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JUNE, 1951 35 CENTS


Next November 10-11-12 have been
set as the tentative dates for the 1951
Encampment of the Death Valley
49ers, as planned at a recent meeting
of the board of directors held at
Trona, California.
No effort will be made to repeat the
elaborate pageant which drew 35,000
people to Death Valley in the centen-
nial year of 1949. Rather, the program
this year, as tentatively outlined by the
directors will include a huge campfire
program supplemented by exhibits of
historical weapons, Death Valley min-
erals, and a square dance carnival.
John Anson Ford, president of the
'49ers, stated that the purpose of the
Encampment will be threefold:
(1) To provide an opportunity for
a simple outdoor encampment in one
of America's most scenic and dramatic
(2) To honor the heroism and
achievements of the early pioneers.
(3) To make the charm and maj-
esty of Death Valley known to all the
President Ford was authorized to
name a committee of five members to
have charge of producing the program.
The pageant part of the Encampment
is to be staged by individual commu-
nities in the desert area.
It was agreed that the cost of the
Encampment be limited to such funds
as are provided by popular subscrip-
tion and by the communities adjacent
to Death Valley.

wonderful trip SKELETONS OF FIRST

if you're using Mobilgas!" CAMELS ARE DISCOVERED . . .

JJJjfc "you bet!" When, through the efforts of Edward

Fitzgerald Beale, the United States
Every trip this vacation can be wonder- government landed 33 camels from
Mobilgas ful in economy, wonderful in perform-
ance, with Mobilgas. The proof is in the
Egypt at Indianola, Texas, in 1856 for
use in transportation, it was generally
Mobilgas Economy Run to the Grand believed America had its first camels.
Canyon, where 32 cars, representing The Civil was cut short Beale's experi-
nearly every American manufacturer, ment. Some of the camels were sold,
averaged 23.9 miles per gallon using others, uncared for, slipped away into
Mobilgas. the desert to become nomadic outcasts.
The Mobilgas Economy Run proved Recently fossil beds in the vicinity
that every owner who is a good, safe of Barstow have yielded skeletons of
driver, who drives a well-conditioned tiny camels about the size of yearling
car, and who uses Mobilgas or Mobilgas calves with a small hump. According
Special can get better mileage. to Ray S. Langworthy, science teacher
FREE —AT YOUR MOBILGAS DEALER — at the Barstow high school, the scient-
To help you get more mileage from your ist in charge of the excavation, Ted
car, drivers, mechanics, and fuel engi- Golusha, working for the New York
neers who participated in the Run have Museum of Natural History, believes
pooled their experiences in a booklet. the camels are the forebears of the
Your Mobilgas Dealer has a copy for you. present near-east Asiatic camels; that
GENERAL PETROLEUM CORPORATION, the camel family originated in North
converting nature's g/7/ to better jiving.
America, migrating across the Bering
Straits to disappear from America.

June 1-2—Pioneer Days Celebration,
Clovis, New Mexico.

June 3—Sports Day, fly and bait cast-

ing. Trap shooting. Storrie Lake,
Las Vegas. New Mexico.

June 3—Procession of La Conquista-

dora from St. Francis Cathedral to
Rosaria Chapel, commemorating
reconquest of New Mexico from
Indians by de Vargas in 1692.
Santa Fe, New Mexico. Volume 14 JUNE, 1951 Number 8

June 3-6—State Future Homemaker's COVER SOLID CITIZEN. Photograph b y Hubert A. Lowman,
Conference, Arizona State College, South gate, California
Flagstaff, Arizona.
PAGEANTRY Death Valley Encampment announcement . . 2
June 7-9 — State wide meet 20-30 CALENDAR June events on the desert 3
Club, Prescott, Arizona.
ARCHEOLOGY Trail of the 57 Shrines
June 7-9—Rocky Mountain Federa- By PAUL WILHELM 4
tion of Mineral societies conven-
tion, Phoenix, Arizona. HISTORY Geronimo, Apache or Greek?
June 10—Return of De Vargas me- POETRY
morial procession to St. Francis Oasis, and other poems 10
Cathedral, Santa Fe, New Mexico. FIELD TRIP Rocks oi the Ages
June 13—Corn Dance, San Antonio By HAROLD WEIGHT 11
Day, Taos pueblo. Taos, New Mex- Current news of desert mines 16
"Miracle" Tree of the Sahara
June 13—Indian fiesta and ceremon- By WILSON McKENNEY 17
ials, Sandia, New Mexico. CONSERVATION
LANDMARK Protection of National Parks 19
June 14-16 — Veterans of Foreign For Those Who Follow Desert Trails . . . . 20
Wars state wide convention. Pres- PHOTOGRAPHY
cott, Arizona. Pictures of the Month 21
INDIANS When L.ttle Whiskers' Pension Check Came
June 15-16—State Press Association By SANDY HASSELL 22
Convention, Santa Fe, New Mexico.
Comment by Desert's readers 23
June 20-23—American Legion State BOOKS
Convention, Santa Fe, New Mexico. Reviews of Southwest literature 24
From here and there on the desert 25
June 22-24—Future Farmer's Rodeo TRUE OR FALSE
(youngsters only), Santa Rosa, New A test of your desert knowledge 28
Prizes for cover pictures 30
June 22-24—California Federation of FICTION
Mineralogical societies holds its an- Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 31
nual convention at Oakland, Cali- LAPIDARY
fornia. Harold C. and Nathalie F. Amateur Gem Cutter, by LELANDE QUICK . . 32
Mahoney are co-chairmen of the HOBBY
committee in charge. Gems and Minerals 33
Just Between You and Me, by the editor . . . 38
June 24—Annual ceremonials includ- CLOSE-UPS
ing Corn Dances, San Juan Day, About those who write for Desert 39
Taos pueblo, Taos; and Acoma
pueblo, New Mexico.
The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert.
California, under the Act of March .':, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
June 24—Saddle Club Rodeo and and contents copyrighted 1950 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
Racing, Farmington. New Mexico. must be secured from the editor in '.vriting.
MARTIN MORAN, Circulation Manager E. It. VAN NOSTRAND, Advertising Manager
June—Exhibit of paintings by Paul Los Angeles Office (Advertising Only): 2635 Adelbert Ave., Phone NOrmandy 3-1509
Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
Coze, illustrating artist's conception unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
of life in now ruined cliff dwellings damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
and pueblos of Colorado, Arizona scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
and New Mexico 1000 years ago. SUBSCRIPTION BATES
Southwest Museum, Marmion Way One Year $3.50 Two Years 98.00
and Museum Drive, Highland Park, Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
California. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondent? to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

JUNE, 1 9 5 1
Trail of the 57 Shrines...
On April 1 many readers of Desert Magazine gathered in front of LTHOUGH I have lived in my
Desert's pueblo in the Coachella Valley to dedicate the starting- of a Shrine little cabin at California's 1000
for those who follow the desert trails. For those who would like to know Palm Oasis 18 years, it was
more about such Shrines, and their Indian origin, here is a story that will not until a few months ago that 1 dis-
answer most of the questions, written by Paul Wilhelm, poet oi 1000 Palms covered on Bee Rock Mesa not far
Oasis. from my home what I believe is a
By PAUL WILHELM record number of rock mounds—Trail
Shrines of the ancient Indians who
Map by Norton Allen once camped at my spring. There are
57 of them along an old Indian trail
within a distance of one mile.
Bee Rock Mesa is in the heart of
the Indio Mud Hills, the "most pro-
saically named hills in the desert" ac-
cording to Harry Oliver whose "Fort
Oliver" home lies on the floor of
Coachella valley just south of them.
We residents of the area prefer to call
them Phantom Hills—because we think
they arc worthy of a prettier name than
Actually, these sienna-hued clay
banks have much to interest the Na-
ture lover and photographer, as well
as the geologist and archeologist. In
this great up-lifted sedimentary de-
posit are found beds of marine fossils,
and along their 26-miIc length are
many oases of the native Washingtonia
palm. Indians once chanted their songs
among these palms, and cremated their
dead on the nearby mesas. We are
quite certain of this for the mesas and
ridges are zig-zagged with ancient trails.
Phantom Hills have a forbidding ap-
pearance to those who view them from
paved Highways 60, 70 and 99—all
three of these U. S. highways follow
the same route at this point. But those
of us who live among these hills have
learned that in the solitary places be-
hind and beyond their drab exterior
are vistas of indescribable beauty. The
whole story of creation is written in
these hills—for those who have the
interest to explore them at leisure and
study the strange phenomena of their
In the heart of these hills, for untold
centuries 1000 Palms Canyon was one
of the more important old Indian
campsites. This was due to an unfail-
ing supply of spring water forced to
the surface through fissures formed
by the San Andreas fault. This con-
tinuous 80-inch flow to this day makes
the canyon green with palm, willow,
mesquite, cottonwood and grasses.
Here can still be found artifacts of a
by-gone day: clay ollas, stone imple-
ments and obsidian spear and arrow-
heads, mementos left by the most re-
Although perhaps hundreds of years old, the ancient Indian trail across cent Phantom Hills dwellers, the Sho-
Bee Rock Mesa is still easy to follow. shoneans.

Paul Wilhelm and Cyria Henderson deposit their stones on one of the largest of
the shrines found along the Bee Rock Mesa trail.

Less than a mile south of this nat- I decided to hike its entire length. So northwest—the first of three luxuriant
ural watering place, I came upon 57 I tracked northwest, keeping well palm groves in 1000 Palms Canyon.
Trail Shrines. They were located on apart from the trail. 1 wanted to fol- Viewed from Bee Rock Mesa, that
either side of an ancient trail on Bee low it across the mesa from beginning green oasis in its dramatic situation,
Rock Mesa between 1000 Palms and to end. flanked by ochre-colored hills, was a
Hidden Palms Oases. The flat desert pavement over which painting in deep pastels. At the base
Excursions had often taken me into I picked my way was bone-dry, with of those palms were the Indians' un-
the Bee Rock Mesa area during my scant vegetation. Creosote bushes, failing springs. Vivid in my mind was
years at 1000 Palms Oasis. It was spaced farther apart than is their habit, the picture of a time when dusky fig-
high country—and there was adven- were grotesquely stunted, the leaves ures roamed the Phantom Hills. It
ture tracking hill ridges, or searching folded desperately inward to retain wasn't difficult to imagine a party of
for ollas hidden in caves a century ago every precious bit of moisture. Oc- them on the old trail carrying ollas
by the Wildcat and Coyote clans of casionally I walked over round smooth filled with spring water.
the late Mara tribe. clearings, from five to eight feet in I turned about and began following
This particular Sunday afternoon diameter. But the aridity of Bee Rock the trail. It was then that I first be-
the excursion led up a boulder-strewn Mesa was compensated by the view it held many low rock mounds on either
box canyon. Adjacent, and high to my afforded, old landmarks of the Phan- side of the trail—good luck shrines as
left, arose Bee Rock Mesa. From my tom Hills familiar from years of asso- white men call them, apparently erected
shoulder hung a canteen, and a cam- ciation: Squaw Hill, Cragg Bluff, Ele- by some pre-historic people.
era. I was intent on taking a photo- phant Butte and Gaunt Ridge. Far Under the slant of a hot sun, I was
graph of a rare cacti grouping. I had west arose the two-mile-high bk e sum- held there in that moment of discovery.
happened on it some weeks before— mit of San Jacinto Mountain. And I Perhaps it was the recognition of a
seven large bisnagas growing in a realized the peaceful charm of this residue of living left by a people in a
cluster on a gravel slope. mesa. It was an isolated little world place once frequented and loved.
of its own. The moment did not pass quickly.
The photo taken, I climbed the I continued studying those small heaps
mesa—and there was this ancient trail! At last 1 stood on the edge of a sand of loosely piled stones recalling, like
It meandered leisurely in a northwest, and rock-strewn slope. The trail zig- it was yesterday, a summer afternoon
southeast direction. zagged down in sharp switchbacks. three years before as I plodded up the
At first glance, it appeared older Below, on a flat of land, markings of trail toward the summit of San Jacinto
than the two trails I was familiar with the trail were barely evident. Those Peak behind my Santa Rosa Indian
in the foothills a mile east between faint stretches still discernable made a guide, Pablo Arroz. Nearing the sum-
Pushawalla and 1000 Palms Canyons. bee-line for my home Oasis one mile mit the Indian turned aside from the

UNE, 195 1
, ! " ' " ' . • • ' I I I V ,. ; i '*'V '.','.'• T029PAI



trail. He picked up a stone, placed it grew to considerable size. The piles It is difficult to describe the peace
on a low mound of rocks, and then usually occur in groups, a fact that and quiet brooding over Bee Rock
continued silently ahead up trail. On may be explained by assuming that Mesa. I think it can best be explained
the peak, he walked to a large mound each clan constructed a separate pile. as a response to other lives lived long
and placed a flat stone thereon. I There is also evidence that not all such ago. It is as if there had never been
stood quietly beside him. His face structures were merely for the purpose any quarrelling or wrangling among
lighted and his lips moved as if in of recording journeys but were the out- those primitives that had passed this
prayer. On our way down the moun- growth of ritual practice. In such piles way. Surely they had been humble,
tain, Pablo revealed the purpose be- the travelers seem to have sacrificed loving one another. You cannot ex-
hind his acts. Shrine offerings had a portion of whatever they were carry- perience the mesa and have any ill
been made that we might be worthy ing in an effort to effect a successful will toward anyone. Along the trail
to ascend the peak which his tribe con- journey by appeasing seme spirit or you want to share this sense of peace
sidered sacred. deity. They were particular either to and love. And share it you do!
These piles of rocks are familiar to break or burn all offerings before Ahead of me now, shrines became
most of us who follow Indian trails depositing them." prominent on either side of the wind-
throughout the desert Southwest. In Among the Indians of Mexico, ing pathway. My steps hardly broke
the Navajo and Hopi country sprigs mounds of stone can still be seen along the silence and my slow progress gave
of juniper, sticks and wood fragments trails and in villages. Offerings are of ample time to study the mesa's con-
are to be found lining crevices of Trail a specific nature: small vessels, glass tour.
Shrines. In the Pima country of south- trinkets, and pottery images of animals Bee Rock Mesa was approximately
ern Arizona a large boulder surrounded and birds. Some mounds, if properly one mile across and two miles in
with stone and ringed with a circle of supplicated, are believed to attract rain, length. It ended abruptly in the east
smaller stones has been for centuries protect fields and assure an abundant at Gaunt Ridge and in the southwest
considered strong medicine. harvest. Others secure a village from on the slope of Elephant Butte. In
Malcolm J. Rogers of the San Di- lightning, and protect livestock and the immediate vicinity of the trail, its
ego Museum, authority on Southwest- household belongings. There is one terrain varied. Miniature arroyos and
ern Indians, discovered 17 separate shrine of the Huichol Indians of moun- rocky hummocks gave way to broad
stone piles along a California-Arizona tainous north central Mexico that, if levels of desert pavement, or mosaic, a
Indian trade trail. Each contained properly propitiated, is believed to surface paved with pebbles and weath-
shells and broken pottery. Concerning make hens prolific egg layers. ered down to flatness. From the cen-
this great east-west trade route, Rogers Continuing along the ancient trail ters of a few trail markers, creosote
has this to say: across Bee Rock Mesa, the markers and encclia raised brittle branches.
"Along such main trails, desert In- became so numerous that I was I paused momentarily at one of the
dians practiced the peculiar custom of prompted to count them. So I back- larger mounds. Among the loose stones
depositing small stones in piles to in- tracked. From the beginning I began I made a painstaking search for signs
dicate that they had made one of these checking them off one by one in my of broken pottery, stone implements
long treks. In time many of the piles field notebook. and arrowheads. Unlike the two routes

Hidden Palms Oasis is at one end of the trail Thousand Palms Oasis is at the other end

a mile east, not a single artifact was cleared spaces on the broad levels of dwelling sites. There was a possibility
evident. desert pavement. The clearings were that I had stumbled upon signs of a
There were signs of vandalism in from 20 to 100 feet off the trail. One primitive Indian Culture, predating
some shrines, holes dug down through such area, in close proximity to the those people of pottery and pressure-
the center to the ground surface. But trail, was ringed with small red stones. flaked instruments. At least it added
those who thought buried relics might Before reaching the summit I placed a scientific thrill to my adventure.
be found could have saved themselves my canteen on a marker that I would With a sense of discovery, I progressed
much labor. In the Southwest, no not lose count, and struck off to in- southeast, counting markers mean-
marker was ever placed over an In- vestigate. while, and analyzing the over-all pic-
dian burial. "When we go, we leave Though it was true that a few clear- ture of my findings on Bee Rock Mesa.
no trace" was as true in primitive ings paralleled the trail, the majority From Krober's "American Ethnol-
times as it is with the Indians of today. were widely scattered over the surface. ogy, Bulletin No. 78," I had learned
This wanton vandalism reminded They may have been primitive dwelling something of the Indians that had
me of the wishing wells so prevalent sites, since native camps generally lived most recently on the extreme
in southern California. They are the were located apart from—and usually north border of the Coachella Valley.
white man's counterpart of the Indian above—important watering points as Their history was brief:
shrines. How many of them have now security against enemies. A thorough Out of the fourth and fifth Shoshon-
been converted from a thing of tra- investigation of the campsite revealed ean tribes (the Alliklik and Kitane-
ditional charm to a money-maker for not a trace of an artifact. muk) inside the Sierra Mountains of
unscrupulous Yankee tradesmen! Eventually I arrived at the large California, there had developed a new
Still coursing southeast, it was ap- summit marker. It was eight feet in division of Shoshonean, the Southern
parent that the mounds were arranged diameter and three feet tall. Its com- California branch. Since the dialect
in definite series, spaced from a few position was entirely of loose red of the Kitanemuk was similar to that
yards to 100 feet apart. Far ahead, stones. Vandals had been busy here, of the people of the San Bernardino
the trail ascended a gentle rise. Situ- too. The marker's center was gouged M o u n t a i n s , " S e r r a n o , " meaning
ated on its summit against the skyline clean. A careful search gave up noth- "Mountaineer," was used in the wider
was by far the largest marker. I quick- ing but clay, and more stones. sense as the name of this division.
ened my steps up the slope. Significant was this complete lack of The Serrano, then, was the last of
Simultaneously, I became aware of artifacts in both the markers and the two bodies of people who united, be-

JUNE. 195 1
Against this deduction were strong
arguments: the trail seemed too well
defined, the stone shrines too recent—
even remembering that erosion worked
slowly in the desert, the attrition of
centuries in such a dry land being al-
most imperceptible.
Be that as it may, until the clearing
areas were proved dwelling locations,
and a single crude stone scraper found
as evidence of Roger's "prior people,"
the possible site of a prehistoric race
on Bee Rock Mesa would remain ten-
tative, the ancient trail and its markers
simply an easy pass through the hills
from one water point to another by
many clans of various periods.
Whatever conclusions are finally
drawn, it is an established fact that
the desert Indians never walked in
sand if they could help it. Thus the
old trails kept to the stony mesas when-
ever feasible. To prove this, go out
into the desert Southwest. You'll find
trail sections still intact. Some are as
On Bee i?oc& Mesa Paul Wilhelm examines on the circular clearings, pos- fresh as in the days when they were
sibly the site of an ancient Indian Wickiup. 1000 Palms Oasis is in the used constantly. All are enduring rec-
background. ords of ancient travel. Narrow, cleared
pathways winding their tortuous ways
from campsite to spring, from spring
to uplands where were sheep and deer,
cause of a dialect similarity, into a Mementos of these Shoshoneans and forests of pinyons for November
"Serrano division" of the Shoshonean were to be found in camps and burials harvest.
stock. Their territory was, first, the at nearby 1000 Palms and Pushawalla
long San Bernardino Range culminat- Canyons and other water points Now the trail across Bee Rock Mesa
ing in the peak of that name. Next, throughout the Phantom Hills. Arrow- descended down a long hill slope. It
they held a tract of unknown extent heads could be picked up every day. ended abruptly on the bank of a deep
north and east of San Bernardino On old trails between these water arroyo. A quarter of a mile below,
Mountain. In the east and southeast, points, pottery shards and arrow chips appeared green heads of the palms in
their domain was pure desert, and ex- were numerous in scattered markers. Hidden Palms Canyon. At their base,
isting oases. On the trail across the San Bernardino water was certain to be, cool and
These people of the most southeast Mountains to Twentynine Palms Oasis,
Shoshonean area were of the Mara shards and arrowheads could be picked As I retraced my steps up the hill,
tribe. Communal life was centered at up after heavy winds uncovered them I glanced at my field notebook. The
widely separated points: Twentynine beneath fine sand. count was "57." On the spur of the
Palms, Thousand Palms and Pusha- moment I named it "The Trail of the
On Bee Rock Mesa there was no 57 Markers." The name conjured up
walla Canyons and adjoining oases. such evidence.
They were divided into two clans, the a brown-skinned, dark-eyed people
Who, then, were these primitives living an earthy, enviable way of life
Wildcat and Coyote. who had left undisputed manifestations on their isolated mesa.
Acorns were fairly abundant in the of a prior people?
western part of the Serrano territory. Malcolm J. Rogers states that the onAs the
I approached the large marker
highest trail point, I picked up
However, in the desert the Mara tribe oldest type of human occupancy in
had to procure its food in part from the Colorado Desert of Southern Cali- a round stone with a lustrous dark
western bands, substituting with roots, fornia—even ante-dating Pinto Man patina. I placed it on the shrine and
cactus meat, yucca stalks when young, —was the little-known Malpais Cul- faced northwest toward 1000 Palms
beans of the mesquite and wild palm, ture. Its chief characteristics, in the Canyon like many an Indian had done
and plant seeds. They hunted wild words of Roger, were "the small cir- before me. There it lay in the friendly
animals and birds with crudely fash- cular dwelling sites on stony mesas, embrace of the Phanom Hills, a palm-
ioned weapons. In the Journal of and the complete lack of stone ham- filled refuge of peace and quiet. A
Father Garces is an observation made mers, pottery or pressure flaked im- sanctuary for those who love the des-
on his travels through the desert in plements. In fact nothing but the ert unspoiled.
1776: "The desert people use a stick crudest stone scrapers are associated And then I breathed the prayer the
shaped like a boomerang with which with these house sites." Navajo men sing as they go toward
they ferret out lizards and rodents As an amateur archeologist on a field their sacred mountain:
from rocks and sand." trip across Bee Rock Mesa, I drew no Lo, yonder the holy place.
Symmetrically wrought pottery was conclusions. But in my fieldbook I Swift and far I journey,
made by both the Coyote and Wildcat made this notation: "It appears that To life unending, and beyond it.
clans, but was rarely decorated. Ar- the mesa's lack of artifacts, and the To joy unchanging, and beyond it.
rowheads were hewn .from obsidian circular clearings of wickiup sites points Yea, swift and far I journey.
obtained from wandering traders. Stone toward a prior habitation by a more I heard it echo again on ghostly lips
hammers and pressure-flaked imple- primitive group than, surely the Sho- as I made my way homeward along
ments were widely used. shoneans, possibly Pinto Man." that ancient Bee Rock Mesa trail.
Apache or

