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By FREDERICK H. POUGH, Curator of Minerals, American Museum of Natural History

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Oct. 28-31 — International Mining
Days, El Paso, Texas.
Oct. 31-Nov. 1 — Nevada Day and
Indian Fair, Carson City, Nev.
Nov. 1 — Ceremonial dances, Taos
Indian Pueblo, New Mexico.
Nov. 2—All Soul's Day, observed as
Memorial Day in Spanish villages
in New Mexico.
Nov. 6-15—Arizona State Fair, Phoe-
Nov. 7—Southern California Botanists Volume 16 NOVEMBER. 1953 Number 11
tour of U. S. Date Gardens at
Indio, California.
Nov. 7-8 — Desert Peaks Section. COVER Reflection, Palm Canyon, California. Photo by
Southern California Chapter Sierra HUBERT LOWMAN of Covina, California
Club climb of Twentynine Palms
Mountain, in Pinto Mountains 8 CALENDAR N o v e m b e r events on the desert 3
miles southeast of Twentynine
Palms, California. Camp at In- EXPLORATION We Climbed Telescope Peak
dian Cove.
Nov. 7-8—Southern California Chap- By LOUISE WERNER 4
ter Sierra Club camping trip to
Devils Punch Bowl and Big Rock PHOTOGRAPHY Pictures of the Month 9
Creek near Valyermo, California.
PERSONALITY Trader at Canyon de Chelly
Nov. 8—New Mexico Western Home-
coming, Silver City, N. M. By RANDALL HENDERSON 10
Nov. 8-9—Colorado River Roundup, FIELD TRIP A g a t e - s e a m e d Butte a t Bouse
Parker, Arizona. By JAY ELLIS RANSOM 13
Nov. 10-11—Annual Cattle Show and
sale, Raton, N. M. POETRY Desert Rat, a n d other p o e m s 17
Nov. 12—St. James Day Fiesta and INDIANS His Own Horse to Ride in the Happy Hunting
Harvest Corn Dance, Tesuque
Pueblo, New Mexico. Grounds, by JOE KERLEY 18
Nov. 12—Annual Fiesta and Harvest
Corn Dance, Jemez Pueblo, N. M. HISTORY C r i s i s i nT a o s , b y G R E G O R Y K. H A W K . . . 2 0
Nov. 13-14—Twentynine Palms Wom- FICTION Hard Rock Shorty of Death Valley 20
an's Club Annual Weed Show, table
arrangements using weeds. High LOST MINE Life o n the Desert, b y S E W A R D W H I T E . . . 2 1
School, Twentynine Palms, Cali-
fornia. DESERT QUIZ A True-False test of your desert k n o w l e d g e . . 22
Nov. 13-18—Ogden Livestock Show,
Ogden, Utah. LETTERS Comment from Desert's r e a d e r s 23
Nov. 15-16 — Annual Death Valley MINING Current n e w s of desert m i n e s 26
Encampment, Death Valley, Calif.
Nov. 21-22—Rodeo, Ajo, Arizona. NEWS From Here and There on the Desert 27
Nov. 26—Desert Sun Ranchers' Ro- CLOSE-UPS About those w h o write for Desert 33
deo, Wickenburg, Arizona.
Nov. 26-29 — Southern California PAGEANT Annual Death Valley Encampment 33
Chapter Sierra Club annual Thanks- HOBBY G e m s a n d Minerals 34
giving camping trip to Death Val-
ley. CONTEST Prizes for Photographers 40
Nov. 26-29 —Desert Peaks Section,
Southern California Chapter Sierra LAPIDARY A m a t e u r G e m Cutter, b y LELANDE QUICK . . 41
Club climb of Tin Mountain in the
Panamint Range, and Dry Moun- COMMENT Just B e t w e e n Y o u a n d M e , b y the Editor . . . 4 2
tain in the Last Chance Range,
from Death Valley, California. BOOKS Reviews of Southwestern literature 43
The Desert Magazine is published monthly by the Desert Press, Inc., Palm Deseri,
Nov. 28-29—Old Tucson Daze, Tuc- California. Re-entered as second class matter July 17, 1948, at the post office at Palm Desert,
son, Arizona. California, under the Act of March 3, 1879. Title registered No. 358865 in U. S. Patent Office,
and contents copyrighted 1953 by the Desert Press, Inc. Permission to reproduce contents
Nov. 29—Dons' Club Travelcade to must be secured from the editor in writing.
Casa Grande Ruins, from Phoenix, RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor MARGARET GERKE, Associate Editor
Arizona. BESS STACY. Business Manager EVONNE RIDDELL, Circulation Manager
Unsolicited manuscripts and photographs submitted cannot be returned or acknowledged
November (after first frost)—Yei-be- unless full return postage is enclosed. Desert Magazine assumes no responsibility for
damage or loss of manuscripts or photographs although due care will be exercised. Sub-
chi and Fire Dance, Navajo Indian scribers should send notice of change of address by the first of the month preceding issue.
November, late, or early December One Year $3.50 Two Years $6.00
—Shalako ceremonies and house Canadian Subscriptions 25c Extra, Foreign SOc Extra
dances, Zuni Indian Pueblo, New
Mexico. Subscriptions to Army Personnel Outside U. S. A. Must Be Mailed in Conformity With
P. O. D. Order No. 19687
Address Correspondence to Desert Magazine, Palm Desert, California

Although the climb was made in May, the leaders had to break trail across long
patches of snow. Photo by Niles Werner.

We Climbed Telescope Peak

Telescope Peak, overlooking Death Valley, was given its name in Valley as well as Death Valley, de-
1861 when the chief of a surveying party reported he "could see 200 manded a rest stop. Judith and Joce-
miles in all directions as through a telescope." Today a fine trail leads lyn Delmonte, 8 and 10, their faces
to the summit and it is a popular hike among those who go in for moun- rosy with exertion, asked for their
tain climbing. Here is the story of an ascent made by 51 members of father's canteen and threatened to
the Sierra Club. drink it dry. Chris Vance and Fred
By LOUISE WERNER Bode, 10 and 11, reached the saddle
Map by Norton Allen deep in a discussion about their re-
ON A May morning 60 Death Valley sink. The Desert Peak- spective ascents of Mt. Whitney, the
hikers strung out along a trail ers of the Sierra Club of California highest peak in the U.S. "It wasn't
that hung like a balcony, 8000 were in their favorite environment with hard," said Chris, "But it wasn't ex-
feet above Death Valley. Blue jeans, their favorite companions. actly easy either."
a red plaid shirt, a yellow sweater, a John Delmonte, leading, breathed In the bottom of Death Valley a
green parka—splashes of color saun- deep the heady air, forgetting for the haze brooded over Badwater, the low-
tering past the gray sedimentary rocks moment the tensions of his workaday est point in the United States. Beyond,
of the slope. A crisp wind blew off world as owner-operator of a Plastics dull reds and yellows played on the
the snow-etched ridge that culminated, Factory. As the trail rounded a knoll Funeral Mountains. Farther desert
about seven miles away, in the lovely dotted with Piny on Pines, and began ranges undulated to a buff-colored
white point of Telescope Peak, the pulling up toward the ridge, he slowed plateau where a series of lava buttes
crown of the Panamint Mountains. At his pace, remembering that the ages appeared. On the west side of the
their feet a gulley streaked down to of his party ranged from 8 to 62. saddle the escarpment dropped into
bake its feet in the salt flats of the The saddle, overlooking Panamint Panamint Valley, similar to Death Val-

Telescope Peak, showing the ridge over which the party made the ascent. Elevation
11,045. Photo by Niles Werner.
ley but not as large or as deep. Over fornia Institute of Technology. "Burros bristled yellow. The wind on the ridge
the purple crests of the Slate and Argus are commoner, however. Wild burros cut through the brilliant sunshine. Half
Ranges the Sierra Nevada thrust up will watch you with curiosity as you a dozen young hikers dashed toward
snowy peaks. inch nearer to take their picture. Wild a snow patch, the laughter of the girls
"We used to see wild horses here," horses don't have that much faith in turning to screams as the snowballing
said Dr. James Bonner to a group of people." began and they felt icy trickles down
foreign exchange students he had Sage brush crushed under boots, their necks.
brought as his guests from the Cali- scented the air. Mormon tea bushes Carl Heller, a marine serving as rear
This photograph of the climbing party taken on Mahogany flat at the end of the
automobile road. Photo by Niles Werner.

ventured this far, only the bare boul-
A steep snow-slope loomed ahead.
John remembered that the ranger in
the station in Wildrose Canyon had
told him a survey party on horseback
had been turned back only a few days
ago because of too much snow. There
seemed no way to avoid the drift so
he plunged upward, ankle-deep, break-
ing a zigzag trail as he went.
The first of the climbers topped the
snow-slope and their "ohs" and "ahs"
indicated to those still struggling up
the snow, that something satisfying
loomed ahead. There, just a few rods
ahead, stood the tall cairn of rocks
which marked the summit.
Reaching the top of a mountain
must release some special substance
into the bloodstream. The fatigue of
hours on the trail is forgotten in the
glorious feeling of satisfaction which
comes with having conquered another
peak. No wonder the Desert Peakers
love to exchange their horizontal world
at sea level, in and around Los An-
geles, for the vertical world of the
mountain tops. Telescope Peak offered
them something special in this line.
Nowhere else in the United States does
the terrain fall so abruptly for such a
distance. Its head, for half the year
crowned with snow and battered by
icy winds, rises in the air at 11,045
feet, while the ridges and gullies plunge
to below sea level, there to swelter in
the bottom of Death Valley.
In 1861, W. T. Henderson, one of
an exploring party looking for the Lost
Gunsight mine, made the first ascent
and named the peak because, "he
could see 200 miles in all directions
as through a telescope."
But a dozen years before Hender-
son came this way, another party—
the Jayhawkers bound for the Cali-
fornia gold fields—also had climbed
Among those who reached the top—Wayne and Ruth McCartney, Fred the Panamints. Their scouts, perhaps,
Bode Jr. and Sr., Jocelyn Delmonte, Chris Vance with his dog Brownie, had pulled themselves up to this ridge
John Delmonte, leader, Judith Delmonte and Carl Heller, assistant leader. and had looked with despair toward
valleys and mountains yet to be sur-
guard, herded the last of the queue led the way. It was like walking along mounted before they could find an
up the saddle. Some felt the mile and the peak of a roof, looking down into open route to coastal California.
a half they had come was sufficient ex- the two valleys. No vegetation had In later days a graphic glimpse of
ertion so lingered on the saddle to re-
turn to camp at leisure. John started The "Beehives" in Wildrose Canyon.
up the trail that contoured the next
knoll, passing a few limber pines that
thrust out ragged arms to the wind,
their barkless trunks twisting like cork-
Up and up climbed the excellent
trail at an easy grade toward the snow
which the wind had swept off the back-
bone of the ridge, and piled in drifts
on the Death Valley side, burying the
upper part of the trail. Deciding that
the top of the ridge would be better
going than the snow, John Delmonte

* * *


Panamint George, over 100 years old, beside the old Panamint City boom town
stage coach.

the Jayhawker expedition was given ranch in Panamint Valley, at the foot some pretty rough camps in its day,
in broken English by an Indian who of Telescope Peak with a score of refused to risk a run to Panamint City.
as a teen-age boy in 1849 had watched other Shoshones some of whom became I first heard about Panamint George
their slow progress. known as Hungry Hattie, Isabel, Mabel in 1934, at a campfire in Wildrose
This lad was stalking mountain sheep and the Old Woman. Canyon on the evening before my first
on a high ridge in the Panamints when Early surveyors, miners and geolo- climb of Telescope Peak. Tyler Van-
he was startled by the appearance of gists camped at Indian Ranch. Pros- degrift had stopped at the Indian ranch
three men with white skins and long pectors staggered in, crazed with heat and had visited with the old man, then
beards. He had never before seen a and thirst. The isolated position of nearly 100 years old. At Tyler's sug-
white man and he was afraid of them the Panamints and the relative inac- gestion, we pooled our left-over food
so he hid behind boulders. cessibility of some of the canyons, and one of the drivers volunteered to
The three, scouts of the Jayhawker made their oasis a natural refuge for leave it at the ranch on the way out.
parties, staggered by. Just a few days army deserters, bandits and others de- I happened to be riding in that car.
before this they had burned their sirous of evading the law. In places A pack of barking dogs greeted us
wagons to smoke the meat of their like Surprise Canyon, for instance, the at the broken-down gate. A couple of
starving oxen. The Indian boy could law did not often penetrate. shacks leaned crazily in the shade of
have led them to water and safety, but Panamint George hinted that he tall cottonwoods. Chickens roosted on
he feared to do so. Many years later was the first to find the famous silver the seats of the old Panamint Stage
he was asked why he remained con- ledge in Surprise Canyon, on which Coach. This vehicle had somehow,
cealed. He always answered, "Why? Panamint City later mushroomed. With after years of hauling some of the
to get shot?" characteristic Indian logic, he took out liveliest character who ever leeched
This Indian in later years became only as much as he had immediate themselves to a mining camp, come
well known to the white people who need for. His claim of course had no to rest by a clump of mesquite in the
came to Death Valley. Guiding a weight against those of Senators Jones drowsy timelessness of the Indian
party under the leadership of a man and Stewart who eventually sank two Ranch.
named George, he became known as million dollars in the ledge. In 1875 The only story I've ever heard about
Panamint George. The last 50 years Panamint City had so lawless a repu- an attempt to domesticate a bighorn
of his life were spent on the Indian tation that Wells Fargo, which served sheep was told of Panamint George.

"*'&•&"''/} ••' '

One of the Indians brought in a wild A trip to Telescope Peak offers en- the hillside above them showing how
lamb that had lost its mother. The joyment for nearly everyone. The far up the cutters went. Above this
baby bighorn mingled with the goats drive—240 miles from Los Angeles— line the junipers and pines are larger
they raised on the Indian Ranch and through Cajon Pass, Trona, over the than below it. Fortunately, conditions
became the special pet of Mabel, Slate Range, approached the peak in Wildrose Canyon have favored re-
George's niece. One day the lamb from the Panamint Valley side. A production and new trees clothe the
discovered he could leap the fence. sign reading "Indian Ranch," pointed scar. The "Beehives" are being pre-
After that he came and went. Eventu- up a dirt road running toward a dis- served as a historical monument within
ally he heard the call of the wild, tant clump of cottonwoods. the Death Valley National Monument.
bounded up a ridge of the Panamints, We turned off the main highway, A couple of miles above the Bee-
heading for the skyline. Though Mabel right, up a dirt road into Wildrose hives a road ended on top of a ridge
watched and hoped, he never came Canyon, where a symphony of wild- of the Panamint Mountains. Some
back. flowers delighted our eyes. Yellow cars boiled the last mile. Our water-
Wm. Caruthers in Loafing Along predominated—tiny pincushion daisies, less campsite at the end of the road
Death Valley Trails, tells of stopping brown-eyed Panamint daisies, and on Mahogany Flat perched 8000 feet
at the Indian ranch to give George eight-inch poker-like spears of aloe. above Death Valley. Dead branches
some oranges. He found the old In- In a wash an apricot mallow grew of mountain mahogany, juniper and
dian irrigating his alfalfa in a tempera- beside a beavertail cactus that flaunted pinyon provided firewood.
ture of 122 degrees. 16 red pompoms and nine buds. Lav- Unscrambling food and sleeping bags
"Heavy work for a man your age in endar phacelia smiled everywhere un- out of car trunks—building fires—the
this heat, isn't it?" asked Caruthers. derfoot, accented with the sharp red smell of juniper smoke, beans, ham
George bit into an orange eating of paint brush and the royal blue of and coffee — Mrs. Delmonte feeding
peeling and all. "Me papoose," he lupine. Swarms of Brown Monarch her family of six a combination of
grinned, "Me only 107 years old." butterflies fluttered about in quest of noodles, peas and tuna warmed up
Panamint George died in 1944. nectar. together — songs and stories around
Many of the younger Indians had gone In 1880 the Modoc Mines in the the campfire — camera enthusiasts
to war or to work in defense plants. Argus Range needed charcoal to re- readying their equipment before crawl-
The ranch passed out of Indian hands. duce ore. The nearest timber, juniper ing into their sleeping bags, in antici-
Hundreds of climbers have written and pinyon pines, grew about 10 miles pation of a magnificent sunrise.
their names in the cast aluminum reg- up Wildrose Canyon. There they built The seven mile trail from Mahogany
ister box which the Sierra Club placed ten stone ovens, shaped like beehives, Flat to the top of Telescope Peak has
on Telescope Peak in 1934. The 51 35 feet high, 35 feet at the basal diam- an easy grade. The CCC's built it in
who reached the top in May 1952, eter, and two feet thick. This activity 1935. Before that, an improvised trail
constituted the largest party to date. brought the first wagon-road into Wild- existed, probably started by Indians.
Unusual also was the number of fam- rose Canyon. Anyone able to walk may saunter out
ilies and tfie ages of some of the chil- Several hundred men once felled on this balcony that hangs 8000 feet
dren. Judith Delmonte, 8, is probably trees, split logs, stoked the ovens, tested over Death Valley. The mile and a
the youngest to have made the top of charcoal and freighted it across Pana- half to the next saddle is well worth
Telescope Peak under her own power. mint Valley with teams. All that is the effort. Having gone this far—who
Judith began mountaineering at the left today are the ten ovens, remarkably knows? — one might be tempted to
age of 2—on her father's back. well preserved, and a timber-line on continue up—and up—and up.


Its spines starkly outlined in white

and shadow, this opuntia cactus was
photographed by Paul E. Black of Los
Angeles to win for him first prize in
Desert's September photo contest. It
was taken with a 4x5 view camera,
Isopan film, 1/10 second at f. 22.

Art Miller of Redlands, California,

won second prize with this picture of
a ewe and her lambs 1in Monument
Valley. Miller used a 3 /4x41/4 Crown
Graphic camera, Super XX film, 1/100
second at f. 22.
Cozy McSparron in the doorway of his trading post, and the sign which greets
visitors to Canyon de Chelly.

Trader at Canyon de Chelly

Conditions on the Navajo reservation are changing rapidly, and
E WERE SEATED on the the transition is bringing many problems to the Indian trader. In this
screened-in veranda of the interview. Cozy McSparron, one oi the veterans among the traders, gives
rambling Thunderbird ranch interesting sidelights on what is taking place among the tribesmen.
house which Cozy McSparron built of
native stone at the entrance to Ari- "Even the diet of the Indians is McSparron told about one of the
zona's Canyon de Chelly 35 years ago. changing. In the early days the Nava- two families from the Canyon de
Beyond the wire fence which keeps In- jos dined mostly on bread, meat and Chelly area who took advantage of the
dian sheep from nibbling Mrs. McSpar- coffee. They made their own kind of opportunity a few years ago to relo-
ron's carefully-tended flowers, Navajo fried bread, their meat was mostly mut- cate on the Colorado River Indians'
men and women were loitering around ton, and the coffee they bought from reservation at Parker, Arizona, where
the entrance to the trading post. the trader. Now they eat a much wider better soil and more water are avail-
For Cozy McSparron is a trader— variety of foods. They love fruit, but able than in the arid Navajo land.
one of the veterans among the 106 not vegetables. They buy cabbage and One of these Indians, more indus-
white storekeepers whose posts are. lo- potatoes in quantity, but seldom want trious and better educated than the
cated in remote areas of the Arizona- lettuce, tomatoes or celery. average, moved with his wife and four
New Mexican Indian country. The "The velveteen jackets and calico children to a 40-acre farm at Parker.
traders are the Indians' main contact pants which were once the conven- A year later he returned to visit old
with the white man's world. tional dress of Navajo men, have given friends—with another baby and a bet-
"Yes, the Navajos are fast learning way to denim shirts and levis or khaki. ter car. The following year he returned
the ways of the Anglo-Americans," In the old days a Navajo woman used with a new Ford equipped with a lug-
Cozy was saying. "An Indian trader 10 to 12 yards of cloth to make a gage carrier. On his most recent re-
now sells five times as much gasoline skirt that swept the ground. Now three turn visit he was driving a 9-passenger
as he did a few years ago, and only to five yards are enough, and the skirt DeSoto and had eight children. He
one-fifth as much hay. only comes to the shoe tops or higher." told Cozy he now has 60 acres of cot-





.GALLUP, N.M. - 95 Mi.

