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TOPIC: How to inculcate National integration and International

Understanding among students- strategies follow this.


Submited by
Bini Y
Social Science
Roll no: 7


National integration means the sense of the basic oneness of the
nation. It is the sense of identity and solidarity among all citizen of the nation.
National integration is the cementing force that binds the citizens of a country into
a unified entity. National integration has got two aspects, Political unity and
emotional unity. All the people must feel that they are children of the same mother
country. They must be willing to subordinate personal interests for the benefit of
the group and the nation as a whole. India is a land of diversities. The people
inhibit this vast continent belong to different races, speak different languages,
follow different religion and observe different social customs and traditions. Their
political affiliations are as varied as their economic interest. Perhaps no other
developing country has such abundant diversity in dress, race, religion, language
and history and India. The different people who came to India at different times
have added to the complexity of this diversity.

Role of Education in Achieving National Integration
National integration cannot be achieved through more legislation. Dr. S
Radhakrishnan has stated National integration cannot be built by brick and mortar
with chisel and hammer. It has to grow silently in the minds and hearts of men.
The process by which it could be achieved is education. Education must play an
important role in fostering national integration. It has to take the responsibility for
insulting a sense of national unity and foster of solidarity. A complete programme
of education catering to the above need is discussed below.
1. Curricular Programmes
Our curriculum has laid emphasis on intellectual development and has
neglected emotional development. Map reading should be given due importance so
that students will have a clear concept of the vastness and geographical features of
the motherland
2. Co-curricular Activities
It is well known that effective development of children could be realized

Role of Teachers
Teachers should play a very significant role in developing among children,
favorable attitude towards nationalism. Unless teachers themselves get infused
with the spirit of democracy and secularism and present models of behavior based
on values of liberty, equality and fraternity, they cannot motivate students and lead
them to the desired goal. Teachers should set models to be remunerated by students
and think and act judiciously without any prejudice towards a particular region
language or religion. They should create a class climate conducive to the
development to desirable attitude and values.

The term international understanding implies mutual understanding,
faith and respect among various nations of the world. With the development
of the supersonic means of transportation and communication, all the
countries of the world have come closer to each other. Consequently no
country can remain aloof and unconcerned from other countries because
whatever is happening in one country, inevitably has its repercussions felt in
other countries as well.
Education is a powerful force in developing internationalism. In the
words of Betrand Russel, education may not bring internationalism from
political point of view but education is the only agency through which it is
possible to develop the feeling of internationalism through co-curricular
activities. Such activities must include display of educational films, visists to
different places, participation in feats of other communities, celebration of
national festivals and days etc. Singing of the National Anthem and other
patriotic songs will create in the mind of the young a rightful pride about
their country.

Training in Democracy
Students should be trained to understand practice and uphold the lofty
ideals and values of democracy. This will promote social cohesion and national
Training in Secularism
Students should be given knowledge about different religions. The moral
and ethical doctrines should be taught to students.
Participation in social and developing programmes
Creation of attitudes and values will not be possible merely by gaining
insights into such ideas. They are the result top affective change.

Education for the international understanding should be based on the following
1. Developing the capacity of independent thinking
The first and the foremost principle on which education for international
understanding should be based are the developing and cultivating the power and capacity
of independent thinking in our young men and women. So that they may be able to
understand that above all the world need peace today. They will also understand the
importance of living in peace.
2. Developing Tolerance and mutual co-operation
To avoid war, we must lay more stress on ideas of co-operation and
tolerance in our educational programme.
3. Elimination of Fear
Fear can be removed through proper training and education by stressing the
principle of Live and let live. Hence, fear should be eliminated from individual and
national life.
4. Practical use of knowledge
Only theoretical knowledge is not sufficient. We have to train our young men and
women to apply their theoretical knowledge in their daily life
5. Inculcate corporate responsibility
In the opinion of K.G. Saiyidain, education for international understanding should
be based on the principle of corporate responsibility.
Research has shown that the presence of international students even in large
numbers, insufficient itself to promote intercultural interactions. To develop inter
cultural friendship and result in international understanding
Peer paring collaboration between international and domestic students who
meet with regularity outside of the classroom environment
Intercultural co-operative learning strategies have also received attention in
educational studies although research suggests that most students both
international and domestic prefer to work their own groups.
Evidence based analysis drawing on quantitative and qualitative information,
the application of appropriate methodologies and the development of
recommendations to assess and inform advocacy and policy reform
Enhanced partnership with research and policy institutions and development
factors, globally and the regional level in developing and industrial countries

Education is a strong and potent agency for promoting national
integration and international understanding among students. The process of
developing international understanding is rather slow and difficult, but effort
is worth doing. Not only progress and prosperity, but also the very survival
of mankind is dependent upon promoting nationalism and international

Teaching of social studies A S Kohli