String o' Beads Forest Garden Chain

A potential feature within www.leedsediblecampus.co.uk



Plot 12: Leeds Met / Beckett Wellbeing Allotment




After the project ceased to be a viable live scheme following the intervention of the South
Headingley Community Association (on - we understand - mistaken grounds that
additional pollinator and/or edible planting on the Moor might compromise a future
application to English Heritage for Registration as an 'Historic Park and Garden of
special historic interest in England'), a decision was made to task the interns recruited for
this project to develop some minimal research and sketch design work on behalf of sites
that had specifically requested assistance.

Marc Delauny, Thibaud Fugier, Marlene Gaspé, Come LePage and Sophie Lataste from
Ecole Nationale Supérieure d'Architecture et du Paysage in Bordeaux produced the
following for the Leeds Beckett Allotment

TB 22 09 2014


String o' Beads (rhyming slang for Leeds - working title only) was a concept for a chain of 'pocket' forest
gardens and orchards, with interspersed wild flower / pollinator and food planting, across the Leeds Edible
Campus site, linking the community permaculture garden at Bedford Fields in the north with the University
of Leeds Sustainable Garden in the south, to provide a foraging route deep into the city.
!"# %&&'!(#)!
*##+,)-
./'+01,)-
2'/3,)-
(##!,)-

