has only an ordi-
shipment of plants, nor for more than not more than $200 or imprisonment nance, passed in 1940, which estab-
30 days. in the county jail for not more than lishes two Wild Flower Reserves in the
The Commission may issue a per- six months, or by both such fine and desert section of the county where
mit for the removal of Yucca leaves imprisonment. grazing is prohibited from March 1 to
The California law, however, shall May 13. The ordinance of Kern
Yucca Whipplei — one of Southern not apply to any native tree, shrub or County has one interesting section
California's most decorative shrubs. plant which has been declared by law which makes it unlawful "for any per-
It is protected by law. to be a public nuisance. son, firm, or corporation to destroy
Any peace officer and any fire war- wantonly the wildflowers of Kern
den in California is authorized to en- County, by using said wildflowers in
force the law, which also applies to the decoration of automobiles, except
the removal of leaf mold. in the case of public displays, under a
permit to do so . . ."
NEVADA The lack of uniformity in county
State law in Nevada provides that regulations is confusing, but fortun-
it shall be unlawful for any person or ately the state laws of California which
company to cut, pick, mutilate, destroy of course apply in all counties, are so
or remove any tree, Christmas tree, broad as to provide adequate protec-
shrub, plant, fern, wildflower, cacti, tion and the problem is largely one of
desert flora, or any seeds, roots, bulbs enforcement.
from any land owned by or under the Following is a summary of the vari-
control of the State of Nevada, or ous county ordinances in Southern
without written permission from the California designed for the protection
owner or occupant of any private land. of plant life:
Violation of the Nevada law is a Imperial County
misdemeanor punishable by a fine of It is unlawful for any person, firm
not less than $10 nor more than $200, or corporation to dig up, remove, mu-
or by imprisonment in the county jail tilate or destroy any of the following
for not less than five days or more shrubs or blossoms growing upon pub-
than three months for each violation. lic or private land without a permit
In Nevada, however, the provisions issued by the Board of Supervisors,
of the act do not apply to persons except by the owner or with the writ-
picking cacti or desert flora for the use ten consent of the owners:
and adornment of homes and gardens Yuccas, fan palm, desert holly, des-
within the State of Nevada, nor is the ert verbena, smoke tree, lupine, oco-
law intended to restrict the research tillo, scarlet bugler, indigo bush,
activities of institutions of learning. agaves or cacti, of which 11 species
NEW MEXICO known to be growing in this county are
New Mexico state law provides pro- specifically named.
tection for the following plant fam- Kern County
ilies: Fern, lily, iris, amaryllis, crow- Kern County regards it as a mis-
foot, lobelia, primrose, heath, gentian, demeanor, punishable by a fine of not
violet, purslane, apple, phlox, orchid, exceeding $50.00, or six months' im-

Devil's Garden in Coachella Valley, California—as it was before plant robbers
denuded the area of its Barrell Cactus. San Jacinto peak in the background.
Photo by Fred Ragsdale.

prisonment, or both, to mutilate, de- more than $500.00, or by imprison- desert holly, and indigo bush, as well
stroy, collect or remove desert holly, ment for not longer than six months, as a great variety of cacti.
cacti, Joshua trees, Spanish bayonet, or both. Any one who violates this ordinance
all species and varieties of Mariposa Riverside County is guilty of a misdemeanor.
lilies, fremontia, wild quince, leather- San Diego County
wood, etc. Riverside County has no ordinance
granting general protection to desert A San Diego County ordinance,
Permits for educational or scientific plants, but it does have Ordinance Number 341, declares it unlawful to
collecting may be issued by the County Number 258. This ordinance estab- "cut, pick, dig, collect, remove, mu-
Agricultural Commissioner. lished two Wild Flower Reserves in tilate or destroy the whole or any part
Los Angeles County the county, where grazing is prohibited of any species of yucca, cactus, or
from March 1 to May 13. agave, or any native tree, flowering
Los Angeles County has an ordi- shrub, ornamental plant, berry-bear-
nance which makes it unlawful to Ordinance Number 238 was passed
by the Board of Supervisors in 1940 ing plant, vine, fern, or wildflower."
"pick, mutilate, cut, dig, destroy, or To knowingly sell any of these is also
remove . . . any native wild plant, fern, as a result of public protests over the
desecration by grazing of hundreds of unlawful.
vine, shrub, or tree, or any bloom or acres of wildflowers in Coachella Val-
flower thereof growing upon the land In this ordinance it is expressly pro-
in the unincorporated territory of the ley in a year of an especially fine dis- vided that its provisions shall not ap-
County of Los Angeles." play. ply to any native plant which is de-
clared by state law to be a public
Furthermore, it is unlawful "for any San Bernardino County nuisance.
person to knowingly sell, offer or ex- In San Bernardino County Sections
pose for sale any native wild plant," 4 and 5 of Ordinance No. 310 define National and State Park Regulations
etc., removed from any public land. as unlawful the digging up, removal, The general public, I am sure, is
Any violation of the Los Angeles mutilation, or destruction of Joshua thoroughly aware that there are very
County ordinance is considered a mis- trees, Spanish dagger, Spanish bayo- strict regulations which give almost
demeanor punishable by a fine of not net, the desert lily, smoke trees, complete protection — so far as any

MAY, 1958 17
the ruthless taking of desert plants by
commercial dealers. The growing num-
ber of complaints that come in to
Desert Magazine and to the Desert
Protective Council indicate this need.
Many landscape gardeners and nur-
serymen are just as interested as we
are in protecting plant life in the des-
ert. Thanks to Theodore Payne, for
example, many rare and choice Cali-
fornia wildflowers have been saved
from extinction, so excellent has been
his work in the commercial cultivation
of many species. Unhappily there are
too many of the other kind of dealers
in plants — men who, eager for the of
quick dollar, encourage the merciless
harvesting of desert shrubs and cactus,
which bring big money these days to
landscape men not harassed byi any
Death Valley
ethical qualms of conscience. Hard Rock Shorty had been
One very effective curb could be missing for several days from his
applied by the Plant Quarantine sta- usual place on the porch of the
tions operated at state borders by the Inferno store, and so when he
State of California's Department of returned he was the target for
Agriculture. Every load of desert a lot of questions from his fel-
plants entering California should be low sitters and whittlers.
required not only to pass inspection "Doin' a little assessment work
but also to be accompanied by proper over on Eight Ball crick," he
permits indicating ownership and quan- yawned.
tity—such as are required by Arizona
law, for/'example. "Yeah, the place is improvin'
Another method of curtailing this right along," he answered one of
unfortunate traffic in desert flora would the old-timers. "One o' Pisgah
be to require both the state and the Bill's oF hens hatched a batch
county highway patrol officers of the o' chickens last week.
Agave or wild century plant, just
coming into blossom. This plant southwestern states to make frequent "No, Pisgah ain't so well. He's
furnished both food and fiber for checks of trucks loaded with desert ailin' in his neck an' is only
desert Indians. Today it is taken plants. Such roadside checks should eatin' soup—strained soup. Bill's
from the desert only for ornamental demand proper inspection slips if the troubles started the day some-
purposes. load is from out-of-state, and owner- body brought' a new mail order
ship certificates if the load originates catalog into camp.
within the boundaries of the state. "Bill set right down to look
law can give complete protection — to Inspection officers at weighing sta- at the pitchers in that catalog,
all plants growing in National Parks tions also should be alerted to require an' that give him the spring
and Monuments and in various State proof of ownership, point of origin, house-fixin' fever. He decided
Parks. In National Parks and Monu- etc., when loads of desert plants are the shack autta be papered, and
ments even dead plants are protected! weighed. the purtiest paper in the book is
Lest this seem slightly absurd the While there is need for protective what he got, rolls 'n rolls of it.
reader is reminded that such dead laws in Utah, and in some of Califor- Bill sure worked hard stickin' all
flora renews the necessary ground cov- nia's counties not now covered by or- that paper onto the shack walls
ering of duff, affords protection to dinances, the imperative need, if the an' ceilin' inside, an' what wuz
small wildlife, and helps to preserve floral landscape of the Southwest is to left he put in the outhouse.
the natural scene as is. be fully protected, is in the field of law "He sed he never knew what
Educational and scientific collecting enforcement — and more and more a big house he had 'til he got to
is possible even in these highly re- education, in the homes, the schools, gluin' all that paper down. An'
stricted reservations, but permits must and civic organizations. when he got through his neck
be secured from the proper authorities. It is imperative that youth groups wuz cricked at a right angle an'
All the foregoing would seem to of all kinds, even so-called conserva- his tongue wuz swollen tight to
indicate at least two definite steps that tion classes, be made aware of the his false teeth, an' his mouth wuz
must be taken to secure adequate pro- need for protecting certain species, of stuck shut, all but a little slit
tection for our desert flora. Certainly the laws that try to afford such pro- which he drinks his soup through.
grazing should be restricted during the tection. The amount of damage that
wildflower season in those areas of our a large group of youthful collectors "What dunnit? Waal, yu see
deserts where, thanks to favorable win- can do to a desert landscape is truly this here wallpaper Pisgah or-
ter and spring rains, choice displays of astonishing. I have seen such groups dered was that new fangled stuff
annual wildflowers occur. The River- almost put John Muir's "hoofed lo- with the glue on the back of it
side County ordinance is just a first custs" to shame! Even the voung fry like, stamps, an' Bill got all crip-
step in this direction. And there must can. and must be taught that it is pled up lickin' it to make it stick
be developed some more effective against the law to rob the landscape to the wall."
means than we now have for curbing of its decorative and protective cover.
Unless we have a rich uranium
mine, most of us who dwell in the
Southwest must make our homes
in or close by the cities which pro-
vide our livelihoods. But this is
no reason to miss out on the joys
of desert living—including privacy,
fresh air, sunshine, a naturalness
in our surroundings, and even wild-
life. Weldon and Phyllis Heald,
who moved from a vast cattle
ranch to the heart of Tucson—pop- , , • • • • - • " • - ^

ulation center for over 200,000

people — write of the discoveries
they made on city living — and
why they prefer it to living in the
wide open spaces.

By WELDON and PHYLLIS HEALD m " " - * ; . - . "• i • • - " • '

PEOPLE who love the

desert and want to live close
to it are under the impression
that the only place to build a home
is far off in the great open spaces away
from the beaten track. Unless they
are completely isolated or near a small
town or resort area, they feel that they
are missing the delights of desert liv- • •

From personal experience we know
this is not true. There are many cities
in the Southwest — big and little —
where over a million people enjoy
benefits of the desert as much as do
^ ^ " > * - ; * -. • ' ; •

the detached far-removed hermits.

Tucson is such a Southwestern city.
Three years ago we sold our 8000-
acre cattle ranch in southwestern Ari-
zona and moved there. We didn't
even compromise by building in one
of the brand new subdivisions on the
edge of town, but bought a 14-year-

TOP—Front entrance to the Healds'

charming brick and adobe home.
Photo by M. V. Murphy.
CENTER — View of the enclosed
patio from the glassed-in porch. In
background are the Santa Catalina
Mountains. Photo by M. V. Murphy.
BOTTOM—The Healds enjoy out-
door living in the privacy of their
neat and attractive yard.
MAY, 1958
old house in a long-settled neighbor- skim its surface. Each morning and looking casualness. Along the drive-
hood near the heart of the Old Pueblo. evening we greet other acquaintances way is a colorful Texas Ranger hedge.
This was rank heresy, we knew, and —wild doves that come in pairs or In spring, when our miniature desert
our friends gave us a year to come to small groups to sit on the flagstones is in bloom, we look from the sandy
our senses. A former neighbor even along the water's edge and drink ground to the lavender, cream and
offered to take care of our collie, Beau- deeply. That Barney and Whitey brilliant red of the various flowers,
tiful, for she was convinced city exist- might be out sunning themselves both- through the lacy yellow blossoms of
ence would kill a dog that had spent ers no one. Even we have ceased to the palo verdes to a clear blue sky,
her life in the open chasing cows and worry, for we find that by keeping the and find it mighty satisfying. The cac-
rabbits. Not quite so much sympathy cats well-fed we have cut their interest tus wren, Arizona's state bird, finds
was shown our two cats, Barney and in birds to a minimum. it so too, as does the verdin, for both
Whitey, although they were raised on In the patio grow tall oleanders, build nests in our front yard and live
warm milk served directly from its forming a charming frame for the with urban unconcern within a few
source to their saucers. Santa Catalina Mountains which stand feet of the paved street. Even a citi-
high on the northern horizon. Two fied roadrunner stayed with us last
But strange as it may seem to the winter and appreciated the water we
uninitiated, the five of us have dis- families of cardinals nest among the
thick foliage and white blossoms of put out for it.
covered desert city living to be the
most pleasant we have ever experi- these trees. They are loud-spoken and Our house, like most in the Old
enced. In fact, we thrive on it. Here, dictatorial in their manner, telling the Pueblo, is not flamboyant. It wouldn't
on our 65-foot lot, we have more cats off in no uncertain terms, and be given a second look in Palm Springs
peace, quiet, comfort and convenience refusing to permit other birds to stake or Apple Valley for it lacks both dash
than we ever had on the ranch, plus all out homesites. But they allow the and color and misses the modern touch
the desert birds, plants and vistas that doves, robins, orioles and sparrows by having windows instead of glass
any five desert lovers could ask for. to enjoy the fruit of our nectarine tree, walls. But Tucsonians have learned
In our secluded walled patio—a green and to sway on the fronds of the through the wisdom of years of desert
oasis in a world of gold—the sunshine Cocos plumosa and date palm. living that the beauty of a Southwest-
is as brilliant, the stars as bright, and Our front yard is planted as a des- ern city is subdued like the land from
the moonlight as enchanting as in the ert garden and proudly possesses two which it rose. So, our home is one-
remotest places. The small blue swim- palo verde trees, 25 to 30 feet high. story brick and adobe, with walls nine
ming pool supplies cool pleasure, not Ocotillos, barrel cactus, young sa- inches thick. It is trimmed in white
only to us but to our night-flying vis- guaros, prickly pears and other native and yellow and follows the Spanish-
itors, the bats, who swoop down and plants are scattered about with natural- Mexican style by having a simple ex-

Artifacts on Forest Lands . . .
Editor's Note—The statement "In-
dividuals may collect Indian artifacts
found on the surface of the ground
States, without the permission of the
Secretary of the Department of the
Government having jurisdiction over
the lands on which said antiquities
are situated, shall, upon conviction,
be fined . . ."
There appears to be no formal de-
lands administered by any agency of
assessment work, unless all the work
is done in one place on the claim.

