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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
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Manual 0101A
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Compact GK
®
13 5/8" - 5000 psi
Annular Blowout Preventer
R
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
R
Pressure Control Equipment
Please contact Hydril Pressure Control Equipment for any assistance or questions concerning the information in this
manual. All information contained in this manual is the exclusive property of Hydril Company LP.
CONTENTS
PAGE
OPERATOR QUICK REFERENCE . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3
SECTION 1.0 – INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
1.1 Principle of Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5
1.2 Surface Operation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8
SECTION 2.0 – PHYSICAL DATA
2.1 Physical Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.2 Bolt and Wrench Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11
2.3 Lubricant List . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.4 API Ring J oint Flange Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12
2.5 Clamp Hub Data . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2.6 Inside Dimensions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
2.7 Outside Dimensions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15
SECTION 3.0 – PACKERS AND SEALS
3.1 Packing Units . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16
3.2 Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
SECTION 4.0 – MAINTENANCE AND TESTING
4.1 Maintenance . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19
4.2 Seal Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20
4.3 Packing Unit Testing . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
SECTION 5.0 – DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
5.1 Disassembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
5.2 Assembly. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22
SECTION 6.0 – PARTS AND STORAGE
6.1 Parts List. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24
6.2 Preventor Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
6.3 Rubber Goods Storage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26
HYDRIL BOP SALES AND SERVICE LOCATIONS
HYDRIL COMPANY LP/P.O. BOX 60458/HOUSTON, TEXAS 77205
TELEPHONE: (281) 449-2000
FAX: (281) 985-2828 / WEB: www.hydril.com
©2001 Hydril Company LP Printed In The USA April 2001 Rev. A, J anuary 2002
PAGE
3
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
OPERATOR QUICK REFERENCE
Opening
Pressure
▲ ▲▲ ▲▲Surface Control Pressure —psi
WELL PRESSURE—psi
Initial*
Pipe Size Closure 500 1500 2500 3500 5000
2 3/8 950 850 600 350 100 50
2 7/8" 750 650 400 150 50 50
3 1/2" 700 550 300 50 50 50
4 1/2" -5 1/2" 650 500 150 50 50 50
7" -9 5/8" 600 400 50 50 50 50
CSO 1150 1150 1150 1150 1150 1150
Close cautiously to prevent collapse of casing.
▲ *Use closing pressure shown at initial closure to establish seal off and reduce closing pressure proportionally as
well pressure is increased. Well pressure will maintain closure after exceeding the required level. See Section 1 for
control pressure graphs. Closing pressures are average and will vary slightly with each packing unit.
Optimum stripping is obtained by adjusting the Control Pressure to achieve a slight drilling fluid leakage as the tool
joint passes through the packing unit.
Closing
Pressure
Control Pressures
Standard
Hookup
PAGE
4
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Proper Procedure for pressure testing any annular blow-
out preventer (BOP) ensures subsequent seal off and
maximum packing unit life. Reliable seal off tests are made
by initially closing the packing unit with prescribed closing
chamber pressure on the recommended size test pipe,
proportionally reducing closing pressure as well pressure is
increased, and by determining the remaining piston travel
after seal off is achieved. Optimum packing unit life is
obtained by testing at low rubber stress levels. Minimum
packing unit stress is achieved by use of the minimum
closing chamber pressure that will initiate and maintain
seal off on the recommended size test pipe.
The HYDRIL
®
Compact GK
®
blowout preventer is de-
signed to be well pressure assisted in maintaining packing
unit seal off once initial seal off has been effected. Initial
seal off is effected by applying pressure to the closing
chamber. As well pressure or test pressure increases, the
closing force on the packing unit also increases. As well
pressure exceeds the required level, the packing unit is
maintained in the closed position on the recommended size
test pipe by well pressure alone. Once initial seal off is
achieved, it is recommended that closing pressure be
reduced proportionally as well pressure is increased in
order to maintain the optimum closing force on the packing
unit. Optimum closing forces for high well pressures may
require careful application of pressure to the opening
chamber. Closing pressure required to effect initial seal off
may vary slightly between individual packing units. Begin
the test with the recommended initial closing pressure.
Piston Stroke can be measured on the Compact GK
®
blowout preventers through a vertical passage in the top of
the BOP head. The maximum and minimum distances from
the top of the head to the top of the piston are stamped on
the BOP head and are also listed in the table below. Piston
stroke remaining at seal off is a direct indicator of remaining
packing unit life. Record the piston stroke and the closing
pressure at seal off for each test. Compare with previous
results and with maximum piston stroke for the BOP to
ensure subsequent seal offs. A valid test on any annular
BOP is only achieved when the remaining piston stroke is
measured at test seal off.
3
2
1
TAPE
MEASURE
5/16" ROD
Sales Headquarters / P.O. Box 60458 / Houston, Texas 77205 / Telephone: (281) 449-2000
Eastern Hemisphere / Hydril U.K. Ltd. Minto Avenue Altens Industrial Estate Aberdeen, AB1 4J Z
Scotland / Telephone: +441-224-878-824 / Fax: +441-224-898-524
ANNULAR BOP TESTING AND OPERATION
OPERATIONAL DATA
Bore 13 5/8 in. 346.1 mm
Closing Chamber 17.98 68.1
Volume gal. (U.S.) liters
Opening Chamber 14.16 53.6
Volume gal. (U.S.) liters
Recommended Test
Pipe Size 5 in. 114 mm
Full Piston Stroke 8 1/2 in. 216 mm
Distance From Top of Head To Top of Piston
Screwed Head
Maximum — Piston Full
Down 13 1/2 in. 343 mm
Minimum — Piston at Full
Stroke 5 in. 127 mm
R
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
CLOSING
CHAMBER
Figure 1-1. Cross-section of
Compact GK
®
With Packing Unit
Fully Open.
OPENING
CHAMBER
PISTON
PACKING UNIT
WEAR PLATE
HEAD
BODY
1.0 INSTALLATION AND OPERATION
1.1 Principle of Operation
SLOTTED
BODY
SLEEVE
HOIST
RING
PAGE
6
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
The HYDRIL
®
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 blowout
preventer is an annular blowout preventer which will close
and seal off on drillpipe, tool joints, tubing, casing, or
wireline in the wellbore or completely seal off the open hole
to full rated working pressure by cornpression of a rein-
forced elastomer packing element (refer to API Recom-
mended Practice 53*). Seal off is effected by raising the
piston which causes the packing unit to be squeezed
inward to a sealing engagement with anything in the bore
or with itself on the open hole. See Figures 1-3 through 1-
6.
