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When Gray-Beard

Monarchs Bloom
Santa Barbara, California
Starkly against a sullen sky
A bearded monarch lifts gaunt arms
In grotesque attitude—where sand
And wind have, without mercy, scorned
And tortured them; as though there were
No need for beauty in this barren land.
But see, upon each bristling branch
The pale-green blooms of Joshua cling;
Their fragile waxen bells held close
By spiny growth, surrendering
Their frail delight to early spring;
Swayed gently by the desert wind.
Lending their grace to this lonely spot
Seemingly, even God forgot.
• • •
Ventura, California
When desert sounds are stilled upon the air,
And light is drenched in early morning fog,
I hear the bleat of lambs and ewes up there
Upon the hill, a fitting epilogue
To night's lone cries. The sheep our lands
They come by hundreds every year to graze,
Then pass on when they eat the tender blade,
And shepherd, sheep and dogs all go their
But while they're here, we bring out glass
to see
More clearly that vast army on the hill.
We conjure shepherds of old Galilee,
And David with his flocks and poet's skill.
What does this modern shepherd think today,
When he beholds our town? What does he
• • •
The desert sang soft song last night,
San Diego, California Sweet-silken serenade she sent,
Put-in-Bay, Ohio And when the dulcet rhyme took flight
Now little Bill, just past three, The smell of pine is in the air— Its winging spanned the continent.
Was wishing for a Christmas Tree. The tang of autumn weather
But Dad's homestead, on desert land, Scented gusts blow through your hair A yielding cornfield heard it come,
Was out among the dunes of sand. From off the sage and heather. Warm humming from the tepid sand,
The firs and pines were far away, And shyly stirred stilt-stalks to strum
And tomorrow was Christmas Day. The mountains rise in purple haze; A tribute to the sun's homeland.
Bright aspens dance and quiver,
Billy sadly gazed about, And cottonwoods bend all ablaze Along a nightbound eastern coast
Then gave a jump and happy shout! Along the golden river. The mesquite's music sifted deep
A tumble weed, so big and round, And told a sodden fishing boat
Pushed by the wind along the ground, Our spirits and our hearts are tuned The ecstasy of dry ground sleep.
Had come to rest by their front gate, To song of spur and leather.
As though they had an evening date. Our voices blend in joy and love A cock-proud mountain pricked its ears
As we ride on together. To catch the free, far-flinging bliss,
"Oh Mother, Mother!" Billy cried, And sensed that all its towering years
"A Christmas Tree is right outside." Could not compose one note like this.
Dad sprayed it white, with quick-dry paint,
And topped it with a tin-foil Saint. Beneath the amber lamp of moon
Now little Bill, just past three, The desert ceased her song and slept.
Was happy with his Christmas Tree. By TANYA SOUTH Within whose form the tune was kept.
• • • Shaft shadows tossed the silver dune
San Diego, California
COOL SHADOWS Who says we can't? We can and will!
By ELIZABETH L. SARGENT The innate Light procures it! AT THE CANYON'S BRIM
Ontario, California The faith and purpose we instill By ALICE TENNESON HAWKINS
As far as eye can see the desert sand Each struggling effort lures it. San Pedro, California
Lies hot beneath the broiling copper sun. There are no heights we would attain, Deep, deep below, the desert river winds.
No breath of air stirs the brown chaparral No brilliant gleam afar, The moon slips down between the cliffs and
Nor hints the humid day is nearly done. But if we strive with every grain, finds
Then suddenly the blazing sun goes down We'll overcome each bar, A place to view her own reflection.
And twilight spreads cool shadows near and And rise toward it. Though when we The stream so far below, no sound is heard
far win Except our pounding hearts, your whispered
A picture for an artist's hand to paint Still rests upon our strength within. word,
Red sun sinking beneath the evening star. And one wild fox that barks a question.

Nov. 30-Dec. 1 — Junior Parade,
Florence, Arizona.
Dec. 4-6—Southern California Open
Golf Tournament, Indian Wells
Golf Club, Palm Desert, California.
Dec. 6-7, 13-14—Gaslight Gaieties,
Palm Springs, California.
Dec. 6-8—Dons Club Bus Tour to
Guaymas, from Phoenix.
Dec. 7—Dog Show, Fair Grounds,
Yuma, Arizona.
Dec. 7—Christmas Parade, Lancaster,
Dec. 7-8—Commercial Rabbit Show,
Phoenix. Volume 20
Dec. 7-8—Christmas Flower Show, DECEMBER, 1957 Number 12
Valley Garden Center, Phoenix.
Dec. 7-8—Cat Show, Tucson. COVER S a n Ildefonso Pottery Maker, b y HARVEY CAPLIN
Dec. 7 and 14—Rag Doll Parade on
7th, Dog Show and Parade on 14th, POETRY W h e n Gray-Beard M o n a r c h s Bloom
Bisbee, Arizona. a n d other p o e m s 2
Dec. 8 — Imperial Valley Kennel CALENDAR
Club's All-Breed Dog Show, Holt- December events on the desert 3
ville, California. PHOTOGRAPHY Pictures of the Month 4
Dec. 10-12—Pilgrimage by Tortugas WILDLIFE
Indians, Las Cruces, New Mexico. Burro S a n c t u a r y on the Mojave
Dec. 11 — Achones Procession After By RUSS LEADABRAND 5
Vespers, Taos, New Mexico. FIELD TRIP G e m Stone Trails in the P a n c a k e R a n g e
Dec. 12—Matachines Dance, Jemez
Pueblo, New Mexico. By NELL MURBARGER 8
Dec. 12—Feast Day of Our Lady of CONTEST Desert Story Contest a n n o u n c e m e n t . . . . 12
Guadalupe, Santa Fe and Taos, ART
New Mexico. Harrison Begay—Navajo Artist
Dec. 12 and 15 — Miracle of the By W. THETFORD LeVINESS 13
Roses Pageant, Scottsdale, Arizona. FICTION
Dec. 14—Formal Opening of Arizona Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 14
Snow Bowl (dependent upon snow EXPERIENCE My Desert A w a k e n i n g
conditions), Flagstaff. By EDITH M. HOCKEY 16
Dec. 14-Jan. 3—John Hilton Exhibit, BIRDLIFE
Desert Magazine Art Gallery, Palm C a v e Dwellings in the Sky
Desert, California. (See page 7) By DOUGLAS a n d ELIZABETH RIGBY . . 17
Dec. 15—"The Messiah," University CLOSE-UPS About those who write for Desert 18
Auditorium, Tucson.
Dec. 15—Dons Club Travelcade to LETTERS Comment from Desert's r e a d e r s 20
Ft. McDowell, from Phoenix. CONTEST Picture-of-the-Month Contest a n n o u n c e m e n t . . 20
Dec. 19—Christmas Party for Winter WATERHOLE
Visitors, Mesa, Arizona. Fish Springs in the Salton Sink
Dec. 20—Christmas Parade, Barstow, By WALTER FORD 21
California. HISTORY Calico, California
Dec. 22—Oratorio Society's Annual
Presentation of "The Messiah," By JOSEF a n d JOYCE MUENCH 22
Salt Lake City. NATURE Desert Plants That Give Milk
Dec. 22 and 29—Desert Sun Ranch-
ers Rodeo, Wickenburg, Arizona. By EDMUND C. JAEGER 24
Dec. 24—Ceremonial Dance, San II- TRUE OR FALSE A test of your desert knowledge 26
defonso Pueblo; Procession of the NEWS
Virgin, Taos Pueblo; Ceremonial From here a n d there on the desert 27
Dances after Midnight Mass in MINING Current n e w s of desert mines 31
mission churches at San Felipe, LAPIDARY Amateur Gem Cutter, b y DR. H. C. DAKE . . . 33
Laguna and Isleta Pueblos, N. M.
Dec. 24—Christmas Eve in Spanish HOBBY G e m s a n d Minerals 34
Villages of New Mexico celebrated INDEX Contents of Desert for 1957 38
with little bonfires for El Santo
Nino, lighted before houses, in BOOKS Reviews of Southwestern literature . . . . . . 41
streets and before Nativity Scenes. COMMENT Just Between You a n d Me, b y the Editor . . . 42
Dec. 25—Ceremonial Dances at Taos,
Jemez, Santo Domingo, Tesuque,
Santa Clara and other New Mexico
Pueblos on Christmas and three The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc Palm Desert
California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the postoffice at Palm Desert
days following. California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U S Patent Office
Dec. 26 — Turtle Dance, San Juan and contents copyrighted 1957 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
Pueblo, New Mexico. must be secured from the editor in writing.
Dec. 26-Jan. 1 — 23rd Annual Sun RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor EUGENE L. CONROTTO, Associate Editor
Carnival, El Paso, Texas. BESS STACY, Business Manager EVONNE RIDDELL. Circulation Manager
Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
Dec. 31—Deer Dance, Sandia Pueblo, unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
New Mexico. damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised Sub-
Late November or Early December scribers should send notice of cnange of address by the first of the month preceding' issue.
— Shalako Dances, Zuni Pueblo, SUBSCRIPTION RATES
New Mexico. One Year S4.00 Two Years S7.00
Month of December—Art show on Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
Arizona Themes, Phoenix Art Cen- Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine. Palm Deaert, California

Pop Clctnton (Desert, April '56) is
a permanent fixture in the Arizona
ghost city of Jerome. An old-time
prospector, he is one of the few men
in the West who still carries his six-
shooters strapped to his waist. This
month's first prize photograph was
taken by L. D. Schooler of Blythe,
California, with a Rolleicord camera
set at f. 22, 1/100 second on veri-
chrome pan film.

Pictures of
the Month
Mojave Winter...
One of Nature's most beautiful—
and paradoxical — scenes is snow-
fall on the high desert. A nearly
annual occurrence, the snow rarely
lasts a week, however. Second prize
this month goes to William W. Phil-
lips of Hollywood, California, who
shot this scene on the Mojave Desert
of California near Pearblossom.
Camera data: Argus C-3 camera; f.
8 at 1/30 second; K2 filter.
Young fowrro. Although not native to the Mojave Desert area, burros have made
a very successful adaptation. Photograph by Cal Godshall.

Burro Sanctuaryon the Mojave...

California recently took decisive steps to protect its feral burro Burro proponents insist that the
population—but how effective this new legislation will be remains a sanctuary exists in name only, and
question, reports Russ Leadabrand. Here is the story of the new 6000- that the second bill leaves the door
square-mile burro sanctuary in the Death Valley country, and how open for renewed large-scale burro
some of the state and federal officials most directly affected view the slaughter.
situation. The plight of California's burros
{Desert, June '56) came into public
By RUSS LEADABRAND focus in 1953 when numerous reports
Map by Norton Allen of brutalities against the half-wild ani-
mals appeared in desert area news-
papers. Section 1403 of the Califor-
ALIFORNIA'S melancholy-eyed sion of current protective legislation, nia Fish and Game Code was enacted
droop-eared wild burros were with certain modifications. that year to correct this situation. De-
given new hope for survival in But, road blocks still stand in the spite protests of farmers, Fish and
September when State Senate Bills 31 path of both laws, indicating that the Game Department game management
and 32 became laws. The former state's burgeoning burro herd—at last experts and National Park Service
establishes a vast burro sanctuary in estimate approaching 3000 — still is naturalists that the animals were being
Inyo County; the latter is an exten- not completely protected. over-protected at the expense of other

DECEMBER, 19 5 7
bighorn population," Acting Regional
Director of the National Park Service
C. E. Persons told me.
"Even with this planned assistance,
the bighorn have had great difficulty
holding their own," he added. "While
the Monument is included within the
overall area designated as a state burro
sanctuary, we understand the State
legislation does not affect operation of
the feral burro management program
within the Monument. Thus, when it
appears advisable in the interest of
Monument wildlife to do so, necessary
management practices involving re-
duction may be carried out."
In the past, Death Valley National
Monument personnel have shot wild
burros when the herds were consid-
ered out of hand. This year there
were rumors, however, that the Mon-
ument people were going to live-trap
and ship away the offending burros.
Acting Regional Director Persons de-
nied this, saying: "Our present man-
agement plan contemplates no pro-
- • '••'*•••'•'. V : - ;:•'; gram of live-trapping for commercial
use. We have no plans for trapping
• • • : •• . •••.•:• • • • • • ;
. . • • .
for shipment to other areas, whether
within this state or to another state."
Early in 1956 Naturalist L. Floyd
Keller estimated there were 1000 feral
burros in the Monument. Persons be-
: :
' : . .••••••:, ' , i ; . . ' ; V i : : . ; : . ; . " . . . . " , • • " \ " ••:•• ' .•••

lieves there are 700 animals in Death

Valley today.
The second new burro law—Senate
Bill 32 — reads like it has enough
sharp teeth in it to protect the wild
burro against almost any eventuality.
The law states in part: "It is un-
lawful to kill, wound, capture, or have


in possession any undomesticated bur-

ro, except as hereinafter provided in

this section or under a permit issued
The burro, traditional partner of the lonely prospectors who first explored persuant to Section 1404. An undo-
the desert country, has wide sentimental support from Southwestern citizens. mesticated burro, for the purpose of
Others advocate controls against burros which allegedly are crowding-out this chapter, is a wild burro or a burro
other wildlife species, including bighorn sheep. Photograph by Wm. A. which has not been tamed or domes-
Oberlin. ticated for a period of three years
after its capture. The fact that a burro
wildlife species, the law was re-adopted sought as a rocket testing range by the was killed, wounded, or captured on
for an additional two years in 1955. U.S. Navy. publicly owned land, or on land owned
This year, when the bill once again A trackless uplift of mountains be- by a person or persons other than the
came up for renewal, State Senators tween the two valleys, and parts of the person who killed, wounded, or cap-
Charles Brown of Shoshone and Jess Last Chance and Inyo ranges also are tured the burro is prima facie evi-
R. Dorsey of Bakersfield—authors of included, as are the Nelson Range and dence that the burro was an undomes-
the original legislation—proposed the the Hunter Mountain area north of ticated burro at the time it was killed,
two new burro laws. Panamint Springs, the sand and lava wounded, or captured . . .
The first was for the establishment boulder flatland of Panamint Valley, "All undomesticated burros are
of a burro sanctuary—a gigantic 6000- the frosty high Panamint Range on hereby declared to be the property of
square-mile rectangle in the southeast the east and the stark treeless Argus the State of California and no one may
corner of Inyo County (see map). Range on the west. possess an undomesticated burro ex-
Within this area it is now unlawful to The sanctuary includes almost all cept for the purpose of domesticating
"take, possess, harm, molest, harass, of Death Valley National Monument, it and possessing it as a pet or for use
or in any way interfere with any but park authorities are taking a cau- as a beast of burden."
burro." tious view of the refuge idea. According to the previous burro
The sanctuary contains some of the "For several years the National law only 12 permits could be issued
state's most rugged and primitive Park Service has found it necessary annually by the California Department
mountain and desert country. Included periodically to control feral burro of Agriculture to persons wishing to
within the asylum are sections of Eu- numbers at Death Valley in order to capture a wild burro for pet or pack
reka and Saline valleys, territory being insure the continuation of the native animal. During both 1955 and 1956

Death Valley Naf I. Mon.
Boundary -
Burro Refuge Boundary

the maximum number of permits were from farmers under the new law," opposition to any kind of burro legis-
granted, but six were returned, unused, Jacobsen stated. lation.
each year. William P. Dasmann, game man- Newest wrinkle in the problem
The new law places no such limit agement supervisor of the California comes from an observer in Banning
on the number of permits that the Department of Fish and Game, was who reports having seen truck loads
Department of Agriculture may issue. critical of the new law. "Because of of burros being shipped east, out of
It merely insists that the Department the competition for food and water the state.
issue a total number of permits based that the feral burros give bighorn sheep These trucks, bearing Texas license
"on its determination of the number in desert areas, the Department does plates and each carrying at least 50
of domesticated burros necessary to not favor laws which give total pro- burros, have been seen leaving the
properly preserve and maintain the tection to these animals," he declared. state on other occasions. I learned too
species in relation to available land." that some of the animals have died en
And so the California wild burro route.
But it is the following section of winds up with a sanctuary that is not
the new burro law that has raised the An old - timer near Randsburg
quite a sanctuary, and is protected by
most comment: a law that doesn't completely protect summed up the situation for me some-
him. thing like this:
"Any owner or tenant of land or "The burro's got too much sense
property that is being damaged or de- It is a compromise situation, un- to get into this kind of a mess by
stroyed by burros may apply to the doubtedly the best kind of safeguard himself. But what chance has he got
Department of Agriculture for a per- that could be provided in the face of against so many Well-meaning people?"
mit to kill such burros. The depart-
ment, upon satisfactory evidence of
such damage or destruction, shall is-
sue a revocable permit for the taking JOHN HILTON EXHIBIT entertain visitors with his guitar and
of such burros under a permit. Burros BEGINS DECEMBER 14 songs. Also he will autograph his
so taken shall not be sold, nor shipped Fresh from a triumphal exhibit of book, Sonora Sketch Book.
from the premises on which they are his Desert Southwest paintings in the A dynamic personality of countless
taken, except under instructions from East where New York's Grand Central talents, Hilton is recognized today as
the Department of Agriculture." Art Galleries acclaimed his show as one of the foremost painters of the
W. C. Jacobsen, director of the De- one of the three finest ever held in their Southwestern scene.
partment of Agriculture, said his de- galleries, artist John W. Hilton will The admission-free Desert Art Gal-
partment did not have much informa- exhibit his work at the Desert Maga- lery is open seven days a week during
tion on the burro problem as yet. "Due zine Art Gallery, Highway 111, Palm the winter season, from 9 to 5. Besides
to our limited connection with the wild Desert, California. Show dates are outstanding works of art, visitors can
burro situation, we cannot even esti- December 14 to January 3. browse in the adioining book store-
mate how many requests for permits In addition to painting demonstra- crafts shop specializing in literature of
to kill wild burros might be received tions at the Desert Gallery, Hilton will the Southwest.

Chalcedony roses, banded
agate, amethyst-lined geodes
colorful jaspers—these are the
gem stone treasures that await
explorers of the Pancake Range
in the arid heart of Nevada.
Nell Murbarger's guides to this
rockhound paradise, Frank and
Jo Roberts of nearby Duckwater,
have spent most of their lives
in this area and know their
neighborhood gem locales as
few people do.

trip planned for me. We've hunted

agates and fossils, visited old mining
camps and ghost towns and Indian
petroglyphs, prowled lava beds and
collected crystals from abandoned
gold mines.
This year, as usual, my arrival at
Duckwater found Frank busy on his
ranch. As he, Jo and I sat at the sup-
per table on the first night of my visit,
talking, as usual, of lost mines, ghost
towns and old emigrant trails, Frank
said, "How about going somewhere
tomorrow? Maybe Ike Springs?" The
springs are at the east base of the
Pancake Range, 17 airline miles south-
west of the Roberts ranch or, 25 miles
by road.
"By making a couple side trips we
could include visits to a meteor crater
and a fossil ledge, and pick up some
chalcedony and dendritic jasper,"
Frank continued. "On the ridge above
the springs is about a quarter-section
covered with banded agate and ge-
odes . . ."
Frank Roberts inspects banded agate specimens from Ike Springs. And then, as if he hadn't already
extended inducement enough for sev-
eral trips, Frank offered the clincher:

Gem Stone Trails

"Some of the geodes aren't much
good. But, occasionally we find one
stuffed with amethyst crystals!"
At sunup the next morning Frank,
Josephine and I left the ranch. Cross-

in the Pancake Range...

ing the clear swift flow of a small
creek which winds beneath a screen-
ing row of willows, we headed out
Duckwater Valley to the desert hills
on the west.
By NELL MURBARGER Watered by the abundant flow of a
Photographs b y the author large warm spring, this fertile basin
Map by Norton Allen has been the home of Shoshone Indi-
ans for more generations than any
NEARLY half a century, summertime prospector and rock- man knows. About a hundred Sho-
records of the U. S. Census hound, and a wintertime lapidary; and, shones still live in the upper end of
Bureau have listed Frank Rob- besides all this, he is a great-grand- the valley in the Duckwater Indian
erts as a rancher in Duckwater Valley, father, a great story teller, and one Reservation.
Nye County, Nevada—which is true, of my favorite friends. The desert ranges which border the
as far as it goes. But Frank has so He is a good host, too. Each sum- valley on both the east and west are
many irons in the fire that ranching, mer, for half-a-dozen years, I've spent not the most colorful hills in the world,
at times, almost seems a sideline. For a few days at the Roberts' ranch, and to be sure. They are rough, dry, un-
example, he is a self-educated geolo- Frank and his wife, Josephine (Desert, planted, unsurveyed, unfenced and
gist, paleontologist and mineralogist, m Aug. '57), always have an interesting uninhabited—but that is the reason I
Looking southeast toward the snow-capped Grant Range, from the banded agate-
geode area. Slopes of the Duckwater range in middle rear. Ingress road to the
agate area is shown in wash, foreground.

like them, and why their every parched floored wash. He yanked our gear out few small brachipods. We found it
gully and gulch looks beautiful to my of the box — rock sacks, prospecting difficult to free the specimens from
eyes. picks, a canteen of water and my the engulfing rock, but did chip out
As Frank's old truck clattered along cameras. Also he took a heavy Army a few samples before swinging back
the seldom-used trail that wound over blanket and a mineral lamp. toward the agate trail.
the sage-grown slopes, we glimpsed in From the edge of the wash the des- After climbing for 20 minutes, we
passing the feathery clumps of red- ert hills mounted steeply and our reached the first deposit of choice chal-
topped Indian paintbrush, the spiny climbing feet soon carried us through cedony—white and beautifully fluted
mounds of several species of cactus a lower fringe of scrub junipers and desert roses. Frank shoved the black
starred by waxy blooms of vermilion, small-nut-pines into a region thinly light into my hands and said, "Get
fire-orange, rose, canary and scarlet. forested by gnarled junipers that must down on your knees, beside this crop-
Jackrabbits and cottontails occasion- have been centuries old. On many of ping, and after Jo and I spread the
ally showed themselves in the sage. the larger specimens, which had suc- blanket over you, turn on the light."
Once, a large bullsnake slithered across cumbed to age or other causes, every
the road in front of us; another time, shred of bark had been sandblasted Fumbling in the brown vagueness, I
a cocky little horned toad scampered away leaving exposed the rich cinna- aimed the lamp in the general direc-
down one of the dusty ruts ahead of mon-brown wood of the twisted tion of the white stones and felt for
our wheels. branches and the intricate convolu- the switch. It seemed as if I had
tions of the huge trunks. pressed a magic button that controlled
We had traveled about five miles all the neon lights of a Lilliputian fairy-
when Frank turned off to the right on We detoured to the hillslope on the land—cold little lamps that sparkled
a sideroad still more vague, and in left where a limestone reef revealed in pale lime-green, chartreuse, blue-
another couple of miles halted the a small interesting deposit of fossil white and lemon yellow!
truck in the bottom of a wide gravel- crinoid stems, macaroni coral and a "You see," said Frank, as he pulled
away the blanket, "that's how we hunt agate and jasper in red, yellow and "I really struck pay-dirt with the
fluorescent chalcedony! green! Indians," chuckled Frank. "Chief
"The jasper," he continued, "is over When, on the previous evening, I Blackeye, past 80 years of age when
this way about a mile . . ." had examined Frank's choice collec- he died a few years ago, said his
We were high on the range now, tion of colorful cabochons, I never grandfather told of seeing the "fiery
and the sharp breeze that whistled dreamed that his material had come star" fall when he was a small boy.
around the rocks and tugged at the from a natural showcase such as this, The afterglow lasted for four days
feathery branches of the nut-pines came where one only had to make his selec- after the meteor struck. For years
on to clutch at our hats and bite frost- tions and walk away! Of course, we afterward, according to Blackeye, no
ily into our faces and sting our eyes still had to carry the stones three miles Indian would venture near the crater
and cheeks. To the southeast we saw back to the pickup, but this factor of for fear of the Fire Spirit.
deep snowbanks caught and held in relative inaccessibility is the only thing "I was excited by this information,
the higher north-sloping ravines of the that may save this jasper deposit from so I hunted up another old Indian
Grant Range where Troy Peak, only exhaustion by over-zealous harvesters, and asked him about it. 'Oh, sure,
30 miles distant, lifted its hoary head Frank pointed out. sure!' he told me, 'star he fall—ground
to over 11,000 feet. "Most rockhounds are fine folks," he smoke 30 days!' "
Between that peak and our exposed he said. "I like to talk to them, and Dr. James Gibson Alvorsen, noted
ridge lay the long creamy-white alka- I'll gladly show or tell them where to geophysicist of San Gabriel, Calif.,
line bed of Railroad Valley, named for get good cutting material — provided made magnetometer tests at the crater
a rail line that was never built. Nearly they limit their collecting to a few in 1950, and Dr. Russell A. E. Mor-
100 miles in length and 20 miles pounds and leave some for the next ley, research geologist and meteorolo-
across at its greatest breadth, Railroad fellow. But, the rock-hog who does gist of Salem, Oregon, studied the site