THE several months of

research which preceded the
completion of my painting of
Geronimo I chanced upon the English
translation of a chapter from the book
The Charming Tropics, written in
Greek and published in 1945 by the
Korydalos Printing Company of Ath-
Angelo Doxa, the author of the
book, is a native of the Island of Ke-
falonia, Greece. Her book is not pub-
lished in English, and only a small
part of it is devoted to the story of
Geronimo, the major part of the vol-
ume covering travel in the tropical and
semi-tropical areas of the western
hemisphere, including the Hawaiiian
When I showed this translation to
Fred Wilson, Indian trader at Phoenix,
he suggested that it be sent to Desert
Magazine because of its interest to
historians of the Southwest. This is Geronimo—latest painting of the Apache chieftain, by Eleanor Hodgson.
the translation, and I am passing it
along with the thought that the reader
can make his own appraisal of its Hopi tribe nearby. The features of It had belonged to his grandfather
merit: White Swan were unmistakably the Geronimo, he said. Geronimo always
By ANGELO DOXA classic Greek and not Indian — this wore it and had treasured it as a good
I, Angelo Doxa came to the Grand was clear even to the proprietor him- luck piece given to him by his father.
Canyon from Greece in 1936, while self. I asked this grandson if he might
on a tour of America. I registered at "White Swan lives on the Hopi res- open the locket. But he looked puzzled
the El Tovar Hotel where I stayed for ervation near here, but was very old and didn't seem to understand that it
several days. the last time I saw her several years could be opened. It was badly bat-
One day while spending some time ago," he said. tered and almost like a solid piece, but
in the Gift Shop there, I saw a paint- I was intrigued. I had to find out there was just barely visible the tiny
ing of Geronimo done by L. Peterson more of this sayage with the near- line of separation running clear around
of Denver, in 1908. Greek name. the piece.
"Heronimos," I said to the propri- Early next day 1 started for the Hopi I pried it open with the aid of my
etor; "How is it that this Indian has reservation. There, I learned White penknife. There inside was an old
a Greek name? Heronimos is a com- Swan had been dead a few years. The lithographed picture of the Virgin Mary
mon Greek name." papoose of the painting? He was alive with the inscription hardly readable—
The man replied that it was Spanish and 35 years old. I met him—talked Virgin of Tinos. The locket had come
and pronounced Heronimo—no "S." with him, but found him uncoopera- from the Island of Tinos in the Aegean
I then told him that even the fea- tive. He refused to be photographed. Sea.
tures of Geronimo were Greek. He Refused to give any information, This to me was proof that Geronimo
looked like a Greek dressed up as an whatsoever. was really a Greek. Possibly Greek
Apache! I offered an American $5.00 bill father — Apache mother. Or was
The proprietor then showed me an- and this seemed to help his memory. stolen by the Apaches when very
other painting of White Swan with a He went into his hut and returned young and raised as one of the tribe.
papoose on her back. White Swan with a silver locket about the size of He was never without the Greek locket
was Geronimo's daughter who had a silver dollar, hung on a length of and treasured it, even if he was not
married Eagle Feather, Chief of the leather, for wearing around the neck. fully aware of its significance.

JUNE, 1 95 1
Santa Ana, California
A wind, a seed, and a hidden spring,
An oasis has begun,
With a tiny tree, growing strong and free,
A welcome shade from the sun.
In a barren land of gray rock and sand,
The green glows glad and bright
To a weary man and a laden beast,
Who find peace and rest for the night.
And dream of a story that they will bring:
The wonderful tale of a new-found spring.
• • •
Hi Vista, California
The wind blows sand through my open door,
Pack rats hide under what's left of my floor.
A rusty stove with embers long dead
Stands beside an old miner's bed.

•J. A broken table crazily sags

By a box and a coat that's gone to rags.
A chair of rough hewn lumber built
Co/vi Spring in the Chuckawalla Mountains. Has part of a cushion made of a quilt.
THE FAITHFUL THE VOICE OF THE DESERT An old felt hat tattered and worn
By R. WAYNE CHATTERTON By GLADYS L. SAVAGE In a corner by a letter faded and torn,
Caldwell, Idaho Denver, Colorado Where dust and dirt now thickly cover
You see that grave up on the bluff? It's all The voice of the desert calls softly at twi- The tender words from an old-time lover.
There is of Jane, and all I have. A fall light,
From that high cliff took her away and put To the shy doe and fawn By a fluttering candle in a bottle near,
Her there to wait for me. Now, stranger, The rabbit and lynx. These words he read and hid a tear:
root To come to the spring in the hidden arroyo. "Jim dear, when luck has come your way
And all, I'm here to stay. You city folk While each thirsty creature quietly drinks. You'll return some happy day."
Won't understand why I remain—you'll joke
About Old Crazy Jones who lives alone The voice of the desert whispers at night. Outside where sand piles up in heaps,
At Echo Falls and slowly turns to stone Of a promise to keep Beneath piled stones a miner sleeps.
Among the empty streets and rotten walls With the first rays of light. Sleeps, while waiting that happy day
Of that old desert town. Don't smile! It calls When the turquoise and amber. When Lady Luck shall come his way.
To mind the smiles of some whose ghosts And rubies and gold • • •
look out Shine in the sunrise when mists unfold. TO THE NEW OWNER
At me from vacant windows hereabout, By HELEN VOGEL MOOG
And 1 won't have them mocked! The town The voice of the desert can shriek like a Laguna Beach. California
is old banshee.
And dying; so am I. We'll gather mold When anger and temper They who first coaxed billowed sand to
And dust together, it and me. I'm last Upset her calm way. yield to loamy soil
To go, as I was first to come; the past Then regretfully croons to each of her These stately date palms brought to bear
And future are the same to me. A man children which now reward all toil.
Belongs where he belongs, and if I can, To love her again at the end of the day. Though those who loved and worked have
I'll end where I began. Don't go! for when • • • gone on to another field.
You're gone the life is gone from here, and The row on row of palms they grew still
THE STAMPEDE bear their princely yield.
The wind is all that moves or makes a sound.
And desert dust blows deeper in around Los Angeles, California So—if you hear a murm'ring stir the palms
The graves. The cactus flowers are out, you The white clouds graze in the sky's blue when stars are bright,
know. meadow, Your garden is not haunted. Just their
They don't spend long in bloom until they While the wind stands guard, like a Shep- thoughts return at night
go. herd pup; To wander once again among date palms
Sit here a spell and watch them fade, and Below the thirsty desert is waiting where peace is sweet;
try To catch the rain in its golden cup. Where strength of all eternity and restless
To see that, slowly, as they fade, 1 die. present meet.
But all at once the wind grows angry.
And nips and cuffs the strays into line— And—if you hear a murm'ring stir the
MOONLIGHT ON THE DESERT Until—the frightened clouds, stampeding. palms when nights are black,
By KATHRYN ALIEN COEUR Leave only mist-silvered trails behind. Your garden is not haunted. Just their love
Glendale, California is drifting back
The mellow, valley moon is ripe tonight. To bless the trees that fruitfulness hang
Her luminous glow veils off each satellite. high above the sand;
Desert-holly snow conceals the ground To whisper, though the deed is yours, these
And all is still . . . there is no sound acres are God's land.
Save echoes from dove-purple mountain • • •
And crunch of sand beneath our own foot- NIGHT-BLOOMING CEREUS
falls. Whatever Fate upon you brought By RALPH A. FISHER, SR.
You still have room for trying. Phoenix, Arizona
DESERT COMPANION Each kindly impulse, upright thought
Are efforts all undying. What is your fear once each year,
Los Angeles, California Reina de Noche, Queen of the Night?
The wind is a murmur, And though you stand upon a crest
Or grovel far below. With your crown of waxlike beauty.
A voice without form. What makes you hide by night?
The sigh of another, You still can do your level best.
A whisper to charm And grow, and grow, and grow.
Why, to close at break of dawn
The solitude's favor. Your flower, forever, from our sight?

of the magnificent chocolate and white Summerville Dinosaur bone which has been replaced with calcite,
formation buttes which make the Woodside Anticline collected in the Woodside Anticline. Actual size of
scenery so spectacular. piece, 13/t times IV2 inches.

Rocks of the Ages - - in Utah

Following a clue contained in an old government geological report, making, written for our education and
Harold and Lucile Weight took the highway into eastern Utah in quest of amazement by time, fire, water and
dinosaur bones. They found the bones in limited quantity—but they also wind.
found a field rich in jasper, crystals, chalcedony and other minerals prized Perhaps the term "anticline" dis-
by the rockhounds. Here is a story that will interest all who would like to mays or bores you, it being scientific
know about the geology of the Utah desert wilderness. and therefore either obtuse or dull.
You can't hold to such a notion long
By HAROLD WEIGHT in eastern Utah. Other states may
name their natural features after he-
Photographs by the author roes, statesmen, animals, flowers or
Map by Norton Allen the oldest local inhabitant. But the
geologists got there first in Utah. Be-
sides the buttes, canyons, cliffs and
NGLING BACK west from U. beautiful rockhunting ground in Utah, mes;:s familiar in the nomenclature of
S. Highways 6 and 50 about we knew it was an anticline because the Southwest, you'll find many a place
40 miles southeast of Price, the geology report said so. And we name coupled with pure geology:
Utah, Lucile and I followed a twisting weren't surprised to find an anticline Waterpocket Fold, Upheaval Dome,
dirt road into the vivid cliffs, buttes, lying around loose since we had long Capitol Reef, San Rafael Swell—and
canyons and valleys of the Woodside concluded that the eastern half of the Woodside Anticline.
Anticline. Although its general ap- Beehive state is nothing less :han a At Woodside, some long-gone day,
pearance was similar to many another life-sized and living textbook of world- a stretch of the earth-crust was caught

JUNE, 195 1 11
beside the highway we planned to take
to Green River and beyond. So Wood-
side Anticline was filed on the "To Be
Investigated" list.
On our first trip into the area, we
left Salt Lake City early in September,
a period often subject to thunderstorms
but which this time proved ideal for
collecting and camping out. The Wa-
satch mountains were gaudy with the
scarlet, gold and orange of the dwarf
maples, box elders and aspen, a won-
derland of changing leaves. Dropping
from Soldier Summit through Helper
and Price, we caught the first far view
of tremendous Red Plateau, part of
the San Rafael Swell. Near its eastern
base, we knew, lay the Woodside Anti-
As we continued south the spectac-
ular Book Cliffs and their remarkable
headland, the Beckwith Plateau, dom-
inated the skyline to the left. Near
the base of that plateau, about 38 miles
from Price, we passed through the
little farming settlement of Woodside.
At 4.9 miles beyond Woodside, just
after going through a railroad under-
pass, we turned back sharply to the
right on the dirt road to Castle Dale.
The road had been graded and for the
most part, when dry, would be called
in good shape. But almost immedi-
ately we had to detour a series of
narrow break-neck trenches where
wooden culverts had broken down or
had been washed away.
We'd never been in the area before,
but our mental picture of the geological
formations there—obtained from the
reports we had read—was so clear that
it almost seemed a dream was taking
third-dimensional form. That purple
and green and dull red was a section
of the Morrison mudstones, going back
at least to Jurassic times when giant
reptiles clumped over a forgotten land-
scape. Those elegant thin-banded choc-
olate and white layer-cake cliffs be-
longed to the still older Summerville.
The peculiar greenish-gray sandstone
in a big squeeze. Something had to arched formations have weathered back weathering to a brown must be the
give and the crust, being the weakest down in such a way as to expose rock Curtis formation.
structure involved, .buckled upward strata which carry highly colored jas- We had gone about two miles from
into waves or folds. The tops of the per, chalcedony, agate and small the highway when we stopped to in-
waves, where the formations arched amounts of dinosaur bone and petri- vestigate the polished pebbles of a
up, geologists called anticlines since fied wood. We first learned about conglomerate which formed a high,
the strata were inclined or bent away Woodside prior to our Utah trip while steep bank on our right, and en-
from each other on either side of the browsing through likely publications croached even upon the road. Most of
arch. The lower parts, or troughs, of the United States Geological Sur- the pebbles were quite small, many of
they termed synclines as the formations vey. One paper, with magnificent dis- them a poor grade of red or purple
inclined toward each other. These regard for boxoffice appeal, was titled chert, others clear quartz. Less than
names, of course, describe conditions Sedimentary Rocks of the San Rafael a mile farther on we reached a pass
at the time the strata buckled. Ero- Swell and Some Adjacent Areas in area where this same conglomerate
sion or other geologic happenings since Eastern Utah, by James Gilluly and towered on both sides of the narrow
then may have altered the surface so John B. Reeside, Jr. way. Great boulders of it had tumbled
the syncline is a hill and the remnants In the section devoted to Woodside across the road and lay weathering in
of the anticline a valley. Anticline, we came across casual ref- the gulch to our left.
There are a number of anticlines erences to chert, jasper, rock crystal, It was close to sunset, and we knew
exposed in Utah, but Woodside held fossils, chalcedony, and nodules. Fur- we shouldn't be scrambling up the
particular interest for us because the ther, we found the anticline was right bank among those pebbles. But we

Morrison conglomerate boulder, foreground, and cliff in background. It is in this
formation that scattered pieces of dinosaur bone of cutting quality have been found.

were laboring under a subdued excite- We drove across the Pink Circle to gypsum. Their unreal quality in the
ment. If that was Morrison conglom- its western edge, turned left through dusk had been enhanced by the pink
erate— as we judged it was — there a narrow V of a valley, and discovered clay talus at their bases and the debris
might be jeweled bits of dinosaur bone we were entering another pink-gray washing down from the sedimentaries
among those pebbles. And at that amphitheatre, still more ghostly in the above.
time we had not located and collected fading light. In it we picked a camp- Early in the morning two pickup
any bone on our own. site, somewhat protected against the trucks bounced past our camp, on the
But the disappearance of the sun cool evening breeze. It lay a few rods road toward Castle Dale. In a few
behind the broken skyline ahead from the road, right against a huge minutes, one of them was back and
stopped these preliminary sorties. We flat boulder and near a large juniper. its occupants, Finley Blackburn and
had to find a campsite. As we emerged Before we crawled into our sleeping a Mr. Bullock, both of Ogden, Utah,
from the narrow winding canyon of bags, the wind had dropped. The night came over to introduce themselves.
conglomerate blocks, we found our- was cold and calm and silver-black "With your outfit and the California
selves in an enchanted area. It was a with starlight and shadow, and the sky license, we knew you were rock-
circular open space surrounded on a clear cloudless blue when morning hounds," Mr. Blackburn explained,
three sides by pink-gray cliffs—cliffs came. "so we wanted to say hello and see if
so tenuous and ethereal that we felt And when dawnlight gave way to we could be of any assistance." Both
our three-dimensional anticline was the sun, we discovered our pink-gray were rockhounds—and dealers on the
slipping back into the dream state. cliffs were largely the Summerville side — and members of the Golden
Over the sloping floor of the circle, formation, made up of layers and Spike Gem and Mineral Society of
gnarled junipers made strange blocky bandings of chocolates and dark reds Ogden.
patches of shadow. and gleaming whites and sparkling We wanted to know whether there