The piston is raised by applying hydraulic pressure to
the closing chamber. The optimum closing pressure is the
minimum pressure that will maintain a complete seal
under existing operational conditions. Drill pipe can be
rotated and tool joints stripped through a closed packing
unit while maintaining a full seal on the pipe.
Any normal closing unit having a separate regulator
valve for the annular blowout preventers and sufficient
accumulator volume can be used to operate the Compact
GK
®
annular blowout preventer. The hydraulic operating
fluid may be clean, light petroleum hydraulic oil with aniline
point higher than 160
o
F, or water with soluble oil added. In
cold climates, antifreeze should be added to prevent
freezing. CAUTION: Do not use synthetic fluids or fuel
oils as serious seal damage will result.
The closing time of the preventer is determined by the
rate at which the hydraulic fluid can be delivered to the
closing chamber. Minimum closing time can be achieved
by using short, large-diameter control lines and a large
accumulator volume.
Figure 1-2. Upward force exerted
by the piston squeezes packing rubber
inward into a sealing engagement.
Packing
Unit
Piston
*API Recommended Practices for Blowout Prevention
Equipment Systems R.P. 53 is available from the Ameri-
can Petroleum Institute, 1220 L Street, Northwest, Wash-
ington, DC 20005.
PAGE
7
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Figure 1-6. Cutaway view of Compact GK
®
BOP with
packing unit closed on open hole. Complete closure of
packing unit safely holds well pressure, without leakage,
equal to the rated working pressure of the preventer.
Figure 1-5. Cutaway view of Compact GK
®
BOP with
packing unit closed on square kelly. The packing unit seals
off on square or hexagonal kellys to rated pressure.
Figure 1-3. Cutaway view of HYDRIL
®
Compact GK
®
BOP with packing unit fully open. The Compact GK opens
to full bore to allow passage of large-diameter tools through
open bore as well as maximum annulus flow of drilling
fluids. Packing unit always returns to full open position due
to normal resiliency of rubber packing unit. Retention of
opening chamber pressure will ensure positive control of
piston and reduce wear caused by vibration.
Figure 1-4. Cutaway view of Compact GK
®
BOP with
packing unit closed on drillpipe. The packing unit seals off
on tool joints, any size pipe, casing or wireline to rated
pressure.
PAGE
8
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
1.2.1 Surface Hookup
The surface hookup for the HYDRIL
®
Compact GK
®
(refer
to Figure 1-7) connects the hydraulic control lines to the
opening and closing chambers of the BOP.
Pressure applied to the closing chamber raises the
piston and causes the seal off between the packing unit
and drillpipe. Well pressure or test pressure also acts on
the piston below the sealed off packing unit and further
increases the closing force acting on the packing unit. As
the well pressure or test pressure exceeds the required
level, the preventer is kept closed by well pressure alone.
As well pressure further increases, the closing force on the
packing unit also increases. Closing pressure should be
reduced proportionally as well pressure is increased in
order to maintain optimum closing force on the packing
unit and prolong the life of the packing unit.
The control pressure graph (Figure 1-8/1-8a) shows
the relationship of closing pressure and well pressure for
optimum seal off.
During normal drilling operations, it is recommended
that the pressure regulator valve for the GK
®
be set at the
initial closing pressure shown for the size pipe being used.
This pressure will ensure that initial seal off is achieved
should a "kick" be encountered.
During BOP testing operations, once initial seal off is
achieved, closing pressure should be reduced proportion-
Opening
Pressure
Closing
Pressure
Figure 1-7. Standard Hookup
1.2 Surface Operation
Figure 1-8. Operating Curves – Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 PSI Annular BOP
ally as well pressure is increased.
The control Pressure graph, Figure 1-8a, shows the
relationship of closing pressure and well pressure
required to effect optimum seal off for the GK 13 5/8"-
5000 BOP when supplied with the long life packing unit.
WELL PRESSURE-PSI
1000
0 1000 2000 3000
500
1500
0










C
L
O
S
I
N
G

P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
-
P
S
I
4000 5000
*
*
7
"

th
r
u

9

5
/8
"

P
IP
E
4
1
/2
"
th
r
u
5
1
/2
"
P
IP
E
3
1
/2
" P
IP
E
2
7
/8
" P
IP
E
2
3
/8
" P
IP
E
CSO
*Closing pressures are average and will vary slightly with each
packing unit. Use closing pressure shown at initial closure to establish seal
off and reduce closing pressure proportionally as well pressure is increased.
Well pressure will maintain closure after exceeding the required level.
**Close cautiously to prevent collapse of casing.
PAGE
9
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
WELL PRESSURE-PSI
1000
0 1000 2000
3000
500
1500
0










C
L
O
S
I
N
G

P
R
E
S
S
U
R
E
-
P
S
I
4000 5000
CSO
2000
2200
Figure 1-8a: Average Control Pressure – Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 PSI BOP, Long Life Packing Unit
* Closing pressures are average and will vary slightly with each
packing unit. Use closing pressure shown at initial closure to establish seal
off and reduce closing pressure proportionally as well pressure is increased.
Well pressure will maintain closure after exceeding the required level.
**Close cautiously to prevent collapse of casing.
2
7
/8
" th
ru
3
1
/2
" P
IP
E
2
3
/8
" P
IP
E
*
*
7
" P
IP
E
5
" P
IP
E
PAGE
10
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Although not recommended as a routine practice, if neces-
sary drillpipe can be rotated and tool joints stripped through
a closed GK
®
packing unit while maintaining a full seal.
Longest life for the packing unit is obtained by adjusting the
closing chamber pressure low enough to maintain a seal
on the drillpipe with a slight amount of drilling fluid leakage
as the tool joint passes through the packing unit. The
drilling fluid leakage indicates optimum seal off for mini-
mum packing unit wear and provides lubrication for the drill
pipe motion through the packing unit.
Slow tool joint stripping speeds reduce surge pressures
and prolong packing unit life. The pressure regulator valve
should be set to provide and maintain the proper control
pressure. If the pressure regulator valve does not respond
fast enough for effective BOP control, a surge absorber
(accumulator) should be installed in the closing chamber
control line adjacent to the blowout preventer. Precharge
the accumulator to one-half of the closing pressure re-
quired to effect a seal off at the existing well pressure for the
Surface Hookup
Figure 1-9. Hookup for Surface Stripping Operations
Opening
Pressure
Closing
Pressure
1.2.2 Surface Stripping Operations
Surface Hookup With Surge Absorber
Example Precharge Calculation:
500 psi well pressure, 4 1/2" - 5 1/2" drillpipe
Precharge =0.50 X Closing Pressure
From Figure 1-8:
Closing Pressure =500 psi
Precharge =0.50 x 500 psi
Precharge =250 psi
PAGE
11
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
2.0 PHYSICAL DATA
a
Refers to Figure 5-1.
b
Torque values based on use of Never-Seize Thread Lubricant (coefficient of friction is 0.069) or equivalent.