Valley is one of Nevada's great in- his collecting with a bulldozer and in 1952. Although these and other
terior sinks. It swallows the run-off truck is something else again. If I spot eminent researchers are not all agreed
water from thousands of acres of sur- him first he'll be lucky if I even tell in their findings concerning the Duck-
rounding hills, and subsequently gives him the time of day!" water site, concensus of opinion is that
it up elsewhere in the form of hot We returned to the pickup and drove this is the world's eighth-largest known
and cold springs. half-a-dozen miles south to the rim meteor crater; that the meteor respon-
Our way lay over a series of sharp of little known Duckwater Meteor sible for its creation probably fell
ravines, like a long row of M's and Crater which Frank discovered 35 in comparatively recent times, is of
W's, where we were either sliding years ago. From his first glimpse of nickle-iron composition, and probably
down or climbing sharply every foot this unusual earthen bowl, with its weighed between 100 and 500 tons.
of the way. Much of the soil here is steeply-sloping sides and top diameter Frank Roberts' interest in the crater
vividly red and contrasts sharply with of nearly 300 feet, Frank felt it was is not prompted by thought of material
the deep green of the junipers and the burial place of a meteor. He gain, and may best be described as
soft gray of the sage. sought information regarding the cra- plain unvarnished curiosity. About 25
An hour and a half after leaving ter from older Indians of the area, years ago, after giving the matter con-
the pickup we broke out on the brow hoping that their tribal legends had siderable thought, Frank sank a shaft
of a ridge that dropped away abruptly not overlooked this fiery visitor from in the bottom of the crater.
toward the valley. All around us lay outer space. With the help of another man who


Banded agate from Ike Springs.
Sandblasted juniper skeletons dot the chalcedony-jasper area.
operated the windlass, Frank dug a
five-foot shaft through dirt, sand and
gravel to a depth of 60 feet—all with-
out timbering, certainly not the best
recipe for living to a ripe old age!
Finally they abandoned the hole with-
out encountering any meteoritic ma-
From the crater we continued west,
skirting the south end of the Duck-
water Range, and then angling north
to the mouth of a wide wash into
which Frank turned the pickup. As
we traveled upward along its winding
course, the dry waterway narrowed
into a canyon. Five miles of gradual
ascent—most of it through loose sand
and gravel—led to a point on the east
base of the Pancake Range half a mile
east of Ike Springs. This small group
of springs, at the time of our visit
reduced to little more than a seep,
was named many years ago for Jose-
phine's grandfather, Isaac Irwin, an
early Duckwater settler. On all maps
I have seen of this area these springs
are mislocated, being placed 11 miles
east-southeast of the point where they
actually occur.
After lunch the wind dropped to
a whisper and the midday sun was
pleasantly warm. We climbed for a
mile through junipers and nut-pines
to a clearing where we could look out
over thousands of square miles of des-

DECEMBER, 19 5 7
ert country devoid of houses, fences or banded agates and geodes peppering be worth much money if the potential
other signs of human habitation. Near the brow of the hill and found other cost of transporting it to market was
here was an area where the ground geodes containing good agate, some not so great.
was sprinkled with geodes. Roughly with water-clear to faint lavender crys- After I had photographed the
round and cocoa-colored, they were tals, but none to compare to the big blooms of several brilliantly-colored
larger than average—few being smaller jewel-case geode that had come to torch cactuses and blue penstemons,
than a grapefruit, many the size of our hand so early in the search. we worked our way down the north
giant pumpkins. The basic rock underlying the sur- face of the mountain, and the field
In the heart of one broken geode face of this portion of the range is per- trip came to an end.
we discovered a nest of amethyst crys- lite — strange volcanic glass material To Jo and Frank Roberts, the de-
tals, the mass being six inches in which resembles popcorn in its ability light of such a day is not dependent
length by roughly two inches wide, to expand and "pop" when subjected on how large a sack of rocks they take
and of a bright clear lavender hue. to intense heat. Because of this unique home.
It was a gorgeous sight! characteristic, perlite is valuable insu-
We moved over the 100 acres of lating material and this deposit would "Just being out in the desert hills,
under the warm sun and the blue sky,
is enough to make a day successful for
me," Jo said. Frank and I nodded
Announcing a New agreement.


Mexican Hat Expeditions, founded
True Experience Contest! by Norman Nevills as a fast water
guide service on the San Juan and
Colorado rivers 30 years ago, and
$25 FIRST PRIZE operated by J. Frank Wright since the
$15 for all other manuscripts accepted for publication death of Norman and Doris Nevills
in an airplane crash in 1949, was
Once again Desert Magazine is asking its readers to participate purchased in October by Gaylord L.
in the telling of the Desert story by relating their personal tales of Staveley of Grand Junction, Colorado,
human interest, adventure, inspiration and eventful experience. who plans to continue much the same
type of service as was carried on by
There is no limitation as to subject matter so long as the story is
Nevills and Wright.
set in the Desert Southwest and the other contest requirements listed
below are met. Judges will select those stories which they feel will Actually, the transfer brings the
best contribute to the entertainment and enlightenment of the Desert river enterprise back into the Nevills
Magazine family of readers. family, for Staveley's wife is Joan, the
elder daughter of Norman and Doris.
Manuscripts should be from 1200 to 1500 words in length, and
first award will be $25. All other stories accepted for publication will Staveleys were married in 1954
earn $15 for their authors. when Gaylord was an officer in the
Air Force. Later they accompanied
Manuscripts should be true experiences, preferably of the writer, Frank Wright on some of his river
but stories written of and with the first hand knowledge of the desert trips and Staveley became so intrigued
experiences of others will be accepted. Tall tales and heresay stories by the challenge of white water navi-
are not solicited. gation that a year ago he became a
The contest is open to both amateur and professional writers. All partner in the boatman-guide service,
manuscripts must be typewritten and double spaced, on one side of and now he has acquired the business,
the page only. Leave wide margins on both sides of each sheet. including three of the boats which were
Entries should be addressed to: Life on the Desert Contest, Desert built originally by Nevills. These are
Magazine, Palm Desert, California, and must be postmarked not later the cataract boat Sandra, and the San
than January 1, 1958, to qualify for the awards. Juan boats Music Temple and Redbud
If 5x7 or larger photographs showing good sharp contrast are Canyon. Other boats of the type de-
available, an extra $3 will be paid for each used with the story. signed by Nevills have been added by
Pictures are not essential, however. Frank Wright in recent years.
Writers must be prepared to supply confirmation as to the authen- Schedules for the 1958 season will
ticity of their stories. Only true experiences are wanted. include trips on the San Juan River,
All stories must be essentially of the desert, and the setting is Glen Canyon on the Colorado, and
limited to Arizona, Nevada, Utah, New Mexico, the desert portion of at least one expedition through Grand
California, Baja California and northwestern Mexico. Canyon. While the home address of
the Staveleys is at Grand Junction,
True names of those involved must be given, although with the they will make their headquarters dur-
knowledge of the judges, fictitious names can be substituted if there ing the boating season at Mexican Hat,
is good reason for doing this. Utah, with sub-headquarters at Hite,
If the story previously has appeared in print, this fact and the time Utah.
and name of the medium in which it appeared must be given. All As a result of the fine record of
readers of Desert Magazine are invited to submit manuscripts. safety made by Nevills, Wright, and
Judging will be done by the Desert Magazine staff, and the decision other boatman-guides on the rivers of
of the judges will be final. Unaccepted manuscripts will be returned the West, increasing numbers of vaca-
if accompanied by return postage. tionists are taking these river-canyon
excursions each season.

To interpret the beauty of the
world around them—the world of
open skies, deer, sheep, birds and
gentle sensitive people — is the
dedicated mission of most Indian
artists. One of the most successful
of these is Harrison Begay, a Nav-
ajo whose work reflects the tradi-
tional influence of the Pueblo In-
dian art forms, and whose message
is universally understood by all


S HORTLY AFTER taking up

residence in Santa Fe, I traveled
extensively over the Navajo Res-
ervation. Shiprock, Chinle, Monument
Valley and Lukachukai became famil-
iar places to me. I saw sandpaintings
made and destroyed at the Gallup
Ceremonials, and a fire dance in a
gray December dawn near Chaco Can-
yon—and this was my background in
the complexities of Navajo religion and
But, actually I knew nothing about Harrison Begay at work.

Harrison Begay-Navajo Artist

"Navajo Girl on Horseback." the Navajos until I met the artist,
Harrison Begay.
Harrison had just returned to Santa
Fe from a winter in Tucson when we
met at the home of a friend. He was
looking for a studio-apartment, and I
told him of a vacant one next to mine.
He took it and that summer I had a
tutor in things Navajo.
It was always interesting to be a
guest in Harrison's studio. There, sur-
rounded by his paintings, we discussed
the legends and mysteries of "The
People." The Mountain Chant, what
motivated the sandpaintings, and the
Navajo Creation Myth were subjects
we particularly enjoyed. This was the
heart and soul of Harrison's vocation:
to interpret nizhoni (Navajo for beau-
ty) in painting—a language understood
by all men.
As a boy Harrison Begay enjoyed
drawing. He began spontaneously, do-
ing crude paintings in oil on cardboard
while tending sheep near White Cone,
a trading post settlement in northeast-
ern Arizona.
This was the place of his birth fol-
lowing the first frost in 1917, and he
was the son of Hosteen Clan Begay,
known to outsiders as "Block Rock."

Harrison's mother died when he was
three and his father married again.
Harrison was seven and did not
know a word of English when he
started school at Fort Defiance, Ari-
zona. Indian schools on reservations
specialize in English for the first grade
or two, and soon Harrison knew the
language. Later he went to two other

T government schools, both in New Mex-

ico — Tohatchi and Fort Wingate,
north and east, respectively, of Gallup.
In 1929—not yet 12 years of age
—he was sent to an Indian Bureau
hospital at Fort Defiance as a tuber-
culosis suspect. He spent a year and a
half there—a time which, in spite of
dull institutional routine, was one of
intellectual development for him. "I
read a lot at the hospital," he recalled,
"and I was taught geography by a
Navajo who had attended college. 1
felt fine and wanted desperately to be
released so I could go and see all the
II things in this wonderful world I was
learning about."
In the fall of 1930, he left without

permission and headed straight for
White Cone. He was 13 and big
Harrison Begay's "Girls and Lambs." enough to work among the horses and
sheep near his father's hogan.
"While the sheep were grazing,"
Harrison related, "I'd sit under a tree
and draw the things around me —

Haul Rock Sbotty sheep, horses, cows, rabbits, dogs,

eagles, white-tailed hawks and owls. It
was fun and a few traders saw my work
and said I was 'quite an artist.' It
of Death Valley made me feel good for them to like
what I was doing, although at that
time I didn't know what 'artist' meant!"
"I'm an artist," explained the
dude who had just parked his Pisgah Bill had workin' fer us up During this time, Harrison was talk-
car outside the Inferno store. He at the mine one winter. He ing with medicine men and attending
was addressing Hard Rock Shor- couldn't make a livin' paintin' nine-day sings. He learned many of
ty, who had come in from his but he really could make things the legends and chants of his fore-
mine on Eight Ball Creek and look nachural. Did wood carvin' fathers and how to do the sandpaintings
was dozing on the lean-to porch too. for several of the sings. He even cre-
while the clerk filled his order "He heard about them ducks ated new designs for gods, rainbows
for another week's grub. that come in every fall down at and animals.
"I've come up here to spend Badwater, an' said he wuz gonna After four years at White Cone,
a few days painting your colorful get us some fresh meat. So he Harrison enrolled at the Santa Fe In-
landscape," the artist went on. got one o' them dead trees down dian School. Along with the usual
"Everybody wants to know about die creek an' started whittlin'. secondary and manual training courses
Death Valley but most of them " 'Makin' decoys,' he ex- offered there, he studied art under
are afraid to come to this horrid plained. Dorothy Dunn. She had begun teach-
place." "An' sure enough after a few ing Indian children water color tech-
"Aw, it ain't so bad after yu days them hunks o' wood began niques soon after the government lifted
git used to it," Shorty assured to look like ducks, an' after its ban on the use of native subject
him. "Trouble is, most o' them while he had 'em all finished matter by Indian art students in its
city folks think they's pizen in 'cept the paintin'. An' that wuz schools. The ban had been unpopular
the springs and scalpin' Indians when we found out what a good with both Indian and non-Indian art
behind every bush an' they never artist he wuz. circles, and now Indians were free to
relax. "They looked jest like mal- express themselves in the ways they
"You ain't the first artist to lards, two hens an' a drake. Fact, knew intuitively.
come here. Best paint dauber they looked so much like ducks Most of Miss Dunn's students were
we ever seen in this part o' the the cat ate two of 'em and the from the pueblos near Santa Fe, but
country wuz a mucker me an' third one flew away." a few were Apaches and Navajos.
Painting was traditional in Pueblo


culture. Murals with a ceremonial mo-
tif have been found in ancient kivas
from Kuaua on the Rio Grande to
Awatobi in northeastern Arizona. In-
evitably, even the non-Pueblo Indian
students became strongly influenced by
the Pueblo refinement in art.
This is what happened to Harrison. •
He began to use stylized earth and
cloud symbols, ornamented birds and
figures without background to portray
the milieu of such typical Navajo
scenes as women riding horseback
through the sage, the dance of the
plumed prayer-sticks, deer sunning
themselves in pine forest clearings, or
wagon-loads of families gathering in
the dusk for an all-night sing.
Harrison achieved a phenominal
success even before he left school. He
exhibited several times with other stu-
dents at the gallery of the Museum of
New Mexico in Santa Fe. Rene d'Har-
noncourt, director of New York's Mu-
seum of Modern Art, arranged an
exhibit of Indian paintings in that city,
and Paul Coze, French consul in Phoe-
nix, got a Paris gallery to exhibit Indian
work. In both shows, Harrison's con-
tributions were considered outstanding.
With this European exhibition Har-
rison—and Southwestern Indian art in
general — achieved international ac-
He remained at the Santa Fe Indian
School until 1940, working during va-
cations as a house painter and welder,
trades he had learned in his manual
training courses. He revisited White
Cone as often as possible, and partici- w -"^-'

pated in Navajo rites when he could.

He attended the Gallup Ceremonials
each summer, and regularly exhibited . . . . . . .
his paintings there before the war. It
was at Gallup that he made his first
big sales and now he knew he could The important part animals play in the lives of the reservation Indians is
make a living as an artist. reflected in Harrison Begay's work.
After a year of study at the Black
Mountain College in Asheville, North
Carolina, Harrison returned to the
Southwest to launch his career in
earnest—and then the war came. For ner in Tewa Enterprises, dealers in New Mexico and Arizona have the
three and a half years the tall Navajo Southwest arts and crafts. Tewa pur- ballot.
artist was absent from the Southwest chases many of his paintings outright, Harrison has exhibited at the Den-
and America, serving with the armed then reproduces them by the silk- ver Art Museum and the DeYoun-g
forces in Europe. screen process. In Tucson during the Museum in San Francisco. In 1949
winters, Harrison is associated with he won first prize for the Southwest
War in the Navajo scheme of things Clay Lockett, another arts-and-crafts
is the total breakdown of the estab- at the annual exhibition of Indian
dealer. Harrison has a studio in Lock- painting at the Philbrook Art Center
lished order. For a person of Harri- ett's shop and his paintings are sold
son's sensitivities, this was especially in Tulsa, Oklahoma. In 1954 he was
there on straight commission. In addi- one of several Indian artists to win
true. He spent a month late in 1945 tion, Harrison personally markets
at White Cone, just after he had been the Palme Academique, an award of
much of his own work. the French government. This award
mustered out of the Army, and while
in his native surroundings underwent Harrison enjoys college football, also was given to Dorothy Dunn, now
a purification rite—one full night of and his favorite team is the University Mrs. Max Kramer of Las Cruces, New
magic and ceremonial ablution. of Arizona "Wildcats"; he likes their Mexico, for her outstanding work in
marching band, too. He takes an in- developing talent among Indian artists
In Santa Fe, Harrison is a full part- terest in politics now that Indians of of the Southwest.
DECEMBER, 1957 15

My Desert
The desert! You either hate it
or you love it and the surprising
thing is that many who once
feared it are today among its Artie said she would stay with me and a movie-reel of rattlesnakes, gila
strongest advocates. Each desert while the men went over the moun- monsters, javelinas and all the other
lover knows that the first joy of tain, and maybe we could find some wild things of the desert passed before
discovering the real desert under good samples in the test pit we were my eyes.
the thin mask of austere harshness in. But, I knew how Artie loved The ugly moments slipped by, and
is a priceless moment. Here is the mountain climbing, especially when I slumped down on a boulder, wet
story of how one woman first searching for gem stones, so I told her with the perspiration of my fears.
looked upon the great arid land to go ahead with the men. Chet hesi- There was a void in time and then
with new understanding. tated about leaving me alone, and something quieted me, and that inner
Artie objected, saying she did not mind voice which is in all of us became
By EDITH M. HOCKEY staying back—but I persisted. I told uppermost and pierced my fears, say-
them I would find a comfortable seat ing:
and watch them, or else look around "Look around again, Edith. Of
T WAS vacation time—September for samples.
in Arizona—a glorious month of what is there to be afraid? These
wonderful sunshine and blue "Well," Artie said, "if you're sure mountains and deserts are for man-
skies. you'll be all right, and won't be kind, that they may seek solitude,
We were visiting our friends, Fred- afraid . . ." peace and quietness when the stress
die and Artie Lind, at Mineral Park If ever there was a human moun- and tumult of life becomes unbear-
in northern Arizona. The Linds, like tain goat, it is Artie Lind. able. Here is no place for fear. Re-
my husband Chet and I, are interested The east side of Turquoise Moun- member, long ago, a poet wrote, T
in rocks and minerals, and Freddie is tain is very steep and rocky, a hard will lift up mine eyes unto the hills
working some copper veins in that climb of 600 feet, and the men were from whence cometh my help.' "
mining area of a bygone day. taking it slowly, zigzagging to cut down I listened to this voice and the tense-
In the course of a lively discussion the angle of the climb—but Artie went ness and fear evaporated as though
about our individual rock collections, up easily. I watched them all, Artie they had never been. Then I opened
I remarked that I would dearly love in particular, her light springy steps my eyes to see the beauty of the can-
to get some turquoise in its natural were effortless, as though she were yon around me, the lower reaches in
state. To this, Freddie replied that merely walking up a flight of stairs. purple and violet shadow, the air filled
they would take us to Turquoise How I envied her! with a soft haze of light.
Mountain, a few miles to the south, I watched them until they were over At the top of the precipitous peak
where he was sure we could pick up the top and passed from my view. over which my companions had gone,
some stray samples left around from Now I started in with my part of the golden afternoon light settled as a
former blastings. the prospecting. Most of the rock crowning glory, and I became ashamed
We drove as close as possible to crumbled at the slightest pressure. of my dreadful panic. Now, a sure
the foot of the mountain and hiked Occasionally I found a strong streak knowledge that all was well flooded
up a short trail. of greenish blue in some of the boul- my being.
There were signs of turquoise every- ders, but I had no miner's pick to I returned to my rocks and found
where, especially in a shallow circular break it off. some small but beautiful pieces of
pit resembling a large bowl. The Suddenly my thoughts turned from blue turquoise, and it was not long
boulders strewn around had streaks turquoise to the aloneness of my posi- before I heard a distant "Yoo hoo!"
of pale blue running through them tion, and I became very conscious of and my companions returned with
and the walls of the pit were mostly the stillness around me. Here I was, three pounds of samples, none of it
composed of the same chalky material, not too well, and with no one in sight first grade, but of unbelievable value
ranging in color from white to various or hearing—in a wild spot deep in an to me.
shades of blue. isolated canyon. At these thoughts I "Were you afraid?" asked Artie.
Naturally, I thought this was where became cold as ice and commenced to "A little," I answered.
we would prospect, but Freddie said tremble. It was the coldness of fear Today Chet and I frequently go on
apologetically that we were at the back which possessed me—an irrepressible prospecting trips and I have no fear
of the turquoise mine and would have fear I had never known before. of the lonely places of the desert. In-
to climb up and over the mountain. The turbulence of my thoughts was stead, I always return feeling mentally
Without even looking to see how high insufferable. My wild imagination ran refreshed and uplifted. An operation
the climb would be, I knew I would riot and pictured Chet and the Linds a few months after the foregoing inci-
not be able to make it. failing to return because of rock slides, dent greatly improved my health, so
"I'm sorry," I said, "I could not broken legs or some other disaster. I that I can follow Chet on these trips
attempt it." closed my eyes to everything about me almost anywhere.

Large holes in this saguaro cactus mark entrances to Old nesting cavity still embraced by the skeleton of a
bird nesting cavities. long-dead saguaro.

Cave Dwellings in the Sky ...