JUNE, 195 1 13
calcite, with calcite crystals growing
inward to a hollow center.
But Lucile made the first find of
cutting quality dinosaur bone—brown
to yellow, with the cell structure re-
placed with clear chalcedony. At first
she thought it might be coarse petri-
fied bark. But closer examination
proved it to be bone. And like many
other collecting rocks—once we had
seen what it actually looked like in the
field, we were able to find it in areas
we had just walked over and pro-
nounced barren. That—the first bone
of the ancient reptiles that we had
found—was the high point of the hunt.
But there seemed to be very little
of the bone in that area, and after a
careful search, we moved on. This
country was so new and strange and
beautiful, that gradually we stopped
looking at it as a collecting ground,
enjoying it for itself. As we continued
west on the Castle Dale road we en-
tered other, smaller amphitheatres,
some enclosed with cliffs and walls
of red, others of pale gray, from time
Gnarled junipers of great age are scattered throughout this portion of Utah. to time relieved by a brown capping
This one has a trunk over four feet in diameter. or bands of green.
Within two miles after leaving our
camp, we were through the anticline
was any dinosaur bone to be collected black pickup, he hesitated, then called and in grassland, pricked here and
in the anticline. There was, but not back a last warning. "Don't ever de- there with cacti—the teddy bear and
in quantity. Blackburn pointed out pend on the seep water in the Swell. what appeared to be a small and very
the dark Morrison conglomerate on It'll make a blue wave come on your pretty species of Echinocereus. It was
down the road less than half a mile coffee, and it's full of iron. It won't late for the flower season, but much
from where we had camped. Both of quite kill you, but it will come close rabbitbrush still trailed its gold, a white
them had found dinosaur bone along to it." and a miniature rose-red buckwheat
that ridge. With the jeep loaded, we left our were blooming, and we often came
"When you get acquainted with this campsite, rounded a little rise and upon little purple-lavender asters. Much
country," he explained, "you can just headed west. At a little valley extend- locoweed and very tall desert plume
about tell where they are lying dead. ing north, just under the ridge of cor, had flowered recently.
They're often as close as a mile apart. glomerate, we parked off the road and Just under five miles from camp, we
Once I found two together, in the started hiking toward a dark brown, reached an old sign pointing north:
conglomerate, and you could see they'd buff-topped circular little hill which "Saleratus reservoir, South Summer-
been fighting." was the landmark the Ogden rock- ville." Hereford cattle were grazing
Finley Blackburn was well ac- hounds had given us for the petrified near by. Looking back, the Woodside
quainted with the San Rafael country. bone. The dark ridge, towering above Anticline had dwindled until it looked
Once he had owned a ranch at Caine- us crested with great broken blocks like a low ridge. But beyond it we
ville, and had punched cattle all over of the conglomerate looked like some could see the endless battlements of
this part of Utah. Before the two of tremendous defense wall. the Book Cliffs. Ahead of us rose
them, who were due in Ogden that When we examined some of the huge the mass of the Red Plateau. We were
night, left to do "a little jasper hunt- blocks, we found the individual pebbles making directly toward a tremendous
ing" on the way out, Blackburn warned cemented with something that looked red butte—like a great tower rising
us against the weather. With 15 years' like limestone, so hard our prospector's from colorful badlands. As we drove
experience in the Swell, he still checks picks simply bounced from it. But, farther, the junipers became bigger,
the weather forecast at the Salt Lake through the ages, enough of the ce- more ancient and more gnarled. One
airport before coming in. October, he ment had been dissolved or weathered of them, which we photographed, had
explained, was the ideal month for away so that the edge of the valley a trunk more than four feet in diam-
rock collecting in this area. In July below the ridge was carpeted with eter.
and August, and sometimes Septem- loose pebbles. That night we camped near the base
ber, you are subject to cloudbursts. Most of these rounded stones were of the great red butte, driving as close
"Don't trust this country," he con- a cherty material in black, white and as we could over the open country,
cluded. "Get out and get to a town gray, much of it carrying some sort of across patches of cactus, sandy mounds
as soon as you can if it starts raining. fossil material. Lucile kept picking up and dried mud holes. Before dark we
Even the short distance from the road what she called "jelly beans," colorful, hiked the rest of the way to the base
that you camped here would be too polished little pebbles of pink, red, of the butte. From a collector's point
far if the ground became soaked. I've orange, yellow and white. Then, just of view the trip was a disappointment,
seen the mud so bad you couldn't ride through a little gap and in the clayey since we found only tiny bits of chal-
a saddle horse through here." soil of the dark hill, I found bits of cedony, opal and chert. Scenically, it
As he climbed into the long-bedded bone "casts," composed completely of was terrific. And about halfway be-
tween our camp on the edge of a wash
and the butte, we entered the pinyon
belt and had our first experience in
gathering the ripe, succulent little nuts.
The next morning, we turned reluc-
tantly back toward the Woodside Anti-
cline. Our schedule — one of those
foolish things you should never pre-
pare for a desert trip — had allowed
only two days for this sidetrip, and
we were committed to meet friends a
long way off a short time hence. But
we were determined, if possible, to
find enough rockhound stones in the
anticline to please collectors who might
not want to come in just to see geol-
Back at the first Pink Circle we had
reached coming in from the highway,
we made the first strike. Near the
center of the amphitheatre, but more
abundant to the south, we found beau-
tiful red, pinkish and lavender mark-
ings in almost clear chalcedony. The
material fractured too easily and we
found most of it in small pieces, but
it will cut into beautiful stones. In the
same area, we found many pieces of Camp in the heart of the Woodside Anticline. Cliff formation in the
vein and nodular material coated with background is made up of Summerville clays and sandstones.
quartz crystals. One outcropping south
of the road, a red ledge, appeared to
be made up of numerous imperfect sun was low again, and the amphi- here time had stood on its head! For
geodes grown together. theatre below was fading into a pink- that formation, just above us, was the
Less than half a mile beyond this grey mystery. It was a moving experi- Curtis, and the one just below us the
spot, toward the highway, we stopped ence to see twilight and then dusk Summerville and the one still lower
to see if there was anything of interest come to this strange and silent land, the Morrison. Yet when those beds
in the abundant debris at the foot of this unearthly land. I felt, as I have were laid down ages ago, their order
the Summerville formation, and slough- in a few other special places in the was just the reverse. The Morrison
ing down over it. Also, I wanted to desert country, that here was a spot should have been on top.
photograph as much of the amphi- out of the ordinary stream of world- Of course it was just a trick — a
theatre as possible from the top of the life. A place where time meant nothing sleight of hand stunt that Nature does
slope. But I had hardly started to —where the clock stood still with the aid of an anticline and ero-
climb, when I knew we had found a But that wasn't quite true of our sion. But it's a clever trick that man,
"field." Washing down with the clay anticline. Instead of standing still, even with his atom-popping, hasn't
were specimens of just about the been able to duplicate. First you arch
brightest jasper I had ever seen. Down Woodside Anticline Road Log your earth-crust up. Then you weather
below me, in the wash, Lucile had the high point down until the older
00.0 Woodside, 38.9 miles southeast formation is out on top. Then you
struck it too. I called to her to drop of Price, 25.3 miles northwest of
anything that she had there—after she Greenriver. Continue south on weather the next step so the next
saw what was up the slope, she wouldn't U. S. 6 and 50 through oldest formation is the one exposed.
want any of those little pieces! 04.7 Railroad underpass. Continue Still farther down the slope, you leave
south on highway to the youngest formation showing. Then,
The higher we went up the talus, the 04.9 Turn back, north and west on
more plentiful the jasper became, and bladed dirt road. Travel cau- with a little careful washing down of
the bigger the chunks were. We found tiously, checking for possible cuts debris from one step to the next, you
it in red wine and gold and purple, in road and detours where small can make it look as if you've turned
bridges have washed out. the whole scheme of time upside
sometimes with a little green and vari- 06.9 Swing back S.W. and go through
ous moss patterns or red and yellow. pass cut by stream. Warning: down.
The reds went through vermilion, This portion of Utah is subject The bowl below grew dark, the ages
orange, Chinese red. It was simply a to flash floods during some sea- blending and vanishing in the gloom.
case of picking up jasper until we sons. Do not camp in washes
or narrow valleys in the cliffs. We shouldered our sacks of bright
couldn't carry any more, then sorting 08.6 Road emerges in circular valley jasper and carried them to the jeep.
to retain only the finest pieces, then walled with pinkish cliffs. Highly Then we drove out through the anti-
picking up more until we had all the colored jasper may be found on cline—and out through the ages. From
high grade we felt we should carry slopes and ridges to south and the Summerville to the younger Mor-
east of road.
away. 09.0 Nodular and vein agate, some rison and the still younger Dakota
Then, of course, we weren't really crystals, south and west of road sandstone and Mancos shale and out
satisfied. No rockhound is. We won- on valley slopes. at last to the youngest of them all—
dered what it was like on the other 11.3 Road cuts through ridge of Mor- the thin layer of paving which man
rison conglomerate, where small
side of the hill. Probably it was even amounts of dinosaur bone and has spread in a network over America
prettier over there somewhere. But gastroliths have been found. to mark his stratum in the book of
there wasn't time to investigate. The time.

IUNE, 195 1 15
Tonopah, Nevada . . .
A new mine operation undef the
direction of John B. Siri, former Gold-
field and Tonopah mining man, is get-
ting underway at the old Lucky Four
Washington. D. C. . . . Reno, Nevada . . . mine, located some 16 miles southeast
The U. S. Public Health Service says Latest scientific devices will be em- of Schurtz in the Gillis range. Al-
no occupational deaths have been re- ployed in a new search for the legend- though this operation is new, the mine
ported among the nation's 2000 ur- ary Lost Dutchman mine in Arizona's was a heavy producer of tungsten dur-
anium miners but that many have oc- Superstition mountains. The Earn- ing both World War I and II. Tung-
curred among iron curtain miners. J. s h a w - Tharp - Christensen corporation sten content of the ore ranges from
E. Flanagan, assistant chief of the plans to use radar, movies and aerial two to three percent. Holders of a
health service's division of industrial photography along with geophysical bond and option on the ground are
hygiene says the Public Health service instruments in a search for the pur- George E. Miller of Reno and George
and the Atomic Energy Commission portedly rich mine that was lost many B. Franklin, Jr., of Las Vegas. It is
are working to protect American ur- years ago. After aerial photographs said shipments will soon be going out
anium miners from hazards of very have been made of the area where the to the U. S. Vanadium mill at Pine
severe exposure to radiation and deadly mine is believed to have been, elec- Creek near Bishop, California.—Ton-
radon gas. Flanagan said eight public tronic devices from the laboratory at opah Times Bonanza.
health service employes are working Verde will be used to locate ore de- • • •
with the University of Utah, primarily posits, the corporation announced.— Yucca Village, California . . .
on health problems of the uranium Humboldt Star. Winding up its three day annual
and milling industry. P r e l i m i n a r y • • • meeting in Yucca Village, the West-
samples, he said, show that exposure Reno, Nevada . . . ern Mining Council passed a resolu-
to ionizing radiation and radon gas In handling approximately 1000 tion asking the government to open up
are many thousand times higher than specimens a month over many years, the rest of the Joshua Tree National
the currently accepted safe limit. Ra- the analytical laboratory at the Uni- Monument to mining, declaring there
don gas comes from radium as the versity of Nevada has been of incal- are 75 producing mines, most of them
element disintegrates. Flanagan indi- culable assistance to the miners of gold, in that portion of the Monument
cated it also comes from uranium ore. Nevada through free technical assist- not now open. Last year congress
—Humboldt Star. ance. It is estimated this branch of the OK'd a bill opening 289,500 acres,
• • • Mackay School of Mines has handled mostly in Riverside county. The coun-
Artesia. New Mexico . . . 559,000 specimens, Professor Walter cil hotly denounced proposed mining
Despite the general belief that there S. Palmer, director of the laboratory, law changes and renewed its demand
are no profitable ore deposits in this disclosed. In one instance, through the for higher gold prices. Former county
area, a reportedly rich deposit of gold, advise of technicians, who have pro- supervisor, Walter Pittman, presented
silver, copper and lead has been un- vided as much advise and counsel as a detailed history of tin mining opera-
covered on Twelve Mile Hill east of possible, a valuable talc mine was tions in the Temescal area from the
Artesia. Charles Eaker is credited with found and developed in Esmeralda time tin was discovered in 1853. The
making the discovery. Ten claims have county. The purpose of the laboratory council assured Riverside county men
already been staked at the old tur- as established by law in March, 1895, of help in their efforts to secure legis-
quoise diggings on state land within was to give prospectors of the state a lation that will make tin mining more
sight of Highway 83. Prospecting has place where they could secure an un- attractive.—Desert Sun.
turned up free gold, silver, copper and biased report on any mineral sub- • • •
lead in ore form, in addition to quan- stance discovered in Nevada, and a Trona, California . . .
tities of turquoise. It is estimated the limited number of free assays for those Tin production on a major scale in
ore and free metal, not including the who couldn't afford to pay. — Hum- the Trona region is planned by Donald
gold and turquoise, is worth $19.50 a boldt Star. F. McGrew and associates, if Defense
ton.—Mining Record. • • • Minerals Administration approves a
• • • Fallon, Nevada . . .
Gallup, New Mexico . . . $2,500,000 loan to finance develop-
A record-breaking $871,786 has The Vet Baxter mine southeast of ment and equipment. McGrew, Presi-
been pledged to the Navajo tribe by Fallon, now under lease and option, is dent and business manager of Tintype
successful bidders for oil and gas listed as the largest producer of fluor- Corporation of Oakland, California,
leases on 29 tracts of land in New spar in Nevada, with around half a states the property he owns in Shep-
Mexico, Arizona and Utah with top million tons of milling and shipping herds canyon near Trona contains an
bid registered by W. J. Weaver of Fort grade ore on the dumps and blocked extensive deposit of cassiterite with
Worth, Texas, who offered $230,- out. A survey, completed last fall by tests indicating ore running 78 percent
774.40 for rights to 4300 acres in the the U. S. bureau of mines, disclosed tin. Preliminary investigation by min-
Cow Springs area in north central Ari- from diamond drillings that high grade ing engineers indicate it is probably
zona. While the total of the successful ore extended downward 256 feet be- the richest deposit of cassiterite in the
bidders was higher than any previous low the present workings at a depth nation, and McGrew reports that when
Navajo lease sale, lands director Mar- of 250 feet. All of the 70,000 tons in full operation the property should
vin Long said the bids did not reflect shipped since 1932 have been high- be able to produce 4800 to 7200 tons
record prices on an average basis. Re- grade. One shipment to the DuPont of ore daily. If the loan is obtained, a
ports of the high bids are sent to the people was 99.94 percent. A 250-ton company to take over and operate the
geological bureau for certification, then mill is being planned by H. W. Gould tin property, may be incorporated
passed upon by the Interior Depart- and Company of San Francisco, which within three months. Virtually all the
ment before contracts are signed. recently took a lease and option on tin used by American industries is im-
Money obtained is then deposited to the property from Baxter, who located ported, no major deposit ever having
the tribal account with the United the fluorspar claims in July, 1922.— been mined in the United States.—
States treasurer.—Gallup Independent. Tonopah Times Bonanza. California Mining Journal.

In the foreground are young tamarisks planted for wind-breaking purposes around
a Coachella Valley date garden.

' Miracle' Tree From the Sahara

WEARY DESERT prospector, By WILSON McKENNZY native cottonwood in numbers, and
desperately in need of water, has become a threat to the fast-growing
found a cutting of evergreen willow.
tamarisk in his pack and poked the Here is the story of an invader A simple cutting from another tree
stick in the dry sand at his feet. After from Africa—a native tree of the will take root in moist soil without
waiting ten minutes he dug down a Sahara desert which within 50 special attention. If the soil is saline
few inches to see which way the roots years has become one of the or sterile, it matters not to the tama-
were growing and hurried off in that most conspicuous shrubs on the risk. With ample water it will grow
direction. When he reached the un- desert landscape. Planted or- more than a foot a month for eight or
seen waterhole a half mile away the iginally for shade and wind nine months of the year.
roots had arrived there first and sopped protection, it is now spreading Its dense foliage of lacey plumes
up all the water. to the wilderness areas. makes it a fine shade tree. It has been
This story, told with proper solem- found to serve effectively in controlling
nity, was Ernest Douglas' favorite il- soil erosion. When dry it serves as
lustration of the amazing adaptability any other species of tree, including slow-burning fuel wood, although not
of the desert's fastest growing shade the native palo verde. equal to mesquite or ironwood for this
tree. Planted mainly for windbreaks and purpose. Treated with chemicals it
Officially named Tamarix aphylla, shade trees, the spread of the tamarisk makes long-lived fence posts. It's chief
the tree is known in its native Algeria has been brought about almost entirely value, however, is as a windbreak.
in North Africa as athel. Although it through the planting of cuttings. Its The tamarisk has many virtues—but
first was brought to southwestern spread from seed has been confined it also has its vices, as many a desert
United States only 42 years ago, it is mainly to the water courses of the home owner, eager for quick shade,
today seen more frequently in the Colorado, Gila and other southwestern has learned. Planted too close to tile
desert regions of California, Utah, Ne- streams. Along the valleys of the Col- sewer and septic drains its roots pene-
vada, Arizona and New Mexico than orado it has already outstripped the trate the joints, multiply rapidly and

JUNE, 1 951 17
Indio in Coachella Valley, California.
Several years later Swingle wrote
Thornber that none of the specimens
in the original shipment had grown,
either in Maryland or Indio. Cuttings
brought to Indio from Tucson, how-
ever, gave the tree its start in Coachella
and Palo Verde Valleys of California.
The introduction of evergreen tam-
arisk by Thornber was formally rec-
ognized in a Department of Agricul-
ture plant introduction pamphlet. Gov-
ernment botanists named the plant
tamarix aphylla, discarding the T. ar-
ticulata and T. gallica which the French
had attached to it, as the meanings
were synonymous.
Thornber recalls that the French
publication in which he had read the
description said the evergreen tama-
risk was one of the two most useful
trees growing in the Sahara desert,
the other being the date palm.
Thornber said the name athel has
never been popular in this country,
Tamarisks not only provide dense foliage for shade, but if there is ample though in Imperial Valley it is rarely
water will reach a height of 40 or 50 feet. known by any other name. Dr.
Swingle stated that athel is the name
in common use in Algiers, Morocco,
soon clog up the lines. The only Thornber took them to see the "mira- and northern Egypt, where it is native
remedy is to remove and clean out the cle" trees. Dr. Swingle recognized the and widely used.
pipe line every few years, or remove plants at once as the tamarisk he had Evergreen tamarisk is the better and
the trees. Getting rid of the tree is not tried to introduce to this country sev- more popular name, the desert botan-
an easy procedure. It will live and eral years previously. He told Thorn- ist believes, because it relates the tree
grow as long as its root system remains ber that he had shipped some stumps to the large tamarisk group which
intact. and branches from northern Africa to grows in the Southwest deserts but
The fine slender leaves of the tree Washington, D. C , for trials in the distinguishes it from the salt cedar
have decorative value, but have no government garden in Maryland and and other deciduous or shrub tama-
merit as a mulch. The shallow root also for the experiment station near risks.
system spreads over a large area, ab-
sorbing the moisture in the soil at the
expense of other plants. These tamarisks are pruned back each year—but before the end of the
But the tamarisk's good points out- season will grow a dense top of new foliage.
weigh its disadvantages, and its phe-
nomenal spread over the Southwest is
no mere accident. Around desert ser-
vice stations, railroad depots, along
highways and streets and around farm
yards and citrus orchards it is becom-
ing more and more common.
In 1908 John James Thornber, bot-
anist of the University of Arizona,
read in a French publication about this
wonder tree of the Mediterranean re-
gion. He wrote a noted French sci-
entist in Algiers, Dr. Trabut, request-
ing a few cuttings. Six cuttings arrived
in April, 1909, but three of them were
dead. The three remaining twigs,
about six inches long and a quarter
inch in diameter, were wrapped in a
wet cloth and the cut ends immersed
in water for 24 hours. Thornber
planted them in the university plant
introduction garden and they started
growth within a few days. At the end
of the first growing season they were
seven or eight feet tall.
In the summer of 1910 Dr. Walter
T. Swingle and Novelist Harold Bell
Wright visited the university and

To clear up a confusing matter of
names, it would be appropriate to
point out that the genus has no con-
nection with Tamarack (Larix lari-
cina), which is an American larch, a
lodgepole pine which grows on the
Pacific coast. The name of this pine,
which grows thickly in the foothills,
is sometimes shortened to Tamrac.
During the winter of 1912-13 the
Tucson temperature dropped to six
degrees one night (most unusual
weather, the chamber of commerce
noted) and the trees which Thornber
had placed in the university garden
were killed. But Harold Bell Wright
had taken cuttings on that visit in 1909
and had planted them at his ranch
near Holtville in Imperial county, Cali-
fornia. From there, shade-hungry pi-
oneer ranchers quickly spread the tree
through the Colorado and Mojave
deserts. Prof. R. H. Forbes, at that
time dean of the department of agri-
culture of the University of Arizona,
planted cuttings at his home a block At Trona, California, this desert dweller has pruned his tamarisks to
from the campus and these giant trees, insulate his home against the midsummer sun. Photo by Ralph Cornell.
with trunks over two feet in diameter,
still live.
Desert, California. suggested establishment of forests on
Like most other plants indigenous inexpensive but easily irrigated land.
The wood, when finished, has a
to warm dry climates, evergreen tam-
blonde texture similar to ash but is There is every evidence that ever-
arisk has a root system which seeks
much harder. It takes a finish as well green tamarisk is here to stay. It
and finds every available drop of
as oak or mahogany. adapted itself readily to the Southwest
moisture within its reach. But unlike
Dr. Smith found that by using a deserts. But like the attractive and
true desert natives, it is rarely able to
simple process of creosoting tamarisk talented guest who outlasts his wel-
survive on scanty rainfall alone. It
posts, he could make good range fence come, this tree digs its hairy roots
must live near a plentiful supply of
which would stand firm for 25 years deep into its adopted land and refuses
water, often found by skilfull robbery.
or more. In order to make procuction to leave, whether we like its bad traits
Dr. G. E. P. Smith of the university's
economically feasible, however, Smith or not.
department of agricultural engineering
several years ago conducted extensive
experiments to determine the tree's
potential commercial value. He shipped
some large logs to a Grand Rapids,
Michigan, furniture manufacturing firm
for trials in furniture or cabinet mak-
ing. The experimenters found that When Secretary of Interior Oscar L. reclamation or other water developments,
when the logs were thoroughly dry Chapman several months ago approved and to prescribe procedures therefor.
they were too hard to be cut or hand- Sec. 2. National Parks and Monuments.
the construction of the Reclamation In furtherance of this policy, no bureau,
tooled. The wood tends to crack and Bureau's Echo Park and Split Moun- service or agency in this Department shall
check during the drying. The firm be- tain project on the Utah-Colorado line henceforth undertake or continue, within or
lieved it would be necessary to have his decision caused widespread con- affecting any national park or monument,
a supply of fresh-cut logs to be worked without the written approval of the Secre-
sternation among conservation groups, tary of the Interior, any investigations or
up in the green sappy condition. Since for the reason that this project is partly studies, or undertake any drilling, surveys,
this alternative was impractical and within the boundaries of the Dinosaur or other exploratory work incident to the
expensive, the midwest experiment was National Monument. preparation of reports or plans relating to
dropped. water development, or obligate any Federal
To allay the fears of those who have funds therefor, except where the Congress
However, an e x p e r i e n c e d wood- wondered if the Echo Park decision has specifically authorized such a project
worker, E. F. Woodhouse, established would establish a precedent for further in the reserved area concerned.
an athel products factory in Indio encroachment on the national system Sec. 3. National wilderness areas and
wildlife refuges. This order is hereby ex-
under the firm name of Casa Madera of parks and monuments, the Secre- tended to include established national wil-
Products. He developed his own secret tary more recently has issued an order derness areas and wildlife refuges.
process for curing and finishing the re-affirming the policy of the Interior Sec. 4. Reports. In those cases where it
wood, which he handles from the cut- Department as to the conservation of appears that it is in the public interest to
ting to the final highly-polished piece national park areas. The Secretary's permit the investigation of proposed power
and reclamation projects affecting areas
of furniture. For several years Wood- order is as follows: specified in this order, the resulting reports,
house and his son, Dal, have been Sec. 1. Purpose. The purpose of this including preliminary drafts of project re-
producing chairs, tables, bowls, serv- order is to reaffirm the long-established ports, shall contain comparable data on all
ing trays, and other products of ex- policies of the Department and the Con- alternate project possibilities, adequate for
gress, assuring the conservation of :he na- the Secretary to reach an informed decision
quisite quality. Their work is exhibited tional parks and monuments and their pro- as to which project, if any, should be
at the Desert Magazine pueblo at Palm testion from adverse effects of power. selected.