1'(# &#.%-#
!",4%0+ *0-,#/
5'.",# &%!%5!#
(%/1 +#&%0)%6
(%/&#)# -%5.#
l8$ßF 8080lß0k · $lF1lN8l8 Z014
!"#$% '()* +,-#,. .*$$)
!"#$% '()* /0,-1
2 3%$$4$. 30"+1.
5$,6 0$,#$.
!,)6 40-5 ,) !"# .&'! 7
77 89: ;9 <=>8; :=;8 ?@A>? BC5 ?CB=@? D
> ÞuL down coñee grounds on Lhe soll
> Þlace a half grapefrulL cleared near planLs and slugs and snalls wlll
be gaLhered
> ÞuL down ßowers poLs upslde down ln Lhe garden and Lhe slugs wlll
3$ .*$0)$%$6
> Þoor Lhe beer ln llule poLs wlLh a sugar lump and bury poLs aL Lhe
ground surface. 8e careful ! LhaL could Lo auracL nelghbourhood slugs
Loo !
> Snalls and slugs don'L llke Lo move on rough surface, lL's posslble Lo
spread on Lhe ground: ashes, sawdusL and eggshells breaked up
77 89: ;9 EBFG B ?8G@;GH <9H 8G5>G89>?
lL's lmporLanL Lo place lL shelLered from wlnd, sun and raln.
1haL could be agalnsL wall, underhedge or under rlck of wood.
> Leave dead leaves and/or rlck of wood ln lLs garden Lo
auracL coleopLers lnsecLs, whlch are mollusks predaLors
> ÞlanL consoude (symphyLum), garllc, borage or fennel
whlch are repellenLs planLs agalnsL slugs
> Make shelLers for hedgehogs whlch wlll come Lo eaL
slugs
77 89: ;9 B;;HB!; I9@@=CB;9H?
1o auracL polllnaLors, you have Lo planL rlch necJ
Lar planLs llke borage, wallßower, mar[oram, maJ
rlgold, dlll weed, Lhyme, corlander, nasLuruum
or sage.
77 <=>8; :=;8 BI8=5
1o ñghL wlLh aphlds, you have Lo auracL
lady-beeLles. lor LhaL, lL's posslble Lo planL garJ
llc, peLunla or nasLuruum near vegeLables LhaL
we wanL Lo proLecL.
77 B;;HB!; :9HE?
1he besL way Lo auracL worms ln lLs garden ls Lo
make composL heap and/or Lo leL coardboard.
5$,6 0$,#$.
H(+1 "K '""6
Wallßower
8orage
Mar[oram
Marlgold 5(00 '$$6
1hyme
!"%(,-6$%
nasLuruum
Sage
-%/+#)#/
+#2 )#!
-/%8,!6
,//,-%!,')
50((#/
50/8,8# ,) 50((#/
2%!#/
uurlng summer sLudenLs ln charge of Lhe vegeLable garden are noL
sull presenL on Leeds. 1o face up Lo Lhls lack of waLer and shorL-handed, an
auLomauc lrrlgauon sysLem could be seL up...
lL's an experlmenLal sysLem lnsplred by a soluuon broughL ln SouLh
Amerlca agalnsL Lhe droughL.
ln peruvlan and chlllan deserLs, lsn'L rare Lo ñnd some neLs beLween
Lwo posLs on hllls. ln Lhese reglons Lhe waLer ressource ls a real problem. 1he
lmplanLauon of Lrlck-fog enable Lo caLch waLer ln Lhe form of fog Lo make lL
llquld. 1hen by gravlLy Lhe waLer ßow Loward clLerns.
lL's could be lnLeresung Lo organlse Lhls neLs sysLem above crops
whlch have a parucular requlremenL. WaLer could be caughL durlng Lhe morJ
nlng dew and Lhe nlghung mlsL (day perlod whlch Lhe sun can'L Lransform Lhe
llquld waLer). 1hen Lhe caughL waLer could be brlng Lo Lhe soll by gravlLy. 1hls
llquld waLer form a small reserve aL Lhe fooL of Lhe planLs... a waLer whlch wlll
be enrlched ln nuLrlmenLs and absorbed by Lhe planL.
1he prlnclple ls slmple Lo bulld, lL ls enoughL Lo
puL Lwo posLs and Lo lnsLall one Lense neL wlLh ñne mesh.
lL's preferable Lo puL neLs perpendlcularly of Lhe way of
Lhe domlnanL wlnds. When Lhe neLs are placed, Lhe meLeo
and Lhe gravlLy Lake care Lo brlng waLer aL Lhe sLarL and Lhe
end of Lhe day !
neLs could be lnsLalled under varled forms. AL
Lhelr ñrsL role Lo brlng waLer, Lhey could be used Lo mlnlJ
mlse Lhe sun lmpacL on crops and Lo creaLe esLheuc forms.
lL's posslble Lo rlse up Lhe capLauon surface lf we puL neLs
ouLslde crop llnes. Powever lL wlll be necessary Lo plan
Lhe collecL and Lhe lrrlgauon of waLer. CuL ln Lwo plpes or
bamboos could be used. lL ls posslble Lo play on Lhe forms,
Lo lncrease Lhe surface of neLs, everyLhlng ls posslble on
Lhe condluon of respecung newLon's law !
1hls proposal ls experlmenLal, a manual and dlrecL waLerlng of planLs ls Lhe besL soluuon Lo keep a crop durlng Lhe summer. So lL's
Lhe opporLunlLy Lo Lalk Lo gardeners around your ploL... and Lo requesL a help for Lhe waLerlng ln reLurn of plcklng some frulLs !
Pand-ñlled and raln
uew and mlsL
uew and mlsL
5%(/
urlp along
Lhe sLrlng
Pand-ñlled
-/'2,)- ,!5 "#%&!"6
1hroughL Lhe umes and wlLh dlñerenLs level of lmporLances accordlng Lo Lhe culLures, beneñLs of conLacL beLween naLure and
body and psyche. Llke Lhls, we can noLe Lhe lmporLance of xlxeme cenLhury hyglenlsLs Lheorles ln WesL Lurope Lown plannlng.
1hey clalm «waLer [clean], alr [wholesome] and shadow [of Lhe parcs]» and recommend Lhe walk Lo Lhe cluzens, hence Lhe creaJ
uon of Lhe large pedesLrlans boulevards and avenues llke ...
Llkewlse, durlng AnclenL LgypL, we senL blg wounded persons spend ume ln gardens durlng Lhelr convalescence. ln a more recenL
way, ln reacuon aL Lhe saLurauon, aL Lhe «consLrlcuon» and aL Lhe wear and Lear caused by Lhe occldenLal way of llfe, a need of
''Lake Lhe alr'' and «breaLhe» ls expressed (Lhe use of a vocabulalre focus on Lhe alr and Lhe breaLhlng shows Lhe close connecuon
beLween naLure and psyche.


