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Green building in India

A green building is one which uses less water, optimizes energy efficiency, conserves natural
resources, generates less waste and provides healthier spaces for occupants, as compared to a
conventional building.
1 LEED Certification
2 BEE Certification
3 Green Building Service Provider
4 Green houses
5 Traditional buildings
6 See also
7 References
8 External links
LEED Certification
IGBC has licensed the LEED Green Building Standard from the U.S. Green Building Council
and currently is responsible for certifying LEED-New Construction and LEED-Core and
Shell buildings in India. There are many energy efficient buildings in India, situated in a
variety of climatic zones. One of these is RMZ Millenia Park,Chennai, India's largest LEED
gold-rated Core & Shell green building.
Indian Green Building Council, formed by Confederation of Indian Industry (CII) in the year
2001, is continuously striving towards wider adoption of eco-friendly / green building
concepts in the Indian Industry. Some of us might have seen the Confederation of Indian
Industry (CII) Green Business Centre building in Hyderabad which is one of the green
buildings in India. There are three primary Rating systems in India.GRIHA IGBC BEE IGBC
promotes a whole-building approach to sustainability, based on the principles of 5 elements
of nature [the Panchabutas viz. earth, water, fire(energy), air & sky] by recognizing
performance in the following five key areas:
Sustainable site development
Water savings
Energy efficiency
Materials selection
Indoor environmental quality
Triggering off the Green building movement in India is the first Platinum Green Building in
India; CII-Sohrabji Godrej Green Business Centre in Hyderabad as per the LEED
(Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design) Rating system. This landmark
achievement put India on the global map of green building movement, through support of all
stakeholders from the construction industry. With a modest beginning of 20,000 sq ft (1,900
m2). green built-up area in the country in the year 2003, as on date, 1,724 projects in India
have registered under the IGBC Rating programs, with a total footprint of over 1.2 billion sq.
ft. These developments include various kinds of buildings like: Corporate offices, Hotels,
Hospitals, Airports, IT Parks, SEZs, Townships, Gated Communities, Residential Buildings,
Government Offices, Schools, Colleges etc.
Today, India has 267 certified green buildings, which are fully functional and operational.
IGBC has launched different rating programs to suit variety of building types.
IGBC Green Homes Version 2: This rating system is designed for rating new residential
buildings, such as Individual homes, Gated communities and High rise residential apartments,
IGBC Green Factory Building: This rating system is designed for new & existing factory
buildings, such as manufacturing facilities, etc.,
IGBC Green SEZs: This rating system is designed for Special Economic Zones (SEZ). The
rating meets the guidelines of Ministry of Commerce & Industry (MOCI).
IGBC Green Townships: This rating system is designed for rating integrated township
LEED 2011 for India-New Construction: This rating system is applicable for those buildings
where the design and operation is fully in the scope and control of owner or the developer,
such as, Corporate office, Institutional building, etc.,
LEED 2011 for India-Core & Shell: This rating system can be used for projects where the
developer controls the design and construction of the entire core and shell base building
including MEP/FP systems, but has no control over the design and construction of the tenant
fit-out. Such type of developments include: Retail Malls, IT Parks, etc.
The council, now in its 10th year of operation, has crossed significant milestones, as
highlighted below:
Over 1 billion sq ft (built up space) of registered green buildings in India
Over 1,300 strong IGBC member organizations
Organizing Green Building Congress - Indias annual flagship event on green building,
since 2001.
BEE Certification
The Indian Bureau of Energy Efficiency (BEE) had launched the Energy Conservation
Building Code (ECBC). The code is set for energy efficiency standards for design and
construction with any building of minimum conditioned area of 1000 Sq mts and a connected
demand of power of 500 KW or 600 KVA. The energy performance index of the code is set
from 90 kW h /sqm /year to 200 kW h /sqm /year where any buildings that fall under the
index can be termed as "ECBC Compliant Building"
More over the BEE had launched a 5 star rating scheme for office buildings operated only in
the day time in 3 climatic zones, composite, hot & dry, warm & humid on 25 February 2009.
IGBC rated green buildings are also able to meet or exceed the ECBC compliance. The CII
Sohrab ji Godrej Green Business Centre is a BEE 5 star rated building.
The Reserve Bank of India's buildings in Delhi, Bhubaneshwar in Orissa and in Kerala have
been star rated.
In Tamil Nadu 11 buildings were star rated by BEE, in the year 2010, including RBI
Green Building Service Provider
SGS India provides certification services to corporates, manufacturing companies, education
institutions, hospitals, hotels and residential project owners. It has been associated with more
than 100 green building projects. SGS has been associated with BEE & successfully
completed more than 110 building projects for measuring its EPI for star rating.
Apart from SGS India there are various other service providers, as the market is very
competitive it is recommended that organizations looking for service provider can request or
download the list of service providers from the rating agency (IGBC, GRIHA Etc)
Green houses
In Tamil Nadu, Government is planning to build solar powered green houses for rural poor. It
has allotted Rs.1,080 Crore for construction of 60,000 houses.
In New Delhi, Green One in Chittaranjan Park became the first individual home to register
for a green building rating from TERI in June 2011, ultimately becoming the pilot project for
SVAGRIHA, TERI's adaptation of the GRIHA system for small homes. In January 2014,
Green One became the first individual home in India to get a green rating, earning a five-star
SVAGRIHA rating from TERI.
In Maharashtra, near Mumbai in the Thane District, Govardhan Eco Village, a pioneering eco
community in India, has built buildings with Compressed Stabilized Earth Blocks, Rammed
Earth Technique, Cob Houses (ADOBE Bricks) with traditional thatched roofs. These
buildings have received 5 STAR Rating from GRIHA, an Indian Nationwide Green
Standards for Buildings, a wing of the famous TERI.
Traditional buildings
Traditional buildings were energy efficient. This was because architecture depended on the
places. Buildings in the hot and dry regions, had corridors directing the wind to cool
naturally. In wet regions, structures using natural light and breeze, were used.
Some examples are
Hawa Mahal - Articulated windows provides cool breeze in a desert area
Golkonda - Ventilation is designed to let in fresh cool breeze, in spite of summer.
The traditional building practices were utilized in constructing the Dhyanalinga. Mud mortar
stabilized with lime, sand, alum and some herbal additives was used.