JUNE, 1 95 1 19

Pictures on this page were taken April 1 at the dedica- deposit on the Shrine as did ancient Indian tribesmen
tion of the Trail Shrine in front of Desert Magazine's in accordance with their custom. Below is the bronze
Pueblo at Palm Desert. Above is H. M. (Barney) Barnes, plaque which marks the Shrine, and Desert Steve Rags-
master of ceremonies at the dedication, as he signs the dale and little Steve Willis as they deposit their rocks
register. He holds in his hand the rock which he will on the Shrine. Willis photographs.


3 Hi T j 1 , \ j [ s if) t i y _

m J\a\rn-\]E>mr m MIXHM, cum





This picture, taken at the Zuni
Pueblo in New Mexico by Nell Mur-
barger of Costa Mesa, California,
was awarded first place in Desert
Magazine's photograph contest in
April. Photo taken in September,
1950, with an Argoflex camera,
Super XX film, 1/100 second at f.18.

a . . .
Second prize was awarded to A. La
Vielle Lawbaugh of Downey, California,
who entered the accompanying picture
of the old mining camp at Calico, Cali-
fornia. Picture was taken in December,
1950, with a Speed Graphic, one second
at f.22 with Infra-red film.

ways depend on the burro to stand
still. He could have ridden in his new
wagon but he didn't think it was proper
for an old warrior to be mixed up with
a whole bunch of women and children.
He liked to be noticed, and who could
see him in a crowd like that?
The trail to the Agency that Little
Whiskers took led straight across sand
hills and washes while the wagon had
to go around by the road. Somehow
they always managed to reach the
Agency at the same time. Sometimes
it took the wagon half an hour to make
the last few hundred yards when Little
Whiskers was late—but of course the
horses were tired and had to stop often
and rest.
Usually the burro made the six mile
trip over the trail in about two hours.
This was faster time than his usual
speed but the burro enjoyed these trips
and lost no time in getting there. He
could always find bits of hay and
grains of corn that some horse had
overlooked. Also at this time of the
year there would be watermelon rinds
Harrison Be J«i) and apple cores laying around. He
could eat almost anything—and did.
The burro went into action and showed as good an exhibition of bucking He usually went home with the satis-
as his age permitted. fied feeling of being well fed.
On these trips Little Whiskers made
his first stop at the trading post. From
When Little Whiskers' there to the superintendent's office it
was a short walk. He always left his
family and the burro at the store and
Pension Check Came went to the office alone. He and the
superintendent didn't want to be both-
ered with a lot of women and children
while they talked over their private
By SANDY HASSELL Today there was the usual crowd
Sketch by Harrison Begay that hung around the trading post. A
Navajo Artist young Navajo who was fond of jokes
had been given a bottle of "highlife"
by a white man. He was told that if
•EFORE DAYLIGHT there was some of his friends at the Agency. He he put it on a horse it would make
a stir around Little Whiskers wanted to be prepared to show them him buck. He had his doubts about a
camp and smoke coming out of what a good eater he was and how burro but here was a good chance to
four hogans. Even Kellee the burro much he enjoyed their food. He did
try it. Unnoticed by Little Whiskers
had sounded his call an hour earlier drink a cup of weak coffee that had
than usual. This was the day Little been boiled with lots of sugar. He he poured a good portion on the bur-
Whiskers' old scout pension check usu- didn't like the coffee that came in tin ro's back behind the saddle. It was
ally came from Washington and he cans. He liked the kind that came in several moments before the "highlife"
must go to the Agency to receive it. bags better. But since he had been took effect. When it did the burro's
But he couldn't understand how a getting his pension he decided the tin tail took on the motion of a windmill
burro could tell what day of the month can kind was the best for its cost more. and his ears started keeping time with
it was. The burro had just noticed Getting himself and the burro ready his tail. An uninvited start and the
the activity around camp and had for the trip was a small chore. His motion of the burro's ears gave warn-
given his usual bray in recognition. big silver concho belt and turquoise ing that something unusual was about
The mutton stew they had for break- and shell beads added to his everyday to happen. Then it did happen. The
fast went untouched this morning. He attire dressed him up for the occasion. burro went into action and gave as
said what a man ate before noon was All the burro needed was his hobbles good an exhibition of bucking as his
what made him fat. Being fat was not taken off and the saddle put on. age permitted. Little Whiskers' long
his idea of a real man. His own figure years of riding experiences were now
If Little Whiskers had been young
was slender and he was proud of it. and active he would have ridden a put to use. He even tried yelling
He also liked to show the young folks horse but for a man of his age a burro "whoa" like he had heard white men
how strong-willed he was — even to was much more suitable. A horse was do when they wanted an animal to
going without water for a couple of never around camp when wanted but stop.
days at a time. Another reason was a burro was never- far away. When he No rodeo performer ever had a
he might have a chance to eat with mounted or dismounted he could al- more enthusiastic audience. Even his

Invitation to Canada . . . T h e F e u d Still G o e s o n . . .
Vernon, British Columbia Costa Mesa, California
Desert: Desert:
Received the April copy of your In your April edition, page 28 under
magazine and am much interested in "Good News for Fishermen" by Des-
Big Snakes of the Apaches . . . the story "Geodes on an Old Silver ert Barnacle, nearly proved "bad news"
for me, since it is not true that Cali-
Los Angeles, California Trail" by Harold Weight. fornia license is good on Arizona side
Desert: Perhaps it is coincidence that today
I picked up a large and lovely geode, of the Colorado River. 1 found that
Marjorie von Stadelman, who in out when getting ready to fish on Lake
1901 or 1902 was being held by the one third of it missing and the re-
mainder in the shape of a man's skull. Havasu, this last week.
Apache Indians in Arizona, told me
It weighs 15 pounds and would cover Am sure you know by this time and
following her release about some huge
a whole page of Desert Magazine. correction will appear in your May
rattlesnakes she saw.
The snakes were approximately 6V2 The entire geode is crystal, the outer issue.
part being clear crystals from one to We enjoy your magazine and very
inches in diameter and 10 feet long. proud to say, have every magazine
Their skins had the markings of the two inches in thickness. Much of the
beginning with your number one issue.
diamondback. The Indians, she said, center is a solid core of lovely clear A. N. ENDELL
thought these snakes came to them to mauve crystals.
If any of Desert's readers who are Thanks for your correction. We'll
bring them good fortune. They killed be glad when California and Ari-
them, however, in self defense—talk- interested in rocks are up this way I zona quit feudin' and give the
ing to the snakes as they did so. would be only too glad to take them
into a small petrified forest that is sel- fishermen a break.—R.H.
Miss Stadelman showed me three of • o •
the skins which measured over 11 feet dom visited by anyone.
STAN HUNT T w o W a y s t o S p e l l It ...
in length. They had been stretched in Los Angeles, California
the tanning process. Desert:
My husband and I prospected for Those Names in the Cave . . . Clearing up confusion as to the
many years in the Arizona deserts and spelling of a popular place name in
mountains, and saw many rattlers, but Berkeley, California
California and Arizona, I wish to cite
none over six feet in length. The Desert: a footnote on page 6 of the U. S.
snakes killed by the Apaches were the Since you seek to make your maga-
biggest I have ever known. zine a source of authentic information, government report titled Mohave Des-
LILLIAN G. DORAN please let me pick a flea from your ert Region:
issue of February, 1951, wnere on "By decision of the U. S. Geo-
page 21, William H. Behle says, graphic Committee board, the Indian
(Continued from previous page) "Neither Thompson nor Dellsnbaugh name applied to the Desert and River
own family added their cheers. That make a specific mention in their jour- in San Bernardino County is spelled
the old man might get dumped off and nals of their activities on January 25, 'Mohave'. The name of the postoffice
hurt didn't bother them in the least. 1873, ..." in Kern County is spelled 'Mojave'."
Not an Indian made an effort to help This is in reference to the name of MOHAVE JOE
Little Whiskers. Dellenbaugh being cut in the rock at • • •
Failing to get any relief by bucking Cave Lakes. Her Boss Likes Her Work . . .
the burro decided to lay down and Dellenbaugh's journal entry for Sat- Los Angeles, California
roll. Nothing could have pleased Little urday, January 25, 1873, was, "To- Desert:
Whiskers more for the old man was pographing as usual." On page 35 of the May issue I find
almost exhausted and it looked as if His entry for the following day was, "Miss Ruth Simpson, formerly con-
he was going to loose the contest. "John and I took a ride up to the nected with Southwest Museum." I
When the burro laid down it gave Cave Lake and the Three Lakes. They am thankful to say that Miss Simpson
Little Whiskers a chance to dismount looked about same as last time. Carved is still very much "connected with the
with all the dignity becoming to a man our names in the cave. Got back to Southwest Museum," and I hope she
of his importance. camp a little after 3, and also a little remains so from now on. Her title is
He first looked at the crowd and after dinner. Had a fine ride and en- Assistant Curator.
then at the burro. His first remarks joyed it." M. R. HARRINGTON
were addressed to the burro. "Hah ah One would draw the conclusion that
di sha bah nah al dih?" Which interp- he might have been there on some
rets something like, "now what in the prior visit and the conclusion would Summer Announcement
hell is the matter, burro?" be supported by his journal entry for During the summer months,
He now turned to his audience. Sunday, September 29, "Mrs. Thomp- from May until October 15, the
"Some people think a burro hasn't any son, Clem and I rode up the Kanab Desert Magazine art gallery will
sense but this one is smart. This morn- Canyon on an excursion today. Went remain open only 5Vz days a
ing he called me an hour earlier for up Tinney's Canyon to an alcove week, closing at noon on Satur-
he knew my pension check had come. which Clem named 'Nellie's Grotto' day. A fine display of art work
Then he brought me here much faster in honor of Mrs. Thompson. Then will be on exhibit during the sum-
than usual. He knew that I was in a rode on up to Lake Canyon and to mer, however, and visitors will
hurry for when my check comes I am Cave Lake where by appointment we be welcome during the open
a very busy man. This burro generally found Prof, with a lunch . . . The dis- hours. Harriett Day, director of
is quiet and gentle but look what he tance from Kanab to the lakes is the gallery during the past sea-
is doing now. That is the way my about five miles. . . . " son, plans to return early in the
women-folks have been acting ever It may please Mr. Behle to have this fall to resume her duties as man-
since I got my pension check and he support for his theory on the carving ager of both the art and crafts
is trying to be like them. He wants to of the Dellenbaugh name. departments.
show off." OTIS MARSTON

JUNE, 1951 23
Thanks to the University of New
BOOKS OF THE SOUTHWEST Mexico Press, Lieut. Emory's daily
log of the journey has now been re-
published under the title Lieutenant
Emory Reports:
STORY OF ARIZONA IS FIRST TO TELL THE STORY The present edition, with introduc-
TOLD BY HISTORIAN OF THE DESERT SOUTHWEST tion and notes by Ross Calvin, con-
"Autumn brings to the tawney des- The year was 1846. General Kearny, tain only the day-by-day story of the
ert country of the southwest a refresh- under direction of the war department journey. The many pages of scientific
ing coolness, a hint of frost in the up- in Washington had assembled at Ft. data in the appendix of the original
lands and a wine-like quality in the Leavenworth, Kansas, an army of 2000 report have been omitted because they
hazy air over brooding wrinkled moun- men and officers to invade the Mexi- are of interest to scientists only. This
tains. It was on an autumn day more can Southwest and annex it to the book is for the layman who would like
than two centuries ago that a Pima United States. to become better acquainted with the
Indian guided a Spanish frontier trader One of the officers in Gen. Kearny's historical background of America's role
to a small valley some 25 miles west command was Lieut. W. H. Emory of in the Southwest.
of the border city of Nogales. There the topographic engineers. Emory's
the trader was shown huge slabs or No master stylist, Emory manages
duties were many. He was to keep a in simple sentences somehow to lend
lumps of nearly pure silver, some of record of the climate, topography, even to scientific data the underlying
them weighing a thousand pounds. geology, botany and accessibility of thrill of a young man's adventures.
The news of this discovery brought a the region between Fort Bent and the Colorful incident blends with shrewd
rush of Spanish prospectors to the Pacific. In other words, he was to see observation of people, customs and
region within a few months." whether the terrain seized and occu- political motives.
Thus Rufus K. Wyllys begins his pied by Kearny's army was worth Emory was the first to chronicle the
Arizona—The History of a Frontier keeping. desert Southwest—and students of to-
State, a tale of struggle and accom- No officer ever fulfilled a difficult day can be grateful to him that he did
plishment in the high, dry desert coun- mission with greater precision than did his job so well.
try called Arizona by those Spaniards this young lieutenant. Despite the University of New Mexico Press,
who coined the name from that of the weariness of long hours in the saddle Albuquerque. 208 pp. Maps. $4.50.
little valley, Arizonac. he kept an accurate scientific record of
Through the days of the Spanish ex- what he observed each day—the plants, This book available from
Desert Crafts Shop
plorer, followed by the missionaries wildlife, mountains, streams and astro- Palm Desert, California
and on into the colorful era when gold nomical observations. Congress thought
and silver sparked the state with min- so highly of Emory's report, titled
ers and prospectors, Dr. Wyllys car- Notes of a Military Reconnaissance, it Jim Williams, cowboy cartoonist
ries the reader. He paints the cowboy ordered 10,000 copies of it printed whose "Out Our Way" sketches of
with the clever touch of the natural and bound. life on the range have amused millions
story teller, yet never loses sight of the These old reports, now a collector's of American newspaper readers, has
historical aspects of his subject. The item, have long been recognized among just issued a new book, Cowboys Out
Mexican, Civil and Apache wars, the scholars as a gold mine of accurate, Our Way, containing nearly 200 of
struggle for statehood, follow one an- first-hand information. They were his latest cartoons. An earlier edition
other in proper sequence, spiced with written in clear simple English as a of Out Our Way has been out of print
conflicts between the sheep and cattle- day-by-day log, so complete it is still for some time. With a foreword by J.
men and the coming of the railroad. possible to follow the exact route of Frank Dobie, the new edition is pub-
Throughout the story runs the silvery the Army of the West as it traversed lished by Charles Scribner's Sons.
thread of water, one of the most im- the great American Desert. $2.00.
portant factors in building the desert
state. Bringing his history up to date,
Dr. Wyllys places Arizona as a state
still definitely western, yet sufficiently Life i n t h e I n d i a n C o u n t r y . . .
modern to have become one of the
important winter tourist sections of the
United States.
Dr. Rufus Kay Wyllys is head of
the social studies department of Ari-
zona State College at Tempe. Al-
though not a native, under the tutelage Joe Schmedding was just an adventurous youth when he went
of Dr. Herbert E. Bolton, dean of to work for Richard Wetherill near Pueblo Bonita in 1903. He remained
western historians, and because of his in the Indian country 23 years—seven on the range and the next 16
own 18 years spent in collecting, as- as trader in Keams Canyon. Out of this rich experience has come
sessing, sorting and collating available one of the most readable books yet written about the Indian country
data on his adopted state, he has been and life on the desert range.
able to create an authentic historical
story of Arizona that will appeal to Autographed copies are available for those who order at once.
the entertainment seeker as well as to
the more serious reader. $5.00 postpaid
Dr. Wyllys has a study of Mexican
history in relation to the American California buyers add 3% tax
west, on his agenda for the future.
Published by Hobson and Herr,
Phoenix, Arizona. 362 pages. 9 maps PALM DESERT. CALIFORNIA
and 14 illustrations. $6.00.
o*t t6e 'De&ent
ARIZONA Artificial Rain Held No Threat . . .
Road Ordered Opened . . . WASHINGTON—Irving P. Krick,
COTTONWOOD — According to who is conducting rainmaking experi-
county engineer, Dick Merritt, the ments in the west, told a special Sen-
northern district engineer, J a m e s ate subcommittee it is "safe to say
Parker of Phoenix has ordered the there is no real need for concern" lest
Copper Canyon road opened so con- artificial rain production in one sec-
tractors can make inspection tours. tion dry up another region. Krick said,
Work on the once used route to old "I don't think anyone has the idea yet
Fort Lincoln and Camp Verde is ex- that artificial rainmaking is a proven
pected to begin immediately. The old thing." He said his own efforts at
road, now virtually impassable, leads Phoenix in 1949 and in Pasadena,
up the canyon from a point south of California, in 1950, produced three
the salt mine. The call for bids has and in some cases four times normal
not been announced but plans for the rainfall. Krick said his organization
new section are under way in the state also claims part of the credit for wheat
engineer's office.— Verde Independent. production of 20 to 27 bushels an
• • • acre in a southeast Washington area
Archeological Gift Moved . . . where the government had estimated % M
TUCSON — The $1,000,000 Gila production at IVi bushels an acre.
Pueblo archeological collection, gift of Krick told Senator Clinton P. Ander- Jf'aVe/ thepigh ways
Mr. and Mrs. Harold S. Gladwin of son that his proposal for a weather
Santa Barbara, California to the Ari- commission is "premature." — Hum- offtpmance fn
zona state museum, has all been moved boldt Star.
from Globe, Arizona. Dr. Emil W. « • •
Haury, director of the museum says New Meteoric Discovery . . .
it will be October before any can be WINSLOW—According to Dr. H. T H E L A N D OF E N C H A N T M E N T
placed on public display. Included in H. Nininger, foremost authority on
the 17 vanloads were approximately meteorites, anthills near the 4,150 foot
10,000 pots, many of which had been Meteor Crater contain a secret that
N ew Mexico's fine highways are a far cry
from the great cattle trails pioneered by
mended and were extremely fragile. may be worth billions of dollars. Tiny Goodnight and Chisum in the 1860's. During
Pottery ranged from miniatures to meteoric droplets of noncorrosive steel those epochal days they were trails of real
those with a capacity of seven bushels. alloy have been found in the anthills. adventure, but today, our highways are
—Tucson Daily Citizen. Dr. Nininger first found the globules modern roads leading to world-famed scenic
• • • with a magnet in 1948. He has since and historic wonders— Carlsbad Caverns
Tourist Bureau Requested . . . examined 127 samples of soil, some National Park, eight National Monuments,
PHOENIX — Governor Howard from the ant hill and some from other eighteen Indian pueblos; they'll take you
Pyle has indicated he will ask the State spots in the crater area and all con- through millions of acres of national forests,
Highway Commission to establish the tain steel globules. Meteor Crater, on through picturesque Spanish villages and
Arizona Tourist Development bureau U. S. 66 about 20 miles west of Win-
past great cattle ranches. As you drive
on a working basis. He estimated the slow, near Dr. Nininger's museum, is
bureau might double Arizona's pres- the largest proven meteorite crater in these Highways of Romance, you'll
ent S 100,000,000 annual tourist busi- the world.—Tucson Daily Citizen. discover that each day will become
ness. In the past the Highway Com- more memorable than the day
mission has been opposed to the • • • before. Start today to plan
expenditure of gas tax funds for any- CALIFORNIA your vacation of tomorrow!
thing but highway construction and Geologists Study Death Valley . . .
repair. However, the legislature set
up a bill calling for $150,000 of the DEATH VALLEY—More than 60
funds to be used by the tourist bureau. geologists, some from as far away
—Yuma Daily Sun. as West Africa, headquartered at Stove
Pipe Wells hotel in Death Valley re- AND WE'LL SEND YOU OUR
• • • cently on a field expedition in connec- FREE BOOKLETS AND MAPS
Indians Engineer Loans . . . tion with the annual convention of PRONTO!

