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By FREDERICK H. POUGH, Curator of Minerals, American Museum of Natural History

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PHONE: SY. 6-6423

July 30-August I — Black Diamond
Stampede, F'rice, Utah.
July 31-Augusi 1—All-Indian Festival.
Winslow, Arizona.
August 1-31—Special exhibit, William
Alexander Hamilton's oil portraits
of Navajo Indians. Southwest Mu-
seum, Highland Park, Los Angeles,
August 2—O1J Pecos Dance, Jemez
Indian Pueblo, New Mexico.
August 4—Corn Dance and Fiesta, Volume 16 AUGUST, 1953 Number 8
Santo Domingo Pueblo, New Mex-
COVER Jemez Harvest Dance. Photo b y RAY MANLEY of
August 7-9—Teddy Roosevelt Rough W e s t e r n W a y s , Tucson, Arizona
Riders and Cowboy's Reunion, Las
Vegas, New Mexico. CALENDAR August events on the desert 3
August 8—Smoki Snake Dance and
Indian Ceremonials, Prescott. Ari- CELEBRATION Inter-tribal Indian Ceremonial at G a l l u p . . . 4
PHOTOGRAPHY Pictures of the Month 5
August 10—Annual fiesta of San Lo-
renzo, Picuris Pueblo, New Mex- INDIANS Miracle in Parker Valley
August 12 — Annual Fiesta, Santa CRAFTS W e a v e r s of C h i m a y o
Clara Pueblo, New Mexico. By DOROTHY L PILLSBURY 12
August 13-16 — Inter-tribal Indian DESERT QUIZ A test of your desert k n o w l e d g e 16
Ceremonial;., Gallup, New Mexico.
August 14-15—Annual Square Dance CLOSE-UPS About those who write for Desert 16
Festival, Flagstaff, Arizona.
LOST MINE Lost Blue Bucket Gold
August 15—Assumption Day Fiesta By JOHN D. MITCHELL 17
and Ceremcnial Dance, Zia Pueblo,
New Mexico. FICTION Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 18
August 15-17—Quay County Sheriff's CONTEST Prizes for p h o t o g r a p h e r s 18
Posse Rodeo. Tucumcari, New
Mexico. EXPERIENCE Life on the Desert, b y RICH GIFFORD . . . 19
August 19-21—Cache County Fair. FIELD TRIP
Logan. Utah. Historic P a s s in the W i n d River Country
August 21-22—Summit County Fair
and Rodeo, Coalville, Utah. POETRY Desert Miracle, a n d other p o e m s 24
August 22—Sin Augustin Fiesta and LETTERS Comment from Desert's r e a d e r s 25
Dance, Isleta Pueblo, New Mexico.
PROSPECTING Permits Required in Borrego a n d A n z a P a r k s . 26
August 26-2^ — Junior Livestock
Show, Richfield. Utah. MINING Current n e w s of desert mines 28
August 26-28—Hereford ranch tours. NEWS
New Mexico. From Here a n d There on the Desert 29
August 28-29—Tooele County Fair, PLAYGROUNDS N e w Fee Schedule for National Parks . . . . 34
Tooele, Utah. LAPIDARY A m a t e u r G e m Cutter, b y LELANDE QUICK . . 35
August 29-September 1 — Annual HOBBY
Santa Fe Fiesta, Santa Fe, New G e m s a n d Minerals 36
Mexico. COMMENT Just Between You a n d Me, b y the Editor . . . 42
August 31-September 2 — Sanpete BOOKS Reviews of Southwestern literature 43
County Fa r and Rodeo, Manti,
Utah. '
The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1953 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
must be secured from the editor in writing.
BESS STACY, Business Manager EVONNE RIDDELL, Circulation Manager
Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
One Year $3.50 Two Years $8.00
Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

AUGUST, 1 95
"America's Greatest
Authentic Indian fo 'Dance fa
Spectacle" 7 HOUSANDS OF American Indians, from 35 tribes,
will gather in Gallup, New Mexico, August 13
through 16 for the'32nd annual Inter-Tribal Indian
at Ceremonial.
The ceremonial is an exciting event—not only for the
Gallup, New Mexico hundreds of Indians who travel by wagon many miles
from isolated reservation homes for the four days of
The Indian Capital inter-tribal competition and fellowship, but also for the
white visitor who here has a rare opportunity to see
sacred tribal dances and to photograph the Indian in his
most colorful ceremonial finery.
Many of the Indians will come from Southwest tribes
—Navajo, Hopi, Apache, Ute and most of the 18 Pueblo
tribes, living in New Mexico's Rio Grande Valley. From
Oklahoma will come the Cherokee, from South Dakota,
the colorful Sioux.
More than 60 dances will be performed by these
tribes on the evening program in the large outdoor arena.
Judges will grade the performers for precision, technique
and adherence to tradition. There will be special tribal
rites and musical chants, athletic contests like wagon
races and tugs-of-war. A parade each morning will offer
more opportunity to study and photograph the Indians'
costumes as dancers and musicians march through Gallup's
streets, followed by Indian families in their horse-drawn
wooden wagons.
The giant exhibit hall on the ceremonial grounds will
contain the finest work of Indian craftsmen, for visitors'
inspection and purchase. A score of the best artisans will
demonstrate their ancient arts of pottery making, basketry,
weaving and silver work. Each day a sand painting will
32nd Annual Inter-Tribal be made by Navajo medicine men sifting colored sands
through their fingers to create symbolic designs of brilliant
Indian Ceremonial color and delicate detail.
The celebration, first staged in 1922, is sponsored by
the Inter-Tribal Ceremonial Association "to increase the
August 13,14,15, 16 appreciation of the beauties of Indian life, customs and
tradkions; to bring about a better understanding between
See the Indians and whites, and to develop the production of fine
Indian arts and crafts."
• Devil Dance and Yebechai of the Navajos
The first Gallup ceremonial was a small event,
• Eagle Dance and Hunting Dance of the Cochitis staged with inadequate facilities. Exhibits were arranged
• Bow and Arrow and Clown Dance of the Hopis in tents; automobiles provided seats for spectators and
• Snake Dance and Owl Dance of the Arapahoe- their headlights illuminated the evening programs.
Cheyennes The people of Gallup struggled for many years to put
• Butterfly Dance and Shield Dance of the the ceremonial on a sound financial basis. Even today
Lagunas the production is rated a success when it breaks even.
These and scores of others including the Apache, Since 1939 it has received a yearly appropriation from
the New Mexico State Legislature. State funds are used
Sioux, Zuni, San Juan, and Taos Indians to develop further the ceremonial plant and to provide
recreational facilities for the community.
4 Colorful Days All Indians who attend the ceremonial are admitted
of Indian Dancing and parades in Gallup's great free to the grounds, the bleacher seats and the exhibit hall.
Ceremonial Stadium They are given hay for their animals, wood for their fires,
water and a free barbecue meal each day. Cash prizes
Mammoth Exhibit of Indian Arts and Crafts are awarded the competitors in the various events.
For reservations and tickets write to— The cast proper is composed of about 400 Indians.
They are furnished transportation, quarters and meals,
INTER-TRIBAL INDIAN CEREMONIAL ASS'N and each is paid to perform.
Gallup, New Mexico The ceremonial is a photographer's paradise, and
visitors are urged to bring their cameras.


Basking in the midday sun, an iguana

lizard posed his regal profile for R.
Van Nostrand of San Diego, California,
who captured this fine photographic
study. Taken with a Speed Graphic
camera, panchromatic press type B film,
1/200 second at f. 16, it won first prize
in Desert Magazine's June Picture-of-
the-Month contest. ' ' ' • : • *


» " *. • • • '• "

Ghost remnants of the Western min-

ing boom, these six coke ovens stand
in a canyon about 14 miles south of Ely,
Nevada. Adrian Atwater of Carson
City, Nevada, took the picture one Oc-
tober afternoon, using a Speed Graphic
camera, Super XX film, K2 yellow filter,
1/50 second at f. 16, and with it won
second prize honors for June.

AUGUST, 1953
Fifty years ago the Colorado
River Indians on the reservation at
Parker, Arizona, were among the
most backward tribesmen in the
United States. They had lost the
freedom and incentives of their
carefree tribal days, and had made
no progress yet in adapting them-
selves to the white man's civiliza-
tion. But it is a different story today
—as you will learn in reading
Randall Henderson's story of his
experience on this reservation.
. ;•-
During the last 40 years the stick-in-the-mud hut pictured above has given
way to . . .

Miracle in Parker Valley

By RANDALL HENDERSON tion. With nearly 100,000 acres of I recall that I caught one snapshot of
Map by Norton Allen the most fertile land in America at a mangy dog and a couple of chickens
their disposal, and a pumping plant as they rushed in to seize morsels of
ONE afternoon in May this operated by the Indian Service to pro- food from the frying pan when an In-
year 1 unrolled my sleeping bag vide water for irrigation, they had less dian woman, cooking on the ground,
and made camp in a little clear- than 360 acres under cultivation and turned her back.
ing among the mesquite trees on the were living at a bare subsistence level.
Colorado River Indian reservation 40 That, briefly, was the status of the
miles south of Parker, Arizona. I had an exceptional opportunity to Colorado River Indians at Parker in
get acquainted with these people and 1911 and 1912. And now I had re-
This was not strange territory to me. observe their living conditions for in turned after 42 years to see what
In 1911 as a member of a U. S. Land 1912 I was employed by the Indian change had taken place during the in-
Office surveying party I had camped agent there to secure a series of pho- tervening period.
near this same spot. At that time we tographs which were to be sent to My camp that night was in a shel-
were engaged in establishing section Washington in an effort to get an ap- tered cove near the base of Moon
corners and making 10-acre allotments propriation to better the living condi- Mountain in the southern half of the
to the Mojave and Chemehuevi Indians tions on this reservation. These photos reservation. The healthy growth of
who had acquired this rich Colorado were to show the complete lack of mesquite jungle all around me was evi-
River valley by treaty with Uncle Sam. proper housing and living facilities that dence of the fertility of this soil. I
Hoover Dam had not yet been built existed on the reservation at that time. wondered if the tribesmen who owned
at Black Canyon 160 miles upstream,
and much of the Parker Valley was This modest frame type of cottage such as may be seen today on Indian
subject to overflow when melting snow farms everywhere on the reservation.
in the Rocky Mountains sent an an-
nual flood deluge surging downstream
on its way to the Gulf of California.
There were between 500 and 600
Indians on the reservation at that time,
and they were an impoverished people.
They were living in adobe and stick-
in-the-mud huts, cooking and for the
most part sleeping on the ground, and
they had neither toilets nor other sani-
tary facilities.
They were at the low point in that
transitory period through which all
American Indians have had to pass.
They had lost the freedom and the
incentives of their carefree tribal days,
and had made no progress yet in their
adjustment to the white man's civiliza-
this rich valley would some day adapt
themselves to the white man's farming
methods and extract from this soil the
wealth which work and water and
farming know-how could bring them.
I learned the answer to that ques-
tion in the days that followed. I had
entered the reservation from the south,
near the old ghost river town of Eh-
renberg on Highway 60, and as I
continued northward the length of the
valley which extends for 60 miles along
the Colorado River, I came first to a
drainage canal, and then to fields which
had been newly cleared and leveled for
cultivation. Rows of cotton plants were
just coming through the ground.
Then 1 came to a paved road, and
as 1 continuec my journey toward
Parker, which is located on the mesa
at the northern end of the valley, J To this virgin mesquite-covered valley along the Colorado River Uncle
entered an area where highly improved Sam has brought . . .
fields of cotton and alfalfa bordered
the highway on both sides. I looked in from his office on official business, but achievements. There are 1,175 Mo-
vain for familiar landmarks, for this from his assistant, Orlando Garcia, javes and Chemehuevis now on the
was a land where 42 years ago our and from Clyde W. Pensoneau, agri- reservation. Indian families are farm-
surveyors' line wagon had followed cultural extension agent for the Indian ing 16,221 acres either as owners or
dusty trails which wound through the office, I learned much about the affairs as colonists, and white farmers are
mesquite, past mud huts where naked of these Indians. working 8,824 acres under lease.
Indian children, dark-skinned women Pensoneau is himself a Shawnee In- The 10-acre allotments which we
in long mother nubbards, and mongrel dian, a college graduate and a fine type surveyed for these Indians in 1911-12
dogs had been the most conspicuous of native American. He combines an did not prove feasible, and Indian fam-
evidence of human habitation. excellent technical knowledge of farm- ilies now are assigned 80-acre units as
Today I found clean orderly fields ing with a pleasing personality and a recommended by the Bureau of Agri-
of alfalfa, straight well-tended rows of deep-rooted understanding of and sym- cultural Economics.
cotton, and modest frame houses such pathy for Indian problems such as only While there are only a few white
as would be seen in a prosperous farm- an Indian could have for his own race farmers on the reservation, they have
ing community in the South. of people. played an important role in develop-
The agency headquarters for this We sat in his office and talked about ing the agriculture of this rich valley.
reservation is on the mesa just outside the problems involved in reclaiming They were invited several years ago
of Parker, where the Indian Service has the land in this virgin valley, and of to come in and take 10-year leases
erected a group of substantial buildings transforming its Indian population in under which they would clear and level
with broad well-kept lawns shaded by one generation from primitive tribes- the land, build distribution canals, and
sycamores. Th; superintendent here men to modern farmers. bring it to a high state of cultivation.
is James M. Stewart, a veteran of the During that interview, and later on At the end of 10 years they are to turn
Indian Service v/ho formerly was agent a motor trip through the cultivated it back to the tribe in alfalfa. They
for the Navajo Indians at Window fields on the reservation, Pensoneau also pay a nominal cash rental.
Rock, Arizona. Mr. Stewart was away told me about these Indians and their With high prices prevailing for cot-
ton and alfalfa in recent years, this
has been a good deal for the white
Water, and the Indians' industry and know-how are converting Parker Valley farmers, and they also have given the
into one of the most productive areas in the West. Indians a practical demonstration of
what good farming will do with this
land. They have built a cotton gin
and opened a trading post, and since
their children were entitled to school-
ing, a school district was formed and
fine modern class rooms were built
here where Indian and Anglo-Ameri-
can children study from the same
books. The Indian Service also main-
tains an excellent school in another
part of the reservation. There are
now only 14 Indians in this jurisdic-
tion who do not speak English.
Last year the average cash income
of an Indian farmer in this valley was
$4181, mostly from cotton and alfalfa,
although some grain is grown.
Uncle Sam has often fumbled in his
dealings with the American Indians,
\MONUMENT but he has dealt generously with the
* PK.
j$& tribesmen on the Colorado River res-
MTNS. ervation. In the middle of the last
COLORPDO RIVER century when white settlers were mov-
ing westward and taking up the best
INDIflN RESERVATION lands, Congress protected these Indians
by establishing in 1865 a reservation
of 75,000 acres. In 1872 President
U. S. Grant increased this to 240,000
acres of which 100,000 were silt bot-
tom lands along the Colorado River.
The valley is of the same character but
larger than either the Yuma or Palo
Verde Valleys. As a result of minor
changes in recent years, the reserva-
tion now contains 265,858 acres. It
is believed that some of the mesa land
adjoining the valley may eventually be
irrigated by pumps, as is done on the
Yuma mesa.
Periodic efforts were made in the
1860s, 1870s and 1880s to provide ir-
rigation water for these Indians, but it
was not until 1913 that a successful
pumping plant was installed on the
bank of the Colorado to insure ade-
quate water for a limited acreage.
N O R T H E R N ^
_R_^- _^ £ ^_ y_ Jj- •
Much of the land continued to be
subject to annual overflow until Hoover
Dam was built. Then, in 1941 the In-
h S O
S TEHREVRE N / dian Bureau completed a $5,000,000
kR E S E RV E / diversion dam at Headgate rock just
above Parker to insure an adequate
supply of water for the entire Parker
Valley for all time.
In 1942 a Japanese relocation camp
was established near the center of
Parker Valley and during their con-
finement here the Japanese brought
approximately 4000 acres under culti-
When the war ended and the Japan-
ese camp was abandoned, hundreds of
barracks remained unoccupied. The
Indian Service has been selling these
old buildings at a modest figure to the
Indians and with this salvaged lumber
most of the tribesmen in the valley
have built comfortable cottage homes.
In addition to the farming land in
the reservation the tribe has title to
a power plant at Headgate Rock Dam,
has gypsum deposits estimated at over
25,000,000 tons, and owns 1015 town
£^ PAZ . lots in Parker. The tribal income in
1951 was $31,777. In resources, this
is one of the wealthiest tribes for its
size in the United States.
But while the Mojaves and Cheme-
huevis have been learning the white
man's way of farming, they also have
acquired some of the white man's zest
for acquiring wealth. For after all,
under the skin these Indians are the
same kind of humans as the rest of us
and since they have now prospered in
a small way they aspire to move up
into the big money. And this goal


• \ h... *


.'- p-

• •• • .',y

J .

Young Indian farmers being given field instruction by agricultural teachers from
the Indian Service at Parker.

has brought discontent to the reserva- that the remaining 75,000 acres, to to this proposal and it was adopted as
tion. It is a rather long story: be known as the Southern Reserve, be Ordinance Five in 1945.
For many years it has been appar- opened for colonization by other In- A few months later an initial colony
ent to all those who were interested, dians, the Navajo, Hopi, Hualapai, of 24 Hopi families from northern Ari-
that the resources of the arid Hopi and Apache, Zuni, Yuma, Papago and zona arrived in a motor caravan and
Navajo reservations in northern Ari- Supai. moved into the barracks which had
zona were inadequate to support the Title to all the land would remain been vacated by the Japanese internees.
fast-increasing populations there. Offi- in the name of the original owners, but Each family was allotted 40 acres from
cials of the Indian Bureau saw the the colonists from other reservations the lands which the Japanese had im-
rich bottom land along the Colorado would be brought in under a perpetual proved.
River lying idle and unproductive — tenure plan, provided they were willing Since then, many Navajo families
more land probably than the Colorado to become members of the Colorado also have emigrated to the "Land of
River Indians would ever put to bene- River tribes. the Big Water" and have become suc-
ficial use-—and someone suggested that As compensation to the Mojaves cessful cotton farmers. Today there
here was a possible opportunity for and Chemehuevis, the Indian Service are 25 Hopi families, 106 Navajo fam-
relieving the critical land problem of agreed to clear, level and put under ilies and two Supais in the Colorado
other Indian tribesmen. irrigation, without cost to the Indians, River colony, and the original 40-acre
Federal representatives discussed the 15,000 acres of land in the Northern allotments have been increased to 80
project with the Indians: It was pro- Reserve, and a similar acreage in the acres. The federal government lends
posed that the upper 25,000 acres of Southern Reserve. About 12,500 acres each family $4000 to cover the cost
irrigable land ir the reservation be set in the Northern Reserve already have of moving, and for the purchase of
aside as the Northern Reserve for the been subjugated in accordance with equipment and for building purposes.
exclusive use of the original tribesmen, this agreement. More recently, however, the leaders
the Mojaves and Chemehuevis, and The Colorado River tribes agreed of the Colorado River tribes have de-

AUGUST, 1953
At one of the Colorado River reservation schools Phil Premy, lower row, center,
has recruited this staff of Indian students to help publish a monthly school paper.

cided they made a bad deal with Uncle view that the entire reservation is their As a substitute for Ordinance Five,
Sam, and in January, 1952, the tribal land, and that colonists, whether white the Colorado River tribes now propose
council by referendum vote rescinded or Indian, should pay them a rental that they should be allotted 35,000
Ordinance Five. They now take the for the use of the land. acres of irrigable land, and that the
Uncle Sam spent $5,000,000 building this diversion dam in the Colorado River to
insure irrigation water for the Indians.

remaining 65,000 acres be leased to
outsiders who nay or may not be In-
dians. It is estimated that under such
a program the) might attain a tribal
income of $2,000,000 annually. The
Indians have employed an attorney to
take their problem to the courts if
To learn how the northern Arizona
Indians felt about their Colorado River
colony I talked with Albert Yava, one
of the original Hopi colonists, and a
leader among his people. I found Al-
bert on a scaffold painting the interior
of one of the agency houses.
"I should be down on my 80-acre
farm cultivating my cotton," he ex-
plained, "but they needed painters and
I learned the trade in school in Okla-
"Yes, I like this land," he said, in
answer to my question. "The Hopis
are doing well here, and we want to
When I asked him why there had
been so little increase in the number
of families in the Hopi colony during
the seven years they have been at
Parker, he explained that it was be-
cause of the attitude of the Mojave
tribal council.
"Personally, they have treated us all
right," he said, "but this is their land
and we feel we are not welcome here.
1 have reportec this to my people on
the Hopi Mesa^," he added, "and they
do not think they should come here
where they are not wanted. As they
feel about it new, no more Hopis will
come down here until they can do so
with the consent of the Colorado River
Later at the agency headquarters I Jay Gould, chief of the Mojaves, raises nearly two bales of cotton to the acre.
was told that the Navajos do not share
this attitude. "There is a waiting list
of Navajos eager to come to the Colo- in-the-mud huts I saw in the virgin Ordinance Five. That is an affair for
rado River valley as soon as land is mesquite jungle, for there were no the Indians and the federal government
subjugated and ready for them, "one other Indian homes on the reservation to negotiate. I was interested in Jay's
of the Indian Service men told me. at that time. success as a farmer, for to me he per-
Jay Gould has come a long way sonifies the miracle that has taken
Attorneys for the Department of since 1911-12. 1 found him out in his place on this reservation in one genera-
Interior have taken the view that a cotton field riding the seat of the latest tion.
tribal ordinance in the form of a con- type of 4-row tractor cultivator—and
tract cannot be rescinded without con- a very efficient tool it is. As I talked RIO GRANDE DRIES UP
sent of both parties, and that the Colo- with him I gained the impression that MOMENTARILY IN TEXAS
rado Indians cannot go back on the here was an industrious and forthright For the first time in history, the Rio
original agreement unless the federal tribesman who had been selected as Grande stopped flowing and dried
government agrees to a revision. tribal chairman because of his inherent away into a bed of sand at Laredo,
And that is where the issue stands qualifications for leadership. The In- Texas, in June. Emergency water wells
today. The attorney for the Indians dians were electing their chiefs by were hastily dug downstream from the
was quoted as having expressed confi- democratic processes long before the border city, but they provided water
dence that the controversy can be Constitution of the United States was for little more than drinking and sani-
settled without resort to the courts. written. tary purposes for the 350 residents of
I drove across the reservation to Jay told me he has 110 acres of al- the lower Rio Grande Valley. There
talk with Jay Gould, chairman of the falfa in addition to the 72 acres where was practically none for thousands of
Colorado River tribal council. Jay he was working. This cotton field had acres of irrigated vegetables and fruit.
was a lad attending school in Fort yielded 132 bales the previous year— The drouth only lasted a few days. The
Mojave 42 years ago when I was a and 132 bales on 72 acres is good cot- Rio Grande is the sole major source
chainman on the surveying crew. His ton farming on any land. of water for probably 500,000 persons
home must hav; been one of the stick- I did not bring up the matter of in Texas and Mexican border areas.

