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This project is implemented for the purpose of getting a fully automized electricity
billing system. The aim of this project is to measure and monitor the electricity
consumed by consumers in a locality and transmitting the consumed power to the
station as well as issuing the bill of consumed power automatically. It is also aims
to find the malpractices in the meter. Using this system the Electricity Board can
access all data regarding the consumed power in each home and in each station.
From the data the Board can find out power theft also it is also offers a system to
charge extra payment for the excess usage of power at peak time (6.00---10.00pm)
Prepaid and Postpaid billing are also possible for our new system.
Zigbee or GSM is using for automizing the system. The consumed
unit transmission and bill reception are achieved by the ZIGBEE or GSM module
in the client side. Server station is also using the ZIGBEE or GSM module for
transmission and reception of data.
Advantages :
Attachable to currently using power meter
Prepaid and postpaid billing are possible
For wireless Meter reading.

Block diagram

Client side

Server side

AVR Microcontroller:
The major heart of this project is AVR microcontroller, it has more features
like 16bit timer, 10-bit ADC, USART, SPI, I2C, 256 bytes of EEPROM memory,
and 32kbytes of flash program memory, then at last its speed of program execution



MAX 232
16X2 LCD



is about to 1 microsecond or 10 MIPS (10 Million Instructions per second), etc.
However, compare to other microcontroller it is fast and very ease to program in C
language because of huge support can gain from the manufacturer for
programming. The special IDE offered by the manufacture, it is named as AVR
Studio IDE for it code generation purpose
MAX 232
The AVR microcontrollers are connected to through RS232 protocol, for
this inbuilt USART module is utilized. A serial port sends and receives data one bit
at a time over one wire. While it takes eight times as long as to transfer each byte
of data this way, only a few wires are required. In fact, two-way (full duplex)
communications is possible with only three separate wires- one to send, one to
receive, and a common signal ground wire.
GSM is a cellular network, which means that mobile phones connect to it by
searching for cells in the immediate vicinity. GSM networks operate in four
different frequency ranges. Most GSM networks operate in the 900 MHz or 1800
MHz bands. Some countries in the Americas (including Canada and the United
States) use the 850 MHz and 1900 MHz bands because the 900 and 1800 MHz
frequency bands were already allocated. The rarer 400 and 450 MHz frequency
bands are assigned in some countries, notably Scandinavia, where these
frequencies were previously used for first-generation systems