WINDOW ROCK — The Navajo world geologists held at the University

Indians are handling the tribal money of Southern California. Chairman of
with a loan committee just like Uncle the group was Dr. Thomas Clements,
Sam. This year the tribal council ap- university geology department head, Room 1492, Slate Capitol, Santa Fe, New Mexico
propriated $724,000 of the money re- who discovered artifacts last year, in- Please send free: • New booklet "Land of Enchantment"
Q Official Highway Map, • New Mexico "Historic Trails" Map
ceived from oil and other resources dicating man's existence in Death Val-
to the revolving loan fund. Stockmen ley at least 15,000 years ago. Donald
and farmers among the 60,000 Indi- Curry, former park naturalist in Death
ans as well as co-op projects like the Valley National Monument, attended
tribal trading posts, sawmills and small the conclave, conducting geologists
industries may borrow from the fund. from California, Nevada, New Zea-
—Gallup Independent. land, Austria, India and Portuguese

JUNE, 1951 25
California Castor Bean Center . . .


castor beans have been p l a n t e d
throughout the nation under call of
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 8c a Word, $1.00 Minimum Per Issue the government, with military needs
as the chief urge. In California, the
Imperial Valley is this year's castor
INDIAN GOODS REAL ESTATE bean center. Including the Yuma
WE SEARCH UNCEASINGLY for old and rare COZY, MODERN, pumice brick and knotty pine
area, 16,000 acres are being planted,
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate a home, 1.75 acres. Redwooc. beam ceiling. with an additional 500 acres in the
large assortment. Collectors seem as eager to Near new school. All utilities. Finest year Palo Verde valley. All the seed was
possess them as their original owners. To round desert climate. Good location motel
those who like real Indian things, a hearty or trailer court. Big payroll community. grown on the Callahan Brothers ranch
welcome. You too may find here something $6500 includes furnishings and desert oil
you have long desired. We are continually paintings. Half cash. Grail Fuller, owner, west of El Centro and the Bill Young
Increasing our stock with the finest in Navajo Daggett, California.
rugs, Indian baskets, and hand-made jewelry. ranch near Calipatria. According to
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill Blvd., FOR SALE: Sedona house under construction; L. G. Goar, agronomist for the South-
Fontana, California. nearing completion, two bedrooms; central
heating. Also tracts on Oak Creek; will build west Flaxseed association, early plant-
FOUR PERFECT AND FINE Indian Arrowheads to suit. Financing available. Bill Kimball, ing is well under way. The Imperial
$1.00. 2 large arrowheads $1.00; extra fine Box 156, Sedona, Arizona.
stone tomahawk $2.00; 4 beautiful bird ar- Valley and Yuma area will be finished
rowheads $1.00; 2 fline knives $1.00; fine $3990 WILL BUY a good, well-constructed, one
effigy peace pipe $8.00; bone fish hook $2.00; bedroom home in the Dos Palrnas tract. Eight June 1. The valley acreage is under
6" or over spearhead $5.00, thin and perfect. miles northeast of Palm Springs. Choice
List Free. Lear's, Glenwood, Arkansas. acreage for investment or speculation. Sev- contract to the Baker Castor Oil com-
eral nice homes with plenty of trees and lots pany. An average yield of 2500
of room. No Fog, No Smog! R. H. McDonald,
BOOKS — MAGAZINES Desert Hot Springs, California pounds per acre is expected, with some
PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for Rock
sections going 3000 pounds to the
Hounds and Desert Roamers. A new booklet, BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES acre.—Imperial Valley Weekly.
"What the Beginner Needs to Know," 36 pages • • •
of instructions; also catalogue of mining books FABULOUS EARNINGS — Fascinating pastime.
and prospectors supplies, maps of where to go Growing Genuine, living miniature (Ming) Historic Camp Cady Purchased . . .
and blueprints of hand machines you can Trees. New Sensational Business or Hobby.
build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or stamps. Astounding information FREE. Dwarf Gar- BARSTOW — The historic Camp
Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk 5, Lodi, Calif. dens, Box 355N, Briggs Station, Los Angeles
48, California.
Cady ranch, consisting of 1500 acres,
"GOLD PANNING FOR PROFIT." Healthy out- plus a government grazing lease for
door hobby. Beginners big illustrated instruc- TRADING POST, Hiway 80, Eox and Indian
tion book—$1.00. Miners' gold pans, $2.00. Goods. 1 acre, 3 houses, soft water well. adjacent areas, has recently been pur-
Prospectors' powerful magnifying glass, $1.00. Healthy, good living for couple. Reason old
Desert Jim, 627 Lillian, Stockton, California. age. $8500. Trading Post, Boulevard, Calif. chased by William Boswell, owner of
WE WILL PAY 50 cents each for good copies desert and Central California proper-
of the Desert Magazine issue of April and FOR SALE: Excellent opportunity for some ties. Established as a government out-
November, 1947. Desert Magazine, Palm Des- rock hound. Some Wonder Rock claims, col-
ert, California. lection of antiques, 5 room house, 5 cabins. post in 1860, Camp Cady, located near
Peter Moser, Goldfield, Nevadt.
BOOKS FOUND: Any subject, any author. Fast Barstow, is one of the oldest historical
service. Send wants—no obligation. Interna- FOR SALE: The Oregonite Mini' located on the landmarks in the area. All that now
tional Bpokfinders. Box 3003-D, Beverly Hills, Illinois river in Southern Oregon, and the
California. only known deposit of this gem stone. Write remains to mark the site of the old
Barnes Jewelry Store, 115 SW "H" Street,
Grants Pass, Oregon. fort are an ancient cottonwood tree
MISCELLANEOUS and a small pile of stones, once a part
of the guard house. The fort was
To Join the newly incorporated United Pros- West Africa on exploratory investiga- abandoned in the early 1870s.—Los
pectors Organization. If you are experienced Angeles Times.
or beginners the articles in our magazine are tions throughout the valley. In addi-
bound to help you enjoy your hobby and the • • •
outdoors. Send your name for our new bro- tion to the savants, the expedition was
chure and literature. United Prospectors, Box attended by student geologists from New Caverns Discovered . . .
729, Lodi, California.
various California universities and from VTCTORVILLE—Blasting for do-
FRED AND JESSIE PORTER welcome you to lomite at the base of Silver peak in
"Pow-Wow" Rock and Gift Shop. East end the University of Oregon.—Inyo In-
of Yermo, Calif. Hi-way 91. You are assured
of an interesting stop here; whether it be dependent. the Shadow mountain range 25 miles
rocks, gifts, information or a souvenir. • • • northwest of Victorville, has opened
What's your hobby? Ours is rocks. Come in
and "Pow-Wow" with us. a series of underground caverns. Own-
Scouts Find Indian Olla . . . ers have started proceedings to post-
PHOTOMICROGRAPHS of rare and unusual HEMET—Ten Scouts and leaders,
scenes, formations and intrusions in agate. pone further blasts pending explora-
2x2 color slides six for $1.95; 100 for $25.00. exploring the eastern Santa Rosa tion. Norris H. Williams and Thomas
Also Western scenes, cacti, models. Sample,
literature 25c. Dave Harris, 2401 Pittsburg, mountains recently found an Indian Fernandez, two of the owners, and
El Paso, Texas. olla, in perfect condition, sealed with Bill Threatt, a newspaper man, entered
SAVE 50% ON NEW BINOCULARS! Free Cata- a wad of leather. The beys and men the cavern through a six foot opening,
log. Free Booklet, "How to Select Binoculars."
Write Today! Bushnell's 43-DE Green, Pasa- saw the remains of rock houses in reporting a chamber, choked with sta-
dena 1, California. which the Indians used to live. — lactites and stalagmites, 150 feet long,
LADY GODIVA "The World's Finest Beautifier." Hemet News. 50 feet wide and about 50 feet high.—
For women who wish to become beautiful, for
women who wish to remain beautiful. An
outstanding desert cream. For information,
• • • San Bernardino Sun.
write or call Lola Barnes, 963 No. Oakland,
Desert Garlic Profitable . . . • • •
Pasadena 6, Calif, or phone SYcamore 4-2378. Lake Mojave Culture Era Set . . .
COLOR SLIDES—Travel, Nature, Geology, etc. HARPER LAKE—Garlic is a new BAKER—Verification of the exist-
Free list (with sample 30c, three for dollar). crop planted on the Lockhart ranch at
Kelly D. Choda, Box 5, Los Alamos, New ence of man on the shores of ancient
Mexico. Harper Lake, 26 miles northwest of Lake Mojave has been established by
GEIGER COUNTER — Nucleus, $16, Postpaid. Barstow. According to Lee Dolch, Dr. George W. Bainerd, associate pro-
You add battery and phones to make a reli-
able, sensitive, beta-gamma detector at low- agricultural inspector for northern San fessor of anthropology at the Uni-
est possible cost. Free informative literature. Bernardino county, the field is the
Westcoast Products, Dept. D-M, 8227 Grove, versity of California in Los Angeles.
Sunland, California. largest in southern California. Garlic This ancient lake, centered where
DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar postpaid. is an annual crop, he said, and pre- Baker, California, now stands, was
Greasewood Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow,
California. vious experiments have indicated it probably 15 miles long by three wide
SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS. One dollar grows best on sandy soil if properly and fed by San Bernardino mountain
each postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses, Len-
wood, Barstow, California. irrigated.—Los Angeles Times. drainage from Lake Arrowhead area.
Geological estimates have placed the cording to fishery technicians, rotenone
age of culture from 1000 B.C. to has long been used to control trash
15000 B.C., with the latest evidence fish in both lakes and reservoirs.
favoring a date midway between the Rotenone used in this manner con-
two extremes. In 1937 archeologists tained only 5 percent active ingredi-
from the Southwest museum reported ents while sprays use the toxic agent
the existence of this ancient Indian in such concentrations as to cause im-
culture when they found flaked spear mediate and widespread death among
points and other artifacts on the shores game fish.—Pioche Record.
of the former fresh water lake. Ac- • • •
cording to Dr. Bainerd, comparing Fish and Game Data Compiled . . .
the location of the finds with former CARSON CITY—The wildlife res-
lake shores and outlet level, it appears toration division of the Nevada fish
culture existed before today's dry cli- and game commission is mailing 1950
mate set in.—Los Angeles Times. game report questionnaires to 3000
• • • resident hunters in the state. This is Schedules
Bighorn Refuge To Be Abolished . . . the first questionnaire of its type to be
BANNING — On the theory that used in Nevada. Names are systemat-
bighorn sheep in the Santa Rosa ically selected in order to have a fair TRAINS
mountains would probably do better sample of hunters throughout the state.
if the area is opened to hunters, the Sportsmen are requested to list type
Fish and Game commission is planning of game hunted, bag limit and loca-
to abolish the refuge. It has instructed tion covered. Information obtained New Daylight Saving Time Sched-
O. T. Harvey, representing the River- will be used to arrive at a complete ules provide convenient departures
side county conservation commission, analysis of the 1950 season, thus fur- . . . fast service . . . early arrivals in
to take the case to the state legislature. nishing a basis upon which future
Harvey says there is no justification seasons, bag limits and management the East!
for withholding the area from public practices may be formulated.—hide-
use since state laws protect the bighorn pendent News.
from hunters, who, when the area is • • • "CITY OF LOS ANGELES"
opened will reduce the number of such Naturalist Talks To Be Resumed . . .
predatory animals as coyotes and bob- LAKE MEAD RECREATIONAL No faster train to Chicago! Early ar-
cats which prey on each new batch of AREA — Evening campground talks rival, convenient connections East. Now
wild lambs. Refuge 4-D, the area in were scheduled to be resumed April leaves Los Angeles 5:00 p.m.
question, covering the east and south 2 at the Lake Mead recreational area,
slopes of the Santa Rosas, is bounded according to George Baggley, park
on the north by Palm Canyon and superintendent. Programs are planned
runs from the Garner ranch to the for every night except Sunday, begin- "CITY OF ST. LOUIS"
desert floor, 108 square miles, about ning at 7:30 p.m., with Russel Grater The only Streamliner between Los
70,000 acres.—Banning Record. Angeles-St. Louis . . . Coach and Pull-
• • • man service via Denver, Kansas City.
NEVADA FOR GOOD HEALTH Faster schedule, earlier arrival. Lvs. Los
Find out about BERRY BRAND Angeles 11:30 a.m.
Low Lake Inflow Expected . . . Genuine Brewery Yeast.
Write for free literature. $1.(10 per
BOULDER CITY — This year's pound plus postage. Quantity dis- LOS ANGELES LIMITED
spring inflow to Lake Mead is ex- counts available.
pected to be the lowest since 1946, "Proper selection of food today K'ves
you HEALTH tomorrow!"
The only train from Los Angeles pro-
regional director E. A. Moritz of the viding coast-to-coast service (no change
Bureau of Reclamation has announced. H. B. BERRY LABORATORIES of cars en route) at NO EXTRA FARE!
Box INN. Montebello, California
Latest studies indicate the reservoir Telephone 1'nioii 1-0084 Through Pullmans to Omaha, Chicago,
above Boulder Dam will rise 22 feet St. Paul-Minneapolis and New York.
between now and the last of July. Reserved-seat Coaches. Lvs. 1:01 p.m.
Last year's maximum e l e v a t i o n ,
reached on July 24, was 12.5 feet PONY EXPRESS
above this year's expected high. De- Pullmans and Coaches to Salt Lake City,
spite the probability of below-normal Butte, Denver, Kansas City, Omaha,
inflow to Lake Mead this spring, irri- Chicago. Overnight Sleeper to Las
gated areas along the lower Colorado Vegas. Lvs. 8:30 p.m.
river are assured adequate water in
1951 and sufficient hold-over storage DINING AND LOUNGE CARS
is available to guarantee irrigation de- ON ALL TRAINS
liveries for years to come, Moritz says.
—Las Vegas Review. Fifteen Union Pacific Ticket Offices in
Southern California to serve you . . .
• • •
Spray Possible Trout Threat . . . Los Angeles: 434 W. 6th Street or Union Station
MAKE BELIEVE INDIANS Telephone TRinity 9211
PIOCHE—Nevada Fish and Game wear this outfit made by Real Indians and Hollywood: 6702 Hollywood Boulevard
commission officials recently urged ex- whoop with joy while playing with their Telephone Hillside 0221
cowboy pals—3 pieces consisting of ; many
treme caution in the use of cattle colored feathered headress, a gaily decor-
sprays containing rotenone, after con- ated felt vest and a ceremonial Tom-Tom.
Only $3.25 postpaid. Callfornians add 10c
siderable investigation in California for sales tax. No C.O.D.'s or stamps please.
disclosed careless use had killed thou- INDIAN TRADING POST
Pine Valley, San Diego County, Calif.
sands of trout in Marin county. Ac- RAILROAD
JUNE, 195 1 27
and Maurice Sullivan presiding, as- visitors were Boy Scout troops, and days of Austin and its boom mining
sisted by an occasional guest speaker. German and Brazilian students. Spain, era, has numerous articles not dupli-
Kodachrome slides and colored movies Japan, England, Austria, Mexico and cated elsewhere. Among them is a
will be shown at the outdoor amphi- Norway were represented, the latter portion of a telegraph pole with the
theater near the center of the Boulder country having two parties during the original iron insulators still in place,
Beach campground. It is planned to month. There were 20 special Cali- from the telegraph line that crossed
repeat programs on a two week rota- fornia groups, many of them college Nevada, replacing the Pony Express.
tion plan, continuing for at least two students, six Arizona and six Utah The museum, which is to be available
months. There is no admission charge. parties. Groups from Oregon, Illinois, without cost to all who care to visit it,
Residents of nearby communities are Washington, D. C, and Nevada swelled is being created by Tagert as a public
invited.-—Department of the Interior. total visitors to 29,365 for the month. service to the community. — Reese
• • • —Las Vegas Review Journal. River Review.
Boulder Dam Mecca for Many . . . • • • • • •
BOULDER CITY—Representatives Austin to Have Museum . . . Two Highways To Be Opened . . .
from eight foreign countries and six AUSTIN—The first museum ever LAS VEGAS—The state highway
states made special trips through to be established in Austin for the department has announced that two
Boulder Dam during March, accord- benefit of tourists is being made ready highway projects in the Lake Mojave
ing to Bureau of Reclamation officials. by Frank C. Tagert in the little house vicinity will soon be opened to travel.
Parties, varying greatly in interests and adjoining his residence in Upper Aus- Otis M. Wright, division highway
background, ranged in size from one tin. Tagert, who has long been a col- engineer, reported contractors have
person to 120. Numbered among the lector of relics pertaining to the early started black topping state Highway
60 from Nelson to the park service
road in Eldorado canyon. The other
There's always something new project, blacktopping slightly over a
TRUE OR FALSE to learn about the Great Ameri-
can Desert — its history, geog-
raphy, mineralogy, geology and its people. This list of quiz questions is
mile leading from Searchlight across
Davis dam will be started soon, but
the road across the dam will not be
Desert Magazine's monthly school of instruction. You'll learn something opened until the Bureau of Reclama-
here, even if you do not get a high score. From 12 to 14 correct answers tion gives the green light. At present,
is fair, 15 to 17 is good, 18 or over is exceptional. The answers are on motorists to Kingman from Search-
page 37. light-Needles Highway have to detour
south of the dam, crossing the Colo-
1—A coyote is strictly a vegetarian. True False rado on a temporary bridge. — Las-
2—Census figures show the Navajo to be the largest Indian tribe in Vegas Review Journal.
continental United States. True False • • *
3—In his historic trek to California in 1115-16 Juan Bautista de Anza Deer Population Increases . . .
led his colonists to San Gabriel through San Gorgonio Pass. FALLON—Recent count in Smoky
True False Valley and Reese River districts
4—The sidewinder derives its name from the manner in which it strikes. showed a continued increase in deer,
True False according to Art Cusick, forest ranger
5—Visitors to the Saguaro National Monument in Arizona occasionally and Steve Sutherland, big game biolo-
gist, who made the survey. They were
see buffalo running at large. True False assisted by Earl Crouch and Donald
6—The historic battle between the Earp faction and the Clantons took Schmidtlein, members of the Toiyabe
place at Tombstone, Arizona. True False club. The deer count, which originated
7—The original 29 palms are still to be seen at the oasis of Twentynine in Austin some years ago, is conducted
every two years. Only one fawn that
Palms, California. True False had been killed by a coyote near Reed's
8—Mineral produced in the mines at Bingham Canyon, Utah, is mainly canyon, indicated predator control
copper. True False work had been successful. — Fallon
9—Joshua trees grow as far north as Las Vegas, Nevada. True Standard.
False • • •
Washington, D. C. . . •
10—Papago Indians climb the saguaro cactus to gather ripe fruit.
True False The government recently clamped
controls on tungsten ore and tungsten
11—Gold is never found in quartz seams. True False concentrates and set a price ceiling of
12—Elephant Butte dam is on the Rio Grande River. True False $65 a short ton unit on concentrates.
13—Mexican Hat, Utah, derives its name from an unusual rock forma- The supply of tungsten, a vital defense
tion. True False material, is low compared with the
14—Shivwits is the name of a plateau on the north rim of Grand Canyon. demand in steel making and other uses.
True False Price director, Michael V. Disalle,
who set the price ceiling far higher
15—The flower of the plant known as agave, maguey or mescal, is red. than pre-Korean levels, said his order
True False is aimed at expanding domestic pro-
16—Tourmaline crystals are always black. True False duction to help make up for losses in
17—Camino is a Spanish word meaning highway. True False imports, principally from China. Sec-
18—Coronado was the first governor of New Mexico. True False retary of the Interior, Oscar L. Chap-
man, announced the control order,
19—San Ildefonso Indians are noted for making fine pottery. True which supersedes a temporary order of
False ... February 15, applying to tungsten
20—The tallest cactus in the United States is the Saguaro. True concentrates only.—Salt Lake Tribune.
Federal Funds to Fight Weed . . . years, the past eight as principal at
WASHINGTON — Nevada range- the Hopi agency, will now head the
lands will benefit from a combined Hopi agency.—Department of interior. *cul»r national monumml at

program to stamp out the poisonous • • • end of i thrilling ptck tnf from

bow Lodge, a rcttful hiven that

halogeton weed — a thistle type of Petition to Secede . . . otfen the beit in lodging, food and

noxious weed—and at the same time FARMINGTON — One thousand hoipitality.

reseed waste land to grass. The sen- San Juan county residents want to Write Bill Wilton. Tonalea, Ariienj,

ate appropriations committee has auth- secede from New Mexico. They have tor ratet ind descriptive brochure, of

orized $100,000 for an eradication signed petitions to Congress asking inquire at Cameron, Aritona.

and reseeding program, according to that the county be separated from the st lo October 15lh