AUGUST, 195 11
New Mexico weaver at his loom.

Weavers of Chimayo T WAS IN 1915 and in the years fession. In his home town of Chicago
By DOROTHY L. PILLSBURY following that a rattling old Essex he had been a member of an eminent
Photographs b y Harold Gems car of a vintage now seen only in legal firm. When he came to Santa Fe
the museums bumped along over the in 1913, he became a member of a
rocky roads around Santa Fe, New local firm equally as eminent. But the
Mexico, with Julius Gans at the wheel. country and its native crafts bewitched
When the corn and pinto Mexican villagers driving to town in him.
beans are harvested in the fall, horse drawn wood wagons, called on With four extra tires, ropes, chains,
then the Chixnayo weavers of
the little New Mexican villages all their saints, or cursed in explosive shovel, bedding and food he roamed
around Santa Fe turn to their Spanish as their animals reared and the country. The Rio Grande Indian
looms and ply a craft which has plunged. Black shawled sefioras crossed Pueblos knew him and his high-slung
been handed down to them for themselves and their young ones car. So did the medieval Spanish vil-
many generations. They are whooped and yelled. Serene faced In- lages of Chimayo, Cundiyo and Cor-
dova in the high mountain valleys of
farmers by occupation, but ev- dians tossed their dignity aside and
the Sangre de Cristo range. Chimay6,
ery one of them is an artist at grinned from ear to ear. Julius Gans the nearest of the villages, is only about
heart—and the product of their was prospecting again. And it was 30 miles from Santa Fe. In 1915 with
looms is in demand all around not for gold. It was for native crafts. roads into the village what they were,
the world. Julius Gans did not need to pros- it often took Julius Gans four days to
pect. He had a highly respectable pro- make the round trip.

Bad roads kept these Spanish vil- adjudicating men's difficulties. He was a Spanish patron with the weavers. He
lages medieval well into the twentieth buying Indian pottery, turquoise and became Don Julio. Spanish weavers
century. The spread of Spanish colo- silver jewelry and most of all he was who came in to leave a blanket, went
nization had by-passed them and later, buying Chimayo blankets woven in out with a solution to many a village
so did America's western march. They Mexican villages that looked like pages difficulty. Don Julio was never too
were a Spanish version of the Anglo- busy to spend hours and half days
torn from some old Spanish romance. listening to a villager caught in the
Saxon Mountain White settlements in He bought so much that he had to snarl of ever encroaching American
the Appalachians. start a little store in Santa Fe. Later, ways.
When Julius, Gans' Essex hurtled that store, the Southwest Arts and He did much more for these weav-
into these villages, the people were Crafts, had to be moved into larger ing villagers than give them advice and
living much as their ancestors had lived quarters on a corner of the old Plaza a market for their craft. He held that
in medieval Spain. The older ones where it is today. The chief reason craft to high standards. In Spanish
spoke the Spanish of Cervantes. Al- for this need for more space was and colonial days they had raised their own
most every thick-walled adobe house is those jewel-toned blankets woven sheep, sheared them, washed, carded,
in Chimayo held a big handmade loom on hand made looms in New Mexican spun and dyed their yarn with yellow
and dark-eyed men walked the treadles mountain villages. Julius Gans prob- from the desert chamisa, purple from
and plied the s luttle to make the most ably never dreamed in those early days the bee plant and brown from juniper
beautiful blankets Julius Gans had ever that those same blankets by 1952 bark. As time went on they bought
seen. They were finely woven and soft would gross $200,000 a year. their yarn ready to use from eastern
and light. They shimmered with des- That store was and is more than a manufacturers. To save expense, they
ert country sunrise and sunset colors. place to buy and sell. It is an easily were using cotton warp as some weav-
Here was more than a craft. Here was accessible cross-section of the region. ers in Old Mexico are still doing. By
an art and such it remains to this day. Because Julius Gans was experienced 1919 Julius Gans had changed this.
Before long, Julius Gans forgot that in unsnarling human difficulties, he Warp and weft had to be all wool or
he had put in many years of his life soon found himself in the position of he would not buy the blanket. Today

Hands of a craftsman-artist.

AUGUST, 1953 13
Hundreds of Chimayo blankets and no two alike.

every Chimayo blanket is one hun- lars or sleeves over and over again, hand, a silver and turquoise concha
dred percent wool. day after day," says Ollie. belt in the other and an Indian bowl
In 1930 an amazing thing happened The result is that Chimayo jackets balanced on his head, is carrying on
in this business of surprises. A woman are now worn all over the nation. since his father's recent death. The
was employed in the store whose work They are sold in all National Parks big store is a sort of regional cross
west of the Mississippi and in specialty roads. Harold has as his secretary a
it was to sort out turquoise stones to girl from San Juan Indian Pueblo and
shops from New York to San Fran-
be used by the silversmiths in making cisco and from Chicago to Dallas. he says she is the last word in helpful-
turquoise and silver jewelry. She had ness. Mingling with visiting tourists
never studied design. She had never It is not only the women of the
nation who are wearing jackets woven come the Indians from the Pueblos and
designed anything. Her name is Ollie from the reservations, and big-hatted
in New Mexican villages. Men are no
McKenzie. "Let me make a jacket less admirers of Chimayo than are their Spanish villagers. Saturday morning
out of a Chimayo blanket," she begged. women folk. Chimayo vests are seen the place looks like a session of the
She made one that won instant ap- everywhere. Contra Costa county's All-Pueblo Council or a politico rally
proval. She has been designing and mounted posse has taken prizes in in an adobe village. Along with the
improving on them ever since. She is parades for their costumes and horses men folk come the mamas and the
in charge of the store's sewing room not only in California, but as far away young ones. Spanish and two or three
where 30 girls—mostly Spanish-Ameri- Indian languages are heard up and
as Honolulu. And the outstanding
can—make up the jackets which Ollie down the store's length.
feature of those costumes are Chimayo
McKenzie cuts out one by one. No vests with a man on horseback woven Harold pointed to a highbacked
electric cutter slashes through layers into the back. One year they wear red bench, something like a church pew,
of hand woven material here. This is vests and another year blue vests and in the rear of the sales room. "The
no assembly belt sewing room. Each they catch the eye like desert country's nursing bench," he grinned. "Looks
girl does all the work on the coat she sunrise and sunset colors. strange in front of stylish jackets des-
starts and finishes. "They are bound Harold Gans, who practically grew tined for city boulevards, but it's a
to lose interest if they just make col- up with a Chimayo blanket in one necessity, I can tell you. I don't know

how many hundreds of Indian and
Spanish village infants have been fed
on that bench."
Harold, like his father, Julius, has a
profound respect for the honesty of
Spanish weavers. For years the store
has been supplying individual weavers
with high grade yarn they use in their
weaving. They come down from their
villages and pick out the yarn in the
amount and in the colors they want.
Then they take it home to their adobe
houses and weave it and return the
finished produci. If the blanket passes
inspection, they are paid for it with
the cost of the wool yarn deducted.
In a battered card file are dozens of
sales slips for yarn made out to dozens
of weavers named Martinez, Vigil,
Duran, and Gonzales, and other melo-
dious Spanish names. No weaver paid
cash. No weaver signed anything. No
weaver was asked where he lived. Most
of the craftsmen have been bringing
their work here for many years. Harold
knows which ones are from Chimayo
or Trampas or Penasco. Sometimes
there are close to a hundred slips in
the file and often a single weaver takes
out from eighty to a hundred dollars
worth of wool. In the course of time,
the wool comes back in a blanket and
its price is deducted from the price
paid for the finished product.
"In fifteen years," Harold said, "we
haven't lost a hundred dollars on such
transactions. Once a year I ride the
range on the ones who took out yarn
and haven't shewed up with any weav-
ing. I hunt around in those adobe vil-
lages back in the mountains and usu-
ally find the offender. There is gener-
ally a good reason why there was no
weaving brought in. Someone had
been sick, someone had gone to Colo- Men do the weaving, but girls turn the woven cloth into jackets, table
rado to work in the harvest, someone runners, vests, pillow tops.
might even be languishing in the peni-
tenciario. But eventually in comes the to measure and plan and they lose Hitler, ever heard of it. Only the arms
weaving. Ever/thing is bueno!" money. Furthermore, it is against of the Indian symbol turned in the
their nature and their principles. opposite direction from those used by
Harold glanced at the great piles of 'Smells-His-Mustache' as the Navajos
blankets in the store, the table runners, "Where do they get their designs?
Out of their creative imagination as called Herr Hitler. Along came the
pillow tops and racks filled with jackets war and caught us with about two
and vests. "The hardest order to fill," does any artist. Some of the designs
show Mexican influence, some old hundred blankets with swastikas all
he groaned, "is when someone wants over them. It was just about like
a duplicate of a blanket he already has. Spanish and some Indian. Here is the
Indian Thunderbird and the arrow and sticking a knife in your pet dog to put
No two blankeis are ever alike. With the shears in those two hundred blan-
some 25,000 pieces of weaving in the the symbols for rain. Here are geo-
metric designs that might have come kets and cut out the swastikas. But
store, blankets, runners, pillow tops, we had to do it."
jackets and vests, no two are alike. out of Mexico. But the total result in
The weavers follow no pattern. They color and design is as truly New Mexi- The store founded by Julius Gans
just dream up the design as they go can as a ruler edged mesa top or a and his high-slung Essex is now a
along. Then they turn the half they cluster of little adobe houses with delightful combination of the ultra
have woven under on the big roller hollyhocks growing around them." modern, the early twentieth century
and do the other half from memory or Harold laughed, but there was a and the very ancient. Museum piece
a kind of sixth sense. They don't little note of tragedy in it. "Before the Indian pottery, cradle boards, old
measure and they don't plan, but it all last war the weavers were using an Spanish chests are displayed with racks
comes out right in design and color Indian symbol we later wished they of jackets and regional dresses bound
combination. When we ask them to had never seen. The swastika! The for the big cities of the nation.
duplicate, they are indignant. That Indians had been using that symbol "It's more than a store," Harold
slows them down for then they have hundreds of years before that fellow, mused. "It's a kind of regional center.

AUGUST, 1953
Dad started it with the weavers. They where from eight to sixteen children.' busy at their looms! But when winter
brought him all their troubles from Harold confessed that he has plenty comes and snow lies white on flat roofs,
lack of rain to a vino fracas. He ad- of problems to meet. One is that it is then the weavers walk the old treadles
vanced the money to bring their young- hard to get enough weaving done to of their hand-made looms. While
sters into the world, to take care of fill his wholesale orders arid daily re- cedar wood crackles in big iron wood
them when they were sick, to bury tail sales. The weavers in New Mexi- stoves and red beans simmer and the
them. I can't fill his shoes, but I've can mountain villages are first of all scent of onion and chile fills the snug,
made a name for myself as a figurer subsistence farmers. From early spring thick-walled little house, then village
of income tax returns for the more until late October, most of them are weavers really go to work.
prosperous ones. Believe me, it's a busy with their rows of pinto beans, Who is going to do the weaving after
grand and glorious feeling to figure their corn fields, chile plants and this generation of weavers is gone, no-
tax returns for a man who has any- squashes. Just try to get those villagers body knows. Many of the young men
of the villages, back from war and
foreign parts, are side-stepping the old-
This monthly test is for those who wish to
Desert Quiz learn more about the Great American Desert.
The questions include history, geography, a
bit of botany and mineralogy, and the lore of the desert country. If you
looms. They work in a garage, work
at Los Alamos, pilot commercial air-
planes. Like most other humans they
want things and the money to buy
get less than 10 correct you are still a tenderfoot. From 12 to 15 is the them.
average score of a desert rat, 16 or over makes you a Sand Dune Sage. "There's an essential quality about
The answers are on page 34. this mountain weaving that few people
1—Arizona's famous Camelback Mountain is seen from—Nogales realize. It never wears out," Harold
Phoenix . Tucson Flagstaff said thoughtfully. "Throw a blanket
2—The Devil's Golf Course is located in—White Sands National Monu- on the floor and walk on it ten years
ment Zion National Park Death Valley Valley and it will still be intact. It's some-
of Fire in Nevada thing like good old mahogany furni-
3—The blossom of the ironwood tree is—Pink White Yel- ture or silver spoons. It's heirloom
low . Blue stuff. That's what it is, even if my dad
4—Desert Mistletoe does not grow on one of the following trees—Iron- did make a successful commercial en-
wood Mesquite Joshua Tree Catsclaw terprise of it."
5—The fossil wood known as Jet is likely to be found in—Copper mine
dumps Quartz veins Iron deposits Coalmines
6—Yucca plant sometimes is called—Soapweed .... Greasewood
Sagebrush . Sandfood
7—The Chimayo weaving industry is centered mostly in Mexican villages
around—Cedar City, Utah Santa Fe, New Mexico Las
Vegas, Nevada Palm Springs, California Rich Gifford's first attempt at writ-
8—One of the following Indian tribes does not have a reservation in ing paid off — with a second-prize
Arizona—Hualapai Hopi Pima Acoma award in Desert Magazine's 1953 Life
9—The humorist, Dick Wick Hall, did most of his writing at his home on the Desert contest. His story about
town of—Yuma, Arizona Globe, Arizona Salome, Ari- "Indian Charley" the rainmaker ap-
zona Holtville, California pears in this issue.
10—Hogan is a Navajo word meaning — Sheep Mountain Gifford was born in Denver, Colo-
Dwelling house Ceremonial dance rado, within sight of the eastern foot-
11—Shorty Harris, during much of his lifetime, was identified with— hills of the Rockies. In 1906 his
Virginia City, Nevada Death Valley Grand Canyon father was transferred to Durango, in
Oak Creek Canyon in Arizona southwestern Colorado, to take over
12—Amethyst is a violet colored — Feldspar Agate Cal- management of coal mines for the
cite Quartz Porter Fuel Company. Gifford grew
13—The book, What Kinda Cactus lzzat? was written by—Reg Man- up in the wide open western town
ning Oren Arnold Edmund C. Jaeger . Mary populated by miners, cowmen, ranchers
Beal and railroaders.
14—The channel of the Rio Grande north of El Paso is mainly in—New "Shortly after I was graduated from
Mexico Arizona Colorado Texas the Durango high school," Gifford
15—Palma was a famous chief of the—Papagos Yumas Mo- writes, "we moved to Hesperus, a
javes Apaches lively little coal camp about 14 miles
16—Most of the tales about the Lost Pegleg Smith gold give the location out of Durango on the La Plata River.
as somewhere in — The Lechuguilla desert of Arizona The Here I assisted my father in operating
Mojave desert of California The Black Rock desert of the coal mines and also ran a small
Nevada, . The Colorado desert of Southern California general store for miners' families and
17—Barstow, California, is on the bank of the—Amargosa River nearby ranchers. I served as post-
Virgin River Bill Williams River Mojave River master in Hesperus for about 14 years."
18—Wyatt Earp was a frontier marshal at—Jerome, Arizona Gold-
field, Nevada Tombstone, Arizona Panamint City, Cali- Eventually mining declined, and it
fornia was no longer possible to work the
19—The book, Gold, Guns and Ghost Towns, was written by W. A. coal veins on a profitable scale. When
Chalfant Mark Twain Frank Lockwood Edwin World War II broke out, Gifford
Corle moved to Los Angeles and a job in
20—The annual Inter-Tribal Indian Ceremonial is held each year at— the aircraft industry. In 1951 he re-
Prescott Taos Winslow Gallup turned to Hesperus to take over his
father's mining interests.

Recently John D. Mitchell, whose
MALHEUR life-long hobby has been the col-

Lost CO.
lecting of lost mine and buried
treasure tales, has arranged for
the publication of 51 of his stories
in book form on the Desert Maga-

Blue zine presses. This book is sched-

uled for release in the early fall
this year. Following is one of the
stories which will appear in the

Bucket new book, "Lost Mines and Buried

Treasures Along the Old Frontier."

Gold citement was created by the discovery

that a party of 90 persons was im-
mediately organized to return to south-
eastern Oregon and search for the
rich ground that had now become
known as the Blue Bucket Placer.
Hostile Indians soon put a damper
on the party's intentions. The outfit
was ambushed, and more than half of
the gold seekers were killed. Only two
men who knew, or thought they knew,
By JOHN D. MITCHELL the location of the golden canyon sur-
Map sketch by Margaret Gerke gathering wood for the campfire, picked vived to get back to California. These
up pieces of metal that looked to them two were members of the original emi-
N THE YEAR 1845, four years like brass. These people were farmers grant party. They died shortly after-
before the California gold rush, and knew very little about gold. They wards due to hardships suffered on
an emigrant train was on its way did not recognize the "pretty yellow the trip. However, before they died
across the great plains. Oregon, not rocks" as rich gold nuggets. The chil- they met and told a Dr. Drane of
California, was its goal — land, not dren picked up quite a few of the Yreka, California, the story and gave
gold, its mission. "pebbles" to play with. Several buck- him specific instructions how to find
The pioneers worked their way ets were filled with them. The buckets, the canyon in which they had found
across the country with the aid of a like the wagons, were painted blue. the nuggets.
compass. They crossed desert, plain While camped at the little spring, Dr. Drane was running a store and
and mountains keeping on a fairly one of the women in the party became hotel and doing some placer mining in
straight course. If a mountain range sick and died. They buried her near addition to his practice, and he was
stood in theii way, they crossed in- the spring, heaping up rocks on the loath to leave his business to travel
stead of dctouring around it. Finally grave, and left one of the little blue north. A trapper from the Hudson
they reached Gravelly Ford Crossing buckets hanging on a branch as a Bay country on his way to the Cali-
on the Humboldt River, at the present marker. After successfully crossing fornia goldfields stopped at Yreka. The
site of Beowawe, Nevada. Here they the mountain the little party continued doctor showed him some of the gold
split into two parties. One party con- on its way, unaware of the fortune nuggets that he daily washed out in
tinued along the Humboldt River, while swinging in the little blue buckets be- his sluice boxes. "If that's gold," said
the other group struck due north by neath the wagons. The emigrants had the stranger, "I know where there's a
way of the Black Rock Mountains. more grief while crossing the Deschutes pile of it. In a steep walled canyon
From the latter party a strange tale River. The wagons capsized, the northeast of here are lots of those yel-
originated years later. buckets were lost or their contents low stones—some larger, some smaller.
Leaving the Black Rock Mountains spilled into the water. Only a few of A man could load two horses with all
behind, the wagon train came to a the little yellow pieces of metal—those they could carry in half a day. Why,
high mountain range. The approach- the children were playing with or car- you could just pick them up right out
ing slopes were gradual, and the party ried in their pockets—were saved. of the streambed."
managed to reach the top with all the The party reached northwestern Ore- The trapper, it seems, had wintered
wagons. From this high point the gon, settled on homesteads and im- his horses in the canyon and had found
wagon boss got a good view of the mediately undertook the task of mak- the gold there the following spring
surrounding country and took bearings ing a living in the wild, untrammeled when taking out the animals. While
on the Twin Sister Peaks. The west west. Several years later, a few of the trapper was describing the place,
side of the mountain was found to be these settlers moved down to Sutter's the doctor recalled the story of the
very steep. In those days lock chains Fort in California. Here they saw the two sick men. According to the de-
were used as brakes, but they would nuggets recovered by Marshall in the scription, the two places were identical.
not serve here. Heavy timbers were mill race. The nuggets looked just like The interest of the doctor grew and
cut and chained to the several wagons, the little yellow rocks they had picked grew. Eventually, with two trusted
and in this manner they made their up in eastern Oregon. Eventually they friends and the trapper, he set out to
way down. obtained a few of the little stones from look for the canyon. The trapper
While the v/agons were being taken friends who had remained in Oregon, backtracked by the dead embers of
down the mountainside, camp was and showed them to their newly made his campfires. Not until they reached
made at a spring in the canyon below. acquaintances in California. They were the head of Goose Lake Valley did the
Some of the members of the party, pronounced pure gold. So much ex- doctor know where he was going. From