V l
ton, and plans to return next year in a guest cabins which have made the here.'" It became evident before the
big new truck. Thunderbird Guest Ranch a popular meeting was over that most of the
Motor transportation has brought mecca for travelers in the Indian coun- Indians at Canyon de Chelly shared
both advantages and disadvantages to try. the views of the Navajo grandmother.
the Indian traders. Many of the In- The guests dine family style at a There is good reason for the loyalty
dians now go to Gallup, Holbrook, big table in the ranch living room, sur- the Indians feel for Cozy McSparron.
Winslow or Flagstaff for a share of rounded by a colorful collection of In- He has been much more than a trader.
their groceries and clothing, and for dian weaving, basketry, pottery and He encouraged the women to return
items it is not possible for a trader to the souvenirs which a trader inevitably to vegetable dyed rugs, and to weave
carry in stock. But they also come will collect during many years among the old designs which are so highly
greater distances to trade at Thunder- the tribesmen. Following an old tradi- prized by those who know good Indian
bird—because of their friendship for tion, Cozy always occupies the seat at craftsmanship. He visited the hogans
a man who has been their life-long the head of the table—but there are and inspected the wool to be sure it
friend and advisor. no other formalities. A dinner at the was properly cleaned and spun. He
Leon Hugh (Cozy) McSparron was Thunderbird ranch is never a dull af- extended more liberal credits to those
born in Gallup. Later he went to Den- fair—for 40 years among the Navajos who were willing to cooperate — and
ver to complete his schooling. At plus a natural endowment of Irish then found better markets for the im-
school he was a champion boxer—but humor have been combined to create proved weaving.
remained an amateur. When he had a delightful host. The Indians come to Cozy to settle
finished his formal education he re- The high regard in which he is held their disputes. He speaks their lan-
turned to the Indian country and was by the Indians of Canyon de Chelly guage, and through the years they have
given a job as clerk in the Chinle was revealed in 1949 at one of the come to regard him as an elder brother
Trading Post at Canyon de Chelly by local tribal meetings. An easterner who is always welcome at their hogans.
Mike Kirk. with more zeal than understanding had Discussing the changing conditions
"Mike wanted to learn to box, and been seeking to stir up trouble for the on the reservation, he said: "In the
I think he hired me so I could give traders. He proposed that the Indians, early days, trading was almost entirely
him boxing lessons," Cozy recalls. instead of paying a profit to the white a matter of barter. The Indians traded
Later Kirk worked for Lorenzo Hub- traders, should take over the posts wool and pelts and rugs for their food
bell, who before his death was regarded themselves and operate them cooper- and other necessities. When they did
as the dean of the Indian traders. atively. Some of the Navajos also not have something to trade they
Eventually Mike became a successful thought it would be a good idea and brought in their turquoise and silver
trader on his own. the question came up for discussion and left it in pawn. Their word was
During World War I McSparron at many of the tribal meetings. Finally always good.
served in the 97th Infantry division. one aged Indian woman gained the "Today there is money on the reser-
In 1918 he returned to Chinle and floor to voice her protest. "You not vation. Not wealth, but a considerable
bought the trading post then owned by take trading post away from Cozee," part of the traders' business is for cash.
G. E. Kennedy. He re-named the she exclaimed. "I raised that boy and Thousands of the Navajo men and
place Thunderbird and later began he live in my back yard. He always many of the women spend at least a
construction of the stone house and friend of Indian. We want Cozee stay part of the year in off-reservation work

NOVEMBER, 1953 11
Manv Navajos live and have their gardens on the floor of precipitous Canyon de
Chelly. Their wagons gradually are giving way to motor vehicles.
—on the railroad, in the army camps the changes which have come about in previous years to schools, roads,
and in the harvest fields. The Indian on the reservation in recent years. Once hospitals and other services for the
Placement Bureau is working diligently the needs of the Indians were simple tribesmen. The average Navajo, ac-
to find employment for the Indians. —sugar, salt, flour and coffee were cording to Cozy, has twice as much
"While the Indians are working for the main items of food, and a few wealth as 15 years ago.
the white man's wages they are also bolts of yard goods took care of the One of the paradoxes of this situa-
learning about his way of life. Some clothing problem. Now the trader has tion is that although money is more
of it is good—and some not so good. the alternative of expanding his stock plentiful among the Indians there has
During my first 35 years here I never to department store proportions, or been no slackening of pawn transac-
saw a drunken Indian. I am sorry to watching much of his trade go to the tions. Formerly, only the children of
say that isn't true today." distant cities. wealthy Indians had their own jew-
The Indians are in a period of tran- elry. Today nearly every Indian boy
The medicine men, Cozy believes, sition — from the old ways of their and girl has two or three turquoise or-
are slowly losing prestige. The younger fathers to the new mode of life that is naments, and of course all of the tur-
Indians go to the dances—but they go being learned from the whites. There quoise and silver in the family is avail-
for fun, not because it is part of their is a bit of pathos in this situation— able for pawn if there is need for it.
religious faith. The tragedy of this is both for the Indian and for the trader.
that while their own religion is on the Very little silver work is now being
It will require many years, perhaps done on the reservation. The silver-
wane, they have found nothing to take generations, for the readjustment to
its place. The Catholics and many of smiths generally are employed by curio
be completed, and since the McSpar- shops and traders who operate along
the Protestant churches maintain mis- rons cannot remain always in the role
sions on the reservation, and have the main highways and railroad. Also,
of traders, they have bought a little weaving is on the decline, and there
made valiant efforts to Christianize the ranch in Arizona's Verde River country
Navajos. But progress has been very are some traders who predict that in a
not many miles from Montezuma's few years a Navajo rug will be a rarity.
slow. The most effective work has Castle where they plan to retire before
been done in the direction of medical It is true today, as in the past, that in
long and spend their days among their terms of human labor, a Navajo rug
aid to the Indians. fruit trees and in their garden. or blanket is the biggest value that can
Now that the Indians have been In the meantime the Indians are be bought on the American market.
granted the right to vote, Cozy believes making fine progress in many direc- The McSparrons have a high regard
the traders will become an important tions. The discovery of oil and uranium for the native ability and intelligence
factor in state and national politics, to ores on their reservation lands is bring- of the Navajo people—and they believe
the extent that their counsel is accepted ing large royalty funds into the tribal that in the slow processes of the great
by the Indians in their various com- treasury, and much of this money is American melting pot these Indians
munities. being spent for the improvement of eventually will emerge as capable stal-
There is a note of nostalgia in their living conditions. Also, Uncle Sam is wart citizens of the communities in
words when the McSparrons discuss now contributing more generously than which they will establish their homes.

Black Butte at Bouse, Arizona. Agate seams lace the northeast side. Lonely
cemetery in the foreground. Largely unexplored for gem stones, the area to the
southeast has produced some interesting gold ore.

Agate-seamed Butte at Bouse

Northeast of Bouse, Arizona, a black malpais butte rises from the posits and forms, quite often stained
desert floor, its sides laced with seams of green, lavender, pale pink and colored by metallic salts or oxides.
and deep red agate webbed with mossy filligree. "Good cabochons Sometimes, where the silica has formed
can be cut from rough specimens chipped right out of surface seams," a preliminary gel, colloidal gold is con-
reports lay Ransom, who visited the site recently with his mineralogist centrated into beautifully branching
father. Here is Ransom's description of a new field for the specimen gold inclusions in the completed agate.
collector and lapidary, and his introduction to two old-time rockhounds
—-Mr. and Mrs. Jim Reed of Bouse. The pieces I held in my hand were
varicolored in pastel shades of pink,
By JAY ELLIS RANSOM green and lavender. Some of it was
Photos by the author almost as deep a red as jasper but with
Map by Norton Allen a mossy filigree. Good cabochons
could be cut from the rough specimens
/JT WAS FROM Mr. and Mrs. I decided that the black butte was which George had chipped right out
/ George Green of Tacoma, Wash- worth investigating. George's agate of surface seams. "I just followed a
ington — rockhounds whom we specimens were some of the finest I'd bit of float up out of the flats into a
had met by chance at a crystal field seen. dry wash," he explained, pointing his
near Quartzsite—that my father and Turning the samples over in my route out on the sand map. "and there
1 first learned of the unusual seam ag- hand, I considered the many varied was the mother outcrop."
ate to be found near Bouse, Arizona. forms in which agate comes out of We bade goodbye to the Greens and,
George had showed us several pieces saturated silica solution percolating with the late afternoon sun barely an
of fair-sized agate, green, lavender and into cavities and fissures. Seam agate hour above the western ranges, drove
mossy pink. They came, he said, from might be defined as chalcedonic silica. into Bouse; We'd traveled a well-graded
seams in a black malpais butte north- It occurs as a secondary deposition gravel road that cuts northward out
east of Bouse. With a dry twig of filling seams, fissures, veins or cavities of Quartzsite, crossing the Plomosa
greasewood he sketched a map in the as if Nature had deliberately designed Mountains by a low pass about mid-
sand at our feet, marking the butte it as a healing medium to reunite way in its 25-mile course. En route we
with an X on the winding line of a dry breaks in rock faulted and fractured by saw little evidence of mining activity,
wash. movement of the earth. past or present, until we had crossed
Bouse was 50 miles or so off our Like chalcedony and jasper such the barren Plomosas. But from the
planned route, but Ransom Senior and agate is found in a wide variety of de- crest of the divide down to Bouse, ele-

NOVEMBER, 1953 13

vation 995 feet, all the side roads one of the richest cotton raising regions Zeroing our speedometer on leaving
pointed toward variously named mines. of Arizona. The country seems utterly the pavement, we turned at mile 0.7
At Bouse we left Highway 95 to emerge waterless and desolate, yet Parker Dam onto a side road on our right, or east,
onto paved State Highway 72 that runs on the Colorado River is enabling leading to a neglected cemetery on the
from Parker Dam to Hope. Bouse broad acreages of raw desert to become low brow of a lava ridge. At 0.9 miles
stands about halfway, a station on the productive, and once water is brought the cemetery road branches, the left
Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Rail- to the soil, its fertility seems inexhaus- fork climbing the rise to the sagging
road. tible. The cotton fields appear out of wooden grave markers and the right
Parking in front of the only cafe in the desert so suddenly that at first one member winding tortuously toward the
town, we stepped out to get our bear- might think them a mirage; but dark southeast. Following our memorized
ings. A scattering of sun-blistered skinned pickers at work in the white directions, we turned right and at mile
houses, two service stations and a set- fields and great trucks loaded with 1.1 reached the ghost of a junction.
tlement across the tracks showed little baled cotton roaring along the high- From here, turning left, the road veers
life. We entered the cafe. Over bottles way immediately prove the scene's northward climbing easily up a broad
of pop we learned from the waitress- reality. boulder-strewn slope to its end at mile
owner that an elderly couple, Mr. and 1.3. Although the road is little more
Mrs. J. N. Reed, were the local rock Pausing near the tracks to take a
photo of the volcanic butte on which than a widening of the spaces between
collectors. "They're mighty fine peo- greasewood clumps and boulders, it is
ple," she added. "You'll enjoy them agate seams are found, we drove east
and north along a smooth dirt road to neither steep nor rough. However, one
both." sharp dip did cause us to scrape our
Swansea, an old time mining camp fa-
Thanking her, Dad and I went back mous in western Arizona history. Bouse tailpipe and rear fender guards rather
out into the declining sun. Because of Butte rises a mile east of town, a jet badly.
the lateness of the day and the prob- black color in the evening sun, rounded Locking the car in gear, we climbed
lem of getting photographs before but distinct against the general back- out to find ourselves on the northwest
darkness fell, we decided to hasten to drop of red Arizona sandstone. Ob- corner of the mountain, no trails show-
the agate area before visiting the Reeds. viously of volcanic origin, it is easily ing anywhere save the wide brown
Driving across the track we were the most prominent object in the im- scars of bulldozer slides that are a dis-
surprised at the country surrounding mediate landscape. tinct feature of the butte.
this western Arizona community. The The butte rises four or five hundred The ground was covered with bould-
raw and ragged desert seemed devoid feet above the level of the surrounding ers of all sizes, the smaller ones rolling
of the cholla so common to western flats, and it is liberally sprinkled with treacherously underfoot. According to
Arizona. Palo Verde trees, pale and rhyolitic rocks ranging in size from our verbal directions we should find
feathery in the glowing sun, gave the a few inches to several feet in diameter. on the north face of the peak two
town its only touch of greenery. Here Black and glossy with desert varnish deeply cut washes in the otherwise
and there, stunted and malformed, a and pockmarked with gas blowholes, nearly smooth curvature of the hill.
few saguaros raised thorny trunks be- these rocks serve as reminders of a Crossing the first and deeper arroyo,
tween the rocks. Greasewood seemed not too distant geologic time when we climbed the intervening ridge and
to predominate on the outlying flats. such rock "bombs" were blown forci- descended into a second and broader
The area south of Bouse has become bly from the bowels of the earth. wash. While this one slopes due north,

it is on the extreme northeast flank of
the butte.
At its lower end but well above the
broad level flats of the desert beyond,
we stumbled upon a cairn of rocks
which might have been a mining claim
marker. We soon ran across small
seams and fissures of the peculiarly
attractive agate George had shown us
at Crystal Mountain.
We had not come in precisely the
way our friends had described. Stand-
ing beside the cairn Dad and I tried to
guess the probable route of exploration
George and his wife followed. The
agate seams we found were not those
which had produced the large fine spe-
cimens George showed us. We did,
however, chip off some good samples
of the smaller veins, climbing up the
wash a short distance above the cairn.
Here and there, piled waist high,
stood several mining claim markers,
but we found no evidences of gopher-
ing. Concluding that further explora-
tion would be necessary and that min-
eral and gem stone possibilities defi-
nitely existed in the area, we hastened
back to the car before darkness fell.
Although the hike in had taken
probably ten minutes, it should not be
attempted without rubber-soled shoes.
We saw numerous lizards scurrying
among the rocks.
Retracing our route to Bouse, we
turned south along the highway to Jim
Reed's place on the edge of the town.
They're busy folks in their hale-and-
hearty seventies, and they have more
irons in the fire than many a younger
couple. Jim was not at home since he
had gone out to the nearby cotton fields
to oversee a job of picking. Mrs. Reed, Mr. and Mrs. Jim Reed of Bouse, Arizona, inspect a specimen of agate
jolly and alive with fascinating obser- found near their home.
vations on the rock hunting potential
of Arizona, greeted us.
voice grew confidential, "Jim could She showed us a piece. "It's rich," she
Inside her expansive living room, have a mighty fine gold mine out there, said, her vivacious blue eyes studying
still not quite finished, she showed us if he wanted to develop his ledge. But our faces. "So rich that every time
boxes of gemstone specimens she and we're getting too old to mine it our- Jim goes out to get more specimens,
her husband have gathered here and selves. We're in our seventies, and he has to be careful that nobody is
there. For a long time I had read what with taxes and the high cost of going to follow him. Others could
Jim Reed's ads for gold ore specimens development, we just can't do it. Jim jump his claim, and what could we
in various mineral magazines and visu- chips off his specimens whenever he do about it?"
alizing a producing mine nearby, I gets an order to fill, then covers up Waiting for Jim to return from his
innocently asked: "Mrs. Reed, I've the ledge so others won't claim it. work, with darkness creeping in over
seen your husband's ad, and after look- We've been here four years now, and the desert velvet soft and sparkling
ing over this rather remarkable coun- are building this home for ourselves, with stars, we learned something about
try this afternoon, just where would a little at a time, as my husband sells this pioneer couple. They have reared
your husband's gold mine be?" his specimens." nine children, seven of them girls.
Mrs. Reed, her blue eyes glinting She went on to explain that selling "Maybe you've seen my younger
cannily, looked at me with the expres- gold ore in the form of cabinet speci- daughter, Mazy, in the movie 'Covered
sion she must have used to answer the mens to schools and private collectors Wagon'." She reached for an album
gaze of countless similar questioners. is much simpler than going through of photographs and began to leaf
"Does Gimbels tell Macy's" she in- the red tape of developing a produc- through, proudly. She held out Mazy's
quired archly, then burst out laughing. tion mine. "Also, its return is vastly picture, a beautiful girl with many of
"Oh, I know you folks wouldn't rush greater per ton of ore and per hour of her mother's features.
out to the claim and try to get speci- time put in digging it out," she added. "All my girls were beautiful," Mrs.
mens for yourselves, but there's plenty Actually, Jim Reed's ore is rhyolite Reed said, dreamily. "But it never did
others who would. You see," her with fleck gold running through it. mean much to them, although it has to

NOVEMBER, 1953 15
The author's father looks over the seam agate found on the slopes of Bouse Butte.
Malpais boulders strew all sides of this volcanic dome.
Hollywood. Take Mazy, now. She's ing the cotton picking season, collect- adorns their front yard alongside the
a horse expert who can equal the best ing rocks and selling his specimens highway. Not particularly promising
male riders in Hollywood. Always only when it is necessary to do so to as potential cabinet specimens, never-
was horse crazy," her mother's clear buy some necessity for their home. I theless this colorful country rock would
laughter came from a well of memory, feel that in high-grading his own mine, make nice additions to rock gardens
"and she's making it pay off. She's Jim Reed has the right idea. He is and contribute beauty and interest
been playing opposite Roy Rogers for helping a lot of people to get real where suitable flowers could be grown
quite a few years now." pleasure and appreciation out of some- to bring out their natural forms and
Another daughter, a lovely blonde thing fine and beautiful which would colors.
girl looking in her photographs the not be possible by ordinary mining. But it is the glittering gold ore that
way Mrs. Reed must have looked 50 I asked Mrs. Reed if she knew about most delights the eye because it is so
years ago, has become third owner in seams of cabochon agate in the area unexpected. Looking out of the win-
Knudson's Dairy in Los Angeles—no Dad and I had prospected. "There's dow at the raw desert surrounding
mean accomplishment for a girl who quite a bit of agate around Bouse," Bouse, it seemed to me fitting that gold
had to make it on her own. "They're she explained. "I haven't seen much should be there, along with agate and
nearly all married now, my children," of it myself, but Jim knows where most other gemstone material, hidden in
Mrs. Reed said, "and raising their own of it is. If he were here, I'm sure he remote ledges where only the sharp
families." would tell you good places to go. It eyes of a real prospector like Jim Reed
I could understand how much this wouldn't be like his gold ledge which can find it. Jim Reed's collector's eye
couple enjoyed the last years of build- he has to keep secret." has appraised his ledge for more than
ing their own home, now that their Although we missed seeing Jim Reed its mere gold potential, for he knows
children are out in the world, proud in on this trip, I know that he and his in his heart that the yellow metal, even
their successes. It had not been an charming wife will give all possible in quantity, cannot buy happiness. And
easy road, pioneering in the desert help to visiting rock collectors. Visit- in Mrs. Reed's merry eyes I read a
Southwest, but Mrs. Reed's native wit ors through Bouse should by all means contentment which she and her hus-
and charm have seemingly never been call on the Reeds and look over their band are finding through their own
dimmed by hard work. collection. hard work in this remote corner of
Her husband Jim is supervisor dur- Quite a pile of interesting rock western Arizona.

Photo from the C. C. Pierce collection.
Rio Linda, California Winslow. Arizona
On, up the rocky hill from desert's edge, The voice of the desert calls me,
The legions of the gaunt Saguaro go. Eureka, Nevada To my soul I hear it speak;
They pause not, all these ribbed Amazons, And I know its charm will lure me.
Although what goal they seek they cannot You utter oaths harsh to the human ear For my fortress walls are weak.
know! Directed at the beast that bears your load.
In perfect echo back to you it comes Did I think that walls could hold me
There is a Force, all irresistible, On desert waste that's long been your abode. As I placed each stone on stone?
Impells them upward in this lonely land; You vow that burros never should have been. Or that a deep and hidden yearning
Some portion of the desert's destiny Created to impede the pace of man Would subside if kept alone?
Must be fulfilled by this strange, armored Impatiently along the desert trail
band. The stones are now as nothing,
And curse the toil and sweat and burning For they can no longer stay
• • • sand.
THE CHIPMUNKS AND I The tumult wakened by a whisper—
Come sundown and you've reached a water- "These stones are only clay!"
Long Beach, California Cool clear miracle for desert thirst—
How come you're said to have a raw-hide
Hi, scampering desert-chipmunks heart
Burrowing deep in sand And yet you let the burro beast drink first?
Say, what do you think of humans
Invading your sun-burned land? • • • By TANYA SOUTH
Like motionless little statues By GERTRUDE DUST Be brave, whatever comes your way.
With beady-black eyes, you deceive Glendora, California Be brave, whatever may dismay.
Yourselves—but not me, so scurry Shoulder your burden. Let your hour
Along with your make-believe. An elf owl, perched in a Joshua tree, Of struggle be triumphant power,
Sat fair and square between the moon and When you soar, lofty-winged, o'er pain
1 toss you food every morning me. And Truth attain.
Appeasing your appetites; He stared at me, I stared at him
Hurl sticks at your vile assailants Motionless there on the Joshua limb. Be brave. Let nothing break your
And umpire your frequent fights. "Hello," I called, "and how do you do?" heart.
"I mind my own business," hissed he, "Do Do you your part
Yet, while from this porch I watch you you?" With strength and purpose and with
And love every move you make. The moon laughed, the wind capered in plan—
To you I am but a well-spring glee God-conscious Man.
Of celery, cheese and cake. As the owl popped into a hole in the tree.

NOVEMBER, 1953 17
Navajo horsemen on the reservation. When a tribesman dies, his favorite horse is
shot over his grave, to accompany its master to the Happy Hunting Grounds.

His Own Horse to Ride in

the Happy Hunting Grounds
When a Navajo dies, his horse is shot over his grave, to provide
Photos by D. Clifford Bond
his departed soul with a familiar mount to ride in the Happy Hunting
NE OF THE most terrible catas- Grounds. From many years of operating trading posts on the Navaio
trophes that can befall a Navajo reservation, Joe Eerley learned much about Navaio burial customs and
is to come in contact with a dead
body. The evil spirit which has caused Navaio attitudes toward disease. Here he tells a few of his experiences.
death will leave the corpse, the Indian
believes, and enter any person who greeted me one day many years ago Seeing me, one of the Navajos left
comes near. Navajos will always try when I rode into the camp of a few his wagon and came my way. The
to get an outsider—usually a trader or Indian families. Men, women and night before, he explained, a stranger
a missionary—to bury their dead, al- children were frantically running about, had ridden into camp and had gone
though if he finds it necessary a tribes- harnessing horses, stripping hogans and to sleep beneath a cedar tree. This
man may bury a corpse with impunity brush shelters of household goods, morning he was dead. They all were
if he immunizes himself first by repeat- loading wagons and driving sheep and hurrying away from the place lest the
ing a strict religious ritual. goats away from the place. No prepa- stranger's evil spirit should enter their
This Navajo fear of death was the ration for fire or flood could have been bodies or those of their livestock, or
reason for the wild confusion which so desperately hurried. even the frames of their wagons. The

Navajo asked me if I would bury the has overstepped the limits of modera- herbs administered and chants sung.
stranger and shoot his horse over his tion, has weakened herself spiritually If a patient fails to improve, a different
grave. and allowed an evil spirit to enter her ritual will be tried.
There was no doctor nearby. Mak- body, causing sickness. The Navajo The only way for a Navajo to get
ing quite certain the man was dead, I must be moderate in all things. well is to be prayed over; that is, to
buried him and, as the Navajo had If a Navajo is getting too many have a medicine man sing over him
requested, shot his horse over the sheep, too much turquoise, or if he is and drive out the evil spirit. The Nav-
grave. The horse was to provide a too lazy and not getting his rightful ajo believes a sing can also fortify him
mount for the departed to ride in the amount, then he is liable to be taken against disease, just as vaccination can
happy hunting grounds. over by an evil spirit and some organ fortify a white man against smallpox.
On another occasion, I was asked of his body, even his mind, may be- Slowly, as they overcome their fear
to bury a Navajo who had died in his come disordered. of the white man's hospitals and medi-
hogan. According to instructions, I When a medicine man diagnoses a cine and as more of their children learn
buried him inside, with his head facing case of illness, he pays no attention to about the white man's ways and his
the rising sun. I then nailed the door the patient's anatomy; instead, he tries beliefs, the Navajos are overcoming
tight and broke a hole in the north wall to discover just what religious taboo their inordinate dread of graves and
as a warning to all Navajos that it was has been broken. Having found what the dead and are revising their ancient
an evil hogan. he thinks is the cause, he applies one methods of diagnosing and treating dis-
When I came out of the hogan, my of the many rituals which a good chan- ease. But deep-rooted beliefs change
grim duty done, the dead man's old ter must memorize. A sing will be slowly, and in the more isolated re-
Buick roadster was in flames. Per- held, a sand painting will be made, gions of their reservation, the Navajos
haps he was intended to have his fa- rattles will be shaken, drums beaten, still cling to the faith of their fathers.
miliar form of transportation in the
afterworld. Or perhaps, as something After the Navajo medicine man has decided just what religious taboo was
closely connected with its owner, it broken to cause illness, he prescribes treatment—a chant, a sing, a sand-
was feared the automobile, too, might painting, a sacred charm or potion.
be infected with the death spirits.
This primitive fear of a dead body
often causes much suffering, both men-
tal and physical. I remember one fine
young Navajo boy who had been away
at school for eight years. He returned
in the last stages of tuberculosis. His
family was taking him home in a
wagon, across the reservation to their
isolated hogan. On the way, it became
evident that he was dying and, terrified,
they left him by the roadside and
quickly drove off. A white man found
the boy's body several days later and
buried him.
Nor do the Navajos look upon the
cause and cure of disease in the same
way as the white man. They believe
that the cause of disease is supernat-
ural, and that its cure must be brought
about by supernatural means—magic.
The white man believes that the cause
of disease is natural, and that a cure
must be brought about by natural
The Navajo believes that disease is
caused by failure to live up to the
Navajo religion or way of life. If a
Navajo mother-in-law looks upon her
son-in-law, even accidentally, she has
broken a taboo; she has left breaches
in her armor through which an evil
spirit may enter and attack her lungs,
her kidneys, or any part of her anat-
Overindulgence in anything also may
permit an evil spirit to enter the body
and bring about disorder. A Navajo
must not be too greedy, too ambitious;
he must not covet too much of any-
If a Navajo woman weaves too many
rugs, or if she has woven one that is
perfect, she has committed a sin; she

