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By FREDERICK H. POUGH, Curator of Minerals, American Museum of Natural History

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Sept. 1-5—Annual Rodeo, Silver City,
New Mexico.
Sept. 2 — St. Stephen's Fiesta and
ceremonial dances, Acoma Indian
Pueblo, New Mexico.
Sept. 3-6—Onion Days Rodeo, Pay-
son, Utah.
Sept. 5-7—Rodeo and County Fair,
Socorro, New Mexico.
Sept. 5-7—'49 Show and parade, Fal-
lon, Nevada.
Sept. 5-7 — Nevada Rodeo, Winne-
mucca, Nevada.
Sept. 5-7 — Desert Peaks Section,
Southern California Chapter, Sierra
Club climb of Mt. Jefferson, Nev. Volume 16 SEPTEMBER, 1953 Number 9
Sept. 5-7—Old Time Mining Celebra-
tion and Hermit's Convention,
Randsburg, California. COVER Bryce Canyon, Utah. Photograph
Sept. 6-7 — World Champion Steer
Roping, Clovis, New Mexico. By JOHN BLACKFORD of Libby, Montana.
Sept. 6-7—Labor Day Rodeo and pa- CALENDAR
rade, Benson, Arizona. September events on the desert 3
Sept. 6-7—Lion's Club Rodeo, Wil- EXPLORATION
liams, Arizona. Seldom Seen Canyon in the San Jacintos
Sept. 6-8—Harvest Dance, San Ilde-
fonso Pueblo, New Mexico. By RANDALL HENDERSON 4
Sept. 7—Round Valley Junior Ro-
deo, Springerville, Arizona. Navajo Evening, and other poems 8
Sept. 10-12 — Southern Utah Live- FIELD TRIP
stock Show, Cedar City, Utah. Crystal Field at Quartzsite
Sept. 10-13 — Antelope Valley Fair By JAY ELLIS RANSOM 9
and Alfalfa Festival, Lancaster. BOTANY
California. Confusing Quartet of the Plant World
Sept. 12-14 — Valencia County Fair. By NATT N. DODGE 13
Belen, New Mexico. LOST MINE Did They Find the Lost Breyfogle Mine?
Sept. 11-13 — Navajo Tribal Fair,
Tribal Fairgrounds, Window Rock, By JAMES P. HELM 17
Sept. 12-20 — Utah State Fair, Salt A test of your desert knowledge 19
Lake City, Utah. EXPERIENCE
Sept. 15 — Ceremonial races and Life on the Desert, by INA M. WELLS . . . . 20
dance. Horse Lake and Stone Lake, LETTERS
Jicarilla Apache Reservation, New Comment from Desert's readers 22
Sept. 16 — Mexican Independence Pictures of the Month 23
Day, Las Cruces, New Mexico. FICTION
Sept. 16-19 — Curry County Fair, Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 24
Clovis. New Mexico. CLOSE-UPS
Sept. 17-19—Lion's Club 19th An- About those who write for Desert 24
nual Rodeo, St. George, Utah. FIRST AID
Sept. 18-20—San Juan County Fair, How to Avoid, Treat Snakebite 24
Farmington, New Mexico. MINING
Sept. 18-20 — Colfax County Fair, Current news of desert mines 25
Springer, New Mexico. NEWS
From here and there on the desert 29
Sept. 19—Annual Fiesta and dances,
Laguna Pueblo, New Mexico. CONTEST
Prizes for photographers 32
Sept. 19-20 — San Miguel County HOBBY
Fair, Las Vegas, New Mexico. Gems and Minerals 34
Sept. 19-20—Desert Peaks Section, LAPIDARY
Southern California Chapter, Sierra Amateur Gem Cutter, by LELANDE QUICK . . 40
Club climb of Mt. Tom in the BOOKS
High Sierra. Climb from camp at Reviews of Southwestern literature 41
Horton Lake, near Bishop, Calif. COMMENT
Sept. 19-21 — Hidalgo County Fair Just Between You and Me, by the Editor . . . 42
and Sheriff's Posse Rodeo, Lords- The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert,
burg, New Mexico. California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
Sept. 23—Roosevelt County Fair and California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No, 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1953 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
Rodeo, Ponales, New Mexico. must be secured from the editor in writing.
Sept. 24-26—Quay County Fair, Tu- RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor MARGARET GERKE, Associate Editor
cumcari, New Mexico. BESS STACY, Business Manager EVONNE RIDDELL, Circulation Manager
Sept. 24-28—Dona Ana County Fair,
Las Cruces, New Mexico. •ledged
ity for
Sept. 26-27 — Barstow Rodeo, Bar- .—1. Sub-
stow, California. ng issue.
Sept. 26-Oct. 4—New Mexico State SUBSCRIPTION RATES
Fair, Albuquerque. One Year S3.50 Two Years $6.00
Sept. 29-30—Fiesta of San Geronimo, Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign 50c Extra
Sundown dc.nce, Taos Pueblo, New Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm D«6ert, California

Native palm trees grow in little clusters along the stream which tumbles clown the
precipitous gorge from Tahquitz Mountain. Huge boulders had to be detoured,
and a constant watch kept for the vicious catsclaw which grows in this canyon'.
There are waterfalls and crys-

Seldom Seen Canyon tal pools and wild palm trees

in the West Fork of Palm Can-
yon—but few hikers have ever
seen them. For the climbing

in the San Jacintos difficulties are many, and the

canyon is inhabited by one of
the most vicious of all the des-
ert shrubs—the catsclaw. Here
is the story of what a party of
Sierra Club explorers found in
this little known gorge near
Map by Norton Allen Palm Springs.

7 HE OLD-TIMERS who gave

names to the many delightful
canyons at the desert base of
hausted the list of local celebrities be-
fore they got around to all the pretty
canyons in that vicinity—and when
I have asked these questions of old-
timers, of dude wranglers who ride
the San Jacinto Mountains in Southern they came to a precipitous gorge that the trails around Palm Springs, and
California, did an excellent job as far cuts back into the range just south of of the Indians. I have never found
as they went. Murray Canyon, they put it on the map anyone who knew anything about West
Tahquitz Canyon was named after as just plain West Fork—presumably Fork.
one of the Cahuilla Indian gods. An- West Fork of Palm Canyon, for it And that was how matters stood
dreas Canyon honors the name of a really is one of the tributaries of Palm several months ago when the schedule
former tribal chief. Murray Canyon Canyon. committee of the Sierra Club, South-
honors the memory of Dr. Welwood Over a period of years I have made ern California chapter, asked Jim
Murray, the pioneering Scotsman who many inquiries regarding West Fork. Gorin and me to lead a weekend out-
first envisioned Palm Springs as a Is there a trail up the canyon? Is there ing trip somewhere on the Colorado
health resoit. a good water supply? Palm trees? In- Desert—the locale of the hike to be
But the name-makers evidently ex- dian campsites? selected by Jim and myself.

Although handicapped by the accidental loss of a leg, In the upper right is "The Bench" where thousands of
Trail Leader Jim Gorin is one of the most active moun- motorists park their cars every season while they follow
taineers in the Sierra Club. the trails in Palm Canyon.
Jim agreed with me that West Fork whose reservation we were spending branch of the tribe is known as the
would be an interesting place for an the weekend. The name Cahuilla for- Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indi-
exploratory hiking trip. With a group merly was spelled Coahuilla. Accord- ans. There are 28 adults and 55 chil-
of experienced outdoor people as com- ing to an estimate published in 1853, dren in the band and they own 31,356
panions, we would learn more about this tribe with 2000 members, was one acres of land, acquired by treaty with
this little known canyon of the San of the largest Indian bands in Cali- the United States government.
Jacintos. fornia, with habitations extending from At the time this reservation was es-
The date set for the outing was Sun- Warner's ranch along the desert side tablished the Southern Pacific railroad
day, April 19. We obtained a permit of the high Sierra and on the floor of company already had been granted all
from the Agua Caliente Indians in the desert as far north as San Gor- the odd numbered sections of land in
Palm Springs to camp on their reser- gonio Pass. They belong to the Sho- Coachella Valley as a subsidy for
vation, and on Saturday night, April shonean linguistic group. building its transcontinental railroad.
18, 76 members of the Sierra Club, A most exhaustive study of these The Indians then were given approxi-
most of them from the Los Angeles Indians was made in 1896-97 by David mately 60 even-numbered sections in
metropolitan area, had arrived with P. Barrows who later became president and around Palm Springs, their reser-
their bedrolls for the overnight camp of the University of California. Bar- vation being a huge checkerboard
that would precede the canyon trip. rows spent several months with the tract. Recently the tribal council re-
An informal campfire program was tribe, and his monograph titled The fused an offer of nine million dollars
staged that evening, just below "The Ethno-Botany of the Coahuilla Indians for the tribal holdings—a sum equiva-
Bench" which marks the end of the of Southern California was accepted lent to over $100,000 for each mem-
road in Palm Canyon. The Sierrans in his candidacy for the degree of doc- ber of the tribe, including the children.
are veteran campers, and had brought tor of philosophy by the University of Under the present program of the
a guitar, two accordions and some Chicago in 1897. Dr. Barrows' infor- U. S. Bureau of Indian Affairs the
clown music to add to the gaiety of the mative paper has long been out of more valuable Indian land in and ad-
occasion. print. jacent to Palm Springs is being allotted
The more serious part of the pro- Today the remnants of the original to individual members of the band,
gram was devoted to a discussion Cahuillas occupy small reservations and the remainder will continue to be
which brought out interesting informa- in Coachella Valley and the adjacent held as tribal property.
tion regarding the Cahuilla Indians on mountain area. The Palm Springs The tribe has considerable income

• '• A 1 " ,i'o'Cm/tO CAN.,WHITCWATtH t soled shoes were necessary for safe
We passed three lovely waterfalls on
the way up, two of them much more
spectacular than the fall at the mouth
of the canyon. At two places it was
necessary to detour up out of the gorge
when almost vertical walls of granite
blocked the way. We passed some
crystal pools where it was a great
temptation to stop for a dip in the cool
water, and some members of the party
had brought bathing suits in the hope
of finding such places. But due to the
steepness of the canyon and the heavy
growth of willow, catsclaw and other
species of brush, the going was very
slow and those of us who planned to
go the full length of the canyon never
felt that we could spare the time for
a plunge.
Our starting point on the Bench was
at an elevation of 750 feet. Two hours
later we had climbed and bucked our
way up to the 1500-foot level where
the Upper Sonoran zone plants began
to appear—jojoba or goatnut, ephedra,
agave, nolina, wild apricot and others.
We found much salmon mallow in
blossom, and large patches of yerba
santa were in gorgeous purple bloom.
Most conspicuous among the plants
of the West Fork were the native
Washingtonia filifera palms. We found
them growing along the entire two
miles—not in dense forests, but scat-
tered along at intervals in twos and
threes and occasionally a cluster of a
dozen or more. With a fine water
supply, they have the rich green fronds
of a healthy tree. Some of them I
would judge to be veterans of 200
years or more, and all of the older
trees had been burned, some of them
as recently as eight or ten years ago.
Fire merely burns the dead fronds. It
seldom kills the tree. Because of the
inaccessibility of this canyon I am sure
from rentals and other sources. One But the trail ends abruptly where its fires have been caused by lightning
of these sources is the 50-cent charge the stream gushes through a huge pile rather than by human vandals.
collected from each person visiting of granite boulders forming the fall— I counted 214 trees of more than
Palm Canyon during the winter sea- and few persons have tried to go be- three feet in height. There are at least
son. The canyon is closed during the yond that point. The reason is ob- that many more smaller palms. I am
summer months. vious. Further progress can be made glad to report that this is one of the
The Sierra campers who planned to only by hand and toe climbing up a canyons in which the palm population
participate in exploration of West steep crevice. And having reached the is increasing—that is, new growth is
Fork, motored from the campsite to top of the crevice 100 feet above, the coming along much faster than the
the Bench parking area at 8:15 Sun- climber faces a precarious descent on old trees are losing their crowns be-
day morning. Jim Gorin had been the other side. cause of old age. Some of the trees
designated as trail boss. Despite the For security reasons, Jim Gorin un- were carrying heavy loads of mature
fact that he lost one leg in an accident coiled his rope for the descent, and seed.
many years ago and uses two crutches most of the hikers used a rope belay Next to the palms, the most con-
constantly, Jim is rated as one of the to reach a safe landing below. spicuous tree in West Fork is the na-
most active mountaineers in the Sierra From this point, members of the tive sycamore. There are also many
Club and he is a popular leader on party continued up the canyon approx- mesquites, both honey and screwbean
outing trips. imately two miles to where the stream — and many, many catsclaws. The
At the Bench a trail leads to a scenic climbs sharply up the east slope of thorns of the catsclaw are among the
waterfall at the entrance to West Fork Tahquitz Mountain and has its source most vicious things on the desert, and
—a distance of less than 100 yards. in a series of springs. It was never as far as I am concerned, more to be
Many visitors to Palm Canyon take again necessary to use the rope, but feared than rattlesnakes.
this short side-trip to the waterfall. there were places where dry rubber- I am sure others had preceded us

Tough canyons are all in the day's play for Sierra Club hikers.
up this gorge, but we saw no telltale dently has its source far up on the side Valley in California have some evi-
evidence—not a tin can, nor a film of Tahquitz Mountain. But from the dence of prehistoric Indian habitation
foil, nor the slightest trace of a trail ridge above the stream we could trace — pottery sherds, morteros, petro-
until we were well up toward the head- the drainage to high up in the rocks glyphs or the pieces of broken flint
waters of the creek when we climbed where no doubt are located the springs and obsidian which often mark an an-
to the ridge above. There we saw wild from which this water supply comes. cient campsite. I looked in vain for
game trails—the tracks of deer and I am quite sure we got a complete such evidence in the West Fork. I am
count of the palm trees in this canyon, sure the Indians have been there. But
bighorn sheep. Also of horses and
including a little group of 15 up on a probably they did not fancy this can-
cattle which evidently had wandered hillside above the creek, evidently yon any more than do the white men
up there from pasturage in one of the watered by an underground seepage. today. For it is generally reported that
other San Jacinto canyons. It is cer- We ate lunch beside the creek and the prehistoric tribesmen of the desert
tain they did not come up the West then continued to the 2240-foot ele- country did not wear many clothes—
Fork. That is a canyon which can be vation before turning back along the and I have a feeling that those vicious
traversed only by goats and humans. ridge on the south side of the canyon. catsclaw barbs were just as painful to
We did not go all the way to the Most of the canyons which are the hide of an aborigine as they are to
headwaters of the creek, which evi- reached from the floor of the Coachella a Sierra Club hiker in 1953.
This sign marks the entrance to Palm Canyon where the West Fork tributary joins the main gorge.

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issow recreation area is operated by the Agua Caliente Band of Mission Indians for the enjoyment of the Dublic I
use extreme CAUTION MGARD1KG flRE, In 1939 he swept part of the Canp...andher fire mqht destroy it for generations,;

Tucson, Arizona
Here in the desert live the lonely ones,
In sage and cedars and the painted sand:
Here through the ages endless setting suns
Have ushered evening through this patient
Here in the reaches of red canyon walls,
•'">" " - • - .
; !
•v" .
-.••*• - > : • • • Of weary miles beyond the mesa's rim,
Moccasined feet turn homeward; somewhere,
" # • • - . - ;
A vagrant creature, purple shadows dim.
* Across the dark vault of the sky is heard
The whish of monstrous wings; a band of
Is slow to move, so gently are they spurred
By fingers of the wind—and night—and
B -, • 3 r S * ^ But patient feet can be swift when day is
And a hogan is home to many a weary one.

Monument Vallev BUZZARDS

By MONA MARIE HILL By MADELEINE FOUCHAUX Dark, wide-winged birds are circling high
South San Gabriel, California Los Angeles, California Above the empty desert's dusty face.
"Desert Rat." that's what they call me, Skyward the mountains rear their ashen They seek the carrion that will gratify
And I s'pose that's what [ am; piles, Their hunger; in this god-forsaken place,
Been huntin gold for twenty years now. Gray are the thorny shrubs, the dusty sand; Though, there is little but a coyote's kill,
Just me and my burro. Sam. The desert stretches drab and dreary miles Or hapless snake, or crawling lizard there.
Across the colorless, sun-faded land. And yet those birds are circling, circling
I've seen Spring come to the desert; Then comes the rain, and every rocky head still,
Sage brush growin' brighter green. Is washed and painted fresh in myriad And waiting on wide wings in the high air.
Cactus buds all set to open. hues—
Colors fit for any queen. Deep brown and purple splashed with black LOVELINESS IN THE DESERT
I have seen it in the Fall-time, and red, By LENA GAMBLE BIXLER
When the harvest moon hung low, Lavender, russet, clean metallic blues. Tucson, Arizona
White sands driftin", seem a-whisperin' The cholla flaunts its spines of palest gold,
Saguaros lift their arms in sleeves of green; I found loveliness today,
With the gentle winds that blow. Yellow as wheat the dunes, and from their Down the sandy plains of desert way,
I have seen it in the Winter, hold Saw its beauty in the tall saguaro,
When the winds blew bitter cold, Gnarled branches half-emerge in silvery Heard it whisper through my sorrow,
Chillin' to your very innards— sheen. Felt its warmth in glad sunshine,
Made you feel you're growin' old. The rich earth colors of a rainy day Caught its rhythm in the sprawling vine.
Betoken springtime's blossoms on the way. All along the desert highway
But at noon-time in mid-summer. • • • I found loveliness today.
When it's been dry quite a spell. SYMPHONY OF SILENCE
Water holes dried up and stinkin'; I found loveliness today
By ALBERT KEEN Down the sandy plains of desert way,
Say, it's like the gates of hell. Portland, Oregon
• • • Saw its beauty in the Verde green.
When the desert shadows lengthen Bluest skies with clouds of silver sheen,
PROSPECTOR'S GRAVE And the sunlight fades away, Scented odor from the greasewood rose.
IN DEATH VALLEY Comes the Symphony of Silence I found peace where the cactus grows.
By PAUL WILHELM At the end of pleasant day. All along the desert highway
Thousand Palms, California Silently the darkness gathers. I found loveliness todav.
Night winds are rising and their fiery breath Stars as silently appear,
Shrieks through the moving sand dunes Filling all the heaven's vastness SANTA CATALINA* NOCTURNE
bleak and drear, With a beauty sharp and clear. By VIOLET EMSLIE OSLER
The chantinj; Utes stand trembling at your There's no place for fear or worry. Tucson, Arizona
death Dread of no dictator's might.
In these burnt wastes. Prospector, can you As the Symphony of Silence Only the moon rides tonight in the Catalinas,
Fills the peaceful desert night. And a warm wind brings a breath of the
hear desert air
The Funerals' ridge wings, beating down- To the lofty peaks where long ago, wild
drafts, spill Apaches
Stone clouds on your sepulchral hill Stealthily set signal fires burning there.
Off Panamint, where barking coyotes slink,
The blowing greasewood with the hunter's Up from the desert come marching the great
tread. saguaros
And screeching owls, defying storm, are led By TANYA SOUTH
Like shadowy giants intent upon evil ways,
To dune drifts: off Zabriskie where the sink Today is rich with promise. Life And the stars peer down with a gleam that
Of Death Va ley traps travelers too long Resounds with triumph and with is eternal.
With silence? Winds move the sand, pleasure, Watchful and silent, remembering other
Prospector, hunting you, and the teeth slash With opportunities so rife. days.
At the wind's throat and wring it in the That human powers cannot measure.
clash Slowly the night dreams on and in the
Of midnight in this graveyard where the Today the Gates of Heaven stand shadows
band Open to all on sea or land— The silence waits for the quiet dark to wane.
Of Utes chants for a clansmen's sacred A pity that the Gates of Hell For only the moon rides tonight in the
bones Have swung so open wide as well! Catalinas
Lost now by wind's wings under the moving And the ghost of a lone Apache waits in
stones. vain.

* • ' • - .


Near the summit of Crystal Ridge in the newly discovered area of quartz crystals
and limonite cubes, Jay Ransom Sr., left, and Mr. and Mrs. George Green stop
for a breather.

Crystal Field at Quartzsite

Long a favorite hunting ground for quartz crystal collectors, the onto the ungraded road. Cholla
area near Quartzsite, Arizona, originally mapped for Desert Magazine glowed with a bright pale green like
by John Hilton in 1942, still holds almost unlimited possibilities, accord- chemical fire blanketing the flats as
ing to a recent exploration by Jay Ransom and his father. we passed the boundary markers to
the Kofa Game Refuge at mile 2.7.
By JAY ELLIS RANSOM At mile 5.0 we crossed the right-of-
Photographs by the author way of the El Paso Natural Gas Com-
Map by Norton Allen pany — the famous Texas Big Inch
pipeline that brings natural gas to Los