AUGUST, 1953 17
the top of Warner Hill he could see the canyon lies on this side and to the Adams, an old California miner, liked
surrounding country and get his bear- north of it. That is where I put my the looks of the rocks and formations
ings. horses out to graze. The creek runs of the country in and around the old
The trapper pointed out the two full in the spring and is low in the agency buildings.
peaks to the northeast about 120 miles fall. The canyon is level at the lower The Malheur reservation at that time
away. "There," he said, "That moun- end. There is a trail into it and plenty was located where Harney, Grant, and
tain off to the right is the one. The of grass. The upper end is steep. The Malheur Counties join. The agency
walls are so close together that it is was located on the southwestern slopes
about all a man can do to get a horse of the Burnt River Mountains, west of
through." Buelah and north of Drewsey. At that
Hard Kock Shorty The three men found the place just time white men were not allowed to
as described but were doomed to dis- stay very long on the reservation, or to
appointment. A recent cloudburst had prospect for minerals.
of played havoc with the canyon. The Johnson remembered a conversa-
streambed was piled high with brush, tion with the agent while camped there.
Death boulders, and sand. The three men The agent had found piles of old rot-
looked long and hard, but not a trace ten timbers, a grave by a spring and
of gold could they find. The doctor a wide deep track down the mountain
Valley never doubted that they were in the about three miles from the agency.
right place, but then he might have The timbers had been used behind
been wrong. With their food supply wagons for brakes and had cut a large
"Skeeters?" said Hard Rock almost gone, and being exhausted from swath or road down the mountainside.
Shorty. "Sure, they usta be lots their long search, the trio reluctantly Over 50 years later he heard the tale
of 'em in Death Valley. An' what gave up. of the Blue Bucket Placer and recalled
I mean, they really wuz skeeters. Some 20 or more years later, in 1879, the tale told by the agent.
Climate down here agreed with a boy, G. S. Johnson, and a man, Wil- The story of Johnson should give
'em so well they kept growin' liam Adams, were traveling across new hope to the seekers of the Lost
and along toward sundown every Oregon. From Malheur Lake they Blue Bucket Placer. The price is well
day yu could see 'em flying headed into and camped at the agency worth a thorough search of the locality
through the air big as turkey of the Malheur Indian reservation. described by the Malheur agent.
"One o' them came flyin' over
one day with a jackrabbit in its
claws. Jest as it passed over Pis-
gah Bill's cabin up at his mine
on Eight Ball crick it lost its holt
Prizes for Desert Pictures...
on the animal an' dropped it.
Sure, it's hot on the desert. August is always a hot month. But
Rabbit wuz so scared it ran un-
it also is a month of glorious sunsets, when some of the most striking
der the house an' if Pisgah Bill
pictures of the year are possible. Also there are cool places on the
hadn't shoved some green fod-
desert even in summer—those mountain top oases like Prescott and
der under there it'd probably
Flagstaff. So, we are awarding prizes again in August for the best
starved to death.
desert photos submitted in the Picture-of-the-Month Contest. Any desert
subject is suitable — sunsets, cloud effects, rock formations, desert
"Then them over-sized insects people, wildlife, rare botanical specimens—unusual pictures of any
got to worryin' Bill's pack ani- kind so long as they were taken within the bounds of the desert
mals—his string o' burros. Pis- Southwest.
gah finally had to keep the jack-
asses penned up in the mine Entries for the August contest must be in the Desert Magazine
tunnel and let 'em out at night office. Palm Desert, California, by August 20, and the winning prints
to forage fer food. will appear in the October issue. Pictures which arrive too late for one
contest are held over for the next month. First prize is $10; second
"But that couldn't keep on, fer prize $5.00. For non-winning pictures accepted for publication $3.00
we had to git the ore out to the each will be paid.
railroad and bring in grub fer
ourselves. Bill took along his HERE ARE THE RULES
shotgun to keep the skeeter- 1—Prints ior monthly contests must be black and white. 5x7 or larger, printed
hawks away. Comin' back his on glossy paper.
pack train wuz loaded with 2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and
corned beef and ham. 'Long place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour oi day. etc.
laid down under a mesquite tree 4—All entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest
fer a snooze. month.
5—Contests are open lo both amateur and professional photographers. Desert
"While he was asleep that flock Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures.
o' skeeters swarmed in and 6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the
cleaned up everything in the desert Southwest.
packs. They got so full o' meat 7—ludges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made
they couldn't fly good and when immediately after the close oi the contest each month.
they came to the Funeral range
they couldn't quite git the eleva- Address All Entries to Photo Editor
tion an' all crashed into the side
o' the mountain." ISe&ent THaqofUte PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA


Here is an amazing story about the rain making magic of
an Indian Medicine Man. All the known facts are given
in this manuscript. You may draw your own conclusions
as to the answer to this strange riddle.
This headline caught my interest— neck, on his fingers, on his clothes, Charley waved as he passed, and
Rain Making to Receive Scientific and bulging from his pockets was he smiled exultantly, but he kept right
Analysis of U. S. Weather Bureau jewelry. Indian jewelry of hammered on riding. No time for trading now.
As I read the article my mind went silver and beautiful blue and green He was riding south to his home, and
back 35 years to the day when I first turquoise. With a grunt of greeting, he to his friends—and to collect his fees.
saw Indian Charley, Indian Medicine installed himself on the porch of the For as he made his triumphal way
Man and Rain Maker. store and spread out his wares for all down through the valleys and canyons,
our world to see and admire. he would stop at each Indian home.
I was alone in the store. It was too
hot for customers. The sun blazed The hot afternoon wore on. Charley He would be entertained, praised and
down from a cloudless, indigo Colo- sat there and offered his wares to all given presents. He would receive more
rado sky. Even the deep dust of the who came by. Some of the old timers jewelry to hang about his person and
road lay quiet in the stifling stillness knew him and stopped to say hello. to bulge his pockets.
of that late August afternoon. Tourists stopped to admire his collec- Because once again, Indian Charley,
The green of the hills had turned tion and buy souvenirs. Only when their Medicine Man, had made strong
to a dust-covered grey. The La Plata the sun had dropped over the western medicine to their gods, and those gods
River was a mere lazy trickle in the hills, did Charley move. Then he went had smiled on him. They had sent the
patchwork of sun and shade. The back down to the river where his pony life-giving moisture in answer to his
cottonwoods along its banks looked was tethered, and soon the dusk was prayers. The crops would mature this
thirsty and dejected. Crops lay parched pierced by the tiny pinpoint of his fall, and there would be plenty in the
and dry in the fields. There was not flickering camp fire. store rooms for the winter ahead. In-
enough water in the river for irriga- In a short time, the embers of the dian Charley had once more brought
tion. There had been no relieving rain little fire died out and Charley and his the rains.
for almost two months. If moisture pony shared a resting place beneath This was my first meeting and first
did not come soon, there would be no the cottonwoods, under the open sky. experience with Indian Charley, the
crops to harvest in the fall. And in this Every morning Charley brought his Rain Maker. But through the years
isolated community, the storage of display back to the porch of the store to come I was to look forward to his
those crops for the long winter ahead and each night his fire could be seen coming and to his bringing the fall
was almost life itself. through the trees down by the river rain. Not always did we have the
Then out of the blue haze from the bank. burning dry spell in the autumn, and
south he rode. At first just a restless And then one morning, Charley and not always was Charley called upon to
cloud of dust, slowly moving up the his little pony were gone. Only the make rain. But, more frequently than
road. Faintly the figure of a man and dead ashes of the deserted camp fire not, July and August were blistering
a horse appeared. Dust stirred lazily showed where they had been. The old and arid, and when that happened,
as they picked their way slowly up the timers nodded knowingly. "There'll Charley would come riding out of the
road. Gradually there emerged from be rain soon," they said. But the south, his immense bulk dwarfing his
the haze and dust the figure of a huge blazing sun shown down out of a little Indian pony, a confident smile
man astride a pinto pony made small bright, blue, cloudless sky, and it on his face, and loads of jewelry to be
by comparison with its rider's bulk. seemed even hotter, even drier. shown and sold.
They came on jogging slowly through Two days had passed since Charley Always, a few days of trading and
the heat. As :hey passed the store and had moved on, and still no rain. The visiting, and Charley and his pinto
turned down toward the river, I could sun sank sharp, clear, and burning hot would quietly disappear into the hills.
see that the rider was an Indian. in the west. Where? No one ever knew. But al-
As I watched them curiously, he Suddenly, in the middle of the night, ways, within 24 to 48 hours, he would
dismounted, slipped the saddle and I was awakened by the soft patter of ride back out of the hills, drenched
bridle from the horse, and threw them rain on the roof and the steady drip, with rain and triumphant.
under a tree. With a rope he staked drip of water from the eaves. And Many an argument waged about the
the pony out where it could reach the the next morning it was still raining.
Softly, gently, but steadily. The skies pot-bellied stove those long winter eve-
water and the yet green grass along nings. Was Charley a Rain Maker?
the river bank. Only then did he turn were gray as yesterday's dust, which
was rapidly becoming a sea of mud. Or did he just know his weather signs?
and make his unhurried way back to Was his stop for trading just a pause
the store. But our world was again fresh and
hopeful. to wait for the signs to be right? Or
Indians were common visitors in was it just a part of his routine? Or
those days, but I could not remember Through the rain, Charley came
riding down out of the hills. He was did he really believe in his strong
having seen this one before. He was medicine? And in its power to sway
a larger man than any I had met. He soaked to the skin. His pinto pony
was wet and bedraggled, and its tiny his gods into sending the rain? These
was better dressed, more prosperous questions were never settled to my
looking than most of the Indians in feet splashed through the mud. They
should have looked depressed, but they knowledge. But the old timers and
the vicinity. And he was more at ease
didn't. There was an air of pride and the Indians were willing to leave the
and more friendly than most, with a
triumph in the way the pony daintily questions unanswered. They knew
pleasant smile, and in his eyes was a
glint of humor. picked its way through the puddles that when Charley rode into the hills,
In his ears, on his arms, around his and in the way Charley rode. the rains were on their way.

AUGUST, 1953 19
South Pass City on Willow Creek. The Carissa mine is on the hill in the back-

Historic Pass in the

Wind River Country ...
Mountain Men, gold-seekers. By JAY ELLIS RANSOM shoes and kerosene lamps hanging
Mormons, westbound colonists— from pegs in the walls.
Photographs by the author
all of them in years past have fol- Hearing me, Fred Stratton, in denim
Map by Norton Allen shirt and levis, stuck his head out of a
lowed the old trail through the
Continental Divide at South Pass, T WAS LATE at night when I back room. "Hello," 1 said. "How's
Wyoming. Today the old wagon first met Fred Stratton, ex-news- chances to find accommodations for
road is paralleled in many places paperman, rock collector, store- my wife and myself?"
by a modern paved highway— keeper and postmaster at Siouth Pass He came out, all six feet of him,
and many of the motorists who City, Wyoming. Frances end I had sandy haired, his blue eyes twinkling
arrived in South Pass looking for ac- in the light of a 40-watt bulb suspended
follow this historic route today are
commodations for the night. from the ceiling.
in search of the gemstone cutting
Since the only light was in the South "Got any blankets?" he asked. "I've
material of which Wyoming has a
Pass Trading Company's store, I en- a cabin you can use." I shook my
great abundance. Here is a field
tered, and found myself in a typical head. "Well, there's the Carpenter
trip story that includes some inter- frontier trading post — crude plank Hotel four miles farther on at Atlantic
esting sidelights on the history of shelves piled high with food and cloth- City. Better phone to see if there's a
the great American westward trek. ing, and pots, pans, hardware, snow- vacancy. I know for a fact that they're

pretty full up with fishermen and hun-
ters this time of year."
I went to the phone booth he
pointed out. Yes, Mrs. Carpenter had
a room. "Take room three," she said
over the wire. "We're in bed and you
can register in the morning. I'll leave
the electricity on till you get here."
I thanked her and hung up, turning
back to the lanky storekeeper.
"Antelope hunters?" I asked.
Fred nodded. "The country's full
of game. Deer, elk, bear, antelope,
even jackass rabbits." He gave me
directions, then added as an after- 1 A.^fe'-^fYa-R I *r^^ riTV
thought: "Personally, 1 prefer to hunt
rocks." During the conversation which
followed, I told him about my own
interest in rocks.
As I was going out the door, he
called: "If you'd like to visit Burnt
Ranch and the Oregon Trail tomor-
row, drop by. I'll take you. Been
wanting to get out there, myself, to
make a map of the place."
"Sure will," I said, eagerly, for the
regional maps only gave the vaguest
indications of dirt roads. "And if you
know where there's rocks, I'll appreci-
ate it if you point 'em out to me along WYOMING
the way."
The Carpenter Hotel in the nearby
gold camp of Atlantic City proved to
be a log structure set off by a white
picket fence. It was opened in 1904.
Mrs. Carpente", supplying board and
room since there is no other place to
eat within 50 miles, hasn't changed
her prices since she started the hotel,
either for bed or board. We discov-
ered why her place attracts outdoors-
men from all over the nation despite
outdoor plumbing, and furnishings
reminiscent of the not-so-gay '90s.
Family style meals were 35 cents for
breakfast, 50 cents for lunch, and 75
cents for supper—room a dollar. And
what meals! Antelope steak or stew,
tremendous fresh salads, all the bacon,
ham or eggs one could stow away with
potatoes any style, and hot bread!
Fishermen taking their daily limit kept bound from Astoria, crossed the First the Mountain Men and later
the kitchen supplied with trout. "Stony Mountains" by this route and the Mormons and finally the 'Forty-
blazed a trail which was to become niners—all of those who trekked west-
Our room contained a marble- the main gateway to the northwest ward over a route north of the Santa
topped dresser with wash basin and
territory. Fe Trail came to South Pass.
water pitcher, an iron bedstead and
a tremendous bearskin coat suspended This became known as the Oregon Wyoming's famous mountain men
from one wall. Trail. Along it swept the pageant of came in 1823 to establish the rendez-
The history of this famous pass a nation moving westward. Nowhere vous system of fur trading. Fabulous
through the Wind River Range was along the 2000-mile passage of savage Jim Bridger built his noted fort for
well known to me. Shoshone Indians and perilous desert is history so con- California-bound pilgrims on Black's
first described it to Sieur de la Vern- centrated as at South Pass where the Fork in 1843, the first trading post in
drye in 1733 when he and his sons on emigrant wagons toiled over the Con- western history. Bridger became one
an exploring trip into the upper Mis- tinental Divide enroute to Oregon and of the most noted military guides
souri basin reached the Continental the California gold fields. through the unexplored Indian Terri-
Divide and were balked by the 12,000- Now, a century later, the last un- tory between Wyoming and the Mexi-
foot barrier. disturbed remnants of the original Ore- can border.
The pass was not actually discov- gon Trail can be reached in a few In 1836, Dr. Marcus Whitman pion-
ered by white men until 1812 when hours fast drive northeast of Salt Lake eered the route to Oregon, convoying
Robert Stuart and six trappers, east- City via Green River and Fort Bridger. the first emigrant train west. On July

AUGUST, 1953 21
4, standing on the crest of South Pass, He was waiting for us at his store. "No
Dr. Whitman took possession of all the need to keep regular hours," he said
land, afterward divided up into Wyo- "It's the only store in 50 miles and
ming, Utah and Idaho, in the name customers are used to waiting."
of God and the United States. "I like to roam the hills," he added.
From 1862 to 1868 savage Indian "Here, I'll show you some rocks I've
wars swept the region north of the found."
Platt. The Sioux scourged the emi- From behind the counter he brought
grant trails under Red Cloud, forcing out several boxes of fine specimens in
withdrawal of all whites from the ter- the rough. He hefted some ebony
ritory. Then a new route was sur- black agatized wood. "From the Ore-
veyed far to the south, by way of gon Buttes a few miles west of South
Denver, over which the Union Pacific Pass," he explained. "If you folks
railroad was constructed in 1868. have time, we might take a run over
Thereafter, South Pass began to fade there . . . "
from the scene as an emigrant trail. He showed me massive tourmaline,
Meanwhile, in 1842 gold was found and shortite crystals in shale that are
along the Sweetwater. It was not un- peculiar to Wyoming. These crystals
til 1860-'62 that thousands of fren- are shaped like small triangles. He
zied miners settled South Pass City had several pounds of sheet mica, and
and adjacent Atlantic City. Tom Ryan, all kinds of Indian artifacts from ar-
a soldier in the Nevada Volunteers, rowheads to hide scrapers and stone
discovered the fabulously rich Carissa ax heads. "Real old time Indian
lode on the hill above South Pass City country," he pointed out. "My grand-
in 1865. In the fall of 1952 when I father settled here. I'll show you the
visited the region, ore was still being monument he carved and set up at
produced that ran $1500 a ton. Dur- Burnt Ranch in 1913."
ing the 1930s, placer mining in At- Fred Stratton, postmaster and store- There was searlesite from nearby.
lantic City lined the stream bed with keeper at South Pass City, who "Around here is the third known oc-
miles of heaped up detritus. knows where the gem fields are lo- currence of the mineral," Fred ex-
Because of the influx of settlers to cated. He stands beside a marker plained. "Note how much longer the
South Pass, Wyoming was made a erected by his grandfather on the fibers are than that which comes from
Territory in 1869. Outstanding among old Oregon Trail Searles Lake in California. Then, of
the first acts of the lawmakers was course, there's jade," he fondled some
the granting of suffrage to women, an calico gown, green ribbons in her hair, specimens -of dark green rock, "and
idea that originated at the Esther Mor- a green necktie and the look of a the Wyoming jade fields are only 40
ris Tea Party in South Pass City. justice who meant business. Of the miles south of here."
The militant Esther Morris, then 57 seventy-odd cases she tried, not one Fred next showed me petrified al-
years old, was immediately elected the was ever reversed. gae in massive occurrence, also from
nation's first justice of the peace. She In the morning, Frances and I set the Oregon Butte area. Of several
held court in her log home sitting be- out for South Pass City to take ad- boxes of varicolored petrified wood
hind a log slab bench, wearing a sober vantage of Fred Stratton's invitation. chips, he said: "Whole logs of this

Where the old emigrant trains camped at the crossing of the Sweetwater, on the
Oregon Trail.

These two monuments stand at the summit of the historic South Pass through
the Continental Divide in Wyoming.

wood can be found on the divide be- 200 yards distant. Curious, they Two lonely markers stand on the
tween Hall and Twin Creeks a couple stopped to look at us. Then with a Continental Divide commemorating the
miles from here. It's really beautiful flashing of white rumps they bounded Oregon Trail. Beyond, the ancient
when polished." away over the hill and disappeared. wagon road, still undisturbed by
Then we go: into my car and headed We found historic Burnt Ranch modern man, winds toward Pacific
for historic points of interest. Fred much as it must have been after the Creek. Farther on, it parallels the
knew all the unmapped side roads, Sioux burned it out nearly a century modern paved highway — new since
sheepherder's trails, and antelope feed- ago. Two tumbledown log buildings 1950 — that crosses the mountains
ing grounds in the country. As he in- remained. from Farson to Lander. I looked at
dicated the proper turns, he explained Getting out, Fred led us down the Fred Stratton, bronzed by sun and
his reasons lor returning to South meadow to his grandfather's monu- wind. His roots were here, in its his-
Pass. ment. To the west a little farther we tory. He pointed to the glaciered
"1 got tired of the Big City and of visited the last emigrant crossing of peaks, 20 miles north.
reporting for the San Francisco Chron- the Sweetwater, a stream about 15 feet "Over there," he said, "the Govern-
icle. I've had a hankering for the wide at this point. The ford led to a ment has set aside the greatest primi-
Wind River country ever since I left broad circular bare spot a hundred or tive area in America, the Wind River
it as a boy. I don't regret coming more feet in diameter. "The old emi- Wilderness, it's called, as free of roads,
back; a man gets used to not having grant wagon circle," Fred explained. camps, towns or buildings as it was
big city conveniences." He let his blue "Still waiting for the wagons that will when the uninhibited Mountain Men
eyes rove north to the jagged peaks never come again." trapped its farthest reaches."
scraping the deep blue sky. "The To one side he showed us the crude He paused, thinking. "Tell your
country becomes a part of you after grave and marker of the first white friends to come see me next summer.
a while," he said, softly. "Anyway, woman, a Mrs. Brian, to perish on There's history enough here to inter-
I bought out the South Pass Trading the Oregon Trail. The marker was est everyone. There's millions of plain
Company—it hasn't been closed since scratched with the date, July 25, 1845. and fancy rocks to keep even the most
1864 — and in my spare time, I'm ardent collector quiet for a while, and
writing a book about this region." Out of the circular camp ground,
the emigrant wagon tracks climb a I'll even help 'em find some. And
At Burnt Ranch on the Sweetwater steep grade. Returning to the car, we if anybody wants to bring a trailer,
grass was knee deep, tipped with fall drove over a more accessible dirt road why he can stop in town, or over on
brown. We'd no more than come to till we came to South Pass, a barren the Sweetwater where the emigrants
a halt than Fred pointed out the win- plateau of sun, wind and space. I camped a hundred years ago, and stay
dow. "Look!" he said. A band of realized why there seemed to be no as long as he likes. There's nobody
perhaps 50 antelope swung up from mountains; at 7805 feet we were on to tell him what to do or not to do,
water and lined out across the meadow top of them. 'cepting his own conscience . . ."

AUGUST, 1953 23
Santa Barbara, California
A cactus grew on a desert waste
Where wind and sun together wrought
A wilderness, that no one sought.
There was no sign of bird or tree
Or desert grass—just stars at night
To make the lonely desert bright.
Through heat of day and cold of night
The cactus grew—a patient thing
Without a sign of blossoming.
Then magically, within its heart
A promise stirred, of life-to-be
To set the cactus spirit free.
The cactus must have understood—
It trusted stars to count the hour
When from its breast would bloom a

Los Angeles, California
Watch from a mountain at the close of day:
Across the desert hills soft colors flow,
Merging with purple shades, while far away
Tall peaks are lit with sunset's rosy glow.
Watch from a mountain as the sun goes
Long shadows reach to grasp the waning
Drawing the miles of noon-day's dusty
Into the tranquil indigo of night.
Watch from a mountain as the velvet dome
Is lanterned by a million stars, low-hung
Above a valley where the ocean foam
Once flecked blue waters when the land
was young.
Now in the desert night, each rounded
Sleeps undisturbed beneath the great,
white moon.