• •

Perlite Is "Bock." Not "Ore" . . .

cision with respect to such activity on Desert:

Fullerton, California
In your March Mines and Mining
this Department. However, the Forest section an item datelined Taos, New
on National Forest lands without a Service knowingly allows private indi- Mexico, tells of the discovery of "an
permit," made by O. V. Denting in viduals to collect stone arrowheads, 'almost inexhaustible' supply of perlite
his November '57 Desert Magazine spearheads and mortars which are ore."
article, "The Antiquities Laws and found on the surface of National For- Perlite is a form of obsidian—vol-
You," recently was challenged by a est lands. The Service has adhered to canic glass—and ores are rocks from
reader. The following is a letter re- this policy for many years, thereby which metals can be recovered by
ceived by Mr. Deming from the V. indicating that small stone objects of proper processes, or from which sul-
S. Department of Agriculture's Gen- that character, lying on the ground, fur, arsenic, phosphorus, etc., can be
eral Counsel Office which supports are considered to be outside the pur- recovered. I do not think that any
the information given in his article. view of the Antiquities Act, as applied metal or other mineral can possibly
to National Forests. This office agrees be obtained from any of the many
Washington, D.C. with that view of the matter. varieties of obsidian, so they would
O. V. Deming: HERMAN D. PLAVNICK be classified as "rocks."
You cited the following provision Acting Assistant General Counsel. CHARLES S. KNOWLTON
of the Antiquities Act (16 U.S.C. 431- Dear Charles: According to Web-
433) and asked whether it applies to ster, you are correct — but we've
a person collecting arrowheads and Bulldozers for Assessment Work . . .
got a partial leg to stand on. "Ore"
"similar Indian artifacts" found on the Randsburg, California is "any material containing metallic
surface of lands of the United States. Desert: constituents for the sake of which
"Any person who shall appropriate, I go along with you 100 percent on it is mined," but the dictionary
excavate, injure, or destroy any his- the anti-litterbug campaign, but how definition goes on to say "although
toric or prehistoric ruin or monu- about a word regarding miners who not strictly correct, ore, for want of
ment, or any object of antiquity, haphazardly rut beautiful mountain a more appropriate term, is often
situated on lands owned or con- and canyon landscapes? There should applied to nonmetalliferous mater-
trolled by the Gov. of the United be a law against using a bulldozer for ial . . ."—R.H.

terior. The pulse and heart of the
house is centered in its patio, well-hid-
den from the public eye.
Inside we have striven for restful
coolness. The desert glare is kept out-
doors where it belongs. The living
room, which divides the house in half,
goes through to a glassed porch and
looks out onto the patio. Its walls are
a neutral yellow-green and the open-
beamed ceiling is silver-gray with a
driftwood finish. Hardwrought iron is
used for all fixtures. Dining area,
kitchen, Weldon's study and library,
bedroom and bath are in the west
wing, while Phyllis' study, bedroom
and bath are on the east. Weldon,
because his New England blood flows
better in a cool summer climate, has
his section refrigerated. With her
north-country Scots ancestry, Beauti-
ful also prefers it. But Barney, Whitey
and Phyllis like the more realistic tem-
peratures of evaporative cooling. They
feel the out-and-in contrast is not too
terrific. The pros and cons of the two
types of air-conditioning make for fas-
cinating family discussions.
The animals cannot change their
wardrobe for summer living in Tucson, Weldon and Phyllis Heald.
but the two-legged mammals of the
household enjoy wearing bathing suits Entertaining is casual and pleasant. a refrigerator, eliminating the need to
or shorts during the day. Then when Swimming parties and barbecues in dash back and forth to the kitchen.
they dress for an evening affair, a the patio are always informal and keep There is plenty of room and the num-
smart pearl-buttoned Western shirt, social life easy and unharassed. Our ber of guests is no problem.
topped off with a bolo tie, is as formalbarbecue, which is built into a corner Churches, markets, shops, the Uni-
as Weldon need get. The squaw dress, of the patio wall, stands close to the versity with its library within a few
sleeveless and full, permits Phyllis to ramada where we have hot and cold blocks, three little theaters and the
attend any kind of party. running water, electric hot plates and many other cultural advantages of a
modern urban area all add pleasure
A corner of the glassed-in porch the Healds use for breakfast and summer to our desert city living. Even Beauti-
dining. Photo by M. V. Murphy. ful has found it more exciting to chase
cars, from the safe runway of the side-
walk, of course, than to sit around the
ranch house waiting for a stray cow to
wander by.
"But, don't you miss the quiet, soli-
tude and naturalness after living for
10 years on a remote ranch?" our
friends of the open spaces ask.
"What do you mean?" we ask in
In a 15 minute drive we can be out
on the desert, and in an hour among
mountain pine forests. In fact we now
have much more opportunity to go
wherever we wish, for one of the
greatest benefits of city living is that
we have far less responsibility and axe
less tied down then when we lived in
the country. We keenly appreciate
this freedom. It's like having our cake
and eating it too.
So for those who work for a living
—we are still hard at it—and cannot
move into the desert hinterland, don't
be downhearted. Discover as we have
the delights of living in a desert city.
In it you will find the pulse and heart
of the great Southwest you love beat-
ing clear and strong.
MAY, 1958 21
From the northland forests, the fertile plains,
and the cities of the East they came—lured by the
siren, gold. And in their trek westward they estab-
lished trails and charted waterholes—they blazed
the way for the exploration and conquest of the
great virgin West.
Some of them gained wealth; many of them
never reached the rainbow of their dreams. But
rich or poor, they had courage and the hardihood
to accept in good faith the hardship and sacrifice
that are always the price of pioneering.
Today they lie in almost forgotten graves, their
final resting places marked only by weathered head-
stones and crumbling fences.
Their greatest contribution to mankind was not
the gold and silver they mined from the earth but
rather the tradition of daring to blaze new trails
into an unknown land—the faith and courage to
leave behind them comfort and security and venture
forth into a new world where the way would be
hard and the returns often disappointing.
To the memory of these men and women we
pay a grateful tribute.
Photographs: Top row, from left—Vallecito
cemetery along old Butterfield Stage Route in
Southern California, Photo by M. Carothers;
Boot Hill at Calico, California, by Carlos H.
Elmer; Church on road to Chimayo, New Mex-
ico, by Fred H. Ragsdale; "Slip" McVey's last
resting place at Calico, by Carlos H. Elmer.
Middle row, from left — A remembrance of
Nora Young at Calico, by Carlos H. Elmer;
Goldfield, Nevada, cemetery scene, by John
Meyerpeter; Graveyard at Jerome, Arizona,
by L. D. Schooler.
Bottom row, from left—Grave at Columbus,
Nevada; Ehrenberg, Arizona, grave marker, by
L. D. Schooler; Cross of the Martyrs, Santa
Fe, by George W. Thompson; Fray Garces
Monument near Yuma, Arizona, by M. Ca-

MAY, 1958

Wildlife activity observed on the desert during daylight hours is call note, and again came the forceful
only a fraction of that which occurs at night. Most wildlings seek con- answers of the inquisitive males. We
cealment from their enemies as well as protection from the dehydrating could tell by the increasing loudness
effects of the sun, by hiding out during the day. Important lessons in of their calls that they were coming
the ways of these creatures can only be learned by watching them in closer and closer. In a matter of
perform in the environment their species has adapted to. minutes at least four of the big birds
were calling to their ladylove from
By EDMUND C. JAEGER, D.Sc. trees and cliffs in our camp area.
Curator of Plants In the light of the rising moon we
Riverside Municipal Museum saw them delineated against the night
sky. After giving several decidedly
NOVEMBER many years the note of the female bird several vigorous "whoo-whoos" and waiting a
8 ° I camped in the haunts of times. Almost immediately the far- long while for an approving answer
off deep stirring measured vigorous from the prospective mate, the males,
the Pacific Horned Owl with Dr. seemingly befuddled by the strange
Loye Holmes Miller, a very adept "whoo-hu-hoo-whoo-whoo" of a male situation, flew away.
imitator of the call notes of owls. was heard, quickly followed by equal-
As darkness came on, he sounded ly distant and similar responses from A few moments later Dr. Miller
several other interested males of whose repeated the quavering feminine call
presence we had not had the slightest note. The response was almost im-
awareness. mediate, and big lusty male voices re-
Again Dr. Miller gave the female sounded through the still air. Soon
the male birds were back with us, do-
ing their best to discover the unac-
countable female which could be heard
but not seen.
However, even feathered suitors
have limits to their curiosity and pa-
tience, and after a third attempt to
find the source of the fascinating notes,
they left for good.
"A kind of mean trick to play on
innocent owls," observed Dr. Miller.
I agreed, but with reservation, for the
incident had its humorous side, and
too, we learned something of the owl's
ways that night.
On a cool autumn night a year
later, I was fortunate enough to witness
some other curious antics of horned
owls. I had just slipped into my
sleeping bag when I heard strange chip-
pering and wheezing noises. Looking
up I saw outlined against the moonlit
sky a large and a slightly smaller
horned owl perched two feet apart on
a cottonwood limb.
Presently they began addressing each
other in peculiar hoots and shrieks,
some of it sounding very much like
bits of demoniacal laughter. Immedi-
ately following each period of noise-
making came a short silence during
which the birds, moving sideways along
the limb, drew closer to one another.
Then, face to face, puffed up their
feathers, thus greatly exaggerating their
size, and began ludicrously moving
their heads up and down in unison—
this followed by a bringing together of
Horned owls. Their courtship procedure is interesting—and noisy. Draw- beaks.
ing by Morris VanDame. After repeating this "owl kissing"

several limes, the birds suddenly
snapped back three feet apart on the
limb, and again engaged in the eerie
nightmarish hooting. I soon concluded
that horned owl courtship was not
only a very interesting procedure to
watch, it was also an extremely noisy
one. This whole series of outlandish
performances was repeated again and
again for a half hour, and then they
flew off.
These experiences convinced me of
the importance of studying wildlife at
night. There are hosts of animals
which are active only after dark. To
judge them mostly by what can be
seen by merest chance in the daytime
gives only a partial and often errone-
ous picture of their life histories.
A more adequate estimation of the
predominance of nocturnal animal ac-
tivity to that which takes place during
the day is realized from an observation
made by Scripps Institution of Ocean-
ography's Dr. Carl C. Hubbs. One
early summer morning along a six-
mile stretch of freshly oiled road in a
rather barren desert area in south-
eastern San Bernardino County, Dr.
Hubbs collected 104 snakes and liz-
ards which had become hopelessly en-
snared in the viscous substance, most-
ly during the hours just before day-
light. Rodents, scorpions, beetles,
walking sticks, dragonflies, crickets
and sun spiders also were present in
greater or lesser numbers.
"Numerous small patches of fur
gave mute evidence," said Dr. Hubbs,
"that much larger numbers [of ro-
dents] had pulled themselves out of
the tar or had been eaten by predators
grading in size from innumerable ants
to coyotes." Noel McFarland collecting moths.
And all this on an ordinary stretch
of creosote desert road where traveling may see a bright red metallic glow
by day one would have been lucky in front of me to pick up a pocket
mouse, and twice I witnessed side-
to see a dozen animals large and small. coming from its two large eyes.
winders swallowing kangaroo rats. On One evening just after dark, Thomas
For my after-dark observations I another occasion I watched a coyote Danielsen and I took a long walk
sometimes use a flashlight or kerosenerout out a jack rabbit from his hiding along a stony road that cut across the
lantern, occasionally a Coleman lan- place in the brush. steep and rocky eastern barancas of
tern. I often examine flowers, especi- Panamint Valley. It led past the num-
ally the larger ones, to see what Soon after dusk, especially in spring
and early summer, I often hear the erous mesquite thickets which edge the
insects may be sleeping or hiding in dry lake on the valley floor. As we
them. Many of the small flower- soft notes of Nuttal's Poorwill. When
haunting bees hide among the petals the birds are quite near I often hear, sauntered past a seep of water, the
and pollen-laden anthers; others lie along with the more forceful two notes, rising moon revealed great swarms of
in slumber or are entrapped in flowersa third quickly-given note with rising small bats feeding upon the numerous
with deep throated tubes which close inflection. If there is a dusty road moths which had flocked in to feed
at sundown. The bees do not choose near I will walk along it and then am upon the nectar of the millions of
flowers at random on which to pass almost certain to see one of the Poor- small mesquite flowers which every-
wills flying up before me as I ap-
their sleeping hours, but show partial- where gave fragrance to the balmy
ity for particular kinds. proach; perhaps even see it hawking April air. We could hear their high
a moth, then settle down in the dust pitched notes which, coming from so
Some of the most unforgettable and again with face circumspectively turned many throats, made a combined sound
rewarding of my night walks were toward me. As I walk on, it allows of no mean intensity — thousands of
those taken on warm summer nights me to get quite near before again little squeaks each vying for recogni-
when I had only a bright moon to help flying a short distance ahead. It ap- tion.
me see where I was going. Once a pears to be a game the bird is playing An hour earlier, when it was still
long-eared owl swooped down right with me. If I turn on my flashlight I somewhat light, we had seen the soft-
MA Y, 1958 25
winged creatures issue like miniature New Mexico studying to become a of the creatures out at night, Noel
clouds from a slot-like canyon in field naturalist. Recently I enjoyed his explained one evening as we sat
which they hung up in caves or crev- company on a camping trip to wild around a glowing iron wood campfire.
ices during the day. areas of Baja California, and I mar- Because of their nocturnal habit, few
One of my very interesting and ca- veled at his knowledge of insects and people are aware of the great many
pable correspondents is Noel McFar- spiders. different kinds of moths to be found
land, a student at the University of Moths make up a huge percentage in almost any locality where the native
vegetation is undisturbed. At last
count there were 692 known species
of butterflies and 9184 of moths in
The desert is not all sand and sagebrush. It the United States and Canada—a ratio
Desert Quiz has delightfully varied geography, interesting
history, much wildlife, gems and minerals
galore, colorful personalities, and is rich in tradition and good literature.
of 13 moth species to one butterfly.
This surprising proportion probably
holds true even on our deserts, Noel
This monthly Quiz will reveal the wide range of subjects of interest to believes.
those who read and travel. Twelve to 14 is a fair score, 15 to 17 is good,
18 or better is excellent. The answers are on page 41. The great variety of form and color
displayed by desert moths, and their
1—Stove Pipe Wells is a famous hostelry in: Southern Nevada unique habits, make them most fas-
Death Valley The Painted Desert Escalante Desert.—v— cinating creatures to study. According
2—Correct spelling of the largest city in New Mexico is: Albaquer- to Noel, the best time to do this is
que Albuquerqe Albuquerque Albquerqua on a night when there is no wind, no
3—The color of the Evening Primrose blossom so common on dune and moon and the temperature is not too
mesa this year is: White Indigo Pink Blue low. If there is considerable moisture
4—Kolb Brothers gained fame for their: Discovery of Rainbow Natural in the air, it is even better.
Bridge First photographic expedition through the Grand Can- The most common method employed
yon of the Colorado Exploration of Death Valley Dis- by scientists to collect moths is by
covery of Carlsbad Cavern using lights. The best ordinary light
5—Jerky, an important food item for the desert pioneer, is made by bulb is a 100 or 150 watt clear blue
drying brine-soaked meat: Over an open fire In the sun daylight bulb, but far more effective
In an oven In a smoke-house is the 15 watt black light (ultra violet),
6—The main business of the Phelps Dodge company is: Stock rais- G.E. F15T 8/BL. In a good locality
ing Lumbering Mining Transportation and on ideal nights, 3000 or more
7—To see the annual dance of the "Smoki" Indians you would go to: moths, along with hundreds of other
Gallup, New Mexico Prescott, Arizona The Hopi night-flying insects—beetles, ant lions,
mesas Havasupai Canyon wasps, true bugs and flies, may be
attracted by a single black light. Noel
8—The major farm crop raised by prehistoric Indians in the Southwest hangs his light on a white wall or to
was: Corn Cotton Tobacco Beans a surface on which a sheet is tacked.
9—Among the Navajo a Chinde is a: Medicine Man A tool for These white areas reflect the light out-
making sand paintings A weapon for hunting A devil or ward.
evil spirit "On an ideal night when moths and
10—The predominating minerals in granite are: Calcite and lepidolite beetles come flocking to the light, the
Manganese and apatite Malachite and azurite Quartz sound they make as they hit the wall
and feldspar and surrounding objects resembles that
11—San Xavier del Bac mission is located near: Phoenix Santa of a steady light rainfall. One never
Fe Tucson El Paso knows what beautiful creature is go-
12—The U.S. Army officer in charge of the first camel caravan across ing to fly in out of the darkness and
western United States was: Lieut. Beale Lieut. Emory alight on the wall," Noel said.
Capt. Cooke Lieut. Ives Moths fly from dusk to dawn. Most
13—To reach Roosevelt Dam you would take: Coronado Trail high- species will be found during the first
way Sunkist Trail Apache Trail Highway 80 three or four hours of darkness, and
14—Frijoles Canyon cliff dwellings are located in: Bandelier National many fly only during certain hours of
Monument White Sands National Monument Mesa Verde the night. A beautiful species of tiger
National Park Navajo National Monument moth found in certain parts of South-
15—The Epitaph is the name of a newspaper published at: Rhyolite ern California only flies between 2
Tombstone Goldfield Searchlight and 4:30 a.m., and then only during
16—A former governor of New Mexico was author of the book: Ben about two weeks in late April! One
Hur Quo Vadis Last Days of Pompeii Looking would never know this beautiful moth
Backward existed unless he happened to have
17—The historic Piper Opera House was located at: Tombstone 1 his lights on at that particular time,
Virginia City Calico Santa Fe Noel said.
18—Weaver's Needle is a well known landmark associated with: Pegleg In other species, the male may fly
Smith's lost gold Lost Arch mine Lost Dutchman's early in the night, and the female much
gold Breyfogle's lost ledge later, or vice versa. In some species,
19—The Salt River Valley in Arizona is watered from the reservoir the male flies during the day and
behind: Coolidge dam Roosevelt dam Hoover dam never comes to the light at all. And
Parker dam then, there are others in which both
20—The river flowing through Marble Canyon in Arizona is: The Gila sexes' fly only during the day, like
The Colorado The Verde The Bill Williams butterflies. By far the largest number
of species fly at night.


The little-used canyon road had

been damaged in several places
by heavy rains, but the Hammens
pushed on until they were too ex-
hausted and unsure of the road
ahead to continue. And then a
flash flood came roaring down
Gateway Canyon . . .