NOVEMBER, 1953 19
CRISIS IN TAOS.. MardKock Shorty
The year was 1861. The moment had come when Taos, New
Mexico must decide whether it was to lead its sleepy existence be-
neath the Stars and Bars or whether Old Glory was to remain flying
over the town.
Ranged about the base of the flagpole in the center of the plaza
were a handful of Anglos and Spanish-Americans loyal to the Union. "Frawgs?" asked Hard Rock
Ringing them, standing in the shade of the plaza's cottonwoods, were Shorty. "Why sure! The best
knots of Anglo settlers, Confederate partisans; once neighbors and and biggest frawg legs in the
fellow-settlers in Taos Valley, now bitter enemies. Other scores of world usta be raised right here
the settlers of Southern sympathy were in the saloons fronting the in Death Valley. Not only that,
plaza, drinking noisy toasts to the cause of the Confederacy. As soon but they wuz raised right here in
as the "Taos lightning" took effect a bloody battle was likely. Inferno at that spring up back o'
the store.
How the news of the firing on Fort Sumter reached Taos is now "Pisgah Bill wuz the frawg
forgotten. Perhaps it came by courier across the plains from Fort raiser. He read a book about it
Leavenworth to Taos by way of Fort Union. Or perhaps it was an' since it sounded like there
carried by a wagon train freighting goods to the New Mexican towns. wuzn't nothin' to do but lug
The effect of the news, however it was brought, was to split the money down to the bank, Pisgah
peaceful farming town into two armed camps. Only a man of out- sent out fer some young frawgs.
standing leadership and character could keep the factions from a Well, yu know, that pond around
bloody clash. the spring suited 'em fine, and
Kit Carson, famous western scout and later brevet general in with lots o' warm weather to
the Federal army, was that man. Previously, he had refused to take make 'em croak, an' lots o' bugs
part, much less lead the Confederates in seizing the Taos district. to make 'em grow, them frawgs
Now, told that the Southerners were going on without him in their got fatter 'n fatter. They done
design and were gathering in the plaza in overwhelming numbers, he pretty near as good as it said in
left the neutral position of his home. the book.
"Looked like Pisgah had a
When Carson walked into the plaza, he headed directly for the gold mine in frawgs. But about
flagpole. He was unarmed—probably the only unarmed man in the that time oF Hank Higgins who'd
whole gathering. Fearlessly and calmly, he marched with his small- run this store ever since Borax
gaited steps through the crowd of Southerners, nodding here and Smith grub-staked him, decided
there to friends and acquaintances. Though by now everyone in to retire. That city slicker who
town knew where Carson's sympathies lay—no middle course was bought the place decided to make
possible in those emotional days. One was either pro-Confederacy a dude ranch here and got busy
or pro-Union. So great was the respect for Carson that the knots of right away puttin' up cabins.
enthusiastic partisans fell silent at his approach and parted to give
Come the first o' October,
him passage.
the dudes began flockin' in to
At the flagpole Carson looked over the lashings of the flag's soak up some o' this famous
halyard. He kept his back to the Confederate partisans while he Death Valley sunshine.
made sure that Old Glory was at the peak. Word of his arrival in The second morning all the
the plaza flashed through the saloons. Scores of Southerners downed guests came around as a com-
their last toast to the Confederacy, to General Beauregard, to the mittee and served notice they
Palmetto State, and poured into the street facing the square. wuz all movin' out if somethin'
wuzn't done to keep them blank-
Carson turned from the flagpole to face the enlarged crowd. ety-blank frawgs from singin' all
For a long minute he looked at the now-silent, attentive faces, at the night. Couldn't stand the noise,
metallic gleam of rifle barrels and "hogslegs" hung low. A hush they said. An' since the new
hovered over the plaza. owner also had the rights to the
spring, he told Pisgah to git them
Slowly he began to speak in his mild-voiced drawl, but under frawgs out-a there.
his gentle tone rang the iron clang of command:
"Only place Bill had to take
"Boys, I know you and you know me. I'm for the Union myself 'em was up to that alum spring
and you are against it. Don Fernando de Taos has been Union since in Eight Ball crick. Twenty-four
'47 and it will stay Union. And that flag stays up! Now T'm going hours after Bill'd put 'em in that
home and f suggest that you do the same." alum water they'd all shriveled
up like they hadn't had a meal
The crowd of Confederate partisans parted and melted away fer six months. There wuz noth-
as Carson slowly walked alone back to his home not far from the in' in the book about that—so
plaza. Bill threw the book away an'
And the Flag stayed up. went back to prospectin'."

Hungry, broke, on rag-bound feet Ebner searched for his


lost native copper field. When he stumbled into Seward
White's prospecting camp in the Chocolate Mountains
of California, White offered to join the quest—and here is
the story of their unrewarded trek acrossacross the Desert.
N NOVEMBER of 1933, a man Colorado River. The hard surface al- quartz veins and stringers, and we
named Pierce from Indio and I lowed fast hiking which did not tire, found copper's green stain several
were doing some prospecting in and we moved quickly in a strong cold places.
California's Chocolate Mountains. One wind. Innumerable dry washes lead- Ebner stretched out by the fire. He
Sunday evening a stranger walked into ing out of the Chocolates deterred us had only his piece of canvas for bed-
our camp at Pegleg Well. He said his somewhat as we headed south with the ding. His hat was pulled down over
name was Ebner and that he had come mountains on our right. his eyes in a typical hobo manner
on foot from Niland that day. Before long Ebner picked out a which reminded me of my own days
We invited the stranger to share our towering spur of the Chocolates where, on the road.
food and fire. After dinner, he told he said, on his previous trip he had I put on my long underwear and all
us the story behind his long hike. He seen wild sheep and near it a big wash my clothes and wrapped up in my
said he was looking for a deposit of running crosswise to others. He was blanket. As I lay there by the fire I
native copper. sure he recognized the landmark. knew we would not get back to Pegleg
In 1914, Ebner and a companion About 11 o'clock we reached the for another day and a half and I won-
had crossed the desert from Picacho, spur. Ebner said our goal was the next dered how hungry we would be by
driving packed burros. It was winter, sharp pinnacle jutting out into the flats then. I wondered too, what the next
and snow was falling. Somewhere be- another 10 miles away. We hiked a day would bring.
fore they dropped down into Mam- little farther before stopping for lunch Despite the cold I slept well that
moth Wash leading to the Salton Sea, and then continued on, reaching the night. We were up before the sun. I
they came to a place which was lit- pinnacle about 3:30 p.m. took off my "pajamas" in spite of the
tered with pieces of heavy metal. Once more Ebner shook his head. chill and lengthened the straps of my
The weather was so bad that the Near the pinnacle I found a tank of pack. We ate a very meager breakfast
two men feared stopping too long to water in the rock with mountain sheep of bread, honey and dried fruit.
explore the site. But they gathered a tracks around it. From the tank we 1 left everything but my small can-
few samples of the ore and pushed on, took a direct route toward the third teen. The water in my gallon canteen
confident they could find the place big pinnacle. had a cork with varnish on it and the
again. The metal proved to be native About 5 o'clock we came to a water was tainted.
copper. miner's deserted ramada and a pros- We started off again, our pace
Ebner was not able to return to his pect hole nearby. A road of sorts led quickened by our lighter loads. We
find until 1920—and then he remained to the place. There was a trickling went up through the gap and out into
only long enough to estimate that sev- stream with cattails and grass grow- country thick with cholla. Ebner soon
eral truckloads of the copper could be ing in it. Two burros with bells fast- decided that the country "didn't look
gathered easily from the surface de- ened around their necks grazed not right." Nevertheless we went on about
posits. far away. five miles through the cholla and along
The years between 1920 and 1933 We pushed on until dusk, then the Glamis road before we turned back.
he worked as a lumberjack in the stopped in a wash for the night. 1 At the farthest spot Ebner pointed to
northwest. In 1933 he was snow threw off my pack and canteens and the end of the Chocolates and said,
blinded while working at Crater Lake sprinted to the next point, from it to "that must be the place." This was a
in Oregon. Down on his luck and flat look down into what I hoped would good 15 miles beyond the first "right
broke, he remembered the copper near prove to be Ebner's promised land. place." However there was a north-
Salton Sea and traveled south with the The quarter-mile run through little south wash there as he had described.
hope of relocating the site and getting washes and up gentle hills actually
someone to stake him to enough money rested my legs and the cramped muscles We drank some water and began to
to remove the surface values. of my shoulders and arms which the feel sick. Ebner seemed to be suffer-
pack had confined all day. I came ing more. By the time we made it
Ebner's story intrigued me, and 1 back to our packs he was walking
asked him to let me join the search. back after dark, guided by a big fire
Ebner had blazing. slowly and I was feeling weak. I gave
He agreed, and the next morning we Ebner some more fruit and nuts and
started out together. Since he thought We must have traveled more than finished the last bite of bread. We
we were within 10 miles of the copper 20 miles that day, the hardest, steadi- drank no more water.
and would be out overnight at most, I est hike 1 have ever taken outside of
carried only a small pack that con- mountain peak ascents. Ebner talked Our packs again on our backs, we
tained a blanket, two canteens, a suit very little. He tried vainly to recog- headed slowly back to the miner's
of long underwear and a little food. nize landmarks. "It must be the next camp which we had discovered the day
A gold pan, compass and knife com- point," he kept repeating. before. It took us an hour and a half
pleted my equipment. Ebner carried to make the two-and-a-half-mile trek.
Several times during the day I had
a piece of canvas in a gunny sack, half seen signs of mountain sheep, and for No one was in sight. We got good
a loaf of bread and a few strips of a while 1 hoped to scare up a band of water at the spring, entered the ra-
bacon. The remainder of his bindle the bighorns in some of the washes. mada and helped ourselves to coffee,
he left at our camp. He wore rags There was more water in that dry time oatmeal and crackers. We had Karo
wrapped on his feet, having no socks. of the year than 1 had supposed but for dessert. Ebner then baked some
We went up through the low hills one had to know where to look for hot bread and I took two big potatoes
around Pegleg Well and out on the it in certain rock formations and nat- and some salt. Before we left I wrote
flat varnished rocks that cover the long ural tanks. The country was highly a note explaining our raid and left a
slope eastward 50 or 60 miles to the mineralized. We crossed dozens of 50-cent piece which, in those depres-

NOVEMBER, 1953 21
sion days of 1933, would just about him to Niland, where we said goodbye. Finally, for what other reason
have paid for the food we took. I -never saw Ebner again. would he hike from Niland to Pegleg
The good water and the food re- Was his story a hoax? I believe not and on to the Glamis road and beyond
vived us. I took the lead. By forsak- for the following reasons: —without food, bedding, shoes or ade-
ing the hills for the flats below, we First, there is copper in the Choco- quate clothing?
found the going easier and faster. Eb- lates. Pegleg Well itself is an old min- Should someone strike a native cop-
ner's feet were in bad shape. He had ing shaft with copper ore on the ground per deposit on the east side of the
a nasty blister on one heel and several around it. Chocolates, I hope this tale might be
on the soles of his feet; but his only Secondly, Ebner had nothing to sell. remembered and the mine named, in
complaint was that he still felt sick Unlike the usual prospector looking honor of a weary, sore-footed wand-
from the bad water. for a stake he asked for nothing. erer, "The Lost Ebner Mine."
Hiking along, Ebner told me that
once he had traveled 65 miles on foot If the law of averages is work-
from 5 o'clock in the morning until 9
that night. He had a long, swinging
stride for a man only about five feet
TRUE OR FALSE ing, you should get 10 of the
following True or False ques-
tions correct even if you know nothing about the Great American Desert.
six inches tall. He was in his fifties,
strong and tough. I could well believe Probably you will do much better than that for readers of Desert Magazine
that in his younger days he had been have the opportunity to learn much about the arid region of southwestern
a man of more than usual strength United States. A score of 14 to 16 is good, 17 or 18 is excellent. Over 18
and endurance. Worn now with years is super. The answers are on page 40.
and a hard life, he still was a match
for many an outdoorsman. 1—The Lost Pegleg gold mine is generally believed to be in the Colorado
Desert of Southern California. True False .
The most imposing of the landmarks
we left behind were two huge pinna- 2—First white man known to have run a boat through the rapids of
cles or buttes of red rock. They were Grand Canyon was Major John Wesley Powell. True . False _ .
pyramidoidal in shape and very much
3—Yucca baccata is the name of a Spanish dance. True . . False
alike in every way but size. The north-
eastern one was about one-third as 4—The roadrunner or chaparral cock will fly long distances if in danger.
large as its neighbor which must have True False
been seven or eight hundred feet high.
The strata were tilted on end and the 5—The Gila Monster has four legs. True _ . False
walls hung absolutely perpendicular. 6—First Americans to explore the Southwest desert were gold-seekers.
Enormous masses of scree buttressed True False
the pinnacles. There seemed to be no
plant life at all. 7—Kachina dolls are made by the Yuma Indians. True . . False
By dark we were back within 10 or 8—Lowest elevation in the United States is at the foot of Bright Angel
12 miles of Pegleg. We camped once Trail in Grand Canyon. True False .
more in a big wash and had plenty of
time to gather wood. We got several 9—Crystals found in geodes generally are quartz. True . _. False
large ironwood snags which were so 10—Hovenweep is the name of a National Monument in Arizona.
big and heavy that it took our com- True False
bined strength to drag them into camp.
11—Water in the Great Salt Lake has a higher salt content than ocean
We lighted a fire and I fried my last
water. True...... . False
bits of ham while Ebner baked the
potatoes. Before going to bed we put 12—The Vermillion Cliffs may be seen from Navajo Bridge which crosses
on a second big chunk of ironwood, the Colorado River in northern Arizona. True ....... False...
assuring ourselves of fire for half the
night at least. 13—Prehistoric Indians were mining turquoise in New Mexico and
Nevada before the white men came to the Southwest. True
When I awoke Ebner was wrapping False
his feet. We finished our potatoes and
started off in a hurry to reach Pegleg. 14—Navajo Indian women still dye all their hand-woven rugs and blankets
Ebner's blisters obviously were caus- with vegetable dyes derived from the native shrubbery. True
ing him great pain, but we pushed on. False
We reached camp at 10 o'clock.
15—Desert Center, California, is in the Chuckawalla Valley. True
Ebner stayed with Pierce and me
for the next two days which we spent False
prospecting and discussing the trip, 16—The capital of New Mexico is Santa Fe. True False
trying to plot our course on a map.
Ebner was still firm in his determina- 17—The Gila River is a tributary of the Colorado River. True
tion to find the copper again. False
"I never went to it from this direc- 18—The Taos Indians of New Mexico are nomads like the Navajo.
tion," he explained. "The way we True . False
went things look different." He said 19—The Valley of Fire in Nevada is a National Monument. True
he planned to work in the tomato False
harvest at Niland, get a little stake and
go back again, the next time from the 20—Flagstaff, Arizona, is on Highway 60. True . False
direction of Picacho. Pierce and I took

the results of Nature's accidental ac- Where Dinosaurs Trod . . .
complishment of perfection of form Phoenix, Arizona
and color—are agate. Desert:
There are many more good dia- "I think I would get a bigger thrill
monds on the market today than there in finding a chip off the moon or one
are good agates. For an agate of of the distant stars than I would in
Meteor Near Mt. Signal . . . supreme quality seldom appears on finding a gold mine," Editor Randall
El Centro, California the market counter. If and when these Henderson, speaking of his life-long
Desert: super-fine specimens are offered for search for a meteorite, wrote in "Just
In "Just Between You and Me" in sale, they usually command a price far Between You and Me" in September's
the September issue of Desert Maga- in excess of $72.00 per pound. Desert.
zine, Editor Randall Henderson men- At the recent gem and mineral show My whole being tingles still from a
tions he's been looking for a meteorite in Balboa Park, San Diego, a group recent thrilling experience as exciting
for 40 years. of five rockhounds picked five of the certainly as finding a meteorite.
I was born on an El Centro ranch most outstanding gems exhibited there. My wife and I were staying with
in 1911. When I was three or four Two of the five were fire agates from Hopi friends during the Snake dances
years old, I remember seeing a mete- Coon Hollow, exhibited by an anony- in August. In the course of our con-
orite streak across the sky, and feeling mous Coachella Valley lapidary and versation, someone mentioned dino-
the terrific earth jolt which followed. modestly labeled, "fire chalcedony." saur tracks, and our Indian friend ex-
I recently talked to Ed Stevens who ED ROCHESTER tended an unusual invitation.
also lived here then and he, too, re- • • •
members the meteorite. About 1935 "There are some dinosaur tracks
1 read in the local newspaper that a 200 Years Too Late . . . over in my sheep pasture," he said.
meteorite had been found somewhere Victoria, Texas "Would you like to see them?"
between Mt. Signal and the mountains Desert: Thinking "over in my sheep pas-
near the Mexican border. The mete- In "Just Between You and Me" in ture" meant just a few minutes away,
orite was taken to some museum or the September issue of Desert Mag- I accepted eagerly. "Certainly, Albert.
institute for study. azine, Randall Henderson wrote: I would be pleased to see them. When
GRACE HUFFMAN "Father Garces was the first missionary shall we go?"
to pay them (the Hopis) a visit—in "Right now, my brother," he an-
A Rattlesnake's Young . . . 1776." swered, and we departed at once in
Elsinore, California That's just about 200 years too late his pick-up truck.
Desert: to be a "first." The "road" we followed consisted
In a letter to Desert Magazine, pub- Padre Juan de Padilla v/as with of two faint twisting lines snaking
lished in the September issue, Leo Tovar's expedition to the Hopis in across the desert — rough, bumpy,
Turner speaks of the "old wives' tale" 1540. In Perea's Segunda Relacion, sandy. Clump grass, sagebrush and
of rattlesnakes swallowing their young. he tells of establishing the mission at rabbit bush almost hid the faint trail
Awatovi on August 20, 1629: made three years before on Albert's
I am sure in my own mind that rat-
tlesnakes do swallow their young. "Traveling by their daily stages, last visit.
About 30 years ago, while camped they (Fathers Francisco de Porras and Approaching a rock mound, we
with my family on a ranch known as Andres Gutierrez and Brother Chris- veered off the faint tire tracks and
Squints or "The Last Ranch," about tobal de la Concepcion) arrived at the bumped out across rough raw desert
three miles north of Lake Arrowhead, province of Moqui on the day of the toward a long low rock ridge. Albert
California, we noticed a rattlesnake glorious St. Bernard (which title that drove in behind the ridge and stopped.
disappearing in his hole near our camp. pueblo now has)." On foot, he led the way up a wide
We reached a stick down into the Following the establishment; at Awa- shallow trough between the ridge and
hole and could hear the snake rattle, tovi, missions were built at Oraibi a low outcrop of rock.
although it would not come out. We (San Miguel), San Bartolome de About 20 feet ahead of me, he
aimed a shotgun down the hole and Shongopovi (the ruins are still visible), stopped. Already I could see the huge
fired, then put the stick back and drew San Bernardino de Walpi and possibly footprints washed clean by the rains
out a large rattler twisted around it. at Mishongnovi. All these missions the Snake dance had brought.
It was nearly dead, its body almost were destroyed in the Pueblo Revolt I inspected the tracks carefully.
severed by the shot. of 1680, and four of the Franciscan There had evidently been quite a group
As we held the snake up, ten baby missionaries were killed. of the large prehistoric beasts. They
rattlers—each about four inches long, An unsuccessful attempt v/as made had traveled the trough, then turned
as I recall—fell out of it. They were to re-establish the mission at Awatovi left out of it, crossed the trough east-
mature, alive and full of pep. in 1700. ward and recrossed it to the west. A
VERNON F. JAMES Franciscans from the Rio Grande mother dinosaur was in the herd; a
• • • distinct set of smaller tracks followed
Valley and from Zuni visited the Hopi
Agates Worth the Price . . . country intermittently during the 18th at her side.
Winterhaven, California century. Padres Dominigues and Es- Three-toed sloths, one of them a
Desert: calante were there on their return trip baby, also had left prints in the once-
In the August issue of Desert, my from Utah in 1776. Escalante was soft red sandstone, as well as wading
good friend Lelande Quick, in his de- there the year before Garces. Garces birds or fowl and other unidentifiable
partment, "Amateur Gem Cutter," was at Oraibi on July 4, 1776. smaller animals.
says he too has become irked by the And, amid the various animal tracks,
unreasonable prices asked by some REV. VICTOR R. STONER we distinctly saw three human foot-
dealers for rough gem material. Thanks, Father Stoner, for cor- prints! They were clearly recognizable,
However, we feel that Mr. Quick recting my bad history. You are two left footprints and one right.
didn't treat the agates justly. For some right, and I should have known bet- That's the thrill I'll never forget.
of the world's most beautiful gems— ter.—R.H. R. W. APPLEGATE

NOVEMBER, 1953 23


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NOVEMBER, 1953 25
Lovelock, Nevada . . .