One of the strangest partnerships in the desertland is that of the Flicker and the Gila Woodpecker. For
giant saguaro cactus and the tiny bird friends which excavate and countless ages these birds have been
nest in cavities in these trees. In return for the advantageous home finding shelter and nesting space in the
sites, the birds repay the saguaros by helping control the insect popu- built-in apartments they create with
lation which is a constant threat to the desert flora. the sharp beaks and the muscular necks
with which Nature endowed them.
By DOUGLAS and ELIZABETH RIGBY Sometimes it is noted that other
Photographs by the authors species of birds fly in and out of the
woodpecker holes — but the others
merely are intruders. They did not
N ONE OF my first excursions forest one sees round holes drilled into drill the holes.
into the southern Arizona desert the giant stalks. To a person not
I found a strange object lying When a nicker or woodpecker has
acquainted with the botany of this des- selected its building site, which may
amid the crumpled ruins of a fallen ert land it may appear that the cactus
saguaro cactus. be either the main trunk of the saguaro
trunks have been attacked by a viru- or one of its arms (anywhere from
"It must be a primitive drinking lent disease. This sometimes happens. eight to 40 feet above the ground) the
vessel, very old, made of some sort of A certain larva, the caterpillar of a sapper begins cutting horizontally in-
parchment that has been mottled and small moth named Cactobrosis ferml- ward for several inches. How far he
toughened by time," said one of my dialia, does tunnel into the soft tissues will penetrate depends on the size,
companions. of the saguaro and feed on them. This shape and texture of the plant at this
"Not at all. It's a hardened wasp's caterpillar carries an infecting bacter- point. When the desired interior depth
nest," suggested another member of ium which in some localities becomes is reached, the excavation proceeds
our group. a serious threat to the saguaros. downward, perhaps 10 to 20 inches in
There were other ideas—and all of This, however, is not the cause of the case of the Gila woodpecker, as
them wrong. What we had found was most of the holes in the cactus, some- much as two feet in that of the larger
a bird's nest, cast exactly to the bird's times a dozen of them in a single trunk. flickers.
specifications by the tree itself. The hole-drillers actually are two Molded over the saguaro's inner
Everywhere in the saguaro cactus species of woodpecker, Meam's Gilded skeleton of upright circular wooden
ribs—which for structural strength are the tough scar-form outlives even the even pre-empt them before the hard
cunningly joined in a way suggestive remains of the dead tree. Desert dwel- working owner-builders have had a
of the use of steel rods in modern lers often find these forms clasped be- chance to nest in them. Among such
towers—is the pleated pulp-mass of tween the rotting staves of standing or secondary tenants are the diminutive
the cactus. This is the reservoir of the fallen saguaro skeletons, and it was elf owl, the larger saguaro screech owl,
tree's "blood," and it would soon bleed such a form that we carried home from the ferruginous pygmy owl, the ash-
to death from so large a wound were that early foray. So water-tight are throated flycatcher, the Arizona crested
it not for a defense which Nature pro- the pouches even in this state of an- flycatcher, the sparrow hawk and the
vides: the plant manufactures a sticky tiquity that Indians formerly employed Palmer's thrasher.
exudate—more than a mere coagu- them as canteens. The woodpeckers and flickers them-
lant—which hardens like the toughest Seldom does a saguaro nesting hole selves, it is believed, wait for the lining
plastic to seal off the deeply chiseled look fresh-cut, since the moist plant to harden before moving in, but of the
holes into ironbound waterproof com- tissue turns dark quickly on exposure usurpers there are those unwise in the
partments which protect both the host to light. To the novice this gives the ways of the saguaro. Occasionally they
and the forceful guests. edge of the cavity's entrance a weath- select a home in which the varnish is
still too fresh. Then a severe penalty
Although rot can attack the saguaro ered appearance; but to the experi- for such rashness may be exacted:
at these wounds before the cure is enced ornithologist the sooty-looking should a heavy rain fall, the slow-to-
complete, this is not likely to happen border—which rapidly disappears—is mature apartment can become a death-
except in rare seasons of exceptional the sign of a recent excavation. trap for the birds' helpless young. Par-
rainfall. When the wounds are com- Although only the flickers and Gila ticularly is this true in the case of the
pletely healed (some authorities be- woodpeckers are capable of carving screech owl, whose early nesting sea-
lieve the hardening requires a few out these soaring cave dwellings, many son often coincides with the rainy sea-
weeks, others as long as a year or other birds use the holes after they son. At such times the thirsty saguaro
more) the cavities are so resistant that have been abandoned, and some will may swiftly draw up so much water
that the unsealed chamber will be
flooded like a cellar with a burst water
main, and the desert nestlings will
FOR CHRISTMAS . . . These apparently impregnable dwell-


wishes over the entire new year and for many years to come.
Your friends, no matter where they live—East, West, North,
South or in a foreign country—will value their gift subscription
to Desert Magazine. They will share with you a pleasant year
on desert trails—exploring the fascinating and colorful Southwest
and becoming acquainted with its interesting people. Douglas and Elizabeth Rigby, auth-
ors of "Cave Dwellings in the Sky,"
are residents of Sedona, Arizona—"in
a pleasant altitude between desert and
pine-forested mountains."
They are co-authors of several arti-
cles and a book, The Story of Collect-
ing: Lock, Stock and Barrel (Lippin-
cott). Douglas Rigby's Desert Happy
(Lippincott) was released in October.
The book tells about the Rigbys' intro-
duction to the desert.
* * *
Friends and relatives of Edith M.
Hockey told her so often that she had
a knack for telling interesting stories,
she wrote one of them down and sent
it to Desert. That true experience tale,
"My Desert Awakening," appears in
MAGAZINE Since 1950 Mrs. Hockey and her
husband have made Tucson their
home. "Though perhaps occasionally
A colorful gift card bearing your name will be sent to your I get a twinge of yearning for the green
friends to arrive a few days before Christmas. fields of my native England, I would
not live anywhere else but in this
Subscription rates are sunny wonderful Southwest," she
one year—$4.00 writes. The Hockeys share a deep
two years or two subscriptions—$7.00 interest in lost mine stories and spend
many hours "trying to separate facts
Each additional year or subscriber included in same order—$3.50
from legend." Old histories of Mexico
and Arizona are her special reading

ings also can be breached by another
unexpected peril. Although serpents
have sometimes been found fatally im-
paled on the inch- to three-inch-long
saguaro spines, bird - and - egg - eating
snakes are quite capable of scaling the
bristling fortresses. While high on a
ladder, exploring the interior of a
gilded flicker's nest in a giant cactus
near Tucson, a famous ornithologist,
the late Arthur Cleveland Bent, once
was unpleasantly surprised when his
investigating hand touched something
coiled, cold and clammy, in the dark
interior. Closer investigation disclosed
a larger gopher snake busily swallow-
ing a sizable young flicker.
On the whole, the association of the
birds and the giant cactuses is a happy
one. The trees provide the birds with
a relatively protected homesite along
with a rich harvest of arachnids and
insects to eat. In periods of drouth,
many observers believe the moist sap
of the cactus tree is sipped by the
peckers. In return, the birds help
protect their hosts from potentially
harmful insect invasions.
Besides nesting and brooding sites,
adult birds use the saguaro cavities for
shelter during inclement weather, as
do many other forms of animal life,
including lizards and small desert rats
and mice, spiders, scorpions, and, upon
occasion, even springtails and silver-
Wrote Marshall French Oilman, an
acutely perceptive observer, ". . . these
woodpeckers may be considered among
the class of innocent or unintentional
benefactors" to numerous other species.
Is it any wonder, then, that a Gila
woodpecker should sound so prideful
as he clatters away at the entrance to
one of his ingenious saguaro cave
dwellings in the sky? "Look what I've
made," he seems to say. "Am I not a
great architect, even a philanthropist,
working myself to the bone for the sake
of my fellow creatures?"
Over the years since our first find
on the desert, we have often heard a
Gila making the same speech, and
when we re-examine one of his crea-
tions, produced with the considerable
aid of his obliging silent partner, the
saguaro, our admiration goes out to
both of them.
Top—Gila woodpecker feeding on
suet on post within three feet of
authors' cottage near Tucson. These
birds eagerly come to feeding sta-
tions on the desert.
Bottom—Mearn's gilded flicker on
a cholla cactus skeleton perch. Red
malar patches mark this bird as a
male. Unlike the Gila woodpeckers,
with whom they share the saguaros
as favored nesting sites, flickers are
seldom seen outside of the giant
cactus belt.

DECEMBER, 1957 19
I hope some of the boys will take from tins, and only Cafe Nacional was
me up on my offer, for I am sure get- not selling food or drink at the time
ting hungry for a chance to sling a of my visit. I found that Mexican
pack on Old Jack again. gasoline stations prefer Mexican cur-
L. W. MESCHER rency, while U. S. dimes are preferred
968 W. 6th Street at refreshment stands.
Packing a Lost Art? . . . Everywhere one looks along this
• • •
Ontario, California San Luis to Sonoyta Highway . . . highway there is a picture—colorful
Desert: Santa Monica, California mountains varying from rugged fac-
It looks like packing burros is be- eted metamorphic escarpments to state-
Desert: ly granitics and fluid volcanics. In the
coming a lost art. I recently made a weekend motor-
I refer particularly to the way the Agua Dulce sector there are two
cycle trip from San Luis to Sonoyta ranches with windmills just across the
burro is packed on page 22 of your over the fine new highway Mexico has
September issue. American side not far from the cotton-
built just below the Arizona border. woods marking Quitobaquito Spring
I offer free of charge to teach any- The road is absolutely marvelous and (Desert, Sept. '57). Numerous side-
one living within a reasonable distance where it traverses mountainous terrain roads used mostly by woodcutters
of Ontario the packing art. its curves and grades rival those of a branch off from the main highway, of-
I am 72 years of age and have pros- first class railroad. fering many off-road camping places.
pected from Tonopah to Eldorado The 122 mile road remains for al-
Canyon beginning in 1904. I packed most all its distance within sight of . WILLIAM UTTERBACK
burros and mules for cattle outfits back the fence or markers on the Inter-
into the mountains, and in 1909 I national border. El Gran Desierto
brought horses across the desert to through which this highway travels, is Weed that Traps Insects . . .
Los Angeles. With a friend, I made a certainly a bleak and barren plain. Chloride, Arizona
pack trip through northern California, Creosote bushes struggle to attain a Desert:
Oregon, Washington, Idaho, Montana, maximum height of 10 to 12 inches in While one often reads about flowers
Wyoming and Utah in 1911-12. some sectors. Before it was paved, this and plants that attract and trap in-
The packer and his mules played route was popularly known as Camino sects, I never have found mention in
a very important part in building the del Diablo, and for good reason. print of a weed common to this area
West and I want to help Old Jack get In those 122 miles I counted four which also exhibits this method of
credit for his part. places of business. All sell gasoline supplementing its food supply.
It is a scraggly plant four to 16
inches long bearing tiny flowers and

Desert Pictutes Ate Valuable... Its stems are covered with a gummy
substance which traps minute flies and
other insects, along with bits of trash
If photography is your hobby you undoubtedly have many out- and anything else the wind blows
standing examples of your work which would make appropriate against it.
entries in Desert Magazine's monthly photo contest. Any scene will Turkey ranchers have told me that
do—so long as it is of the Desert Southwest—wildlife, sunsets, flowers, many newly hatched quail perish when
mountains, insects—and perhaps most suitable of all—people enjoying their down feathers become stuck to
themselves in the great outdoors. The contest is easy to enter and two these plants, and it is almost impossi-
cash prizes are given each month. ble to free baby turkeys trapped in
the sticky stems.
Entries for the December contest must be sent to the Desert Maga-
zine office. Palm Desert, California, and postmarked not later than Perhaps one of your botanist read-
December 18. Winning prints will appear in the February issue. ers would supply the name of this
Pictures which arrive too late for one contest are held over for the next weed and some pertinent information
month. First prize is $10; second prize $5. For non-winning pictures regarding it to Desert's readers.
accepted for publication $3 each will be paid. C. CAMP


Ex-Mormon as an Author . . .
1—Prints must be black and white, 5x7 or larger, on glossy paper. Hermiston, Oregon
2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and Desert:
place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour ol day, etc. I wish to take exception to a state-
4—Entries must be in the Desert Magazine oiiice by the 20th of the contest month. the September issue.
5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert I do not agree that Ray West's
Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures. ability to evaluate the Mormon religion
6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the has been enhanced "since he has lost
desert Southwest. faith in it." I feel this may be likened
7—Judges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made to a man who writes an article explain-
immediately after the close oi the contest each month. ing Democracy after he has embraced
Address All Entries to Photo Editor Communism. Neither one, I feel,
should be given too much credence,
but if a person wishes to read them,
'De&ent PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA that is his own business.


Fish Springs...
... in the Salton Sink
On the sloping land above Salton Sea stand the
ageless palms which mark the oasis of Fish Springs.
Once an important watering place on the old Imperial
Valley wagon road, today the area is a favorite camp-
ing place for Southern California desert enthusiasts.

Artesian wells have replaced several of the old open waterholes at Fish Springs.
This once important watering place on the old Imperial Valley wagon road is now
a popular retreat for campers.

By WALTER FORD Springs itself the water is brackish and extended southward from Fish Springs,
tepid, nevertheless quite fair water for but Mendenhall did not speak highly
FTER J. Smeaton Chase visited the desert. In the pool were numbers of the quality of water at either one.
Fish Springs in 1918, he de- of tiny fish about the size of tadpoles." He described the water at Soda Springs
scribed it in his California Not all the old-time references to as too salty to drink and that at Mc-
Desert Trails as follows: the quality of Fish Springs water were Cain Springs as highly charged with
so charitable. When George Wharton carbonic gas.
"Fish Springs is marked by a growth
of mesquite and small cottonwoods, James, author of The Wonders of the A Bower's Spring also appears oa
spread over a few acres of damp land Colorado Desert, stopped there in the map approximately where the first
close to the border of the (Salton) 1906, he stated that the water was oasis in Palm Wash is shown on pres-
Sea. The road, or rather track I have salty and bitter and chose the nearby ent-day maps, but little seems to be
been following is used occasionally by still-fresh Salton Sea to quench his known of it. Mendenhall failed to
travelers to the Imperial Valley. The thirst. mention it and Henry E. Wilson, who
usual mode of travel nowadays is by In his Water Supply Paper 224, first entered this area in 1900, told me
automobile, which can cover long dis- published in 1906, Walter C. Menden- that he had never been able to find it.
tances quickly and, barring accidents, hall stated that Fish Springs was the I visited Fish Springs recently after
without danger from lack of water. It last point water of fair quality could an absence of 20 years, and so many
was significant of the sort of country be obtained in abundance before changes had taken place that at first
I was entering to find beside the road Harper's Well was reached. On a map I was not certain I was at the right
a sign-board pointing to the water, published by the State Mining Bureau place. The fish-filled pools have given
with the warning, 'Fill up. Last con- in 1902, Soda Spring and McCain way to artesian wells which discharge
venient water for 45 miles.' At Fish Spring are shown on the road that their water into huge concrete cylin-

DECEMBER, 1957 21
ders. When I drove up to one of the HISTORIC PANORAMAS X
wells a Mexican workman was filling
a large water bottle. When I asked
him if this was Fish Springs, he re-
plied, "No savvy," then added, "Agua
dulce!" For a few moments I thought
that I was at Figtree John's old home-
stead, several miles north of Fish
falko, folifom
Springs, then my meager knowledge By JOSEF and JOYCE MUENCH
of Spanish came to my rescue and I
realized that the water carrier merely FEW MILES off U. S. 91 be-
was voicing his appreciation of the still underground, Calico became an-
tween Barstow and Yermo in other desert ghost town.
water. the heart of the Mojave Desert,
A mention of Figtree John brings stands Calico, a ghost town that is The "petticoat camp" was purchased
to mind the story that makes the returning to life. a few years ago by Walter Knott of
rounds periodically, which credits him Knott's Berry Farm in Buena Park,
In the 1880s Calico was the largest and is being restored to its former
with having had a fabulous mine from silver camp in Southern California.
which he was able to take huge quan- liveliness. i
With a production record of $86,000,-
tities of gold at will. This story puz- 000 in one decade, transportation fa- New "old" houses are springing up
zles many of the old-timers who knew cilities close at hand, and a growing along Calico's single street which lies
John. The cagy old Indian showed population, it seemed assured of a below the colorful slopes of Calico
little evidence of ever having had more solid future. But, the price of silver Mountain—named for the varied tints
than the essentials of a bare existence, dropped in 1896 and with much ore of rocks on its side.
they maintain.
Chris Lucia formerly operated the Top photograph, opposite page—"Pretty as a gal's pettiskirt" was the way
Salton Sea service station about five
miles south of the Fish Springs turnoff old-timers described the once productive silver camp of Calico in the
on Highway 99. The highway passes mountains northeast of Barstow. Buildings are being restored as tourist
over Grave Wash a short distance from attraction. Across the dry lake in background is Elephant Rock, site of a
the service station and on days when former stamping mill.
his duties would permit, Chris would
head his Jeep up the wash to follow
some of the ancient Indian trails, which Bottom photograph, opposite page—Assay office at Calico. A river of
are numerous in the area, and to precious metal flowed through this little building in the days when Calico
study the peculiar geometric stone was the largest silver diggings in Southern California. Fred Noller is in
markings which line the trails at many charge of restoring the town.
points. ,
He believes that the ancient Indians
of the region had access to a supply
of gold, and that if the trail markers
could be correctly interpreted, they
would undoubtedly lead to its source.
He also believes the Figtree John mine
story and recently told me of follow-
ing one of the marked trails and find-
ing a figure chiseled in the wall of a Dr. Edmund C. Jaeger, naturalist Palm Springs Desert Museum; Nina
cliff, which resembled the top hat old and author, was selected by the Desert Paul Shumway, Palm Desert; and
John used to wear. Protective Council as its 1957 choice Lloyd Tevis, director of the desert
This strengthens Chris' belief that as the man who has contributed most mobile laboratory of the California
Figtree was a frequent visitor to the to the knowledge and preservation of Institute of Technology.
area, but Henry E. Wilson, whose the deserts of the Southwest. An- Plans were discussed for the pro-
half century of wanderings brought nouncement of this award to the River- posed San Jacinto-Santa Rosa Wild-
him into intimate contact with this side scientist was made at the annual life Sanctuary, the protection of native
sector of the desert, believes the figure campfire meeting of the Council in palm oases in Southern California,
is the work of some wag. While he is Deep Canyon October 12. protection of desert reptiles and plant
convinced that there is gold in the re- President of the Council for the life against commercial collectors, op-
gion, he does not think Figtree John year ahead will be James Westerfield position to direct sale with no build-
knew of its existence. Henry's most of Mecca, California. Col. Westerfield ing or zoning controls of federal land
vivid recollections of Figtree John are succeeds Randall Henderson, who as to small tract homesteaders, and the
of the many times John attempted to president during the past year pre- curbing of billboards along scenic high-
collect a fee from Henry for camping sided at the annual meeting. ways.
near his place. Harry C. James was re-elected ex- A resolution was passed in opposi-
ecutive director for the year ahead. tion to the acquisition by the U. S.
Fish Springs can be reached by fol- Other officers were named as follows:
lowing a dirt road that branches off Navy of a large acreage of additional
Mrs. Ralph H. Lutz, Twentynine land in Imperial County for bombing
Highway 99 toward Salton Sea, ap- Palms, re-elected vice president; Mrs. range purposes. Resolutions opposing
proximately a mile and a half south Henry T. Read of La Quinta, secre- the changing of Petrified Forest Na-
of Travertine Point. The area is a tary; and Dr. Henry M. Weber, Indio, tional Monument to a national park,
popular haven for campers. Palm re-elected treasurer. New directors and in opposition to a proposed new
trees growing near the wells are prom- elected in addition to Col. Westerfield road in the Organ Pipe National Mon-
inent landmarks. were: Clarence Smith, director of ument also were adopted.

Left—eroded-leaf milkweed; Center
—milkweed flower and fruit; Right
—Climbing milkweed.

Desert Plants that Give Milk...

Plants that exude thick milky latex through stem wounds are well fats and wax in emulsion. In some
represented in the Desert Southwest. Used by the plants as a coagulant plants such as the spurges, it may con-
to close the lacerations and also as a depository for waste materials tain, in addition, violently poisonous
and poisons, the sticky "milk" is familiar to everyone who has picked alkaloids and peculiar dumbbell-shaped
the bloom of a prickly poppy or the fruit of a fig. starch grains. Function of the material
is as a coagulating substance for the
ready closure of plant wounds, and as
By EDMUND C. JAEGER, D.Sc. a storehouse for often poisonous waste
Curator of Plants products.
Riverside Municipal Museum Latex cells are several yards long
Drawings by the author in plants of tree-like proportion. Many
plants of the nettle, poppy, sunflower,
spurge, milkweed and mulberry fam-
LEARNED MANY of my first shrub a Stephanomeria, a name of ilies contain latex tubes. The cow tree
lessons in botany by watching my Greek origin meaning "having parts of South America actually furnishes a
burros as they selected and fed like a wreath," in reference to the often nutritious beverage.
on certain plants. Among their great elongate flexuous branches of some of There are some most extraordinary
favorites was a small compact gray- the species. species of true milkweeds. On rocky
green bush I called burro's delight or I early noticed that when my burros mountain sides of some of our hottest
burro straw. If left to themselves the bit off the stems of Stephanomeria the deserts of southwestern Arizona, south-
animals often would consume these broken ends exuded small drops of a eastern California, northeastern Baja
plants right down to the roots. thick milky juice resembling that found California and western Sonora grows
This shrub generally was found in dandelions and wild chickory. This a milkweed (Asclepias albicans) whose
growing in sandy washes and some- milk is not a plant sap, but a juice several upright leafless branches re-
times on stony bajadas; but always in called latex. It occurs in special longi- semble finger-thick silver-green one-
the semi-shelter of larger shrubs or tudinal-branching tubelets which pene- and-a-half to two-yard-long bent steel
stones. Its dainty dime-sized lilac-col- trate, much like the lymph system in rods. It sometimes is called the wax
ored flowers appear in great profusion our bodies, to all parts of the plant. milkweed because of the whitish wax
in late spring and botanists call this Latex is a mixture of gums, resins, that covers these barren stems. Within

the stems are numerous stout thread- Sometimes it happens that the bee can
like fibers which so strengthen them not extricate the trapped appendage
that the plants are able to stand up and it is then doomed to perish by
without breaking against the strongest starvation.
desert winds. It is only when the wax In sandy washes where moisture is
milkweed comes into flower or has the more plentiful occurs another peculiar
characteristic fusifor pods bursting and milkweed which looks quite like a big
shedding their silky-tufted seeds that dense cluster of dark green rush stems,
the plant is recognized as a true milk- each two to three, and occasionally
weed. five feet long. This is the rush milk-
This plant, like all of its kind, pos- weed, sometimes called the rubber
sesses most unique flowers. Rich will milkweed because of the large amount
be your reward if you carefully ex- of true rubber found in its milky juice
amine one. Above the five down- (up to six percent), a rubber content
hanging greenish-white, yellow or pur- probably higher than that of any other
plish petals are five hood-like structures Southwestern desert plant. The Indians
clustered about a central broad and used the latex as an emetic and purga-
flat-topped highly polished column. tive. Here again it is the peculiar
This column consists of a central stig-
ma and flat-topped style around which
are joined the pollen-bearing anthers,
the whole structure resembling a five-
sided table.
When a bee alights on the top of this
shiny table, one of its legs is quite
likely to slip into one of the five
grooves along the table edge. As it
pulls the leg free, up comes a dumb-
bell-shaped pollen mass clinging to it.
When the insect visits other milkweed Burro straw.
flowers the pollen mass is deposited
and thus fertilization is brought about.