5 VER SINCE John Hilton's arti- It's rugged country, any way you Angeles. At mile 5.3 the road forked,
cle "Bee Cave Lined with Crys- look at it. What roads exist seem bet- and following word-of-mouth direc-
tals" appeared in Desert Maga- ter adapted to four-footed bovines tions to keep left, we turned north into
zine in April, 1942, describing his than to wheeled vehicles. Nevertheless, a dry wash. Several sharp dips caused
fruitless hunt for limonite cubes only my mineralogist father and I recently our car to drag its tail pipe, but dodg-
to discover a bonanza in quartz crys- turned south from the crossroads com- ing the worst rocks we emerged at mile
tals, I've wanted to prospect the area munity of Quartzsite onto U. S. High- 5.5 into a very fine, comfortable nat-
south of Quartzsite, Arizona. way 95 resolved to track down a ural campground in a grove of palo
Western Yuma County is notably rumored location of limonite cubes. verde trees. Ironwood sheltered the
mineralized, attested to by the great We followed the oiled road with area along the rim of the wash inter-
number of mines dating back to Span- many dips south from Highway 60 mingling with mesquite strung with dry
ish times. Like others before me, I've almost exactly eight miles to an un- crackling pods at that time of year.
often cast a curious eye toward the marked junction where a dirt road Except during cloudbursts the wash
ragged Kofa Mountains and the Castle takes off to the east. It traverses a is dry and visitors must carry enough
Dome monoliths along the southern thin forest of palo verde trees, iron- water to last them. Making camp, with
horizon, viewed from U. S. Highway wood and giant saguaros. the sun dropping in a lustrous orange
60-70 between Blythe, California, and Ocotillo was putting on its leaves in glow over the distant ranges and pur-
Salome, Arizona. the mid-January sunshine as we turned pling the Kofas to the south with mys-

ing the quarter mile to a clearly defined
pass over the nearest finger ridge of
malapai. A well defined trail crosses
this pass, which because of the treach-
ery of the beautiful but vicious plants
which grow profusely on both sides,
I've termed Cholla Pass. All the way
the ground is covered with the gleam-
ing white chips of quartzite. This sub-
stance is really a conversion of sand-
stone through crystal growth of a silica
solution percolating through sand, and
is a good prospecting indication.
It is among these chips that the
glass-clear perfect crystals have been
found, ranging in size from Vs inch
diameter to two inches. "A lot of
marvelous specimens have been picked
up along both sides of this ridge," Dad
explained as we made our way around
clumps of cholla that awaited the
slightest misstep to lance our thighs
with their "jumping" spines.
All along the ridge enroute to the
pass we found prospect holes from one
to five feet deep, where hunters before
us had mined veins of the best stuff
with pickax and elbow grease. Their
reward had been beautiful crystals,
finger size or larger, with smooth glass-
clear planes and diamond-sharp hex-
agonal prisms at one or both ends.
'. ' N e wArea . . . '•'.•' They are found in a yellow clay sur-
Limonite Cubes rounding the veins where, in old frac-
S^5v a n c l Crystals tures in the earth, percolating silica
' V&P' •'. grew into perfectly formed hexagonal
/ E ! / V OLD : O
i . . Pausing at the summit of the low
^(EXHAUSTED) pass for a breather, with the morning
sun warm now on our backs, we looked
to the northeast. Beyond the pass, the
land drops into a circular cul-de-sac
*CAMP(H0ttA7En) which opens to the northwest and the
end of the auto road. There we made
out the gleaming aluminum of three
Cross Gas Line ^ trailer outfits showing that we were
5.0 Mi. from Htvy.
not alone in our search for gem stones.
Approximately a quarter mile across
the flats toward the northeast, esti-
terious, haunting shadows, we bivou- ages and of nearly every type. Depo- mated from the rock marker somebody
acked for the night. Ransom Senior sition of agates, filling of cavities with constructed on the crest of the pass, is
set up the camp cots and laid out our drusy quartz, or the vein production a low range of raw andesitic hills that
sleeping bags while I gathered palo of some of our finest examples of crys- bear the deep red coloration of hema-
verde limbs for the cozy campfire we tallized quartz are all brought about tite. Viewed from the pass itself this
always build when nighting on the through the agency of percolating Crystal Ridge is almost invisible
desert. ground waters, particularly where against a high jagged backdrop of
It was mid-January. A gentle breeze granite rocks and granite pegmatites mountains.
rustled the mesquite pods and sent a occur. As we descended along a good trail
fluttering of ironwood leaves over the In the morning, with sunlight etch- white with quartzite chips, we saw
camp. In the rapidly deepening dark- ing every draw and arroyo in sharpest several rock hunters slowly making
ness, we hunkered down on our heels detail, I noted how rich the land their ways along the base of the dis-
to eat beans spooned out of a hot can, seemed with the very formations which tant ridge, stooped over in the familiar
bread and jam, cheese and tinned meat, are most likely to produce gem quartz. half crouch of those whose eyes
washing it down with boiling coffee Breakfast over and everything stowed have become perennially glued to the
poured from an iron pot. in the car, we began our exploration ground. I was beginning to feel the
Nature does some strange things of the area. For those who like to stoop in my own shoulders when we
with her raw materials. With silica seek rocks on their way, I would advise caught up with Mr. and Mrs. George
(silicon dioxide) composing 60 per- camping at the designated campground W. Green, of Tacoma, Washington.
cent of the earth's crust, deposits of rather than driving another mile over When we'd introduced ourselves as
gem quartz are found in rocks of all a makeshift road to its end, and hik- being originally from Aberdeen, Wash-

ington, we burst into a rash of discus-
sion about rock club friends we all
The Greens were a jolly, fun-loving
couple—both confirmed rock collec-
tors. "We spend six months every year
roaming after rocks in the Southwest,"
George Green laughingly explained.
"So far, this winter, we've traveled
11,000 miles."
While we rested, four more visitors
climbed the ridge to join us. "Harry
and Charles Livingston and wives,"
one of the men introduced themselves.
"From Yelm, Washington. That's just
outside of Tacoma."
"Good night," 1 observed aloud.
"This must be a Washington field day!"
We laughed, "sensing the comradeship
of rockhounds even though none of us
ever had met before.
Somewhere back along the ridge
Mrs. Green had picked up some inter-
esting specimens of calcite crystals
capped with quartz. Nobody had yet
found anything spectacular in the way
of gem crystals, and of limonite cubes
we hadn't even found a chip. "Looks
as if either this area's been pretty well
picked over, or else we haven't found Limonite cubes are plentiful in some parts of the area, but it requires a
the right spot," Mr. Green grumbled. sharp eye to detect them.
"Wonder what's on the other side of
this ridge." There were. In the brilliant sun- rock seemed as black with desert var-
"Only way to find out is to climb shine, scattering down the steep draws nish as the night sky.
over," his wife replied with spirit. "I'm that headed up the ridge and over the Then Dad discovered the first lim-
going to try it." She led the way over broad flats beyond, a million diamond- onite cube, a small dark object, rec-
The knife crest, and just below it, on
pricks of light made us catch our tangular, with sharp straight edges a
the northeast side, I found the first
breaths. Erosion seemingly had washed quarter of an inch on a side, stained
really fine crystal, a little teardrop gem
them out of the veins that project from with a telltale yellow ochre.
a half inch in diameter and nearly an
inch long, exquisitely pointed and clear the basal granite formations, scatter- Again we gathered about the finder,
as cut diamond. ing them over the raw desert so that, exclaiming over the perfection of the
"Might as well start prospecting facing into the sunlight, one could tiny pseudomorph after pyrites. The
here," I said. "Where there's one good watch them sparkling and winking like Greens had never seen such cubes be-
one, there must be more." stars in a midnight sky, for the native fore, but presently we were finding
dozens of the exquisite cubes over the
Mr. and Mrs. George W. Green of Tacoma, Washington, and the traveling same area occupied by crystals. Unlike
cab they built for their rock collecting expeditions. the glinting brilliance of crystal, the
limonite cubes were far more difficult
to detect in the miscellany of reddish
black native rock. Most of those we
picked up in the space of a half hour
were cubes and rectangular solids from
an eighth to one and a half inches
along an edge, but all were fine spe-
cimens. Since the native rock is a
brown-black manganese and iron
stained malapai, i.e., a relatively soft
sandstone, fractured and thoroughly
scattered over the area, the tiny cubes
are inconspicuous indeed. Evidently
this unique evidence of iron ore must
have had some other origin than the
crystals because limonite deposits are
usually high in aluminum and low in
After an hour of easy hunting, trac-
ing down erosional paths, we had
enough treasure and headed back for
camp. Although limonite cubes are not
nearly as spectacular as the diamond-

SEPTEMBER, 1953 11
While we ate a delightful lunch of
home canned Washington salmon,
blackberry jam, Grays Harbor cheese
and coffee we talked rocks.
"If you're going to tell others about
this new area through Desert Maga-
zine," remarked Mr. Green, "I sure
hope you'll ask 'em to go easy wherever
they hunt rocks. I always like to leave
something for the next fellow! That's
why we only gather a few specimens,
then move on to some other field.
Spread out the joy of collecting among
as many people as possible."
As Dad and I walked back over
Cholla Pass, winding among the green-
ing ocotillo and the organ pipe cactus,
I felt that our visit after limonite cubes
and crystal teardrops had been a com-
plete success. The thought occurred
to me that since Hilton's bee cave
lined with crystals lay nearly 11 miles
farther east, it might pay future col-
lectors to prospect all along the ridges
and malapais in between.
Ouartzite seems to occur every
where, a promise of gem stones in the
abundance of silica obviously weather-
ing out of the hills. The area is largely
unexplored and should give rise to
extensive fields and veins outcropping
with considerable promise. This may
be the eternal prospector's dream.
Some of the specimens I've seen in
collectors' hands are perfect six-sided
crystals one and a half inches in diam-
eter and four inches long, clear as
spring water. It will always seem in-
credible to me that such perfect ex-
amples of gem quartz can be picked
off the desert hillsides at random.
Crystal carrying ledges crop out
Quartz crystals in detail showing planes and striations. Both single and
double terminations occur, and an occasional phantom crystal is found. seemingly everywhere between the
Plomosas, Kofas and Castle Dome
Mountains, needing only extensive
like crystals. I was much interested in esting to note the geologic observation exploration. In places the gleaming
them. Being essentially hydrous ferric that limonite ore is still being formed
at the present time in swampy areas teardrops weather out of clay-filled
oxide, limorite occurs in earthy form lenses or veins, so that with a little
as ochres, and the color is so identical all over the country.
digging visitors should never want for
to the ground rock in which they are While quartz crystals lay scattered satisfactory hunting.
found, that one must literally get down over the flats like teardrops of the gods,
on his knees and study the ground at the limonite cubes appeared to be con- As Hilton described in his earlier
close range to detect the angular cubes. centrated below the crest of Crystal report, the crystals we picked up range
Ridge from 25 to 50 feet down. I from clear and water white through
Textbooks define limonite as bog found some double and triple cubes, snowy white to a light amber, almost
ore, or brown hematite, containing the way pyrites occur, and in general,
59.8 percent of iron with impurities of citrine. Some specimens were bluish-
I observed that where one was found, green from mossy inclusions. We
sand, clay, manganese, phosphorus, several could be picked up by careful
etc. The cubes we found seem to be found a few doubles, but no clusters.
study of the immediate area.
its only crystal form. It might be added Some of the specimens we gathered
that limonite ore is one of our most The Greens invited us to return to were delicately tipped at both ends,
abundant iron ores, and the earthy their trailer truck and have lunch. although the majority bore only a
ochres are used in cheap paints, some- There George took pleasure in de- single hexagonal prism termination.
times after burning to a darker color. scribing how he had built the housing
arrangement on his truck for a total In comparison, the limonite cubes
Limonite originates from iron py- cost of $200. "All I've got to say," I we found have little to recommend
rites through oxidation, leaching and opined enviously, "is that you've made them, but when considered as a sep-
precipitation. Since pyrites come in an ideal camp unit with home comforts arate form of nature's manifold handi-
cubes, those we found were evidently at a minimum of space and inconveni- work, they are worth the extra eye
simple replacement forms. It is inter- ence." strain to find them.

Some folks call them all cacti or
cactuses (both plural forms may

Confusing Quartet be used). But this is a mistake.

Actually a majority of these blade-
leaved plants with the tall flower
stalks which are widely scattered

of the Plant World over the desert country belong to

the lily family. Natt Dodge, nat-
uralist for the U.S. Park Service,
has written this story to help Des-
ert Magazine readers identify by
their correct names the quartet—
By NATT N. DODGE genus is represented by about 30 spe- Yucca, Nolina, Agave and Sotol.
Sketches by Jeanne R. Janish cies.
There are two major groups of yuc- common to all yuccas, the fact that
the leaves are stiff, erect, and sharp
5 OUTHWESTERNERS, in gen- cas, the broadleaf and the narrowleaf.
eral, recognize most members Both vary in size from the stemless
of the cactus family, by touch soapweeds of the prairie states to the
tipped. A person thrown from a horse
into one of the big broadleaves con-
ceivably could receive fatal injury.
if not by sight, but there is a confus- Giant Dagger (a broadleaf) of west
ing quartet of common and widely dis- Texas, and the grotesque Joshua Tree Nearly everyone who has traveled
tributed desert plants which so closely (a narrowleaf reaching a height of 30 extensively through yucca country,
resemble one another, at least super- feet and a trunk diameter of 24 inches) either afoot or on horseback, has been
ficially, that even long-time residents of the Mojave Desert where California, painfully pricked and jabbed by con-
of the Southwest still fail to differen- Nevada, Arizona, and Utah hold ren- tact with these bristling vegetable por-
tiate between them, particularly when dezvous. cupines. The needle-sharp leaf tips
encountered in unexpected places. Both types are widespread and often are wood hard and sturdy enough to
It is inaccurate to speak of these grow side by side, the broad-leaved have been used as awls by prehistoric
four as "quadruplets" because, al- Mojave Yucca and the narrow-leaved Indians.
though three of them are Lily Sisters, Joshua Tree probably being jointly To the cross-country tourist travers-
one of the group is only a first cousin, responsible for the name Yucca Flat in ing the yucca belt, these prickly prairie
being the desert's principal represen- Nevada which has suddenly become proletariats, growing in stands dense
tative of the Amaryllis Family. The world famous as the site for the test- enough in some places to be called
three lilies are, respectively, Yucca ing of Uncle Sam's atomic devices. forests, may appear to be worthless,
(YUH-kuh), Nolina (no-LEEN-ah) The popular names, Giant Dagger and although spectacular, weeds. But to
or Beargrass, and Dasylirion or Sotol Spanish Bayonet, illustrate a point the desert Indians, both prehistoric
(SOH-tole), with cousin Agave (ah- and modern, every part of the plant
GAH-vee) or Century Plant the fourth Nolina, photographed by L. B. Dixon was useful. From the leaf fibers they
member of the frustrating foursome. in the Joshua Tree National Monu- made thread, cordage, basketry, fabric,
ment. even sandals. Roots of several species
Of the Lily Sisters, Yucca is by far contain saponin from which the native
the best known and most widely dis- obtains amole or soap especially effec-
tributed. Native to North America and tive as a shampoo, and the basis of the
the West Indies, but found in greatest name soapweed. Stems of the palmilla,
abundance in the arid Southwest and an arboreal species, are used in Mex-
the tablelands of Mexico, the yucca ico for fence and wall building ma-

SEPTEMBER, 1953 13
terials and, when split open, the soft Dasylirion, better known as Sotol, blossom stalk is tall and slender hold-
interior provides food for livestock. is one of Yucca's attractive sisters who ing erect the somewhat cylindrical
Fruits of the yucca are of two types, gets plenty of attention in any assem- flower head composed of tiny blooms
those of ths broadleaf group being blage of desert plants, although she which vary in color from cream or tan
fleshy while :he narrowleaf yuccas (the doesn't travel as widely or exhibit the to chocolate, and open from late May
Joshua Tree is an exception) produce numerous specific variations affected to early August.
shell-like capsules filled with black by the more versatile yucca. Resem-
seeds which the Indians grind to an Pima and Papago Indians used sotol
bling, at first glance, a low-growing leaves to weave a coarse matting. In
edible meal. The fleshy fruits, both soapweed, the sotol has marked dif-
raw and cooked, are widely used as harvesting and processing the fruit of
ferences which become quite apparent the giant cactus or saguaro (sah-WAR-
food by natives of the Southwest. on closer inspection. Leaves, which
Growing in clusters like huge dates, oh), these Arizona Indians separated
spread from a tight basal crown, are the pulp from the juice, after boiling,
these fruits have given the name thin, ribbon-like and, although rigid,
"datil" to :he yuccas that produce by straining through fabric made of
lack the sharp tip characteristic of sotol leaves. In times of severe drouth
them. the yuccas. Usually the tips are frayed when ranges are barren, stockmen
Flowers of the short-stemmed yuc- and appear dry and withered. Instead burn off the leaves, split open the
cas are browsed by livestock, and are of the ragged, threadlike fibers which spherical sotol heads, and feed them
boiled and eaten by the Mescalero protrude from yucca leaf margins, to their cattle. When peeled from the
Apaches of central New Mexico. Most sharp, curved teeth which catch clo- basal cluster, sotol leaf blades become
species of the middle elevations bloom thing or flesh and cling like fish hooks the famous desert spoons which, when
in late June or early July, but the identify edges of sotol leaves. The trimmed, polished, and varnished are
massive, broadleaf, tree yuccas of sold as curios in cities and towns near
southeastern New Mexico and western Agave — more commonly known as the Mexican border. The practice of
Texas open their huge panicles of the century plant. It blossoms after harvesting sotol plants for spoon pro-
creamy, bell-shaped flowers by mid- 15 or 20 years, or longer, then dies. duction threatened, for a time, to de-
April. The Joshua, too, is addicted to spoil portions of the desert of this
early spring blossoming and may be in interesting plant and aroused organized
full flower by Easter. So, Easter lilies protests among conservationists.
do sometimes grow on trees.
With all of its many uses, the yucca's Perhaps the widest use of the sotol
most valuable commercial asset is its plant is for the illicit manufacture of
beauty. Several species adapt them- a potent alcoholic beverage, also called
selves readily to domestication and are sotol. Tasting somewhat like kero-
widely used as ornamentals in land- sene, the liquor will burn almost as
scape plantings in the eastern United readily, and stimulates hot tempers in
States, England, and in southern Eu- those who consume it. Production of
rope, particularly along the Mediter- this fiery potion consists of harvesting
ranean. New Mexico, appropriately, and baking the basal crowns which
has adopted the yucca as its officiai are high in sugar content, spreading
State Flower, thus adding to its attrac- the pulpy mass on heavy wire mesh
tiveness as a tourist drawing card. One where the juice is tramped out by bur-
or more species is found, in suitable ros and collected in vats. After fer-
habitats, in almost every part of the mentation, the product is distilled and
Land of Enchantment. sold through bootleg channels among

Agave deserti Agave leehitguilia

Yucca elata decorates the landscape in New Mexico where Yucca is the state flower.
the poorer classes on both sides of harsh leaves are much more flexible familiar with Southwestern plants
the border. and grasslike, with margins smooth or could possibly confuse them. When
The third Lily sister, Nolina or minutely toothed. The tiny flowers, in bloom, the tall, usually robust agave
beargrass, superficially resembles both creamy to light brown in color and flower stalks with yellow or orange to
yucca and sotol although the long, opening from May through July, are brownish blossoms with protruding
borne in open, drooping, plume-like Yucca schidigera
Yucca elata heads. One species, Nolina parryi of
eastern California and southeastern
Nevada, produces erect, bushy heads
of creamy white blossoms which, at a
distance, may be easily mistaken for
yucca blooms. The small, papery, dry-
winged fruits often remain on the stalks
until late autumn.
Leaves of the nolina, also known
as basketgrass, were used by desert
Indians in weaving fabrics, and the
tender young bud stalks were roasted
for food. When their normal food
plants are scarce, livestock will browse
the coarse nolina leaves.
Frequently mistaken for low-grow-
ing yuccas, certain of the century
plants, or agaves, when not in bloom,
do closely resemble their broad-leaved
cousins of the Lily Family, because of
similar growth habits. Other species
differ so markedly from any of the
yuccas that only persons wholly un-

SEPTEMBER, 1953 15
grow. The larger Mexican species are
the source of intoxicating beverages
made from the sap which flows from
the base of the severed bud stalk. This
juice, when fermented, is known as
pulque (POOL-kay). When distilled
commercially, the juice obtained from
the mashed stems becomes the famous
Mexican liquor, tequila (tee-KEE-lah).
A fully mature plant gives evidence of
blooming with the appearance of the
bud in the center of the rosette of
Somewhat resembling a huge stalk
of asparagus, the stem grows rapidly,
increasing in height at the amazing rate
of a foot, or even more, in a 24-hour
period. Side branches appear, buds
develop and open, usually during June
or July (except some species including
the lechuguilla which may blossom as
early as April) to form the huge, spec-
tacular, brilliant yellow to orange
flower heads which attract humming
birds and swarms of insects.
There is a certain amount of satis-
faction in recognizing the commoner
plants of the desert and in being able
to call some of them by name with
assurance of accuracy.
Only technical botanists are ex-
pected to be able to identify correctly
all of the plants in any locality or plant
community, but the ordinary South-
westerner with a little perseverence
soon comes to recognize and class as
friends the common plants he meets
on his trips afield. There are many
species of yuccas—many of agaves,
and few people know them all by
With a little help, and by comparing
photographs and sketches with the
growing plants, almost everyone should
be able to distinguish between the three
attractive Lily Sisters and not confuse
Dasylirion leiophyllwn, called Sotol them with their beautiful cousin, Miss
Agave of the desert Amaryllises.
stamens are markedly unlike the flower up to elevations of 7,000 feet, and
heads and blossoms of any of the lilies. vary vastly in size and appearance.
Leaves of all of the agaves which The name century plant stems from
are thick and succulent are arranged the fact that agaves require from eight
in a basal rosette, much more notice- to 20 or more years of growth to store
able in some species than in others. sufficient plant food in their leaves to
Leaf tips are sturdy, sharp pointed, enable them to produce, in a few
and can cause a severe and painful weeks, the huge flower stalk. The long
puncture. Margins of the leaves, in growth period, to anyone awaiting the
most species, are ridged with spines. appearance of the bloom, seems like
The names century plant and mescal a century. As the plant finally reaches
(mess-KAHL) are applied to the large maturity, small plants known as off-
species with huge, branching blossom sets appear about the base of the
panicles, and stems sometimes 25 feet mother and continue to grow after the
tall. Some of the unbranched, smaller parent has died, a certain fate once it
species are known as lechuguillas has flowered and matured its seeds.
(letch-u-GHEE-ahs), one of which, Early-day Indians harvested the
Agave lechvguilla, is one of the com- basal stems with emerging flower stalks,
monest plants on the mesas and foot- roasting them among hot rocks in Nolina, Yucca, Agave and Sotol are
hills of southeastern New Mexico, shallow pits in the earth. Mescal pits, narrowleaj yuccas. Representative
western Texas, and south into Mexico. as these depressions are called, may be of the broadleaf yuccas is the gro-
In common with the yuccas, agaves found today widely scattered over por- tesque Joshua tree of the Mojave
are found over much of the Southwest tions of the Southwest where agaves Desert. Norton Allen sketch.

TO BAKER 6 US HWY 91 ^ ^ ~ ; = H S 2 v i S^f)^' ^ ^^^^-Z _r^Z.' ° \ TOGOOOSPRINGS 8 JE4N — =F==T=~-=^E== S^~±---=k—- ?.

he search for the Lost Breyfogle ledge generally was in the Funeral Range
northwest of Death Valley Junction, the Congress mine is an easy two days' travel
by foot from this locale.

Did They Find the

Lost Breyfogle Mine?
Over a period of 90 years many men have searched, and some in distance has caused a majority of
have lost their lives, in quest of a rich lode of gold said to have been the lost fortune hunters to discredit
discovered by Louis Jacob Breyfogle in 1862. Capt. James P. Helm, the idea.
USN, retired, is one of those who believe the legendary mine has been Although 90 years of re-telling have
found—and here is the evidence he offers to support that conclusion. produced many versions of the Brey-
fogle story, the general outline of the
By JAMES P. HELM discovery and loss of the rich lode is
Map by Norton Allen as follows:
Louis Jacob Breyfogle, a prospector
YEARS have passed covered, and that in the last half cen- with some experience on the desert,
since Louis Jacob Breyfogle— tury it has produced a fortune in gold. was in Los Angeles in 1862 when word
or C. C. Breyfogle, for there is But there is a difference of opinion came that a rich silver strike had been
some disagreement as to the man's as to which of two profitable Nevada made near Virginia City, Nevada.
first name—stumbled into a Nevada mining camps was the original Brey- With companions named O'Bannion
ranch, delirious from fatigue, thirst and fogle. One group of persons including and McLeod, Breyfogle immediately
hunger, and exhibited specimens of ore such veteran mining men as the Grutt set out for the new silver camp. They
richly threaded with gold. brothers, Gene and Leo, of Rawhide, took the most direct route to Nevada,
Two generations of prospectors have Nevada (Desert, June '47), is con- going by way of San Bernardino and
grown gray in ceaseless search for the vinced that the rich Round Mountain over the Cajon Pass across the Mojave
source of that gold — for the Lost mine in Nevada which is said to have desert toward the southern end of
Breyfogle is generally regarded as one produced more than ten million dol- Death Valley. While they were camped
of the most authentic of the legendary lars in gold bullion was the deposit at a point believed to be near the base
mines of the Southwest. first found by Breyfogle in the 1860s. of the Funeral Mountains they were
The quest goes on despite the fact Round Mountain is at least 150 miles attacked by Indians. It was a night
that today there are responsible min- north of the Death Valley region where attack. McLeod and O'Bannion were
ing men who believe that the Brey- the Breyfogle lode generally is thought killed, but Breyfogle, minus part of his
fogle lode actually has been re-dis- to have been lost, and this disparity scalp-lock, escaped in the darkness

SEPTEMEER, 1953 17
with only the clothes he wore and his
shoes. He continued in a northeasterly
direction over desert and mountain,
rinding water where he could and eat-
ing grass, roots and seeds.
Once when he saw green tree's in
an arroyo at the base of a hill, think-
ing it might mean water, he headed
in that direction. There was no spring
at the trees, but shortly after leaving
there he noticed some reddish ore float
that was threaded with gold. Nearby
he found the ledge from which it came
and although he was famished from
lack of water and food, he broke off a
few samples and put them in his pocket.
Several days later, dazed and stag-
gering from weakness, he reached a
settlement in Nevada and was nursed
back to strength. •

