ABSTRACT

We Need a Relook at the Entire Approach to Development in Tribal Area.
O
disha is one of those gifted landscape of the world, which is richly endowed with
mines and minerals. Out of total mineral resources of India, Odisha has 99 per cent
Chromate ore, 92 per2ent of Nickel are, 65 per cent of Graphite and Pyrophylite, 66 per cent of
Bauxite, 31 per cent of Mineral sand, 32 per cent of Manganese, 28 per cent of Iron ore and 24 per
cent of coal within its geographical boundary. Even Odisha is one of the poorest states of the nation.
Incidentally, the storehouse of the mineral resources in Odisha, that is, western and southern parts
of the state are the most naxal-infested areas in the state.
KEYWORDS: Machkund, Balimela, Kalab, Naxalism, Development, Rehabilitation
DEVELOPMENT CHALLENGES IN NAXAL AFFECTED
AREAS: A STUDY OF MALKANGIRI DISTRICT IN
ODISHA
Prof. Kedar Nath Bishoyi
1
& Dr. Govinda Chandra Panda
2
1
Principal& Head, Department of Political Science, Science College, Konkorada, Ganjam
Odisha -761144
2
Head, Department of Economics, Science College, Konkorada, Ganjam, Odisha -761144
1
Economics, Business and Management Studies
2
A STUDY ON DISCLOSURE OF INTEREST BY
DIRECTORS OF COMPANIES IN TAMIL NADU- WITH
REFERENCE TO SECTION 299 TO 301 OF THE
COMPANIES ACT
Dr. N. Ragavan
1
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, University of Madras, Chennai - 600005,
Tamil Nadu, India.
ABSTRACT
T
he enabling provisions like Section 299, Section 300 and Section 301 provide for
disclosure of these types of contracts to the other members of the Board. This family
group should also be accountable to the other members of the company for their genuine or frivolous
acts. Indian Companies are witnessing, these types of group entities and the application of the
specific legal provisions is not ‘Transparent’ to other stakeholders. Accordingly the disclosure
practices and level of transparency should be assessed and analyzed in threadbare with legal
ramifications.
KEY WORDS: AOD, IT, PSE, ICAI, ICSI
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
3
ROLE OF SELF HELP GROUPS BEYOND THE
FINANCIAL EMPOWERMENT OF WOMEN: A CASE
STUDY OF KUNDAPURA TALUK OF UDUPI DIST IN
KARNATAKA
Dr. Gaonkar Gopalkrishna. M
1
1
Associate Professor and Head, Department of Economics, Govt. First Grade College and Centre for PG
Studies, Tenkanidiyoor, Udupi-576106, Karnataka.
ABSTRACT
T
he world is developing in different dimensions. A number of new issues have to be
addressed to effect social and economic progress of every nation. The most important
one is women’s empowerment because in many countries women are marginalized section of the
society .In the beginning as a step towards women’s empowerment, financial empowerment of
women through microfinance programs were engineered by a few well thinking planners to generate
income and employment and alleviate poverty especially in the developing countries. The approach
is accepted by the World Bank and other financial institutions as an important tool for poverty
eradication and enhancement of living standards. Moreover, microfinance has come to be regarded
as a supplementary development tool that widens the financial service delivery system by linking a
large rural women population with formal financial institutions through self-help groups.
KEYWORDS: Wages, Community, Savings, Rural Women, Farmers, Development
Economics, Business and Management Studies
4
HETEROSCEDASTICITY ANALYSIS OF INTER-STATE
MIGRATION IN 2001 CENSUS INDIA
Dr. C. Muniyandi
1
, G. Mahalakshmi
2
& M. Manimegalai
3
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Econometrics, School of Economics,Madurai Kamaraj
University, Madurai-21,Tamil Nadu, India.
2 M. Phil Scholar, Department of Econometrics, School of Economics, Madurai Kamaraj University,
Madurai- 21 , Tamil Nadu, India.
3 M. Phil Scholar, Department of Economics, School of Economics, Madurai Kamaraj University,
Madurai-21,Tamil Nadu, India.
ABSTRACT
T
he present study aimed at the heteroscedasticity analysis of Inter-state migration in
India. Migration is the geographic movement of people across a specified boundary for
the purpose of establishing a new permanent or semi-permanent residence. The main objective of
this studyis to be the spatial pattern and levels of inter – state migration and to understand how
regional disparities in development influences inter – state migration pattern in India. This study is
based on 2001 census migration data. In this analysis, two rates were considered namely in – migration
and out – migration rates. It has been computed separately for both male and female. The researcher
has been used heteroscedasticity Spearman rank correlation, Goldfeld Quandt test, Park test and
percentage for the purpose of analysis and interpretation of the data. Econometric analysis of
heteroscedasticity has been used to find out the linkage between regional disparities in development
and migration. It shows that people mainly moved to the states were have higher growth rates of
urbanization and achieved higher economic development.