cle, when plucked with its stem and

held horizontally looks like a tiny
Mexican jumping bean. swimming goose. Seeds of this and
other milkweeds, with their flossy co-
mas of silky hairs, were gathered in
quantity during the war for use as
stuffing for life-jackets. The latex is a
promising source of rubber. The South-
western Indians have long prized the
fibers from which they made strong
cords and durable cloth.
Closely related to these large-
Prickly poppy. stemmed milkweeds are the slender-
stemmed climbing varieties which riot-
ously clamber over bushes and even
high into desert trees growing along
and in sandy washes. Their large flat
clusters of purplish or greenish flowers
flower and characteristic fruit which often occur in great abundance mak-
leads to the identity of this plant as a ing these climbers among the most
true milkweed. handsome of desert plants. Unfortun-
In many desert areas the most abun- ately the milk which exudes so quickly
dant milkweed is the eroded leaf milk- and freely from the plucked stems has
weed (Asclepias erosa). Its one to a very rank sulphurous odor.
several stems grow up to six feet high Most of the fig trees have a milky
and are adorned along their length juice containing rubber. The India
with numerous large green rough-edged rubber tree (Ficus elastica) is a fig.
leaves, and later at the top with green- In the lower Viscaino-Magdalena Des-
ish-yellow flowers or fat spindle-shaped ert of Baja California grows one of
seed vessels. Usually it is found in the strangest of all wild figs. It thrives
broad sand washes from below sea along the edge of rocky canyons. The
level to high desert country. It often lower parts of the trunk are flattish
is very abundant, especially in the pin- and spread out over the vertical sur-
yon forest washes such as those in faces of the rocks like eels; and the
northern Baja California. The ripen- roots penetrate deep into the crevices.
ing seed vessel, properly called a folli- The fruits are small and rather dry,

DECEMBER, 1957 25
but the Indians who formerly inhabited merce (Papaver somnijerum). if you no milky juice, but rather a watery
the area are said to have eaten them. wish to see some really pretty seeds, sap.
All over the desert in the spring, tip over some of the splitting follicular The enormous Spurge family (Eu-
summer and early autumn, from low seed vessels and catch the black phorbiaceae), with its 7300 species,
ground to high, we see along roadsides spherical seeds in your hand. Each is has two major centers of distribution
and in washes the multitude of hand- covered with numerous tiny rounded —tropical Africa and America. Many
some large white-petaled orange-cen- beads giving them almost jewel-like of the African desert species are imi-
tered prickly poppies (Argemone). beauty. tators in form, color and armor of our
The plants, two to three feet high with The number of seeds in each vessel most grotesque cacti, even being spiny
beautiful blue - green notch - edged is amazing. No wonder these hand- and often ridged like cacti.
leaves, are armed throughout with some drouth-resistant plants are plen-
stout yellow spines and even the seed Almost all of the euphorbias have
tiful in so many waste places. In So-
vessels are full of stiff prickles. Break milky juice and many are of economic
nora and Arizona I have seen road-
the stems and out oozes a deep cream- importance, producing rubber, tung oil,
side areas bordered for miles with these
colored to yellow latex. This is said castor oil and tapioca. Many species,
handsome large papery-petaled white
to have narcotic qualities, but not as including the poinsettias, are grown as
flowers. California and other yellow-
strong as the opium poppy of com- ornamentals.
flowered annual desert poppies have
On our deserts we have among other
species of euphorbia the rubber plant
(Jatropha), a wild milky-juiced poin-
It requires a very broad knowl-
TRUE OR FALSE: edge of the desert land and its
history and people to score 100
settia and the oft-seen rattlesnake weed
which grows in abundance in the sands
as a flat small-leaved plant. Its milky
percent in this quiz, but more power to those who keep trying—for the juice was esteemed as a potent remedy
quest for knowledge is what keeps the mind young and active—but your for rattlesnake bite by many of the
good common sense will help a lot. The test includes history, botany, Indian tribes. The perennial species
geography, mineralogy, and the general lore of the Southwest. Grade are capable of withstanding long drouth
yourself five points for each correct answer. A score of 65 to 75 is a because of their exceedingly long roots.
passing mark. Eighty to 90 is excellent, and any score over 90 is super. A rattlesnake plant four inches across
The answers are on page 30. may have a tap root extending three
1—Desert drivers should carry chains to put on their cars when driving to five feet straight downward in the
in fine sand. True False sand where there is perennial damp-
2—Desert birds sometimes build their nests among the thorns of cholla ness.
cactus. True_ False Some of the fantastic cactus-simulat-
3—The Mojave River is a tributary of the Colorado River. True ing euphorbias of the African deserts
False contain latex so poisonous that the
4—Tallest of the native cacti growing in Arizona is the Organ Pipe. smallest amount introduced into the
True False eyes will cause almost instant blind-
ness; other species are deadly when
5—Jacob Hamblin was the leader of the famous Mormon Battalion. the alkaloid-laden latex is taken inter-
True False nally. American Indian desert tribes
6—Billy the Kid was a noted outlaw in Utah. True False long have used chopped euphorbias as
7—Ocotillo is a member of the cactus family. True False fish poisons.
8—Only poisonous lizard found in the Southwestern deserts is the Chuck- The Mexican jumping bean {Sapium
awalla. True False biloculare), a spurge, grows in Arizona
9—The University of Arizona is located in Tucson. True from Gila Bend southward across the
False Papago country into Sonora and Baja
10—The town of Winnemucca, Nevada, was named for a famous Navajo California. Its milky juice was used
by the aborigines not only as a fish
Indian chief. True False poison but also as one of the diabolical
11—The Mexican-American border at El Paso, Texas, is farther south arrow poisons, hence its Spanish name
than the border at Nogales, Arizona. True False hierba de la flecha (herb of the arrow).
12—Davis dam in the Colorado River is upstream from Needles, Cali- Hierba mala (bad herb) is another
fornia. True False Spanish name for this plant of evil
13—The Great Salt Lake is a larger body of water than Lake Mead. reputation. The "beans" jump because
True False of the violent lashing motions of a
14—Screwbean mesquite gets its name from the gnarled form of its trunk. moth larva within them.
True False Another kind of jumping bean, a
15—The book Death Valley in '49 was written by William Lewis Manly. common article of curio shops, is
True False known from the seeds of a different
16—The traditional manner of divorcing a husband in the Hopi tribe is Mexican euphorbiaceous west coast
to put his belongings outside the door. True False plant, also with poisonous sap: this is
Sesbastiana pavoniana. In the interior
17—One of the lead ores is named Galena. True False of the beans of this shrub lives the
18—Butterfield stage stations were welcome havens for the gold-seekers larva of a tortricid moth. The larva
who came to California in 1849. True False consumes the interior of the seed then
19—The river which flows near Wickenburg, Arizona, is the Hassayampa. spins a web over the inner surface.
True False Its quick movements, among which are
20—Rainbow Bridge National Monument may be reached only by foot striking the seed wall with its head,
trail. True False causes the bean to hop, especially
when it is warm.

describe as rich in scenic, recreational
Hete a/wf The on the Desert . . . and archeological value. By adding
the region to its gunnery test range the
Navy would seal off access to tourists.
ARIZONA G l e n J o b t o Kill 9 6 . . . —Barstow Printer-Review
PAGE—An estimated 96 workers
H e a l t h S e r v i c e C u t s Hit . . . will be killed during the eight-year Museum Gets Baltic Mill . . .
The Intertribal Council of Arizona construction period of Glen Canyon RANDSBURG—Kern County Mu-
Indians has criticized the U. S. Public Dam on the Colorado River, a labor seum's Randsburg branch recently
Health Service's administration of In- spokesman estimated. Three men al-
received title to the historic Baltic
dian health programs. The Council ready have died since preliminary Stamp Mill. The mill was a gift of
hit at cuts in health services, claiming work began at the damsite earlier in
the Surcease Mining Co. — Indian
that this year the public service re- the year. The labor spokesman said Wells Valley Independent
ceived $2,000,000 more in appropri- every effort will be made to conform
ated funds than last year, but is spend- to federal and state safety standards.
ing the money on administrative per- —Nevada State Journal Into the Famous Utah Needles Area
sonnel. The Council heard a report • • • Junction of the Green and Colorado rivers;
Indian and Salt creeks; Davis, Lavender,
that Congress appropriated only $40,- Indian Land Check Made Good Monument, Red, Dark and White canyons;
Dead Horse and Grand View points; Hoven-
000,000 for Indian health last year PARKER—Colorado River Enter- weep and Bridges national monuments.
while nearly $44,000,000 was re- prises has made good a $40,000 check 3-day or longer trips for 2-6 person parties
—$25 daily per person. Includes sleeping
quested and $65,000,000 actually representing payment of advance rental bags, transportation, guide service, meals.
Write KENT FROST, Monticcllo, Utah.
needed.—Phoenix Gazette on two tracts involved in the corpora-
tion's 25-year lease on 67,000 acres
of the Colorado River Indian Reserva-
Monument Valley Road Rejected
tion in Arizona. The original check Looking for a PUBLISHER?
Do you have a book-length manuscript you
TUBA CITY—Four requests from bounced. The Interior Department had would like to have published? Learn about
Utah for cooperation on the part of not reached a decision on the corpora- our unusual plan whereby your book can be
published, promoted and distributed on a
Arizona in building roads linking the tion's request for an extension of time professional basis. We consider all types of
work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly
two states have been rejected by the for the posting of a $5,000,000 per- and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
Arizona Highway Commission. In- formance bond. come. For more information, write for valu-
able booklet D. It's free.
cluded was the proposed improvement • • • VANTAGE PRESS, INC.
of Route 47 from Mexican Hat to Solar Energy Station Started . . . 6253 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood 28, Calif.
Arizona and through the Navajo Res- Main Office: New York 1, N.Y.
TUCSON—Construction is under-
ervation. The Navajo Trail Associa-
way on a Solar Energy Research Sta-
tion also had called on Arizona and
tion for the University of Arizona's
the Indian Service to pave this road
Institute of Atmospheric Physics. The
between Tuba City and the Arizona-
station will feature a heating and cool-
Utah border. The route passes through
Monument Valley (Desert, August '57
ing system operated entirely by energy FAMOUS
from the sun. Chief purpose of the
p7). Utah is at present paving the
project will be to test the proposition DEATH VALLEY
road north of the state line through
to Mexican Hat and Blanding. Also
that a house can be heated in winter RESORTS
and cooled in summer by the sun.-— FOR YOUR WINTER VACATION'
rejected by Arizona was a road from
St. George, Utah, to Littlefield, Ari-
Yuma Sun
An enchanting Desert setting for
zona; a road from the Hurricane, Utah, • • • Swimming, Golf, Riding and all
area through Short Creek and the Work Begins on Dam . . . vacation activities.
Kaibab Forest and around to Kanab; SENTINEL—Preliminary construc-
and an access road to Glen Canyon tion has started on Painted Rock Dam FURNACE
Dam. The Highway Commission said in eastern Yuma County. The long-
funds are not available for these proj- awaited project is designed to provide CREEK INN
ects for the state has more urgent high- flood control on the Gila River as it Luxurious American-
way needs than the cross-state routes runs through the county. A U.S. Army plan Service
proposed by Utah. Corps of Engineers project, the dam
• • • is expected to cost $3,000,000. — FURNACE
Yuma Sun
Parker Dam Road Assured . . . • • • CREEK RANCH
PARKER—The Arizona Highway Informal Ranch
Commission has agreed to take the
long-proposed Parker to Parker Dam Navy Undecided on Grab . . . European-plan
road into the state highway system, BARSTOW — A final decision by FOR RESERVATIONS
thus assuring early construction. At the Navy to extend its vast gunnery write Furnace Creek Inn
the present time about 10 miles of the ranges north of Barstow had not been or Furnace Creek Ranch,
road is surfaced. Opening up the re- reached by mid - October. Among Death Valley, California
maining 10 miles will give access to those opposing the land grab was the or contact our office
the Parker Dam and Havasu Lake San Bernardino County Board of in Los Angeles
recreation areas on the Arizona side Supervisors. The Navy's plans call for TRinity 8O48
in San Francisco
of the river. At present, sportsmen the adding of 585 sections of land to
DOuglas 2-2O22
reach this area by crossing the river at its present holdings of 600,000 acres.
Parker, driving up the California high- The additional land would include two
way to Parker Dam and re-crossing the areas — Black Canyon and Opal
river on the dam itself.—Yuma Sun Mountain—which the county officials

DECEMBER, 1957 27


Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 12c a Word, $2.00 Minimum Per Issue
GHOST TOWN ITEMS: Sun-colored glass,
amethyst to royal purple; ghost railroads
materials, tickets; limited odd items from
camps of the '60s. Write your interest—
Box 64-D, Smith, Nevada.
LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest
Beautifier." For women who wish to
become beautiful, for women who wish
FOR YOUR WESTERN DEN: Original Rugs, War Bonnets, Squaw Dresses,
Squaw Boots, Fine old Indian collection. to remain beautiful. An outstanding des-
design table and floor lamps, smoking ert cream. For information, write or call
stands made from the famous Texas Pow-Wow Indian Trading Post, 19967
Ventura Blvd., East Woodland Hills, Cal. Lola Barnes, 963 N. Oakland, Pasadena
longhorns. Also mounted horns up to 7 6, Calif., or phone SYcamore 4-2378.
foot spread. Prices on request. Bill Mc-
Laird, Western Artcraft, Millsap, Texas. FINE RESERVATION-MADE Navajo and DESERT CACTI assortments—three cacti
Zuni jewelry. Old pawn. Hundreds of plants which are suitable for indoor gar-
fine old baskets, moderately priced, in dens. Included with the cacti is a cholla
BOOKS — MAGAZINES excellent condition. Navajo rugs, old and cactus wood ring. The cacti and the cholla
OUT-OF-PRINT books at lowest prices! new, Bayeta, native dyes, Two Gray Hills. wood bring the desert into your home.
You name it—we find it! Western Ameri- Artifacts and gems. A collector's para- Three different cacti plants, the cholla
cana, desert and Indian books a specialty. dise! Open daily 10 to 5:30, closed Mon- wood and a catalog of other cacti assort-
Send us your wants. No obligation. In- days, Buffalo Trading Post, Highway 18, ments mailed anywhere in the United
ternational Bookfinders, Box 3003-D, Apple Valley, California. States for $1.00 postpaid. Desert Special-
Beverly Hills, California. ties, Box 569, Boulder, Colorado.
ATLATL POINT (ancient spearhead 4000-
HAVE REAL fun with desert gems, min- 1000 B.C.) correctly classified, $1.25; 5 ASSAYS. Complete, accurate, guaranteed.
erals and rocks. The rockhounds' how- for $5.00; 10 mounted in frame, $10.00.
to-do-it magazine tells how. One year Highest quality spectrographic. Only $5
12 common arrowheads, $2.50. Same per sample. Reed Engineering, 620 S.
(12 issues) only $3.00. Sample 25c. Gems framed, $3.75. Large collection ancient
and Minerals, Box 687-D, Mentone, Cal. Inglewood Ave., Inglewood, California.
relics; bone breast-plates; beaded saddle-
blankets; pipes; tomahawks. Paul Sum- PINE CONES. Ms-inch to foot long. Illus-
LOST DESERT Gold — the story of the mers. Canyon, Texas. trated Autumn, Christmas folder. 24
Lost Pegleg gold and a score of other species. Choice all-cone wreaths. Western
legendary mines of the California desert. Tree Cones, 1925 Brooklane, Corvallis,
With maps. By Ralph L. Caine, 900% MAPS Oregon.
W. Jefferson Blvd., Los Angeles, Cali-
fornia. $1.50 postpaid. SECTIONIZED COUNTY maps — San EXPERIENCED PROSPECTOR — needs
Bernardino $1.50; Riverside $1; Imperial, grubstake to hunt known lost mine in
FOR SALE—National Geographic Maga- small $1, large $2; San Diego 50c; Inyo,
zines. I am disposing of my stock of western half $1.25, eastern half, $1.25; Imperial County. You get half. Write or
back issues. Send your wants to Frank Kern $1.25; other California counties wire Worthington, 5101 Stockton Blvd.,
Drew, 901 Ormond Lane, Redondo Beach, $1.25 each. Nevada counties $1 each. Sacramento, your offer.
California. Topographic maps of all mapped western FOR SALE—Deluxe Jeep camp car, full
areas. Westwide Maps Co., 114 W. Third bed for two, 8 gal. water tank, 2 gas
"SELF TAUGHT SPANISH." Exclusive St., Los Angeles, California.
method, practical, enables you to under- tanks, 4-wheel-drive, tinted glass. Ready
stand and be understood in short time. to go. Write Dr. Allen Foster, 1045
Twelve lessons on unbreakable records Pumalo, San Bernardino, California.
and text book $15.00 delivered. First REAL ESTATE
Printing 1945. Eva Maria G. de Robin- T-10 METAL DETECTOR, original bat-
NICE SHADY oasis planted to grapefruit, tery—$80, used. Beginners' tumbler pol-
son, Box 86, Long Beach, California. tangerines. Good house, swimming pool, isher, grit and extra drums, used, $40.
33 acres, Coachella Valley. $85,000. Bottles: sun colored purple, early "medi-
WE WILL BUY—Desert Magazines in good Ronald L. Johnson, broker, Box 162, cine show," bitters, and others, some
condition: Nov. '37, $5.00; and June '50, Thermal, California. dated. Dealer discounts. Insurance and
July '50, October '50, February '51, postage extra. Stop in or write: Victor
March '51, April '51 and December '51 $50 DOWN, $25 month buys 20 acres hilly Williams, Box 163, Beatty, Nevada.
all 50c each. Send magazines postpaid land near Adelanto. Full price $1950.
to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, Calif. Also others. Pon & Co., 711 N. Azusa WANTED—3 MEN to make the trip to
Ave., Azusa, California. Bahia de Los Angeles, Baja California.
WESTERN TRAVEL books make excellent
gifts. Send for our Christmas catalogue Trip made previously by driver and equip-
PRIVATE PARTY anxious to dispose of ment. This trip is extremely difficult and
of books on travel and rock collecting. miscellaneous small farm and resort acre-
For year 'round travel pleasure we recom- hazardous. Only experienced rugged
age throughout Southern California. Ri- campers accepted. Baggage limited.
mend Scenic Guides — Arizona $1.00; diculously low terms and prices. Will
California $1.50; Colorado $1.50; Nevada Transportation for two week trip $200.
send list and directions. Box 62, Culver Contact C. A. Erickson, 1822 W. 50th
$1.50; Oregon $1.50. All books postpaid. City, California.
Scenic Guides, Box 288, Susanville, Calif. St., Los Angeles, 62, Calif. AX-44750.
DESERT PROPERTY For Sale: 3 extra
CLUBS — ORGANIZATIONS nice Desert Homes only 10 min. from
Palm Desert, midway between Palm Squatters Protest Setback Plans . . .
ARE YOU interested in prospecting for Springs and Indio. $5500—Brand new
minerals, or rockhunting? Write for lit- small house, never occupied, rough plumb- BLYTHE—Park Service plans to
erature to United Prospectors, 701Vi E. ing and electricity in, needs interior finish. create a 200-foot setback from the
Edgeware, Los Angeles, 26, California. Big concrete patios. Includes 5 acres.
$6500 — Beautifully furnished pumice-
Colorado River have been criticized
INDIAN GOODS block cabin, electricity, handsome fire- by spokesmen for the so-called squat-
SELLING 100,000 Indian relics. 100 nice place, beautiful view, lovely 5 acres; pri- ters on the California side of the river.
ancient arrowheads $25.00. Small grooved vacy. $8500—Excellent living room, kit- These people, occupying public prop-
stone tomahawk $2.00. Large grooved chen, bathroom, bedroom, lots of closet erty without authorization, have in-
stone tomahawk $3.00. Perfect spear- space. All decorated, tile floors, pumice
head over 8 inches long $20.00. Flint block, large porches, ramada, small guest vested an estimated half million dollars
scalping knife $1.00. Indian skull $25.00. house. Electricity, water system, partly in residences and commercial estab-
Ancient water bottle from grave $7.00. furnished — 3 acres. Terms. Acreage lishments on 11 miles of river frontage
List free. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas. within a mile selling up to $2,000 per
acre. Write L. R. Waters, P. O. Box 582, between the Colorado River Indian
FIVE FINE Prehistoric Indian arrowheads or call Fireside 6-6101, Palm Desert, Cal. Reservation and Parker Dam. An es-
$2.00. Perfect stone tomahawk $2.20. Ef- timated 98 percent of these improve-
figy pipe $5.00. Perfect flint thunderbird CABIN SITES, 2Vi acres, overlooking An-
$3.00. Flint fish hook $3.00. List free. telope Valley, 4000 foot elevation. $975, ments would have to be removed if
Five offers for only $12.00. Arrowhead, $150 down, $21 a month. Sunstate, 7075 and when the Park Service enforces
Glenwood, Arkansas. Hollywood Blvd., Los Angeles 28. its 200-foot setback.—Yuma Sun