2.1 Engineering Data
English Metric
Bore .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 5/8 inches 346 mm
Working Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5000 psi 345 Bar
Maximum Operating Pressure . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3000 psi 207 Bar
Shell Test Pressure (Factory Test Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10,000 psi 690 Bar
Closing Chamber Test Pressure (Factory Test Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5000 psi 345 Bar
Opening Chamber Test Pressure (Factory Test Only) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5000 psi 345 Bar
Volume—Closing Chamber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17.98 gallons 68.05 liters
Volume—Opening Chamber . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14.16 gallons 53.59 liters
Piston Stroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 1/2 inches 216 mm
Hydraulic Connection, Open and Close . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.0-inch NPT
BOP Assembly . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11,200 lb 5080 kg
Weight Head . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 3,200 lb 1452 kg
Piston .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1,300 lb 590 kg
Pad Eye Safe Working Load (Each) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15,000 lb 6.80 tonne
13 5/8" -5000
2.2 Bolt and Wrench Data
Ref. Description Thread Wrench Torque
No.
a
Size Lb/Ft (N•m)
b
5 Cap Screw - Slotted Sleeve 3/4"-10UNRC 3/4" 12-Pt Key 50 (68)
7 Cap Screw - Wear Plate 1/2"-11UNC 3/4" Hex 50 (68)
8 Lock Screw - Head 3/4"-10UNC 1 1/4" Hex 100 (135)
. . . Eyebolt - Piston 5/8"-11UNC . . . . Snug
. . . Eyebolt - Head 1"- 8UNC . . . . Snug
. . . Pipe Plug - Open & Close Ports 1"-11 1/2 NPT 3/8" Hex Key Snug
. . . Pipe Plug - Piston Indicator Port 1/2"-14 NPT 5/8" Hex Key Snug
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
C
A
Bolted Flange,
Using Stud Bolts.
Studded Flange,
Using Studs.
C
B
2.4 API Ring Joint Flange Data
a
Bolt material shall be of a quality and strength not less than specified by ASTM A-193, Grade B7. Nuts shall be of a
quality not less than ASTM A-194, Grade 2H. Stud bolts are threaded full length.
b
Lengths shown herein are overall lengths, including point at both ends, as shown in table.
c
Dimensions shown are outside diameters of 6BX flange grooves.
2.3 Lubricant List
Seals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Castor Oil or Silicon Grease
Packing Unit . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Castor Oil
Internal Metal Surfaces . . . . . . . . . Castor Oil
BOP Body & Head Threads . . . . . Zinc Base (lead-free) Tool J oint Lubricant
Screw & Nut Threads . . . . . . . . . . Never-Seize Thread Lubricant (coefficient of friction =0.069) or Equivalent
SEAL RING FLANGE
Nominal
Size
Inches
(MM)
Bore
Dia.
Inches
(MM)
BOLTS & STUDS
a
O.D.
Inches
(MM)
Thickness
Inches
(MM)
Max. API
Service
Pressure Rating
PSI (BAR)
† Dia. C
Inches
(MM)
API
Ring
Stud Bolts
A
Bolt
Circle
Dia.
Inches (MM)
Length
b
Inches (MM)
Size No.
Req.
Studs
B
16 1 5/8-8UN 13 (330) 8 1/4 (210) 23 1/4 (591)
20 1 7/8-8UN 18 (457) 11 3/4 (298) 26 1/2 (673)
13 5/8 (346) 13 5/8 (346) 5000 (345) 26 1/2 (673) 4 7/16 (113) 16.063 (408) BX160
13 5/8 (346) 13 5/8 (346) 10,000 (690) 30 1/4 (760) 6 5/8 (168) 17.033 (433) BX159
PAGE
13
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
2.5 Clamp Hub Connections
J
G
B
E
F
A
C
A
B
E
F
G
H
H
HUB
BX
Hub
Size
Inches
(MM)
Seal Ring No. Bore
Size A
Inches
(MM)
Rated
Working
Pressure
PSI (BAR)
Hub Dimensions - Inches (MM)
13 5/8 (346) 13 5/8 (346) 5000 (345) . . . 160
13 5/8 (346) 13 5/8 (346) 10,000 (690) . . . 159
B
4 7/8 (124)
5 3/8 (137)
C
NOTE: API 16A 1st Edition Nov 1, 1986 Does Not Include Clamps.
20 5/8 (524)
22 1/4 (565)
RX D J
. . .
. . .
. . .
. . .
RX Only
Standoff
E
9 1/4 (235)
10 3/8 (264)
F
26 3/4 (679)
30 3/8 (772)
G H
31 (787)
35 5/8 (905)
7 11/16 (195)
9 1/2 (241)
Clamp Dimensions - Inches (MM) ▲
▲ Clamp dimensions may vary from those shown.
PAGE
14
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
5000
NOMINAL
DIMENSION G H J K L M
Bore
13 5/8
(346)
I.D.
Piston
16.25
(413)
I.D.
Upper Body
37.50
(953)
I.D.
Lower Body
28
(711)
Piston
Height
23.69
(602)
Stroke
8.50
(216)
Packing
Unit
Height
13.50
(343)
Head Top
to Wear Plate
Bottom
7.75
(197)
Sleeve Top
to Head
Bottom
13.93
(354)
2.6 Inside Dimensions
NOMINAL
DIMENSION A B C D E F
Head Height
15.75
(400)
Head Top
to Piston Top
(Full Down)
13.50
(343)
5000
O
21
o
2.6.1 Inside Dimensional Data – Inches (MM)
A
B
C
D
E
J
L
M
K
F
Ø
H G
O.D.
Upper Piston
30.25
(768)
PAGE
15
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
2.7 Outside Dimensions
NOMINAL DIMENSIONS
2.7.1 Outside Dimensional Data – Inches (MM)
A
B
C
D
E
F
H
Open
Chamber
Close
Chamber
G
A
49.84
(269)
B
45.25
(362)
C
33.19
(843)
F
12
(305)
G
52.75
(1340)
H
60.25
(1530)
D
16.65
(423)
E
22.69
(576)
PAGE
16
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Figure 3-1
Cutaway drawing showing
how rubber is molded around
steel segments.