KEY WORDS: Inter state migration in India, Regional disparities, heteroscedasticity Spearman
rank correlation, Goldfeld Quandt test, Park test and percentage and Higher economic development.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
5
WOMEN ENTREPRENEURS– ISSUES AND
TRIBULATIONS
(A SPECIAL STUDY IN COIMABTORE DISTRICT)
Ms. T.Subha
1
& Ms. R.Kirthika
2
1&2
Assistant Professors, School of Management, VLB Janakiammal College of Arts & Science, Kovaipudur,
Coimbatore-641042, Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
T
he women entrepreneurship development is influenced by many complicated factors
including economic, social, cultural and physiological prevailing in the society. Keeping
this in view, the present study focused on the motivating factors influencing women entrepreneurship
and these identified factors were Autonomy and Adequate Income, Flexible Working Environment,
Opportunities to use & develop human capacity, Inducement of Empowerment and growth and
Promotion of Societal Responsiveness and moreover, women entrepreneurs were also encountered
with certain problems which are discussed in detail in this paper.
KEYWORDS: Adequate Income, Flexible Working Environment, Opportunities, Human capacity.
E-GOVERNANCE AND SUSTAINABILITY: CASE STUDY
OF SELECTED E-GOVERNANCE INVENTIVENESS IN
WEST BENGAL
Satarupa Das Majumder
1
1.
Research Fellow, Centre for Research in Material Management, IISWBM, Kolkata, West Bengal.
ABSTRACT
I
n order to align the various Government services with best practices of the developed
countries, e-governance in developing countries has emerged not only as a useful tool to
make government more efficient; rather its’ effectiveness ranged, if not restricted from creation of
a decentralized to a corruption free system. In India, through National e-Governance plan several
significant initiatives have already been taken to implement different e-Governance projects across
the country to give Government’s internal and external communication a facelift through speed,
accuracy, simplicity leading to operational, economic and environmental efficiency. Realizing the
potentials of e-Governance, the Government of West Bengal has taken up several initiatives to generate
multi-faceted changes in the life of both urban and rural residents. This paper attempts to evaluate
selected e-Governance initiatives of West Bengal in the light of sustainability, against a theoretical
background.
KEY WORDS: e-Governance, sustainability, ICT, G2C
Economics, Business and Management Studies
6
MAKING BETTER ENVIRONMENTAL DECISIONS:
GREEN ECONOMY AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
CONTINUITY AND BRINGING BACK THE SOCIAL
DIMENSION
Dr.Ashwini
1
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Studies and Research in Sociology, Tumkur University,
Tumkur-572103, Karnataka.
ABSTRACT
T
his study serves to identify the enabling factors that contribute to the sustainability
of green economy, in case of negative factors, the constraints that the development has
faced in achieving sustainability. Due to the economic development and to rapid growth of population,
the ecology and natural environment have been gradually damaged by various pollution problems
threatening public health and living environment. Green Economy and Sustainable Development is
the process by which development is regulated. It does not involve managing the environment
itself, but it is the process of taking steps and behaviors to have a positive effect on the environment
and sustainable development. What do green economy policies, as well as different models of
transition, imply for the continuity or transformation of structures, institutions and social relations
that reproduce or reinforce inequality and vulnerability? In this backdrop the problem of green
economy and development represents a general problem of the mankind, a problem that needs a
modern, systematic and integrative approach for sustainability. The systematic approach for green
economy continuity, transformation of structures and institutions with social relations allows, on
one hand, the global development of the problems according to an adequate policy, and on the
other hand, builds the frame for the solving of the actual problems and for the supervision of the
activity concerning the sustainable development and ecological protection. Further the paper will
be dealt with the performances obtained in the field of green economy and sustainable development
and management depend on the exploitation of the new knowledge sources. By transforming the
green economy model there are two major ways of reducing negative human impact and enhancing
ecosystem services. Conversely, how do existing patterns of inequality and vulnerability obstruct or
facilitate the potential for different approaches to green economy to contribute to sustainable
development and poverty eradication with sustainable future.
KEY WORDS: Green Economy, Sustainable Development, Local Government, Ecology, Systematic
Approach.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
7
COMMUNITY POLICING AND CRIME PREVENTION: A
REVIEW STUDY
Dr. Nandini G, Devarmani
1
1
Assistant Professor, School of Criminology and Criminal Justice, Rani Channamma University, Belagavi.
