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Halogen free flame retardant:

International Polyolefins Conference 2010: Finding Value in Today's Business Environment

Document Type: Conference Paper
Source Type: Conference Proceeding
View references (7)

International Polyolefins Conference 2010: Finding Value in Today's Business Environment; Houston, TX;
21 February 2010 through 24 February 2010; Code 81272

A new halogen-free
flame retardant
technology for polyolefins

Hatanaka, T.
, Kamimoto, T.
, Yamanoi, H.
Yukino, T.
, Ishikawa, S.
, Zingde, G.

Polymer Additives R and D Laboratory,
ADEKA Corporation, 5-2-13 Shirahata,
Minami-ku, Saitama-city, Saitama 336-
0022, Japan
Amfine Chemical Corporation, 10
Mountainview Road, Upper Saddle River,
NJ 07458, United States

Halogenated compounds
and metal hydroxides are
the most commonly used
flame retardant systems
for polyolefins.
Halogenated compounds
provide good flame
retardancy, especially in a
synergistic combination
with antimony trioxide.
However, this system can
cause serious health and
environmental problems
due to the evolution of
corrosive and toxic smoke
during combustion. Metal
hydroxides, such as
magnesium hydroxide and
alumina trihydrate, are
often used as flame
retardants for polyolefins
in textiles and wire and
cable applications.
However, to achieve
adequate flame retardancy
in polyolefins, a high
loading level of metal
hydroxide is required
resulting in a significant
loss in mechanical
properties and higher
density of the final
composite. In order to
address the deficiencies of
the current systems, a
halogen-free flame
retardant system "ADK
Stabilizer FP-2000 series"
has been developed for
polyolefins like
polypropylene (PP),
polyethylene (PE), and its
copolymers providing
excellent flame retardancy,
while maintaining desired
mechanical properties. In
this study, the performance
of these intumescent flame
retardants was compared
with the conventional flame
retardants. It was
observed that the
intumescent flame
retardants greatly reduced
heat release rates
compared with the
conventional ones.
Moreover, intumescent
flame retardants showed
a reduction in smoke
density and CO during
combustion. Overall, the
performance of
intumescent flame
retardants was superior to
conventional flame

Annual Technical Conference - ANTEC, Conference Proceedings
Volume 2, 2010, Pages 1206-1209

ISBN: 978-161738660-2
Document Type: Conference Paper
Source Type: Conference Proceeding
View references (8)

68th Annual Technical Conference of the Society of Plastics Engineers 2010, ANTEC 2010; Orlando, FL; 16
May 2010 through 20 May 2010; Code 81712

A new family of flame
retardant polymers and

Lebel, M., Baumann, M., Blubaugh, C.
FRX Polymers, Chelmsford, MA, United

Polyphosphonates are a
new family of polymeric,
flame-resistant oligomers
and polymers that can be
used in demanding
applications both as FR
additives and stand-alone
plastics. Polyphosphonate
plastics have the highest
LOI of any of the
polymers. These materials
are inherently flame
retardant and can be used
in a broad variety of
polymer systems, including
thermoplastic and
thermosetting. Being both
halogen-free and
polyphosphonates are
unique in the area of flame

Flame retardant polyethylene with intumescent system containing
macromolecule-encapsulated low molecular weight charring agent

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Author(s): Liu M (Liu, Meifang), Huang X (Huang, Xing), Liu Y (Liu, Yuan), Wang Q (Wang, Qi)
Source: POLYMERS & POLYMER COMPOSITES Volume: 15 Issue: 7 Pages: 591-596 Published: 2007
Times Cited: 1 References: 23 Citation Map
Abstract: Intumescent flame retardants are important halogen-free products used in polyethylene. However., their
thermal stability and water-resistance are major shortcomings. In this work, a composite charring agent,
pentaerythritol (PER) encapsulated by thermoplastic polyurethane (TPU) was used in an intumescent system to
improve the flame retardancy of high density polyethylene (HDPE). The encapsulation of macromolecular charring
agent TPU can effectively suppress the esterification reaction of PER and acid source in the intumescent system
during processing. It can also remarkably decrease the water absorption, thus producing flame retardant HDPE with
high performance. The synergistic effects of other common flame retardants including melamine phosphate,
melamine polyphosphate and ammonium polyphosphate with TPU-encapsulated PER, as well as the ratio of charring
agent to acid source were investigated so as to determine the optimum formula for use in HDPE. The flame retardant
HDPE can reach limiting oxygen index of 33 and achieve UL-94 V-0 rating at 3.2 mm thickness when the ratio of
MP/composite charring agent is 2:1 w/w.