Figure 3-1a
Long Life Packing Unit
3.1 Packing Units
The heart of the GK
®
blowout preventer is the packing unit
(refer to Figure 3-1 and 3-1a). The unit is manufactured by
Hydril from quality proprietary rubber compounds and
reinforced with flanged steel segments. Each unit has a
large volume of tough, feedable rubber to meet any require-
ment.
The molded-in steel segments have flanges at the top
and bottom These segments anchor the packing unit within
the blowout preventer and control rubber extrusion and
flow when sealing off well pressures. Since the rubber is
confined and kept under compression, it resists tears and
abrasion.
All annular blowout preventer packing units are sub-
jected to wear during closure and stripping. The design of
the HYDRIL
®
GK
®
compact blowout preventer is intended
to result in closure wear on the outside of the packing unit
while stripping wear results on the inside. Thus, the
stripping life of the packing unit is affected by wear from
routine closures.
3.0 PACKING UNITS AND SEALS
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Figure 3-1. Packing Unit Construction
Feedable Rubber
Flanged Steel Segments
3.1.1 Packing Unit Selection
Because of the importance of the packing unit to the
operation of the blowout preventer and to the safety of the
crew and rig, only genuine HYDRIL
®
packing units should
be used as replacements for original equipment. All
HYDRIL
®
packing units are tested to full rated pressure
inside a test blowout preventer at the factory as part of rigid
standard acceptance tests before being furnished to the
consumer.
Packing units for HYDRIL
®
blowout preventers are
manufactured from proprietary compounds or natural rub-
ber, nitrile rubber, or neoprene rubber.
Natural Rubber is compounded for drilling with wa-
ter-base drilling fluids. Natural rubber can be used at
operating temperatures between –30
o
F to 200
o
F (–35
o
C to
93
o
C). When properly applied, the compounded natural
rubber packing unit will usually provide the longest service
life. This all-black packing unit is identified by a serial
number with the suffix R or NR (refer to Figure 3-1).
Nitrile Rubber (a synthetic compound) is for use with
oil-base or oil-additive drilling fluids. It provides the best
service with oil-base muds, when operated at tempera-
tures between 40
o
F to 180
o
F (4
o
C to 82
o
C). The nitrile
rubber packing unit is identified by a red colored band and
a serial number with the suffix S or NBR .
Seals for HYDRIL
®
blowout preventers are manufac-
tured from a special nitrile rubber material which provides
long, trouble-free service in sealing against oil, gas, or
water.
Expected H
2
S Service does not affect selection of
packing unit material. H
2
S service will reduce the service
life of rubber products, but the best overall service life is
obtained by matching the packing unit material with the
requirements of the specific drilling fluid.
Performance of elastomeric materials can vary sig-
nificantly, depending on the nature and extent of exposure
to hydrogen sulfide. The operator should monitor pres-
sure sealing integrity frequently to assure no performance
degradation has occurred.
Storage Conditions are important for realizing the
maximum life of the packing unit. Packing units should be
stored in a cool, dry dark storage area. Atmosphere, light,
and heat accelerate deterioration of rubber goods. It is
also essential to practice first-in, first-out inventory man-
agement when storing packing units. Other significant
storage factors are covered in Section 6.3 of this manual.
I.D. Band
Natural Rubber-NR – No Band
Nitrile Rubber-NBR – Red Band
PAGE
18
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
3.1.3 Splitting Packing Units
Packing unit replacement is also possible with the pipe in
the hole. After removing the worn packing unit, cut the new
packing unit completely and smoothly through one side
between any two steel segments preferably 90
o
from
eyebolt holes to achieve easier handing (refer to Figure 3-
2). The cut should be made with a sharp knife as this will
not affect the efficiency of the packing unit. Spring seg-
ment apart with a pry bar to put rubber in tension for easier
cutting. Do Not use a saw or other rough cutting tool.
Spring packing unit open sufficiently to pass around the
pipe as shown in Figure 3-2), drop the unit into position in
blowout preventer body, and install the head.
NOTE: The packing unit should be split only in the case of
an emergency. The packing unit should be replaced as
soon as possible with a unit that has not been split.
Figure 3-2. Proper Method for Cutting Through
Packing Unit With a Sharp Knife
3.1.2 Packing Unit Replacement
Screwed Head
The screwed head design of the GK
®
compact blowout
preventer allows for easy replacement of the packing unit
and eliminates loose parts that can be lost downhole or
overboard. To replace the packing unit, refer to Figure 5-
1 and follow Steps 5.1.1 and 5.1.3 of the "Disassembly"
procedure and Steps 5.2.4 and 5.2.6 of the "Assembly"
procedure.
DYNAMIC SEALS STATIC SEALS
DOUBLE U-SEAL
Cross-Section With
Non-ExtrusionRings
SQUARE RING
Cross-Section
3.2 Seals
The seal rings for HYDRIL
®
blowout preventers are manu-
factured from a special synthetic rubber material for long
trouble-free sealing service. To prevent seal damage, Do
Not use synthetic fluids in the hydraulic operating system.
The hydraulic operating fluid may be clean, light petroleum
hydraulic oil with aniline point higher than 160
o
F, or water
with soluble oil added. In cold climates, antifreeze should
be added to prevent freezing.
The types of seal rings used are dynamic and static
(refer to Figure 3-3). The dynamic seals are double U-
seals with non-extrusion rings. The static seals are square
ring configuration. Replacement of the seals requires
disassembly and assembly of the blowout preventer as
outlined in Section 5. For seal maintenance and testing,
refer to Section 4.
Figure 3-3. Seal Cross-Section.
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
4.1 Maintenance
Prior to placing the GK
®
Compact blowout preventer into
service, the following visual inspections (as noted in Figure
4-1) should be performed.
1. Inspect the upper and lower connections for pitting,
wear, and damage—especially in ring grooves and stud
bolt holes. Worn or damaged ring grooves must be welded,
machined, and stress relieved in a Hydril authorized ma-
chine shop.
NOTE: The HYDRIL
®
GK
®
Compact bl owout
preventer is a primary pressure vessel. As supplied,
the blowout preventer surfaces exposed to well bore
fluids meet the requirements for H
2
S service. Proper
handling and repair are required to maintain the origi-
nal integrity. Field welding should be avoided as it
induces undesirable stresses which must be relieved
by proper heat treating procedures or controlled by
special welding procedures.
2. Check the body for wear and damage—especially in the
internal cylinder walls for pits and vertical scores. Remove
minor pits and scores with emery cloth. Coat the repaired
surface with silicone grease or castor oil. Severe pits and
scores that require machining and/or welding must be
repaired in a Hydril authorized machine shop.
