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DECEMBER, 1975 75c

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Weekends Palm Desert, California
WILLIAM KNYVETT, Publisher-Editor

GEORGE BRAGA, Art Director

F. A. BARNES, Utah Associate Editor
GLENN VARGAS, Lapidary Editor
K. L. BOYNTON, Naturalist
MARVEL BARRETT, Circulation Manager
Volume 38, Number 12 DECEMBER 1975


REYMERT REMNANTS 10 Richard Dillon






Winter visits the desert in
Joshua Tree National A SEED WORTH ITS WEIGHT IN GOLD 32 Harrison Doyle
Monument, California.
Photo by George Service,
Palm Desert, California. MOJAVE'S DESERT QUEEN 36 Richard Treolar

ANZA RIDES AGAIN 40 Harold O. Weight




RAMBLING ON ROCKS 42 Glenn and Martha Vargas

LETTERS TO THE EDITOR 47 Readers' Comments


EDITORIAL, CIRCULATION AND ADVERTISING OFFICES: 74-425 Highway 111, Palm Desert, California 92260. Telephone Area Code 714 346-8144.
Listed in Standard Rate and Data. SUBSCRIPTION RATES: United States, Canada and Mexico; 1 year, $6.00; 2 years, $11.00; 3 years, $16.00. Other
foreign subscribers add $1.00 U. S. currency for each year. See Subscription Order Form in this issue. Allow five weeks for change of address and send
both new and old addresses with zip codes. DESERT Magazine is published monthly. Second class postage paid at Palm Desert, California and at addi-
tional mailing offices under Act of March 3, 1879. Contents copyrighted 1975 by DESERT Magazine and permission to reproduce any or all contents must
be secured in writing. Manuscripts and photographs will not De returned unless accompanied by a self-addressed, stamped envelope.

Desert/December 1975 3
A Peek
in the T7..V

barger A pioneer of the ghosl town explorers and
• • • I T H THE year drawing to a close, it writers, MissMurbarger's followers will be glad
to know this book is once again in print. First pub-
DAD is an appropriate time to pause and hshed in 1956. it is now in its seventh edition. The
fast-moving chronicle is a result of personal inter-
I I give thanks to all our wonderful views of old-timers who are no longer here to tell
their tales. Hardcover, illustrated. 291 pages,
readers and advertisers who make the $7,00.
publication of this magazine possible.
My wife, Joy, who rightfully should
share the title of Publisher-Editor, and I
cannot express how rewarding and satis-
Complete fying our jobs are made by the warmth
'66, '67, '68 that we experience in our personal con-
7 0 , '71, '72, '73 tacts and through correspondence.
We have tried this past year to balance
the editorial content so that there is
something of interest to all. We would
appreciate hearing any criticisms or sug-
gestions that will improve the end
product. We want you to feel that it is
your magazine. Times, people, and their 30,000 MILES IN MEXICO by Nell Murbarger.
Joyous adventures of a trip by pick-up camper
needs change, and in the highly competi- made by two women from Tijuana to Guatemala
tive magazine business, any insight as to Folksy and entertaining, as well as instructive to
others who might make the trip. Hardcover 309
the readers' likes and dislikes is ex- pages. $6,00.

tremely vital. So jot your ideas down on a

Order from
SI-00 penny postcard (which has changed to
seven pennies) today and keep us on the . Magazine Book Shop
•F right track.
Our sentiments for the coming Christ-
Box 1318, Palm Desert, Calif.
Calif. Res. addb% sales tax
mas season appear on the back cover of
this issue. Our thanks to artist Lloyd
Mitchell for permission to use his origin- Lowest Photo Print Prices
al oil "Lone Watch," and to George Highest Quality
"Rain Barrel" Service for the color photography. KODACOLOR FILM
Assorted Issues A very Merry Christmas and Happy
New Year to all from the staff at Desert Standard 12Jumbo Prints .1.93
Standard 12 Jumbo Prints and
Magazine. New Roll of KODACOLOR 2.84
Kodacolor Neg. Standard reprints 14
& ENVELOPES. All Photo
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More than 50 years of con-
tinuous photo service guar-
antees your quality and our


P. O. Box 370, Yuma, Arizona 85364 or
P. O. Box 2830, San Diego, Calif. 92112

Desert/December 1975

Photo by George Service

Subscriptions^ Lasting gift

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Barbara Sherman. If you are looking for a ghost Well-known TV stars, Henrietta and Slim Bar- guide and reference text of forever mysterious
town in Arizona this is your waybill. Illustrated, nard have put together a selection of their trips Death Valley, containing over 80 photographs,
maps, townships, range, co-ordinates, history, throughout the West from their Happy Wander- many in color. Included, too, are Entry Guides
and other details make this one of the best ghost er travel shows. Books have excellent maps, his- and Place Name Index for the convenience of
town books ever published. Large 9x11 format, tory, cost of lodging, meals, etc. Perfect for fam- visitors. Written with authority by an avid hiker,
heavy paperback, 208 pages, $4.95. ilies planning weekends. Both books are large backpacker and rockclimber. 160 pages, paper-
OUTDOOR SURVIVAL SKILLS by Larry Dean format, heavy paperback, 150 pages each and back, $4.95.
Olsen. This book had to be lived before it could $2.95 each. Volume One covers California and
Volume Two Arizona, Nevada and Mexico. OUR HISTORIC DESERT, The Story of the
be written. The author's mastery of primitive Anza-Borrego State Park. Text by Diana
skills has made him confident that survival living Lindsay, Edited by Richard Pourade. The largest
need not be an ordeal once a person has learned state park in the United States, this book
to adjust. Chapters deal with building shelters, HOW TO DO PERMANENT SANDPAINTING presents a concise and cogent history of the
making fires, finding water, use of plants for by David and Jean Villsenor. Instructions for the things which have made this desert unique. The
food and medication. Buckram cover, well illus- permanent adaptation of this age old ephemeral author details the geologic beginning and traces
trated, 188 pages, revised edition boasts of 96 4- art of the Indians of the Greater Southwest is the history from Juan Bautista de Anza and
color photos added. $4.95. given including where to find the materials, early-day settlers, through to the existence
preparation, how to color sand artificially, today of the huge park. Hardcover, 144 pages,
HISTORICAL ATLAS OF CALIFORNIA by War- making and transferring patterns, etc. A^so beautifully illustrated, $9.50.
ren A. Beck and Ynez D. Haase. Extensive docu- gives descriptions and meanings of the various
mentation and pertinent detail make this atlas a Indian signs used. Well illustrated, 34 pages, BUTCH CASSIDY, My Brother by Lula Parker
valuable aid to the student, scholar and every- $2.50. Betenson. Official version of the authentic life
one intersted in the Golden State. 101 excellent story of Butch Cassidy, actually Robert Leroy
maps present information on the major faults, NAVAJO RUGS, Past, Present and Future by Parker, famed outlaw of his native Utah and ad-
early Spanish explorations, Mexican land Gilbert S. Maxwell. Concerns the history, leg- joining states, told by his surviving sister. The
grants, route to gold fields, the Butterfield and ends and descriptions of Navajo rugs. Full color book also offers a new look at Utah Mormom his-
Pony Express routes, CCC camps, World War II photographs. Paperback, $3.50. tory by a participant. Hardcover, many rare pic-
Installations, etc. Hardcover, extensive index, tues, 265 pages, $7.95.
highly recommended, $9.95.
DESERT GEM TRAILS by Mary Frances Strong
by John D. Mitchell. The first of Mitchell's lost DESERT Magazine's Field Trip Editor's popular
mine books is now available after having been field guide for rockhounds. The "bible" for both
out of print or years. Reproduced from the amateur and veteran rockhounds and back coun-
original copy and containing 54 articles based on try explorers, and covers the gems and minerals
accounts from people Mitchell interviewed. He of the Mojave and Colorado Deserts. Heavy pa-
spent his entire adult life investigating reports perback, 80 pages, $2.00.
and legends of lost mines and treasures of the
Southwest. Hardcover, illustrated, 175 pages GOLD GAMBLE by Roberta Starry. Lavishly il-
$7.50. lustrated with old photos, the text recounts the
vivid memories of the gold mining boom in Cali-
fornia's Rand Mining District. Large format, ex-
cellent index, 167 pages, $4.25.

TURQUOISE, The Gem of the Centuries by

Oscar T. Branson. The most complete and lav-
ishly illustrated all color book on turquoise.
Identifies 43 localities, treated and stabilized
material, gives brief history of the gem and de-
tails the individual techniques of the Southwest
I Indian Tribes. Heavy paperback, large format,
68 pages, $7.95.

THE BAJA BOOK, A Complete Map-Guide to

WHERE TO FIND GOLD IN SOUTHERN CALI- Today's Baja California by Tom Miller and El-
FORNIA by James Klein. Pinpoints areas mar Baxter. Waiting until the new transpenin-
around the Los Angeles basin such as San Ga- sula> highway opened, the authors have pooled
their knowledge to give every minute detail on SELDOM SEEN SLIM by Tom Murray. Profiles
briel Canyon, Lytle Creek and Orange County. and vignettes of the colorful "single blanket
Tips on how to find gold, equipment needed and gas stations, campgrounds, beaches, trailer
Darks, road conditions, boating, surfing, flying, jackass prospectors" who lived and died as they
how to stake a claim are included as well as the looked for gold and silver in Death Valley. Slick
lost treasure tales of each area. Paperback, illus- fishing, beachcombing, in addition to a Baja
Roadlog which has been broken into convenient paperback, exclusive photos of the old-timers,
trated, 95 pages, $4.95. 65 pages, $3.00.
two-mile segments. A tremendous package for
WHERE TO FIND GOLD IN THE DESERT by every Kind of recreationist. Paperback, 178
James Klein is a sequel to Where to Find Gold in pages, illus., maps, $7.95. FOUR WHEEL DRIVE HANDBOOK by James
Southern California. Author Klein includes lost T. Crow and Cameron Warren. Packed into this
treasure tales and gem locations as he tells volume is material gathered from actual exper-
DESERT PLANTS AND PEOPLE by Sam Hicks. ience and presented in a detailed manner so it
where to find gold in the Rosmond-Mohave area, Tells how pimitive desert dwellers find susten-
the El Paso Mountains, Randsburg and Barstow can easily be followed and understood. Highly
ance, shelter, beverages and healing medicines recommended for anyone interested in back
areas, and many more. Paperback, 112 pages, in nature. Hardcover, $6.95.
$4.95. country driving. Paper, illus., 96 pages, $2.95.
LAND OF POCO TIEMPO by Charles F. GHOST TOWN ALBUM by Lambert Florin. NEW MEXICO, photographs by David Muench,
Lummis. A reprint of the famous writer and his- Over 200 photos. Fascinating pictorial accounts text by Tony Hillerman, depicting New Mexico's
torian of his adventures among the Indians of of the gold mining towns of the Old West—and many and varied contrasts in a unique blend that
New Mexico. Lummis was one of the foremost the men who worked them. Large format. 184 is her mysterious beauty—and a grandeur that is
writers of the West. Paperback, 236 pages, pages, profusely illustrated, originally published our natural heritage. Hardcover, large format,
$2.95. at $12.50, new edition $4.98. 188 pages, $25.00.
6 Desert/December 1975
BLUE GOLD, The Turquoise Story by M . G. A FIELD GUIDE TO INSECTS of America North
California residents
please add
6% state sales tax
Please add 25c for postage & handling

BEACHES OF BAJA by Walt Wheelock. Beach-

Broman. Information on the identification, his- of Mexico by Donald J. Borror and Richard E. es on the Pacific side of Lower California are de-
tory and mining of turquoise, as well as an intro- White. This is the most comprehensive, authori- scribed by the veteran Baja explorer. Unlike
duction to the lapidary and silversmithing tech- tative and up-to-date guide to North America in- California beaches, they are still relatively free
niques used in making turquoise jewelry. This sects ever published. It covers 579 families of in- of crowds. Paperback, illus., 72 pages, $1.95.
book is intended for the general reader who is sects and has more than 1300 line drawings and
interested in knowing more about the origin of 142 color plates. Hardcover, 372 pages, glos- DESERT WILD FLOWERS by Edmund C. Jae-
turquoise as well as the interesting facets of buy- sary, references, $6.95. ger. One of the most complete works ever pub-
ing, collecting and assembling of turquoise lished on flora of the Southwestern deserts.
pieces. Paperback, color and b/w photos, $4.95. THE PACIFIC CREST TRAIL Volume 1: Califor- Easily understood by amateur botanists and
nia by Thomas Winnett. Contains complete map travelers as it is informative to the professional.
GHOST TOWNS OF THE COLORADO ROCK- of the route (127 strip maps) and a verbal de- 322 pages, well illustratged, $2.95.
IES by Robert L. Brown. Written by the author scription of the route, including mileages. Also
of Jeep Trails to Colorado Ghost Towns, this contains chapter on how to backpack and camp GOLD FEVER by Helen E. Wilson. Exciting and
book deals with ghost towns accessible by pas- in the wilderness, and a chapter on the natural true story of a couple prospecting against for-
senger car. Gives directions and maps for find- history along the Pacific Crest Trail. Illustrated, midable odds during the Nevada Gold Strike in
ing towns along with historical backgrounds. paperback, $4.95. Jarbridge. Fabulously illustrated with early-day
Hardcover, 401 pages, $7.95. photos. 140 pages, softbound, $5.00.
Hopi Silversmithing by Margaret Wright. Years by Franklin Barnett. A highly informative book derson, is a layman's book covering the funda-
of research have made this book a historically that both illustrates and describes Indian arti- mentls of weather. Contains incomparable color
descriptive piece on the Hopi silversmiths. Illus- facts of the Southwest, it is a valuable guide for and black and white photos. An unusual and val-
trated with many photographs of silverwork, and the person interested in archaeology and anthro- uable library addition. Hardcover, large format,
more than a dozen pages devoted to the various pology. Includes 250 major types of artifacts. 223 pages, copiously illustrated, $18.95.
hallmarks beginning in 1890 and continued Each item has a photo and definition. Paper-
through 1971, naming Jhe silversmith, the clan, back, 130 pages, beautifully illustrated, $7.95.
the village, dates worked and whether or not the WEST compiled by Charles Shelton. Early days
silverwork is still being made. Paperback, 100 photo collection dating from 1860s to 1910 shows
pages, $4.95. prospectors, miners, cowboys, desperados and
ordinary people. 195 photos, hardcover, fine gift
NEW MEXICO GEM TRAILS by Bessie W. item, $12.50.
Simpson. Gield guide for rockhounds with 40
maps and 65 locations. 88 pages, profusely illu- THE ROSE & THE ROBE by Ted DeGrazia.
strated, $3.50. Text and sketches tell of the travels of Fray Juni-
pero Serra in California, 176a-1784. Tremendous
history and art appeal. Large format, 25 four-
color illustrations by DeGrazia. Hardcover,


lander and the Editors of Sunset Books. Early
stagecoach routes, missions, remote canyons,
old prospector cabins, mines, cemeteries, etc.,
are visited as the author travels and sketches the
California Backroads. Through maps and notes,
the traveler is invited to get off the freeways and
s e e the rural and country lanes throughout the
state. Hardcover, large format, unusually beau-
tiful illustrations, 207 pages, $10.95.
Jim Cornett. Written for the layman and serious BIG RED: A WILD STALLION by Rutherford RAY MANLEY'S SOUTHWESTERN INDIAN
students alike, this is an excellent book on all of Montgomery. There was a time when there were ARTS AND CRAFTS is a full color presentation
the common animals of the Southwest deserts. A many wild horse herds on our western ranges. of the culture of the Southwest including jewel-
must for desert explorers, it presents a brief life These herds, jealously guarded by the stallion ry, pottery, baskets, rugs, kachinas, Indian art
history of everything from ants to burros. Paper- that had won them, met with real trouble when and sandpaintings. 225 color photographs, inter-
back, 80 pages, $2.99. the hunters found they could get good prices for esting descriptive text. Heavy paperback, 96
them from meat processors. Big Red tells how pages, $7.95.
THE NORTH AMERICAN DESERTS by Ed- one stallion successfully defends his herd from
mund C. Jaeger. A long-time authority on all both animal and human enemies. Illustrated, WILY WOMEN OF THE WEST by Grace Er-
phases of desert areas and life, Dr. Jaeger's hardcover, 163 pages, $4.95. nestine Ray. Such women of the West as Belle
book on the North American Deserts should be Starr, Cattle Kate and Lola Montez weren't all
carried where ever you travel. It not only de- THE GOLD HEX by Ken Marquiss. A single good and weren't all bad, but were fascinating
scribes each of the individual desert areas, but man's endeavors, Ken has compiled 20 of his and conflicting personalities, as researched by
has illustrated sections on desert insects, rep- treaure hunts in book form. His failure to hit the the author. Their lives of adventure were a vital
tiles, birds, mammals and plants. 315 pages, "jackpot" does not mean he is treasureless. part of the life of the Old West. Hardcover, illus-
illustrated photographs, line drawings and From gold panning to hardrock, from dredging trated, 155 pages, $7.95
maps. Hardcover, $6.95 to electronic metal detecting, he enjoyed a life-
time of "doing his thing." Slick paperback, il- TEMALPAKH by Lowell John Bean and Kather-
CALIFORNIA by David Muench and Ray Atke- lustrated with photos and maps, 146 pages, ine Siva Saubel. Temalpakh means "from the
son. Two of the West's greatest color photo- $3.50. earth," in Cahuilla, and covers the many-uses of
graphers have presented their finest works to cre- plants used for food, medicine, rituals and those
ate the vibrations of the oceans, lakes, mountains THE OREGON DESERT by E. R. Jackman and used in the manufacturing of baskets, sandals,
and deserts of California. Their photographic R. A. Long. Filled with both facts and anecdotes, hunting tools; and plants used for dwellings.
presentations, combined with the moving text of this is the only book on the little but fascinating Makes for a better understanding of environ-
David Toll, makes this a classic in Western Amer- deserts of Oregon. Anyone who reads this book mental and cultural relationships. Well illustrat-
icana. Large 11x14 format, hardcover, 186 pages, will want to visit the areas—or wish they could. ed, 225 pages, hardcover, $10.00; paperback,
$25.00. Hardcover, illustrated, 407 pages, $8.95. $6.50.