> Sumulauon of Lhe senses: Lhe whole of planLs,
Lhelr harmony lnLenslfy Lhe vlslon, encourage Lhe Louch,
persuade Lo LasLe ..
> Sumulauon of Lhe LhoughL ln fronL of Lhe choose.
Sumulauon of Lhe lnLellecL ln fronL of Lhe knowledge neJ
cessary Lo creaLe a producuve and vlable garden.
> AccepLance of a slower ryLhm wlLh Lhe pauence
necessary ln fronL of Lhe planLs and of Lhelr producuve
ryLhm. Moreover, Lhe eñorLs done Lo harvesL hls own food
make lL more preclous Lhan Lhe supermarkeL one. 1hls
achleve's feellng ls very posluve and encourage Lo carry on
Lhe producuon and lncreases Lhe self-esLeem.
> 8eñnemenL of Lhe slghL and Lhe auenuon
senses, especlally aL Lhe season changlng, buL also aL Lhe
lnsecLs and all Lhe llvlng belng , aL Lhe growLh of Lhe planLs.
Llke Lhls, Lhe «horuLculLural Lherapy», a very new Lheory, Lakes an lnLeresL ln Lhe beneñLs on gardenlng on Lhe body, on Lhe lnLellecL
and Lhe psyche. SLarLed ln Lhe uS and Canada, Lhls pracucal uses Lhe Lherapeuuc gardenlng as a medlum Lo work, wlLh acuvlues
supervlsed by professlonals.
hup://ahLa.org/ 1he web slLe of Lhe amerlcan assoclauon of horuculLural Lherapy.
hup://blog.al.com/llvlng-news/2009/04/blrmlngham_boLanlcal_gardens_p.hLml an arucle abouL Lhe lnvolvmenL of Lhe 8lrmlnJ
gham 8oLanlcal Carden.
1he garden becomes a place Lhan we can Lake over, a prlvaLe and
personnal llnk beLween naLure and domesuc llfe.
> lnclLemenL aL a more heaLhly food and aL dlverslfy Lhe
dleL.
> lnclLemenL aL a 'llghLherapy' and aL en[oylng Lhe skln and
mlnd sunllghL beneñLs.
> lmprovemenL of Lhe capaclLy of reslsLance, suppleness
and sLrenghL wlLhouL make Lo vlolenL eñorLs, LhaL ls maklng lL a
pleasanL acuvlLy for all Lhe ages.

