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You are on page 1of 7

Answer all questions in this section.

1.

The function

f : x 1 x3 ,

g : x 1 e

2 x

xR

,

xR

Find

(a) g1 and state its domain and range,

(b) f g 1 and state its domain.

Hence, solve

2.

3.

f g 1 (x)

[4 marks]

= 0.

[5 marks]

The roots of the cubic equation 2x3 + kx2 27x + 54 = 0 form three consecutive

terms of geometric progression. Find the possible three consecutive terms.

Hence, obtain the value of k.

[6 marks]

Matrix M is given by M =

0

0

k

1

0

Hence, solve the simultaneous equations

xz+3=0

3x + z 11 = 0

4x + y 5 = 0

4.

[5 marks]

[5 marks]

Find the roots of z4 81i = 0 and sketch the roots on Argand diagram.

[7 marks]

Show that the curve is an ellipse. State its centre and foci.

Sketch the curve.

[7 marks]

6.

Find, in Cartesian form, the equation of the plane which contains the straight line

x 2 3 y

z4

5

[6 marks]

Answer one question in this section.

7.

Given that (2x + 1) is a factor of q(x). When q(x) is divided by (x 1), its

remainder is 6. When p(x) is divided by (x 2), the remainder is 18.

(a) Find q(x).

[6 marks]

Hence,

(b) obtain the quadratic factor of p(x) and show that it is always positive.

[5 marks]

(c) Express

8.

p( x)

q ( x )( x 1)( x 3)

in partial fractions.

[4 marks]

respectively. Show that

(a) the point (3, 1, 10) lies on both planes,

[2 marks]

(b) the line of intersection, l1 of 1 and 2 has equation

r = 3i + j +10k + (2i 3j + 5k).

[4 marks]

The line l2 has equation r = 2j + 5j 3k + (i 6j 4k).

(c) Determine whether l1 and l2 are perpendicular or not.

[2 marks]

(d) Find the coordinates of the point of intersections Q between l2 and 1.

[5 marks]

Hence,

(e) find the perpendicular distance of Q from 2.

[2 marks]

Marking scheme

1.

Let y = 1 + e2x, xR

ln (y 1) = 2x

1

ln( y 1)

2

1

g 1 : x ln( x 1),

2

M1

x 1

Domain of g 1 = {x : x > 1}

Range of g 1 = {x : x R}

(b)

f ln( x 1) , x 1

2

1

3

= 1 8 ln( x 1)

1

f g 1 : x 1 ln( x 1) 3 , x 1

8

f g 1

(x) =

Domain of f g 1 = {x : x > 1}

1

1 ln( x 1) 3 = 0

8

ln (x 1) = 2

x = 1 + e2

2.

B1

B1

M1

A1

B1

M1

A1

b = ar and c = ar2

2(x a) (x b)(x c) = 0

2x3 2(a + b + c)x2 + 2(ab + ac + bc)x 2abc = 2x3 + kx2 27x + 54 M1

k = 2(a + b + c), 2(ab + ac + bc) = 27, 2abc = 54

A1

2

2 2

2 3

3

2(a r + a r + a r ) = 27, (ar) = 27 ar = 3

2(3)(3)(1 + r + r2) = 27r

M1

2

2 + 5r + 2r = 0

(2 + r)(1 + 2r) = 0

r = 2 ,

A1

When r = 2, a = 3/2, b = 3, c = 6

When r = , a = 6 , b = 3, c = 3/2

B1

k = 2(a + b + c) = 9

B1

3.