Desert/December 1975
plants discussed have been selected be-

ALL IN ONE PLACE Books for cause they are common, prominent or in-
teresting; most of them are trees, shrubs
or cacti. Each species was selected be-
cause the enthusiastic amateur natural-

The whole Pegleg story under
ist will probably encounter it while trav-
one cover.
eling in the peninsula.
A fresh insight into the Pegleg Over 250 plants are described along
Legend and a unique expla- with 189 beautiful color photographs.
nation of its origin.

The search area cut.

Thomas L. "Pegleg" Smith in
a new light as an important
All books reviewed are available through the
Each illustrated plant has an ample de-
scription on the facing page enabling
even the novice to readily identify the
specimen. In addition to the description,
the reader will find information concern-
character in the very early Desert Magazine Book Shop. Please add 25c per
ing the region of the peninsula where the
order for handling and California residents must
West. include 6% state sales tax. plant may be found, and the habitat in
For the lost mine buff who which it thrives.
seeks some order in Peglegiana The family and scientific names as
well as common English and Spanish
For the outdoor man at names are included and there are brief
Christmas. discussions of the uses of many of the

PEGLEG plants by both the aborigines and the

Baja Californians of today.
TO DATE—AND BEYOND Both a vegetative and a physical map
by lohn Southworth
$3.75 Each are included on the inside covers, and
We pay postage other pages give illustrations of common
Calif, res. add 6% sales tax botanical terms, a glossary of botanical
Order from terms and Spanish words and an exten-
Pegleg Books, P.O. Box 7563 sive bibliography of the flora of Baja
Burbank, Calif. 91510 California.
Paperback, 206 pages, highly recom-
By Jeanette Coyle
mended, $8.50.
and Norman C. Roberts
Order FREE Catalogue
This comprehensive field guide will
BOOK STORE prove appropriate for both the casual ob-
Palm Desert, California 92260 server and the serious amateur. The


Donald Worcester, Editor
A collection of writings that tell howthe Indians lost their hold on THE CREATIVE OJO BOOK
the land by being bullied and cajoled into signing treaties that were By Diane Thomas
then deliberately broken. It also tells how in the past two decades
these same broken promises have been used to open a brighter
Cod's eyes or ojos de Dios — those
future for the Indian people. Today the Indian population is growing,
and past treaties are assuming major importance. Several tribes colorful yarn talismans originally made
have successfully brought suit against the government for lands by Pueblo and Mexican Indians —have
taken illegally. become a current craze among the
do-it-yourself decorators. However, until
494 pages $9.95
Illustrated with a series of maps executed especially for this book, and now, it was difficult to find a good book
with many historical photographs. with diagrams and directions available.
Diane Thomas, a teacher, travel pho-
tographer and frequent contributor to
Desert, has remedied the situation by
The CAXTON PRINTERS, Ltd. publishing The Creative Ojo Book. In-
Box 700 cluded are directions for making wall-
Caldwell, Idaho 83605 hung ojos as well as necklaces, mobiles
and gift-wrap tie-ons.

Desert/December 1975
Primitive people first formed a cross in
a square to seek protection from adverse
elements. Wound with reeds and fibers,
Southern California's
they were crude beginnings of what to-
day has become a thing of beauty, rever-
FourlVheel Drive
ently made by artists who find inspira- Headquarters
tion in the simple designs of past civiliza-
Diane includes explicit instructions for Number 1 in the U.S.A. for Eight Years
many designs such as the Apache
Cradleboard, Tree of Life, Squaw Skirt
and Star Shield.
Well illustrated with four-color photo- Sales
graphs, 52 pages, paperback, $2.95. Department
Parts Open
7a.m. to 10p.m. Seven
Monday thru Days
Friday A Week

45 Service Stalls — One of the Biggest in America

Complete Body Shop and Huge Parts Department

For the Best Deal, and Service You Deserve

BAJ A CALIFORNIA GUIDEBOOK See America's Largest Toyota Dealer
Formerly Gerhard & Gulick, Just Two Minutes from the San Bernardino Freeway
Lower California Guidebook

By Walt Wheelock
LONGO TOYOTA 10501 Valley Blvd., El Monte, California
and Howard E. Gulick [213] 442-1011 [213] 686-1000

This totally revised fifth edition is up-

to-the-minute for the Transpeninsular Lasting
paved highway, as well as other paved
roads in the north and at the tip. It also
includes new mileages, corrections and
additions for the many side roads, ORV
routes and trails, and descriptions of the
unfrequented and little-known byways to
desert, mountain, beach and bay re-
The route maps, revised and detailed,
are presented in new, more useable,
three-section, multi-color layout.
An indispensable guide for the travel-
er and library, this revised edition is
packed with reliable information for va- MOST OF OUR READERS SAVE
cationers, sport-fishermen, hunters, ex- THEIR DESERT MAGAZINES FOR
plorers, campers, scientists, yachtsmen FUTURE REFERENCE AND READING
and private air pilots. It includes infor-
mation on all types of travel from air- Including tax and postage YOUR BACK ISSUES IS IN OUR
planes to pack burros; a sketch of the ATTRACTIVE SPECIALLY-MADE
Cold embossed on brown vinyl. Space
400-year history of the region and its

for 12 magazines easily inserted. A
missions; a description of the land anc beautiful and practical addition to your
its people; and useful hints on food, home book-shelf.
hotels-motels, customs regulations,
money, gasoline, automobile equipment
and hundreds of other elusive details DESERT
Hardcover, 232 pages, excellent in-
dex, well illustrated, $10.50.
Desert/ December 1975
• • • • > - : / • •
HERE'S NEVER any way to tell what
you'll find when you set out to ex-
plore a ghost town. Often you arrive
at a townsite that was once a busy com-
munity back in the 1880s, but today
seems to have vanished without a trace.
But on rare occasions you can stumble
upon a treasure.
.'V •
The old ghost town of Reymert, seven
miles southwest of Superior, Arizona,
was both a surprise and a disappoint-
ment. Only a few ruins remained of the
•> :
town that once boasted several stores,
Left: Heavy numerous houses, a butcher shop, a
wooden door a) blacksmith shop, Wells Fargo office,
Reymert mine school, stables and boarding houses. Al-
with Weaver's though there was little left of the town, a
Needle in short hike up to the Reymert mine was
background. another story altogether.
Below: The A large number of old mine buildings,
WBHi town of Reymert ore chutes, loaders and shafts were
was strung out spread all over the hillside. The wood of
along the wash the mine structures, red-brown with age,
down where added color to the setting. But the ore it-
the truck is. self is no less beautiful. Great quantities

•H | l k i i ^aiC SiS

E • •' ' --

Reymert *.--.^.

Remnants - " •


10 Desert/December 1975
/'•? ,:,.,
of black rock laced throughout with shiny Reymert is located on the edge of the was rich enough to be mined at a profit.
crystals can be found near ore loaders great mining district of central Arizona. Soon he was able to attract some inves-
and around entrances to the shafts. J ust to the east, on the slopes of Apache tors from Milwaukee. By 1887, the mine
Perhaps a dozen mines stretch along the Leap, is the rich underground copper was in production and the town of Rey-
hillside for a mile or so. The proportions mine at Superior. Farther east are the mert sprang up nearby.
of the place leave no doubt that the Rey- Globe;Miami open pit copper mines. To
There was not sufficient water at the
mert silver mines were once quite an op- the south are the open pit copper mines
mine to process the ore, so a smelter was
eration. at Ray and Hayden. Copper is the most
set up on nearby Queen Creek. A
Reymert lies in a narrow canyon about important mineral today and is a multi-
25-stamp mill was erected to crush the
two miles long. Looking down from the million dollar enterprise. But in the past
ore. After complete processing, between
mines the outline of the town can easily the district was dominated by silver. The
30 and 60 ounces of silver were yielded
be seen. The town extended along the rich Silver King mine started the boom
from each ton of ore. Later the smelting
wash with buildings scattered here and in 1876. Several other strikes, including
operations were moved to a site two
there. Wherever there was space to Reymert, followed soon after.
miles south of Reymert where the small
build, someone put up a house or store. The Reymert silver mines were discov- town of Denoon was started. J. D. Rey-
But today, foundations, sections of ered in 1879 by a lawyer from the town of mert's middle name was Denoon. The
wooden walls and rock walls are all that Florence named James Denoon Rey- ruins of Denoon can still be seen, al-
remain. mert. They turned out to be some of the though the old brick ovens have
The view from the mines is quite im- richest and largest silver deposits ever crumbled and it is a little difficult to get
pressive. Away to the northeast the rock found in Arizona. J. D. Reymert'staked there.
tower of Weaver's Needle looms out of out a series of claims on a ledge nearly
The Reymert silver mines operated
the Superstition Mountains. One is two miles long. The ledge, named the
primarily between 1885 and 1910. Some
reminded that one of the clues to the Continental, contained two silver-bear-
work was done on and off until as late as
famous Lost Dutchman gold mine is that ing veins that sometimes were as wide as
1950, however, there were long periods
Weaver's Needle could be seen from the 30 feet across.
of inactivity during those later years.
hillside opposite the mine. However, The two veins of silver ore run parallel The price of silver fell occasionally and
Reymert was built by silver and although to each other and were described as a other troubles beset the operations. All
it does not lie in the Superstition "double lode." The one located on the in all, the Reymert mines are said to
Mountains proper, it certainly lies in an western side of the Continental ledge is have yielded its owners about $1,000,000
area rich in mineral wealth. black ore with a lot of manganese in it. in profits. Small by today's standards,
The eastern vein is composed of blue but quite a bit around the turn of the cen-
quartz ore. Both veins can still be seen in tury.
places and the ore is quite pretty. As is true when visiting any old min-
J. D. Reymert had come West deter- ing areas, care should be taken to avoid
mined to make his fortune. In April 1877, falling into a mine shaft. None of the
he wrote his wife declaring that he hoped shafts at Reymert are marked or fenced,
to find a silver mine. The fabulously rich and some are several hundred feet deep.
Silver King mine had just been discover- You can walk right up to one and not see
ed and was the talk of all Arizona. Two it until you're on top of it. Children
years later, with his discovery of the should be watched extremely carefully.
silver mines on the Continental ledge, The road to Reymert is located off U.S.
his dream appeared to have come true. Highway 60 about five miles west of
Wealth was not instantly forthcoming, Superior. Although we negotiated it by
however. car, in reality it is more of a four-wheel-
For the next few years, J. D. Reymert drive trail. There were several places
lost money on his mine. He spent thous- where the road was almost completely
ands of dollars sinking shafts and dig- washed out. One good gully washer
•HP ging tunnels in an endeavor to determine since we were last there might have
the extent of the silver deposits. In the made the road impassable even for four-
meantime, he moved from Florence to wheel-drive. But Reymert is not far off
Pinal City which was much closer to his the main highway. A short hike of at
mine. There, in addition to his law prac- most a mile or two will get you there.
•„<.;• tice, he became the publisher and editor The town of Reymert is in ruins today.
of a newspaper, the Pinal Drill. Hardly enough remains to fit some peo-
\ In 1885, J. D. Reymert incorporated ple's stereotype of a ghost town, but
his mining company. An initial invest- nonetheless, Reymert is still quite inter-
ment of $100,000 was needed to get into esting. It takes only a little imagination

full production. The explorations con- to get a feeling for life back in the silver
ducted at the mine turned out to be fa- "boom town" days of the Arizona
vorable. Plenty of ore was found and it Territory. •
Desert/December 1975 11
fortless flight, Queen of the World of
Darkness, a phantom spirit of the desert
Silent the flight of this big whitish
bird, hushed by the softness of owl fea-
thers and swifter, now, as she heads for
her favorite hunting ground on the flats
some two miles away. So quiet is her ar-
rival that scarcely one of the rodents
moving furtively through the darkness
on the ground below knows she has
come. A sudden downward rush, a blow
with a mailed fist, a bite at the neck, and
the kill is made. The barn owl,.on the
wing again, has a mouse gripped in her
talons to be carried to her favorite dining
roost nearby. All through the night she
will hunt, returning at first light of day to
her home in the canyon wall.
Now it is indeed true that many a des-
ert night can be strangely luminous with
stars so bright and air so clear that the
A full-face world seems illuminated. Under such
view of conditions the owl can easily hunt by
barn owl sight, its vision in a dim light being
reveals its around 10 times better than that of man.
heart-shape Moonlight, of course, makes it easier to
and concave see, but no easier to hunt, for in turn the
areas around rodent folk are more cautious, the most
the eyes that fearful of them not being out at all. But
act as there comes a time in the desert night
unique hearing aids. when the earth lies in blackness for there
Photos by is no light at all. Even then, the barn owl
George Service. continues to hunt successfully. Big
birds, the adults alone need lots of pro-
tein food, and at family-raising time,
with a nest full of hungry youngsters to

provide for, their hunting must be more
How do these owls find their prey in
the pitch dark?
Naturally, biologists had to find out.
It was obvious that without light, eye-