SUMMER we travel along

the backbone of the Rockies,
from the lush forests and alpine
peaks of western Montana to the bril-
liant desert and mighty plateaus of
southeastern Utah. Camping with chil-
dren provides a variety of experiences,
but none has ever equaled the night
in Gateway Canyon when the disaster
which might have been, became the
adventure we shall never forget.
We were warned in Vernal, Utah,
that this 72-mile short cut from Myton
on U.S. 40 to Wellington on U.S. 50
was a seldom-traveled dirt road. Fur- A washout on the Gateway Canyon road is filled-in with stones.
thermore, we knew the possible mean-
ing of the ominous black clouds which
lay over the rough desert ahead of us. ing. A flash flood had recently passed no personal danger, but I dreaded to
But ignoring all warnings, we turned and a large section of the road bank think what would happen to our new
south on State Route 53. had broken off into the normally-dry station wagon if another flood came.
For 20 miles we drove through open stream bed below, in which some water For the next three hours we worked
range scantily covered with low sage, still flowed. At a glance it seemed feverishly, shoveling heavy back-break-
without seeing even a jackrabbit, but impossible to squeeze our car between ing mud, carrying rocks and gathering
congratulating ourselves on the fact the rocky cliff face and the gaping huge quantities of rabbit brush to
that the road was no worse than many washout. We should have left it as an pack into the mud. Time and again
we had traveled over. impossibility and turned back. But Oscar jacked up the car, each time
we didn't. Instead, my husband care- moving it slightly until the jack broke.
Descending into a broad canyon it fully measured the width of the car Fortunately, by then the rear wheels
became evident that a heavy rain had base and the remaining roadway. There were sufficiently clear and he drove
just preceded us, but again we com- were inches to spare!
plimented ourselves on choosing a the car out of the mire and safely past
road that was shale-covered and hence We inched forward, but next to the the narrow ledge. Our troubles seemed
not slippery. Continuing down the cliff was a muddy spot we neglected over.
gorge our optimism received a jolt to test, and in steering a course as We were exhausted, but despite the
when we came to a ditch washed across close to this wall as possible, the car fact we had not eaten since our light
the road — too deep for our station became mired in silt up to the hub roadside snack at noon, Oscar and I
wagon to cross. But we were prepared caps. were too tense to feel hunger, and the
—we had a shovel and a folding spade. It was five o'clock. The sky had a boys were uncomplaining. We wanted
While my husband and 13-year-old deceptive brightness even though the to get out of the awful canyon as soon
son Richard repaired the road, I sun was low. We had not passed a as possible.
walked ahead with John, our 10-year- single ranch and we did not know if The sun had disappeared over the
old. What we found was not reassur- there were any ahead. We were in broken canyon wall long before, and
MAY, 1958 27
the unknown lay beyond in the deep We were enjoying the first mouth- smell of "wet dust," as John called
dusk. For several miles we drove fuls of steak sandwiches when John it. Overhead the stars took their places
slowly downward, cautiously stopping called our attention to a peculiar rum- in the heaven, each at its appointed
to examine each puddle in the road bling noise from upcanyon. This soon time.
before proceeding. After rounding a became an increasing roar. There was After 20 minutes, all was quiet.
curve we reached a high wide place in no doubt as to its meaning! The air And we were silent also, each with
the road, and my husband stopped the became heavy with the odor of fluid his own thoughts.
car. earth. A flash flood, laden with silt,
was coursing down the murky side The remainder of the night was like
Aided by our kerosene and electric canyon to the main gorge below. Mo- any other desert evening—crisply cool
lanterns, we investigated the surround- mentarily, the pungent scent sickened and with an eerie beauty and silence
ings as best we could in the thick dark- me and my coffee cup fell from my which forces wakefulness from sheer
ness that comes between late dusk and hand. wonder. In any event, none of us
a night yet unlighted by moon and slept well that night.
stars. We seemed to be above the Had we followed our first resolve
to get out of that canyon as quickly Countless meteorites streaked across
junction of a side canyon dimly out- the sky lighted by myriads of stars
lined on our left. Beyond our parking as possible, we might have been caught
in that suffocating water downcanyon! seen only when the moon is a crescent.
place the road sloped sharply down- How small and alone and insignificant
ward and disappeared around a curve, To underscore what might have we seemed! Yet we were a part of
presumably into the main canyon. been, we learned next morning at the the pattern of the Universe, and an
"Let's eat," suggested my husband. Nutter Ranch that indeed sucn had Unseen Hand, which guides it all, had
been the fate of a man and his daugh- led us to safety.
"And let's spend the night here," I ter some 15 years earlier in that very
added, opening the end-gate and set- canyon. The father was buried in the Then came what is to me the most
ting up the Coleman stove. mud, but the girl crawled out of the magnificent time of all, when the stars,
tumultuous stream. She was found one by one, mysteriously disappear
The boys, who had been dozing, into the gray dawn—the birth of a
sprang into helpful action and within the next morning, half-crazed, walking
along the upper wall of the canyon. new day.
minutes a pot of coffee was cheerily
perking and the frozen cube steaks I But we were safe at our roadside Quietly I gathered dead pinyon
had purchased in Vernal were sizzling campsite, and I gradually relaxed while branches, built a warming fire and
in the frying pan, while the cot was the leaden water roared on and my prepared a hearty breakfast. While
set up and sleeping bags unrolled. nostrils became accustomed to the we ate, a family of Indians in a Dodge
truck drove up the canyon. We waved
to them to warn them of the washout
above, but they did not stop. We

fash fot Desert Photos...

We need desert photos—unusual pictures of wildlife, revealing
knew no major washouts were ahead
of us, since the truck had come up the
We were on our way long before
scenes of men, women and children working or playing in the out- the sun appeared over the canyon rim.
doors, landscapes, botany, natural phenomena, ghost towns, etc. Its cheering warmth made us light-
Each month the photographs received are carefully judged, the best hearted — even gay — as we wielded
two are reproduced in the magazine (see Pictures of the Month), the shovels and laid rocks in dozens of
winning photographers receive cash prizes, and those pictures not places on the road so our car could
selected are returned (if return postage is included). Why not make proceed.
Desert's contest a part of your photography hobby? Mail us your In three hours we covered the five
entries today! miles to the Nutter Ranch at the mouth
Entries for the May contest must be sent to the Desert Magazine of Gateway Canyon which meets Nine
office. Palm Desert, California, and postmarked not later than May 18. Mile Canyon at a right angle. After
Winning prints will appear in the July issue. Pictures which arrive too a very pleasant chat with Mr. Price
late for one contest are held over for the next month. First prize is $10; and his wife, the former Virginia Nut-
second prize $5. For non-winning pictures accepted for publication $3 ter, we drove on into Nine Mile Can-
each will b e paid. yon.
The walls of this gorge contain
HERE ARE THE RULES thousands of petroglyphs. We were
1—Prints must be black and white. 5x7 or larger, on glossy paper. excitedly photographing some of them
2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and when Richard said calmly, "There's
place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour of day, etc. a rattler." The snake design is com-
4—Entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest month. and I kept on with our picture-taking.
5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert
But when we glanced up, we saw
Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures. Richard staring at the ground. Three
6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the
feet from him was a live rattler, the
desert Southwest. first we had ever seen.
7—Judges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made "I didn't notice him until I heard
immediately after the close of the contest each month. his rattle. He warned me," said Rich-
Address All Entries to Photo Editor ard. My husband took several pictures
of the little diamondback before it
'De&ent 7ttayajine PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA slithered away into the rocks.
He had not harmed us. He, too,
belonged in the pattern we knew.

shed of the Green River. The San
Additional Rains Improve Water Juan Basin's February precipitation
was above normal. River runoff fore-
casts: Green in Wyoming, near or

Outlook Fot Most Desert Areas less than the 1938-52 average; Yampa,
107 to 116 percent; White, 120; Du-
chesne, 110; Price, 90; Green at Green
River, Utah, 91; Upper San Juan trib-
February precipitation over South- River runoff forecasts: Sevier above utaries, slightly more than average;
west watersheds varied considerably, Kingston, Utah, 125 percent of the San Juan main stream, slightly less
but in general the desert water outlook 15-year average; East Fork Sevier, than average.
was improved. This rainfall resulted 135; Sevier below Kingston at Piute February rainfall over the Lower
in the following runoff forecasts by Dam, 138, near Gunnison, Utah, 126; Colorado Basin generally was much
the U.S. Weather Bureau for the cur- Beaver, 140. above normal. River runoff forecasts:
rent water-year which ends in Septem- Heavy rainfall also was recorded Little Colorado at Woodruff, Arizona,
ber. over these basins, and their runoff 50 percent of the 15-year average;
GREAT BASIN forecast percentages are: Carson, 80; Chevelon Fork and Clear Creek, 70
February was unusually warm and Inflow to Lake Tahoe, 101; Walker to 90; Upper Gila, 75; Gila near Solo-
wet in the Great Salt Lake Basin— and Owens, 80 to 90; Mojave, 85. mon, Arizona, 54; Salt River, 41;
the second warmest and second wettest Verde, 105.
February in the past 30 years. The RIO GRANDE BASIN
favorable precipitation resulted in an February rainfall averaged below Precipitation during February varied
upward revision of about 10 percent normal over the headwater areas of considerably over the Rio Grande
in the streamflow forecasts for the the Colorado River, but was more Basin, ranging from about 50 percent
basin's major streams. River runoff favorable over the Gunnison and Do- of normal at a few locations to over
forecasts: Bear, 95 percent of the lores basins. River runoff forecasts: 200 percent. In general, amounts
1938-52 average; Logan and Ogden, Colorado and tributaries near Granby, were below normal except over the
110; Upper Weber, 115; Six Creeks, Colorado, 85 to 90 percent of the upper watersheds of the Rio Chama
105; Provo, 115; American Fork, 110; 1938-52 average; Taylor and Dolores, Basin. River runoff forecasts: Eastern
Spanish Fork, near average. 110; Uncompahgre, 130; Colorado tributaries of the Rio Grande, 110
Over 200 percent of normal precip- near Cisco, Utah, 100. percent of the 1938-52 average; Main
itation occurred during February over Precipitation was above normal over stem of the Rio Grande, near average;
the central valley areas of the Sevier the Yampa and White river drainages Inflow to El Vado Reservoir, 85; Rio
Basin. The Beaver Basin also received in Colorado, but, in general, was be- Grande at Otowi Bridge, New Mexico,
monthly amounts well above normal. low normal over the Wyoming water- 88; Pecos, 100.

and Dad Fairbanks were prospecting ANTI LAND GRAB BILL

in that area. Eight years ago Caruthers SIGNED INTO LAW
published the story of his Death Val- A bill providing that public land
ley experiences in Loafing Along Death withdrawals for military purposes of
Valley Trails, and several editions of over 5000 acres must first be approved
the book have been printed. by Congress, has been signed into law
Through the interest of Senator by the President. The measure was
Charles Brown of Shoshone, friend of introduced by Congressman Clair En-
"Night in Gateway Canyon" is one Caruthers for many years, the Cali- gle, and is the culmination of a long
of several stories Barbara Hammen fornia Senate passed a resolution "in series of hearings involving military
has written of her family's summer tribute to the memory of Bill Caruth- land grabs held by his committee on
travel experiences over the objections ers and extends its sympathy to his Interior and Insular Affairs.
of her 10-year-old son, John, who widow in her bereavement." Testimony before the committee
fears that "too many people will go indicated approximately 30,000,000
to the places" she writes about. acres are under control of the military
The Hammens are residents of Mis- WITMER PROMOTED TO services, with additional applications
soula, Montana, where her husband, SMALL TRACTS POSITION pending on 2,000,000 acres in Cali-
Oscar, is chairman of Montana State Paul B. Witmer, manager of the fornia alone.
University's Department of History. Bureau of Land Management's Los "There is no intention to curtail
"Luckily, my husband's profession per- Angeles office since 1934, has been legitimate military activities where land
mits my winter camping and travel promoted to a position as Lands Staff is involved, but on the other hand
dreams to materialize during long sum- Assistant at the Bureau's Washington, there is no excuse for the military to
mer vacations," she stated. D.C., headquarters. grab onto land that cannot and is not
In his new capacity, Witmer will being presently utilized. We have
give his full time to the small tract found many such instances," Engle
William Caruthers, a frequent con- program under which the Bureau leases said.
tributor to Desert Magazine in the or sells small parcels of public lands "Under the terms of the new act,
1940s, passed away March 6 after an for recreation, home and business sites. the military services will have to jus-
illness of more than a year. His home Replacing Witmer as head of the tify any application over 5000 acres
was at Ontario, California. Los Angeles office was Nolan F. Keil, that might be made. It returns to
A life-long newspaperman, Caruth- former manager of the Idaho Land Congress jurisdiction over the public
ers spent much time in Death Valley Office at Boise. He has been with the lands that it should have," Engle
during the days when Shorty Harris Bureau since 1946. added,—Tnyo Register
MAY, 1 958 29
Law Stops Gem Rock Shipment . . .
Hete mi Ihete on the Desert... QUARTZSITE—The Yuma Coun-
ty Sheriff reported that a California
company had accumulated a huge pile
ARIZONA Observatory Site Chosen . . . of petrified wood near Quartzsite and
was ready to truck it across the border
Funds for Indian Roads . . . TUCSON — After three years of when he stepped in and halted the
PHOENIX — Nearly $1,000,000 searching for a suitable site, the Na- operation. Arizona law requires a
has been released by the U.S. Bureau tional Science Foundation announced permit before rock or other building
of the Budget for work on Indian that its proposed $3,100,000 optical materials can be removed from the
reservation roads in Arizona. The astronomical observatory will be lo- state, and the exporter must pay a per-
cated on Kitt Peak in the Papago In- centage of the value of the material
money is expected to permit complete dian Reservation 40 miles southwest
paving of roads from Fort Apache to as a fee. The Californians had not
of Tucson. Already in the process of yet satisfied these requirements. The
U.S. 60, from Ganado to Chinle, and construction is a 36-inch telescope for
from Kayenta to Monument Valley sheriff is attempting to fix a value on
the observatory and future plans call
on the Arizona-Utah border. Also in- for the placing here of the largest tele- the material.—Yuma Sun
cluded is an allotment of $250,000 for scope in the world—possibly twice as • • •
a bridge at Laguna Creek north of large as the 200-inch mirror at Mount Glen Canyon Dam Progress . . .
Kayenta.—Yuma Sun Palomar in California. Elevatic^n of PAGE—More than a million cubic
• • • the peak is 6875 feet.—Phoenix Ga- yards of rock and earth have been
Tombstone Restoration Planned . . . zette excavated at Glen Canyon dam, with
TOMBSTONE — The Schieffelin • • • four million cubic yards still to be dug
Hall opera house, largest standing Prison May Become Monument . . . before the project is completed. The
adobe structure on the continent, will YUMA—The old Territorial Prison prime contractor passed the million
at Yuma tentatively has been accepted mark as it moved keyway foundations
be restored to its original appearance which will anchor the dam to the rock
and construction, the structure's new by the Arizona Parks Board as the canyon wall, and spillways. Accord-
owners, Mike Narlian and Mr. and state's second historical monument. ing to schedule, the Colorado River
Mrs. Pete Pistonetti announced. They The old prison will be the gift of the will be diverted through two massive
hope to make it available to theater City of Yuma, and will become state tunnels next January, and excavation
groups, and also operate it as a the- property as soon as the Parks Board will then start on the river bed. First
atrical museum. The newly completed has assurance of a clear title and other concrete should be poured by Novem-
building at the O.K. Corral may be requested provisions. The Prison has ber, 1959.—Southern Utah News
used as the local chamber of com- been maintained for years as a mu-
merce office.—Tombstone Epitaph seum and has attracted hundreds of CALIFORNIA
thousands of visitors.—Arizona News Huge Development Announced . . .
KENT FROST JEEP TRIPS • • • BORON—Land developer M. Penn
Into the Famous Utah Needles Area
Junction of the Green and Colorado rivers; New Law Seeks Bear Protection . . . Phillips (Hesperia, Salton City) has
Indian and Salt creeks; Davis, Lavender,
PHOENIX — State legislators are purchased 110 square miles of Mo-
Monument, Red, Dark and White canyons;
Dead llorse and Grand View points; Hoven- proposing new game codes which jave Desert land for a $150,000,000
weep and Bridges national monuments.
3-day or longer trips for 2-6 person parties would give greater protection to bears. planned community to be known as
—$25 daily per person. Includes sleeping
Widespread belief was noted among Boron Valley. The tract lies in the
bags, transportation, guide service, meals.
Write KENT FROST, Monticello, Utah. sportsmen that many bears are being center of the triangle formed by the
falsely accused of killing stock, just communities of Mojave, Boron and
so a rancher can give the word which Randsburg. Phillips said his new city
will serve Edwards Air Force Base,
You'll want to keep those will permit a hunter—often an out- the Naval Ordinance Test Station at
of-state client of a professional guide Inyokern and greatly expanding desert
— to go after a bruin. Aside from
MAPS shortening the time a rancher is al-
industry of east Kern County.—Boron
lowed to report killing a bear he claims • • •
which appear each month in is a stock killer, the new code is the
Desert Magazine—maps which Sea's Popularity Increasing . . .
same as the old. A legitimate livestock SALTON SEA — Attendance of
will be your guide on many de- operator will have to file a report
lightful excursions into the great within 10 days—instead of 30—after 136,774 at Salton Sea State Park last
desert playground. the animal is slain.—Dick Lee in the year was announced by the Division
Phoenix Gazette of Beaches and Parks. This is an in-
Attractive loose-leaf binders em- crease of 45,299 over 1956. The park,
bossed in gold not only will which was opened August, 1954, had
preserve the maps, but will be an attendance of 3053 that year, 75,-
a beautiful addition to your 1000 TRAVEL SCENES 136 in 1955 and 91,475 in 1956.
home book-shelf. Each binder Meanwhile, the Imperial Irrigation
holds 12 copies. Easy to insert, District reported that the sea's surface
they open flat. elevation rose .3 of a foot in February
Mailed postpaid for to a level of 234 feet below sea level.
S2.50 To introduce readers of DESERT to our
2"x2" COLOR SLIDES for home projec-
tion, we are offering a FREE 20 page
catalog and a FREE sample color slide.
Book Manuscripts
by cooperative publisher who offers authors
THE Travel, Science, Nature, National Parks early publication, higher royalty, national
and the southwest. Write today to — distribution, and beautifully designed books.
All subjects welcomed. Write, or send your
732 URSULA ST. AURORA 8. COLO. Atten. Mr. Slocum, 489 Fifth Are., N.Y., N.T.