Karnataka, India.
ABSTRACT
C
ommunity plays an important role to have peace and security in the society. When
we say peace and security it is important to concentrate on crime rate. When can there
be peace in the society, how are we to protect the society are some of the aspects which needs to be
concentrated. The recent statistics shows us that the rate of crime is in an increasing trend. Why is
it so? Who are responsible? What is to be done? These are the questions to be answered with
appropriate implications to see that the crime rate does not go in the present trend. The main
reason for that is the public-police ratio. Due to the increasing population the number of police
persons is insufficient. In such situation the police cannot control the crime easily and the public
raises the finger on the working of the police. The second reason for increasing crime is the lack of
faith of the public on the police. People do not report for the crime thinking that police will not do
anything which boosts up the moral of the criminals. Both the reasons are very justified.
People today are not in a position to move around alone leaving aside the women and
children when men are not secured. We are in such a society where though the individual has it he
/she is not in a position to enjoy it. For example women are fond of gold ornaments even though
they purchase they don’t wear because of the fear of insecurity. They are many instances which can
be quoted like we speak about woman liberation but how safe is a women to move about alone what
stops her is the question to be thought and can it be made possible.
Community has long been invoked as a positive tool through crimes can be controlled.
Sociological analyses of crime and community from the 1930’s till date have revealed how patterns
of crime differ from place to place and the study of the area wise crime helps us to know how a
particular type of crime which is in a particular area can be controlled .this is possible only by the
intervention or by the participation of Community. (Evans 1997, Hope 2001, Hope and Foster 1992,
Walklate and Evans 1999).
This paper helps us to know the role played by the community in prevention of crime and
what are the measures to be taken up to make community policing more effective.
KEYWORDS: peace, security, crime rate, public-police, Community, Justice.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
8
EFFECT OF EMPLOYEES STRESS ON BUSINESS AND
ORGANIZATIONAL DEVELOPMENT
Mr. Basavaraj Biradar
1
1.
Research Scholar, Dept of Social Work, Karnatak University Dharwad, Karnataka, India.
ABSTRACT
S
tress is frequently considered as the most common disease of the modern age. It is
considered as an important phenomenon affecting the organizational health and health
of its members. It affects the behaviour of employees of employees worship in the organizations.
Today, many organizations and employees are experiencing the effects of stress on work performance.
The effect of stress can be either positive or negative. In this paper took effort to analyze the relations
among employees stress, business issues and organizational development. An attempt has been
made through this paper to know the reasons of stress among employees in various organizations
and its effect on organizational development.
KEY WORDS: Stress, Employees, Business, Organizational Development
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
9
DOUBLE TAXATION AVOIDANCE AGREEMENT ON
SPECIFIC TAX HAVEN COUNTRIES – A FLEETING LOOK
Mr. S. Thameemul Ansari
1
& Dr. T. Sivalingam
2
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, The New College (Autonomous), Royapettah,
Chennai – 600014, Tamil Nadu.
2
Former HOD, PG and Research Department of Commerce, Presidency College (Autonomous), Chennai
– 600005, Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
A
Double Taxation avoidance agreement is an agreement entered into between two
countries in order to avoid taxing the same income twice, promote exchange of goods,
persons, services and investment of capital. International juridical double Taxation can be generally
defined as, The Imposition of comparable taxes in two or more states on the same tax payer in
respect of the same subject matter and for identical periods. Its harmful effects on the exchange of
goods and services and movements of capital technology and persons are so well known that it is
scarcely necessary to stress the importance of removing the obstacles that double taxation present
to the development of economic relations between countries. Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement
is a tax treaty that India has with 101 countries. In simple language, what it means for an NRI is, if
he/she is a resident in any of those 101 countries and is paying taxes on the income earned in that
country, then he/she is eligible for a lower deduction of tax on income earned in India in that
financial year.
In the present scenario Double Taxation Avoidance Agreement in India with Tax Haven
countries are misused by the individual, corporate etc. to be more specific, India is also in the list of
nations who loses huge revenue because of tax havens. Though the Government had entered into
DTAA with tax haven countries, there is lack of transparency and lack of establishment of effective
exchange of information in tax matters. It does not generate enough revenue from both tax and
non-tax sources. This contributes to budget deficit on an annual basis and impacts negatively on
development and economic growth, creating a culture of aid dependency. Limited revenue
mobilization may result from failure by governments to rally enough taxes through revenue
administration.