> Secreuon of hormone Lhanks Lo Lhe physlcal acuvlLy
such as Lhe endorphln (well-belng felllng), or seroLonln (keep away
Lhe sadness).
> Þosslble medlum of soclablllLy, by la meeung wlLh oLhers
gardeners, LhroughL by gardenlng or nelghbourhood assoclauons.
1he exlsLence of such Lheraples formallse Lhe llnk beLween medlclne and physlcal and ouLslde acuvlues:
5',& #)"%)1#(#)!
!"#$ &'() *'+, +* -'' .'')
!"#$ &"# !'&#( )&'* +$ &"# ,(-.$/
!"#$ &' $"( )*+,-(.( /
- t|e excess o¦ wate· |n t|e so|| o·event a|· fow|ng |n t|e so|| ano
0+1 $+ '(( &$ /
- vate· |s stagn|ng on t|e so|| ano ta|es nme to |n¦|t·ate.
- 1|e young |eaves tu·n oa·|e· ano become to ¦a||
- |n some case, t|e so|| become g·een w|t| oeve|ooment o¦ a|gua
0+1 $+ *('$+*( /
- out o·gan|c mate·|a| |||e st·aw ano/o· comoost |n |t ano m|x |t.
- out va·|ous mate·|a| w|t| o|¦e·ent s|aoes ano s|zes |||e sano, g·ave|.
- o|g cu·age a·ouno t|e ||nes ano ¦o|n t|em |n a s|ng|e oo|nt w|e·e you gat|e· t|e wate· o¦ t|e ga·oen
More |nformanon :
hup://www.gardenlng.cornell.edu/facLsheeLs/soll/compacuon.hLml
hup://www.bhg.com/gardenlng/yard/mulch/soll-amendmenLs-nuLrlenLs/
!"#$ &' $"( )*+,-(.( /
- Most o¦ o|ants can't ¦no t|e amouno o¦ nut·|ments t|ey neeo |n t||s so||, t|ey oon't g·ow we||. vegetab|es won't o·oouce we|| |n
t||s ||no o¦ env|·onnement.
0+1 $+ '(( $"( )*+,-(. /
- 1|e so|| |s ||g|t w|t| oa|e co|o·s, |||e c·ay. lt m|ss o·gan|c mate·|a|. l|ant ¦no on|y a ¦ew nut·|nve mate·|a|. Cn|y some soec|es a·e
·oug|t ennoug| to ||ve on t||s ||no o¦ so||.
0+1 $+ *('$+*( /
- out o·gan|c mate·|a| ano/o· comoost |n |t ano m|x |t.
- use ¦abacees soec|es to out some n|t·ogen |n t|e so||.
!"#$ "& '()*+,+)# -.// #(0 0"1 $2($ 3 4& 0"1 -(,$ ( 2+(/$20 5"$('+) $2($ 5)"61*+ -+//7 0"1 ,++* $" $(8+ 6()+ "& 0"1) #"./ (,* $2+
#"./ -.// $(8+ 6()+ "& 0"1) 5/(,$#9
:.$2 $2.# #$($;+,$7 -2($ .# ( '""* #"./<
= > #"./ -.$2 ( ,+1$)(/ ?2 ,+() @
= A";5"#+* -.$2 ;($+).(/# $2($ )+$(., -($+) ;"*+)($/0
- lemoq some olt to poss tbtooqb
- wltb o qooJ bloloqlcol ocuvlty
!"#$ &"# '()*$+ ,- &)) +(.
!"#$ &"#'# () &** +,-" -./0
!"#$ 2#3 ,( $"( )*+,-(. /
- not enoug| t||n mate·|a| (|||e c|ay o· ||mon)
- so|| |s sanoy
- |ac| o·gan|c mate·|a|
0+1 $+ '(( &$ /
- So|| o·y out qu|c||y ano c·umb|e
- Leaves ¦aoe qu|c||y, becom|ng o·y w|t| a ye||ow to b·own co|o·
0+1 $+ *('$+*( /
- so·eao comoost ano/o· o·gan|c mate·|a| ano m|x |t to t|e so||
- m|x c|ay ano ||mon to you· ea·t|
- lut a |aye· o¦ 10 cm o¦ o·gan|c mu|c| on t|e ea·t| to o·event evaoo·anon
More |nformanons :
hup://www.Lhompson-morgan.com/how-Lo-lmprove-soll
hup://www.gardeners.com/how-Lo/bulldlng-healLhy-soll/3060.hLml
hup://www.hgLvgardens.com/phoLos/ßowerlng-planLs-phoLos/Lhe-besL-planLs-for-dry-soll
!"#$ &' $"( )*+,-(. /
- ol o¦ t|e So|| teno towa·o 0, o·evennng some o|ant to ||ve |n suc| an ac|oe env|·onment
0+1 $+ '(( &$ /
- loenn¦y t|e o|ants t|at g·ow |n you· so||. Some o¦ t|em useo to g·ow on|y |n a so|| w|t| a |ow ll
- Somenmes, ac|o so|| a·e oa·|e·.
0+1 $+ *('$+*( /
- l|·st o¦ a||, you cou|o use a vegetanon t|at useo to ||ve |n t||s env|·onment
- ?ou a|so can c|ange t|e ol by so·eao|ng c·us|eo mate·|a| |nc|uo|ng c|a|| |||e s|e||s, ||mestone, etc
More |nformanons :
|to://www.ga·oen|ng|now|ow.com/ga·oen-|ow-to/so||-¦e·n||ze·s/|owe·-ac|o-so||.|tm
|to://www.ga·oene·s.com/|ow-to/bu||o|ng-|ea|t|y-so||/S060.|tm|
(%3,)- -''+ 1'(.'5!
Comoost |s a m|x o¦ 2#*,+3 .#$(*&#- (o¦en o·y) |||e oeao |eaves, oeao t·ees ano sc|·ub b·anc|es, nuts s|e||s, wooo as|es,
etc (see t|e tab|e |n t|e ||n| be||ow) ano 4&$*+5(3 .#$(*&#- (o¦en wet ano g·een, ¦·es| cut) |||e ¦·u|t 8 vegetab|e sc·aos, ¦·es||y cut
|awn ano ga·oen weeos, etc. ue ca·e¦u| to ma|nta|n a ,#-#32( between t|e tow mate·|a|s. ln ot|e· case, t|e b|o|og|ca| acnv|ty w||| be
·eouceo o· t|e ¦na| o·oouct w||| not be we|| b·o|en oown (¦o· exemo|e, wooo as| s|ou|o be t|·own |n ¦ne |aye·s to o·event |t ¦·om
·eouc|ng t|e comoost b|o|og|ca| acnv|ty).
|to://ea·t|easy.com/g·ow_comoost.|tm|
|to://www.¦nega·oen|ng.com/6-ways-ma|e-g·eat-comoost
|to://unc|e¦|mswo·m¦a·m.com/|noex.o|o/262-w|y-wo·ms-|||e-b·own-ca·oboa·o.|tm|
Carbon
material
Worms
Nitrogen
material
Insects,
rodents,
etc
moisture Darkness
Biologic
improver
Enclosed environnement

