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Angular Motion

1. An object, attached to a 0,5m string, does 4 rotation in one second.











Find
a) Period
b) Tangential velocity
c) Angular velocity of the object.


2. Find the relation between tangential and angular velocities of points X, Y and Z.











X and Y rotate together, so if X does one rotation then Y also does one rotation. On the contrary,
if Y does one revolution, Z does two revolutions.
Angular velocities of the X, Y and Z are;

X
=
Y
=
Z
/2


3. An object hanged on a rope L=0,5m, does rotational motion. If the angle between rope and
vertical is 37
0
, find the tangential velocity of the object. (g=10m/s
2
, cos37
0
=0,8, sin37
0
=0,6)












4. An object having mass m does rotational motion. Its angular velocity is and radius of motion
path is r. Find kinetic energy of the object in terms of r, , and m.

5. Stone having mass 0,5kg rotates in horizontal. It is hanged on 1m rope. If the tension on the
rope is 80 N, find the frequency of the motion.
6. An object in horizontal rotates on a circular road with 10m/s velocity. It does 120 revolutions in
one minute.
a) Find frequency and period of the object.
b) Find the change in velocity vector when it rotates 60
0
, 90
0
and 180
0
.

7. A device does 1800 revolution in 6 minutes. Find angular velocity and period of this device.
(=3)

8. Friction constant of a circular road, having radius 50m, is 0,2. Find the initial velocity of the car
having 1500 kg to turn junction safely.






F
friction
F
centripetal
(for safe turn)
9. A marble is thrown with velocity V from point A. If no force is exerted on surface by marble at
point B, find the force exerted on point A by marble. (Assume that velocity of marble is constant.)






10. Two objects rotate with same frequency around point O. One of the objects has mass m and
other one has mass 9m. If centripetal forces exerted on objects having mass m is F
1
, and object
having mass 9m is F
2
, find ratio of F
1
/F
2
.





Answers
1. a) If the object does 4 rotation in one second, its frequency becomes;
f=4s
-1

T=1/f=1/4s
b) Tangential velocity of the object;
V=2..f.r
V=2.3.4.0,5
V=12m/s
c) Angular velocity of the object
=2..f=2.3.4=24radian/s

2. X and Y rotate together, so if X does one rotation then Y also does one rotation. On the
contrary, if Y does one revolution, Z does two revolutions.
Angular velocities of the X, Y and Z are;

X
=
Y
=
Z
/2


3. Free body diagram of system is given below;










Horizontal component of tension on the rope makes object rotate.
T
X
=mV
2
/r, T
Y
=m.g
Radius of the motion path is;
r=L.sin37
0
=0,5.0,6=0,3m
tan37
0
=T
X
/T
Y

3/4=mV
2
/r/m.g
3/4=V
2
/g.r
V=3/2m/s

4. E
K
=1/2m.V
2

V=.r
E
K
=1/2m(.r)
2

E
K
=m
2
.r
2
/2

5. Fnet=80N=m.
2
.r
80=m.4.
2
.f
2
.r
80=0,5.4.3
2
.f
2
.1
f=2s
-1




6.
a) 60s.f=120 revolution
f=2 revolution/second
T=1/f=1/2s
b)






If object starts its motion from point A and rotates 60
0
and comes point B;
V=V
B
-V
A





V=2V.cos120
0
/2=2.10.cos60
0
=20/2=10m/s
If object rotates 90
0
;





If object rotates 180
0
;




7. 1800.T=6.60s
T=360/1800=1/5s
=2/T=2.3/1/5=30 radian/s
8.
k.m.gm.V
2
/r
k.g.rV
2

100V
2

10m/sV or
36km/hV
9.

ince no force is exerted on point B by marble;
mg=mV
2
/R
V
2
=g.R










Force exerted by marble on point A;
F
A
=G+F
F
A
=mg+mV
2
/R (we put V
2
=gR into the equation)
F
A
=mg+mgR/R
F
A
=2mg

10. V
1
=2..r.f
V
2
=2..3r.f
V
2
=3V
1

F
1
/F
2
=mV
1
2
/r/9mV
2
2
/3r=V
1
2
/r.3r/9V
2
2

F
1
/F
2
=1/27