3. Inspect the vertical bore for wear and damage from drill
string and drill tools—especially in the area of the ring
grooves. If wear is excessive, the area must be repaired.
4. Check the inner body sleeve for wear, damage, and
looseness. Check slots in inner body sleeve for cuttings
which may restrict piston movement.
5. Check the piston for damage and wear—especially the
seal surfaces for pits and vertical scores and the tapered
bowl for pits and gouges.
Remove minor pits and scores on the walls with emery
cloth. Coat the repaired surface with silicone grease or
castor oil. Severe pits and scores that require machining
and/or welding must be repaired in a Hydril authorized
repair facility. Contact Hydril for nearest location. Remove
sharp or rolled edges with emery cloth or a grinder. The
repair is satisfactory when the surface is relatively smooth.
6. Check the wear plate in the inner bottom face of the head
for wear. In addition to the results of time and use, wear of
this metal surface is produced by the combination of
vertical (upward thrust) and lateral forces. These forces are
generated each time the packing unit is closed. Typically,
wear is severe and is exhibited in the form of grooves or
channels shaped by the steel segments of the packing unit.
4.0 MAINTENANCE AND TESTING
Figure 4-1. Areas and Parts Requiring Maintenance
1
3
8
8
3
1
6
7
5
2
4
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
4.2 Seal Testing
When it is known or suspected that a seal within the GK
®
blowout preventer is leaking, it is recommended that all
seals be replaced. However, if only the seal in question is
to be replaced, it must first be determined which seal is
leaking. To find the leaking seal, refer to Figure 4-2 and
use the following procedure: Seal number callouts refer to
Figure 6-1 in Parts and Storage Section.
1. Test seals 12 (middle piston) and 10 (lower piston).
a. Pressure closing chamber. The test pressure to
be used in the closing chamber should be the initial
closing pressure required using the recommended
test mandrel if a packing unit is installed (1500 psi if no
packing unit is installed).
b. Open opening chamber to atmosphere.
IF: Closing fluid is seen at well bore—seal 10 (lower
piston) is leaking.
IF: Closing chamber pressure gauge is dropping and
fluid is seen at opening chamber—seal 12 (middle
piston) is leaking.
2. Test seals 14 (head I.D.), 12 (middle piston), and 9
(head O.D.).
a. Pressurize opening chamber to 1500 PSI.
b. Open closing chamber to atmosphere.
IF: Fluid is seen coming from area between body and
head—Seal 9 (head gasket) is leaking.
IF: Fluid is seen coming into wellbore—seal 14 (head
I.D.) is leaking.
IF: Opening fluid is seen at closing chamber—seal 12
(middle piston) is leaking.
3. Test seals 14 (head I.D.) and 10 (lower piston).
a. Open closing chamber and opening chamber to
atmosphere.
b. Pressurize wellbore (3000 PSI maximum). NOTE:
Blind flange on top is required as packing unit is open.
IF: Fluid is seen at opening chamber—seal 14 (head I.D.)
is leaking.
IF: Fluid is seen coming from closing chamber—seal 10
(lower piston) is leaking.
Figure 4-2. Seal Location
Dual U-Seal
Head I.D. (14)
Gasket
Head O.D. (9)
The wear plate of the head serves as a bearing surface
to prevent upward movement of the packing unit. Friction
between these metal surfaces is controlled at a level which
does not impair lateral movement of the packing unit.
Repair of this surface requires replacement of the wear
plate.
7. Inspect the packing unit for wear, cracking, hardness,
and correct elastomer composition. Refer to Section 3 for
packing unit information and Section 4 for packing unit
testing.
8. Check the seal rings for nicks, cuts, fraying of lips, and
abrasion. Replace worn or damaged seal rings. Refer to
Section 4 for seal testing.
Dual U-Seal
Middle Piston
(12)
Dual U-Seal
Lower Piston
(10)
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
4.3 Packing Unit Testing
Proper procedure for pressure testing any annular blow-
out preventer ensures subsequent seal off and maximum
packing unit life. Reliable pressure seal off tests are made
by closing the packing unit with prescribed closing cham-
ber pressure on recommended size test pipe and by
determining the remaining piston travel after seal off is
achieved. Optimum packing unit life is obtained by testing
at low rubber stress levels. Minimum packing unit stress
is achieved by use of the minimum closing chamber
pressure that will initiate and maintain a seal off on the
recommended size test pipe.
4.3.1 Packing Unit Testing—
Surface
The GK
®
compact blowout preventer is designed to be well
pressure assisted in maintaining packing unit seal off once
initial seal off has been effected. Initial seal off is effected
by applying pressure to the closing chamber. As well
pressure or test pressure is increased, the closing force on
the packing unit also increases.
As well pressure exceeds the required level, the
packing unit is held closed on pipe by well pressure alone.
During routine BOP testing, once initial seal off is achieved,
closing pressure should be reduced proportionally as well
pressure is increased (see Control Pressure Graph, Fig-
ure 1-8/1-8a).
Piston stroke can be measured through a vertical
passage in the top of the BOP head. The maximum and
minimum distances from the top of the head to the top of
the piston are stamped on the BOP head and are listed in
the table below. Piston stroke remaining at seal off is a
direct indicator of remaining packing unit life. Record the
piston stroke and the closing pressure at initial seal off for
each test. Compare with previous results and with maxi-
mum piston stroke for the BOP to ensure subsequent seal
offs. A valid test on the BOP is achieved only when the
remaining piston stroke is measured at test seal off.
Figure 4-3. Piston Stroke Measurement
1
2
3
4
TAPE MEASURE
5/16" (8mm)
ROD
Distance From Top of Head to Top of Piston
Piston Position 5000 PSI
Maximum 13.50 in.
(piston in full down position) 343 mm
Minimum . 5 in.
(piston at full stroke) 127 mm
PAGE
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Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
5.0 DISASSEMBLY AND ASSEMBLY
5.1 Disassembly
Refer to Figure 5-1 while following this procedure.
5.1.1Remove the Head (Item 2).
1. Close and open the packing unit to break loose any
accumulation of drilling fluid or debris which may
restrict the full downward travel of the piston.
2. Vent the opening and closing chambers to atmo-
sphere ensuring that no trapped pressure exists which
will cause damage to personnel and/or equipment.
3. Open valves in the control system to have an exhaust
and/or loosen hydraulic connections to allow leakage.
WARNING: STAND CLEAR OF ESCAPING PRES-
SURE TO AVOID INJ URY!
4. Release the head by removing the head lock screw
(item 8).
5. Install two 1 “-8UNC eyebolts in the top of the head in
the holes provided.