ue su·e to ma|nta|n t|e comoost |n a 6#*7, 1#*. ano 1($ env|·onnement t|at a||ow t|e best b·ea||ng oown. Lu·|ng t|e
o·ocess, t|e temoe·atu·e can ·eac| mo·e t|an 140¨l. lt's |moo·tant to o·event t|e temoe·atu·e ano wetness ¦·om ¦a|||ng. ?ou |ave
"# $%" & '&()* "# )*+$(2$ $"( 2+.)+'$ 8*+. $"( 1(#$"(* (t|e o·y|ng w|no ano t|e w|nte· co|o). ?ou neeo to 1#$(* &$ #++&,-#..&'( #*
|et t|e ·a|n oo t|e ¦ob |¦ necessa·y to o·event t|e oeat| o¦ m|c·o-o·gan|sms ano wo·ms.
v|en you a·e sta·nng a new comoost, you can #66 # .#39*( to t|e mate·|a| to |mprove the b|o|og|ca| acnv|ty. :66&35
2#*6,+#*6 a|so at·act 1+*.', so we ·ecommano you to out |aye·s o¦ to·n ca·oboa·o somenmes |n t|e comoost. 1||s |ave two
bene¦ts : at·act t|e wo·ms ano o·event comoost ¦·om be|ng too wet. lt a|so ·eouce t|e sme||.
Lac| mont|, $9*3 $"( )&-( w|t| a s|ove| o· anot|e· too|. lt m|x t|e a|·eaoy b·o|en oown mate·|a| w|t|e t|e one w|c| |s not
·eaoy yet. 1||s a|so aoo oxygen to t|e o||e t|at |s |no|soensab|e ¦o· a gooo b·ea||ng oown. ?ou can ¦ee| |¦ t|e o·ocess |s go|ng we|| |¦
|t |ave a gooo sme|| |||e ea·t|. ln ot|e· case, |t sme|| |||e stagnant wate· ano means t|e·e |s too muc| wate· o· not enoug| oxygen.
Constant
temperature
4#!!#/ 05# % (0&5",)-
!"#$ &'"#$ ()*!+,-.
8ßNlßl 08lFFl0 N000 I80Nl
Molcbloq motetlols yoo coolJ ose JepeoJ of tbe potpose of wbot yoo ote ploouoq . lf yoo oeeJ to cteote o Jecotouoo qotJeo ooJ
woot to stop weeJs ftom qtowloq ot lf oo woot to teJoce tbe wotet evopotouoo ooJ feeJ yoot soll.
ln a poLager Lhe mulchlng ls malnly used :
> Lo avold Lhe ground drles up by llmlung waLer evaporauon due Lo Lhe wlnd and Lhe sun.
> Lo proLecL Lhe ground of Lhe ralndrop lmpacL: Lo llmlL eroslon and Lo avold Lhe arrlval of mushrooms spores (llke oidlum)
> Lo sLop Lhe weeds germlnauon, Lhey wlll be deprlved of llghL. Mulshlng allows Lo exLracL weed more easlly.
> Lo reconsuLuLe a naLural ground cover and lLs humus (where Lhere ls mlcro fauna and Lhe nuLrlmenLs assoclaLed...)
> Lo proLecL Lhe bulbs and fraglle rooLs of Lhe wlnLry frosL.
AdvanLages :
> no ploughlng : Lo llmlL energeuc consumpuon, Lo llmlL acuons...
> no losL of organlc mauer by ground work
> no weedlng
> provlslon of carbon : Lo valorlse a wasLe
> reLalns Lhe waLer : Lo llmlL provlslons
> boosLs Lhe ground fauna : worms llke Lo work under card board, lncrease lnLeracuons
> good cholce for poLaLoes, LomaLoes, cucurblLaceae...
AdvanLages :
> valuauon of green wasLe
> sumulauon of ground organlsms
> lncrease of Lhe raLe of organlc maLerlals ln Lhe ground
> alrlng and lncrease of Lhe waLer reserves of Lhe ground
> no use of chemlcals
B2+ )(- ;($+).(/ 6",#.#$# "& $2+ $-.'# (,* C)(,62+# "& $)++# (,* -""*0 #2)1C#7 5)+&+)(C/0 *+6.*1"1#7 .,6/1*.,' #;(//
llmbs op to 7 cm. (2J´4 lo.) lo Jlometet. lt ls ptocesseJ loto smoll pleces by cblpploq, ooJ tbe tesoluoq ptoJoct bos o telouvely blqb
touo of comblom to cellolose compoteJ to otbet cblppeJ wooJ ptoJocts. 1bos, lt ls blqbet lo oottleots ooJ ls oo e[ecuve ptomotet
of tbe qtowtb of soll fooql ooJ of soll-bollJloq lo qeoetol. 1be qool ls to Jevelop oo olty ooJ spooqy soll tbot bolJs oo lJeol omooot
of wotet ooJ teslsts evopotouoo ooJ compocuoo, wblle cootololoq o looq-tetm sootce of fetullty. lt coo e[ecuvely setve os o pooo=