KEY WORDS: DTAA, FDI, DIPP, OFDI etc.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
10
INCLUSIVE GROWTH AND NEEDS OF GOOD
GOVERNANCE IN INDIA
Sunaina
1
1
Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Kurukshetra University, Kurukshetra, Haryana- 136119
ABSTRACT
I
ndia which had poverty reduction as the central focus of its development strategy over
the last 50 years, not able to get desired results. Even economy able to grow at the 6%
growth rate in last two decade but the concerning fact is that poverty decline in only modest pace
and inequality increased in post reform era. Poor implementation of poverty reduction and other
social welfare programs, rampant corruptions are the main reasons of poverty failure. In 11
th
plan
the government India shifted to inclusive growth strategies. Inclusive growth take care of all section
of society which require effective policy implementation and an administration responding to
vulnerable and still neglected section( women, SC, ST, Minority, Elderly, Disabled) . Governments all
efforts to achieve rapid and inclusive development will not successful if good governance is not
ensured in implementation of programmes and the way government interacts with the ordinary
citizen. Inclusive development requires inclusive governance. This paper will analyzed government
efforts of inclusive development and state of governance in India.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
11
CURRENT ACCOUNT DEFICIT AND ITS IMPACT ON
INDIAN ECONOMY
Prof. Kiran .R
1
& Faiyaz Musani
2
1
Senior Professor, Department of Management Studies, Teachers Academy Group of Institutions,
Bangalore University, Bangalore- 560043, Karnataka.
2
Asst. Professor Department of Commerce and Management, Teachers Academy Group of Institutions,
Bangalore University, Bangalore- 560043, Karnataka.
ABSTRACT
A
trade deficit occurs when the value of a country’s imports is greater than the value
of its exports. This means that the country’s balance of trade is negative. Obviously, a
trade deficit is caused when a country cannot produce all it needs. However, the true causes run a
little deeper than that. A country cannot have a trade deficit unless other countries are willing to
loan it the funds needed to finance the purchases of imports. Therefore, a country with a trade
deficit will most likely have a current account deficit (CAD). The largest element is the trade deficit.
When the country imports more goods and services than it exports, another element is a deficit in
net income, when foreign investment income exceeds the savings of the country’s inhabitants. This
kind of foreign investment gives the direction towards economic growth. However, if they do not get
a return on their investment with a reasonable amount of time, they will withdraw their funds,
causing anxiety.
KEYWORDS: Deficit, CAD, Economy, Trade, Rupee value, GDP, inhabitants
Economics, Business and Management Studies
12
SOCIO- CULTURAL BACKGROUND AND THE LEARNING
DIFFICULTIES OF THE LAMBADA (TRIBAL) CHILDREN
AT PRIMARY LEVEL- A STUDY
Devender Bhukya
1
1
Research Scholar, Department of Education, Kakatiya University, Warangal,Telangana.
ABSTRACT
T
he English term ‘Tribe’ is derived from the Latin word ‘tribus’ designating a particular
kind of social and political organization existing in all the societies. Originally, it was
used to imply three divisions among the early Romans. Later on, it was used to mean the ‘poor’ or
the ‘masses’. In English language, the word appeared in the sixteenth century denoted a community
of persons claiming descent from a common ancestor. In India, the term ‘tribe’ has legal and
administrative connotations. British census officials-cum-anthropologists first used the term ‘tribe’
for the purpose of enumerating social groups in India and the term was used from 1881 to 1931
censuses. The Government of India Act, 1935 used the term ‘backward tribe’. The Indian Constitution
has retained the terminology with slight modification using ‘Scheduled’ in place of ‘Backward’.
India has been rightly described as a ‘melting pot’ of race and tribes. The tribals in India are
an integral part of the Indian civilization. Various elements in the ancient civilization of India were
contributed by the tribals. The tribal culture blooms in the isolated highlands and forests of India. It
is not easy to define a tribe or a tribal society conclusively and by any standardization in this regard
is very difficult. A tribe is a social group with territorial affiliation, endogamous, with no specialization
of functions, ruled by tribal officers, hereditary or otherwise, united in language or dialect, recognizing
social distance with other tribes or castes, without any social obligation attaching to them. Ideally,
tribal societies are small in scale and are restricted in the spatial and temporal range of their social,
legal, and political relations, and posses, morality, a religion and world-view of corresponding
dimensions. A tribe may be a collection of families bearing a common name, speaking a common
dialect and occupying a common territory, yet is not usually endogamous. A tribe is a group of
people occupying a contingent territory and having a feeling of unity deriving from numerous
similarities in culture, frequent contacts and it also have community interest. They also have faith
in a common ancestor.