IGBC Green Homes
Indian Green Building Council (IGBC) Green Homes is the first rating programme developed
in India, exclusively for the residential sector. It is based on accepted energy and
environmental principles and strikes a balance between known established practices and
emerging concepts. The system is designed to be comprehensive in scope, yet simple in

IGBC Green Homes Rating System is a voluntary and consensus based programme. The
rating system has been developed based on materials and technologies that are presently

The objective of IGBC Green Homes is to facilitate the effective use of site resources,
water conservation, energy efficiency, handling of house-hold waste, optimum material
utilization and design for healthy, comfortable & environmentally friendly homes.

The rating system evaluates certain mandatory requirements & credit points using a
prescriptive approach and others on a performance based approach. The rating system is
evolved so as to be comprehensive and at the same time user-friendly. The programme is
fundamentally designed to address national priorities and the quality of life for occupants.
The rating programme uses well accepted National standards and wherever local or National
standards are not available, appropriate international benchmarks have been considered.

A Green Home can have tremendous benefits, both tangible and intangible. The immediate
and most tangible benefit is in the reduction in water and operating energy costs right from
day one, during the entire life cycle of the building.

Tangible Benefits:

- Energy savings: 20 - 30%
- Water savings : 30 - 50%

Intangible Benefits:

- Enhanced air quality
- Excellent day lighting
- Health & wellbeing of the occupants
- Conservation of scarce national resources
- Enhance marketability for the project

The project team can evaluate all the possible points to apply under the rating system using a
suitable checklist. The project can apply for IGBC Green Homes certification if it can meet
all mandatory requirements and achieve the minimum required points. The guidelines
detailed under each mandatory requirement & credit enables the design and construction of
green homes of all sizes and types.

IGBC Green Homes rating system addresses green features under the following categories:

- Site Selection and Planning
- Water Conservation
- Energy Efficiency
- Materials & Resources
- Indoor Environmental Quality
- Innovation & Design Process

IGBC Green Homes Rating System is a measurement system designed for rating new and
major renovation of residential buildings which are broadly classified into two construction

- Individual residential unit
- Multi-dwelling residential units
o Gated communities.
o High-rise residential apartments.
o Hostels, Service apartments, Resorts, Motels and Guest houses.

