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Currently top 10 fighter aircraft in the world are these:

Nr.1 Lockheed Martin / Boeing F-22 Raptor (USA)



The F-22 Raptor air superiority fighter is almost invisible to radars. This aircraft carries a
powerful array of weaponry. It is the most advanced and most expensive production fighter
aircraft to date. Many of sensors and avionics of this plane remain classified.
Engines of the raptor allow the aircraft to supercruise over long ranges, while thrust-
vectoring nozzles, combined with a triplex fly-by-wire flight control system, make it
exceptionally maneuverable.
The F-22 started life as a straightforward air superiority fighter. However since it's
introduction this aircraft lacks a formidable air threat from other countries fighters. Later it
evolved towards the multi-role fighter, as strike capability was added.
This advanced aircraft was never offered for export customers, even other allies and
NATO countries. Currently it is the best fighter aircraft ever built.



Nr.2 Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet (USA)

The Super Hornet is the most capable US Navy multi-role fighter. It is based on the aircraft
carriers can attack both air and surface targets. The Super Hornet is also in service with
Australia as the main fighter aircraft.
The F/A-18E/F is a larger and more capable derivative of the F/A-18C/D Hornet. The
Super Hornet is fitted with new engines. It has additional hardpoints and can carry more
missiles. This aircraft has extended range due to larger internal storage of fuel. The Super
Hornet also has improved avionics. Some measures were taken to reduce radar cross
section of this aircraft.



Nr.3 Eurofighter Typhoon (European Union)

In 1986 the Eurofighter consortium was formed by Germany, Italy, the UK and, later,
Spain, to develop a new multi-role combat aircraft, optimized as a beyond visual range
interceptor with a secondary ground-attack capability. This aircraft carries advanced
European-designed missiles. it is fitted with a very modern and comprehensive avionics
package.
It is claimed that Typhoon is half as combat effective as the American F-22 Raptor. It is an
approximate estimate, however it seems that Typhoon is superior to the F-15F, French
Rafale, evolved Russian Su-27 variants and many other aircraft.
The Eurofighter Typhoon will form the cornerstone of European air power until well into the
21st century.


Nr.4 Dassault Rafale (France)

The Rafale is in service both with the French Air Force and Navy. This multi-role
fighter features some of the very latest avionics systems. Also some measures were taken
to reduce radar cross section of this aircraft. This aircraft is very maneuverable. The Rafale
can track 40 targets and fire at four targets simultaneously.
This aircraft can hold it's own against the latest versions of the American F-16. The
Dassault Rafale will form the cornerstone of French air power until well into the 21st century.



Nr.5 Sukhoi Su-27 (Russia)

The Su-27 was developed primarily for Soviet air-defense interceptor forces. The
requirement was for a highly maneuverable fighter with very long range, heavy armament
and modern sensors, capable of meeting the F-15on equal terms. The result was a very
successful series of aircraft. It was the top of Soviet technology at the time.
Its heavy armament of up to 10 air-to-air missiles gives excellent combat persistence;
outstanding maneuverability, coupled with a helmet sight to cue agile short-range missiles
also make it a potent close combat fighter, and its large internal fuel capacity confers a very
long range.
Despite it's age there are a number of modern and improved versions of the Su-27,
including the Su-30, Su-35 and many other. The Su-35 is being offered as the Su-27
replacement. It poses great threat to modern Western aircraft.
Recently a new Sukhoi PAK FA stealthy air superiority fighter is being developed in
Russia. It will replace the ageing MiG-29 Fulcrums and Su-27 Flankers.



Nr.6 McDonnel Douglas F-15 Eagle (USA)

The F-15 Eagle is a purpose-built air superiority fighter designed to penetrate enemy
defense. Although now in service for over 30 years, it remains a formidable warplane. This
aircraft scored more than 100 air kills and is considered among the most successful Cold
War era fighters.
The F-15 is equipped with weaponry and electronics, enabling it to detect, acquire, track
and attack enemy aircraft, while operating in enemy-controlled airspace. This fighter carries
a wide range of air-to-air missiles and is extremely maneuverable. Also it has strong high-
speed maneuverability. Through modifications and upgrades the F-15 has been constantly
improved.
The F-15 Eagle is still in service with the US Air Force and is expected to remain
operational at least until 2025. This aircraft has been exported to Israel, Japan and Saudi
Arabia.