KEY WORDS: Tribe, denotified tribe, Lambada, learning difficulties, tribal education, dropout.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
13
IS FEMALE REALLY THE SECOND SEX?
ECOFEMINISM AS VOICE OF THE VOICELESS
Dr.V D.Radhakrishnan
1
ABSTRACT
T
here is an increasing trend of looking down upon women as the ‘second sex’. In fact,
this reveals the inability of the contemporary society to cope with difference. Some people
view this inability as similar to the development paradigm that leads to the displacement and extinction
of diversity in the biological world. The patriarchal model of progress achieves at the cost of diversity,
thereby pushing society towards monocultures, uniformity and lack of heterogeneity. In this perverted
logic of progress, even conservation suffers. Agricultural ‘development’ continues to work towards
erasing diversity. Ecofeminism holds the view that an attractive calculus of ‘productivity’ and ‘skill’
can be built that respects, not destroy diversity. In many Third World societies, biodiversity is
simultaneously a means of production and an object of consumption. Ecofeminists argue that
patriarchal society’s values and beliefs have resulted in the oppression of both women and nature.
It blames the androcentric dualism man/woman. This dualism distinguishes men from women on
the grounds of some alleged quality such as larger brain size, and then assumes that this distinction
confers superiority upon men. Similarly the anthropocentric dualism humanity/nature is the ultimate
source of anti-ecological beliefs and practices. It distinguishes humans from nature on the grounds
of some alleged quality such as possession of an immortal soul or rationality, and then assumes
that this distinction confers superiority upon men. Ecofeminists identify logic of domination in
these arguments. They argue that the patriarchal society asserts this domination by presenting
their ‘master model’ that women have been associated with nature, the material, the emotional, and
the particular, while men have been associated with culture, the nonmaterial, the rational, and the
abstract’. Here, we see a convergence between the feminists and ecologists, preparing a common
ground of struggle for equity-social, economic, cultural and political.
KEY WORDS: Ecofeminism, patriarchal society, diversity, environment, Eurocentric
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Political Science, Sreenarayana College, Cherthala, Alappuzha, Kerala.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
14
STATUS OF LAND AND SOIL RESOURCES IN
DHARMAVARAM MANDAL OF DROUGHT PRONE
ANANTAPUR DISTRICT, ANDHRA PRADESH
V.Sreenivasulu
1
& M.Karunakara Rao
2
1&2
Research Scholars, Department of Geography, Sri Krishnadevaraya University, Anantapur, Andhra Pradesh.
ABSTRACT
L
and is a finite and valuable resource upon which we depend for basic amenities of
life. Soil, especially the topsoil is classified as a renewable resource because it is
continuously regenerated by natural process at a very slow rate. With increasing population, the
dependency for arable land to produce food, fiber and fuel wood is also increasing. Hence, there is
more and more pressure on the limited land resources which are getting degraded due to over
exploitation. Agriculture, being the main livelihood of rural India, natural resources management
with sound environmental principles is essential for protection and conservation. In this context an
attempt is made here to study the status of land soil resources with respect to land capability, Land
irrigability soil class, soil depth, soil texture, soil slope, soil gravelliness soil degradation and soil
quality in Dharmavaram mandal of drought prone Anantpur district, Andhra Pradesh.
KEY WORDS: Land capability, Land irrigability, Soil classes, Soil depth, Soil texture. Soil slope,
Soil gravelliness, soil degradation and soil quality.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
15
BARRIERS TO ADULT LEARNING: SOME PRACTICAL
GUIDANCE
Dr. G. Vasudevaiah
1
1
Teaching Personnel, Dept. of Adult, Continuing Education & Extension, S.K.University, Anantapuramu,
Andhra Pradesh.
ABSTRACT
A
basic feature of adult education is involving adults in becoming lifelong learners.
More often than not, this requires removing barriers to learning, especially those relating
to the actual organisational or institutional learning process. This article explores some of the main
barriers to adult learning and examines some practical guidance on how to overcome them.