sight wasn't doing it, and since birds as
a class have been notoriously short-
changed in the smell department, it
must be that the owls were playing it by
Biologists Roger Payne and William
Drury devised a neat test for owl-and-
M l H E N THE shadows of evening grow mouse reactions in pitch dark whereby
omo long and darkness begins to cover the mouse moved across a foam rubber
| | the face of the desert, it is time for mat, towing a crumpled paper several
the barn owl to be abroad. Emerging inches behind it. The owl zoomed down
from her cool retreat deep in a canyon's and made a direct hit—on the rustling
rocky wall where she has waited out the paper. While this naturally upset the
by K. L. BOYNTON heat of the day, she lifts her long broad owl, it did prove that hearing was the
©1975 wings and sails slowly out into the dusk. answer, a likely situation since in the
Pale and wraithlike, she drifts through natural set-up rodents going about their
the gathering gloom in a seemingly ef- business in the ground litter make rustl-
12 Desert/December 1975
ing noises, and occasional high-pitched
squeaks as well.
Now birds have no stick-up ears as
mammals do for collecting sound, their
simple ear-openings being concealed
under feathers. The barn owl further has
an odd ear arrangement. The left ear is
located higher up in the skull than the
right one, although the openings are the
same size, a matter strongly suspected
to contribute to the bird's accuracy in
sound location.
Zoologist M. Konishi worked on the
sounds mice make and on the actual
range of owl hearing. He found to his
satisfaction that indeed mouse rustles
and vocal sounds contain a wide range of
frequencies, many of which lie precisely
in the range where the owl hears best.
Tougher tests with owls and mice in the
dark showed that the owl only needs to
hear a portion of the rustling to do its
job. O.K. so far, but what happens if,
after the owl starts its zeroing-in flight,
the noise stops —a thing apt to occur
when the mouse stops moving. Konishi's
owl obligingly showed him, via infra-red
photography. The owl makes a mid
course correction, slowing its speed, if
necessary even hovering. Then, on again
to target when the sound resumes.
Konishi then made the test harder, using Spooked by
a double speaker. The rustle started in a sudden noise
one direction and the owl launched to- this young adult
wards that. Then the sound ceased, be- barn owl gives
ginning again suddenly from another a great display
direction. The owl in flight turned its of his feathery
face first to the new direction of sound, raiments.
then its body, and this made Konishi
wonder. Standing back, he took a good formed by part of the skin fold that leads low frequencies. Its appearance on a
look at Mrs. Owl's heart-shaped face and from each hollow to its respective ear barn owl's menu, therefore, is rarer,
noted that besides being downright pret- opening. Thus, even the faintest sounds calling for especially good hunting tac-
ty, it was a highly useful one and could collected and amplified in the facial hol- tics on the part of the bird.
indeed play a part in her acute hearing. lows would be channeled directly into Rodents as a class, however, make up
Each half has a high wall of densely the hearing department. To make things the major part of the food budget of barn
packed feathers around the edges, the work even better, the skin folds support- owls no matter where they live, the par-
feathers being carried on a fold of skin ing the feathers are movable, so that the ticular kind depending on what the spe-
reaching from above the eye, around owl can actually change the shape of her cific area has to offer at the moment.
back of the ear opening and down to the facial disc, a factor undoubtedly ex- Texas Panhandle owls, the Stickels
lower bill. The two halves come together tremely useful for directional hearing found in their research, like big species
in a tall, feathered ridge in the middle of and pinpointing the location of sound. of pocket mice best, snatching them as
her face. On either side of this midline Flight-wise, the owl's soft feathers they search the sand around sagebrush
ridge then, and extending to the high make sounds of such low frequency that for seeds. Cotton rats, grasshopper mice
outside encircling wall, is a hollow with they do not interfere with the bird's own run a close second as tasty items. But
an inner surface shaped much like a sound reception. Nor are they noticed by ground squirrels, which likewise abound
parabola. Could these hollows work like rodents, most of whose hearing range in the Texas scenery, did not furnish
today's paraboloid antenna used by man lies in the higher frequencies. An excep- food items for the owls which made the
for sound collecting and amplification? tion is the kangaroo rat who, thanks to Stickels wonder until they remembered
Further, the efficiency of each half of the construction of its big mastoid bullas that the squirrels, being daytimers,
the face is stepped up by a kind of tunnel (the swelling behind the ear), can hear would be safely tucked away in their un-

Desert/ December 1975 13

derground burrows during barn owl ex- ble parts up into wads so neatly that any
cursions. sharp bone edges or quill points are
Utah barn owls, studied by the team of wrapped up inside a covering of matted
Dwight Smith, Charles Wilson and Herb fur and feathers. These wads are then
Frost, likewise favored rodents, mainly burped up and ejected through the
meadow mice, deer mice and house mice mouth usually about six to twelve hours
with a few starlings and sparrows thrown after the owl has finished eating. Zoolo-
in for good measure. The bird addition to gists dearly love finding these for by
the menu here was largely due to the fact taking them apart and studying the bits
that the owls, starlings and sparrows all and pieces, they can tell what small
dwelt in the same big compound of de- mammals live in that particular region
serted steel mill buildings at Ironton, it without bothering to trap them. Thanks
therefore being simple for the owls, to the barn owl's collecting work, man-
Friendly verses and titles featured with these when they felt like it, to pick off one of time is saved and in many cases informa-
funslingin' character prints by Bill Hampton. their neighbors.
Order SIDEKICK Print shown, SKP502, $4.00 tion can be gained about small, odd-ball
each. Add 70C postage & handling. Money Whatever the food item, it is eaten animals that are not easily trapped.
back guarantee, j Or send for free catalog.
T D r r Bra 1500ROT02 whole or in big chunks. The owl's inter- Particularly edifying were additional
I [AM ltd'
ior then goes to work. Digestive juices investigations into the affairs of the old
are secreted and the stomach muscles, Utah steel mill barn owls. Here were
ZIP CODE YOUR MAIL sorting the cargo over, roll the indigesti- owls, usually solitary nesters by habit,
indulging in a kind of colonial living. Ex-
ploiting the fine opportunities for roost-

FISH! FISH! FISH! ing offered by the abandoned buildings,

they got their reproductive season going
as early as January. Nests appeared
tucked here and there in the framework
Get your share at Hall's Crossing of the old blast furnaces, crane arms and
HALLS'S CROSSING MARINA OFFERS: Gas and oil, live bait and lures, fishing gear, boat repair
building rafters. Interesting enough,
facilities, cold beer, ICE, groceries, slips and buoys for rent. Overnight accommodations that some nests were located extremely close
sleep two to eight persons. Write or call for reservations. At the general store: fresh milk, eggs,
to each other. The consequent overlap-
butter, frozen meat, cold cuts ond canned items for camping or picnicking. Take a boat trip to
.Rainbow Bridge in one day. 2, 3 and 4-day tours to various parts of the lake, camping and ping of home ranges did not appear to
sleeping under the stars. Ferry service for travelers' with light vehicles. All types of pleasure bother the owls much, active defense
craft for rent from 14-ft. to houseboats. Airstrip is 4000 feet with tiedown facilities available.
being resorted to only with about 15 feet


Write Lake Powell Ferry Service, Blanding, Utah or call 801-684-2261
of the nest itself. The birds seemed to
get along together pretty well, except for
one irate female who not only chased a
neighboring male away from her nest,
but from his own as well. Nor did she
stop there, but chivvied him on out

BAJA through a broken window and across a

yard to a different building. Apparently

he irritated her.
In line with owl rules, barn owls lay
their eggs on a staggered schedule some
one to seven days apart. Incubation
WHALE WATCHING • EXPLORATORY TRIPS starts with the first egg. The female sits
4WD COAST-INLAND TREKS * ISLAND EXPEDITIONS daytimes, the male in the late evening.
MOUNTAIN, PALM CANYON, AND SEACOAST PACK TRIPS Sometimes both sit on the clutch, side by
SCAVENGERS BEACH side. The job takes from 27 to 34 days for
each egg to hatch.
The team of Smith, et al, keeping an
story at Ironton was not so hot. Why,
they did not know, unless it was that col-
WRITE onial living, so contrary to barn owl na-
ture, had an adverse effect. Six nests
MICHAEL G . SYMONS 10918 SECOND ST. LAKESIDE, CA. 92040 failed right off, as none of the eggs
hatched. Two others failed because the
chicks, for some reason, turned in their
dinner pails. The remaining seven nests
14 Desert/December 1975
did better, each fledging at least some of be excreted in mammalian urea. Uric TREASURE HUNTERS
their young. The biologists also found acid is also excreted in a semi-solid form,
a nest with one abandoned and nearly a marked savings in water. Nor do these
Metal-Mineral Detectors
starved chick in it. They fed it up in the owls need to drink. As a matter of fact,
lab and when it was hale and hearty put their water supply comes, ironically, DRY WASHERS MAPS
it in a nest that was doing well with two compliments of the prey they catch. BOOKS TOOLS ASSAY KIT
chicks already in it. When the nest's The barn owl, on her way home after a SLUICE BOXES MINERAL LIGHTS
adult proprietors returned, if they were night's silent concentration on hunt- Send 25c for catalog to:
astonished to find that chick number ing, may indeed indulge in a bit of vocal- AURORA
three had appeared during their ab- ization which, as it should be, is quite in 6286 BEACH BLVD.
sence, they took it philosophically ap- keeping with her ghostlike appearance BUENA PARK, CALIF. 90620
parently. Accepting the chick, they [714] 521-6321
and eerie flapping flight. Hisses, rattles,
raised it and their own two successfully. chuckles, maniacal laughter interspers- COE PROSPECTOR SUPPLY
Some 62-67 days are required to get a ed with bill snapping are all in her reper- ANAHEIM, CALIF. 92804
hatchling to the fledgling stage, and it toire to be rendered con brio in the wild [7141995-1703
takes a lot of groceries to do it. The darkness of the desert night. •
nestlings eat their own weight in a single ZIP CODE YOUR MAIL
night, and even barn owls, the best of
hunters, are put to it to bring in enough
supplies. One biologist reported a family PALM SPRINGS' COMPLETE
of seven in the East ate 100 rats and
small rodents daily. One half-grown little
gourmand ate nine mice one after an-
other, stuffed so full finally that the tail
of the last mouse hung out of his bill. But
three hours later he ate four more.
Through the night the nests must also
be provisioned for snacks during the
day. One nest at Ironton had 32 rodents
and birds in it, a mere drop in the bucket
compared to the 190 rodents in a nest re-
ported by another zoologist.
In spite of daytime lunching, the
youngsters start hollering for food at
sunset and keep it up until a couple of
hours before dawn, shutting up only
when food is being rammed into their
bills, and then for a few minutes after.
Finally out of the nest, the fledglings
hang about for usually seven to eight
weeks, being fed by the adults. (The lit- In the heartof
tle abandoned one for some reason took
13 weeks of post-nest care from its foster
parents.) This period of dependence is
abruptly ended when the adults, in spite
of being pestered from perch to perch by STOYE PIPE WELLS YTLLA6E
their offspring to go out and hunt as
usual, flatly refuse to do so, and the
young owls at last have to shove off Centrally located as a base from which to visit Death Valley's numerous
on their own. points of interest. Stay with us and enjoy comfort and friendly service
Actually, they are well set up for des- as you tour the area.
ert life. Being nocturnal, barn owls es- Luxurious new units Beautiful new dining room, cocktail lounge
cape the daytime high temperature and
Gift Shop Heated Pool General Store Service Station
low humidity, spending these hours in
drowsy inactivity in cool canyon walls, Landing Strip Campground
rocky hillside retreats, old mine shafts
and the like. Being birds, their water
loss is slight, since their urinary excre-
tion is in the form of uric acid which car-
Death Valley, California 92328 Area Code 714 Stove Pipe Wells # 1 Toll Station
ries away twice as much nitrogen as can
Desert/December 1975 15
Utah's red rock country
under a mantle of snow.
F. A. Barnes photo.


• HE CIRCLE OF SEASONS is one of beauty of womanhood. To none of these

'ft' the irrevocable truths of nature. seasonal changes has the desert country
j | Spring, summer, fall and winter, ever been neglected.
each season bringing its own special In the desert country the seasons
touch of magic to all parts of the earth. merge imperceptibly. The change is
True, some of the equatorial and polar quiet, unnoticed and unhurried. Sort of
areas barely notice it, but however quiet like dreaming one into the other; or per-
or slight, seasonal changes do take haps more like a silent song, hushed and
place. unheard to all but the listening heart,
In some regions the seasons arrive one stanza flowing into another in an
with a very definite announcement and endless circle of magic. And what has
linger sufficiently to make their tenure not touched the heart today can wait, for
lengthy enough to be revered, tolerated it will return tomorrow.
or despised, depending upon the choice Of all the seasons that touch the desert
of the individuals with whom Nature has perhaps Winter's performance is the
shared her grace. Sometimes the most memorable. Her cloaking of white
seasonal change creeps in soft-footed is unpredictable, her stay is brief, her
and unnoticed, like a thief in the night. performance is subject to the whim of
Other times she roars in boisterously and the moment, but it is of a magnitude that
vociferant, like the fearsome cannonad- is unforgettable.
ing of a canyonlands thunderstorm, and Winter's overture begins somewhere
occasionally she demures her way in, deep in the northern latitudes, some-
like the sweet innocence of a lovely where where great masses of super-
young maiden blossoming into the full chilled air collect and then begin a slow
16 Desert/December 1975
Left: This old cedar,
long since retired
from life, takes on
a new and etheral
beauty, thanks to a
sudden desert
Below: Even old
sun-dried goldenrod
and rodent tracks
are graced by the beauty
of Winter on the Desert.

migration southward, all the while send- Winter's coming is even more assured the desert landscape sharpens in con-
ing message streamers far in advance of by an almost imperceptible, but some- trast, and the rocks and crags and sands
her eventual arrival. The first harbingers how definite change in the atmosphere. assume a new brilliance of color.
of winter to reach the desert country are The air takes on an unbelievable clarity In the higher country, even the
the "mare's tails," those high, thin, and a noticeable evening chill. Confir- pinyons and limber pines acknowledge
wispy cirrus clouds that grace the mation is manifested in the increased the advance of winter by dropping un-
heavens like the flowing movements of a brilliance of the nighttime stars and in wanted needles and dulling the sheen of
ghostly symphony. Such is the sure con- the longer stays of the hours of darkness. those they choose to keep. Higher still,
firmation that winter is moving this way. Morning and evening shadows lengthen, the scrub oaks adorn themselves in a
blaze of fiery glory, and the aspens trade
the pale green of their quaking leaves for
a regal dress of shimmering gold.
Oregon grape spreads a carpet of deep
purple at the roots of the trees, and the
flamboyant red-leaved Virginia creeper
twists and threads its course up the
trunks to entwine and sun in the upper-
most branches. Down on the desert floor
the Joshuas seem completely unim-
pressed by the notices of winter's com-
ing, but the ocotillos take on a glossy
verdancy to their serpentine stems, and
the many-armed chollas assume their

best dress with a cotton-like appearance.
Even the myriads of insects sense the
seaonal change and burrow deep into the
protective soil at the roots of the desert
plant life.
The exquisite frailties of the high, thin
cirrus accept their final curtain call and
then release the scene to the somber,
deeper-toned alto stratus, and a new

18 Desert/ December 1975

Left: Nothing on the desert "'3
is quite so spectacular
as an old dead cedar,
just moments after
it has been "decorated"
by hoar frost.
Below: The passing
of a sudden, but infrequent
snowstorm transforms
an ordinary i.
Arizona desert scene „ t f
into a beautiful experience
of tranquility and

concert of nature has begun. The prob- the performance is over and a most lament the rising of the morning sun, for
ing rays of the early morning sun, still magnificent testimony to the purity of surely it will melt the blanket of freshly
below the horizon, seek out a rift in the nature lies in a magical panorama that fallen snow all too soon and reexpose the
lowering clouds and swathe their under- can only be described symphonically or desert in its old familiar form. But then,
sides with a dramatic explosion of car- spiritually. why should we lament? As surely as the
mine. As the rift closes, the carmine dis- All of the scars, the decay of plant life, seasons change, spring is coming, and
cretely fades to just a whispering blush the iniquities of civilization have been with the announcement of spring comes
of gold and finally succumbs to the su- temporarily hidden and clothed in a the exciting promise of a new and magi-
premacy of the middle and deeper tones scene of inexplicable beauty. There will cal part of the desert's Circle of Seasons.
of gray. As the daylight hours pass, the
moisture-laden stratus presses ever
be no encore for another season, so we

closer to the desert until finally its
silvergray wraiths and tendrils swirl
down to enfold the highest peaks.
Deep in the night, when all the sounds
of the earth are quieted, winter pays her
visit to the desert. She is preceeded by
flurrying little freshets and breezes,
followed by a steadying flow of warmer
air bearing the clean, pure scent special
only to the pending arrival of new snow.
Then it comes. First, only a scattering of
dancing feathery-white flakes carried
playfully along upon the flowing breez-
es. The flakes thicken and increase in
size. All through the peace and silence of
the desert night they fall, flake upon
gentle white flake, each choosing its own
resting place upon the bosom of the
earth, each contributing a share to the
quiet blanket of white, a blanket that in-
creases in depth and beauty until finally

Desert/December 1975 19

• •

, , •; . »
Far right: Built about Civil War time, M
the old sod house ili
at the Spurlock Ranch •nwi
is succumbing to the relentless elements
of over a century.
Right: The B.L.M. has built a fine campground P •
near Highway 93 along Burro Creek.
It makes a fine and ideal base camp
for Arizona's winter visitors,
as well as rock collectors.
Below: The route to various collecting areas
iiiiv. • V -v

' . *v

. 5* -

wanders through the southern end of the Aquarius
Range. Lava-capped mesas and ash hills
•' ' • ' ••• i ' - - •*

indicate the volcanic turmoil of bygone eras.
This is lonely, lovely land
and primeval Arizona Desert at its best.
• 'm ••. . -