Salton Sea Study Ordered . . . Tourism Leading Business . . . NEW MEXICO
INDIO—A one year study aimed RENO—With mining in sharp de- Indigent Indian Problem Told . . .
at determining the chemical and bac- cline and manufacturing off from its GRANTS—The problem of indi-
teriological quality of Salton Sea's level of a year ago, Nevada's booming gent Navajo Indians plagued Grants
waters in relation to its increasing tourist industry in the current year recently. First was the case of a men-
beneficial uses for boating, bathing, employs more than four times as many
fishing, water sports and recreation of people in the state as all manufactur-
all kinds was authorized recently by
the Colorado River Basin Regional
ing industries combined. These are
the findings of the Bureau of Business Book Manuscripts
by cooperative publisher who offers authors
Water Polution Control Board. Many and Economic Research of the Uni- early publication, higher royalty, national
cities in Imperial Valley are discharg- versity of Nevada. In mid-year em- distribution, and beautifully designed books.
All subjects welcomed. Write, or send your
ing raw sewage into streams emptying ployment in hotels and places of MS directly.
into the sea. The board said the san- amusement and recreation totaled 18,- Atten. Mr. Slocum, 489 Fifth Ave,, N.Y., N.Y.
itary study was prompted by the reali- 300 — - a five percent increase over
zation that the sea now has a multi- 1956.—Territorial Enterprise
million dollar recreational value. — • • • WHEEL BALANCING KIT
Bas Relief Dedicated . . .
• • • ICHTHYOSAUR STATE PARK— A precision DO - IT •
Cibola; Bridge Span Removed . . . The life-size concrete bas relief of the balancer designed for
high - speed driving
BLYTHE — Cibola Ferry, Inc., fish-reptile ichthyosaur recently was . . . Avoid high bal-
builders of a 400-foot bridge across ancing costs . . .
dedicated at the Ichthyosaur State drive safely on bal-
the Colorado River without permis- Park 98 miles southeast of Fallon. anced wheels—carry
in your car.
sion of federal authorities, have re- The bas relief was constructed by GUARANTEED
moved a section of the bridge in order William Huff of Alamo, California, Balances within V* oz.—absolutely reliable.
to allow boats enough clearance to Same unit formerly sold to garages at higher
well-known Bay Area sculptor, on the costs—Order direct, check or
pass. The bridge builders plan to make site of one of the many discoveries of money order—prepaid in U.S. $21.95
the span removable and are seeking ichthyosaur remains. The fish-reptiles WHEEL BALANCER- Corbin, Kansas
approval of the U. S. Army Engineers ranged in length from 14 to 50 feet
to turn the removable section into a and were the largest living things on
drawbridge.—Yuma Sun earth when they roamed the ocean
• • •
Salton Sea Homes Planned . . .
during the Triassic period, 160,000,-
000 years ago.—Nevada State Journal
SALTON SEA—Resort developer
Harry Pon disclosed plans to build
• • •
Cave Tour Hours Changed . . .
or less in a resort area, 365 days of sun a
several hundred winter homes and a year, dry temp. 65-80°. Or maintain lux.
LEHMAN CAVES—Tour schedule villa, servants, ALL expenses $200-$250 a
hotel on the western shore of Salton changes at Lehman Caves National mo. Am.-Eng. colony on Lake Chapala. 30
Sea. The Imperial Irrigation District min. to city of 'A-milllon, medical center.
Monument in eastern White Pine Schools, arts, sports. Few hours by Air.
has approved the proposed develop- Train, bus, paved roads all the way. Full-
County were announced. First tour time servants, maids, cooks, $7 to $15 a mo.,
ment. Pon recently received a 10- will begin at 9 a.m. and the last tour filet mignon 50c lb., coffee 45c, gas 17c gal.
year lease on 1600 acres of District Houses $10 mo. up. No fog, smog, confusion,
at 4 p.m. Mountain Standard Time. jitters. Just serene living among consider-
property which adjoins the Desert ate people. For EXACTLY how Americans
The monument is open to visitors are living in world's most perfect climate on
Shores resort near the Riverside-Im- seven days a week the year around. $50—$150—$250 a mo., mail $2.00 for com-
plete current information photos, prices,
perial county line.—Holtville Tribune Visitations so far this year are run- roads, hotels, hunting, fishing, vacationing
and retirement conditions from Am. view-
• • • ning about three percent greater than point (Pers. Chk. OK) to Bob Thayer, File
the previous year.—Ely Record 20A, Ajijic, Jal., Mexico. (Allow 2 weeks for
NEVADA delivery. Money Back Guarantee.)
Free Christmas Tree Ban . . . • • •
LAKE TAHOE—The privilege of Basque Sheepherders Due . . .
cutting Christmas trees free of cost will CARSON CITY — Two hundred
not be offered this year to area resi- Basque sheepherders will be admitted
dents, Tahoe National Forest officials into the U.S. this winter to relieve
announced. Demand caused by in- shortages in the California-Nevada
creasing population has made the sheep industry, the Department of
Christmas tree a forest product of real Immigration and Naturalization said.
commercial value and one of some A study to arrive at an equitable Camper's Choice .T?
scarcity — and the advent of super minimum wage for the herders will KAR KAMP
highways and fast automobiles has be made by the Labor Department, Sets up in 5 Minutes
made the demand for trees from the state agencies and industry represen- You'll be all set to enjoy the outdoors year
'round in a KAR KAMP. It's always ready
Tahoe National Forest increase nearly tatives.—Nevada State Journal for that spur-of-the-moment week-end vaca-
10-fold in the past three years, they • • • tion or hunting or fishing trip.
Unrolls from aluminum carrier on top of
explained.—Nevada State Journal AEC Pays for Injured Horse . . • car andI assembles into a completely enclosed
room 7 /2Xl0'/2' in just 5 minutes. Rolls back
• • • ALAMO — Floyd Lamb, Alamo into carrier in even less time. Entire inter-
ior is useable. No center poles. All corners,
Pole Line Road Opened . . . rancher, has received $1000 from the doors and windows are equipped with rust-
proof zippers. The 8 oz. D.F. canvas utilized
CARSON VALLEY — Officially Atomic Energy Commission for dam- is water-repellent and mildew proof. Full
opened was the Pole Line Road, the ages to his horse which apparently was size canvas floor covering included. KAR
KAMP, when erected, gives you direct access
modern highway which connects Haw- burned by fallout from one of the early to your car and can be quickly detached
allowing car to be driven away.
thorne in Nevada with U.S. Highway summer test shots. The horse" was on Complete 71/4xl01/2' room, including car-
395 near Mono Lake, California. Or- pasture in the Kawich Valley, 20 to rier, only $189.95 freight prepaid. Smaller
sizes also available. Order now! For further
iginally designated the Midland Trail 30 miles north of the nuclear firing information write:
in 1915, plans for completion of this areas in Yucca Flat.—Salt Lake Trib- If AD OABMEL, CALIF.

link were started 10 years ago. une A few choice territories available for agents.

DECEMBER, 1957 29
tally incompetent Navajo woman favorable report on Western range Airspace "Grab" Criticized . . .
whom city police could not get the conditions in seven years. Only SALT LAKE CITY — A strongly
Federal Government to immediately trouble spot in the 17-state area is worded letter condemning the military
take custody of; and latest incident in the Trans-Pecos area of Texas. forces for "the greatest airspace grab
involved the bodies of three Navajos Cattle and sheep in the west are re- in aviation history," was sent to Utah's
killed in a traffic accident. After a ported to be in the best condition congressional delegation by Harlon W.
long delay, authorities claimed the since 1950.—New Mexican Bement, director of the Utah State
bodies. The Grants mortician involved • • • Aeronautics Commission. Bement said
in the case said that during the past if the present policies continue, they
11 years he has taken "literally hun- Communities Doomed by Dam . . .
"will kill our civil aviation economy
dreds" of Navajo patients to hospitals ROSA — Two small communities, within a very short time."—Salt Lake
in Gallup and Albuquerque and has Arboles, Colorado, and Rosa, New Tribune
never been paid for the trips.—Grants Mexico, will be inundated by water
Beacon impounded behind the projected Nav- • • •
ajo Dam on the San Juan River in State Park Plans Studied . . .
• • • northern New Mexico. The Bureau SALT LAKE CITY—Commission-
Range in Good Condition . . . of Reclamation said no investigation ers of Utah's 29 counties were urged
SANTA F E — T h e Western Live- has been started on the problems in- to "make big plans" for development
stock office of the Agricultural Mar- volved in the removal of the rural of recreational facilities within and
keting Service has offered the most hamlets.—Aztec Independent adjoining their counties. C. J. Olsen,
• • • director of the Utah State Park and
PAINT AND BE HAPPY Recreation Commission, has asked the
Learn Secrets of Oil Painting by Mail Error in Historical Marker . . . commissioners to participate in an in-
Exciting Home-Lessons Simplified & MESILLA—An official state scenic
Illustrated. $1.00 brings Trial Lesson, ventory of all areas in Utah which
specify which Course. historical marker at a prominent high- might be included in a new state park
( ) Landscape ( ) Still-Life way junction carried in bold letters the
( ) Portraiture system. Meanwhile, Earl P. Hanson,
No salesmen. No contracts. No age limits. misspelled name of the town of Mesilla.
ROLAND PIBRSON PRICKETT deputy chief of California's Division
Desertwind Studios, Monterey, Mass. It was spelled "Messilla." That was of Beaches and Parks, recommended
not the only error, the Las Cruces to Utah that it acquire all park areas
Citizen pointed out. The short his- now which might not be available for
torical story on the marker was in development at a later date. — Salt
1000 TRAVEL SCENES error regarding several facts concern- Lake Tribune
ing the town. • • •
• • • Air Force to Close Wendover . . .
SPECIAL OFFER Force has announced that it will aban-
Virgin River Development . . .
To introduce readers of DESERT to our SALT LAKE CITY—The governor don its Wendover base before the end
2"x2" COLOR SLIDES for home projec- of this year. The facility, developed
tion, we are offering a FREE 20 page of Utah has called upon Nevada and
catalog and a FREE sample color slide.
Arizona officials to join his state in during World War II as an advanced
Travel, Science, Nature, National Parks
and the southwest. Write today to — working on plans for the development training center, was included among
KELLY D. C H O D A of the Virgin River, the water of which seven Air Force facilities scheduled
732 URSULA ST. AURORA 8, COLO. they share. The Virgin River's head- for closure in the economy program
waters are in southwestern Utah and of the air arm of the U. S. government.
it is the state's main tributary of the —Salt Lake Tribune
Colorado River lower basin .—Phoenix
You'll want to keep those Gazette
MAPS Funds for Damsite Road . . . Questions are on page 26
1—False. In soft sand, chains will
VERNAL — Road funds totaling only dig you in deeper.
which appear each month in $400,000 have been earmarked to 2—True.
Desert Magazine—maps which speed work on the access road be- 3—False. The Mojave River ends
will be your guide on many de- tween Vernal and Flaming Gorge dam- in a series of desert play as.
lightful excursions into the great site. National Guard personnel and 4—False. Saguaro is the tallest cac-
desert playground. tus.
equipment will also be put to work 5—False. Jacob Hamblin was a
Attractive loose-leaf binders em- immediately on the project.—Vernal Mormon missionary and coloni-
bossed in gold not only will Express zer.
6—False. Billy the Kid operated
preserve the maps, but will be • • • mostly in New Mexico.
a beautiful addition to your No-Littering Signs Posted . . . 7—False. Ocotillo is of the genus
home book-shelf. Each binder SALT LAKE CITY — The Utah Fouquiera.
holds 12 copies. Easy to insert, 8—False. The Chuckawalla is non-
State Road Commission is posting signs poisonous.
they open flat. warning motorists not to litter the road- 9—True.
ways. The signs read: "Littering High- 10—False. Winnemucca was a Paiute
Mailed postpaid for chief.
ways Prohibited — $299 Fine." The 11—True. 12—True. 13—True.
$2.00 Commission has placed 200 such signs 14—False. Screwbean gets its name
in the state with more to be put up from the corkscrew type of seed
later. Also planned are signs to greet pod.
THE i 15—True. 16—True. 17—True.
travelers crossing state lines into Utah. 18—False. The Butterfield stage sta-
They will read: "Keep Utah Clean, tions had not been built in 1849.
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA Trash Barrels Provided."—Salt Lake 19—True. 20—True.

Grants, New Mexico . . .
MINES AND MINING Uranium ore reserves in the Grants
area have been estimated at over a
billion dollars. The same report said

Government Restricts Oil that uranium has turned into big busi-
ness in Grants—and gone are the days
of the lone prospector operating with
burros and Geiger counters. Thousands

Search on Public Domain of workers, instead, are engaged in

exploration, drilling, mining and build-
ing the new mills needed to process
A move to restrict oil industry op- government would survey wildlife vast quantities of new-found uranium
ores. At present 22 major companies
erations on the public domain was areas for oil and gas possibilities and are active in the Ambrosia Lake min-
inaugurated by the Interior Department would put selected lands up for com- ing district, with an estimated 3000
which announced that henceforth the petitive bidding. persons directly employed by the ura-
The new regulations, which affect nium industry. Within the next two
Window Rock, Arizona . . . 4,418,000 acres of public domain in years, it is estimated that the Grants
western United States and Alaska, area will have 10,000 uranium workers.
The Navajo Tribal Council's pro-
would forbid leasing of wildlife refuge —Grants Beacon
posal to increase oil royalties paid on
lands under the jurisdiction of the
Indian tribal lands near production
lush and Game Service, except where EXPLORE FOR
from the traditional one-eighth (12Vi TREASURE!
the government has determined the Find wealth lost or bur-
percent) to one-sixth (16-2/3 per- ied for years! Search for
lands are being drained of oil or gas gold and silver coins, bul-
cent) generally has been viewed with
at nearby wells. It would be up to lion, and other valuables
alarm by Western oilmen. The Nava- with M - Scope Treasure-
the Fish and Game Service to deter- Metal locators. Used world-
jo announcement was contained in a wide. Guaranteed. Terms.
mine what lands would be restricted Fisher Research Lab., Inc.
proposed call to bid for 370,000 acres
to drilling.—Salt Lake Tribune Dept. D-l Palo Alto, Cal.
located largely in Utah's San Juan
County. In addition to the royalty,
the tribe will receive a cash payment
for the right to drill, plus an annual
rental of $1.25 an acre.—Salt Lake
• • •
Lovelock, Nevada . . .
Prospectors' Headquarters
Mineral Materials Co. has started The "Snooper" Geiger counter—model 108 $ 29.95
operations of its magnetic separation The "Lucky Strike" Geiger counter—Model 106C 99.50
The "Professional" Geiger Counter—Model 107C 149.50
iron ore plant at its mine 30 miles The "Special Scintillator"—Model 117 299.50
The "Deluxe" Scintillator—Model 111B 495.00
east of Lovelock, on the west side of
the Stillwater Range in northern ULTRA-VIOLET MINERALIGHTS
Churchill County. The plant has a Model NH—Operates on 110 AC only 14.75
capacity of 300 tons per hour and is Model M12—Operates on batteries only—with battery 40.65
Model SL-2537—Operates on batteries or 110 AC—without case and batteries 39.50
used to crush iron ore, and concen- With No. 303 case and batteries 61.00
With No. 404 case and batteries 66.00
trate the iron from the rock by the
use of powerful magnets.—Lovelock BOOKS
Review-Miner "Prospecting with a Geiger Counter" by Wright 60
"Uranium Color Photo Tone" 1.00
• • • "Uranium Prospectors Hand Book" 1.00
Park City. Nevada . . . "The Uranium and Fluorescent Minerals" by H. C. Dakc 2.00
"Popular Prospecting" by H. C. Dake 2.00
New Park Mining Co., one of Utah's "Uranium, Where It Is and How to Find It" by Proctor and Hyatt 2.50
"Minerals for Atomic Energy" by Nininger 7.50
principal lead - silver - zinc producers, "Let's Go Prospecting" by Edward Arthur 3.50
has closed its properties at Park City
district. Company officials said con- MAPS
Map and Geology (Uranium and Mineral Districts of California) 1.50
tinuing operating losses were respon- Map of Kern County (New Section and Township) : 1.50
sible for the move. The jobs of 200 Map Uranium and Minerals (The Nine Southwest States) 1.00
Book and Map "Gems and Minerals of California" by McAllister 1.75
miners were affected by the stoppage. Book and Map "Lost Mines and Treasures of the Southwest" t 2.00
—Pioche Record
Mineral Hardness Test Set :.. 2.00
$$$ TREASURE $ $ $ Radiassay—Uranium Test Kit 14.95
Mercury—Detector Fluorescent Screen 6.75
Improved metal detector finds lost or hidden Scheeiite Fluorescent Analyzer 6.00
treasure, coins, gold, silver, jewelry, relics. Fluorescent Mineral Set—10 Specimens—boxed 2.50
Profitable hobby. Also new underwater metal Mineral Specimen Boxes (35 named Minerals) 1.50
detector. Detects sunken ships, outboard mo- Prospectors Picks (not polished) 4.40
tors, etc., in Prospectors Picks (polished) 4.75
300 ft. of salt 12" Diameter Steel Gold Pan 1.25
or fresh wat- 16" Diameter Steel Gold Pan 1.70
er. Operates
from a boat. All prices F.O.B. Los Angeles
Free l i t e r a -
ture. Add 4 % Sales Tax if you live in California
GARDINER Member of American Gem & Mineral Suppliers Association

1545 E. INDIAN
SCHOOL ROAD 3632 West Slauson Ave., Dept. D Open Monday evening until 9:00 Los Angeles, Calif.

DECEMBER, 1957 31
Grand Junction. Colorado . . . Bisti Field, New Mexico . . . Geneva, Utah . . .
American Gilsonite Company an- New Mexico Oil and Gas Conserva- Judgments were handed down in
nounced it has broken the synthetic tion Commission has denied applica- 26 separate lawsuits filed against U.S.
fuel barrier and said its development tion of Sunray Mid-Continent Oil Cor- vSteel Corporation by nearly 300 Salt
in the Utah-Colorado border country poration to establish 80-acre spacing Lake, Utah and Wasatch County far-
has added the equivalent of a major of oil wells at Bisti Field in north- mers. The suits claimed livestock and
oil field to the country's petroleum re- western New Mexico. It ruled the crops had been damaged by fluorine
serves. Crude oil can be produced field should be developed on a 40- affluents from U. S. Steel's Geneva
from the shiny black coal-like sub- acre pattern. Meanwhile, hearings be- plant. Absolute judgments totaling
stance — gilsonite — for "considerably gan before the Utah Oil and Gas Con- $10,880.43 and conditional or op-
less than $1.87 a barrel" against the servation Commission on the same tional judgments totaling $24,958.60
current price of between $2.20 and problem at the rich Aneth Pool, and were made in favor of the farmers.—
$4 for crude oil, the company reported. observers said the New Mexico deci- Salt Lake Tribune
Gilsonite-derived gasoline will be sold sion likely is to have bearing on the • • •
within a 100-mile radius of the Grand amount of oil produced and rate of Silverton, Colorado . . .
Junction area.—Pioche Record development during the next few years Ute Indians are claiming that land
• • • in the Four Corners region.—Salt Lake the U. S. Government bought from
Grants, New Mexico . . . Tribune them in the San Juan District in 1873
Phillips Petroleum Co. of Bartles- • • • for 13 cents an acre will be producing
ville, Oklahoma, disclosed plans to Henderson, Nevada . . . valuable minerals for another 100
build a $9,500,000 uranium ore proc- years. Over half - a - billion dollars
Formation of a new company to worth of ore has come out of the
essing mill at Grants, the fifth for this participate in the government's high
district and New Mexico's sixth. The energy fuel program was announced area since 1870. The Indians are ask-
company said completion is expected by the American Potash and Chemi- ing $37,000,000 more from the Gov-
by mid-1958. Phillips began explora- cal Corporation. Initial work will be ernment in hearings before the U. S.
tion activities in the Ambrosia Lake carried on at APC's Henderson plant. Indian Commission.—Mining Record
area in 1955. • • •
The operation is so highly classified Carson City, Nevada . . .
no information can be given regarding
THE PROSPECTOR'S CATALOG its size or the amount of money in- Nevada Employment Security De-
We are pleased to announce the advent of partment reported a drop in the state's
a new Minerals Unlimited Catalog, specifi- volved, APC reported. The new com-
cally designed for the amateur or profes-
pany will be known as AFN, Inc., mining force of 1100 men or 22 per-
sional prospector. If you are interested in
Geiger Counters, Mineralights, Blowpipe Sets, and is owned one-third each by APC, cent from August, 1956 (5100 em-
Gold Pan or any of the other equipment ployees) to August of this year (4000
necessary to a field or prospecting trip, Food Machinery and Chemical Corp.,
send 5c in stamps or coin for your copy.
and National Distillers and Chemical employees). Hardest hit were strate-
172<t University Ave., Berkeley, California Corp.—Pioche Record gic metals mines — tungsten, lead,
zinc and copper. Prospects are for
even more layoffs, the Department
added.—Tonopah Times-Bonanza

Compton Rock Shop Ely, Nevada . . .

• • •

Kennecott Copper Corporation an-

METAL DETECTORS nounced plans for a new $1,500,000
skip haulage system to remove ore and
• Battery test switch waste material from its huge Liberty
Pi Ik • Head phones with clear signal Pit at Ely. When completed, the proj-
• Great sensitivity • Low cost operation ect will inaugurate an entirely different
• One nob control • Easiest of all to operate method of mining in the world's largest
open cut copper pit. At present, ma-
MORE ACCURAT E, it's the first METAL DETECTOR designed SPE- terial is being taken out of the pit by
CIFICALLY for del ecting placer gold, nuggets, a n d other small metal trains over the switchback trails. —
objects. Depth rar lge 7 feet—comes complete, ready to use. Nevada State Journal
MODEL 27—instru ctions included $110.00 • • •
Fallon, Nevada . . .
MODEL 711—with 21 ft. depth range $138.50 The newly organized Global Petro-
leum Co. is planning to drill wells
MINERALIGHT—C•omplete line from $14.95 u p to $114.00 south of Fallon to find the source of
Send for Complete Information natural gas that is bubbling out of the
VISIT OUR NEW MINERAL DEPARTMENT, stocked with many out-
standing specimen s, including native wire silver from Honduras, S. A.
Find Valuable
(b uy from an experienced wood worker) Mercary—Zirconium
Outdoors for fun and profit?
Comfiton cf\och <Snofi Take along an ultra-violet Mineralight!
1405 S. Long Beach Blvd. 3 blocks south of Olive Write Dept. D for free prospecting information kit I
NEwmark 2-9096 Open Friday Evenings Compton, California
ULTRA-VIOLET PRODUCTS, INC., San Gabriel, California

different, and closely resembles high grade

By DR. H. C. DAKE, Editor of The Mineralogist
lapis. It is of the typical cobalt blue color.
The small grains of pyrite, often seen in
natural lapis, are lacking in the imitation
material. This, however, may not be taken
as a criterion for identification, since natu-
Gem stone garnet has passed through start up work before starting to grind or ral lapis does not necessarily carry pyrite.
several periods of high popularity. Pliny, saw. Truing a grinding wheel is primarily
the ancient, mentions the fact that garnet intended to make the wheel face run con- The new synthetic lapis is manufactured
(carbunculus) was difficult to carve as seals centric with its axis. Dressing a grinding in Germany. It is essentially a sintered
and intaglios, and that sealing wax had a wheel conditions its face, although the face spinel, colored a lapis blue by the use of a
tendency to adhere to the gem. Later the may not run true. Dressing may also be cobalt chemical. The manufactured ma-
great artists of the Renaissance produced carried out to bring new and sharp-cutting terial, with a hardness of close to eight, is
some fine pieces from garnet both as cam- grains to the surface. considerably harder than natural lapis. Its
eos and intaglios, despite the fact that the specific gravity (3.52) is also higher than
Before grinding any fragile stone, like a genuine lapis.
material is brittle and difficult to carve. valuable opal, the grinding wheel should
When quantities of gem quality garnet be checked for true running. It is also
were first found in the gem placers of Cey- customary for some cutters to dress the
lon, inferior stones often were sold at high wheel before working on valuable material. AUSTRALIAN
prices by unscrupulous dealers under the A grinding wheel, bumping roughly, may RHODONITE
name of Ceylon rubies. fracture a thin or fragile gem. Slabs—15c per square inch
In the days of Mary, Queen of Scots, * * * Rough—$1 per pound
garnet jewelry enjoyed great popularity; the (please add Federal Tax and Postage)
Queen wore a necklace of garnet cabochons The method of grinding spheres between VALLEY ART SHOPPE
at her marriage to the Dauphin. This two bare iron pipes is well known, and in 21108 Devonshire Blvd., Chatsworth, Calif.
piece of jewelry was worth 500 gold crowns, common use. Some operators cover the Phone Diamond 8-4607
a large sum in that age. ends of the iron pipes with heavy felt for
* * # the polishing operation. This method is
quite satisfactory, and is in wide use.
About the year 1600 the well known However, some sphere cutters prefer to
small but fine quality Bohemian garnets carry out the final polishing operation using
(pyrope) were first utilized for facet cut- hollow wooden tubes. This goes back to Heavy-Duty .Super Stand.
ting. These were found in abundance in the original technique long used in the Sup.-Chgd. Chgd. Chgd.
the fields around Prague. At the outset Orient centuries past. Bamboo is still used $ 11.55 $10.50
State 15.45 14.05
the rough stones had considerable value, but in the Orient for sphere work. Arbor 19.80 18.00
50 years later the production had reached The hollowed wooden tubes need not be Size 26.60 24.24
a point where the value was greatly reduced. covered with felt, and they have the ad- 41.60 36.50 33.20
46.80 41.60 37.80
The popularity of pieces of jewelry covered vantage in that they are fairly soft, and 76.50 52.15 47.40
with small facet-cut garnets lasted for many allow the polishing agent to work into the 84.90 57.75 52.50
years, until some 50 years ago. porous wood. A separate set of wooden 102.40 83.30 75.70
Send 179.10 Sis. tax
In recent years an effort has been made pipes should be reserved for each polishing Postage 267.60 in Calif.
in the gem trade to return the garnet to agent. Air floated tripoli is widely used, State arbor size—Send postage—Tax In Calif.
popularity. The gem is hard and wears well it is satisfactory for practically every gem
and is available in a wide variety of colors. material, and is low in cost. . i.. - ••-'.;.»«-rr""«»p.
* * * Almost any variety of wood may be used.
Present day gem cutters may be surprised Some sphere cutters prefer hardwood like
to scan old issues of mineral and gem maga- oak, but in general fir and pine are the
zines of some 55 and 60 years ago, and favorites. The polishing technique is the
note the curious advertisements. One we same as when iron pipes are used. One
have in mind is a commercial gem cutter tube is revolved by power, while the second Free Catalog shows 17 Covington -A-
advertising under the caption of "The Steam tube is held in hand. Small spheres, not vertical type grinders and polishers.
Lapidary." This was prior to the day when over two and three inches in diameter, 6 Covington Trim Saws
electric motors were in wide use. The copy may be ground and polished on horizontal lo choose from In latest
in the advertisement reads as follows: running tubes. The larger and much heav- ! Free Catalog.
We have a plant especially designed for ier tubes are best worked on vertical run-
cutting and polishing tourist and cabinet ning pipe.
material, and think we can do a little better
work than is usually done in this line. We For some years an imitation lapis lazuli,
have a very interesting line of polishing popularly known as "Swiss lapis," has been
material for sale. widely sold on the world markets. This
* * * material is a stain jasper.
Always turn on the coolant liquid and The new synthetic material is entirely
Select any one of 7
Covington Slab Saws
from latest Free Cata-

you w a Multl - Feature Lapl

dary Unit. Free Cat-
alog shows 8 Cov- m
ARE YOU LOOKING FOR THE PERFECT GIFT? ington H o r i z o n t a l *
models. J
Why not give a Gemmaster by Hillquist for Christmas and
start another "nut" in the fascinating hobby of gem making.
This precision machine, although small in size, is complete
with all accessories and supplies necessary to cut, grind, sand BUILD YOUR OWN
and polish gem stones. And all of this for only $47.50. LAP and save. Free
C a t a l o g shows 13
Build Your Own
Visit your local dealer or hobby shop to see the Gemmaster Items.
or send a post card for complete information on the Gemmaster
and the other 22 fine lapidary units by Hillquist. Send for latest Catalog showing Covington,
the largest lapidary equipment line In
America. IT'S FREE!.
Dept. D-9, 1545 West 49th St. Seattle 7, Wash. Covington Lapidary Eng.