KEY WORDS: Adult, Barriers, Learning, Guidance.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
16
A STUDY OF COMPUTER PHOBIA OF SECONDARY
SCHOOL STUDENTS
Harpreet
1
& Dr. Neelam Rani
2
1
Research Scholar, Sai Nath University, Ranchi, Jharkhand
2
Research Guide & Principal, Gold Field College of Education, Faridabad
ABSTRACT
C
omputer phobia is a resistance to talking about computers or even thinking about
computers, fear or anxiety towards computers, hostile or aggressive thoughts about
computers. Computer phobia is commonly believed to mean a fear of computers which includes
fear with emotional content, incompetent belief working with computer and state of readiness to act
and react with hesitation. Computer phobia is influenced by an individual’s knowledge, experiences
and familiarity both planned and random with computers. The present study was conducted to
study the computer phobia of secondary school students towards learning. 160 students (80 boys
and 80 girls) secondary schools students have been selected randomly from 16 secondary schools
located in Faridabad district of Haryana. The data was collected with the help of computer phobia
inventory developed by the investigator. The data collected was analysed by using statistical techniques
such as mean, standard deviation and t-test. The study revealed that the mean score of computer
phobia of girls were found to be higher than the mean score of computer phobia of the boys. There
is also significant difference between the computer phobia of the students studying in secondary
schools located in urban and rural areas of Faridabad district.
KEYWORDS: Computer, Phobia, Computer phobia;
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
17
FACE BOOK USAGE: A TACTIC FOR BONDING SOCIAL
CAPITAL IN ANNAMALAI UNIVERSITY
Mr. R.Dhamotharan
1
1
Research Associate, Department of Economics, Annamalai University, ChidambaramTamilnadu,   India
ABSTRACT
E
conomics is used to explain human behavior based on the rational choices of
individuals acting in their own self-interest through getting information. The economics
of information is quietly different from classic goods and services viz.., cars, restaurant meals, or
pencils. Information good have been differed from other goods by its different features. Basically
information has large fixed costs of producing the first unit and relatively lower marginal cost for
producing additional units. The value of information depends on when it is sold. Information when
sold is still retained by the seller; information when purchased cannot be easily returned. And
information can be enjoyed by more than one consumer without a decrease in the amount produced.
Social networking sites are online spaces that allow individuals to present themselves, expressive
their social networks, and establish or maintain connections with others. Social networking sites
now rival search engines as the most visited sites on the Web; Facebook now has close to half a
billion users. The key features of such sites are user-constructed public or semi-public profiles, a
set of connections to other users on the system, and the ability to view and follow one’s own
connections as well as the connections of others.
KEYWORDS: Social Capital, Social Network, Facebook, Bond Capital, Information
Economics, Business and Management Studies
18
A STUDY ON NON- PERFORMING ASSETS OF
COMMERCIAL BANKS IN INDIA
S.Manicka Vasuki
1
& M.Nesamani
2
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Business Administration, Thassim Beevi Abdul Kader College,
Kilakarai, Ramanathapuram (Dt), Tamil Nadu.
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Thassim Beevi Abdul Kader College, Kilakarai,
Ramanathapuram (Dt), Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
T
he banking sector has for centuries now formed one of the pillars of economic
prosperity. In modern economy commercial banks play an important role. These days
the function of commercial banks is confined not only to advancing loan to the public and accepting
their deposits, they also contribute in accelerating the economic development. A strong banking
sector is important for flourishing economy; however the problem of NPA is an alarming threat to
the banking industry in our country sending distressing signal on the sustainability and endurability
of the affected banks. Thus there is a need to study the position of NPA in commercial banks.
KEY WORDS: NPA, Loan, Deposits, Economy, Banking Industry.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
19
MOTIVATIONAL FACTORS ON BUYING DECISION OF
CELLULAR SERVICE
(With reference to Public (BSNL) vs Private (Airtel) telecom, Guntur Andhra Pradesh,
India)
Kambam. Priyadarshini
1
, Pallekonda. Srinivasa Rao
2
&
Prof. Naladi. Vijaya Ratnam
3
1
PhD Research Scholar, Department of Commerce and Business Administration, Acharya Nagarjuna
University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.
2
PhD Research Scholar & Guest Faculty, Department of MBA (Hospital Administration) , Acharya
Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh
3
Professor & Ex- Chairman BOS (PG) Courses, Department of Commerce and Business Administration,
Acharya Nagarjuna University, Nagarjuna Nagar, Guntur, Andhra Pradesh.
ABSTRACT
T
his study is based on primary data with of 880 sample respondents 440 each from
BSNL and Airtel companies operating at Guntur dist. Andhra Pradesh. The objective of
this paper is to present an analytical picture of motivational factors that affect customers’ behavior
in availing the cellular services. Based on the opinions of the survey of the sample respondents
related to BSNL and AIRTEL service providers in the select rural and urban areas of Tenali and
Guntur revenue divisions of Guntur District this study has been pursued. Statistical tools like
percentage, Chi-square test and p-values were used to analyse the data collected.