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:'w^..','-:j: r'r«. •

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i SB*
M i E HAD been traveling nearly an Resembling dark waves on a gigantic Burro Creek and primeval Arizona
MM hour along a winding dirt road in the sea, sharp ridges undulated across the desert at its best.
I I Aquarius Range when Bob Fuqua land. They rose to prominence at Blue More or less encircled below us was an
signaled another stop. "This is the Mountain before being absorbed into open area stretching southeasterly to
summit and a good place to look out Prescott National Forest. Lava-capped Burro Creek. "This region is known as
across the country," he advised. The mesas with pink and white ash exposed Hailey's Pasture," Bob told us. " I t has
view before us was breathtaking, even on their flanks indicated this was safely hidden many outlaw gangs and
under a leaden Arizona sky. volcanic country. It was also the valley of horsethieves. Oldtimers tell tales of

Gems in Burro
20 Desert/December 197S

• • . ' ••• *•? • '

. w- -

mSBmSSm ::: . . i
photos by Jerry Strong


treasure left behind by bandits and of miner, does lapidary work and is deeply ping out, quickly discovered the entire
lost mines with inch-wide veins of pure interested in the history of the region. area was covered with "pastelite."
gold. This is copper country and quite Our route had led along the crest of Unless it has recently come about,
possibly the veins seen were of copper steep hills, through forests of pinyon "pastelite" is not an approved name for
rather than gold. Nevertheless, there are pines, ironwood trees and stately cutting material. However, among col-
many facts to substantiate lost treasure saguaros. There had been welcome fall lectors, the name is popularly used to
in this region." rains and wild gardens of great basin describe one of the many sub-varieties of
Hailey's Pasture has remained largely sage, ocotillo, creosote bushes and yucca quartz family minerals. Pastelite gener-
unexplored by treasure hunters due to were full and green. Though it was mid- ally contains a combination of chert,
its inaccessibility. Roads only skirt the November, a winter spring had awaken- common opal, jasper and agate in muted
edges of the "pasture" so horseback or ed the land. shades of color. Deposition is usually
shank's mare is required to do any We paused briefly as Kaiser Springs from silica-bearing solutions with colors
exploring. "This country fools y o u , " Wash and Bob pointed out "Garnet dependent upon slight absorption of
Bob remarked. "What looks like low H i l l . " This spessartite garnet area was mineral contaminants picked up along
ridges to climb are often very steep hills written up by Randall Henderson, the way.
and mileage estimates are deceiving. It Desert's founder, in the November, 1941
is rugged hiking and separates the men The amount of material exposed at
issue. "Some good specimens can still this location was amazing. As to color or
from the boys." be obtained," Bob told us, "but the pattern, you name it and you probably
We had come to Burro Creek primarily rough hike has discouraged all but dedi- can find it. My favorite specimens were
to see the extensive pastelite deposits of cated mineral collectors." warty, nodular chunks of frosty agate
interest to rockhounds but already were When we rolled to a stop at the pastel- containing brecciated inclusions of sal-
caught up in the spell of this lonely, ite area, the overcast sky had darkened mon or red color; and mottled pink and
lovely, desert land. We were fortunate to considerably. "Rain we don't need," white in a "crazy quilt" pattern. The
have as our guide Bob Fuqua, of Wikie- Bob warned, "as this is a bad place to be best material is found away from the
up, Arizona. In addition to owning num- during a storm." We had parked in a main road; though good material is con-
eous claims in the area, Bob is a gem pass between white hills and upon step- stantly eroding to the surface. Bob ex-

Creek Valley
Desert/December 1975 HF
'Where Death Valley Begins"

Shoshone, California
Bob Fuqua generously allows collecting [free] at his brecciated jasper claim, In
Complete Services
place beneath him is a colorful seam of good quality material.
for Local Residents
and Travelers plained that the deposit is approximately small valley and trees line its course. Re-
a half-mile wide and outcrops over a dis- cent rains had carpeted the land with
tance of seven miles. " I t is a collectinggrass. It was hard to realize this verdant
area that should never run out of ma- valley was part of Arizona's desert
terial," he concluded. country.
As in any deposit, Burro Creek pas- "There is a fine swimming hole a
telite is not all top quality, gem grade. Ashort distance downstream where the
great deal is vuggy. Often large vuggy creek has been dammed," Bob com-
specimens have a "gemmy core" —only mented. "When working my claims in
the saw will tell! There are all kinds of summer, I always jump in for a cooling
small, good quality chunks from which to swim before going home." He also ad-
cut cabochons. You will find their colors vised us to "watch out for the sandy
and patterns intriguing. The problem area" after crossing the creek. The
here is how to quit collecting! fording was quickly accomplished and
J ust over a tenth-of-a-mile beyond the the sand easily negotiated. Stock cars
pastelite area, the road goes through a could have some problems and care
narrow canyon. On the right-hand side, should be exercised at this point. It is a
above the road cut, is a deposit of agate short stretch of deep sand which has
nodules (locally referred to as "pastelite been deposited by heavy runoff.
nodules). Their interiors resemble grey- We stopped for lunch at the ruins of
blue Brazilian agates and many contain the Spurlock Ranch (see map). Built
black, fern-like dendrites. As an added during the Civil War, the old sod build-
bonus, both the pastelite and nodules ing is now canopied by trees. "Oldtimers
fluoresce an apple-green color. tell me the original owner built the house
KEENE ENGINEERING, Inc. Dept. D Under Bob's guidance we continued for his mail-order bride," Bob comment-
9330 Corbin Avenue
Northridge, CA 91324 traveling southeasterly. In less than two ed. "However, she didn't like living out
Q Send me your FREE 1976 Catalog
• Enclosed is $7.95. Send me your miles we reached Burro Creek. What a here and ran away at every opportunity.
240 page "Dredging For Gold,"
the book that tells everything beautiful sight. Running strong, clear, Her husband finally was forced to chain
about underwater gold-dredging. 18-inches deep and about three cars her to the bed whenever he had to be
Name wide, it looked like a river to we Mojave away. Eventually, she learned to accept
Address Desert dwellers! Along this particular things and lived quite happily. At least
City State Zip stretch, the creek meanders through a that is the story they tell around here,"
22 Desert/December 1975
he concluded. several other goodies were in my rock overnighters and rockcollectors. It was
Our next stop was at Bob's brecciated sack. I was delighted! nearly full every night when we were
jasper claim. We drove a short distance Bob charges a reasonable fee to collect there in mid-November. Most units have
up the wash, then hiked a few hundred at his purple agate claim. I haVe not a sun-shade, table and stove. Water and
yards to the deposit. The outcrop is mas- shown its location on the map because sanitary facilities are provided. It is a
sive and exposed in, as well as on the this claim contributes to the support of quiet location and great for " b i r d
right-hand side of the wash. It is very his family. Bob also acts as a guide to the watching."
colorful material —clear, yellow, rust and many collecting locales in Burro Creek The sun was almost behind the west-
warm brown. Quality is good but hard- country, including his claims. Arrange- ern hills as we bid Bob goodbye after
rock mining is required to obtain it. ments can be made by writing to: Bob four-wheeling out of his claim. It had
Bob had saved the piece de resistance Fuqua, Box 935, W i k i e u p , Arizona been a long and enjoyable day. Enroute
until last —his "purple agate" claim. He 85360. The pastelite and brecciated to the highway, we stopped for a coffee
pointed out the two main outcrops which jasper locales are open for collecting- break on a ridge just west of the Bogle
have been exposed in a wash cut canyon. free. Ranch Road. The overcast which had
One deposit he works and the other is As mentioned earlier, trailers can be plagued us all day was breaking up and a
open to rockhounds. Digging is neces- taken as far as Burro Creek Crossing. flaming sunset spread across the sky. As
sary. The degree of color varies accord- Camp can be made at the pastelite area. Jerry put the thermos away a specimen
ing to location —from almost white to There is also an open camping area caught his eye. It turned out to be a
deep purple. Naturally, the latter color is along Burro Creek Road about a quarter fist-sized chunk of agate with wavy,
the most sought after. of a mile from Highway 93. salmon-colored bands —a beauty! Just
As we walked around Bob handed me We parked our trailer at B.L.M.'s as Bob told us, "you can find cutting ma-
a small specimen. It was of an incredible Burro Creek Campground, eight miles terial almost anywhere in this country."
purple color. This intriguing material south of Burro Creek Road. It is a dandy A first trip into this corner of Arizona
has been identified as "dumortierite site with a beautiful view. Burro Creek will only whet your appetite. You will
quartz." While the fellows talked, I has cut quite a gorge and Highway 93 want to return again and again to explore
scrambled around Bob's dump. A nice crosses it on a long bridge, far above the what is still primeval desert—uninhabit-
chunk to slab—I had to have! Before we campground. This is a popular camp ed, uncrowded, unspoiled. If you do so,
left, a dandy five-pound specimen and used regularly by winter vacationers, your rewards will be infinite. •


"The Largest Treasure Hunting Organization In The World"

Over 100 Models & 15 Brands To Choose From


P. 0. Box 53 11602 Garland Rd.
Mesquite, Texas 75149 Dallas, Texas 75218
[214] 328-1223 [214]328-0140

Desert/December 1975 23
An Angd and The

ELLIE CASHMAN was called the prominent citizens. That the Mexican
Angel of Tombstone because of a was not looking for a grubstake, a hand-
long list of good deeds. One that out, nor trying to sell something convinc-
earned her reward in a Mexican priest's ed them all that he had leveled with
heaven, however, condemned her to hell Nellie.
in the oaths of her friends. She had be- Barely a month had passed before the
trayed them with a secret that she kept Angel of Tombstone and Mark Smith
until the day she died. were leading an expedition from Tomb-
Generously built and with a pert Irish stone by horseback to Guaymas, from
face, Nellie was a tavern keeper in whence they would catch a fishing boat
Tombstone, Arizona. Whatever she to Santa Rosalia on the Baja California
earned in the rough, tough town, she side of the Gulf of California.
shared with those who were down on At the same time, others, too, were
their luck. So it was quite in character focussed on Baja. President Garfield was
that she refused a handful of gold pro- rumored to be scheming to purchase
Mulege, Baja California offered one day by an itinerant Mexican Lower California for the United States.
at sunset.
Photo by Author.
miner in payment for a beer and a meal. The territorial governor of Arizona, J. C.
Unable to speak English, the miner Fremont, was lobbying to obtain Lower
had dumped the nuggets on the bar and California as an asylum for warlike
pushed them toward her. Quickly Nellie Apache Indians. American vessels were
scooped them up, praising the Lord that cruising the Lower California peninsular
the tavern was momentarily empty, and coast with a proprietary look and U. S.
warned him to keep them out of sight. newspapers were prophesying an early
" I ' d rather know where they came from acquisition.
and stake a claim myself," she laughed. Mexico, on the other hand, was less
Although her Spanish consisted of a than eager to impart more territory to
jargon of colloquialisms, the Mexican her powerful northern neighbor. To dis-
got the point. "They came from a dry courage undue enthusiasm among U. S.
stream bed near Santa Rosalia," he con- sympathizers, government officials were
fided. She failed to comprehend the re- quietly interposing a buffer by suggest-
mainder of his directions, except for the ing to the French Rothschilds that there
fact that it was some place in Baja Cali- was a nice little spot in Lower California
fornia. in which to invest some French capital.
Nellie had been around for a long The spot was Santa Rosalia. The
time. In spite of her reputation for gener- promising aspect was a deposit of bole-
osity, she was no sucker. She knew all ite, a rare mineral associated with cop-
about old codgers who came seeking per. The ploy worked. Within a few
grubstakes on the premise of a few nug- years, a first class mining town had
gets of gold confiscated from a former sprung up, complete with company
owner, then, with money in hand, disap- store, electric plant, water system and
peared forever. So she stood the two residential areas, financed by the
Mexican for his refreshment and wished Rothschilds.
him vaya con Dios, fully expecting him to When Nellie Cashman and her entour-
return later to make his pitch for the age arrived in 1822, however, Rothschild
grubstake. was still in the process of negotiating the
When a few days had passed and he property from Moeller and Company of
failed to reappear, Nellie began to recon- Guaymas who held copper rights to the
sider. She discussed the incident with land. Santa Rosalia then consisted of
her good friend, Mark A. Smith, who nothing more than a rancheria and an in-
later was to become senator of Arizona. significant fishing camp on a natural har-
Soon word had spread among other bor conveniently located for fishing

Desert/December 1975 25
Pictured here is the
Tombstone Epitaph
building in
Tombstone, Arizona
where the search for
the Golo Valley gold
began to unfold.

boats crossing over from Guaymas. gold. Smith, the politician, suggested provided storage basins for water that
Nellie and party arrived by fishing that if they were more discreet about fell during the rare rains. Except for
boat and did very much as new arrivals their real purpose in being there, they that, it was as arid as the rest of Baja.
on the Santa Rosalia-Guaymas ferry do might learn more. At sunup on the following morning,
today. They continued directly on to Upon arriving back at Santa Rosalia, the Arizona party set forth on foot carry-
Mulege, some 50 miles south, where the Arizonians were greeted hospitably ing packs with supplies for three days. A
more comfortable accommodations were and invited to set up camp on the ranch. guide was unnecessary, they assured the
available. During their stay, the men fished while Mexicans, as they only wanted to ex-
Mulege is a pretty, old mission town Nellie cultivated the ladies. It didn't take plore the surrounding land. They would
located on the bank of a river that dumps her long to detect that the rancheria ap- carefully mark their trail to direct them
into the Gulf of California at the edge of peared relatively prosperous, consider- back to Santa Rosalia.
town. With the addition of a few pleasant ing its meager means for accumulating Old trails never fade away on the des-
modern hotels and the new highway income. When at last she felt secure in ert. The firm, straight one that carried
bridge, it differs little now from when their trust, she asked point-blank from them inland from Santa Rosalia eventu-
Nellie arrived to charm its natives into where they received the means to live as ally was joined by another similarly well-
revealing the source of their local gold. well as they did. worn, but forking off at an oblique angle.
And Nellie had no more success than a
" A h , Senorita, the good padre Pedro After some debate, they followed it to an
visitor would have today. The friendly
sees to that," one of them assured her. abandoned settlement marked by piles
natives responded with innocent shrugs,
"The padre?" Nellie persisted, aware of rocks and the remains of an ancient
with one exception. He was the store-
that there was no church or mission at tombstone tipped from its base by some
keeper from whom they had purchased
Santa Rosalia. mysterious holocaust. Before they had
considerable supplies. Having heard
" H e attends to the chapel at Golo Val- retraced their steps back to the fork, the
rumors concerning the French connec-
ley, but we are in his parish. He visits us sun had sunk behind the mountains and
tion from a mule driver, the unsophisti-
here each year on special holidays." they were forced to make camp.
cated storekeeper associated the Arizona
Nellie imparted this news to the men On the following day, the original trail
party with the Rothschild enterprise and
so they, in turn, could subtly seek more branched off in three more directions.
suggested that Nellie query the rancher
information about Golo Valley. What The one they chose soon forked again
in Santa Rosalia from whom they had ob-
they learned was that it lay about 27 and when night fell, that one forked into
tained their mules.
miles inland and consisted of a rancher- further confusion. Supplies were run-
Back along the well-worn mission trail ia. Springs in a nearby mountain fed a ning low. On the third day, they began to
they rode, discussing the pros and cons stream at certain times of the year and ration water.
of conning the Mexicans out of their there were hugh granite potholes that The fourth day started out as a grim
Desert/ December 1975
repeat. Exhausted and dehydrated, the when, again, she was interrupted by the Clyde Forsythe's Famous . . .
men opted to turn back. While they priest.
argued, Nellie silently reviewed the
myriad trails over which they had
passed. Contrary to their promise, they
had not marked the trails in order to con-
This time he told her that he had
guessed the motive for her visit. He then
recounted the hardships of the land in
which his people lived.
Gold Strike
ceal their planned destination.
Convinced that they were hopelessly
lost, Nellie finally persuaded the men to
Padre Pedro never had heard of the
Angel of Tombstone, but he certainly
recognized one when he saw one. After
Four Mining Camp Scenes
remain where they were while she took eloquently describing the consequences
the small amount of water in her canteen if hoards of prospectors charged in to
and searched alone for Golo Valley. If remove the only source of livelihood All In 4-Color
the men conserved their strength by re- available to the native population, he im- Each 1 4 " x l 7 " with white margins
maining inactive, their water allotment plored Nellie to keep secret the gold on high quality paper suitable for
would keep them alive. She felt certain source by which he supported his parish.
that she could return with help the fol- The next morning the priest dispatch- framing.
lowing day. ed a guide with supplies and mules to ac- No lettering or folds.
Conjuring up the luck of the Irish, company Nellie back to rescue her
Nellie came upon a dry streambed by friends. As they parted, she kissed his
late afternoon. Onward she struggled, hands and promised that his'secret
close to its banks, hoping for signs of a would be safe with her.
settlement. Exhaustion had almost over- In spite of the ridicule that greeted the
come her when a distant cluster of date bedraggled party when they returned
*5.00 A SET
palms silhouetted against the sky indi- empty-handed to Tombstone, she kept
Postage & Tax included
cated water. With a last spurt of her word. It wasn't until 1920 on her
strength, she hurried to the oasis and deathbed in an Alaskan mining camp Send Check or Money Order ro
threw herself upon the rocks of the shal- that Nellie Cashman confided the secret Desert Magazine Book Shop,
low stream to suck up its water. to a friend. Palm Desert, Calif. 92260
No Charges Please.
In spite of the desperation that In the meantime, Santa Rosalia had
brought her there, the prospect of gold become a thriving mining community
among the channel's pebbles didn't controlled by French interests. The bole-
elude her. While she dug a hole in which ite vein which gave impetus to the com-
to fill her empty canteen, she picked munity turned out to be a mere pocket
through tiny pebbles pocketed in rocky instead of a deposit, but the copper was
cavities on the floor of the stream. Two of high grade and supported the com-
gold nuggets lay among them. Excitedly, munity of over 10,000 persons for half-a-
she scrambled for more when she sensed century.
the presence of a spectator. She looked In the 1950s, the French sold out to the
up. Towering above the stream stood a Mexican government. Now, with the
robed priest. new Baja California highway passing
"You must be tired, Senorita. Come through town and a ferry crossing daily
with me to the shelter of the rancheria." from Guaymas, traffic has increased, but
Without asking why she had come so far, Santa Rosalia is not considered a tourist
he led her to a shady ramada amid the attraction. Instead, visitors hurry on to
date palms and asked a Mexican lady to nearby hotels in Mulege and San Ig- CACTUS NAVIGATION
quickly prepare food. nacio. Santa Rosalia is located midway TO HELL
" Y o u are Father P e d r o ? " Nellie between the two charming old mission ON WHEELS
asked. When he nodded, she told him towns. is a glove box sized reference manual of
that she had heard of him in Santa Rosal- Golo Valley has disappeared from all DESERT MOBILITY. It divides the problems of
desert survival into two parts; the vehicle
ia and went on to describe the plight of maps if, indeed, it ever was mapped. and afoot. Desert Mo-
her party. The springs that fed the rancherias are bility is fully illustra- I TO HELL '"
ted with charts, photo- ON WHEELS
After a hearty meal of fragrant stew dried up. It is only when you fly low over graphs and detailed I