In the years that followed he organ- mSSSSm

ized prospecting expeditions to try to Outcropping vein at the old Congress or Chispa mine.
locate the gold ledge—but was never
able to recall the landmarks well The story of the Congress mine is Another quotation from a letter ad-
enough to identify the place. Generally, given in a preliminary report made by dressed to Henry J. Bartlett under the
the search was carried on in the region W. L. Frazer, mining engineer. He San Francisco date line of March 10,
of the Black and Funeral Mountains wrote: 1936, signed by J. O. Gillice, mining
along the east side of Death Valley. "The history of the mine dates back engineer, reads: "In response to your
When his companions on one of these to its original location as the Chispa inquiry as to my impressions of the
expeditions accused him of misleading mine in 1893, by George (Monty) Congress mine located in Nye County,
them, and turned back in disgust, he Montgomery, who had outfitted a very Nevada, I am pleased to state that
continued alone. It is said that Brey- complete and well directed prospecting definite opinions were formed and con-
fogle's story was so convincing that expedition in search of the Lost Brey- clusions reached as to its merits, when
George Hearst, father of the late Wil- fogle lode. It was conceded at that first visited by the writer in the spring
liam Randolph Hearst, grub-staked one time that this was the lost mine, from of 1907, and were again confirmed in
of the expeditions. But Breyfogle died the identical characteristics of the rich 1918 when examined in company with
without re-locating his lost gold ledge. Mr. Montgomery, its original locator.
gold ore of the Chispa mine, and that
The history of the Congress mine des-
More recently a group of San Fran- shown by Breyfogle in Austin, Nevada, ignates it unquestionably as the Lost
cisco mining men have come to the back in the '60s. M. B. Bartlett later Breyfogle mine. This is attested by
conclusion that the Lost Breyfogle joined Montgomery in financing the the old Indian Chief Panamint Tom,
actually was the original location of project; hoisting and milling equipment whom the writer had on the grounds,
what is now known as the Congress was purchased, and hauled across and who admittedly was one of the
mine, at the western base of the Death Valley to the mine. The Con- marauding gang who helped scalp the
Charleston Mountains. As far as ter- gress shaft produced $250,000.00 at old prospector Breyfogle." According
rain is concerned, this would be a much that time from a small area of stoping; to Bartlett, Breyfogle was only parti-
more plausibb location than the Round but as the confines of the rich ore shoot ally scalped before making his escape
Mountain district. were reached, operations ceased." into the darkness from the Indians who
Ghost remains of the old gold camp named Johnnie. The Congress mine killed his companions, O'Bannion and
is a half mile away.
The facts and evidence above stated
seem sufficient to remove the Breyfogle
lode from the list of lost mines. They
can be verified by the present princi-
pal owner of the property, Henry J.
Bartlett, Room 124, DeYoung Build-
ing, San Francisco, 4, who was about
10 years old when his father acquired
an interest in this group of mining
claims and all his adult life has been
one of the principal owners. That the
Breyfogle discovery was indeed a bo-
nanza lode was fully substantiated by
its subsequent history, the area becom-
ing the most important "gold camp"
in Nevada during the period 1894 to
1900. Annual gold production rec-
ords in Nevada at this time were re-
corded by counties only, and not stated
separately by properties. The produc-
tion reported from Nye County during

this period came almost entirely from an emergency litter. Foote died from CONTESTS, WHISKEREENO
the Chispa and Johnnie mines. internal hemorrhage and loss of blood AT RANDSBURG CELEBRATION
before reaching medical aid and was The mining communities of Red
The fissure vein on which the Brey-
buried the same day in the cemetery Mountain, Randsburg, Johannesburg
fogle outcrop was a prominent feature,
extends for a considerable distance on at Pahrump. Ramsey was arrested and and Atolia plan a Labor Day celebra-
the surface, having a strike about ten tried for the killing but was acquitted tion which, in true mining camp tradi-
degrees east of north. Following the on grounds of self-defense. tion, will last three days instead of just
shut-down of the Chispa mine about The Chispa mine, only partially de- one. Included in the Old Time Mining
1899, after producing approximately veloped, has been dormant since 1905 Celebration scheduled September 5-7
$250,000 in gold at the old price, ex- when ownership was transferred to the in Randsburg, will be a whisker con-
tensive prospecting of the vein north- newly organized Congress Mining test, burro flapjack contest, hard rock
ward by a group from Utah resulted Company and its named changed to miners' drilling competition and gold
in the development of a number of Congress mine. The elder Bartlett, panning event.
claims about four miles from the prior to his death in 1923 at the age A Hermit's Convention, planned by
Chispa, knov/n later as the Johnnie of 90, had gradually acquired most of Desert Rat Harry Oliver, publisher of
mine. the outstanding interests in the com- the Desert Rat Scrapbook, is also to
pany and resolved to hold the property be held, with the whisker contest as
In 1903, members of this group for his sons, George and Henry. It its main event. Judges will be famous
of operators leased the neighboring remains a "sleeping" property awaiting Hollywood beauty experts.
Chispa mine. A new shaft now known the time when conditions become fav- "Buffalo Bill" Maxwell is making
as the Mormon shaft, was sunk to a orable for renewal of gold mining in plans for the rock drilling and gold
depth of 175 feet about 430 feet north the United States. Then the ghost panning events. Other departments
of the original opening on the Chispa townsite of Johnnie, once a busy min- are being handled by Paul Hubbard,
ground. An estimated $100,000 in ing camp of about 700 population, may Randsburg and Ridgecrest publisher.
gold was taken out of three small again become a gold producing center. —San Bernardino Sun-Telegram.
stopes during the following ten months,
until work was stopped by cancellation
of the lease. Shortly thereafter the The Great American Desert is
Chispa mill and camp were destroyed
by fire caused by parties unknown. As
a consequence, considerable ill feeling
TRUE OR FALSE a big world with many interest-
ing facets for those who travel
and read. This test is a cross-section of the more common knowledge of
developed between the owners of the desert life and lore. It includes history, geography, plant and wildlife,
Chispa mine and the Johnnie group. crafts and the lore of the desert country. A score of 12 to 14 is fair, 15
Later, certain individuals led by to 17 good, 18 or better is exceptional. The answers are on page 21.
Phil Foote, a notorious bad-man from 1—The Gila Monster is the only poisonous lizard on the Great American
Utah, attempted to jump the Chispa desert. True . False .
claims during the absence of the oper- 2—The Mojave Indian reservation is along the Mojave River in Cali-
ators on a visit to the town of Pahrump, fornia. True . False
20 miles to the south, for supplies and 3—Pearls are mined in Nevada. True . False
recreation. Upon learning of this 4—Rainbow trout may be caught in the Colorado River. True
development, Harry Ramsey, one of False
the Chispa owners and leader of the 5—Yuma and Tucson in Arizona are on the same U. S. highway.
group, returned with his associates to True . False
the property. Armed with rifles, they 6—The floor of Death Valley may be seen from the top of the Panamint
secretly approached the camp from Mountains. True . False
the high-ground side and called on the 7—Pauline Weaver was the wife of a famous western scout. True
surprised intruders to leave the prop- False
erty. 8—Desert encelia is also known as Incense Bush. True . False
9—Agency headquarters for the Navajo tribe are at Window Rock,
"Come get us," yelled Phil Foote, Arizona. True . False
following up his challenge with a rifle 10—Juan Bautista de Anza camped at Palm Springs during his historic
shot. Ramsey, a crack shot, and his trek from Tubac to Monterey as leader of California's first white
companions answered shot for shot colonists. True . False
in the ensuing gun-battle. Foote care- 1 1—Elephant Butte dam is in the Rio Grande. True . False
lessly exposed himself from behind a 12—Iceberg Canyon forms part of the shoreline of Lake Mead. True
protecting ledge and received a rifle False
bullet through his body which severed 13—Hematite is a form of copper ore. True False
a vital artery. Jack Longstreet, a 14—Lew Wallace, author of Ben Hur, was once governor of New Mexico.
squaw-man who had stopped for a True . False
visit at the camp at the time, hoisted 15—The Wasatch Mountains may be seen from El Paso, Texas. True
his squaw's shawl tied to the end of False
his rifle as a token of surrender. He 16—The padre, Marcos de Niza, was associated with Coronado's quest
was told to lay aside all arms and di- for the fabled Seven Cities of Cibola. True False
rect all present to come out in the open 17—Reno is the capital of Nevada. True False
with hands up. Foote, though mort- 18—Silversmithing among the Navajos is done mostly by the women.
ally wounded, kept up a volley of oaths True_ . False
against his captors as long as his 19—Automobiles may be driven to the base of Utah's famous Rainbow
strength lasted while being transported Natural Bridge. True ... False
to the town of Johnnie, less than a mile 20—The Wupatki National Monument is in New Mexico. True
distant. Ramsey had removed the False
door from the assay-house for use as

SEPTEMBER, 1953 19
Just a wetback Mexican—but Rodolfo was loyal and


honest and industrious, and he loved his wife and four
ninos back in Mexico. Some day he would go back to
them a rich man.

appeared suddenly in Pablo had never worked like this! And no one from Hollywood would be
our patio one morning in early where was Pablo? scouting our hills. Hadn't Pablo trained
spring, a dark little man with Pablo, I discovered, was standing Rodolfo to be the best worker we had
many days' growth of beard making at the excavation, an immobile, kingly ever had?
him seem even swarthier, wearing figure, a Montezuma incarnate, his We never found out where he spent
soiled and rumpled clothing that didn't pick-ax resting as lightly in his hands the nights—or the days when he wasn't
fit. Somewhere between our place and as a scepter. There was no ring of working for us. Before the transport-
the border he had acquired a coat steel on stone until Rodolfo returned ing law went into effect, we used to
many sizes too large for him, its baggy with the wheelbarrow. Then the pick drive him down into the valley at eve-
pockets hitting his knees as he walked. exchanged hands and rocks and dirt ning, to a point near the center of the
It may have been coincidence that he began to fly. olive grove, where he always asked to
showed up the same day our neighbor- It was apparent, now, that I had be let out. And always before the car
hood boy Pablo was working for us. one garden worker and one boss. But had been turned around he had melted
And then again, it may not. Pablo, in his strict honesty, was going into the landscape so that not even
"Pablo, vamos aquil" I called in my to see to it that I got the work of two the tip of his bobbing sombrero was
own special brand of pidgeon Spanish men for which I would be paying. seen to move in the gray light of the
that Pablo understood only when he Both of them were Rodolfo. olive trees.
wanted to. Pablo came into the patio, Pablo left our neighborhood soon One day he brought me a letter he
glanced at the stranger, then turned to after, heading north for steadier and had written to his esposa. We learned,
me for instructions. better paying work. His little cabin, then, for the first time, of the wife
I indicated the newcomer and shook far below us in the valley, was dark and the four ninos. He wanted to
my head. But Pablo had other ideas. at night, showing that no one had send them a "checkie"—it had been
He nodded positively. 1 wavered. Then come to take his place. We'd hoped two months since he had left home,
I saw the man's soft, spaniel-like eyes he would have finished the dry wall and they would need money. Would
fixed on mine. Usually a line-jumper before he left, so that it would be all we address the letter for him and put
keeps his eyes averted or stares beyond of a piece. Pablo could not abide the the proper stamp on it? The inter-
into space. idea of a completely dry wall, and had national money order was inside, he
"Como se llama?" I asked politely. taken barro from the vein he discov- said.
And when he replied, "Rodolfo, a sus ered in his excavating and making it Now that at last we knew about
ordenes" in a voice so soft that mine into a wed mud had chinked the rocks Josefina and the ninos, Rodolfo was
was sandpaper by comparison, I knew with it. How it would proceed from suddenly changed into a man of many
I was beater. I went to prepare his there, with some other individualist words. They were flung about in soft,
breakfast. working on it, was anybody's guess. rapid-fire Spanish; by dint of listening
From that point on Pablo took him When Pablo's day to work rolled with our imagination rather than our
in hand, showing him where the wash around, there was Rodolfo, waiting in intelligence, we were able to piece to-
basin was kept in the laundry trays, the patio. He had inherited some of gether something of his home life, his
urging him to slick back his hair. He Pablo's cast off clothes and took it for eagerness to get many dollars for his
brought him to the kitchen door for granted that he would inherit his jobs family, to become a man of importance
his breakfast tray and stood by the as well—which was definitely all right in his home town. Perhaps he also
patio table wnile he ate, coaching him. with us! told us that day that he was "going
He was not to eat everything in sight; Now that he was to be our "boy" north"—if so, we did not understand.
there would be more at the next meal, we felt more responsibility for him. I Anyway, that was the last we saw of
and the next. He was to remember his looked at his shaggy face and thought him for some time.
manners and say thank you when he of the electric razor that had never It was nearly two months later when
returned the empty tray to the kitchen won popularity with my husband. Its we looked out into the patio one Sun-
door. I heard Rodolfo practicing the whirring had sounded for the first few day noon and saw Rodolfo there, qui-
words between mouthfuls, "Thenk- days after Christmas; then silence re- etly waiting, as always, for some signs
kew, thenk-kew." turned to the time of shaving, and I of life. He was so changed we scarcely
Pablo came with him to the door knew my husband had gone back to knew him—a well-fitting suit, smartly
to make sure he remembered, and the old, old safety he had used since black, a good felt hat rakishly tilted
grunted in disgust when Rodolfo bowed high school graduation. Now the elec- over one eye, a trim haircut that left
and said, "Muchas gracias, senora!" tric could really prove its worth—on sideburns well down in front of his
Soon the rock-laden wheelbarrow Rodolfo's generous beard. ears and a pencil-line mustache made
was trundling past my window at reg- If there was anything that delighted us wonder if that Hollywood scout had
ular intervals. But it was always Ro- Rodolfo, it was electrical gadgets. If found him after all.
dolfo who was doing the trundling. I hadn't stopped him in time, I think But for all his fine clothes, Rodolfo
The little man had peeled off his big his whole head would have gone under was a worried man. After the usual
coat when the sun broke through the the razor and he would have emerged "como esta usted" had been exchanged
overcast, and his shirt was dark with as hairless as a chihuahua. The shave on all sides, he explained that he had
perspiration. The tendons in his neck did reveal his fine, delicate features, been at some rancho grande working
tightened at the struggle to push the cut with cameo-like perfection. As I for many more dollars than he could
heavy load over the uneven ground. laid out his work for the day, I hoped get in our rocky foothills. He was

now a rich man, "muy rico," and we slip of paper, and I spelled it for the muttered names over happily as his
contemplated the sadly harrassed state operator. finger reached them one by one. At
that much riches could bring to a man. "I'm sorry, we have no city by that last the pointing finger stopped.
Then he showed us the letter. There, name listed," she repeated after a "Aqui!" he cried, excitedly. We looked.
staring up at me was the grimy, much- pause. Telixitlahuaca. Yes, that was it, he
handled letter that had been so fresh We asked for a Spanish speaking assured us.
when I addressed it for him. It was operator, and Rodolfo pleaded with One mystery was solved. A city with
marked "'unclaimed" and signed with her directly—with the same results. a nickname, probably. Did the tele-
a Spanish name. No city name Justlahuaca. The Ti- graph operator know the nickname, or
"It is the name of my wife's sister," juana operator, called in conference, did Rodolfo point it out to him on the
he explained. "It wasn't opened. She confirmed the bad news. Rodolfo in- map? It could happen in San Diego,
did not know there was a 'checkie' sisted in great detail that it was a large for instance. Any sailor three sheets
inside." city "with an airport and many pueblos to the wind or less could insist just as
To our practical minds that still clustered around its outskirts — his volubly that there was too a city named
didn't explain why the letter was re- cousin had an office there—a city as Dago. Didn't he ship from there?
turned. It was a dreadful thing to be large as San Diego where planes came It was a hard day's work, making
incommunicado with one's nearest and and went many times a day." the place look civilized again after two
dearest just because of the inexplicable We watched the clock with growing months' neglect. But Rodolfo was a
whim of a third party. All at once concern and began to wonder if the happy man and to him the job was
we shared his deep sense of frustration months Rodolfo had been away could easy. By sundown he had made us
and concern. have caused the old home town to look quite respectable again. He
"Now," he said, in slow, careful loom larger and more important than waited by the car for his last ride
Spanish to be sure we understood, it really was. First the unclaimed let- down into the valley, and his eyes were
"now I am a rich man. 1 shall not ter, now the unclaimed town. Had wistful as he looked over the wide-
bother with the slow mails. I shall Rodolfo dreamed up all this, to com- stretching view. The valley far below,
telephone to Mexico on your phone." fort him through the lonely hours? with its miniature ranches and toy
Realizing it might be something of Was there no Josefina, no ninos, no village, the mountains to the east, their
a surprise even to a "rich" man to cousin with an officina, no Justlahuaca? peaks rising in tiers. He turned to the
learn the cost of a long-distance call Spanish flowed on and on as Ro- west where the sun had emerged from
to southern Mexico, we hesitated. dolfo pronounced, spelled, implored. the fog bank to spatter gold-dust over
Speculating rapidly 1 figured that his Finally, he, too, was worn out. He the water, softening the stern head of
riches could scarcely amount to more cradled the phone, baffled but not Point Loma and laying the Dying
than three hundred dollars American. beaten. Padre to rest on a golden catafalque.
Translated into pesos and the pesos in "I go to Tijuana," he told us. "From He murmured that he would be muy
turn translated into buying-power in there I will send money by the tele- contento to remain here and work just
a pueblo, he might indeed be a rich grafo." for us—but a rich man has many re-
man—in his home town. It was a pity We took a long chance on being sponsibilities, he cannot do as he
to start squandering his wealth on long caught "transporting" and drove him pleases.
distance calls. Nevertheless, under the to the nearest bus line, thinking it We drove Rodolfo down into the
circumstances, we would have done would be the last we would ever see valley. At the olive grove he said
the same thing. of him. Once he got on Mexican soil, adios, and before we turned the car
"Does the esposa have a phone?" how could he resist going on home? around he had melted into the gray
we asked. Next morning, there was Rodolfo shadows.
"No, but the cousin has an officina in the patio, dressed for work. He was
in Justlahuaca. The cousin will know a happy man, beaming and voluble.
if all is well with Josefina and the At the telegraph office was one who TRUE OR FALSE ANSWERS
little ones." knew Justlahuaca. So the money was Questions are on page 19
Suddenly we felt the same forebod- sent and received by his cousin who 1—True.
ings as Rodolfo. So many things could would deliver it to Josefina. Now he 2—False. The Mojave reservation
was a free man, no longer weighted is along the Colorado River.
have happened in the four months 3—False. Pearls come from oy-
since he had left home. Disaster, down with money and worries. sters, not mines.
death. Or Josefina, tired of being so He would work for us one day—"it 4—True—below Hoover dam.
long alone, might have found another 5_True—U. S. Highway 80.
is not good to see the grasses so high 6—True.
to share her home and the four little they hide the casa\"—one day only. 7—False. Pauline Weaver was a
ninos, a man with less of a yen to Now he no longer worked for so few man.
travel and able to provide more com- dollars, but for us, yes—one day. Then 8—True. 9—True.
fort in the ca.ia. A man might lose he would go back north, to earn more 10—False. De Anza crossed the Sierra
his whole family at one stroke. many miles south of Agua Cali-
money so that he might ride home in ente Springs—now Palm Springs.
The clock reminded us it was time an aeroplano, as befits a man of 11—True. 12—True.
to leave for our dinner date with wealth. 13—False. Hematite is an iron ore.
friends. By hurrying we possibly could 14—True.
A great curiosity siezed us — we 15—False. Wasatch Mountains are
spare half an hour for the call. Quickly wanted to know where Justlahuaca in Utah.
we relayed the information Rodolfo really is. We took the atlas to the 16—True.
gave us to the long-distance operator. 17—False. Carson City is the capital
patio, turned to the map of Mexico of Nevada.
'Tin sorry, there is no city of that and asked Rodolfo to show us Justla- 18—False. Navajo men do the silver-
name listed in Mexico." The an- huaca. smithing.
nouncement startled me. I told Ro- 19—False. The nearest highway is
He pushed his breakfast tray aside 14 miles from Rainbow Natural
dolfo, standing anxiously by my side. and studied the map long and earn- Bridge.
"Si, si—un ciudad muy grande," he estly. His blunt forefinger traced a 20—False. Wupatki is in Arizona.
insisted. He wrote Justlahuaca on a road south from Mexico City. He

SEPTEMBER, 1953 21
A Rattlesnake's Buttons . . .

Tecate, California

Frequently your readers ask: "How

trips to his advantage—or who has not bers and I, to get him in our sights
bought material from dealers who just once.
have followed these trips to their ad- Two years ago when I was in Mex-
vantage. The blue-ribbon and prize- ico I learned the fate of Candelario
winning cases in the San Diego show Vasa. He was shot by a group of
bear evidence of that. Rurales who caught him red-handed
My own first rock trip was made at his thievery. And only at his death
following one of John Hilton's mapped was a startling fact revealed about this
trips—an area which I would never notorious and widely feared outlaw—
have known otherwise — and I still he was a doddering, feeble old man
often does a rattlesnake add a new prize material I found on it, and it 87 years old!
button to his rattle?" was still producing at the time, less CHARLES B. ROTH
Roger Conant, curator of reptiles, than a year ago, when the navy closed • • •
Philadelphia Zoological Gardens, an- it off. That, if I remember correctly, Horned Lizards Safe . . .
swers this question in his article, "Tall was nearly a dozen years after it was San Bernardino, California
Tales" in the June issue of Science written. Desert:
Digest. Conant says three to seven It is not an easy thing to locate, In your June issue a reader wrote
new segments are added each season, photograph and map rock and gem protesting the swapping of desert wild-
with three or four as an average. fields which will satisfy even a large life at the Third National Jamboree of
Another "old wives' tale" refuted percentage of the thousands of col- the Boy Scouts of America scheduled
in the article is the yarn about rattle- lectors who eventually will visit them. for Irvine Ranch July 17 to 23.
snakes swallowing their young. This I am proud of the fact that in most of The Executive Board of Arrowhead
story is so widespread that it is hard my field trips I have been able to do Area Council has adopted a policy
to contradict, yet no real evidence has that. prohibiting Scouts and Explorers from
ever been presented to indicate that HAROLD O. WEIGHT bringing wildlife to the Jamboree. It
it actually takes place. Dear Harold: I regret that there is certainly not the policy of the Boy
LEO TURNER has appeared in Desert Magazine Scouts of America to remove wildlife
• • • any criticism of the character and from its natural habitat.
Field Trips on the Desert . . . quantity of gem material in field Since it serves the entire desert area
Twentynine Palms, California trips that have been logged for of San Bernardino County, which con-
Desert: Desert readers. As far as I can re- stitutes the largest desert area of any
One of your writers in a recent issue call no letter of complaint has ever Boy Scout council in California, the
of Desert Magazine was rather critical been received regarding your field action of the Arrowhead Area Council
of some of the field trips for rock- trips. It is also true that the atti- is significant.
hounds which have appeared in pre- tude of Desert's editorial staff has EDWARD H. SAXTON
vious issues of your publication. always been that the physical and Scout Executive
Since I have written most of the field spiritual values which accrue from • • •
trip stories in Desert during the last a day spent roaming the desert in The Mining oi Sulphur . . .
seven years I would like to take issue quest of gem material is of no less Hollywood, California
with the writer insofar as my own importance than the stones acquired. Desert:
stories are concerned. I would chal- A nd that no field trip is a total loss, Referring to a report on page 35 of
lenge anyone to name a single one of regardless of the gems brought home. your June issue, I wish to point out
my trips which did not produce for —R.H. that water does not dissolve sulphur.
collectors—at the time it was published • • • Sulphur is practically insoluble in hot
— exactly the material which I de- Big Bend Fan . . . or cold water. The molten sulphur is
scribed. Many of them have produced forced up through the inner of two
Arvada, Colorado concentric metal pipes. The space be-
sacks and sacks, and most of them are Desert:
still producing gem cutting material— tween the inner and outer pipe conveys
As a longtime Big Bend enthusiast, superheated water under pressure down
though in seme cases now it is neces- I looked forward to Randall Hender- the well. This fuses the sulphur which
sary to perspire a little to get it.
son's article in the July issue. And I flows upward rather like water from
At the National and California con- wasn't disappointed. an artesian well and solidifies on cool-
vention and show held in San Diego I "discovered" the Big Bend in 1939 ing.
in July, scores of people looked me when I went there with members of This process was perfected in Lou-
up to thank me for writing these trips the Border Patrol to write a story on isiana by Herman Frasch for the Union
for Desert. A number of them had the region—and I have been enthralled Sulphur Company and later adopted
just purchased back copies and are with the country ever since. by the Freeport Sulphur Company in
now following trips written up seven The one thing I found missing in Texas.
years ago, and finding material. I Desert's story was the saga of Cande-
myself have checked on several of W. A. BUSH
lario Vasa, the "Robin Hood of the • • •
them recently and have picked up, Big Bend." He was very much in evi- Another Beercan Hater . . .
with little effort, material as good as dence when I was there, and I spent
much of that sold by dealers. Paso Robles, California
nights stalking him, rifle in hand, re- Desert:
It is my cpinion that Desert Maga- volver at belt. He ranged far and I also have a grudge against the
zine and its :ield trips have done more wide, headquartering in Mexico, cross- litterbugs. This summer, on a motor
to develop the rockhound hobby to- ing the border for frequent raids, then trip to Coachella Valley, I suddenly
day in western United States than all escaping—always escaping—back into came upon three beercans some litter-
other mineral magazines in the United Mexico. True to his nickname, he bug had tossed onto the highway. I
States combined. There is scarcely a always divided his loot with the poor. missed two of them, but the third one
cutter or collector in this area who has He was the terror of the border. blew an almost-new tire.
not followed Desert Magazine field We longed, those Border Patrol mem- ALEC WESTMORE


Gnarled and grotesque, this giant

saguaro cactus stands on the desert on
Tanque Verde Road about five miles
east of Tucson, Arizona. The picture,
first prize winner in Desert Magazine's
July photo contest, was taken by Bill
McLemore of Phoenix. He used a
Graphic View II camera with a 13-inch
f. 6.8 Goerz Dagor lens, K2 filter, 1/10
second at f. 45.