DECEMBER, 1957 33
New officers of the Mineralogical Society

of Arizona are William E. Reed, president;
Susan Cummings, vice president; Emma
Jo Zimmerman, Donald Price, Perry Stuffle-
beam and Marvin Evans, directors. —
Rockhound Record

Califotn'ia fade Collecting k m Max Schacknies will head the Omaha,

Nebraska, Mineral and Gem Club for the
1957-58 club year. Also named to office
were Mrs. H. B. Bergquist, vice president;
Here are some of the best known jade 14. Humboldt Lagoons: black jade peb- Mercedes Eisele, secretary-treasurer; and
collecting areas in California: bles found here, possibly some green also. Carol Chapman, John Hufford, Harold
1. Cambria Pines: jade pebbles found —Jerry Hemrich in the Contra Costa, Cali- Davis and Herbert Metzger, directors.—
on beaches; material similar to Monterey fornia, Mineral and Gem Society's Bulletin Rear Trunk
2. San Simeon Creek: jade pebbles.
3. Salmon Creek: jade found at mouth
of creek.
4. Willow Creek and Jade Cove: main
sources of Monterey jade.
5. Porterville: jade is dark green and
polishes well; light green, and black speci-
mens also found.
6. Clear Creek: one of the few sources
of jadeite in the U.S.; most is unattractive
green veined with white but some of good
quality found along with colored jade.
7. Marin County and Sonoma County:
a bluish jade has been found at Massa Hill.
8. Georgetown, Placerville and Stifle
Memorial: not certain that material found
here is true jade, although it looks, cuts
and polishes like jade.
9. Feather River: float jade found here.
10. Wilbur Creek (Lake County-Colusa
County border): along with jade, an egg-
shell white mineral tentatively identified as
jadeite found here.
11. Covelo area: Williams Creek pro-
fRED COVE & Edition of our Encyclopedia
duces nephrite and occasionally jadeite; and Super-Catalog of the Lapidary & Jewelry Arts.
some of the jade from this location is YOU MAY PURCHASE THESE AT:
beautifully patterned; combination of jade
and hornblende also found. $1.95 for Paper Bound Copies
12. Eel River: blue jade found at Dos $2.95 for DELUXE Book Binding
Rios and Mina, but very scarce. A d d 25c for Domestic Postage & Packing or
13. Trinity River: beautiful green jade 50c for A. P. O.'s, Foreign, or U. S. Territories.
found in this stream, possibly best in Cali-
fornia. This is a book of 2 4 0 PAGES 8 / 2 " x 11" in
size, the equivalent of 4 8 0 regular textbook
size pages. EIGHT COLORS o f ink are used.
MARCASITE SPECIMENS THIS E N C Y C L O P E D I A is a handsome volume
Specimens of marcasite (iron sulphide) JEWELRY CRAFTSMAN and GEM (UTTER. It is an out- RING & ENCYCLOPEDIA
invariably oxidize in collections, freeing sul- standing N E W B O O K —not just 0 catalog. It is
phur to form an acid which attacks the excellent for SCHOOLS and their CRAFT
OFFER No. P-274
labels and trays and speeds disintegration of ONE PREMIUM OFFER No. P-274
the specimen. No satisfactory method of TEACHERS.
preventing this break-up has yet been found. NEITHER TIME, COST OR RESEARCH HAVE BEEN SPARED
Often confused with pyrite, marcasite is I STERLING SILVER RING set with a 10 x
distinguished by its greater solubility in
cold diluted nitric acid. It generally is AND SCOPE. IT SUGGESTS THINGS TO D O - T H E MOST your choice of following sizes: 4, 4 V2, 5,
whiter on a fresh surface than pyrite and, APPROVED METHODS OF DOING THEM AND IS FILLED 5V2, 6, 6V2, 7.7V2 or 8.
like it, harder (6-6Vi Mohs) than most other WITH ILLUSTRATIONS and INSTRUCTIONS DESIGNED to REGULAR VALUE $9.85. N O W $1.44
sulphide minerals.
FULFILL YOUR EVERY REQUIREMENT. WITH the purchase of an Encyclopedia.
Marcasite is associated with galena, spha-
lerite, calcite and dolomite. It has a metallic IT LISTS 2 2 0 0 items —machinery, tools, supplies YOU SAVE $8.41.
luster and is light brass-yellow in color.— for gem cutting ond jewelry making. Baroque gems, NOTE: Word your order like this:
Lockheed Employees' Rockcrafters' Psephite books, Jewelry metals and parts. Gilding metal and I No. P-274 (Ring with stone). . $1.44
copper forms for enameling. I need finger SIZE
BAROQUE JEWELRY D E A L E R S : SEND FOR Dealer Information I Encyclopedia No. TI2-I02 . . . 1.95
AN IDEAL GIFT FOR ANY OCCASION Here's What One Customer Says about TOTAL PRICE of Ring with
18 Stone Rhodeum Bracelet $ 7.50 our Encyclopedia. stone & Encyclopedia . . . $ 3 . 3 9
15 Stone Rhodeum Necklace 7.50 Your catalog & "Bible" is getting more valuable to me THIS IS THE MOST OUTSTANDING
Rhodeum Earrings to Match 2.50
every day. Removed my first batch of tumbled stones VALUE WE HAVE EVER OFFERED.
Matching Set of All Three 14.00 **Add 10% Fed. Tax to P-274.
yesterday and they turned out swell, thanks to your
Choice of Stones—Tigereye or Amethyst * Add 25c postage for Encyclopedia.
instructions in the "Bible".
These prices include tax & postage.
Please send cash—No C.O.D.s H. D. Bushey, Bakersfield, Calif.
Write for prices on other jewelry C a l i f o r n i a r e s i d e n t s K9-64 P l e a s e a d d4 % s a l e s t a x .
BOX 61

SWAP DAYS PLANNED The event takes place in Mule Canyon, The East Bay Mineral Society of Oakland,
Calico Mountains, Yermo, California. California, announced plans for its 20th
FOR MULE CANYON Annual Gem and Mineral Festival. The
* * *
November 30-December 1 dates have The South Gate, California, Mineral and show, whose theme will be "On the Lake,"
been set for the Annual Swap Days of the Lapidary Club's first annual show is sched- is scheduled for the Scottish Rite Temple,
Mojave Desert Gem and Mineral Society. uled for November 30-December 1, at the 1545 Oak Street, on May 17-18, 1958.
South Gate Park Auditorium. * * *
* * * Dates for the seventh annual San Luis
Comparison Mineral Specimens Scheduled for March 1-2 is the third Obispo, California, Gem and Mineral Club's
64 different 1" specimens, only $6.00 ppd. annual Pasadena, California, Lapidary So- show were set for March 15-16. The event
Send for FREE details on above offer,
PLUS 64 other 1" specimens, all available ciety's show. The event, which will include is scheduled to take place at the Veterans'
at 10 for $1.00! lapidary exhibits, working lapidary equip- Memorial Building at Grand Avenue and
California customers add 4% sales tax ment and special features, will be held in Mill Streets.
MINERALS UNLIMITED the Davies Memorial Building in Farns-
1724 University Avenue, Dept. D * * *
Berkeley 3, California worth Park, 568 East Mountain Curve, Al-
- > » I F YOU PURCHASE A COPY OF The Eastern Federation of Mineralogical
GRIEGER'S ENCYCLOPEDIA AND SUPER-CATALOG Societies recently announced that the South-
ern Appalachian Mineral Society of Ashe-
OF THE LAPIDARY AND JEWELRY ARTS ville, North Carolina, was selected as host
society for the 1958 show, scheduled for
Premiums ^ p R E M | U M OFFERS premium New officers of the Eastern Federation
offers are L. J. Pursifull of the Gem and Mineral
diowed REMEMBER: ONLY O N E PREMIUM W I T H EACH Society of Virginia Peninsula, president; J.
a r e NOT
only on ENCYCLOPEDIA ORDERED C. McClure, Miami Mineral and Gem So-
RETRO- ciety, vice president; Mrs. Elsie Kane
"JEW ORDERS. Premiums must be Requested at time of Order ACTIVE. White, Gem Cutters Guild of Baltimore,
When you buy one of the FOLLOWING PREMIUMS, y o u save enough to pay for the secretary; and Sam Brown, Newark Lapi-
dary Society, treasurer.—Gem Cutters News
The varied colors and combinations of
color of tourmaline probably exceed that of
any other gem. The color suite of this gem
stone includes practically every shade and
tint of the solar spectrum. Crystals are
found with colors in single hue or in poly-
chrome; with colors delicately shaded from
one to another or sharply contrasted; some-
P-290 P-291 P-292 P-293 P-294 P-295 times with colors zoned concentrically such
as a red core encircled with a white zone
followed by a green outer border, or other
STK YOU YOU combinations.
NO. DESCRIPTION PAY SAVE It has been said that no flower displays
P-248 Titania Round Brilliant Gem \]/A els. $9.50 Value $ 4.50 $ 5.00 the entire range of color seen in tourma-
P-290 Green Burmese Jade Fantail Fish. $2.75 Value 79(5 $ 1.96 line. This variance of color confused early
P-291 SYN Aquamarine IOxl2mm Oct. Facet. $2.10 Value
students of gems and resulted in a different
39< $ 1.71 name for each color variety, the use of
P-292 Floral Carved Tiger Eye 24mm round. $2.75 Value 79^ $ 1.96 which persists. For example, rose or pink
tourmaline is called rubellite; blue, Brazil-
P-293 Heavy Sterling Ring — Simulated Star Sapphire lian sapphire; indigo-blue, indicolite; green,
Available sizes 7 thru 12. $3.60 Value $ 1.59 $ 2.01 Brazillian emerald; honey-yellow, Celonese
peridot; black, schorl; violet, siberite; brown,
P-294 I Pair %" Rock Crystal Pagoda Eardrops. $2.20 Value 69<J $ 1.51 dravite; and colorless, achroite.—George E.
P-295 Three Rock Crystal Facet Gems —18mm Round. 15mm Heart,
Smith in the Oklahoma Mineral and Gem
Society's Sooner Rockologist
18mm Octagon. Reg. $6.00 Value 89- $ 5.11
P-296 12" Felker Diamond Blade. Reg. $24.25 Value $22.30 $ 1.95
State arbor hole size.
P-298 Tin Oxide —I Ib. Box. Regular $2.65 Value $ 1.19 $ 1.46
P-299 Sanding Cloth - 1 5 ft. roll (3"x) 220 grit. S2.25 Value GEM AND MINERAL SOCIETY
99s! $ 1.26
P-300 Sanding Cloth — 8 " Discs-220 grit. 5 for $1.00 Value 514 OF BARSTOW
P-301 Grieger's perfection Polishing Powder. I Ib. box. $3.30 Value
$ 1.35 $ 1.95 INVITES YOU TO ITS
P-302 BELIEVE IT OR NOT-Sterling Pendant 22x30mm.
$ 1.0

Regular $1.25 Value
P-303 Bell Caps —7 prong Filigree with soldered ring.
Gold Plated. Regular 95i dozen Value
69(< 1.16
P-304 Sterling Silver 3 " x l " 18 ga. Reg. $1.85 Value
P-305 Dop Cement-Green Devil —I Ib. Reg. $1.50 Value

ADD 10%


P-296 P-298 P-299 P-300 P-301 P-305 NOVEMBER 30—DECEMBER 1
C a l i f o r n i a r e s i d e n t s — P l e a s e a d d 4 % s a l e s t a x .

" GRIEGEITS, Inc. Mule Canyon. Calico Mts.

Near Yermo. California

DECEMBER, 1957 35

GEfll fliflRT A D V E R T I S I N G R A T E
12c a word . . . Minimum $2.00
gemmy cleavage crystals $1 postpaid.
Gene Curtiss, 911 Pine Street, Benton,
12 POUNDS OF beautiful Colorado min-
BOOKS - MAGAZINES DINOSAUR BONE. Gem quality colorful eral specimens, $8.00 prepaid. Ask for
agatized, jasperized, opalized bone 50c list of others. Jack the Rockhound, P. O.
HAVE REAL FUN with desert gems, min- pound. Also beautiful red lace agate $1 Box 245, Carbondale, Colorado.
erals and rocks. The rockhound's how-to- pound. Postage extra. Gene Stephen,
do-it magazine tells how. One year (12 Route 2, Grand Junction, Colorado. BEGINNER'S MINERAL Study set — 20
issues) only $3.00. Sample 25c. Gems rocks, minerals, ores. Descriptive folio
and Minerals, Box 687-D, Mentone, Calif. FIRE AGATES now by the pound. Field included. Exceptional. $2.00 postpaid.
run $1.50 pound; selected $3 pound. Min- Mineral Lore, P. O. Box 155, Del Rosa,
THE BOOK of Mineral Photographs, 118 imum order 2 pounds. Please add postage. California.
pages, octavo, over one hundred pages B&H Rock Shop, 29 Cherry Lane, Gran-
of excellent illustrations of fine minerals bury, Texas. FOSSILS. 12 different for $2. Other prices
and rocks with descriptions. Indexed. on request. Will buy, sell or trade. Mu-
$1.68 postpaid. B. M. Shaub, 159 Elm WE ARE MINING every day. Mojave seum of Fossils, Clifford H. Earl, P. O.
Street, Northampton, Massachusetts. Desert agate, jasper and palm wood, Box 188, Sedona, Arizona.
shipped mixed 100 pounds $10.50 F.O.B.
Barstow. Morton Minerals & Mining, GOLD QUARTZ specimens for sale. Ex-
CUT-POLISHED-TUMBLED GEMS 21423 Highway 66, R.F.D. 1, Barstow, tremely rich gold quartz from a produc-
California. ing Mother Lode mine. These specimens
LARGE VARIETY mixed tumbled stones have been hand picked for their excel-
—Tigereye, agates, obsidian, palm root, lence as collectors' items. $2 and up
quartz. 40-60 stones in pound—only $4. OPALS, DEEP red, blue, green, golden, postpaid. Also fine quality gold nuggets
Free: matched preforms with every flashing in all colors of the rainbow, $2 and up. Dell Riebe, P.O. Box 46,
pound purchased. Cash or money orders, direct from the mine, 15 for $5.00. 10 Grass Valley, California.
tax paid. Sid's Originals, Route 1, Box ringsize stones, (opal, amethyst, etc.)
369, Beaumont, California. ground and polished, ready to set $5.00. NEW FREE price list of the Continental
Kendall, Sanmiguel d'Allende, Guana- Minerals is now available. You can se-
GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color, juato, Mexico. lect a number of interesting fine crystal,
blue and bluish green, cut and polished or massive mineral specimens. Prompt
Cabochons —• 25 carats (5 to 10 stones ROUGH INDIA star ruby, dopped, oriented. attention will be given to your order.
according to size) $3.50 including tax, Ready to cut and polish. With instruc- P.O. Box 1206, Anaconda, Montana.
postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats (10 tions $3.00. Price list free. Jack Schuller,
to 20 cabochons) $6.15 including tax, 616-D Overfull, Park Ridge, Illinois.
postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem & Mineral CINNABAR-STAINED STONES
Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd., Long Beach JUREANO WOOD, gem quality. 65c plus
2, California. postage. Rates on 100 lb. lots to dealers. MAKE ATTRACTIVE CABS
A. B. Cutler, Box 32, Salmon, Idaho. Beautiful cabochons can be cut from un-
QUEEN OF baroques—highly polished des- Slabs, tumbled, J. E. Cutler, Gearhart, flawed pieces of cinnabar-stained agate,
ert roses (chalcedony), VA to 1". $4.00 Oregon. jasper, chert, feldspar and opalite, but such
pound. Singles, 25c to $1. Dealers in- cutting material is scarce. Cinnabar in ag-
quire. C. Earl Napier, Box 153, Boulder MINNESOTA AGATE baroque, 1/2 "-1V4"; ate or quartz is called myrakite.
City, Nevada. good percentage suitable cabochons—5 Cinnabar or mercury sulphide is the
lbs. $5.35 ppd. Superior Agates, Box principal ore of mercury. Its color varies
SPECIAL GET ACQUAINTED offer. Gem 1094, St. Paul 5, Minnesota. from red to brown to dull gray, but when
turquoise. Tumble polished nuggets. 2 tested by the streak test method, will always
oz., $3.00. Approximately 100 pieces. show up red. A soft ore (hardness of 2 to
Tumbled pre-forms for cufflinks and DEALERS
2.5), cinnabar has a high specific gravity of
earrings. Squares and triangles. From VISIT ROY'S ROCK SHOP 101 Highway, approximately 8.1, making it one of the
Vi inch to 1 inch approx. Green moss Trinidad, California. Agates, thunder- heaviest of all minerals.
agate, aventurine, bloodstone, from In- eggs, minerals, rough materials, baroques, Though cinnabar usually is in massive
dia. Many other kinds. All kinds of findings, preforms, polish specimens, form, occasionally it occurs in crystals of
baroques. Do it yourself kits. Write wholesale retail dealers send one dollar deep red color. Some of the crystals may
for free list. Plomosa Gem Co., Box 70, for samples and price list. Box 133. be transparent, others opaque to translu-
Quartzsite, Arizona. cent. Their structure generally is rhombo-
VISIT GOLD Pan Rock Shop. Beautiful hedral, though six-sided prisms have been
OPALS AND SAPPHIRES direct from sphere material, gems, mineral specimens, found. Regardless of shape, a good speci-
Australia. Special — this month's best choice crystals, gem materials, jewelry, men of crystalline cinnabar should be a
buy: cut opals ready for mounting: 6 baroques, etc. Over 100 tons of material worthwhile addition to any collection.
solid white red opals, 6 black opal doub- to select from. John and Etta James, Crystals large enough to facet sometimes
lets, 6 transparent green opals. 18 gems proprietors, 2020 N. Carson Street, Car- are available from dealers, but the extreme
together over 30 carats airmailed for son City, Nevada. softness of the material and small size of
$18. Send personal check, international even the largest crystals would make such
money order, bank draft. Free 16 page HUNT IN our rock yard. Agate, jasper an operation very difficult.—Gerald Hem-
list of all Australian Gemstones. Austra- and wood. Rocks for jewelry and decora- rich in the East Bay Mineral Society's Bul-
lian Gem Trading Co., 49 Elizabeth tions. Pollard at Green's Little Acre letin
Street, Melbourne, Australia. Trailer Park. Route 80, 6 miles east El
Cajon, California.
AGATE, JASPER, wood, gem grade, very
DESERT ROCKS, woods, jewelry. Resi-
dence rear of shop. Rockhounds wel-
come. Mile west on U.S. 66. McShan's
colorful. Two pounds $1.00. Ten pounds Gem Shop and Desert Museum. P.O. FROM THE GEM AND MINERAL WORLD
$4.50 pp. Preston, Star Route, Box A-23, Box 22, Needles, California.
Grants, New Mexico. "Daylight Saving originated when an old
ROCKS—opposite West End Air Base, ag- Indian chopped off one end of his blanket
TURQUOISE FOR SALE. Turquoise in the ate, woods, minerals, books, local infor- and sewed it on the other end to make it
rough priced at from $5 to $50 a pound. mation. No mail orders please. Iron- longer."—Long Beach, California, Mineral
Royal Blue Mines Co., Tonopah, Nevada. wood Rock Shop, Highway 60-70 West and Gem Society's Mineral News
of Blythe, California. * * *
COLORADO MINERAL specimens, cut- "The grapevine is a marvelous thing—
ting and tumbling materials. Send 2 cent PETOSKEY AGATE Shop, Gould City, not only from it do we get grapes — but
stamp for list and terms. Dealers please Michigan. Petoskey stones, rough or pol- also we get gripes."—Glen Gipson in the
write for wholesale list. John Patrick, ished. Petoskey stone jewelry. Floyd Arrowhead Mineralogical Society's Arrow
Idaho Springs, Colorado. Irwin, Manager. Points

RESOLUTIONS ADOPTED BY DAROLD HENRY ISSUES Elected to direct the activities of the re-
cently organized Pomona, California, Rock-
BELLFLOWER GEM CLUB REVISED GEM TRAIL BOOK hounds, were Tom Starkey, president; Fred
As a new season of club activity begins, A completely revised third edition of Warren, vice president; Leona Perdew, sec-
the Bellflower, California, Gem and Min- Darold J. Henry's California Gem Trails retary; and John Salado, treasurer. Club
eral Society is asking all members to pledge now is available to field trip enthusiasts. membership totals 75.
themselves to the following resolutions: Henry, a California naturalist, mineralo- • • •
I will welcome guests personally — at gist and educator, is well known for his Granite used in the construction of the
meetings and on trips. many contributions to the rockhound hobby. Mormon Temple at Salt Lake City was
I will be prompt to meetings and en- From the state's Oregon border down found in the canyons of the Wasatch Moun-
courage others to be prompt. through the coast and valley regions to tains about 20 miles from the temple site.
I will encourage interest in our hobby the Mexican border, Henry describes and Eruptions and glacier activity had isolated
among my friends, knowing well that I will maps the most productive gem fields. Mixed enormous boulders which were chiseled out
be doing them a favor. with the narrative is much "rockhound with hand drills and transported by oxen to
I will be a considerate, friendly, cooper- talk" and the type of humor that enlivens the building site. Four yokes of oxen were
ative rockhound — even when no one is many a desert campfire get-together. required for each block, and the 20-mile
watching. Henry very thoroughly covers the desert trip took three or four days.—Matrix
• • • scene, including the Chuckawalla Springs,
Wiley Well, Calico Mountains, Mule Can-
UNDERGROUND A-BOMB MAY yon, Yermo and other famous collecting
The recent underground atomic bomb
explosion at the AEC's southern Nevada
areas. Whether you travel the gem trails
or not, you will find worth in Henry's
Published by Lowell R. Gordon, Long
Beach, California; 101 pages; $2.50. This
test site probably produced a fortune in book is available from Desert Crafts Shop,
rubies and sapphires. STANDARD OF VALUE
Palm Desert, California. Please add 8c
An abundance of rhyolite and all the postage; California purchasers add 4 per-
other necessary ingredients were present, cent sales tax. BUY THE BEST
atomic energy experts reported, and the FOR LESS
heat of the shot undoubtedly fused the Congo Dia Blades — Sizes
stones into gems. There even is the possi-
bility that diamonds were produced by the CRYSTALS TAKE ON LUSTER Range from 4" to 24" In
Light, Standard, Heavy
The trouble, so far as present day rock- and Extra Heavy duty.
hounds are concerned, is that the area in To give non-water soluble crystals added
which the explosion occurred is now so brilliance, bathe them in the following so- Highland
radioactive that it will be unsafe to ap- lution:
proach for at least 100 years. Dissolve quarter cup of "Raindrops" in Park
The explosion took place 900 feet under- two quarts of hot water. Add and dissolve Trim Saws
ground and at the end of a twisted 2000- two rounded tablespoons of "Spick and C o m p a c t and
foot tunnel.—Reese River Reveille Span." Let cool until comfortable to the rugged for long
touch and immerse crystals. Let stand for lasting service.
• • • two or three minutes and then remove. li-'l Trim Saw
For the first time in history, a gem and Especially dirty crystals can be lightly
mineral show was held in conjunction with scrubbed with a soft toothbrush. After
the recent Utah State Fair. Sponsoring the removing from solution, rinse thoroughly A Leader
event was the Wasatch Gem Society in under running water. Let stand on paper
cooperation with the Golden Spike Gems towels to dry. — Montebello, California,
In Its Field
and Mineral Society of Ogden, the Minera- Mineral and Lapidary Society's The Brag- Highland Park J'ower-feed
logical Society of Salt Lake City, the Castle gin' Rock Slab Saws. Sizes range
Valley Gem Society and other individuals. from 12" to 24". Metal
—Millard County Chronicle or Lucite hood.