KEYWORDS: Motivation, Buying Decisions, BSNL, Airtel.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
20
ROLE OF SEBI IN REGULATING THE FUNCTIONING OF
INDIAN CAPITAL MARKET
Dr.S.Mayilvaganan
1
& Ms.N.Suganthi
2
1
Assistant Professor of Commerce, A.V.C.College (Autonomous), Mannampandal,
Mayiladuthurai – 609 305 Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu India.
2
Ph.D (Full -Time) Research Scholar A.V.C.College (Autonomous), Mannampandal,
Mayiladuthurai – 609 305 Nagapattinam District, Tamil Nadu India.
ABSTRACT
I
ndia is one of the few countries among the developing nations. Capital market is the
growing component of financial system of India. A healthy growth of capital market is
essential to promote and expanding savings and investments on the country. Despite the rapid
growth of capital market in 1980’s a number of abuses existed such as insider trading, misleading
prospects of company, manipulation of price etc., for prevent the investors from this malpractices
the government of India taken various measures. One of the important measures is Securities
Exchange Board of India. On 31
st
March 1992, the SEBI was established as an autonomous and
statutory body. The SEBI is the regulatory authority to oversee the new issues, protect the interest of
investors, and promote the development of capital market and to regulate the workings of Stock
Exchange.
KEY WORDS: Role of SEBI and Capital Market
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
21
A STUDY ON MANAGING GLOBAL HUMAN
RESOURCES AND ITS STAFFING POLICY BASED ON ITS
MODULES
Ms.B.Chitra
1
& Dr.U.Vani
2
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce (UA – Day), PSG College of Arts & Science,
Coimbatore -14, Tamil Nadu.
2
Head, Department of Commerce (UA – Day), PSG College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore – 14,
Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
A
s a Company grows, relying on manual HR systems to manage activities like worldwide
safety, benefits administration, payroll and succession planning become unwidely. More
firms are therefore automating and integrating their HR systems into human resource information
systems (HRIS). Thus HRIS is defined as interrelated components working together to collect, process,
store and disseminate information to support decision making, coordination, control, analysis and
visualization of an organisation’s human resource management activities.
Integrating and updating a firm’s HR systems, particularly in a global firm, makes using an
Internet based HRIS especially is more beneficial. This Internet based system that include human
resource and benefits administration, applicant tracking and resume scanning, training
administration and succession planning and development. With this HRIS, managers at any firm’s
locations around the world can access and update the reports. And the firm’s home office managers
can monitor global HR activities on a real-time basis.
KEY WORDS: Human Resource, Components, Modules, Activities etc.,
Economics, Business and Management Studies
22
ROLE OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN BANKING
SERVICES – A RECOLLECTION OF REMINISCENCES
C.Uthaiya
1
1
Assistant Professor, Department of Management Studies, Dr.Sivanthi Aditanar College of Engineering,
Tiruchendur- 628215, Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
T
oday in every aspect of our life, we are using information technology to make our life
comfortable. IT revolution introduced various new technologies in manufacturing and
service sectors. Information technology (IT) has become a key element in economic development
and a backbone of knowledge-based economies in terms of operations, quality delivery and
productivity of services. Therefore, taking advantage of information technologies (IT) is an increasing
challenge for developing countries. There is now growing evidence to show that Knowledge-driven
innovation is a decisive factor in the competitiveness of nations, industries, and firms. Service like
the banking services have benefited substantially from e-banking, which is one among the IT
applications for strengthening the competitiveness. This paper presents the current trend in the
application of IT in the banking industries and gives an insight into how quality banking has been
enhanced via; IT. The paper further reveals that the deployment of IT facilities in the Banking industry
has brought about fundamental changes in the content and quality of banking business. These
include the nature and degree of adoption of innovative technologies; degree of utilization of the
identified technologies; and the impact of adoption of IT devices in banking operations. This paper
makes an attempt to recollect conceptually the Information Technology enabled banking services to
reinforce/ anchor the earlier understanding and to update the other services added recently.
KEYWORDS: Information technology, banking sector, competitiveness, multifunctional and
internet
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
23
NON- PERFORMING ASSETS – A CURSE TO PUBLIC
SECTORS BANKS IN INDIA
Mrs. Chandra Shaardha
1
& Dr. Ajay Jain
2
1
Research Scholar, SRM University, Delhi NCR campus, Modinagar, Ghaziabad.
2
HOD, Integrated MBA, SRM University, Delhi NCR campus, Modinagar, Ghaziabad.