Evan T. Hewes Memorial . . . Predator Control Report In . . . velopment of a nuclear-powered rocket
IMPERIAL — A bronze - coated CARSON CITY — Thirty - three with an almost inexhaustible fuel sup-
fresno scraper, the horse-drawn im- government hunters and trappers de- ply, the AEC reported.—Nevada State
plement so extensively used for land stroyed 2559 coyotes, 1828 bobcats Journal
leveling and ditch making in the early and 93 mountain lions in Nevada dur- • • •
days of Imperial Valley, will serve as ing the last half of 1957. These figures Seek Ghost Town Purchase . . .
a memorial to Evan T. Hewes, presi- represent results registered by actual BELMONT — A New York client
dent of the board of directors and trapping and hunting, and do not has made an offer through his Reno
executive superintendent of the Imper- show how many predators were re- agent to purchase the ghost town of
ial Irrigation District for almost 25 moved by poison bait. Fish and Wild- Belmont from Nye County which owns
years before his death last year. The life Service officials estimate that 1080 most of the townsite as well as the
memorial will be erected at the Im- and other lethal materials were respon- historic court house. The prospective
perial Valley Pioneers Society's new sible for several times the accredited purchaser, apparently envisioning the
headquarters in Imperial. — Imperial catch, especially in the case of coyotes. creation of another Virginia City tour-
Valley Weekly —Humboldt Star ist town, volunteered to restore the
• • • buildings along Main St. to good con-
dition, and also to rehabilitate the court
State Park Information Sought . . . Underground A-Tests Seen . . . house which has been deteriorating at
LONE PINE — Directors of the LAS VEGAS — Atomic Energy a rapid rate. — Tonopah Times-Bo-
Southern Inyo Planning Association Commission Scientists estimate that nanza
are seeking clarification of the pro- half of this nation's future atomic tests • • •
posed Alabama Hills State Park situa- will be underground detonations with
tion, and also what the state intends NEW MEXICO
no fallout problem. The prediction is
to do with the property if and when based on results of the underground Reservation Hunting Curbs Sought
it is acquired. Because of protests by blast set off at the Nevada Proving SANTA FE—Department of Inter-
several local residents, the project was Grounds last year. Scheduled to start ior is seeking legislation that would
placed in the inactive file last year. this year in Nevada are tests for de- make it a Federal criminal offense
Officials say it is now apparent that to trespass for hunting, fishing or trap-
the majority of Lone Pine residents
want the park, and therefore it will be
placed on the current acquisition file
and pushed to completion as soon as
possible. A chief concern of local
townspeople is whether movie com-
panies will be allowed to continue
making movies at Alabama Hills after
the state takes over.—Inyo Indepen-
8012 Use Whitney Trail . . .
MOUNT WHITNEY—Forest Serv- A hi JJNJ A tiAlzlz
ice reported that 8012 persons regis-
tered to use the Mount Whitney trail CAMP-PAL will inflate a full size air mattress in two
last year, and 4164 of this number minutes; beach toys in seconds; a four-man raft in seven
minutes. No longer is it necessary to huff and puff to inflate
reached the top. The six campgrounds the inflatable—by simply plugging CAMP-PAL into the cigarette lighter of any automobile or
in the Whitney area saw 68,964 man- truck it saves you the minutes and oftentimes hours of exertion otherwise required. (Also
days of use during 1957.—Inyo Inde- operates off of 6 or 12 volt dry-cell battery.)
pendent Extreme exertion required to inflate an air mattress by mouth may prove injurious to
one's health. CAMP-PAL is the only electrical inflating pump available to the camper and
• • • sportsman.
NEVADA CAMP-PAL is powered by a first quality electric motor for long service. The cylinders
are aluminum alloy castings, reamed and honed, fitted with a specially designed nylon piston
Navy May Give Up Land . . . for long life. (Two cylinder opposed.) CAMP-PAL does not require lubrication. IT CARRIES
edly is considering returning to the Sold with a MONEY BACK GUARANTEE. If not satisfied within 10 days return and your
full purchase price will be refunded. Comes in an attractive water-repellent pouch.
public domain about 60 square miles
Another Product By
of land withdrawn in Mineral County
for use of the huge Hawthorne ammu- INVENTORS PRODUCTS CORPORATION OF AMERICA
nition depot. A large part of the land 594 Castro Street, Hayward, California
lies west and north of Mt. Grant in THE GREATEST NAME IN NEW PRODUCTS
the Wassuk Range, and a smaller por- I P C O A 594 Castro St.
tion is located south of Nevada Peak. ONLY Hayward, California
—Humboldt Star
Please send me postpaid CAMP-PAL's
• • • For which I enclose $14.95 each. Check or M.O.
Prize Fight Monument Erected . . . Please S p e c i f y - D 6 Volt Q 12 Volt
Postage Paid $5.00 will hold your CAMP-PAL until paid in full,
in Goldfield commemorates the Joe when it will be sent to you postpaid
California Residents add
Gans-Battling Nelson boxing match 4% Sales Tax
held here on September 3, 1906. Pro- Name
moted by Tex Rickard, the "fight to a DEALER INQUIRIES Address
finish" was won by Gans in the 42nd INVITED City .State
round on a foul.

MAY, 1 958 31
MARKET COMPLETE. Ideal for couple.
Well established, excellent equipment.
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 12c a Word, $2.00 Minimum Per Issue
Hi-desert resort area. On 29 Palms High-
way. Stucco Building, property, all fix-
tures and equipment, $21,000 plus inven-
tory. Good terms. Van's Market,
Morongo Valley, California.
$20 DOWN, $10 MONTH buys 10 acre
BOOKS — MAGAZINES MAPS level lot. Good soil. Shallow water. Sec.
SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps — San 16-4N-19E, between Turtle and Old
OUT-OF-PRINT books at lowest prices! Woman Mts. 50% oil rights. F. P. $595.
You name it—we find it! Western Ameri- Bernardino $1.50; Riverside $1; Imperial,
small $1, large $2; San Diego 50c; Inyo, Write J. H. Henion, 2086 E. Colorado St.,
cana, desert and Indian books a specialty. Pasadena, California.
Send us your wants. No obligation. In- western half $1.25, eastern half, $1.25;
ternational Bookfinders, Box 3003-D, Kern $1.25; other California counties
Beverly Hills, California. $1.25 each. Nevada counties $1 each. SMALL DESERT home on 2 acres in
Topographic maps of all mapped western Palm Desert, California, mile off paved
WESTERN ROAD MAP, including our areas. Westwide Maps Co., 114 W. Third highway. Partially furnished with elec-
catalog of 100 books on travel, Ameri- St., Los Angeles, California. tric refrigerator and range. Quiet and
cana, wildlife and mineralogy. Made peaceful, but not isolated. Block con-
especially to help you route and enjoy struction. Plate glass view windows. In-
INDIAN GOODS sulated. $9250. House of Roy, Realtors,
your western travels. Free on request or
with any Scenic Guide purchase; Arizona SELLING 100,000 Indian relics. 100 nice Box 33, Palm Desert, California.
$1.00; California $1.50; Colorado $1.50; ancient arrowheads $25.00. Small grooved
Nevada $1.50; Oregon $1.50; postpaid. stone tomahawk $2.00. Large grooved MUST DISPOSE of these Goldfield, Nev-
Scenic Guides, Box 288, Susanville, Cal. stone tomahawk $3.00. Perfect spear- ada, properties: 4-room house and five
head over 8 inches long $20.00. Flint cabins on 200-foot Highway 95 frontage
"LOST TREASURE, the Search for Hid- scalping knife $1.00. Indian skull $25.00. —ideal motel site; 4-room house on two
den Gold," Ferguson. In book form, the Ancient water bottle from grave $7.00. lots; three-lot parcel. Also must sell
personal file of a famous lost mine and List free. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas. gold, silver, copper and sulphur mining
treasure hunter. Some new ones, late claims. Moser, P. O. Box 176.
information on other well known stories. AUTHENTIC INDIAN JEWELRY, Nav-
Hard covers. Postpaid, $2.75. Kenneth ajo rugs, Chimayo blankets, squaw boots, WILL PAY CASH for piece of land or
Mayhall, Belmont, Mississippi. old Indian collection. Closed Tuesdays. house from homesteader. Dillon, 45 E.
Pow-Wow Indian Trading Post, 19967 Highland, Sierra Madre, California.
BARRY STORM—famed writer-publisher- Ventura Blvd., East Woodland Hills, Cal.
explorer "Thunder God's Gold," "Prac- FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo and WESTERN MERCHANDISE
tical Prospecting," "Tales of the South- Zuni jewelry. Old pawn. Hundreds of
west," (see cardex files most libraries), fine old baskets, moderately priced, in FOR YOUR WESTERN DEN: Original
now has ready for publication: excellent condition. Navajo rugs, Chi- design table and floor lamps, smoking
THE MOUNTAINS mayo homespuns, artifacts. A collector's stands made from the famous Texas
THAT WERE GOD paradise! Open daily 10 to 5:30, closed longhorns. Also mounted horns up to 7
—fantastic factual story of Lost Peralta Mondays. Buffalo Trading Post, High- foot spread. Prices on request. Bill Mc-
and Lost Dutchman Mines, based upon way 18, Apple Valley, California. Laird, Thunderbird Trading Post, High-
author's treasure hunting expeditions in way 80, Millsap, Texas.
Arizona's sinister Superstition Mountains FIVE FINE Prehistoric Indian arrowheads
$2.00. Perfect stone tomahawk $2.20. Ef- FREE CATALOG: Western wear, boots,
mining district and location of gold-bear- saddles, leather supplies. Silver Spur,
ing region verified by one rediscovered figy pipe $5.00 Perfect flint thunderbird
$3.00. Flint fish hook $3.00. List free. Box 1785-D21, Fort Worth, Texas.
mine, relics, other actual evidence. Pop-
ular-priced book considered capable mak- Five offers for only $12.00. Arrowhead,
ing dozens to one profit on publication, Glenwood, Arkansas. MISCELLANEOUS
national exploitation costs during 28 year BEAUTIFUL BLACK obsidian arrowhead LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest
copyright. Need 50 only copyright co- from the Klamath Country, $2. Knife, $5. Beautifier." For women who wish to
owners underwrite costs of $40 per 1/ Illustrated catalog, 50c. Moise Penning, become beautiful, for women who wish
100th co-ownership, payable $10 down, 158 Dolorosa, San Lorenzo, California. to remain beautiful. An outstanding des-
$10 monthly for three months. I operate ert cream. For information, write or call
deal, own 50/100ths, pay profits every Lola Barnes, 963 N. Oakland, Pasadena
six months. Publishing contract for actual REAL ESTATE 6, Calif., or phone SYcamore 4-2378.
copyright co-ownership sent on approval SALTON SEA. See us for acreage large
or upon receipt first payment. State and small. Also homesites and business ASSAYS. Complete, accurate, guaranteed.
number 1/100th co-ownerships wanted. sites. Pon & Co., 711 N. Azusa Avenue, Highest quality spectrographic. Only $5
Storm Publishing Associates, Box 74, In- Azusa, California. per sample. Reed Engineering. 620 S.
yokern, California. Inglewood Ave., Inglewood, California.
DESERT MINDED? Ideal desert living
HAVE REAL fun with desert gems, min- for couple, beautifully furnished com- GHOST TOWN ITEMS: Sun-colored glass,
erals and rocks. The rockhounds' how- plete, water, electricity, fireplace, on pri- amethyst to royal purple; ghost railroads
to-do-it magazine tells how. One year vacy of 5 acres in scenic Cahuilla Hills. materials, tickets; limited odd items from
(12 issues) only $3.00. Sample 25c. Gems 20 min. to Palm Springs. Lease for 12 camps of the '60s. Write your interest—
and Minerals, Box 687-D, Mentone, Cal. mos. $75 per month; 6 months $100 Box 64-D, Smith, Nevada.
month; 3 months $125 month. Write
WE WILL BUY Desert Magazine back Box 582, Palm Desert, California. IRONWOOD BOLO TIES $3.00; cuff links
issues in good condition that are mailed $3.50; tie bars $1.75; brooches $1.50;
to us postpaid. Here is our price sched- 72 ACRES near Salton Sea, all leveled at ear rings $3.50; pendants $1.50; sweater
ule: Nov. '37, $5; Apr. '38, $1; Aug. '38, only $15,200. Sacrifice! Ronald L. John- holder $3.75. Postpaid. Hand made.
$1; Sept. '38, $2; Jan. '39, $1; Feb. '39, son, Broker, Box 162, Thermal, Calif. Beautifully polished. Ironwood Shop,
$2; Feb. '50, 50c; and Jan. '55, 50c. Route 2, Box 352, Scottsdale, Arizona.
Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. MAKE MONEY in real estate! New guide-
book, "The Real Facts of Real Estate" ANTIQUE WALL phones. Excellent con-
gives you time-tested advice on buying dition. $9.95; two $18.50. Luscious pur-
CLUBS — ORGANIZATIONS a house or lot, what you should know ple sage honey—raw, thick. Organically
about loans, mortgages, escrows, other grown dried fruit, nuts. Free circular.
ARE YOU interested in prospecting for valuable information. Learn before you Tontz Honey Farm and Country Store,
minerals, or rockhunting? Write for lit- buy! Send only $1 to: Advisory Services, old Highway 71, Elsinore, California,
erature to United Prospectors, 701V4 E. Box 215, Laguna Beach, California. Open every day.
Edgeware, Los Angeles, 26, California.
COME PICNIC in tomorrow's land this MAKE DELICIOUS Rancho Cookies. No
PEN-PALS GALORE! I have many lonely month. Your trailer is welcome. Infor- baking, no fussing. Your friends will love
members. Both sexes, all ages. All walks mation on the new blooming land of them. Secret instructions 50c. Mrs.
of life. Details free. Give age. Box tomorrow from Cy Maire, Broker, Pin- Vermeulen, Box 172, Rancho LaPaz,
562-DM, Del Paso Heights, California. yon Flats, Mountain Center, California. Anaheim, California.