Senator Pat McCarran. Halogetan is state and attached to neighboring Col-

prevalent in Elko County, has proved orado. The petitions assert San Juan
to be fatal to sheep and cattle.—Battle county residents are tired of being
"pushed around" in the controversy 'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER"
Mountain Scout.
over reclamation projects and that the
NEW MEXICO county's rights are being ignored by SLEEPING BAGS
New Mexico officials who advocate
New Mexico Drouth Disaster Area diversion of 250,000 acre feet of water AIR MATTRESSES
ALBUQUERQUE — New Mexico from the San Juan to the Rio Grande. SMALL TENTS
has been declared a drouth disaster —Gallup Independent.
area. According to Glen Grisham, and many other items
• • •
state director of the farmers home ad-
ministration, who received the an- "Wetbacks" Southwest Problem . . .
TAOS — More than one million VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT
nouncement from Senator D e n n i s 717 West Seventh Street
Chavez, farmers will be eligible for people a year illegally cross the thinly
patrolled Mexican border between San LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA
government loans to help them over
drouth and insect damage. Authoriza- Diego, California and Brownsville,
tion for loans was given to Dillard
Lassiter, national administrator of the
farmers home administration, by as-
sistant agricultural department secre-
For Schools, Hunters, Fishermen, Public Offices, and Travelers
tary McCormick. Grisham said the Rngr. Sta., Elev., Nat. Forest, Pwr. Lines, Canals, Boundaries, etc.
loans would help the ranchers replace Sizes: 20x30 to 73x100 Inches
stock they have sold because of lack CALIF: with Twnshp., Rng., Sec, Mines, Roads, Trails, Streams, Lakes, R. R., Schools,
Alameda, Alpine, Amador, Butte, Calaveras, Colusa, Contra Costa, Del Norte, El Dorado,
of feed or help them buy feed for re- Glenn, Kings, Lake, Marin, Mariposa, Merced, Napa, Nevada, Orange, Sacramento, San
maining stock or both. The produc- Benito, San Francisco, San Joaquin, San Mateo, Santa Clara, Santa Cruz, Sierra, Solano,
Sonoma, Stanislaus, Sutter, Ventura, Yolo, Yuba—each SI.
tion help, Grisham said, is tied in with Tuolumne, Santa Barbara, Plumas, Pla- Fresno, Kern, Riverside—$2.50 — $5.
government desires to boost produc- cer, Modoc, Madera—$1.50 Los Angeles—$1 and $3.
tion during the present war crisis. He Tulare, Tehama, Imperial—each $2. Siskiyou—$2 and $1.
said authorization for between $300,- San Diego, Mendocino, Humboldt—$2.50 Inyo county, $15; E or W'/2 $7.50; San
Trinity, Shasta, Mono, San Luis Obispo, Bernardino, 73x110, $15; No. or So. Vi
000 and $500,000 is expected. Farm- Monterey, Lassen—$3. $7.50; NW., SW., NE. or SE'A, $3.75.
ers and stockmen should apply for Also Oregon, Idaho and Washington County Maps
loans through their county supervisors. 2417 San Pablo Avenue—TEmplebar 2-3870
• • •
Indians' Credit Record Good . . .
GALLUP—According to secretary
of the interior, Oscar L. Chapman, In- ASK YOUR CONTRACTOR ABOUT "PRECISION BUILT"
dians are a good credit risk. Com-
menting on the annual credit report
of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, he RED CINDER BLOCKS
said, "Of $.16,500,000 in loans made
to Indians by the government, less You'll have year
than $6,000 has been charged off. around comfort
Potential losses are estimated at less with
than .5 percent." The government in
1934 authorized a revolving credit "Precision Built"
fund of $12,000,000 for loans to In-
dians and their organizations.—Salt RED CINDER OR
• • •
Indian Agency Heads Promoted . . .
Homes of Distinction
GALLUP—Commissioner of Indian are built with
affairs, Dillon S. Myer, has announced PLANS AVAILABLE
promotion of two Indian service edu- DESERT CINDER BLOCKS FOR
cation officials to head agencies at DESERT HOMES
Mescalero, New Mexico and Hopi,
Keams Canyon, Arizona. Lonnie Har-
din, school principal at Mescalero, Transit Mixed Concrete Co.
becomes superintendent of the Apache 3464 E. Foothill Blvd., Pasadena 8
agency at Mescalero. Dow Carnal, RYAN 1-6329 or Corona Phone 1340
who has been with the bureau for 23

JUNE, 1951 29
Texas. Last year about 500,000 were of the Spanish-American population of Barrett and son of Los Angeles; Frank
caught and returned to Mexico. Many the southwest. Realization of this M. Arnott of British Columbia; Svend
returned voluntarily when seasonal might lead to steps being taken to curb A. Mogensen and son of Ogden, Utah;
farm work ended. Others settled down illegal immigration, allowing a specific Owen F. Goodman of Los Angeles.
in a state of semi-hiding, accepting any number of Mexican laborers to enter. The party will spend 10 days on the
wages offered. Dr. Sanchez, head of Once the taint of illegality is removed river and exploring the picturesque
the history department of the Univer- they can demand current wages.—El side canyons, including a day and night
sity of Texas, estimates this influx Crepusculo. at Rainbow Bridge.
transforms the Spanish speaking people • • • • • •
of the southwest from an ethnic group, UTAH Seek Names of Indian War Vets . . .
which might be easily assimilated, into Record Party of River Voyagers . . . SALT LAKE CITY—In order to
a culturally indigestible peninsula of MEXICAN HAT —Announced as properly mark the graves of those who
Mexico. All studies on the question the largest group of river voyagers fought in Utah's first Indian wars,
conclude these illegal entries are not ever to undertake the scenic trip down Robert W. Inscore, Utah veterans
only a hardship on the migrant but a the San Juan and Colorado Rivers graves registrar, is seeking information.
definite threat to the living standard from Mexican Hat to Lees Ferry, a A muster roll of Captain John Scott's
fleet of six river boats with 24 passen- company of cavalry, Nauvoo legion,
gers and boatmen are scheduled to dated February 28, 1849, is in In-
THE BEST INVESTMENT ON EARTH leave here June 12 with Frank Wright score's possession, but detailed infor-
IS THE EARTH ITSELF and Jim Riggs as leaders. Those mation is lacking. According to the
$20.00 down, $20.00 per month buys 20 booked for the trip are Edwin McKee, History of Indian Depredations in
acres, $575.00 full price. Many others. geologist, and Mrs. McKee of Tucson; Utah by Peter Gottfredson, the Tim-
Some may be traded for City property. Mr. and Mrs. Edward T. Nichols, panogos Indians permitted the first
photographers, of Tucson; Mrs. G. N. settlement on the Provo river reluct-
HARRY PON Lewis of Tucson; Mr. and Mrs. John antly, and shortly afterwards began
P. O. Box 546 Dept. DM. Mull of Philadelphia; J. J. McKinny, to steal from the pioneers. Captain
AZUSA, CALIFORNIA banker, and two daughters of Bruns- Scott, leading the men whose names
wick, Missouri; Mr. and Mrs. Vernon appear on the muster roll, set out from
Salt Lake City to pursue a party of
Indians near Willow Creek. They rode
to Utah Valley, where Little Chief

COVER PICTURES directed them over the Provo bench

toward Battle Creek where the cavalry
opened fire. Although Scott was rep-
rimanded for shedding blood when he
WANTED . . . returned to Salt Lake City, ill feeling
between the whites and Indians
mounted steadily, culminating in the
June is the month when photographers all over the Southwest vie Walker War in 1853. — Salt Lake
with each other for the honor of having their pictures selected for Tribune.
Desert Magazine covers during the months ahead. It not only is a high • • •
mark in photographic art to appear on Desert's covers, but there is a Indian Ruins Discovered . . .
cash award to the winners—$15.00 for first place, $10.00 for second VERNAL — Recently discovered
place. For acceptable cover pictures which do not win prizes Desert Indian ruins on the Brush Creek road
will pay $5.00 each. will form a part of the tourist attrac-
tion for the scenic Red Cloud Loop
Entries in the cover contest should be approximately 9x12 inches drive being promoted by a committee
—vertical shots. Photographers should keep in mind that the pictures sponsored by the Vernal Chamber of
should be so composed that the masthead to be printed across the top Commerce. The ruins has been fenced
will not block out any important feature of the photograph. Any desert and the committee is awaiting a report
subject is acceptable including scenics, wildlife, rock formations, by the archeological department of
flowers, etc. the University of Utah, in order to
provide an informative background.
HERE ARE THE RULES An illustrated map of the drive will
1—Prints must be black and white verticals, about 9x12 or larger, printed be completed shortly for distribution
on glossy paper. to hotels, motels and service stations.
2—AH prints must be in the Desert Magazine office by June 20, 1951.
3—Each photograph should be labeled as to subject, time and place. —Vernal Express.
ENCLOSED. Museum Lures Thousands . . .
5—Contest is open to both amateur and professional photographers.
Desert Magazine requires first publication rights only of pictures accepted. SALT LAKE CITY—What began
6—Time and place of picture are immaterial except that they must be from as a menagerie nearly 82 years ago is
the desert Southwest. today one of the principal means of
7—Desert Magazine's editorial staff will serve as judges, and awards will telling tourists of the history of Utah
be made immediately after the contest.
and the background of its people.
Fundamentally it is a pioneer relic
ADDRESS ALL ENTRIES TO PHOTO EDITOR, museum containing such interesting
items as crude tools the Salt Lake
valley immigrants used to build pres-
ent day landmarks. The second floor
of the museum, located on Temple
Palm Desert, California square of the Church of Jesus Christ
of the Latter-day Saints, is devoted to
Indian artifacts of ancient Utah, South teacher, has been named head of the percent increase at Bryce canyon for
America and Polynesia. According to Mormon church, succeeding George the same period. Travelers came from
Marion D. Hanks, assistant director Albert Smith, who died recently on 42 states, the district of Columbia,
of the bureau of information, the his 81st birthday. The new president Alaska, Hawaii and Canada. Utah
museum is open from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. selected Stephen L. Richards as his and California topped all other states
seven days weekly. During the sum- first counseler and J. Ruben Clark, Jr., in numbers of visitors. — Salt Lake
mer it remains open until 9 p.m.— as his second counseler. Elder Joseph Tribune.
Salt Lake Tribune. Fielding Smith, senior ranking mem-
• • • ber of the Council of 12 Apostles, be-
Water Conservation Important . . . came the new president of the council.
KANAB — Ancient tribes of the President McKay, a native of Utah,
southwest built canals and laterals, has lived all his life in the state except
Serving spectacular and color-
irrigating many acres of land. West- for times he served elsewhere on church ful San Juan and Grand Counties
ern irrigation, as we know it today, business, having been a Mormon mis- of Southeastern Utah.
had its start with Mormon pioneers sionary in England besides spending Guest accommodations on an
in Utah almost 100 years ago. Then more than a year traveling around the operating cattle ranch.
only the most favorable land was irri- world inspecting missionary activities. Unusual pack trips into Colo-
gated, a canal seldom serving more • • • rado River area, the Needles, Salt
than one or two farms. Through trial Creek Canyon, Indian Creek Can-
yon and Junction of Green and
and error, a little was gradually learned National Park Visitors Increase . . . Colorado Rivers, LaSal Mts., Castle
about making the best use of the water. ZION NATIONAL PARK—March Valley, Fisher Towers and Arches
—Kane County Standard. visitors to Zion National Park totaled National Monument section.
• • • 11,438, nearly a 60 percent increase Auto camping trips to Monu-
Educator Selected Morman Head . . . over the same month in 1950, accord- ment Valley, Navajo Land, Goose
SALT LAKE CITY — David O. ing to Superintendent Charles J. Smith. Necks of the San Juan, Dead
Horse Point, Indian Creek Can-
McKay, 77 year old former school His monthly travel report showed 47 yon, etc.
Horseback service and Pack trips
through Arches National Monu-
"Don't the ducks ever come
MardKock Skorty into that pond of water down
there where the sign says 'Bad-
ment and Court House Towers.
Chuck wagon trips, riding the
range, ranch life.
water'? Especially qualified to serve in-
of "Sure they do," answered the
exasperated Shorty. "But I'm
dividuals, family groups and boys
and girls.
A paradise for Kock Hounds,
tellin' ya, they's too many o'
Death them big m o s q u i t o e s . Them
geologists, archaeologists, writers,
photographers, artists, students
skeeters had bills like a wood- of wild life and those seeking an
Valley pecker, an' they wuz big as
hawks. One night a couple o'
unusual vacation experience.
them came into a hunter's camp Moab. Utah
"No, huntin' ain't allowed in and flew off with a can o' toma-
here since the government took toes. An' a little while after that
over this place an' made a na- they came back and got the can-
tional monument outta it." opener.
Hard Rock Shorty, seated on "But that wuzn't so bad. What Western River Tours
the much-whittled bench in front really finished huntin' wuz when SAN JUAN & COLORADO RIVER TOURS
of Inferno store, was having a a load o' them city sportsmen Blufi, Utah to Lee's Ferry, Arizona
hard time getting his afternoon came through headin' for Eiad- May 1 to May 11
siesta. The tourists who stopped May 14 to May 24
water and promised Pisgah Bill June 12 to June 22
at the store, recognized him as they'd bring 'im a mess o' ducks Fares $175
one of the old-timers in that fer supper. Told him to have
region, and insisted on asking Shiprock, N. Mex. to Lee's Ferry
the wood stove goin' an' the oven May 27 to June 9
questions — most of which, in hot. Plenty o' ducks, they said. Fares $225
the opinion of Hard Rock, were
quite foolish. "Pisgah believed 'em and that GRAND CANYON OF THE COLORADO
night he had everything ready Lee's Ferry to Boulder City
The latest arrival was very in- fer a big feast, dressin' all made July 10 io July 31
quisitive. He wanted to know up, cranberries on the table 'n Fares $750
about everything. Was there any everything. GREEN RIVER — COLORADO RIVER
gold in the Panamint mountains? Green River. Wyo. to Hite. Utah
How would a man make a livin' "Sure enough them hunters Aug. 6 to Aug. 31
in this godforsaken country? Why came in just before dark with Fares: $850
did they call it Death Valley? their bags full o' game. They GLEN CANYON — COLORADO RIVER
etc., etc. dumped it out on the floor an' Hite, Utah to Lee's Ferry
By the time the stranger got told Bill to get busy. Bill took Sept. 4 to Sept. 14
around to the subject of hunting. one look at the "birds" and let Sept. 18 to Sept. 28
Shorty was out of patience. out a whoop that'd curdle your Fares: $250
"But was there good hunting blood. Them hunters'd been Twelve Years River Experience
in here before Uncle Sam took shootin' skeeters fer ducks. Write:
over?" the tenderfoot asked. "Next day Pisgah put a sign LARABEE AND ALESON
"Naw! exclaimed Shorty. "Too up by the pond.. WESTERN RIVER TOURS
many mosquitoes!" "HUNTIN PERHIBITED" Richfield, Utah

JUNE,1 9 5 1 31
10 Small Pieces Average Vi" $1.00
5 Larger Pieces Average % " — 1 " . . . . 1.00 • By LELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal-
12 Nice Pieces Cherry & Honey Opal 1.00
(Suitable for Cabochons) When we went back to New York a year chon that is noticeably lopsided. It was
1 Small Vial Clear Fire Opal 1.50 or so ago we got into a long conversation one of our early attempts and we are very
1 Large Vial Clear Fire Opal 3.00 with Jimmy Conselman that lasted most of fond of it. It makes a striking ring that
the night on the Twentieth Century Limited always gets attention. Many admire it but
S7.50 journey between Chicago and the bigger occasionally we meet a perfectionist type
Entire Lot Postpaid ior $5.00 town. lapidary who looks at it and says nothing.
Jim was one of the greatest football We know what he thinks and it doesn't
Satisfaction Guaranteed or Money coaches in history and he was almost sob- bother us at all. He probably thinks "here's
Cheerfully Refunded bing over the defeat of his former Chicago this fellow Quick, trying to teach the whole
Bears that day. "They lost their perfection- world to be lapidaries, wearing a cabochon
Prompt Shipment on all Sizes ism, the thing that kept them unbeatable that my child could turn out. Man, I can
Felker Diamond Saw Blades when I coached the team," said Jim. do better than he can." And then he feels
good, like Kung's friend. We continue to
RALPH E. MUELLER & SON And then this nationally known speaker like the ring despite its imperfection and
pointed his remarks with a story, which we we prize it above any of the few really
307 Admiral Blvd. • Kansas City 6. Mo. have repeated in nearly every talk we have perfect cabs we've turned out. After all,
given since then. It offers a moral that an we've met a lot of perfectionist lapidaries
audience relishes. and few of them are happy any more be-
"Perfectionism can be carried too far," cause they no longer have any fun at the
DIAMOND BLADES he said. Then he told the story of Frank hobby for they are too good. Do you think
McGlynn, the actor who played the part the golf champion enjoys a game of golf
Heavy-Duty Super- Standard of Abraham Lincoln on the stage for so as much as a duffer? We hope we never
Suptr-Chgd. Charged Charged many years. "He played Lincoln so much" over-do perfectionism and we feel sorry for
6" $ $ 8.60 $ 7.60 said Jim, "that he became a perfectionist. those who do so.
8" 10.95 9.95 He WAS Mr. Lincoln. He dressed like
10" 14.50 13.35 It should be just about at this point where
12" 21.20 17.65 Lincoln, talked like Lincoln and practiced
14" 27.95 24.45 all of Lincoln's mannerisms when he was several readers will pause and resolve to
16" 31.20 27.70 off the stage. One day a couple of his write us about how wrong it is for a per-
18" 62.50 41.25 34.40
20" 74.25 49.50 37.95 friends were entering his apartment house son in our position to advise amateur gem
24" 88.80 62.60 48.95 as McGlynn was coming out. He bowed cutters not to strive for perfection. We are
30" 142.50 119.75 State
36" 215.30 179.10 Arbor very courtly to them and one of the friends offering no such advice. As our friend
sales tax in California. Size said to the other, 'you sure have to hand Conselman said, back in the first paragraph,
Allow for Postage and Insurance it to that fellow, he's a perfectionist.' 'Yes,' "perfectionism can be carried too far."
replied the other, 'he'll never be satisfied
Covington Ball Bearing Grinder until he's assassinated.'" It is recognized, even among professionals,
that the amateur gem cutter turns out bet-
ind shields are The story comes to us now and then in ter gems on the average than the profes-
urnished in 4 something we see or do. We see judges at
sizes and price mineral and gem shows looking for per- sional because he spends more time on
anges to suit fectionism among the amateurs' work and them. He's only doing it for recreation
your r e q u i r e - passing by some real imagination that per- and he doesn't have to worry about the
ments. Water and haps does not display perfect lapidary work. economic importance of an extra hour. The
grit proof. In our early days of learning gem cutting thing we are trying to point out is that if
we had a friend who said "if I show a you never attain perfection in gem cutting
stone to anyone and thev hand it back don't let it spoil your fun. If you do attain
COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW and say it's 'pretty good' I never show it perfection don't be snobbish with those who
and motor are com again. If it's only 'pretty good' I know it cannot bring every cabochon to elliptical
pact and do not isn't finished and the person is tactfully and polished perfection and every facet to
splash. Save blades telling me so." geometrical Utopia. Take a lesson from
and clothing with An old Chinese proverb says: "It is my Mother Nature herself for it is an axiom
this saw. imperfections that endear me :o my friends. that nothing, absolutely nothing in nature
BUILD YOUR OWN LAP It is my virtues that annoy them. Every is perfect.
Chinese artist always leaves some little im- The same advice applies to those who do
and SAVE with a COV- perfection in his work so thai: the connois- silvercraft. James W. Anderson of Balti-
INGTON 12" or 16" Lap seur may find it and be pleased. The Nava- more, who originated the idea of combined
Kit. We furnish every-
thing you need. Send
jos do the same in their rug weaving; agate and silver tableware, says that the
for free catalog.
always leaving a little hole in each rug for greatest compliment a friend can pay his
"spiders to get through." efforts is to say that it looks handmade.
Carl Glick, author of Shake Hands with If a piece looks too professional Anderson
Multi-Feature the Dragon, refers to this in reporting a says he whacks it a few places with a ham-
16" Lap Unit conversation with his friend Kung. He said mer just to be sure it will not be mistaken
I>oes to Glick "when I write a letter to a friend, for a machined piece. Silvercrafters can
for you. if I have but one misspelled word, the be fussier than gem cutters at times for they
recipient of my letter will be made happier. have design to consider. In conclusion we
12" 14" He will feel superior. He will say to him- offer another story for them.
or 16" self, "Kung has been to several colleges. I Our famous naval commander John Paul
Power Feed have not attended even one. In comparison Jones was the son of the head gardener to
Saws I am supposed to be totally ignorant and the Earl of Selkirk in Scotland. In the
uneducated—but look, I know when he gardens, which he attended with fanatical
SAVE misspells a word.' So he finds pleasure in fussiness, there stood two summer houses.
BLADES discovering my mistake. It makes him feel One day he caught a visitor stealing fruit
important. I've had fun, too, for I knew and locked him in one of the houses. When
all the time what I was doing, and I feel the Earl came out to see about the matter
Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE superior to him for feeling superior to me. he found John Paul Jones locked in the
I am happy. He is happy. My mistake has other summer house. "Was he stealing
COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY really pleased us both."
fruit also?" asked his lordship. "No sir,"
Redlcmds, California At times we wear a silver ring in which replied the gardener, "I just put him in for
we have mounted a large carnelian cabo- symmetry."

society, Oakland, talked on the selection
and polishing of jade material. Mrs. Ma-
honey displayed jade specimens from the

Gems and Minerals

Orient, Alaska and California in connection
with her talk. Plans were discussed regard-
ing the society's participation in the state
Federation Mineral Show scheduled for
June 22-24 in Oakland. F. W. Buhn was
appointed chairman of the nominating com-
mittee for the annual election of officers.
It was agreed that a junior member be
included on the society's board of directors
this year. Election is scheduled for next
membership meeting, May 11.