ABSTRACT
T
he Indian banking scenario has under gone many facets after the independence of
India. The banking regulations acts 1949 were amended to bring growth in banking
sectors. After globalisation in 1991, the service of the banking sectors has been widened and opened
the door for the other countries to enter the Indian markets for the business and moving towards
the new origin. The good healthy competition is formed between the bankers and it creates an
environment of a “Feel Friendly” nature in the investors, customers and borrowers. Though the
liberalisations make the way for the foreign investment to pour in, on the other hand the loan
sanctioned to borrowers becomes sticky, bad and return on the loan started declining and affects
the profitability of the banks. The non-generation of income from the loan advanced to borrowers
particularly in Public sectors banks is comparatively higher than the private sectors banks. The
reasons being are decline in the economic growth, slow in recovery process on a global wise,
uncertainty in the global markets and other external & internal factors across the world. This
paper is an attempt to analysis’ the various factors that increases the burdens of nonperforming
assets more in the public sectors banks than private sectors banks in India.
KEY WORDS: Globalisation, Liberalisation, profitability, Gross and Net NPAs, Economic Growth.
Economics, Business and Management Studies
24
EARLIER FEEDING HELPS TO REACH PERFECT
DESTINATION
Mr.S.Sankar
1
& Dr.V.Rajagopalan
2
1
Assistant Professor,Department of Commerce and Management Studies, Saradha Gangadharan College,
Pondicherry-605004 .
2
PhD Research Guide, Sri Venkateshwara College of Arts &Science Peravurani-614804,
Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
S
tock Market is synonymous with the word gambling for both the experts and the
beginners. It is highly advisable to understand the functioning of the stock market before
making any transaction or investment. This can be easily accomplished by performing quality
research, paying fee for expert’s opinion and proper consideration to the trends and tactics of the
market. It is very important to learn the techniques of buying and selling of shares with the perfect
sense of timing in order to earn huge profits. In public offer the companies are offering their
shares to the public and the interested investors can participate in buying their shares. In the
secondary market the process of buying and selling of stock is executed through the Stock Exchanges.
The real game starts with the tactics and strategies that are used by the investors.
KEY WORDS: Stock, Stock market, Investment.
ISSN : 2347 - 4378 Vol. 2 August - July 2014-15
25
PASSENGERS’ SATISFACTION TOWARDS ON BOARD
AMENITIES IN INDIAN RAILWAY
(A Comparative Study of Three Divisions in the State of Andhra Pradesh,India)
M. Sarada Devi
1
& Jada. Jayendra
2
1
Professor, Department of Commerce and Management Studies, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam,
Andhra Pradesh.
2
Research Scholar, Department of Commerce and Management Studies, Andhra University,
Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh.
ABSTRACT
T
he newly formed Indian government has increased the railway charges to the tune of
14%, and wants to improve the Railways in general and passenger amenities in particular.
In this connection a study has been conducted to know the satisfaction levels of passengers towards
the on board amenities in Indian railways. India has the largest network of railways throughout the
country. Indian railway network is the largest in Asia and the second largest in the world. Andhra
Pradesh has an extensive railway line to cover all the parts of state and also its surrounding States.
The trains which travel from one state to another state would pass through Andhra Pradesh, and all
the passengers would get chance to visit Andhra Pradesh. The state today has progressed in all the
aspects and railways played a significant role in developing industries and tourism in the state. The
major problem faced by Indian railways is frequent accidents with old and outdated tracks, wagons
and some single line routes. There is also negligence of employees due to lack of regular training
and control. Many passengers have to reach the destination very fast and have to catch the connecting
trains / air / bus. But they are facing problem when the trains are running late and sometimes
sudden cancelations. This causes not only the cost but also dissatisfaction of the passengers unlike
in advanced countries. The main aim of my research is to identify the attributes which passengers
use to evaluation the service quality of Indian railways and passenger’s satisfaction.
KEY WORDS: Railway, Passengers, Satisfaction, Amenities
Economics, Business and Management Studies
26
ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF ALCOHOL CONSUMPTION
AND HEALTH CARE COST IN CUDDALORE DISTRICT,
TAMIL NADU
T. Govindharaj
1
and Dr. A. Jayakodi
2
1
Ph.D Research Scholar, Department of Economics, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar
Chidambaram- 608 002, Tamil Nadu,
2
Assistant Professor, Department of Economics, Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar,
Chidambaram- 608 002, Tamil Nadu.
ABSTRACT
T
he present study analyses alcohol consumption and health care cost in Cuddalore
district, Tamil Nadu. From the analysis, relationship between the household income and
health care cost are directly related. In the case of relationship between occupation and expenditure
private employee and daily wagers spent more for alcohol. Schools-based drug education programs
must be employed to safeguard the future generations from the alcohol.
KEYWORDS: alcohol, health, income, occupation