Easton, Connecticut
Desert Star Cactus—Photographed by Claire Meyer Proctor Until 1 stood upon the Canyon brink.
Beholding the result, superb, sublime,
Of ceaseless toil by sun and wind and rain,
DESERT SUNSET THE LAST BURRO I'd never given too much thought to
Lake Sherwood, California It took that matchless length and breadth
Marshall, Missouri and depth
With his back to a boulder huge and gray
In the fading light of a dying day To make me realize how slow and still
Here on the pottery of this desert land, An ancient burro stood at bay. The grind of centuries—Eternity—
A masterpiece eludes the artist's hand. In a semi-circle upon the sand. How short my span of life to do His will.
Only the singing heart can hope to trace With a patience born in a patient land,
A close communion in this air-bound Sat and waited a coyote band—
On the desert.
And they watched the burro with amber *
Low in the East, a lullaby of blue, eyes By TANYA SOUTH
Hushed to a tranquil grey and purple While the sun slid down in the western
skies. Extreme privation need deter
hue, And who is to say there was not regret
Stirred with a daylight finger on the No one, with courage to explore
As the burro watched his last sunset— The inner depths. All things are
crest, On the desert. measured
Signals the storied crimson in the West. When the hills moved upward and met the In God. All upward effort treasured.
sun Think not because you are oppressed,
Far in the global arch a calmness spreads. As if at a signal when day was done
Mending the darkened clouds with The coyotes moved in one by one. Or feel an outcast, that your lot
Then the sun dipped downward its face Must be all thwarted and distressed.
gentle threads If you have striven hard, and sought
Of fantasy. And in soft sky-suspension to hide The higher Light, that shall you gain.
And the darkness fell on the countryside— The things we strive for, we attain.
Tempers the colored song to soul di- Redly the sunset also died—
mension. On the desert.

but I never received any copy of Rob- Desert River Rat . . .
ert Brewster Stanton's Historical Facts Arcadia, California
and Records. Desert:
Several years ago I wrote to the Congratulations on Desert Maga-
National Geographic Research Depart- zine's fine cover for June.
ment but was advised that they had no Art Greene is certainly a living sym-
record of the story of Jim White's ex- bol of our grand desert and open
James White's River Trip . . . perience. spaces, and your June cover is a fitting
Monrovia, California If any of your readers know Stan- tribute to him.
Desert: ton's book and where I might see a Like many others, I have had the
In the October, 1952 issue of Desert copy, I would appreciate hearing from good fortune to spend a little time with
Magazine, I was keenly interested in them. Art and his fine family at Cliff Dwel-
Randall Henderson's story, "'Glen Can- ROY LAPPIN lers Lodge, where friendliness and
yon Voyage," in which he referred to A full record of White's story is hospitality are unsurpassed.
T. M. Brown, promoter, and Robert given by Dr. C. C. Parry, assistant LAWRENCE L. BROWN
Brewster Stanton, chief engineer, in geologist of the Union Pacific Rail- • • •
the railway survey of the Colorado way survey, in William A. Bell's Rattlers at High Noon . . .
River territory. "New Tracks in North America," Tucson, Arizona
I personally had contact with Mr. published in 1869. Most of those Desert:
Stanton. It was in 1907 that he made who have argued the pros and cons I was interested in the editorial note
a special trip to my old home town of White's story agree that he navi- to Charles D. Mandly's letter regard-
of Trinidad, Colorado, in search of gated only a section of the lower ing rattlesnakes, as printed in the June
one James White who was accred- canyon above Callville. issue of Desert. I too had always heard
ited with being the first man to navi- • • • that rattlers were never found out in
gate the Colorado River through the Rocky Mountain Canaries . . . the open in the hot sun, especially
Grand Canyon. The hotel where Mr. Hayward, California near midday when the rays are most
Stanton was registered referred him to Desert: powerful. This I believed until the
me, as I was operating a public steno- I am getting quite a kick out of the following incidents convinced me that
graphic office at the time and had a Rocky Mountain Canary controversy. at least there are exceptions to this
broad acquaintance among the towns- I never knew that the burro was any- rule.
people. thing but an exotic critter on the des- Nora and Bill Williams of Everett,
It so happened that I did know ert. Washington, my wife and I of Tucson,
James White. We called him Old Jim. If all the wild burros in the Grand were returning to camp at high noon
He drove a two-horse express wagon, Canyon had been permitted to live and on March 27, 1949. The location was
transporting trunks and baggage from increase unhampered, they and all about 15 miles southeast of La Paz,
the railroad depot to hotels. other fauna would have starved to Baja California. We had hiked about
death many years ago. Even the liz- four miles down this large arroyo or
As far as I know. Old Jim never ards would have been short of forage. sand wash to the Gulf of California,
bragged or mentioned the escapades H. F. LAUZAN taking pictures of wild palm and
of his past life to anyone. I introduced strangler fig trees. The temperature
• • •
him to Stanton who asked him if he was intense, the sun beating down from
was the James White who had been Jackrabbit Homestead Sites . . .
Camp Wood, Arizona a cloudless sky.
the first white man to run the Grand
Canyon of the Colorado. Old Jim. Desert: Suddenly I yelled: "Look out,
dubious of Stanton, answered, "yep." I often have wondered why more Nora!" There, stretched full length,
He remained dubious until Stanton five-acre homesteaders have not found lay a rattlesnake. One step more and
pressed a $20 gold piece into his hand. their way into this isolated area. Jack- Nora's foot would have landed directly
Jim then consented to tell his story rabbit homesteads are available here on the snake's tail.
that night in his home. in canyons where water can be had or We killed the snake, then stood
pumped onto the land, where the cli- about marveling at its protective color-
That evening after supper I escorted mate allows an eight-month growing ing which blended perfectly with the
Stanton to Old Jim's and heard the old season, where fruit trees thrive and light brownish white of decomposed
man relate his harrowing experience have heavy crops. It is a good place granite.
riding a raft down the Colorado. Be- to raise rabbits or chickens. Three days later, driving through
lieve me, it would be a thriller in to- We have an altitude of 3500 to country where shimmering heat waves
day's movies! The interview took 4500 feet, and the climate is ideal. rose steadily from the sand dunes, we
about an hour and a half, after which There are no telephones, the mail route noticed a movement in the otherwise
Stanton and I returned to my office, is 20 or 25 miles away. There are no lifeless desert. Stopping to investigate,
where I typed Ihe story on 11 single- roads to the homestead sites, but if a we saw an unusually large rattler try-
spaced pages. At 2:30 a.m. Stanton group worked together, roads could ing to catch a mouse in a large sand
was on a Santa Fe limited headed for be built. depression. The rattler would glide
New York. This area is a great place for rock- up to the mouse which would make a
Several weeks later I received a hounds. Some parts can be had for mad scramble up the sides of soft
letter from him stating he was finish- mining claims, since gem stones can sand. The tiny rodent would almost
ing a compilation of geological, geo- be found and mined in veins of rock. reach safety when the sand would cave
graphical and historical facts of the Not far from here are several large in. Then the terrified animal would
West for publication and requesting mines—the Bagdad Copper Mine, the half jump, half fall over the snake and
my help. He wanted me to ask Old Hillside Mine and others. The canyon race to the other side. This evidently
Jim a few more questions and advised for five-acre homesteads lies about 12 had been going on for some time, as
me that as soon as the publication was miles north and 15 miles west of these the side-to-side tracks criss-crossed a
printed he would mail me a copy. I dozen times.
returned the answers to his question. MRS. BERTHA E. SCHELL (A reader)

AUGUST, 1953
From Minersville to Vanderbilt . . . Our funds were about gone. My don't go. In my estimation that is the
San Bernardino, California husband stayed and prospected along wrong answer.
Desert: the Sabin and Natches rivers, and I The main reason for back-packing
Nell Murbarger's interesting article returned home to Los Angeles. is to explore new regions, and when
in June's Desert featuring the little I learned the hard way that dreams, entering virgin country one is apt to
town of Minersville, Utah, had a pe- visions and wishful thinking won't find that springs, no matter how au-
culiar interest for me, although I have create riches. This treasure hunting thentic they may appear on maps, have
never been in Minersville. It carried business is all right for fun, but not a habit of disappearing or being some-
me back to the early '90s when I was for bread-and-butter living. If you can where else. And sometimes they dry
working in the then booming camp of afford a treasure-hunting trip, fine; but up.
Vanderbilt, in northeastern San Ber- be satisfied to come home empty- Paul Valley, who knows San Diego
nardino County, California. handed with the memories of a good County like the palm of his hand,
A Paiute Indian (or maybe he was vacation in the beautiful out-of-doors. once hiked into Pinyon Valley with a
a Shoshone) named Bob Black found MARY A. FENNINGER short water supply knowing there was
the Vanderbilt ore, and he carried his • • • a spring that had never been dry as
samples back north with him, to what long as he could remember. But the
destination I know not, but I do know When Water Is Needed . . .
spring was dry on this trip, and he
that Utah capital figured largely in San Diego, California barely made it out.
financing and developing many of Desert:
No, I think the wiser practice is to
Vanderbilt's mines. As a result, there Weldon Heald's "Bed and Grub in know one's minimum requirements for
was quite an influx of Utah miners to a Knapsack" in your February issue hot, warm and cool weather and always
the new camp. was well done, but as a fellow Sierra have in the knapsack enough water to
I became acquainted and talked with Clubber and an avid back-packer I cover the distance back to the last
many of them and learned with some would like to take issue with him as to point at which known water exists.
astonishment that practically all of one point. There are many who realize too late
them came from the same place — that the desert doesn't give a second
Minersville, Utah. Mr. Heald did not go so far as to
condemn the use of all canteens, but chance. However, the hiker who car-
At that time I had never heard of ries a reserve supply of water doesn't
Minersville. And, to tell the truth, I he did place himself in opposition to
them. His answer was that if there need a second chance.
have never heard of it since until Nell
Murbarger so vividly and surprisingly isn't any water you can be sure of, OMAR D. CONGER
brought it back to my memory.
The Vanderbilt boom didn't last
long, and in a brief while those Mor-
mon miners returned to their home
In recent years I have visited the
old camp a time or two. There is very
ut Sowieya cutct
little left to remind me of the busy
little town of 60 years ago—a few While unauthorized prospecting and it will also require a performance bond
tottering headframes over mining shafts mining are illegal in the Borrego and of not less than $1000. This bond is
and some concrete foundations, noth- Anza State Parks in Southern Califor- to guarantee that the plant life, scenic
ing more. nia, there are certain conditions under features and other values will be safe-
CHARLES BATTYE which mining operations may be car- guarded.
• • • ried on, according to information re- The California State Park commis-
Treasure Hunt for Fun . . . cently given out by the California sion has no authority to grant mining
Kirbyville, Texas Division of Beaches and Parks, of permits. However, after the federal
Desert: which Newton B. Drury is director. government has granted such a permit,
When I married my husband in The recreational area formerly and it is necessary to haul mineral ma-
1950, he had spent 35 years hunting known as the Anza Desert State Park, terials across park lands, a permit from
buried treasure. It wasn't long after containing about 460,000 acres, has the state commission is necessary from
our marriage that I was initiated into now been divided into two parks, Bor- the state park office to transport the
the treasure-hunting game. rego State Park being north of High- minerals across park lands, and for
We had met a man who said he way 78 and Anza Deseri: State Park the building of access roads if they
knew where some treasure was buried being south of the highway. Insofar are necessary.
in southeast Texas. He said he would as mining is concerned, the same rules The intent of these laws and pro-
show my husband where it was if we apply in both areas. cedures is simply to protect the state
would finance the trip. Of course my Most of the land in the two state parks from unauthorized commercial
husband couldn't resist. parks was acquired by patent from the activity which might destroy the values
We bought a new car and a new federal government. In deeding the for which the parks were created.
trailer and started out. Trouble was land to the state, Uncle Sam with- Persons desiring detailed informa-
with us from the beginning — car held the right to prospect, mine and tion as to federal laws and procedure
trouble, an accident with the trailer, remove minerals on these lands. Under should contact the U. S. Bureau of
more car trouble. We finally reached rules set up by the Secretary of In- Land Management in the Los Angeles
Kirbyville, Texas, where we were to terior, a person wishing to remove postoffice building. For information
start looking for the treasure. Only minerals from this land must file an and such authorization as is required
then did we learn that our guide's application accompanied by a fee of from the state it is necessary to con-
story was based on a vision he had $10 or more, according to circum- tact the Park Division's District VI
had — and the vision could carry stances. If a mining lease is author- headquarters for the Southern Califor-
us no farther. My husband could have ized it will provide for the amount of nia area at Postoffice Box 1328 at San
shot him. royalty to be paid the government, and Clemente, California.

The Southwest
Shopping Guide
Now through this new section you
will be able to read about, see, and
solve your shopping needs right in
your living room.

We know you will enjoy this new

monthly feature, and suggest that
MOST WAXTKI) HOMK ITKM JOFFE' "PRINCESS" ENSEMBLE! you use it to solve your shopping
Turquoise beauty is captured by this exquis- needs and problems.
Here's the solution to your dull pencil prob-
lem. Now available, the nationally adver- ite light weight Necklace, Bracelet and Ear-
tised APSCO "Midget" Pencil Sharpener ring set. 34 nuggets set between silver It's easy—all you do is write to the
designed for everyone in the family. Not colored beads. Fastener converts necklace product advertised, enclose check or
a gadget, but a full-size, valuable home to short choker or long beads. Matching money order and your return address.
item. Sturdy construction, all-metal work- nugget Bracelet and Earrings. $45 value— You will receive your selection by
ing parts, finished in attractive metallic Necklace $25, Bracelet $10, Earrings $2, En- mail.
bronze. Perfect for kitchen, shop, or child's semble only $35 ppd. Tax incl. Silver pierced
room: ideal as a gift, too! An outstanding earwires or posts 30c extra. Guar. A per-
fect gift! Send 25c for Gift Catalog (refund If you have a product that you
value, ready for installation. Only $2.00 would like to sell, write to:
ppd. No. C.O.D. Sharpeners, Dept. D, 3361 on 1st order) JEWELS by JOFFE', 11017-
Union Pacific Ave., Los Angeles 23, Calif. DM So. Vermont, Los Angeles 47, Calif.

Palm Desert, California


—--~- —-—•— . ~ 11 -rwEST'S LARGEST
rlNcoT H L t l l l U N // SLEEP MO 2.00
t t « "
- q
STOVE 2.00
Ever been lost? Ever had the feeling that If it's maps you want—we've got them. For SPINNING
,CE> 0 x
the road, trail, or path you're on is the years we have been supplying all types of B 0 ' 2 5 COT 1.00
wrong one—or that you're traveling the right maps. We carry all topographic quadrangle NO DEPO5IT
route in the wrong direction? Here's a low- maps in California and other western states DEEP SEA RODs'ia' 5
cost compass every desert traveler needs. For and Alaska. Have maps of Barstow area _ FLY RODS ..'»'5
auto, jeep, or truck or slipped into a pocket (see cut) and Calico, a must for rockhounds, ~^ CASTING RODS*8'-'
on a hiking, camping, fishing or rockhound only 50c. San Bernardino County, $1.00; UNCONDITIONALLY

trip. Suction cup sticks it on any smooth Riverside County, $1.00; San Diego County, GUARANTEED RODS
surface. This is an accurate instrument and 50c; other counties $1.00 each; (add 10c for
not a gadget. Don't wait until you get lost— postage). If it's maps, write or see WEST- MO5T COMPIETE LARGE ASORTMENT
order today—$1.98. West Air-Way Corp.,
Dept. D.. 2900 Los Feliz, Los Angeles, Cal.
WIDE MAP CO., 1141/2 W. 3rd Street, Los
Angeles 13, California.
'I BACK PACKS » 7 , s f

wt.10 Ibs.Modeofb^nidotliHO l


99E.CO10RAD0 4023 4 0 6

Your watering problems are over with Ab- WILD PALMS of the California Desert, Come To TWAUN6 YOUS BUSIMCSS-IMCOIW.
sentee, the 100% automatic control system is a little book by Randall Henderson telling Morn, rmn, Home, crc.««
that WATERS FOR YOU day or night, for of his exploration in the native palm can- WHCHC YOU MSH 70 00.
whatever length of time you desire, whether yons of Southern California, with map and OUR SERVICE I S NATION- WIOE.
you are at home or away. "Set it, forget it." detailed information about Palm Canyon, o r YOUR PROPERTY, WITH PICTURES
Absentee automatic weather control and Andreas Canyon, Fern Canyon and Eagle ^ COMMISSION IF A DEAL IS MAOE.
individual valve timing deliver the right Canyon—near Palm Springs. The author H. JOHN HARDER
amount of water WHEN NEEDED. Cuts estimates there are 11,000 of these palms WILSHIRC BLVD - 1 0 5 W*GEltt4»,CAt.
water bills 50%. saves ALL labor costs, in more than 100 separate oases. Story in-
ends all watering, chores, keeps lawns beau- cludes botanical classification, what is known
tiful! Write for free brochure: Absentee, about their history. 32 pp. photos. Desert
P.O. Box 1553, Stockton, California. Crafts Shop. Palm Desert, California—50c.

AUGUST, 195 3
Albuquerque, New Mexico . . .
A total of 57 ore discoveries have
been made in New Mexico, Arizona,
Colorado, Utah and Wyoming during
the past two years under the Defense
Minerals Exploration Administration
program, the Bureau of Mines has an-
Tucson, Arizona . . . Kingman, Arizona . . . nounced. Thirteen of the finds have
been classified by the government as
Knox-Arizona Copper Company has From four unparented claims in the "large deposits" capable of being de-
struck high grade copper ore at its Detroit Group, Dick Hart and Adrian veloped commercially. The bureau
Copper Mountain property. A cross Skinner, working on a lease from I. reported 115 exploration projects cur-
formation tunnel has been driven into M. George of Kingman, have shipped rently are under way in the five states
the mountain a distance of 565 feet five tons of ore from a 4Vi-foot vein to increase domestic ore reserves. —
from its portal. Approximately 125 which shows values in gold, silver,
feet in, a highly mineralized body of copper and zinc. As uranium ore re- New Mexican.
ore was encountered. This body, ex- cently has been discovered in this • • •
posed for a distance of about 103 feet, group, samples are being tested for Las Vegas, Nevada . . .
consists of such minerals as chalcopy- possible uranium values. — Pioche Immediate reconstruction of the
rite, chalcocite, malachite and some Record. Manganese, Inc. mill at Las Vegas is
cuprite and bornite. "Of particular • • • planned, following almost total de-
interest and value is a vein 26 inches struction by fire in mid-June. Bill
Marysvale, Utah . . . Campbell, public relations official for
wide containing bornite," a company Laboratory research at Columbia
official said. Bornite runs high in cop- the firm, reported that there was no
University has disclosed a new type of thought of not rebuilding the plant,
per.—Humboldt Star. uranium combined with molybdenum
• • • and work to that end would begin im-
and water which is said to contain 48 mediately. The fire, which broke out
Phoenix, Arizona . . . percent uranium. The research con- in the rod mill near the bins, did
A new firm, the American Copper ducted by Prof. Paul F. Kerr and an damage estimated at several hundred
Company, is taking over the Sunset assistant, Gerald P. Brophy, consisted thousand dollars. Flames spread rap-
Mine and other properties of the Sun- of analyzing ore samples from veins in idly through the rod mill and to the
set Mining Company and the Arizona Freedom No. 2 uranium mine in Ma- flotation plant. Both buildings were
Mining Company, nine miles south- rysvale. The name umohoite has been destroyed in less than 50 minutes. —
west of Magma Copper Company. The given the new mineral. It is not yet Las Vegas Review-Journal.
present 600-foot main shaft is to be known how widely it is distributed.
extended to the sulphide zone with It is believed the mineral was deposited • • •
exploration and development work on about 25 million years ago by solu- Tonopah, Nevada . . .
the upper levels.—Mining Record. tions from dying volcanoes, where hot Argentite Development Corporation
• • • springs were not far away.—Salt Lake has been formed here to develop five
Washington, D. C. . . . Tribune. claims known as the Bumblebee in
A House subcommittee has ap- • • • the Argentite District of Esmeralda
proved a bill aimed at preventing the Ruth, Nevada . . . County. Bulldozers already are at
staking out of "summer resort" mining Kennecott Copper Corporation will work on the property. Officers of the
claims. The bill would prevent locators develop a new open pit copper mine new firm are A. R. Wardle, president;
from using the claims for anything but in Nevada, according to an announce- Carroll Humphrey, vice-president, and
mining purposes until they have proved ment by Frank R. Milliken, vice-presi- Ray Hines, secretary-treasurer.
them and have received a patent from dent in charge of mining operations. • • •

the government. Mining interests Development work will start in the Tucson, Arizona . . .
backed the bill. Raymond B. Hol- near future, and full production is ex- Government representatives have
brook of Salt Lake City, attorney for pected to be attained in 1954. The signed a contract with Banner Mining
the American Smelting and Refining new open pit will be near Kennecott's Company of Tucson, calling for pro-
Company, said fraudulent claims often present Nevada operations, at an ore duction of $12,960,000 pounds of re-
are made for the timber in the claim body known as the Veteran. The Vet- fined copper over a three-year period
or for a fine cabin site. The bill was ap- eran is approximately 1400 feet long from mining properties in Pima
proved by the public lands subcommit- and 600 feet wide and consists of low County, Arizona. The company's cop-
tee. It now goes to the full interior grade copper ore, averaging less than per and molybdenum mining proper-
committee.—Humboldt Star. one percent. Although this deposit ties, known as the Mineral Hill group
a • • was mined by underground methods and the Plumed Knight group, will be
St. Johns, Arizona . . . many years ago, it has not been in developed and improved under the
operation since 1914.—Las Vegas Re- contract. The government will ad-
Miner Adair "Mike" Hill of Grand view-Journal.
Junction, Colorado, has made the first vance the company up to $473,665,
• • • repayable with interest over a period
uranium strike in the St. Johns area. Tonopah, Nevada . . .
He trucked his first load recently from of AVi years, for development work.
Peter Fabbi of Tonopah has an- —Mining Record.
the Long H Ranch near here. Hill nounced operations will soon begin at
said he believes the uranium content his Nevada Mine at Lone Mountain • • •
of the ore may reach one percent, and in Esmeralda County. To develop the Bagdad, Arizona . . .
he is confident it will yield $35,000 in property, embracing six claims, the Cyprus Mines Corporation has be-
bonus content, for four pounds of Sunrise Mining Corporation is being gun operation on a 24-hour basis at
uranium oxide per ton, for the first formed with home offices in Tonopah. the old Copper Queen Mine near Bag-
10,000 pounds. He holds a two-year Lead-silver ore has been shipped from dad. The company is carrying on ex-
lease on the 150,000 acre ranch. — the property in the past. — Tonopah tensive exploration work in addition
Battle Mountain Scout. Times-Bonanza. to regular mining operations.