A good way to carry home small speci-

mens found in the field, such as crystals,
thumbnail specimens and micromounts, is
in an egg carton. Place cotton or tissue in
Offers unlimited opportunity for rock collector or Ura-
nium prospector. Make it your career or hobby. We train
Highland Park Combination Unit
Available in all sizes. Perfect Combination
each of the egg compartments to protect you at home. Diploma course. Send for Free Catalog. Unit for Lapidary work. Handles sawing,
the specimens. These cartons are easy to MINERAL SCIENCE INSTITUTE grinding, sanding and polishing. Excep-
tionally quiet operation.
carry.—Rockhound News and Views Desk 7 • 159 E. Ontario • Chicago 11

Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla K-10 Combination Unit

Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry Arbors of all sizes — Tumblers, two
models. Wet and dry belt sanders—
Lapidary units in two different sizes.
Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings
The most complete line of lapidary machin-
SPECIALLY SELECTED STONES WITH ery offered by any manufacturer. See these
at your local Highland Park dealer or write
for free literature.
Write for Folder With Prices A Product of


235 East Seaside Blvd. Long Beach 2 , California
Across from West End of Municipal
Auditorium Grounds
1009-1011 Mission Street
Hours 10 a.m. to 9 p.m. Daily Except Monday South Pasadena, California

DECEMBER, 1957 37

A Kirk, Ruth, Exploring Death Valley C

Febp43 Cain, H. Thomas Sep p25
Abbot, Ed Nov p22 Klauber, Laurence M., Rattlesnakes, their Camp Willows, Arizona
Access Road on Colorado R. for Rivermen Feb p8
Habits, Life Histories, and Influence on Canyons—
Julpl2 Mankind May p41
Acton, California Feb p l l Cave Canyon, Mojave River Jun pl8
Lake, Stuart N., The Life and Times of Glen Canyon Jan p9, Apr p4
Alvarado, Jose Sr. and Jr Jan pl3 Wyatt Earp Jan p43 Horseshoe Canyon, Utah
Animals- Oct plO
Lesure, Thomas B., Adventures in Ari- Titus Canyon, California Jan pl2
Burros Dec p5 zona Apr p43 Carlson, Vada F., Author of—Missionary
Kit fox Sep p27 Look, Al, U-Boom Mar p43
Rabbits, Hares Nov p25 to the Navajos Jul pl9
McKenney, Wilson, On the Trail of Peg- Carlson, Vada F. (Close-ups) Jul pl8
Skunks Jul p24 leg Smith's Lost Gold. Oct p43 Cassidy, Butch
Underground dwelling animals Apr p20 Oct p5
Manly, Wm. Lewis, The Jayhawkers' Castle Park, Colorado May p4
Antiquities Laws Nov pl7 Oath and Other Sketches Sep p41 Cholla Bay on Gulf of California -Oct pl8
Appleby, C. R., Author of—Vacation in Marshall, W. Taylor, Introduction to Des- Chuckawalla Spring, California
Baja California Jun pl3 Jan p4
ert Plants — Mar p41 Conrotto, Eugene L., Author of—
Appleby, C. R. (Close-ups) Jun p20 Miller, Joseph, Arizona: The Last Fron-
Apple Valley, California Jul p7 Cactus Without the Thorns Jul plO
tier Jun p43 Banded Rhyolite in Baja's Pinto Basin
Arnold, Philip Feb p4 Nininger, Dr. H. H. Arizona's Meteorite
Ashbaugh, Don, Author of—Crystal Springs Sep pi3
Crater Jun p43 Agate Wonderland in the Cadys Nov p l l
in Nevada 1 Nov pl6 O'Neal, Lulu Rasmussen, A Peculiar Converse, George
Ashbaugh, Don (Close-ups) Nov. p20 May p21
Piece of Desert Sep p43 Cornia, Frances and Zeke Jul p7
Atwater, Jane, Author of—They Harvest Parker, Dr. Horace, Anza-Borrego Desert Courtney, Stephen
Desert Glass May pl4 Jul p21
Guide Book Dec p43 Crooked Creek Laboratory, White Moun-
Parsons, Mary, and Margaret W. Buck, tains, California Jun p5
B The Wild Flowers of California Apr p43 Crucero, California Nov pl4
Baja California Vacation Jun pl3 Reinfeld, Fred, Treasures of the Earth Crustacea and Mollusca Oct pl7
Ball, Al and Hubert Lowman, Authors of— Jan p43
We Saw a Rockfall in Glen Canyon Sales, Father Luis, Observations on Cali- D
Jan p9 fornia Jul p43 Dake, Dr. H. C , Author of—Amateur Gem
Barstow, California, Syncline Mar p7 Schiel, Dr. James, The Land Between Cutter Series—every issue
Betsworth, June Haines, Author of—Water Oct p43 Deming, O. V. Author of—The Antiquities
from a Cup to Save Porky's Life-Apr p24 Scott, Carroll Dewilton, Here's Don Coy- Laws and You Nov pl7
Birds— ote Mar p l l Deming, O. V. (Close-ups) Nov p20
Gila Woodpecker Dec pl7 Swanson, Donald W. and William Van Desert Gardening—
Mearn's Gilded Flicker Dec pl7 der Ley, Uranium Prospecting, A Com-
Nesting cavities in Saguaros Dec pl7 plete Manual Aug p43 Citrus Fruit
Domesticating desert natives
Apr p25
Aug p9
Shrike Sep pl7 West, Ray B. Jr., Kingdom of the Saints Hedges for the home May p9
Underground Dwelling Birds Apr p20 Sep p41 Irrigation System Apr pl3
Watering Habits of Birds Jan pl9 Woodbury, Dr. Angus M., Comfort for Native plants Nov p24
Bean, Judge Roy Jun p l l Survival Aug p43 Desert Glass May pi4, p28
Beard, Katherine ^Jul pl9 Woods, Betty, 101 Trips in the Land of
Bernhard, Edward Jul p21 Enchantment Mar p43 Diamond, Dick Oct p28
Downs, Roy Jul p21
Birdwatching Jan pl9 Woodward, Arthur, The Journal of Lt. Duckwater Meteor Crater, Railroad Valley,
Bixler, Lena Gamble, Author of—Desert Thomas W. Sweeny Jan p43
Nevada Dec plO
Plants Grow in Our Garden Nov p24 Botany—
Bixler, Lena Gamble (Close-ups)-Now p20 Ammobroma Aug p28 Duckwater Valley, Nevada Aug p24
Blackford, John L., Author of — Walnut Bare root plantings Jan p28 DuShane, Helen, Author of—Marine Treas-
Bristlecone Pine Jun p8 ures from the Beach at Punta Penasco
Canyon Jan p2 .._.. Octpl7
Blake, Isaac E. Oct. p25 Burro Straw Dec p24
Castilleja Aug p29 E
Book Reviews— Chuparosa Aug p9
Allan, David and Vinson Brown, An Il- Citrus Fruit for the home garden Apr p25 Eden, James Sep p5
lustrated Guide to Common Rocks and Dodder Aug p27 Elgin, Arizona Feb p28
Rock Forming Minerals. Jan p43 Euphorbias Dec p26 F
—, Rocks and Minerals of California and Exotic domestic flowers Mar p24 Ferguson, H. N., Author of—The Great
Their Stories Feb p43 Fruit Trees Jan p29 Diamond Hoax of 1872
Belden, Burr, Goodbye, Death Valley Feb p4
Hedge Plants May p9 Ferguson, H. N. (Close-ups) Feb p22
Jan p43 Latex producing plants Dec p24 Fish Springs, California
Burt, Olive, Jim Beckwourth, Crow Chief Dec p21
Locoweed, Scarlet Aug p9 Fisk, Jim Oct p24
Nov p43 Mexican Jumping Bean Dec p26 Flash flood
Butcher, Devereux, Seeing America's Wild- Jun pl2
Milkweed Dec p24 Ford, Walter, Author of Historic Desert
life in Our National Refuges Oct. p43 Mistletoe Aug p29
—•, Exploring our National Parks and Waterholes Series—
Mojave Claret Cup Aug p9 VII Paradise Springs on the Mojave
Monuments Nov. p43 Native plants for landscaping Nov p24 Jul p6
Cain, Ella M., The Story of Bodie Jul p43 Ocotillo : Aug p9 VIII Yaqui Well Aug pl6
Caine, Ralph L., Lost Desert Gold Organ Pipe Cactus Sep p9 IX Marl Spring Sep p24
Feb. p43 Orobanche Aug p28 X (See Ashbaugh, Don)
Crampton, Frank A., Deep Enough, a Parasitic desert plants Aug p27 XI Fish Springs in the Salton Sink Dec p21
Working Stiff in the Western Mine Camps Pholisma . ,__Aug p28 Fossils
Jun p43 Pilostyles Aug p27 Fraizer, Carrie S., Author of — Dec p9
Dake, H. C , Northwest Gem Trails Prickly Poppy Dec p26
Febp37 Rattlesnake Weed Dec p26 Homestead in 1913 Feb p28
Ferguson, Robert G., Lost Treasure, The Roses Jan p28 Fraizer, Carrie S. (Close-ups) Feb p22
Search for Hidden Gold Aug p43 Saguaro Dec pl7 Frauenberger, Frank and Fannie Feb pl2
Gerhard, Peter and Howard E. Gulick, Saline specialized plants May p l l Frost, Fern and Kent Oct p5
Lower California Guidebook May p43 Scarlet Bugler Aug p9 G
Heald, Weldon F., Scenic Guide to Cali- Senita Cactus Sep p8
fornia Sep p43 Spineless CactLJul plO, Sep p28, Oct p30 Gems and Minerals, Collecting Areas—
Henry, Darold J., California Gem Trails Stephanomeria Dec p24 Barstow, California, Syncline Mar p7
Dec p37 Trees for the home Feb p24 Cady Mountains, California JNov p l l
Jaeger, Edmund C , The North American Bradt, George M., Author of—King Snake Chuckawalla Spring, California Jan p4
Deserts Dec p41 Is Immune to Poison Jun p28 Inkopah Gorge, California Jun p21
Johnson, H. Cyril, Scenic Guide to Ari- Burbank, Luther Jul plO Nevada Collecting Laws
zona ~-Sep p43 Burro Sanctuary, California Dec p5 Feb p37, Apr p37

Pancake Range, Nevada Dec p8 Hockey, Edith M. (Close-ups) Dec pl8 Rough Rock Indian Ruins Aug pl7
Pinto Basin, Baja California Sen pl3 Holes in the Desert Apr p20 Walnut Canyon, Arizona Jan p2
Ravenna, California Feb p l l Homesteading— Indians, Tribes—
Yellow Cat Area, Utah Jul p4 Arizona Homestead in 1913 Feb p28 Jemez Jul pl4
Gems and Minerals, Specimens— Jackrabbit Homestead Policy Change Navajo Oil Development Oct p34
Agate..Feb p l l , Aug p24, Nov p l l , Dec Sepp29 Navajos in Monument Valley Aug p4
p8 Hovetter, Ray Jan pl6 Paiute May p32
Chalcedony Roses Dec p8 Hubbard, Anthony G. .May pl8 Sand Papagos Sep p8
Fossilized Bone Jul p4 Huntington, John and Sybil Jan p23 Taos Pueblo Jul pl6
Garnet Crystals Jun p21 Hutchison, Ted, Author of—Red Blossoms Indians, Welfare—
Geodes Jan p4, Dec p8 in Your Desert Garden Aug p9
Gizzard Stones Jul p4 Hutchison, Ted (Close-ups)... Aug p30 Navajo ..Mar pi4, Jul pl9
Jasper Mar p7, Dec p8 Insects—
Petrified Wood Jul p4 I Ants Mar p21
Quartz Feb p l l Indians, Arts and Crafts— Eleodid Beetle Feb pl5
Rhyolite Sep pl3 Begay, Harrison Dec pl3 Underground Dwelling Insects Apr p20
Geology— Buffalo Trading Post Jul p7 I
Barstow, California, Syncline.. Mar p7 Giant Desert Figures Nov p5
Ghost Towns— Katchina Dolls ..Sep pl9 Jaeger, Edmund C , Author of On Desert
Ballarat, California Nov p2 Indians, Ceremonials— Trails with a Naturalist Series—
Calico, California Dec p22 Katchinas Sep pl9 XXXIII When Birds Come for Water
Crystal Springs, Nevada.- —Nov pl6 Powamuya or Bean Ceremony.Sep p20 Jan p19
Dale, California Apr pl7 Smoki Ceremonials Aug p l l XXXIV Beetle that Stands on Its Head
Gold Creek, Nevada Feb pl7 Indians, Education— .Feb p 15
Hudson, Nevada May pl4 Chinle School... Jan p21 XXXV The Busy World of Desert Ants
Leadfield, California Jan p l l Mar p21
Manvel (Barnwell), California__._Oct p24 Indians, Food— XXXVI Denizens of the Desert Under-
Marietta, Nevada Mar pl7 Rabbit Hunts Nov p25 world Apr p20
Mazuma, Nevada Jan p25 Indians, Government— XXXVII Plants that Thrive in Saline Soils
Vanderbilt, California Oct p24 Parker Reservation Development Lease May p l l
Victor-Cripple Creek, Colorado—Jan p25 Signed Oct pl6 XXXVIII The Upside Down Mojave
Giant Figures, Blythe, California—Apr p42 Indians, Legends— River Jun pl8
Gibson, Capt. R. A Oct. p27 Beetle That Stands on Its Head Feb pl5 XXXIX Their Odor is only a Weapon
Gila Monster bite, reaction to Sep p l l Indians, Personalities— for Defense Jul p24
Gila Wilderness Area, New Mexico Feb p9 Begay, Harrison Nov pl3 XL Parasites of the Desert World
Glen Canyon Dam Apr p4, Jun p20 Geronimo May p2 Aug p27
Gold Creek News Feb pi8 Iretaba (Puncher Bob) .Nov p21 XLI Feathered Neighbors of the Desert
Goulding, Harry Aug p4 Mahone, Jim Feb p8 Domain Sep pl7
Greene, Art Jan p9, Aug pl7 Pancho Jan pl3 XLII Insects that Sing in Desert Summer
Gulf of California Oct pl8 Indians, Prehistoric— Heat Oct p21
H Antiquities Laws Nov pl7 XLIII Long-Eared Denizens of the Desert
Halacy, D. S. Jr., Author of — 'Solar Giant Figures Apr p42, Nov p5 Nov p25
Wrought" Jewelry From an Inexpensive Land of Standing Rocks, Utah, Picto- XLIV Desert Plants that Give Milk
Sun-powered Kiln May p35 graphs Oct p9 Dec p24
Hansen, Chris Jun p27
Harpending, Asbury Feb p5
Heald, Weldon and Randall Henderson,
Authors of — He Would Preserve the
Primitive Wilderness Feb p9
Heard Museum, Phoenix Sep p25
Henderson, Randall, Author of—
We Took the Old Trail to Chuckawalla
Spring Jan p4
More Garden with Less Water..h^x pl3
Traders in Apple Valley Jul p7
With Harry Goulding in Mystery Valley
Aug p4
We Camped in the Land of the Standing
Rocks Oct p5
Giant Desert Figures Have Been Restored
_ Nov p5
High Altitude Research Jun p5
Highways and Roads-^-
Baja California Highway Jun pl3
Crucero Road, from Ludlow, California
Nov p 12 You Are Cordially Invited . . .
Diablo, El Camino del Oct pl8, Dec p20
Four Corners Monument, directions to . . . to visit and enjoy the outstanding exhibit of Southwestern
Aug p22
Glen Canyon Route Apr p7 art in the spacious foyers of Desert Magazine's beautiful Pueblo
Highway 80, Inkopah Gorge, California along Highway 111 between Palm Springs and Indio, California.
Jun p21 The finest work of more than fifty of the Southwest's best known
Kane Creek, Utah, Jeep Road Jul pl2 artists make up this ever changing display.
Monument Valley road improvements
Aug p4 Visitors are always welcome at the admission-free Desert
New Mexico Back Country Highways
Jul p 13 Magazine art gallery which is open seven days a week from 9
Punta Penasco to Sonoyta Road, Mexico a.m. to 5 p.m.
Oct p 18
White Mountain, Calif., Road Jun p5 Adjoining the art gallery is the Desert Book and Crafts Shop
History— where the best of current Southwestern books are available for
Great Diamond Hoax of 1872....Feb p4 your reading enjoyment. Visitors may browse at will in the rest-
Hole-in-the-Rock-Crossing Apr p22, May
p26 ful atmosphere of the gallery and book shop.
Judge Roy Bean Jun p l l
World War II Maneuvers in Southeastern Friend or Stranger, you are welcome here.
California ... Mar p4
Hockey, Edith M.. Author of—My Desert
Awakening ... Dec pl6