MINES and MINING The White Cloud group of five pat-

ented claims in Seven Troughs mining
district has been purchased by the
Golden Horseshoe Mining Company,
and development work has begun. Earl
Shiprock, New Mexico . . . Carson City, Nevada . . .
Ground was scheduled to be broken Earl Whitney has leased the sup- Tucker, caretaker for the Wood River
in September for a $3,000,000 uranium posedly worked out ground of the Rio Minerals Company, describes the
processing plant at Shiprock, with Tinto Copper Company in an attempt Golden Horseshoe ground as "good a
actual milling of ore slated to begin in to revive its activity. Whitney, former property as there is out here." He
1954. The Navajo tribe has leased the geologist for Rio Tinto, and an associ- formerly leased the mine and shipped
ground for the plant and for an accom- ate plan to run a cross cut from the from shallow workings profitably and
panying housing project to be built 200-foot level into virgin territory. The says there is still gold ore in the bot-
nearby. Kerr-McGee Company of Ok- property, the old Frank Hunt mine, tom of the 15- to 30-foot shafts. There
lahoma has signed a contract to have was discovered in 1936 and subse- are three distinct veins on the ground,
its subsidiary, Navajo Uranium Cor- quently produced approximately $20,- all of which hold promise for the new
poration, construct and operate the 000,000 in copper ore. — Humboldt owners.—California Mining Journal.
new facility. A large supply of ore Star. • • •
already has been stockpiled in antici- • • • Patagonia, Arizona . . .
pation of the Shiprock construction.— Winnemucca, Nevada . . . George W. Snyder, Jr., president of
Mining Record. Resumption of the search for ur- United Minerals Corporation, has an-
• • • anium in the Kings River area of Hum- nounced his firm has discovered what
Reno, Nevada . . . boldt County, about 75 miles north- appears to be a rich body of copper
Nevada Ore Refining Corporation west of Winnemucca, has been started ore near Patagonia, in the Sunnyside
has announced a revolutionary new by Uranium Metals, Inc., a Denver area about 100 miles south of Tucson.
method for treating manganese ores. concern. The site of the development Samples have assayed as high as 46.3
Purities reported as high as 99.4 per- is a number of claims established sev- percent copper with value running up
cent have been obtained. Reversal of eral months ago by Jess Nachiando, to $200 per ton. Lead, gold and silver
the usual process of recovery is said Irvin Sweeney and James Murdock. traces also have been found.—Battle
to be the secret. Instead of taking the Uranium Metals has taken a lease on Mountain Scout.
manganese out of the ore, the process the claims from the locators and plans • • •
takes out the gangue material, leaving intensive development in expectation Winnemucca, Nevada . . .
the almost pure metal. In order to of uncovering uranium in commercial Tungsten test mill runs have started
obtain results, the chemical action quantities. Roy F. Roseberry of Elko at the Big W plant of Winnemucca
must take place at a temperature of will be superintendent in charge of op- Mountain Mines Company. High test
140 degrees or more. The corporation erations.—Battle Mountain Scout. ore is producing about 175 pounds of
has erected a 50-ton mill near Reno • • • graded tungsten a day from ten-ton
Hot Springs, a few miles south of Reno, Fallon, Nevada . . . ore shipments trucked in from Pershing
to take advantage of the hot spring First shipments of a 1,000,000-ton County. The riffling process has quad-
features of the area.—Mining Record. order of iron ore for Japan have left rupled its production since the start of
• • • Silver Springs, new town on the U.S. milling operations, and company offi-
Moab, Utah . . . 50-Alternate 95 highway near Fallon. cials estimate production will average
Utex Exploration Company has dis- The highgrade hematite is from a de- 200 pounds daily.—Territorial Enter-
closed it is investigating the possibility posit southwest of Dayton and is being prise.
of building a $3,000,000 uranium proc- shipped by a California trio organized • • •
essing mill near Moab. Charles A. as the Continental Nevada Iron Mining Eureka, Nevada . . .
Steen, discoverer of the Utex Mine, Company and headed by Ed Cregan Eureka Corporation is using an oil
probably the richest uranium strike in of Los Angeles. Contract calls for well drill in exploring the Ruby Hill
the United States, said a sufficient re- open-pit mining, trucking and loading mining properties near here. Attempts
serve of uranium ore has been devel- at Silver Springs at the rate of ten car- at coring a deep (2350 feet) minera-
oped on the Utex property and other loads a day.—Territorial Enterprise. lized zone encountered in small-core
important discoveries in southeastern • • • diamond drilling were unsuccessful,
Utah to justify construction of a mill Tucson, Arizona . . . and underground workings met quan-
in the vicinity. Ore from Steen's Mi The Pima Mining Company, headed tities of water too large to be handled
Vida mine is now being stockpiled at by Herbert Hoover, Jr., has discovered by existing pumping facilities. The oil
Monticello, Utah.—Pioche Record. a highgrade copper ore body 15 air well drill with a large-diameter core
• • • miles from Tucson. Mining experts has been successful, with ore recovery
Hawthorne, Nevada . . . say the discovery, made four years ago, now averaging 95 percent in a 15- to
Ninety tons of ore is being proc- is one of the few, if not the only, virgin 40-foot orebody assaying $75 per ton.
essed daily by Nevada Scheelite Divi- copper ore body found in Arizona in —Mining Record.
sion of Kennametal, Inc., at its Leon- 15 years. The company's claims cover • • •
ard mine and mill in the Regent dis- about 275 acres in the San Xavier and Tonopah. Nevada . . .
trict northeast of Hawthorne. The mill Mineral Hill area south of the San The old mining camp of Candelaria,
has a capacity of 150 tons, employing Xavier Indian Reservation. Approxi- which dates back to Civil War days,
the ball mill method and table flota- mately 26,000 tons of ore already have is becoming active again. Argenta
tion to recover tungsten. In addition been shipped to the American Smelting Mining Company, one of the oldest in
to milling activities, the company has and Refining Company's El Paso, the district, has six men employed in
undertaken a diamond drilling sched- Texas, smelter. It was reported to and above the old workings, located
ule and also is drifting underground have tested from one to five and six at the mouth of Pickhandle Gulch.
to develop the ore.—California Mining percent copper per ton of ore. — Chief values are gold and silver. —
Journal. Phoenix Gazette. Humboldt Star.

Study Early Arizona Life . . .
Here and There on the desert TUCSON—A picture of life in Ari-
zona 1000 years ago is being pieced
together by University of Arizona sci-
ARIZONA Oldest River Canyoneer . .. . entists who have completed another
PIERCE'S FERRY—When he dis- summer's work at Point of Pines in the
Chastises Pot Diggers . . . White Mountains. At one time Point
FLAGSTAFF—"None of us would embarked at Pierce's Ferry, Willis A.
Rowe of San Fernando, California, of Pines was the site of a walled city
wantonly tear pages out of American housing more than 5000 persons. It
history books to prevent future gen- had the distinction of being the oldest
man to have traveled the Colorado included an apartment house of more
erations from learning our country's
River the 280 miles from Lee's Ferry. than 500 rooms. Much of last sum-
story. But in spite of laws, cultural
remains of the Southwest are suffering The 76-year-old man's journey fulfilled mer's work was done in a part of the
from a continuous campaign by un- an ambition dating back to 1896 when, city destroyed by fire sometime be-
trained diggers." Jesse L. Nusbaum, as a boy, he journeyed by horseback to tween 1275 and 1300 A.D. Twelve
chief archeologist for the U. S. Park the bottom of the Grand Canyon. A pit houses were dug out and several
Service, deplored the destruction of former president of the Los Angeles ceremonial kivas uncovered. This was
archeological sites by "untrained ama- Adventurers Club, Rowe carried the the eighth summer of excavations, led
teur diggers" when he spoke to a group club's banner on the Colorado River by Dr. Emil Haury, head of the depart-
of the nation's top archeologists at the trip.—Los Angeles Times. ment of anthropology at the University
26th annual Tecos Conference held at • • • of Arizona.—Phoenix Gazette.
the Museum of Northern Arizona. Hope for Papago Park . . .
Nusbaum said amateur archeologists
destroy ruins and, having failed to
PHOENIX—Hoping to reopen Pa- BEFORE YOU PLAN
pago Park to the public, the Maricopa
make necessary records, try to sell the
then-worthless collections to museums.
Board of Supervisors asked the county YOUR NEXT VACATION
parks commission to submit plans for Why not consider a Desert Ad-
—Phoenix Gazette. acquiring and operating the recrea-
• • • venture? Write for free literature
tional area east of Phoenix. The State about the truly western
New Land for Veterans . . . Game and Fish Department fenced in
YUMA—War veterans will have a way to have the time
popular sections of the 1700-acre park of your life.
priority in the purchase of 28 parcels a few years ago, claiming it had no
of partly improved government land money for upkeep. It has been sug-
in the Wellton-Mohawk division of the gested that the state might turn the
Gila project in November. The farms, 135 N. Sirrine Street
land over to the county on a special MESA, ARIZONA
averaging 142 acres each, will be dis- permit, a 99-year lease or an outright
tributed under a drawing to be held grant. Originally consisting of 2000
by the Reclamation Bureau. In addi-
tion to service in the army, veterans
acres set aside for a national monu-
ment, the area was turned over to the EDWIN
must have had some qualifications as state in 1930.—Phoenix Gazette.
to character, industry, farm experience,
health and capital. Applications and
complete information may be obtained
• • •
CLARKDALE—John W. Stratton
from Bureau of Reclamation, Bin 151, has been appointed superintendent of gripping new
Yuma, Arizona. Applications must be Tuzigoot National Monument, to re-
place James W. Brewer, now superin- novel
filed by November 25 to be eligible
for the drawing. tendent of Wupatki National Monu- tells the hard-hitting dramatic
ment. Stratton formerly was assistant story of the West's most cele-
• • • at the Southwestern Monuments Asso- brated gunman.
Sam Ahkeah Wins Award . . . ciation headquarters at Globe.—Phoe- "Modestly, Edwin Corle says
WINDOW ROCK —Sam Ahkeah, nix Gazette. that his new book is strictly a
chairman of the Navajo Tribal Coun- novel...but Corle's work, for all
cil, has been named 1953 winner of of its use of fiction methods, ap-
pears to be the closest to a just
the Indian Achievement Award. The and realistic biography of the
award is made each year by the In- young killer...
dian Council Fire to an outstanding "BILLY THE KID is one of
Indian. Selection of the winner is the most exciting novels we have
read in many a day. Without
made by a board of judges chosen for over - sentimentalizing the ruth-
their experience and knowledge of in your less gunman, and without try-
American Indians. Among them this ing to make him out a mere
swimming pool senseless killer, Corle has
year was Thomas Segundo, Papago brought the slight fellow grimly
leader, last year's winner.
• • •
with EXALGAE! alive."— Los Angeles Times
Keep your swimming pool water sparkling $3.75
Urges Repeal of Liquor Ban . . . clean. EXALGAE destroys underwater plant
growth and green scum. No slime, no slip-
WINDOW ROCK — With New pery pool bottom. Less pool refilling neces-
Mexico already having repealed Indian sary. Just pour EXALGAE in pool. Add a
little each week. Colorless, odorless, tasteless.
prohibition, Chairman Sam Ahkeah of Harmless to eyes, skin, clothing.
EXALGAE is used by pool owners every-
the Navajo Tribal Council urged Ari- where. Produced by Inertol, makers of fa-
zona to follow suit in its election next mous waterproof Ramuc Enamel for swim-
ming pools and Ramuc Masonry Paint for
year. "Repeal will end the million- concrete, brick and stucco.
dollar bootlegging business," he de- Write for colorful material telling bow to use
economical EXALGAE to Dept. 1.
clared, "and a discriminatory law
which is deeply resented." — Phoenix INERTOL CO., INC. DUELL, SIOAN and PEARCE • LITTLE, BROWN i COMPANY
Gazette. 27 SO. PARK • SAN FRANCISCO 7

NOVEMBER, 1953 27
THE DESERT TRflDMG POST Entries are being solicited by the
Classified Advertising in This Section Costs 10c a Word, $1.50 Minimum Per Issue Nature Camera Club of Chicago for
its Ninth International Nature Photog-
BOOKS — MAGAZINES HOUSE OF ROY—Headquarters for Des- raphy Exhibition, to be held in Feb-
ert property! Listings available in 3rd ruary at the Chicago Natural History
GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- dimensional color slides. All inquiries
cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how, promptly answered without obligation. Museum. There are divisions for both
where to collect and buy, many dealer P. O. Box 33, Palm Desert, California. prints and slides with classifications
advertisements. Completely covers the Lois Elder Roy, broker.
hobby. The rockhound's own magazine for geology, botany, landscapes and
for only $3.00 a year (12 full issues) or UNUSUAL opportunity to acquire your animal life in each. Deadline for en-
write for brochure and booklist. Mineral own ranch. 40 acres near Cima, California
Notes and News. Box 716B, Palmdale, near Nevada state line. Just $995 full tries is January 16, 1954. Entry forms
California. price. Only $25 down, $22 per month. may be obtained from Blanche Kolarik,
30 day money back guarantee. Act now!
BOOKS FOUND—Any title! Free world- Pon & Co., Box 546, Azusa, California. FPSA, Box 52, Apache Junction, Ari-
wide book search service. Any book, zona.
new or old. Western Americana a spe- FOR SALE, or trade for desert property,
cialty. Lowest price. Send wants today! two acres on county road. Electricity, WANTED: Gasoline automobile manu-
International Bookfinders, Box 3003-D. well, new building, shade trees. R. F. factured before 1917 or any model steam
Beverly Hills, California. Sandall, Box 1543. Medford, Ore. automobile. Condition not important.
Any information or lead will be much
BOOKS ON GEMS — Rare, old, out-of- OCOTILLO DESERT RESORT: 27 miles appreciated. D. Z. Stewardson. 2115
print books in many languages. Stamp west of El Centro, lots 100x100 ft. with Fieger St., San Diego. California.
for list. Willems, Box 1515, Chicago 90. water, electricity available $350.00 up.
Cafe and store building started. Get in FOR THE VACATION EXPERIENCE of
INDIAN GOODS on the ground floor. Send for circular. a lifetime, it's a Desert Adventure. Write
John C. Chalupnik, Alpine, California. for further information and schedule.
BLACK OBSIDIAN ARROWHEADS $1. Gritzner's, Mesa 3, Arizona.
Spearhead $3. Knife $5. Found in Ore- PALM DESERT HOME AND INCOME:
gon fifty years ago. Free list of Indian New modern duplex only one block from DESERT TEA. One pound one dollar
artifacts and handicraft from Pacific Shadow Mountain Club. One side leased postpaid. Greasewood Greenhouses. Len-
Northwest. Moise Penning, Klamath, at $150.00 per month unfurnished. $10,- wood, Barstow, California.
California. 000 cash will handle. Henderson and
Carnes. 73-941 Hwy. 111. Palm Desert, SCENIC KODACHROME SLIDES: South-
RENDEZVOUS FOR COLLECTORS of Phone 76-2251. western Desert country, Indians, National
old Indian Artifacts as well as the finest Parks, Mexico. Catalogue 10c. Jack
of new rugs, blankets, jewelry, pottery BUSINESS OPPORTUNITY Breed, RFD-4, Georgetown, Mass.
and ceremonial things. We have a large
selection of Rio Grande textiles once OPPORTUNITY FOR COUPLE with some SILVERY DESERT HOLLY PLANTS:
One dollar each postpaid. Greasewood
owned by former famous collectors, Zane outside income, to live on ranch and
Grey, Irving Cobb, Professor Gay of Yale operate small artistic trading post on Greenhouses, Lenwood, Barstow, Calif.
and others. A hearty welcome to all percentage basis. Banner Queen Ranch, FIND YOUR OWN beautiful Gold nug-
interested in the Indian and his Arts and Julian, California, Phone Julian 4092. gets! It's fun! Beginners' illustrated in-
Crafts. We buy old Indian collections. struction book! $1.00. Gold pan, $2.00.
Daniels Indian Trading Post, 16299 Foot- IMPORT-EXPORT! Opportunity profitable, Where to go? Gold placer maps. South-
hill Blvd., Fontana, California. world-wide, mail-order business from
home, without capital, or travel abroad. ern California, Nevada, Arizona, $1.00
Established World Trader ships instruc- each state. All three maps $2.00. Desert
6 PERFECT ANCIENT FLINT arrowheads tions for no-risk examination. Experience Jim, Box 604, Stockton, California.
$2.00. Fine grooved stone tomahawk unnecessary. Free details. Mellinger. 54A, AUTHENTIC INDIAN SONGS and chants
$3.00. Grooved granite war club $2.00.
Perfect peace pipe $5.00. 6 fine bird ar- Los Angeles, California. on top quality phonograph records. Re-
rows $2.00. 2 flint knives $1.00, 6" to 7". corded by well known tribal singers —
Perfect spearhead $7.00. All offers MISCELLANEOUS Natay, Pop Chalee, Chief Spotted Back
$20.00. List Free. Lear's. Glenwood, Hamilton, H. Lomawaima, J. Gachupin
Arkansas. SEND FOR: List of dried floral materials and others. For catalogue write Canyon
for arrangements, home decorating. Mel Records, 834 North 7th Avenue. Phoenix,
INDIAN ANTIQUES—The nation's largest Capper, Box 70, Palm Springs, California. Arizona.
exclusive Indian handicraft stock. If it
is not Indian handmade I do not handle GHOST TOWN ITEMS: Sun-colored glass, FLOWER STAMP COLLECTION — 19
it. War Bonnets, buckskin beaded gar- amethyst to royal purple; ghost railroads colorful postage stamps picturing blossoms
ments, Navajo pawn, baskets, Kachinas, material, tickets; limited odd items from from tropical Africa to Switzerland. 25c
hundreds of items too numerous to men- camps of the '60s. Write your interest— with approvals. Miller, Box 600-D, Palo
tion. Pat Read, Indian Trader, Lawrence, Box 64-D, Smith, Nevada. Alto, California.
Kansas. PAN GOLD: 75 spots in 25 California BIG NEW U.S. CATALOG — Only 10c!
counties for placer gold. Township, range, Published by world's largest stamp firm.
REAL ESTATE elevation, geological formation. Possible Profusely illustrated. Bargain lists & ap-
health, happiness, hideaway, hunt, hike, provals also. HARRISCO, 244 Transit
COACHELLA VALLEY: One desert acre fish, camp. Pan and tweezer pick yellow Bldg.. Boston 17, Mass.
near Box Canyon. Has Domestic water. golden nuggets. $1.00, Box 42132 Los
Price $1000.00 or will trade. Beautiful Angeles, California. Also panning pans RAISE ORCHIDS—at home. Big profits-
landscaped home built on a rare sand $2.25, $2.75. Nugget tweezer $1.00. fascinating. Year 'round any climate. No
dune surrounded by ten acres young Ruby Leather dust poke $1.00. greenhouse. Instructions, including bloom-
Blush grapefruit trees. Price $47,000. ing-size orchid plant, sent for no-risk ex-
Cattle Ranch, house, well, fences, load- GOLD PROSPECTING CATALOG—List- amination. Free details. Flowerland,
ing chute, more than 150 acres rich, heavy ing, placer and lode maps, steel gold pans, 4622-JB Wilshire, Los Angeles 5.
ground. Owner forced to abandon this mining and mineral books, books on lost
place, will sell at less than $250 per acre. mines, pocket magnifying glasses, min- REQUEST OUR LATEST LIST of irresisti-
Diversified 200 acres, view of Salton Sea, eral collection sets, blueprints of dry ble quality minerals, books, magazines,
fine for early vegetables, citrus, grapes. washers and wet washers you can build Mineralights, Geiger counters, Rockhound
Total price $90,000. Easy terms. Write yourself. Catalog and Gold Panning Les- specials and lapidary equipment. Five
Ronald L. Johnson (Realtor), Thermal, son — Free. Old Prospector, Box 729, cents, please. Gritzner's Minerals, Mesa
California. Desk 5, Lodi, California. 3, Arizona.

Shine's Merry Christinas . . . To Improve Hikers' Hut . . .
TUBA CITY — As in past years, LONE PINE — The Smithsonian
Indians on the Navajo reservation in Institution cabin atop Mt. Whitney,
Arizona and New Mexico are looking the nation's highest peak, will be im-
forward to Shine Smith's annual Christ- proved under a project which was
mas party. This year's party will be scheduled to start early in September.
held Christmas day at the "Copper The hut was built in 1909. Open to PUBLICITY
Mine" in Arizona, near The Gap 90 the public, it is used almost entirely ADVERTISING ART
miles north of Tuba City. Religious as a shelter and registration station for & COPY
services and the singing of Christmas persons climbing the mountain. The
Sales engineering and promotion
carols will be followed by lunch and repair job will consist of replacing
doors, windows, masonry and weather- of superior quality and
the distribution of gifts collected by
Rev. Smith. Contributions — clothing proofing the building.—Inyo Indepen- good taste are important factors
or toys in good condition — may be dent. in creating demand for
mailed to Rev. Shine Smith at Tuba • • • your product which is necessary
City. Claim Roads Create Problem . . . for a really successful
LONE PINE — Promiscuous filing enterprise. We invite you
WASHINGTON — E v e r e t t W. of mining claims without proper devel- to bring your new product or
Bright, superintendent of Canyon de opment is creating a serious problem,
Chelly National Monument in Arizona, plans to us for consultation.
Al Nikolaus told members of Inyo
will take over similar duties at Craters Associates at a meeting in Lone Pine.
of the Moon National Monument, "When the roads to many of the claims
Idaho. A successor has not yet been are completed, and the claims prove h. john harder
named for the Canyon de Chelly post. worthless, the roads remain and must a g e n c y
—Phoenix Gazette. be maintained by federal law." he ex- 6399 W I L 5 H I R E BLVD.
• • • plained. "These roads not only bur-
den the government with their main- LOS A N G E L E S 48 , CALIF.
CALIFORNIA tenance, but they open wilderness areas
Pilot Knob Approved . . . to truck and automobile travel and
EL CENTRO—Imperial Irrigation endanger wildlife." — Inyo Indepen-
District directors have approved the dent.
calling of a $10,000,000 bond election • • •
to finance the construction of a 33,000- Salton Sea Quarantine . . .
kilowatt capacity hydro-electric plant MECCA — T h e taking of shellfish
at Pilot Knob. Consulting engineers in the Salton Sea has been temporarily
called the Pilot Knob plant "by far the prohibited under a new ruling passed
most economical means available for by the California Fish and Game Com-
producing additional energy to meet mission. The closure was prompted by
the service load of the next few years." the need to protect Department of Fish Dolls are costumed by Navajo
Indians as "Little Herder of
Need for additional electric power ca- and Game experimental plantings of Sheep" and "Little Medicine
pacity is evidenced by the district's clams and oysters in the huge salt- Man," 7V2" high, $2.75, each ppd.
load growth, which increased from 42,- water lake. Aside from their impor-
800 kilowatts in 1947 to 77,500 in tance to clamdiggers and oyster-seek- Newest Western
July, 1953. It is estimated that in- ers, the shellfish will also serve as food Hobby Sensation
creasing demands will bring the peak for gamefish the department is trying Paint Kaohina
load to 97,800 kilowatts by 1956 and to introduce. —Outdoor California. Polls
117,000 by 1958. Gross revenues of
the district's electric system, after de- DOMINGO
duction of the costs of maintenance and
operation, should be sufficient to pay
Keep Your Back COYOTE
interest on all bonds outstanding and Copies of Desert (left to right on kit
the additional bond issue proposed.—
Imperial Valley Weekly.
for Quick Reference box top cover below)
9 W completed
• • • Attractive loose-leaf binders doll $2.25 each
Discourage Desert Give-aways . . . in Spanish grain leather, gold- postpaid
P A L M S P R I N G S — Riverside embossed, are available for
Available in
County supervisors have adopted an those Desert readers who want Arizona at GOLDYVATKRS
ordinance intended to stop radio pro- to keep their back copies for the Palm Springs at DESLIE'S

grams from giving away useless desert maps and travel information
land as prizes. The quiz winner, they they contain. Each binder holds
said, often finds that his prize acre is 12 issues. Easy to insert, and
a dozen miles from nowhere and has they open flat.
neither water nor road access. The Mailed postpaid for
ordinance will require the donor of S2.00
the land to file a map of subdivision
and provide for a road to the ground. THE
The supervisors said they figured the
additional expense will discourage the
Times. P.O. Box 878 Clarkdale, Arizona