Nell Murbarger of Costa

Mesa, California, discovered
this tree frog basking in the
sun in Murray Canyon, near
Palm Springs, California. Sec-
ond prize photo in the July con-
test, it was taken with an Argo-
flex Model E camera, Plus X
film, 1/10 second at f. 18.
The clues to the Lost Breyfogle
Mine published in this issue of Desert
OF DEATH VALLEY Magazine were written by a retired
naval officer. Captain James P. Helm,
Supply Corps, U. S. Navy, Ret., en-
"Well anyhow," commented tered the Navy with an ensign's com-
Hard Rock Shorty, "that alum a sidewinder—the horse, not Bill mission July 10, 1906, and until his
spring UD in Fried Egg crick'll —an the durn leg swole up 'til it retirement six years ago, served 16
outdraw anything 1 ever seen, looked like an over-size ham.
right down to an' includin' them Wouldn't go down, neither. So years' sea duty and 20 years ashore.
birdseed poultices my maw usta Bill an' the mule limped up the Captain Helm was born in Hamblen
plaster on me." canyon to that alum spring so County, Tennessee, in 1884. His
Hard Rock tipped back in his that poisoned leg could be soaked father was a country doctor, as were
chair on the lean-to porch in in that alum water. The leg be- his great-uncle and great-grandfather
front of the Inferno store and gan shrinkin' right away, but Bill before. Until 1931, Helms had an-
produced an ancient, well-caked didn't know when to quit and swered the medical needs of Hamblen
rumigator that once-upon-a-time first thing he knowed that leg'd County for more than 100 years.
was a pipe. Now it was just shrunk down shorter'n the other
legs. Bill had quite a time tryin' After 30 years' service, Captain
something that looked like a pipe Helm retired to civil life in 1936, and
and smelled worse than fertilizer. to get them legs all the same
length. First he'd splash water he and his wife built a home in Van
He stuffed it full of ground hay Nuys, California. Here the captain
that he kept loose in his pocket, on one of 'em an' then the other.
Never did git 'em jest right, an' became interested in mineralogy and
and how he lit it without getting prospecting and took up these two out-
his whiskers singed is a mystery. that mule ain't got much more
legs left than one o' them Ger- door activities as hobbies. He was re-
"Why, lemme tell you about called to active duty after Pearl Harbor
man weenie dogs, an' still limps
what happened to Pisgah Bill's and released to retired status with the
a bit on odd corders—but Bill
mule over in the Panamints last rank of captain in 1947. He and his
did git rid o' that swellin'.
year. He got bit in the leg by wife now make their home in San
• • •
fo Saa&e&ite Jeanne Janish, who illustrated Nat
"If you go into a new part of the up the limb and get into the body. Dodge's story, "Confusing Quartet"
country to work or camp, get advance However, don't have it tight enough to for this issue of Desert Magazine, has
information about snakes of that area," stop the flow of blood. If the hand been drawing flowers ever since she
warns a bulletin of the U. S. Forest or foot gets cold and numb, the ban- was a little girl. For the past 27 years
Service. "If it is poison snake infested dage is too tight. Loosen it a little. she has fitted scientific illustration in
country, protect your legs with high with homemaking duties and has illus-
"Cut once through each fang mark.
boots or loos; trousers and take a Make the cuts one-half inch long and trated 14 books, most of them college
snake-bite kit along. textbooks or scientific monographs on
a quarter-inch deep. Cut lengthwise geology, embryology, biology and, to
"In climbing over ledges, look first. of the limb so you won't sever large the largest extent, botany.
Don't put your hand on a snake. Don't blood vessels or tendons. They are
reach into rabbit holes, thick foliage near the surface at the ankle and wrist. Her husband, Carl Janish, is in the
or any place where you can't see If the bite is in the fat part of the limb construction business, presently as
clearly. If you form the habit of watch- you will be safe in making two cuts chief inspector of construction at the
ing your path and where you reach, across each fang wound in the form Kaiser Steel Company mine and camp
you should easily avoid trouble with of an X. If you haven't a scalpel from at Eagle Mountain, California. His
a poisonous snake." a snake-bite kit use a knife or razor work takes him about the country, and
When a poisonous snake strikes, he blade. The cuts should bleed. The both Janishes like the traveling and
injects venom through two sharp, hol- blood and venom should ooze out. If the frequent changes of address this
low fangs. The fangs and venom go it comes in spurts, tie the bandage a involves.
into the flesh about a quarter of an little tighter. Watch out that you don't
inch. Immediately there is intense, get any blood or venom into cuts in an hour, but stop halfway through and
burning pain. The flesh around the your own hand. take the bandage off. Leave it off for
two fang marks swells and become dis- "The next step is the suction treat- a minute, then tie it on again. If the
colored. The victim must have first ment. It takes at least half an hour, swelling has moved up the limb, tie
aid treatment at once, and antivenom so urge the injured person to be as the bandage higher. Always keep it
as soon as possible. quiet as possible, as movement spreads above the swelling. Don't forget to
"In administering first aid for a the poison. Next, draw the venom remove it for a minute every 15 min-
snake bite," continues the bulletin, "tie out of the cuts by suction, using the utes.
a bandage firmly around the limb above suction pump from your kit. If you "Get the victim to a doctor or hos-
the fang marks. Use a necktie, soft have no kit, suck out the blood and pital as quickly as possible for anti-
belt, shoe lace or a large handkerchief venom with your mouth and spit it venom. Get him there with as little
for a bandage. Make a knot that can out. You will be in no danger from effort on his part as possible, because
untie easily, but tie it firmly enough the poison unless you get it in open brisk movement speeds up circulation
to press into tie flesh. Its purpose is cuts or sores in your mouth or lips. and spreads the venom. If he must
to dam off the poison so it can't travel Continue the suction treatment for half walk, sec that he walks slowly."

Henderson, Nevada . . .

MINES and MINING Clean-up work is finished and a

million-dollar construction program
has begun at Manganese Incorporated,
partially destroyed by fire in June. The
plant will be shut down for at least six
Tombstone, Arizona . . . Tonopah, Nevada . . . months while repairs are being made.
Unwatering operations have started The mining history of Tonopah is New prefabricated steel mills will be
at Westside shaft of Tombstone Devel- the subject of a bulletin just published built to replace the two mills razed in
opment Co., and new equipment is by the Nevada Bureau of Mines. The the $250,000 fire. Manganese, Inc.,
being installed. "The Hill," as the report, by Mrs. Byrd Fanita Wall is milling manganese ore for the federal
property is generally referred to, was Sawyer, Russell R. Elliott and Jay A. government stockpile and is one of
closed down over a decade ago, and Carpenter, reviews the activities of the the few companies in the country
two fires have since destroyed two various Tonopah companies during handling fairly highgrade ore.
timbered shafts. The present company each period of mining development • • •
is comprised of a new group of owners. and describes the town life and gov- Hawthorne, Nevada . . .
—Humboldt Star. ernment of the early days. The bulle- Ninety tons of ore per day is the
• • • tin, Number 51, may be obtained from present production of Nevada Schee-
Flagstaff, Arizona . . . the Nevada Bureau of Mines, Reno, lite Division of Kennametal, Inc., from
Manganese, a steel-hardening metal Nevada, at a cost of $1.00 plus 10 its operations at the Leonard mine
considered so essential to defense that cents postage.—Battle Mountain Scout. and mill in the Regent district north-
the government is purchasing and • • • east of Hawthorne. The mill has a
stockpiling the country's entire output, Globe, Arizona . . . capacity of 150 tons, and future ex-
is being produced at the rate of two A long-range prospecting and explo- pansion is planned. Processing meth-
carloads of concentrates a week by ration program is being carried out by ods consist of a ball mill and table
the Bosley and Stovall Manganese Kennecott Copper company through flotation to recover the tungsten from
Company from its property in Long its subsidiary, Bear Creek Mining the ores.—Pioche Record.
Valley. A stripping or open pit oper- Company. No mineralized outcrops • • •
ation is used to obtain the ore, em- have been reported found on Bear Farmincrton, New Mexico . . .
ploying power excavators and loaders. Creek property, but predictions of A former taxi driver who followed
The ore is processed at the firm's mill favorable mineralization have been a clue left in the writings of Coronado
at Mormon Lake, 30 miles from the based on geological assumptions. The believes he is on the track of the
mine site.—Coconino Sun. property is located east of San Manuel world's largest diamond field in Ari-
• • • Copper Company's porphyry copper zona. John W. Donowick of Farming-
Yerington, Nevada . . .
Anaconda Copper Company's met- deposit.—Mining Record. ton isn't revealing the location of his
allurgical plant in its multi-million- • • • potential diamond find, but he has ob-
dollar Yerington development is sched- Moab, Utah . . . tained a prospecting permit and option
uled to begin operation in October. Charlie Steen, the millionaire ura- to lease three square miles on the Nav-
Soon after, full production is expected nium miner from Moab, reported in ajo reservation.—New Mexican.
to be reached, and the company will be July that he had turned down an offer • • •
sending about five million pounds of of $5,000,000 for his uranium prop- Tucson, Arizona . . .
copper precipitates monthly to its erties in Big Indian Canyon, San Juan A contract calling for production of
smelters in Montana. The property is County. Steen refused to identify the 5'/2 million pounds of Arizona copper
estimated to contain more than 35 mil- persons making the offer.—Salt Lake has been signed by the federal govern-
lion tons of one percent copper oxide Tribune. ment and Copper Creek Consolidated
ore.—Humboldt Star. • • • Mining Company of Tucson. Copper
Henderson, Nevada . . . Creek will produce the metal from the
Vernal. Utah . . . At the urging of the Air Force, Old Reliable Mine in the Bunker Hill
Freight problems of Unitah Basin Titanium Metals Corporation has re- district of Pinal County. The copper
miners may be solved if sufficient ore ceived approval of a $10,000,000 loan will be extracted by caving the ore
deposits are found. Sheldon Wimpfen. from the federal government for its underground and leaching it with
Atomic Energy Commission official at Henderson plant, according to Defense water and sulphuric acid without re-
Grand Junction, Colorado, encourages Secretary Charles Wilson. Titanium is moving the ore from the mine.—Battle
further exploration, announcing that if a substitute for columbium, as a hard- Mountain Scout.
enough discoveries are made the AEC ening agent in alloys. The metal's • • •
will construct a mill in the area to greatest value to the airplane industry Jerome, Arizona . . .
handle ores. Uranium is being found is its ability to withstand the terrific Verde Exploration, Ltd. plans fur-
in the basin in shale, sandstone and heat of jet engines. The core of the ther exploration of its properties in
betonite.—Vernal Express. blast often reaches ,3700 degrees, which the Jerome Mining District. Subject
• • • would burn ordinary steel. — Pioche to the approval of stockholders, a con-
Beaver, Utah . . . Record. tract has been negotiated with New
Blue-Star Mining Company was or- • • • Jersey Zinc Company under which
ganized recently to operate tungsten Brawley, California . . . New Jersey Zinc agrees to spend a
property 10 miles west of Beaver. The Four claims have been staked out preliminary $50,000 in 1953 for ex-
company has a three-year agreement by three Brawley prospectors in the ploratory drilling. Verde would give
with the government which will pur- mountains north of Niland, and early to the developing company an option
chase all the concentrate it can mill. evidence indicates the sites cover a on all its properties to be exercisable
Tests have shown it will be possible good deposit of commercial grade ur-
to obtain 60 percent ore through the by a company to be formed by New
anium ore. Specimens have been sent Jersey Zinc, owned 51 percent by it
ball mill the firm is installing on the to the Atomic Energy Commission for
site.—Calientc Herald. and 49 percent by Verde.—American
testing.—Humboldt Star. Metal Market.
SEPTEMBER, 1953 '/•-,
The Southwest
Shopping Guide
Now through this new section you
will be able to read about, see, and
solve your shopping needs right in
your living room.

We know you will enjoy this new

monthly feature, and suggest that
you use it to solve your shopping SUPERB COLOR PRINTS OF ELECTRIC LAWN EDGER AND
Artist Gerard Curtis Delano has faithfully Still the most practical lightweight electric
It's easy—all you do is write to the captured the brilliant beauty of the richly hedge clipper for gardeners, homeowners,
product adi ertised, enclose check or romantic desert country of the Southwest caretakers. Will trim any hedge, bush or
money orde • and your return address. in his famed paintings of the Navajo. Now, will prune trees. Ideally suited for edging
You will receive your selection by authentic full-color prints beautifully repro- lawns or trimming under trees, bushes,
mail. duced from the $10,000 originals. Mounted fences, in and around flower beds, rocks,
in ready-to-frame 23"xl9" mats, postpaid $5. etc. Does away with all scissor jobs. Guar.
No. C.O.D.s please. Shown above, "Navajo Finest const. Home type, $19.95. Heavy-
If you have a product that you Shepherdess." Folder with other Navajo duty $27.95. (Plus taxes if any.) See your
would like to sell, write to: scenes, free. DELANO STUDIOS, Suite dealer or write APEX MFG. Laboratories,
D. 31 E. 18th Ave., Denver 2, Colo. 964 Mission St.. So. Pasadena, California.
Palm Desert, California


ROLL UP AND DOWN WILD PALMS of the California Desert,
,.oo Alumaroll awnings are ideal for windows, is a little book by Randall Henderson telling
COT patio and door covers. Complete sun pro- of his exploration in the native palm can-
tection. Open ends afford additional light yons of Southern California, with map and
and air circulation while eliminating hot air detailed information about Palm Canyon,
CASTING RODS pockets. Roll up like window shade against Andreas Canyon, Fern Canyon and Eagle
walls when not in use. High winds can't Canyon—near Palm Springs. The author
TUBULAR GLASS damage. All aluminum with choice of col- estimates there are 11,000 of these palms
ors. Easily installed. Write Welton Co., in more than 100 separate oases. Story in-
MOST COMPUTE LARGE ASORTMENT 1601 McHenry Ave., Modesto, Calif., for cludes botanical classification, what is known
°f BACK PACKS 7,5 complete information or name of nearest about their history. 32 pp. photos. Desert
W e t o r , ! r s finish- all dealer. Crafts Shop, Palm Desert, California—50c.
wt. 10 Ibs.Modeo Groii wl.8lbs. N:

4023 406
S - 6 I 3 T . OPEN MOK

The most unusual Motel in the . . . the original, authentic Navajo Squaw- ACCURATE TOPO. MAPS
Southwest. You'll enjoy your stay Boot . . . for men and women . . . soles of If it's maps you want—we've got them. For
in one of our charming units bleached rawhide, uppers of real buckskin years we have been supplying all types of
decorated with century-old Euro- in traditional Navajo Rust or Natural at maps. We carry all topographic quadrangle
pean tile. Spacious Spanish patio $14.95 . . . White or Turquoise at $15.95 maps in California and other western states
for relaxing. postpaid. Invisibly hand sewn by expert and Alaska. Have maps of Barstow area
Indian craftsmen. Available thru selected (see cut) and Calico, a must for rockhounds,
2433 E. Van Buren Street dealers or direct . . . check or money order only 50c. Geologic maps 50c to $2.50,
U.S. Highway 60-70-80-89 . . . no C.O.D.s . . . Send outline of foot aero, charts 50c, coast & geodetic charts
for perfect fit. Write for free folder. $1.25. McAllister's Lost Mines of Southwest-
East Side of Town on the Way ern States—map, $1.75. 4000 dif. maps to
to Tucson KAIBAB BUCKSKIN, Box 5156, Tucson. choose from. WESTWIDE Maps Co., 114>/2
Arizona. W. 3rd St., L. A. 13. Cal. Michigan 5339.


|are your answer!


Here's custom beauty for your car and real

help in reducing overheating and '"vapor-
locking." Used everywhere by famous race
Here's the solution to your dull pencil prob- Combines genuine Turquoise stones in orig- Concealed fasteners Fit any car
lem. Now available, the nationally adver- inal nugget shapes with natural Raw-Hide Simple to install Design your own
tised APSCO "Midget" Pencil Sharpener and Silver Colored Beads. A must for Squaw yourself layout
20 gauge body steel Quality workmanship
designed for everyone in the family. Not Skirt Enthusiasts. Perfect for suede or Easily made Functional
a gadget, but a full-size, valuable home leather apparel. Hand-woven belt—self-ad- The "Torre y Pines" consists of four 5"x8"
item. Sturdy construction, all-metal work- justable, a perfect gift, $8.75. Matching chrome louvre panels $11.95
ing parts, finished in attractive metallic Necklace $2.50, Earrings $3. Complete En- The "Ascot" consists of two 5"x20" chrome
bronze. Perfect for kitchen, shop, or child's semble $10 ppd., tax incl. Sterling Pierced louvre panels -
The "I.e Mans" consists of two 5"x20" and
room; ideal as a gift, too! An outstanding Ear-Wires or Posts 30c extra. Specify belt two 5"x8" chrome louvre panels (illustrated)
value, ready for installation. Only $2.00 size. Guar. Send 25c for Gift Cat. (refund $14.95
ppd. No. C.O.D. Sharpeners, Dept. D, 3361 on 1st order) JEWELS by JOFFE' 11017- California orders add '3% sales tax
Postage collect
Union Pacific Ave., Los Angeles 23, Calif. DM S. Vermont Av., Los Angeles 44, Cal.


This permanent automobile luggage rack will
add to the beauty of your car. Custom built
and styled to fit any hard top automobile.
Compare these features:
• Solid bronze brackets
• High tensile strength brass seamless
• Nickel and heavy chrome plated (cannot
Genuine saddle leather, handtooled and Completely solves the year 'round toy stor- • Quality maple slats <> :' coats clear finish)
handlaced by master craftsmen in Mex- age problem for Mother. $9.95 prepaid. • Price $130.00 installed, excise tax included
ico. Leather interior has two large com- Powerfully built of metal in eye appealing 30 years experience in producing and
installing automotive accessories
partments, one zipper pocket. Adjustable colors—red with yellow interior. Rolls with
hand or shoulder strap. Natural tan color. ease over carpeting or composition floors on
$15.95 (includes Fed. tax and postage). ball bearing swivel casters. Measures 16" x
Satisfaction guaranteed or your money re- 15" x 18" and holds over 100 lbs. Gray rub-
funded. $2.00 deposit on C.O.D.'s. Send ber bumpers to protect furniture and walls.
only $1.00 and buy on the lay-away plan Children have fun playing with them too.
for Christmas. Ask for free catalog of For your nearest dealer, write KALASTEEL
distinctive handmade gifts. FIESTA IM- PRODUCTS CO., 338 Parsons St., Kala-
PORTS, Box 5332, San Diego 5, Calif. mazoo, Mich.
CALIFORNIA CAR BED—Front seat folds
to level double bed.
front seats. Reclining; automatic bed level-
ing features. Transferable to next car.
Come in for Demonstration by




KILLS ALL INSECTS Save hours of kink straightening toil. In a
2 hours of use assures up to 2 months' pro- few minutes REDI-HOSE REEL, up to 100
tection. A portable, electric vaporizer sci- ft. of hose, permanently coiled, can be at-
entifically designed to eliminate insects from tached to your water line faucets. It re-
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Susquehanna Street, Pittsburgh 8, Pa. REDI, 1703 Alamo, Glendale 7, California.

For 16 years the Desert Magazine staff has been

MAPS IFor Your

mapping the desert areas. Over 300 of these maps have
appeared in past issues of Desert, and most of these maps
are still available for those who plan to travel the desert
country. They are the most accurate guides obtainable to
a thousand interesting places.
Here is a listing of back issues now available, carry-
ing the maps indicated, and also many other maps not
DESERT TRIPS mentioned in this list, which has been classified for easy EXPLORATION

May '4(i—Green jasper, near Lake Mead, Nevada. MAI' May '46—By Jalopy Through "The Sweepings of the
Jun. '46—Agate, chalcedony, etc., Arizona. MAP ' World." MAP
Jul. '46—Minerals at Calico. MAP Jun. '46—Hopi Trek to the Land of Big Water. MAP
Aug. '46—Fossils While You Wait. MAP ,|,,1. '4(j—palm Hunters in the Inkopah Wastelands. MAP
Oct. '47—Collecting crystals, Topaz ML, Utah. MAP Freak Rocks in Nature's Wonderland.
May '4!)—Geodes, chalcedony, Southern Arizona. MAP Aug. '46—We Camped at Cantu Palms. MAP
Jul. '49—Sandspikes on the border. MAP Oct. '47—Don't Knock at a Hogan Door. MAI*
Aug. '4!.i—Uranium Strike in Petrified Wood. MAP Dec. '47—Grand Canyon Voyage. MAP
Sep. '49—Agate, jasper, on Devil's Highway. MAP Sep. '48—Haunted Silver. MAP
Oct. '49—Fossils in Coyote Mountain. .MAP May '49—Great Salt Lake. MAP
Nov. '49—Apache Tears at Bagdad. MAP Jul. '49—On Hassayampa Trails. MAP
Dec. '49—"Lakeview Diamonds" in Oregon. MAP Aug. '49—Indian Country Trek. MAP
Mar. '5C—Fossil Wood in Utah. MAP Sep. '49—They Left Their Story in the Desert Sands.
Apr. '50—Dinosaur Bones in Colorado. MAP
May '50—Wonderstones in Nevada. MAP MAP
Jul. '50—Agate Hill in Utah. MAP Dec. '49—Valley of the Cathedrals. MAP
Aug. '50—Gem Field Near 29 Palms. MAP Apr. '50—Painted Canyon in Mecca Hills. MAP
Sep. '50—Apache Tears in Nevada. MAP Jul. '50—La Mora Canyon in Baja California. MAP
Oct. '50—Crystal Calotte in California. MAP Sep. '50—Kscalante River Trip. MAP
Nov. '5C—Agate Hunters in California. MAP Oct. '50—Forgotten Trails of the Old West. MAP
Dec. '50—Gold on Garces' Trail. MAP Nov. '50—Sacred .Mountain of the Tribesmen. MAP
Jan. '51—Nevada Invited the Kockhounds. MAP Dec. '50—Gold and Roses on Garces' Trail. MAP
Feb. '51—Fossil Wood in Nevada. MAP Aug. '51—We Climbed Avawatz. MAP
Mar. '51—Gem Fields on the Mojave. MAP Sep. '51—We Camped on Kaiparowitz. MAP
Apr. '51—Geodes on an Old Silver Trail. MAP Oct. '51—Trail to Hawkeye Natural Bridge. MAP
May '51—Gem Hunt on a Ghost Town Trail. MAP May '50—They're Closing the Gates at Davis Dam. MAP
Jun. '51—Rocks of the Ages—In Utah. MAP Aug. '50—When Hopis Dance for Rain. MAP
Jul. '51—On Black Kock Desert Trails. MAP Jan. '51—We Found a Way Into Elegante. MAP
Aug. '51—Where Turquoise Was Mined. MAP Apr. '51—Geodes on an Old Silver Trail. MAP
Sep. '51—Agate Trail in Nevada. MAP Jun. '51—Trail of the 57 Shrines. MAP
Jul. '51—We Camped with the Pai Pai. MAP
ROCK HUNTER'S SET, 30 magazines . . . $5.00 TRAVEL AND EXPLORATION SET, 27 mags. $4.50


May '4(i—When Hawaiian* Came to the Utah Desert. (5 of these stories include maps)
May '49—Great Salt Lake. MAP Aug. '46—John D. Lee's lost gold mine, Arizona.
Jul. '49—On Hassayampa Trails. MAP Sep. '48—Haunted Silver in Arizona. MAP
Mar. '50—Buckboard Days at Silver Reef. MAP May '50—Swamper's Gold.
Sep. '50—Bscalante River Trip. MAP Jul. '50—Lost Mine of Coconino.
Oct. '50—Forgotten Trails of the Old West. MAP Sep. '50—Silver Mine of the Old Opata Indians.
Nov. '50—Guardians of an Ancient Fort. MAP Oct '50—Gold Pockets in the Santa Rosas.
Jan. '51—We Found the Way into Elegante. MAP Nov. '50—Lost Silver Mine of the Jesuits.
Feb. '51—Dellenbaugh, 1873. MAP Dec. '50—Lost Silver in Monument Valley.
$1.50 Feb. '51—Black Xuggets in Phantom JJuttes.
HISTORICAL MAPPED TRIPS, 9 Magazines Mar. '51—Where Slave Miners Toiled for Silver. MAP
Apr. '51—Pedro's Lost Mine.
Jul. '51—Lost Loma Gold.
MAPS TO THE Hawaiians
May '46—When GHOST Came
to Utah. . Aug. '51—Cave of the Golden Sands.
Jul. '46—Ghost Town of Calico Hills. MAP Sep. '51—Lost Treasure of the Irish Cavalier.
Aug. '49—Waterhole at the Crossroads. MAP Oct. '51—Lost Ledge of the Sheep Hole Mtns. MAP
Mar. '50—Buckboard Days at Silver Reef. MAP Nov. '51—Buried Treasure of the Chiricahuas. MAP
May '51—Forgotten Ghost of Gold Mountain. MAP Dec. '51—Golden Treasure of Tule Canyon. MAP
Aug. '51 —So They Built Ft. Bowie. MAP Jan. '52—Lost Shotgun Mine.
GHOST TOWN MAPPED TRIPS, 6 magazines $1.00 LOST TREASURE SET, 18 magazines . . . $3.00

ORDER AS MANY ISSUES AS YOU WISH Magazines may be ordered by specifying month
One Copy 25c; Six for $1.00; 12 for $2.00 and year only, or by sets
The entire set of 36 different magazines for $6.00
Each binder has space for 12 copies Palm Desert, California

Probe Mystery Deer Deaths . . .