Minerals of Inyo County, was the title

of a talk given by Richard M. Stewart, Cali-
fornia division of Mines, at the April meet-
ing of the San Fernando Valley Mineral
The gem and mineral show scheduled for noted for its large specimens of magnificent and Gem Society, North Hollywood, Cali-
June 22, 23. 24, 1951, at the Oakland Ex- materials. fornia. Stewart and A. L. Norman, Jr.,
position Building in Oakland, California, The amateur lapidaries will be repre- co-authored the report on mines and min-
promises to be the largest show of its kind sented by the onyx dinnerware set of O. C. eral resources of Inyo county in the Janu-
ever held. This is because of the great Barnes of Los Angeles and several large ary issue of the California Journal of
number of famed gem exhibits of public sphere collections. Raymond Addison, Mines and Geology.
spirited citizens who are not lapidaries or America's outstanding cameo artist, will
mineral collectors necessarily. The magni- exhibit his work which includes several new
tude of the exhibit is indicated in part by pieces.
the fact that the insurance premiums alone Rare sulphates from the Leviathan mine
on the loan exhibits will run more than a will be shown in plastic. These always dis-
thousand dollars in addition to bank vault
expense, special armed guards and armored
trucks to remove the exhibits to the vault
integrate when brought to the surface so
they have been sealed in plastic at the
bottom of the mine.
each night. Kazanjian Brothers of Los Angeles will than /he Diamond/
As this is written it seems fairly certain exhibit more than a half million dollars
that the famed Hope Diamond will be but worth of star sapphires, including the famed
one of the many exhibits. The two largest Star of Queensland, the largest star sap- FACETED ROUND GEMS
jade carvings in the world, THUNDER phire in the world. OF SYNTHETIC
and LADY YANG, by Donal Hord will be The foregoing are the special exhibits,
on exhibit. Made of Wyoming jade these designed particularly to draw the non-rock-
figures took two men more than three years hounding public and expose them to the TITANIA
to carve and they worked at least 40 hours virus of America's fastest growing hobby. have five times more ability than the
every week. They weigh 104 pounds and The main exhibits of course will be the Diamond to break light into its component
161 pounds and they are spinach green and several hundred cases of great mineral and colors producing a magnificent rainbow
apple green respectively. Anyone may take gem collections of the members of the effect.
them home—for $49,000 plus taxes. societies in California. For this is the state
Then there will be more than a million convention of the California Federation of SEND FOR A FREE PRICE LIST describing
dollars worth of diamonds in all colors Mineralogical Societies and it is particularly
exhibited by Martin L. Ehrmann Co., Los sponsored by the East Bay Mineral Society Titania Rainbow Jewelry
Angeles diamond brokers. Mr. Ehrmann of Oakland, with the American Gem and
has been doing a lot of experimentation in Mineral Suppliers Association handling the OTHER SERVICES OFFERED
the coloring of diamonds and has produced commercial exhibits of more than a hun- JEWELRY REPAIR SERVICE
some beautiful grass-green diamonds in the dred dealers from all over the country.
There will be plenty of room for all this GEM STONE CUTTING
cyclotron at the University of California at
for the building housing the exhibition is GEM CUTTING EQUIPMENT, MATERIALS
The private gem collection of colored 150 feet wide by 450 feet long.
faceted stones of William E. Phillips, pro- JEWELRY MAKING TOOLS AND MATERIALS
• • •
prietor of Los Angeles' largest jewelry store, Dona Ana county Rockhound club. Las
will be displayed. Among many items of Cruces, New Mexico, held its April meet- FLUORESCENT LAMPS, GEIGER COUNTERS
special interest in this collection is a 149 ing at the Mesilla Park school. After a URANIUM SAMPLES, FLUORESCENT MINERALS
carat white topaz in a square cushion an- short business session the usual program
tique style of more than 400 facets. During FIELD TRIP GUIDE BOOKS
was dispensed with in favor of a rock auc- ROUGH AUSTRALIAN OPALS
a recent trip to Ceylon, Mr. Phillips ac- tion. Each member brought an identified
quired a brilliant brown peridot weighing rock on which was placed a minimum value.
158.55 carats. This was sold to him as a
brown tourmaline and later identified as • • •
The Mineral and Gem society of Castro
genuine olivine (peridot). Among other 1633 EAST WALNUT STREET
interesting items are a deep purple amethyst Valley, California, held its regular mem- PASADENA 4, CALIFORNIA
(101 carats), a peridot from the Red Sea bership meeting April 13. Mr. and Mrs. PHONE SYCAMORE 6-6423
that is 45.40 carats and reputed to be the H. C. Mahoney, of the East Bay Mineral
largest and finest green peridot outside of
the British Museum. The largest stone in
the collection is a citrine weighing 944
carats. A delicate blue-green beryl weigh-
ing 84.80 carats will make the collector
Lelande Quick, of the Desert Magazine
staff, will exhibit one of the largest fire opals BEFORE YOU BUY\ CDCC rATAICMZ
in private hands. It weighed 11 Vi ounces SEND FOR OUR BIG tKtt L.MlAL\J\J
when Mr. Quick acquired it from the mines
in Australia. Cut as a polished specimen The world-famous HILLQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
only it now weighs exactly a half pound or
8 ounces. LAPIDARY E Q U I P . CO.tS4S w. « si., SEATTLE 7, WASH.
Mineral collectors will be glad to see
again the famed crystal and petrified wood
collection of Mrs. Max (Jessie) Hirsch of
Mariposa, California. This collection is one
of the best in the west and is particularly

JUNE, 195 1 33
8c a Word . . . Minimum $1.00
Superb specimens of Calcium Larsenite with Lapidary Journal. Tells how to cut and polish
Willemite and Franklinite. Fluoresces vivid rocks, gives news of all mineral-gem groups. The Compton, California, Gem and Min-
yellow and green. Some specimens also con- Tells how to make jewelry, carries ads of eral society has set the date of its second
tain Calcite and fluoresce vivid yellow, green dealers in supplies, equipment, gems, minerals
and red. $3.00 to $15.00. Willemite or Cal- from all over the world. Well illustrated, annual show for September 29-30. Place,
cite, Willemite and Calcite, 5 beautiful speci- beautifully printed. Subscription $2.00 a year Veterans of Foreign Wars Building, 119 E.
mens (2x2) $5.00, single specimens $1.10, small —back numbers 50c. Sample Copy 25c if you Magnolia Street, Compton.
pieces $1.50 per lb. Larger specimens in have never subscribed or been sampled.
stock. Other specimens non-fluorescing. In-
quiries invited. Postpaid, money back guar-
LELANDE QUICK, Editor, Palm Desert, • • •
antee. Fred W. Morris, 8804 19th Avenue, The first field trip for 1951 took the
Brooklyn 14, New York. Sequoia Mineral society, Parlier, California,
FOR SALE: Beautiful purple Petrified Wood
with Uranium, Pyrolusite, Manganite. Nice to Shark Tooth Hill. Nearly everyone
Rock Store is again open to visitors to the
sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie Baker, Wen- found one or more fossilized teeth, many
den, Arizona.
area between Palm Springs and Palm Desert, digging out as many as thirty perfect speci-
Hiway 111. The Rockologist, (Chuckawalla mens. At the April meeting George Smith
Slim) Box 181, Cathedral City, California. MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting material of contributed a pair of sawed onyx book
all kinds. Gold and Silver jewelry made to
MINERAL SETS: 24 Colorful Minerals (iden- order. Your stones or ours. 5 lbs. good cut- ends, Asher Havenhill a specimen of cop-
tified) in l x l compartments, $3.00 postpaid. ting material $4.00 or $1.00 per lb. J. L. per, gold and galena and C. O. Sorensen a
James, Battle Mountain, Nevada.
PROSPECTOR'S SET — 50 minerals (identi- slab of green jade. An anonymous con-
fied) in l x l compartments in cloth reinforoed,
sturdy cartons, $5.00 postpaid. ELLIOTT tributor sent in a group of quartz crystals.
OVAL CABOCHONS — Symmetrically cut and
GEM SHOP, 235 East Seaside Blvd. Long beautifully polished. 3 for $1.(10 tax included, • • •
Beach 2, California. no C.O.D. Sizes from 18 to 30 mm. Lapis
lazuli—Agates—Amethysts, etc. Pacific Gem Identification of minerals with a petro-
TITANIA GEMS $5.00 per carat for stones over Cutters, 424 So. Broadway, Los Angeles, Calif. graphic microscope was described by S. A.
3 carats. Also mounted in 14K gold rings.
All precious gems at lowest prices. Ace Jerome of the New Jersey Zinc Explora-
Lapidary Co., Box 67, Jamaica, N. Y. DIAMONDS: Save 40% —Wholesale prices, $85 tion company, at the April meeting of the
to $2200. Loose brilliants. Resale. For price
list Airmail Joachim Goldenstein, Export Yavapai Gem and Mineral Society, Pres-
ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS. It will pay cott, Arizona. After Jerome's talk society
you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock Roost. We buy, Dept. 6. Antwerp, Belgium.
sell, or exchange mineral specimens. Visitors members had an opportunity to view a
are always welcome. Ken-Dor Rock Roost, FREE HERKIMER DIAMOND embedded in number of slides and thin polished sections
419 Sutter, Modesto, California. the book "Let's Hunt For Herkimer Dia-
monds." A must for crystals hunters. $1.00. of minerals. Door prizes were won by
Claude B. Smith, Box 291, Geneva, N. Y. Eugene Neuman and Gary Purviance.
MINERAL SPECIMENS, slabs or material by
the pound for cutting and polishing, Carbo- Specimens of fluorescent rock were on sale.
rundum wheels Cerium Oxide. Mountings. BLACK ONYX blanks 25c each. Red Onyx
Approval selection sent upon request. You blanks 35c each. Green Onyx blanks 35c
are welcome. A. L. Jarvis, Route 2, Box 125, each. Prompt service given to mail order The Orange Belt Mineral society held its
Watsonville, California, on Salinas Highway. jobs. All kinds of fine cutting. Juchem Bros.,
315 W. 5th St., Los Angeles 13, California.
April meeting in the social hall at Valley
SIX LARGE SLICES of Arizona Agates, $5.00 College, San Bernardino, California. Hugh
postpaid. Arizona Agate Mines, Cave Creek,
RADIOACTIVE ORE COLLECTION. Six won- R. Thorne showed colored slides of rocks
derful specimens of Euxenitu & Monazite, and the scenic Indian cliff dwelling areas
Autunite, Uranophane, Carnotite, Samaraskite of Utah, Colorado and Arizona. Mrs.
FIFTY MINERAL SPECIMENS, %-in. or over, and Lambertite in neat redwood chest, only
boxed, identified, described, mounted. Post- $2.00 Postpaid! Supply limited—Order now! Thorne displayed specimens of pottery done
paid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 729 Lodi,
URANIUM PROSPECTORS, Box 604, Stockton, by Rachele, aged Indian woman whose
outstanding skill and artistry has been rec-
DESERT GEM SHOP under new management.
PREFORM BLANKS: Round stones from 12 to
ognized throughout the western states.
Lots of cabs., slab cutting material and min-
erals. Order by mail or stop two miles west 15 mm. in genuine Citrine, Smoky Quartz, or • • •
of Salome. L. C. Hockett, Box 276, Salome, synthetic Spinel in most colors. 20c carat.
Arizona. No waste, ready to facet and polish. Pacific At their April meeting, the Southwest
Gem Cutters, 424 So. Broadway, Los Angeles, Mineralogists of Los Angeles, enjoyed a
California. picture of the recent eruption of Mauna
and labeled in l " x l " compartments, $3.75. Loa. This eruption was particularly inter-
Satisfaction guaranteed. Coast Gems & Min-
erals Inc., 11669 Ferris Road, El Monte, Calif.
BEAUTIFUL ROCKS from underground caves esting because the lava flowed from the
of New Mexico. Polished rock suitable for
paper weights at 50c, 75c, $1.00. Book ends three lower vents forming a slowly moving
BERYL CRYSTALS, Columbite, Tantalite, Pur- cut and polished $3.00 up. Lamps with photo river half a mile wide with a temperature
purite, Andalucite Crystals, Rose Quartz, Hell's shade $15.00, less shade $12.00. Good cutting of around 5000 degrees. Loyd Larson
Canyon Agates. Mac-Mich Minerals Co., Cus- material 50c lb. Nice samples of polished and talked on his trip through Mexico, via
ter, So. Dakota. unpolished cave formation and RIcolite $1.50.
Serpentine Ricolite same price. Postpaid. T. motorcycle, showing colored slides of rural
B. Perschbacher, 303 N. Mesa, Carlsbad, New flowering Mexico and the people, churches
Mexico. and ancient ruins.
crystals in flesh pink Rhodochrosite. Takes
JUNIOR fine polish, cuts beautiful slabs. $2.00, $3.00, The speaker at the April meeting of the
GEM $5.00 sizes. If you do not cut get one of Chicago Rocks and Mineral society. Pro-
these specimens for your collection. Yes,
fessor Cole of the Northwestern University,
CUTTER they are odd and nice, too. Jack the Rock
Hound, P.O. Box 86, Carbondsle, Colorado. talked on "Watch Cases of the Early 1800's."
He illustrated with colored slides of the
A Complete Lapidary Shop THE GOOD LORD made the rocks beautiful. I elaborately enameled and jewel encrusted
Only $43.50 love to cut and polish those rocks and find cases from the collection of Leopold Metz-
that beauty. Ken Stewart's Gem Shop. Cus-
tom cutting and polishing. Lapidary Equip- enberg. Stanley Ryba exhibited his collec-
• Ideal for apartment house dwel- ment and Supplies. 37 South West Temple, >/2 tion of Pennsylvania fern fossils, cabochons
block from Temple Square, Salt Lake City,
and jewelry.
ers. • • •
• Polish rocks into beautiful gems. WHEN IN HOLLYWOOD visit Bea's Trading At a recent meeting of the East Bay
• Anyone can learn. Post. Stones from California and Oregon.
Petrified wood from Arizona. Indian goods
Mineral society of California, Frank Wil-
• Instructions included. and curios. 1149 N. Vine St., Hollywood 38, cox demonstrated his method of polishing
California. precious opal by hand. The method con-
Write for Catalog, 25c sists of securing the specimen or dopping
URANIUM identified ON-THE-SPOT! Prospect- it to the head of a large nail. It is then
ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT ors save time, assay fees using proven Menlo
Uranium Test Kit with any blacklite. Pocket-
shaped by grinding with abrasive cloths,
COMPANY — Dept. D size kit contains everything for 25 bead tests. beginning with 120 grit, then 220 and fin-
Refillable. FREE list URANIUM ores with ishing with 600. Polishing is then done on
3632 W. Slauson Ave., Los Angeles 43. Cal. every kit. Valuable instruction manual. At a piece of soft leather, dampened and
your dealer's or order direct. S5, postpaid.
Phone Axminister 2-6206 Menlo Research Laboratory, Box 522-E, Menlo spread with a small amount of tin oxide.
Park, California. It took Wilcox 9 minutes to finish a stone.

Recent opening of a well equipped lapi- At the April meeting, Norman Cupp.
dary hut by the Searles Lake Gem and president of the Los Angeles Lapidary so-
Mineral society at Trona, California, marks ciety, announced exhibits at the third an- Wholesale
fulfillment of one of its foremost ambitions. nual California hobby show attracted Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains
Equipment installed includes a 16-inch slab- crowds, the working demonstration of Brooches — Ear Rings
bing saw, a trimming saw, four 10-inch Charles Maples and Jack Deurmyers win- Bracelets — Matched Sets
grinding wheels, two 8-inch drum sanders, ning special award ribbons. The display of —Send stamp for price list No. 1—
two 8-inch disc sanders, one 10-inch cloth lapidary work, gems and jewelry took the
buffer and one 10-inch felt buffer. The hut
is open from 7 to 9 three nights a week for
blue ribbon for that division. Armand de
Angelis, gem cutter for the Krueger stone
Blank Mountings
the use of members under the supervision house, gave an informative talk on the art Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains
of a committee member. Techniques of of cutting stones. De Angelis has been a Cufi Links — Neck Chains
cabochon and flat specimen cutting as well professional lapidary for 25 years and has Bezel — devices — Shanks
as facet cutting are being taught. Dwight cut stones for many famous people. S. P. Solder — Findings
Sawyer is president of the society, replacing Hansen. charter member of the society, was —Send stamp for price list No. 2—
Nedra Merrill who resigned because of ill- presented with a life membership. The so-
ness. George Grau is vice president, Celia ciety meets the first Monday of each month. O. R. JUNKINS & SON
Forgee, recording secretary, Alma Bliss, • • • 440 N.W. Beach St.
corresponding secretary and Eddie Reden- Newport, Oregon
bach, treasurer. The Atlanta, Georgia, Mineral society-
received a special invitation to attend the
open house held in the new building of the
At the regular meeting of the Western Department of Geology at Emory Univer-
sity, March 9. Especially interesting were YOURS FOR READY-REFERENCE
Nebraska Mineral society, Chappell, Ne-
braska, Walter Peck was elected president. the minerals displayed in the halls, ar- RADIOACTIVE MINERALS
Serving with Peck are: Emmett Soule, vice ranged to take full advantage of light and
president; Freda Bergstrom, secretary-treas- background. Regular meeting of the so- Know first-hand the important types
urer. E. P. Chipman spoke on the "Plane- ciety was held March 12 when field trips of the world's most strategic minerals.
tary Theory of Evolution of the Universe." were discussed and business taken care of. 16 selected specimens attractively
Refreshments were served at the close of Dr. Frank Daniel, official historian, talked boxed plus data handbook
the meeting. on minerals and past field trips, illustrating (Me 71-d) $7.50
with Kodachrome slides. < nearest Express office;
• • • shipment Collect)
• • •
The Santa Fe, New Mexico, Gem and The Napa Valley Rock and Gem club
Mineral club celebrated its first birthday sponsored its first Rock and Gem show NATURAL
March 20. New officers were elected. Those
serving are: Walter H. Wright, president;
March 31-April 1 at the Women's Club U/ADn'C SCIENCE
House in Napa, California. Nearly 1000
James G. Gates, vice president; Justine attended. Silversmithing was demonstrated. V Y A I l U 0 ESTABLISHMENT, INC.
Stehl, corresponding secretary; Bettie A. Rough rock, crystals, petrified wood, pol- P.O. Bo< 21. Reechwood Station. Rochester. N.Y.
Morgan, recording secretary; Marie Al- ished slabs and cabochons as well as
mand, treasurer. mounted stones and work in both gold and
silver were some of the items displayed. FAMOUS TEXAS PLUMES
At the annual meeting, April 6, new Santa Rosa. Benicia and Vallejo, neighbor- Red Plume and many other types of agate.
officers of the Washoe Gem and Mineral ing cities, also had exhibits. Slabs on approval. Rough agate. 8 lb. mix-
society were elected. Those who will serve • 9 e
ture postpaid. $5.00. Price list on request.
are: Mrs. Henry Obermanns, president; The Santa Monica, California. Gemolog- WOODWARD RANCH
Glen E. Drew, vice president and program ical society has elected Florence G. Strong 17 miles So. on Hwy 118
director; Thelma Jordan, secretary-treasurer; president, the first woman to serve the Box 453. Alpine. Texas
Gladys Hamm, publicity director. society in that capacity. First vice presi-
dent, Vern Cadieux and second vice presi-
• • • dent. Professor W. R. B. Osterholt, were
Mrs. Clarence Chittenden. former teacher returned to office. Harold Higgins was
at Pasadena City College, spoke on jewelry elected treasurer; Doris Baur, recording MINERAL SPECIMENS
making and design at the April 10 meeting secretary, Lefa Warth, corresponding sec- Lapidary & Jeweler's Supplies
of the San Gabriel Valley, California, Lapi- retary. James W. Riley, from Springfield, I. C. FILER 4 SON
dary society. She illustrated her talk with Ohio, spoke to the society, titling his talk 1344 Hiway 99, San Bernardino. California
blackboard sketches and an exhibit of fin- "Reminiscing by a Buckeye Rockhound." Midway between Redlahds and
ished pieces of modern jewelry. A recent The mineral display was arranged by re- San Bernardino
field trip took 26 to the Crestmore quarry tiring president and Mrs. C. E. Hamilton. Open Every Day
in Riverside county. Several varieties of
fluorescent minerals rewarded those who
• • •
Dr and Mrs. Snook of Palmdale, Cali-
fornia, entertained 36 members of the Mo- ^eett j£o6(k*ty,
jave Mineralogical society April 4. Colored
slides covering Yoho, Kootney and Jasper Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla
National parks in Canada were shown. Ted Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry
Purkheiser talked on the method of wet
sanding, especially good for polishing jade. HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER
Hamburgers, ice cream, cake and coffee
were served. The April 6 meeting at Home- Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings
land Park in Boron, was highlighted by the and Brooches
contest between Mojave and Boron for
honors in having completed the most jew- SPECIALLY SELECTED STONES WITH
elry and lapidary work during the month. CHOICE COLORS AND PICTURES
A special field trip April 8 took several to
the Caliprima Dolomite mine a few miles Write for Folder With Prices
north of Adelanto. By special permission
several men were lowered into a newly
discovered limestone cavern. A few stalac-
tites and stalagmites as well as arawnite 235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH I. CALIF.
crystals, already broken off, were allowed Across from West End of Municipal
but no destruction of others permitted since Auditorium Grounds
plans to develop the cavern into a commer- Hours 10 A. M. to 9 P. M. Daily Except Monday
cial sight-seeing spot are under way.