6+( &") *+5/+$+* (,* +)"*+* #"./#9
lnconvenlences :
> ñeld mouse loves card board
> we wonder abouL polluLanLs of cardboards : glues, lnks, selloLape...
> many dry maLerlals Lo be reused
lnconvenlences :
> dlmculLy of supply ln fresh 8CW
> ñxed asseL of Lhe nlLrogen (hunger of nlLrogen): ñrsL year of use, Lhe 8CW causes a hunger of nlLrogen and can engender a
deñclency. 1haL ls why Lhe use of 8CW ln sprlng ls dlsadvlsed. Powever Lhe conLrlbuuon of composL or Lhe use of Lhe manure of
sunglng neules can prevenL Lhls problem.
More lnformauons :
hup://www.caes.uga.edu/exLenslon/cobb/anr/uocumenLs/AuvAn1ACLSAnuulSAuvAn1ACLS.pdf
assoclauons ln favour of producuvlLy dependlng verlñed facLsv
rnuìts nNb vrcrtnstrs
ocuve e[ect posslve posluoo beoefts
LomaLo cabbage ñghLs agalnsL cabbageworm
K$--$0 mlnL, sage and cabbage ñghL agalnsL slugs and caLerplllars
4L++*(-( green beans opumlzauon of nlLrogen ressources from beans
nnomntìc rtnNts
ocuve e[ect posslve posluoo beoefts
+*(#$. 8osa canlna (wlld rose) oidlum and boLryus warnlng
rosemary, Lhyme ñghLs agalnsL aphlds and cabbageworms
lavander, mlnL ñghLs agalnsL aphlds and anLs
1anaceLum vulJ
gare (Lansy)
cabbages, poLaLoes agalnsL cuLworm, anLs, poLaLo beaule
3,.(0(+, LomaLoes helps LomaLoes growlng and lmprove lLs quallLy
garllc ñghLs agalnsL slugs
rtowrns
ocuve e[ect posslve posluoo beoefts
Myosous (forgeL-
me-no)
rasberry ñghLs agalnsL rasberryworms
Calendula omclJ
-,0(.
carroLs, cabbage, leuuce ñghLs agalnsL lnsecL pesLs
1ropaeolum sp
(nasLuruum)
)%,/. ,/*(6.
8orago omclnaJ
lls (borage)
eggplanL, cabbages, sLrawJ
berry, LomaLoes, zucchlnls
anufungal, ñghLs agalnsL slugs and worms
SymphlLum omJ
clnale (comfrey)
ferullzer, polllnaLor, ñghLs agalnsL slugs
I*,+$0(, ),-,+$J
ufolla
carroLs, cabbages, radlJ
shes, apple Lrees
bee-forage planL, ñghLs agalnsL aphlds, helps Lo Lhe apple
Lrees growlng
Cyusus (broom) cabbages ñghLs agalnsL cabbageworms
lL does noL exlsL an absoluLe reclpe Lo organlze a garden wlLh planLs, edlble or noL, whlch can lncrease Lhemselves Lhelr producuJ
vlLy by paLernshlp. Pavlng say LhaL we can conslder Lhe facL LhaL people are experlmenung dlñerenL soluuons Lo reach LhaL sorL of
alm. ÞermaculLure and foresLgardenlng are some of Lhese exemples. 1he mosL lmporLanL Lhlng ls LhaL each slLe, each garden and
each gardener are dlñerenLs. WhaL works for your nelghbor does noL lnevlLably works for you. Pere ls a Lable of several beneñclal
assoclauons of planLs whlch could work ln any garden. We can'L assume LhaL Lo be perfecL soluuons, buL lL consuLuLes a serlous
Lrack of experlmenL.
)'! % 5,(.&# .&%)! 7
emplrlcal LesLed assoclauons Lo lmprove vegeLables producuvlLy
vrcrtnstrs to courtr wìtn... to rtnN nwnv rnom...
aruchoke LomaLos, auberglne and zucchlnles
asparaguvs radlsh, leuuce, endlve, splnach, LomaLos, buckwheaL,
*"%.$ 3$,-
garllc, beeLrooLs, onlons
auberglne beans, peas, Lhyme /"),)"$.
3$,-. peas, cabbages, cucumbers, gherklns, zucchlnls,
radlshes, 1ageLes paLula (marlgold), SaLure[a horLensls
(savoury)
garllc, chards, onlons, LomaLoes,
shalloLs, felleL
3$$)%"") cabbage, onlons, garllc asparagus, beans, leeks, LomaLoes
3%"++"0(. cucumbers, poLaLoes, celery, beeLrooL, mlnL, rosemary