IGBC Green Homes is designed primarily for new residential buildings. However, it is also
applicable for existing buildings designed in accordance with the IGBC Green Homes

When to use IGBC Green Homes

The project team can evaluate all the possible points to apply under the rating system using a
suitable checklist. The project can apply for IGBC Green Homes
Certification Levels

Different levels of green building certification are awarded based on the total credits earned.
However, every Green Home should meet certain mandatory requirements, which are non-

The threshold criteria for certification/pre-certification levels are as under:
Certification Level Individual Units Multi-dwelling Units Recognition
Certified 38 - 44 50 - 59 Best Practices
Silver 45 - 51 60 - 69 Outstanding Performance
Gold 52 - 59 70 - 79 National Excellence
Platinum 60 - 75 80 - 89 Global Leadership

Fee Structure
Net Living Space Registration Fee (Rs.) Certification Fee (Rs.)
Less than 120 sq.m 10,000 15,000
121 sq.m to 350 sq.m 10,000 25,000
351 sq.m to 700 sq.m 10,000 Rs.85 per sq.m
701 sq.m to 1400 sq.m 15,000 Rs.100 per sq.m
More than 1401 sq.m 20,000 1,80,000

Multi-dwelling Units Fee

Registration Fee (Rs.) Pre-Certification Fee (Rs.)
IGBC Members 25,000 1,50,000
Non members 30,000 1,85,000

Certification Fee (Rs.)
5,000 sq.m &
5,001 sq.m to 50,000 sq.m
50,001 sq.m &
Fixed rate Based on sq.m Fixed rate
Rs. 1,40,000 plus Rs. 10 per additional
sq.m over & above 5,001 sq.m
Rs. 1,50,000 plus Rs. 10.50 per additional
sq.m over & above 5,001 sq.m
Non-members 1,60,000
Rs. 1,60,000 plus Rs. 10.50 per additional
sq.m over & above 5,001 sq.m

* Parking areas need not be considered as part of the built-up area.
* Fee is inclusive of sevice tax.
* Registration and Certification fee are non-refundable.
* Membership discounts can be availed.

India's First Green Housing Project Completed

According to the Planning Commission, India will need to generate at least 700,000 MW of
additional power by 2030 to meet growing electricity demands. India will certainly be
looking towards alternative energy sources to generate a substantial portion of this energy.
Although solar energy production in India accounted for a mere 1.7% of the world total in
2007 (80 megawatt peak (MWp) power compared to a world total of 4,700 MWp), several
great green strides have been taken by the country to harness the immense potential of solar
energy. The latest example of this future forward thinking is Rabi Rashmi Abasan, Indias
first completely green housing project.

Read more: Indias First Green Housing Project Completed | Inhabitat - Sustainable Design
Innovation, Eco Architecture, Green Building
Built in Kolkata, Rabi Rashmi Abasan is Indias first completely solar-powered housing
complex. The complex has been built on a plot of 1.76 acres at Action Area I in New Town.
The 58 kilowatt project consists of 26 photovoltaic systems comprising 464 units
of Conergy C125W solar modules. The solar modules were customized to fit on the building
roofs. Each home will generate 2kW of power. The solar power generated will be used to
fulfill electricity needs of the homes, and the surplus power will be sent to the public grid.
This is also Indias first building-integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) project. The building-
integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) system would save 0.5 kgs of carbon emissions for every kw
hour of solar power produced.
The houses will have both passive solar architecture and active solar energy features. The
passive solar features will make houses cool during summer, ensure natural light, and better
air circulation inside the house. The active solar energy elements include the solar water
heating system. The housing complex will also have other sustainable features like garbage
management system, battery operated pick-up vans for residents, solar street lights, and a
swimming pool with solar water heating system.
The complex has been conceived, designed, engineered and built by West Bengal Renewable
Energy Development Agency (WBREDA) and Bengal DCL. The solar photovoltaic has been
installed by SunTechnics India, a brand of the Conergy Group.