6. Rotate the head approximately 10 turns counterclock-
wise to release it. Then, lift the head clear of the BOP.
NOTE: Use a 10 to 12-foot long piece of strong pipe
(3”-4" in diameter) or a rod as a lever against the
eyebolts to apply force to the head. A vertical lift may
be applied to the eyebolts to take the weight of the
head off of the threads while applying force to the
head. The lift will reduce the required opening force.
If the head was improperly installed at the last reas-
sembly, it may be necessary to apply considerably
more force on the head by the use of a winch or catline
while alternately applying and releasing pressure to
the opening chamber (600 - 800 psi maximum).
CAUTION: DO NOT attempt to loosen the head by
applying heat on the thread area.
5.1.2 Remove the Wear Plate (Item 6).
1. Remove the cap screws (item 7) from the wear plate.
2. Remove the wear plate.
5.1.3 Remove the Packing Unit (Item 19).
1. Install two 5/8"-1 1 UNC eyebolts into the packing unit.
2. Lift the packing unit out of the piston. Use a sling of
adequate length to prevent side loading of the eye-
bolts.
5.1.4 Remove the Piston (item 3).
1. Install two 5/8"-11UNC eyebolts in the top of piston.
2. Place a wooden spacer block (approximately 1/2"
thick) between each eyebolt and the piston wall to
protect the sealing surface of the piston.
3. Gently lift the piston to free it from the preventer body.
If the piston does not lift out freely, slowly apply low (50
psi) hydraulic pressure to the closing chamber.
CAUTION: DO NOT USE AIR OR GAS!
5.1.5 Remove the Slotted Sleeve (Item 4).
1. Remove the cap screws (item 5) from the slotted
sleeve.
2. Lift out the slotted sleeve with a sling and hooks under
the slots.
5.2 Assembly
5.2.1 Clean and Inspect All Parts Before Assembly.
1. Ensure that working surfaces are free of burrs, rough
edges, and other defects.
2. Inspect all seals and replace any damaged seals or
seals in use over one year. Hydril recommends head
gasket replacement whenever the head is removed.
IMPORTANT: Seal rings MUST BE installed in posi-
tions shown by the cross-section (Figure 5-1)!
3. Lubricate all seal rings prior to installation with castor
oil or silicon grease. Lubricate the packing unit and
internal metal surfaces with castor oil. CAUTION: Use
of petroleum base oil or grease will reduce seal life.
Lubricate cap screw threads with Never-Seize thread
lubricant.
5.2.2 Install the Slotted Sleeve (Item 4).
1. Install the slotted sleeve into the inside bottom of the
blowout preventer body.
2. Install the cap screws (item 5) and torque to 50 lb-ft (68
N•m).
5.2.3 Install the Piston (Item 3).
1. Lubricate and install the lower U-seals (items 10 and
11) into the seal grooves in the lower segment of the
piston.
2. Lubricate and install the middle U-seals (items 12 and
13) in the seal grooves in the middle segment of the
piston.
3. Install two 5/8"-11 UNC eyebolts in top of the piston
with wooden spacer blocks between the eyebolt and
the piston wall.
4. Lubricate all mating surfaces before lowering the pis-
ton into the body.
5. Install the piston into the preventer body. Align the
piston vertically with the body prior to lowering the
piston. After proper alignment is made, the weight of
the piston alone will cause the piston to travel its full
normal stroke to the bottom of the preventer body.
CAUTION: Be careful to prevent seal damage during
assembly.
6. Remove the eyebolts and spacer blocks.
5.2.4 Install the Packing Unit (Item 19).
1. Lubricate the piston bowl with castor oil.
2. Lift the packing unit with two 5/8”-11 UNC eyebolts and
set it into the piston bowl that is already installed in the
preventer.
PAGE
23
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Figure 5-1. Cutaway View of Compact GK
®
for Disassembly and Assembly
Head Lock Screw (8)
Body (1)
Head (2)
Hoist
Ring (18)
Packing Unit (19)
Slotted Sleeve (4)
Pipe Plug (26)
Head Gasket (9)
Double U-Seal
(14, 15)
Double U-Seal
(10, 11)
Double U-Seal
(12, 13)
Wear Plate Cap Screw (8)
3. Remove the eyebolts from packing unit.
5.2.5 Install the Wear Plate (Item 6).
1. Position the wear plate on the head.
2. Install the cap screws (item 7) and torque to 50 lb-ft (68
N•m).
5.2.6 Install the Head (Item 2).
1. Lubricate and install the upper U-seals (items 14 and
15) and the head gasket (item 9) onto the head.
2. Clean any foreign matter from the threads and remove
burrs or rough edges with emery cloth or light grinding.
3. Apply a generous coating of zinc base (lead-free) tool
joint lubricant to the threads of the head and body. This
lubrication will ensure easy removal of the head at the
next disassembly.
4. Locate and mark hole in body for the head lock screw
(item 8).
5. Lift the head using the two 1 “-8UNC eyebolts and a
chain sling assembly.
6. Align the thread lead of the head with the thread lead
in the body.
7. Screw the head clockwise into the body until it shoul-
ders against the top of the body.
8. Line up the lock screw hole in the head with the hole in
the body.
9. Install the head lock screw (item 8) and torque to 50 lb-
ft (68 N•m).
10. Remove the eyebolts from the head.
Wear Plate (7)
Piston (3)
PAGE
24
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
6.0 PARTS AND STORAGE
6.1 Parts List (Figure 6-1)
Part
Number
No.
Req.
Part Name Item
No.
— Pipe Plug, Hyd Connection 2 1900065-07
— Protector Cover 1 3113411-38
— Chain Sling Assembly 1 1900179-0260
— Lifting Device, Piston 2 3129285
— Eyebolt, Head 2 3117168
— Ring Gasket 2 1920103-160
▼ Recommended spares for one year foreign service. NOTE:
Seal kit contains items 9 - 15. Packing Unit is not part of seal
kit.