Smoki Museum in Prescott . . .
PRESCOTT—The Smoki Museum
near the Prescott city park was opened
June 1. The museum, owned by the
Smoki People, an organization of white
residents of Prescott who perpetuate
ARIZONA Solve Canyon Chute Riddle . . . Indian dances through their annual
Protest Indian Draft . . . GRAND CANYON — The riddle Smoki Ceremonials, will be open to
FLAGSTAFF — Traditional leaders of the two "parachutes" which were visitors on weekdays from 10:30 a.m.
of the Hopi Indians have asked the reported to have fallen into the Grand to 4:30 p.m. and on Sundays from 1
President, Congress and the people of Canyon has been solved. Superinten- p.m. to 5 p.m. Mrs. Bernice Insley,
the United States immediately to cease dent Harold C. Bryant said that the author of articles and books on the
drafting Hopi youths for military serv- objects, brought under telescopic scru- Indians, will be curator. — Phoenix
ice and to release all Hopis now serv- tiny by two experts from the naval air Gazette.
ing in the armed forces. In a letter facility at Litchfield Park and four • • •
to President Eisenhower, Hopi leaders forest rangers, were a weather balloon Ghost Museum Opened . . .
protested the government's drafting of and detached parachute with an instru- JEROME — Formally marking Je-
Hopi men into military service without ment box. The balloons were of the rome's end as a bonanza city and the
the tribe's consent and in violation of same Moby Dick type as two released
beginning of a new era that town offi-
Hopi religion. "As a separate and dis- earlier at Riverside, California, and
lost.—Phoenix Gazette. cials hope will bring a healthy tourist
tinct nation we have never relinquished trade, the Jerome Ghost City Museum
our rights or authority to any other • • •
was opened in June. Exhibits tell the
nation, and we have made no agree- Grand Canyon Movie Planned . . .
history of the once booming mine
ment to participate in its war effort. GRAND CANYON—A surveying
camp, at one time Arizona's fourth
Our whole religious order, our culture party left Lees Ferry June 5 on a three-
largest city and mother of three thriv-
and our Hopi way of life are seriously week exploratory trip through the
ing towns in the Verde Valley.—Verde
threatened by your war efforts," the Grand Canyon, studying light condi-
letter protested.—Phoenix Gazette. tions, scenic attractions and dangerous
• • • rapids preparatory to photographing
scenes for a movie on the life of John WE ARE SPECIALISTS IN
Opposes State Indian Plan . . .
Wesley Powell. The Walt Disney
PHOENIX — Another Arizona In-
dian leader has voiced opposition to
Arizona Senator Barry Goldwater's
Studios of Hollywood plans to take
actors and equipment down the Colo-
rado River next June to make the AT
plan to turn administration of reserva-
tion affairs over to the state govern- movie. Powell made the first river trip
ment. "We feel that the federal gov- through the canyon in 1869.—Phoenix
Gazette. SAVINGS
ernment has an obligation to educate
the Indians and to provide health and • • • Zeiss 8x30 pre-war S39.50
welfare services until such time as the Seek Mammoth Remains . . . Dr. Wohler 6x30 36.00
tribes are financially able to provide TUCSON — Remains of a second Bushnell (new) 7x35 54.50
for their own people," said Hollis mammoth are being hunted by Uni- Leitz 7x50 110.00
Zeiss 7x50 (new) 185.00
Chough, chairman of the Salt River versity of Arizona anthropologists near Zeiss 10x50 (new) 198.00
Pima-Maricopa Community Council. Douglas, and there are indications that (all prices include fed. tax, case, sti'aps)
Goldwater believes that Indian affairs the prehistoric elephant may be larger Send us your wants. We repair, trade,
can be handled better and more than the two unearthed near Naco last buy. Telescopes, too, from $8.50.
cheaply at the state level. spring. The left permanent lower molar
• • • from a mammoth's jaw has been found
in an erosion gully. The grinding sur- Our clever Map, Blue-print Reader
Seen Any Swamp Cats Lately? . . . measures all distances on any flat
YUMA—An S.O.S. went out re- face of the tooth measures more than surface . . . has dozens of uses . . .
cently from the Arizona-Sonora Desert a foot. It was found by Jimmy Pettitt Tax and Postpaid $2.75
Museum near Tucson to residents of of Warren while on a hike with his
Yuma to keep on the lookout for
swamp cats and land crabs for the
parents. Further excavation will be
deferred until fall.—Phoenix Gazette.
• • •
Museum's zoological collection. Spe-
cimens of other animals and harmless Segundo Resigns Papago Post . . . 531 S. Olive St., Los Angeles 1.1, California
snakes and lizards in the Yuma area SELLS — Tom Segundo, elected Biltmore Hotel
also were solicited by William H. Carr, leader of more than 7000 Southern
museum director. A recent Yuma col- Arizona Indians, has resigned as chair-
lecting trip netted museum scientists man of the Papago Tribal Council. The 'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER"
85 reptiles, including a rare sand liz- 33-year-old Segundo, recognized as
one of the most influential Indian SLEEPING BAGS
ard.—Yuma Daily Sun.
spokesmen in the United States,
• • • planned to seek employment in Chi- AIR MATTRESSES
HOLBROOK—Summer hours went cago to the end of entering the Uni- SMALL TENTS
into effect June 8 at Petrified Forest versity of Chicago Law School. "I
National Monument near Holbrook. have long felt," Segundo explained,
Gates will open at 6 a.m. and close at and many other items
"that I could be of greater service to
7 p.m., announced Superintendent Wil- my people if I were able to continue
liam E. Branch. Since the distance VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT
my education. It is with the hope of
between gates is 14 miles, visitors will returning as a real asset to the tribe 717 West Seventh Street
not be permitted to enter the monu- that I leave now."—Phoenix Gazette. LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA
ment after 6:30 p.m.
AUGUST, 1953 7,9
HOUSE OF ROY—Headquarters for Des-
ert property! Listings available in 3rd
THE DESERT TRflDMG POST dimensional color slides. All inquiries
promptly answered without obligation.
P. O. Box 33, Palm Desert, California.
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 10c a Word, $1.50 Minimum Per Issue Lois Elder Roy, broker.

INDIAN GOODS FOR SALE — Desert Magazines — May.
1938; October. 1940: April 1941 through PAN GOLD: 75 spots in 25 California
WE SEARCH unceasingly for old and rare March, 1942; September 1942 through counties for placer gold. Township, range,
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate August 1951; binders Volumes 4 through elevation, geological formation. Possible
a large assortment. Collectors seem as 11. $20 plus postage. Rankin, Hathaway health, happiness, hideaway, hunt, hike,
eager to possess them as their original Pines, California. fish, camp. Pan and tweezer pick yellow
owners. To those who like real Indian golden nuggets. $1.00, Box 42037, Los
things, a he irty welcome. You too may GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- Angeles, California. Also panning pans
find here something you have long de- cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how. $2.25, $2.75. Nugget tweezer $1.00.
sired. We are continually increasing our where to collect and buy, many dealer Leather dust poke $1.00.
stock with the finest Navajo rugs, In- advertisements. Completely covers the
dian baskets, and hand-made jewelry. hobby. The rockhound's own magazine SEND FOR list of dried floral materials
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill for only $2.00 a year (12 full issues) or for arrangements, home decorating. Mel
Blvd., Font; na. California. write for brochure and booklist. Mineral Capper. Box 70, Palm Springs, California.
Notes and News. Box 716B. Palmdale.
California. DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar
INDIAN ANTIQUES of all types. Weapons, postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses. Len-
buckskin garments, war bonnets, mocca- wood, Barslow, California.
sins, old Navajo pawn, baskets, kachinas. CASH PAID FOR OLD BOOKS. Early
Pat Read, Indian Trader. Lawrence, Kans. books, pamphlets, maps, and files of news-
papers printed in the West or relating to SCENIC KODACHROME SLIDES: South-
the West especially wanted. Dawson's western Desert country, Indians, National
6 PERFECT ANCIENT FLINT arrowheads Book Shop, 550 So. Figueroa St., Los Parks, Mexico. Catalogue 10c. Jack
$2.00. Fine grooved stone tomahawk Angeles 17, California. Breed, RFD-4, Georgetown, Mass.
$3.00. Grooved granite war club $2.00.
Perfect peace pipe $5.00. 6 fine bird ar- FIND YOUR OWN beautiful Gold nug-
rows $2.00. 2 flint knives $1.00, 6" to 7". BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES gets! It's fun! Beginners' illustrated in-
Perfect spearhead $7.00. All offers struction book $1.00. Gold pan, $2.00.
$20.00. List Free. Lear's, Glenwood, IMPORT-EXPORT! Opportunity profitable, Where to go? Gold placer maps. South-
Arkansas. world-wide, mail-order business from ern California, Nevada, Arizona, $1.00
home, without capital, or travel abroad. each state. All three maps $2.00. Desert
WE BUY, SELL OR TRADE Indian bas- Established World Trader ships instruc- Jim, Box 604, Stockton, California.
kets. Have over 1000 in stock. Write tions for no-risk examination. Experience
your wants to David L. Young, 3612 unnecessary. Free details. Mellinger. SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS:
South Sixth Avenue, Tucson, Arizona. 548, Los Angeles 24, California. One dollar each postpaid. Greasewood
Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow, Calif.
heads and knives, for the private collec- TREASURE MAP OF U.S.: Accurate,
tor, the school and the museum. Many DON'T WAIT to investigate sale of over fascinating, over 300 locations. Simu-
other volcanic stone artifacts from South- 2200 acres of choice land in Kern Co. lated gold nuggets with order. $1.00.
ern Oregon. Send $1.00 for arrowhead Some low as $10.00 per acre. Vi oil and yictoria, P. O. Box 25D, Price Hill Sta-
and list. Moise Penning, Orick, Calif. mineral right included. Send for free tion 5, Cincinnati, Ohio.
list and map today. Pon & Co., Box 546,
BOOKS — MAGAZINES Azusa, California. BEAUTIFUL FREE GOLD specimens
$1.00 each, postpaid and returnable if
FLUORESCENCE: Explanation. 20 pp. FOR SALE: Modern, furnished all electric not satisfied. J. N. Reed, Bouse, Arizona.
with chart, $1.00. Order from author, two bedroom house newly decorated two
William C. Casperson, Curator Paterson screened porches healthful desert climate WHEN TOURING COLORADO visit Hill-
Museum, 9-11 Hamilton St., Paterson 1, 3650 ft. elevation $4500.00 some terms side Handcraft Shop at Nederland, fifty
New Jersey Kay Motel, Searchlight, Nevada. Phone miles from Denver, fifteen from Boulder.
Open every day. A home shop where
BOOKS FOUND—Any title! Free world- local souvenirs, postcards, stationery,
wide book search service. Any book, BEST BUY ON DESERT: Income prop-
erty: 2 bedroom home with 1 bedroom mountain views and flower photos are
new or old Western Americana a spe- made. Also in stock are genuine Navajo
cialty. Lowest price. Send wants today! guest house. Double garage, landscaped,
beautiful view, excellent condition. $16,- rugs and jewelry, Papago baskets. Pueblo
International Bookfinders, Box 3003-D, pottery and many other lines in hand-
Beverly Hills, California. 000, $6000 down, balance monthly pay-
ments. Write box 70 Palm Desert, Cali- made articles. A sincere welcome awaits
fornia or phone 76-4141. you, Mrs. K. M. Flarty, owner.
CALIFORNIA: A comprehensive booklet
giving accurate data on hunting, fishing, FOR SALE: Newly built completely DODGE 1942—Army Carryall, 4 wheel
summer and winter sports, agriculture, equipped and furnished restaurant and drive, winch, mechanical refrigerator,
manufacturing, lumbering, mining, to- gift shop. Living quarters in back. Well commissary, auxiliary generator, 25,000
pography and climate in all parts of the insulated, air conditioned. Ideal for re- total miles, excellent tires, recent over-
state. Also a beautiful topographical map tired couple. Recently widowed I am haul, excellent mechanically, rear seats
—all for $1.00. R. H. Conrad, P. O. Box unable to carry on business alone. For fold to comfortable bed, clean, $1250.00.
901, San Mateo, California. Particulars write Box 55. Palm Desert, Douglas Goodan, 2550 Aberdeen Ave.,
California. Los Angeles 27, Calif. Olympia 3967.
35c. Order from Author, William C. INCOME PROPERTY For Sale—In lovely LIGHTNING ADDING MACHINE—Desk
Casperson, Curator Paterson Museum, Lucerne Valley. 3 attractive modern model portable, automatic clearance, di-
9-11 Hamilion St.. Paterson 1, N. J. stucco cottages. White insulated roofs, rect subtraction, capacity up to 99,999.99.
First class construction. 3 years old. Lot Easy to operate, fast, efficient. Full year
PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for 150x200, fully fenced. Plenty good water, guarantee. Full price, $14.95, prepaid,
rockhounds and desert roamers. A new electric pump. Well landscaped. Fruit, cash or C.O.D. Order from California
booklet. "What the Beginner Needs to shade trees, shrubs. Each 1 bedroom cot- Typewriter Exchange, 1260 West Second
Know," 36 pages of instructions; also tage beautifully furnished. Air condi- St., Los Angeles 26, California.
catalogue of mining books and prospec- tioned, car port, patio, storage room,
tors' supplies, maps of where to go and large closets. Fine view. Splendid valley NEWBERRY: A proven productive valley
blue prints of hand machines you can location. Good rental income. Wonder- on the desert with abundant low cost
build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or ful healthful climate. $25,000.00. Half water. Many successful poultry and al-
Stamps. Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk down payment. Mrs. Bernice Ellis, Box falfa ranches. Write Newberry Chamber
5, Lodi, California. 574, Lucerne Valley. of Commerce, Newberry, California.

Mexico Eases Entry Rules . . .
CALEXICO — Mexico is making
things a lot easier for tourists to enter
the country. The ministry of the in-
Planning a Summer Vacation?
Whether you're escaping the heat of the lower altitudes or just
terior has announced elimination of looking for a cool slice of out-of-doors where you can try some fishing,
much of the red tape which formerly relax in the crisp mountain air and enjoy the breathtaking scenery—
surrounded entry into the country and
the adoption of a multiple entry tourist
card long sought by the U. S. The TRY NORTHERN ARIZONA!
announcement outlined these changes: . . . Here is the spectacular Grand Canyon—an easy drive from Wil-
1. A tourist card good for six liams; Sedona, in the heart of beautiful Oak Creek Canyon; Prescott,
months and costing $5 now may be where the Smoki dances are scheduled for summer visitors.
used for as many visits to Mexico as
the tourist desires. In the past, each
separate entry called for a new card. Travel Highway 66 or 466 from California
2. North Americans living on the . . . And stop enroute at Barstow—in the heart of a rockhound
border may visit Mexican towns across paradise—at Yermo and the nearby ghost town of Calico.
the frontier for up to 72 hours with no Your 66-466 route is interesting and easy . . . and you'll enjoy
document other than something prov- the hospitality of these towns and their fine citizens.
ing identity or residence.
3. Airlines and railroads may now BARSTOW, CALIFORNIA OAK CREEK, ARIZONA
fly tourists into Mexico from any U.S.
point without tourist cards. Visitors
need present only a birth certificate or HILLCREST MOTEL CEDAR MOTEL
naturalization papers. Tourist cards INDIVIDUAL AIR CONDITIONING Newest and Finest in Sedona
will be presented upon arrival here or All tile showers 10 Deluxe Units
at customs points. Highway 66, east side of Barstow
Tile Baths—Tubs or Showers
4. Transportation companies may Kitchenettes Available
"Look for the big GREEN SIGN at the MELBA AND JACK CARTER
bring excursions into Mexico with only top of the hill"
a list of the excursionists. Tourist cards
can be obtained upon arrival. YERMO, CALIFORNIA
5. Excursions of students also may Trout Fishing—Swimming—Horses—Hiking
be brought in upon presentation of the MOTEL CALICO
names of the students only. And there DON HOEL'S CABINS
Highway 91-466 & Daggett Rd.
will be no charge for tourist cards. The "In the Heart of Oak Creek Canyon"
Here you rest in quiet insulated AIR
only requirement—teachers or recog- 19 FURNISHED HOUSEKEEPING CABINS
COOLED UNITS, located three miles from
nized tutors must be along. S27 per week and up
any railroad.
Oak Creek Rt.. Flagstaff. Arizona
6. Honorary Mexican consuls in all Prices are S4.50 to $7.00 per night
Phone Oak Creek No. 3
foreign countries may issue tourist Phone 3467 Yermo P.O. Box 6105
Sidewinder Motion Explained . . .
doesn't travel in its peculiar sideways MOTEL and APTS.
motion just because it is best suited
to shifting sands, as has been gener- Williams' Newest and Finest Beautiful Units Under the Pines
ally thought. It does so because the Stay for the night, week or month
Vi Mile East on U. S. Highway 66
motion reduces contact with the burn- At the Gateway to the Grand Canyon Highway 89. South of Town
ing desert, Dr. Raymond B. Cowles, WILLARD and LORRAINE DAY MR. AND MRS. JOHN C. BERNASEK
U.C.L.A. zoologist, discovered during
a special snake study. In spite of the
fact that the desert is his native habi- Guests are always welcome at the—
tat, the sidewinder is very sensitive to BILL WILLIAMS BUENA VISTA LODGE
heat, reports Dr. Cowles. When its GUEST RANCH AND MOTEL A New 16 Unit Motel
body heats up past 89 degrees it be- Beautyrest Comfort—Tile Showers
comes uncomfortable and unable to Kitchenettes in some units
function properly. As it sidles across 20 Deluxe Accommodations. The only
Guest Ranch in Williams. CHUCK AND BOOTS HAGERMANN
the hot desert stretches, traveling Highway 89 East end of Prescott
mostly from shade to shade, its pe- WE ARE LOCATED OFF THE BUSY HIGH-
culiar motion keeps the body off the WAY. You will enjoy the quiet atmosphere
of our spacious grounds and relax under
hot ground as much as possible. This the beautiful pines.
helps the snake to avoid heating up SKYLINE MOTEL
past the danger point. If caught on 523 E. Gurley—Rt. 89
For Reservations Write
the scorching desert sands, snakes CLEAN HOMELIKE UNITS
other than sidewinders may use the MRS. BESS THURSTON
P.O. Box 97 Williams. Arizona Apts. with Kitchenettes & Sleeping Rooms
same peculiar locomotion during ex- EDW. F. KRAL
tremely hot weather. Dr. Cowles says. THE BEST COSTS NO MORE FHONE 1665 PRESCOTT. ARIZONA
—Indio Date Palm.

AUGUST, 1953 31
More Sea Damage Claims . . . Mesa Project Progresses . . . gists also have made an experimental
MECCA — Desert Beach Corpora- BLYTHE—Inclusion of mesa lands planting of two species of oyster, three
tion has filed a fifth supplemental claim into the Palo Verde Irrigation District types of clams and two kinds of mus-
for $30,000 damages suffered by the has progressed to a point where only sels in Salton Sea.—Indio News.
inundation of the resort property by some 778 acres of a total of 17,778 • • •
Salton Sea. The corporation's claims remain to be brought in, PVID Engi- NEVADA
now total $420,000. The total of sea neer C. C. Tabor announced in June. Hunters Outgrowing Game . . .
damage claims now on file is $632,500. Water rights on the mesa are limited
to 16,000 acres. The district regards BATTLE MOUNTAIN—The num-
• • • ber of American hunters and fishermen
Improvements at Joshua Tree . . . this figure as net acreage subject to
irrigation. Allowing 10 percent of is fast outgrowing the supply of fish
TWENTYNINE PALMS—Included and game which can be provided for
in a development plan outlined by lands for roads and buildings, the gross
inclusion was set up as 17,778 to give them, Dr. Ira N. Gabrielson, president
Superintencent Samuel King for Joshua of the Wild Life Management Institute
Tree National Monument are a head- a net of 16,000 for actual use of water
rights.—Palo Verde Valley Times. of Washington, D. C , reported re-
quarters unit at Twentynine Palms, cently. "The whole wildlife problem
with a museum, parking area, trails, • • •
Gulf Fish Thrive in Salton Sea . . . boils down to a program of education
information center, residences and of- for holders of hunting and fishing li-
fices; and improvement of parking and 1NDIO—For three years the Cali- censes," he said. "If the sportsman
picnicking iacilities at Salton View and fornia Fish and Game department has of the future measures his success by
Cottonwood Springs and black-topping been planting small Bairdiella, a spe- the size of his take, he is going to be
of through roads to points of interest. cies of white sea bass, in Salton Sea. disappointed. However, if he measures
• • • They have been doing so well the it by the thrill of the sport and the
Game Prospects Reported Good . . . California experts fear there will be fun of getting into the out-of-doors, he
INYO—One of the best game sea- a shortage of feed for them. In will be satisfied." According to Gab-
sons in years is predicted by Art Hens- order to solve the situation an expedi- rielson, the number of licensed fisher-
ley, game manager of the Inyo-Mono tion left in May for San Felipe on the men and hunters in the U. S. has more
area. A mild winter, good nesting con- Gulf to secure a supply of predatory than doubled in the past 10 years.—
ditions and an excellent feed situation fish for Salton water. The state crew Battle Mountain Scout.
promise more game when hunting sea- expected to secure corbina weighing
sons open this year. According to from three to six pounds to release in • • •
Hensley, pheasant, quail and chukar Salton. The California department is Pioneer Miner Dies . . .
hatches have been good, and the Owens hopeful that the experiment will prove RENO—Funeral services were held
Valley will have an abundance of so successful they can open Salton Sea early in June for David P. Bartley, 81,
doves when the season opens Septem- to sports fishermen in the not far dis- co-discoverer of the open pit copper
ber 1.—Inyo Register. tant future. California marine biolo- mines at Ruth. Bartley came to the
Ely area in 1900 and with E. F. Gray
began working the open pit mines later
acquired by Kennecott Copper Corpo-
ration. He engaged in various mining
No Roof Fires enterprises throughout the state until
his retirement several years ago. —
Humboldt Star.
with Firefoil • • •
Motorists Spend Millions Here . . .
HERE'S A i/4" of FIREFOIL, CARSON CITY — That visiting
PROOF blow torch applied motorists make a huge contribution to
5 minutes to wood Nevada's income was disclosed in re-
shingles. Results — shingles only cent figures made public by the state
charred, no flame.
highway department after a survey
which extended through 1952. The
Most Versatile - - Most Amazing report estimates 6,451,375 out-of-state
visitors in 2,232,340 vehicles spent
FIREFOIL. Not an ordinary product! Not just a mineral paint! Not of $83,913,500 while they were in the
one use only! But a compound of products from the sea — proven to do state. The motorists spent $6.10 a
the job: stop or $13.01 a person while they
FIKK-KKTAKDA XT PRESERVER were in Nevada.—Humboldt Star.
Kasy to apply and saves you money too PHOENIX, ARIZONA
PIREPOIL is the answer to the prevention of fires. It will insulate your MISSION MOTEL
home completely at a very low cost. It will preserve the materials where The most unusual Motel in the
applied. Its various beautiful color combinations will satisfy your most Southwest. You'll enjoy your stay
personal artistic decoration requirements. in one of our charming units
SEND for our free booklet describing how FIRKFOIL can protect your home. decorated with century-old Euro-
pean tile. Spacious Spanish patio
A. A. WILDER. President 2433 E. Van Buren Street
3306 VENICE BLVD. LOS ANGELES. CALIFORNIA U.S. Highway 60-70-80-89
(Franchise Distributorships Open. Write for Details) East Side of Town on the Way
to Tucson