ARROWHEAD COLLECTION. Over 3000 tween Denver, Colorado, and Cove Help for Crippled Indians . . .
framed points, fine for display in motel, Fort on U.S. 91 in south-central Utah,
tavern, museum, etc. Baskets, old guns, SALT LAKE CITY—Members of
old and purple bottles, coins, stamps. has been given by the Department of a Utah medical team flew to Arizona
Write for catalog and jumbo picture. 25c. Commerce. Three control areas — recently to conduct diagnostic clinics
State your interest. Hugh Worcester, Denver, the state line west of Grand for crippled Indian children of the
1229-B University Avenue, Berkeley 2, Junction, and Cove Fort—were estab- Pima, Papago, Apache and Hopi tribes.
California. lished for the highway. The states of This was the fourth flying medical
1957 MERCURY—trade my equity for Utah and Colorado may now prepare mission conducted by the team since
jeep station wagon, four-wheel drive, detailed engineering studies as soon the U.S. Public Health Service entered
1954 or later. 378 No. Oak Ave., Pasa- as possible to select the specific routes an agreement a year ago with the Utah
dena. SY 5-4956.
to join these control areas. Crippled Children's Service to provide
• • • aid for children suffering from various
ping purposes on Indian reservations deformities and crippling diseases.
Natural Bridges Improvements . . . Children found to have remedial con-
and other Indian lands held in trust NATURAL BRIDGES NATION- ditions will be flown for treatment to
by the United States. While there is AL MONUMENT — The National the Primary Children's Hospital in
authority in an 1834 statute which Park Service released details of a long- Salt Lake City.—Salt Lake Tribune
provides some measure of protection range program designed to improve
against such trespass, the Interior De- facilities at Natural Bridges National
partment feels this authority is limited Monument, and to make the area more MTfR-TgtBAt '
in scope and not adequate for meet- accessible to the public. An all-weather INDIAN Meet The
CEREMONIAL American Indian
ing present-day needs. road system is planned for the Mon-
• • • ument, with an entrance road to head- DANCES • CRAFTS
AUGUST 14-17
Highway Access Fight Looms . . . quarters and spurs from there to each
ALBUQUERQUE—Attorney Irwin of the natural bridges. Trails will run "^J^Tjtff fit Write for Information
to the bridges from each of the term- Ceremonial Association
S. Moise told the 55th annual conven- Box 1029. Gallup, N. M.
tion of New Mexico sheep growers to inal parking areas. Visitor center and
"be prepared to defend yourself in a picnic area also are planned.—San
court" as the state acquires access Juan Record OUT OF THE PAST

rights for the new superhighways be- Arrowhead Jewelry!
A "Lost" art revived! Earrings:
ing planned. Moise said State High- Large, medium, small, $2 pair.
way Department officials have "no Early Start on Dam Project . . . Obsidian black color. Matching
necklace 18" chain, $1.50. Bolo
appreciation of the value of access." VERNAL—The nation's economic Tie: Large arrowhead, leather-
problems may cause the early start— ette cord. $1.50. Order Now!
Construction of a limited-access super- Stone arrowhead making in-
highway through or alongside a ranch possibly before July 1—of construc- structions. Illustrated, com-
plete, $1. (Dealers Inquire.)
can decrease its value, and the ranch tion of Flaming Gorge Dam and the CHIEF BLACKHAWK
Vernal storage unit. Both projects, Box 564-DM, Kennewlck, Wash.
owner should receive payment in the
amount of this decrease, Moise added. earlier victims of the government's
The sheepmen have set up a committee stepped-up missile program, now are Looking for a PUBLISHER?
to study the highway problem.—New likely to be on the receiving end of Do you have a book-length manuscript you
Mexican .Federal funds as the U.S. attempts to would like to have published? Learn about
stem the rising tide of unemployment our unusual plan whereby your book can be
• • • . published, promoted and distributed on a
; by creating public works jobs. Mean- professional basis. We consider all types of
Indian. Center Nears Completion . . . work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly
: while, the Bureau of Reclamation re- and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
LAGUNA — Laguna Pueblo's new ceived bids on constructing access and come. For more information, write for valu-
able booklet D. It's free.
$142,000 community center was service roads to Flaming Gorge dam- VANTAGE PRESS, INC.
scheduled for completion in April. The i site, and surfacing roads already built. 6253 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood 28, Calif.
Main Office: New York 1, N.Y.
12,600-square-foot hall contains rec- ! —Vernal Express
reation facilities, space for holding
meetings, offices for the tribal governor
and other officials, a council chamber
and kitchen. Funds for the building
mainly came from royalties from the
Jackpile Uranium Mine operated by
the Anaconda Company. — Grants
• • •
Crop Conditions Good . . . 25th Anniversary
SANTA FE—Subsoil moisture sup- Subscription Bonanza I
plies are adequate over the entire state r Save 5 0 %
with the exception of the southwest 1
On* ytar far only
quarter, and surface moisture is also •1.00
"generally adequate," the Department The West's most complete mining and
of Agriculture reported. Cattle are industrial magazine - published for
mining men, prospectors, rock
beginning to move off wheat pasture hounds) Exclusive up-to-the-minute
to market, and livestock continue in Washington reports, latest develop-
ments from the field* plus complete
good condition.—New Mexican • pictorial coverage.
• • • Take advantage today of this
* UTAH anniversary subscription bonanza!
Write for free sample copy.
Inter-State Highway Approved . . .
COVE FORT—Formal approval of Western Mining and Industrial News
plans for an inter-state highway be- P. O. Box 787, Sonora, California

MAY, 19 58 33
Las Vegas, Nevada . . .

MINES and MINIM The Atomic Energy Commission

advanced the possibility that atomic
bombs may find future value in mining
and oil recovery. An A-bomb explo-
sion, the AEC suggested, could be used
Colorado Springs, Colorado . . . Window Rock, Arizona . . . to break up ore bodies for removal or
Governors of the Far Western states The Navajo Tribal Council rejected leaching; and in oil strata to free crude
have reasserted their request to the bids by oil companies seeking rights oil trapped in relatively non-porous
Federal government for policies and to drill on six tracts of valuable tribal rock formations. It also is considered
programs designed to aid the domestic ground between Aneth Pool and Rath- possible that heat resulting from an
mining industry. Their action, which erford Field in San Juan County, Utah. underground detonation in oil strata
came at a recent Governors' Confer- Reason for the action was that the might increase the production of oil in
ence, requests that a broad National bids were not as high as others re- certain situations by making it flow
Minerals Policy be adopted by the U.S. ceived on adjacent tracts.—Salt Lake more freely through the rock forma-
"without delay." Specific action was Tribune tion. The AEC suggestions were based
suggested to aid lead, zinc, tungsten, • • • on studies of last year's underground
mercury, copper and other sagging blast in Southern Nevada. — Grants
Lovelock, Nevada . . . Beacon
mining industries. — Nevada State
Journal Construction has started on $ diato-
maceous earth plant for the Eagle- Washington, D. C. . . .
EXPLORE FOR TRRASURR! Picher Company at Lovelock. When Senators Alan Bible of Nevada,
Find gold, silver, coins, battle completed, the plant will be valued at James Murray of Montana and Frank
relics! M-SCOPE Treasure-Meta!
Locators. Guaranteed proven per- over $2,000,000, officials estimate. At Church of Idaho, are seeking legisla-
formance. Transistors, Fiberglas capacity, the plant is expected to pro-
cases, lightweight. Al«o Geigar, tion which would suspend for one year
scintillation counters, minera- duce 36,000 tons of natural and cal- the requirement that owners of mining
lights. Free catalog. Easy terms. cined filter aids annually. — Nevada
FISHER RESEARCH LAB., Inc. claims must annually perform $100
Dept. D-l, Palo Alto, Calif. State Journal worth of labor on their properties. The
law change is designed to help the
"already tottering" mining industry,
and assist prospectors and other small

Prospectors' Headquarters mining operators in protecting their

investments, the senators said.—Eu-
reka Sentinel
The "Snooper" Geiger counter—model 108 $ 29.95
The "Lucky Strike" Geiger counter—Model 106C 99.50 Union Carbide Corporation has
The "Professional" Geiger Counter—Model 107C 149.50 taken a lease with option to buy on
The "Special Scintillator"—Model 117 299.50
The "Deluxe" Scintillator—Model 111B 495.00 22 claims, and located an adjoining
block of 64 claims that cover a vast
ULTRA-VIOLET MINERALIGHTS vanadium field reportedly uncovered
Model NH—Operates on 110 AC only 14.75 by the concern. The 86 claims are 120
Model M12—Operates on batteries only—with battery 40.65
Model SL-2537—Operates on batteries or 110 AC—without case and batteries
With No. 303 case and batteries
miles north of Tonopah, and there is
With No. 404 case and batteries 66.00 no organized mining district in this
vicinity.—Tonopah Times- Bonanza
"Prospecting with a Geiger Counter" by Wright 60
"Uranium Color Photo Tone" 1.00 Beatty, Nevada . . .
"Uranium Prospectors Hand Book" 1.00 Wah Chang Mining Corporation is
"The Uranium and Fluorescent Minerals" by H. C. Dake 2.00
"Popular Prospecting" by H. C. Dake 2.00 conducting an examination of fluorspar
"Uranium, Where It Is and How to Find It" by Proctor and Hyatt 2.50
"Minerals for Atomic Energy" by Nininger 7.50 deposits near Beatty, and if findings
"Let's Go Prospecting" by Edward Arthur 3.50 are favorable, the mining concern may
MAPS move its big milling plant at Tempiute,
Map and Geology (Uranium and Mineral Districts of California) 1.50 used until recently for treating tung-
Map of Kern County (New Section and Township)
Map Uranium and Minerals (The Nine Southwest States)
sten, to the Beatty area.—Tonopah
Book and Map "Gems and Minerals of California" by McAllister 1.75 Times-Bonanza
Book and Map "Lost Mines and Treasures of the Southwest" 2.00


Mineral Hardness Test Set 2.25 take MINERALIGHT along
Radiassay—Uranium Test Kit 14.95
Mercury—Detector Fluorescent Screen 6.75 -and have some real fun on field trips
Scheelite Fluorescent Analyzer 6.00
Fluorescent Mineral Set—10 Specimens—boxed 2.50 You see rocks and minerals at their
Mineral Specimen Boxes (35 named Minerals) ' 1.50 fascinating best only when you
Prospectors Picks (not polished) 4.50 view them under the magic of ultra-
Prospectors Picks (polished) 5.00 violet fluorescence. Take along
12" Diameter Steel Gold Pan 1.25 MINERALIGHT every time you hit the
16" Diameter Steel Gold Pan 1.70 road. You'll do more, see more,
have more fun —learn
All prices F.O.B. Los Angeles more, too. Don't miss
Add 4 % Sales Tax if you live in California the displays at your
mineral dealer
Member of American Gem & Mineral Suppliers Association and at DISNEYLAND.
Write for information.
Dept. 0,
3632 Wast Slauson Ave., Dept. D Open Monday evening until 9:00 Los Angelas, Calif. San Gabriel, Calif.

Santa Fe . . . Mojave, California . . . 2700-foot diversion tunnel at Glen
U. S. uranium ore reserves have Kern County Land Co. has located Canyon Dam in Arizona. Mountain
risen to 78,000,000 tons, and of that "substantial amounts" of colemanite, States Construction Co. of Utah is
amount 53,300,000 tons or slightly a boron mineral, on the Mojave Des- drilling the tunnel. — Lucerne Valley
less than two-thirds are in New Mex- ert. The deposits, according to a com- Leader
ico, the Atomic Energy Commission pany spokesman, could prove of con-
reported. Percentage of the U3O8 in siderable value in the future as raw LOST MINES
the New Mexico ore was estimated at material in connection with the high- Let me help you find it. Our
.26. Virtually all the state's uranium energy fuel program.—Mining Record distometer registers to 20
miles. Deptometer, unlimited
is located in the Grants vicinity. The • • • depth. Percentage or fee.
AEC said Utah had an ore reserve of Fontana, California . . . M. A. BERNHARD
1833 Marney
5,700,000 tons, and Arizona 1,400,- Kaiser's giant steel plant at Fontana, Los Angeles, Calif.
000 tons.—Grants Beacon operating at only 78 percent of capac-
• • • ity, laid off 1500 production workers
in the early part of this year. The lay-
Tonopah. Nevada . . . off dropped Kaiser mill employment "OVERLOOKED FORTUNES"
All cyaniding equipment, tanks and to 6250. Reduction in the steel mak- IN THE RARER MINERALS
Find war minerals! Here are a few of the
buildings of the Nevada State Mining ing operations also necessitated cur- 40 or more strategic rarer minerals which
Co., originally the Seven Troughs Co., tailment at the company's iron ore you may be overlooking in the hills or in
have been sold. Plans are to dismantle mine at Eagle Mountain, and its coal that mine or prospect hole: columbium, tan-
and ship the equipment to the old mines at Sunnyside, Utah. — Pioche talum, uranium, vanadium, tungsten, nickel,
Candeleria Mine near Tonopah, ac- Record cobalt, bismuth, palladium, iridium, osmi-
um, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, titan-
cording to Southwest Machinery and • • • ium, tin, molybdenum, selenium, germanium,
Equipment Co. of Sunnyslope, Ari- San Juan County, Utah . . . manganese, cadmium, thallium, antimony,
zona, purchaser of the cyaniding plant. Phillips Petroleum Co. and Aztec mercury, chromium, etc. Prices booming;
When constructed in the late 1920s, Oil and Gas Co. have completed a many much more valuable than a gold
the mill was considered the finest plant 1620-barrel-a-day oil wildcat—Nava- mine: cassiterite now $1000 a ton; bismuth
$1500 a ton; columbite $2500 a ton; tanta-
of its type in the nation. — Lovelock jo A2—between Ratherford Field on lite or microlite $5000 a ton; tungsten $3
Review-Miner the west and White Mesa Field on the pound; platinum $90 ounce, etc. Now you
• • • east in San Juan County. can learn what they are, how to find, iden-
tify and cash in upon them. Send for free
Clarkdale, Arizona . . . • • • copy "overlooked fortunes"—it may lead
Construction has started on a 1,- Lucerne Valley, California . • . to knowledge which may make you richl
500,000-barrel-per-year capacity ce- Permanente Cement Co. has been A postcard will do.
ment plant at Clarkdale. American awarded the contract to provide 133,- DUKE'S RESEARCH LABORATORY
Box 666, Dept. B, Hot Springs, New Mexico
Cement Corporation said it expects its 000 barrels of cement for lining the
plant to be in operation before the
close of 1959 with a work-force of
200 men. Riverside-Arizona Cement
Company, a newly formed division of
American Cement, will build and op-
erate the facility.—Verde Independent
Compton Rock Shop
• • •
Carlsbad, New Mexico . . . • Battery test switch
G. F. Coope, president of the Pot- • Head phones with clear signal
ash Company of America, warned that • Great sensitivity • Low cost operation
increasing Canadian potash imports • One nob control • Easiest of all to operate
into this country may curtail New
Mexico production. The Saskatche- MORE ACCURATE, it's the first METAL DETECTOR designed SPE-
wan deposit is of better quality than CIFICALLY for detecting placer gold, nuggets, and other small metal
known remaining deposits at Carlsbad, objects. Depth range 7 feet—comes complete, ready to use.
Coope said. Several major New Mex- MODEL 27—instructions included $110.00
ico producers have reduced the num-
ber of days-per-week worked by their MODEL 711—with 21 ft. depth range $138.50
employees because of excessive stocks
on hand.—New Mexican MINERALIGHT—Complete line from $14.95 up to $114.00
Send for Complete Information
VISIT OUR NEW MINERAL DEPARTMENT, stocked with many out-
$ $ $ TREASURE $ $ $
New transistor metal detector finds lost or standing specimens, including native wire silver from Honduras, S. A.
hidden treasure, coins, gold, silver, jewelry,
relics. Profitable hobby. New underwater LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT & SUPPUES—TOOLS—GEMS—JEWELRY
metal detector detects sunken ships, out-
etc., in 300 ft.
water. Oper-
boat. Scintilla-
tion counter. (buy from an experienced wood worker)
Free catalog.
ELECTRONICS Comfiton J\oah cSkofi
3 5 4 5 E. INDIAN
1405 S. Long Beach Blvd. 3 blocks south of Olive
NEwmark 2-9096 Open Friday Evenings Compton, California