flavored with boiled jerky and accom- the desert that vestiges of former occu- text. To Hell On
panied by a pile of warm tortillas, the pation, like the topsy-turvy tombstone Wheels adds up to
desert savvy and some-
priest departed, insisting that Nellie get seen by Nellie's party, become visible. day that may make all
some rest. The Padre's gold, however, less obvious the difference.
Immediately Nellie excused herself than the confusing mission trails that $ 0 9 5 P!us25c post.
still vividly scar the desert, remains hid- ^ CA. RES. TAX 6 %
from the ladies and crept by the light of
the moon back to the stream bed. She den among sun-baked pebbles in a dry Desert Magazine Book Shop
Box 1318, Palm Desert, Calif. 92260
had just begun to scramble for more gold stream bed. • .

Desert/December 1975 27
Angeles Museum Alliance trip, on a weather station at the south end of the
luxury sportfisher, the Qualifier 105, and island, and a lobster fishing camp on the
by BETTY MACKINTOSH here is my log. west side are the only permanent set-
Feb. 16 — Left Fisherman's Landing tlements. The island is a Mexican fed-
(San Diego) at 4:30 p.m. The bay was eral preserve for the once nearly-
fairly rough and as we approached open annihilated elephant seal and the Guada-

ROM THE Islas de Coronado, 13 water, whitecaps topped the ocean lupe fur seal. Both have recovered here.
miles southward from San Diego, to swells as far as we could see. Our en- Feb. 17 — 222 nautical miles south-
Isla Cedros, offshore from "The gines revved up as we passed the outer westward from San Diego. Blue sky and
Hook" half way down the coast of Baja buoys. The bell-ringer tipped to a 45- sunshine. Calm sea. Isla Guadalupe
California, Mexico's Pacific islands are degree angle in our wake. came into sight about 10:30 a.m., a dim
pretty much deserts surrounded by sea- "Thar she blows," the captain called
shore. The Coronados, her northern- from the bridge above. It was a soli-
most, are rocky, barren islands even tary California gray whale going north.
though they receive about the same an- One more blow, the arched back, the flip
nual rainfall as San Diego (10 inches). of the tail flukes and we had passed each
Their first recorded name, given by other. Dr. Raymond Gilmore, our sea
Cabrillo, was "Las Islas Desiertas." San mammal expert (one of the best), esti-
Martin, a hundred miles southward, gets mated that the whale was traveling at
only five inches, the south end of Cedros three or four knots. We were going al-
at the weather station, three and one- most south at 13 knots.
half inches, and the lower elevations of Just before suppertime we watched a
oceanic Cuadalupe Island, five inches.
fiery red sun disappear into the ocean,
Not enchanted islands — but all tre-
and at the same time, portside, a full
mendously interesting because of their warn *a«i«*i»
moon came up over the largest of the
sea birds and animals. •• *
You don't have to own a boat to visit "
After dinner, in the dining room-
them. Week-long lagoon and island trips lounge, Dr. Gilmore told us about
at the time of the migration of the Cali- Guadalupe Island, where we will spend
fornia gray whales are sponsored by the day tomorrow. An ancient volcano,
natural history societies, zoos, universi- Isla Guadalupe is 20 miles long, north-
ties and independent travel companies. south, and two to six miles wide. Its
Experts in the fields of sea mammals, highest peak is 4,257 feet. It rises up out
plants, birds, geology or another of the of the ocean depths 144 miles westerly of
natural sciences give scheduled lectures the nearest Baja point and is Mexico's
and lead shore trips. We went on a Los farthest west possession. A radio and ; /
28 Desert/ December 1975
gray silhouette at first, clearing as we
approached. Small clouds drifted over its Opposite Page:
crest through a few struggling pines. We Killer Whale,
cruised along the east side of the island San Benito
only about 100 years out from the ver- Islands,
tical rock shoreline. Right: Elephant seal
" F u r seals," called one of the crew, pup, born black,
"on the broken rocks at the foot of the becomes tweedy tan
cliff." Engines stopped, but we had al- when baby hair
ready disturbed them. Quite a few slid is replaced.
off into the water. They were exactly the
Below: Challenging pp-j? •
same color as the rocks. The ones that
male elephant seals
held their ground raised themselves up
at water's edge
on their handquarters to look at us. Their
fail to rouse the
heads are round, their noses very
sleeping harem on
pointed with lots of whiskers. Pups are
the beach:

silvery. They live in small groups like
large male with an
this in the very rough rocky parts of the
shoreline more or less hidden from pry-
ing humans, but are thought to number
"X" scar on his
back, seven females
and seven or eight
close to 500 now on Isla Guadalupe.
pups. Isla
By noon we had returned northward to Guadalupe.
Barracks Beach, or Northwest Anchor-
age, where the anchor chain rumbled ing: " I f you want to get close to the Besides the harem groups, there were
out. On the gravelly beach at the foot of a elephant seals, keep yourself low on the groups of young — the smallest with
beautiful straight-up slice of brown and ground. They will take you for one of soft-looking black curly coats, the larger
orange striped volcanic rock, at least a their own kind. Don't, in any case, get ones becoming tan like the adults, all
hundred elephant seals slept and sunned between two bulls, or between a bull and with appealing big brown eyes. One
themselves. Their tan bodies, much his harem, or between a bull and the young man edged up to them on the
larger than other seals, jumbled together water." (His escape route.) ground, put his hand out and petted
like gunny sacks of sand dumped helter Some came into the water to meet the them. No reaction on their part.
skelter. An occasional "Tonk — Tonk — small boats as if they wanted to help us Young and unattached males cruised
Tonk" of a male carried across the water up onto dry land. Most of them paid us around on the outskirts. One of these got
to the boat. no attention. What a noisy bunch! It curious about what I was doing (taking
After lunch we all went ashore. Brief- seemed like babies were squealing, cows pictures) and believe me, I backed off in
mooing, women screaming, dogs bark- a hurry. He was so big coming in my di-
ing. Then there was the male challenge. rection, even though he was coming
As they lay on the sand, they used slowly and awkwardly. They are big, the
their front flippers like hands to scratch males up to 15 feet long, weighing one to
or throw sand over themselves. One bull, two tons, or even more, the females per-
surrounded by six females and four haps 10 feet long and weighing a quarter
pups, was biting the nearest female in as much as the males. The females do
^ ,•«*.. .•.-..-.. the back — probably a love-making ges- not have a trunk, only an extended upper
ture — while she pointed her head sky- lip.
ward and howled. A bull without any Too quickly the small boats came to
harem approached from the water. take us back to the Qualifier. We had to
Holding himself erect, he threw his head all be present and accounted for by 5:45
back and with the end of his somewhat when we were to leave for the San
expanded short trunk in his mouth, Benitos — three small islands near the
broadcast his loud challenge — nasal yet coast of Baja California, 300 nautical
metallic — very much like the sound miles southeasterly from San Diego.
made by one of the Qualifier's crew Feb. 18 — Clear sparkling sunrise as
coming down the metal stairs from the we approached Isla San Benito Oeste
bridge to the deck. The harem made (West). The small fishing village called
way as Bull No. 1 moved to meet the Benito perched above high tide line on
challenge. They fought at the edge of the the shore of a cove protected by rock
water, biting each other's necks until islets. To the north, the island widened
they were bloody. Finally, the challenger out and sloped symmetrically up to a
backed off, and papa went back to his 661-foot peak. Southeasterly, a small flat
domain. peninsula stretched out toward the

Desert/December 1975 29
equally flat Isla Benito Central. Benito elephant seal and her black pup. Papa tral. The second boat followed.
Oriental (East) appeared to have three lolled at the edge of the water letting the In the channel, we headed for seagulls
peaks (we saw another one later) beyond spent waves wash around him. flying erratically near the water and soon
which the gray silhouette of Isla Cedros On pinnacle rocks large nests of the spotted a shiny, black, high dorsal fin.
was visible. We will not visit Cedros on osprey, looking like the story book pic- Killer whale. Large, therefore a male.
this trip. It is the large island forming tures of stork nests on European roof- With a huge splash he struck at some-
the outer barrier of Bahia Viscaino, off tops, were 75 percent occupied, a few of thing on or near the surface. Gulls dove
the point of "The Hook." them by seagulls. Areas where the shore for their share. As we came to the spot
We anchored a quarter-mile offshore birds gathered were white with guano. where the whale had been, we picked up
of Benito and had breakfast before Up the hill from the rocky shoreline a a piece of skin, blubber on one side, dark
getting into our orange life jackets, few agaves blossomed — their tall- tan hair on the bother, with nipples —
ready to go ashore. stemmed bright yellow flowers making probably the belly of a sea lion or young
Right away the sea lions put on a show the only splashes of color. A small fish- elephant seal. We saw two other large
for us, diving off the rock islets and hook cactus grew in bunches. Some were killer whales and three smaller ones —
escorting us for a hundred yards or so — in flower — a large flower for the size of females or young males. Dr. Gilmore es-
up, over, and under, up over, and under the plant — white. Some were in fruit — timated that there were perhaps eight in
— Dr. Gilmore said the word for it was bright red. Up the hill past the blue and this pod.
porpoising. They did this with each boat white lighthouse were cholla, not in Back to the Qualifier for a dinner of
that passed their rock, disappearing flower, and a small yellow daisy. San Benitos lobster tails — two each
about 30 feet from the beach. We won- After lunch the wind velocity had in- with melted butter!
dered whether they were looking for a creased so much the captain was hesi- But the day wasn't over yet. We
reward, like the sea lions in water shows, tant about the scheduled small-boat trips stayed at anchor until 11:00 p.m. The aft
or whether they were telling us that this along the south shore of Isla Benito lights were left on to attract the auk-
was their territory. Oeste, but it was decided to let two boats lets, a bird about eight inches long, light
We spent the morning walking around go, staying in sight of each other. I was breast shading up to almost black, that
the northeast shore of the island, up the lucky to get to go. Passengers were ad- lives on the water except at nesting time.
hill to the lighthouse, and back across to vised to wear waterproofs. We needed Like moths they were attracted to the
Benito via a mule trail. The first cove be- them too, cutting through heavy ground lights, then dropped helpless to the
yond the village was catching the current swells which broke against the rocks deck. They could be picked up without
(a warm current flowing north) carrying sending out great masses of white foam. resistance. Which we did, and released
the red crab. Millions had washed A peregrine falcon circled, a red-billed them over the stern where a spot shown
ashore piling the beach in windrows of cormorant searched for fish, a yellow- on the water. They flew to the water, and
coral pink. Hundreds of seagulls gorged crowned night heron stood on a tiny rock seemingly, kept right on flying in it!
themselves on the one and one-half inch ledge. Osprey came and went from their That's how they swim — with their
shrimp-like crab. nests. We saw a pelican rookery, and wings.
Dr. Gilmore told us that the red crab caves a hundred feet above the water, We had looked for their nests in bur-
were O.K. for human consumption, but with sea lions on the branching trails rows on the island, but had not found
no one took any back to the boat for that led from a few landings to the any, probably because we were a bit
lunch. The ones left high and dry on the various shelters. early. March would be a more likely time
beach by the waves smelled pretty fishy. Dr. Gilmore, in our boat, made the de- for them to raise their families.
In the next cove on a cobblestone cision that we had gone far enough to see February is the time for whales! That
beach a family of sea lions slept, their what thrs side of the island was like, that is, the California gray whales. The place,
wet coats dark and shiny in the sunlight. we would go back, and go into the coastal lagoons of Baja California,
Another cove gave shelter to a mother channel between Isla Oeste and Isla Cen- where, until Captain Scammon dis-
covered how to hunt them in shallow
water, they had a safe place to have their
calves and to mate. Though their num-
bers were severely reduced by the
wiise whalers of the 1800's, they have persis-
ted in their 6,000-mile journey from the
Lakeroweii Bering Straits December through Feb-
ruary every year, returning January to
as . . .Captain, First Mate March.
Crew of a twin-engine 43' Feb. 19 — We entered Scammon's
Luxuriously equipped Boatel Unmatched Beauty with clean air, Lagoon on the high tide early this morn-
Aqua Sports Paradise! sunny days, and starlit nights. ing by permission of the Mexican gov-
A Change of Pace! FREE BROCHURES ernment, and anchored about a mile in-
side, near the south shore. Sky and

Hite Marina Inc.