1 Body 1 3129004
2 Head 1 3129023
3 Piston 1 3129027
4 Slotted Sleeve 1 3129029
5 Cap Screw, Sleeve 6 1920026-12012
6 Wear Plate 1 1001788
7 Cap Screw, Wear Plate 6 1920097-08006
8 Lock Screw, Head 1 1002149
▼ 9 Head Gasket 1 38150
▼10 U-Seal, Lower Piston 1 3129413
▼11 Non-Extrusion Ring 2 3129415
▼12 U-Seal, Middle Piston 1 3129417
▼13 Non-Extrusion Ring 2 3129419
▼14 U-Seal, Head 1 3130166
▼15 Non-Extrusion Ring 2 3130164
16 Top Connection Stud Bolt 16 1900491-13066
17 Nut, Top Connection 16 1900490-13
18 Hoist Ring 4 1920752-7
▼19 Packing Unit NR 1 1003263-01
Packing Unit NBR 1 1003263-02
20 Name Plate 1 1920042
21 Tag, Opening Chamber 1 1002535
22 Tag, Closing Chamber 1 1002536
23 Drive Screw 12 1900061-12
24 Hydril Name Plate 1 1002390
25 Cap Screw, Name Plate 2 1900097-06006
26 Pipe Plug, Piston Indicator 1 1900065-05
▼ Seal Kit 1 3130391
ACCESSORIES
PAGE
25
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Figure 6-1. Cutaway View for Parts Identification
8
1
17
18
19
4
9
15
6
26
15
14
13
13
12
11
11
10
3
12
16
2
22
21
20
25
24
23
7
PAGE
26
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
6.2 Preventer Storage
At the conclusion of each well or prior to placing the blowout
preventer in storage for even a brief period, it is recom-
mended that the preventer be disassembled, cleaned,
inspected, lubricated thoroughly with non-petroleum base
oil such as castor oil, silicon oil, or rapeseed oil, and
reassembled. Replacement of worn packing units, or
packers, seal rings, and other parts can be made conve-
niently at this time.
Flange or hub faces and ring grooves should be
protected with covers, and ports should be plugged.
6.3 Rubber Goods Storage
The term rubber goods includes synthetic compounds such
as Nitrile Copolymers and Neoprene, as well as natural
rubber parts.
The ideal storage situation for rubber goods would be
in vacuum-sealed containers maintained in a cool, dry,
dark storage area.
The following recommendations will allow vendors
and users of oil field equipment to maximize normally
available storage facilities for rubber goods:
1. Keep the rubber storage area as dark as possible
—preferably indoors, not outdoors, and away from direct
sunlight, skylights, windows, and direct artificial lighting.
2. Select a cool location (approximately 65
o
F) that is
away from heaters, stoves, and direct blasts of space
heaters.
3. Keep rubber goods away from electrical machinery
(motors, switch gear, or any high voltage equipment pro-
ducing corona). Avoid locations susceptible to drafts that
will carry the atmosphere from electrical machinery to the
rubber goods storage area.
4. The practice of first-in, first-out inventory manage-
ment is essential with rubber goods.
5. Store rubber goods in a relaxed position in their
normal shape. For example, do not hang O-rings on nails.
Do not keep assemblies in stretched attitudes, e.g., O-rings
on glands, BOP testers, and operator parts.
6. Rubber goods storage areas should be kept as dry
as possible. Remove oil, grease or other foreign materials
from the storage area to preclude spillage on rubber goods.
7. If storage for extended periods is anticipated, sealed
containers are recommended. Impervious surface cover-
ings such as waxing will increase shelf life.
Factors that accelerate the deterioration of rubber
goods are atmosphere, light, and heat. The term “aging”
means cumulative effects of all three attacking agents over
a period of time. Other factors that will affect rubber goods
include stretching or bending from normal shape, extreme
cold, chemical reactions with solvents and petroleum prod-
ucts.
Exposure to the atmosphere allows oxygen to react
with the rubber goods. Ozone (O
3
), a very active form of
oxygen, is especially detrimental to rubber goods. The
principal sources of ozone contributing to rubber goods
deterioration —(1) atmospheric ozone, and (2) ozone cre-
ated by electrical discharges such as lighting, high voltage
corona, or electrical machinery. Points of strain in rubber
goods are attacked first by ozone and will be characterized
by deep cracks. Ozone and normal oxygen (O
2
) will attack
rubber goods much as steel rusts. Oxidation is character-
ized by a hard skin which eventually crazes in small cracks
and may turn chalky or assume a bark-like appearance.
Strong, direct light, especially sunlight, has a harmful
effect on rubber goods. The ultraviolet content of the light
spectrum accelerates cracking. Light, especially sunlight,
is undesireable and should be avoided at all times.
Heat, whether the result of sunlight, artificial or acci-
dental heating, will also have harmful effects upon rubber
goods. Heat results in a gradual hardening of the rubber
goods. The process is greatly accelerated when ozone or
oxygen is present.
In extremely cold climates, some rubber goods will
become so brittle that they will shatter when dropped or
handled roughly.
Any stretching or bending of rubber goods in storage
from a relaxed, normal shape will result in accelerated
aging or cracking.
Rubber goods, both natural and synthetic, possess
some degree of susceptibility to deterioration from various
solvents, especially oil field liquid hydrocarbons. These
materials cause swelling/shrinkage of the rubber goods
with which they are in contact.
Since the aging of a rubber product is dependent upon
all of the above factors plus its size, specific composition,
and function, no precise figure is available for “storage life.”
Generally, the greater the ratio of surface area to volume,
the more susceptible a part is to being rendered useless by
aging. For example, a relatively large part (by volume),
such as a packing unit, might be expected to have a much
longer useful shelf life than a thin-walled, large-diameter O-
ring.
No general rule can be drawn regarding usability. A
large, heavy part might suffer the same total amount of
aging as a small, light piece and still be usable, whereas the
light piece would be rendered useless. Thus, judgement
becomes the rule and where there is doubt - replace the
part.
Prior to using rubber goods that have been stored for
periods of time, these checks should be made:
1. Is there “chalking” or “barking?”
2. Has the part developed a “hard skin?”
3. Do cracks appear? Do cracks appear when the part
is stretched? (Sometimes cracks will be obvious; stretch or
bend the part in question so that any incipient cracks or very
thin cracks will be revealed).
4. Will suspect part pass a hardness test with a Shore
“A” Durometer? (In the event that the hardness runs 15
points higher than the normal hardness of the part, it is
considered nonusable). NOTE: Hardness is affected by
temperature, and readings should be taken with the rubber
part at 70
o
to 100
o
F. The hardness measurement should
be made on a flat surface of the rubber part having a
minimum thickness of 1/4 inch.
PAGE
27
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
Worldwide Sales, Service, and Manufacturing
Canada, Alberta, Calgary
Sales Office
Hydril Canadian Company, Ltd.
First Executive Centre
350 7th Avenue S.W., Suite 3000
Calgary, Alberta T2P3N9
Canada
Telephone: (403) 531-1590
Fax: (403) 264-0585
Canada, Alberta, Edmonton
Sales Office, Field Service,
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril Canadian Company, Ltd.