MAY, 1958 35
A rare gem to treasure for a lifetime
Polished to reveal fire—ready for you to
make the gemstone of your dreams • From By DR. H. C. DAKE, Editor of The Mineralogist
Coon Hollow Area • Unusual coloring •
Instructions how to finish without losing
colors enclosed with each order. Mineral collecting is said to be the oldest
amber was a simple fossil resin, derived
Guaranteed free of fractures. Each stone hobby known to man, the same can be ap- from conifer trees. It was thought to be
shows good fire. plied to the working of the semi-precious manufactured in the ocean in some manner
Slabs to make cabochons gem minerals. For thousands of years be- or another, from foam on the water. In
up to 20x15 mm $5 and $10 each. fore the dawn of civilization, primitive man this manner they also accounted for the
Beautiful finished gems $15 and up
Please mail remittance with order. We pay became skilled through necessity in fash- insects often noted in fossil amber.
postage. ioning hard minerals into tools and weap- * * *
ERVIN E. SPIERS ons. Obsidian, agate, opal, jasper, quartz,
and other similar materials found as arti- Some amateur lapidaries appear to have
Juanita Mines and Laboratories facts, carry the story of the struggle for difficulty in polishing the gem mineral cali-
BLYTHE, CALIFORNIA existence waged by Paleolithic Man and fornite, especially on the large flat surface.
others of the dim past. There are several methods by which a good
polish can be given this attractive material.
While this background of skill passed All deep scratches should first be care-
through many generations, it is only natural fully removed with a fine grit or well worn
that in a moment of relaxation from the sanding cloth. A rock hard felt buff is
struggle with tooth and claw, early man
turned to the fashioning of an ornament
from an attractive specimen of a gem min-
eral. When this first took place is not re-
better than the soft felt wheels for polishing.
The Norton Alumina polishing powders
are excellent for use on calif ornite. Apply
corded in history. Remains found in the the polishing agent, mixed with water, in
STANDARD OF VALUE caves of France give proof that quartz the usual manner. Toward the final com-
crystal was worked at least 12,000 years pletion of the high polish permit the felt
BUY THE BEST ago; later the tombs of Egypt indicate that buff to run nearly dry. This will give a
FOR LESS turquoise was utilized as an ornament at high glossy finish; a burnishing effect is
least 6000 years ago. But in all likelihood accomplished by the dry buff. This same
Congo Din Blades — Sizes method of "burnishing" often is effective
Range from 4" to 24" in the art of gem stone cutting goes back even
earlier. on other materials otherwise difficult to
Light, Standard, Heavy polish on a wet felt.
and Extra Heavy duty. For centuries crude equipment was used * * *
in the art, with the technique and secrets of
the craft handed down from father to son The rough gems mined in the noted gem
Highland through the generations. The works of the districts of Ceylon generally are disposed
Park medieval and other early workers of gem of by auction. This has been the established
Trim Saws cutting are remarkable for their skill of custom for many years. Depending upon
C o m p a c t and execution, considering the lack of modern the production of the mines, auctions are
rugged for long abrasives and machinery. held irregularly at the pit heads of the
lasting service. The introduction of modern abrasives mines. Usually the buyers are present in
R-l Trim Saw and grinding wheels, some 40 years ago, person to examine the various lots offered
marked the beginning of the modernization and place their bids.
of the lapidary industry. The modern grind- Professional buyers may represent cus-
A Leader ing wheel, the product of the electric fur- tomers who are not present in person, the
nace, together with modern machinery, prob- buyers working on a fee or commission
In Its Field ably has done more to render gem stone basis. This is the manner in which the
Highland Park Power-feed cutting more simple than any other factor. gems find their way into the hands of the
Slab Saws. Sizes range Picture the medieval artisan laboriously re- cutters and retail dealers. Details of buy-
from 12" to 24". Metal ducing a hard sapphire, holding the gem in ing may be obtained from the General
or Lucite hood. the left hand, turning a crank with the Products Branch, Office of International
right hand to operate a lead lap wheel Trade, U. S. Department of Commerce,
charged with emery. Washington 25, B : C. •
Simplified technique available to all, mod- * * *
ern abrasives, and machinery have aided in What appears to be the world's largest
Highland Park Combination Unit inducing thousands of individuals to adopt circular diamond saw is used in the granite
Available in all sizes. Perfect Combination gem stone cutting as a pleasant, fascinat- cutting industry in Scotland. The familiar
Unit for Lapidary work. Handles sawing, ing and valuable hobby. The intriguing
grinding, sanding and polishing. Excep-
mysteries, romance, and fascination of gem red granite of Scotland is seen all over the
tionally quiet operation. world.
stones seem to lure even the fhpst casual
observer. Can it be possible tne urge to This huge saw is 11V4 feet in diameter,
fashion and work a rough fragment of a and almost one inch thick. The diamond
gem mineral into a thing of beauty and charge costs several thousand dollars. These
utility has been passed on to civilized man stones are set by hand work into retangular
as a heritage from his ancestors? shaped sockets on the periphery.
* * * There are about 300 of these sockets, and
into most of these are set diamonds averag-
For many centuries amber has been gatht- ing about one carat in weight. Some of the
E-10 Combination Unit ered on ;the southern Baltic Sea coast. Iiji stones are set to project outward from the
Arbors of all sizes — Tumblers, two the early 17th century, the local king leased edge so the blade may cut its own clear-
models. Wet and dry belt sandcrs— out the collecting rights to certain groups ance, the same technique that is used in
of persons. The leased rights came very setting diamonds into a diamond core drill.
Lapidary units in two different sizes. high, but at that time amber brought a fab- Some of the rectangles are filled with
32 MODELS TO CHOOSE PROM ulous price in China where much of it was clusters of stones weighing less than a
The most complete line of lapidary machin- carried by overland trading caravans. fourth carat each. The steel saw is slightly
ery offered by any manufacturer. See these
at your local Highland Park dealer or write
Chief use the Chinese appear to have dished and operated at an average peri-
for free literature. made of amber was to burn it in a sort of pheral speed of 10,000 feet per minute.
perfume pot at great feasts and celebrations. Any diamonds lost from their settings are
A Product of The more and larger pieces the host casf readily recovered.
into the burning pot, the greater was the This is the most economical method of
HIGHLAND PARK indication of his magnificence. In short, if sawing out huge block of granite, and sim-
it was a "number one" feast celebration, ilar hard ornamental stones. Moreover) the
MANUFACTURING CO. the host would go the limit on costly amber. diamond saw leaves a much smoother sur-
The odor of the burning amber was very face than the older wire-rope and abrasive
1009-1011 Mission Street pleasing to .the Chinese. For a long time method. As in all lapidary work, the
South Pasadena, California the Hollanders had a monopoly on this smoother surface left by the diamond saw
trade in amber, to the exclusion of all mean's less labor cost in lapping prior to
others. _At that time it was not known that the polishing operations.

G € m s fliin m i n £ R f l L s
The large half-ton metallic meteorite,
Carbo, which landed in Mexico in 1923,
recently was cut open by scientists of the
Harvard College Observatory and the Smith-

Make Qualify-Not Quantity- sonian Astrophysical Observatory. Some

diamonds were found in the stone.
An attempt is being made in these studies
to solve some of the mysteries of high speed
missile and satellite flights. The scientists

Goal of Collecting Itip... hope to learn more about the cosmic rays
which Carbo must have absorbed during
its 1,500,000 years of existence.
The meteorite originally was about a foot
If you do your own cutting and polish- wetting the stone the colors approximating thick and three feet long. The slice taken
ing, it is more profitable to select one piece those of the polished stone will appear. In from its interior contains 400 square inches
of good material on a field trip than to fill general, dark colors, except brilliant black, —largest ever cut from a meteorite.—Nuts
a pack sack with rock that looks pretty on do not have the eye appeal of the lighter and Nodules
slight inspection. This is best done with a and brighter hues.
good magnifying glass, and the specimen But, whether you look first for color or • • •
should be studied under the glass when it quality, you will want both in the material To insure sheen, cut obsidian at a 30 to
is dry. Look for soft spots and small pores you will spend time and effort polishing. 45 degree angle to the stripe or flow line
which will cause undercutting; and the ex- of each piece.—Rockhound's Bark
tent of fractures and minute crystals which The same care should be exercised: in
will interfere with polishing. selecting mineral specimens. Although no
two people have the same idea as to what
Of course, color also is important. By constitutes beauty and desirability in a spe-
cimen, some rather standard requirements
NEW OFFICERS TO exist. The specimen must be free of broken
SERVE GEM CLUBS or marred crystals. There should be a mini-
mum of matrix or gangue material. In
The Rocky Mountain Federation of Min- general, it is more desirable to have a spe-
eralogical Societies named the following new cimen with one mineral predominating, ARE YOU IN BUSINESS?
officers: Domer L. Howard, Oklahoma such as quartz, calcite, sphalerite, galena or
Gem and Mineral Society, president; Ruth fluorite, but if there are small amounts of Or are you starting yours? YOU
Broderson, Wichita Gem and Mineral So- other minerals that do not detract from the SHOULD SEE what GRIEGER'S
ciety, vice president; Norman E. Flaigg, main minerals, the specimen's quality is not have to offer you in Jewelry
Oklahoma Gem and Mineral Society, treas- lessened.—Harold C. Mahoney in the East
urer; and Ronald Barnes, South Dakota; Parts, Gem Cutting Equipment/'
Bay Mineral Society's The East Bay Nodule
James F. Hurlburt, Denver; and Katie Trap- Jewelry Tools and Gems.
nell, Phoenix, executive committee. Next
federation convention was scheduled for Sterling silver is an alloy of 92.5 percent DEALER CATALOGS FREE!
Wichita, Kansas. silver and 7.5 percent other metal or metals,
* * * usually copper for hardening and stiffening GRIEGER'S, INC. offers you the
J. H. Barnes of Sunland, California, re- purposes. This proportion is a legal require- benefits of our success ( 25 years
cently was elected president of the Verdugo ment. The word is derived from Easterling, of i t ) . We show YOU HOW to
Hills Gem and Mineral Society. Also the name of a 12th century group of Ger- MAKE PROFITS. Grieger's have
named to office were: Gene Judson, vice man traders who paid for merchandise with
president; Marjorie Poppleton, secretary; silver coins, the contents of which they over 3,000 items of merchandise
Brown Garrett, treasurer; Barry Livingston, ethically and rigidly controlled at a time in 400 different categories for
Irving Rice, Ray Mandeville, George Heald, when debasement of coins was common.— you.
Lena Hittson, William Bennett, Walter East Bay Nodule
Biggs, Don Eliot and Will Wright, trustees; JUST WRITE: "Please SEND
Daroll Albright, federation director; and
Marie Garrett, bulletin editor. July 26-27 dates were announced for the ME DEALER INFORMATION."
* * * third annual Nevada Gem and Mineral
The following new officers were elected Show at Fallon. Show sponsor is the La- 1633 *. WALNUT ST.
by the Dona Ana County, New Mexico, hontan Gem and Mineral Club. Camping PASADENA 68
Rockhound Club: Elton Love, president; facilities and field trips for visitors are CALIFORNIA
Wilma Bason, vice president; Joe Nolles, being planned by the show hosts.
treasurer; Vivian Wakefield, recording sec-
retary; Bea Letcher, corresponding secre-
tary; and Ruth Randell, editor.
* * *
New officers of the Canyon City Lapidary
Society of Azusa, California, are: Angie IMMEDIATE DELIVERY—PREPAID
Gyllenskog, president; Edward Marikle, BELL CAPS—Gilt or white plate , Dozen for 25c Gross $2.75
vice president; Jeanette Gibson, recording EARWIRES—Half ball with split drop. Nickel or gilt . 6 pr. for 30e 12 pr. for 55c
secretary; Mildred Bennet, corresponding EARSCREWS—Flat pad for cementing. Nickel plate 6 pr. for 30c 12 pr. for 55c
secretary; Fred Mansky, treasurer; and Paul EARCLIPS4-Cup for cementing. Nickel plate 6 pr. for 30c 12 pr. for 55c
Gardner, federation director. SWEATER GUARDS—2 clips with %-inch discs complete with chain.
* * * Gold or rhodium plate 3 lets for $1.75 6 tats for $3.35
New officers of the N.O.T.S. Rockhounds BRACELETS—Rhodium plate. Med. link. Complete. 8-inches 6 for $1.35 12 for $2.30
of China Lake, California, are: Al Cles, CHAIN—Medium link. Rhodium or gold plate 10 feet for $1.20
president; Dr. Ron Henry, vice president; BOLA SLIDES—%-inch swivel disc. Nickel plate 6 for 45c 12 for 75c
Alice Busskohl, secretary, Ken Shumway, BOLA TIPS-Nickel Plate 1 12 for 75c
treasurer; and Dr. Wm. Norris and B. W. LEATHERETTE CORDS—Brown, black, tan, gray, dark blue 6 for $1.20 12 for $2.00
Furstenberg, directors.—NOTS Rockhounds RAYON CORDS—Black, tan, brown/gold combination,. 12 for 75c
News KEY RINGS—gold or rhodium plate. 1 " chain 6 for $1.50 12 for $2.65
CUFF LINKS—15 mm. disc for cementing. Rhodium plate 3 pr. for 85c 6 pr. for $1.50

Offers unlimited opportunity for rock coHeetor or Ura-
TIE BARS—New 1 % " bar alligator grip. Nickel plate
6 for 70c 12 for $1.20

Quantities listed are minimum amounts that can be ordered

Add 10% Fed. Tax on all items except cords. California Residents also add 4 % sales tax.
nium prospector. Make It your career or hobby. We train
you at home. Diploma course. Send for Free Catalog.
Desk 7 • 159 E. Ontario • Chicago 11

MAY, 1958 37
CALIFORNIA FEDERATION one to the Crestmore Quarry near Riverside. Gem Society's show. For display, com-
READIES SAN BERNARDINO These gem and mineral shows also are mercial space information, write to Bill
scheduled for May-June: Branson, Box 162, Helper, Utah.
"FIESTA" GEM SHOW May 1-4—Dallas, Texas. American Feder- June 19-20—Paradise, California. Gem and
The Orange Belt Mineralogical Society of ation of Mineralogical Societies and Mineral Club's show at Memorial Hall.
San Bernardino, California, will be host to Texas Federation of Mineral Societies June 19-22—Downers Grove, Illinois. Mid-
the 19th annual convention and show of joint convention and show at Women's west Federation convention-show. Write
the California Federation of Mineralogical Building, State Fairgrounds. Host society Esconi, 4729 Prince St., for further in-
Societies on June 20-22. "Gem and Min- is Dallas Gem and Mineral. formation.
eral Fiesta" is theme of the show scheduled May 3-4—-Colton, California. Slover Gem • • •
for the Orange Show Grounds. George and Mineral Society's first annual show CHECK LIST FOR
Nash, Rt. 1, Box 310, Redlands, is general
chairman of the event. at the Boy Scout Cabin in Colton Park. TESTING METEORITES
Among the feature exhibits planned are: May 3: 10 a.m. to 9 p.m.; May 4: 10 Nodules of iron compounds, especially
Charles Reynolds, Escondido, largest kun- a.m. to 6 p.m. hematite, a heavy dark red iron oxide, are
zite crystal in the world, and faceted kun- May 3-4—Stockton, California. Sixth an- frequently mistaken for meteorites. One of
zite; A. W. Porter, Pepperwood, "eye" nual San Joaquin Valley Gem and Min- these earthy nodules, when ground, will not
agates; Keith L. Shivers, Alhambra, "scenic eral show at the Agricultural Building, show free metal, and although the ground
pictures" in rocks; H. O. Toenjes, fire opal; County Fairgrounds. Show, "Picture and surface will have a metallic luster, it will
Hubert A. Dafoe, Oakland, agatized fossil Scenes in Rocks," is sponsored by the not be silvery, and generally will not be
coral geodes; and Walter B. Lauterbach, Stockton Lapidary and Mineral Club and magnetic.
Barstow, moss agate, petrified wood, etc., the Mother Lode Mineral Society of Artificial slag (cinder) sometimes contains
cabochons. Modesto. free iron, but it comes in round pellets or
Field trips are being arranged, including May 3-4—San Mateo, California. Gem and drops, while iron does not take this form
Mineral Society of San Mateo County's in meteorites. Slags or cinders generally
annual show at Fairgrounds, 25th' Ave. will be very porous or spongy—meteor-
and Pacific Blvd. ites never are. Also mistaken for meteorites
ROCK AND GEM SHOP May 5-6—Great Falls, Montana. Arrow- are pieces of rusted iron tools. Rocks show-
WEST TEXAS AGATE head Mineral Club's annual Mineral and ing conspicuous or well-shaped crystals are
MINERAL SPECIMENS—FLTJORESCENTS Artifact show, DeMolay Memorial Build- not likely to be meteorites.
HANDMADE JEWELRY ing, 801 Second Ave. North. Annual If the object you find has all six of the
PECOS. TEXAS banquet on 6th. following characteristics, it almost certainly
620 S. Eddy rhonc 5-3674 May 10-11—Benicia, California. Rock and is a meteorite: solid and not porous; irregu-
Gem Club's annual show at Veterans lar shaped; heavy for its size; black or
Memorial Hall. Admission free. brown on the outside; metallic iron shows
May 17-18—Oakland, California. East Bay on ground surface; and different from
NOTICE Mineral Society's 20th annual Gem and country rocks. Even if the object does not
to all our customers— Mineral Festival at Scottish Rite Temple, meet all of these requirements, it still may
N E W SHOP HOURS: Open 9 a.m. to 5 p.m.; 1545 Oak St. be a meteorite.—Texas Observers
open until 10 p.m. on Wednesdays; closed
Sundays and Mondays. May 17-18 — Glendale, California. Lapi-
VALLEY ART SHOPPE dary and Gem Society's 11th annual
21108 Devonshire Blvd., Chatsworth, Calif. show at Civic Auditorium, 1401 Verdugo
11 ti
Phone Diamond 8-4607 Road.
May 17-18 — Everett, Washington. Rock
and Gem Club's show.
May 18-24 — Portland, Oregon. Oregon FROM THE GEM AND MINERAL WORLD
Agate and Mineral Society's annual show
at the Oregonian Hostess House, 1320 "Good judgment in gathering rocks comes
S.W. Broadway. from experience; and experience—well, that
"GOLD UGH" HOT I May 22-25 — Chico, California. "Chest-O- comes from poor judgment." — Desert
Jewels" show at the Silver Dollar Fair, Hobbyist
presented by Golden Empire Mineral * * *
Society, Paradise Gem and Mineral Club, "No man knows his true character until
Feather River Gem and Mineral Society, he has run out of gas, purchased something
Yuba-Sutter Mineral Society and Shasta on the installment plan, and raised an ado-
Gem and Mineral Society. lescent."—San Gabriel, California, Valley
May 24-25—Whittier, California. Gem and Lapidary Society's Stone Tablet
Mineral Society's ninth annual show at * * *
Palm Park Community Center, 727 So. "It takes as much energy to wish as it
Palm Ave. does to plan."—Glen Gipson in the Arrow
May 31-June 1—Price, Utah. Castle Valley Points