Million-Dollar Restoration . . . awards and special honors and regu- Tribe Okays Tourist Plan . . .
VIRGINIA CITY—A million-dol- larly takes virtually every prize for ALBUQUERQUE — The Navajo
lar fund raising campaign has been pottery work at Southwest regional Indians plan a $ 1,200,000 construction
launched here for the restoration of competitions. Perhaps an even greater project this summer to attract tourists.
the Comstock and the preservation of contribution to the pottery field than Irving Coryell, Albuquerque architect,
its historic souvenirs. A restoration her own outstanding designs and deft announced a Navajo advisory commit-
committee has been organized under technique has been her teaching the tee decision approving preliminary
Chairman Clinton Andreasen and will intricacies of fine pottery craftsman- plans and authorizing him to draw spe-
operate within the framework already ship to other women of her pueblo, cifications. The project includes a
provided by the Virginia City Founda- which has made Ildefonso the pottery $380,000 shopping center at Shiprock,
tion Trust, a public trust instituted capital of Indian country.—New Mex- Ariz., a $186,000 motel and restaurant
four years ago by Helen Mayre ican. at Chinle, Ariz., and other motels with
Thomas, decendent of the prominent • • • restaurants at Kayenta, Tuba City, and
Mayre family of bonanza times. Plans Range Feed Poor . . . Ganado, Arizona. The motels will
already formulated include a centen- ALBUQUERQUE — The condition average 20 units each and the restaur-
nial celebration in 1959, restoration of range feed in the 17 western states ants are designed to seat 100 each.
of wooden sidewalks to replace modern June 1 dropped to its lowest point in The tribe already operates motels at
concrete, reversion to gas illumination 26 years, according to the western Window Rock, Ariz., and Shiprock.
along C Street and elimination of tele- livestock and range report of the Bur- The projects are part of their long-
phone poles.—Territorial Enterprise. eau of Agriculture Economics. Dry range plan to put themselves on a self-
• • • and short feed conditions have held sustaining basis.
Easier Access to Caves . . . the condition of sheep to below aver- • • •
ELY — Approaches to Lehman age in New Mexico, Nevada, Utah and Cattle Men Plan Meet . . .
Caves are being improved, to facilitate Texas. Some cattle have been forced
to move from the dry areas of the HOBBS — Between 400 and 600
tourist travel tnis summer. Highway cattle producers are expected in Hobbs
93 is being re-routed over Connors Southwest to northern pastures.—New
Mexican. two days in September when the quar-
Pass, and the 10-mile stretch north of terly fall meeting of the New Mexico
Pioche is being reconstructed. More • • • Cattle Growers Association will be
than 1500 visitors registered at the Museum ior Santa Rosa . . . held here. Harry Nunan, manager of
caves in May—Ely Record. SANTA ROSA — Current project the Hobbs Chamber of Commerce, is
• • • of the Santa Rosa Chamber of Com- busy rounding up overnight accommo-
Expand Recreation Facilities . . . merce is establishment of a museum dations for 250 to 300 visiting out-of-
FALLON — Predicting increased as a tourist attraction. A building has towners in the tiny city. The meeting
public use of the Lake Lahontan rec- already been donated, and local resi- is held annually in Hobbs. — Eddy
reation area this summer, President dents are contributing Indian relics County News.
Ed Gibbs of the Lahontan Boat Club and other material from the area. Ne-
announced thai expansion of boating gotiations are underway to obtain an
and camping facilities is under way. Oklahoma collection of Southwest In- Looking for a PUBLISHER?
A larger picnic area, more parking dian artifacts.—Santa Rosa News. Do you have a book-length manuscript you
would like to have published? Learn about
space and a new floating dock are • • • our unusual plan whereby your book can be
under construction.—Fallon Standard. published, promoted and distributed on a
Expect More New Mexicans . . . professional basis. We consider all types of
work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly
SANTA FE—New Mexico's popu- and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
NEW MEXICO come. For more information, write for valu-
lation will reach 877,000 by 1960, able booklet D. It's free.
Civil Rights Bill Nearer . . . according to an estimate released this VANTAGE PRESS, INC.
6356 H o l l y w o o d Blvd., H o l l y w o o d 28, (alii.
WASHINGTON — Passage of the week by the Pacific Southwest Re- Main Office: N e w York 1, X. Y.
Patten Bill to remove all federal laws search Council of the National Asso-
discriminating against Indians became ciation of Manufacturers. This is an
a definite possibility when the U. S. increase of 28.7 percent since the last
Indian Bureau withdrew its opposition. census. The state's labor force, NAM Keep Your Back
The bill would rescind such federal predicts, will total 298,180 in 1960,
laws as those which make it impossi- an increase of 68,230 new jobs. Ac- Copies of Desert
ble for Indians to sell cattle or house- cording to the association's formula, for Quick Reference
hold possessions, buy beer or guns, approximately 376 new settlers will
baseball bats, frying pans or other arrive in New Mexico each week in Attractive loose-leaf binders
articles which could be used as wea- the next 10 years.—New Mexican. in Spanish grain leather, gold-
pons. The legislation in its original embossed, are available for
form applied only to Indians in Ari- those Desert readers who want
zona, but was broadened to include to keep their back copies for the
SALOME, ARIZONA maps and travel information
the entire nation.
o • • Member AAA they contain. Each binder holds
Indian Potter Wins Honor . . . 12 issues. Easy to insert, and
SANTA FE—"For outstanding con- BLUE STAR they open flat.
tributions to the field of pottery," Mailed postpaid for
Maria Martinez, famed potter of
San Ildefonso Pueblo, was awarded
Motel and Kestaumnt $2.00
the Colorado University Recognition Most Modern in the Desert
Medal at commencement exercises Highway 60-70
June 6. Mrs. Martinez—whose first Herbert and Helen Zoehl
award came at the 1904 St. Louis PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA
World's Fair—has won numerous top 2 [ 2 miles west of Salome, Arizona

AUGUST, 1953 33
Survey Favors Bureau . . . snows and freezing weather injured For Zion Park Campers . . .
ALBUQUERQUE—An Indian Bu- nesting conditions, and May 1 water KANAB—Ready for summer vis-
reau officia: says a government ques- reports indicated there would be less itors, the new camp ground at Zion
tionnaire sent to 19 pueblos and three water this year than last over the course National Park was opened to the pub-
Navajo groups indicates the Indians of the breeding season as a whole.— lic in June. Built last winter at a total
do not want bureau activities halted. Salt Lake Tribune. cost of $67,500, the improvement in-
C. L. Graves, Albuquerque area di- • • • cludes 100 campsites with appurtenant
rector for tiie bureau, said he believes Map Tourist Campaign . . . automobile roads and walks, water,
New Mexico Indians realize they are SALT LAKE CITY—A state-wide electricity and sewer facilities, fireplaces
not ready for full citizenship respon- program to expand Utah's multi-mil- and picnic tables. Fifty more camp-
sibilities. The questionnaire was sent lion-dollar tourist business has been sites are planned for future construc-
out by the House Committee on In- approved by the Utah Tourist and tion. The sites are designed to accom-
terior and Insular Affairs to obtain Publicity Council established this year modate trailers as well as tents. —
comprehensive information "regarding by the State Legislature. The program Washington County News.
the actual practices which have de- will be carried out by local chambers • • •
veloped under the tribal organization of commerce and similar groups inter-
clauses of the Indian Reorganization ested in bringing more visitors to the Regional Dairy Show . . .
state. The council has a $100,000 ap- SALT LAKE CITY — U t a h dairy
Act."—New Mexican.
• • • propriation for the program. — 5a// men are seeking to have the dairy di-
Measure Mountains . . . Lake Tribune. vision of the Utah State Fair given
TAOS — Wheeler Peak near Taos • • • regional status, inviting entries from
nosed out South Truchas Peak near Mexican Hat Bridge Out . . . other western states and even from
Santa Fe to win by 58 feet the title, MEXICAN HAT—The suspension foreign countries. Under the plan of
"highest in New Mexico." New Mex- bridge spanning the San Juan River a regional show, premiums, already
ico mountains were re-surveyed re- at Mexican Hat gave way when a 19- highest of any fair in the intermoun-
cently by the United States Geological ton loaded truck attempted to cross tain region, would be increased still
Survey.—New Mexican. despite posted warnings of a five-ton higher. The Utah State Fair has one
• • • limit. The truck driver was uninjured of the finest display barns in the west.
UTAH and managed to swim to shore. Repair —5a/j Juan Record.
Less Ducks This Fall . . . work was started at once, and traffic • • •
SALT LAKE CITY—There will be over the bridge was resumed within a Green River Bridge Rebuilt . . .
fewer ducks for Utah hunters this year, week. Nearest crossings on the river OURAY—Indian Service construc-
according to Fish and Wildlife surveys are at Navajo Bridge, 180 miles west tion crews recently completed the re-
of waterfowl breeding grounds. Late by river, and at Shiprock, New Mex- building of the Ouray bridge over the
ico, 120 miles east. The Mexican Hat Green River. This is the only bridge
bridge is an important link to uranium over the Green River between Jensen
DESERT QUIZ ANSWERS mines in the Monument Valley area.— and Green River, Utah.— Vernal Ex-
The questions are on page 16 San Juan Record. press.
2—Death Valley.
4—Joshua Tree. *?ee Schedule
5—Coal mines.
7—Santa Fe.
9—Salome, Arizona. Fifteen-day automobile permits, for acted to meet the requirements of
10—Dwelling house. Congress as expressed in Public Law
1 1—Death Valley. which visitors to national parks and
12—Quariz. monuments will pay the same fees 137, 82nd Congress. This provides in
13—Reg Manning. formerly charged for annual permits, effect that the cost to the Government
14—New Mexico. of providing visitor service and facili-
15—Yumas. have been approved by Acting Secre-
16—The Colorado Desert of Southern tary of the Interior Tudor. Annual ties should be met in part by fair and
California. permits will cost twice as much as equitable fees, taking into considera-
17—Mojave River. before. tion the cost to the Government and
18—Tombstone, Arizona. the value to the recipient. Assurance
19—W. A. Chalfant. The new fee schedule, which will was given by Conrad L. Wirth, Di-
20—Gallup. New Mexico. go into effect on June 8, 1953, is the rector of the National Park Service,
first in which the one-time or short- during hearings this spring before the
term visitor is charged less than the Interior Subcommittee of the House
repeater or the long-term visitor. The Appropriations Committee that steps
same differentials are also established would be taken promptly to revise the
for motorcycles and house trailers, and fee schedule to provide an increase in
at Grand Canyon the charge will be revenues.
$ 1.00 for each vehicle for 15-day per- Establishment of both annual and
mits and $2.00 each for annual per- 15-day fees is intended to provide
mits. an equitable differential between the
Calling attention to the fact that, one-time visitor who comes from a
though certain new fees were added distance and the frequent visitor from
in 1939, there had been no general in- near-by. Previously, visitors to these
crease for the National Park System areas have paid for an annual permit,
H.JOHN HARDER --. during the past 25 years, Acting Sec- whether they entered only once a sea-
retary Tudor declared that he had son or a dozen times.


Iteavr-Duty Super Stiriari

Ctarierf Cbirtrf
6" $ $ 9.03 $ 7.98
8" 11.50 10.44
10" 15.23 14.02
By I.ELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal 12" 22.20 18.53
14" 29.40 25.67
Needless to say we got mighty little tur- 16" 32.76 29.08
Ever since its beginning 16 years ago this 18" 65.60 43.20 36.12
magazine has featured the field trip for quoise. Thousands of people have gone to 20" 77.9.r) 51.97 39.84
rocks and no one will ever be able to esti- that spot since and we doubt if all of them 24" 03.24 65.73 51.40
30" 14».(i2 125.73 State
mate the profound influence of these stories, together have brought back enough tur- Arbor
quoise to fill the palm of one hand. The 36" 226.06 188.05
with their accompanying maps, on the use sales tax in California. Size
of leisure time by the people of America, important thing is that it gave us two new
and particularly by the people of Southern interests in life—rocks and the desert. We Allow for Postage and Insurance
California. It was one of these trips that later combined them with a way with words Covington Ball Bearing Grinder
started us on the glorious rockhound road; and now we find ourself publishing the
a little incident that changed the course of leading magazine for all the people who and shields arc
our whole life. love rocks and we publish it in the desert. furnished in 4
We sometimes wonder what would have sizes and price
Almost anyone can look back upon a r a n g e s ' <> s u i t
busy life and find a half dozen little inci- happened if we had found plenty of tur-
quoise and come home with enough to set y o u r re<| u i r e -
dents that seemed unimportant at the time ments. Water anil i
but they became turning points in their lives. us up in business. That has been the be-
ginning of many a rockhound dealer and grit proof.
A friend of ours was walking along the
street one night in Portland. Oregon, when it will be for many more. COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW
it began to rain. He ducked into the Port- Many of the trips that have been mapped
land library to escape the rain and found in Desert Magazine have been just as sterile, and motor are com-
pact and do not
himself in the midst of an audience listen- as far as gem gathering has been concerned. splash. Save blades
ing to a lecture on birds. The speaker was However the dividends paid in good health and clothing will*
giving a lot of wrong information about and fine experiences have always made up this saw.
the robin, saying that it belonged to the for any lack of gems. Many go to the good
grosbeak or some other family. Our friend spots and soon they are no longer good, for BUILD YOUR OWN LAP
had the temerity to arise and remind the the thousands who come to get their share
and SAVE with a COV-

speaker that the robin is a thrush. This did usually lake more than their share and then
not sit well with the speaker who unhesi- there is none. INGTON 12" or 16" Lap
tatingly told our friend that maybe he could Kit. We furnish every-
We tell this because we have a doubt thing: you need. Send
tell the folks about the birds. By that time that perhaps we got into the wrong end of
he was just in the mood for it and he went for free catalog.
the business. We told about the fire agate
to the platform and delivered a very fas- to be found in Coon Hollow. We were not
cinating story about the birds in Oregon. the first to mention this locality but we did COVINGTON
publish a good article with an accompany- Multi-Feature
The talk so impressed the audience that IB" liap Unit
ing map about this locality. We recently I>oes
one lady offered him his supper and $10.00 saw an ad in another magazine where a everything
if he'd give the same talk the next evening man advertised fire agate for $4.50 an for you.
after a supper at her church, as their pro- ounce. Now that's $72.00 a pound or
grammed speaker had been taken ill. In $14,400 a ton. Good fire agate is hard to
no time at all the word got around and our COVINGTON
get but for that kind of money we believe 12" 14"
friend soon had speaking engagements every we could spend a pleasant week down in or 10"
night in the week. Soon he exhausted the the Chocolate Mountains, less than 100 Power Feed
forums of Portland and his subject but by Diamond
miles away, each Spring and Fall. If we Saws
that time he had enough money to do what brought home a ton each time we could
he wanted to do—take a trip to Africa with have a nice $25,000 a year income, after SAVE
a camera and get material for a serious advertising and mailing expense. That's BLADES
platform career, upon which he was now really not a bad business—if you can get
determined. Since that night, when he the customers. Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE
called the robin a thrush, there is hardly a There isn't any agate in the world that's
spot accessible to man to which he has not worth $72.00 a pound in the rough. Even COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY
made a visit and reported upon it to audi- when it is all cut and polished into beautiful Redlands, California
ences all over America. His name is Car- gems we doubt if there ever was a pound
veth Wells. of agates worth that much.
It was a minor incident such as this that We recently edited a manuscript about
changed our own life. We called upon a Montana moss agate in which the author
doctor in Chula Vista, California. The claimed that many Montana agates were
doctor was out on a call so we sat down worth $100 a slice. We edited that down
in his waiting room to wait for him. Look- to $10 a slice and he didn't like it because
ing for something to read we spied a copy he said he'd seen that price on slices in a
of the Desert Magazine for September 1938 dealer's shop. However, we stuck to our
on his table. We had never seen this mag- guns and said that the prices might have
azine before and found it very interest- been on the slabs but that didn't make them
ing. We particularly liked an early story worth $100. After all, the greatest value ALLEN
by John Hilton called "Turquoise on the in a piece of agate is the personal love that JUNIOR GEM CUTTER
Mojavc." an owner has for it. If he regards that as
This story fired our imagination and by worth $100 then it's worth that to him and A Complete Lapidary Shop
the time we got home to Los Angeles we he will not sell it for less. That does not Only $43.50
had made plans to go to the desert and establish a sound market value of $100 a • Ideal for apartment house dwellers.
bring home a few sacks full of this fine gem. slab however. • Polish rocks into beautiful gems.
A week and 200 miles later we found our- We do not wish to create a wrong im- • Anyone can learn.
selves away out in the Joshua trees and pression about the many fine dealers in the • Instructions included.
miles from a paved road. Suddenly we business. We make our living from their
realized with a great start that for the first advertising dollars and we know that these Write for Catalog, 25c
time in our life we were really alone. No dealers, who have established themselves ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT
call for help would ever be heard. It after years of enterprise, feel just as strongly
scared us at first as it has scared untold as we do at the outrageous prices that some COMPANY — Dept. D
thousands since I hat time. That is the mo- rockhounds place upon their finds. You 3632 W. Slauson Ave.. Los Angeles 43, Cal.
ment when a person either decides he hates will never find the established dealer selling Phone Axminster 2-6206
the desert or he loves it. agate for $72.00 a pound.

AUGUST, 195 3 35
The American Prospectors Club of Los An estimated 300 amateur exhibits will
Angeles, California, is a unique group of be on display at the First Annual Gem
rockhounds, prospectors and amateur min- Show of the Lapidary Association of South-
eral detectors. The club was organized by ern California. The show will be held in
Stanley P. Skiba and now is adding chap- Long Beach Municipal Auditorium August
ters throughout Southern California. 14 through 16. Twelve member clubs are
Club activities center around frequent co-sponsors.
field trips in search of tungsten, uranium To carry out the show's theme, "Lapidary
and rare earth deposits or to pan gold in Art Through the Ages," Dr. Richard Swift
placer streams. A recent outing was to will exhibit his collection of Babylonian.
northern Nevada where members searched Egyptian. Greek. Roman and Renaissance
for quicksilver. lapidary art. Miss Ruth Simpson of South-
Monthly meetings offer speakers who dis- west Museum is preparing a display of
cuss various phases of prospecting. Walt American Indian lapidary craft, and Mexi-
Bilicke demonstrated a high tension sep- can gem work will be shown by Dr. Ralph
arator and explained the values of rare Mueller of Phoenix. Dr. Chang Wen Ti
earth deposits along the coast at a recent has promised a working exhibit of ancient
COMPARE! meeting of the Redondo Beach chapter. and modern Chinese lapidary art. Modern
# Put the Hitlquist Gemmaster beside any lapidary The club has purchased its own metal faceted gems will be displayed by Los
machine — cheaper, flimsy "gadgets" or units that detectors, ultra-violet lights and geiger Angeles collector William E. Phillips.
sell at twice the price. Compare construction! Com- counters for the use of members. A scin- A complete working lapidary shop will
pare ease of operation! Compare how much you
get for your morey and you'll say, "I'll take the
tillometer for airborne prospecting is the be set up, to demonstrate methods of facet-
Gemmaster!" next planned acquisition. Several club mem- ing and cutting cabochons and flats.
bers own planes and, with the scintillo-
Here is a worthy companion for our larger and
more expensive Hillquist Compact Lapidary Unit.
meter, could chart desert and mountain SEPTEMBER DATES CHOSEN BY
Tho smaller in size, the Hillquist Gemmaster has areas for future ground exploration by the SAN FERNANDO VALLEY CLUB
many of the sam<- features. It's all-metal with spun club as a whole. San Fernando Valley Mineral and Gem
aluminum tub. You get a rugged, double-action rock Those interested in learning more about Society has announced it will hold its an-
clamp, not a pun^ little pebble pincher. You get a the American Prospectors Club are invited
full 3" babbitt sleeve bearing and ball thrust bear-
nual show September 26 and 27. Displays
ing. You get a b g 7" Super Speed diamond saw
to write c/o Postoffice Box 78395 West of mineral, lapidary and jewelry collections
and atl the equipnent you need to go right to work. Adams Station. Los Angeles 16, California. will be arranged in the society's regular
• • • meeting place—the Victory-Van Owen play-
USES ALL ACCESSORIES ground building, 12240 Archwood Street,
You can use all Ihe regular Hillquist occasion.i
with the Gemmaster: The Hillquist Facetor, Sph«r« BY HERMOSA BEACH SOCIETY North Hollywood, California.
Cutters, Laps, Dn m and Disc Sanders, etc.
South Bay Lapidary Society will hold its WHITTIER SOCIETY'S ANNUAL
WRITE IOR FREE CATALOG fourth annual show September 19 and 20 SHOW SLATED OCTOBER 17, 18
at Clark Stadium, 861 Valley Drive, Her-
I COMPLETE, mosa Beach, California. Doors will be open October 17 and 18 are the dates chosen
from noon until 10 p.m. on Saturday and by Whittier Gem and Mineral Society for
from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday. Exhibits this year's show, to be held at Smith Me-
will range from mineral collections to cut morial Hall, corner of College and Pick-
and polished stones, facets and finished ering Avenue in Whittier, California. Hours
jewelry. will be from 10 a.m. to 10 p.m. on Satur-
day: from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. on Sunday.
BIG 7" Diamond Saw > 6" x 1 " Gri
• • • • • •
Wheel • 6 " Felt Buff • 6" Backing Wheel May program of Delvers Gem and Min- Evansville Lapidary Society, Evansville,
6" Disc Sander • Double-action Rock
Clamp • Oil Feed Cup • Water Feed
eral Society, Downey, California, was a Indiana, has scheduled a weekly workshop
Hose & Clamp • Dop Sticks & Dop W a x * color film, "California and Her Resources." for gemstone production. The group meets
Polish, Compound, Etc. A. C. Krause narrated. every Tuesday in the craft room at the
• • • Evansville YWCA.
No other low-cost lap unit Members of Shadow Mountain Gem and • • •
gives you full 3" sleeve Mineral Society left Palm Desert, California, Charles Schweitzer has visited Horse
bearing, ball thrust bearing
and pressure lubrication.
for the nearby San Jacinto Mountain resort Canyon three times and is familiar with
of Idyllwild for its annual summer picnic. the better agate collecting areas. He spoke
to Pasadena Lapidary Society at the meet-
ing preceding a June field trip to the can-
Agate Jewelry yon site.
Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains -Sensational! GEIGER COUNTER
Brooches — Ear Rings
49091/2 Eaglo Rock Blvd. — CL. 6-2021
Bracelets — Matched Sets "The SNOOPER"
—Send stamp for price list No. 1 — LOW PRICE
Los Angeles 41, California

1112 Neola St. — CL. 6-7197 Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains t f i n d a fortune in uranium with this
Los Angeles 41, California new, super-sensitive Geiger Counter.
Cuff Links — Neck Chains Get one for atom bomb defense. So small it fits in the palm of
Bezel — devices — Shanks the hand or in the hip pocket, and yet mote sensitive than many
WE SPECIALIZE IN CUTTING BOOKENDS large, expensive instruments. Weighs only 1 \-% lbs. Uses flash-
Custom sawing and polishing—24" saw Solder — Findings light battery. Low price includes earphone, radio active sample.
Slabs, bulk stone, Mineral Specimens — Send stamp for price list No. 2 —
instructions. Sold with ironclad moneyback guarantee.
Polished Specimens & Cabochons
Machinery & Supplies ORDER YOURS TODAY — Send $5 with order or payment in full
We rent polishing machinery by the hour O. R. JUNKINS & SON to save C.O.D. Write for free catalog on larger, more elaborate
Geiger Counters, metal locators and our Scintillator Counter.
Call C'h. 6-7197 for Appointment NEWPORT. OREGON Invited 2235D So. L a Brea Ave., L. A. 16, Calif.