DECEMBER, 1957 39
Jaeger, Edmund C. (Close-ups) Sep plO Maps, Nevada— Gem Stone Trails in the Pancake Range
Jaeger, Edmund C Dec p22 Gold Creek—Feb pl8 Dec p8
Janin, Henry Feb p6 Marietta and Teel's Marsh—Mar pl8 Murbarger, Nell (Close-ups)..May pl6, Jul
Jasper, James A., Author of—Pegleg's Mine Pancake Range—Dec plO pl8
—Fact or Fable? Mar pl5 Sawtooth Knob—Jan p24 Mystery Valley, Utah Aug p4
Jasper, James A. (Close-ups) Mar pl2 Maps, New Mexico-y N
Julian, C. C. Jan p l l Santa Fe Loop Trip—Jul pl4 Nuestra Senora de Loreto de San Marcelo
K Maps, Utah— Mission Sep p9
Diamond Mountain Area—Feb p4
Kanab, Utah Apr p5 Kane Creek Jeep Road—Jul pl2 O
Kennedy, Jessie Callan, Author of—Deco- Land of the Standing Rocks—Oct p6 Organizations—
rative Desert Hedges May p9 Yellow Cat Area—Jul p4 Desert Protective Council — Apr back
Kennedy, Jessie Callan (Close-ups)May pl6 Martin, "Uncle" Hugh Feb p20 cover, Dec p22
Kerr, Earl May p20 Mattmueller, Rosella, Author of—Painted Flagstaff Mission to the NavajosJul pl9
Killgore, Jean Page, Author of — In His Dolls of the Hopi Tribesmen Sep pl9 Smoki People of Prescott, Ariz...Aug p l l
Memory, a New Town Nov p9 Mattmueller, Rosella (Close-ups).Sep plO Outdoor Advertising Nov p4
Killgore, Jean Page (Close-ups) Nov p20 May, Tom, Author of—The Treasure We P
King, Clarence Feb p6 Value Most Jul p27
Kino, Eusebio Oct pl7 May, Tom (Close-ups) Jul pl8 Page, Arizona Nov p9
Kuhns, Arthur Sep pi5 Mayflower, Collis Nov p5 Page, John Chatfield -Nov p9
L Meling Ranch, Baja California Jul p21 Palmer, George A. Nov p6
Landmarks— Mendivil, Jose Maria May pl7 Parker, George Aug pl7
Doll House, Standing Rocks, Utah. Oct p8 Merrill, Arthur J. Oct pl2 Parks-Monuments
Giant Desert Figures, Blythe, California Miller, Ronald D., Author of—The Virginia Bandelier—Apr p2, Jul pl6
Nov p5 Dale's Two Forgotten Towns Apr pl7 Burro Sanctuary, California—Dec p5
Gong and Gavel, Standing Rocks, Utah Miller, Ronald D. (Close-ups) Apr p22 Coronado State Park, N. M.—Jul pl4
Oct cover, p8 Mining— Death Valley National Monument—Dec
Mushroom Rock, Death Valley Mar p28 Borax at Teel's Marsh Mar pl9 p6
Tapestry Slab, Standing Rocks, Utah Conover Mine Feb p l l El Morro National Monument—Mar p23
.___ Oct p7 Doodle Bug Test—Jun p24, Jul p29, Oct Geronimo Monument—May p2
Totem Pole, Standing Rocks, Utah p29 Monument Valley Park, proposed—Aug
Oct p 10 El Boleo Copper Co. Jun pl6 p4
Leadabrand, Russ, Author of— Gold Camps in New York Mountains, Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument—
___. Boom and Bust at Leadfield Jan p l l California Oct p25 Sep p4
Burro Sanctuary on the Mojave... Dec p5 Gold Creek Mining Co Feb pl8 Paako State Monument, New Mexico—
Leopold, Aldo Feb p9 Great Diamond Hoax of 1872 Feb p4 Jul pl4
Lesure, Thomas B., Author of—When the Lead Ore at Leadfield, California. Jan p l l Rainbow Bridge National Monument—
Smokis Dance at Prescott-.- -Aug pi I Mercury Mine camp life Oct pl5 Jan p42
LeViness, W. Thetford, Author of— Silver Clip Mine, Trigos Mountains, Ari- Parra, Julian ..May p20
Painter of Taos . Oct pi2 zona May pl7 Patton, General George S Mar p4
Harrison Begay—Navajo Artist Dec pi3 Virginia Dale Apr pl7 Pellisier Flat, White Mountains, Calif.
Lopez, Santiago May p20 Monument Valley _ Aug p4 Jun p 10
Los Conchos Campground, N. M....Jul pi5 Mountains and Peaks— Penrod, Emanuel Feb pl8
Barcroft Mountain, California Jun p9 Perry, Loren and Rose Jan p4, Nov pll
Lost Mines—
Lost Apache Gold in the Little Horn Cady Mountains, California Nov p l l Photography, Contest Winners—
Mountains, Arizona Jan pl3 Four Peaks, Arizona Nov p21 Valrie M. Geier, Arthur C. West Jan pl8
Lost Gold of the Four Peaks, Arizona Little Horn Mountains, Arizona—Jan pl3 Erwin Neal, Dick Randall Feb p23
Nov p21 New York Mountains, California-.Oct p24 Nell Murbarger, L. D. Schooler Mar p2
Lost Pegleg Mine—Mar pi5, May p26, Pancake Range, Nevada Dec p8 Dick Randall, Conrad A. Diethelm
Aug pl6 Pinto Mountains, California Apr pl7 Apr pl2
Lost Silver in the Trigos May pl7 Rescue in San Pedro Martyrs ...Jill p21 L. D. Schooler, William Fettkether
Lynch, Pat .May p8 San Jacintos, Santa Rosas, California May p23
Sep p29, p42 Ann Seeling, W. G. Carroll Jun p2
M White Mountains, California.Jun p5, plO Bob Leatherman, J. Haines Jul p23
McBean, Richard Jul p21 Mt. Barcroft Laboratory Jun p5 R. T. Payne, Ryan O'Brien Aug p2
McKinney, Jim _ -Oct p27 Muench, Josef and Joyce, Authors of His- Bob Leatherman, Ryan O'Brien Sep p23
Mantle, Charlie and Evelyn May p4 toric Panoramas Series— Hiram L. Parent, John A. Singer Oct p23
Mantle Ranch on Yampa River May p4 I Inscription Rock Mar p23 L. D. Schooler, J. Haines Nov p23
Maps, Arizona— II The Hole in the RocL Apr p22 L. D. Schooler, Wm. W. Phillips-JDec p4
Four Peaks—Nov p21 III The Geronimo Monument May p2 Photography—Covers—
Glen and Grand Canyons—Apr p6 IV Judge Roy Bean's Courthouse Jun p l l Willis Palms, William Aplin—Jan
Glen Canyon and Lake—Apr p7 V Charcoal Kilns. Jul back cover Strawberry Hedgehog Cactus Blossoms,
Little Horn Mountains—Jan pl4 VI Mission San Xavier Aug p23 Josef Muench—Feb
Organ Pipe Cactus National Monument VII Vallecito Stage Station Sep p2 The Stone Face in Hidden Valley, Joshua
—Sep p6 VIII Old Town, Santa Fe.. -Oct p2 Tree National Monument, Arthur B.
Rough Rock Cliff Ruin—Aug pl8 IX Ballarat, California Nov p2 Moore—Mar
Trigo Mountains—May pl8 X Calico, California Dec p22 Ocotillo Blossoms, Josef Muench—Apr
Maps, Baja California— Muench, Josef and Joyce, Authors of— Blossom of Prickly Pear Cactus, Harry
Northern portion—Jun pi4 We Found a Way into an Ancient Vroman—May
Pinto Basin—Sep pl4 Cliffhouse Aug pl7 Chipmunk, W. W. Ratcliff—Jun
Maps, California— Mulege, Baja California Jun pl6 Fourth of July Picnic, Esther Henderson
Barstow Syncline—Mar p8 Murbarger, Nell, Author of— —Jul
Blythe Giant Figures—Nov p6 The Story of John and Sybil Huntington "Mike" and Harry Goulding of Monu-
Burro Refuge on Mojave Desert—Dec p7 —From Cripple Creek to Contentment ment Valley, Josef Muench—Aug
Cady Mountains—Nov pl2 Jan p23 Gila Monster, Sharon Proctor—Sep
Chuckawalla Spring—Jan p4 Only the Sidewalk Remains at Gold The Gong and the Gavel in the Land of
Dale—Apr pl9 Creek Feb pl7 Standing Rocks, Utah, Josef Muench—Oct
Inkopah Gorge—June p22 Ghost Town Prospector Mar pl7 Upper Ruins, Wupatki National Monu-
Leadfield—Jan pl2 Dam in Glen Canyon Apr p4 ment, Harry Vroman—Nov
Mojave River—Jun pl8 Pioneer Ranchers on the Yampa May p4 San lldefonso Pottery Maker, Harvey
Patton Memorial—Mar p4 Where Scientists Work Above Timberline Caplin—Dec
Ravenna—Feb pl2 Jun p5 Plummer, Mrs. John E., Author of—Our
Vanderbilt-Manvel—Oct p25 Campers' Tour of New Mexico's Back Camp Visitor Was a Crafty Little Fox
White Mountains—Jun p6 Country Jul pl3 Sep i>27
Maps, Colorado— She Paints with Gem Stones Aug p24 Plummer, Mrs. John E. (Close-ups)
Mantle Ranch on Yampa River—May p4 We Prefer to Camp at Dripping Springs ; Sep plO
Maps, Mexico— Sep p4 Prescott, Arizona Aug p l l
Punta Penasco—Oct pl8 Sleeping Ghosts in the New York Proctor, Sharon (Close-ups) Sep plO
Maps, Monument Valley—Aug p7 Mountains Oct p24 Punta Penasco, Mexico Oct p!7

Samarkand area, the Anatolian Pla-
teau of Turkey and the lower slopes
of the Atlas Mountains in northwest
Africa closely resemble the moister
Salt Lake City-Boise region. The still
NATURALIST EDMUND JAEGER —a desert-specializing natural scientist colder Wyoming-Montana area is more
DESCRIBES FIVE DESERT generally regarded as foremost in his like the Gobi Desert.
REGIONS OF NORTH AMERICA field. This is a text for both student The Mojave Desert, with cool rela-
The North American Deserts by and layman, and one that no library tively moist winters and hot dry sum-
naturalist Edmund C. Jaeger is the first in the Southwest—-public or private— mers closely resembles the plateau of
comprehensive work ever published on will be complete without. Iran and the northwestern part of the
all five of the deserts of this continent The need for such a book stems Algerian Sahara.
— Chihuahua, Navajoan, Mojavean, from the fact that each of the deserts
The northern Chihuahuan Desert
Great Basin and Sonoran. The latter of North America have characteristics
(El Paso) is like the eastern Karroo
is subdivided into six units: the Plains of climate, fauna, flora and landscape
of South Africa; the southern Chihua-
and Foothills of Sonora; the Arizona that are distinctly unique. In fact, so
huan (Ciudad Lerdo) like the Kala-
Upland or Saguaro Desert; the Yuman singular are the continent's arid re-
hari and western Angola deserts of
Desert; the Colorado Desert of Cali- gions that they have prototypes in the
Africa. The Nile Delta and other mild
fornia and areas surrounding the upper principal deserts of the world, Jaeger
coastal deserts resemble the Vizcaino
part of the Gulf of California; the points out.
Desert of Baja California.
Vizcaino-Magdalena Desert of Baja The Great Basin desert and steppes
California; and the Gulf Coast Desert. are akin to the deserts and steppes of The Arizona Upland (Tucson) re-
Interesting and highly readable, the western interior Asia. The Kyzyl Kum gion, with mild winters, hot summers
book bears the authoritative stamp of and Kara Kum of Russia are like the and preponderance of summer rain,
a man who has devoted a lifetime to drier warmer deserts of Nevada and finds its climatic analogues in the
the study of the subject he deals with Utah. The mountains of Iran and the (Continued on page 43)

R Santa Rosalia, Baja California Jun pl6 Tripp, Dee, Author of—Flash Flood!
Santa Rosalia to Guaymas Ferry Jun pl6 Jun pl2
Ragsdale, Steve Jan p5 San Xavier del Bac, Arizona Aug p23
Railroads— Tripp, Dee (Close-ups) Jun p20
Sawtooth Knob, Nevada Jan p24
Copper Belt
Nevada Southern _.
May pl4
Oct p25
Sea Shell Collecting Oct pl7
Sharp, D. D., Author of—Prayer Stick Ven-
Tonopah and Tidewater Nov pl2 Van Valkenburgh, Richard V Aug p30
geance Aug p21
Ralston, William C. Feb p4 Sharp, D. D. (Close-ups) Aug p30 W
Randall, Verne, Author of—He Goes by Slack, John Feb p4 Ward, Elizabeth, Author of — Desert
Burromobile Jun p27 Smith, Ed. Mar pl7 Memorial for Patton's Army Mar p4
Ransom, Jay Ellis, Author of—Green Gar- Smith, Francis Marion "Borax" Mar pl9 Ward, Elizabeth (Close-ups) Mar pl2
den Stone Above Old Ravenna.Vzb p l l Smith, Justus Jan p5 Washlake, Betty, Author of—Cooking for
Ravenna, California Feb p l l Smith, Pegleg Mar pl5 Twenty at a Mercury Mine Oct pl5
Renslow, Alphine, Author of—My Pupils Smoki Ceremonial Aug p l l Washlake, Betty (Close-ups) Oct p30
Were the People of Navajoland- Jan p21 Smoki Museum, Prescott, Arizona__Aug p l l Water-
Renslow, Alphine (Close-ups) Jan p22 Sonoyta, Sonora Sep p9 Alamo Spring in Kofa Mountains, Ari-
Reptiles— Spanish Bottom, Utah Oct plO zona Jan pl4
Gila Monster Sep p l l Spearman, Lonnie and Hele May pl4 Chuckawalla Spring, California Jan p7
King Snake Jun p28 Crystal Springs, Nevada Nov pl6
Sperry, Gene, Author of—Collecting Giz- Dripping Springs, Arizona Sep p5
Tortoise Mar p l l zard Stones in Utah Jul p4
Reynolds, Ruth, Author of Home on the Fish Springs, California Dec p21
Stage Stations and Routes— Hiko Springs, Nevada Nov pl6
Desert Series— Government Road on Mojave Desert
Bare Roots Cost Less—Do Be.s//..Jan p28 Ike Springs, Nevada Dec p l l
Sep p24 Klare Springs, California- Jan pl2
When Desert Dweller Plants a Tree Vallecito Stage Station Sep p2
Feb p24 Marl Spring, California Sep p24
Staveleys Buy River Run Co Dec pl2 Mesquite Springs, California Nov pl2
Exotic Blooms in the Spring Garden Stevens, DeWeese W Nov p5
Mar p25 Paradise Springs, California Jul p6
Stone, Helena Ridgway, Author of—How Quitobaquito Springs, Arizona Sep p7
Citrus Fruit in Your Desert Garden the Sun and A Tortoise Saved Little
1 Apr p25 Sip-Wells of Kalahari Desert Bushmen
Denny's Life May p24 Mar p28
Reynolds, Ruth (Close-ups) May pl6 Stone, Helena Ridgway (Close-ups)
Rigby, Douglas and Elizabeth, Authors of Sunflower Reservoir, Nevada Feb pl9
May p 16 Yaqui Well, Calif Aug pi6, Oct p29
•—Cave Dwellings in the Sky Dec pl7 Stroud, Isabel McCord, Author of—South-
Rigby, Douglas and Elizabeth (Close-ups) Weight, Harold O., Author of—
west Treasure House Sep p25 Lost Apache Gold in the Little Horn
Dec p 18 Stroud, Isabel McCord (Close-ups)- Sep plO
Rivers-— Mountains Jan pl3
Summit Laboratory, White Mountains, Cal- Jasper Trails in the Barstow Badlands
Colorado—Apr p4 ifornia Jun p5 Mar p7
Mojave—Jun pl8 Lost Silver in the Trigos May pl7
Rockfall in Glen Canyon of the Colo- T Werner, Louise Top, Author of—
rado—Jan p9 On Desert Slopes with the Sierrans
Yampa—May p4 Teel's Marsh, Nevada Mar pl9
Thomas, Colby Nov p21 Feb p27, Apr p27
River Runners Apr p8, Dec pl2 Mountains are for Everyone
Robbers' Roost Country, Utah Oct p6 Thoroman, E. C , Author of—Lost Gold
of the Four Peaks Nov p21 May p25, Jun plO
Roberts, Josephine and Frank- Aug p24, These Mountains Are Only for the Sturdy
Decp8 Thoroman, E. C. (Close-ups) Nov p20
Tilsher, Warner G., Author of—Garnets in Julp21
Rochester, Ed. Jan pl5 Woodward, Arthur . _ Nov p7
Rodents— the Inkopah Gorge Jun p21
Wylie, L. F. Apr p6
Porcupine—Apr p24 Tilsher, Warner G. (Close-ups) Jun p20
Underground Dwelling Rodents—Apr p20 Tinkham, Dr. Ernest R., Author of—/ Was Y
Rothschild, Baron Feb p5 Bitten by a Gila Monster. Sep p l l Yaqui Well, California Aug pl6
Rough Rock Area, Arizona Aug pl7 Tinkham, Dr. Ernest R. (Close-ups) Yost, Billie, Author of—Cattle Drive to
Sep p10 Winslow * Mar p24
s Trails— Yost, Billie (Close-ups) Mar pl2
San Ignacio, Baja California Jun pl4 Chuckawalla Spring Jeep Trail Jan p4 Young, May E., Author of—Jim Mahone,
Santa Fe Oct p2 Spanish Bottom Trail Oct plO Hualpai Scout Feb p8
Santa Fe Loop Trip Jul pi3 Tramway, Palm Springs, Calif Feb p31 Young, May E. (Close-ups) Feb p22

DECEMBER, 1957 41
Between Ifou


HAIRMAN CLAIR ENGLE of the House Com- ting pretty thin in some of the collecting areas, and I
mittee on Interior and Insular Affairs told me finally admitted to myself that it was bozos like me who
recently he has confidence that the next Congress are to blame. I've got a couple of youngsters who are
will pass the bill requiring congressional approval before getting interested in rocks—an' they want to do their
the military can establish new ranges and target areas of own collecting—they're not interested in all this stuff I've
more than 5000 acres. been hauling in. From now on I'm picking up only a few
This measure passed both houses in the last session, of the best—and on every trip to the desert I'm taking
but died in conference committee due to a difference of back my surplus material. There's some pretty good
opinion among Nevada's representatives over the status material here, but my kids will have a lot more fun find-
of the Black Rock desert, which the Navy has been seek- ing it where Nature put it, than in our back yard."
ing to acquire.
There is a critical need for this enactment, for there
seems to be no limit to Navy's greed for land. The most I have a very high regard for the achievements of the
recent threat is in Imperial County, California, where, men of science, and especially for the progress they have
in addition to the 280,000 acres already acquired for made in the fields of discovery and invention during my
various types of bombing and target ranges, the 11th own lifetime, but frankly I haven't been able to generate
Naval district is making appraisals preparatory to a re- much enthusiasm over Sputnik. And I think I would feel
quest for a huge sector of the Superstition Mountain and the same way about it if our own American scientists had
Borrego desert areas. This proposed range includes five been the first to launch the new space satellite.
and one-half sections of land which have been tentatively As far as I am concerned, it would be a much more
selected for inclusion in the Anza-Borrego Desert State significant achievement if the Office of Saline Water in the
Park. Department of Interior had announced that processes
When the Navy moves in, the terrain is closed to all and equipment had been perfected for converting salt
other uses, and becomes unsafe for peace-time occupation water to fresh water at a cost of not over 10 cents a
far into the future. During World War II the Navy asked thousand gallons.
and was given emergency permission to extend its target Just why we should aspire to make a landing on the
range into the Carrizo sector of the Anza-Borrego State moon I do not know. The astronomers have told us it is
Park. At the end of the war, the Navy relinquished its unlikely either the moon or Mars or Venus or Jupiter are
range within the park — but the land remains posted habitable for our species of human beings.
against public entry because it is unsafe due to unexploded But we do have some rather pressing problems to
shells. To the big braid in the Pentagon this may not be solve here on the planet where we live. The question of
a serious matter, but to those of us who live on the desert, water supply already is becoming critical in many parts of
or who look to the desert for our recreational opportuni- the United States. And as population and industrial use
ties, it is a tragic thing. of water increases, it will become more critical.
Somehow, we cannot dismiss the thought that if the We cannot turn back from the atomic age. And yet
three branches of the Department of Defense would co- it requires greater faith than most of us have, to look
ordinate their training operations, as it will be necessary to the future with confidence that our children and grand-
for them to do in time of war, they would require only children will live in a world of peace.
a fraction of the great desert domain they have taken over
and posted against all civilian entry. I do not know the answer. But I am sure it will be
* * * found, not in the direction of more wheels and wings and
deadly missiles, but in better understanding of the human
Believe it or not, here is a rockhound who deserves nature that is responsible for the management of the
some kind of a special award. I have known him for mechanical devices our scientists have become so adept
many years, and more than once have asked him what he in creating.
was going to do with the tons and tons of mineral speci- Emotionally we are still primitives. I wish the scien-
mens which clutter up his back yard. tists who are working so diligently on the development of
Recently, he answered my question. He backed his gadgets would take a 10-year recess, and convert their
station wagon out of the garage and loaded it with carton laboratories and skill to the study of the human mechan-
after carton of rocks, most of them of rather mediocre ism. We really don't need more machines, but there is
quality, hauled them out to the desert where he found an urgent need that they show us the way to develop a
them, and scattered them far and wide over the horizon. finer emotional discipline in the mortals who operate the
"I've reformed," he assured me. "Pickin's been get- machines.

vide the first complete and authentic governing travel and camping in the
BOOKS... guide to this Anza-Borrego desert
park is given, also hints for desert
motorists and hikers who are not
(Continued from page 41)
For many years Dr. Parker has de- versed in the safety precautions that
higher portions of interior Australia. voted most of his recreation days to a desert traveler should take.
The low-lying Colorado Desert ap- the exploration of this little-known
proaches central Saharan conditions. Published by the author. Printed
desert region in his 4-wheel drive car. by Desert Magazine Press. Photo-
Most of the mild-wintered Colorado He has found so much of interest that
(Yuma) is similar to lower Iraq from graphs, maps, trip mileages, bibliog-
the urge to make this information raphy and four indices. 108 pp.,
Baghdad to the Persian Gulf. available to the public became almost
The Sonoran Desert near Guaymas plastic binding. $2.50.
an obsession, and now the painstaking
is very much like the Thar Desert of work of years has been published as
Pakistan. Anza-Borrego Desert Guide Book,
Thus, to know the North American complete with maps, trip logs, photo- "Whispering Leaves"
deserts is to have good understanding '52 Poems that Whisper Nature's Message
graphs and indices. $1.50 for each book
of the arid lands which cover one-fifth
of the surface of the earth. The Anza-Borrego area is rich in Three books: $4.00
history as well as in scenic and scien- Order from the author:
After describing the various desert
regions of this continent, the author tific values. The trails blazed by Juan Grace Shattuck Bail
Bautista de Anza when he brought 1273 Penn. Ave., Beaumont, California
uses the second half of the book for
the line drawings of representative in- California's first white colonists from
sects, reptiles, birds, mammals and Mexico to Monterey crossed this ter-
plants, identifying and describing each rain. Later Kearny's Army of the MOST EXPLOSIVE BOOK
in the style used in his previous work, West and the Mormon Battalion, and IN 1000 YEARS!
Desert Wild Flowers (available from still later the Butterfield stage lines A "Muit" for all Scholars, Scientists,
Desert Craft Shop at $5 plus postage, followed routes which were first used Intellectuals
tax). by prehistoric Indians of the Southern
California desert. THE NON-ATOMIC UNIVERSE
Published by Stanford Press; illus- By ROY WALTER JAMES
trated with over 350 line drawings plus The author not only has given abun- An exposition of the dual formation of the
numerous pages of photographs and dant and accurate information as to universe and the solution and clarification of
maps; pronunciations, bibliography and highways, trails and waterholes but he the mystery of DEATH.
index; 308 pages; $5.95. has presented his data from the stand- Private Printing
• • • point of a conservationist who would While they last: $2.00 per copy
"enjoy but not destroy." To the Author:
ANZA-BORREGO DESERT GUIDE P.O. Box 53, Station A, Berkeley 2, California
IS WORK OF MANY YEARS A brief outline of state park rules
Largest of the California state parks
is the Anza-Borrego desert of approxi-
mately 450,000 acres-—comprising 75 NATURALIST-WRITER
percent of the total area devoted to
state parks in California. DR. EDMUND C. JAEGER
Yet despite the huge area encom- one of the greatest living authorities on the Desert Southwest has
passed by this park much of it is in- written a book about the fascinating Death Valley country you will
accessible and therefore unfamiliar to want to purchase for your library—
a majority of the residents of the state.
It has remained for Dr. Horace
Parker, veterinarian of Balboa Island,
California, purely as a hobby, to pro- A NATURALIST'S DEATH VALLEY
Publication No. 5, Death Valley '49ers, Inc.
Printed by Desert Press, Inc.
Books reviewed on these pages are
available at Desert Crafts Shop
Palm Desert, California
Add four percent sales tax on orders
to be sent to California
Write for complete catalog of
Southwestern books


l. On the Trail of Pegleg Smith's • General description of Death Valley • Indians • Mammals
Lost Gold • Birds • Reptiles • Insects • Trees • Wild Flowers • Fossils
2. Ghosts of the Glory Trail With pen sketches by the author and Morris Van Dame
Nell Murbarger -$5.75
3. Goodbye Death Valley and Photographs by M. Curtis Armstrong
L. Burr Belden .....$1.25
4. Lost Treasure, the Search for
Hidden Gold
Robert G. Ferguson .....$2.75
Please add 8c for postage; California purchasers add 4 % sales tax
5. Lost Desert Gold
Ralph L. Caine $1.50
*Based on October sales bv

DECEMBER, 1957 43

Announcing for the Summer of 1958,
A Riuer Expedition Just for YOW
If you find yourself short on vacation time, and you must make the most of
those few days . . . or if you haven't yet tried the fascinating sport of river run-
ning and would like a sample—one of the first three trips listed is just for you!


A one day trip covering 33 miles on the San Juan.
Two days of adventure and exploration; passing
through the famed Goosenecks of the San Juan.
An opportunity to visit Rainbow quickly and easily by
deluxe powerboat. Four days. Safe adventure.
• • •
Or if time allows, by all means consider one
of these longer, even more sensational trips
All the action of the San Juan sand waves and rapids
plus Rainbow Bridge and Glen Canyon. Six days.
A seven day float trip through richly historic, inde-
scribably beautiful Glen Canyon of the Colorado.
Annually in July. A voyage for the adventurous.
• • •
No matter what you want in a vacation, we
are sure you will find it during your river trip with
Mexican Hat Expeditions. We conduct only small
group expeditions — there are no crowds, no RAINBOW NATURAL, BRIDGE
strangers. If you enjoy photography, you will find 309 Feet High 277 Foot Span
that the canyons offer a never-ending panorama of A visit to this great wonder is included in
action, fabulous scenery, and human interest. If several of our trips
you just want to relax, this is the place—no ringing air-inflated mattresses. A skilled boatman-guide is
telephones or unexpected callers. assigned to each four passengers. And our specially
Everything is planned for your comfort. You designed marine plywood boats are safe and ma-
will eat like a king; sleep between fresh sheets on neuverable.
For information, schedules, and rates, write:
296 Scenic Drive, Grand Junction, Colorado, or Mexican Hat, Utah
October through March April through September