Call collect or write: P.O. Box 218
La Mesa, water gray and stormy. Small boats took
714 466-5316 California 92041
some of the passengers ashore, came
30 Desert/December 1975
Building sand dunes south of
Scammon's Lagoon—blowing sand
from the beach collects
on plants in a salt marsh.

one especially shows a green tinge. On

. our walk to the next cove west quite a
few wildflowers grew on the small flats
and in the rough moss-covered lava for-
mations — wild tobacco, tiny blue snap
dragon, yellow daisies, white daisies, a
lavender mallow, small barrel cactus
with pink flower, yellow fiddleneck, two
stonecrops, their leaves glistening with
Across the cove on the beach we saw
ii. • _ . f •..-..• still another seal — the Harbor Seal.
We'd been told that they were very shy,
so only watched them from a distance.
As we left, the Qualifier cruised slowly
along the western side of the island.
White spray flew high as waves
thundered against the volcanic cliffs,
and as we left Isla San Martin behind, its
back and were off again on whale- The wreck of a sail boat, plastic bot- perfect cone shape against the cloudy
watching trips. At a respectful dis- tles, light bulbs, and driftwood — no sky stirred images of its past — when it
tance we followed mothers with their treasures except one person found a would have been seen topped by a plume
calves close beside them, mating pairs glass float like the Japanese use on their of smoke.
making great splashes, watched indi- fish nets. Seashells, of course. Feb. 22 — Awakened at 4:30 a.m. by
viduals, even young ones, watching us Because of the stormy seas we left the the cook singing "Goodnight Irene."
from sort of a standing-up position called lagoon early, headed for home. The rain Otherwise, an unfamiliar quiet. We were
" s p y i n g . " We listened to their spouting and waves splashed against the win- not rolling. So we must be home. We
and timed the rhythm of their dives. dows. Because of the sand bar outside were, but we had to wait until eight
Picture-taking difficult on account of the Scammon's Lagoon, we have to parallel o'clock to be passed by the U.S.
poor light, and rain. the coast and take the swells almost Customs. Navy installations around the
Trip ashore in the afternoon was broadside. Good thing we have our sea harbor were brightly lighted. Up Broad-
blessed by spots of sunlight on the sand legs now. We'll stop at Isla San Martin way, the glow of the new buildings, with
dunes south and west of us. Bright re- tomorrow and be in San Diego the fol- so many lights, outlined the older ones.
flections in the shallow water of the lowing morning. The traffic lights blinked for only an oc-
marshes. When the sky darkened again Feb. 21 — Hassler Cove, San Martin casional car.
the small boats came to get us, and the Island. Cloudy with light rain and bits of Civilization! We hope you'll be a long
Qualifier's dining room-lounge seemed a sunshine. Ashore in rain gear again. Not time coming to the islands and lagoons
better place to be than the beach. a bit appropriate to desert islands. This of Baja California. •
A brilliant red sunset colored sky and
water. After dinner Dr. Gilmore talked to Enjoy Our
us about the whales — his specialty. We New Modern Motel
remain anchored for tonight. Kitchenettes
Feb. 20 — Light rain. The dunes wet New Camper Park
and dark. A few brave souls got a sand- Complete Utilities
wich lunch from "Cook," donned their Relax in Our
rain gear, and were ferried ashore, to be Hot Mineral Baths
called for early afternoon. We hiked on Hydro Therapy Massage
the wet sand westward to the mouth of
the lagoon and followed the shore of
Bahia Viscaino toward the famous
Malarrima Beach — paradise for beach
combers. The latest tides had left thou-
Tecopa Hot Springs Resort
Old West Hospitality Crisp Clean Air Warm Winter Sunshine
sands of sea dollars — still purple, not
white and dry as they are usually found. Phone 714-852-4373 Tecopa, California
Desert/December 1975 31
A Seed Worth Its
P& '.*/- X


t# if **m
fc? #H
Weight In Sold by

people are growing nutrition-con- EDITOR'S NOTE: IN THESE PERILOUS TIMES WHEN
scious each year, searching for a kind THE FOOD SUPPLY OF THE WORLD IS EXCEEDED BY
of Fountain of Youth through nutrition DEMAND, PERHAPS MORE CONSIDERATION SHOULD
and rational living. Most are confused BE GIVEN TO THE MERITS OF GOLDEN CHIA. IT IS
about the nutritional values of meats, as
contrasted with grains, fruits and vege-
Questions frequently heard are: "Of ENERGIZE THEWORLD.
all the world's foods, which are the most
valuable for human consumption? The Doyle added, "this valuable food plant, he knows, the only commercial planting
most compatible? The most nourish- once cultivated, went wild, and is found of it in the world. " I hope that it will
ing?" chiefly today only around the springs catch on and take the place it so richly
Eighty-six-year-old Harrison Doyle, of and waterholes of the High Desert areas. deserves as a staple, high-protein world-
Vista, California, semi-retired engineer- Lesser varieties however, grow all over distributed food," he said, "and to do
writer-publisher, who has a long-time the American Southwest, were even my part, I'll gladly furnish small
knowledge of the Mojave Desert, says it warred over by Indian tribes, but are not amounts of the seeds to any qualified re-
is a High Desert plant, the protein-rich quite as potent as the original from the search or agriculture people who ask for
Golden Chia, sa/v/a columbariae, the higher elevations." them."
ancient Indian energy food that was a To do something toward bringing this Doyle has never wavered in his belief
staple among the aborigines long before ancient food back into production and that Golden Chia is one of the world's
they had corn, or maize. " I believe it to everyday use, Doyle began planting and great food plants. He says that it is as
be the most valuable, the most com- experimenting with it in Vista, back in easy to grow as corn or wheat, and plant-
patible, and the most nourishing food on the 1950's. Yearly, he puts in, as far as ing and harvesting machinery easily de-
earth!" Doyle commented emphatically.
" W e use a little of it only a few times
during the month," he added, "and t
have more energy and better health over
all, consistently, than I had at 50.
"This overlooked and almost forgotten
plant was named sa/v/a columbariae by
George Bentham, the English botanist,
in 1835, and its tremendous energy-
generating factor documented by Dr.
John T. Rothrock, surgeon-botanist of
the Wheeler United States Geographical
Survey of 1875. In his voluminous report,
Dr. Rothrock wrote: 'An Indian, with but
a handful of the seeds, can sustain him-
self on a 24-hour forced march.' Another
doctor, Cephus Bard, of Ventura, Cal-
ifornia, in the 1880's, wrote many
articles praising highly both the food and
medicinal values of columbariae. In
1896, in San Francisco, Mary Elizabeth
Parsons, in her Wildflowers of California,
stated that the seeds were selling on the
open market for from six to eight dollars
per pound.
"As the Old Ones disappeared," Opposite page is cultivated chia, and above as seen in its wild state.
Desert/December 1975
signed and manufactured. This year he used successfully in even the heaviest tury. Interested in long-distance run-
grew a good-sized plot of the High rain areas. ning, he played much among the Mo-
Desert variety, and has more orders for "Only Golden Chia from the higher have Indian boys along the banks of the
the seeds than he can fill, some requests elevations of both the Mojave and Colo- Colorado River, at Needles. One Indian
coming from as far away as Australia rado Deserts, is the genuine and true boy he raced with told him how in the old
and the Persian Gulf. "The plant will sa/v/a columbariae. Any book on western days the Mohaves went on trading ex-
grow anywhere," he maintains. "Under botany can confirm that, so no one peditions to the Coast, running most of
cultivation it grows many times larger should confuse it with the lower-priced the 200 miles, carrying only a gourd of
than it does on the desert, and is much and more plentiful Mexican chia [salvia water, and subsisting on a handful of
more productive, probably some 30 Hispanica] sold today in the health food chia seeds.
times so. It responds beautifully to such stores, or distributed by novelty con- Later, as a teenager, prospecting the
fertilizers as fish oil emulsion. cerns by way of little clay pots. deserts for minerals with his father,
From all of the above he believes that "While the Mexican Hispana sage Harrison gathered the seeds many
it was once a highly cultivated plant. seeds have been used for generations times, along with Mormon tea (ephedra),
" I ' v e only found one drawback when south of the Border — and to give it to supplement their bacon and beans
grown away from the desert. That is, credit, it is a good food and makes a diet. It was in an age long before the dis-
when maturing in rainy areas, the seed much-used, cooling drink — from covery of vitamins, but the old-timers
buttons must be kept dry. Luckily, in reports of those who are familiar with were all aware that any non-poisonous
Southern California, by planting in both, and my own experiments, it does green growing plant or seed could pre-
mid-January, the seed buttons begin not have anywhere near the energy- vent scurvy, which scourge was still
maturing with the onset of the dry creating capacity that Golden Chia pos- prevalent.
season which begins around mid-April. sesses, and I think I know why. The Scanning a newspaper article in the
Only during one year when a little of that Mexican chia does not seem to have the 1950's on the benefits of chia to old-
'unusual weather' came along in May strong catalytic action that columbariae sters, Doyle again became interested in
did I have to cover the plants, and I did has on the body's digestive enzymes, the plant. He journeyed out to Rands-
that successfully with some sheets of especially its beneficial action on the burg, where he had also lived as a boy
clear plastic. This same method can be little known trypsin found in the stomach (see the August, 1959 issue of Desert), to
and intestines, an enzyme which helps interview Adolph Bulla, an octogenerian,
the body assimilate the compatible pro- active hardrock miner, who used the
teins — the energy-building proteins. seeds regularly to promote the energy he
Some raw foods such as a few of the le- needed to pursue his heavy, under-
gumes, which contain an anti-trypsin ground tasks, and upon whom the news
factor, work just the opposite! article had centered. Bulla presented
"Among other plants called 'chia' in him with a packet of the High Desert
Lapidary — rockhounding Mexico, are salvia lanceolata, salvia type seeds, saying that he had had to
"— <ewelry making ... add up to polystacha, salvia tiliaefolia, hyptis "hike over 14 miles to get them!"
a fascinating creative art!
spicata, and mesophaerum suavellens, Upon returning to Vista, Doyle at once
which latter they call 'chia gordo,' and planted the seeds, which thrived hand-
'chia Colima.' " somely that winter, seemingly more or
Doyle first learned of the plant as a less impervious to the light frosts of that
schoolboy around the turn of the cen- area.
A Desert Magazine article (October,
1963) followed, in which Doyle detailed
J/VRITE FOR OUR TRIP BROCHURE; his extensive experiments with the seeds
and plants. The response from readers
P.O. BOX1404D
was so great that he followed up with the
PALM DESERT, CALIFORNIA 92262 book, Golden Chia, Ancient Indian
EXPEDITION: Energy Food, which has wide-spread ac-
ceptance as a library reference book, and
by people who want to "grow their
When this book appeared in 1973,
Doyle was again besieged with requests
for seeds, and he began enlarging his
plantings. He now has a limited amount
of the seeds for sale, "for planting
only," he says. "They are still too scarce
and costly to use for food purposes, even
where so little goes such a long way! A
teaspoonful a week in food, or a cup of
34 Desert/December 1975

The dried seed buttons

are harvested in mid-April.


formerly Lyle's

Housekeeping Cottages
Trailer Court
"Nature's Fountain of Health"
P. 0 . Box 368
Tecopa, California 92389

tea brewed from the seed buttons, is puts a teaspoonful in a little water to let
FREE 1975
ample to keep one's energy levels high,
or feeling of well being, present.
"Think what this food would do were
them soften and jell overnight. In the
morning they go into whatever is cooked
for breakfast. "They should be cooked,"
156 Page
it in supply, for the undernourished in
India, China, or Africa!" Doyle said.
"The seeds are worth their weight in
he said. "The Indians generally roasted
them. We use them in hotcakes, waffles,
mush, biscuits, etc." DETECTORS-BOOKS-MAPS
gold!" As to Golden Chia's thirst-quenching
Golden Chia took its name from the ability, he says, "Make a tea from a half
General Electronic Detection Co.
16238 Lakewood Blvd.
fact that its seeds are triangular-shaped dozen of the seed buttons, with a few of Bellflower, California 90706
and colored a golden tan, while those of the seeds thrown in, then cool and ice it.
the Mexican chia are almost black, round Add a little lemon juice and a sprinkle of RIVERSIDE COUNTY'S LARGEST
as little beans, with a white one here and cinnamon. Sweeten to taste with a bit of 4-WHEELDRIVE HEADQUARTERS
there. Illustrations in Doyle's book Col- brown sugar." Accessories for All Makes
den Chia, show the great difference be- Harrison Doyle, and through his
tween the two plants. Golden Chia's
leaves are distinctly of the crowfoot pat-
tern, with wine-colored stems, while
steadfast efforts a lot of others —
believes he has something. Golden Chia
tea may not be what Ponce de Leon was
n Jeep
Hispanica's are close to those of the searching for, but to the sick and under-
7590 Cypress [at Van Buren]
common sage. Golden Chia has from one nourished, the long-forgotten seed might P. O. Box 4277
to four seed buttons on a bare, square- just usher in a new, golden era to Riverside, California 92504
stemmed stalk averaging, when do- nutrition! • Telephone [714] 785-1330
mesticated, some 30 inches in height,
while Hispanica blossoms and leaves out

all along the stem like its other close
relative, the purple sage. Both have pur-
ple flowers, are distant cousins, and be-

long to the mint family [labiate].
" I t is a boon to the sick and under-
nourished, and has many medicinal by Mable Hoffman
uses," Doyle explained. " I t stays down
262 Tested Slow-Cooker Recipes. Illustrated in
when one is deathly sick, and nothing
both black and white and four-color. A GREAT
else w i l l . Its tremendous energy-
generating capacity also makes it invalu-
able for a dozen other reasons — for one,
176 pages, softcover. 495
to those with weight problems. Fat and
energy just don't go together!"
Desert Magazine Book Shop
P.O. Box 1318. Palm Desert, California 92260
When using the seeds in foods, Doyle Please add 25 cents tor postage & handling Calif residents please add 6°° state sales tax

Desert/December 1975 35

ICH GOLD-ORE was found on Cali-

fornia's Soledad Mountain near Mo-
jave over 42 years ago. Tons of earth
was moved literally by hand. Mining in
the 30's meant back-breaking work with
a pick and shovel. However, the space-
age gold seekers still use the basic pick
and shovel method searching for the
golden color on other locations of Sole-
dad Mountain and the Mojave Desert.
George Holmes was one of those men
fi who "struck it rich" on the Soledad
Mountain in a mine he called the Silver
Queen, and is now known as the Golden
Queen. His accidental find unlocked a
fantastic story that began in the early
30's, and is still talked about today. A
headline story in The Cold Miner, (a
small newspaper published in Los
Angeles during that time) told the be-
ginning, but not the end of the story.
The assay returned to Holmes by the
Tropico Mine at Rosamond four miles
away wa published in that paper and
read as follows:
Oct. 13,1933
(gold valued at $20) $902.50
Silver, 339.40 oz.
(silver valued at 35c) $118.09
Total per ton $1,019.09

Holmes reportedly was about to give it

up the day he found the assay specimen.
On a September morning in 1933, he was
chipping away at a large boulder high up
in a draw. It was a stubborn rock and
hard to break, but he gave it one last
slam with his hammer before quitting,
and there it was —free gold without a

Above: Cyanide tanks. Upper

left: General off ice buildings.
Left: View of Golden Queen tailing
pile and Soledad Mountain.