Here and There on the Desert PHOENIX—The Arizona Fish and

Game Commission has confirmed re-
ports of deer dying in the Huachuca
and Chiricahua mountains, after in-
ARIZONA Historical Group Expands . . . vestigation by game department tech-
Discover Indian Ruin . . . FLAGSTAFF—All adult natives of nicians. The commission said that the
Arizona and all others who have been deaths have been confined to the white-
PRESCOTT—A spectacular, multi- residents of the state for 30 years or tailed deer and that the die-off has
storied Indian ruin has been discov- more were invited to the first organiza- not approched epidemic proportions.
ered by two Yavapai County men in tion meeting of the Northern Arizona Cause of the deaths has not been de-
a well-watered canyon south of Bloody Chapter of the Arizona State Pioneer's termined.—Yuma Daily Sun.
Basin. Ralph Williams, managing edi- Historical Society. The meeting,
tor of the Prescott Courier, reported planned by George Babbitt, a vice-
that the storehouse of Indian treasures president of the state group, was held
would rival the 100-room Tuzigoot in Flagstaff July 10.—Coconino Sun. Many New Issues
National Monument near Clarkdale. Utmost details—for offices, realtors, Lnm-
Williams, who packed in to the site • • • berinen, sportsmen, Miners, etc With Twn-
shps, rnp, Sec. Mines, all roads, trails, s trnis.
with Wayne Winters, an engraving Consider Forest Purchase . . . R.R., Elevations, Ntl. Prsts. etc.
firm owner and photographer, said the . _Alameda 20x30 $1.00
WASHINGTON—Purchase of 98,- _ _Alpine .17x23 1.00
village is an extensive pueblo, many 690 acres of lands from the Aztec _ _Amador .20x30 1.00
Butte 29x33 1.00
stories deep and almost completely Land and Cattle Company with Na- „ _Calaveras .21x31 1.00
surrounded by a rock wall fortifica- tional Forest funds has been declared
_ _Colusa 24x25
_ Contra Costa
tion. He declined to fix the exact "feasible" by Secretary of Agriculture Del Norte .24x25 1.00
location until measures can be taken Eldorado .24x33 1.00
Ezra T. Benson. The land would be Fresno .28x50 2.50
to protect the find from vandals. — returned to Sitgreaves National Forest _ Fresno ..42x75 5.00
Phoenix Gazette. Glenn 18x33 1.00
from which it was taken recently and Humboldt 20x36 1.00
Humboldt 30x56 2.50
• • • awarded to Aztec by a federal court Imperial 31x51 2 00
Inyo, East and West Half, ea. 7.50
Meteorite Museum Moving . . . decision following 40 years of litiga- Kern .38x78 5.00
tion. —Aztec Printer-Review. Kern .26x58 2.50
SEDONA—The American Meteor- Kings ..27x29
ite Museum, formerly located about 15 • • • Lake
.26x36 1.00
miles west of Winslow, will move to FLAGSTAFF—Frederick R. Bru- Lassen .38x55 3.00
Los Angeles ..42x44 3.00
Sedona in September, according to Dr. eck, superintendent of Wupatki and Los Angeles .33x35 1.00
Madera .23x50 1.50
H. H. Nininger, director. Dr. Nininger Sunset Crater national monuments Marin .23x24 1.00
said the entire museum operation since March, 1951, has been trans- Mariposa
would be transferred, including the ferred to Zion National Park.—Coco- Merced .34x36 1.00
Modoc .34x41 1.50
exhibits, one of the most extensive nino Sun. Modoc .28x24 1.00
meteorite displays in the world, and • • • _. _Mono .23x67
his research work. The new quarters, Key to Death Cell . . . Napa .20x28 1.00
Nevada 22x38 1 00
on Highway 89-A, will be large enough Orange .23x24 1.00
to display the museum's entire collec- TOMBSTONE — The key which Placer .26x46 1.50
once controlled the death cell at the Placer ...30x17 1.00
tion, which was not possible at Wins- Plumas ...33x40 1.50
low. Dr. and Mrs. Nininger maintained old Cochise County jail at Tombstone Plumas ..27x22 1.00
Riverside ...27x98 5.00
the museum there for seven years, dur- has been presented to the city by Mrs. Riverside ...18x66 2.50
ing which time the scientist carried on Gertie M. Sands of Sacramento, Cali- _ Sacramento ...26x32
1 00
San Benito
extensive research work at nearby fornia, whose late husband was jailer San Bernardino, No. >/2 or So. % 7.50
San Bernardino—N.W. >/4 3.75
Meteor Crater.—Coconino Sun. under Cochise County's Sheriff Harry San Bernardino—S.W. '/4 3.75
Wheeler in the first decade of this San Bernardino—N.E. Vt 3.75
• • • century. Sands died in an automobile .San Bernardino—S.E. Vt 3.75
- _San Diego ...38x41) 2.50
Boundary Parley Slated . . . accident in 1930. He acquired the San Diego ...26x34 1.00
San Francisco ..36x40 1.00
PHOENIX — Negotiations between key as a memento of his services after San Joaquin ...22x34
San Luis Obispo
Arizona and California over the loca- the old cells were razed to make way San Luis Obispo .38x24 1.00
for new steel cubicles. It will be added San Mateo ...20x32 1.00
tion of the common border formed by Santa Barbara ...36x38 1.50
the Colorado River will begin after to a growing collection of articles rem- Santa Barbara ...33x23
Santa Clara
September 1. On that date a new Cali- iniscent of Tombstone's hellion days. Santa Cruz .19x24 1.00
—Tombstone Epitaph. Shasta ...34x49 3.00
fornia law will become effective, cre- . Shasta .33x21 1.00
ating a California Colorado River Sierra .16x31 1.00
Siskiyou .39x62 4.00
Boundary Commission and appropri- Siskiyou .26x43 2.00
'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER" Siskiyou ...20x32 1.00
ating $ 150,000 for geographic surveys. Solano ...22x25 1.00
The Arizona Legislature created a Sonoma
similar commission and appropriated SLEEPING BAGS Sutter ...21x24 1.00
Tehama ....26x48 2.00
the same amount last spring.—Yuma AIR MATTRESSES Tehama ...17x32 1.00
.Trinity ...33x52 3.00
Daily Sun. Trinity .. 23x34 1.00
• • • SMALL TENTS Tulare 38x49 2.00
Tuolumne 31x43 1.50
TOMBSTONE — With the an- Ventura .27x34 1 00
nouncement that Ft. Huachuca must and many other items Yolo ...25x28 1.00
Yuba ....22x29 1.00
close, the Ft. Huachuca Natural Mu- Most maps are drawn to scale of 'A inch to
seum decided to accept Tombstone's VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT the mile. Maps obtainable flat or folded.
offer and move exhibits to temporary 717 West Seventh Street WORLD'S MINERALS
galleries in the Ed Shefflin Museum in LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA 2417 San Pablo Ave., Oakland 12, Calif.
Tombstone.—San Pedro Valley News.

SEPTEMBER, 1953 29
ENJOY EARLY FALL on the desert. Visit
Pisgah Crater, Calico Mts., Afton Canyon

THE DESERT TRRDMG POST while staying at Newberry on Highway

66. Ample accommodations available.
Write Newberry Chamber of Commerce.
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 10c a Word, $1.50 Minimum Per Issue
Find them with Army Mine Detector,
BOOKS OF THE COLORADO RIVER and SCR 625. Price $54.95. Kenneth May-
INDIAN GOODS hall, Belmont, Mississippi.
Grand Canyon. A selective bibliography
NAVAJO RUGS RE-WOVEN: Summer by Francis Farquhar. $5.00. Dawson's PINKING SHEARS—Only $1.95 postpaid.
is a good time to have that Navajo rug Book Shop, 550 So. Figueroa St., Los Chromium plated, precision made. Man-
repaired. We re-weave them with Navajo Angeles 17, California.
yarn. Send your rug or write for addi- ufacturer's Christmas overstock. Guaran-
tional information. Arizona Weavers, BOOKS FOUND—Any title! Free world- teed $7.95 value or money refunded.
2321 North 7th Street, Phoenix, Arizona. wide book search service. Any book, Order by mail. Lincoln Surplus Sales.
new or old. Western Americana a spe- 549 Main St., Evanston 21, Illinois.
INDIAN ANTIQUES—The nation's largest cialty. Lowest price. Send wants today! WESTERN MUSEUM Collection: Thou-
exclusive Indian handicraft stock. If it International Bookfinders, Box 3003-D,
is not Indian handmade I do not handle Beverly Hills, California. sands of items reflecting life in the past.
it. War Bonnets, buckskin beaded gar- Old music machines, buggies, carriages,
ments, Nava;o pawn, baskets, Kachinas, REAL ESTATE hearses, guns, documents, papers, pictures.
hundreds of items too numerous to men- Very large and complete collection, suit-
tion. Pat Read, Indian Trader, Lawrence, LAND BARGAINS—20-160 acres or more able attraction for any suitable business.
Kansas. in variety of So. Calif, locations. Some If you have building 25x100 for display
for farming, poultry, homesites, potential would bring in a nice steady income from
BLACK OBSIDIAN ARROWHEADS $1. mineral land. Send for free list and map. admissions. Could be powerful aid to
Spearhead $3. Knife $5. Found in Ore- Pon & Co., Box 546, Azusa, California. any natural attraction or for curio busi-
gon fifty years ago. Free list of Indian ness. $15,000. Will steadily increase in
artifacts and handicraft from Pacific LUCERNE VALLEY — Ideal Home and value as time passes. Frank Gordon, 3
Northwest. Moise Penning, Klamath, income. Near Apple Valley, 3 attractive miles south of Red Bluff, California.
California. modern stucco cottages. White insulated
roofs. First class construction. Three MINING MACHINERY and equipment—
WE SEARCH unceasingly for old and rare years old. Lot 150 x 200 fully fenced. 2 assaying scales, good condition. 1 15
Indian Artifacts, but seldom accumulate Good water, electric pump. Well land- H.P. commercial gas engine. Cheap.
a large assortment. Collectors seem as scaped. Fruit, shade tree, shrubs. Each Serviceable—need cleaning up. 2 shieve
eager to possess them as their original 1 bedroom cottage beautifully furnished. wheels. 1 20" by 60" air receiver. Various
owners. To those who like real Indian Air conditioned, car port, patio, storage other items. For further information write
things, a hearty welcome. You too may room, large closets. Fine view. Good J. B. Mulcahy, 998 14th St., San Bernar-
find here something you have long de- rental income. Splendid valley location. dino, California. Phone 38-129.
sired. We are continually increasing our Wonderful healthful climate. $25,000. Al
stock with trie finest Navajo rugs, In- down payment. Ellis Gardens, Box 574, DODGE 4 WHEEL DRIVE, carryall body.
dian baskets and hand-made jewelry. Lucerne Valley, California. Complete overhaul. $450.00. John Died-
Daniels Trading Post, 401 W. Foothill erich, 4557 Backman Ave., North Holly-
Blvd., Fontana, California. MINING PROPERTIES—For sale, lease, wood, California.
option, trade or partnership deal. Con-
6 PERFECT ANCIENT FLINT arrowheads tain gold, silver, lead, barium, building WOULD LIKE TO LOCATE Caves con-
$2.00. Fine grooved stone tomahawk material and rock. Some located in and
$3.00. Grooved granite war club $2.00. taining bat roosts in southern Arizona.
near Calico area and Oddessa Canyon, Would some reader kindly send me such
Perfect peace pipe $5.00. 6 fine bird ar- near Knotts Berry Farm Calico Project.
rows $2.00. 2 flint knives $1.00, 6" to 7". information. Rex B. Gullick, Rt. 7, Box
Valuable not only in mineral wealth but 528, Tucson, Arizona.
Perfect spearhead $7.00. All offers for scenic, or commercial as well as rec-
$20.00. List Free. Lear's, Glenwood, reational values in winter and cool PAN GOLD: 75 spots in 25 California
Arkansas. weather. Further details and information: counties for placer gold. Township, range,
WE BUY, SELL OR TRADE Indian bas- Joe B. Mulcahy, 998 14th St., San Ber- elevation, geological formation. Possible
kets. Have over 1000 in stock. Write nardino, California. Phone 38-129. health, happiness, hideaway, hunt, hike,
your wants o David L. Young, 3612 HOUSE OF ROY—Headquarters for Des- fish, camp. Pan and tweezer pick yellow
South Sixth Avenue, Tucson, Arizona. ert property! Listings available in 3rd golden nuggets. $1.00, Box 42132 Los
dimensional color slides. All inquiries Angeles, California. Also panning pans
BOOKS — MAGAZINES promptly answered without obligation. $2.25, $2.75. Nugget tweezer $1.00.
GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- P. O. Box 33, Palm Desert, California. Leather dust poke $1.00.
cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, Lois Elder Roy, broker.
where to collect and buy, many dealer DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar
advertisements. Completely covers the BUSINESS OPPOTUNITY postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses. Len-
hobby. The rockhound's own magazine wood, Barstow, California.
IMPORT-EXPORT! Opportunity profitable,
for only $3.00 a year (12 full issues) or world-wide, mail-order business from SCENIC KODACHROME SLIDES: South-
write for brochure and booklist. Mineral home, without capital, or travel abroad.
Notes and News, Box 716B, Palmdale, western Desert country, Indians, National
Established World Trader ships instruc- Parks, Mexico. Catalogue 10c. Jack
California. tions for no-risk examination. Experience Breed. RFD-4, Georgetown, Mass.
CALIFORNIA: A comprehensive booklet unnecessary. Free details. Mellinger.
giving accurale data on hunting, fishing, 549. Los Angeles 24, California. SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS:
summer and winter sports, agriculture, LOCATION WANTED for small display One dollar each postpaid. Greasewood
manufacturing, lumbering, mining, to- and sales space by silversmith and hand- Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow, Calif.
pography and climate in all parts of the craft artisan. Prefer high class motel or
state. Also a beautiful topographical map resort with parking space etc. for trailer TREASURE MAP OF U.S.: Accurate,
—all for $1.00. R. H. Conrad, P. O. Box house. Semi-retired widower. Address fascinating, over 300 locations. Simu-
901. San Mateo. California. Box B. Desert Magazine. lated gold nuggets with order. $1.00.
Victoria, P. O. Box 25D, Price Hill Sta-
PANNING GOLD — Another hobby for WANTED—lease on Trading Post or gift tion 5, Cincinnati, Ohio.
rockhounds and desert roamers. A new shop, at well-qualified, busy resort or
booklet, "Whit the Beginner Needs to dude ranch, by middleaged couple with LIGHTNING ADDING MACHINE: Desk
Know," 36 pages of instructions; also unusual background and experience. Box model portable, automatic clearance, di-
catalogue of mining books and prospec- 904, Indio, California. rect subtraction, capacity up to 99,999.99.
tors' supplies, maps of where to go and Easy to operate, fast, efficient. Full year
blue prints of hand machines you can MISCELLANEOUS guarantee. Full price, $14.95, prepaid,
build. Mailed postpaid 25c, coin or SEND FOR: List of dried floral materials cash or C.O.D. Order from California
Stamps. Old Prospector, Box 729, Desk for arrangements, home decorating. Mel Typewriter Exchange, 1260 West Second
5, Lodi, California. Capper, Box 70, Palm Springs, California. St., Los Angeles 26, California.

"Rawhide Jimmy" Transferred . . . Tagged Pheasants Released . . . Inyo-Mono Streams Protected . . .
COTTONWOOD — Tuzigoot Na- FORT INDEPENDENCE — More INYO—Governor Earl Warren has
tional Monument lost its superinten- than 250 adult pheasants, including signed Senate Bill No. 78, requiring
dent and the mine museum in Jerome 168 roosters and hens, were released that water be left in Inyo-Mono
its founder, planner and chief architect in the Fort Independence area in July streams for the preservation of fish
when James W. Beaver, Jr., accepted by the California Department of Fish and wildlife. The new law is designed
a transfer by the National Park Service and Game. The group is specially to prevent drying up of streams, as
to Wupatki National Monument north- tagged, and a follow-up study will be occurred recently in the Owens River
east of Flagstaff. Beaver, known as made during the open season to deter- Gorge.—Inyo Independent.
"Rawhide Jimmy," had been at Tuzi- mine the survival and the take by • • •
goot three years. Twenty years ago hunters. More pheasants will be re- Sea Rising Despite Heat . . .
he was first resident Park Service em- leased later.—Inyo Independent. INDIO—Salton Sea is not behaving
ploye at Wupatki where he had charge • • • in its accustomed manner this summer.
of archeological excavations. — Verde Landmark Destroyed by Fire . . . C. S. Hale, chief engineer and general
Independent. LONE PINE—The showplace home manager of Coachella Valley County
of Mrs. Peg Putnam at Whitney Portal Water District, reported that on July
CALIFORNIA was completely destroyed by fire in 3 the level of the sea was 236.69 feet
Wetbacks Total 406,507 . . . July. Mrs. Putnam, who was severely below sea level, compared with 236.78
burned in the accident, said she was on June 22—a rise of .09 of a foot.
CALEXICO — Mexican wetbacks trying to light a water heater when it "Normally," Hale said, "the sea should
crossing the California and Arizona exploded, enveloping the house in be going down at this time of year."
borders reached a flood tide of 406,507 flames. The picturesque dwelling was
persons during the fiscal year 1952-53. built nearly 15 years ago by Father
The official figure of apprehended il- John J. Crowley, the "Desert Padre," D O N ' T MISS THIS
legal Mexican migrants was released as a home, retreat and shrine. Damage
by Herman R. Landon, district im- to the dwelling was estimated at $20,-
migration officer for Southern Califor- 000, but relics, curios and museum
nia and parts of western Arizona. The pieces on which Mrs. Putnam could Los Angeles
flood of illegal entrants taxed his lim- place no monetary value also were lost
ited facilities to the utmost, Landon
said, and at times airplanes were in the blaze.—Inyo Independent.
• • •
pressed into service to return the line- POMONA
jumpers.—Los Angeles Times. Ban on Shirtless Strolls . . .
• • • PALM SPRINGS — Expecting
"plenty of discussion," Councilman
Canyon Closed for Summer . . .
Jerry Nathanson proposed at a coun- Presenting an Outstanding Exposition of
PALM SPRINGS — Indian Agent cil meeting that Palm Springs adopt a
Ned Mitchell reminded Palm Springs
visitors that there is no entry to can-
city ordinance prohibiting men from
walking on Palm Canyon Drive with-
yon areas owned by the Mission Band out wearing a shirt. Jerry Bunker, More than a hundred cases from fore-
of Agua Caliente Indians during the most collectors of the Southland including
city attorney, was instructed to draw lapidary equipment in operation and
summer because of the tremendous up such an ordinance. Mayor Charles housed in the magnificent Palace of Agri-
fire hazard. Palm Canyon, which was Farrell said the proposed ordinance culture. In addition a million or more
closed June 2, will reopen about Octo- could start a heated controversy and visitors will find—
ber 1, he said. Meantime, any organ- recalled the opposition when a similar
ized groups, such as Boy Scouts or law was proposed a number of years • AGRICULTURE
church organizations, wishing to make ago. Nathanson indicated his proposal • INDUSTRY
a sightseeing tour may secure a permit was not based on morality or scantiness • CULTURE
for a supervised tour by calling at the of attire. He argued it would help
office, 128 North Indian Avenue. — cafe and restaurant owners to protect Enshrined in America's largest and most
Desert Sun. squeamish customers who do not like beautiful county fair covering 425 acres
filled to overflowing with 41,000 exhibits
• • • to sit next to shirtless men.—Desert of amazing variety and interest. Surfaced
Salton Sea Gains Shellfish . . . Sun. parking for 40.000 cars—with free trams.
INDIO—In its program to bring Thrilling entertainment with horse racing
more anglers to the Salton Sea, the 10 A. AXI) SPRIXG WATER
California Department of Fish and With 3 furn. cottages, desert edge, It's the Biggest Show
Game has turned to ocean shellfish.
Recently 3500 Japanese littleneck
3300 ft. elevation, view for miles,
neighbors, near Apple Valley, a home
and income. 810,000 total terms, see
on Earth for 60c
clams, 20,000 Japanese seed oysters your broker, or write Wm. E. Miller,
and a number of Southern California 614 No. Lemon Ave. Azusa.
clams and mussels were planted in the
large salt water lake. Regional Man-
ager John S. Janssen reported that the
clams were all dead one week after 1000 TRAVEL SCENES
planting, but that the oysters and mus-
sels appeared to be doing well. Estab-
lishment of shellfish populations in the
FREE 1151,
Salton Sea will furnish food for the TSAMPLES 30c WRITE TODAY
ocean fish planted there in the past ' 2x2 color slides for home
few years and may later provide a projection. National Parks,
Science. Nature, etc.
separate sport fishery.—Imperial Val- KELLY D. CHODA
ley Weekly.