Nr.7 Mikoyan MiG-31 (Russia)

The MiG-31 (NATO designation Foxhound-A) was developed as part of an overall
programme to provide the Soviet air defenses with the ability to meet the threat posed by
NATO low-level strike aircraft and cruise missiles.
This interceptor has a high speed, altitude and rate of climb, however it sacrifices
maneuverability in order to achieve these capabilities. The MiG-31 is among the fastest
production aircraft. It uses missiles to shot-down enemy aircraft at long distances.
The latest version is the MiG-31BM; this is billed as a true multi-role Foxhound, able to
undertake long-range interception, precision strike and defense suppression tasks. Both
cockpits feature advanced displays allowing the crew to deploy precision-guided munitions.
A project to upgrade Russian interceptors to the MiG-31BM standard was begun in 2010.
This interceptor continue to form the back bone of Russia's air defenses.



Nr.8 Lockheed Martin F-16 Fighting Falcon (USA)

The F-16 was lighter, less expensive alternative to the F-15 Eagle. Unlike the F-15, which
is purely an air superiority fighter, the F-16 is a multi-role aircraft, capable of attacking air
and ground targets.
The F-16 has been produced in large numbers and participated in numerous conflicts.
Over 4 500 aircraft have been built. It has been widely exported and is currently operational
with 26 countries around the world. The F-16 is battle proven.
This aircraft is small, but highly maneuverable. The F-16 has a bubble single-piece canopy
for excellent pilot visibility, which becomes during close combat.
The F-16 is still in service with the US Air Force and will remain operational until 2025. In
the future it will be replaced by the new F-35 Lightning II.



Nr.9 Saab JAS 39 Gripen (Sweden)

Developed by Saab the Gripen (griffin) is a fourth-generation lightweight multi-role combat
aircraft. This fighter uses the latest technologies can perform various missions, such as air
defense, interception, and ground attack and reconnaissance.
This fighter is very agile for close combat due to it's advanced aerodynamic layout. The
Gripen can take of from and land on short-strip airfields. A number of components of this
aircraft are US-supplied.
It is claimed that the Gripen achieves the lowest operating costs of any fighter, currently in
operational service. It is reliable and easy to maintain. This aircraft will form the core of
Swedish air power well into the 21st century.It also received some export success. The
Gripen has been exported to Czech Republic, Hungary, South Africa, Thailand and the
United Kingdom.



Nr.10 Chengdu J-10 (China)

The J-10 multi-role fighter is the first Chinese-developed combat aircraft that approaches
Western fighters in terms of performance and capabilities. It was intended to counter threat
posed by the Soviet forth-generation fighters - the MiG-29 and Su-27. The J-10 was initially
planned as an air-superiority fighter, however collapse of the Soviet Union and changing
requirements shifted the development towards a multi-role fighter.
The J-10 bears some resemblance with contemporary Western multi-role fighters. Also
this plane incorporates significant Western technology and expertise


