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# Static electricity is the branch of physics which deals with charges at rest, whereas, current

## electricity deals with charges in motion.

static energy is energy at rest. While current energy is in motion.
Static electricity is the branch of physics which deals with charges at rest, whereas, current
electricity deals with charges in motion.
Static electricity - basically is made when two objects rub together and create a charge. The
transfer of particles across the surface of this object produce a build up of electricity which can
create a spark.Current electricity - The flow of electrons from one atom to the next usually in a
metal wire
Static electricity is caused by the build up of electrical charges on the surface of objects, while
current electricity is a phenomenon from the flow of electrons along a conductor.
Static electricity is caused by the build up of electrical charges on the surface of objects, while
current electricity is a phenomenon from the flow of electrons along a conductor.

Current electricity is normally controlled, and it is the more used phenomenon of electricity, in
countless applications. While Static electricity is usually uncontrolled, and just happens

When electricity is at rest, it is called static electricity. It refers to the electric charges that build
up on the surface of materials or substances. These so-called static charges remain until they are
grounded, or discharged.

Static electricity is generated by friction, or sudden contact for instance, rubbing two materials
against each other. Ordinarily, atoms are uncharged. These are considered neutral substances,
but they can lose or gain electrons through friction

The rubbing procedure can cause the atoms of particular substances to lose their electrons. This
loss of electrons will make the substance or material become positively charged. The excess
protons caused the substance have a positive charge. Conversely, the substance that gains the
electrons is said to be negatively charged.

Certain atoms readily lose electrons, and it goes the same way with particular atoms which have
the tendency to accept them. When these two substances are rubbed together, the potential of
generating static electricity is great. Basically, the phenomenon of static electricity is achieved
when there is a separation of positive and negative charges.

Current electricity, on the other hand, is a phenomenon of moving electrons in a particular path,
or direction, such as a stream of them flowing through conducting materials. Current electricity
can come from various sources. The most commonly used source of current electricity is from
batteries. These batteries rely on the chemical reactions within them to produce electricity.
Current electricity, in huge amounts, is typically brought about by generators. Power plants have
many of these to produce enormous quantities of current electricity. The phenomenon is usually
controlled, and requires a flow of electrons along a path, which is fittingly called the electric
current.

Electric current is generated at a specific frequency for specific uses. Static electricity
is usually a random discharge from one potential point to another.

Static Electricity
Static electricity is when electrical charges build up on the surface of a material. It is usually
caused by rubbing materials together. The result of a build-up of static electricity is that objects
may be attracted to each other or may even cause a spark to jump from one to the other. For
Example rub a baloon on a wool and hold it up to the wall.
Before rubbing, like all materials, the balloons and the wool sweater have a neutral charge. This
is because they each have an equal number of positively charged subatomic particles (protons)
and negatively charged subatomic particles (electrons). When you rub the balloon with the wool
sweater, electrons are transferred from the wool to the rubber because of differences in the
attraction of the two materials for electrons. The balloon becomes negatively charged because it
gains electrons from the wool, and the wool becomes positively charged because it loses
electrons.
positively charged because it loses electrons.
Current Electricity
Current is the rate of flow of electrons. It is produced by moving electrons and it is measured in
amperes. Unlike static electricity, current electricity must flow through a conductor, usually
copper wire. Current with electricity is just like current when you think of a river. The river
flows from one spot to another, and the speed it moves is the speed of the current. With
electricity, current is a measure of the amount of energy transferred over a period of time. That
energy is called a flow of electrons. One of the results of current is the heating of the conductor.
When an electric stove heats up, it's because of the flow of current.