This unusual Pick, Shovel and Gold Pan Lariat tyou've

Tie has a genuine Gold Nugget mounted in Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla
the pan. The Nugget is in its natural state
just as it was mined from the placer gravels Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry
of the Old West. Expertly crafted with a HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER
beautiful gold finish background.
Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings
ORDER NOW FOR and Brooches
The ropes come in a choice of 6 colors: Black,
Green, Blue, Yellow, Red or Brown. Or Black Write for Folder With Prices
or Brown Braided Leatherette. Please specify
1st and 2nd choice or color. $2.95 postpaid.
Cuff Links & Tie Bar in the same pattern, ELLIOTT'S GEM SHOP
attractively boxed, $5.95 postpaid. 235 East Seaside Blvd. Long Beach 2, California
Across from West End of Municipal
DELL RIEBE Auditorium Grounds
P.O. Box 46, Grass Valley, California Hours 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Daily Except Monday

SPHALERITE—meaning blind or deceiv- The Santa Clara Valley Gem and Min-

Oftyin of Gem, ing, in reference to sphalerite's often being

mistaken for lead ore.
STIBNITE—Latin "stibium"—antimony.
TOPAZ—Greek "to seek." In reference to
eral Society of San Jose, California, has
scheduled its Fourth Annual Exhibition for
September 20-21. The show again will be
held at the I.E.S. Hall on East Santa Clara
Street, and show hours are 10 a.m. to 10

Mineral times
an island in the Red Sea that was difficult
to find, from which a yellow stone, now p.m.
believed to be a yellowish olivine, was
TURQUOISE — French "turque" — after
Here is a list of mineral and gem stone Turkey from which this stone first mined ARROWHEAD JEWELRY
names, and their origins: in Persia, reached Europe. OP SYNTHETIC GEMSTONE
AGATE—from the river Achates in Sicily, Arrowheads mounted in thunderbird fittings.
VESUVIANITE—from Mt. Vesuvius. All metal parts non-tarnish rhodium finish.
where agate has been known since the WAVELLITE — after its discoverer, Dr. Opaque colors: obsidian black, milk white,
time of Theophrastus. Wavel. yellow, bittersweet.
AMETHYST—Greek "not drunken." Old Clear colors: xl, pink-
WILLEMITE — after King William I of xl, smoke, amethyst.
superstition existed that amethyst would Netherlands. Matched earrings,
cure intemperance. WULFEN1TE—after Austrian mineralogist tax incl $3.30
APATITE — Greek "to deceive." Apatite 18-inch necklace,
F. X. Wulfen. tax incl $2.20
was frequently mistaken for beryl. ZIRCON—Arabic "zarqun"—vermilion; or postage - ins. - prepaid
ARAGONITE—from Aragon in Spain. from Persian "zargun"—golden colored. dealers inquiries invited
BARITE—Greek "heavy." — Eleanor Blackburn in the San Diego, INDIAN TRAIL
BASALT—Ethiopian "black stone." California, Lapidary Society's Shop Notes PRODUCTS CO.
BIOTITE—after the French physicist, J. and News \
Baum Building
Danville, Illinois
B. Biot. • • • '
CARNELIAN—Latin "flesh." In reference
to color sometimes exhibited by carnelian. FLASH FLOOD REVEALS
Minor. Most rockhounds enjoy observing inter- "Treat yourself to the best"'
DOLOMITE — after Deodat de Dolomieu esting geological formations which are mil-
who first described dolomite's character- lions of years old, seldom stopping to con-
istics. sider that on almost every day in the out-
FLUORITE—Latin "flow." In reference to doors they can see the start of formations
fluorite's use as a flux. which may appear millions of years hence.
FRANKLINITE — from Franklin, New Harry Zollars of the El Paso, Texas,
Jersey, only place in the world where Mineral and Gem Society had the thrill of
franklinite is found. closely observing such an event at Elephant
GALENA—Latin term applied both to the Butte Lake near Truth or Consequences,
lead ore and slag from refining. New Mexico.
GARNET—Latin "grain." The deep canyons on the southeastern
GYPSUM—Greek "to cook." In reference shoreline of the lake drain an immense ex-
to the burnt or calcined mineral. panse of land, mostly of rough volcanic State arbor size—Send postage—Tax in Calif.
HALITE—from the halogen group of ele- origin. A flash flood came roaring down
ments. the largest of these gorges, Ash Canyon,
JADE—Spanish "pietra di hijada"—kidney and the following afternoon the channel
stone, because it was thought jade was again was dry enough to explore.
beneficial to kidneys. The flood created hundreds of clay balls,
MALACHITE—Greek "mallow"—green. from marble to basketball-size, which Zol-
MARCASITE—of Arabic origin and for- lars found on the canyon floor. Still soft
merly applied to common pyrite. and easily broken, every ball he examined Free Catalog shows 17 Covington •+-
MICA—Latin "micare"—to shine. had in its center a piece of twig, small peb- vertical type grinders and polishers.
PEGMATITE—Greek "joined together." ble or a tiny mass of plant fiber. Mingled f • ~.< 6 Covington Trim Saws
PLATINUM — Spanish "platina" — small with the clay was a considerable portion to choose from in latest
Free Catalog.
silver. of grains of coarse sand and particles of
PYRITE—Greek "fire." In reference to rotting lava. Zollars was viewing the forma-
sparks emitted when pyrite is struck with tion of thousands of concretions which,
steel. once covered by sediments carried by future
RH0DOCHR0SITE — Greek "rose" and floods, would harden, be compressed and
"color." never again revealed until some far future
RHODONITE—Greek "rose." age.—The Voice

Select any one of 7

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IF NOT COMPLETELY SATISFIED RETURN Send for latest Catalog showing Covington,
the largest lapidary equipment line in
America. IT'S FREE.
Covington Lapidary Eng., Corp.

MAY, 1958 39
6" DISC DRY sanding cloth. 220, 320. 6
for $1. Postpaid. Stop at our yard for
12c a w o r d . . . Minimum $2.00
supplies. Jewelry. Rocks. Pollard, Rt.
2, El Cajon, California. East on 80.
BOLA AND JEWELRY finding price list.
Compare our prices before you buy.
OPALS, DEEP RED, blue, green, golden, Please include 10c to cover cost of mail-
BOOKS - MAGAZINES ing. Dealers send resale number for
flashing in all colors of the rainbow, wholesale list. The Hobby Shop, Dept.
HAVE REAL FUN with desert gems, min- direct from the mine, 15 for $5.00. 10
erals and rocks. The rockhound's how-to- ringsize stones, (opal, amethyst, etc.) DM, P.O. Box 753, 1310 Elgin Street,
do-it magazine tells how. One year (12 ground and polished, ready to set $5.00. Caldwell, Idaho.
issues) only $3.00. Sample 25c. Gems Kendall, Sanmiguel d'AUende, Guana-
and Minerals, Box 687-D, Mentone, Calif. juato, Mexico. MINERALS - FOSSILS
THE BOOK of Mineral Photographs, 118 12 POUNDS OF beautiful Colorado min-
pages, octavo, over one hundred pages OPALS AND SAPPHIRES direct from
of excellent illustrations of fine minerals Australia. Special — this month's best eral specimens, $8.00 prepaid. Ask for
and rocks with descriptions. Indexed. buy: rough Australian gem stones—6 list of others. Jack the Rockhound, P. O.
$1.68 postpaid. B. M. Shaub, 159 Elm assorted opals, 3 black star sapphires, 3 Box 245, Carbondale, Colorado.
Street, Northampton, Massachusetts. blue sapphires, 3 zircons, 3 garnets—18 FOSSILS. 12 different for $2. Other prices
gem stones airmailed for $18. Send per- on request. Will buy, sell or trade. Mu-
CUT-POLISHED-TUMBLED GEMS sonal check, international money order, seum of Fossils, Clifford H. Earl, P. O.
bank draft. Free 16 page list of all Aus- Box 188, Sedona, Arizona.
LARGE VARIETY mixed tumbled stone tralian Gemstones. Australian^ Gem
—Tigereye, agates, obsidian, palm root, Trading Co., 49 Elizabeth Street] Mel- GEMMY FLUORITE octahedrons. 3 pairs
quartz. 40-60 stones in pound—only $4. bourne, Australia. $1. Each pair a different color. Gene
Cash or money orders, tax paid. Sid's Curtiss, 911 Pine St., Benton, Kentucky.
Originals, Route 1, Box 369, Beaumont,
California. DEALERS GOLD QUARTZ specimens for sale. Ex-
tremely rich gold quartz from a produc-
GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color, VISIT GOLD PAN Rock Shop. Beautiful ing Mother Lode mine. These specimens
blue and bluish green, cut and polished sphere material, gems, mineral specimens, have been hand picked for their excel-
cabochons — 25 cents (5 to 10 stones choice crystals, gem materials, jewelry, lence as collectors' items. $2 and up
according to size) $3.50 including tax, baroques, etc. Over 100 tons of material postpaid. Also fine quality gold nuggets
postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats (10 to select from. John and Etta James, $2 and up. Dell Riebe, P.O. Box 46,
to 20 cabochons) $6.15 including tax, proprietors, 2020 N. Carson Street, Car- Grass Valley, California.
postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem & Mineral son City, Nevada.
Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd., Long Beach NATIVE GOLD, uranium ore, petrified
2, California. DESERT ROCKS, woods, jewelry. Resi- wood, and 18 other outstanding minerals,
dence rear of shop. Rockhounds wel- gemstones and ores. $1.00 postpaid.
FACETED STONES, cabochons, carved come. Mile west on U.S. 66. McShan's Mack's, 3004 Park Ave., San Bernardino,
stones, etc. Drop us a postcard for free Gem Shop and Desert Museum. P.O. California.
price list. R. Berry & Co., 5040 Corby Box 22, Needles, California.
St., Omaha 4, Nebraska. ARIZONA MINERALS: Six representa-
ROCKS—opposite West End Air Base, ag- tive specimens from Arizona's fabulous
ATTENTION DEALERS and novelty ate, woods, minerals, books, local infor-
stores: "Baroque Jewelry" — earrings, copper country. $1.65 postpaid. Rocks,
mation. No mail orders please. Iron- Post Office Box 3314, Lowell, Arizona.
necklaces, key chains, lariats, cufflinks wood Rock Shop, Highway 60-70 West
and baroques by the pound; also pol- of Blythe, California. GREEN GARNETS from Mexico. While
ished thundereggs, petrified wood, snow- they last, a full pound of green garnet
flake obsidian—ready for resale. Write SHAMROCK ROCK SHOP now open at crystal specimens from Mexico for $3
for wholesale prices now. Roy's Rock 1115 La Cadena Dr., Riverside, Calif. pp. R. Berry, 5040 Corby St., Omaha 4,
Shop, Box 133, Trinidad, California. Nebraska.
quartz crystals, singles, clusters, double
DINOSAUR BONE. Gem quality colorful ULTRA VIOLET lamps for spectacular terminated, phantoms and other inclu-
agatized, jasperized, opalized bone 50c mineral fluorescence from $14.50. Free sions. Box 796, Bigpine, California.
pound. Also beautiful red lace agate $1 brochure. Radiant Ultra Violet Products,
pound. Postage extra. Gene Stephen, manufacturer, DM, Cambria Heights 11, CONTINENTAL MINERALS is home of
Route 2, Grand Junction, Colorado. New York. fine crystal and massive specimens. Just
ALL FOR $2.95: Twelve Rayon bola tie arrived, nice wulfenite, molybdenite and
TURQUOISE FOR SALE. Turquoise in the erythrite. Please write for free list. P.O.
rough priced at from $5 to $50 a pound. cords (no seconds) six colors two of
each, 12 tie slides and 24 tips, gold or Box 1206, Anaconda, Montana.
Royal Blue Mines Co., Tonopah, Nevada.
silver finish. Another special: All for
BLUE ARIZONA vein agate. 100 pounds $4.35: twelve leatherette bola tie cords, MISCELLANEOUS
$25. Also colorful assortment tumbled six colors two of each, same number of
stones to 1-inch size from Nevada's El tips and slides as above. Look at this: TURQUOISE: Digging, $5 day. Limit 5
Dorado Mountains. $2 pound, 5 pound Sweater Guard has Vz" pads for cement- lbs. We guarantee 1 lb. turquoise. Pat-
minimum order. Postpaid. Napier, 20- ing stones to, medium size chain, gold ented property, long production history.
472 Harvard Ave., Hayward, California. finish. 3 for $1.10. And this: 7" Brace- Signs: "Gates Turquoise," 12 miles north
let medium weight, gold finish 3 for 65c. Kingman, Hiway 93. Mail: Chloride,
COLORADO MINERAL specimens, cut- Satisfaction guaranteed or your money Arizona.
ting and tumbling materials. Send 2 cent refunded. California residents add 4%
stamp for list and terms. Dealers please for state and county tax. All items post- COLORED SLIDES. Minerals or geology
write for wholesale list. John Patrick, paid to you. The Tuckers, Dept. D, catalog (state choice) and one sample
Idaho Springs, Colorado. 3242 New Jersey Ave., Lemon Grove, plus 25c credit slip all for 50c. Rental
California. sets for clubs. Gene Schenet, P. O. Box
WE ARE MINING every day. Mojave 1226g, San Clemente, California.
Desert agate, jasper and palm wood, BEFORE YOU BUY any lapidary equip-
shipped mixed 100 pounds $10.50 F.O.B. ment, send a postcard for our new price BEGINNERS MINERAL and gem study
Barstow. Morton Minerals & Mining, lists on all types of lapidary equipment sets, publications. Catalog 10c. Mineral
21423 Highway 66, R.F.D. 1, Barstow, and supplies. See how we can save you Lore, Box 155-D, Del Rosa, California.
California. freight costs, etc. R. B. Berry & Co.,
TURQUOISE—Exceptionally clean Ameri- 5040 Corby St., Omaha 4, Nebraska. DEALERS: GRAB those dime-to-dollar
can water-worn nuggets in pure undyed sales with rockhound motif cards on
natural colors and higrade solids. $5 NOTICE ROCKHOUNDS! — Hand-forged which you paste surplus stones, minerals,
brings your choice postpaid 150 grams one piece polished steel prospecting picks, shells. 50c for five different samples,
"good" or 125-g. "better" or 100-g. "best." $4 each postpaid in U.S.A. Ray Flarty, price list. Desert Originals, Box 621,
Desertgems, Macatawa, Michigan. Box 160, Nederland, Colorado. Palm Desert, California.