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Here is a partial list of the more than 500 Ultra-Violet MINERALIGHT dealers ready to serve you—coast to coast.
AUSKA Los Angeles San Carlos Ancient Burled City NEW MEXICO Nixon Blue Print Co.
Mineral Equip. Sales & Black Light Corp. of Lloyd Underwood. Wickliffe New Mexico Minerals Wilson Tower.
Research IJOS Angeles 1027 E. San Carlos Ave. 11003 Central N.E., Corpus Christ!
Box 1442, Fairbanks LOUISIANA
5403 Santa Monica Blvd. Son Diego Riley's Albuquerque Greene Brothers, Inc.
The Bradleys Gem Arts. 4286 Marlborough 1812 Griffin, Dallas
423 Crockett St., Shreveport Adobe Crafters
ARIZONA 4639 Crenshaw Blvd. Plummer's Minerals Don A. Carpenter Co.
Grltzner's Minerals Engineers Syndicate. Ltd. 4720 Point Loma Ave. MASSACHUSETTS Rt. 2, Box 341, Santa Fe P.O. Box 1741, El Paso
135 N. Sirrine St., Mesa 5011 Hollywood Blvd. Superior Gems & Minerals Schortmann's Minerals NEW YORK Bell Reproduction Company
A. V. Herr Laboratory 4665 Park Blvd. 6 McKinley Ave., 907 Throckmorton,
Pratt-Gilbert Hardware Co. Easthampton New York Laboratory Sup.
701 S. 7th St., Phoenix 5176 Hollywood Blvd. San Francisco Co. Inc. Fort. Worth
Jasper Junction Lapidary Leo Kaufmann Quabbin Book House 78 Varick St., New York City Industrial Scientific, Inc.
Sam'l Hill Hardware Co. 1112 Neola St. 729 Harrison St.
142 S. Montezuma St., Ware 1014 Taylor St., Fort Worth
J. J. Jewelcraft Son Gabriel New York Scientific Sup. Co. Rldgway's
Prescott 2732 Colorado Blvd. MICHIGAN 28 W. 30th St..
Rainbow Gem Company 615 Caroline St., Houston
Randolph Oak Creek Canyon Mine & Mill Machinery Co. 546 W. Mission Dr. Int'l. Stamp Bureau New York City
Mineral Shop, Sedona 125 W. Adams Ave., Detroit Panther City Office Sup. Co.
310 E. 3rd St. Soquel The Radiac Co. Inc. 315 N. Colorado, Midland
Mission Curio Mart Shannon Luminous Thompson's Mineral Studio MINNESOTA 489 5th Ave., New York City Farquhar's Rocks &
4400 Mission Road, Tucson Materials Co. P.O. Box 124 Nokomls Lapidary & Standard Scientific Sup. Corp. Minerals
Hazel E. Wright 7356 Sta. Monica Blvd. South Pasadena Watch Shop 34 W. 4th St., 134 Hollenbeck, San Antonio
30 Cochise Row, Warren Stratex Instrument Co. Dunham Economy 3840 26th Ave. So.. New York City
18151 Hillhurst Ave. Concentrator Co. Minneapolis East Texas Photocopy Co.
853 Mission St. 308 N. Broadway St., Tyler
ARKANSAS Brandt's Rock & Gem Shop Akron Lapidary Co. UTAH
House of Hobbies, Rt. 4 COLORADO Asterley Ozark Shop 1095ChalkerSt, Akron Dr. H. T. Plumb
1034-A Sonoma Hiway The Gem Exchange U.S. Hwy 61-67, De Soto
Hot Springs Nat'l. Park Needles 2400 Sunnyside Ave.,
Gem Village. Bayfleld Craven's Diamond Shop Co. Cincinnati Museum of Salt Lake City
McShan's Gem Shop Black Light Corp. of Nat. His.
Highway 66 2008 Bryant Bldg., Central Pkwy at Walnut, WASHINGTON
CALIFORNIA Colorado Kansas City Fulmer's Agate Shop
North Hollywood 209 Johnson Bldg., Denver Cincinnati
Berkeley Modern Science Laboratories Cy Miller 5212 Rainier Ave., Seattle
Minerals Unlimited 8049 St. Clair Ave. Riley's Reproduction 110 E. 13th St.. Kansas City OREGON
1724 University Ave. 1540 Glenarm Place, Denver Prospector's Equipment Co.
Orange Cove MONTANA The Rock Market 2022 Third Ave., Seattle
Big Pine Wm. M. Clingan, Shelden's Minerals Agency R. 1, Box 225, Eagle Point
Bedells Mercantile 30714th St., Denver Yellowstone Agate Shop The House of Guns C. M. Fassett Co.,
Clingan's Jet. Box 4, Hiway 89. Livingston
118 N. Main St. Highway 180 Eckert Mineral Research 111 Washington St., W. 7 Trent Ave., Spokane
Bishop Palo Alto
112 E. Main St., Florence NEBRASKA Garibaldi Tacoma Lapidary Sup. Co.
Bishop Hardware & Sup. Co. Fisher Research Labor., Inc. Palmer's Lapidary & Hastings Typewriter Co. 631 St. Helens Ave., Tacoma
336 N. Main St. Fixlt Shop 518 W. 3rd St., Hastings Hodge Podge Agate &
1961 University Ave. Supply Shop
1503 N. College, Ft. Collins Irwin's Gem Shop
Buena Park Pasadena NEVADA 322 Hiway 99 S., Grants Pass
Ghost Town Rock & Bernstein Brothers Tolyabe Supply Company 381 Chase Ave., Walla Walla
Grieger's 164 N. Mechanic St., Pueblo Wrightway Gemcrafters
Book Shop 1633 E. Walnut St. Gabbs P.O. Box 4, Hauser Williams Lapidary Supply
Knott's Berry Farm Woodfords Cash Store, P.O. Box 50. Waterville
Paso Robles D. C-Washlngton Smith's Fluorescents
Canoga Park Woodfords, Calif., WISCONSjN
Coast Counties Pump & Gem Lapidary Rm, 311-220 S.W. Alder,
Warren C. Bieber Elec. CO. 2006 Florida Ave. N.W., P.O. Gardnerville. Nev. C-C Distributing Company
7229 Remmet Ave. Portland 3104 W. Vllet St., Milwaukee
124014 Park St. Washington, D.C. Arthur C. Terrill Dorothy's Gift Shop
Castro V a l l e y Placervllle 15 Water St., Henderson 4639 N. Stephens, Roseburg The House of Hobbies
The Sterling Shop. FLORIDA
Enterprises Unlimited 721 W. Wisconsin, Milwaukee
8679 Castro Valley Blvd. Rt. 3. Box 143 Rock & Shell Shop Rock Hollow. White's Furniture The Stones Throw Rock Shop
2033 Red Road Last Frontier Village 1218 M St., Sweet Home
Compton Randsburg & Ridgecrest Las Vegas 221 S. Main St., Walworth
Compton Rock Shop Coral Gables PENNSYLVANIA
1409 S. Long Beach Blvd. W. A. Hankammer GEORGIA Ken Dunham CANADA
Lost Cave Mineral Shop
Redlands Owen Hoffman P.O. Box 150, Mina Lost Cave, Hellertown Riley's Reproductions Ltd.
Covington Lapidary N. Alexander Ave., 630 8th Ave. W.
Pacific Mill & Mine Sup. Co. Engineering Commercial Hardware Co. TENNESSEE
530 Van Ness Ave. Washington 500 E. 4th St., Reno Calgary. Alta.
1st & Hiway 99 Technical Products Company Milburns Gem Shop
IDAHO 19 N. Dunlap, Memphis
Glendale Reedley Nevada Gem Shop 1605 Trans-Canada Hwy.,
Pascoes Tyler Jack The Sawtooth Company 335 East 4th, Reno
1414 W. Glenoaks 1115 Grove St., Boise TEXAS New Westminster. B.C.
Hare's Pharmacy
Nevada Mineral Laboratories D & B Engineering Co. Inc. Cave & Company Ltd.
Ledi Riverside S. V. Hlgley 1510 S. 14th St., Abilene 567 Hornby St.,
Armstrong's 336 Morrill Ave.. Reno
Hurrle's Gem Shop 1718 Albion Ave., Burley Dwight's Vancouver, B.C.
Rt. 2, Box 516 3825 7th St. ILLINOIS Tonopah Studio
Long Beach Tom Roberts Rock Shop P.O. Box 331, Tonopah 516 Tyler St., Amarillo Sharpe Instruments Ltd.
Sacramento 6038 YongeSt.,
Elliott Gem & Mineral Shop MacClanahan & Son 1006 S. Michigan Ave., Odom's
Chicago NEW JERSEY Star Rt A, Box 32-C, Austin Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ont.
235 E. Seaside Blvd. 3461 2nd Ave.
Gordon's Gem & Mineral Ivan Ogden Ret R. Latta Lapidary Equip. Para Laboratory Sup. Co.
Supplies 520 56th St. 254 Pearl Ave., Loves Park 221 N. Hermitage Ave.,
1850 E. Pac. Coast Hwy. Son Bernardino KENTUCKY
Mohave Sales, Inc. Greenwood's Ben E. Clement Westfleld Lapidary & Sup. Co. . South Pasadena, Calif.
1768 Atlantic Ave. 455 Third St. Marion 309 Hyslip Ave., Westfleld

AUGUST, 195 3 37

GEfll fli A R T A D V E R T I S I N G
10c a Word . . . Minimum
RADIOACTIVE ORE collection: 6 won- TONOPAH, Nevada, is where C. C. Boak In the June issue of Rockhounds Call,
derful different specimens in neat Red- lives, with his outstanding, scientific, Photographer Norman A. Moore told fel-
wood ches;, $2.00. Pretty Gold nugget. world-wide collection of Mineral, Gem low members of Compton Gem and Min-
$1.00, four nuggets, $2.00, choice col- and semi-Gemstone species—spectacular eral Club how to get good wildflower pic-
lection 12 nuggets, $5.00. Uranium crystal groups, etc. Visitors welcome. C. tures. He advised selecting subjects which
Prospector;,, Box 604, Stockton, Calif. C. Boak, 511 Ellis St., Tonopah, Nevada. show contrast, photographing light flowers
against dark backgrounds and vice versa,
ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS, ll ONYX BLANKS, unpolished, black 25c and shooting from close up. He recom-
will pay you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock each; red, green, blue 35c each. Perfect mended exposing colored film 1/50 second
Roost. We buy. sell, or exchange min- cut titanium. Fine cutting and polishing at f. 6.3 or f. 8" in open sunlight with the
eral specimens. Visitors are always wel- at reasonable prices. Prompt attention to light behind the camera and shining on the
come. Ken-Dor Rock Roost, 419 Slit- mail orders. Juchem Bros., 315 West 5th subject.
ter, Modesto, California. St., Los Angeles 13. California. • • e
Ray Lulling, lapidary editor of the Minne-
ROCKHOUNDS, ARCHEOLOGISTS and FIFTY MINERAL Specimens, %-in. or sota Mineral Club bulletin. Rock Rustler's
collectors of Indian relics are discover- over, boxed, identified, described, mounted. News, has a tip for amateur gem cutters:
ing that Southern Utah is a rewarding Postpaid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 729, "If you have any old eyeglass frames lying
section to visit. Write for free folder. Lodi. California. around the house, save them," he advises
Ranch Lodge Motel, Kanab, Utah. in the June issue. "They come in very
GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- handy as emergency bezel wire." Nickel,
OPALS AND SAPPHIRES rough, direct cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, silver or gold frames are useable. "Knock
from Australia. Cutting opal, 1 ounce where to collect and buy, many dealer out the glass and with a pair of tin shears
$5, $10, 520, $30 and $60. Blue sap- advertisements. Completely covers the or nippers cut the bezel on each side of the
phires, 1 ounce $10, $30, and $60. Star hobby. The rockhound's own magazine set screw that holds it together," Lulling
sapphires, 12 stones $10, $20, and $30. for only $2.00 a year ( 12 full issues) or directs. "Then cut the bezel off the nose
etc. Post free and insured. Send inter- write for brochure and booklist. Mineral piece and straighten it out. Each pair of
national n-oney order, bank draft. Aus- Notes and News, Box 716B, Palmdale, eyeglasses will produce two pieces of bezel
tralian Gem Trading Co., 49 Elizabeth California. wire about five inches long of a perfect
St., Melbourne, Australia. Free list of channel that you can wrap around your
all Australian stones rough and cut, 16 pp. AUSTRALIAN OPAL CABS: $5.00 and cabochon as a frame.
$10.00 each. Small but beautiful, every • • •
FOR SALE: Beautiful purple petrified stone a gem. A beautiful cultured pearl Meeting at the Chicago Academy of Sci-
wood with uranium, pyrolusite, manga- for your collection $5.00. Ace Lapidary. ences, members of Marquette Geologists
nite. Nice sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie Box 67D, Jamaica, New York. Associati&n heard H. R. Straight speak on
Baker. Cameron, Arizona. "The Identification of Petrified Woods."
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting ma- Straight, past president of the Midwest
McSHAN'S GEM SHOP—open part time, terials, specimen boxes—24 %-inch Black Federation of Geological and Mineralogical
or find us by directions on door. Cholla Hills minerals identified. Black Hills Societies, has made an extensive study of
cactus wocd a specialty, write for prices. gold jewelry. Send for complete list and paleobotany and has traveled throughout
I mile west on U. S. 66. Needles. Cali- prices. The Rock House, Mac-Mich the United States, exploring known areas
fornia. Box 22. Minerals Co., Custer, South Dakota. where petrified woods are to be found.
Colored slides and specimens accompanied
AUSTRALIAN cutting fire opal, specimens, MOJAVE DESERT GEMSTONE, beautiful the lecture. Afterward, an auction was held.
cutting material. H. A. Ivers, 1400 Ha- moss, plumes, rainbow, Horse Canyon,
cienda Blvd., La Habra, California. banded and other gemstone from many
parts of the country. Send for our De- PAN GOLD this summer on my rich claim
MINERAL SPECIMENS, cabochons and Luxe Selection of 25 sq. inches, or an located in California's scenic Feather
cutting material of all kinds, western 8 lb. mixture of high grade gemstone for River country. Lovely gold-bearing creek,
jewelry. Beautiful travertine for book $5.00 shipped prepaid with our money very reasonable fee. Write Box 604,
ends, paper weights, spheres etc. Write back guarantee. Hunt your gemstone in Stockton, California.
for prices. Eighteen miles south of Battle our rock yard; we will ship prepaid and
Mountain at Copper Canyon. John L. insured, 50 sq. inches selected gemstone PONY BUTTE Thundereggs from the or-
James. Bo< 495, Battle Mountain, Nev. for your approval, send 25c per inch for iginal Priday Ranch in Central Oregon.
what you keep and return the balance $1.25 per pound and 5 pounds for $5.00.
LODESTONE — Magnetic Rock Mineral Hastings Typewriter Co., Hastings, Neb.
(Magnetite). Uses and interesting legen- prepaid and insured. Write for our gem-
dary folklore story and superstitions with stone price list. We sell Highland Park CHRYSOCOLLA, chrysotile in serpentine,
each order. $1.00 postpaid for super- lapidary equipment, Congo reversible saw peridot bombs, native copper, schorl, cop-
charged piece of ore approximately 1 lb. blades, write for literature. San Fernando per ores as azurite, malachite etc., and
Write for prices, larger quantities, Olm- Valley Rock Shop, 6329 Lindley Ave.. other Arizona specimens, 15 lb. assort-
stead Manufacturing Company, Depart- Reseda. California. ment postpaid for $7.50. Money back
ment 8. 116 East Markham Street. Little guarantee. Discounts to dealers. Don
Rock, Arkansas. ATTENTION CUTTERS: Tumbled agate Jackson, 344 So. Broad St., Claypool,
nuggets and nodules. Finest quality. See Arizona.
STOP—LOOK—BUY—Specimens, s l a b s - what you are getting. $2.00 brings as-
rough, from A. L. Jarvis. 1051 Salinas sortment postpaid. Money refunded if CABOCHONS: genuine imported agates
Road, Watsonville, California. On Sa- not satisfactory. Clay Ledbetter, Stone- carnelians, rose quartz, lapis lazuli, tiger
linas Highway, State No. I. 3 miles South craft. 2126 McKenzie Ave., Waco, Texas. eye, etc.. beautifully cut and polished.
of Watsonville. Oval stones in sizes from 10 mm. to 16
NEW MEXICO'S finest red Calcite for sale.
GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color, Fluoresces strawberry red under short mm. 25c each. Minimum order $1.00.
blue and bluish green, cut and polished wave lamp. Rattlesnake Calcite, fluor- Pacific Gem Cutters, 424 So. Broadway,
cabochons—25 carats (5 to 10 stones esces pink and phosphoresces blue under Los Angeles, California.
according to size) $3.50 including tax, short wave lamp. $1.20 lb. postpaid or
postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats $75.00 per 100 lbs., freight paid. Satis- OAK CREEK CANYON, ARIZONA. At
(10 to 2C cabochons) $6.15 including faction guaranteed or money refunded. Sedona near Flagstaff and Jerome in
tax, postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem & Tom Ellis, Rt. 2, Box 492, Waco, Texas. Technicolor country, visit the Randolph
Mineral Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd.. Long Shop for specimens and fluorescents.
Beach 2, California. DARK PEARLS $1.25, $2.00, $3.00 each.
Natural Pearls not cultured. Ideal for BOOKS: Beginners to advanced. Gemology,
DENDRITIC OPAL, Kansas, good polish- collection or jewelry. Postpaid and guar- mineralogy, geology, etc. Write today
ing stone, only $1.25 a pound. Hastings anteed. L. K. Gelgud, 4770 Santa Monica for free price list. Gem Finders, 859
Typewriter Co., Hastings, Nebraska. Blvd., Los Angeles, California. North Ramona, Hawthorne, California.

Contra Costa Gem and Mineral Society
was the guest of Calaveras Gem and Min-
eral Society at a meeting at Angels Camp,
California. The two groups took field trips
Societies; in the Angels Camp area.
• • •
Redwood Gem and Mineral Society will
Ernest M. Stone was elected president of Bill Hayward heads the new slate of exhibit again this year at the Sonoma
the East Bay Mineral Society at a May Colorado Mineral Society, Denver. Elected County Fair, Santa Rosa, California. Fair
meeting in Oakland, California. Assisting to assist President Hayward are C. R. Wil- dates are July 31 through August 8.
him with next year's activities will be Dr. liams, first vice-president; Olin Brown, sec- • • •
F. M. Yockey. vice-president; Mrs. Dennis ond vice-president; Betty Wilklow, secretary-
Patterson, secretary; W. R. Watson, treas- treasurer, and Ann Dill, corresponding sec- Twenty-one members of Clark County
urer; and Sidney H. Smyth, director. retary. The board of trustees includes James Gem Collectors joined a field trip outing to
Hurlbut, Muriel Colburn, Richard Pearl, the Dead Mountain area east of Las Vegas,
• • • Nevada. June field trip was scheduled to
It's "President" Herbert Wagner in San George Harvey, Calvin Simmons and E.
Jose now. Wagner has been elected to head Mitchell Gunnell. Keyhole Canyon.
San Jose Lapidary Society next year. Other • • •
new officers who assumed duties in June Planning already for the resumption of
are Milton Gillespie, vice-president; Alta
Mason, secretary; Guy Gibbs, treasurer;
Chicago Rocks and Minerals Society activi-
ties in September are the following new Rockhounds
and Alice Everett, editor of the group's officers, elected at the June meeting: Helen
monthly Lap Bulletin. L. Cooke, president; Alexander Leighton, Send us your Ores, and
• • • vice-president; Margaret Gibson, recording Minerals for Testing
At the third annual dinner meeting of secretary; Marilla Towne, corresponding
Palo Alto Geology Society, Mrs. Billie secretary; Ralph Alberts, treasurer; Selma • Reasonable Prices
Santhoff was installed as president for the Jenner, curator-historian; Laverne Thomas,
1953-54 club season. Jerry Newcomer is editor of the Pick and Dop Stick, and Dor- • Latest Equipment
new vice-president: Mrs. Edith Harmon, othy Gleiser, associate editor of the bulletin. • RAPID SERVICE
secretary-treasurer; Mrs. Alice Condon, his- Program for the election meeting was given
torian; Charlotte Matthews, program di- by E. A. Williams of Elkhart, Indiana, lapi- Send for your price list today.
rector; Robert E. McCulloch, field trip dary who fashioned the J. L. Kraft jade
window for Chicago's North Shore Baptist
director; James C. Lewis, membership chair-
man, and Miss Mabel Barnard, curator. Church. VALLEY
Program for the special meeting was pre-
sented by Ian D. Hendrickson, geologist, FIRE OPAI MEXICO ANALYTICAL and TESTING
who delivered an illustrated lecture on ig- Fine minerals, Aztec agate and other LABORATORIES, Inc.
neous intrusions in the Mt. Fairweather
range of Alaska. CHOICE cutting materials
Elected unanimously to serve Southwest RALPH E. MUELLER & SON El Centro, California
Mineralogists, Los Angeles, next year, were 1000 E. Camelback Phoenix. Arizona
the following nominees: Herman Hodges,
president; Gordon Bailey, vice-president;
Stella Hodges, recording secretary; Connie
Trombatore, corresponding secretary; Cora
Standridge, treasurer, and Louis Sears, Jack
Lasley and Jack Craig, directors.
• • •
It Could Be T h e r e . . .
Prospecting with Modern Electronic Equipment,
Coachella Valley Mineral Society's new will help locate buried minerals, that the eye alone
officers are Glenn Vargas, president; Clifton cannot see.
Carney, vice-president; Dorothy Faulhaber,
secretary; Glenn Thornburgh, Jr., treasurer, The latest improved equipment by Detectron: For
and Jerry Jorstad, member of the board. testing uranium ore this inexpensive high
The society meets in Indio, California. quality CLAIMSTAKER $ 37.50
• • • The Prospectors Pal, Model lHi-2. Now more sen-
The end of another year was marked by sitive than ever, with three scale sensitivity
installation ceremonies by the Gem and meter $ 98.50
Mineral Society of San Mateo County, Cali- Model IMi-7. Same as above with separate, de-
fornia. Taking office were Howell Lovell, tached probe $135.00
president; Lloyd Underwood, vice-president; The Nucliometer, Model DR-290. Super sensitive
Mrs. Dorothea Luhr. secretary, and Burton Radiation Detector of extreme sensitivity, for
Stuart, treasurer. Directors are Dr. Arthur ground, jeep, car, and Airplane survey..$545.00
Corbett, constitution; Wallace Degen, or- The light weight Detection Model 27. Prospecting
ganizations; Mrs. Myrtle Reinhardt, educa- for metallic mineral, Gold and Silver included.
tion; Godfrey Beckman, finance; William (Depth Range 7 ft.) $ 98.50
Klose, program, and Alan Cormack, field The Deluxe Model 27—see cut above. Same as above with easy reading
trips. meter $110.00
• • • Model 711. Metal case, light weight, easy to carry, and with a depth range
Victor Armstrong received the Pasadena of 21 ft $138.50
Lapidary Society presidential gavel at a The above instruments carry a One Year Guarantee
May installation meeting. Oress Walker, against defects in workmanship and materials
vice-president; Beatrice Lidell. secretary,
and Ralph Bond, treasurer, also took office. All prices are P.O.B. Compton, California
• • •
Executive duties of Shadow Mountain We stock a complete line of Ultra-Violet Miner-
Gem and Mineral Society, Palm Desert, alights, also gem and rock polishing
California, will be handled next year by equipment and supplies
Byron S. Phillips, president; Joe Hughes,
vice-president; Ruth Wright, recording sec-
retary; Berniece Kiefer, corresponding sec-
retary; Emily Hiatt. treasurer, and C. Grier
Darlington, business manager. New direc- 1409 South Long Beach Blvd., Dept. D.
tors to serve on the board for a three-year Compton, California
term are Henry Hiatt, Maurice Wright and Open house every Tuesday Eve.
Margaret Ward. Other directors who will
continue to serve are Esther Edixon, Jack Telephone Newmark 2-9096
Lizer, Ray Purves, Mary Ann Wahrer,
James Carpenter and Donald Butterworth.
AUGUST, 1953 39
San Antonio Rock and Lapidary Society, Dr. C. R. Smith of Aurora College, Illi- A humorous debate, "Resolved: That
San Antonio, Texas, invited John Gibson, nois, led a recent Chicago Rocks and Every Rockhound Should Lick Every Rock,"
geologist and gemologist, as its July speaker. Minerals Society field trip. After guiding entertained members of the El Paso Min-
Gibson, an instructor at San Antonio Col- members through the Aurora Historical eral and Gem Society at a recent meeting
lege, announced he would speak on crystal- Society museum, he pointed out geological in El Paso, Texas. The issue, presented by
lography and the formation of agate in west facts at the Fox Valley gravel pit which H. L. Zollars, was debated by Emil Muel-
Texas. provides a good view of the glacial and ler, Mr. McAntire and Grace Zollars, nega-
• • • post-glacial sequence; at Mastodon Lake tive; Zollars, Sparky Quinn and Hortense
Leather tooling, silver engraving and and at Nelson's Lake near Batavia. Stops Newell, affirmative.
cabochons were among displays at a recent also were made at prehistoric Indian mounds • • •
meeting of the Gem Cutters Guild, Los and the Kaneville Esker where glacial drift Concluding a program series on "Begin-
Angeles. An exhibit prepared by Jack and specimens were gathered. The trip ended nings of History,'' members of the Oklahoma
Dorothy Craig explained how oil is obtained at the Illinois State Game Farm at York- Mineral and Gem Society enjoyed two sound
from shale. ville. films: "The Bronze Age" and "The Iron
• • • Age." Movies also were scheduled for the
Geodes are plentiful in Illinois, and seek- June meeting.
ing them is one of the favorite hobby pas- • • •
PREC SION RADIATION times of the Central Illinois Rockhounds, Chester Collins, geological engineer for
Decatur. The group held its first exhibit
INSTRUMENTS of collecting material in May and was proud
the U. S. Geological Survey, spoke at a
recent meeting of Sacramento Mineral So-
TAKES PRIDE IN of its visitor roster of more than 700 names. ciety. Sacramento, California. His subject
ANNOUNCING THE • • • was "Aids and Methods Used in Prospect-
Santa Fe Gem and Mineral Club mem- ing for Ores and Minerals." He demon-