JUNE, 195 1 35
COLLEGE OFFERS SUMMER Dale described the early day prospecting
EARTH SCIENCE COURSES of the Wichitas, much of which was
Professor Richard M. Pearl will teach a prompted by legends of lost Spanish mines.
series of courses covering varous phases of Gold, lead, copper, silver and zircons were
the earth sciences this summer at the Colo- sought. Professor Dale said probably no
rado college, Colorado Springs. They are area of similar size has ever been so thor-
directed toward teachers of the earth sci- oughly searched with such unprofitable re-
MERCURY ences in high schools and junior colleges as sults.
well as those interested in advancing their • • •
TUNGSTEN — URANIUM knowledge of geology and mineralogy. At the March 30 meeting of the Hum-
• e • boldt Gem and Mineral society Newton
That precious stones are tears is a com- Steward, chief of the KIEM news staff,
FIND VITAL mon mythological concept. According to Eureka, California, told of his experiences
WAR M E T A L S ! the Buddhists, the rubies and sapphires of in China and displayed Chinese art dating
Ceylon are Buddha's tears, caused by man's back 2000 years to the Han dynasty. Paul
with Ultra-Violet Mineralight sins. A Singhalese legend holds the gems McMillan described a field trip to the Van
of Ceylon are Adam's tears hardened. Dusen river area for those who were unable
MINERALIGHT instantly identifies mercury, Chinese mythology attributes pearls to the to go. Refreshments concluded an enter-
tungsten and many other valuable minerals tear of mermen and mermaids. On the taining evening. April 1 another field trip
island of Hawaii small spheres of aragonite took 29 society members to the beaches of
now in demand for rearmament. Dry Lagoon and Big Lagoon in northern
resembling pearls are known locally as the
5 MINERALIGHT models for every require- tears of the goddess Pele who ruled the Humboldt county. Agate, jasp-agate, petri-
great volcano, Kilauea and wept when she fied wood, jasper and californite were some
ment. Money-back guarantee. of the minerals picked up.
thought the subterranean fires were dying.
• • • • • •
The Tucson, Arizona, Gem and Mineral The March issue of the Dona Ana
Send for free brochure on society, meeting in the University of Ari- County, New Mexico, Rock club Bulletin
"Prospecting for Scheelite zona library March 20, enjoyed a talk on has four pages devoted to the club library.
(tungsten) with Ultra Violet." copper minerals by J. J. Normart. A movie According to the Mineral and Gem News
showing mining and smelting copper at the of the Rocky Mountain Federation, a so-
Inspiration mine at Miami and Globe, Ari- ciety owned library for the benefit of its
zona, illustrated the talk. On display was members is a worthwhile venture, involv-
ULTRA-VIOLET PRODUCTS, Inc. Nomart's large collection of copper min- ing some work, but paying large dividends.
145 Pasadena Avenue, South Pasadena, Calif. erals representing many localities. At the It also calls attention to the club's birthday
April 3 meeting, Fred G. Hawley described box in which those having a birthday de-
the meteorite crater in Arizona, displaying posit a sum corresponding to their ages.
specimens of various types of meteorites. Two This helps the treasurer, the Federation
movies were shown at the April 17 meet- states, and is not burdensome on the rock-
THE COMPTON ROCK SHOP ing, both on the natural resources of Chile
and Columbia. • • •
• • • The Monterey Bay Mineral society at-
A Friendly Place to Visit tended an impromptu field trip in its own
Mr. and Mrs. Linton T. Riggs enter- back yard in Salinas April 1. Past president
tained the Oklahoma Mineral society at and Mrs. V. L. Fraser, who have collected
Belgian Congo Malachite — very their home in Oklahoma City on March 1. so many rocks during past years it was
The usual business meeting was dispensed impossible to move all to their new home,
good material 50c per sq. in. with in order to devote the entire evening invited members of the society on a field
to the program arranged by Professor E. E. trip in their back yard. A few specimens
Shattuckite — 35c per sq. in. Dale of the history department of the Uni- were presented to the society to use as it
versity of Oklahoma. He talked on Nava- sees fit. The balance, both cutting and
Tiger Eye Golden —$2.00 per lb. joe, a frontier cow-trail town that flourished specimen material was available to mem-
when Oklahoma was a territory. Professor bers through a generous "share with friends"
idea planned by the Frasers.
Open Tuesday Evening till 10:00 P.M. • • •
1409 S. Long Beach Boulevard
WANT *IO,OOO?, Professor Deidrick, president of the Cali-
Earn the govern- Super Sensitive P. R. I.
fornia Federation of Mineralogical societies,
Compton. California ment bonus. Locate r E i A r n f f t l l N T F I I was speaker at the late March meeting of
Uranium with a GSIBEK IUUN1 tK the San Diego Lapidary society. Professor
Also get one for Atom Bomb Deidrick explained with chalk drawings,
Find gold, silver, and other how minerals are formed by the hot magma
ALTA INDUSTRIES valuable ores with a P.B.I. Trea Deo)er ,„,„•„ and steam forced up through cracks in the
Lapidary Equipment sure Locator. Worlds finest in- incited earth's crust. He also showed colored slides
Manufacture and Design struments. Free catalog. Write!
PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS of the Leviathan sulphur mine which is
16-18 inch power feed slabbing saw 41131) \V. Jefferson, Los Angeles 1fi. California owned by the Texas Gulf Oil Company.
Belt Sanders, including ball bearing
Drill press
Grinding arbor and trim saw
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4613 Central Ave. Phoenix, Arizona
Visitors Welcome
NEW CATALOGS AVAILABLE NOW . . . you can build your own black light equip- '
If you want Choice Cutting Material, Fine & ment at a new low cost with these easy-to-assemble
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alights, Books, Trim Saws, Fluorescents,
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IN SIMPLE LANGUAGE RESULTS IN MANY AWARDS ing meetings the first Monday of each
month at Clark Stadium, Hermosa Beach,
Arthur and Lucille Sangcr, co-authors of The third annual mineral show of the California, is entering its fourth year. The
Cabochon Jewelry Making have been asso- Mineral and Gem society of Castro Valley. entire staff of officers has been reelected
ciated with lapidary work and silversmith- California, held April 7 and 8, resulted in for another year. Those serving again are:
ing for many years, at one time conducting many awards Jane Hagar, president; S. P. Hughes, vice
a studio in Chicago. Besides giving private both the seniorforand outstanding exhibits in
president; Gordon Bailey, secretary; Perry
lessons, they headed the lapidary and sil- addition to beautifullyjunior divisions. In
Williams, treasurer.
versmith department in the American the society had a tablearranged of
Industrial Magazine and contributed articles minerals with a Geiger counter demonstra-
on making jewelry to various journals and tion by Louis Camenzind. Mrs. W;;rd
magazines. Lewis conducted the dark room, showing
Cabochon and Jewelry Making is for fluorescent minerals under ultra violet light.
those who have had some experience in Frank Wilcox demonstrated his techni UJ
the use of small tools of the trade. The for faceting minerals and Gladys Luce the
Sangers have selected silver as the material grinding and polishing of rock specimens.
for mounting various stones because it is Wesley Gordon, leader of the paleontolo-
easier for the beginner to work with and gists of Hayward, showed how rare fossil
not too expensive for small projects. specimens are cleaned and prepared. Minn e
"in making jewelry, me first to do Buhn supervised displays of over _'i() floral
is make a design tor the stone mounting. dish gardens.
Lay the stone on a sheet of paper ;,nd draw
around it. Fill a whole sheet of paper with
draw.ngs of the stone, if you arc fishing for (Our Factory cutting and polishing Titania)
an idea. I his is not necessary where the TRUE OR FALSE ANSWERS RUTILE (Titania)
design is already in mind. Around each of Pacific Gem Cutters is first to offer you lliis
Questions are on page 28 most amazing (join cut in our own plant, .-it
the drawings, sketch some simple design, these Low Prices.
or parts of designs, if it is to be a repeat I—False. The coyote is also a meat Small stones con be had in pairs for earrings
motif. It is better to use curved lines, espe- eaier. %i lo 1 carat sizes at $10.00 carat
cially for the beginner, than angular ones, 2—True. 1 carat sizes and up at S 7.50 carat
3—False. De Anza followed Coyote Each stone guaranteed to be first quality.
as the curved lines will arrange themselves Brilliant cut stones facet for facet to dupli-
in pleasing fashion." Canyon to the top of the range cate the brilliant diamond cut. These syn-
Thus begin the general instructions in many miles south of San Gor- thetic balls of fire have a double refractive
gonio Pass. index and exceed the diamond in brilliance.
chapter one, indicating the easily compre- 4—False. The sidewinder derives PACIFIC GEM CUTTERS
hensive language in which the book is its name from its manner of LAPIDARY AND STONE SUPPLY
written. travel. Phone MA HH-l'y—Judson Hives Building
More than a hundred articles, including J24 South Broadway, Los Angeles 13, Calif.
buttons, necklaces, spring type bracelets 5—False. There are no buffalo in
and brooches with prongs and coils are Saguaro National Monument.
explained. If you are interested in lapidary 6—True.
7—False. Only 21 of the original Black Spider Web Turquoise
you will want to own this book. 29 palms are still standing.
Published by Charles A. Bennett Com- 8—True. Domestic and Asiatic
pany, Inc., Peoria, Illinois. 127 pages. $3.50. 9—True. •
• • • 10—False. The Papagos use long
Lawrence Oliver and Kess Philips of the Cut stones in all sizes
poles to knock down the fruit.
Denver, Colorado, Mineral Society exhib- 1 1—False. Gold often occurs in

ited displays of their lapidary work at a quartz seams. Wholesale only

Peoples Festival and International Exhibit 12—True.
sponsored by the Steele Center UNESCO 13—True. MARYOTT'S
group at Steele community center in March. 14—True.
An illustrated talk was given by Dr. J. 40 Oak Street Miami, Arizona
15—False. The blossom of the agave
Harlan Johnson at the Colorado School is yellow.
of Mines. Dr. Johnson spoke chiefly about 16—False. Tourmaline crystals come
geological formations on the island of Got- in many colors. From Central Texas Fossil Beds
land, off the southeast coast of Sweden. 17—True. Turitella paperweights $3.00 each. Exclusive
His colored slides showed to good advant- 18—False. Coronado returned from Pattern Letter Openers from colorful rock
age the limestone reef formations along material $3.00. Ash Trays from same $3.50
his conquest in New Mexico to $5.00. Hal is Fact ion guaranteed.
the coast. A dinner preceded the meeting disappointed and disgraced.
which was followed by an inspection of 19—True. CLAY LEDBETTER
mineral specimens in the college museum. 20—True.
Meetings are held the first Friday each 2126 McKenz'e Ave. Waco, Texas
month, October through May.
• • •
The Riverton, Wyoming Geological so-
c ety has elected John Pitts its president;
Norbert Ribble, vice president; Rose Hains,
secretary treasurer; Harold Rinnan director Is located in the center of the rock hounds rendezvous 9 miles E.
for a three year term and A. D. Perkins of Barstow, California on Hi. 91 at Daggett Road.
director to fill the unexpired term of Robert From MOTEL CALICO it is
Tresler. who is leaving Riverton. Plans are 3.5 Mi. to Calico ghost town (Minerals, Silver, Lead & Gold.)
being formulated for the State Geological 3.5 Mi. to Jasper Peak (Red Jasper.)
convention, to be held at the Riverton high 1 Mi. to Odessa Canyon (Minerals, Agate, & Copper.)
school auditorium June 16 through 17. 4.5 Mi. to Mule Canyon (Petrified Palm root & Borax.)
10 Mi. to Agate Hill (Banded Agate.)
13 Mi. to Newberry (Geode Beds.)
1") Mi. to Fossil Beds (Sea Fossils.)
JEWELRY MOUNTINGS! 25 Mi. to Manix & Alvord Mts (Palm Wood.)
ILLUSTRATED CATALOGUE AVAILABLE 35 Mi. to Pisgha Crater (Obsidian & Agate.)
The superb finish and fine 10 Mi. to Lavic (Jasper & Moss Agate.)
craftsmanship of CONLEY'S
TERN in 3-tone geld filled en-
ables you to create exquisite Two people $4.00 a night Four people $6.00 a night
jewelry equal to the finest pro-
fessional shop. Other CONLEY mountings Weekly rate $24.00 Weekly rate $36.00
in Gold—Filled—Silver ami Plate. Individually Cooled
Lowest Possible Prices Consistent with Qual-
ity — Insist on Conley Quality.
AVAILABLE AT ALL BETTER DEALERS You rest in quiet insulated units three miles away from trains.
or write us
W. 715 Riverside Avo., Spokane, Wash.
MAILING ADDRESS: Box 6105, Yermo, California

JUNE, 1 9 51 37
ween uou an


7 WO WEEKS ago, with my friends Aries Adams and

Bill Sherrill, I spent a week-end in a remote canyon
far down the peninsula of Lower California with a
little band of Indians who told us that we were the first
individual is dependent in a large measure on the emo-
tional maturity of many, many other persons, undisciplined
emotions—especially in leadership—become tragic. And
that is the dilemma of our day.
white men to visit their homes in 30 years.
Like other creatures of the wild, they were distrustful
at first. But when they were assured that we bore neither Another article I am going to write for Desert Maga-
firearms nor illwill their suspicions vanished, and they zine before another winter season will be for architects
loitered about our camp and watched with curious interest and builders and those who plan new homes on the desert.
as we prepared our meals with gadgets quite unfamiliar I have watched a hundred new homes under construction
to them. in my neighborhood during the last two years—and only
Among themselves they spoke their native dialect, but two or three of the entire number have been planned with
some of them also understood Spanish and we were able any degree of preparation for comfortable living during
to learn much about their primitive way of life. I plan the summer period of high temperatures.
to write the story more in detail for a later issue of Desert A home on the desert, where electricity is available,
Magazine—the story of a little group of people who know may be just as comfortable as a summer home in the
nothing about the conflicts of the so-called civilized world. mountains—if those who do the planning will give proper
Their needs are simple—food and shelter are all they attention to a few fundamental factors.
require, and to a surprising extent they find both of these Those who plan to occupy their desert homes the year
necessities in a desert which to you and me would seem around should not start building until they have given
quite barren. careful study to such questions as glass exposure, direc-
These Indians not only have food and shelter, but tion and velocity of prevailing winds both day and night,
they have something else which you and I regard as one soil, drainage and view.
of the most precious of human endowments—that is, com- Almost without exception, the homes I have seen go
plete personal freedom. There are no tax collectors, no up since I have lived in Palm Desert have been very
policemen, no lawyers—and no laws, except those tribal inadequate both as to insulation and air cooling. A good
customs which have been found to be mutually beneficial. rule in setting up an evaporative air cooling system is to put
It is refreshing for a little while to have contact with in twice the capacity specified by the so-called experts.
such a way of living. But while you and I may dream They get their figures out of a book—and the man who
about the peace and freedom of such a world we know wrote the book never lived on the desert.
that science and the increasing density of our population
have made those things impossible for most of us. It
is one thing to live in a communal village, at peace with When I build another home on the desert I am going
a score of fellow tribesmen. It is something else to try to have a rock pile—for the lizards. For a year we had
to live a tranquil life in a society of 150 million people, a big pile of flagstone out in front of our apartment house,
each trying to amass more material wealth than his neighbor. and under that pile lived a family of the prettiest lizards
One of these days I hope the scientists will turn from I have seen on the Colorado Desert. In the summertime
their mad quest for more power and speed and miracle- they were almost white.
working gadgets—and devote their talents and their skills Some of my desert friends have lizards for household
to studies of the human mind and emotions. In the phys- pets. They never become very chummy, neither do they
ical sciences we have become a race of super-men—while ever become a nuisance. They sit on the window sills
in the science of human relations we are still just children. preying on flies and other insects.
Emotionally we are as primitive as those Indians in Arroyo Like most of the other creatures of the desert the
Agua Caliente. lizards are rugged little individualists. They never run in
Fear, hate, avarice, intolerance, anger, arrogance, envy packs. They are silent little denizens who attend to their
—these emotions that bring so much grief to the human own affairs and expect no thanks for the service they
race, run their course and leave no imprint on the world render humanity. Don't throw a rock at a lizard, any
when they are confined to a little tribe of Indians in a more than you would at a bird—for they have an important
remote desert canyon. But in the complex organization place in Nature's balance. May their numbers never grow
of a great nation where the peace and security of each less!

party returned to base camp at the end Two names which often appear in
of the motor road two days overdue. Desert Magazine are those of Aries
• • • Adams and Bill Sherrill, who generally
Paul Wilhelm, known among his accompany Randall Henderson on his
friends as the Poet of the Desert, also exploring trips into the remote desert
writes very interesting prose, and the areas. Aries Adams is the father of
editors of Desert Magazine regard his four girls and two boys. His home is
Betty Woods of Pagosa Springs, story of the 57 Trail Shrines in this El Centro, California, where he is
Colorado, who often writes feature issue of the magazine as one of the superintendent of the California Cen-
stories for Desert Magazine, is arrang- most readable archeological features tral Fibre corporation's mill in that
ing to spend the next few months on yet published. Paul has made his home city. This company is a subsidiary of
location with her husband, Clee Woods, for many years at the Thousand Palms the Acusta Paper corporation of Pisgah
also a writer, who has been selected oasis, in the heart of what the map- Forest, North Carolina, and its func-
as technical director for an Apache makers call the Indio Mud Hills. Paul tion is to process the flax straw grown
Indian picture to be filmed by Uni- would like to change the name to in Imperial Valley and ship it to the
versal-International. While the loca- Phantom Hills. There are many palms parent plant in North Carolina for
tion has not been definitely selected, in these low-lying hills along the north manufacture into cigaret and fine writ-
it probably will be in the Chiricahua side of Coachella Valley and during ing papers.
Mountains, stronghold of Cochise and his years at the oasis Paul not only
other Apache chieftains during their has found many artifacts of the ancient William (Bill) Sherrill is a member
long conflict with American troops. Indian tribesmen who camped at these of the U. S. Border Patrol. Within
• • • waterholes, but also accumulated many the last year he has had two promo-
Dora Edna Tucker, frequently men- legends of the Cahuilla Indians, who tions and is now Patrol Inspector in
tioned in Desert Magazine as the trav- are believed to be the descendants of charge of the Calexico station on the
eling companion of Nell Murbarger, the prehistoric tribesmen. California border.
writer for many western publications,
died at her home in Las Vegas, Ne-
vada, April 4. Aged 72, Mrs. Tucker
_was born in Maine, but spent 70 years
of her life in Colorado, Utah and
Nevada. Despite her advanced years
she was always eager for an exporing
trip into remote sections of the desert,
and has been Miss Murbarger's com-
panion on western writing assignments
for 27 years. "Aside from my mother
and father, she was the only real pal
I ever had," writes Nell Murbarger.
• • •
John W. Hilton, artist and writer
whose feature stories have appeared
frequently in Desert Magazine, was
34 * 72 . Z l b i .
married April 28 at the home of Mr. NET KAPOK.
and Mrs. Sherman Clark of Twenty- STITCH THRU.

nine Palms, California, to Anna Bar- 3/4 ZIP,INNER


bara MacGillivery, studio secretary in WATER REPEL


Hollywood. They plan to make their

home at Orange, California, where
John will conduct art classes during
the summer, and return to Twentynine
Palms next fall.
• • • ~ COVER. S
"" L E T T E INNER ^ » ~ >

Last fall a group of Sierra Club

mountaineers attempted to scale El
Picacho del Diablo, highest peak in
Lower California, from the Pacific side WATER
—and failed. Louise Werner, one of RUGGED
the climbers wrote the story for the ARMY DUCI
March, 1951, Desert Magazine. COMPLETE ZIP
Sierrans are not easily thwarted, even DOWN ft FEATHER
by as difficult an obstacle as 01' Diablo, 4"TUBULAR
and during Easter week this year Mrs. CONSTRUCTION -HEAD
2 {/z tbt- 5 0 V . DOWN , 5 0 V . SMALL GREY KEEPS FILLING
Werner and four other members of FLAP
the club returned to the San Pedro CLOTH INNER LINER AND WATER REPEL-
Martyr range and made a successful NET FILLING 3 LBS. OF 5 0 % D O W N - 5 0 % SMALL GREY DUCK FEATHERS.
ascent—making a total of 16 persons I! BAGS CAN BE ZIPPED TOGETHER FOR DOUBLE BED
known to have reached the 10,160- SHORT ROLL PACK. SIZE 36"x8O"
foot summit, two of them from the
desert side. Accompanying Mrs. Wer-
ner were Omar Conger, Sam Fink,
Henry Stege and Frances Pierson. It
was a strenuous backpack trip, and the

JUNE, 1951 39

pmlccufat, afout nut eat,





ONLY 1,000 MILES,'