sLrawberry
cabbage sage, Lhyme, mlnL, Lropaelum sp (nasLurslum), leuuce,
LomaLoes
garllc, chlcory, felleLs, sLrawJ
berrles, onlons, leeks, radlshes,
scaroles (endlves)
carou leeks, onlons, garllc, rosemary, shalloL, chlves, sage

chards, beeLrooLs
celerles ñghL agalnsL cabbage worms, leeks, garllc, onlons,
chlves, LomaLoes
leuuce, corn, parsley
+*,%6 onlon, garllc, cabbage asparagus, beans, leeks, LomaLoes
+"%- pumpklns, cucumbers, melons, poLaLoes, leuuce, splJ
-,+*
cucumbers & gherkln cabbage, peas, onlons, shalloLs, chlves, beans, radlsh,
leuuces
/"),)"$.
$-6(#$ leuuce, cabbage, splnach, onlon, carou, beeLrooL, celeJ
ry and celerlac
garllc carroLs, beeLrooLs, sLrawberrles, LomaLoes cabbages, beans, peas
0$$1. carroLs, celerles cabbages beeLrooLs, parsley, peas,
+*,%6.
leuuce radlshes, sLrawberry, peas, cabbages, splnach, onlons,
carroLs, beeLs, corns, celerles, celerlacs, asparagus

parsley
melon corns, splnach, radlshes, pumpklns
"-("-. red peppers, LomaLoes, carroLs, beeLs, leuuces, celeJ
rles, cabbages, radlshes, Lurnlps

beans, peas, poLaLoes
/$,. beans, radlshes, carroLs, Lurnlps, cabbages, cucumber,
zucchlnls, celerles leuuce, auberglne, splnach, poLaJ
Loes, mlnL, red peppers, corn, pumpklns
garllc, shalloLs, onlons, sharley
/$//$%. LomaLoes, onlons, carroLs, basll, peas, clovers
/"),)"$. dwarf beans, beans, 1ageLes paLula (marlgold), corn,
/$,.
auberglne, cucumbers, gherklns,
pumpklns, raspberrles, onlons,
apple Lrees, LomaLoes, sunßowers
pumpklns camomlle, radlshe
%,6(.*$. carroLs, onlons, LomaLoes, cucumbers, zucchlnles,
beans, peas, leuuces, parsley
cabbages, pumpklns, poLaLoes
./(-,+* leuuces, cucumbers, peas, leeks, cabbage beeLrooLs, chards
LomaLoes basll, mlnL, red peppers, onlons, leeks, beans, cabbaJ
ges, cucumbers, celerles

pumpklns, chards, cress, peas,
fennel, poLaLoes
4L++*(-($. radlsh, mlnL, peas, beans basll, leuuces, corns, melons,
1ropaeolum sp (nasLuruum)
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