NOVEMBER, 1953 29
Sportsmen Block Park Plan . . . ity to obtain the areas for useful or Prehistoric Californians . . .
recreational purposes. The battle be- DEATH VALLEY—Further proof
BLYTHE—California's State Divi- tween the two departments revolves that prehistoric man lived in Death
sion of Beaches and Parks and its De- around the State Park Commission Valley was announced by the anthro-
partment of Fish and Game are at policy of prohibiting hunting on any pology department of the University of
loggerheads over the disposal of a state park. With hunting area at a California with the finding of the re-
large amount of ground — perhaps premium in Southern California, the mains of three igloo-shaped brush
thousands of acres—along the Colo- acreages involved provide large ex- shelters. Between 20 and 30 feet in
rado River near here. The federal panses for dove and quail shooting, circumference, the houses were built
Bureau of Reclamation withdrew the some pheasant shooting and some of a framework of mesquite logs cov-
lands when Hoover Dam was started. waterfowl hunting. Sportsmen fear ered with arrow weed. Their age has
Now the bureau has no further use for this hunting ground will be lost if state not yet been determined. They had
them, and the state has first opportun- parks are established.—Date Palm. one entrance, the cooking was done
• • • outside. The National Park Service
appointed U.S.C. to explore all of
Bolster Border Patrol . . . Death Valley National Monument, ad-
LOST — A Hundred EL CENTRO — Imperial Valley's vise the government on the preserva-
U. S. Border Patrol contingent has tion of archeological findings and make
Million Dollars! been bolstered by 35 patrolmen from recommendations about excavations.—
Texas, to help curb the increasing flow Inyo Register.
A king's ransom in jewels, coins and of illegal aliens. The added men bring • • •
precious metals is secreted in long Salton Sea Threatens . . .
forgotten hiding places in the West- the area's staff to 142 men. Mean-
ern Hemisphere. Legend and fact are while, in a report to his nation, Mexi- MECCA—Salton Sea was about 15
blended into the history of the where- can President Adolfo Ruiz Cortinez inches higher in August than it was
abouts of these fabulous treasures— in July, and its slow decline despite
now for the first time in a single said his government will attempt to
source. THE AMERICANA TREAS- halt the flow of wetbacks into the summer heat indicates a possible rapid
URE MAP details the approximate United States by diverting migrant rise this winter, according to C. S. Hale,
locations of these world-famous labor to new tropical and coastal farm- general manager of the Coachella Val-
caches and lost mines. ley County Water District. The district
ing lands. He said his government
was "deeply concerned" with the prob- has reduced the amount of waste water
ENTIRE TOWNS DESERTED! channeled into the sea by use of a
lem of Mexicans entering illegally into
Another striking map, authentically California, Arizona, Texas and New settling basin as a control reservoir.
illustrates the locations of deserted —Coachella Valley Sun.
towns in the U. S. Southwest. This Mexico to work on crops. — Yuma
WEST map of California, Arizona W o o l Production U p . . .
and Nevada and THE AMERICANA
TREASURE MAP are both beauti- AUSTIN — Nevada, ranking 18th
fully illustrated in 4 colors on 18" x 'EVERYTHING FOR THE HIKER" among the nation's wool producers, in
24" antiqued parchment paper and one year increased the number of sheep
add a dramatic touch, when framed, SLEEPING BAGS shorn in the state from 446,000 to
to any living room, den or child's
room. Either map will be sent post- AIR MATTRESSES 460,000 head, thus rapidly approach-
paid for $1.00 each or order both ing the 10-year average of 503,000
maps for the special combination SMALL TENTS sheep shorn during the period 1942-51.
price of $1.75. This year Nevada's clip produced 3,-
Order Today From and many other items 910,000 pounds of wool compared to
the 1952 clip of 3,880,000 pounds and
MARVEL MAPS VAN DEGRIFT'S HIKE HUT the 10-year average of 4,269,000
717 West Seventh Street pounds. The fleece weight of Nevada
Box 1653, Hollywood 28, California LOS ANGELES 14. CALIFORNIA sheep this year reached the 10-year
average of 8.5 pounds per sheep but
was down slightly from last year's rec-
ord 8.7 pound average.—Reese River
• • •
Is located in the center of the rockhounds' and photographers' rendezvous Vacation Cabin Sites . . .
9 miles E. of Barstow, California on Hiwy. 91 at Daggett Road. BOULDER CITY — A s part of a
From Motel Calico it is
3.5 Mi. to Knott's Calico ghost town (Minerals, Silver, Lead & Gold) program to give greater opportunity
3.5 Mi. to Jasper Peak (Red Jasper) for recreational use of reservoirs cre-
4 Mi. to Odessa Canyon (Minerals, Agate & Copper) ated by Davis and Hoover dams, the
4.5 Mi. to Mule Canyon (Petrified Palm root & Borax) National Park Service opened a group
10 Mi. to Agate Hill (Agate)
15 Mi. to Fossil Beds (Sea Fossils) of vacation cabin sites in the Lake
25 Mi. to Manix & Alvord Mts (Palm Wood) Mojave area. Named the Katherine
35 Mi. to Pisgah Crater (Obsidian & Agate) Vacation Cabin Site area, 39 lots were
40 Mi. to Lavic (Jasper & Moss Agate) included. Lots vary in size from one
Come and enjoy our smog free desert atmosphere half to one-and-a-half acres and will
Two people $5.00 a night Four people $6.50 a night be leased for residential purposes only,
Pets $3.00 Extra under a 25-year lease for a minimum
Tiled Kitchens available—Electric ranges and refrigerators. You rest fee of $35 per year. Closing date for
in quiet insulated units three miles away from trains. Informative applications was October 1, and the
Brochure mailed on request. drawing and assignment of lots was to
be held as soon as applicants could be
Phone Barstow 3467 Box 6105. Yermo, California
processed.—Coconino Sun.

Liquor for Nevada Indians . . . out-of-state archers and that about one Grass Replaces Sagebrush . . .
CARSON CITY — Nevada Indians hundred non-residents are expected to TAOS—A few more years and a
can legally purchase liquor in bars and participate in the 1953 deer hunt. He good portion of the sagebrush areas in
stores located outside reservations, ac- also estimates that more than one-third the Taos Soil Conservation District in
cording to an interpretation of a new of the 4,260,389 visitors used the ref- northern New Mexico will be greener
federal law. The law allows Indians uges for fishing last year.—Las Vegas with drouth-resistant wheat grasses.
to purchase liquor in all states which Review-Journal. More than 16,000 acres of sagebrush
have no local laws prohibiting such • • • lands have been cleared in the district
sales. At one time Nevada had a stat- NEW MEXICO and adjoining areas in the last five
ute barring Indians from buying liquor, years and reseeded with intermediate,
but it was repealed in 1947. Under Science Tackles Agua Problem . . . tall, crested and other wheat grasses.
ordinary circumstances, Indians still ALBUQUERQUE — Science may The seedlings are continuing to in-
will be unable to buy liquor on reserva- solve New Mexico's water problems crease annually. Last year 950 cows
tions and are prohibited from taking and turn populated areas of the state were grazed on 220 acres of national
such beverage back to the reservation. into moist green lands well before the forest land which previously had been
However, tribal councils may pass or- turn of the century. "I am convinced in such poor shape that not over 100
dinances allowing such sales. The that some day man will so control cows could feed on it for one month.
ordinances must be approved by the weather that drouths and long stand-
secretary of the interior and published ing heat waves will be things of the
in the federal registry before they be- past," said Dr. Joseph Kaplan. "This
come operative.—Pioche Record.
• • •
will be possible with our increasing
understanding of the earth's atmos-
To Enter River Fight . . . phere and with proper application of
new energy sources." Dr. Kaplan said
CARSON CITY—Nevada has de- it is possible that atomic energy will be
cided to enter the fight for Colorado used to bring increased rainfall, but
Nation-wide service
to place y o u where
you want to be with
the property you
prefer to own. Get
River water. The 1953 legislature that more effective means might be HOTELS
full value for your
present real estate.
authorized the state to intervene in the discovered instead.—New Mexican. RESORTS
case and appropriated $50,000 to pay BUSINESS PROPERTIES
legal and engineering expenses. Ne- • • •
vada will probably sue on its own be- Bighorn Sheep Hunt Set . . . h. John harder
half rather than on the side of either SANTA ROSA—"Excess rams re- 6399 Wilshire Boulevard
Los Angeles 4&, California
California or Arizona. — Yuma Daily duce the breeding potential and should
Sun. be removed for the benefit of the
• • • herd," explained the State Game Com-
Power for Pahrump Valley . . . mission as it announced dates for New fn/oy fhe West in
PAHRUMP — After four years of Mexico's first bighorn sheep hunt. The
negotiation the Rural Electrification season has been set for January 15 Your Own Home.'
administration at Washington has ap- noon to January 19, inclusive, with a with beautiful 2x2
proved a loan of $2,935,000 for the bag limit of one ram with full curl of KODACHROME SLIDES
construction of a rural power system horn. This is the only season on Mexi- slides These professionally photographed
truly capture the natural scenic
in the Pahrump Valley, according to can bighorn sheep ever to be held in beauty of' our Western Wonderland.
New Mexico. The taking of the ani- Their superb detail, composition, and
a message from Senator Pat McCarran. color reproduction are unequalled any-
—Humboldt Star. mals was prohibited by territorial law where in the world, yet are offered to
you at lowest prices for slides
• • • in 1887.—Santa Rosa News. on Kodachrome film.
Determine the quality of
First Editions Join Museum . . . West-View slides before pur-
RENO—First editions of four his- chasing by simply sending for
SAN JUAN and COLORADO a Western "Slide Tour" (18
toric Nevada newspapers were among RIVER EXPEDITIONS slides and text) ON APPROVAL.
indicating which Western Na-
gifts presented in September to the Enjoy exploration, safe adventure and tional Park you would be most interested in seeing.
Nevada State Historical Society's mu- scenic beauty in the gorgeous canyons of
No minimum purchase.
Among the "Slide Tours" currently being offered:
seum and library in Reno. They are Utah and Arizona. Staunch boats, experi- Death Valley, Bryce Canyon, Grand Canyon, Zion,
first issues of the Esmeralda Star, pub- enced rivermen. For 1954 summer schedule Arches Nat'l Monument, Petrified Forest, and Monu-
ment Valley. W R ( T £ JODAY fQR YQUR
lished in Aurora July 5, 1862; the or charter trips anytime write to—
Silver Peak Post, June 6, 1906; the
cember 9, 1865, and the Reno Cres- Blanding. Utah
1518 Montana Dept. D Santa Monica. Cal.
cent, July 4, 1868. The society's files
of old Nevada newspapers, dating from
territorial days, have been pronounced
by the Library of Congress as "the WAGON WHEEL LIGHT
finest in existence."—Humboldt Star. 5 light 24" dia. $45.00
• • • 3 light 18" dia. $33.00
3 light 15" dia. $27.00
Game Refuge Use Doubles . . . Overall dia. approx. 6" more
LAS VEGAS—Due to an increase WALL LIGHT—to match S5.4II
in population in the southern Nevada Mu<le of hardwood. All meUtl, solid brass or
copper except chain arid horseshoe. Four fin-
area, use of the Desert Game Refuge ishes, polished brass or copper — Weathered
has increased more than 100 percent brass—Antique copper.
Add 3't sales tax in Calif.
this past year, according to Lou Hatch, Xo C.O.D.s please. Express collect
Send for illustrated circular
manager of the refuge. Hatch said that
the Mt. Charleston annual archery JAMES W. STRATTON
P. O. Box 62 San Marino, Calii.
hunt has become more attractive to

NOVEMBER, 1953 31
"Dutton's Diggers" Report . . . said he feels the change will ease the UTAH
SANTA FE — Significant progress law and order situation in the so-called For Better Ranges . . .
was reported this summer in the arche- checkerboard area of the Navajo Reser- CEDAR CITY—On a Latter Day
ological excavation of the Pueblo Largo vation where tribal, state and federal Saints mission to Sweden, Olaf Larson
ruin, 25 miles south of Santa Fe. Under authorities have shared peace enforce- of Cedar City discovered a new type
the direction of Dr. Bertha P. Dutton, ment responsibilities.—New Mexican. of drouth-resistant grass. He sent sam-
curator of ethnology of the Museum • • • ples to Max Robinson, assistant pro-
of New Mexico, the site is explored New Mexican Folk Art . . . fessor of range management at the
further each summer by a group of SANTA FE—The newest division College of Southern Utah, for experi-
senior Girl Scouts intending to enter of the Museum of Arizona—the Inter- mental planting on the ranges of south-
the archeological field professionally. national Museum of Folk Art — was ern Utah. Known as Bjorn (Bear)
The excavation team, popularly known officially opened and accepted by the grass, the Swedish plant is said to build
as "Dutton's Diggers" is selected each state at ceremonies in September. a nest-like turf and to be highly con-
year from applicants throughout the Founded in 1950, the museum is the servative of water, a condition that
country and spends two weeks of inten- gift of Miss Florence Dibell Bartlett should make it ideal for soil and cli-
sive study and work at the field site.— of Chicago. It contains more than matic conditions of this part of the
New Mexican. 4000 items of folk art from 55 coun- country.—Iron County Record.
• • • tries or regions of the world.—New • • •
Mexican. Quarry Operation Resumes . . .
Okay Indian Liquor . . . • • •
ALBUQUERQUE — In a special Army Warns Ranchers . . . VERNAL—Operation of the quarry
election in September, the people of at Dinosaur National Monument will
New Mexico gave a resounding margin ALAMOGORDO — White Sands be resumed, announced Monument
to proposed repeal of liquor prohibi- Proving Grounds and Fort Bliss have Superintendent Jess Lombard. A pale-
tion for New Mexican Indians. Navajo served notice on approximately 125 ontologist will be appointed to head
ranchers that steps will be taken to the work as soon as the $12,000 ap-
tribal spokesmen hailed the decision.
clear firing ranges of livestock and il-
"At issue was not the evils of John legal trespassing. The presence of propriation for the quarry is approved.
Barleycorn," said Navajo Tribal Sec- ranch hands and other unauthorized A special gallery will be installed to
retary-Treasurer Morris McCabe, "but persons as well as cattle, sheep, goats allow monument visitors to watch the
equal rights for all citizens." McCabe and horses on the antiaircraft, artillery paleontologist and his helpers excavate
for dinosaur remains. — Vernal Ex-
and guided missile firing ranges is seri- press.
Looking for a PUBLISHER? ously interfering with the training and • • •
Do you have a book-length manuscript you weapon development missions of the Moab Bridge Delayed . . .
would like to have published? Learn about
our unusual plan whereby your book can be two installations, it was pointed out, MOAB — The proposed bridge
published, promoted and distributed on a
professional basis. We consider all types of
and the delay caused by the necessity across the Colorado River at Moab,
work—fiction, biography, poetry, scholarly to clear firing ranges before tests is essential to the development of the
and religious books, etc. New authors wel-
come. For more information, write for valu- expensive for the taxpayer. Lands uranium industry of southeastern Utah,
able booklet D. It's free. used by White Sands and Fort Bliss probably will not be built until spring,
6356 Hollywood Blvd., Hollywood 28, CaliC. are either owned outright or under ex- D. H. Whittenberg, chairman of the
Main Office: New Vork 1, X. V. clusive lease to the government. Utah State Road Commission, told the
Grand County Board of Commission-
ers. Approval of the bridge is being
COUNTY MflPS men, Many new Issues. Utmost details—lor offices, realtors, Lumber-
sportsmen, Miners, etc. With Twnshps, rug, Sec. Alines,
all roads, trails, strms. U.K., Elevations, Xtl. Frsts. etc.
delayed in Washington, D. C , pend-
ing allocation of funds, Whittenberg
20x30 $1.00
..17x23 1.00
_San Benito
explained.—Moab Times-Independent.
Amador ..20x30 1.00 _San Bernardino, No. Vb 2 So. y 7.50 • • •
Butte .29x33 1.00 _San Bernardino—N.W. i 3.75
Calaveras ...21x31 1.00 _San Bernardino—S.W. ' 3.75 Committee Considers Dams . . .
Contra Costa
...24x25 1.00 _San Bernardino—N.E. '
_San Bernardino—S.E. ',
WASHINGTON — Three measures
..19x28 1.00
Del Norte . 24x25 1.00 _San Diego 38x49 2.50 are before the house interior commit-
.Eldorado _San Diego 26x34 1.00
2.50 _San Francisco 36x40 1.00 tee to authorize start of the $1.5 bil-
.42x75 5.00 _San Joaquin 22x34 1.00
lion Upper Colorado River Basin de-
.18x33 1.00 _San Luis Obispo 35x56
.Humboldt .20x36 1.00 _San Luis Obispo 38x24 1.00 velopment project. Hearings on the
.Humboldt 20x32 1.00
_San Mateo
_Santa Barbara .. 36x38 1.50 bills probably will be held in late Jan-
.Inyo, East and West Half, a. 7.50 _Santa Barbara 33x23 1.00
uary or early February, 1954. All
Kern ...38x78 5.00 _Santa Clara 25x33
Kern ...26x5S 2.50 _Santa Cruz 19x24 1.00 three bills cover the entire project but
.Kings _Shasta 34x49 3.00
. 27x29
1.00 _Shasta 33x24 1.00 differ in some technical details.
...26x36 1.00 _Sierra 16x31 4.00 • • •
...38x55 3.00 _Siskiyou 39x62
.Los Angeles ...42x44 3.00 _Siskiyou 26x43
Antelope Not Grass-eaters . . .
.Los Angeles _Siskiyou
.. 23x50
1.00 VERNAL—The antelope herd at
1.50 1.00
...23x24 1.00 .Sonoma - 29x36 1.00 Wild Horse Basin is definitely increas-
...29x33 1.00 _Stanislaus 34x36 1.00
iendocino ...36x48 2.50 _Sutter 21x24 2.00
ing, a recent survey shows. New an-
_Merced - _Tehama .... 26x48
...34x36 1.00
_Tehama 17x32
telope were planted in the area to give
...34x41 1.50
_Modoc ...- ...28x24 1.00 _Trinity 33x52 1.00 needed new blood, and this year's
.Mono ...23x67 3.00 _Trinity 23x34 2.00
.Monterey .42x52 3.00 _Tulare ..38x49 1.50 fawn crop is good. Antelope formerly
_Napa ...20x28 1.00 _Tuolumne ...31x43 1.00 were considered grass-eaters, and there-
_Nevada ..22x38 1.00 _ Ventura 27x34 1.00
.Orange ..23x24 1.00 _Yolo 25x28
1.00 fore an economic liability to the
..26x46 _Yuba
rancher. But, although they live on
.Placer - Most maps are drawn to scale of 'A inch to
.Plumas .33x40 1.50 the mile. Maps obtainable flat or folded. grasslands, their diet consists of browse
...27x22 1.00
..27x98 5.00 WORLD'S MINERALS and weeds. It would take about 40
...18x66 2.50
2J17 San Pablo Ave., Oakland 12, California antelope to eat as much forage as one
cow.—Vernal Express.
or motel accommodations to make
tB.000 early reservations. Campers are ad-
vised to carry both food and fuel; 12,-
at rfwtucd 'Dectifa 1/aMefy 000 campers are expected, and local
supplies cannot take care of all. Mod-
ern hotel accommodations are avail-
Paul Palmer of Saugus, California, breakfast will honor authors of books able at Furnace Creek, Death Valley
president of the Death Valley '49ers, on Death Valley. Junction and Stovepipe Wells, and
announces the organization's Fifth The burro flapjack contest, which motel cabins at Furnace Creek Ranch.
Annual Death Valley Encampment will won immediate favor at its initiation Trailer space may be had at Texas
be held November 13 to 15, with head- last year, will be repeated Saturday Spring and Furnace Creek Ranch.
quarters at Furnace Creek. afternoon at Stovepipe Wells.
Three days of programs, entertain- Prospective exhibitors and visitors
Saturday and Sunday morning, tours may obtain further information about
of the monument will be conducted by this year's encampment by writing Joe
Superintendent Ogsden and his rangers. Micciche, '49er secretary, 501 Hall of
Sunday's program includes a Protestant Records, Los Angeles, California.
church service in Desolation Canyon Memberships in the Death Valley
and Catholic mass in the gardens of
Furnace Creek Inn. '49ers also may be purchased through
Secretary Micciche. All persons inter-
Exhibits may be viewed throughout ested in Death Valley are urged to
the three days. The El Camino Club
is arranging a salon of Death Valley join. Associate memberships are $1.00;
photographs, and leading Southwestern active, $2.00; sustaining, $5.00; patron,
artists will show desert paintings. Also $10; sponsor, $25 and life, $100. All
planned are a firearms display and a funds from life memberships are ear-
mineral and gem show. marked for the proposed Death Valley
Palmer urges persons desiring hotel Museum.
Windshield emblem,
Death Valley '49ers.
ment and exhibits have been planned
for the 1953 encampment, which will
start Friday evening at 7:00 o'clock
with a campfire and community sing JOHN D. MITCHELL'S
at the Texas Spring Camp Ground.
"Death Valley Tales" — history and
geology of the area—will be told by
Ted Ogsden, superintendent of Death
Valley National Monument, and Judge
James B. Nosser of Johannesburg will
relate early valley incidents. Square
dancing at Furnace Creek Ranch will THE OLD
follow the campfire program, which
will be repeated Saturday night. A fascinating book by
Days at the encampment will begin the Southwestern author-
ity on lost mines. Fifty-
with outdoor breakfasts at Furnace one tales, each illustrated
Creek Golf Course. Saturday will be with a map of the area
the Artists' Breakfast, with the program in which the lost mine or
planned by artists and photographers buried treasure is reputed
to lie. 240 pages, end-
of the desert country, and Sunday's maps, hard cover, index;
18 halftone illustrations
by John D. Hansen.
Have us save a copy for
you — and order extras
for Christmas gifts which
will delight your friends
and show them, too, the
lost mine trail.
Joe Kerley, author of the story on
Navajo burial customs which appears
this month in Desert Magazine, has
spent a total of 15 years as an Indian $5.00 Postpaid
trader. When his nephews were or- (publication date around November 15)
phaned about 20 years ago, he and his
wife raised the youngsters and managed SPECIAL Pre-Publication Price $4.50
their trading post until the boys finished (if your order is postmarked no later than
school; they later ran other posts in November 15)
various parts of the Navajo reservation.
His nephews are well-known traders, *DeAe%t THapzyCtte
having posts in Flagstaff and at Tuba Palm Desert, California
City, Arizona. Joe lives in Winslow.