SEPTEMBER, 1953 3]
NEVADA in their history, and conditions were quently clash over the primary function
equally critical at Ely where Secretary of water power projects, the engineers
Nevada Assured Power . . . George Swallow of the United Stock- emphasizing flood control and the
CARSON CITY—"We're sure now man's Association appealed for state Reclamation Bureau irrigation. Dex-
that we'll get some power, but we're and federal aid to save remaining heimer said he will follow the power
still trying to work out the details of stock. Even heavy rain could not re- development policies of Secretary of
just how much and when it can be store the burned off rangelands which Interior Douglas McKay.—Las Vegas
delivered," Governor Charles Russell returned waterholes to dust. — Las Review-Journal.
assured Nevada residents. The Ne- Vegas Review-Journal.
vada Colorado River Commission is • • • Okay Hospital Transfer . . .
continuing discussions with Arizona J a c k r a b b i t s M o v e I n . . . WASHINGTON — The House in-
officials to work out an agreement ELY—With drouth conditions pre- terior committee has approved a bill
whereby Nevada can obtain off-peak vailing throughout the state, hoards to transfer operation of Indian hos-
Arizona power.—Las Vegas Review- of jackrabbits moved in on alfalfa, pitals from the Interior Department's
Journal. grain, grass and hay fields, causing ex- Indian Bureau to the Welfare Depart-
• • • tensive damage and further shortening ment's Public Health Service, effective
Desert States Show Gain . . . feed for stock. Frank Morrow, exten- next July 1. The bill would allow the
CALIENTE—Of the three states sion agent for the University of Ne- new Department of Health, Education
which showed the greatest percentage vada, advised ranchers and farmers to and Welfare to turn over the hospitals
of population increase since 1950, two bait access strips to their fields, poi- to state and private non-profit agencies
of them were desert states, according soning the rabbits as they approach whenever such action would better
to figures released by the U. S. Census cultivated areas.—Ely Record. meet health needs of the Indians. —
Bureau. Nevada, Arizona and Florida • • • Humboldt Star.
all showed a gain of more than 10 per- New Reclamation Head Named . . .
cent, Arizona being the greatest with WASHINGTON—New Reclamation NEW MEXICO
14.5 percent. California showed the Commissioner Wilbur A. Dexheimer,
greatest gain in numbers with an in- appointed in July by President Eisen- Object to State Control . . .
crease of 804,000 persons. hower, said his big problem is develop- WASHINGTON — A move to ex-
• • • ing a national water policy that will tend state criminal and civil jurisdic-
Drouth Ckrims Cattle . . . benefit all the people. "If we can get tion over Indian reservations is ap-
LAS VEGAS — A serious drouth such a decision out of Congress, it parently dead as far as New Mexico
swept across the central Nevada cattle will be a long way toward ending the and Arizona are concerned after meet-
belt in July, killing an estimated 200 conflict of interests between the Army ing with opposition from the Navajo
steers in Nye County alone. Old-timers Engineers and the Reclamation Bur- tribe. The House interior committee
at Tonopah called the drouth the worst eau," he added. The two agencies fre- excluded the two states from a bill to
extend state authority over Indian
lands, then approved the bill for pass-

Photo Contest in September... age. "Too few Navajos understand

English to make the measure workable
For the Arizona and New Mexico
September generally is a month of unusual cloud effects in the reservation," argued Norman Littell,
desert country—and clouds are excellent background composition for attorney for the Navajo tribe. As
most types of photographs. There are many subjects for the desert approved, the bill applies only to
photographer — prospectors, Indians, ghost towns, rock formations, California and parts of Minnesota, Ne-
sunsets, wildlife, rare botanical specimens, the field is almost unlimited. braska, Oregon and Wisconsin—Hum-
Again in September Desert Magazine will offer cash prizes for the best boldt Star.
pictures received for publication.
Navajos Face Land Loss . . .
Entries for the September contest must be in the Desert Magazine ALBUQUERQUE — Presidents of
office. Palm Desert, California, by September 20, and the winning three New Mexican Navajo communi-
prints will appear in the November issue. Pictures which arrive too ties are complaining that the Bureau
late for one contest are held over for the next month. First prize is $10; of Land Management threatens to
second prize $5.00. For non-winning pictures accepted for publication throw Indian herders off ancestral
$3.00 each will be paid. lands unless federal grazing fees are
paid. In a letter to Secretary of the
HERE ARE THE RULES Interior McKay made public by James
1—Prints {or monthly contests must be black and white, 5x7 or larger, printed Counselor, veteran Indian trader and
on glossy paper.
2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and friend of the Navajos, the officials
place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour ol day. etc. charged that their pleas to Washington
3—PRINTS WILL BE RETURNED WHEN RETURN POSTAGE IS ENCLOSED. for a hearing on what they consider
4—All entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest unjust grazing charges have gone un-
5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert heeded. "We are told by the Bureau
Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures. of Land Management that if we don't
6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the pay our grazing fees by July 1 we
desert Southwest. will lose our grazing rights in District
7—Judges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made
immediately after the close of the contest each month. 7. How are we going to pay grazing
fees if we don't have no moneys?" the
Address All Entries to Photo Editor letter said. It was signed by five offi-
cials of the off-reservation Navajos of
Ve&ent 7K*$*$iHC PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA northwestern New Mexico. — New

Indian Head Nominated . . . UTAH To Continue Rainmaking . . .
WASHINGTON — Glenn L. Em- Contracts Deny Utah Water . . . MONTICELLO — Eight southern
mons, Gallup banker, has been nom- VERNAL—Due to neglect or over- Utah counties have agreed to continue
inated by President Eisenhower to be sight, Utah technically is not entitled financial support of rainmaking experi-
commissioner of Indian affairs. When to use a drop of Virgin River or other ments which have been conducted in
confirmed by the Senate, Emmons will Colorado River system water below the area for the past two years.
succeed Dillon S. Myer, who resigned. Lees Ferry. This startling fact was Whereas previous contracts have been
Emmons, 57, has been president and pointed out by J, A. Howell, chairman drawn up on a year-to-year basis, the
chairman of the board of the First of the Utah Water and Power Board. one signed by southern Utah stockmen
State Bank of Gallup since 1935. According to Howell, under the Boul- and farmers and a Denver cloud seed-
Friends say he knows at least 1000 der Dam Project Act and subsequent ing firm in July will assure continued
Indians by their first names. The contracts by Secretaries of the Interior, weather modification work for the next
nomination was immediately hailed by all of the 7,500,000 acre feet of water five years.—San Juan Record.
the Navajo tribe, but spokesmen from allocated to the lower basin has been • • •
the All-Pueblo Council criticized the distributed to other states. The board Dinosaur Status Changed . . .
choice, doubting the banker's knowl- is now seeking approval of Governor VERNAL — Dinosaur National
edge of Indian affairs.—New Mexican. J. Bracken Lee to appoint a commis- Monument has been placed directly
• • • sioner to prove Utah's rights to a por- under the regional offices of the Na-
Replacements for Elmer . . . tion of the water.—Vernal Express. tional Park Service at Omaha, Ne-
ALBUQUERQUE—Elmer is dead. • • • braska, according to Monument Super-
The horned toad who won considerable Encourage Tourist Trade . . . intendent Jess H. Lombard. The
notoriety a year ago when he left New SALT LAKE CITY—A series of change became effective July 1. In the
Mexico for Boston and a group of films, books and pamphlets describing past the monument has been under
school children who longed to own an tourist attractions of Utah will be dis- the coordination of Rocky Mountain
honest-to-goodness horned toad, passed tributed to travel agencies and cham- National Park at Estes Park, Colorado,
away in July. "To begin with, the bers of commerce throughout the na- and Superintendent David H. Canfield.
Massachusetts winter was too cold for tion by the Utah Tourist and Publicity The administrative change is a gen-
him," wrote School Superintendent Council. The books will include a eral move throughout the Park Serv-
Harold B. Groves, "and then the chil- comprehensive study of the state and ice. Several other monuments, for-
dren found an article on Elmer in a a recreation guide listing fishing and merly under general or coordinating
national children's paper and shoved hunting possibilities. — Washington superintendents, have been put under
it into his cage. Since he couldn't read County News. direct supervision.— Vernal Express.
it, Elmer ate it. He died a few days • • •
later." Upon learning of Elmer's fate, Improve Monument Roads . . .
sympathizers sent a total of 23 horned VERNAL—Scenic sections of Dino-
toads to take his place.—New Mexican. saur National Monument are more ac-
• • • cessible to tourists now, thanks to con- . AMWHCtf- sernu. VUMC er
I muum rout Business- iKorw.
Increase White Sands Area . . . siderable road improvement work. I Horn, FAHM, MOMS, cue. « w
ALAMOGORDO — White Sands Particular attention was given recently WHCItC YOU WISH TO OO.

National Monument was increased in to the scenic outlook at Harpers Cor-

SSSms, ou« scavice i * NxnoN-wtot.

size by 450 acres in a directive issued ner which affords an excellent view
trieua wwipttTY, WI¥H PICTVMS
. I F po»«v»te. Y O U P * Y us 5 %

in July by President Eisenhower. John- of the deep canyon country.—Vernal


will Farris, superintendent of the mon- • • •
ument, stated he did not have complete Suspect Sheep Malnutrition . . .
information about the land acquisition, CEDAR CITY — Malnutrition
but he believed it was an adjustment rather than radioactivity from atomic
of lands to which the government had bomb explosions at Frenchmen's Flat
no clear title.—Alamogordo News. has been tentatively blamed for the
• • • mysterious disease which recently Keep Your Back
Continue Century-Old Battle . . . caused heavy loss in Utah sheep flocks.
ALBUQUERQUE — Indians from The death of perhaps 1000 head of
Copies of Desert
the Sky City of Acoma have resorted sheep and lambs in the herds of five for Quick Reference
to the white man's court to continue a Cedar City sheepmen who were graz-
102-year-old battle for compensation ing their animals near the atomic prov- Attractive loose-leaf binders
for ancestral lands. They argue the ing grounds in Nevada prompted a in Spanish grain leather, gold-
land was unjustly taken from them by thorough investigation of the mysteri- embossed, are available for
the government in the Acoma Grant ous malady. According to investigators, those Desert readers who want
of 1858 and ask the government to the malnutrition was brought on by to keep their back copies for the
reimburse them for the value of the poor range conditions.—Kane County maps and travel information
land at the time of the grant. The In- Standard. they contain. Each binder holds
dians say Congress confirmed the 12 issues. Easy to insert, and
they open flat.
grant of 95,792 acres without correct Looking for a PUBLISHER? Mailed postpaid for
surveys. And they charge that re- Do you have a book-length manuscript you
would like to have published? Learn about
peated demands that lands not included our unusual plan whereby your book can be $2.00
in the 1858 grant belong to Acoma published, promoted and distributed on a
professional basis. We consider all types of
Indians have been ignored by the gov- work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly
ernment since the first protest in 1851. and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
come. For more information, write for valu-
The Indians claim the lands have been able booklet D. It's free.
theirs "since God created this earth." 6356 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood 28, Calif. PALM DESERT. CALIFORNIA
—New Mexican. Main Office: New York 1, N. Y.

SEPTEMBER, 1953 33

$ 9.03 S 7.98
29.40 25.67
32.76 29.08 Unanimously elected to offices in the Hol- At the June dinner meeting of Los Ange-
43.20 36.12 lywood Lapidary Society were Glenn Els- les Lapidary Society, Clarence Chittenden
51.97 39.84 felder. president; W. A. Stephenson, vice- was elected president. Serving on his board
65.73 51.40
125.73 State president; Mr. and Mrs. Kephart. treasurers; during the 1953-54 season will be Howard
188.05 Arbor lmogene Wilson, director. Evans, first vice-president; Charles Cook,
sales tax in California. Size second vice-president; Charles Parsons,
• • •
Allow for Postage and Insurance
INSTALL NEW OFFICERS treasurer; Mrs. Claire Schroeder, recording
secretary, and Mrs. Nell Stein, correspond-
Covington Ball Bearing Grinder AT ANNUAL BANQUET MEETING ing secretary. Dinner speaker was Dr. Ru-
and shields are
At its annual banquet in Oakland, Cali- dolph Von Huene of California Institute
furnished in 4
fornia, the East Bay Mineral Society elected of Technology, whose subject was "Thin
sizes and pr'
the following officers: Ernest M. Stone, Sections."
r a n g e s to s u i t
president; Dr. F. M. Yockey, vice-president; • • •
y onr require-
Mrs. Dennis C. Patterson, secretary, and
ments. Water and
W. R. Watson, treasurer. Directors are RARE MINERALS FOUND
grit proof.
Sidney Smith, Robert W. Weichman and IN RIVERSIDE QUARRY
Clarence Cole. George L. Higson is club Two rare minerals have been added to
COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW historian, and library duties will be con- the list of one of the world's largest natural
tinued by Mrs. O. R. Russell. mineral collections found at Crestmore
and motor are com- • • • Quarry near Riverside, California. Scawtite
pact and do not
splash. Save blades NEBRASKANS ELECT OFFICERS and Afwillite were discovered recently by
and clothing with Dr. Joseph Murdoch, geologist from the
this saw. BEFORE CLOSING FOR SUMMER University of California at Los Angeles.
At the last meeting before fall for Ne- The former, a colorless crystalline calcium
BUILD YOUR OWN LAP braska Mineral and Gem Club, Omaha, of- carbonate-silicate, has been found in only
and SAVE with a COV-
ficers were elected for the coming year. two other locations in the world—Ireland
INGTON 12" or 16" Lap
Thomas A. Cherry is new president; Arthur and Montana. Afwillite also has but two
Kit. We furnish every-
Henry, vice-president; John Hufford, secre- other known sources—Ireland and the Kim-
thing you need. Send
tary-treasurer. Directors are Harry Cowles, berley region of Africa. Neither mineral
for free catalog.
Monroe Dodds, Mrs. Earl Grantham and has any commercial value, but both are of
Joe B. Kieny. interest to geologists because of their rarity
• • • and unusual structure. The discovery of
SAN FRANCISCO SOCIETY the two minerals brings to more than 130
'Multi-Feature the total number of minerals known to
16" Lai) Unit
PLANS GEM FAIR IN OCTOBER exist in the quarry.
, everything October 17 and 18 are the dates chosen • • •
for you. by the Northern California Mineral Society Dr. Arthur Montgomery
for its San Francisco Gem and Mineral discuss his new book, Pre-Cambrian was invited to
Fair. The show will be open to the public ogy of the Picuris Range, North Central Geol-
12' 14" 4 free of charge, and it will feature exhibits New Mexico, at a meeting of the Santa Fe
or 10" W covering the lapidary, mineral collecting and Gem and Mineral Club.
Power Peed
Diamond jewelry making hobbies. • • •
Saws • • •
The front range region to the west of
SAVE CLUB PLANS FIFTH ANNUAL Denver was the July destination of Colo-
BLADES EXHIBIT AT COUNTY FAIR rado Mineral Society. The area yields py-
Victor Valley Gem and Mineral Club rite, chalcopyrite, rhodochrosite, galena,
Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE is holding its fifth annual exhibit this year sphalerite and other sulfide minerals.
in conjunction with the San Bernardino • • •
COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY County Fair. August 26-30 at the fair- An unusual line of "cosmetics" was dem-
Redkmds, California grounds in San Bernardino, California. onstrated by Vearl Hooper for the ladies
of Dona Ana County Rockhound Club,
Las Cruces, New Mexico. He daubed Annie
THIS MONTH Hooper with household products such as
SPECIAL No. 7.! TII'S iodine, mentholatum, machine oil and vaso-
4 for $1.00 Sterling silver—tax paid. line, then showed the results under a
Is cone shaped cap. Cement over
baroque stones. Cement for 60c. fluorescent light.
Free SVixll" illust. catalog other • • •
findings and mountings for asking.
Joe Zimmerman, field trip chairman of
DOCKSTADER'S La < • , , . " caUf. Tacoma Agate Club, planned a July outing
to Roosevelt to search for petrified wood.

A Complete Lapidary Shop
Only $43.50
• Ideal for apartment house dwellers. BEFORE YOU BUY

Polish rocks into beautiful gems.
Anyone can learn.
• Instructions included. The world-famous HIUQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
Write for Catalog. 25c LAPIDARY EQUIP. CO. 1545 w. 49 « „ SEATTLE 7. WASH
3632 W. Slauson Ave.. Los Angeles 43. Cal.
Phone Axminster 2-6206

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when you make ultra-violet study and mineral sample collection your hobby.

Ultra-violet MINERALIGHT
opens up new, strange worlds
No. 404 MODEL
Contains special bat- —gorgeous colors and reac-
tery circuit for MIN-
ERALIGHT SL-2537 Completely tions you never knew existed.
or SL-3660. Case self-contained, Make this exciting hobby
MINERALIGHT SL-2537 holds l a m p , b a t - battery operated,
teries, built-in day- weighs only 31:i lbs. YOUR hobby!
All purpose lamp, operates on $34.50 plus battery (80c)
110V AC, weighs only 1 lb. .'J39.50 light viewer. .$19.50
(Plus Bats. $4.50) Complete: SL-2537, LEARN TO RECOGNIZE
When you use Ultra-Violet's
A high quality 110V AC lamp giv- be able to recognize the pat-
MODEL ing excellent intensity and cover- terns and colors that samples
TH MODEL age for mineral sample exhibits
and displays. Price $34.75. Other
fluoresce. Mineral sets, pack-
aged in varied aasortmenta of
Has bulb
rated at
SL-3660-LONG WAVE multiple-
the various minerals you will
110V AC unit. (Can be used as a tube
1000-2000 models encounter, are valuable aids.
hours of use with 90-day guar- portable unit for field work in con- Ultra • Violet MINERALIGHT
junction with Carrying Case Nos. available.
antee. Includes a transformer rays show them in all their
with switch for continuous high 303, 404, or 505.) Weight 1 lb. $29.50 exciting colors—permit you to
efficiency. Price $17.50. Model H recognize what you find in
is similar, same bulb, except has Some materials fluoresce to short wave lengths and some to long wave lengths. the field. Mineral sets are
resistance cord instead of trans- Others will react to both wave lengths but with different color responses. available at only $2.50 per set
former. Approximately Vi the in- Although practically all commercially important minerals (the ones that have of 10 specimens, carefully pack-
tensity of the TH. $12.50 real monetary value) are activated by short wave, many collectors specialize aged in foam plastic.
in the more unusual long wave minerals.

See MINERALIGHT in Action! Your Dealer Has It!

Here is a partial list oi the more than 500 Ultra-Violet MINERALIGHT dealers ready to serve you—coast to coast.
ALASKA Los Angeles San Carlos Ancient Buried City NEW MEXICO Nixon Blue Print Co.
Mineral Equip. Sales & Black Light Corp. or Lloyd Underwood. Wickliffe New Mexico Minerals Wilson Tower.
Research Los Angeles 1027 E. San Carlos Ave. Corpus Christ!
LOUISIANA 11003 Central N.E.,
Box 1442. Fairbanks 5403 Santa Monica Blvd. Son Diego Albuquerque Greene Brothers, Inc.
The Bradleys Gem Arts, 4286 Marlborougr. Riley's
423 Crockett St., Shreveport Adobe Crafters 1812 Griffin. Dallas
ARIZONA 4639 Crenshaw Blvd. Plummer's Minerals Don A. Carpenter Co.
Gritzner's Minerals Engineers Syndicate. Ltd. 4720 Point Loma Ave. MASSACHUSETTS Rt. 2, Box 341, Santa Fe P.O. Box 1741. El Paso
135 N. SirrlneSt., Mesa 5011 Hollywood Blvd. Superior Gems & Minerals Schortmann's Minerals NEW YORK Bell Reproduction Company
A. V. Herr Laboratory 4665 Park Blvd. 6 McKinley Ave., 907 Throckmorton.
Pratt-Gilbert Hardware Co. 5176 Hollywood Blvd. New York Laboratory Sup.
701 S. 7th St., Phoenix San Francisco Easthampton Fort Worth
Jasper Junction Lapidary Co. Inc.
Leo Kaufmann Quabbin Book House 78 Varick St.. New York City Industrial Scientific, Inc.
Sam'l Hill Hardware Co. 1112 Neola St. 729 Harrison St.
142 S. Montezuma St., J. J. Jewelcraft Ware 1014 Taylor St., Fort Worth
San Gabriel New York Scientific Sup. Co. Ridgway's
Prescott 2732 Colorado Blvd. MICHIGAN 28 W. 30th St..
Rainbow Gem Company 615 Caroline St., Houston
Randolph Oak Creek Canyon Mine & Mill Machinery Co. 546 W. Mission Dr. Int'l. Stamp Bureau New York City
Mineral Shop, Sedona 310 E. 3rd St. 125 W. Adams Ave., Detroit Panther City Office Sup. Co.
Shannon Luminous Soquel The Radlac Co. Inc. 315 N. Colorado, Midland
Mission Curio Mart Thompson's Mineral Studio MINNESOTA 489 5th Ave., New York City Farquhars Rocks ai
4400 Mission Road, Tucson Materials Co. P.O. Box 124 Nokomis Lapidary &
7356 Sta. Monica Blvd. Standard Scientific Sup. Corp. Minerals
Hazel E. Wright South Pasadena Watch Shop 34 W. 4th St.. 134 Hollenbeck. San Antonio
30 Cochise Row, Warren Stratex Instrument Co. Dunham Economy 3840 26th Ave. So., New York City
1861 Hillhurst Ave. Concentrator Co. Minneapolis East Texas Photocopy Co.
Nopo 853 Mission St. OHIO 308 N. Broadway St., Tyler
Brandt's Rock & Gem Shop COLORADO Asterley Ozark Shop Akron Lapidary Co. UTAH
House of Hobbies, Rt. 4 1034-A Sonoma Hiway 1095 Chalker St., Akron Dr. H. T. Plumb
Hot Springs Nat'l. Park The Gem Exchange U.S. Hwy 61-67, De Soto 2400 Sunnyside Ave.,
Needles Gem Village. Bayfleld Cincinnati Museum of
McShan's Gem Shop Craven's Diamond Shop Co. Nat. His. Salt Lake City
Highway 66 Black Light Corp. of 2008 Bryant Bldg., WASHINGTON
CALIFORNIA Colorado Central Pkwy at Walnut,
North Hollywood Kansas City Cincinnati Fulmer's Agate Shop
Berkeley Modern Science Laboratories 209 Johnson Bldg., Denver Cy Miller 5212 Rainier Ave., Seattle
Minerals Unlimited 8049 St. Clair Ave. Rlley's Reproduction 110 E. 13th St., Kansas City OREGON
1724 University Ave. 1540 Glenarm Place, Denver Prospector's Equipment Co.
Orange Cove MONTANA The Rock Market 2022 Third Ave.. Seattle
Big Pine Wm. M. Clingan, Shelden's Minerals Agency R. 1, Box 225, Eagle Point
Bedell's Mercantile 307 14th St., Denver Yellowstone Agate Shop
Clingan's Jet. Box 4, Hiway 89, Livingston The House of Guns C M . Fassett Co..
118 N. Main St. Highway 180 Eckert Mineral Research 111 Washington St., W. 7 Trent Ave., Spokane
Bishop Palo Alto 112 E. Main St., Florence NEBRASKA Garibaldi
Hastings Typewriter Co. Tacoma Lapidary Sup. Co.
Bishop Hardware & Sup. Co. Fisher Research Labor., Inc. Palmer's Lapidary & 631 St. Helens Ave.. Tacoma
336 N. Main St. 518 W. 3rd St., Hastings Hodge Podge Agate &
1961 University Ave. Fixit Shop Supply Shop
Buena Park 1503 N. College, Ft. Collins Irwin's Gem Shop
Pasadena NEVADA 322 Hiway 99 S., Grants Pass
Ghost Town Rock & Bernstein Brothers Toiyabe Supply Company 381 Chase Ave., Walla Walla
Grieger's Wrlghtway Gemcrafters
Book Shop 1633 E. Walnut St. 164 N. Mechanic St., Pueblo Gabbs Williams Lapidary Supply
Knott's Berry Farm P.O. Box 4, Hauser
Paso Robles D. C Washington Woodfords Cash Store, P.O. Box 50. Waterville
Canoga Park Woodfords, Calif., Smith's Fluorescents WISCONSIN
Coast Counties Pump & Gem Lapidary Rm. 311-220 S.W. Alder,
Warren C. Bieber Elec. Co. P.O. Gardnervllle, Nev. C-C Distributing Company
7229 Remmet Ave. 2006 Florida Ave. N.W., Portland
1240% Park St. Washington, D.C. Arthur C. Terrill 3104 W. VlietSt., Milwaukee
Dorothy's Gift Shop
Castro Valley Placerville FLORIDA 15 Water St.. Henderson 4639 N. Stephens, Roseburg The House of Hobbies
The Sterling shop, Enterprises Unlimited 721 W. Wisconsin, Milwaukee
8679 Castro Valley Blvd. Rock & Shell Shop Rock Hollow, White's Furniture
Rt. 3, Box 143 Last Frontier Village 1218 M St., Sweet Home The Stones Throw Rock Shop
2033 Red Road
Compton Randsburg & Rldgecrest Las Vegas 221 S. Main St., Walworth
Compton Rock Shop Coral Gables PENNSYLVANIA
1409 S. Long Beach Blvd. W. A. Hunkammer GEORGIA Ken Dunham CANADA
Lost Cave Mineral Shop
Redlands Owen Hoffman P.O. Box 150, Mina Lost Cave, Hellertown Riley's Reproductions Ltd.
Fresno Covington Lapidary
Pacific Mill & Mine Sup. Co. N. Alexander Ave., 630 8th Ave. W.
Engineering Commercial Hardware Co TENNESSEE Calgary, Alta.
530 Van Ness Ave. 1st & Hiway 99 Washington 500 E. 4th St., Reno Technical Products Company Milburns Gem Shop
IDAHO 19 N. Dunlap. Memphis
Olmdala Reedier Nevada Gem Shop 1605 Trans-Canada Hwy..
Paseoes Tyler Jack The Sawtooth Company 335 East 4th. Reno New Westminster, B.C.
Hare's Pharmacy 1115 Grove St., Boise TEXAS
1414 W. Glenoaks Nevada Mineral Laboratories D & B Engineering Co. Inc. Cave & Company Ltd.
Lodl Riverside S. V. Hlgley 1510 S. 14th St., Abilene
Armstrong's 336 Morrill Ave., Reno 567 Hornby St..
Hurrle's Gem Shop 1718 Albion Ave., Burley Dwight's Vancouver. B.C.
Rt. 2, Box 516 3825 7th St. ILLINOIS Tonopah Studio
Long Beach P.O. Box 331. Tonopah 516 Tyler St., Amarillo Sharpe Instruments Ltd.
Sacramento Tom Roberts Rock Shop
Elliott Gem & Mineral Shop MacClanahan & Son 1006 S. Michigan Ave., Odom's 6038 Yonge St.,
235 E. Seaside Blvd. 3461 2nd Ave. Chicago NEW JERSEY Star Rt A, Box 32-C. Austin Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ont.
Gordon's Gem & Mineral Ivan Ogden Ret R. Latta Lapidary Equip. Para Laboratory Sup. Co.
Supplies 520 56th St. 254 Pearl Ave., Loves Park 221 N. Hermitage Ave.,
1850 E. Pac. Coast Hwy.
San Bernardino KENTUCKY
Mohave Sales, Inc. Greenwood's Ben E. Clement Westfleld Lapidary & Sup. Co. 145 Pasadena Ave.. South Pasadena, Calif.
1768 Atlantic Ave. 455 Third St. Marlon 309 Hyslip Ave., Westfleld