36 Desert/December 1975
He dropped the hammer and clung to
the piece of rock as he ran down the hill
turned to the sauce-pan lid-shaped
mountain to hunt the glittering rock.
In the short span of 18 months,
Holmes and his two partners had sent
to his cabin on the desert floor. Previously abandoned mines were gone over $200,000 in gold to the smelters.
Holmes had been one of the leasers over again and new ones sprang up. His partners eventually sold Holmes
since 1929 on Soledad in the vicinity of Desert Queen, The Exposed Treasure, their share of the mine when the dig-
the Elephant Eagle claim. Apparently he Long Shot, and Last Chance, to name a gings got slim, but he, too, became dis-
had done well but was not satisifed with few, were mines at that time on the couraged and decided to sell the Silver
his results. He drifted to various mining mountain. Queen.
camps in the Grass Valley-Nevada City
area, and even into Arizona.
A bizarre feeling had urged or
haunted him to return to the high desert
of Mojave and the Soledad Mountain.
The story that traveled around several
mining camps said that Holmes felt the
mountain was Jeering at him. He could
not shake the vision and the attraction of
the desert mountain.
Gold was first discovered in the Mo-
jave area in 1894 on the Tropico Mine
site about four miles from Soledad. Sev-
eral bonanza strikes appeared on the
mountain. One of the largest at the time
was the Queen Ester, within a thousand
yards of the not yet discovered Golden
Gold fever slowly ebbed away as the
yellow rock became harder to find on the
mountain. In 1922, Alfons DeGrave, who
was leasing what is now called The Yel-
low Dog Mine, discovered he was
literally walking on rich ore. He is
credited with having brought out over
$90,000 from ore with a gold-silver ratio
of two to one, within half a mile from the Main entrance
base of the mountain. to Golden
Queen Mine.
Miners and adventure-seekers re-
Desert/ December 1975

tunnels were d r i l l e d , picked, and

shoveled by the 228 men employed in
two shifts inside the mine. Work was
hampered by inside temperatures rang-
ing from 30 to 50 degrees, even though
the sun scorched the desert sand in the
summer at 115 degrees plus.
Miners worked for about $4.75 a day
in 1936. A long-time resident of Mojave
reported it was the rule rather than the
exception that a few miners would carry
out gold in their boots. Gold dust was
used in exchange for goods, ranging
from a meal to a drink with the local
girls. On Saturday nights the small town
."I of Mojave "really came alive," reported
one resident.
• The gold bullion was shipped by rail
I from Mojave to the Selby smelters near
Oakland, some 340 miles distant. When
the mines were ordered closed by the
Mountain is dotted with other "diggins" as well as The Golden Queen. federal government at the start of World
War II, the Golden Queen had already
Headlines in the Bakersfield Cali- British concern stepped in. It was they produced over $7,000,000 in gold and
fornian on Jan. 10, 1935 read: who changed the name to The Golden silver.
Sold — Silver Queen $3,200,000." Queen Mining Company. Sonic booms from jets above, as well
George Holmes was totally unaware of The sale of the mine attracted mining as recent earthquakes, have loosened
the magnitude of the transaction he had companies and noted engineers from all the timbers in the mine to a danger-
just completed. To him it was just an- parts of the country, resulting in a small ous state. Any entrance to the mine
other mining deal. land rush and the purchase of all de- would be foolhardy.
The mine was sold to a British concern serted mines within several miles of the The Queen is private property and any
with W. C. Browning as a Los An- Soledad Mountain. questions regarding the mine should be
geles representative. On January 16, H.S. Enslow, then president of the directed to the caretaker on the property
1935, Holmes stepped out and the Golden Queen Mining Company, and or one of the owners.
W.C. Browning, manager and consulting Rats, or an occasional slithery creature
engineer, set about hiring people. Tests and other denizens of the desert have
DR. K. D. REYNOLDS were made and the plotting of a location exclusive residency of the mine area
CHIROPRACTOR to construct a 350-ton mill to process today. The wind may play tricks on the
gold and silver from the raw ore human ear as it sends a loose cable
Five Years at Miller's progressed. scraping against a cyanide tank, or a
Tecopa Hot Springs Timbers for the mine were hauled by piece of tin roofing flapping on a rotting
rail from Bakersfield, 62 miles away, and wooden frame.
General Practice trucked the last two miles from the rail As you enter Mojave from Bakersfield,
The Natural Way siding. Railroad refrigerator cars were Barstow or Bishop, the tailings can be
purchased and converted into living seen on the northwest slope of Soledad
Tecopa, California quarters for men with families. Located Mountain. Rising 1,250 feet above the
714-852-4343 half a mile from the mine, this became desert floor, the peak towers 4,183 feet
known as "Refer City." above sea level. The salmon-pink
A year later the British concern was tailings pile from the Golden Queen can
FREE C A T A L O G be seen from several miles away, a si-
ready for operation. Huge cyanide tanks,
FUN ft PROFIT glistening in the desert sun near the lent reminder of the early mining days in
WITH the Mojave area.
METAL DETECTORS base of Soledad, made other mine opera-
tions appear small. Recently, rumors of the owners
From $59.95 to $299.50 The mill was said to be the most considering open pit mining at the
For the Prospector & Treasure Hunters. modern mining mill during the 30's. The Golden Queen Mine were running un-
We have Gold Pans, Books, Topo Maps,
Dredges, and many other Related Supplies. fine grinding and cyanidation was of the bridled in the desert town of Mojave.
Mortar & Pestle — Vi Pt. size Cast
Iron — Postpaid $6.50. Merril-Crow process. By 1938 the pro- However, owner Freda L. Schultz said
duction was increased to 600 tons; that the rumors were just that; rumors! There
JACOBSEN SUPPLIERS are no plans to open pit the Golden
9322 California A**., South Gat*. Calif. is, 600 tons of ore processed in 24 hours.
Phona (213) 569-8041 90280 Queen on Soledad Mountain. •
More than eight miles of underground
38 Desert/December 1975
Pfernf Lije ©1975
MliNow .'.".' Mil I] IIITr™
ll'lJGood things , i »
byJIMCORNETT are happening at . . . ^

Stay at the historic

This lovely 50-year-old hotel is

being rejuvenated. 20 rooms
opening October, 1975. All car-
peted. All beautifully furnished.
You, your family or your group
can make the Amargosa Hotel
your headquarters while in the
Death Valley area.
You can now dine in the restor-
ed DINING ROOM in the Hotel.
A separate banquet facility is
available for groups.
Telephone Death Valley Junc-
tion #1 for information or reser-

Don't miss seeing Marta Becket

at her famous AMARGOSA
OPERA HOUSE. You've read 4
about this beautiful and unique
attraction in Desert and Nation-

SUMMER thunderstorm sends a appeal. Its beautiful violet-blue flowers al Geographic. Make a visit to
sheet flood racing across an alluvial the Amargosa Opera House a
yield a picturesque scene against gray
must while you're in this area.
fan. As the water rushes over the desert mountains —an unforgettable See Marta Becket's fabulous
soil a seed is picked up and carried sight to those who venture out in late murals inside the Opera House.
abrasively to a point several hundred spring and early summer. That is the Performances on Friday, Satur-
yards from where it lay. Wedged against time of year when this perennial blooms day and Monday evenings at
a large rock the seed is slowly covered 8:15; doors open at 7:45.
Low desert valleys in both the Mojave Telephone Death Valley Junc-
with silt as the action of the flood con- and Sonoran Deserts harbor this tree in tion #8 for reservations. Toir-s
tinues. The seed is that of the Smoke abundance, often being the only plant I welcomed.
Tree and within several days the tiny found in wash areas. They are somewhat
seedlings may sprout, giving forth one of intolerant of frost although larger plants
the most interesting of desert plants. have been known to withstand severe
Born often through violence, such as a winters with temperatures well below STORE, Death Valley Junction
summer flood, the Smoke Tree faces freezing. They are at their best at eleva- Service Station and AMAR-
similar perils throughout its short life. tions below 2,000 feet where a few indi- GOSA POTTERY are open.
Growing as they do in dry washes this viduals may reach heights in excess of 20 Space is available for develop-
member of the Pea Family always faces feet. ment. Watch this space each
month for more news as the re-
the possibility of being uprooted by The common name "Smoke Tree" storation of Death Valley Junc-
rushing water. Occasionally one sees comes from its resemblance to a puff of tion continues.
these trees lying prostrate on the sandy smoke when viewed from a distance. The
soil, a victim of a recent storm and re- gray-green and light blue stems grow
sultant flooding. But what ends in viol- upward in clusters making the name
ence may also begin with violence as the For further information about 1
association seem real. DEATH VALLEY JUNCTION
huge quantities of water which uproot please write:
Campers often use the wood of this
some adult plants are sure to adequately Death Valley Junction, Inc.
shrub (which it often is) for their fires, a
moisten scores of new seeds which in P.O. Box 675
practice that should perhaps be discour-
time will develop into mature trees. Death Valley Junction, , j|
aged. Decaying plant material offers California 92328
The Smoke Tree, Dalea sp/nosa, has both hiding places for animals and
no ecomonic offering to mankind. organic material to the soil. Fire can re-
However, it does have a certain aesthetic move many of these features. •
Desert/December 1975
TWO HUNDRED YEARS ago, in one of the
most remarkable episodes of Southwestern his-
tory, Colonel Juan Bautista de Anza led 240
men, women and children across 1500 miles of
unmapped desert and wilderness—from Sonora
to Alta California—to found the city of San
This year and next, the International Anza Bi-
centennial Committee, the Arizona Bicentennial
Commission and the Arizona Historical Society
are recreating the trek as part of our National
" D e Anza"
Bicentennial celebrations.
reviews the
soldiers going on The detailed re-enactment of the expedition
his expedition at began at Horcasitas, Sonora, on September 29,
Tubac before the 1975—200 years to the day that Anza started
expedition's from that pueblo. Religious ceremonials and the
departure. departure of Fathers Font, Garces and Eixarch
Left: Fathers were repeated at Tumacacori Mission on Octo-
Eixarch, Garces ber 22, with Mass and military drills held at
and Font, Tubac (Anza's presidio) on the same day. The
Franciscans who next day, all the members of the expedition were
started with the gathered together for the first time for the de-
Anza Expedition, parture from Tubac. Re-enactments were sched-
prepare to leave uled for San Xavier del Bac, Tucson and Casa
Tumacacori Grande, each on the dates Anza originally reach-
Mission for ed those places.
Tubac, Then, most interesting of the events announc-
October 22, ed thus far for Anza's 1975-76 Expedition, will
1975,in the be the crossing of the Colorado River at Yuma—
Bicentennial by all 240 members of the cavalcade—on No-
re-enactment of vember 30, I975, at 3:00 p.m.
the expedition. When the Viceroy of Mexico, Antonio Bu-
Left to right: careli, determined to establish a colony on the
Eixarch, Bay of San Francisco, Anza was the obvious
portrayed by choice to lead the expedition. He had just return-
Cornelius J. ed from a first exploration of that route, on
Waldo, O. S. B; which he successfully reached Monterey after 73
Garces, Kieran days of hard travel.
McCarty, O. F. Anza was frontier born and the son and grand-
M ; Font, Rev. son of Spanish frontier commanders. He had be-
Francis J. Fox, come a soldier at 16, a lieutenant at 18,
S. J. commander of the presidio at Tubac at 23. He
40 Desert/December 1975

was 39 when the expedition started. He was a Above: Juan

natural leader, but this was no march of harden- Bautista de
ed soldiers. It was a moving mass of men, Anza, portrayed
women, children, animals, household goods, by Yjinio Aguirre
and supplies. Even among the 39 soldiers, 20 [right] and
were raw recruits destined for service at Monter- Lieut. Jose
ey, more interested in the welfare of their fam- Joaquin Moraga,
ilies than in soldiering. Pedro Font, the priest portrayed by
assigned to the expedition wrote that, during the Sidney B.
march, most of them carried one little child, Brinckerhoff
some two or three at a time. [center] at Tubac
When the great cavalcade set out from Tubac, ceremonies
October 23, 1775, besides the 240 people (almost preceding start
half of them children) there were 695 horses, of 1975
mules and burros, and 355 head of cattle. Be- re-enactment
sides Anza, the leaders were Lieutenant Don of the Anza
Jose Moraga, Sergeant Juan Pablo Grijalva, Don California
Mariano Vidal, Father Font, and Fathers Fran- Expedition.
cisco Garces and Thomas Eixarch, who were to Banner at left is
remain on the Colorado River to work among the the reverse side
Yuma Indians there. Four families of colonists of the one carried
had volunteered, and there were 29 wives of sol- by Father Garces
diers. There were 115 children at the start—two
among the Indians.
families had nine each — and 118 when the ex-
This side shows a
pedition arrived at San Gabriel. The only death
soul in torment
in all that wilderness march was of a woman in
in hell. The
giving birth to a son the first night after leaving
obverse shows the
Virgin Mary.
Each day's march started when the horse herd [Garces offered
was brought in and each traveler caught his ani- them the
mals and saddled and loaded them. After Font choice.
said Mass and the pack train was ready, Anza Right: Sergeant
ordered all to mount. Four scouts rode out Juan Pablo
ahead, then came Anza and Font. The main Grijalva,
body followed, Moraga behind them with a rear portrayed by
guard. Last came the pack train, cattle, and Frank Robles,
loose riding stock guarded by their herdsmen. with the banner
The expedition rode through Tucson village, Garces carried
saw the strange ruin of Casa Grande, crossed among the
the great bend of the Gila, and followed that Indians. This
river to the Colorado, reaching it November 28 side shows the
and crossing November 30. cont on Page 46 Virgin Mary.
Desert/December 1975 41
owned paste imitations. All other levels
of society simply had glass imitations.

Rambling Unlike the very wealthy, they often did

not know that their " g e m " was glass.
The industry of producing fine gems,

"I keep
water in my
on whatever species, is world-wide, and oc-
cupies many people, many of whom have
become very wealthy. Surprisingly, the
industry of producing fake glass gems is
t a n k . . . and
it's an
.,„. »»»^
Hocks larger, occupies great numbers of peo-
ple, and has also produced wealthy
Most of those that make glass imita-
by tions are honest and do not try to mislead
GLENN and their customers. Many of these are
MARTHA VARGAS artisans of high caliber and their
" g e m s " sometimes can be valuable.
Groups of these are found in many parts
RANCHER of the world. Venetian glass makers are
LOGGER GLASS, THE GEM IMITATOR: • famed the world over. Another group,
TIGERS Sometimes Called Paste making glass for use in fashioning gems,
Oasis Canteens come in 4 sizes, 4 styles are some Italian Monks. These men of
and in 2 m a t e r i a l s . . . 7 models from
which to choose... a canteen to suit
• J HE OWNERSHIP of extremely valu- religion make their living through the
every need. Priced as low as $3.75. | able gems has evidently always been manufacture of what is known as gold-
If not available at your local Sporting ^ a cause for worry. This led to the stone.
Goods, Hardware or Department Stores
write for FREE Catalog practice of having the gems duplicated in The original goldstone is copper crys-
and Mail Order Information.
glass which could easily be worn while tals dispersed through clear glass. This
the real gem reposed safely in a vault. material can be fashioned into unique
M. E. SHAW A SONS Even though many people look upon spangled cabochon gems. The popularity
9 0 BOX 31428, LOS ANGELES, CALIF. 90031 the practice as somewhat foolish (we do of the material led them to produce a
also), nevertheless, we can understand second type; evidently the same copper
the basis for the fear that accompanies crystals embedded in blue glass. Recent-
LOST and the ownership of " p r i c e l e s s " well- ly, black and green versions have ap-

POUND known gems. peared. The process of making goldstone

The practice of making "paste" imita- is secret, but the contents are well
Find Lost Coins tions is very old, with the originator known and understood.
and Treasures! probably unknown. Glass has been used Virtually every gem of any value has
FREE as a gem imitator for a long time, and been imitated with glass. On occasions,
54 pg. Book undoubtedly antedates the use of thewe have felt that the effort involved was
Detectors term paste. It seems to be a foregone really greater than the reward. This
conclusion that the term paste came into leads us to believe that the ego urge to
CARRETT ELECTRONICS being when the gem owner disliked the imitate has been greater than the mone-
Dept. G100
idea of having a glass imitation and ac- tary gain that usually is the basis.
2814 National Dr /Garland, Texas 75041 cepted the word paste as a lesser evil. The period of world monarchy that fol-
lowed the dark ages, and prevailed up to
about 50 years ago, brought fine gems
into fashion. Obviously, very, very few
could afford fine gems, so great numbers
became buyers of glass imitations. The
success of the open sale of imitations
& >li m ral fostered the offering of these same imi-
1741 Cherry Ave., Long Beach, Calif. tations as real gems.
Phone (213) 591-8956 Many unsuspecting buyers, motivated
Open M o n d a y thru Friday, 9 : 3 0 to 6 Saturday, 9 : 3 0 to 5 by greed, have been duped into buying a
»->:< -$M*»M» 5K.T5*-? Headquarters for: clever glass imitation. Many family
• Lapidary Supplies • Jewelry Making • Rockhound Supplies "jewels" have at least a large percent-
• Silver & Gold Casting Machines • Cut Stones • Rough Rock age of glass imitations. We are often
Write for FREE ALL MEW GEM SHOPPER saddened by the array of poorly made
stones that we are sometimes asked to
identify or appraise. Many people have
42 Desert/ December 1975
looked upon these as a depository of wear better. Opals have a variable per-
wealth. We must admit, however, that centage of water in their chemical make-
many of these owners have greatly en- up, and may dry out and become worth-
joyed this "wealth" that never existed. less. The glass imitations contain no
We suspect that some of the gems that water and normally do not change.
belonged to royalty and emperors were A recent glass imitation has us some-
also glass. The museums of many of the what bewildered. Lapis Lazuli is a STOP THAT
wealthy countries contain fine examples well-known but not really valuable gem. THIEF WITH
of fine gems, but there are not many of It is a deep blue, often verging onto pur- IOCKSTRAP
them. Recorded history mentions many ple. Almost without fail, lapis lazuli con-
gems which have disappeared. We feel it tains small flecks of pyrite, better known A revolutionary new design
secures all G.I. cans to itself.
reasonable that their "disappearance" as fool's gold. Needs no carrier. Locks your
was the result of finding they were glass. filler cap. All steel construe
The manufacture of a deep blue glass tion, bright zinc plated.
The Roman chronicler Plinny wrote to imitate the color of lapis should not be Type C
that the Emperor Nero viewed games, difficult. The addition of the pyrite is evi- Only SI 0.00
races and combats through an emerald. dently a problem. Pyrite is a common DEALER PLUS POSTAGE. 4 LBS.