NOVEMBER, 1953 33

6" $
leny-lMy im
$ 9.03 $ 7.98
10" 15.23 14.02
14" 29.40 25.67
16" 32.76 29.08 Searles Lake Gem and Mineral Society Mojave Desert Gem and Mineral Society
IS" 65.60 43.20 36.12 of Trona, California, will hold its 1953 of Barstow, California, will hold its 1953
20" 77.95 51.97 39.84 show November 14 and 15 at the Trona hobby show November 8. Displays will be
24" 93.24 65.73 51.40
80" 149.62 125.73 State Recreation Hall, announces B. O. Bostrom, arranged in the Barstow High School audi-
36" 226.06 188.05 Arbor chairman. torium. All rockhounds and lapidaries are
*ales tax in California Size Individuals and societies are invited to invited to attend.
Allow for Postage and Insurance submit entries by November 5. No display
space will be guaranteed after November GEMOLOGY, LAPIDARY CLASSES
Covington Ball Bearing Grinder 5, Bostrom warns, although late entries will
be accepted if space permits. Ribbons will SCHEDULED IN SAN DIEGO
and shields are
furnished in 4
be awarded for displays of faceted gems, A full program of instruction in gemology
sizes and price
cabochons, bookends, pen sets, jewelry, and the lapidary arts is being sponsored
ranges to suit
crystal and mineral collections. this year by San Diego Mineral and Gem
your require- Two field trips, to Black Mountain and Society, San Diego, California.
ments. Water anil Water Canyon, will be conducted Sunday, October 5 was opening date for classes
grit proof. November 15. Black Mountain is famous in elementary gemology, held Monday eve-
for its jasper, and Water Canyon is a good nings in Balboa Park's Spanish Village.
COVINGTON 8" TRIM SAW travertine area. Reservations for either trip Jeanne Martin and Ed Soukup, instructors,
may be made by writing Field Trip Chair- announced first-semester emphasis will be
and motor are com- man Ed Redenbach, Trona, California. on physical and optical properties of gems.
pact and do not
splash. Save blades There are only two motels and no hotels Second-semester students will study indi-
and clothing wit!? in Trona. and visitors are advised to bring vidual gems and testing instruments.
this saw.
camping equipment. Advanced gemology classes, taught by C.
Trona is located in the Mojave Desert on J. Parsons, certified gemologist, were sched-
BUILD YOUR OWN LAP Searles Dry Lake, source of hanksite, per- uled to begin October 6 in Mr. Parsons'
and SAVE with a COV- sonnite, sulphohalite, halite, gaylussite, ty- laboratory in El Cajon. Latest techniques
INGTON 12" or 16" Lap chite, burkeite, trona and tincal. The lake and instruments will be discussed and ad-
Kit. We furnish every- deposits have been worked commercially vanced theory taught. The elernentary
thing you need. Send since 1873 when John and Dennis Searles course is prerequisite. Membership in the
for free catalog. began the manufacture of marketable borax. society is not necessary.
At present, the American Potash and Chem- Lapidary instruction will continue in the
ical Company of Trona and the Westend club's lapidary shop in Spanish Village.
COVINUTON Chemical Company of Westend, California, • • •
Multi-Feature are the commercial producers.
16" l<ap Unit Members of the Earth Science Club of
Does After 80 years of production from the Northern Illinois visited the fossil fields near
everything mineral deposit, it is estimated that only Crown Point, Indiana, and heard Dr. G. H.
for you.
one-half of one percent of the solids have Otto explain the area's geology.
been removed. • • •
COVINGTON • • • A 385-mile trip to Custer, South Dakota,
12" 14" * "Queen of the Gems—Titania" was the was planned by Colorado Mineral Society
or 16" V for a three-day field excursion.
Power Feed subject of a film viewed recently by South-
Diamond west Mineralogists, Los Angeles, California. • • •
Saws Jim Hall arranged a tour through Kaiser
Steel Mills as a field trip for Southwest
SAVE TURQUOISE NUGGETS Mineralogists, Los Angeles, California. Har-
Sleeping Beauty, natural shape, clean, old Webb is field trip chairman.
Send for New Catalog, IT'S FREE tumbled, lA" to %" size, 12 nuggets • • •
$1.00 postpaid. A trip to the Livingston Quarry in Cali-
COVINGTON LAPIDARY SUPPLY fornia's Palos Verdes hills was planned as
LOST MOUNTAIN GEMS the September outing of Delvers Gem and
Redlcmds, California P. O. Box 5012 Phoenix, Arizona Mineral Society, Downey, California. Bill
Maurer, who helped scout the site, promised
a good variety of mineral material, including
quartz crystals in dolomite, gypsum, seams
of banded agate in marcasite, sagenite and
barite crystals.
• • •
A picnic dinner and swap session was
planned for the September meeting of Hol-
Petrified Wood, Moss Agate, Chrysocolla lywood Lapidary and Mineral Society,
Turquoise, Jade and Jasper Jewelry Hollywood, California.


New type metals detector. Distinguishes
Bracelets, Rings, Necklaces, Earrings metals from black magnetic sands. Ideal for
locatina gold nuggets, placer deposits. De-
and Brooches tects metals under salt water. Locates
coins, jewelry
Free from
tions. Each
Write for Folder With Prices unit supplied
with two dif-

ELLIOTT'S GEM SHOP ferent search

coils. Ask for
free l i t e r a -
235 East Seaside Blvd. LONG BEACH 2. CALIF.
Across from West End of Municipal GARDINER
Auditorium Grounds C O . , DEPT. DM
1018 N. DAYTON
Hours 10 A.M. to 9 P.M. Daily Except Monday PHOENIX, ARIZ.

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ALASKA Lo. Angeles San Carlos Ancient Buried City NEW MEXICO Nixon Blue Print Co.
Mineral Equip. Sales * Black Light Corp. of Lloyd Underwood. Wicklifte New Mexico Minerals Wilson Tower.
Research Los Angeles 1027 E. San Carlos Ave. 11003 Central N.E., Corpus Christi
Box 1442, Fairbanks 5403 Santa Monica Blvd. San Diego Albuquerque Greene Brothers, Inc.
Gem Arts, 4286 Marlborough Rlley's
The Bradleys 1812 Griffin, Dallas
4639 Crenshaw Blvd. Plummer's Minerals 423 Crockett St., Shreveport Adobe Crafters Don A. Carpenter Co.
Engineers Syndicate. Ltd. 4720 Point Loma Ave. MASSACHUSETTS Rt. 2, Box 341. Santa Fe P.O. Box 1741, El Paso
Gritzner's Minerals
135 N. Sirrine St., Mesa 5011 Hollywood Blvd. Superior Gems & Minerals Schortmann's Minerals Bell Reproduction Company
A. V. Herr Laboratory 4665 Park Blvd. 6 McKlnley Ave., 907 Throckmorton,
Pratt-GUbert Hardware Co. 5176 Hollywood Blvd. Easthampton New York Laboratory Sup.
701 S. 7th St., Phoenix San Francisco Co. Inc. Fort Worth
Jasper Junction Lapidary Leo Kaufmann 78 Varick St., New York City Industrial Scientific, Inc.
Sam'l Hill Hardware Co. 1112 Neola St. Quabbin Book House
729 Harrison St. Ware 1014 Taylor St., Fort Worth
142 S. Montezuma St., J. J. Jewelcraft New York Scientific Sup. Co. Ridgway's
Prescott San Gabriel
2732 Colorado Blvd. Rainbow Gem Company MICHIGAN 28 W. 30th St.,
New York City 615 Caroline St., Houston
Randolph Oak Creek Canyon Mine ft Mill Machinery Co. 546 W. Mission Dr. Int'l. Stamp Bureau Panther City Office Sup. Co.
Mineral Shop, Sedona 310 E. 3rd St. 125 W. Adams Ave., Detroit The Radiac Co. Inc. 315 N. Colorado, Midland
Mission Curio Mart Shannon Luminous Thompson's Mineral Studio 489 5th Ave., New York City Farquhar's Rocks A
4400 Mission Road, Tucson Materials Co. P.O. Box 124 Nokomis Lapidary & Minerals
Standard Scientific Sup. Corp.
Hazel E. Wright 7356 Sta. Monica Blvd. South Pasadena Watch Shop 34 W. 4th St., 134 Hollenbeck, San Antonio
30 Cochise Row, Warren Stratex Instrument Co. Dunham Economy 3840 26th Ave. So.. New York City
1861 Hillhurst Ave. Concentrator Co. Minneapolis East Texas Photocopy Co.
853 Mission St. OHIO 308 N. Broadway St.. Tyler
ARKANSAS Brandt's Rock A Gem Shop Akron Lapidary Co.
House of Hobbles, Rt. 4 COLORADO Asterley Ozark Shop 1095 Chalker St., Akron Dr. H. T. Plumb
1034-A Sonoma Hiway The Gem Exchange U.S. Hwy 61-67, De Soto
Hot Springs Nat'l. Park Needles Cincinnati Museum of 2400 Sunnyside Ave.,
Gem Village, Bayfleld Craven's Diamond Shop Co. Salt Lake City
McShan's Gem Shop Black Light Corp. of Nat. His.
Highway 66 2008 Bryant Bldg.. Central Pkwy at Walnut, WASHINGTON
Colorado Kansas City Cincinnati Fulmer's Agate Shop
Berkeley North Hollywood 209 Johnson Bide.. Denver Cy MUler
Modern Science Laboratories 5212 Rainier Ave., Seattle
Minerals Unlimited 8049 St. Clair Ave. Rlley's Reproduction 110 E. 13th St.. Kansas City OREGON
1724 University Ave. 1540 Glenarm Place, Denver Prospector's Equipment Co.
Orange Covo MONTANA The Rock Market 2022 Third Ave., Seattle
Big Pine Wm. M. Cllngan, Shelden's Minerals Agency Yellowstone Agate Shop R. 1, Box 225, Eagle Point
Bedell's Mercantile Clingan's Jet. 30714th St., Denver The House of Guns C. M. Fassett Co.,
118 N. Main St. Box 4, Hiway 89, Livingston 111 Washington St.,
Highway 180 Eckert Mineral Research W. 7 Trent Ave., Spokane
Bishop 112 E. Main St., Florence NEBRASKA Garibaldi Tacoma Lapidary Sup. Co.
Palo Aho
Bishop Hardware & Sup. Co. Fisher Research Labor., Inc. Palmer's Lapidary & Hastings Typewriter Co. 631 St. Helens Ave., Tacoma
518 W. 3rd St., Hastings Hodge Podge Agate &
336 N. Main St. 1961 University Ave. Fixit Shop Supply Shop Irwin's Gem Shop
Bueno Pork 1503 N. College, Ft. Collins NEVADA 322 Hiway 99 S., Grants Pass 381 Chase Ave., Walla Walla
Ghost Town Rock & Grieger's Bernstein Brothers Tolyabe Supply Company Wrightway Gemcrafters
BookShop 164 N. Mechanic St., Pueblo Gabbs Williams Lapidary Supply
Knott's Berry Farm 1633 E. Walnut St. P.O. Box 4, Hauser P.O. Box SO. Waterville
Paso Rohlas D. C.-Washlngton Woodfords Cash Store, Smith's Fluorescents
Conoga Park Woodfords, Calif., WISCONSIN
Coast Counties Pump & Gem Lapidary Km. 311-220 S.W. Alder, C-C Distributing Company
Warren C. Bieber Elec. Co. 2006 Florida Ave. N.W., P.O. Gardnerville, Nev.
Portland 3104 W. Vllet St., Milwaukee
7229 Renunet Ave. 124014 Park St. Washington, D.C. Arthur C. Tartu Dorothy's Gift Shop
Co.tro Valley Platerville 15 Water St.. Henderson 4639 N. Stephens, Roseburg The House of Hobbies
The Sterling Shop, Enterprises Unlimited 721 W. Wisconsin, Milwaukee
8679 Castro Valley Blvd. Rock & Shell Shop Rock Hollow, White's Furniture
Rt. 3, Box 143 2033 Red Road Last Frontier Village 1218 M St., Sweet Home The Stones Throw Rock Shop
Campion •ondsburg A RMgocrost Coral Gables Las Vegas 221 S. Main St., Walworth
Compton Rock Shop W. A. Hunkammer PENNSYLVANIA
1409 s . Long Beach Blvd. GEORGIA Ken Dunhr.m Lost Cave Mineral Shop CANADA
Redlands Owen Hoffman P.O. Box 150, Mina Lost Cave, Hellertown Riley's Reproductions Ltd.
Covington Lapidary N. Alexander Ave., 630 8th Ave. W.
Pacific Mill & Mine Sup. Co. Engineering Washington Commercis.l Hardware Co. TENNESSEE Calgary, Alta.
530 Van Ness Ave. 1st & Hiway 99 500 E. 4th St., Reno Technical Products Company
IDAHO 19 N. Dunlap, Memphis Milburns Gem Shop
Glendale Reedier Nevada Gem Shop 1605 Trans-Canada Hwy.,
Pascoes Tyler Jack The Sawtooth Company 335 East 4th, Reno New Westminster, B.C.
1115 Grove St., Boise TEXAS
1414 W. Glenoaks Hare's Pharmacy D & B Engineering Co. Inc.
Nevada Mineral Laboratories Cave & Company Ltd.
Lodl Riverside S. V. Hlgley 336Morrill Ave., Reno 1510 S. 14th St., Abilene 567 Hornby St.,
Armstrong's Hurrle's Gem Shop 1718 Albion Ave., Burley Vancouver, B.C.
Rt. 2, Box 516 Tonopah Studio Dwighfs
3825 7th St. ILLINOIS
P.O. Box 331, Tonopah 516 Tyler St., Amarlllo Sharpe Instruments Ltd.
Long l o a d ! Sacramento Tom Roberts Rock Shop 6038 Yonge St.,
Elliott Gem & Mineral Shop 1006 s . Michigan Ave., Odom's
MacClanahan & Son Newtonbrook, Toronto, Ont.
235 E. Seaside Blvd. 3461 2nd Ave. Chicago Star Rt A, Box 32-C, Austin
Gordon's Gem & Mineral Ivan Ogden Ret R. Latta Lapidary Equip. Para Laboratory Sup. Co.
Supplies 520 56th St. 254 Pearl Ave., Loves Park 221 N. Hermitage Ave.,
1850 E. Pac. Coast Hwy. San Bernardino Trenton ULTRA-VIOLET PRODUCTS, INC
Mohave Sales, Inc. Greenwood's Ben E. Clement Westneld Lapidary & Sup. Co. 145 Poiodpno Ave So
1768 Atlantic Ave. 455 Third St. Marlon 309 Hyslip Ave., Westfleld

NOVEMBER, 1953 35
ONYX BLANKS, unpolished, black 25c
each; red, green, blue 35c each. Perfect

GEfll fl)ART A D V E R T I S I N G R A T E
10c a Word . . . Minimum $1.50
cut titanium. Fine cutting and polishing
at reasonable prices. Prompt attention to
mail orders. Juchem Bros., 315 West 5th
St., Los Angeles 13, California.
MINERAL SPECIMENS and cutting ma- GENUINE TURQUOISE: Natural color, FIFTY MINERAL Specimens, %-in. or
terials, specimen boxes—24 %-inch Black blue and bluish green, cut and polished over, boxed, identified, described, mounted.
Hills minerals identified, Black Hills gold cabochons—25 carats (5 to 10 stones Postpaid $4.00. Old Prospector. Box 729,
jewelry. Send for complete list and prices. according to size) $3.50 including tax. Lodi, California.
The Rock House, Mac-Mich Minerals postpaid in U.S.A. Package 50 carats
Co., Custer, South Dakota. (10 to 20 cabochons) $6.15 including GOLDEN & BACON Stripe Onyx from
tax, postpaid in U.S.A. Elliott Gem & Columbus, N. M. Small unpolished, un-
GEMS AND MINERALS, collecting, gem- Mineral Shop, 235 E. Seaside Blvd.. Long sorted, sawed on one side pieces, postpaid
cutting. Illustrated magazine tells how. Beach 2, California. to anywhere in Continental U. S. two
where to collect and buy, many dealer dollars. Ton prices on application. Proc-
advertisements. Completely covers the GRITZNERS GEODE—"The friendly little essing plant for sale. A. J. Evans. Deming.
hobby. The rockhound's own magazine mineral publication" is only $1.00 a year. New Mexico.
for only $3.00 a year (12 full issues) or Gritzner's, Mesa 3. Arizona.
write for brochure and booklist. Mineral DENDRITIC OPAL, Kansas, good polish-
Notes and News, Box 716A. Palmdale, RADIOACTIVE ORE Collection: 6 won- ing stone, only $1.25 a pound. Hastings
California. derful different specimens in neat Red- Typewriter Co., Hastings, Nebraska.
wood chest, $2.00. Pretty Gold nugget.
ATTENTION ROCK COLLECTORS. It $1.00, four nuggets, $2.00, choice col- ROCKHOUND PARADISE. Stop and see
will pay you to visit the Ken-Dor Rock lection 12 nuggets, $5.00. Uranium our display. Montana moss agate rough
Roost. We buy, sell, or exchange min- Prospector. Box 604, Stockton, Calif. and slabs. No junk. Also other slabs
eral specimens. Visitors are always wel- and minerals. Fluorescent calcite and
come. Ken-Dor Rock Roost. 419 Slit- NEW MEXICO'S finest red Calcite for sale. willemite. Satisfaction guaranteed or
ter, Modesto, California. Fluoresces strawberry red under short money back. Write for prices. P. G.
wave lamp. Rattlesnake Calcite, fluor- Nichols, Prop., Sun Valley Trailer Park.
OPALS AND SAPPHIRES rough, direct esces pink and phosphoresces blue under 3922 No. Oracle Rd., Tucson, Arizona.
from Australia. Cutting opal, 1 ounce short wave lamp. $1.20 lb. postpaid or
$5, $10, $20, $30 and $60. Blue sap- $75.00 per 100 lbs., freight paid. Satis- ROCKHOUNDS: One of the best mineral
phires, 1 ounce $10, $30, and $60. Star faction guaranteed or money refunded. and gem collections in this area for sale.
sapphires, 12 stones $10, $20, and $30, Tom Ellis, Rt. 2, Box 492, Waco, Texas. Specimens from all over, a collector's
etc. Post free and insured. Send inter- dream. Must be sold as a whole collec-
national money order, bank draft. Aus- tion. See at 951 East D St., Ontario,
tralian Gem Trading Co., 49 Elizabeth PONY BUTTE Thundereggs from the or-
iginal Priday Ranch in Central Oregon. California. M. H. Taylor.
St., Melbourne, Australia. Free list of $1.25 per pound and 5 pounds for $5.00.
all Australian stones rough and cut, 16 pp. Hastings Typewriter Co., Hastings, Neb. WIRE GOLD IN CALCITE—An excep-
NEW MEXICO Quartz Crystals, 6 for 25c. tional specimen from Olinghouse District,
R. F. Sandall, Box 1543, Medford, Ore. BOOKS: Beginners to advanced. Gemology, Nevada. Absolutely one only, 2>/i"xl"xl".
mineralogy, geology, etc., Write today $35 postpaid, insured. Frey Minerals, 37
Shell Road, Mill Valley, California.
STATEMENT REQUIRED BY THE ACT OF for free price list. Gem Finders, 859
AUGUST 24, 1912, AS AMENDED BY THK North Ramona, Hawthorne, California.
ACTS OF MARCH 3, 1933, AND JULY 2, SEND $2.00 for Surprise Package of 10
1946 (Title 39, United States Code, Section western specimens. Visit us at Western
233) SHOWING THE OWNERSHIP, MAN- FOR SALE: Beautiful purple petrified
AGEMENT, AND CIRCULATION OP wood with uranium, pyrolusite, manga- Minerals Rock Shop, 548 Nevada High-
nite. Nice sample $1.00. Postage. Maggie way, Boulder City, Nevada. Boxes and
The Desert Magazine published monthly at Baker, Cameron, Arizona. cards wholesale to dealers.
Palm Desert, California for October, 1953
1. The names and addresses of the publisher, McSHAN'S GEM SHOP—open part time, ROCK CORRAL—Stop at our Rock Cor-
editor, managing editor, and business managers ral and select your own material from
are: Publisher, Desert Press, Inc., Palm Desert, or find us by directions on door. Cholla
California; Editor, Randall Henderson, Palm cactus wood a specialty, write for prices. one of the largest Rock and Mineral
Desert, California; Managing editor, none; 1 mile west on U. S. 66. Needles, Cali- collections in the Southwest. Mail orders
Business manager, Bess Stacy, Palm Desert, promptly filled, satisfaction guaranteed.
California. fornia, Box 22.
2. The owner is: (If owned by a corporation, 8 lbs. of selected top grade cutting ma-
its name and address must be stated and also AUSTRALIAN cutting fire opal, specimens, terial sent postpaid for $6.00. 50 sq.
immediately thereunder the names and ad- inches of selected gemstone slabs for $10
dress must be stated and also immediately cutting material. H. A. Ivers, 1400 Ha-
thereunder the names and addresses of stock- cienda Blvd., La Habra, California. postpaid. Try our approval plan. We will
holders owning or holding 1 percent or more send you postpaid 50 square inches of
of total amount of stock. If not owned by a selected gemstone slabs, you keep all for
corporation, the names and addresses of the MINERAL SPECIMENS, cabochons and
individual owners must be given. If owned by cutting material of all kinds, western $10 or return part with 25c per inch for
a partnership or other unincorporated firm, its jewelry. Beautiful travertine for book what you keep. We carry Ultra-Violet
name and address, as well as that of each Mineralights, Geiger Counters, Lapidary
individual member, must be given.) Desert ends, paper weights, spheres etc. Write
Press, Inc., Palm Desert, California, Lena Clem- for prices. Eighteen miles south of Battle Machinery, Polishing Powders, Crystolon
ents, Cyria A. Henderson, Clifford W. Hender- Mountain at Copper Canyon, John L. Grits, sanding cloth, Templates, Cement,
son, Carl R. Henderson, Randall Henderson, Dopping Wax, Books, etc. Write for price
Martin Moran, Nina Paul Shumway, Bess Stacy, James, Box 495, Battle Mountain, Nev.
all of Palm Desert, California; Vera L. Hender- list. San Fernando Valley Rock Shop,
son, Los Angeles, California; Phil Henderson, 6329 Lindley Ave., Reseda, California.
Pasadena, California. TONOPAH, Nevada, is where C. C. Boak
3. The known bondholders, mortgagees, and lives, with his outstanding, scientific,
other security holders owning or holding 1 world-wide collection of Mineral, Gem GET YOUR COPY of "A Mineral Collec-
percent or more of total amount of bonds, mort- and semi-Gemstone species—spectacular tor's Guide to Wonderful Wyoming." 25c.
gages, or other securities are: Indio Branch, Gritzner's, Mesa 3, Arizona.
Hank of America, Indio, California. crystal groups, etc. Visitors welcome. C.
4. Paragraphs 2 and 3 include, in cases where C. Boak, 511 Ellis St., Tonopah, Nevada.
the stockholder or security holder appears upon
the books of the company as trustee or in any • Specializing in O
other fiduciary relation, the name of the per- EDIBLE DESERT GEMS—Dates grown
son or corporation for whom such trustee is in deep virgin soil of an ancient sea bed. FINE FOREIGN GEMS
acting; also the statements in the two para- Perfect for supplying quick energy to
graphs show the affiant's full knowledge and AND MINERALS
belief as to the circumstances and conditions rockhounds on field trips. Rich in many Lapidary Equipment and Supplies
under which stockholders and security holders vital protective minerals and vitamins. 2
who do not appear upon the books of the com- Gem drills—Jewelry tools—Sterling
pany as trustees, hold stock and securities in a lbs. Desert Nuggets $1.00; 5 lbs. Family Jewelry Mountings—Boots—Mineralights
capacity other than that of a bona fide owner. Special $2.50; 5 lbs. Choicer dates $3.25;
RANDALL HENDERSON, Editor 10 lbs. Semi-dry $4.50; 15 lbs. Chewy SUPERIOR GEMS & MINERALS
Natural $6.75. Delivered, cheapest way. 4665 Park Blvd.. San Diego 16. California
Sworn to and subscribed before me this 28th Lee Anderson's Covalda Date Co.
day of September, 1953. Open 10:30 A.M. to 8:00 P.M.
LOIS E. ROY, Notary Public (Grower, packer, shipper). Hiway 99 at Closed Sundays
(My commission expires May 17, 1954.) Coachella, California. P. O. Box 208D.