A1

1

3

1

0

0

k

0

0

1 1

1 0

0 0

0

0

k

0

1

0

0

1

1 1 0 0

4 3 1 0 3R1 R2

1 1 0 1 R1 R3

B1

M1

1 0 1 1

3

0 0 1

1 4

0 1

1

k

0

1

4

0

1

R

4 2

1 1

R3

k k

0

1

1

0

4

1 0 0 4

3

1

0 0 1

0

4 4

0

1

0

1

1 1

4k 4k k

1

1

4

1 0 0 4

1

1

1

0 1 0

4k 4 k k

0 0 1 3 1

4 4

1

1

4

4

1

1

1

1

M

4k 4k k

3 1

0

4 4

R1 R2

1

R2 R3

k

M1A1

R2 R3

B1

x + 0y z = 3

3x + 0y + z = 11

x y + 0z = 5/4 k =

B1

1

1

1

0

1

4

4

1

1

M 1 1 4 4 4 16

4

3 1

0

0

3 1

4 4

0

0

1

1

1

1

x

1

1

y 4

4

z

3

x

2

y 3

z

5

3

x

11

y

5

z

4

1

4

1

16

0

B1

3

11

5

4

M1

A1

x = 2, y = 3, z = 5

4.

z4 = 81i

2k i sin 2k

2

2

z4 = 81 cos

A1

, k = 0, 1, 2, 3

B1

1

i sin 2k , k = 0, 1, 2,

2

4

2

(4k 1)

(4k 1)

cos

i sin

, k = 0, 1, 2, 3

8

8

z = 3 cos 4

z = 3

2k

i sin ,

8

8

5

5

3 cos 8 i sin 8

When k = 0, z = 3

When k = 1, z =

M1

A1

cos

B1

7

7

cos

i sin

8

8

3 cos 3 i sin 3

8

8

7

7

cos

i sin

8

8

3 cos 3 i sin 3

8

8

When k = 2, z = 3

= 3

When k = 3, z =

,

B1

D1 (shape only)

D1 (perfect)

5.

1 x

y 3

, sin

3

5

2

2

(1 x )

( y 3)

1

9

25

cos

M1

A1

Centre = (1, 3)

Vertices = (1, 8), (4, 3), (1, 2), (2, 3)

c2 = 25 9 = 16 c = 4

foci = (1, 7), (1, 1)

6.

x 2 3 y

z4

5

1 2

14

1 3 11

5 1

5

A1

B1

B1

B1

D1D1

x 2 y 3 z 4

1

1

5

M1A1

x 14 2 14

y 11 3 11

z 5 4 5

M1M1

= 91

A1

A1

14x + 11y + 5z = 91

7.

p(2) = 3(1)[q(2) 12 + 3] = 18 q(2) =15

q(2) = 5(2a + b) = 15 2a + b = 3

q(1) = 3(a + b) = 6

a+b=2

a = 1, b = 1

q(x) = (2x + 1)(x + 1)

B1

B1

M1A1

M1

A1

the third factor = q(x) 6x + 3

= 2x2 + 3x + 1 6x + 3

= 2x2 3x + 4

2x 3x + 4 =

2 x

4

2 x

4

2 x

4

9

4

8

M1

23

8

A1

2 x

4

23

>

8

(c)

A1

p( x)

3 6x

1

q ( x )( x 1)( x 3)

(2 x 1)( x 1)

3 6x

A

B

( 2 x 1)( x 1) ( 2 x 1) ( x 1)

B1

3 6x = A(x + 1) + B(2x + 1)

Solving: A = 12, B = 9

M1A1

p( x)

12

9

1

q ( x)( x 1)( x 3)

2x 1 x 1

8.

M1

A1

A1

4x + y z = 4(3) + 1 10 = 3

2x + 3y + z = 2(3) +3(1) + 10 = 19

the point (3, 1, 10) lies on both planes

(b) 4x + y z = 3: n1 = to 1 =

1

1

2x + 3y + z = 19: n2 = to 2 =

n1 x n2 =

i

4

2

j

1

3

k

1

1

M1

A1

2

3

1

= 4i 6j + 10k.

And point on both plane = (3, 1, 10)

the line of intersection, l1 of 1 and 2 has equation

r = 3i + j +10k + (2i 3j + 5k).

M1A1

A1

A1

2 1

3 6

5 4

= 2 + 18 20 = 0

M1

A1

2

1 2

l2 = 5 6 5 6

3

4 3 4

r 1 = 3

1

M1

2 4

5 6 1 16 2

3 4 1

16 + 2 = 3 =

M1

13

2

M1A1

Q = ( 2 , 44, 20)

A1

d=

2 x 3 y z 19

4 9 1

13 132 20 19

14

120

14

M1A1

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