2307 8th Street
Nisku, Alberta T9E7Z3
Canada
Telephone: (403) 955-2045
Fax: (403) 955-7627
Indonesia, Batam
Manufacturing Plant
P.T. Hydril Indonesia
Kabil Industrial Estate
J l. Hang Kesturi 1 Kav. 23 & 24
Kabil - Batam
Indonesia
Telephone: 62-778-711318
Fax: 62-778-711112
Mexico, Mexico City
Sales Office, Field Service
Hydril S.A. de C.V.
Genova 20-302
Col. J uarez C.P. 06600
Mexico, D.F.
Mexico
Telephone: +52-5-208-7208
Fax: +52-5-208-7861
Mexico, Ciudad del Carmen
Sales Office, Field Service
Hydril S.A. de C.V.
Calle 38 x 61 Num. 263
Cd. del Carmen,
Campeche
C.P. 24120
Telehone: +52-938-21085;
+52-938-210523
Fax: +52-938-26942
Mexico, Renosa
Sales Office, Field Service
Hydril S.A. de C.V.
Chihuahua No. 1192-A
esq. Culiacan
Col. Rodriguez, Reynosa
Tamaulipas
C.P. 88630 Mexico
Telephone: +52-89-252360
+52-89-252361
Fax: +52-89-252362
Mexico, Veracruz
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril S.A. de C.V.
Av. Araucarias Mz. XII
Lote 1
Cd. Industrial Bruno Pagliai
Veracruz,
C.P. 91697 Mexico
Telephone: +52-29-810213
Fax: +52-29-810102
Headquarters
Hydril Company
P.O. Box 60458 •Houston, TX 77205-0458
3300 N. Sam Houston Parkway E. •Houston, TX 77032-3411
Telephone: (281) 449-2000 •Fax: (281) 985-2828
1-800-999-1601
Toll Free in the U.S.A. and Canada
www.hydril.com
R
Mexico, Villhermosa
Sales Office, Field Service
Hydril S.A. de C.V.
Av. Gregorio Mendez #836
Colonia Centro 1
Villahermosa, Tabasco
Mexico 86000
Telephone: +52-931-449-44
+52-931-449-42
Fax: +52-931-225-06
Nigeria, Port Harcourt
Sales Office, Field Service
Hydril Africa/TDPS
4 Evergreen Street
Ogbonda Estate
Port Harcourt
Nigeria
Telephone:
234-84-332281 (Pressure)
234-84-611201 (Tubular)
Fax: 871-762-154-648
Nigeria, Warri
Sales Office, Field Service
Service Center
Hydril Africa/TDPS
F21 Idugboe Estate
Ogunu, Warri
Nigeria
Telephone:
234-53-252-565 (Pressure)
871-762-154-478 (Tubular)
Fax: 871-762-154-480
Republic of Singapore,
Singapore
Sales Office, Field Service,
Hydril Private Ltd.
27 Benoi Sector
Singapore 629859
Republic of Singapore
Telephone: +65-261-2566
Fax: +65-261-2502 (Pressure)
+65-261-0204 (Tubular)
United Kingdom,
Aberdeen, Scotland
Sales Office, Field Service,
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril U.K. Ltd.
Minto Avenue
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen, AB1 3J Z
Scotland
Telephone: +44-1224-878-824
Fax: +44-1224-898-524
United Kingdom,
Aberdeen, Scotland
Hydril International Tubular
Sales
Minto Avenue
Altens Industrial Estate
Aberdeen, AB1 3J Z
Scotland
Telephone: +44-1224-299-554
Fax: +44-1224-299-578
U.S.A., Alaska, Anchorage
Sales Office, Field Service,
Hydril Company
7900 King Street
Anchorage, AK 99518
Telephone: (907) 522-2550
Fax: (907) 522-1995
U.S.A., California
Bakersfield
Sales Office, Field Service,
Service Center
Hydril Company
3237 Patton Way
Bakersfield, CA 93308-5717
Telephone: (661) 588-9332
Fax: (661) 588-2550
U.S.A., Louisiana,
Lafayette
Sales Office, Field Service,
Service Center
Hydril Company
101 Derick Road
Broussard, LA 70518-7114
Telephone: (318) 837-6654
Fax: (318) 837-8988
U.S.A., Louisiana,
Westwego
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril Company
201 Klein
Westwego, LA 70094
Telephone: (504) 348-3348
Fax: (504) 348-3629
U.S.A., Texas,
Corpus Christi
Sales Office, Field Service,
Hydril Company
730-F Diamond Cut Road
Corpus Christi, TX 78409
Telephone:
(512) 289-5031 (Pressure)
(512) 289-5034 (Tubular)
Fax: (512) 289-0258
U.S.A., Texas, Houston
Hydril Elastomer & Industrial
Products
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril Company
P.O. Drawer 1888
Humble, TX 77347-1888
18000 Eastex Freeway
Humble, TX 77347-1888
Telephone: (281) 446-0041
Fax: (281) 446-4709
U.S.A., Texas, Houston
Hydril Technology Center,
Sales Office, Field Service,
Manufacturing Plant
Hydril Company
P.O. Box 60458
Houston, TX 77205-0458
3300 N. Sam Houston Parkway E.
Houston, TX 77032-3411
Telephone: (281) 449-2000
Fax: (281) 985-2828
Toll Free: (800) 231-0023
U.S.A., Texas, Houston
Field Service, Manufacturing
McCarty Plant
Hydril Company
302 McCarty Drive
Houston, TX 77029
Telephone: (713) 672-3502
Fax: (713) 672-3525
U.S.A., Texas, Houston
Manufacturing
Valvcon Manufacturing Plant
Hydril Company
3300 N. Sam Houston Parkway E.
Houston, TX 77032-3411
Telephone: (281) 449-2000
Fax: (281) 985-3262
U.S.A., Texas, Odessa
Permian Sales Office, Field
Service,
Hydril Company
8317 Andrews Highway
Odessa, TX 79768
Telephone: (915) 552-7850
Fax: (915) 366-6501
U.S.A., Wyoming, Casper
Sales Office, Service Center
Hydril Company
P.O. Box 124
Casper, WY 82602
3501 North Poplar
Casper, WY 82601
Telephone: (307) 266-2120
Fax: (307) 234-2192
Venezuela, Puerto La Cruz
Sales Office, Field Service
Av. Intercomunal
C.C. Colonial, Piso 1, Oficina 7
Barcelona, Anzoatequi
Venezuela
Telephone: +58-81-762083
+58-81-741651
Fax: +58-81-761-271
PAGE
28
Operator's Manual
Compact GK
®
13 5/8"-5000 psi Annular BOP
R
R
Pressure Control Equipment
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