An extra-curricular field trip was staged Moose Lake, Minnesota, considered one
AMONG THE by several members of Tacoma Agate Club, of the best agate collecting areas in the
Tacoma, Washington, to Twin Rivers, 29 Midwest, was visited recently by a field trip

ROCK HUNTERS miles out of Port Angeles on the Straits of

Juan de Fuca.
party from Minnesota Mineral Club. Nathan
Stuvetro, tour director, obtained permission
for members to hunt in some of the better
"Get Acquainted Night," program plan- pits.
Alaska, Lake George and the Knik Gla- ners of San Fernando Valley Mineral and • • •
cier were described for the Mineralogical Gem Society called the September meeting. Jack Gaston, Los Angeles Lapidary So-
Society of Southern California by Emelie Each member was asked to bring his favor- ciety member, was invited to tell Pasadena
Collings, who formerly was employed in ite cabochon, faceted stone, polished flat, Lapidary Society about his recent Alaskan
Anchorage. She illustrated her talk with sphere, crystal or mineral specimen to show adventure. Gaston traveled 8615 miles in
colored slides. and another specimen for swapping. A the northern territory. He showed colored
• • • campfire and community sing closed the slides to illustrate his talk.
Colored slides, taken by members on evening.
recent field trip outings, were projected at • • •
a meeting of Glendale Lapidary Society, The identification of minerals has been FAMOUS TEXAS PLUMES
Glendale, California. simplified by a new method developed by Red Plume, Pom Pom and many other types
• • • Dr. Tunell of the University of California of agate. Slabs on approval. Rough agate,
at Los Angeles. "Each mineral has its own 8 lb. mixture postpaid, $5.00. Price list on
September events for Wasatch Gem So- 'fingerprint' in its interfacial angle," Dr.
ciety, Salt Lake City, Utah, included a field WOODWARD RANCH
trip to the Dugway geode area and a meet- Tunell explained to members of Southwest 17 miles So. on Hwy 118
ting highlighted by Howard Hanks' talk Mineralogists of Los Angeles, California. Box 453, Alpine, Texas
on Japanese gem cutting. A complete report of his work will be pub-
lished soon in bulletin form.
• • • • • •
July meeting of Nebraska Mineral and
Gem Club was a picnic at the home of ex-
Mrs. Dorothy Craig, president of the
California and American Federations of
President and Mrs. Harry Cowles. After
lunch, members went fishing, swimming or
Mineralogical Societies, spoke to the Gem
Cutters Guild, Los Angeles, on the Mother
rockhunting. Some found fair cutting ma- Lode country and the history of gold min- TAKES PRIDE IN
terial in a pile of sandpit gravel near the ing in California. She displayed samples of ANNOUNCING THE
Platte River. gold nuggets, ore and coins.
• • •
"Chemical Determination of Minerals"
was the subject of O. C. Smith when he
appeared as guest speaker for the Santa
Fine minerals, Aztec agate and other
Barbara Mineralogical Society. He brought CHOICE cutting materials •Patent Pending
a portable chemical determination kit with
him and demonstrated techniques. REQUEST FREE PRICE UST
The Rock Rustlers News, monthly bulle- 1000 E. Camelback Phoenix, Arizona MODEL 111
tin of Minnesota Mineral Club, carries a Portable
classified ad section for members having
mineral material or lapidary equipment for Scintillation
sale or trade. Ray Lulling is editor. "OVERLOOKED FORTUNES" Counter
• • • In the Rarer Minerals
Annual picnic of Long Beach Mineral Find war minerals! Here are a few of the
and Gem Society was held at the Shell pic- 40 or more strategic rarer minerals which
nic grounds in Brea, California. That you may be overlooking in the hills or in
month's field trip was to the Himalaya that mine or prospect hole: columbium, tan-
Mine. talum, uranium, vanadium, tungsten, nickel, • Made in the U. S. A. by Precision • 100
• • • cobalt, bismuth, palladium, iridium, osmi- times the sensitivity of the best Geiger
Lyle Hunt discussed "Growing Genuine Counter • Suitable for aerial surveys or
um, platinum, rhodium, ruthenium, titan- surveys from moving vehicles • Accuracy
Quartz Crystals in the Laboratory" at the ium, tin, molybdenum, selenium, germanium, within 5% of 3,i full scale reading e Uses
October mineral resources division meeting manganese, cadmium, thallium, antimony, latest type RCA 6199 photomultiplier tube
of San Diego Mineral and Gem Society. • Uses newest simplified circuit • Used
mercury, chromium, etc. Prices booming; by U. S. Geological Survey and the Atomic
The mineralogy division studied the iso- many much more valuable than a gold Energy Commission • Waterproof and
metric system, and the gem and lapidary mine: cassiterite now $1000 a ton; bismuth tropicalized probe • Weight only 6Vt lbs.
division heard Robert Failing speak on $1500 a ton; columbite $2500 a ton; tanta-
Probe 2 lbs. • Only two simple controls
"Living and Mining in Colorado." • LOUR battery life • Ranges .025, .05, .25,
lite or microlite $5000 a ton; tungsten $3 1, 5 and 25 MR/HR.
• • • pound; platinum $90 ounce, etc. Now you
Willow Creek, 65 miles north of San Price Complete only $495.00
can learn what they are, how to iind, iden-
Luis Obispo on California State Highway 1 Write for free catalog on the "Scintillator"
tify and cash in upon them. Send lor free and our complete line of Geiger Counters
was the September field trip destination of copy "overlooked fortunes"—it may lead and metal locators.
Compton Gem and Mineral Club. to knowledge which may make you rich! DEALER INQUIRIES INVITED
• • • A postcard will do.
Clark County Gem Collectors hoped to PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS
find jasper and agate on a field trip to Afton
Duke's Research Laboratory
2Z33DS South La Brea Ave.
Canyon, near Baker, California. Box 666, Dept. B. Hot Springs, New Mexico Los Angeles 16, California
• • •
At the September meeting of Los Ange-
les Lapidary Society, L. C. Musselman re-
lated some of his experiences while serving
with Admiral Byrd's expedition to the South
• • •
George Land, research director of the
West Kentucky Coal Company, addressed
a recent meeting of the Evansville, Indiana, The world-famous HILLQUIST LINE of lapidary equipment
Lapidary Society. Land discussed "Coal as
a Mineral," tracing its evolution and geo- LAPIDARY EQUIP. CO. 13« w. 49 ST.. SEATTLE 7, WASH
logic progress from the original peat-bog
formation through structural strata and
hardening processes to its present form. He
displayed a pair of highly polished earrings
made from anthracite coal from Pennsyl-

NOVEMBER, 1953 37
First meeting of the club year for East Colored slides of his airplane trip to
TWO NEW CATALOGS Bay Mineral Society of Oakland, California, South Africa were shown to the Gem Cut-
Catalog No. 6 BLASTS MOUNTINGS—28 big featured three speakers. Bob Wiechman ters Guild, Los Angeles, by Merle W. Hin-
pages for the gem cutter. A 15c charge to gave highlights of a recent field trip; Ivan shaw. The pictures showed diamond mines,
help pay the cost of mailing. Root reported on the San Diego show and mining operations and the industrial uses
SUPPLIES. Lapidary equipment, jewelers Frank Wilcox told about field trips in the of diamonds.
findings etc. 57 big pages. A 25c charge to San Diego area. • • •
help pay cost of mailing. • • • Whittier Gem and Mineral Society dis-
J. I. JEWELCRAFT Several members of El F'aso Mineral and played mineral collections and lapidary
2732 Colorado Blvd. — Phone ALbany 1488 Gem Society took a weekend trip to Ele- work, demonstrated gem cutting and polish-
LOS ANGELES 41, CALIFORNIA phant Butte and the carnelian beds nearby. ing and showed field trip movies at its hobby
Open every day except Sunday & Monday Everyone came home satisfied with the col- show October 17 and 18. The show was
!) a.m. to 5:30 p.m.
lection of colorful petrified wood fragments held at Smith Hall in Whittier, California.
and small carnelians he had found, and • • •
some planned to tumble theirs into baroque Nebraska Mineral and Gem Club pro-
ALTA INDUSTRIES gems. Prize find was made by Jo Unsell— grams for the 1953 club year will be
Mailing Address: a large and beautifully banded carnelian planned by a committee recently appointed
Bo\ 1!), Lavccn Stage, Phoenix, Arizona
Location—7006 So. 19th Avenue nodule. under the chairmanship of Kenneth Mc-
LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT • • • Dowell. Members are Leon White, James
Lapidary Equipment Manufacture & Design Fair turquoise specimens were found by Freeman, Bertha Minardi and Clark Mor-
16-18 inch Power Feed Slabbing Saw gan. The committee already has announced
Belt Sanders & Trim Saws Dona Ana County rockhounds on a trip to
the old mining town of Tyrone. The Dona that a table will be set up at each meeting,
(Send Postal for free literature) on which members may display puzzling
Ana club is from Las Cruces, New Mexico.
specimens to be identified by others. A pro-
gram poll was distributed to members to
find cut what type of entertainment was
Send for FREE price list • • •
CALIFORNIA HOUSE OF ROCKS T h e SNOOPER' Highlights of the 1953-54 season for Palo
16208 S. Clark Ave.. Bellflower. California Alto Geology Society, Palo Alto, California,
Open 10 a.m. to 7 p.m. Wed. till 9 p.m. will be fall field trips to Allegheny and Big
Closed Saturday and Sunday Sur and a spring outing to Death Valley
Find a fortune in uranium with this and the Mojave Desert. Mrs. Billy Santoff
new. super-sensitive Geiger Counter. is president.
Get one for atom bomb defense. So small it fits in the palm of
the hand or in the hip pocket, and yet more sensitive than many • • •
THIS MONTH large, expensive instruments. Weighs only 1!.-, lbs. Uses flash*
SPECIAL No. 75 BAKOQUK CAP light battery. Low price includes earphone, radio active sample,
instructions. Sold with ironclad moneyback guarantee.
A round table discussion of gem cutting
techniques followed the showing of a film
8 for $1.0(1 Sterling silver—tax paid.
Is cone shaped cap. Cement over ORDER YOUKS TODAY — Send »5 with order or payment in full on cabochon cutting to Compton Gem and
baroque stones. Cement for 60c to save C.O.D. Write for free catalog on larger, more elaborate Mineral Club. The film was made by the
Freo 8>/2xll" illust. catalog other Gciter Counters, metal locators and our Scimillator Counter.
findings and mountings for asking. Naval Ordnance Testing Station Rockhound
Dealer Inquiries PRECISION RADIATION INSTRUMENTS Club at China Lake, California, and was
DOCKSTADER'S L a Cresc*nfa, Calif. Invitxl 2235D So. La Brea Ave.. L. A. 16. Calif. projected at the meeting by Jim, Irene and
Melvin Arnold.

1. WCLFKXITK, Mexico: (a) Brilliant large (c) Medium to large nodules $2.50 per lb. (d) 10. GRINDING WHEELS: L and M Bonds
orange tabular crystals on white Calcite, about Banded Carnelian and brilliant red small to made by The Carborundum Company, the
lxl 50c; lx2'/2 $1.00; 2x3'/2 $2.00 to $3.00, ac- medium nodules $1.50 for 'A lb. largest manufacturer of wheels and abrasives.
cording to quality; 7'/2x4x4'/2 (a magnificent We recommend these as the best possible
specimen) $25.00; 18x10x6 $100.00. (b) A new 6. NUGGET GEMS. The best selection, in- wheels for general lapidary purposes and
find: Large tabular Wulfenite crystals almost cluding Turquoise, Tigereye and our fine especially for grinding Agate, (a) No. 100 grit
completely covered by beautiful acicula xls Brazilian gem materials such as Aquamarine, 6x1 $3.50. (b) No. 220 grit 6x1 $3.75. (cl No.
of Vanadinite. All sizes available and prices Green and Pink Tourmaline, Rose Quartz, 100 grit 8x1 $5.25. <d> No. 220 grit 8x1 $5.50.
correspond to the specimens mentioned above. Carnelian, Precious Topaz, Citrine as well as Arborhole reducers furnished on request.
«•) Chartreuse and clear Wulfenite in combi- Madagascar red Garnet and gems of many Other sizes available.
nation with brilliant green Mimetite, about other fine materials, (a) Sizes about %" to %"
lxl V2 $1.00. Prices on larger specimens cor- or more, one ounce of at least 12 stones for 11. (a) CHERRY OPAL rougli, Mexico: From
respond generally to those in (a) above. We $1.45. (b) Turquoise nuggets, mostly small $1.20 per oz. (hi Cabochons of Cherry Opal or
have the largest and finest stock of Wulfenite sizes, 1 ounce $1.00. (c> Very large sizes 50c Fire Opal in matrix in many sizes. 40c to
available anywhere and our prices are most to 80c per stone. $1.00 each, according to size. CO Fire Opal
reasonable. Price quotations will be given to in matrix $3.00 for Vi lb.
dealers and quantity purchasers on case lots. 7. TIGERKYE, South Africa: Finest quality. 12. SAPPHIRE, Ceylon: A large amount of
<a> Yellow and golden 95c per lb. or 5 lbs. for star rough and other material expected soon.
2. VKSTJVIANITK and GL08STJLABITH OAK- $4.00 (!» Cherry $1.50 per b. or 5 lbs. for Prices on request.
NUT, Mexico: Individual xls. 25c to 50c, $6.25. (c) Blue $2.00 per lb. (d) Mixed colors,
according to size. yellow and green striped material, $2.50 per lb. 13. SAPPHIRE, Montana: Hough mine run
crystals, mixed grades, averaging about one
3. RAM'S HORN GYPSUM, Mexico: Large and s. TOURMALINE, Brazil: An extra special as- carat each. $2.00 for V2 oz.
small spectacular specimens about 12" or more sortment including black, green, blue and
in length $3.00; choice specimens 4" to 6" in pink colors, for specimens, eabochons or for 14. ABRASIVE GRAINS: (a) No. 80, No. 100
tumbling. 50c per oz. or $3.50 for >/2 lb. and No. 220 grits 73c for 1 11).; $2.50 for 5 lbs.;
length 50c to $2.00. $3.40 for 10 lbs. (b) No. 400 grit 75c for 1 lb.;
4. AMAZONITE, Virginia, gem grade: Vi lb. ». AMETHYST, Guerrero: Mine run, best avail- $2.95$1.30for 5 lbs.; $5.50 for 10 lbs. (c) No. 600
$2.50. able grades for tumbling, (a) Small to medium grit
10 lbs.
for 1 lb.; $4.45 for 5 lbs.; $7.30 for
pieces, mostly medium colors, $1.50 per lb.
5. AGATE, Mexico: Handed and fortification (b) Medium and large pieces of excellent dark 15. POLISHING POWDERS: (a) Cerium Oxide
varieties. The most colorful available, (a) colors $2.50 per lb. (c) Choice dark material $2.65 per lb. (b) Levigated Alumina 75c per lb.
Small nodules for fine gems or tumbling 75c with many pieces containing faceting areas (c) Tin Oxide $2.00 per lb. (d) Chrome Oxide
per lb.; (b) Mixed medium sizes $1.50 per lb. $1.50 per 11). 95c per lb.
MINIMUM MAIL ORDER $5.00 plus postage and 20 an exceptionally complete stock of lapidary equipment
per cent Federal Tax on taxable gem materials. In keep- and supplies and represent leading manufacturers. Vis-
ing with the usual trade practice, all orders must be itors always welcome. Open week days 9 to 5. Closed
accompanied with a remittance to cover the value of the
materials requested on approval. We guarantee uncondi- Sundays. Our comprehensive retail price list of gems,
tionally all materials mentioned in this advertisement gem materials and lapidary supplies is now available.
and such materials may be returned in good condition for Price 45c. Our wholesale price list No. 7 is now available
full refund within the usual ten day period. We maintain to dealers.


PHONE 2-2160

September activities of San Diego Min- Several beaches on Green Bay and Lake pebbles of all sizes and shapes and a good
eral and Gem Society included the general Michigan were visited on a week-end field amount of honey comb coral or favosite.
meeting, with B. Dixon, curator of San trip of the Chicago Rocks and Minerals Chain coral was found at the third beach,
Diego Historical Society, speaking on "San Society. The pebble-strewn shore of Green directly east of Sister Bay near Rowley Bay
Diego Mining Boom;" Jeanne Martin's talk Bay was first stop. Next, the rockhounds on the Lake Michigan shore. Hosts for
on sapphire at the gem and lapidary divi- trekked to Lands End, also called Top o' the weekend were Mr. and Mrs. George
sion session; and vacation stories at the the Thumb, where waters of Green Bay and Anderson who have a new home on Sister
mineralogy division meeting. Lake Michigan join. The beach offered Bay.
• • •
Members of the archeological interest
group of the Earth Science Club of North-
ern Illinois have spent a total of nine week- Fellcer DI-MET
ends excavating a prehistoric Indian village
and burial ground in Thorne Creek Woods
near Thornton, Illinois. It is estimated that
a total of 1700 man hours were spent re- Diamond Blades • Core Drills • Machines
moving more than 1000 tons of sand to
recover artifacts and other indication of Fellcer D I - M E T
how man lived in the Chicago area R I M L O C K I3LADES
around 1500 A.D. A winter of study re- Accepted for yaars as the
standard far fcst, smooth
mains before the story can be completed, cuts, long life., low cost!
but evidence already uncovered proves that Finish requires a m i n i -
a community of Indians lived on the banks mum of polishing. Wheel
bodies are made of cop-
of Thome Creek before the white man per or s t e e l . Diameters
came, fished the creek's waters, cultivated from 3 " through 3 6 " .
Fellcer DI-MET UNILAP—A universal lapidary machine
corn along the shore and hunted deer and designed for multiple operations: grinding, sanding, pol-
other animals in the surrounding area. ishing and tapping! Spindle operates in either vertical or
Felker DI-MET Continuous horizontal position for maximum convenience and effi-
• • • Rim METAL BONDED BLADES ciency. Accessories quickly interchangeable.
—Although more expensive in
Rockhunting in California was the topic origirval cost,- DI-MET Metal Felker DI-MET Model
of Robert Deidrick when he appeared as Bonded. Blades repay in D H - 1 — Operates like a
guest speaker for the Gem and Mineral longer ultimate life and un- j circular saw, but blade
usually fast cutting. Usually dips into coolant stored
Society of San Mateo County, California. preferred in production cut- in a l u m i n u m base.
Deidrick listed four principal collecting ting. Diameters from 1" ade can't run dry!
through 12"
zones in California: the gold zone, quick- Uses 6 " or 8 " Di-Met
R i m l o c k or Metal
silver zone, borate zone and pegmatite dike Bonded Blades. Includes
zone. He also named several of the recent •;•;•
F e l k e r DI-MET Diamond rip and angle fences.
mineral discoveries in the state, including Abrasive CORE DRILLS -Drills
rock samples in a few seconds.
curtisite, a highly fluorescent mineral re- Produces exceptionally smooth,
Other machines available —Write for circulars
on alt Di-Met equipment!
sembling sulphur, found in Sonoma County; straight holes and removable
myrickite from Lake and Santa Clara coun- cores. Drill diameters from '/a" FELKER MANUFACTURING CO.
to 2 ' / : " -
ties; mariposite, the beautiful green mineral Torrance, California
found in the High Sierra; calaverite, a gray The W o r l d ' s Largest M a n u f a c t u r e r of D i a m o n d A b r a s i v e C u t o f f W h e e l s a n d E q u i p m e n t .
mineral similar in appearance to galena
found in Calaveras County; large borax
crystals from Lake County; benitoite, a
sapphire-blue mineral, and neptunite, a
long black crystal, occurring together in
San Benito County, and immense gypsum
It Could Be T h e r e . . .
crystals found near Fleischacker Pool in Prospecting with Modern Electronic Equipment,
San Francisco. will help locate buried minerals, that the eye alone
• • • cannot see.
An overnight trip to Chloride Canyon The latest improved equipment by Detectron: For
was on the September docket for Dona Ana testing uranium ore this inexpensive high
County Rockhounds of Las Cruces, New quality CLAIMSTAKER $ 37.50
Mexico. The Prospectors Pal, Model DG-2. Now more sen-
• • • sitive than ever, with three scale sensitivity
Spirited bidding insured the success of the meter $ 98.50
slab auction San Francisco Gem and Mineral Model DG-7. Same as above with separate, de-
Society conducted at a recent meeting and tached probe $135.00
potluck supper. First bidder on each item The Nucliometer, Model DR-290. Super sensitive
was Treasurer Dave Friedman who invari- Radiation Detector of extreme sensitivity, for
ably offered 15 cents. The sale gained $97.35 ground, jeep, car, and Airplane survey..$545.00
for the club's account. The light weight Detectron Model 27. Prospecting
• • • for metallic mineral, Gold and Silver included.
Rio Grande Rock Club and Santa Fe (Depth Range 7 ft.) $ 98.50
Gem and Mineral Club enjoyed a joint field The Deluxe Model 27—see cut above. Same as above with easy reading
trip into Colorado. Members found good meter $110.00
hunting and brought home huge thunderegg Model 711. Metal case, light, weight, easy to carry, and with a depth range
specimens. of 21 ft $138.50
• • • The above instruments carry a One Year Guarantee
When asked what he would discuss at against defects in workmanship and materials
the October meeting of East Bay Mineral AU
Society, Speaker York T. Mandra of San prices are F.O.B. Compton, California
Francisco State College answered: " 'Tales
and Geology and Geologists of California' We stock a complete line of Ultra-Violet Miner-
—a layman's down-to-earth version of some alights, also gem and rock polishing
geological facts of California intermingled equipment and supplies
with some yarns about the men who dis-
covered these facts. Some stories are true,"
he added, "some could be true, and some COMPTON ROCK SHOP
probably are as tall as the Empire State 1409 South Long Beach Blvd., Dept. D.
Building." Compton, California
• • •
Many improvements have been added to Open house every Tuesday Eve.
San Francisco Gem and Mineral Society's Telephone Newmark 2-9096
lapidary work shop, and members are mak- Model DG-7
ing full use of the facilities.