Sumber : http://www.military-today.com/aircraft/top_10_fighter_aircraft.htm










Sumber : http://www.newsmax.com/TheWire/invisible-airplanes-cloaking-
technology/2013/12/18/id/542685#ixzz2y9V8sz7D
Hasil pembacaan menunjukkan bahawa teknologi stealth sudah lama diaplikasi oleh
jurutera dalam bidang ketenteraan sejak selepas perang dunia kedua lagi. Dua
negara yang menjadi pelopor iaitu Rusia dan US. Cina kini juga dalam usaha
menghasilkan pesawat menggunakan teknologi yang sama, malah mereka berusaha
untuk menghasilkan yang lebih canggih, iaitu menggabungkan teknologi stealth dan
cloaking (berkaitan dengan bidang optik).
Teknologi stealth membolehkan satu-satu objek misalnya pesawat tentera atau
kapal perang tidak dapat dikesan oleh radar. Walaupun begitu, objek masih lagi
kelihatan pada mata kasar. Laporan daripada pelbagai sumber pada hari ini
memberitakan bahawa US dan China sedang berlumba-lumba untuk menghasilkan
objek hasil dari gabungan teknologi stealth dan cloak.
BAGAIMANA TEKNOLOGI STEALTH BEKERJA?
Prinsip asas radar dan pantulan gelombang.
Aplikasi radar ialah dengan menggunakan gelombang. Dalam hal ini, radar akan
mengeluarkan gelombang radio yang mana gelombang tersebut akan memantulkan
semula gelombang kepada antenna apabila terkena sesuatu objek. Antena pada
radar seterusnya akan mengukur masa yang diambil pantulan untuk tiba
membolehkan kita tahu berapa jauh dari objek itu berada.
Badan logam kapal terbang biasa adalah sangat baik untuk memantulkan isyarat
radar dan ini menyebabkan kapal terbang mudah dikesan dengan peralatan radar.
Bentuk aerodinamik kapal terbang kovensional juga berupaya mewujudkan
pemantul radar yang sangat cekap. Bentuk bulat bermakna tidak kira di mana isyarat
radar terkena kapal terbang, beberapa isyarat dapat dipantul kembali kepada radar.
Matlamat teknologi stealth adalah untuk membuat kapal terbang supaya tidak dapat
dilihat dengan radar. Kapal terbang direka bentuk khas supaya apa-apa isyarat radar
dipantulnya memantul jauh dari kelengkapan radar. Pesawat stealth juga
mempunyai permukaan rata dan tepi yang sangat tajam . Apabila isyarat radar
terkena pesawat stealth , isyarat gelombang yang diterima akan terpantul jauh di
pelbagai sudut seperti dalam rajah di bawah.








Gambar rajah menunjukkan tiada pantulan gelombang kembali kepada
antenna radar.
Selain dari sudut bentuk kapal terbang, faktor bahan yang menyerap isyarat radar
digunakan membaluti badan kapal terbang turut menyebabkan tiada pantulan dari
kapal terbang sampai kepada antenna radar.
TEKNOLOGI CLOAKING
Kajian hingga hari ini menunjukkan bahawa China telah berjaya menghalimunankan
dari mata kasar manusia sebahagian objek. Selain itu, mereka juga telah berjaya
menghalimunankan kucing dan ikan mas dalam kajian mereka. Laporan lain pula
menunjukkan bahawa China telah berjaya menghasilkan tidak kurang daripada 40
jubah cloak halimunan dalam proses R&D mereka. Proses cloaking ini berkait
rapat dengan perambatan cahaya. Kedua-dua negara masih lagi melakukan kajian
bagaimana untuk menghalimunankan objek sepenuhnya dan berupaya untuk kekal
halimunan walau menghadapi apa jua gelombang cahaya.









Dalam hali ini, menurut Ma Yungui, jurutera pakar dalam bidang optik dari Zhejiang
University, tujuan kajian ini akhirnya adalah untuk membolehkan senjata untuk
melepasi pemeriksaan keselamatan tanpa dapat dikesan. Ia juga boleh digunakan
oleh askar supaya tidak dapat dilihat oleh kamera inframerah pada waktu malam.
Jika kajian mengenai teknologi cloak ini berjaya, ia akan digunakan dalam pesawat
tentera udara, kapal laut dan askar itu sendiri.
Kesimpulan :
Teknologi stealth dancloak merupakan dua teknologi yang berbeza. Teknologi
stealth berupaya membenarkan objek tanpa dikesan oleh radar manakala teknologi
cloak pula berupaya untuk membenarkan objek supaya tidak kelihatan pada mata
kasar. Gabungan dua teknologi ini sangat berbahaya kerana ia akan menyebabkan
kita tidak dapat melihat objek tersebut pada mata kasar selain tidak dapat dikesan
melalui radar. Teknologi cloak ini masih lagi dalam kajian.