MOONSTONES, AGATES, geodes, opals, mum amount of time. It is important to form on any object placed in the glass that
flowerstones, sagenites, petrified wood, use lukewarm water—just warm enough to will serve as a starting point—string, wire,
jaspers polished and unpolished, fluor- dissolve the accumulation of soot and grease, seed crystals, etc. Cool slowly, insulating
escent rocks and thundereggs. Maria Ra- but not hot enough to cause a quick expan- the vessel if possible. And give it time, at
jala, 418 South Pacific Coast Highway, sion of the specimen which may cause it least overnight and in some cases several
Redondo Beach, California. to crack. This is especially true of large days. If too large a mass of crystals form,
specimens where the heat doesn't have a add more water and reheat in a pan of hot
chance to penetrate evenly through the en- water. If too few crystals form, add more
tire specimen. solids and reheat.
EASY STEPS TO ENAMELING These easily obtained solids will form
It is apparent from their appearance
PRE-FORMED COPPER which specimens should not be cleaned in crystals: alum, Epsom salts, Rochelle salts,
Copper enameling is a fairly simple pro- water — very fine fibrous materials, hairy tartaric acid, copper sulfate, ammonium
cedure, requiring the following materials: specimens, etc. Water packs the fibers and sulfate and ammonium nitrate. Use only
copper sheeting of fair thickness, mineral even after drying, they no longer have their pyrex vessels for metal compounds and
oil or one of the prepared bases, and pow- furry appearance. These specimens often wash up carefully after each experiment—
dered enamel. can be cleaned in alcohol, ether or dry- treat all chemicals as you would poisons.
Cut the copper sheeting to desired shape cleaning compounds. Crystals for display must be stable. Many
and size, and clean with a commercial Those specimens which should not be will disintegrate when exposed to room
cleanser. Then cover the copper piece with washed because of their chemical composi- temperature. Others will absorb water from
a thin coat of mineral oil or prepared base tion — clays, salts, crumbly-type material, the air and become soupy.—Don Ross in
and uniformly spread the powdered enamel etc. can be brushed with a soft or stiff the Tacoma, Washington, Agate Club's The
over the entire copper surface. brush, depending on the texture. Puget Sounder
Next step is to place the copper piece on Detergents are especially good to use^on
a metal screen stand and place in a kiln the silica specimens, any of the quartz
fired at 1800 to 2200 degrees Fahrenheit Comparison Mineral Specimens
until the enamel melts and flows together. family, clear calcite, topaz, selenite and 64 different 1" specimens, only $6.00 ppd.
nearly all glassy specimens. Do not allow Send for FREE details on above offer,
Remove the copper piece and allow to your soap solution to become grimy, but PLUS 64 other 1" specimens, all available
cool. Then clean the back, and finish the change to a clean solution often. Running at 10 for $1.00!
enameled surface. Brackets, clips, etc., can California customers add 4% sales tax
water is the best rinse, for it carries off MINERALS UNLIMITED
be soldered to the back of the piece for any scum which might stick to the speci- 1724 University Avenue, Dept. D
mountings. men.—Colorado Mineral Society's Mineral Berkeley 3, California
For an unusual surface effect, try putting Minutes
on several layers of different colored enam-
els.—Max Cox in the Searles Lake, Cali- • • • When in Arizona See
fornia, Gem and Mineral Society's Mineral One of the Largest Collections of
• • • CRYSTALS AT HOME in the West
Growing crystals is an interesting pastime. Send $5 for 2 lbs. mixed tumbled gems
MOST MINERALS CAN BE The amateur should select chemicals which WESTERN MINERALS
CLEANED WITH DETERGENTS have a considerable difference in solubility in Texas Canyon on Hwy. 86, 18 miles
west of Wilcox, Arizona
Mary P. Allen, whose experience in clean- when hot and cold. The exact amount of Send orders to: Box 29, Dragoon, Arizona
ing, preserving, labeling and cataloging material which must be added to a volume
minerals includes work on the 11,000 speci- of water varies with each temperature and
mens at the Colorado State Museum, reports condition, and trial and error will not re-
that 90 percent of the specimens in the col- sult in too much wastage. AT H O M E - LAPIDARY
lection were cleaned with plain soap and Start with about three-quarters cup of PIECES FOR FUN — FOR PROFIT!
water. water, warm gently and add the chemicals FREE Start today . . . get acquainted with
the most thrilling hobby ever devised
Detergents were found to work best for —about a half pound or more to each cup ON — LAPIDARY. Learn to make expert,
they made the minerals brighter. In pre- —stirring all the while, until there is some FASCINATING
prof ess t o n a l - t y p e r i n g s , brace.
l e t s i j e w e l r y in your own home.
paring the soap solution, the powder should solid left over. Then heat a little longer, or PROFITABLK SEND for our FREE 16-page booklet
. . detail data from the nation's leading
always be put in a small amount of cold add a small amount of water until the solu- suppliers to the trade. NO OBLIGATION
its today to: GRIEGER'S, Inc. Dept. A O
water (this separates each particle), and tion is clear. Cool slowly and crystals will 1633 East Walnut, Pasadena 4, California.

then run in hot water with a swirling mo-

tion to thoroughly dissolve the soap. This
is important for the soap jelly formed by
dissolving soap in hot water will stick to the
specimen and be very difficult to remove
from the rough surfaces.
Only one specimen should be washed at
a time, and then immediately rinsed and
dried thoroughly so that it is wet a mini-

ANSWERS TO DESERT QUIZ No wonder the new Hillquist

Questions are on page 26
1—Death Valley. Tumbler is so easy to clean.
3—White. :
4—First photographic expedition
through the Grand Canyon of The most exciting design in years; features found in no other tumbler. Re-assembling the
the Colorado. barrel is a snap; just flip the tension catches. A perfect seal is insured because the ends have
5—In the sun. full disk gaskets of high density neoprene. The 8 " hexagonal barrel, guaranteed for 2 full
6—Mining. years, gives perfect results on 5 to 12 pounds of material. And if you want whisper quiet
7—Prescott, Arizona. operation a neoprene lined barrel is avaijable for just $2.50 extra. The rubber covered % "
8—Corn. steel shafts are double driven to eliminate drag and wear. The heavy duty frame, made of
9—A devil or evil spirit. slotted angle steel, has exceptional rigidity and strength and because it is not welded it may
10—Quartz and feldspar. be converted to a two or three barrel unit with ease. The conversion
12—Lieut. Beale.
13—Apache Trail.
parts are available at small additional cost and extra barrels are
reasonably priced. Send a postcard for your free catalog. $37.50
14—Bandelier National Monument. Less Motor
16—Lew Wallace, author of Ben Hur. neoprene lined
17—Virginia City. $2.50 extra
18—Lost Dutchman's gold. LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT C O . . I N C .
19—Roosevelt dam.
20—The Colorado. Dept. D-12 1545 West 49th Street Seattle 7, Wash.

MAY, 1958 41
between l/ou and M


7 HIS IS BEING written early in April after the

rainiest March weather I have ever seen on the
desert. As a result, the entire desert landscape is
pulverized; the land is exposed to wind and water erosion
that bring a multitude of evils ranging from sandblasted
windshields to complete loss of fertility.
clothed in a new coat of green, and wildflowers are The sheep men, and especially their herders, seem to
blooming everywhere. have a ruthless disregard for privately owned lands.
The scientists tell us that every one of these little Owners of the herds generally are hard to locate, and the
plants is a miniature factory absorbing radiant energy herders too often "no speaka da English." Consequently
from the sun and by a process known as photosynthesis the flocks brought to the desert in trucks are turned loose
converting it to sugar and other elements useful to the on the open range leaving a wide swath of destruction
animal world. One of the by-products of the process is without regard for private holdings which may lie in their
the oxygen we breath. pathway. I have the word of one of these owners that it
is a frustrating experience trying to protect his private
Thus, while the plant world is in constant operation holdings.
purifying the air, human beings continue at an accelerated
rate to foul up the atmosphere with the poisons from In Riverside County, California, an ordinance has
smoke stacks and automobile exhausts. I am hoping for been passed which prohibits the grazing of sheep on cer-
the day when the auto makers, instead of producing gaudy tain lands during the period of wildflower growth. Civic
4-wheeled monsters designed mainly to feed human vanity, organizations in the Mojave area are proposing a remedy
will turn their energies to the perfection of combustion which will be more far-reaching in its effect. They are
mechanisms engineered to protect human lungs against asking that the Taylor Grazing Act be amended to
the poisonous carbon monoxide which now pours out of prohibit the grazing of sheep in areas where the average
every automobile exhaust. annual rainfall is less than seven inches. Such an enact-
ment would protect practically all of the low desert areas
I haven't much sympathy for the car manufacturers against the invasion of sheep. And I am sure that a vast
in their present low-sales dilemma. For too long they majority of Americans would approve such a law.
have been rating big profits as more important than public
health and safety.
* * # I have just been reading the proofs for Nell Mur-
As far as desert folks are concerned, one of the best barger's new book, Sovereigns of the Sage, which will
news items from Washington recently was the announce- come off our Desert Magazine presses about the middle
ment that President Eisenhower had signed Congressman of May. In the introduction to the book is a bit of auto-
Clair Engle's bill limiting the Pentagon's seizure of public biography which reveals a way of life almost unknown
lands for target and bombing purposes. Under the new today. Nell wrote:
law the armed forces cannot acquire additional tracts of "I was born in a one-room tarpapered shack on a dry-
more than 5000 acres without approval of congress. It is land homestead. We melted snow for water in winter,
to be hoped that a further unification of the three branches and in summer hauled it in wooden barrels set on a home-
of service will in the future make possible the restoration made plank sled drawn by horses. We had little fuel
to the public domain of at least part of the 30 million other than cow-chips, and to insulate our cabin against
acres already posted against civilian trespass. winter's terrific cold, Dad banked it with straw and earth
bound into place with wire chicken-netting, and over
the bare pine-board walls of the interior Mom pasted
pages from The Denver Post and The Youth's Companion.
Residents of the Barstow-Hinkley area on the Mojave Some winters Mom and I didn't see another woman for
desert are up in arms against a scourge that threatens to weeks at a time; yet I don't recall that we ever felt lonely
denude the landscape of one of the most beautiful wild- or underprivileged. Even though our shanty was small
flower displays in many years. and inelegant, it was large enough to contain food and
The sheep men have moved in with their herds, and warmth and games and books and love. We needed
when sheep are turned loose on the tender shoots of nothing more to assure our happiness."
young annuals they mow the herbage down to the roots, And so Nell has written a charming book about the
and worse than that, they rob the land of its potential remote ranchers and miners and homesteaders of the
seed supply and thus contribute to its aridity for years Nevada and Utah desert country, folks whom she is well
in the future. Robbed of its cover growth and the soil qualified to write about because "they are my people."

its epic character—the Donner tragedy,
Gold Rush, Comstock Bonanza, build-
ing of the railroads, Southern Cali-
fornia real estate boom.
Published by Doubleday & Com-
BIOGRAPHY REVEALS TRAGIC ing at the Desert Magazine Press in pany, Inc., Garden City, New York;
CAREER OF WESTERN GUNMAN Palm Desert. The 50 chapters in this 459 pages; Index, bibliography, and
Doc Holliday of Tombstone days, book are devoted to a vivid portrayal source notes. $5.95.
thanks to time, motion pictures and of living pioneers who have found a
television, has become a western hero hard but very satisfying way of life on
the ranches and in the mines in the Books reviewed on this page are
of the frontier days. He has been por- available at Desert Crafts Shop
trayed as a shrewd professional gam- Southwest. It is a book filled with
Palm Desert, California
bler, which he was, and by reason of human interest — about the lives of
Add four percent sales tax on orders
his close association with and intense people who are doing the things most
to be sent to California
loyalty to that deserving frontiersman, city dwellers dream they would like
Write for complete catalog of
Wyatt Earp, Holliday has been given to do.
Southwestern books
a halo of virtue which, according to The popularity of Miss Murbarger's
Pat Jahns, author of The Frontier previous book, Ghosts of the Glory
World of Doc Holliday, is not always Trail, continues high, and a third edi- Second Edition—Enlarged
an accurate reflection of the man's tion of the volume is to be published
character. later this year. This book is devdjted
Holliday's career was tragic. Dying
of tuberculosis, he gave up his dental
to the ghost mining camps of Nevada
and Utah, their history and present
practice, his home, family and sweet-
heart to come West in the hope of
recovery. He died in 1887 when he
Desert Magazine Press also plans
to publish a second edition of John D.
was 35. An alcoholic, and never an
expert marksman with a six-shooter,
Mitchell's Lost Gold and Buried Treas-
ures Along the Old Frontier, in June,
Holliday nevertheless aligned himself as the first edition is practically ex- The latest and most complete
with the law enforcement element in hausted. book on Arizona's gem fields.
Tombstone and by his fierce sense of Concise — accurate —• detailed
loyalty gained a reputation which may IRVING STONE'S* HISTORY
be attributed in part to a sense of OF THE WEST'S CONQUEST maps — pictures. Written with
"what-do-I-have-to-lose." The opening of the Far West was tourist rockhounds in mind. All
accomplished in six short decades— fields accessible by automobile.
Despite the cloud which author a man's lifespan.
Jahns casts on Holliday's career as a
gun-fighter, this biography makes in-
It began in 1840 with the unmask-
ing of the incurably weak Spanish-
teresting reading, for in the West of Mexican government through its in- P.O. Box 1402—Yiuna, Arizona
1870 and 1880 the human qualities of ability to meet the challenge of the
both courage and cowardice were Price $2.50—Add 8 cents Postage
increasing influx of Americans to the
starkly revealed. Doc's alliance with Pacific Slope. It was completed in Discount to Distributors
Earp during Tombstone's heyday adds 1900 when the dynamic American
to this interest—-indeed, it is safe to culture had spilled over into all cor-
say that were it not for this relation- ners of the new land. By 1900 the
ship, Holliday today might well be an Mormon experiment in Utah was no
all but forgotten man. longer viewed with alarm; Nevada had
Published by Hastings House, New tasted mining boom and bust and
York City; bibliography and index; boom again; Arizona's outlaw days
305 pages; $5.00. were over; and the great Southern
80 pages of
California land rush had wiped out
MURBARGER'S NEW BOOK the last traces of Spanish-Mexican information
TO BE PUBLISHED IN MAY pastoral economy. Now the young and pictures
Nell Murbarger, "roving reporter of American nation could face the 20th
the West" has completed her latest PAPER COVER
Century with the adventure, wealth
book, Sovereigns of the Sage, and the and promise of the West fully assimil-
manuscript is now in process of print-


1. Ghosts of the Glory Trail
ated into its blood stream.
Irving Stone describes these 60
years as "one of the most colorful,
dramatic, tumultuous and heroic sagas

Nell Murbarger $5.75 of man's movement across the face of

2. Salton Sea Story the earth," in his work, Men to Match You, too. Can Tour Baja Calif.
Helen Burns $1.00 My Mountains, a best seller of a few A one man trip from Ensenada to the
3. Poisonous Dwellers of the Desert
Natt N. Dodge $ .50 seasons back. tip of Lower California in a standard
4. On the Trail of Pegleg Smith's Stone's book is a highly readable pick-up truck with 3-speed transmission.
Lost Gold and very entertaining volume. He re- Learn what to expect — what kind of
J. Wilson McKenney ....$1.50 lates the 1840-1900 history of the equipment needed—the best fishing spots
5. Lost Mines and Buried Treasures
Along the Old Frontier West through the men of action who —where to obtain gas and water, etc., etc.
John D. Mitchell $5.00 made that history — Sutter, Fremont,
*Based on March sales by Brigham Young, Bancroft, Crocker, AAA PUBLISHING CO.
Desert Magazine Bookshop Stanford, Sharon, Sutro; and the ex- Dept. D, 345 I St., San Bernardino, Calif.
plosive events which gave that history

MAY, 1958 43
If you enjoyed Nell Murbarger's


you will be doubly delighted with this great new book A book about
by the same author-— people and
far horizons

—a Treasury of True Stories about Unusual

People and Places in the vast Sagebrush
Kingdom of the Western United States.
Widely known as The Roving Reporter of the Desert,
Nell Murbarger, in the past dozen years, has traveled
nearly 150,000 miles by automobile, horseback and
afoot, much of that distance on remote back trails of
the Great Basin area—the Intermountain West—where
towns are often as much as 100 miles apart, and a man
may live 25 miles from his nearest neighbor.
Miners • Ranchers • Hermits • Philosophers
The result of this extended rambling has been a pro-
digious outpouring of magazine and newspaper articles 50 Delightful Chapters of Human Interest
laid in nearly every county between the Rocky Moun- Out of the vast storehouse of material thus accumu-
tains and the Pacific Coast—this writer's working as- lated has been selected only the cream for inclusion in
signments having embraced such diverse topics as SOVEREIGNS OF THE SAGE. Written with meticu-
dozens of mining operations—marble quarries to tur- lous regard for detail and accuracy, each of the book's
quoise and gold mines; scores of abandoned ghost 50 chapters is a complete story in itself; each story
towns, isolated cattle and sheep ranches of baronial sparkles with warm human interest and humor, and
extent, Indian pueblos, archeological ruins, mighty rec- the entire collection reflects a keen understanding of
lamation projects, wildlife refuges, historic manhunts, the Sagebrush country and its remarkable sons and
and scores of other topics pertinent to the West. In daughters.
addition, this Roving Reporter has written stories about
hundreds of desert characters ranging from sheepherd- As a delightful garnish for the main subject matter
ers to senators, and hermits to philosophical store- of the book, the author—who travels alone over the
keepers, and has devoted countless hours to researching back country and camps at night by the wayside—
yellowed newspaper files and pioneer records. reveals scores of amusing incidents and "stories behind
the stories" that have marked her unique career as
America's best-known and longest-established freelance
Roving Reporter of the Desert.
A Western book of totally different character,
SOVEREIGNS OF THE SAGE is as delightfully
spontaneous and refreshing as a summer shower over
the wide Sagebrush Kingdom that forms its locale.
Printed on excellent-quality book paper, with substan-
tial cloth binding and attractive dust jacket, "SOV-
EREIGNS" is a large volume, six-by-nine-inches in
size, comprising 380 pages of text and pictures, 70
superb halftone photographs, eight pages of maps, and
complete cross index.


California buyers add 24c sales tax

A book that should be in every

Western Library and School

Order from
NELL MURBARGER Palm Desert, California
Roving Reporter of the Desert