SEPTEMBER, 1953 35
G E fill I I 1 A R T A D V E R T I S I N G R A T E
10c a W o r d . . . Minimum $1.50
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting ma- FOR SALE: Beautiful purple petrified SAN FERNANDO VALLEY
terials, specimen boxes—24 %-inch Black wood with uranium, pyrolusite, manga- SHOW SEPTEMBER 26, 27
Hills minerals identified. Black Hills nite. Nice sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie
gold jewelry. Send for complete list and Baker, Cameron, Arizona. September 26 and 27 are dates set by the
prices. The Rock House, Mac-Mich San Fernando Valley Mineral and Gem
Minerals Co., Custer, South Dakota. McSHAN'S GEM SHOP—open part time, Society for its 1953 show. Exhibits will be
or find us by directions on door. Cholla displayed in the group's regular meeting
MOJAVE DESERT GEMSTONE, beautiful cactus wood a specialty, write for prices. place, the Victory-Van Owen Playground,
moss, plumes, rainbow, Horse Canyon, 1 mile west on U. S. 66. Needles, Cali- 12240 Archwood, North Hollywood, Calif-
banded and other gemstone from many fornia, Box 22. ornia. A wide variety of mineral specimens
parts of the country. Send for our De- and lapidary work will be shown.
Luxe Selection of 25 sq. inches, or an AUSTRALIAN cutting fire opal, specimens, • • •
8 lb. mixture of high grade gemstone for cutting material. H. A. Ivers, 1400 Ha- Several good agates—including a seven-
$5.00 shipped prepaid with our money cienda Blvd., La Habra, California. pound one found by Hilda Stuvetro—were
back guarantee. Hunt your gemstone in MINERAL SPECIMENS, cabochons and brought members
back by Minnesota Mineral Club
from a field trip to Little Falls.
our rock yard; we will ship prepaid and cutting material of all kinds, western
insured, 50 sq. inches selected gemstone jewelry. Beautiful travertine for book The specimens were found in a nearby
for your approval, send 25c per inch for ends, paper weights, spheres etc. Write gravel pit.
what you keep and return the balance for prices. Eighteen miles south of Battle • • •
prepaid and insured. Write for our gem- Mountain at Copper Canyon, John L. Ronald Geitskell demonstrated sandcast-
stone price list. We sell Highland Park James, Box 495, Battle Mountain. Nev. ing for Glendalc Lapidary and Gem Society.
lapidary equipment, Congo reversible saw « - •
blades, write for literature. San Fernando LODESTONE — Magnetic Rock Mineral Frank Wilcox of Oakland was guest
Valley Rock Shop, 6329 Lindley Ave., (Magnetite). Uses and interesting legen- speaker for Sacramento Mineral Society at
Reseda, California. dary folklore story and superstitions with a recent meeting. He discussed jade, rho-
each order. $1.00 postpaid for super- donite and opal, displaying sample speci-
NEW MEXICO'S finest red Calcite for sale. charged piece of ore approximately 1 lb. mens of each.
Fluoresces strawberry red under short Write for prices, larger quantities, Olm-
wave lamp. Rattlesnake Calcite, fluor- stead Manufacturing Company, Depart- • • •
esces pink and phosphoresces blue under ment 8, 116 East Markham Street, Little Society. At the July picnic of Evansville Lapidary
short wave lamp. $1.20 lb. postpaid or Rock, Arkansas. Evansville, Indiana, Ralph Drury,
$75.00 per 100 lbs., freight paid. Satis- director of the Cincinnati Natural History
faction guaranteed or money refunded. SUNSTONE (Feldspar): Rough. These Museum, presented a program of movies.
Tom Ellis, Rt. 2, Box 492, Waco, Texas. gems will polish to almost the brilliance The picnic was held at Angel Mounds.
of a diamond, Vi lb., about 80 stones • • •
PONY BUTTE Thundereggs from the or- $4.00 postpaid. J. Banasco, Plush, Ore. A campfire program followed Minnesota
iginal Priday Ranch in Central Oregon. Mineral Club's Annual picnic, held at Har-
$1.25 per pound and 5 pounds for $5.00. GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- rison Park in St. Paul, Minnesota. Bill Bing-
Hastings Typewriter Co., Hastings, Neb. cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, ham gave a report on the Midwest Federa-
where to collect and buy, many dealer tion Convention held in St. Louis this year.
BOOKS: Beginners to advanced. Gemology, advertisements. Completely covers the a • •
mineralogy, geology, etc. Write today hobby. The rockhound's own magazine Members of San Fernando Valley Min-
for free price list. Gem Finders, 859 for only $3.00 a year (12 full issues) or eral and Gem Society were urged to bring
North Ramona, Hawthorne, California. write for brochure and booklist. Mineral "bragging rocks" and "swapping rocks" to
Notes and News, Box 716B. Palmdale, the September meeting. A campfire pro-
California. gram and community sing were planned.
• • •
North Shore of Lake Superior was the
will pay you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock destination of Minnesota Mineral Club on
Roost. We buy, sell, or exchange min- an August outing. Thomsonite, mesolite,
eral specimens. Visitors are always wel- Iintonite, howlandite and amethyst are to be
Bring the delightful fragrance come. Ken-Dor Rock Roost, 419 Sut- found there, as well as thunder eggs and
of the Pinyon Forest into your ter, Modesto, California. agate. The group camped overnight and had
home or office. The burner is a two days of hunting.
miniature model of the outdoor ROCKHOUNDS, ARCHEOLOGISTS and
baking ovens used by prehis- collectors of Indian relics are discover- GOLDEN & BACON Stripe Onyx from
ing that Southern Utah is a rewarding Columbus, N. M. Small unpolished, un-
toric Indians, and still in use in section to visit. Write for free folder. sorted, sawed on one side, pieces, postpaid
New Mexico pueblos. When Ranch Lodge Motel, Kanab, Utah. to anywhere in Continental U. S. two
the little cones of genuine pin- dollars. Ton prices on application. Proc-
yon pine are burned in this tiny OPALS AND SAPPHIRES rough, direct essing plant for sale. A. J. Evans, Deming,
from Australia. Cutting opal, 1 ounce New Mexico.
oven the aroma is a breath of $5, $10, $20, $30 and $60. Blue sap-
the outdoor Southwest. phires, 1 ounce $10, $30, and $60. Star GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color,
sapphires, 12 stones $10, $20, and $30, blue and bluish green, cut and polished
Kills kitchen and bathroom cabochons—25 carats (5 to 10 stones
etc. Post free and insured. Send inter-
odors and removes the smell of national money order, bank draft. Aus- according to size) $3.50 including tax,
stale tobacco. Pueblo Indians tralian Gem Trading Co., 49 Elizabeth postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats
burn pinyon for nasal and St., Melbourne, Australia. Free list of (10 to 20 cabochons) $6.15 including
all Australian stones rough and cut, 16 pp. tax, postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem &
bronchial ailments. Mineral Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd., Long
Burner and 15 cones....$1.50 Beach 2, California.
ONYX BLANKS, unpolished, black 25c
Burner and 54 cones.... 2.70 each; red, green, blue 35c each. Perfect DENDRITIC OPAL, Kansas, good polish-
Extra cones, 36 for 1.25 cut titanium. Fine cutting and polishing ing stone, only $1.25 a pound. Hastings
at reasonable prices. Prompt attention to Typewriter Co., Hastings, Nebraska.
Postpaid to You mail orders. Juchem Bros., 315 West 5th
St., Los Angeles 13, California. TONOPAH, Nevada, is where C. C. Boak
over, boxed, identified, described, mounted.
lives, with his outstanding, scientific,
world-wide collection of Mineral, Gem
and semi-Gemstone species—spectacular
Palm Desert, California Postpaid $4.00. Old Prospector, Box 729, crystal groups, etc. Visitors welcome. C.
Lodi, California. C. Boak, 511 Ellis St., Tonopah, Nevada.

MINERAL SHOW PLANNED Wyoming State Mineral and Gem Soci-
AT PARADISE FALL FETE eties convened in Cheyenne for two days
Paradise Gem and Mineral Club will stage
of exhibits and meetings. Approximately
1000 visitors registered. Displays covered PRECISION RADIATION
its annual show this year in conjunction with
the Paradise Fall Festival and Apple Show,
all phases of the mineral collecting and
lapidary hobbies.
September 25 to 27 in the Veterans' Mem- • • • TAKES PRIDE I N
orial Building in Paradise, California. Committees were named and plans for ANNOUNCING THE
• • • the coming year mapped at the annual
It was "Stump the Experts Night" re-
cently for San Antonio Rock and Lapidary
Society, San Antonio, Texas. A panel of
members attempted answers to questions
picnic and outdoor meeting of Palm Desert's
Shadow Mountain Gem and Mineral So-
ciety held in Idyllwild. California. Heading
committees in 1953-54 will be Mary Ann
offered from the audience. The following Wahrer, membership; Dorothy Darlington, * Patent Fending
meeting featured a lecture on crystallogra- constitution and by-laws; Henry Hyatt,
phy and the formation of west Texas agate. field trips; Joe Hughes, program; Don But-
• • • terworth, gem shows; Ray Purves, educa-
tion; Margarita Kerschner, club historian MODEL 111
Mr. and Mrs. George Cahoon were hosts
to Wasatch Gem Society recently. They and publicity; Maurice Wright, bulletin edi- Portable
guided a trip through the Interstate Brick tor; Blanche Bechoff, hospitality, and Henry Scintillation
Company factory in Salt Lake City, then Dupske, custodian.
opened their home for an outdoor meeting. • • • Counter
• • • Hollywood Lapidary Society joined the
Meteorites were discussed by Victor Ar- Los Angeles Lapidary Society on a summer
ciniega at a summer meeting of Los Ange- field trip to Horse Canyon, California.
les Lapidary Society. • • •
• • • A perfect attendance record was chalked • Made in the U. S. A. by Precision • 100
Semimonthly outdoor potluck supper up by the jewelry class of Tacoma Agate times the sensitivity of the best Geiger
Counter • Suitable for aerial surveys or
meetings are on the summer agenda of El Club which completed its six-week course surveys from moving vehicles • Accuracy
Paso Mineral and Gem Society, El Paso, June 29. Instructors were Chet Barton and within 5% of Vt full scale reading • Uses
Texas. Edith Heilman. latest type RCA 6199 photomultiplier tube
• • • • Uses newest simplified circuit • Used
• • • by U. S. Geological Surrey and the Atomic
Potluck supper was enjoyed by Fresno Quartz crystals with chlorite inclusions Energy Commission • Waterproof and
tropicalized probe • Weight only 614 lbs.
Gem and Mineral Society at Member Min- were prizes brought back by Northern Cali- Probe 2 lbs. • Only two simple controls
nie La Roche's tearoom in Fresno. After fornia Mineral Society rockhounds from • Long battery life • Ranges .025, .05, .25,
eating, members swapped rocks. a recent field trip to Shingle Springs. Dur- 1, S and 25 MR/HR.
• • • ing their hunting, the members came upon Price Complete only $495.00
"Mineral exploration was the primary a small creek and spent some hours panning Write for free catalog on the "Scintillator"
purpose of the Byrd Expedition to Antarc- for gold. The trip was planned by Bob and our complete line of Geiger Counters
tica," L. C. Musselman told members of White, club president. and metal locators.
Pacific Mineral Society. Much of the data DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED
obtained is still secret, but the speaker said
copper, iron, radium, asbestos, shales and FIRE OPAL MEXICO PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS
limestone were found as well as coal and Fine minerals, Aztec agate and other 2235DS South La Brea Ave.
fern fossils evidencing a semi-tropical cli- Los Angeles 16, California
CHOICE cutting materials
mate prevailed in the region at one time.
Minnesota Mineral Club has a "stone RALPH E. MUELLER & SON • Specializing in •
bank" which accepts contributions from 1000 E. Camelback Phoenix, Arizona FINE FOREIGN GEMS
members for use as door prizes and gifts AND MINERALS
for guest speakers.
• • • Lapidary Equipment and Supplies
NEW CATALOGS AVAILABLE Gem drills—Jewelry tools—Sterling
Gem Cutters Guild members Rex Pagett, Geiger Counters, Mineralights, Books, Trim Jewelry Mountings—Books—Mineralights
Gertrude Saling and Mr. and Mrs. A. C. Saws, Fluorescents, Ores, Gems, Ring
Gustafson displayed minerals, gems and Mounts, or advice, write to— SUPERIOR GEMS & MINERALS
Indian arrowheads at a meeting in Los 4665 Park Blvd.. San Diego 16. California
Angeles. Minerals Unlimited Open 10:30 A.M. to 8:00 P.M.
1734 University Ave., Berkeley 3, California Closed Sundays


No. 401 with 2 Pegs
5 for $1.00. Sterling Silver. Reg-
ular $1.35. All taxes included.
18" Neckchatns. 3 for $1. Sterling.
Free catalog other findings and
mountings for asking.

DOCKSTADER'S i,a Crescenta, Calil.

• •

• • • • • • •


•" .•; i
• ;

k • •'•:
tyau've 'Seen *&oo&ttty- "pott


Red Plume, Pom Pom and many other types
of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate,
8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on
' "®• V
Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla
Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry

Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings

17 miles So. on Hwy 118

: Write for Folder With Prices

fi%' '
Lapidary Supplies
Cutting Material

Send for Free Price List
235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2. CALIF.
16208 S. Clark Ave., Bellflower, California . • : • • •
Across from West End of Municipal
Store hours 10 a.m. to 7 p.m.. Closed Auditorium Grounds
Sunday and. Monday
Phone Torrey 743-09 Hours 10 A.M. to 9 P.M. Daily Except Monday

SEPTEMBER, 1953 37
Gem Cutters Guild of Los Angeles won A full day was planned by John Hufford
first-prize honors for the best gem exhibit for a field trip group from Nebraska Min-
1953 OREMASTER in the recent San Diego convention of the eral and Gem Club. After an unproductive
MINERAL DETECTORS California and American Federations of morning trip to the Roca Quarry, a picnic
Mineralogical Societies. Having won this was held at Lincoln's Antelope Park with
award also in 1949 and 1950, the society rockhounds from Hastings Nebraska Gem
now gains permanent possession of the en- Club, following which a tour was made of
graved prize plaque. A 386-carat blue topaz; exhibits at Nebraska University. Late in
spheres of tourmaline, amethyst, garnet and the afternoon, the group drove to the Gage
beryl; a sterling silver tree studded with County Highway Quarry southeast of town.
amethyst, citrine and other quartz stones; The quarry is high in the hills above Blue
arrowheads and many other single cut gems River Valley, and only the upper strata of
were included in the prize-winning case. All the Permian formations are exposed. The
were cut by club members. In charge of the top limestone layer produced poor to fair
Will detect ALL radioactive min- display were Howard A. Boblet, chairman: quartz crystals in vugs. Racing against
erals, as well as gold, lead, silver, Dorothy Craig, Ross Jester, Earnest Pauls, darkness, the field trippers then transferred
copper, manganese, titanium etc., as Louis Roth, Arthur Terry, Jack Craig and operations 15 miles southwest and found
well as hundreds of other valuable Ralph Nowak. some good barium sulphate crystals before
minerals, when they are associated • • • the sun set. These crystals, sometimes called
with or have a radiation content,
which they frequently have. Extra Helen and Stan Brattaine came up with "Odell diamonds." are diamond-shaped
powerful and sensitive, to locate a rockhound limerick in the July issue of parallelograms having opposite angles of
78 and 102 degrees. Some measured an
deeper mineral deposits. Has built- Rockhouncls Call, Compton Gem and Min- eighth of an inch while larger ones meas-
in speaker, no ear phones to wear, eral Club Bulletin: ured one-half inch. Some of the creamy
no meter to watch. Makes prospect- "A collector named Algernon Fox crystals had two or three phantom shapes,
ing easier, simpler and a pleasure [n the attic stored ten tons of rocks. and a few twinnings were found.
for both the professional and ama- When the attic fell in.
teur. Over 4000 acres of minerals He said with a grin, • • •
discovered in 30 days with a single 'Now Fox will have rocks in his socks." " "Brazilian diamonds, because of their very
Oremaster. • • • fine grain, take twice as long to cut as Afri-
Model H.D.D.-53—$129.50 prepaid The Stone Age, bulletin of Sf nta Fe Gem can diamonds," F. F. Frost of Belmont,
and Mineral Society, published a warning diamond cutter for leading San Francisco
for litterbugs: "When the old Spanish Con- jewelers, told members of the Gem and
White's Electronics. quistadores stopped at what is now In- Mineral Society of San Mateo County,
1218 M. St. Sweet Home, Oregon scription Rock in New Mexico, some of California. According to Frost, it usually
them cut in the face of that great stone takes about a day, using a thin sheet of
the words, Paso por aqui (There passed bronze, to cut a one-carat stone. Only five
this way) and then their names, sometimes percent of diamonds mined are of gem
Vacation Is Over
Hobbies will start again so set the items
with a few words of the story of their ex- type. The other 95 percent together with
ploration and conquest. Today, when the amounts ground away in the shaping of
people litter a lovely picnic site or mine gems—and, he said, a stone loses 50 to
you need before classes begin dump with paper plates, cup? and other 60 percent in cutting—goes into commercial
FOR THE LAPIDARY OR STONE CUTTER trash, they too write on the face of the uses for polishing powders, cutting tools
til to 50 sq. inch assortment of slabs. earth, "Paso por aqui and sign their names." and the like.
These will make some beautiful cabochons • • • • • •
(I. F. T.) $2.40
8 lbs. assorted chunk material 2.00 Annual auction of San Fernando Valley Tacoma Agate Club of Tacoma, Wash-
BUKMTE—Finest top grade, per lb. 6.00
Mineral and Gem Society netted $168.11 ington, invited members and friends of the
Lower grade for spec. & cutting, lb. 1.00 for the club treasury. society to its annual picnic, scheduled Aug-
Per square inch (I.F.T.) - .48 • • • ust 16 at Salt Water State Park. Games,
JAI>E—Nice medium green color V2 11). 6.00 The metal thallium derives its name from prizes and swimming were planned after
Per square inch (I.F.T.) .96 the Greek word thallos, meaning "green potluck luncheon. In addition to a swap
TEMPLATE—for marking stones. Mm. sizes twig." It shows as a green line in the table, each person brought a wrapped speci-
marked on for standard jewelry mounts 2.00 spectroscope. men for exchange.
(If you do not already haye the grey back
jewelry blank mounting catalog, we will be
glad to send you one upon request. If you
do have it, please do not request another
one, as they are rather expensive to print
and mail.) Felker DI-MET
Yt-Vo. Sunstone (I.F.T.)
Vi-Vo. Peridot (small) (I.F.T.)
'/i-lb. Kunzite (Pala, Calif.) (I.F.T.)
Diamond Blades • Core Drills • Machines
'/4-lb. Amethyst (dark color) (I.F.T,).... 6.00
'/4-lb. Smoky Quartz (golden brow7n)
(I. F. T.) 3.60
',4-lb. Mex. Topaz (small xls.) (I. F. T.) 2.70 Felker DI-MET
Vi-lb. Apatite (Golden) (I.F.T.) 6.00 RIMLOCK BLADES
llenitoite xl. (The World's rarest gem) Accepted for years as the
1 to 114 carat (I.F.T.) 4.62 standard for fasl, smooth
cuts, long life, low cost!
FOR THE GOLD & SILVERSMITHS Finish recuires a mini-
mum of polishing. Wheel
FINISHED CABOCHONS & FACETED GEMS bodies ore made of cop-
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6 different ring stones (I.F.T.) 3.60 from 3 " through 3 6 " .
6 different brooch & pendant stones Felker DI-MET UNILAP-A universal lapidary machine
(I. F. T.) 7.20 designed for multiple operations: grinding, sanding, pol-
6 different genuine faceted gems (I.F.T.) 7.20 ishing and lapping! Spindle operates in either vertical or
Felker DI-MET Continuous horizontal position for maximum convenience and effi-
FOR THE MINERALOGISTS Rim METAL BONDED BLADES ciency. Accessories quickly interchangeable.
A COLLKCTION OF 1(15 DIFFERENT SPE- — Although more expensive in
CIMENS, labeled 4.50 origin-al cost,- DI-MET Metal Felker DI-MET Model
Bulk assortment of $10.00 worth of mineral Bonded.Blades repay in / DH-1— Operates like a
specimens, our choice. (You will be well longer ultimate life and un- circular saw, but blade
pleased) 5.00 usually fast cutting. Usually 1 , dips into coolant stored
preferred in production cut- in aluminum base.
(PLEASE ADD POSTAGE T O ALL ORDERS) ting. Diameters from 2 " Blade can't run dry!
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BULLETIN EDITORS SUGGEST Everett Rock and Gem Club, Everett, Richard Pearl has compiled a history of
Washington, chose the Miller River Forest the Colorado Mineral Society. He read it
HOW TO PRESERVE SPECIMENS Camp for its 1953 "Gemboree." Barbecued at a meeting in Denver. The club was
The editors of the San Fernando Mineral salmon steaks were enjoyed at picnic supper, founded in 1936.
and Gem Society's bulletin. Rocks and Gems and campfire activities afterward. • • •
have some tips for the specimen collector. • • • "Rockhound I.Q." is a regular quiz fea-
"Minerals which become moist in damp air George Green of the Tacoma, Washing- ture in the Sooner Rockologist, bi-monthly
and eventually dissolve are deliquescent. ton, Agate Club, told fellow members how bulletin of the Oklahoma Mineral and Gem
that is, composed of copper sulfate," a re- to reach the arsenic deposits near La Con- Society, Oklahoma City. Questions, all per-
cent article explains. "To prevent their dis- ner. Washington. "Take Highway 99 to Mt. taining to mineralogy, are entertaining as
solution, laquer the specimens and keep in Vernon, then west to La Conner," he wrote well as educational.
a dry atmosphere. Valuable specimens may in the May issue of the club bulletin, Puget • e •
be kept in a case with a tray of quicklime Sounder, "cross the river, take the first gravel Bob Rawlins of Las Vegas, Nevada, told
to absorb the moisture." The opposite road to the left and follow it to its end. Clark County Gem Collectors of his suc-
treatment is advised for minerals which Here is a nice camp site. To find the ar- cessful field trip into Utah for topaz and
lose water and fall to pieces. Effervescent senic, hike east along the trail, along the trilobites. So impressed was his audience,
minerals like opal and turquoise behave high cliff a quarter of a mile, then descend that the club planned a trip to the site.
in this manner, turquoise turning greener to the beach at the end of the little cove.
as it loses water. The San Fernando editors Proceed around the point for another good
suggest keeping these minerals in a moist
atmosphere, laquering them or placing them
in a jar of water.
quarter of a mile and keep going until you
find the mineral area." Green recommended
arsenic ores as colorful additions to mineral
• • •
Jessie Hardman recently presented her
collections. Arsenic is associated most com-
monly with silver, cobalt or nickel ores. Prospectors
"Gem Stones of the United States" pro- Send us your Ores, and
gram for Delvers Gem and Mineral Society,
Downey, California. Outstanding among NfW-Sensafiono/J GEIGER COUNTER Minerals for Testing
the gems she displayed were diamonds from
Arkansas, the Appalachian Mountains and "The SNOOPER* • Reasonable Prices
the Lake Superior district; sapphires from LOW PRICE S O Q • Latest Equipment
ONLY fc*F«5
Montana and North Carolina; emeralds
from North Carolina; star garnets from
Idaho; tourmaline from San Diego and •? Find a fortune-in uranium with this
Send for your price list today.
Riverside counties in California, and benito- new, super-sensitive Geigc-r Counter.
ite, found only in San Benito County, Cali-
Get one for atom bomb defense. So small it fits in the palm of
the hand or in the hip pocket, and yet more sensitive than many
large, expensive instruments. Weighs only 1 VA lbs. Uses flash-
light battery. Low price includes earphone, radio active sample,
• • • instructions. Sold with ironclad moneyback guarantee.
Victor Arciniega visited Compton Gem ORDER YOURS TODAY — Send $5 with order or payment in full
and Mineral Club in July and spoke on lo save C.O.D. Write for free catalog on larger, more elaborate
Geiger Counters, metal locators and our Scintillator Counter.
gem identification and inclusions in gem
stones. Ten-minute speaker was Member Decler Inquiries PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS P.O. Box 642
Bill Iandiorio. Invited 2235D So. L a Brea Ave., L. A . 16, Calif.
• • • El Centro, California
John Louden brought a Geiger counter
and a scintillometer to the July meeting of
Delvers Gem and Mineral Society, Downey,
California, to illustrate his talk on identifica-
tion of and prospecting for radioactive ores.
A question-and-answer period followed the
It Could Be There...
Prospecting with Modern Electronic Equipment,
lecture, and members submitted radioactive
samples for testing. will help locate buried minerals, that the eye alone
• • • cannot see.
Chalcedony fields near Kingston were The latest improved equipment by Detectron: For
visited by a field trip group of Dona Ana testing uranium ore this inexpensive high
County Rockhounds from Las Cruces, New quality CLAIMSTAKER $ 37.50
Mexico. The Prospectors Pal, Model DG-2. Now more sen-
sitive than ever, with three scale sensitivity
meter $ 98.50
Agate Jewelry Model DG-7. Same as above with separate, de-
tached probe $135.00
Wholesale The Nucliometer, Model DR-290. Super sensitive
Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains Radiation Detector of extreme sensitivity, for
Brooches — Ear Rings ground, jeep, car, and Airplane survey.. $545.00
Bracelets — Matched Sets The light weight Detectron Model 27. Prospecting
—Send stamp for price list No. 1 — for metallic mineral, Gold and Silver included.
(Depth Range 7 ft.) $ 98.50
The Deluxe Model 27—see cut above. Same as above with easy reading
Blank; Mountings meter $110.00
Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains Model 711. Metal case, light weight, easy to carry, and with a depth range
Cuff Links — Neck Chains of 21 ft $138.50
Bezel — devices — Shanks The above instruments carry a One Year Guarantee
Solder — Findings against defects in workmanship and materials
— Send stamp for price list No. 2 —
All prices are F.O.B. Compton, California
O. R. JUNKINS & SON We stock a complete line of Ultra-Violet Miner-
440 N.W. Beach St.
alights, also gem and rock polishing
equipment and supplies
Mailing Address:
Box li), Laveen Stage, Phoenix, Arizona
Location—7000 So. 19th Avenue 1409 South Long Beach Blvd., Dept. D.
LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT Compton, California
Lapidary Equipment Manufacture & Design
16-18 inoh Power Feed Slabbing Saw Open house every Tuesday Eve.
Belt Sanders & Trim Saws Telephone Newmark 2-9096
Model DG-7
(Send Postal for free literature)