"SC NTILLATOR"* bers were advised to bring their geiger

counters on a field trip to Petaca, where
they would explore the properties of the
Petaca Mining Corporation.
strated detecting equipment.
• • •
First field trip of the Evansville Lapidary
Society left Evansville. Indiana, June 7 for
•Patent Pending • • • a day of exploring Wyandotte Cave. George
Summer meetings of Searles Lake Gem Jackson acted as guide. Later, some mem-
and Mineral Society, Trona, California, are bers visited the flint deposits in another part
outdoor potluck affairs. The season's cus- of Harrison County, where prehistoric In-
MODEL 111 tom was revived in July. dians worked quarries for arrowhead and
Portable • • • tool material.
Father Joseph Lafferty, chaplain for • • •
Scintillation Chapter 3 of Disabled American Veterans The rose window constructed by San
Counter in San Francisco recently has placed a fine Jose Lapidary Society was the hit of its
mineral display in a case at the library of 1953 show, held in San Jose, California.
the Letterman Army Hospital in San Fran- Suggested club project now is to build a
cisco. Father Lafferty has been collecting clubhouse-workshop around the window.
specimens for 30 years, and has stated that • • •
he will provide displays for other veterans' A joint trip was planned by the Gem
• Made in the V. S. A. by Precision • 100 hospitals if they are desired. Collectors Guild of Seattle, Washington,
times the sensitivity of the best Geiger and the Vancouver club to the petrified
Counter • Suitable for aerial surveys or wood and agate fields near Lytton, B.C.
surveys fr^in moving vehicles • Accuracy T R E A SURE HUNTERS
within 5% of % full scale reading • Uses Canada.
latest type RCA 61D9 photomultiplier tube New type metals detector. Distinguishes • • •
• Uses newest simplified circuit • Used metals from 1 lack magnetic sands. Ideal for A field trip to Fish Lake Valley was
by U. S. Geological Survey and the Atomic locating gold nuggets, placer deposits. De-
Energy Commission • Waterproof and tects metals under salt water. Locates planned for June by the Mineral County
tropicalized probe • Weight only 6*,4 lbs. coins, jewelry Rockhound Club of Hawthorne, Nevada.
Probe 2 lbs. • Only two simple controls on b e a c h e s . A side trip to Candelaria was promised
• Long battery life • Ranges .025, .05, .25, Free from
1, 5 and 25 MB/HK. false detec- those who joined the early morning trip
„, l i o n s . Each section.
Price Complete only $495.00 m0..Wlt v*- ***-**;*^ unit supplied
with two dif- • • •
Write for 'ree catalog on the "Scintillator" ferent search More than 100 rockhounds joined the
and our complete line of Geiger Counters coils. Ask for
and metal locators. free 1 i t e r a -
mineral-hunting caravan when the Golden
Spike Gem and Mineral Society of Ogden,
• •. " : M ^ ture.
GARDINER Utah, and the Wasatch Gem Society of
RECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS ELECTRONICS Salt Lake City staged a joint field trip. On
22S5DS South Jja Urea Are.
•\, CO., DEPT. DM the two-day outing to the dinosaur grave-
^tg—fc 28'& N. DAYTON yard near Green River and a nearby agate
Los Angeles 10, California 4g^M|^BgP' I-HOENIX. ARIZ.
area, members found dinosaur bone, agate
and red, green and yellow jasper.
• • •
Members of Columbian Geological So-
e ciety, Spokane, Washington, were grieved
to learn of the death of Charles D. Magee,
'Tfweve charter member, director and past president
of the society. He was active as field trip
Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla chairman and program coordinator.
Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry
HAND MADE IN STERLING SILVER Red Plume, Pom Tom and many other types
of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate,
Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings 8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on

Write for Folder With Prices

Lapidary Supplies
Cutting Material
— Mountings
— Minerals
235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2. CALIF.
Across from West End of Municipal Send for Free Price List
16208 S. Clark Ave., Bellflower, California
Auditorium Grounds Store hours 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.. Closed
Hours 10 A.M. to 9 P.M. Daily Except Monday Sunday and Monday
Phone Torrey 743-09

Colored slides of Canyon de Chelly, the Prof. Kottlowski, economic geologist with Hopeful of finding rhodonite and nephrite
upper end of the Grand Canyon, were the New Mexico State Bureau of Mines, specimens for their collections, members
shown members of San Diego Lapidary illustrated with colored slides his discus- of Long Beach Mineral and Gem Society
Society at a recent meeting. The canyon sion of "The Geology of the Rio Grande looked forward to a June field trip to Wil-
contains a wide variety of rock formations. Valley." He delivered the lecture at a recent low Creek and Jade Cove, not far from
• • • meeting of Dona Ana County Rockhounds San Luis Obispo, California.
Grab bags, sale tables and a mineral auc- Club, Las Cruces, New Mexico. • • •
tion were scheduled highlights at the June • • • One of the summer highlights of San
meeting of the Mineralogical Society of When the scheduled speaker was unable Fernando Valley Mineral and Gem Society
Southern California, Pasadena. to appear, Jack Streeter spoke extempor- was the June picnic supper and auction.
• • • aneously to the Hollywood Lapidary Society • • •
Washoe Gem and Mineral Society, Reno, on the history of mineral collecting, the
Nevada, heard Dr. E. Richard Larson, chair- advantages of the hobby and his own ex- Oral Miller led a Glendale Lapidary
man of the geology department at the Uni- periences on a collecting tour of Brazil. and Gem Society field trip to Horse Can-
versity of Nevada, speak on "Collecting • • • yon, California, to search for agate.
Fossils in Nevada." and were inspired for Tour Director Nate Stuvetro scheduled • • •
a field trip to Yerington to search for gar- an agate hunting trip for the Minnesota A talk by Dr. Hoover Mackin, professor
netized fossils in shale. In addition to fine Mineral Club in June. The rockhunting of geology at the University of Washington,
fossil specimens, members found copper caravan would visit Little Falls, about 30 was scheduled for June by Everett Rock and
ores on the McConnell Mine dump. miles northwest of Minneapolis. Gem Club, Everett, Washington. Dr.
• • • • • • Mackin planned to speak on "Strategic
San Diego Mineral and Gem Society Coachella Valley Mineral Society of Minerals of the United States." Members
published a busy June calendar. Dr. Spen- Indio, California, invited the Blythe rock- of the Maplewood Rockhound Club were
cer Rogers, professor of anthropology at San hounds and the San Gorgonio Mineral and invited as special guests.
Diego State College, was to speak on ar- Gem Society to this year's annual barbe-
cheological methods at the society's general cue at Salton Sea. Many members planned
meeting; Georgia Ryers' pictures of a mule
trip down Bright Angel trail into the Grand
to camp overnight and enjoy chuckwagon
breakfast the following morning.
Canyon were planned for the mineral re-
sources division; fluorescent pictures and
Hubert L. Kertz discussed technical uses
a talk on pearls were anticipated by gem of specialized crystals in the communica-
and lapidary division members; and mem- tions industry at a meeting of the Gem and
bers of the mineralogy division would en- Mineral Society of San Mateo County,
tertain one another with accounts of vacation California. Piezoelectric crystals that have
trips. The June field trip was to be to the electric characteristics are important ingredi-
Fargo Mine at Pala. California. ents of telephone apparatus, and for many
• • • years attempts have been made to grow
To illustrate his talk, "Gem Stones and crystals of this type for use in electronic
Their Ancient Beliefs," Speaker Bob White circuits. Kertz told of the advances made
asked members of the Northern California by the Bell Telephone Company in its cry- Will detect ALL radioactive min-
Mineral Society, San Francisco, to bring tal research program. erals, as well as gold, lead, silver,
heirloom gems or jewelry and tell their his- copper, manganese, titanium etc., as
tories and sentimental values. • • • well as hundreds of other valuable
• • • Thomas Warren demonstrated fluores- minerals, when they are associated
"Are You Missing Any Bets?" was the cent materials and equipment at the May with or have a radiation content,
title of an editorial in the June issue of the meeting of the Glendale Lapidary and Gem which they frequently have. Extra
M.G.A. Bulletin, periodical of the Mar- Society, Glendale, California. powerful and sensitive, to locate
quette Geologists Association of Chicago. deeper mineral deposits. Has built-
G. G. Putman advised mineral society mem- • Specializing in •
in speaker, no ear phones to wear,
bers to take advantage of every opportunity no meter to watch. Makes prospect-
to increase their collections and further FINE FOREIGN GEMS ing easier, simpler and a pleasure
their mineralogica! studies. He suggested AND MINERALS for both the professional and ama-
frequent visits to "he State Museum, State Lapidary Equipment and Supplies teur. Over 4000 acres of minerals
Geological Society, public museums and Gem drills—Jewelry tools—Sterling discovered in 30 days with a single
libraries as well as active participation in Jewelry Mountings—Books—Mineralights Oremaster.
club and federation affairs. Model H.D.D.-53—$129.50 prepaid
Hal Pearsall, field trip chairman of the
San Jose Lapidary Society, promised good
4665 Park Blvd., San Diego 16. California
Open 10:30 A.M. to 8:00 P.M.
White's Electronics.
hunting on a June outing to Clear Creek, Closed Sundays 1218 M. St. Sweet Home, Oregon
• • •
Marquette Geologists Association of Chi-
cago invited Mr. and Mrs. Paul Heyse to
present the June program. The Heyses, who
have made extensive studies of Mexican featuring "LAPIDARY ART THROUGH THE AGES" -
handcraft, planned to discuss "The Lapi- Sponsored by The Lapidary Association
daries and Silversmiths of Mexico." The Fascinating, Romantic Story of Gems
June meeting was the last of the club year.
Long Beach Auditorium—Long Beach. California—August 14, 15 & 16
Mailing Address:
Box lit, Laveen Stage, Phoenix, Arizona
Location—7006 So. 19th Avenue
Lapidary Equipment Manufacture & 1>OSIKII
16-18 inch Power Feed Slabbing Saw
Belt Sanders it Trim Saws
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Saws, Fluorescents, Ores. Gems. Ring
Mounts, or advice, write to—
Minerals Unlimited
1724 University A ire., Berkeley 3, California

AUGUST, 1953 41
Between Ifou and Ate


NO branch of the U. S. federal govern- and courage to do a heroic job of pioneering—for com-
meit has been the target of more criticism during pensation that was measured more in terms of personal
the last 50 years than the Indian Service. satisfaction than in dollars.
Many of us have blamed the Indian Bureau for the It is stimulating to witness a historical pageant so
impoverished economy on most of the reservations, for magnificently presented as has been done in years past
failure to build schools, and for many things which seemed by the people of Calexico and Mexicali in their Desert
to be wrong with the management of Indian affairs. Cavalcade, and I am glad it is to be resumed.
The Indians themselves also have been very critical. * * *
They wen; so mad at Commissioner John Collier it was In Italy a law has been passed for the defense of the
hazardous for him to visit some of the reservations, and Italian landscape in the resort areas. The ministerial
the commissioners who have followed him have never committee responsible for the enforcement of the law is
found it possible to win the complete approval of the devoting its attention to the removal of signboards along
tribesmen. the highways in the areas to which the law is applicable.
The Indian Bureau has been between the devil and In U.S.A. we also have a billboard problem, and
the deep sea. They've had you and me sniping at them recently another headache which is becoming even more
from one side, and the Indians throwing rocks at them critical—the problem of beercans and trash along the
from the other. They haven't gotten thanks from anyone. roadside gutters. Since the beercan nuisance first was
Actua ly, the men and women in the Indian Service mentioned in Desert Magazine I have received many
have had a tough job to do—and they have plodded along scores of letters from motorists who share my indignation
with the limited funds that a stingy Congress would give over the manner in which the roadsides are becoming
them, doing the best they could. cluttered with garbage—and many ideas have been ad-
It is a real pleasure, then, for me to record the mag- vanced for solving the problem. A feasible answer has
nificent job done by the personnel of the Indian Service not yet been forthcoming—but 1 did like one reader's
on the Colorado River Reservation at Parker, Arizona. suggestion. He proposed that those vandals who carry on
I went there recently to make a progress report on the small arms target practice by shooting up the road signs
Mojaves, Chemehuevis, Navajos and Hopis now living as they ride along the highways, should henceforth select
on the Parker reservation (page 6-11, this issue.) I was the roadside beercans as their targets.
amazed at what I found there. In a period of 40 years * * *
those Colorado River Indians have become first class There must be at least a half million people in the
farmers, acquired comfortable home and automobiles, and United States writing poetry. I am judging from the num-
are insisting that their children have good schools. ber of poems we receive at this office every month. We
The Indians did not achieve the transformation from can print only a small fraction of those which come to us.
primitive tribesmen to successful farmers within one Some of the poetry is very bad. A great deal of it is
generation without a great deal of effective coaching from passably good—and for lack of space we have to return
the men and women in Uncle Sam's Indian Bureau. And some which deserves to be published.
for that, the Indian Service deserves a full measure of Once in a while there comes to my desk a verse which
credit. I would like to have engraved in stone so that it would
* * * never be lost. Such a poem is Indigo Bush, sent to Desert
Good news from my old home town of Calexico, Magazine recently by Vada F. Carlson of Winslow, Ari-
California! zona. She wrote:
The Calexico folks have voted to resume the annual Beside the desert road, a shaggy bush,
presentation of the Desert Cavalcade next spring—after Ignored by thousands and admired by none,
omitting tie pageant this year due to financial difficulties Grows meekly until April comes, and some
and the feeling that perhaps the public was not apprecia- Perceptive souls arrive.
tive of th; tremendous effort required to stage this all- Then like a fairy princess, long bewitched,
home-talent historical spectacle. Touched by a wand, finds freedom from her spell,
People living on the desert today have practically all A force within the bush begins to swell
the comfcrts and luxuries enjoyed by Americans in the A nd from each dusty twig
most highly developed metropolitan areas—plus air-con- Burst forth airy blooms of deepest indigo;
ditioned homes. Those things are possible in the remote As though to prove how living is a God
and sparsely settled desert Southwest because there were Who builds into each plant, each stone, each clod,
men and women of an earlier generation with the vision A beauty all its own.

Bureau of Ethnic Research at the Uni-
versity of Arizona.
Not only does the report trace briefly
the geographical and historical back-
grounds of the Indians in Arizona to-
day, but it contains a great deal of
heretofore unpublished information as
SAM BRANNAN AND THE to satisfy the court's decree, he became to the present numbers and economic
CALIFORNIA MORMONS penniless. An abortive attempt to status of the tribesmen.
Sain Brannan and the California found a grandiose colony in Mexico's The greatest concentration of In-
Mormons by Paul Bailey is more than Sonora failed, his last great dream. He dians in the United States is in New
the biography of Sam Brannan, Cali- died, lonely and in poverty, in Escon- Mexico and Arizona, and of the 120,-
fornia's first millionaire, a man who dido, California. A fabulous character 000 tribesmen in these two states 70,-
was elected overwhelmingly to Cali- in a fabulous era—and with, seem- 000 of them are in Arizona.
fornia's first legislature and then re- ingly, the usual end of men who grasp Fourteen tribes are described in the
nounced the honor. Woven through too greedily for riches and power. book: Apaches, Navajos, Papagos,
the life story of Brannan is the tale of Probably those in the faith which he Mojaves, Chemehuevis, Yumas, Coco-
California's debt to the Mormons, forsook in his days of glory would say pas, Hualapais, Yavapais, Pimas, Mar-
those intrepid followers of Joseph that his end was fitting. icopas, Kaibab Piutes, Havasupais and
Smith and Brigham Young who opened This is a second and limited edition Hopis. The information about them
up the first highways, took part in of a book first published by the author was obtained by field surveys and from
the American conquest of Mexican in 1943. The new edition has been the various Indian Service agencies.
California, shared in the discovery of enlarged by new material to twice its For the student of Southwest Indians
gold in California and later pioneered original wordage. who wants a brief summarization of
in the adoption of irrigation farming essential information about these tribes-
Published by Westernlore Press, Los
by Anglo Saxon people. men, this book is the most compre-
Angeles. 263 pp. with index, bibliog-
This book is the result of immense raphy and illustrations. $4.00. hensive yet published.
research and presents a fascinating ac- • • • Published by the University of Ari-
count of the mid years of the 19th NEW INFORMATION ABOUT zona and edited by William H. Kelly.
century which opened up the miracu- ARIZONA INDIAN TRIBES 130 pp. with maps. Paper cover, $ 1.50.
lous West. • • •
Sam Brannan was one of the faith- It was between 10,000 and 20,000
years ago that man first came to the A limited deluxe edition of William
ful Mormons who were expelled from Caruthers' Loafing Along Death Valley
Ohio and Missouri. He was leader of Southwest, but it was not until about
the year 1 A.D. that the art of pottery Trails has been announced by the
the group who sailed around the Horn author. The regular edition of the
on the old Brooklyn and landed at making was developed and the Indian
cultures as we know them today had book is now in its second printing. The
Yerba Buena, the sleepy Mexican fore-
their beginning. deluxe volume which is really a third
runner of San Francisco, just a few
days too late to aid in wresting it from These are conclusions published in edition, retails for $8.95.
the Mexicans He fell in love with an informative report, Indians of the • • •
California and was bitterly disap- Books reviewed on this page are available at
Southwest, recently compiled by the Desert Crafts Shop, Palm Desert
pointed when Brigham Young firmly
determined to establish the new Zion
in the Salt Lake valley. Sam tried to
persuade him to trek on to the golden
land beside the Pacific and when he
failed, returned to San Francisco to
"SSEEING" Imperial-Coachella?
become a power in the new community
with untold wealth pouring in upon it tfo
him from shops, mills, wharves, hotels
and countless other ventures which
Whether you've a week-end or a month, you'll find this handy
the finding of gold mushroomed into
little booklet a welcome traveling companion.
existence. As Sam grew in wealth, he
withdrew more and more from any
connection with Mormonism.
Stirring chapters tell of the incredi-
ble march of the Mormon Battalion HISTORY • ROUTES AND TOURS
through the southwest desert wastes, MILEAGE CHARTS • PLACES OF INTEREST
the planning of San Bernardino as a BOTANY • INDUSTRY • DESERT EVENTS
Mormon city and its later abandon-
ment by the church when the tide of Maps • Profuse Illustrations
western hatred of the Mormons grew
and the government sent troops against *?.5O
them in the Salt Lake valley. The
reader will gain a comprehensive pic- California buyers add 3% tax
ture of all that the Mormons accom-
plished in those early beginnings of
westward expansion.
Brannan's wife divorced him and in PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA
the forced sale of his farflung holdings

AUGUST, I 953 43

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