We will admit that there is the possibility mineral, but it melts at a low tempera- INQUIRIES Send for FREE Brochure Showing
that this could have been true, but we ture and quickly alters or breaks down, INVITED. other Models to Fit Any Vehicle.,
1141 Wiltsey Rd. S.E., Salem, OR 9 7 3 0 2 /
stongly doubt it. The size of such an losing its brilliance. A recent manufac- i x

emerald would have to be enormous. It turer solved this problem easily, though Order FREE Catalogue
seems very improbable that a piece not cheaply, by using gold to imitate the
smaller than one inch in smallest dimen- pyrite. We have not seen this imitation
sion could have been of use to the Em- since the skyrocketing of gold prices!
Palm Desert, California 92260
peror. Also, the emerald would have to
In the opinion of many, glass, whether
be flawless, which is also improbable. If
it is called paste or any other name, oc-
we grant that such a stone existed, to be
cupies a lowly place, but we have seen it
able to view anything through it would
maquerading in some very high places. • 46 YEARS
necessitate its being polished as a lens
or with flat sides. We cannot conceive of BEFORE
We would like to comment on a com- "LABOR DAY"BECAME
such a piece being in this manner, in-
munication resulting from our October A LEGAL HOLIDAY,
stead of a gem to be worn, even by the
column. There we discussed crucible Covington manufactured hand & foot powered grinders
"fiddler" Nero. We highly suspect he for Gem Coral & Sea Shells - never losing their
buttons, the green glass-like blobs that
was duped, or that he duped the leadership. They now offer a selection of over 200
modern pieces of Lapidary Equipment & Accessories.
are the result of assaying at metal mines.
chronicler and his court.
We have received, through the Deluxe Gem Tumbler
Some glass imitations that we have courtesy of George and Helen Swain, of Rugged, compact for pros
seen looked as good as the real thing. Holden, Utah, a nice letter and some & beginners. Mod. 250D,
Foremost in our mind is an imitation opal crucible buttons. One was an excellent
that we see occasionally. The glass is button that clearly shows the depression
poured into a cabochon-shaped mold occupied by the globule of metal that 8" & 10" Koolerant Kontrolled
that is turned base upward. The mold is was the reason for the assay. We would Trim Saws Heavy duty
throughout. Complete with Power
not quite filled. The flat base portion of like to quote from their letter. Feed & Cut-Out- Switch & Motor.
Mod. 157d-10",
the stone is allowed, or forced, to "This button came from Delmar, Ne- Sh. Wt. 45 lbs.

wrinkle. After cooling, the wrinkled sur- vada. The first time we were there Diamond Drill,
face is sprayed or coated with a thin me- (1950), there was a large pile of the old Carver & Buffer
tallic layer. More glass is poured over slag (buttons) from the assay office. The Special design saves dia-
the layer with the final base smoothed last time we visited Delmar, there was mond drills. Ideal for Tur-
quoise & other valuable
carefully. The metallic layer is very near none. Stones. Mod. 605D. Sh. Wt.
the base of the stone, and this and the "In Pioche, Nevada, I was well ac- 10 lbs. $54.90
junction is hidden by the metal bezel of quainted with an old mining engineer
the jewelry. When viewed from the top, and chemist. He told me that the type of " C O V I N G T O N S.ncel**
the stone has a play of color that closely flux they used in assaying had a tenden- IJ Please
Box 35, Dept. p., Redlands, CA 92373
accent mymv order for the the following
followina iiitems,
rivals that of fine opal. This imitation is cy to color the slag." and ship at once:
difficult to detect, unless viewed directly Thanks to the Swains, we now know
Enclosed is my:
n Check
Gem Tumbler

Trim Saw
from the side, where there is no play of one mine where the buttons have origin- H Money Order
color. Examination with a magnifying ated, and something about the formation I Name.
lens will reveal the wrinkled character of of the color. The color of the Swain's
the color. button is a very brilliant green, and not
I City
In some respects, these imitation the same color as those we obtained pre-
opals have virtues that opal lacks. Class viously. Bubbles and swirl patterns are | State Zip
I Be sure to enclose postage. Calif. Buyers Add Tax. I
can be harder than opal, and thus might the same. •
Desert/December 1975 43
JEWELRY, GEM and mineral how-to-do craft PRECISION LAPIDARY Abrasive Compounds CABIN, 2V2 ACRES. Blue skies. Clean air.
books, field guides with maps. Free book list. for tumbling, polishing and grinding. Send for View. 4700 ft. alt. $22,500. Box 35, Pinon Hills.
Gembooks, Box 808DM, Mentone, Calif. 92359. free catalogue and price list. MDC Industries, 92372. 714-249-3647.
400 West Glenwood Avenue, Philadelphia,
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Elmer, full-color photography by Josef Muench
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above books are autographed. Please indicate Highway 111, Rancho Mirage, Calif. 92270. "Land Opportunity Review" listing lands
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44 Desert/December 1975
Mail your copy and first-insertion remittance
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PRIVATE INVESTMENT NEWS, 23 months December 1975

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Desert/December 1975
They reached San Sebastian on December 13,
found fair grass and water, and wood for fires,
and camped to await the other sections. The cat-
tle arrived the next day after a continuous drive
without water, in which 11 animals had died.
The rest were so weakened that eight head and
one mule froze to death during the night.
Sergeant Grijalva brought his chilled group in
on December 15. Lieutenant Moraga, caught in
the worst of the snow storm, did not arrive until
the 17th. He had lost 15 mules and horses, but
all his people survived.
That night, Sunday, the expedition members
celebrated their reunion at San Sebastian, and
the conquest of the desert. It was a happy time,
but Father Font found it discordant, and was
particularly upset by a "bold widow" who sang
songs that "were not nice," and was applauded
for them. At morning Mass, he informed his
flock they should have been thanking God for
sparing their lives instead of holding a fandango
in honor of the devil.
Leaving San Sebastian, Anza followed his
earlier trail through Borrego Valley and the Pass
of San Carlos, and out of the desert country. The
expedition arrived at San Gabriel Mission on
January 4, 1776, and at Monterey March 10.
Anza returned to Tubac, but Lieutenant
Moraga led the colonists on to the edge of San
Francisco where they arrived June 27, 1776—
Soldados de cuera [leather soldiers] carry out 1775 military drill at Tubac. eight days before the signing of the American
Supplies were kept dry, taken over in small Declaration of Independence.
ANZA RIDES AGAIN loads. Anza Expedition celebrations in Yuma will be-
Now Anza faced the deadly, empty, thirsty gin the afternoon of November 28—the day the
Continued from Page 41
land that was to become the Imperial Valley. 1775 expedition arrived — with a slide show on
Scouts sent out to search for water could find no Camino del Diablo in the afternoon and a ball for
The friendly Yumas, under their Chief Palma, more than the scant supplies Anza had located' the expediton at the convention center that
brought beans, calabashes, maize, wheat, and on his earlier journey. night. On the 29th, there will be a parade down
large ripe watermelons. Font found them tall, The company moved down the river and 4th Avenue in the morning, Cocopa Indian
sturdy, and "not very ugly." They lived in camped at the lagoon of Santa Olaya, near pres- dances in the afternoon, band concerts and
earth-covered huts, "somewhat excavated, like ent Pescadero Dam. Indians brought more de- fireworks in the evening. On the 30th, there will
a rabbit burrow." They seemed gentle, gay and licious ripe watermelons and there was excellent be a religious service at the Colorado River at
happy —but they were lazy. Fathers Garces and pasturage. Anza rested his stock and his people, 2:00 p.m., and at 3:00 p.m., at Joe Henry
Eixarch were left to teach them better ways of for the desert ahead. Memorial Park, the river crossing will be under-
life. Because of the lack of water, Anza decided to taken.
The expedition crossed the Colorado at a ford cross the desert in three sections. The cattle and Visitors should be forwarned that if the event
where the river was six feet at its deepest. the loose stock made a fourth, but they were to planning at Yuma is similar to that at Tubac—
Women and children were crossed on horses. strike directly across for Carrizo Creek, the driv- where arrangements for the expedition depar-
ers carrying skins filled with water for their own ture seemed planned primarily for officials, par-
use, the animals, hopefully, to survive without. ticipants and invited guests—it may be neces-
With every water bottle filled, maize and sary to park a long distance from the activities,
grain carried for every mount, Anza led out the then find your location for advantageous view-
first division. Winding through the great Imper- ing.
ial sand dunes, the cavalcade fought cold winds That river crossing at Yuma, though, ought to
and a snow storm that swept the entire plain. be worth making an effort to see. It might also
They reached El Carrizal on December 9, " a be a test of the exactness with which the Anza
deadly place with no pasturage and extremely Expedition of 1975-76 is recreating that of
DISPLAY & SELL bad water." December 10 they made camp in a 1775-76. I would be especially interested in the
YOUR ART WORK dry wash which has been identified as the chan- way today's Fathers Font and Garces cross the
INTERNATIONALLY nel of the New River. Colorado.
Next morning they rose at 3:00 a.m., rode at In his diary, Font described how, ill and
7:00 a.m. They crossed the present International "dizzy-headed" with one of his bouts with
E D C C ARTISTS I Border near Calexico, and reached the wells at malaria, he was helped across the river by three
r l t C E LISTINGS •
Santa Rosa at 6:00 p.m., having traveled 35 servants—one leading his horse, the others, one
For information and artitt
reservation form mail 25c to:
miles in 11 hours. The rest of the night and into on each side, holding him in the saddle.
the morning the men worked in the shallow Father Garces also had three helpers—but
INTERNATIONAL holes, deepening them and dipping the seeping with a difference! Wrote Font: "Father Garces
water out in baskets, to satisfy the thirsty was carried over on the shoulders of three
animals. Yumas, two at his head and one at his feet, he ly-
217 EAST SUNSET DRIVE NORTH To free the wells for the divisions following, ing stretched out face up as though he were
Anza's section moved on 10 miles and made a dead."
Offer Expires Nov. 30, 1975 dry camp in Coyote Wash, north of Plaster City. That would be a Bicentennial event to see! •
46 Desert/ December 1975
Letters Calendar of Events
to the This column is a public service and there is no
charge for listing your event or meeting—so take
JANUARY 31-FEBRUARY 1, Orange Coast
Mineral & Lapidary Society's 26th Annual

advantage of the space by sending in your an- Show, National Guard A r m o r y , 612 E.
nouncement. We must receive the information Warner, Santa Ana, Calif. Dealer space
at least three months prior to the event. filled. Free admission and parking. Outstand-
ing exhibits.
Letters requesting answers must J ANUARY 18, Sylmar Gem Dandies Gem and
include stamped self-addressed envelope Mineral Club "Showoff of 1976." Masonic JANUARY 31-FEBRUARY 1, The Spirits of
Temple, 1112 N. Maclay, San Fernando, Cali- 76 in Glass, sponsored by the Southern
fornia. Free parking, admission and demon- Nevada Antique Bottle Collectors, 11th
strations. Food, dealers. Annual Bottle Show and Sale, Convention
Center, Las Vegas, Nevada. Contact: Karen
Found Desert. . . JANUARY 31-FEBRUARY 1, California Perraro, 515 Northridge Dr., Boulder City,
Barbed Wire Collectors Association's An- Nevada 89005.
By sheer chance, while visiting a friend at a tique Barbed Wire and Collectable Show at
V. A. hospital in Albany, I saw a copy of your the Colonial Country Club, 25115 Kirby at FEBRUARY 13-15, Tucson Gem and Mineral
very interesting magazine. Menlo, Hemet, California. Barbed wire, fenc- Society's 22nd Annual Show, Tucson Com-
Please enter my subscription for one year. ing tools, bottles, insulators, date nails and munity Center Exhibition Hall, 350 S. Church
It will be invaluable to us in planning a major more. Free. Write: Amos Ulberg, 21100 St., Tucson, Arizona. Dealer space filled. Ad-
Western vacation next year. Highway 79, Space 309, San Jacinto, Califor- mission $1.00 adults, children under 14 free
nia 92383. with adult.
Woodstock, New York. FEBRUARY 22-29, Desert Botanical Gar-
The article has satisfied our curiosity. Now den's 29th Annual Cactus Show, Papago
we are wondering where we could see a Park, Phoenix, Arizona. Free admission.
crucible button. Perhaps one of your readers Oldest and largest show of its kind with a
Identifies Cannon . . . knows. striking variety of displays.
Incidentally, during the time we lived in the
The picture of the small cannon that Terry desert, we were at Ballarat and talked to
Craffam found (Desert Magazine, October MARCH 5-7, Phoenix Gem and Mineral Show
Seldom Seen Slim about the town. We were
1975, p. 47), is beyond a doubt one of a "Spirit of '76," sponsored by the Maricopa
disappointed recently to learn that the few re-
limited edition. Lapidary Society. State Fairgrounds, Phoe-
maining adobe buildings that were standing
Possibly he could clean it up a little with nix, Arizona. Overnight parking for campers
when we were there are nearly gone now.
acid or sand and find a serial number. De in fairgrounds. Field trip March 8. Richard
Anza may very well have carried a number of Canterbury, Chairman, 2050 W. Dunlap,
MRS. RALPH E. THOMAS, Phoenix, Arizona 85021.
these for " t r i n k e t " trading with the Indians.
Tenino, Washington.

MAX K.OLIPHANT, MARCH 6 & 7, "Artistry from Nature," 14th

Escondido, California. Annual Show, Ventura County Fairgrounds,
I read with interest the article in the Octo- Ventura, California. Dealer spaces filled,
ber Desert Magazine by Glenn Vargas. camping available. Chairman: Ed Rogers,
Finds Crucibles . . . Quite a few years ago, a friend and I were 3462 Minna, Oxnard, California 93030.
touring around the desert and came upon a
For several years we have looked forward deserted mining complex. In the assay shack MARCH 13 & 14, 1976 Needles Gem and
to each issue of Desert magazine. In one of we found crucibles and crucible buttons. Mineral Club's Annual Spring Parade of
your 1973 issues, an article about jasper in Three of the buttons were as Mr. Vargas de- Gems, Elks Club, 1000 Lily Hilly Dr.,
Southern California was the incentive for one scribed them —just buttons of opaque mater- Needles, California. Exhibits, Field Trips,
of our vacation trips to the desert where we ial. The fourth one is a very pretty transpar- Food, Prizes. Dealers filled. Alberta Frye,
found some lovely pieces of both red and gold ent green. It is not a whole one, but of good Chairman, P. O. Box 762, Needles, CA 92363.
jasper we are proud to display in their natural size. I have always been curious about this
state. button and wondered if it could be emerald MARCH 19-21, 16th Annual Southwest Cem
The "Rambling on Rocks" article about cut into a nice stone. and Mineral Show, Villita Assembly Hall, 401
crucible buttons in the October 1975 issue is Villita Street, San Antonio, Texas.
especially interesting to us. From September FREDPAULSEN,
1974 through mid-1948, we lived at Argus, Beaumont, California, MARCH 20 & 21, Sequoia Mineral Society's
California when the American Potash and 38th Annual "Gem Roundup," Memorial
Chemical Corporation was expanding their Building, Dinnba, California, dealers filled.
refinery at Trona. We spent many weekends Chairman: Sam Carlson, 2102 Merced St.,
exploring the desert and mountains in the Enjoyed Ghost Town Article . . . Selma, California 93662.
area. In an abandoned mine in the Slate
Mountains, we saw several very old articles I particularly enjoyed the article, "Dust MARCH 27 & 28, Roseville Rock Rollers,
including a small rusted metal box with a and Desolation" in your October '75 issue. I Inc., 5th Annual Gem and Mineral Show,
hinged lid that contained six or seven can- have read about many desolate places and "Nature's Wonders." Placer County Fair-
dles, a hammer, a pick with a broken handle, believe me this is one of them! grounds, Main Exhibit Hall, Hwy. 65 and All
and a few crucibles. Only one crucible was American Blvd., Roseville, California. Ad-
intact. We were curious about its use so we NATHAN MERRILL, mission, 50c. Dealers, demonstrations, ex-
have kept it all these years. Charlestown, N. H. hibits, ample parking and camping.

Desert/December 1975 47
•.; jm