SEPTEMBER, 1953 39
By LELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal
We have just returned from the biggest that was their business. Now we never have
and best gem and mineral show that has picked on the mineral collectors except
ever been held to date—that of the San those few who still don't want the lapidaries
Diego Mineral & Gem Society, put on for to "improve on nature" by cutting and
the California and the American Federa- polishing rocks. The shoe was on the other
tions of Mineralogical Societies. It was the foot, friend. We don't care what people do
best organized and the smoothest running with their rocks; we just advocate cutting
show we have ever attended. And that is them up and saving some of the crystals
casting no reflection at all upon any past uncut if you want to.
show, for the San Diego Sociely could not In this connection we are reminded of
have done it so well if they had not given a quotation from Henry Thoreau who said
serious study to the mistakes olr past shows —"if a man does not keep pace with his
and profited by avoiding them. companions, perhaps it is because he hears
The total paid attendance ran beyond a different drummer. Let him step to the
11,000 by closing time. There was plenty music he hears." Ah yes, step to the music
of space in four big rooms under one roof you hear for each man hears different
to see 169 cases of privately exhibited gems drums in his life. That's why some of us
and minerals in addition to the commercial live in the desert and this is beyond the
displays of 68 firms and individuals. We understanding of the city man. That some
HILLQUIST ithoul motor.
doubt if any one of the 11,000 people at- of us hear drums in the desert to which
tending ever really examined 25 percent of we march, ignoring the noise and the smog
COMPARE! the items exhibited. And that wasn't be- of the cities, the traffic and sirens, the
• Put the Hillquist Gemmaster beside any lapidary
cause the show was too crowded for never paved canyons, is beyond the ears of those
machine — cheaper, flimsy "gadgets" or units that before have aisles been so wide and so attuned to that kind of living. But we have
sell at twice the price. Compare construction! Com- much room for viewing been offered. And no quarrel with the city man; we like the
pare ease of operation! Compare how much you it wasn't because the cases were poorly city too. We have no argument with the
get for your money and you'll say, "I'll take the lighted for never before has there been mineral collector; we collect minerals too.
Gemmaster!" such an orderly array of well lighted cases However on our own march through life
Here is a worthy companion for our larger and with plenty of educational and esthetic ma- we listen for the quiet music of the desert
more expensive Hillquist Compact Lapidary Unit. terial to be seen. No one could see all the and the drums of the lapidary hobby. We
Tho smaller in size, the Hillquist Gemmaster has show because there were so many thousand have come to have a quiet respect for all
many of the same features. Ifs all-metal with spun items to be seen. the eccentrics we meet because we now
aluminum tub. You get a rugged, double-action rock realize that they are odd only because
clamp, not a puny little pebble pincher. You get a One wonders just what would happen if they hear other drums.
full 3" babbitt sleeve bearing and ball thrust bear- each member society of a Federation would
ing. You get a big 7" Super Speed diamond saw
and all the equipment you need to go right to work.
decide to display. For, as usual, not 50
percent of the member societies had enough The thing that we bought at the San
USES ALL ACCESSORIES interest in the convention and show to Diego show that delighted us the most was
You can use all the regular Hillquist accessories enter a case in the society's name. Only 30 not a rock. It was a half dozen test tubes
with the Gemmaster: The Hillquist Faceior, Sphere societies displayed and the California Fed- filled with silica gel into which had been
Cutters, Laps, Drum and Disc Sanders, etc. eration has 74 members. Could it be that introduced various chemicals to infiltrate
WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG many of the rest just didn't have anything through the gel and show how agates are
to display? We are inclined to think that formed. These sets were made by J. H.
I COMPLETE, RE AW TO USE! YOU GET ALL THIS- is the case. Roblyer of Caldwell, Idaho and they are
It is quite a grind to sit behind a booth most interesting indeed. Mr. Roblyer has
as we did for 12 hours a day for three introduced mercury compounds into the
days but it is compensated by the many gel to make Montana moss agate; lead
hours of chatting with many fine friends compounds to make dendritic agate; mer-
from all over the land. Each year we see cury compounds to make myrickile; copper
BIG 7 " Diamond Saw • 6 " x 1 ' Gi them; each year they look a little older— compounds to make a variety of gem ma-
i Wheel • 6 " Fell Buff . 6 " Backing Wheel and so do we. Each year we get our share terials such as chrysoprase, agate with
6" Disc Sander • Double-action Rock of visitors who tell us about something we spicules, other green gems; lead compounds
Clamp • Oil Feed Cup • Water Feed
Hose & Clamp • Dop Sticks & Dop W a x * said that they didn't like and we don't mind to make aventurine quartz and gold com-
p Polish, Compound, Etc. listening to them for they usually don't pounds to make banded agates.
change our mind at all. Sometimes some- Of course Mr. Roblyer doesn't tell ex-
No other low-cost lap unit one will accuse us wrongly, such as the actly what is in his compounds but it ap-

gives you full 3 " sleeve man who said we ought to quit picking on pears to be no trick to make all kinds of
bearing, ball thrust bearing
and pressure lubrication.
the mineral collectors; that if Ihey wanted agate-like formations of gel in the labora-
to collect minerals and not polish rocks tory. The chief value of the tubes is that
they show, as no slides, pictures or texts can
do, just how agates are made. If any reader
TURQUOISE NUGGETS wants to develop a good talk to give before
Sleeping Beauty, natural shape, clean, his society or service club he could do no
tumbled, VV to %" size, 12 nuggets better than to get a set of these tubes, and a
$1.00 postpaid. handful of agates that approximate them in
appearance, and use them to illustrate his
4909V.! Eagle Bock Blvd. — CL. 6-2021
Los Angeles 41, California
P. O. Box 5012 Phoenix, Arizona * * *
Desert Magazine has many readers in
WORK SHOP the Northwest and we want them to know
1112 Ncola St. — CL. 6-7197 WHOLESALERS, IMPORTERS AND RETAILERS that we are going to give a lecture in the
Los Angeles 41, California of fine mineral specimens, gems and gem Auditorium at Portland, Oregon at 1
materials. Represent Highland Park Mfg.
WE SPECIALIZE IN CUTTING BOOKENDS Co. and other leading manufacturers. Whole- o'clock on Saturday, September 5. This will
Custom sawing and polishing—24" saw sale distributor for The Carborundum Co. be at the convention and show of the
Slabs, bulk stone, Mineral Specimens We maintain the most complete stock of Northwest Federation of Mineralogical So-
Polished Specimens & Cabochons mineral specimens, gems and gem materials
Machinery & Supplies in the country, and at the most reasonable cieties. We hope to meet many of our
prices. Visitors always welcome. Open week readers at that time and hope that you will
We rent polishing machinery by the hour days 9 to 5. come to hear our talk on America's Third
2307 North Mesa (Highways 80 & 85) Largest Hobby and see what promises to
Call CL. 6-7197 for Appointment Phone 2-2160 El 1'aso, Texas be the biggest gem and mineral show the
Northwest has yet seen.

was a matter of great satisfaction to
him when the Government in 1928
designated certain primitive nature
spots as wilderness areas which must
be left untouched.
EDWIN CORLE REPEATS SAGA are mapped and described — Death Barker is a great believer in the
OF BILLY THE KID IN NOVEL Valley, Bryce, Zion, Cedar Breaks, restorative and inspirational value to
Grand Teton and the Yellowstone be derived from periods spent in the
William Harrison Bonney might parks and monuments are all given beautiful solitudes. He rode on four
have been a good boy, might have full page maps — the same kind of expeditions into the Pecos high coun-
grown into a fine young man and a maps that are provided by the Park try with the Trail Riders of the Wilder-
good citizen. But, like the juveniles service at these recreational areas.
who pack the courts today, Billy the ness. Sponsored by the American For-
Kid made a mistake—then, first con- There is information about public estry Association, expeditions are made
fused and afraid and later emboldened, camp grounds, and available hotel and into remote untouched areas by men
followed it by other mistakes until there motor court accommodations with the and women who love the wild. Barker
was no turning back. After a career current rates charged at many of the gives appreciative praise to the various
written with a six-shooter and splashed hostelries. The book also includes a government agencies which are striving
in blood, Billy the Kid met a tragic calendar of important entertainment to conserve and protect our natural re-
end at the age of 21. events — fairs, festivals, shows and sources.
rodeos staged by the various com- For those who must do their ad-
In a novel which packs accurate munities along the way.
history into dramatic narrative, Edwin venturing in an arm chair, Beatty's
Corle tells Billy's story in his latest The 244 pages in the plastic bound Cabin will give the authentic atmos-
book, Billy the Kid. Here, for the first book include 50 maps and numerous phere of big game hunting at its best
time, are told the scenes of Billy's photographs of the scenic places along by a man who believes in conservation
birth in New York in 1859; the details the way. Although not as well adver- and protection of natural beauty spots
of his first crime, the murder of a tised as some of the other motor routes for the use only of those who will not
Chinese laundryman in the frenzied in the West, Highway 91 and its ex- abuse the privileges granted them.
climax of a game of Indians and fron- tension. Highway 191, comprise one Nature in its grandeur, whether of
tier scouts; the incident of how his only of the most delightful motor trips in man, beast or mountain, breathes its
photograph happened to be taken and the West, and with Ward Roylance's free air throughout every page.
preserved for posterity; the true and book as a guide, the interest and pleas- Published by the University of New
poignant story of his one and only love ure of the trip will be more than
Mexico Press. 220 pp. $4.50.
affair; and the latest: explanation of doubled. • • •
how he got the gun that enabled him Published by Rainbow Roads, Salt Books reviewed on this page are available at
to make one of the greatest escapes in Lake City. $2.95. Desert Crafts Shop, Palm Desert
all history. • • •
Long a student of the American
Southwest, Edwin Corle first visited the
scenes of Billy's career 20 years ago.
He has listened to many a tale and
read all the evidence since then and,
sifting fact and folklore, has recon-
Elliott Barker, author of Beatty's
Cabin lists as his chief interests in life
the protection and management of wild
structed the Kid's life as faithfully as
life, the control of predators, and for- gripping new
est conservation. The accuracy of this novel
possible. While this book is a novel, statement is abundantly clear to the
it hews closer to the facts than many reader of this book on the Pecos high
a previous biography. tells the hard-hitting dramatic
country of New Mexico. Beatty's story of the West's most cele-
Published by Duell, Sloan and Cabin, built by a colorful old prospec- brated gunman. Sifting fact
Pearce — Little, Brown. 293 pages, tor, George Beatty, nestled in the heart from folklore, Edwin Corle
bibliography. $3.75. of the high Pecos country just east of has given us a historically
the Sangre de Cristo Mountains. In accurate and thereby doubly
that wild, untamed wilderness, Elliott exciting account of the Kid's
Barker explored, hunted, fished and short and bloody career. Don't
The first of a new series of motor- learned at first hand the ways of its miss this, especially if you
ist's guide books, Rainbow Roads wild creatures, the natural phenomena liked such Edwin Corle books
Guide, has just been published by which a hunter must know, the infin- as PEOPLE ON EARTH,
Ward J. Roylance of Salt Lake City. ite variety in the changing of its sea- BURRO ALLEY and COARSE
For his initial book in the series, sons. GOLD.
the author has selected Highways 91, The author grew up on a little moun-
89 and 191, extending from San Ber-
nardino in California through the
tain ranch on Sapello Creek in the
Sangre de Cristo Mountains. His ac-
heart of scenic Utah to Yellowstone
In limiting his first guide to a single
counts of bear and lion hunts are so
replete with details and information
that the reader feels he has been a
main route with one alternative route,
he has been able to provide the motor
member of the hunting party.
However, as the years passed, civili-
traveler with detailed information zation began to encroach and Barker At all bookstores $3.75
much more complete than usually is recognized that something must be
found in motor guides. Not only is done if future generations were to
the main highway logged in detail, but know anything of nature in an un- DUEll, SLOAN and PEARCE • LITTLE, BROWN & COMPANY
the interesting side-trips along the way trammeled and unspoiled state. So it

SEPTEMBER, 1953 41
Between Ifouan



5 ARLY THIS MORNING there was a sprinkle of

rain, and now the air is scented with greasewood
or creosote bush. Many newcomers to the desert
do not like the greasewood odor. But after a few years
lovely palm canyons that few humans have ever visited—
a trip to Lake Havasu above Parker Dam where there is
a gem-stone collecting area that can be reached only by
boat—camping trips with the Sierra club members who
of living in the land of the creosote they learn to associate are always finding delightful new places to explore—and
it with air that has been purified by rain—and the time perhaps a backpack jaunt up Horsethief creek in the Santa
comes when they not only accept it, they like it. Rosas. The longer I live on the desert the longer grows
Rain on the desert—because it is so rare—is always my list of remote places I want to visit.
an important event. It not only cleanses the air of the And of course I am going to resume my life-long
invisible dust particles which we call desert haze, but search for a meteorite. I think I would get a bigger thrill
when the greasewood and the jojoba and mesquite—and in finding a chip off the moon or one of the distance stars
even the rocks—haven't had a bath for months, the coat- than I would in finding a gold mine. I've been looking
ing of dust that has accumulated is washed away and they for one for 40 years—and haven't found it yet. Probably
are bright and shining and clean. If the rain is heavy I've passed over hundreds of them—for the other planets
enough, the lowly burroweed which for months has been have been pelting this earth with stone and metal fragments
leafless and apparently dead, comes to life with a new for millions of years. Two years ago Dr. H. H. Nininger
dress of green foliage and the desert landscape assumes of the American Meteorite Museum gave me a few tips
a new color-tone. And so we look forward to the rain which would help, including a piece of emery paper which
storms which often come in late summer, for somehow they I always carry with me. "If in doubt," he told me, "just
freshen our lives just as they do the landscape around us. rub the stone with this emery and if it is a meteorite it
* * * may disclose bright specks of nickel or iron."
It may not come this year or for 25 years, but sooner * * *
or later every locality in the desert is visited by one of Socn after this issue of Desert Magazine goes to press
those great cloudbursts that fill every dip and arroyo with Cyria and I will be on our way to Prescott, Arizona, to
a raging torrent. witness the annual Smoki Dance, and then to the Inter-
Folks who haven't seen a cloudburst flood surging down Tribal Ceremonials at Gallup, New Mexico. Perhaps we
through a desert canyon have missed a scene that is both will have the opportunity to see the Hopi Snake dances
fascinating and terrifying. Trees are swept away, precipi- —which remain an intensely religious ritual despite the
tous rock walls give way and disappear in the angry pressure of white influence which would make it a com-
torrent—and the rumble of boulder on boulder as they mercial carnival.
are swept along by the irresistible power of the current is I have a great admiration for the Hopi people. Because
almost deafening at the time. they love peace they migrated at some ancient time to a
And then in a few hours the sun goddess appears and land so arid no other tribe would covet their meager
smiles at the destruction she has caused. resources.
These summer cloudbursts are not a total loss, despite Fattier Garces was the first missionary to pay them a
the havoc they cause in the affairs of men. Each flood- visit—-in 1776. They would have none of his religion
swept canyon becomes a new and fertile field for the rock and made it plain that he was an unwelcome visitor. Since
and gem collector, and for the prospector with his pick then the Hopi clans have resisted all efforts to convert
and pan. Desert trees and shrubs—regardless of the sea- them to the Anglo-American's way of life. In an environ-
son—put on new coats of green, and many species of ment which no white man would find adequate or toler-
flowers spring from the ground to give bright color to able they have been self-supporting and self-sufficient.
the landscape. The desert is swept clean—so when you It is not for their stubbornness that I admire them—
and I make pilgrimages to these canyons and dunes during for this is a changing world and no religion or political
the coming fall and winter months we will enjoy all the code can go on always without regard for the laws of
thrill of a first exploration. adaptation. But there is something very sound in the Hopi
* * * creed for it has brought them health and happiness—and
In another month I'll be getting out the hiking boots a greater degree of security than prevails over much of the
and marking circles around some of the dates on my rest of the world at the present time. Perhaps we could
calendar—the dates scheduled for weekend trips into the learn something from the Hopis. For those who would
desert canyons and mountains during the winter season. like to pursue the subject further I would recommend
There'll probably be one or two excursions down across Walter Collins O'Kane's fine books: Sun in the Sky, and
the border into Baja California where there are still many The Hopis: Portrait of a Desert People.

Time Has a Way
of changing things
Throughout the centuries tens of
thousands of homes have been de-
stroyed, billions of dollars lost, all
because a small spark started a roof
fire. adetLzeJL roof
It was a beautiful Southern California
summer evening. Bill Bruegger and 0
Aust Barnes had just returned from
their daily trade of painting. A prob-
lem confronted them. In a building
will not
where some types of flat paints were
used, they also needed a fire-resist-
ant covering. That evening they be-
gan their work and experimenta-
That was three years ago. They
have now reached their goal. The
discovery made that evening devel-
oped into a new product that prob-
ably will be used by many millions
of people throughout the world as
time marches on. A compound from
products of the sea—FIREFOIL was
You can make a series of blow
torch tests, and wherever FIREFOIL
is applied, you find this new fire re-
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you can test wherever insulation is
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astounding material, completely do-
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Yes, put it on your roof, you have 'Insulated and protected against
no fire problems there. FIREFOIL fire with a coating of FIREFOIL.
can revolutionize the roofing indus-
Responding to the fast-growing de-
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retardant materials, authentic tests Firefoil..... \_Jite ayv
had to be made. The laboratories
have made very satisfactory accel- the Little Giant with the big future in the roofing
erated tests, showing excellent flame and insulation industry. t/te tool
proofing, and remarkable insulation
properties. The biggest factor was "A roof covered with a !4" coating of FIREFOIL, Fire Retardent
the report on the tremendous resist- to which a blow torch was applied for a full half
Superior Insulator
ance to direct flame and heat. The hour, would not burn . . . the wood shingles were
Very Low Cost
tests on roofs, buildings, construction Easy to Apply
only slightly charred!"
materials, and unusual insulation re- Variety of Colors
quirements, all have given concrete
evidence as to the sound value of
FIREFOIL. Reports are better than
the fondest expectations.
The company formed for manu-
facturing and marketing through its
national corporation, is in opera-
tion. The noted construction con-
tractor, A. A. Wilder, President, Aust-
ing Barnes, Vice-President, and Wil-
liam C. Bruegger, Chairman of the
receive national distribution through
franchises held by roofing firms, dis- A. A. Wilder, President
tributors and representatives. 3306 Venice Blvd., Los Angeles, California
Phone: REpublic 2-6188
"It Can Save Your Home"
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