NOVEMBER, 1953 39
•"What I Did this Summer" was the title NEW MINERAL SOCIETY
MINERAL CATALOG AVAILABLE of informal speeches given by members of FORMED IN MADRAS. OREGON
Send 5c, cost of liunriliiig the Mineralogical Society of Arizona at the The Madras Gem and Mineral Society
If you want Fine and Rare Minerals, Ores, first meeting of the 1953-54 season. The was recently organized by a group of rock-
Fluoreseents, Geiger Counters, Mineralights, group meets in Phoenix. hounds from Madras, Oregon. Charter of-
Hooks, Ring Mounts, or advice, write to—
ficers are Ralph Dexter, president; Mrs.
MINERALS UNLIMITED Glen Fulton, vice-president; Mrs. Robert
1724 University Ave., Berkeley 3, California TRUE OR FALSE ANSWERS Pass, secretary, and Ford Harvey, treasurer.
Questions are on page 22 The club meets in the Madras High School.
e • e
1—True. 2—True.
3—False. Baccata is a species of the At the opening meeting of Shadow Moun-
says. "Write for our list of tain Gem and Mineral Society, Palm Desert,
Gems. Minerals, and Cutting Yucca plant. California, Dr. John S. Sheldon discussed
Materials. Also books on lapi- 4—False. The road-runner can fly "Plutonic Earth Formations"—igneous rock
(iarj and equipment." only a comparatively short dis- formations both magmatic and volcanic.
LAS PALMAS ANTIQUE SHOP tance. Dr. Sheldon is known as "the flying geolo-
818 Ft. Stockton Dr.
5—True. gist," using his own plane for travel and
San Diego 3. California 6—False. First explorers of the geological exploration.
Southwest were Jesuit padres • • e
seeking to Christianize the In- As a means of identification on field trips,
dians. Palo Alto Geology Society members have
7—False. The Kachinas are made club stickers on their car windshields. The
by the Hopis. design is of a palo alto tree and the letters
8—False. The lowest elevation is PAGS in green and white.
at Badwater in Death Valley. • • •
9—True. A report of the recent field trip to Hole-
10—False. Hovenweep National Mon- in-the-Rock, Utah, was given by President
ument is in Utah. Parley Dalley at a meeting of the Cedar
II—True. 12—True. 13-True. City Rock Club.
ALLEN 14—False. Most of the rugs now
JUNIOR GEM CUTTER made by the Navajo are colored • • e
with analine dyes furnished by Fourteenth birthday of East Bay Mineral
A Complete Lapidary Shop the Indian traders. Society was celebrated at a party September
Only $43.50 15—True. 16—True. 17—True. 13 in Oakland, California. The society has
• Ideal for apartment house dwellers. 18—False. The Taos are pueblo In- a membership of 264 rockhounds. Other
• Polish rocks into beautiful gems. dians. September events were a meeting and pro-
• Anyone can learn. 19—False. The Valley of Fire is a gram and an overnight field trip. Speaker
• Instructions included. Nevada State Park. at the former was Bob Winston of California
20—False. Flagstaff is on Highway College of Arts and Crafts who discussed
Write for Catalog. 25c 66. jewelry design. The field trip was to the
ALLEN LAPIDARY EQUIPMENT benitoite mine in San Benito County.
3632 W. Slauson Ave.. Los Angeles 43. Cal.
Phone Axminster 2-6206
Prizes for Photographers . . .
ALASKA JADE November is an ideal month for long hikes up the remote canyons
Here is an outstanding jade, flaw- and washes of the desert country. The days are warm and balmy,
less, black and apple green in color, the nights not yet too cold for camping out, the air crystal clear—
available to the amateur cutter in perfect for picture-taking. And the desert holds an abundance of sub-
very limited quantity at $20.00 per ject matter for the photographer. For the best and most unusual photos
sq. in. Selected cabochons of above
jade in sizes 18x13 oval, 16x12 oval, taken on desert trails, Desert Magazine offers cash prizes in its
and 20x8 high domed cushion at $3.00 Picture-of-the-Month contest.
each. Light blue-green jade $10.00
lb., $6.00 half pound, $1.00 sq. in. Entries for the November contest must be in the Desert Magazine
Prices include tax, postage, and in- office. Palm Desert, California, by November 20, and the winning prints
surance. Air mail your order today. will appear in the January issue. Pictures which arrive too late for
Satisfaction guaranteed
one contest are held over for the next month. First prize is $10; second
prize $5.00. For non-winning pictures accepted for publication $3.00
Box 1891, Fairbanks, Alaska
each will be paid.
Agate Jewelry 1—Prints ior monthly contests must be black and white. 5x7 or larger, printed
on glossy paper.
Wholesale 2—Each photograph submitted should be fully labeled as to subject, time and
Rings — Pendants — Tie Chains place. Also technical data: camera, shutter speed, hour oi day, etc.
Bracelets — Matched Sets 4—All entries must be in the Desert Magazine office by the 20th of the contest
—Send stamp for price list No. 1 — month.
5—Contests are open to both amateur and professional photographers. Desert
Blank Mountings Magazine requires first publication rights only of prize winning pictures.
Rings — Ear Wires — Tie Chains 6—Time and place of photograph are immaterial, except that it must be from the
Cuff Links — Neck Chains desert Southwest.
Bezel — devices — Shanks 7—Judges will be selected from Desert's editorial staff, and awards will be made
Solder — Findings immediately after the close of the contest each month.
— Send stamp for price list No. 2 —
Address All Entries to Photo Editor
440 N.W. Beach St

By LELANDE QUICK, Editor of The Lapidary Journal
Mineral Collectors Guide, 36-page illustrated
booklet, explains how to go about it. prin-
ciples of identification, mineralogical tests,
how to set up and maintain your collection.
SI.00 postpaid.
Mineral Identification Aid
was involved with paid admissions and ad- A reference set of 110 accurately identified
We don't suppose that any amateur gem thumbnail size mineral specimens. Collec-
cutter with a genuine interest in his hobby missions are involved with tax collection so tion MC 102, $7.50 (list. Rochester).
has failed at some time to see pictures dur- that the reports have to be accurate. Embed .Small Specimens in Clear Plastic
ing the course of his reading of a Chinese Liquid plastic hardens to crystal-clear solid.
The rockhounding hobby began in the Plastic kit contains materials, instructions,
patiently drawing a wire saw through a East and it began a long time ago. The first sample mineral and other specimens. Com-
rock. No one but the Chinese have the club of record was the New York Mineral plete kit BPm 19, S7.50 postpaid.
temperament to spend endless days cutting Free Catalogs: FM6d Mineral Specimens—
Club founded in 1888. In the '90s there 352d Geological Collections—MS2d Geological
a big rock into two pieces, to go on from was considerable interest in mineral collect- Supplies.
there to cut and recut until, after months ing because the mineral resources of our Ward's Natural Science Establishment, Inc.
and sometimes years, they produce the most country were undergoing intensive develop- IM). Box 24, Beechwood station
beautiful works of gem cutting that the Rochester a, New York
ment and miners were gathering unusually
world has ever seen. fine specimens that became available to col-
Americans looking at these pictures are lectors. The personal collections formed in
not inspired to follow their example because those days are the foundation of many of
our National Hobby is finding ways of the museum collections of today.
avoiding work. But a correspondent (Jean The Mineralogical Society of Philadelphia
Foley of El Segundo, California) not only was formed shortly after the New York
looked at the pictures but watched a Chinese Club and the Newark Mineralogical Society
in Los Angeles (S. T. Koo) actually operate came into being in 1915. Mineral collecting
one of the wire saws. Mr. Koo operated the then waned and languished until Peter Zo-
saw at the Long Beach gem show in August. dac established his magazine Rocks and
Foley was impressed and saw nothing wrong Minerals in 1926. This magazine has con-
with the method except that he applied tinued to cater to the amateur mineral col-
American ingenuity to make the saw do its lector until the present time. It was a little
own work. He has built a wire saw that paper by J. Harry Howard, published in
works from a motor and he writes "I use that magazine in 1931, that started the ball
three annealed black iron wires evenly rolling for amateur gem cutting to its pres-
twisted together. The gauge depends upon ent high development.
the size of the rock; the bigger the rock the This was during the Great Depression
larger the wire. It is surprising how long and hundreds of people in the West began
the wire will last. I change wires about hunting rocks to cut. This gave rise to rock-
every four or five hours. They must not be hounding and groups began to organize in
allowed to wear down to the point where the West. In 1931 the Mineralogical Society
the cut is too narrow for a new wire. The of Southern California was organized at
wire will not readily stick in the cut because Pasadena and in 1933 the Oregon Agate
it wobbles about sufficiently to keep itself and Mineral Society was organized at Port-
clear. In comparison to modern high speed land. It was not until the organization of
methods however the wire saw is slower the Los Angeles Lapidary Society on Feb-
than the coming of tax relief." ruary 10, 1940, however that the prairie HILLQUIST
"The most salient virtue," Foley contin- fire of gem cutting really started and the
ues," is cheapness, for the wire saw costs influence of that group has been greater in COMPARE!
no more to run than it costs to burn a 100 the development of the hobby than any • Put the Hillquist Gemmaster beside any lapidary
watt bulb and the makings of the saw are other. There are now almost 600 rock- machine — cheaper, flimty "gadgets" or units that
kicking around every garage. Portability is jell at twite the price. Compare construction! Com-
hound groups catering to various phases of pare ease of operation! Compare how much you
another big point, for that big rock lying the rock hobby but the main interest is in get for your money and you'll say, "I'll take the
abaft the petunia bed can be sawed right cutting and polishing. Gemmaster!"
where it lies. Dig a temporary hole so the All of the shows we attended were won-
crank can go around and you are in busi- Here is a worthy companion for our larger and
derful indeed. It would be an injustice to more expensive Hillquist Compact lapidary Unit.
ness." any one of them to say that any of the Tho smaller in size, the Hillquist Gemmaster has
We regret that we can give no more de- three was "the best" because they were all many of the same features. It's all-metal with spun
tails in this column or an illustration of so very good. It is a matter of continuing aluminum tub. You get a rugged, double-action rock
clamp, not a puny little pebble pinch.r. You get a
Foley's folly but we are working on the amazement to us to realize that these groups full 3" babbitt sleeve bearing and ball thrust bear-
idea and we believe it will be a new chal- have within their ranks such competent pro- ing. You get a big 7" Super Speed diamond saw
lenge to the amateur gem cutter with a moters. and all the equipment you need to go right to work.
mechanical bent that will be as widespread Regardless of the section of the country
in its influence as the recent furore about Americans always seem to rise and do USES ALL ACCESSORIES
tumbling. You c«n use all the regular Hillquist accessories
things that build happiness for their fellow with the Gemmaster: The Hillquist Facetor, Sphere
•:• * *
men. That is one of our greatest secrets of Cutters, Laps, Drum and Disc Sanders, etc.
We recently returned from a 4200 mile success as a nation, for while we are ac-
cused abroad of being a very selfish people WRITE FOR FREE CATALOG
trip through our wonderful Northwest, a there is evidence every day in every corner
trip that ended at Portland where we ad- of the land that we are a very unselfish i COMPLETE, REAW'TO USE/ you GET ALL THIS
dressed the convention of the Northwest people. This national trait is certainly em-
Federation of Mineralogical Societies. Dur- phasized in the way the gem and mineral
ing the past year we have traveled more societies work together.
than 15,000 miles to every corner of our
land; from Portland, Maine to Portland, A great American, Herbert Hoover, once
Oregon and from Atlanta, Georgia to San said that "our stage of civilization is not
Diego, California. We have been talking to going to depend upon what we do when we BIG 7" Diamond Saw • 6" « 1 " Grinding

groups everywhere about America's fastest work so much as what we do in our time Wheel • 6 " Felt Buff • 6" Backing Wheel
6" Disc Sander • Double-action Rock
growing hobby and we are convinced more off. The moral and spiritual forces of our Clamp • Oil Feed Cup • Water Feed
than ever that the gem cutting hobby is an country do not lose ground in the hours we Hose I Clamp • Dop Sticks & Dop Wax

American institution that is here to stay. are busy at our jobs; their battle time is the Polish, Compound, Etc.
time of leisure." And amateur gem cutting BUILT FOR LONG SERVICE!
During the summer we visited three won- and playing with rocks is just about as clean No other low-cost lap unit
derful shows; the big Federation show at and wholesome a method of employing gives you full 3" sleeve
San Diego, the gem show at Long Beach leisure time as could be devised by the bearing, ball thrust bearing
and pressure lubrication.
and the show mentioned above. These wisest person. As a group of citizens we
shows drew a paid attendance of more than defy anyone to produce as fine a bunch of
25,000, it is reported. This figure is prob- people as the rockhound group, now vari-
ably nearer the truth than any other that ously reported to be between three and five
has ever been published, because attendance million people.

NOVEMBER, 1953 41
/P" H IV, it'V

7 O THOSE who think of the desert as a place of

beauty only when the roadsides are carpeted with
wildflowers, I would suggest a visit to the palm
canyons at this season when the leaves of the cottonwoods
Both groups of state officials recommend that the legisla-
ture authorize the project—"for the pleasure and con-
venience of the motoring public."
My thought is that such parkways not only would add
have turned to gold and the wild sycamores are mixed gold much to the pleasure and convenience of motoring in
and scarlet. California, but that the maintenance crews which would
There are scores of these palm canyons in the desert be on the road constantly servicing the parks could also
mountains of Southern California. Not many of them assume the responsibility for cleaning up the ugly debris
are accessible to the motorist—but it is easy to reach which now clutters the gutters along the main traveled
Andreas and Palm Canyon at the base of the San Jacinto highways.
mountains near Palm Springs over a blacktop road—and The litterbugs are creating a situation which must be
the trip is worth the effort. For the perennial green of dealt with drastically if California is to preserve the beauty
palm fronds and the golden coloring of the native decidu- of its landscape. Perhaps there is need for some ingenious
ous trees at this time of the year combine to make a lovely person to invent a new tool—a motor vehicle with a long
picture. adjustable side arm that will travel down the road and
Hubert Lowman's autumn photograph taken in Palm scoop up the beer cans and bottles which thoughtless
Canyon in my opinion is the prettiest landscape view we motorists toss out of their cars.
have ever used for a Desert Magazine cover. It doesn't seem just that law-abiding citizens should
* * * have to be taxed to gather up the garbage of those who
In mid-October the Palm Desert gallery of desert art have an utter disregard for the beauty of the landscape.
in the spacious foyer of the Desert Magazine building was But until by education and rigid law-enforcement there
officially opened for the season. Actually the gallery has is evolved a generation of citizens who will do their own
been open 5Yz days a week all through the summer but self-policing that appears to be the only way of preserving
there are not many visitors when the daily temperatures the cleanliness of the highway roadsides.
outside are ranging from 110 to 115 degrees. # * *
Harriet Day, director of the gallery, has returned for With this November number, Desert Magazine begins
her third season to manage the exhibit, which includes its 17th year. This "Just Between You and Me" page has
the best work of more than 40 of the most outstanding appeared in every one of the 192 issues published during
painters in the Southwest—and some of Cyria's exquisite that period. And how I have enjoyed writing these in-
sculpturing. formal editorials!
As a courtesy to the many visitors who come to This desert is like a diamond with a million sparkling
Coachella Valley for weekends during the winter sea- facets—and every month 1 wish it were possible to cram
son, the gallery will remain open from now until May into our pages more about the history, the geography, the
from eight to five, seven days a week. A special invitation wildlife, the lost mines and ghost towns, and the people
is extended to Desert Magazine readers not only to visit who are a part of this last American frontier.
the gallery, but to tour the entire Pueblo—printing office Before I started Desert Magazine, some of my friends
and all—if they care to do so. were afraid I would run out of material. How wrong they
* * * were! I am sure that no publisher on earth has a greater
Two months ago I suggested that California should wealth of material from which to draw than does the
provide its motorists with little roadside parkways with editor of Desert Magazine.
shade and picnic tables and ovens, such as Texas and Hundreds of manuscripts come to my desk every
other states have installed. month, and from these I must select those which I feel
And now I learn that such a program has been under will be of interest to the greatest number of our readers.
consideration in the offices of the California Department I always welcome suggestions from members of the big
of Public Resources for a long time. Newton Drury, reader family, for the goal of Desert is still the same as it
director of the Division of Beaches and Parks has sent me was 16 years ago when I wrote for this page:
a 72-page report prepared jointly by Drury's division and "We want to give to the folks who live on the desert
the Division of Highways, based on an exhaustive study —and to those who are interested in the desert—some-
of the wayside park idea. thing that will make their lives a little happier and a little
According to the estimates of the two state divisions finer—something worthwhile. In accomplishing this pur-
the cost of installing 150 roadside parks would be approxi- pose we ask for the cooperation and help of all friends of
mately $1,000,000 and the annual maintenance $375,000. the desert everywhere."

Many people have marveled at the
variety and beauty of California's
landscape—but not many of them have
GUNS AND BULLETS backbreaking toil to wrest a living from heard or read the story of how all these
AT LITTLE BIG HORN the parched earth. Money with which mountains and valleys and rivers and
Much has been written about Cus- to carry on the costly expeditions and mesas came into being—the geological
ter's Last Stand — the Battle of the found settlements was never easy to history of the state.
Little Big Horn in June, 1876. Writers get.
As a guide to the traveler or the
have analyzed in detail the fight itself, Father Kino envisioned the coloni- student who is interested in the subject,
the participants and the historical zation by the Jesuits. Juan Maria Sal- the California Division of Mines, Olaf
background. vatierra who shared his enthusiasm, P. Jenkins, chief, has published Evo-
But, until Gun Collectors John E. became known as the Father of the lution of the California Landscape, a
Parsons and John S. du Mont tackled Missions. Juan de Ugarte was one of 240-page book with cloth cover, illus-
the job, no complete study had been the sustaining pillars of the missions. trated with many photographs, maps
made of the weapons used. This was Father Nicolas Tamaral who was mur- and charts, that tells the story as it is
particularly true as regards Indian dered in the uprising of 1734, Fer- interpreted by a modern scientist.
guns. Arms and other articles taken nando Consag, the Alastian Johann
Jakob Baegert, Bohemian Father Wen- Author of the book is Professor
over from the white man seem of little Norman E. A. Hinds of the Depart-
interest to ethnologists. ceslaus Link, Francisco Maria Picolo—
stalwarts all, were fired with zeal to ment of Geological Sciences, Univer-
In Firearms and the Custer Battle, convert the Indians and colonize more sity of California. He has divided the
Collaborators Parsons and du Mont new lands for Spain. The story of their state into natural provinces—the Si-
fill in the gap in Custer literature with incredible achievements is an inspiring erra Nevada, Basin-Ranges, Mojave
a documented monograph comparing one. Father Dunne has the faculty for and Colorado Deserts, Modoc Plateau,
and relating military with Indian fire- making history live and breathe. Cascade Range, Klamath Mountains,
arms used at the Little Big Horn. Published by University of Califor- Great Valley, Coast, Transverse and
Dozens of photographs and several nia Press, Berkeley and Los Angeles. Peninsular Ranges, and even the Sea
diagrams illustrate the text. 540 pp. In the book are four appen- Floor—and graphically describes each.
The study not only offers newly- dices, listing the nationalities and dates The book may be obtained from
organized material for the Custer stu- of the Jesuit missionaries in Lower State Division of Mines, Ferry Bldg.,
dent and Indian Wars historian but California. Bibliography and index. San Francisco, $2.50 (plus 3 percent
affords the gun collector clues to the Map of Lower California, showing tax in California).
identification of Little Big Horn battle chief coastal missions on the mainland. • • •
relics. Books reviewed on this page are available at
$6.50. Desert Crafts Shop, Palm Desert
Published by The Stackpole Com-
pany. 60 pages, appendix, notes.
Printed on coated paper, paperbound.
• • •
for Christmas
Black Robes in Lower California 12 a
by Peter Masten Dunne, adds immeas-
urably to knowledge of the early his-
tory of Baja California. Father Dunne, Your friends will love this magazine of the desert. They will read
Professor of History at the University
of San Francisco, has a profound and re-read the stories of history, botany, geology, Indians, wildlife,
background of research for this, the
fourth in a series relating the history lost mines and ghost towns of this fascinating land. They'll laugh at
of Jesuit mission enterprises in colonial the yarns of Hard Rock Shorty and thrill to the adventures of desert
Mexico. This volume has the advan-
tage of manuscripts only recently made pioneers. They will want to follow the mapped field trips to mineral
accessible and tells in fascinating and and gem locations and the motor tours to interesting places.
accurate detail the story of Jesuit ex-
ploration and mission building from
1697 to the year of their expulsion in Here is the magazine which each month will take your friends on
1768 by decree of King Charles III
of Spain. a magic trip into a land where there is peace and beauty and the
Father Eusebio Kino was the first simplicity of natural things.
Jesuit to urge establishment of per-
manent missions in Lower California.
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ans, explored unknown country and
founded missions in lands where it cost

NOVEMBER, 1953 43
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